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Old June 27th, 2018, 10:42 AM   #451

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Antigonos III Doson

Antigonos III Doson was the cousin of Demetrius II Aetolicus(the previous king of Macedon) he reigned as regent for the young Philip V at first but later married the widow of the previouse king and gained legitamacy.

As king his first challenge came in the form of Illyrian invaders from the north, which he swiftly repelled.

After that he established trade and military alliances with the Aetolian and the Achaen leagues and making them his client states, making him the de facto ruler of Greece.

Cleomnese of Sparta was more or less wrecking the Achaens. So the latter called the Macedonians for help, and help they did. Antigonos decisively defeated Cleomnes at Sellesia.

His stay in the Pelloponese was short lived as new of barbarian invaders from the north came, on the way there he died of unknown circumstances.
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Old July 1st, 2018, 02:46 AM   #452

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Thumbs down Philip V of Macedon

Philip V was king of Macedon and the son of Demetrius II Aetolicus. Ruled from 221BC-179BC.

Philip was born in 238BC and was the son of the previous Antigonid king, but he did not take up the throne at first as he was only 9 when his father died. As such, his half-cousin became regent and later king as Antigonos III Doson. Doson was a very capable ruler and left the kingdom rich and stable. When Philip took over at the age of 17,(younger than even when Alexander took the throne) year 220BC a war broke out against the Aetolian league in which he gained major success.

Hannibal Barca of Carthage at the time just won a major victory at Trasemine. Philip allied with Hannibal to try and take the Illyrian protectorates of rome while the romans were distracted. In 216 Hannibal defeats the romans at Cannae, Philip used the roman weakness and took major parts of Illyria, but failed to take the Ionian sea.

The romans after beating the Carthaginians at Zama finally turned east to Macedon. The Romans allied with the Aetolians and, though indirectly the Pergamese king Attalus I Soter. This is called the 1st Macedonian war.
The romans desided that the war was fruitless and left the Aetolians alone. Philip forced the Aetolians to sign a peace treaty (treaty of Phoenice) that was beneficial to Macedon, taking Illyria.

In the year 204BC Philip teamed up with the seleucid king Antiochus III against the child-king Ptolemy V Epiphanes. Philip took Ptolemaic territories in the aegean.

Noticing this, the romans demanded Philip stop his agression, but he refused.

This started the 2nd Macedonian (200BC) war. Philip managed to sack Abydos but was unable to defeat the romans and suffered a crushing defeat at Cynosphelae(197BC).This forced Philip to pay war indemnity to the romans and give his son Demetrius as hostage.

Due to the power vacume in greece the Seleucid king decides to take greece for himself. This started the syrian wars (192-188BC). Philip helped the romans in the conflict and the romans beat the Syrians at Magenisa(190BC), winning the war in the next 2 years.

Thanks to his help Philip was exemed of paying war indemnity and Demetrius was freed.

Philip trying to consolidate his power in Macedon reopened mines and began a massive recruitment drive, mustering a massive army not seen since the days of Alexander.

Demetrius as the younger son wanted to become king instead of Perseus, so he went to rome and asked them of assistance. Philip finding out about this reluctantly executed Demetrius in the year 180BC.

Fearing that rome will dethrone him, Philip conducted campaigns in Thrace to have a retreatment.

In 179BC Philip died at Amphipolis, at the ripe old age of 59.

Philip ruled Macedon for 40 years, the longest of any macedonian king. Overall i consider him a successful king, winning many battles(and losing many aswell), strengthening the economy by reopening mines and recruiting a massive army. He may not be a genius like Alexander or a great politician like caesar, but he is as much as interesting to me.

Last edited by Constantine V; July 1st, 2018 at 03:19 AM.
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