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Old June 23rd, 2016, 07:13 AM   #1

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Baja California Spanish Mission's Founding Dates


SPANISH MISSION FOUNDING DATES


While most of the 25 Spanish missions founded in Baja California have now pretty good details of who operated them and where they were founded, in a few cases the exact date of founding remains a mystery or was never published. In some cases we know the month and year, but not the day.

Before the successful 25 missions, some years earlier two attempted missions were started:
Mission Guadalupe (at La Paz Bay): Apr. 1, 1683 to Jul. 14, 1683.
Mission San Bruno (north of Loreto): Oct. 6, 1683 to May 8, 1685.

One of my hopes is that the missing information will turn up as missing books are discovered.

LORETO: Oct. 25, 1697
SAN JAVIER: Nov. 1, 1699
LIGUI: Nov. __, 1705
MULEGE: Nov. __, 1705
COMONDU: __,__, 1708
LA PURISIMA: Jan. 1, 1720
PILAR DE LA PAZ: Nov. 3, 1720
GUADALUPE: Dec. 12, 1720
LOS DOLORES: Aug. 2, 1721
SANTIAGO: __,__, 1724
SAN IGNACIO: Jan. 20, 1728
SAN JOSE DEL CABO: Apr. 8, 1730
SANTA ROSA: Aug. __, 1733
SAN LUIS GONZAGA: July 14, 1737
SANTA GERTRUDIS: July 15, 1752
SAN BORJA: Sept. 1, 1762
CALAMAJUE/SANTA MARIA: Oct. 16, 1766/ May __, 1767
SAN FERNANDO: May 14, 1769
EL ROSARIO: July 24, 1774
SANTO DOMINGO: Aug. 30, 1775
SAN VICENTE: Aug. 27, 1780
SAN MIGUEL: Mar. 28, 1787
SANTO TOMAS: Apr. 24, 1791
SAN PEDRO MARTIR: Apr. 27, 1794
SANTA CATALINA: Nov. 12, 1797

In addition to the 25 Spanish missions, 2 more were established during the Mexican period:

EL DESCANSO: site founded about 1810, new mission church constructed in 1830... no month or day recorded.
GUADALUPE: June 25, 1834


Can anyone fill in the missing dates???
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Old June 23rd, 2016, 09:00 AM   #2

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Illustrations


Named:
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Numbered:
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#1 LORETO 1697
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#2 SAN JAVIER 1699
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#3 LIGUI 1705
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Mission foundation ruins washed away by a flash flood. Cross marks closest location from original church.

#4 MULEGE 1705
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#5 COMONDU 1708
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Side chapel at final mission site. Mission ruins demolished in 1936. Was the largest California mission church.

#6 LA PURISIMA 1720
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Photo from 1926.

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No standing ruins today.

#7 PILAR DE LA PAZ 1720
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Plaque on La Paz city street. No ruins of original mission. Mission moved to Todos Santos in 1748, replacing Mission Santa Rosa (at Todos Santos since 1733). Mission moved a second tyime in 1825, 1 miles south.

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Final location of La Paz mission, at 1825 Todos Santos site. Photo from 1919.

#8 GUADALUPE 1720
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Only some partial walls remain.

#9 DOLORES 1721
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First location ruins (at Apaté). 1721-1741.

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Final site ruins (at Chillá) usualy called La Pasión. 1741-1768.

#10 SANTIAGO 1724
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1760s illustration by the missionary at Santiago, Ignacio Tirsch. Modern church now on the site, from the 1950s.
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Old June 23rd, 2016, 09:01 AM   #3

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#11 SAN IGNACIO 1728
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Church construction started in the 1750s was completed in 1786.

#12 SAN JOSE DEL CABO 1730
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Photo from 1818 of ruined church. A modern church now is on the site.

#13 SANTA ROSA 1733
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The modern church from 1970 stands near the original Santa Rosa site, in Todos Santos. No ruins remain. A playground is on the site.

#14 SAN LUIS GONZAGA 1737
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#15 SANTA GERTRUDIS 1752
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#16 SAN BORJA 1762
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Older adobe church ruins behind newer (1801) stone church.

TO BE CONTINUED...
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Old June 23rd, 2016, 09:32 AM   #4
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I am not specialist at all, but i think Nuestra Señora de Loreto mission was stablished on October 25th, 1697. But it is difficult to investigate about the date of the others missions.
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Old June 23rd, 2016, 01:31 PM   #5

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Quote:
Originally Posted by martin76 View Post
I am not specialist at all, but i think Nuestra Señora de Loreto mission was stablished on October 25th, 1697. But it is difficult to investigate about the date of the others missions.
Yes indeed it was! That was a typo. Sadly, this forum prevents editing after a certain time. I will contact a moderator to fix. Thank you for seeing that!
Have you been to any of the Baja missions?
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Old June 23rd, 2016, 04:26 PM   #6

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Thank you, moderator for editing my typo!

Last edited by David K; June 23rd, 2016 at 05:04 PM.
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Old June 23rd, 2016, 05:04 PM   #7

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#17 CALAMAJUE/ SANTA MARIA 1766/1767

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First founded at Calamajué in October 1766. The river water was too loaded with minerals to grow any crops. In May 1767 the mission was moved and renamed...

SANTA MARIA DE LOS ANGELES
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Santa María was the last mission founded by the Jesuit missionaries in California (Baja California today). The Franciscans arrived on the peninsula in April 1768 and began to take over from the soldiers who had maintained the missions in the 3-4 months they were without priests.

Coming up next, the first Franciscan mission in California, founded by Junípero Serra (now a saint)...

#18 SAN FERNANDO DE VELICATA (1769)
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In 1974

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25 years later

After San Fernando, Serra went on to San Diego Bay and near there founded his second California mission. The Franciscans managed all the Baja California missions for the next 4 years while establishing more new missions in Alta California. With too much to handle and much nicer conditions in Alta California, the Franciscans agree to share mission duties with the Dominicans, who arrive in May 1773 to take over the operations and founding of more missions in Baja California.

Stay tuned to see the Dominican missions, as they appear now...

Last edited by David K; June 23rd, 2016 at 05:10 PM.
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Old June 23rd, 2016, 11:14 PM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by David K View Post
Yes indeed it was! That was a typo. Sadly, this forum prevents editing after a certain time. I will contact a moderator to fix. Thank you for seeing that!
Have you been to any of the Baja missions?
Oh, No, I´ve never been in Baja California, not even in Mexico. My sources about the Californian missions are Eusibio Kino (and his book discovered in México in Archivo General de la Nación) and Fray Francisco Palou (Life of Fray Junípero Serra).
The dates about Missions you write, they are right.. not even one mistake! But the other dates... I can´t find anything. Maybe the dates are in the Mexican or Spanish archives.

Thanks for the Photos. I´ve read about San Fernando de Villacata.. It is sad but nice to see that still stands challenging time.
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Old June 24th, 2016, 07:59 AM   #9

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Quote:
Originally Posted by martin76 View Post
Oh, No, I´ve never been in Baja California, not even in Mexico. My sources about the Californian missions are Eusibio Kino (and his book discovered in México in Archivo General de la Nación) and Fray Francisco Palou (Life of Fray Junípero Serra).
The dates about Missions you write, they are right.. not even one mistake! But the other dates... I can´t find anything. Maybe the dates are in the Mexican or Spanish archives.

Thanks for the Photos. I´ve read about San Fernando de Villacata.. It is sad but nice to see that still stands challenging time.
Very little remains are standing now...
I flew over the site in a helicopter in 2014...

Click the image to open in full size.

Click the image to open in full size.

IF you ever find the missing date data I will be most appreciative!! Thanks again for spotting my typo yesterday!

¡Viva España!

I have sent the new Baja California mission book overseas, if you are interested in it... international postage cost does add $20 to the price. Click to see: Old missions
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Old June 24th, 2016, 04:09 PM   #10

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#19 EL ROSARIO (1774)

The first California mission founded by the Dominican Order. The mission was moved in 1802 two miles west, closer to the river after the spring next to the first site failed.

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Photo from 1956.

Almost 50 years later:

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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Photo from 1957.

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Photo from 2005, just a little further away from the ruins than the 1957 photo.

SECOND LOCATION:

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1926 Photo facing south.

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1958 photo, facing east.

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2005 Photo facing east.

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2011 photo, facing south.

#20 SANTO DOMINGO (1775)

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#21 SAN VICENTE (1780)

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More to come... (6 more missions, multiple sites for some)
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