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Old July 31st, 2012, 06:38 PM   #1

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How did slavery in the northern states end?


Following the American revolution, the north abolished slavery. How did they overcome the opposition to this? What/who drove this movement?
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Old July 31st, 2012, 07:02 PM   #2

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Slavery in the north was ended on a state by state basis, so how it ended would take a bit of description. But, overall, abolitionists drove it, and there were several influences like religion (e.g. Quakers) and enlightenment thinkers.

Maybe a main thing to understand that it was not just happening in the northern U.S., but also Britain and France (although Napoleon rolled back emancipation in France). The simple answer to how opposition was overcome was that the opposition was not that great (compared to the south) because the economy of the north was not deeply embedded in slavery.

Here's the wiki article on abolitionism - it explains much of what you are trying to find out (short of what happened in each northern state).

Abolitionism Abolitionism
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Old July 31st, 2012, 08:49 PM   #3
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Slavery in the North ended with the Civil War. Christopher P Lehman, Slavery in the Upper Mississippi Valley, 1787-1865: A History of Human Bondage in Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin.
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Old July 31st, 2012, 09:27 PM   #4

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Jax Historian View Post
Slavery in the north was ended on a state by state basis, so how it ended would take a bit of description. But, overall, abolitionists drove it, and there were several influences like religion (e.g. Quakers) and enlightenment thinkers.

Maybe a main thing to understand that it was not just happening in the northern U.S., but also Britain and France (although Napoleon rolled back emancipation in France). The simple answer to how opposition was overcome was that the opposition was not that great (compared to the south) because the economy of the north was not deeply embedded in slavery.

Here's the wiki article on abolitionism - it explains much of what you are trying to find out (short of what happened in each northern state).

Abolitionism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Thanks.
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Old July 31st, 2012, 09:37 PM   #5

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The North had a different environment than the Deep South.
The soils were different, the climate different, rainfall, etc., all
that led to a different kind of cash crop to grow. Northern
states didn't need the labor intensive work force that had been
well established in the agrarian South. Besides, the North had a
constant stream of European immigrants-their work force-
that provided all the cheap labor they needed. It was expensive
to own and maintain slaves which became established in the
planter class of the South. Owning slaves was a high status
symbol of wealth, power and influence. The Northern states
turned their attention to becoming more industrial while the
Southern states were locked into an agrarian culture. In the
end, the soils of the South became depleted and that's where
the planter class felt they had to expand, as was their legal
right as American citizens, into the new territories opening
up in the West. Naturally the expansion of slavery was a
large political ball no one wanted to play with.
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Old July 31st, 2012, 11:30 PM   #6

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Jax Historian View Post
Slavery in the north was ended on a state by state basis, so how it ended would take a bit of description. But, overall, abolitionists drove it, and there were several influences like religion (e.g. Quakers) and enlightenment thinkers.

Maybe a main thing to understand that it was not just happening in the northern U.S., but also Britain and France (although Napoleon rolled back emancipation in France). The simple answer to how opposition was overcome was that the opposition was not that great (compared to the south) because the economy of the north was not deeply embedded in slavery.

Here's the wiki article on abolitionism - it explains much of what you are trying to find out (short of what happened in each northern state).

Abolitionism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Also worth a look is a timeline of the abolition of slavery:

Abolition_of_slavery_timeline Abolition_of_slavery_timeline
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Old July 31st, 2012, 11:49 PM   #7

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Jax Historian View Post
Slavery in the north was ended on a state by state basis, so how it ended would take a bit of description. But, overall, abolitionists drove it, and there were several influences like religion (e.g. Quakers) and enlightenment thinkers.
The puritan America wanted to show what compassion and of love God and to fellowmen was all about and that is the reason of ending slavery. The power of Christianity to change the wrongful act. Religious people don't always start with war or hate with other people. This is a manifestation that religion is beneficial in creating a society of peaceful and law abiding citizens.

Quote:
Maybe a main thing to understand that it was not just happening in the northern U.S., but also Britain and France (although Napoleon rolled back emancipation in France). The simple answer to how opposition was overcome was that the opposition was not that great (compared to the south) because the economy of the north was not deeply embedded in slavery.
I definitely agree with you over this. That is the reason why I always say that the colonization isn't all about white men burden because the colonizers themselves realized the wrongness of the act of abusing people like slavery. While the colonized people were under their power, such culture of the West assimilated in their colony and so human rights started to be recognized in those territories that they occupied prior to the post WW2 world era wherein nations were born in Africa and Asia. But before the acquisition of national liberty of these countries while they were under those European countries, these concepts about civility and urbanity was also becoming the norm of people and one of the consequences of which is the observance of a public demeanor of not putting the law unto thy own hands, so no one is allowed to hurt the other people to settle the differences but people must go to courts. That was the prelude of the observance of equality among people. The culture of slave trade in America took so long and among its effect is that the U.S. also had a lengthy period before it was able to impose equality among the whites and the rest of humanity. It was all wrong. Evolution and development is truly a long long way. It's good that the current U.S President isn't a white man and that's just the beginning of the road to redemption. My language may sound silly, but that's the only way I can say it in the most candid and courteous manner.
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Old July 31st, 2012, 11:53 PM   #8

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Originally Posted by Jake10 View Post
Following the American revolution, the north abolished slavery. How did they overcome the opposition to this? What/who drove this movement?
It was made a law that any new state could not have slavery after the American Revolution. All North states followed that law. Most states did not follow the law
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Old August 1st, 2012, 02:14 AM   #9

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Originally Posted by Mike McClure View Post
Slavery in the North ended with the Civil War. Christopher P Lehman, Slavery in the Upper Mississippi Valley, 1787-1865: A History of Human Bondage in Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin.
Slavery was officially ended in the North and South with the adoption of the 13th amendment at the end of 1865.
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Old August 1st, 2012, 03:09 AM   #10

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Emperor Trajan View Post
It was made a law that any new state could not have slavery after the American Revolution. All North states followed that law. Most states did not follow the law
You might be thinking of the Northwest Ordinance, which prohibited slavery in the Northwest Territories, but it didn't say that "any new state could not have slavery".
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