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Old October 14th, 2013, 06:28 AM   #2611

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14 October
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in 1935 - La Monte Young, American composer of the extreme avant-garde, is born at Bern, Idaho. He studied clarinet and saxophone with William Green in Los Angeles (1951-54); also attended Los Angeles City College (1953-56) and studied counterpoint and composition privately with Leonard Stein (1955-56); was a pupil of Robert Stevenson at the University of Calif. at Los Angeles (B.A., 1958); pursued further training with Seymour Shifrin and Andrew Imbrie at the University of Calif. at Berkeley (1958-60) and attended the summer courses in new music in Darmstadt; subsequently studied electronic music with Richard Maxfield at the New School for Social Research in N.Y. (1960-61). In 1963 he married the artist and illustrator Marian Zazeela with whom he subsequently gave audio-visual performances in a series of "Sound/Light Environments" in Europe and America.

In 1970 he visited India to study Eastern philosophy and train himself physically, mentally, and vocally for cosmic awareness, gradually arriving at the realization that any human, subhuman, or inhuman activity constitutes art; in his Composition 1990 he starts a fire on the stage while releasing captive butterflies in the hall. In his attempt to overcome terrestrial limitations, he has decreed for himself a circadian period of 26 hours. He achieves timelessness by declaring, "This piece of music may play without stopping for thousands of years." Several of his works consist solely of imperious commands: "Push the piano to the wall; push it through the wall; keep pushing," or, more succinctly; "Urinate." He edited An Anthologyof Chance Operations, Concept Art, Anti-Art, etc. (N.Y., 1963;2nd ed., rev., 1970), which, with his own Compositions 1960, had primary influence on concept art and the Fluxus movement; his own contribution to it was a line drawn in India ink on a 3 x 5 filing card. He has contributed extensively to the study of just intonation and to the development of tuning systems based on the set of rational numbers which make up the components of his periodic composite sound waveform environments.

He received a Guggenheim fellowship and a grant from the NEA. Among his ascertainable works are 5 Little Pieces for string quartet (1956); For Brass (1957); For Guitar (1958); trio for strings (1958); Poem for tables, chairs, and benches (moving furniture about; University of Calif., Berkeley, Jan. 5, 1960); Arabic Numeral (any Integer) for gong or piano (1960); Studies in the Bowed Disc for gong (1963);The Well-Tuned Piano (1964); The Tortoise Droning Selected Pitches from the Holy Numbers of the 2 Black Tigers, the Green Tiger, and the Hermit(N.Y.,Oct. 30, 1964); The Tortoise Recalling the Drone of theHolyNumbers as They Were Revealed in the Dreams of the Whirlwind and the Obsidian Gong, Illuminated by the Sawmill, the Green Sawtooth Ocelot, and the High-Tension Line Stepdown Transformer (N.Y., Dec. 12, 1964); Map of 49's Dream of Two Systems of 11 Sets of Galactic Intervals Ornamental Lightyears Tracery for voices, various instruments, and sine wave drones (Pasadena, Calif., Jan. 28, 1968); and The Subsequent Dreams of China (1980). Also an arbitrary number of pieces of "conceptual" music and tape recordings of his own monophonous vocalizing achieved by both inspiration and expiration so that the vocal line is maintained indefinitely; various physical exercises with or without audible sounds. His Selected Writings were publ. in Munich in 1969.

in 1938 - Melba Montgomery (US singer) is born.
in 1940 - Cliff Richard/Sir Harry Roger Webb (UK singer) is born.
in 1942 - Billy Harrison, Belfast Ireland, rock guitarist (Them) is born.

in 1943 - Anthony Iannaccone, American composer, teacher, and conductor, is born at N.Y. He studied with Copland in N.Y. (1959-64), with Giannini and Diamond at the Manhattan School of Music (M.M., 1968), and with Adler at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, N.Y. (Ph.D., 1971). After teaching at the Manhattan School of Music (1967-68), he became professor of composition at Eastern Mich. University in 1971, where he founded its electronic music studio and where he conducted the Collegium Musicum. Iannaccone has received several awards and commissions, and was the winner of the S.A.I./C.F. Peters Competition in 1990 and of the Ostwald Composition Competition in 1995. In his works, he applies serial methods with a certain liberality towards occurrences of tonal, and even explicitly triadic, elements. In his band music, he openly exploits tonal devices.

in 1943 - Dennis D'Ell / Denis James Dalziel (UK lead singer, harmonica; Honeycombs) is born. The lead singer of the Sixties pop-rock act The Honeycombs, London-born Denis D’Ell broke into music after his fellow railway workers encouraged him to enter a local talent contest, which he won. As a member of The Sherabons, D’Ell was discovered at the Mildmay Tavern in north London by songwriters Ken Howard and Alan Blaikley, who became their managers. Taking the act to the Holloway studio of independent producer Joe Meek, the renamed Honeycombs recorded the Howard/Blaikley composition, ‘Have I The Right?’ which became a worldwide hit in 1964. Follow-up singles, ‘Is It Because?’, ‘Something Better Beginning’ (written by Ray Davies of The Kinks) and ‘That’s The Way’ (featuring the lead vocals of D’Ell with the group’s female drummer, Annie “Honey” Lantree) were minor British chart entries. Following the demise of The Honeycombs, D’Ell recorded some solo singles. Died July 6, 2005. (Cancer).

in 1945 - Barbara “Sandi” Robison (BARBARA JEANNE MOYER) is born. A member of The Crosswinds and The Peanut Butter Conspiracy, Barbara “Sandi” Robison broke into music in a West Coast duo with her husband, comedy folk singer Robbie Robison. Discovered while performing in a trio with her husband, Sandi was hired as the lead singer of a pioneering folk-rock group which evolved into The Crosswinds. Eventually joined by future Jefferson Airplane member Spencer Dryden, the group was renamed The Ashes.

When Robison became pregnant, the group disbanded in 1966. Restarting her musical career, she joined a pair of former bandmates to form the psychedelic band The Peanut Butter Conspiracy. Signing with Columbia Records, the group recorded a pair of excellent but ignored albums, while the Gary Usher-produced track ‘It’s A Happening Thing’, from their début album, was a West Coast hit. The group disbanded in 1969 after recording a final album for Warner/Challenge. Robison then joined the Los Angeles production of the rock musical, Hair, for an 18 month stint. (Toxic shock poisoning). She fell ill while performing in Butte, Montana, and died 16 days later at a hospital in Billings. - Died April 22, 1988.

in 1945 - Colin "bomber" Hodgkinson (bassist; Whitesnake/Spencer Davis/freelance) is born.
in 1945 - Marcia Barrett (US singer; Boney M) is born.

in 1946 - Peter Jonas, English opera administrator, is born at London. He was educated at the University of Sussex (B.A., 1968), the Northern College of Music, the Royal College of Music in London, and the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, N.Y. From 1974 to 1976 he was assistant to the music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and then served as artistic administrator of that orchestra from 1976 to 1985. He also was director of artistic administration of the Orchestral Assn. of Chicago from 1977 to 1985. He was managing director (later general director) of the English National Opera in London from 1985 to 1993. In 1993 he became Staatsintendant of the Bavarian State Opera in Munich and was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Jonas's tenures in London and Munich were marked by his encouragement of contemporary opera performances.

in 1946 - Dan McCafferty (Scottish lead singer; Nazareth) is born.
in 1946 - Justin Hayward, England, vocalist (Moody Blues-Nights in White Satin) is born.
in 1947 - Norman Harris (US guitarist, writer, producer; MFSB/Baker-Harris-Young) is born.
in 1948 - Ivory Tilmon (US singer, guitar; Detroit Emeralds) is born.
in 1951 - Marcia Barrett, St Catherine's Jamaica, rock vocalist (Boney M) is born.
in 1952 - Chris Amoo (UK singer; Real Thing) is born.
in 1952 - Daisy Eshuijs, singer/pianist/composer (Eye to Eye) is born.
in 1952 - Margriet Eshuijs, Dutch singer/pianist is born.

in 1952 - Kaija Anneli Saariaho, significant Finnish composer, is born at Helsinki. She was a student of Heininen at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki (1976-81), and also attended the University of Industrial Arts in Helsinki. She pursued training with Ferneyhough and Huber at the Freiberg im Breisgau Hochschule fur Musik (diploma, 1983), and also attended the summer courses in new music in Darmstadt (1980, 1982) and worked in computer music at IRC AM in Paris (1982). From 1983 to 1986, and again from 1988 to 1992, she held a Finnish government artist's grant. In 1986 she won the Kranichstein Prize in Darmstadt. She received the Prix Italia in 1988. In 1988-89 she held a composition fellowship at the University of Calif, at San Diego. In 1989 she received the Austrian TV's Ars Electronica. Saariaho has followed an advanced compositional path in which she makes use of tape, live electronics, and computers. Her Lonh for Soprano and Electronics (Vienna, Oct. 20,1996) won the Nordic Council's Music Prize in 2000. Her works are often of striking individuality and communicative power.

in 1957 - (Carl) Natanael Berg, Swedish composer, dies dies at 78 in Stockholm.
He was a pupil of Julius Giinther (voice) and J.Lindegren (counterpoint) at the Stockholm Conservatory (1897-1900), but was essentially autodidact in composition; held state composer's fellowships for further studies in Berlin and Paris (1908-09), and in Vienna (1911-12); also took a degree in veterinary medicine (1902) and served as a veterinary surgeon in the Swedish Army until 1939. In 1918 he helped to found the Society of Swedish Composers, serving as its chairman until 1924. In 1932 he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music in Stockholm. His music is indulgent, reminiscent in its tumescent harmonies of Richard Strauss. – Born at Stockholm, Feb. 9, 1879.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bd6hPNUQA4g"]Natanael Berg - Symphony No. 1 "Everything New Must End" (1912) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1957 - The Elvis Presley classic, ‘Jailhouse Rock’ was released. It become his ninth US number one single and stayed on the Billboard chart for nineteen weeks. The film clip from the movie where he sang the song is considered by many historians to be the first rock video.

in 1957 - The Everly Brothers had their first No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Wake Up Little Susie', (a No.2 hit in the UK).

in 1958 - Jean Poveigh, composer, dies at 82
in 1958 - Thomas Dolby/Thomas Robertson (UK vocals,keyboards,guitar,synthesizer; Lovich band/sessions) is born.
in 1959 - A J Pero, Staten Is, drummer (Twisted Sister-Not Gonna Take It) is born.

in 1959 - Alphonse Trent dies at age 54. American jazz pianist; he led one of the most fabled of the territory bands, an outfit that recorded just eight titles, but was legendary. He led his first band in the early '20s, and in 1924 he played with Eugene Cook's Synco Six. He then took over leadership of the band, which played until 1934, playing mostly in the American South and Midwest, as well as on steamboats. He left music in the mid-1930s but returned with another band in 1938. His sidemen included Terrence Holder, Alex Hill, Stuff Smith, Snub Mosley, Charlie Christian, Sweets Edison, Mouse Randolph, and Peanuts Holland.

in 1959 - Bobby Darin was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Mack The Knife'. From Kurt Weill's Threepenny Opera, won the Grammy Award for Record of the Year in 1960.

in 1961 - Mike Tramp, Denmark, heavy metal rocker (White Lion-Mane Attraction) is born
in 1963 - Yim Jae-beom (South Korean singer) is born.
in 1964 - During a UK tour The Beatles played two shows at the ABC Cinema in Ardwick, Manchester.
in 1964 - Rolling Stones drummer Charlie Watts weds Shirley Shepherd
in 1965 - Constantine Koukias (Australian composer) is born.
in 1965 - Karyn White (US singer) is born.

in 1965 - The Rolling Stones, The Spencer Davis Group, Unit 4 Plus 2, The Checkmates, The Habit, The End and Charlie Dickins all appeared at The Odeon, Birmingham during a UK tour.

in 1966 - Arcady Dubensky, composer, dies at 75.

in 1966 - Pink Floyd played their first ever "underground" set when they appeared at All Saints Hall, Notting Hill, London, UK.

in 1967 - Bobbie Gentry started a two-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Ode To Billie Joe'.

in 1967 - The second series of The Monkees TV show started on BBC TV in the UK. Plans for the shows to be screened in colour were dropped, so it was aired in black & white.

in 1968 - Beatles "White Album" completed
in 1968 - Jay Ferguson (Canadian rhythm guitar, bass, drums; Sloane) is born.
in 1968 - Johnny Goudie (US singer, songwriter, multi-instrumental, record producer) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_i4AH-wT4Uo"]You Can't Pretend Forever - Johnny Goudie & The Little Champions - YouTube[/ame]

in 1969 - Police in New Jersey issued a warrant for the arrest of Frank Sinatra in relation to his connections with the Mafia.

in 1970 - 4th Country Music Assn Award: Merle Haggard wins.

in 1971 - Music publishing firm, Arco Industries filed a $500,000 dollar lawsuit against Creedance Clearwater Revival's John Fogerty, claiming that Fogerty's song Travelin' Band "contained substantial material copied from Little Richard's Good Golly, Miss Molly". The suit was eventually dropped.

in 1972 - Joe Cocker was arrested for possession of drugs after a show in Adelaide, Australia.
in 1972 - Joseph Kaminski, composer, dies at 68.
in 1972 - Michael Jackson went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Ben', his first solo No.1. a No.7 hit in the UK.
in 1974 - 8th Country Music Assn Award: Charlie Rich
in 1974 - Natalie Maines (US singer, songwriter, guitarist; Dixie Chicks/solo) is born.
in 1974 - Shaggy 2 Dope/Joseph Utsler (US rapper, record producer, DJ; Insane Clown Posse/solo/others) is born.
in 1975 - Shaznay Lewis (UK vocals; All Saints) is born.
in 1976 - Aerosmith kicked off their first ever UK tour at Liverpool's Empire Theatre.

in 1977 - Bing Crosby/Harry Lillis Crosby dies at age 74. American singer, actor, singer of "White Christmas", and starred in the "On the Road" films with Bob Hope. One of the first multimedia stars, from 1934 to 1954 he was very successful across record sales, radio ratings and motion picture grosses. Bing and his musical acts influenced male singers of the era that followed him, including Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, and Dean Martin. In 1926, while singing at Los Angeles Metropolitan Theatre, Bing and his vocal duo partner Al Rinker caught the eye of Paul Whiteman, arguably the most famous bandleader at the time. Hired for $150 a week, they made their debut on December 6th 1926 at the Tivoli Theatre in Chicago and their first recording was, "I've Got The Girl," with Don Clark's Orchestra. On September 2nd 1931, Crosby made his solo radio debut. In 1931, he signed with Brunswick Records and recording under Jack Kapp and signed with CBS Radio to do a weekly 15 minute radio broadcast; almost immediately he became a huge hit. His songs "Out of Nowhere", "Just One More Chance", "At Your Command" and "I Found a Million Dollar Baby (in a Five and Ten Cent Store)" were among the the best selling songs of 1931. Bing's biggest musical hit was his recording of Irving Berlin's "White Christmas", which he introduced through a 1942 Christmas-season radio broadcast and the movie Holiday Inn. According to ticket sales, he is, at 1,077,900,000 tickets sold, the third most popular actor of all time, behind Clark Gable and John Wayne. In 1962, Bing was the first person to be recognized with the Grammy Global Achievement Award. He won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Father Chuck O'Malley in the 1944 motion picture Going My Way. Bing is one of the few people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and is a member of the National Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame in the radio division (He died of a heart attack on a golf course in Spain, having just completed the 18th hole).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DiXjbI3kRus"]Bing Crosby & David Bowie - The Little Drummer Boy / Peace On Earth - YouTube[/ame]
in 1977 - Linda Ronstadt sings national anthem at World Series
in 1977 - Tina Dico/Tina Dickow (Danish singer-songwriter) is born.
in 1978 - Justin Brannan (US vocalist, writer; Indecision/Most Precious Blood) is born.
in 1978 - Usher Raymond IV (US R&B singer) is born.

in 1981 - Akon/Aliaune Damala Dakha Bouga Time Puru Nacka Lu Lu Lu Badara Akon Thiam (US R&B, rap singer) is born.

in 1981 - Ingemar Liljefors, composer, dies at 74.
in 1985 - 19th Country Music Assn Award: Ricky Skaggs wins.

in 1985 - Emil Gilels dies at age 78. Soviet pianist; he was the first Soviet artist to be allowed to travel extensively in the West. After WW2, he toured Europe starting from 1947 as a concert pianist, and made his US debut in 1955 playing Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1 in Philadelphia. His repertoire was vast, ranging from Scarlatti to Stravinsky. He played all the concertos and sonatas of Beethoven, both concertos of Brahms, a large amount of Schumann and Chopin, some Schubert, Liszt and many of the Russian composers from the 19th and 20th centuries. The power and excitement that Emil generates in a live performance can still be felt more than forty years later (he was killed accidentally by the Russian doctor after a medical check-up).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yu06WnXlPCY"]Gilels plays the Prelude in B minor (Bach / Siloti) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1987 - Bryan Adams with support group T'Pau appeared at Newcastle City Hall, England.
in 1987 - Rodolfo Halffter, composer, dies at 86.

in 1988 - Bruce Springsteen appeared at Estadio Mundialista, Mendoza, Argentina to a crowd of over 30,000. The concert was also aired on Chile TV.

in 1988 - Def Leppard became first act in chart history to sell seven million copies of two consecutive LPs, with Pyromania' (released in 1983) and 'Hysteria.'

in 1989 - Motley Crue started a two-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Dr. Feelgood'.
in 1989 - Tracy Chapman scored her second UK No.1 album with 'Crossroads'.

14 October
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Old October 14th, 2013, 06:31 AM   #2612

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14 October
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in 1990 - Leonard (actually, Louis)Bernstein, prodigiously gifted American conductor, composer, pianist, and teacher, dies at age 72 in N.Y.

He was born into a family of Russian- Jewish immigrants. When he was 16, he legally changed his given name to Leonard to avoid confusion with another Louis in the family. He was 10 when he began piano lessons with Frieda Karp. At age 13, he began piano training with Susan Williams at the New England Cons, of Music in Boston. When he was 14, he commenced piano studies with Heinrich Gebhard and his assistant, Helen Coates. In 1935 he entered Harvard Univ., where he took courses with Edward Burlingame Hill (orchestration), A. Tillman Merritt (harmony and counterpoint), and Piston (counterpoint and fugue). He graduated cum laude in 1939.

On April 21, 1939, he made his first appearance as a conductor when he led the premiere of his incidental music to Aristophanes' The Birds at Harvard Univ. He then enrolled at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, where he studied with Reiner (conducting), Vengerova (piano), Thompson (orchestration), and Renee Longy (score reading), receiving his diploma in 1941. During the summers of 1940 and 1941, he was a pupil in conducting of Koussevitzky at the Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood, returning in the summer of 1942 as Koussevitzky's assistant.

In 1942-43 he worked for the N.Y. publishing firm of Harms, Inc., using the pseudonym Lenny Amber (Amber being the Eng. tr. of the German Bernstein). In Aug. 1943 Artur Rodzinski, then music director of the N.Y Philharmonic, appointed Bernstein as his asstistant conductor.

On Nov. 14, 1943, Bernstein substituted at short notice for ailing guest conductor Bruno Walter in a N.Y. Philharmonic, concert which was broadcast to the nation by radio. He acquitted himself magnificently and was duly hailed by the press as a musician of enormous potential. Thus the most brilliant conducting career in the history of American music was launched, and Bernstein was engaged to appear as a guest conductor with several major U.S. orchestras.

On Jan. 28, 1944, he conducted the premiere of his First Symphony, Jeremiah, with the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra. The score was well received and won the N.Y. Music Critics' Circle Award for 1944. That same year he brought out his ballet Fancy Free, followed by the musical On the Town, which scored popular and critical accolades.

In 1945 he became music director of the N.Y City Symphony Orchestra, a post he held until 1948.

On May 15, 1946, he made his European debut as a guest conductor of the Czech Philharmonic in Prague.

In 1947 he appeared as a guest conductor of the Palestine Symphony Orchestra in Tel Aviv. During Israel's War of Independence in 1948, he conducted a series of concerts with it as the renamed Israel Philharmonic. He then completed his Second Symphony for Piano and Orchestra, The Age of Anxiety, a score which reflected the troubled times. It was given its first performance by Koussevitzky and the Boston Symphony Orchestra on April 8, 1949, with the composer at the piano.

In 1951 Bernstein composed his first opera, Trouble in Tahiti. During the Israel Philharmonic’s first tour of the U.S. in 1951, he shared the conducting duties with Koussevitzky. Upon the latter's death that year, he was named his mentor's successor as head of the orchestra and conducting departments at the Berkshire Music Center, where he was active until 1953 and again in 1955.

He also taught intermittently at Brandeis University from 1951 to 1954. In 1953 he produced his successful Broadway musical Wonderful Town. Bernstein was the first American conductor ever to appear as a guest conductor at Milan's La Scala when he led Cherubini's Medea in Dec. 1953. In 1954 he wrote the score for the Academy Award winning film On the Waterfront. That same year he made an indelible impact as an expositor/performer on the Omnibus television program. Returning to the theater, he composed his comic operetta Candide, after Voltaire, in 1956. Bernstein was appointed co-conductor (with Mitropoulos) of the N.Y. Phil, in 1956, and in 1958 he became its music director, the first American-born and trained conductor to attain that prestigious position.

In 1957 he broughtout his musical West Side Story, a significant social drama abounding in memorable tunes, which proved enduringly popular; in its film incarnation (1961), it won no less than 11 Academy Awards, including best film of the year. In the meantime, Bernstein consolidated his protean activities as music director of the N.Y. Philharmonic, through his concerts at home and abroad, as well as his numerous recordings, radio broadcasts, and television programs. Indeed, he acquired a celebrity status rarely achieved by a classical musician. His televised N.Y. Philharmonic Young People's Concerts (1958-72) were extremely successful with viewers of all ages.

In 1959 he took the N.Y. Philharmonic, on a triumphant tour of 17 European and Near East nations, including the Soviet Union.

On Jan. 19, 1961, he conducted the premiere of his Fanfare at the Inaugural Gala for President John F. Kennedy in Washington, D.C. Bernstein led the gala opening concert of the N.Y. Philharmonic, in its new home at Philadelphia Hall at N.Y’s Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts on Sept. 23, 1962. He then took the orchestra on a transcontinental tour of the U.S. in 1963.

On Dec. 10, 1963, he conducted the first performance of his Third Symphony, Kaddish, with the Israel Philharmonic, in Tel Aviv. The score reflects Bernstein's Jewish heritage, but is also noteworthy for its admixture of both 12-tone and tonal writing.

On March 6,1964, he made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. conducting Falstaf, which work he also chose for his Vienna State Opera debut on March 14,1966.

In 1967 he appeared for the first time as a guest conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic. In subsequent years he became closely associated with it, appearing not only in Vienna but also on extensive tours, recordings, and films. In 1969 Bernstein retired as music director of the N.Y. Philharmonic, and was accorded the title of laureate conductor. Thereafter he made regular appearances with it in this honored capacity.

From 1970 to 1974 he served as advisor at Tanglewood. For the opening of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C., he composed his theater piece, Mass (Sept. 8, 1971), a challenging and controversial liturgical score. During the 1973-74 academic year, he was the Charles Eliot Norton Professor of Poetry at Harvard University, where he gave a series of lectures later published as The Unanswered Question (1976).

He returned to the genre of the musical in 1976 with his 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, but the work was not successful. On Jan. 19,1977, he conducted at the Inaugural Concert for President Jimmy Carter in Washington, D.C. In 1983 Bernstein completed work on his opera A Quiet Place, which he considered his most important creative achievement. However, its premiere in Houston on June 17,1983, was not a success. He then revised the work and incorporated it into his earlier opera Trouble in Tahiti. The revised version was premiered at Milan's La Scala on June 19, 1984, the first opera by an American composer ever accorded such a distinction. All the same, the opera remained problematic.

In July-August 1985 he toured as conductor with the European Community Youth Orchestra in a "Journey for Peace" program to Athens, Hiroshima, Budapest, and Vienna. Bernstein also conducted celebratory performances of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony to mark the opening of the Berlin Wall, first at the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in West Berlin (Dec. 23, 1989), and then at the Schauspielhaus Theater in East Berlin (telecast to the world, Dec. 25, 1989). Increasingly plagued by ill health, Bernstein was compelled to announce his retirement from the podium on Oct. 9, 1990. His death just 5 days later (of progressive emphysema, complicated by a chronic pleurisy, eventuating in a fatal heart attack) shocked the music world and effectively brought to a close a unique era in the history of American music.

Bernstein was afforded innumerable honors at home and abroad. Among his foreign decorations were the Order of the Lion, Commander, of Finland (1965); Chevalier (1968), Officier (1978), and Commandeur (1985), of the Legion d'honneur, of France; Cavaliere, Order of Merit, of Italy (1969); Grand Honor Cross for Science and Art of Austria (1976); and the Grand Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (1988). In 1977 he was made a member of the Swedish Royal Academy of Music in Stockholm, in 1981 of the American Academy and Inst. of Arts and Letters in N.Y, in 1983 of the Vienna Phil., and in 1984 of the N.Y. Phil. In 1987 he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Phil. Soc. of London. He was made president of the London Sym. Orch. in 1987 and laureate conductor of the Israel Phil, in 1988. His 70th birthday was the occasion for an outpouting of tributes from around the world, highlighted by a major celebration at Tanglewood from Aug. 25 to 28, 1988.

Bernstein's extraordinary musical gifts were ably matched by an abundance of spiritual and sheer animal energy, a remarkable intellect, and an unswerving commitment to liberal, and even radical, political and humanitarian ideals. As a composer, he revealed a protean capacity in producing complex serious scores on the one hand, and strikingly original and effective works for the Broadway musical theater on the other. All the same, it was as a nonpareil conductor and musical expositor that Bernstein so profoundly enlightened more than one generation of auditors. Ebullient and prone to podium histrionics of a choreographic expressivity, he was a compelling interpreter of the Romantic repertory. Bernstein had a special affinity for the music of Mahler, whose works drew from him unsurpassed readings of great beauty and searing intensity. He was also a convincing exponent of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven. Fortunately, many of Bernstein's greatest performances have been captured on recordings and video discs as a testament to the life and work of one of the foremost musicians of the 20th century.
[ame=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VRKnXuG4PKI]Leonard Bernstein: Chichester Psalms (1965) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1992 - Savannah Outen (US singer) is born.
in 1994 - Gioconda de Vito, violinist, dies at 87.
in 1994 - Lil B/Bryan Allen Breeding (US singer; B5) is born.
in 1996 - Lourdes Marie Ciccone Leon, daughter of singer Madonna is born.
in 1996 - Madonna gave birth to her first child Lourdes Maria Cicone Leon.

in 1998 - Frankie Yankovic dies at age 83. American singer and accordian virtuoso; America's undisputed Polka King, the first polka artist to score a million-selling single with 1948's "Just Because", the first to perform on television, and the first to win a Grammy for Best Polka Album "70 Years of Hits", in 1986. Of Slovene descent, he came from South Euclid, Ohio, he released over 200 recordings in his career. Frankie seldom strayed from the Slovenian-style polka, but did record with Chet Atkins, Don Everly, and did a version of the “Too Fat Polka” with comedian Drew Carey. Frankie also had a long standing relationship with accordion virtuoso Joey Miskulin (sadly died from heart failure) b. July 15th 1915.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YXtHyydM5Ac"]Frankie Yankovic - Hoop Dee Doo Polka - YouTube[/ame]

in 1998 - Janet Jackson set off on a 10 date US tour at the Baltimore arena with *NSYNC as the opening act.
in 2000 - The Beatles Anthology book was at No.1 on the New York Times non-fiction bestseller list.

in 2002 - Norbert Schultze dies at age 91. German composer and pianist, most remembered for writing the famed WW II song, "Lili Marlene", he also wrote the music for the Luftwaffe's unofficial anthem, "Bomben auf Engelland"/Bombs on England. Educated in music in Cologne and Munich, he became a theatrical musical director in Heidelberg. After WW2 he worked as a bit-actor in two German movies including "Max und Moritz" in 1956 and "Zu jung fuer die Liebe?" in 1961 and wrote numerous operas, operettas such as Rain in Paris, musicals, ballets and "Max and Moritz", and music for more than 50 movies, and songs. He also served on the Executive Board of the German Society for Composing and Performing Music from 1973 to 1991, and in 1996, received its Ring of Honor for his contributions to music.

in 2002 - The Libertines released their debut album, the record entered the UK charts at Number 35 and went on to top end of year critics polls in several music magazines.

in 2004 - Eric Clapton was suspended from driving in France after being caught speeding at 134mph in his Porsche 911 Turbo near Merceuil. He was given a 750 euro (£515) fine and his UK licence was confiscated. After paying his fine Clapton posed for photographs with French police and then left the scene in his Porsche - with his secretary behind the wheel.

in 2005 - Marshall Smith (MARSHALL O’NEAL SMITH) died. A member of Southern boogie-rock band Wet Willie in the late Seventies, Marshall O’Neal Smith appeared on two albums. After a stint in college, Smith was drafted into the army and worked in a military band while based in South Korea. Returning to his native Alabama, he spent several years in a touring soul group called Piranha. In 1977, Smith joined a revised line-up of Wet Willie, first appearing on the album Manorisms, which featured the Smith co-penned hit ‘Street Corner Serenade’. The follow-up, Which One’s Willie?, spawned the disco-flavoured hit ‘Weekend’. After the group disbanded in 1980, Smith moved to Atlanta but later returned to work with a series of groups in Mobile, Alabama. - Born June 27, 1949.

in 2006 - Freddy Fender/Baldemar Huerta dies at age 69. American singer, songwriter and guitarist; he was the first and biggest pioneer in Tex Mex music, and one of the most important musicians in Tejano Music History, he is documented as The First American Hispanic and Hispanic Rock & Roll Recording Artist In Anglo Latino Musical History. He made himself a guitar at the age of six, at 10 he was singing on local radio stations and winning talent competitions. Then at 16, he joined the Marines for three years.

After his discharge, he started playing Texas honky tonks and dance halls. His big break came with Falcon Records in 1957, when he recorded Spanish versions of Elvis Presley's "Don't Be Cruel" and Harry Belafonte's "Jamaica Farewell." The recordings both reached No1 in Mexico and South America. He signed with Imperial Records in 1959, renaming himself "Fender" after the brand of his electric guitar, and "Freddy", well… because it sounded good with Fender.

In 1974, he recorded "Before The Next Teardrop Falls" and on April 8, 1975, it reached the Number One spot on Billboard's pop and county charts, the first time in history an artist's first single reached Number One on both charts. With its success, he won the Academy of Country Music's best new artist award. Throughout his long career Freddy has appeared on 18 TV shows, in 8 films, 11 videos, and countless soundtracks, commercials, shows, tributes and is a triple Grammy Award winner. He won his first shared Grammy with the Texas Tornados, in 1990 for best Mexican-American performance for "Soy de San Luis", his second shared Grammy came in with Los Super Seven in the same category in 1998 for "Los Super Seven". Then in year 2002 he won his own Grammy for Best Latin Pop Album in 2002 for "La Musica de Baldemar Huerta." (lung cancer).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Qu8RPvhP-U"]FREDDY FENDER "Wasted Days and Wasted Nights" - YouTube[/ame]

in 2006 - Ludacris was at No.1 on the US album chart with ‘Release Therapy’ the rappers fifth album release.

in 2007 - Big Moe/Kenneth Moore dies at age 33. American rapper born in Houston, known for a softer and slower style than other Houston rappers, including a mixture of rapping and singing that he called "rapsinging" as well as for his music that celebrated codeine-laced syrup as a recreational drug. He began his career free styling on DJ Screw's mix tapes before being signed to Wreckshop Records, releasing his debut album, City of Syrup in 2000 (died after suffering a heart attack one week earlier that left him in a coma).

in 2007 - Sugababes went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Change' the girl group's fifth album and second No.1.

in 2007 - US rapper TI was arrested and charged with weapons offences just hours before he was due to perform and collect two awards at the BET Hip-Hop gala in Atlanta. The 27-year-old was arrested in a car park on suspicion of collecting machine guns and silencers bought for him by his bodyguard. His award for CD of the Year was accepted by rapper Common, who jointly won the prize with TI.

in 2008 - Illustrator and rock cartoonist Ray Lowry died. He contributed illustrations for NME, Punch, Private Eye and The Guardian and designed the artwork for The Clash album London Calling.

in 2009 - Paul McCartney was named Songwriter of The Year at the 29th Annual ASCAP Awards in London, England. The awards presentation honored songwriters and publishers of the most performed works in the US during 2008.

in 2009 - Johnny Jones dies at age 73. American R&B guitarist and bandleader; born in Nashville, he moved to Chicago in the '50s. Where he shared an apartment with harmonica player Walter McCollum. Together they formed a small group, working regularly with Junior Wells and Freddy King. Johnny moved back to Nashville in the early 1960s to become a session musician and formed a band the Imperial Seven. Johnny and Jimi Hendrix once faced off in a legendary guitar duel at the city's Club Baron in the early 1960s and he also appeared alongside Jimi on the regional TV music series 'Night Train,' where Johnny played in the House Band. In 1964, he assumed leadership of the King Casuals, the band founded in 1962 by Jimi Hendrix and bassist Billy Cox in Clarksville, he replaced Hendrix. They recorded a portfolio of singles in later years. The most recent recording with his band was the 2001, Blues Is In the House. After which he traveled and played in the UK 3 times, the last being in the spring of 2009. In the early 2000s, he and other players on the Jefferson Street scene were held in the spotlight by the Night Train to Nashville: Music City Rhythm & Blues, 1945–1970 exhibit at the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum and its accompanying double-album (Johnny was found dead in his apartment).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QqNY1NQky4E"]Johnny Jones - YouTube[/ame]

in 2011 - Chuck Ruff dies at 60) American drummer born in Reno, Nevada and went on to played in the rock group Sawbuck with Ronnie Montrose and Bill Church from 1968–1970. Chuck and Montrose later joined Edgar Winter with Dan Hartman to form The Edgar Winter Group in 1972. It was with this band that he had his biggest successes: first with the album They Only Come Out at Night-1973, featuring "Frankenstein" which reached No. 1 in the U.S. in May 1973, and the top 15 single "Free Ride", which reached No. 14 that same year. The album Shock Treatment, which featured the song "Easy Street", was also successful. In 1977, he joined Sammy Hagar and performed on the albums Street Machine-1979 and Danger Zone-1979, including the song "Bad Reputation" which is in the film Fast Times at Ridgemont High. In his later years, Chuck continued performing music in Reno, Nevada with the Chuck Ruff Group and his last project, Geezersläw (died after long illness)

14 October
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Old October 15th, 2013, 04:13 AM   #2613

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15 October
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in 1595 - Jean Bellere (or Bellerus, properly Beellaerts), music publisher, dies at Antwerp. He was a partner of Pierre Phalese,fils. His son Balthasar Bellere transferred the business to Douai, and printed much music up to 1625. His catalogue of compositions, published from 1603 to 1605, was found by Coussemaker in the Douai library. - Born at Liege, 1526.

in 1669 - Richard Ayleward, English organist and composer, dies at Norwich.
He was a chorister under C. Gibbons at Winchester Cathedral (1638-39). He was organist and master of the choristers at Norwich Cathedral (1661-64; 1666-69). His works include a full Service in D, 2 verse settings of the Magnificat and Nunc dimittis, 20 verse anthem and virginal, lute, and harpsichord pieces.— Born at Winchester, 1626.

in 1682 - John Ferrabosco, composer, dies at 56.
in 1761 - Peter Gronland, composer is born.

in 1762 - Samuel Adams Holyoke, American composer, is born at Boxford, Mass. His father was a clergyman, and Holyoke was naturally drawn to composing hymns. Although he received no formal training in music, he began to compose early, following his innate musical instinct. He wrote his most popular hymn tune, Arnheim, when he was only 16. He attended Harvard College, graduating in 1789. In 1793 he organized a school of higher education, known as the Groton Academy (later Lawrence Academy). In 1800 he went to Salem, where he was active as a teacher; and also a member of the Essex Musical Association.

Holyoke was among those who did not favor the application of "fuging" tunes in sacred music, as advocated by Billings, and generally omitted that style of composition from his collections; in the preface to his Harmonia Americana he states his reason for this as being because of "the trifling effect produced by that sort of music; for the parts...confound the sense and render the performance a mere jargon of words."

His first collection was the Harmonia Americana (Boston, 1791), followed by The Massachusetts Compiler (co- ed. with Hans Gram and Oliver Holden; Boston, 1795), The Columbian Repository of Sacred Harmony (Exeter, N.H., 1802; contains 734 tunes, many of his own composition), The Christian Harmonist (Salem, 1804), and The Instrumental Assistant (2 vols., Exeter, 1800-07; includes instructions for violin, German flute, clarinet, bass viol, and hautboy). He also published the song Washington (1790), and Hark from the Tombs (music for the funeral of Washington; 1800). – Died at East Concord, N.H., Feb. 7, 1820.

in 1775 - Bernhard Henrik Crusell, noted Finnish clarinetist and composer, is born at Uusikaupunki, near Turku. He took clarinet lessons from a member of the military band at Svaeborg Castle, then moved to Stockholm in 1791, where he studied with Abbe Vogler. While improving his general knowledge of music, Crusell continued to play the clarinet. In 1798 he went to Berlin to study with Franz Tausch. In 1803 he went to Paris, where he studied composition with Berton and Gossec. In his instrumental music, Crusell followed the tradition of Gluck. His vocal works reveal Nordic traits. In Sweden he acted as translator of opera librettos for Stockholm productions. The Swedish Academy awarded him its gold medal shortly before his death. – Died at Stockholm, July 28, 1838.

in 1779 - August Ferdinand Haser, German composer, brother of Charlotte (Henriette) Haser, is born at Leipzig. He was educated at the Thomasschule in Leipzig, and studied theology at Leipzig University. In 1817 he was engaged in Weimar as music teacher to Princess Augusta (the future German empress). He also conducted the chorus at the Court Opera there, and was a church organist and a teacher of Italian. He published Versuch einer systematischen Ubersicht der Gesanglehre (Leipzig, 1822) and Chorgesangschule fUr Schul- und Theaterchore (Mainz, 1831). He composed 3 operas, an oratorio, Die Kraft des Glaubens, many sacred choruses, 4 overtures, and several instrumental works in salon style. – Died at Weimar, Nov. 1, 1844.

in 1784 - Thomas Hastings, notable American composer, tunebook compiler, teacher, choirmaster, and writer on music, is born at Washington, Litchfield County, Conn. When he was 12, his family moved to Clinton, N.Y., where he led a village choir in his teens. During the winter of 1806-07, he opened a singing school in Bridgewater, N.Y., and later had singing-schools in Utica, Troy, and Albany. He became well known via his editorship of the Utica religious weekly The Western Recorder (1823-32).

In 1832 he settled in N.Y., where he was busily engaged as a teacher, choirmaster, tunebook compiler, and writer on music. He was founder-ed. of the monthly Musical Magazine (1835-37). In 1858 he received an honorary D.Mus. degree from N.Y.U. Hastings was an influential figure in the promotion of American sacred music. He composed the celebrated Rock of Ages. He set the hymn to words by Augustus Toplady, paying tribute to the author by naming his tune Toplady.

His first tunebook, Musica sacra (Utica, 1815; 2nd ed., 1816), was combined with S. Warriner's Springfield Collection (Boston, 1813), and subsequently was published as Musica sacra: or, Springfield and Utica Collection (10 eds., Utica, 1818-38). Among his subsequent tunebooks were The Manhattan Collection (1836), The Sacred Lyre (1840), Sacred Songs for Family and Social Worship (1842; 2nd ed., rev. and en!., 1855), Songs of Zion (1851), The Presbyterian Psalmodist (1852), and Selah (1856). He also collaborated on tunebooks with other compilers. Hastings's Dissertation on Musical Taste (Albany, 1822; 2nd ed., 1853) was the earliest detailed musical treatise published by a native American musician. – Died at N.Y., May 15, 1872.

in 1799 - August Ferdinand Haeser, composer is born.

in 1818 – Alexander Dreyschock, brilliant Bohemian pianist, teacher, and composer, brother of Raimund Dreyschock. Is born at Zack. A student of Tomaschek, he acquired a virtuoso technique and was regarded as a worthy rival of Liszt in technical dexterity. At eight he was able to play in public. He toured North Germany (1838), spent two years in Russia (1840-42), and visited Brussels, Paris, and London, then the Netherlands and Austria. In 1862 he was called to St. Petersburg as a prof. at the newly founded Cons. In 1868 he went to Italy. His astounding facility in playing octaves, double sixths, and thirds, and performing solos with the left hand alone cast a glamour about his performance. Among his compositions are the opera Florette, oder Dieerste Liebe Heinrichs desIV., an Overture for Orch., Rondo for Orch., String Quartet, and 140 piano pieces of the salon type. – Died at Venice, April 1, 1869.

in 1822 – Korne Abranyi, Hungarian pianist, pedagogue, writer on music, and composer, grandfather of Emil Abranyi, is born at Szengyorgyabrany.
He came from a wealthy family originally named Eordogh, which means "devil." His father changed the name to Abranyi, the name of his estate. He toured as a pianist throughout Hungary. After studying piano with Fischhof in Vienna (1846-47), he went to Pest and studied composition with Mosonyi. In 1860 he helped to found the first Hungarian music journal, the Zeneszeti lapok, which he edited until 1876. He also was founder-director of the National Assn. of Choral Societies (1867-88) and an assistant professor, at the Budapest Academy of Music (1875-88). Abranyi took a major part in the formation and encouragement of the Hungarian national school of composition. His own works include much piano music, choral pieces, and songs. His most important writings include biographies of Mosonyi (1872) and Erkel (1895), Kepek a mult es jelenbl (Pictures from Past and Present; 1899), and A magyar zene a 19. szdzadban (Hungarian Music in the 19th Century; 1900). He also wrote an autobiography, Eletembl es emlekeimbl (From My Life and Memories; 1897). – Died at Budapest, Dec. 20, 1903.

in 1839 - Adolf Muller, Jr., Austrian composer and conductor, son of Adolf Muller Sr., is born at Vienna. After completing his education in Vienna, he was engaged as a theater conductor in the provinces. He was conductor of the German Opera at Rotterdam (1875-83), then at the Theater an der Wien, where his father had directed before him. He produced a number of operas, including Heinrich der Goldschmidt (Magdeburg, 1867), Waldmeisters Brautfahrt (Hamburg, Feb. 15,1873), and Van Dyke (Rotterdam, 1877), and the Viennese operettas Der Hofnarr (Nov. 20, 1886; his greatest success), Der Teufels Weib (Nov. 22, 1890), Der Millionen-Onkel (Nov. 5, 1892), General Gogo (Feb. 1, 1896), and Der Blondin von Namur (Oct. 15, 1898). – Died at Vienna, Dec. 14,1901.

in 1844 - Friedrich (Wilhelm) Nietzsche, celebrated German philosopher, is born at Rocken, near Liitzen. He was prof, of classical philology at the University of Basel (1869-79). He was at first a warm partisan of Wagner, whom he championed in Die Geburt der Tragodie aus dem Geiste der Musik (1872; 2nd ed., 1874) and Richard Wagner in Bayreuth (1876). However, in Der Fall Wagner and Nietzsche contra Wagner (both 1888) and in Gotzendammerung (1889), he turned against his former idol and became a partisan of Bizet. Nietzsche tried his hand at composition, producing both sacred and secular choral works, songs, and piano pieces. See C. Jang, editor, Friedrich Nietzsche: Der musikalische Nachlass (Kassel, 1977). – Died at Weimar, Aug. 25,1900.

in 1850 - Zdenek (Antonin Vaclav) Fibieh, important Czech composer, is born at Vsebofice. He studied piano with Moscheles and theory with E.F. Richter at the Leipzig Conservatory (1865-66), then composition privately with Jadassohn (1866-67) and in Mannheim with V. Lachner (1869-70). Upon his return to Prague (1871), he was deputy conductor and chorus master at the Provisional Theater (1875-78) and director of the Russian Orthodox Church Choir (1878-81). He was a fine craftsman and facile melodist, and one of the leading representatives of the Czech Romantic movement in music. His extensive output reveals the pronounced influence of Weber, Schumann, and especially Wagner. His operas Neoesta mesinskd (The Bride of Messina) and Pad Arkuna (The Fall of Arkun) are recognized as significant achievements, although they have not gained a place in the standard repertoire. He remains best known for his effective music for piano. A critical edition of his works was published in Prague (1950-67). – Died at Prague, Oct. 15, 1900.

in 1852 - Wilhelm Posse, German harpist, pedagogue, and composer, is born at Bromberg. His father, a musician, gave him his first music lessons. He taught himself to play the harp, however, and was only 8 when he was engaged as accompanist to Adelina Patti at the Italian Opera in Berlin. Following a concert tour of Russia with his father (1863-64), he returned to Berlin and completed his training with L. Grimm at the Kullak Academy (1864-72). From 1872 to 1903 he was 1st harpist of the Berlin Philharmonic and the Royal Opera Orchestra. He also was a teacher (1890-1910) and a professor (1910-23) at the Berlin Hochschule fur Musik. In addition to his important pedagogical works, he also composed solo harp pieces and prepared various transcriptions for his instrument, including piano pieces of Liszt. – Died at Berlin, June 20, 1925.

in 1858 - Frank Valentine Van der Stucken, American conductor and composer, is born at Fredericksburg, Tex. with Reinecke in Leipzig (1877-79). In 1881 he became conductor at the Breslau Stadttheater. In 1884 he became Leopold Damrosch's successor as conductor of the Arion Society, a men's chorus in N.Y., and soon acquired a reputation as an advocate of American music. He conducted MacDowell's Piano Concerto with the composer as soloist, as well as works by Chadwick, Foote, and Paine at the Paris Exposition (Iuly 12, 1889). After serving as conductor of the North American Sangerbund in Newark (1891) and N.Y. (1894), he was the first permanent conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra (1895-1907). He was also dean of the Cincinnati College of Music (1896--1901), and served as music director of the Cincinnati May Festival (1906--12), returning there in 1923 and once again serving as its music director in 1925 and 1927. He lived mostly in Europe from 1907. In 1898 he was elected to the National Inst. of Arts and Letters and in 1929 to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. He composed a few orchestra works, choral music, numerous songs, and piano pieces. – Died at Hamburg, Aug. 16, 1929.

in 1862 - Conrad Ansorge, (Eduard Reinhold), German pianist, pedagogue, and composer, is born at Buchwald.
He studied at the Leipzig Conservatory (1880-82) and with Liszt in Weimar and Rome (1885-86). In 1898 he became a teacher at the Klindworth-Schwarwenka Conservatory, in Berlin. In 1920 he gave a piano master class at the German Academy of Music in Prague. As a pianist, Ansorge was known for his insightful interpretations of works from Beethoven to Liszt. He wrote a Piano Concerto, a String Sextet, 2 string quartets, a Cello Sonata, piano pieces, including 3 sonatas, and vocal music. – Died at Berlin, Feb. 13,1930.

in 1865 - Maria (Caterina Rosalbina nee de Munck) Caradori-Allan, Alsatian soprano; dies at Surbiton, Surrey.
She received her musical training from her mother, whose name she chose as her own for professional purposes. After appearances in France and Germany, she made her London debut as Cherubino at the King's Theatre on Jan. 12,1822. She continued to sing in London until 1827, and then again from 1834, becoming particularly known as a concert and oratorio artist. She created the role of Giulietta in Bellini's I Capuleti e i Montecchi (Venice, March 11, 1830) and sang in the premiere of Mendelssohn's Elijah (Birmingham Festival, Aug. 26, 1846). Among her finest operatic roles were Zerlina, Amina, and Rosina.— Born at Milan (of Alsatian parents), 1800.

in 1874 – Otallo Juan Magnus Morales, Spanish born Swedish conductor, music critic, and composer, is born at Almeria (of a Spanish father and Swedish mother). Taken to Sweden as a child, he received his education there, first at Goteborg, then at the Stockholm Conservatory, with W. Stenhammar and others (1891-99), and in Berlin with H. Urban (composition) and Carreno (piano). In 1901 he returned to Sweden, where he was conductor of the Goteborg Orchestra (1905-09) and a teacher (1917-21) and a professor (1921-39) at the Stockholm Conservatory; was also secretary of the Royal Academy of Music (1918-40). With T. Norlind, he published Kungliga muskaliska akademien (Royal Academy of Music; Stockholm; vol. 1,1771-1921 [1921]; vol. II, 1921-31 [1932]; vol. Ill, 1931-41 [1942]). He also published a handbook on conducting (Stockholm, 1946). His works include a Symphony (1901), several overtures, Violin Concerto (1943), String Quartet, Piano Sonata, Balada andaluza for Piano (1946), Nostalgia (1920) and other character pieces for piano, choral works, and songs. – Died at Tallberg, April 29,1957.

in 1883 - Francesco Schira, composer, dies at 74.

in 1889 - Margaret Sheridan, Irish soprano, is born at Castlebar, County Mayo. She was a student of William Shakespeare at the Royal Academy of Music in London (1909-11) and of Alfredo Martino in Italy. In 1918 she made her operatic debut in La Boheme in Rome. She sang at London's Covent Garden (1919; 1925-26; 1928-30) but pursued her career principally in Italy. In 1931 she settled in Dublin as singing teacher. She was esteemed for her roles in Puccini's operas. – Died at Dublin, April 16, 1958.

in 1890 - Arcady Dubensky, Russian-American violinist and composer, is born at Viatka. He learned to play the violin in his youth, and then was a student of Hffrnaly (violin), Ilyinsky (composition), and Arends (conducting) at the Moscow Conservatory (1904-09; diploma, 1909). After playing 1st violin in the Moscow Imperial Opera orchestra (1910-19), he settled in N.Y. in 1921 and was a violinist in the N.Y. Symphony Orchestra (1922-28) and the N.Y. Philharmonic (1928-53). While he composed in a conservative idiom, he made adroit use of unusual instrumental combinations. – Died at Tenafly, N.J., Oct. 14, 1966.

in 1890 - Joe (actually, Joseph L.) Sanders, jazz pianist, singer, leader, arranger, is born at Thayer, Kans. Nicknamed "The Old Left Hander," Sanders shared leadership of Coon-Sanders Night Hawks with drummer Carleton A. Coon. After serving in the U.S. Army during World War I, he and Coon formed a small band that operated in Kansas City. After their broadcasting debut in 1921, they began gradually to augment their membership. In 1924, they secured their first club residencies in Chicago; beginning in 1926, they appeared regularly at the Blackhawk, Chicago, also toured extensively during the summer months. In May 1932, co-leader Carleton Coon died, and Sanders continued to lead the band, then billed as Joe Sanders Original Nighthawks. The band had a long residency at the Blackhawk Cafe through the 1930s. During the 1940s, Sanders did extensive studio work in Hollywood; he also led the band at the Trianon Ballroom while still making appearances at the Blackhawk. During the 1950s, he was a regular member of the Kansas City Opera Company. After suffering for many years with eyesight problems, he had a stroke in 1964 and died soon after. – Died at Kansas City, Mo., May 14, 1965.

in 1898 - Gunther (Werner Hans), Ramin, distinguished German organist, conductor, composer, and pedagogue, is born at Karlsruhe. As a boy he sang in the Thomanerchor in Leipzig. He then studied organ with Straube, piano with Teichmuller, and theory with Krehl at the Leipzig Conservatory. In 1918 he was appointed organist of the Thomaskirche in Leipzig; he also was organist of the Gewandhaus concerts and a teacher at the Leipzig Conservatory. During the season 1933-34, he toured the U.S. as an organ virtuoso. He was also active as a conductor; he led the Lehrergesangverein in Leipzig (1922-35) and the Gewandhaus Choir (1933-34; 1945-51); from 1935 to 1943 he conducted the Phil. Choir in Berlin. In 1940 he became cantor of the Thomaskirche, where he sought to preserve the integrity of the Thomanerchor after the establishment of the German Democratic Republic. His compositions include an Orgelchoral-Suite and many other organ pieces, as well as chamber music and songs. He edited several collections of organ works and published the manual Gedanken zur Klarung des Orgelproblems (Kassel, 1929; new ed., 1955). A volume of his essays on Bach was edited by D. Hellmann (Wiesbaden, 1973). – Died at Leipzig, Feb. 27, 1956.

in 1900 - Zdenek Fibich, composer, dies at 49.

in 1902 - Andrey Yakolevich Shtogarenko, Ukrainian composer and pedagogue, is born at Noviye Kaidaki, near Ekaterinoslov. He studied with Bogatyrev at the Kharkov Conservatory (graduated, 1936). From 1954 to 1968 he was director of the Kiev Conservatory, where he also was a professor from 1960. In 1972 he was made a People's Artist of the U.S.S.R. – Died at Kiev, Sept. 16, 1992.

in 1902 - William Edmundson, Spokane Wash, vocalist (Southernaires) is born.
in 1905 - Alexey Kozlovsky, composer is born.

in 1905 - Bruna Castagna, Italian mezzo-soprano, is born at Bari.
She was a student of Scognamiglio in Milan. In 1925 she made her operatic debut as the Nurse in Boris Godunov in Mantua; that same year she made her first appearance at Milan's La Scala as Suzuki, and then sang there until 1928 and again from 1932 to 1934; also appeared at the Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires (1927-30). On March 2, 1936, she made her Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Amneris, remaining there until 1940, and then returning in 1943 and 1945. She eventually settled in Argentina. In addition to her roles in Verdi's operas, she became well known for her portrayals of Carmen, Adalgisa, Santuzza, and Dalila.— Died at Pinamar, Argentina, July 10, 1983.

in 1905 - Dag Ivar Wiren, prominent Swedish composer, is born Striberg. He studied at the Stockholm Conservatory with Oskar Lindberg and Ernest Ellberg (1926-31), then in Paris with Leonid Sabaneyev (1932-34). He returned to Sweden in 1934, and was music critic for the Svenska Morgonbladet (1938--46) and then vice-president of the Society of Swedish Composers (1947-63). His early music was influenced by Scandinavian Romanticism; later he adopted a more sober and more cosmopolitan neo-Classicism, stressing the symmetry of formal structure; in his thematic procedures he adopted the method of systematic intervallic metamorphosis rather than development and variation. He ceased composing in 1972. – Died at Danderyd, April 19, 1986.

in 1905 - Edna Deanne Fuelling, dancer choreographer/drama teacher is born.

in 1905 - Victoria Spivey (Regina; aka "Queen Victoria"), blues vocalist, pianist, organist, ukulele player, songwriter; is born at Houston, Tex. Raised in Dallas; one of eight children. Spivey played piano at a local theatre from the age of 12, then made her record debut in St. Louis in 1926 (singing her own composition, "Black Snake Blues"). During the following year, she was featured at the Lincoln Theatre, N.Y, then gained an important role in the film Hallelujah. She made many recordings during the 1920s and 1930s, accompanied by Louis Armstrong, Henry Allen, Lee Collins, Lonnie Johnson, and other jazz musicians.

During the early 1930s, she directed Lloyd Hunter's Serenaders and was featured for a while with Jap Allen's Band, then worked as a solo artist before forming a successful duo with dancer Billy Adams (who was at that time her husband; Spivey had previously been married to trumpeter Reuben Floyd). They toured with Olsen and Johnson's "Hellzapoppin'" show in the late 1940s, and also guested with Henry Allen at The Stuyvesant Casino in 1950. In 1952 she left full-time music and worked for a while as a church administrator.

She returned to prominence in the late 1950s, recording and performing mostly on the folk/"blues revival" circuit. She formed her own Spivey Records Company, and issued many albums featuring herself and her contemporaries (and even used a young Bob Dylan as a session harmonica player on some tracks; a photo of the two together appeared on the back of Dylan's New Morning album). She continued to perform until shortly before her death. - She died in New York City, October 3, 1976.

in 1908 - (Macario) Santiago Kastner, distinguished English pianist, harpsichordist, and musicologist, is born at London. He studied in London and Amsterdam, then took courses with Hans Beltz (piano), Ramin (harpsichord), Hans Prufner (musicology), and Friedrich Hagner (theory) in Leipzig. He completed his studies with Juan Gilbert Camins (harpsichord and clavichord) and Angles (musicology) in Barcelona. He settled in Lisbon in 1933, and taught at the Conservatory there (from 1947). He was an authority on Hispanic keyboard music. In addition to writing several important books, he edited works by Portuguese and Spanish composers. – Died at Lisbon, May 12, 1992.

in 1908 - Herman ("Ivory"), Chittison, jazz pianist is born at Flemingsburg, Ky. Chittison began playing piano at the age of eight, and later studied at the Waldron Boys' School in Nashville, Tenn., with a brief spell at the Ky. State College (1927). He left to play with the Kentucky Derbies at the Lexington State Fair. He worked with Zack Whyte from 1928-31, then toured as accompanist for comedian Stepin Fetchit. Later, he toured with Adelaide Hall and Ethel Waters, and also did freelance recordings with Clarence Williams in 1930 and 1933.

Chittison joined Willie Lewis in N.Y. (spring 1934) and then sailed to Europe with him. Working on and off with Lewis in Europe from 1934-38, he also toured with Louis Armstrong (1934), and led his own band and worked in Egypt early in 1935. He left Lewis late in 1938 and worked with several ex-Lewis sidemen (Bill Coleman, Joe Hayman, etc.) in Egypt as The Harlem Rhythmakers. Returning to N.Y. in spring 1940, he formed own trio, and toured again with Fetchit in the autumn of 1940. Throughout the 1940s and 1950s, Chittison led his own trio in N.Y.

He also did regular weekly broadcasts for seven years under the name "Ernie the Blue Note Pianist" from 1942-51 in the CBS radio series Casey—Crime Photographer (of which tapes survive). He continued playing regularly in the early 1960s, with residencies in Boston, N.Y. etc., and recorded LPs in 1962 and 1964. He worked mainly in Cleveland (also Akron and Columbus) during the last two years of his life. He died of lung cancer. – Died at Cleveland, Ohio, March 8,1967.

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in 1910 - Kemal Ilerici, Turkish composer, is born at Kastamonu. He studied composition with Ferit Alnar. Among his works are a symphonic suite, In My Village (1945), Pastoral Fantasy for Orchestra (1951), String Quartet, Suite for Oboe and Piano, and choral works. He wrote a book on Turkish music, Turk musikisi tonal sistemi ve armonisi (1948).

in 1914 - Aleksander Rozycki, composer, dies at 69.

in 1913 – Pie Meyer-Slat, French musicologist, is born at Ribeauville, Haut-Rhin. He was educated at the Univ. of Strasbourg, receiving a degree in philosophy in 1937, taking the agregation in German in 1948, and being awarded his Ph.D. in musicology in 1962 with the dissertation Les Callinet, facteurs d'orgues a Rouffach, et leur oeuvre en Alsace, published in Strasbourg, 1965. He was an authority on organs in Alsace, and contributed important articles for Les Cahiers de la Societe d'Histoire de Saverne. – Died at Strasbourg, April 4, 1989.

in 1917 - Alan Wendell Livingston (President of Capitol Records, creator-Bozo the clown) is born.

in 1917 - Bobby Gimby is born. Nicknamed “The Pied Piper of Canada,” the Saskatchewan-born radio and television actor scored a massive hit in Canada in 1967 with the anthemic ‘Ca-na-da: A Centennial Song’. All of the song’s royalties were donated to the Boy Scouts of Canada. Also a trumpet player, Bobby Gimby was a member of the big band, Mart Kenney and His Western Gentlemen. After briefly being hospitalised for pneumonia, he died at the Leisure World Retirement Home in North Bay, Ontario. - Died June 20, 1998.

in 1923 - Harold Blumenfeld, American composer, is born at Seattle.
He studied composition with Hindemith at Yale University (M.B., 1949; M.M., 1950), took courses in conducting with Bernstein and operatic stage direction with Goldovsky at the Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood, and in 1948-49 attended the University and Conservatory in Zurich. In 1951 he joined the faculty of Washington University in St. Louis, where he founded the Opera Theatre of St. Louis, directing it through 1971. In 1971-72 he was a visiting professor at Queens College of the City University of N.Y., and then was again on the faculty of Washington University until 1989. He received an award from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters in 1977 and an opera fellowship from the NEA in 1979. Blumenfeld has concentrated his compositional efforts on vocal and dramatic music for various media.

in 1924 - Colin Romoff, NYC, orch leader (Andy Williams Show) is born
in 1925 - Mickey Baker (US guitarist; Mickey & Sylvia) is born.
in 1925 - Willem Landr's opera "Beatrice" premiers in The Hague.

in 1926 - Karl Richter (German conductor, organist) distinguished German organist, harpsichordist, and conductor, is born at Plauen. He studied organ, harpsichord, and conducting at the Dresden Kreuzschule, then took courses at the Leipzig Conservatory with Rudolf Mauersberger, Gunther Ramin, and Karl Straube. In 1946 he became choirmaster of the Christuskirche in Leipzig, and in 1947 he was named organist of Leipzig's Thomaskirche. In 1951 he settled in Munich. He organized the Munich Bach Orchestra and Choir, which brought him great acclaim, making many tours and numerous recordings with them; also appeared as a guest conductor in Europe. On April 18, 1965, he made his U.S. debut with them at N.Y/s Carnegie Hall. – Died at Munich, Feb. 15, 1981.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5JD-HejeWg"]Karl Richter - Bach - BWV 915 - Toccata in g-moll - YouTube[/ame]

in 1930 - Oralia Dominguez, Mexican contralto, is born at San Luis Potosi. She studied at the National Conservatory in Mexico City, during which time she made her first appearance as a singer in Debussy's La Damoiselle elue. After making her stage debut at the Mexico City Opera in 1950, she made her European debut at a concert at London's Wigmore Hall in 1953, and then toured in France, Spain, Germany, and the Netherlands; that same year she appeared as Princess de Bouillon in Adrienne Lecouvreur at Milan's La Scala. She then sang opera in Naples, Brussels, Vienna, and Paris. In 1955 she created the role of Sosostris in Tippett's A Midsummer Marriage at London's Covent Garden, and then appeared regularly at the Glyndebourne Festivals from 1955 to 1964. She was a member of the Deutsche Oper am Rhein in Dusseldorf from 1960.She also appeared as soloist with major orchestras and as a recitalist.

in 1930 - Fela Ransome/Anikulapo Kuti, Nigerian singer/saxophonist is born.

in 1930 - Frank Levy, Swiss-American cellist and composer, son of Ernst Levy, is born at Paris. He went to America with his father, and studied at the Juilliard School of Music in N.Y. (B.S., 1951) and at the University of Chicago (M.A., 1954); also studied cello with Leonard Rose and Janos Starker in N.Y. He was a cellist in various orchestras.

in 1931 - Freddy Cole, American singer, pianist, is born at Chicago, Ill. and turns 82 today [2013]. Although he sounds a lot like his famous brother, Nat "King" Cole (d. 1965), he has a style all his own. The youngest of the five children of Edward and Paulina Nancy Cole, Freddy was influenced by three older brothers, Eddie, Ike, and Nat. The family moved from Ala. to the South side of Chicago where he was born.

He had started playing by age six; by his early he teens was playing professionally. Brother Eddie (d. 1970) was a bassist who led his own bands, Nat played piano, and brother Ike worked as a singer-pianist in Ariz. Cole has been recording since he was 21 years old, starting his career in 1952 with the single, 'The Joke's on Me," for the obscure, Chicagobased Topper Records. Some moderate hit singles for various small labels followed and, in the 1980s, Cole formed his own label, First Shot. In spite of his early talents, Cole was set to pursue a career in football until he injured his hand at age 16, and subsequent infection, operations, and intensive physical therapy kept him from realizing his gridiron dream.

He began playing piano and singing in hometown clubs, pursued formal musical education at the Roosevelt Inst. in Chicago, and in 1951 was accepted into the Juilliard School of Music. In 1953 he spent several months on the road with Earl Bostic's band with Johnny Coles and Benny Golson. He studied further at Boston's New England Cons, of Music, earning a master's degree in 1956. In N.Y.C. he established his career, developing a vast repertoire of songs in Manhattan's posh bistros, performing commercial studio work as a pianist, and later, as vocalist.

His recordings during the 1970s helped establish his international career and, able to sing a few songs in French, Portuguese, and Spanish, he continues to enjoy a big following in Brazil. Living in the shadow of older brother Nat, fame eluded him for years until his pivotal 1991 Sunnyside album, I'm Not My Brother, I'm Me (now out of print), and albums as leader for Sunnyside, Laserlight, and Muse. After signing with the Fantasy label in 1994 and making four albums, Cole has achieved the broader recognition he deserves. He tours widely with his trio throughout Europe, the Far East, and Brazil, in addition to performing at major U.S. jazz festivals and in nightclubs.

in 1932 - Jaan Raats, notable Estonian composer and teacher, is born at Tartu. He received training in piano from Aleksandra Sarv at the Tartu Music School (graduated, 1952), and then in composition from Mart Saar and Heino Filer at the Tallinn Conservatory (graduated, 1957). After working as a sound engineer for the Estonian Radio, he was editor-in-chief in the dept. of music programs for the Estonian TV (1966-74). He taught at the Estonian Academy of Music from 1968 to 1970, and again from 1974. He also served as chairman of the Estonian Composers Union from 1974 to 1993. Raats has especially distinguished himself as a composer of instrumental music. His output generally follows along neo-Classical lines.

in 1934 - Natesan Ramani (Indian Carnatic flutist) is born.
in 1935 - Barry McGuire (US singer, songwriter; New Christy Minstrels/solo) is born.
in 1936 - Kari Rydman, composer is born.
in 1937 - Barry McGuire, Oklahoma City, singer (Eve of Destruction) is born.

in 1938 - Fela Anikulapo Kuti (also Fela Ransome Kuti and Fela Anikulapo-Kuti), Nigerian multi-instrumentalist musician,composer and political activist, is born at Abeokuta, Nigeria. In Africa, Fela Kuti is best known as a musician, political irritant, and supporter of Pan-Africanism. Afrobeat, the musical hybrid created by Kuti, combines elements of highlife (via Ghana), soul (a la James Brown), and jazz for a potent rhythmic force to which he adds lyrics decrying government corruption sung in either Yoruba or pidgin English.

He got his performance baptism as a vocalist with trumpeter and highlife superstar Victor Olaiya. In 1958 Kuti went to London and studied at Trinity College of Music. While in England he formed a highlife band known as Koola Lobitos. After studying trumpet and musical theory for four years, he returned to Nigeria, where he re-formed Koola Lobitos. Between 1963 and 1968 Kuti unveiled the first version of "Afrobeat," but it was his trip to the United States in 1969 that helped to crystallize his musical ideas. Kuti lived and recorded in Los Angeles for most of the year, absorbing lessons in black history and Black Power through an impressive reading regimen that helped develop his political consciousness.

He also rethought his approach to music, as he said in an interview that he had been using jazz to play African music, when he should have been using African music to play jazz. The hom section work from James Brown's funk band also made an impression on Kuti at this time. 1970 found him back in Nigeria with a newly minted evolution of Afrobeat, a band (Africa 70), and a vision of social justice that endeared him to much of the African populace while marking him as a gadfly for the ruling establishment. Since then Kuti has released more than 40 albums, been harassed, beaten up, and imprisoned by Nigerian governments, renamed his band Egypt 80, and remained as popular with the African masses as ever.

After his release from prison in 1986 (he had been charged with money laundering by the ruling Nigerian military junta), Kuti reclaimed his band, enlarged it to 40 pieces, and jumped back into the musical fray. O.D.O.O. (Overtake Don Overtake Overtake) (1990) shows a strengthening of Kuti's composing, arranging, and playing skills. There are only two pieces on the album, each hovering around the half hour mark, and both contain fiery solos within the context of Kuti's rhythm and polemic. Black Man's Cry (1992) is probably the best single-volume Fela sampler now available, binding together six of his most popular performances from the mid- to late 1970s. The version of "Black Man's Cry" comes from a 1975 recording that Kuti made with rock drummer Ginger Baker, while "Zombie," with its constantly moving rhythm accents, post-Masekela trumpet, and Maceo Parker-inspired sax playing, is a true Afrobeat classic.

In the early days of Afrobeat, drummer Tony Allen defined the jazz-oriented rhythm that would drive Kuti's music. The songs on Open & Close (1971) were breaking the five-minute barrier that many of Kuti's pre-Africa 70 songs had hovered near, and Allen's flexible stick work and sophisticated cymbal splashing provided the constant push needed to enhance the leader's horn charts. "Gbagada Gbagada Gbogodo Gbogodo" provides ample evidence of Allen's importance to this edition of the band, while the title tune, purporting to provide instruction for a brand new dance, is one of the last apolitical works Kuti recorded. He died on Aug. 2, 1997 at Lagos, Nigeria, Aug. 2, 1997.

in 1938 - Marvin E "Marv" Johnson, US gospel/RandB singer (Move 2 mountains) is born. A popular gospel-trained Sixties soul artist, Detroit-born Marv Johnson originally toured in Southern carnivals as the featured vocalist in The (Junior) Serenaders. Quitting after a serious car crash, he returned to Detroit for a long recuperation. Meeting Berry Gordy Jr., who was operating a jazz record store, Johnson recorded a Gordy-produced single in 1958 on the Flick Records subsidiary, Kudo.

Then, with Gordy parting with Jackie Wilson, Johnson became the recipient of Gordy’s compositions, beginning with ‘Come To Me’ which became the first single issued on Gordy’s new Tamla label. The song received national airplay and was then leased to United Artists in order to raise money for Gordy’s record company. A smooth baritone, Johnson followed with a song he co-wrote with Gordy and others, ‘You Got What It Takes’ (1959), the track originally intended for Aretha Franklin’s sister, Erma Franklin, but first recorded by Bobby Parker. Johnson’s follow-up hits included the Gordy-penned ‘I Love The Way You Love’ (1960) and ‘(You’ve Got To) Move Mountains’ (1960).

Johnson managed two more hits with ‘I Miss You, Baby’ (1966) and the British Top 10 entry, ‘I’ll Pick A Rose For My Rose’ (1969). With his career ebbing, Johnson worked as a Motown executive in the Seventies, overseeing promotions. Leaving Motown, Johnson remained a popular draw on the oldies circuit in the US and Europe. Johnson, Smokey Robinson and Martha Reeves later conceived the idea for a Motown Museum at the former Hitsville Studio in Detroit. After performing at a tribute concert on May 14 for Bill Pinckney of The Drifters in Columbia, South Carolina, Johnson suffered a stroke backstage. He died two days later at Richmond Memorial Hospital, May 16, 1993.

in 1938 - Rafael Aponte-Ledee, Puerto Rican composer and teacher, is born at Guayama. He studied composition at the Madrid Conservatory (1957-63), where he completed his training with C. Halffter (1963-64); then took courses with Ginastera at the Latin American Center of Advanced Musical Studies at the Di Telia Inst. in Buenos Aires (1965-66). Returning to Puerto Rico, he founded in San Juan, with the collaboration of Francis Schwartz, the Fluxus group for the promotion of new music (1967); taught composition and theory at the Univ. of Puerto Rico (1968-74) and at the Puerto Rico Conservatory (from 1968). His music is highly advanced, employing nearly every conceivable technique of the cosmopolitan avant-garde.

in 1938 - Rafael Aponte-Ledee, composer is born
in 1938 - Robert Ward (US blues singer, guitarist; Ohio Players/solo) is born.

in 1939 - Ssgt. Barry Sadler is born. An American soldier turned unlikely pop star, Staff Sergeant Barry Sadler topped the US charts in 1966 with ‘The Ballad Of The Green Berets’. The son of professional gamblers, he dropped out of high school during the ninth grade, and was soon playing the drums in a local Colorado band. After a four-year Air Force stint, he returned briefly to civilian life in 1962 and spent his nights playing guitar in a rock band. Joining the US Army in 1963 and assigned to Vietnam, he worked as a medic in the Special Forces (also known as the Green Berets). After suffering a severe leg injury, he was honorably discharged in 1965.

Returning home to his wife, he worked as a military recruiter. Intended as a promotional tool, Sadler recorded the patriotic ditty, ‘The Ballad Of The Green Berets’. Re-recording the song for RCA Records in 1966, Sadler secured an unlikely worldwide smash. After landing some acting roles, Sadler moved to Nashville in 1972 and opened a bar. Also a successful author, he penned the instructional guide, Everything You Wanted To Know About The Music Industry, and wrote two dozen military action novels beginning with The Moi. Making the news from time to time, the self-described soldier of fortune was arrested on two separate shooting incidents, one in 1978, the other in 1981. Settling in Guatemala City in 1984, he frequently provided locals with medical care and established a trust fund for Vietnamese orphans.

He succumbed to brain damage sustained in shooting incident in 1988 during one of his mercenary jobs in central America. Three versions of the incident exist: he was being robbed; he was the target of an assassination; or he accidentally shot himself in the head while showing off his gun. What is known for certain is that he was shot in the frontal lobe with a .380 Pietro Beretta in a taxicab on a main Guatemalan highway. Flown to the US for treatment, he shuffled through a number of Veterans’ Administration hospitals. An ugly battle over Sadler’s guardianship pitted his mother against his wife and son. A judge eventually placed Sadler under the supervision of an independent guardian, a Nashville attorney. Sadler died at a V.A. hospital in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, October 31, 1989.

in 1942 - Chris Andrews (UK singer, songwriter) is born.

in 1942 - Dame Marie Tempest DBE/Mary Susan Etherington dies at age 78. English singer and actress known as the "queen of her profession". She became the most famous soprano in late Victorian light opera and Edwardian musical comedies. Later, she became a leading comic actress and toured widely in North America and elsewhere. She was, at times, her own theatre manager during a career spanning 55 years. Marie was also instrumental in the founding of the actors' union Equity in England.
Video Notes: William & Elizabeth Wheeler / Ah yes, I love thee / The Fencing Master (DeKoven) / Recorded: April 28, 1911 / English singer and actress Marie Tempest (1864-1942) pictured in 1892 in "The Fencing Master" --
From the 1892 Broadway musical "The Fencing Master, " by American composer Reginald DeKoven (1859-1920). Set in the lavish palaces of 15th-century Milan and Venice, Marie Tempest starring in "another trouser role" as the daughter of a fencing master.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0FZ_kszuLQ"]1892 Broadway Musical: The Fencing Master / Mr. & Mrs. Wheeler ~ Ah yes, I love thee (1911) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1942 - Don Stevenson, Seattle Wash, rock drummer (Moby Grape) is born.

in 1944 - Viktor Ullmann, Austrian composer, pianist, conductor, and music critic dies on or about this date in the concentration camp in Auschwitz.
After initial training in Teschen, he went to Vienna in 1914, where he later was a student of Schoenberg (1918-19). From 1920 to 1927 he was an assistant to Zemlinsky at the New German Theater in Prague. In 1927-28 he served as director of the Ustf nad Labem Opera. He was active in Germany until the Nazi takeover of 1933 compelled him to return to Prague. He was associated with the Czech Radio, wrote music and book reviews, and taught privately.

From 1935 to 1937 he attended A. Haba's classes in quarter tone music at the Conservatory. With the Nazi dismemberment of Czechoslovakia in 1939, Ullmann's life became precarious. In 1942 the Nazis deported him to the Theresienstadt ghetto. In spite of the hardships there, he played an active role in the artistic endeavors of the ghetto. He composed the opera Der Kaiser von Atlantis during this time, a work depicting a tyrannical monarch who outlaws death only to beg for its return in order to relieve humanity from the horrors of life.

The opera reached its dress rehearsal in 1944, but when the Nazi guards realized that the monarch was a satirical characterization of Hitler, Ullmann was sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp and put to death in the gas chamber. While a number of his works have been lost, several of his surviving scores have been revived. In his early music, Ullmann was influenced by Schoenberg. His later works were classical in form with polytonal textures. His fine songs reveal the influence of Mahler. – Born at Teschen, Jan. 1, 1898.

in 1945 - Karl Alwin, (real name, Alwin Oskar Pinkus),German conductor, dies at Mexico City.
He studied composition with Humperdinck and Hugo Kaun in Berlin. He conducted in Halle (1913), Posen (1914), Diisseldorf (1915-17), and Hamburg (1917-20). From 1920 to 1938 he conducted at the Vienna State Opera. In 1941 he settled in Mexico City. He was married to Elisabeth Schumann from 1920 to 1936.— Born at Konigsberg, April 15, 1891.

in 1946 -Joe “Yo Yo” Jaramillo is born. A founding member of Sixties rock band Cannibal & The Headhunters, Joe “Yo Yo” Jaramillo had initially teamed with his brother and two others in a doo-wop group called Bobby & The Classics. Based in east Los Angeles, the Chicano group replaced their lead singer with Frankie “Cannibal” Garcia, and, at the insistence of producer Eddie Davis, were renamed Cannibal & The Headhunters. Recording a cover of the Chris Kenner-composed and recorded New Orleans classic ‘Land Of 1000 Dances’, Cannibal & The Headhunters scored their only Top 40 hit in 1965. A college frat-rock classic, the song would be recorded by countless acts, most notably Wilson Pickett. (Natural causes). - Died May 24, 2000.

in 1946 - Richard Carpenter of The Carpenters, is born in New Haven, Conn. With his sister Karen The Carpenters were one of the most popular easy listening acts of the 1970s. The Carpenters scored an impressive string of hits with the compositions of songwriters such as Burt Bacharach, Paul Williams, Leon Russell, Carole King, and Neil Sedaka. Featuring the full, resonant, yet spiritless alto voice of Karen Carpenter and the delicate harmony of brother Richard, the duo ultimately had more Top 20 singles than even the Everly Brothers and sold more than 80 million records.

A longtime sufferer of anorexia nervosa, Karen died in 1983 at age 32 of heart failure due to the condition. Karen and Richard Carpenter moved with their family to Downey, Calif., in 1963. Richard began playing piano at age nine and completed his musical education at Calif. State Univ., Long Beach, whereas Karen took up drums while in high school. They formed the Carpenter Trio with bassist Wes Jacobs in 1965, winning a Battle of the Bands contest at the Hollywood Bowl in 1966. Although signed to RCA Records, no recordings were ever released, and the trio disbanded.

By the late 1960s Karen and Richard had formed a duo to pursue their interest in vocal harmonies and were signed to A&M Records by Herb Alpert on the strength of a demonstration tape. Their first hit came in 1970, with Burt Bacharach's "Close to You/' Subsequent early-1970s hits included "For All We Know" two Paul Williams-Roger Nichols compositions, "We've Only Just Begun" and "Rainy Days and Mondays," and Leon Russell and Bonnie Bramlett's "Superstar." A Song for You provided six hits: "Bless the Beasts and the Children," "Hurting Each Other," Carole King's "It's Going to Take Some Time," "Goodbye to Love," "Top of the World," and the Williams-Nichols composition "I Won't Last a Day without You." Other major hits through 1976 were "Sing," "Yesterday Once More," "Only Yesterday," Neil Sedaka's "Solitaire," and "I Need to Be in Love." Although the Carpenters' popularity waned in the late 1970s, they managed a major hit in 1981 with "Touch Me When We're Dancing."

While working on Voice of the Heart, Karen Carpenter died at her parents' Downey home of heart failure due to anorexia nervosa on Feb. 4,1983, at age 32. The Karen Carpenter Memorial Foundation was formed to aid in the research of anorexia, and a music scholarship fund in her name was established at California State University, Long Beach.

Richard worked as a staff producer at A&M. The 1988 made-for-TV movie The Karen Carpenter Story portrayed her life and death. The posthumusly released album Lovelines contained 10 previously unreleased songs, including four by Karen from a never-completed solo album. In 1994 A&M issued a Carpenters tribute album, with their songs being covered by contemporary acts such as Sonic Youth, the Cranberries, Sheryl Crow, Matthew Sweet, and Babes in Toyland.

in 1948 - Lance Dickerson is born. As a longtime member of the rock act Commander Cody & His Lost Planet Airmen, drummer Lance Dickerson played an upbeat mix of rockabilly and Texas boogie. Born in Latovia, Michigan, the son of big-band drummer Robert Dickerson, he joined Cody’s band around 1968, having been lured away from Charlie Musselwhite’s band. From their début album Lost In The Ozone, Commander Cody & His Lost Planet Airmen scored a surprise Top 10 hit with a remake of the novelty song ‘Hot Rod Lincoln’ (1972). Dickerson remained with the band until 1976 when he and bandmate “Buffalo” Bruce Barlow joined Roger McGuinn’s post-Byrds group Thunderbyrd. Dickerson also worked with Hoyt Axton, David Bromberg, Maria Muldaur and John Lee Hooker. - Died November 11, 2003. (Suicide).

in 1950 - Chris De Burgh, [Davidson], Argent/Irish rock vocalist (Lady in Red) is born.

in 1950 - David Shallon, Israeli conductor, is born at Tel Aviv. He studied composition and conducting with Sheriff, then completed his conducting studies with Swarowsky at the Vienna Academy of Music (1973-75). He was an assistant to Bernstein in Europe (1974-79), and also made appearances as a guest conductor with major European orchs. and opera houses. Shallon led the premiere of Gottfied von Einem's controversial opera Jesu Hochzeit in Vienna in 1980. He made his U.S. debut as a guest conductor with the San Francisco Symphony in 1980. From 1987 to 1993 he was Generalmusikdirektor of the Diisseldorf Symphony Orchestra.

in 1950 - Gina Bachauer, eminent Greek-born English pianist of Austrian descent makes her first American appearance in N.Y. Only 35 people attended this concert, but she received unanimous acclaim from the critics, and her career was assured.

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in 1951 - Frank Dimino, Wash DC, rock vocalist (Angel) is born.
in 1953 - Tito Jackson/Toriano Adaryll Jackson (US singer, guitar; Jackson Five) is born.

in 1953 - Peter (Sayer) Phillips, outstanding English choral conductor, music scholar, and music critic, is born at Southampton. He was educated at Winchester College (1967-71) and was an organ scholar at St. John's College, Oxford (B.A., 1975). In 1973 he founded the Tallis Scholars, which he developed under his discerning conductorship into one of the world's foremost choral ensembles. After serving as editor of the Early Music Gazette (1980-82), he became music critic of The Spectator in 1983. In 1981 he co-founded and becam director of Gimell Records, with which he made many remarkable recordings with the Tallis Scholars. In 1987 they won the Gramophone Record of the Year Award. In 1988 Phillips conducted the Tallis Scholars for the first time on tour in the U.S., and also at the Londo Promenade Concerts. In 1989 he conducted them i Tokyo. In 1994 he conducted them in the Palestrina anniversary concert in Rome, returning that year to Italy to conduct them at the Sistine Chapel at the Vatican. As a guest conductor, Phillips led choral groups far and wide, including ensembles in Florence (1996), Washington, D.C., and Tokyo (1998), and Barcelona and Novosibirsk (1999). He taught at the University of Oxford (1976-81), and in London at Trinity College of Music (1980-84) and the Royal College of Music (1981-88). In 1995 he became proprietor and advisory editor of The Musical Times. In addition to his volume English Sacred Music, 1549-1649 (1991), he has contributed articles to various journals and periodicals. He has won universal acclaim for his interpretations of the masters of Renaissance polyphony.

in 1955 - Buddy & Bob (Buddy Holly) opened for Elvis Presley at the “Big D Jamboree”, held at Lubbock’s Cotton Club, Texas. Nashville talent scout Eddie Crandall was in audience and arranged for Holly to audition and record demos for the Decca US label.

in 1955 - Chris Neville, jazz pianist, keyboardist, is born at Boston. He grew up in Boston and in West Bath, Maine; since 1987 he has lived in Boston. He studied at New England Conservatory of Music (1962-71), Berklee College of Music (1974-75), and University of Maine-Augusta (1975- 76). He performed and recorded with singer-songwriter David Mallet (1983-92) as well as leading his own groups and accompanying Dizzy Gillespie, Al Cohn, Sonny Stitt, Jimmy Heath and Richie Cole. He has worked in numerous musicals, including a yearlong tour with Donny Osmond in Andrew Lloyd Webber's Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat (1995-96). His presence in the house band during Benny Carter's 1988 visit to Boston led to an ongoing musical relationship. He has recorded several albums with Carter, and toured with him from 1994, including dates in Japan (1995), N.Y.'s Lincoln Center, L.A., Germany, and Thailand (1996). In 1994 Carter produced and guested on Neville's debut album. Neville has also worked with the Artie Shaw Orch. (1992-95).

in 1955 - Fumio Hayasaka, composer, dies at 41.

in 1960 - The Beatles (minus Pete Best) and two members of Rory Storm's Hurricanes (Ringo Starr and Lou Walters) recorded a version of George Gershwin's ‘Summertime’ in a Hamburg recording studio. The track which was cut onto a 78-rpm disc marked the first session that included John, Paul, George, and Ringo together.

in 1961 - Comedian Ken Dodd and The Beatles both appeared at a charity evening raising funds for St John's ambulance brigade at Liverpool's Albany Cinema.

in 1964 - Cole Porter dies at age 73. American singer, multi-musician, composer, songwriter born in Peru, Indiana, U.S. He e learned the violin at age 6, the piano at 8, and wrote his first operetta at 10. Cole wrote songs both words and music for over 30 stage and film musicals. His works include the musical including "Kiss Me, Kate", "Du Barry Was a Lady", "Gay Divorce" "Anything Goes", "Paris", "Fifty Million Frenchmen", "Can-Can", and "High Society". He has written songs persifically for greats such as Fred Astaire and Gene Kelly among many others. Writing and composing songs such as "Begin the Beguine", "I Get a Kick Out of You", "I've Got You Under My Skin", "In the Still of the Night", "Night and Day", "At Long Last Love", "From Alpha to Omega", "You Never Know", "Let's Misbehave", "From Now On", "My Heart Belongs to Daddy". He was one of the greatest contributors to the Great American Songbook and Cole is one of the few Tin Pan Alley composers to have written both lyrics and music for his songs (kidney failure).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lXYKGL6MgKM"]Let's Do It (Let's Fall In Love) by Ella Fitzgerald - YouTube[/ame]

in 1965 - Carl Hoff, orch leader (Music Hall), dies at 60.

in 1965 - Jimi Hendrix signed his first recording contract, he received $1 and a 1% Royalty on all of his recordings.

in 1966 - Bill Charlap, American pianist; is born at N.Y. Able to paint with a rich and melodic pallet, while possessing a pure and bell-like tone, he is a player who is actively looking for new ways to express himself and compliment any musical situation. His sophisticated harmonic knowledge and sense of drama make him one of the most stimulating pianists around. It should come as no surprise that he would pursue a career in music; his parents are Broadway composer Moose Charlap and vocalist Sandy Stewart. At the age of three, he began his piano studies, and his formal musical education included graduation from N.Y/s H.S. of the Performing Arts. Over the past several years, he has gained valuable experience through work with Gerry Mulligan, Benny Carter, Louis Bellson, Sheila Jordan, Bobby Short, Barry Manilow, and Tony Bennett, among many others. He has been a key member of the Phil Woods Quintet since 1995, a position that has found him appearing at many of the world's major jazz festivals, and even guesting on Marian McPartland's Piano Jazz radio show. He also leads his own piano trio and has recorded for the Chiaroscuro and Criss Cross labels. His talent is worthy of wider critical attention and public awareness.

in 1966 - Colette Bonheur/Colette Chailler dies at age 39. Quebec Canadian singer born in Montreal, from 1954 to 1957, she worked with Jacques Normand, Gilles Pellerin starring in the variety show 'Door Open' on the Radio-Canada, and also sang in Montreal's top cabarets such as Cabaret Saint-Germain-des-Pres, Continental Café, and Quebec Chez Gerard. In the fall of 1954 she again worked with Jacques Normand, Gilles Pellerin, plus Normand Hudon, Pierre Theriault and others at The Three Beavers, above the Café Saint-Jacques. Her rendition of "Violets fields" won the prize in radio Canadian singing contest in 1957. In 1961 she married the saxophonist Gerry Robinson, and they relocated to the Bahamas (died in the Bahamas under mysterious circumstances).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ks3rTDPrQ90"]Colette Bonheur - Je me balade - YouTube[/ame]
in 1966 - Dave Stead (UK drummer; Beautiful South) is born.
in 1966 - Douglas Vipond, British pop drummer (Deacon Blue-Raintown) is born
in 1966 - Eric Benét Jordan (US R&B and gospel singer) is born.

in 1966 - Pink Floyd (who were paid £15 for the gig), The Move, Denny Laine and Soft Machine all appeared at the launch for International Times at London's Roundhouse.

in 1966 - The Four Tops started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Reach Out And I'll Be There'. The group's second US No.1 and their first No.1 in the UK.

in 1968 - Franz Reizenstein, composer, dies at 57.

in 1968 - Jyrki 69/Jyrki Pekka Emil Linnankivi (Finnish singer-songwriter; The 69 Eyes) is born.

in 1971 - Pink Floyd kicked off a 30-date North American tour at the Winterland Auditorium in San Francisco, California.

in 1972 - Lieutenant Pigeon were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Mouldy Old Dough.' Keyboard player Rob Woodward had his mum play piano on the single, making them the only mother and son act to score a UK No.1. The song was recorded in the front room of their semi-detached house.

in 1972 - Sandra Kim (Belgian singer; Eurovision Song Contest winner in 1986) is born.
in 1973 - 7th Country Music Assn Award: Roy Clark wins.

in 1973 - Dax Riggs (US singer, guitarist, synthesizer; Acid Bath/Deadboy &the Elephantmen/others) is born.

in 1973 - Keith Richards was found guilty of trafficking cannabis by a Court in Nice, France. The Rolling Stone was given a one-year suspended sentence and a 5,000 franc fine. He was also banned from entering France for two years.

in 1975 - Ginuwine/Elgin Baylor Lumpkin (US rapper) is born.
in 1976 - Ringo releases "A Dose of Rock 'n' Roll".

in 1977 - Debby Boone started a 10 week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'You Light Up My Life', the longest stay at the top since Guy Mitchell's 'Singing The Blues. A No.48 hit in the UK.

in 1977 - Erin McKeown (US multi-instrumentalist, folk-rock singer, songwriter) is born.

in 1979 - Abba played their first concert in North America when they appeared in Vancouver, Canada.

in 1979 - Tomas Kalnoky (US singer) is born.

in 1980 - Bobby "Lester" Dallas dies at age 50. Died October 15, 1980 The tenor vocalist of the pioneering doo-wop group The Moonglows, Louisville, Kentucky-native Bobby Lester had joined the group in late 1952. Formed in Cleveland in 1949 by Harvey Fuqua as The Crazy Sounds, the group searched out local deejay Alan Freed, mistakenly believing he was black. Becoming their benefactor and their manager, Freed renamed the group The Moonglows after his own Moondog radio show. Recording for Freed’s new Champagne label, the group landed a regional hit with ‘I Just Can’t Tell No Lie’ (1952). Following up with five singles on Chance Records in Chicago over the next year, the group managed only a minor hit with the ballad, ‘I Was Wrong’. During this time, the heavy-set, pompadour-wearing Lester worked days in a coal yard. With Chess buying out The Moonglows’ contract from the financially doomed Chance records, the group scored their breakthrough hit with the crossover entry ‘Sincerely’ (1954), which was forced to compete on the charts with a whitebread cover version by The McGuire Sisters.

Lester sang lead on most of the group’s hits which included, ‘Most Of All’ (1955), ‘See Saw’ (1956), ‘Please Send Me Someone To Love’ (1957), and a song he wrote, ‘The Beating Of My Heart’ (1958). The Moonglows also recorded on the Chess subsidiary, Checker as The Moonlighters, scoring R&B hits with ‘Shoo Doo Bee Doo’ (1954) and ‘We Go Together’ (1956). Lester left The Moonglows in early 1958 over monetary issues. As the lead tenor, Lester was receiving more money than the rest of the group, but less than Fuqua, who doubled as the group’s producer. Returning to Louisville in the Sixties, Lester worked as a nightclub manager. In 1970 he formed The Aristocrats, a year later renaming the group The New Moonglows. This group recorded new versions of the group’s old hits, landing a minor R&B hit with ‘Sincerely ’72’. Lester’s son later joined the touring version of the group. (Lung cancer). Contracting pneumonia, he died in Louisville, Kentucky, after a 50-day hospital stay. - Born January 13, 1932.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cj256ZYqOBQ"]219 Train-Moonglows-1954-Chance.wmv - YouTube[/ame]

in 1980 - Siiri Nordin (Finnish singer; Killer) is born.
in 1981 - Keyshia Cole (US R&B singer) is born.

in 1981 - Jud Strunk (JUSTIN STRUNK, JR.) died. A pop-country banjo player and vocalist, Jud Strunk landed his sole pop hit in 1973 with ‘Daisy A Day’. A native of Jamestown, New York, he had been a regular on television’s Laugh In and had appeared in the Broadway musical, Beautiful Dreamer. Later buying a wood cabin in Maine, he was unsuccessful in his bid for a state senate seat. He crashed his recently purchased, open-cockpit, World War II vintage aeroplane into the mountainous forests of western Maine, while attempting to land at the Carabassett Valley Airport. Also killed was his passenger Richard Ayotte. - Born June 11, 1936.

in 1982 - Paulini Curuenavuli (Fijian-Australian singer) is born.
in 1983 - Genesis went to No.1 on the UK chart with their self-titled album 'Genesis'
in 1983 - Stephy Tang (Hong Kong singer, actress) is born.
in 1984 - Shayne Ward (UK singer; winner of X Factor 2005) is born.

in 1984 - Tasha Thomas died. Best known as a cabaret performer and disco singer, Alaska-born Tasha Thomas enjoyed several club hits in the late Seventies including ‘Shoot Me (With Your Love)’ and ‘Midnight Rendezvous’, and starred in the Broadway production of The Wiz. Also a session vocalist, she backed Kiss, Diana Ross, Stevie Wonder, Carly Simon and Al Kooper. She died in New York City. (Cancer). - Born 1950.

in 1986 - Lee Donghae (South Korean singer; Super Junior) is born.

in 1988 - Bon Jovi started a four-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'New Jersey'.

in 1988 - UB40 went to No.1 on the US singles chart with their version of the Neil Diamond song 'Red Red Wine', also a No.1 hit in the UK.

in 1990 - Jordan Johnson (US pop/rock singer, songwriter) is born.
in 1993 - Ken E Jones, musician (New Amsterdam Symph Orch), dies of AIDS at 34.

in 1994 - R.E.M. entered the US album chart at No.1 with 'Monster', the bands 11th No.1. Also No.1 in the UK.

in 1994 - Take That had their 5th UK No.1 when 'Sure' started a two-week run at the top of the charts. It was the first release from Take That's third album Nobody Else.

in 1995 - Mariah Carey started a four week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Daydream', the singers sixth album release.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0habxsuXW4g"]Mariah Carey - We Belong Together - YouTube[/ame]

in 1996 - Motley Crue drummer Tommy Lee was charged with assault for attacking a cameraman who was trying to take pictures of Lee and his wife Pamela Anderson Lee outside an L.A. club. After pleading no contest, Lee was sentenced to four months in prison.

in 1997 - Michael Jackson played the last date on the HIStory Tour at King's Park Rugby Stadium, Durban, South Africa. During the tour, Jackson performed 82 concerts in 58 cities to over 4.5 million fans, visiting 5 continents and 35 countries.

in 1999 - Terry Gilkyson dies at age 83. US singer, lyricist, composer; he wrote and recorded "The Cry of the Wild Goose," which became a hit song for Frankie Laine in 1950, as well as the 1953 hit song "Tell Me a Story" recorded by Jimmy Boyd and Laine. In the 1956, he formed a group called The Easy Riders with Richard Dehr and Frank Miller, having a major hit with "Marianne" selling in excess of one million copies, earning a gold disc. The three also wrote "Memories Are Made of This," which became a popular song in several versions, including an adaptation for the 1956 Hungarian Revolution. Terry also appeared in, as well as wrote songs for, the 1951 Western film Slaughter Trail. In the 1960s, he left the group to work for the Walt Disney Studios, writing music both for movies and the television series The Wonderful World of Disney especially "The Scarecrow of Romney Marsh." In 1968 he was nominated for an Academy Award for "The Bare Necessities" from the movie The Jungle Book (died in Austin, Texas, while visiting family).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q6DsRuXtcn8"]Terry Gilkyson - Marianne - YouTube[/ame]

in 2000 - Dave Edmunds had a triple heart bypass operation. The 56 year-old Welsh rocker had the operation at LA's Cedars Sinai Hospital.

in 2000 - Radiohead went to No.1 on the US album chart with 'Kid A', the group's fourth album which was also a UK No.1.

in 2000 - U2 went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Beautiful Day', the group's fourth UK No.1 single and taken from their album 'All That You Can't Leave Behind'.

in 2004 - Dave Godin dies at age 68. English writer, critic and founder of the record labels, Soul City and Deep Soul, born in Rotherham, Sth Yorkshire, and who coined the term, Northern Soul. After working in advertising, Dave founded the Tamla Motown Appreciation Society, and in time was recruited by Berry Gordy to become Motown's consultant in the UK, setting up its distribution through EMI. In 1966, with colleague David Nathan and friend Robert Blackmore, he founded Soul City, a record shop and label on which he released such then-obscure soul classics. It was in their shop that Dave coined the term northern soul, a description that he would popularise through his work as a music journalist. In his career he also coined the term Deep Soul and he promoted the interests of a large number of US musicians whose work had fallen out of favour in their home country. In the mid 1990s he started to compile a series of CDs of rare and some not so rare, recordings - "Dave Godin's Deep Soul Treasures" - for Ace Records, which featured such artists as Loretta Williams, Eddie and Ernie, Jaibi, Ruby Johnson and Jimmy and Louise Tig. The albums were greeted with universal critical acclaim, and Dave described the series as the proudest achievement of his life (lung cancer).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQNwUZE6Cy4"]Jaibi - Nightmare - YouTube[/ame]

in 2006 - My Chemical Romance were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Welcome To The Black Parade', the American bands first No.1.

in 2006 - The Sugababes were the most successful UK all-female act of the 21st century, according to new figures. Since their chart debut in 2000, they had scored 16 hits, beating the likes of Madonna and Britney Spears. The trio first made UK chart history in 2002 when, with ‘Freak Like Me’, made them the youngest female group to top the chart.

in 2007 - Britney Spears visited a Los Angeles police station to be photographed and fingerprinted ahead of her hit-and-run court case. The 25-year-old singer spent about 30 minutes at the station after a judge ordered her to submit to the procedures. Ms Spears was charged last month for allegedly crashing into a parked car while driving without a valid licence.

in 2008 - Edie Adams dies at age 81. American singer in Broadway and television making her Broadway debut in 1953, playing Rosalind Russell’s sister in the Leonard Bernstein musical “Wonderful Town". She starred on Broadway in Wonderful Town in 1953 and in Li'l Abner in 1956, and played the Fairy Godmother in Rodgers & Hammerstein's original 1957 Cinderella broadcast. She also played "Miss Olsen" in the 1960 film The Apartment. In 1962 she appeared on ABC with Duke Ellington. In 1963 she also began a variety show, “Here’s Edie,” in which she performed with the likes of Count Basie and Sammy Davis Jr. The show received five Emmy nominations. In 2003, as one of the last surviving headliners from the all-star movie, It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World, Edie joined actors Marvin Kaplan and Sid Caesar at 40th anniversary celebrations of the movie (sadly died from pneumonia and cancer) b. April 16th 1927.
Video Notes: From the episode, "Lucy Meets the Moustache" of the Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour. The song meant so much more since it was the last episode of the popular I Love Lucy series. Lucy and Desi were also divorcing after a long tumultuous marriage. They still loved each other very much, but the problems that plagued the marriage couldn't keep them together. However, they remained friends even after they married other people, and when Desi died, Lucy was devastated. So in a sense, this song was meaningful for them both. All that they could give each other was love....that's all.

The last lines of the show....

Lucy: "Honey, honey, I just wanted to help."

Ricky: "From now on, you can help me by not trying to help me. But thanks, anyway."
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W-IL4tSg1x8"]Edie Adams - That's All (I Love Lucy Series Finale) - YouTube[/ame]

in 2008 - Frankie Venom/Frank Kerr dies at age 51. Canadian lead vocalist, punk pioneer and founding member of the punk rock band Teenage Head, formed at Westdale High School in Hamilton, Ontario in 1975. 1980's "Frantic City" was the band's breakthrough album, producing the hit singles "Let's Shake" and "Somethin' On My Mind". They toured to support the album, including opening the major Heatwave festival in August. In June 1980 their performance at Toronto's Ontario Place sparked a riot. The incident made headlines across the country, and led Ontario Place to ban rock concerts for several years afterward. The band appeared, as themselves, in the movie Class of 1984 and performed "Ain't Got No Sense". Frankie left the band after the release of "Trouble in the Jungle", in 1985 (natural causes)

in 2008 - Jon Bon Jovi became the latest musician to disapprove of the use of his songs in John McCain's US presidential campaign. The Bon Jovi song, ‘Who Says You Can't Go Home’, was used during rallies held by Republican vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin. Foo Fighters, Heart and Jackson Browne have all asked Mr McCain to stop using their tracks in his presidential bid. Bon Jovi, a Democrat supporter, threw a $30,000 (£17,000) per person, fund-raising dinner for Democratic candidate Barack Obama at his New Jersey home in September.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lDK9QqIzhwk"]Bon Jovi - Livin' On A Prayer - YouTube[/ame]

in 2011 - Betty Driver dies at 91. English singer, actress and 42 years as Coronation Street's Betty Turpin; born in Leicester, England, but at aged two Betty moved to West Didsbury, Manchester, with her family. At the age of 8, pushed by her mother, she began performing professionally with Terence Byron Repertory Theatre Company; singing for the BBC by the age of 10; and began touring across the UK in her first revue at the age of 12. Whilst performing in London at the age of 14, Betty was spotted by the agent Bert Aza, despite her young age, he booked her for the lead in a revival of Mr Tower Of London, which had brought Gracie Fields to prominence 19 years earlier. When she was still only 14, when she made her first record "Jubilee Baby", and had another major success with "The Sailor with the Navy Blue Eyes" and made several more hit records. (pneumonia).

15 October
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Old October 16th, 2013, 04:37 AM   #2616

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16 October
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in 1621 - Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, organist/composer, dies at about 59.

in 1679 - Jan Dismas Zelenka, notable Bohemian composer, is born at Launowitz. He was the son of an organist and it is most probable that he received his early music training from his father. About 1710 he went to Prague, where he attended the Jesuit Clementinum. He also learned to play the double bass and was a member of the orchestra of Count Hartog. Upon Hartog's recommendation in 1710, Zelenka was accepted as a member of the Dresden court orchestra. In 1715 he went to Venice to study with Lotti and, between 1716 and 1719, he spent considerable time in Vienna studying with Fux. With his training completed, Zelenka remained at the Dresden court for the rest of his life. In 1721 he became vice-Kapellmeister there, but was passed over as Kapellmeister in 1731 when Hasse accepted the court's appointment. In 1735 he was named Kirchen-compositeur to the court. Zelenka was particularly known during his lifetime as a composer of sacred music, winning the admiration of Bach and Telemann. His extensive output of such music included the oratorios Il serpente di bronzo (1730), Gesa al Calvario (1735), and I Penitenti al sepolchro del Redentore (1736), about 20 masses, 2 Magnificats, over 35 cantatas, and various motets, Psalms, antiphons, hymns, and other pieces.

For the coronation of the Holy Roman Emperor Karl VI as King of Bohemia, Zelenka composed the Melodrama de Sancto Wenceslao ("Sub olea pacis et palma virtutis conspicua orbi Regia Bohemiae Corona"), which was first performed in Frankfurt am Main on Nov. 12, 1723. Almost all of the MSS of Zelenka's sacred music were lost in 1945.

Since several of his instrumental works were published in his lifetime, copies have survived and today Zelenka is known as a distinguished and refreshing composer of instrumental music. Among his extant works for orchestra are 5 capriccios (1--4, 1717-18; 5, 1729), a Simphonie a 8 Concertante (1723), a Concerto a 8 Concertante (1723), and the Hipocondrie a 7 Concercante (1723). Also extant are 6 Trio or Quadro Sonatas for 2 Oboes, Bassoon, and Basso Continuo (c. 1720). – Died at Dresden, Dec. 22, 1745.

in 1688 - Domenico Zipoli, Italian composer and organist, is born at Prato. He studied in Florence, then with A. Scarlatti in Naples, L.P. Vannucci in Bologna, and B. Pasquini in Rome, where he became organist at the Jesuit Church in 1715. His oratorios Sant' Antonio di Padova (1712) and Santa Caterina, oergine, e martire (1714) were presented in Rome. In 1716 he published Sonate d'intavolatura per organo e cimbalo. He joined the Jesuit order at Seville in 1716, and in 1717 went to South America, where he became organist of the Jesuit church in Cordoba, Argentina. Walsh of London reprinted parts of the Sonate d'intaoolatura under the titles Six Suits of Italian Lessons for the Harpsichord and Third Collection of Toccatas, Vollentarys and Fugues. – Died at Santa Catalina, near Cordoba, Argentina, Jan. 2, 1726.

in 1723 - Johann Andreas Joseph Giulini, composer is born.
in 1726 - Giovanni Maria Capelli, composer, dies at 77.

in 1729 - Pierre van Maldere, noted South Netherlands violinist, conductor, and composer, is born at Brussels. He became a violinist in 1746 and 1st violinist in 1749 at the Royal Chapel of Brussels; was also in the service of Prince Charles of Lorraine, the governor-general of the Netherlands. From 1751 to 1753 he was in Dublin, where he conducted its "Philharmonick Concerts/7 In 1754 he appeared in Paris as a violinist at the Concert Spirituel. Returning to Brussels, he became director of concerts to Prince Charles (1754); then was made his valet de chambre (1758); also conducted at the Brussels Opera, and later was director of the Grand Theatre there (1762-67). He excelled as a composer of symphonies, in which he anticipated the masterpieces of Haydn and Mozart. – Died at Brussels, Nov. 1, 1768.

in 1750 - Silvius Leopold Weiss, composer, dies at 64.
in 1765 - Frederic Nicolas Duvernoy, composer is born.
in 1799 - Antoine-Frederic Gresnick, composer, dies at 44.
in 1811 - Gaetano Capocci, composer is born.
in 1814 - Juan Jose Landaeta, composer, dies at 34.
in 1821 - Albert Franz Doppler, composer is born.
in 1826 - Piotr Studzinski, composer is born.
in 1836 - Friedrich Theodor Frohlich, composer, dies at 33.
in 1837 - John Francis Barnett, composer is born.
in 1847 - Chiquinha Gonzaga (Brazilian composer) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_6ameIYuCwY"]Atraente - Chiquinha Gonzaga - YouTube[/ame]

in 1849 - Arnold Krug, composer is born.

in 1849 - Charles Harford Lloyd, English organist, conductor, and composer, is born at Thornbury, Gloucestershire. He attended Magdalen Hall, Oxford (Mus.Bac, 1871; B.A., 1872; M.A., 1875; Mus.Doc, 1892). From 1887 to 1892 he was a teacher of organ and composition at the Royal College of Music in London, and from 1892 at Eton College. From 1914 until his death he was organist at the Chapel Royal, St. James's. – Died at Slough, Oct. 16, 1919.

in 1878 - Carlos Pedrell, Uruguayan composer, nephew of Felipe Pedrell, is born at Minas. He studied in Madrid with his uncle, and later went to Paris, where he took lessons with d'Indy and Breville at the Schola Cantorum. Returning to South America, he was inspector of music in the Buenos Aires schools. He lectured at the University of Tucuman. In 1921 he went to Paris, where he remained for the rest of his life. His works are cast in the French style, but the rhythmic elements are related to Spanish and South American sources; his songs, with richly developed accompaniments, are the best among his works. – Died at Montrouge, near Paris, March 3,1941.

in 1880 - Edward Wolff, composer, dies at 64.
in 1893 - Carlo Pedrotti, composer, dies at 75.
in 1897 - Harrison Kerr, composer is born.

in 1903 - Big Joe Williams (US delta blues guitarist, singer-songwriter) is born. A Mississippi-born, Delta-styled bluesman who recorded prolifically for over half a century, Big Joe Williams was a powerful stage performer. Reared on a cotton farm, Williams joined The Rabbit Foot Minstrels in the Twenties. An itinerant bluesman who initially assumed the moniker Po’ Joe Williams, he recorded for Bluebird Records in the Thirties. Employing his trademark nine-string guitar, his early hits included ‘Please Don’t Go’, ‘Highway 49’, and ‘Crawlin’ King Snake’. After a stint as a labourer in the Depression-era WPA programme, he returned to the road where he collaborated with blues greats such as Robert Nighthawk, Peetie Wheatstraw and Sonny Boy Williamson (#1). Embraced by newfound audiences in the Sixties, Williams recorded prolifically for a series of labels including Delmark and Arhoolie. Hospitalised for a week, his chronic heart condition had been exacerbated by both lung disease and diabetes. (Cardiac arrhythmia). - Died December 17, 1982.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ikxLNaAYu5k"]Big Joe Williams Baby Please Don't Go - YouTube[/ame]

in 1903 - Mario Pilati, composer is born.

in 1904 - Albert Wellek, eminent Austrian musicologist and psychologist, is born at Vienna. He studied composition and conducting at the Prague Conservatory (graduated, 1926) and music history, literature, and philosophy at the University of Prague; was a student of Adler, Lach, Ficker, and Wellesz at the University of Vienna (Ph.D., 1928, with the dissertation Doppelempjinden und Programmusik); then studied psychology in Vienna and at the University of Leipzig; in 1938 he completed his Habilitation at the University of Munich with his Typologie der Musikbegabung im deutschen Volke: Grundlegung einer psychologischen Theorie der Musik und Musikgeschichte (published in Munich, 1939; 2nd ed., 1970). He became an asst. lecturer and then lecturer at the University of Leipzig Institute of Psychology in 1938; in 1942 he was made acting professor of psychology at the University of Halle; after serving as professor of psychology and educational science at the University of Breslau (1943-46), he founded the University of Mainz Institute of Psychology in 1946, remaining there until his death. Wellek was the foremost music psychologist of his time, being an authority on the theory of hearing. – Died at Mainz, Aug. 27, 1972.

in 1910 - William Leonard Reed, English composer, lecturer, and editor, is born at London. He studied at the Guildhall School of Music in London (1917-26), Dulwich College, London (1922-29), the University of Oxford (M.A., 1934; B.Mus., 1936; M.Mus., 1939), and with Howells (composition) and Lambert (conducting) at the Royal College of Music in London (1934-36; first Cobbett Prize in composition, 1936). After World War II, he traveled widely in Europe, the U.S., and Asia; in 1961 settled in London, where he served as director of music at the Westminster Theatre Arts Centre (1967-80).

in 1913 - Cesar Bresgen, Austrian composer/organist is born.

in 1913 - Gino Bechi, notable Italian baritone is born at Florence. He studied in Florence with Frazzi and Di Giorgi and in Alessandria. In 1936 he made his operatic debut as Germont in Empoli, and then sang in Rome (1938-52) and at Milan's La Scala (1939-44; 1946-53), where he acquired an admirable reputation. In 1950 he sang with the La Scala company during its visit to London's Covent Garden, and he returned to London in 1958 to sing at Drury Lane. In 1952 he appeared in Chicago and San Francisco. He also made appearances in musical films. In later years, he was active as a teacher and opera producer. Bechi was best known for his Verdi roles, among them Falstaff, Amonasro, Hamlet, lago, and Nabucco.—Dies at Florence, Feb. 2, 1993.

in 1918 - Felix Arndt, composer, dies at 29.
in 1919 - Charles Harford Lloyd, composer, dies on 70th birthday.
in 1920 - Alberto Nepomuceno, Brazilian composer/conductor (Artemis), dies at 56.
in 1922 - Max Bygraves (UK singer, songwriter) is born.

in 1923 - Bert Kaempfert/Berthold Kämpfert, German bandleader, composer, and arranger, is born at Hamburg. Kaempfert achieved international success with his recording of "Wonderland by Night" in 1960, then went on to release a series of instrumental albums, reaching the U.S. charts with 22 of them through 1971. He also composed the music for several hits, including "Wooden Heart," "Danke Schoen," and "Strangers in the Night." Kaempfert studied piano from the age of six and attended the Hamburg Hochschule fUr Musik, where he added clarinet, saxophone, and accordion. He served in the music division of the German army during World War II and conducted a band in a prisoner-of-war camp in Denmark in 1945.

Returning to Hamburg after the war, he formed his own band in 1947 and in 1949 became director of North German Radio. Kaempfert was signed to Polydor Records as a recording artist and as an A&R man; he achieved international recognition by arranging and producing "Morgen" (music and lyrics by Peter Mosser), recorded by Ivo Robic, which became a Top 40 hit in the U.s. in August 1959. His own instrumental recordings were picked up for American release by Decca Records, which issued the single "Wonderland by Night" (music by Klauss-Gunter Neuman, lyrics by Lincoln Chase) in the fall of 1960. It hit #1 in January 1961 and sold a million copies, and a Wonderland by Night LP also topped the charts and went gold. Meanwhile, Kaempfert's adaptation of a German folk song, "Wooden Heart" (music and lyrics by Fred Wise, Benjamin Weisman, Kathleen G. Twomey, and Bert Kaempfert), had been used in the Elvis Presley film G. 1. Blues, which opened in October 1960, and was featured on the top-selling soundtrack LP. Released as a Presley single in the U.K., it hit #1 in March 1961. In the U.S. it was covered by Joe Dowell, whose recording topped the charts in August.

That summer, Kaempfert signed the then-unknown Beatles to a one-year contract and recorded them as the backing group for British singer Tony Sheridan and on their own, resulting in the Sheridan/Beatles single "My Bonnie" (music and lyrics traditional), which made the U.K. charts in 1963 and the U.S. Top 40 in 1964, after The Beatles had become famous. Kaempfert himself returned to the American Top 40 in April 1961 with an instrumental revival of the 1946 song "Tenderly" (music by Walter Gross, lyrics by Jack Lawrence) and scored a second chart album in November with Dancing in Wonderland. He had two more LPs in the charts in 1962, one of which was Afrikaan Beat and Other Favorites, and the single of his composition"Afrikaan Beat" reached the Top 40 in March. Billy Vaughn scored a Top 40 hit in August with Kaempfert's composition "A Swingin' Safari," later familiar to television viewers as the theme for The Match Game. Kaempfert charted with three new albums in 1963, but his greatest success for the year came as a songwriter when Wayne Newton scored a Top 40 hit in August with "Danke Schoen" (music by Bert Kaempfert, German lyrics by Kurt Schwabach, English lyrics by Milt Gabler).

In November 1964, Kaempfert released his second gold album, Blue Midnight, which hit the Top Ten in March 1965 due to the inclusion of the 1949 song "Red Roses for a Blue Lady" (music and lyrics by Sid Tepper and Roy Brodsky), which reached the Top 40 of the singles charts in February, and the 1921 song "Three O'Clock in the Morning" (music by Julian Robledo, lyrics by "Dorothy Terris," a pseudonym for Theodora Morse), which reached the Top 40 in May. A Three O'Clock in the Morning LP charted in July, followed in September by The Magic Music ofFar Away Places, which featured "Moon over Naples" (music by Bert Kaempfert), a tune that had entered the singles charts in July. Charles Singleton and Eddie Snyder wrote a lyric to the melody, and it was recorded by Al Martino as "Spanish Eyes," reaching the Top 40 in December.

Kaempfert wrote and conducted the score for the film A Man Could Get Killed, which opened in May 1966. A theme from the score was adapted into a song with lyrics by Charles Singleton and Eddie Snyder under the title "Strangers in the Night." Recorded by Frank Sinatra, the song topped the charts in June and sold a million copies, also serving as the title song for a Sinatra album that hit #1 and went gold. It earned Kaempfert a Grammy nomination for Song of the Year. His own Strangers in the Night LP was one of three albums he placed in the charts in 1966, along with Bye Bye Blues (a Top Ten hit in the U.K.) and the gold-selling Bert KaemPfert's Greatest Hits.

Jack Jones had the next hit with a Kaempfert composition, "Lady" (music also by Herbert Rehbein, English lyrics by Larry Kusik and Charles Singleton), which reached the Top 40 and hit #1 on the easylistening charts in March 1967. Sinatra recorded Kaempfert's "The World We Knew (Over and Over)" (music also by Herbert Rehbein, English lyrics by Carl Singleton), reaching the Top 40 in August and the top of the easy-listening charts in September. Kaempfert himself charted with two LPs during the year, though his sales had begun to fall off. He continued to place albums in the charts until 1971 and occasionally wrote film scores, such as 1970's You Can't Win 'Em All. He died of a stroke at 56 in 1980. – Died at Majorca, June 21, 1980.

in 1923 - Vittorio Negri, Italian conductor, record producer, and musicologist, is born at Milan. He was educated at the Milan Cons graduating with a degree in composition and conducting in 1946. He began his professional career at the Salzburg Mozarteum, working with Bernhard Paumgartner. Negri then served as a guest conductor of the Orchestra del Teatro alia Scala in Milan, the Orchestre National de France in Paris, the Dresden Staatskapelle, and the Boston Symphony Orchestra. He also made festival appearances in Salzburg, Montreux, Monte Carlo, and Versailles. – Died at Blona April 11, 1998.

in 1930 - Margreta Elkins AM (Australian mezzo-soprano) is born.

in 1930 - James (Lawrence) Lockhart, Scottish conductor, is born at Edinburgh. He studied at the University of Edinburgh and at the Royal College of Music in London. He served as apprentice conductor of the Yorkshire Symphony Orchestra (1954-55), asst. conductor at Minister (1955-56), the Bavarian State Opera in Munich (1956-57), Glyndebourne (1957-59), and Covent Garden in London (1959-68). Intercalatorily, he was music director of the Opera Workshop of the University of Tex. in Austin (1957-59), and conductor of the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra in Glasgow (1960-61). From 1968 to 1973 he was music director of the Welsh National Opera in Cardiff; from 1972 to 1980 he served as Generalmusikdirektor of the State Theater in Kassel; from 1981 to 1991 he was Generalmusikdirektor of the Rheinische Philharmonic in Koblenz and at the Koblenz Opera. He was head of the opera school at the Royal College of Music (1986-92) and director of opera at the London Royal Schools Vocal Faculty (1992-96).

in 1931 - Valery Klimov Russian violinist, is born at Kiev. His father was a professional conductor and a pedagogue. Klimov studied in Odessa and with D. Oistrakh at the Moscow Conservatory, graduating in 1956. He won 1st prize in the Prague and Paris competitions (1956) and then at the Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow (1958), which opened for him great opportunities for world tours. He played with much success in Europe, the U.S., and Australia.

in 1932 - Joop Voom, Dutch composer and teacher, is born at The Hague. He received training at the Brabant Conservatory, where he subsequently taught (from 1969).

in 1932 - Claude Léveillée (Canadian actor, sing-songwriter, composer, pianist) is born.

in 1932 - Henry Lewis, black American conductor, is born at Los Angeles. He learned to play piano and string instruments as a child, and at the age of 16 he was engaged as a double-bass player in the Los Angeles Philharmonic. From 1955 to 1959 he played double bass in the 7th Army Symphony Orchestra overseas, and also conducted it in Germany and the Netherlands. Returning to the U.S., he founded the Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra in 1963, traveled with it in Europe under the auspices of the State Dept. From 1968 to 1976 he was music director of the N.J. Symphony Orchestra in Newark; subsequently conducted opera and orchestra guest engagements. From 1989 to 1991 he was chief conductor of the Radio Symphony Orchestra in Hilversum. He married Marilyn Home in 1960, but they were separated in 1976. – Died at N.Y., Jan. 26,1996.

in 1935 - Sugar Pie DeSanto, US singer (Soulful dress) is born.
in 1936 - Gerardo Gandini, composer is born.
in 1937 - Emile Ford/Emile Sweetman (Frontman, singer; The Checkmates) is born.
in 1938 - Nico/Christa Päffgen (German spooky vocalist; Velvet Underground is born.
in 1939 - Carl Henrik Ludolf Nielsen, composer, dies at 63.
in 1939 - Joe Dolan (Irish singer of pop and easy listening) is born.
in 1940 - Ivan Della Mea (Italian singer–songwriter, composer, author) is born.
in 1941 - Derek David Bourgeois, composer is born.
in 1941 - Erkki Jokinen, composer is born.

in 1942 - Dave Loveday (drummer, sometimes vocals; Fourmost) is born.
in 1943 - C Fred Turner, rock bassist/vocalist (Bachman-Turner Overdrive) is born.
in 1944 - Eric Westberg, composer, dies at 52.

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Old October 16th, 2013, 04:40 AM   #2617

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in 1945 - James Vincent Monaco dies at age 60. Italian-born American composer of popular music; born in Fornia, Italy; his family emigrated to USA when he was six. He worked as a ragtime player in Chicago before moving to New York. His first successful song "Oh, You Circus Day" was featured in the 1912 Broadway revue Hanky Panky. Further success came with "Row, Row, Row" (lyrics-William Jerome) in the Ziegfeld Follies of 1912. Perhaps his best remembered song is "You Made Me Love You (I Didn't Want to Do It)" (lyrics-Joseph McCarthy) introduced by Al Jolson in 1913. Other lyricists he teamed up with included Johnny Burke to produce songs for several Bing Crosby films. James was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aMLVdZXVQEU"]I miss you most of all (1913) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1946 - Sir Granville (Ransome) Bantock, eminent English composer and pedagogue, dies at london. He was a student of Frederick Corder at the Royal Academy of Music in London (1889-93), where he won the first Macfarren Scholarship. From 1893 to 1896 he was the editor of the New Quarterly Musical Review. In 1894-95 he made a world tour as conductor of the musical comedy The Gaiety Girl. From 1897 to 1900 he was director of music of the Tower Orchestra in New Brighton, where he won notice as a conductor of contemporary works. From 1900 to 1914 he was principal of the Birmingham and Midland Inst. School of Music. He served as the Peyton Professor of Music at the University of Birmingham from 1908 to 1934. He subsequently was a teacher and examiner at the Trinity College of Music in London. He was knighted in 1930. Bantock was a prolific composer who often wrote works on a vast scale. Many of his scores were of a programmatic nature, and revealed his fascination for exotic and heroic subjects. An Oriental and Celtic bent was particularly pronounced. His works were brilliantly scored and highly effective in performance, but they are rarely heard today. – Born at London, Aug. 7, 1868.

in 1946 - Wolfgang Rubsam, German organist and teacher, is born at Giessen. He studied at Southern Methodist University in Dallas (M.Mus., 1970), and took lessons with Helmut Walcha at the Frankfurt am Main Staatliche Hochschule fur Musik, where he graduated with an artist diploma in 1971; he subsequently studied with Marie-Claire Alain in Paris (1971-74). In 1974 he joined the faculty of Northwestern University. He made extensive tours as an organ virtuoso.

in 1947 - Bob Weir, SF Calif, guitarist (Grateful Dead-Uncle Joe's Band) is born.

in 1949 - Kazuhiro Koizumi, Japanese conductor, is born at Kyoto. He studied at the Tokyo University of the Arts, and later at the Berlin Hochschule fUr Musik; also worked with Ozawa. In 1970 he won 1st prize in the Min-Ono conducting competition in Japan, and in 1972, 1st prize in the Karajan Competition in Berlin. After serving as asst. conductor of the Japan Philharmonic in Tokyo (1970-72), he was music director of the New Japan Philharmonic there (1975-80) and of the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra (1983-89); also was chief conductor of the Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra (1984-87). He was principal conductor of the Kyiishii Symphony Orchestra in Fukuoka from 1988.

in 1951 - 18 year old Richard Penniman, who was already using the stage name Little Richard, made his first recordings for RCA Camden at the studios of Atlanta radio station WGST.

in 1952 - Ray (Robert) Anderson, jazz trombonist, is born at Chicago. A wild and rambunctious soloist, Anderson is also a witty performer who sometimes sings in a raspy style. He started music as a youth and began attending AACM concerts and blues shows in Chicago as a teenager. Anderson played in funk bands during the early 1970s, was briefly seen in San Francisco in 1973, and came to N.Y later that year. Early stints with Mingus led to gigs with Barry Altschul and Anthony Braxton, and many sessions in Latin jazz bands. Anderson has led his own groups since the late 1970s and won the 1981 Down Beat Critic's Poll in the category of Talent Deserving Wider Recognition/ Trombone. Since 1987, he has been working with pianist/ bandleader George Gruntz. Anderson began to have a larger following around 1989.

in 1952 - Boogie Mosson/Cordell Mosson (US bassist; United Soul/Parliament-Funkadelic) is born.
in 1953 - Tony Carey (US keyboards; Rainbow/Blessings/Planet P Project/solo) is born.

in 1953 - Larry Polansky, American composer, music theorist, writer, and teacher, is born at N.Y. He studied anthrpology and music at New College in Sarasota, Fla. (1974), and subsequently studied mathematics and music at the University of Calif., Santa Cruz (B.A., 1976), and undertook graduate work at York University in Toronto (1977). He finally majored in composition at the University of Ill. at Urbana-Champaign (M.A., 1978), and also studied composition privately with James Tenney, Ben Johnston, and Ron Riddle, jazz guitar with Chuck Wayne, George Barnes, and Michael Goodwick, bluegrass mandolin with Frank Wakefield and Paul Kramer, and jazz theory and improvisation with Lee Konitz.

He performed and arranged pieces in various styles, particularly jazz and folk, on guitar and other plectra, piano, and electronics (from 1966). He was a dance accompanist (1977-81), and composed works for the choreographers Ann Rodiger and Anita Feldman. He worked as a computer programmer, systems analyst, and studio engineer (from 1975). He taught at Mills College in Oakland, Calif. (1981-90), where he also was involved with its Center for Contemporary Music (1981-87; interim director, 1988) and directed its Contemporary Performance Ensemble (1981-86). In 1990 he became an assoc. professor at Dartmouth College, where he also co-directed its Bregman Electro-Acoustic Music Studio.

He is married to Jody Diamond, with whom he founded and directed the American Gamelan Institute and also edited its journal, Balungan. Together they also founded the publishing firm Frog Peak Music, A Composers' Collective. His own compositions reflect sophisticated technical concerns in acoustics, intonation, and morphological processes; they are generally in variation or canonic forms, based on single ideas worked out in textures that sometimes resemble those of minimalism. His 51 Harmonies for Percussion Trio, Live Computer Electronics, and Electric Guitar (1994) was commissioned by Cologne's Westdeutscher Rundfunk.

In 1995-96 he held a Fulbright Senior Scholar /Teacher Fellowship in Melbourne, Australia, and in 2000 he received a Parsons Fund Grant from the Library of Congress for research preparatory to a monograph on Ruth Crawford Seeger. Polansky's extensive articles and reviews have appeared in the Journal of New Music Research, Perspectives of New Music, Computer Music Journal et al. He served as music advisor ed. to the journal Leonardo (from 1985) and assoc. ed. of Perspectives of New Music (from 1988); he also authored HMSL (Hierarchical Music Specification Language), a widely used computer music language, as well as the books Early Works of James Tenney (1983) and New Instrumentation and Orchestration (1986).

in 1956 - Frankie Laine was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'A Woman In Love', the singers fourth and final UK No.1. Laine had the nicknames Mr. Rhythm and Old Leather Lungs.

in 1956 - Marin Alsop, American conductor, is born at N.Y.
She pursued music training at the Juilliard School in N.Y. (B.M., 1977; M.M., 1978). During the summers of 1988 and 1989, she held the Leonard Bernstein Conducting Fellowship at the Tanglewood Music Center, where she was a student of Bernstein, Ozawa, and Gustav Meier. In 1989 she became the first woman to receive the Koussevitzky conducting prize there, and that same year she was a prizewinner in the Stokowski conducting competition in N.Y. In 1984 she became founder-artistic director of her own N.Y. based orchestra, Concordia, with which she presented a varied repertoire of not only standard and contemporary works, but also jazz. She was also active as a jazz violinist, and was founder-director of her own swing band, String Fever. She served as music director of the Eugene (Oregon) Symphony Orchestra (1989-96), the Long Island Philharmonic (1990-96), the Cabrillo Music Festival (from 1992), and the Oregon Festival of American Music (from 1992), as well as principal conductor of the Colorado Symphony Orchestra in Denver (from 1993). She also held the first Creative Conductor's Chair with the St. Louis Symphony Orch. from 1996, and was principal guest conductor of the Royal Scottish National Orchestra in Glasgow and of the City of London Sinfonietta from 1999.

in 1957 - Ralph (actually Rudolf Josef Frantisek) Benatzky, Czech composer, dies at Zurich. He studied in Vienna, in Prague with Veit and Klinger, and in Munich with Mottl; he also took a Ph.D. in philology. After conducting at the Kleines Theater in Munich (1910-11), he went to Vienna as music director at the Kabarett Rideamus. He first gained notice as a composer for the theater with his operetta Der lachende Dreibund (Berlin, Oct. 31, 1913). His first notable success came with the operetta Liebe im Schnee (Vienna, Dec. 2, 1916), which was followed by the successful premieres of Yuschi tanzt (Vienna, April 3,1920), Apachen (Vienna, Dec. 20,1920), Pipsi (Vienna, Dec. 30, 1921), Ein Marchen aus Florenz (Vienna, Sept. 14,1923), and Adieu Mimi (Vienna, June 9, 1926). From 1924 he also was active at the Grosses Schauspielhaus in Berlin, where he provided music for various productions, including the Johann Strauss pasticcio Casanova (Sept. 1, 1928) and Die drei Musketiere (Sept. 28,1929). It was at that theater that he brought out his celebrated operetta Im weissen Rossi (Nov. 8, 1930), which was also made into a film in 1935. Among his other theater scores were Cocktail (Berlin, Dec. 15,1930), Zirkus Aimee (Basel, March 5, 1932), Bezauberndes Frdulein (Vienna, May 24, 1933), Deux sous de fleurs (Paris, Oct. 6, 1933), Das kleine Cafe (Vienna, April 20, 1934), Axel an der Himmelstur (Vienna, Sept. 1, 1936), Pairserinnin (Vienna, May 7, 1937; rev. ver., Lucerne, Dec. 11, 1964), Majestat-privat (Vienna, Dec. 18, 1937), and Der Silberhof (Mainz, Nov. 4, 1941). During World War II, Benatzky lived in the U.S. After the War, he returned to Europe and finally settled in Switzerland.– Born at Mahrisch-Budwitz, June 5, 1884.

in 1958 - Eleftheria Arvanitaki (Greek singer) is born.

in 1959 - Erkki-Sven Tüür, Estonian composer, is born at Kardla. He first studied flute at the Music School (graduated, 1980), and then composition with Jaan Raats at the Conservatory (graduated, 1984) in Tallinn. He pursued private instruction in composition from Lepo Sumera, and also studied electronic music in Darmstadt. Tuur began his career with the rock group In Spe, with which he appeared as a singer. His diverse musical background, ranging from formal training in art music to freewheeling rock, has led him to follow an eclectic but innovative path as a composer. His Requiem (1994) won the UNESCO International Rostrum of Composers Competition in Paris.

in 1959 - Gary Kemp, London, rock guitarist (Spandau Ballet-True) is born.

in 1959 - Minor Hall /Ram Hall dies at age 62. American jazz drummer born in Sellies, Louisiana; after studying at New Orleans University until 1914, Minor began playing with Kid Ory. He played in various New Orleans bands such as the Superior Band, then moved to Chicago in 1918. He took his brother, Tubby Hall's spot in Lawrence Duhe's band briefly before serving in the U.S. Army during WWI. In 1926 he played with Jimmy Noone, and then moved to California for an extended run with Mutt Carey's Jeffersonians from 1927 to 1932. He played in the Winslow Allen band in the 1930s, but took a hiatus from music for part of the decade, and served briefly in the Army again in '42. In 1945 he rejoined Ory in his Creole Jazz Band and became one of his most longstanding members, remaining with Ory's ensemble until 1956, when he retired through poor health. Minor recorded extensively with Ory and also did some recording with Louis Armstrong in the 1940s .

in 1960 - Bob Mould (US guitarist, vocalist, songwriter; Hüsker Dü/Sugar) is born.
in 1960 - Marc Reign (German drummer; thrash metal trio Destruction) is born.
in 1962 - Dmitri Hvorostovsky (Russian baritone) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0PcHEdSpnA"]Ombra Mai Fu - Dmitri Hvorostovsky - YouTube[/ame]

in 1962 - Flea, [Michael Balzary], bassist (Red Hot Chili Peppers) is born
in 1962 - Little Richard appeared live at the Gaumont Theatre, Southampton, during a UK tour.
in 1962 - Mr. Chi Pig/Ken Chinn (Canadian singer; SNFU) is born.

in 1962 - The first night of a two month Motown Records package tour started in Washington DC, featuring Marvin Gaye, The Supremes, Mary Wells, The Miracles and 12 year old Stevie Wonder.

in 1963 - Wig/Brendan Kibble (Australian singer, songwriter, guitarist; Bam Balams/Navahodads) is born.
in 1965 - Simon Bartholomew (guitarist, vocals; Brand New Heavies) is born.
in 1965 - Singer Leslie Uggams marries Grahame Pratt in NYC
in 1965 - Steve Lamacq (UK journalist, disc jockey) is born.

in 1965 - The Beatles recorded ‘Day Tripper’ at Abbey Road studio’s London in three takes, they then added vocals and other overdubs, completing the song before the end of the day.

in 1967 - Folk singer Joan Baez was arrested, along with 123 others, for blocking the entrance to an Armed Forces Induction Center in Oakland, California.

in 1969 - Bobbie Gentry was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with the Burt Bacharach and Hal David song 'I'll Never Fall In Love Again,' the singers only UK No.1.

in 1969 - Leonard Chess (LAZER SHMUEL CHEZ) Died October 16, 1969. A Soviet-Jewish immigrant, Leonard Chess had settled in Chicago’s predominantly black South side in 1928. By the mid Forties, Leonard and his younger brother Phil operated several nightclubs including their flagship venue, The Macomba, which booked blues and jazz acts. Unable to fully stock their jukeboxes with jazz and blues records, the Chess brothers were forced to start their own label, Aristocrat Records, in 1947, landing their first major hit in 1948 with Muddy Waters’ groundbreaking ‘(I Feel Like) Going Home’. In order to concentrate on the growing record company, Leonard Chess abdicated control of the nightclubs to his brother Phil. In 1950, the Chess brothers landed their first hit on their renamed Chess label with the Gene Ammons release, ‘My Foolish Heart’.

Largely ignorant about blues music, Leonard Chess hired blues bassist Willie Dixon as the house musical director, and within a few years, Chess had emerged as the country’s leading blues label, its roster boasting stars such as Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf and Little Walter. By 1955, Chess expanded into rock’n’roll with a pair of trailblazing, electric guitar-rooted artists, Bo Diddley and Chuck Berry. With blues falling out of popularity in the black community, Chess Records experienced a downturn in the late Fifties. Hiring former King-Federal Records producer Ralph Bass and songwriter and A&R-man Billy Davis in the early Sixties, Chess emerged as a soul-based label with new signings, Etta James, Billy Stewart, and The Dells. With the rise of blues among white college students in the late Sixties, Chess experienced a boom with much of its early material repackaged on LPs, but with the sale of Chess to General Recorded Tape (GRT) in 1969, the label lost its focus. After Leonard Chess’ death later that year, his son Marshall was named president. Chess was closed in 1975, with MCA Records acquiring the 25,000 title Chess catalogue ten years later. (Heart attack). He died in Chicago. Born March 12, 1917.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QKI9QZ5syc0"]Chess Records: The Southside's Sad Soul - YouTube[/ame]

in 1969 - Roy Hargrove (US jazz trumpeter) is born.
in 1969 - Wendy Wilson, Los Angeles Ca, rock vocalist (Wilson Phillips-Hold On) is born
in 1971 - Chad Gray (US singer) is born.

in 1972 - Creedence Clearwater Revival split up following the failure of their most recent album, 'Mardi Gras'. After limited success as a solo act and some legal hassles with Fantasy Records, John Fogarty would have two big hits in 1980 'Center Field' and 'Rock and Roll Girl'. John's brother Tom Fogarty died in September, 1990 and the surviving members have been touring as Creedence Clearwater Revisited.

in 1972 - Tomas Lindberg/Goatspell (Swedish singer; At The Gates/Lock Up/The Great Deciever) is born.
in 1973 - Wishbone Ash supported by Home appeared at Sheffield's City Hall, tickets £1.25 & 75p.

in 1973 - Gene Krupa, famed and flamboyant swing-era drummer, leader, Died at Yonkers, N.Y. He attended Bowen B.S., and later studied at St. Joseph's College in Ind.; during summer vacations he played a season with the Frivolians in Madison, Wisc. In 1925 he began studying percussion with teachers Al Silverman, Ed Straight, and Roy Knapp. He made his first records with the McKenzieCondon Chicagoans in 1927. Condon and others later claimed this was the first use of a full drum set with a bass drum, which is not true; even the ODJB's 1917 recordings have a quite audible bass drum. Krupa moved to N.Y. in 1929 and began working for Red Nichols.

During the next two years he worked mainly in theatre bands directed by Nichols. During the early 1930s he played in various commercial bands. He starred with Benny Goodman from December 1934 until February 1938, then formed his own big band for his debut at Steel Pier, Atlantic City, in April 1938. In the early 1940s, his band featured both Roy Eldridge (in one of the early attempts at interracial performances) and Anita O'Day. He continued to lead his own successful band until May 1943 when circumstances outside of music forced him to disband. He was charged with hiring an underage band boy and was briefly arrested.

In San Francisco for a short while, he returned to N.Y. and studied harmony and composition. He rejoined Benny Goodman in September 1943 until midDecember 1943, then joined Tommy Dorsey in N.Y, remaining with that band until the following July. He left to organize his own big band, which got under way late in 1944. Initially it proved to be an enormous band hovering between the 30- and 40-piece mark; it settled down to a more usual format and enjoyed wide success until 1951. From September 1951 he began to tour regularly in "Jazz at the Philharmonic" shows, usually featured with his own trio. He toured with his own trio/quartet in the 1950s (including trips overseas to Europe and Asia), and also appeared regularly at the Metropole (N.Y.).

He was temporarily inactive in late 1960 due to heart strain, then resumed leading. In June 1963 led specially formed a big band in Hollywood, and a year later made second visit to Japan with own quartet. From 1954 Krupa and Cozy Cole ran a drum school in N.Y. He was in semi-retirement from October 1967 until leading own quartet at Hotel Plaza (N.Y.), 1970. He resumed regular playing, occasionally touring, and continued playing until shortly before his death from leukemia.

He appeared in many films, among them George White's Scandals, Some Like It Hot (1941, not the later film with Marilyn Monroe), Beat the Band, and The Benny Goodman Story. A supposedly biographical film, The Gene Krupa Story (retitled Drum Crazy in some countries) was released in 1959, the role of Krupa played by Sal Mineo; Krupa recorded the soundtrack.

Krupa was an exciting, effective, and highly interactive drummer. He is said to have "popularized" the drums with his extended, virtuosic solos. He got stereotyped by critics and some musicians for his tom-tom beat on "Sing, Sing, Sing," and has been often called loud and exhibitionistic. But in fact he was the lifeblood of the Goodman band, and his work with the small groups was sensational. Like other loud drummers such as Elvin Jones and Max Roach, he amazes by being able to respond to what he hears around him with great intuition.

This is perhaps easiest to hear on the beautifully recorded reunion of the quartet for RCA in 1963, Together Again. As early as the mid-1930s, in a trio with Jess Stacy, his offbeat rimshots and snare acccents create a counterpoint that was quite rare for the time. Yet he had little direct influence on the next generation, probably because his time feel was an older style-many forgot he had first recorded in 1927-which was probably, deep down, also the source for much of the criticism. That is, by the time he reached his height of fame with Goodman, his time feel was already outmoded by Jo Jones, Kenny Clarke and others. – Born at Chicago, Jan. 15, 1909.

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Old October 16th, 2013, 04:42 AM   #2618

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in 1974 - The Grateful Dead played the first of five nights at the Winterland Arena, San Francisco, California.

in 1976 - One hit wonder Rick Dees and his Cast Of Idiots went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Disco Duck, (part one)'. Dees was a US TV and radio presenter, the song became a No.6 hit in the UK.

in 1976 - Stevie Wonder's 'Songs In The Key Of Life', went to No.1 on the US album chart, featuring the tracks 'Sir Duke', 'I Wish', 'Pastime Paradise' and 'Isn't She Lovely'. It was Wonder's third US No.1.

in 1977 - John Mayer (US singer-songwriter, guitarist) is born.
in 1978 - Abel Talamantez, Texas, singer (Menudo-Cannonball) is born
in 1978 - Dan Dailey, dancer/actor (Gov Drinkwater-Governor and JJ), dies at 63.
in 1978 - Ethan John Luck (US guitarist, photographer, and drummer; The O.C. Supertones/others) is born.
in 1981 - Harvey Fierstein's "Torch Song Trilogy," premieres in NYC.

in 1982 - Culture Club appeared on UK TV's Top Of The Pops performing 'Do You Really Want To Hurt Me', which they got thanks to Shakin' Stevens being ill and not able to appear. The song became a major hit after their memorable performance on the music TV show.

in 1982 - Jakov Gotovac dies at age 87. Croatian composer, conductor of classical music. He is the author of the most famous Croatian nationalist opera, the comic Ero s onoga svijeta "Ero the joker", which has been performed on all continents except Australia, and translated into nine languages, with its libretto written by Milan Begovic. It has been performed in more than 80 theatres in Europe alone . In his works, he represents the late national romanticism, with national folklore being the main source of ideas and inspiration.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cpggiNRPal4"]Jakov Gotovac - Simfonijsko kolo - YouTube[/ame]

in 1982 - Mario Del Monaco dies at age 67. Italian tenor and is regarded by his admirers as being one of the greatest dramatic tenors of the 20th century. Born in Florence career began with his debut on December 31st 1940, as Pinkerton at the Puccini Theater in Milan and made his first recordings in Milan in 1948 for HMV. He sang at the New York Metropolitan Opera from 1951 to 1959, enjoying particular success in dramatic Verdi parts such as Radames. He soon established himself as one of a quartet of Italian tenor "superstars" who reached the peak of their fame in the 1950s and '60s, the others being Giuseppe Di Stefano, Carlo Bergonzi and Franco Corelli. He retired from the stage in 1975 (Mario sadly died as a result of nephritis).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oN4zv0zhNt8"]Mario Del Monaco sings Pagliacci (vaimusic.com) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1982- Vincy Wing-yee Chan (Award winning Chinese singer) is born.

in 1983 - George Liberace dies at age 72. American musician and television performer, born in Menasha, Wisconsin, he was the elder brother and business partner of famed US entertainer Liberace, Wladziu Valentino Liberace. He appeared regularly on his brother's syndicated TV show in the 1950s as violin accompanist and orchestral arranger (died of leukemia in Las Vegas, Nevada).

in 1983 - George Liberace, violinist (Liberace Show), dies at 72.

in 1986 - Arthur Grumiaux dies at age 65. Belgian violinist, also proficient in piano, born in Villers-Perwin. He begin music studies at the age of only 4, and trained on violin and piano with the Fernand Quintet at the Charleroi Conservatory, where he took first prize at the age of 11. Arthur's playing was included on over 30 recordings. The titles on these releases favour the compositions of Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Mozart, and Schubert, but he also including works by Corelli, Ravel, Debussy and Franck. In addition to his solo work, he recorded Mozart quintets with the Grumiaux Ensemble, and various selections with the Grumiaux Trio. His successful performance career led up to royal recognition, and in 1973 he was knighted baron by King Baudouin for his services to music, thus sharing the title with Paganini. (He struggled with diabetes, his heavy recording schedules and concert performances, sadly he died of a sudden stroke while in in Brussels).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CB3RAqUVPR0"]Arthur Grumiaux Jean-Marie Leclair Sonta No.3 in D Major vol.1 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1986 - Keith Richards, Eric Clapton and Robert Cray joined other artists on stage in St Louis, for Chuck Berry's 60th birthday concert, as featured in the film 'Hail Hail! Rock & Roll'.

in 1988 - Whitney Houston had her third UK No.1 single with 'One Moment In Time.' The song was recorded to celebrate the Seoul Olympic Games of 1988.

in 1990 - Jorge Bolet, brilliant Cuban-born American pianist, dies at Mountain View, Calif. After training in Havana, he enrolled at the age of 12 as a scholarship student at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, where he studied with Saperton (piano) and Reiner (conducting); he also studied piano with Godowsky (1932-33) and Rosenthal (1935). In 1935 he made his European debut in Amsterdam, and in 1937 his U.S. debut in Philadelphia. He then continued his training with Serkin. In 1937 he received the Naumburg Prize, which led to his successful N.Y. debut that same year. In 1938 he won the Josef Hofmann Award. After serving as Serkin's assistant at the Curtis Inst. (1939-42), he served in the military during World War II. Following the War, he pursued additional training with Chasins and then began to tour. However, it was not until the early 1960s that he gained wide recognition as a virtuoso in the grand Romantic manner. In subsequent years he toured all over the globe. He also served as prof, of music at the Indiana University School of Music in Bloomington (1968-77), and then as head of the piano department at the Curtis Institute (from 1977).— Born at Havana, Nov. 15,1914.

in 1990 - Franco Autori, Italian-born American conductor, dies at Tulsa, OK.
After study in Italy, he emigrated to the U.S. in 1928 and became a naturalized citizen in 1936. He conducted at the Chicago Civic Opera (1928-32) and the Dallas Symphony Orchestra
summer series (1932-34). After serving as a staff conductor with the Federal Music Project in N.Y. (1934-37), he was conductor of the Buffalo Philharmonic(1936-45), associate conductor of the N.Y. Philharmonic(1949-59), and conductor of the Tulsa Philharmonic(1961-71). - Born at Naples, Nov. 29, 1903.

in 1990 - Art Blakey/Abdullah Ibn Buhaina dies at age 71. US jazz drummer; one of the inventors of the modern, bebop style of drumming. He was known as a powerful musician and a ferocious groover. He is undoubtedly one of the most influential jazz musicians ever; his brand of bluesy, funky hard bop was and still remains profoundly influential on mainstream jazz. As a teenager he was playing the piano full-time, leading a commercial band, before teaching himself to drum.After which in the 1940s, Blakey was a member of bands led by Mary Lou Williams, Fletcher Henderson, and Billy Eckstine. In 1947 Art organized the Seventeen Messengers, a rehearsal band, and recorded with an octet called the Jazz Messengers. Over the years the Jazz Messengers served as a springboard for young jazz musicians such as Donald Byrd, Johnny Griffin, Lee Morgan, Wayne Shorter, Freddie Hubbard, Keith Jarrett, Chuck Mangione, Woody Shaw, JoAnne Brackeen and Wynton Marsalis. Art made a world tour in 1971–2 with the Giants of Jazz including Dizzy Gillespie, Kai Winding, Sonny Stitt, Thelonious Monk and Al McKibbon. Up to the 1960s Art also recorded as a sideman with many other musicians including Jimmy Smith, Herbie Nichols, Cannonball Adderley, Miles Davis, Grant Green, and Jazz Messengers graduates Lee Morgan and Hank Mobley, amongst many others. However, after the mid-1960s he mostly concentrated on his own work as a leader (lung cancer).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKXsnDvILmI"]Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers - Moanin' - YouTube[/ame]

in 1992 - Bob Dylan’s 30th Anniversary (of his recording debut) tribute concert took place at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Guest performers include Neil Young, Eric Clapton, George Harrison, Roger McGuinn, Tom Petty, Ron Wood and Dylan himself.

in 1994 - William Henry Swinburne, music teacher, dies at 87
in 1996 - James Wild, music teacher, dies at 68.
in 1999 - Santana started a 12 week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Smooth'.

in 2001 - Etta Jones dies at age 72 American jazz singer; critical success and relative commercial obscurity earned her a reputation in her lifetime as a "jazz musician's jazz singer", a highly underrated singer who rarely received the recognition she so richly deserved. Her first recordings "Salty Papa Blues," "Evil Gal Blues," "Blow Top Blues," and "Long, Long Journey" were produced by Leonard Feather in 1944, featuring her in the company of clarinetist Barney Bigard and tenor saxophonist Georgie Auld. Her last recording, a tribute to Billie Holiday, was released 57 years later on the day of her death. Only one of her recordings, her debut album "Don't Go to Strangers" in 1960 was a big success with sales of over a million copies. Etta had three Grammy nominations, for the Don't Go to Strangers LP in 1960, Save Your Love for Me in 1981, and My Buddy in 1999. In 2008 the album Don't Go to Strangers was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame (cancer).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=08IR-eq-RMc"]Etta Jones - Don't Go To Strangers - YouTube[/ame]

in 2001 - Two security guards were sacked after refusing to allow Bob Dylan into his own concert. Dylan who had demanded that security on his 'Love and Theft' tour should be tighter than ever didn't have a pass when he arrived backstage.

in 2002 - Billy Joel checked out of a Connecticut hospital known for treating substance abuse.

in 2002 - Ramon Loper (RAMON NAVARRO LOPER) died. The baritone vocalist of pioneering doo-wop group The Five Keys, Ramon Loper joined midway through their career. When lead singer Rudy West and tenor Dickie Smith were drafted into the army in 1953, they were replaced by Ulysses Hicks and Ramon Loper. Smith had recommended Loper, then a member of a Newport News, Virginia-based vocal group, The Bob-O-Links. Leaving Aladdin Records, the group briefly recorded for RCA before the comedic ‘Ling, Ting, Tong’, featuring Hicks on lead vocals, reached the R&B Top 10 on Capitol Records. With Rudy West returning, The Five Keys’ hit run continued over the next two years with the Chuck Willis-penned ‘Close Your Eyes’, ‘The Verdict’, ‘’Cause You’re My Lover’, the million-selling ‘Out Of Sight, Out Of Mind’ and ‘Wisdom Of A Fool’. Following West’s retirement from the group in 1958, The Five Keys signed to King Records without success and after leaving the group in late 1958, Ramon settled in New York City where he joined a touring version of The Ink Spots. He later worked in retail. He died at St. Luke’s Hospital in New York City. - Born November 25, 1935.

in 2004 - Doug Bennett dies at age 52. Canadian rock singer-songwriter, born in Toronto, he moved to Vancouver in 1973. In 1977, he formed the rock band Doug and the Slugs, they toured extensively through America in the 1980s. He wrote or co-wrote many of their songs such as "Too Bad," "Day By Day," "Making It Work" and "Tomcat Prowl." Besides numerous works with Doug and the Slugs, he released a solo album, Animato, in 1986. He also produced and directed music videos for artists such as Headpins, Trooper, Zappacosta, Images In Vogue and for the Slugs themselves (Doug tragacally died a week after falling into a coma).

in 2005 - David Reilly dies at age 34. American singer, songwriting, multi-musician, production partner in the electro-rock band God Lives Underwater aka GLU. They released a self-titled EP, the album Empty, which produced the single "No More Love", after which he left to launch a solo career. Also with GLU bandmember Jeff Turzo, he produced and remixed for Skinny Puppy, Rob Zombie, and Messiah, and he organized and contributed to 1998's For the Masses: A Tribute To Depeche Mode (complications of a coma brought on by pain medication for an abscessed tooth). - Born May 5, 1971.

in 2006 - CBGB, the legendary New York punk club credited with discovering Patti Smith and The Ramones, closed after a final gig by Smith herself. Blondie and Talking Heads also found fame after performing at the club, which helped launch US punk music. The venue first opened in December 1973, its full name CBGB OMFUG standing for "country, bluegrass, blues and other music for uplifting gormandizers".

in 2006 - John "Tommy" Johnson dies at age 71. American orchestral tuba player. He performed on more than 2,000 film soundtracks, most notably John Williams' Jaws score, in which he played a high-register tuba solo as the melodic theme for the shark; born in LA, California. He received a bachelor's degree in music in 1956 and he played on his first film in 1958, the score for Al Capone. He went on to become Hollywood's "first-call" tuba player, playing for TV commercials and series, such as The Flintstones. In addition to Jaws, his films included, The Godfather, the Indiana Jones series, the Star Trek movie series, The Lion King, Titanic, The Thin Red Line (the 1998 remake), The Matrix, Cats and Dogs, Forrest Gump, Air Force One, Back to the Future, A Bug's Life and Lethal Weapon are just a few of the 2000 (cancer and kidney failure).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ayucqk6UkQI"]Canned Heat Blues - TOMMY JOHNSON, Delta Blues Legend - YouTube[/ame]

in 2007 - French rock star Bertrand Cantat was freed from jail after serving half of an eight-year sentence for killing his actress girlfriend. Cantat, singer with Noir Desir, was jailed for the manslaughter of Marie Trintignant after a violent row in a Lithuanian hotel in July 2003. She died after spending days in a coma.

in 2007 - Macedonian pop star Tose Proeski was killed in a car crash in Croatia. Proeski sang for Macedonia in the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest and won many awards in former Yugoslavia. The 26-year-old's car was in a collision with a lorry on a motorway near the eastern Croatian town of Nova Gradiska.

in 2007 - Madonna signed a ground-breaking recording and touring contract with concert promoter Live Nation becoming the first major star to choose an all-in-one agreement with a tour company over a traditional record contract. The deal reported to be worth $120m (£59m) over 10 years, would give Live Nation rights to all her music-related projects - including new albums, tours, merchandise, websites, DVDs, sponsorship, TV shows and films.

in 2007 - Steve J. Spears dies at age 56. Australian playwright, actor, writer and singer, born in Adelaide, after his parents separated,, he grew up with relatives in the suburb of Mile End. He studied Law at the University of Adelaide, but through writing and performing student revues, was distracted into a career in the theatre. His most famous work was The Elocution of Benjamin Franklin in '76. He was cited as "one of Australia's most celebrated playwrights". (lung cancer).

in 2007 - Todor "Toše" Proeski dies at age 26. Macedonian singer songwriter born in Prilep; a regurlar at the Eastern European festivals and represented Macedonia at the Eurovision Song Contest 2004. He was called "Elvis Presley of the Balkans". Todor was an established songwriter, he wrote several hits for himself including "Ima Li Den Za Nas"/"Is There A Day For Us", "Slusaš Li"/"Are You Listening", "Malecka"/"Little One" and "Polsko Cveke"/"Field Flower". In 2004, Proeski composed "Muza" ("Muse") for Martin Vucic, the 2005 Eurovision Song Contest representative for the Republic of Macedonia. Todor also held humanitarian concerts throughout the Republic of Macedonia. He was awarded with the Mother Theresa Humanitarian Award and in 2003 he became a Regional UNICEF Ambassador. (died near Nova Gradiška, Croatia, he was a passenger in a car accident when the airbags failed to activate).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ne1kiCNVysc"]Ako odam vo Bitola - Todor "To[/ame]

in 2008 - Britney Spears went to No.1 on the US singles chart with ‘Womanizer’ the singers second No.1 after her debut single ‘...Baby One More Time’ in 1999.

in 2010 - Auburn University graduate student Justin Havird named a new species of fish, Lepidocephalichthys zeppelini, because the fish's pectoral fin reminded him of the double-neck guitar used by Jimmy Page. 'I'm a big Led Zeppelin fan, and I was listening to them while I was working on the fish,' Havird said. 'The structure that makes this species unique just reminded me of the guitar that Jimmy Page played'.

16 October
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Old October 17th, 2013, 07:01 AM   #2619

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17 October
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in 1688 - Domenico Zipoli, composer is born.

in 1707 - German composer Johann S Bach marries his cousin Maria Barbara Bach, who was the
daughter of Johann Michael Bach.

in 1720 - Maria Teresa Agnesi-Pinottini, Italian harpsichordist, singer, and composer, is born at Milan. She won success as a composer with her first theater piece, the cantata pastorale // ristoro d'Arcadia, which was given at the Regio Ducal Teatro in Milan in 1747. She wrote her own libretto for the opera Giro in Armenia, which was premiered at the same theater on Dec. 26, 1753. Among her other stage works were Il re pastore (c. 1756), Sofonisba (Naples, 1765), and Nitrocri (Venice, 1771). She also wrote some instrumental music. – Died at Milan, Jan. 19, 1795.

in 1729 - Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny, composer is born.
in 1730 - Ernestus Weinrauch, composer is born.

in 1760 - Girolamo Abos, Maltese composer and teacher of Spanish descent, dies at Naples. He settled in Naples, where he most likely received his training at the Conservatory Poveri di Gesu Cristo. In 1742 3 he was on its faculty, and he also taught at the Conservatory S. Onofrio a Capuana from 1742, where he was maestro from 1748 to 1760. He likewise taught at the Conservatory della Pieta dei Turchini, where he was secondo maestro from 1754 to 1759. Abos became best known as a composer of both opera buffa and opera serie. Born at La Valetta, Nov. 16,1715.

in 1778 - Michele, Benedetti,Italian bass is born at Loreto; place and date of death unknown. He settled in Naples, where he appeared in the first Italian mounting of La vestale in 1811. He won the esteem of Rossini, who chose him to create there the roles of Elmiro Barberigo in Otello, ossia II Mow di Venezia (1816), Idraste in Armida (1817), Mose in Mose in Egitto (1818), Ircano in Ricdardo eZoraide (1818), Douglas d'Angus in La donna del lago (1819), and Leucippo in Zelmira (1822). He also created roles in operas by Pacini, Mayr, Mercadante, and Bellini.

in 1790 - August Ferdinand Anacker, German composer, is born at Freiberg, Saxony. He was educated at the University of Leipzig. In 1821 he became cantor in Freiberg, and also founded that city's Singakademie in 1823. His oratorio, Bergmannsgruss (1831-32), was widely performed in his lifetime. Died at Freiberg, Saxony Aug. 21, 1854.

in 1795 - Maria Teresa Agnesi-Pinottini, Italian harpsichordist, singer, and composer, is born at Milan. She won success as a composer with her first theater piece, the cantata pastorale // ristoro d'Arcadia, which was given at the Regio Ducal Teatro in Milan in 1747. She wrote her own libretto for the opera Giro in Armenia, which was premiered at the same theater on Dec. 26, 1753. Among her other stage works were // re pastore (c. 1756), Sofonisba (Naples, 1765), and Nitrocri (Venice, 1771). She also wrote some instrumental music.— Died at Milan, Jan. 19, 1795.

in 1797 -Mario Aspa, Italian composer, is born at Messina. He was a student of Zingarelli in Naples. He composed over 40 operas, the most successful being Paolo e Virginia (Rome, April 29, 1843) and Il Muratore di Napoli (Naples, Oct. 16, 1850). – Died at Messina, Dec. 14, 1868.

in 1825 - Peter Winter, composer, dies at 71.
in 1837 - Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Austrian composer, dies at 58.
in 1844 - Miguel Nieto, composer is born.

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in 1849 - Frederic -Francois (actually, Fryderyk Franciszek) Chopin, dies at Paris. Greatly renowned Polish composer, incomparable genius of the piano who created a unique romantic style of keyboard music; born at Zelazowa Wola, near Warsaw, in all probability on March 1,1810, the date given by Chopin himself in his letter of acceptance of membership in the Polish Literary Society in Paris in 1833 (but in his certificate of baptism the date of birth is given as Feb. 22, 1810 His father, Nicolas Chopin, was a native of Marainville, France, who went to Warsaw as a teacher of French; his mother, Tekla Justyna Krzyzanowska, was Polish. Chopin's talent was manifested in early childhood; at the age of eight, he played in public a piano concerto by Gyrowetz, and he had already begun to compose polonaises, mazurkas, and waltzes.

He received his primary musical instruction from the Bohemian pianist Adalbert ywny, who resided in Warsaw at the time. A much more important teacher was Joseph Eisner, director of the Warsaw School of Music, who gave him a thorough instruction in music theory and form. Chopin was 15 years old when his Rondo for Piano was published in Warsaw as op.1. In the summer of 1829 he set out for Vienna, where he gave highly successful concerts on Aug. 11 and Aug. 18, 1829. While in Vienna, he made arrangements to have his variations on Mozart's aria La ci darem la mano, for Piano and Orchestra, published by Haslinger as op.2. It was this work that attracted the attention of Schumann, who saluted Chopin in his famous article published in the Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung of Dec. 7, 1831, in which Schumann's alter ego, Eusebius, is represented as exclaiming, "Hats off, gentlemen! A genius!"

The common assumption in many biographies that Schumann "launched" Chopin on his career is deceptive; actually Schumann was some months younger than Chopin, and was referred to editorially merely as a student of Professor Wieck. Returning to Warsaw, Chopin gave the first public performance of his Piano Concerto in F minor, op.21, on March 17, 1830. On Oct. 11, 1830, he was soloist in his Piano Concerto in E minor, op.ll. A confusion resulted in the usual listing of the E-minor Concerto as first, and the F-minor Concerto as his second; chronologically, the composition of the F-minor Concerto preceded the E-minor. He spent the winter of 1830-31 in Vienna.

The Polish rebellion against Russian domination, which ended in defeat, determined Chopin's further course of action, and he proceeded to Paris, visiting Linz, Salzburg, Dresden, and Stuttgart on the way. He arrived in Paris in Sept. 1831, and was introduced to Rossini, Cherubini, and Pae'r. He also met Bellini, Meyerbeer, Berlioz, Victor Hugo, and Heinrich Heine; he became particularly friendly with Liszt. Paris was then the center of Polish emigration, and Chopin maintained his contacts with the Polish circle there. He presented his first Paris concert on Feb. 26,1832. He also taught the piano. The Paris critics found an apt Shakespearean epithet for him, calling him "the Ariel of the piano." In 1834 he went with Hiller to Germany, where he met Mendelssohn and Clara and Robert Schumann. In July 1837 he went with Pleyel to London.

In 1836 he met the famous novelist Aurore Dupin (Mme. Dudevant), who published her works under the affected masculine English name George Sand. They became intimate, even though quite incompatible in character and interests. Sand was involved in social affairs and held radical views; Chopin was a poet confined within his inner world; it has been said that she was the masculine and he the feminine partner in their companionship. In the winter of 1838-39, Chopin accompanied Sand to the island of Majorca, where she attended to him with total devotion; yet she portrayed him in her novel Lucrezia Floriani as a weakling. Indeed, she was quite overt in her reference to him as a lover; in a personal letter dated 1838 she said that she had difficulty in inducing him to submit to a sensual embrace, and implied that she lived as an immaculate virgin most of the time they were together.

They parted in 1847; by that time he was quite ill with tuberculosis; a daguerreotype taken of him represents a prematurely aged man with facial features showing sickness and exhaustion, with locks of black hair partly covering his forehead. Yet he continued his concert career. He undertook a tour as pianist in England and Scotland in 1848; he gave his last concert in Paris on Feb. 16, 1848. La Revue et Gazette Musicale of Feb. 20, 1848, gives a precious account of the occasion: 'The finest flower of feminine aristocracy in the most elegant attire filled the Salle Pleyel," the paper reported, "to catch this musical sylph on the wing." Chopin played his last concert in London, a benefit for Polish emigres, on Nov. 16, 1848. He died the following year; Mozart's Requiem was performed at Chopin's funeral at the Madeleine, with Habeneck conducting the orchestra and chorus of the Paris Conservatory, and Pauline Viardot and Lablache singing the solo parts.

He was buried at Pere Lachaise between the graves of Cherubini and Bellini; however, at his own request, his heart was sent to Warsaw for entombment in his homeland. Chopin represents the full liberation of the piano from traditional orchestra and choral influences, the authoritative assumption of its role as a solo instrument. Not seeking "orchestral" sonorities, he may have paled as a virtuoso beside the titanic Liszt, but the poesy of his pianism, its fervor of expression, the pervading melancholy in his nocturnes and ballades, and the bounding exultation of his scherzos and etudes were never equaled. And, from a purely technical standpoint, Chopin's figurations and bold modulatory transitions seem to presage the elaborate transtonal developments of modern music.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ge-V8PwR9hI"]FRÉDÉRIC CHOPIN - PIANO CONCERTO NO. 2 IN F MINOR OP. 21 - ARTHUR RUBINSTEIN [HD] - YouTube[/ame]

in 1860 - Dionyssios Lavrangas, composer is born.
in 1878 - Henri Mulet, composer is born.
in 1890 - Prosper Philippe Catherine Sainton, composer, dies at 77.
in 1892 - Herbert Norman Howells, composer is born.
in 1892 - Otakar Jeremias, composer is born.

in 1893 - Jean Binet, Swiss composer, is born at Geneva. He studied in Geneva at the University and at the Institut Jaques-Dalcroze; after training with Otto Barban, William Montillet, and George Templeton Strong, he completed his studies with Bloch in N.Y., whom he helped to found the Dalcroze Rhythmic School and then the Cleveland Conservatory. He taught the Dalcroze method in Brussels (1923-29) before settling in Trelex; later was president of the Societe Suisse des Auteurs et Editeurs (1951-60). His output was marked by a refined Gallic quality. – Died at Trelex, Feb. 24, 1960.

in 1895 - Doris Humphrey, Oak Park Ill, dancer (Dances of Women) is born.
in 1897 - Isidor Dannstrom, composer, dies at 84.

in 1901 - Lee(ds) Collins, New Orleans-style jazz trumpeter, singer, is born at New Orleans, La.. His father was a trumpeter; his uncle was a trombonist. He started on trumpet at 12, with lessons from his father and "Professor" Jim Humphrey. At 15 he did his first regular playing at the Zulu's Club, then with Pops Foster organized the Young Eagles. In 1917-18 Collins worked with the Columbia Band and the Young Tuxedo Orch., while he continued playing with the Young Eagles. He played with Bud Roussel's Band, Papa Celestin, Jessie Jackson's Golden Leaf Orchestra, and Zutty Singleton (1919-22); had a residency at the Cadillac Club, then toured Fla. with his own band (1923). In 1924 Collins moved to Chicago to join King Oliver, recorded with Jelly Roll Morton, and then returned to New Orleans.

He played with several local leaders through the end of the decade, except for a brief tour with "Professor" Sherman Cook's Revue. Collins co-led band for Jones-Collins' "Astoria Hot Eight" recordings (1929). In 1930 he moved briefly to N.Y., worked with Luis Russell Band replacing Henry "Red" Allen who was vacationing in New Orleans. From 1931 through 1950, he mostly did club work in Chicago, working with many different New Orleansstyle bands. In 1951 he toured Europe with Mezz Mezzrow, but had to leave the tour due to illness; he returned to Chicago and then played with Joe Sullivan's band in the summer of 1953 in San Francisco. He went again to Europe with Mezzrow in fall 1954, and was again sidetracked by illness. He returned to Chicago, then suffered a stroke. For the last years of his life Collins was musically inactive due to chronic emphysema. – Died at Chicago, Ill., July 3, 1960.

in 1904 - Varvara Gaigerova, Russian pianist and composer, is born at Oryekhovo-Zuyevo. She studied piano at the Moscow Conservatory with Neuhaus and composition with Miaskovsky. In most of her compositions, she cultivated folk materials of the constituent republics of the U.S.S.R., including those of the Mongol populations of Siberia and Central Asia. – Died 1944.

in 1904 - Dinu (Constantin) Badescu,Romanian tenor, is born at Craiova. He studied in Bucharest. He made his operatic debut as a baritone in 1931 in Cluj as Germont, returning later that year to make his tenor debut as Lionel in Martha. He was a leading member of the Bucharest Opera (1936-61); also sang at the Vienna Volksoper (1941-44) and at the Vienna State Opera (from 1948); he was highly successful as a guest artist with the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow, in Leningrad, Budapest, Prague, et al., making a specialty of lyricodramatic roles in Verdi's operas.

in 1904 - Nikolai Amani, Russian composer, dies at age 32 at Yalta. He was a pupil in piano of Essipova and in composition of Rimsky-Korsakov and Liadov at the St. Petersburg Conservatory (1890-1900). His life was cut short by tuberculosis. Among his works were a String Trio (1900), piano pieces, and songs. – Born at St. Petersburg, April 4, 1872.

in 1904 - Dinu Constantin Badescu, Romanian tenor, is born at Craiova. He studied in Bucharest. He made his operatic debut as a baritone in 1931 in Cluj as Germont, returning later that year to make his tenor debut as Lionel in Martha. He was a leading member of the Bucharest Opera (1936-61); also sang at the Vienna Volksoper (1941-44) and at the Vienna State Opera (from 1948); he was highly successful as a guest artist with the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow, in Leningrad, Budapest, Prague, et al., making a specialty of lyricodramatic roles in Verdi's operas. – Died Ocrober 23, 1980.

in 1909 - Cozy Cole, (actually, William Randolph), noted jazz drummer, is born at East Orange, N.J. The family moved to N.Y. in 1926 and Cole played drums from an early age, turning professional in 1928. He played with Wilbur Sweatman (c. 1928), and led his own band in late 1920s. Cole recorded with Jelly Roll Morton in 1930, and he worked with various leaders through the 1930s, including Blanche Calloway (1931-33), Benny Carter (late 1933-34), Willie Bryant (1935-36), and Stuff Smith (early 1936-38).

In November 1938, he began his nearly fouryear association with Cab Calloway, where he first attracted widespread acclaim. His solos were the highlights of several Calloway recordings of this period, including "Crescendo to Drums" and "Paradiddle." From 1942-45 Cole worked as a member of the CBS radio staff orch., while also leading his own trio, from time to time, at N.Y.'s Onyx club. His drumming was featured in the Broadway production of Carmen Jones in the "Beat Out Dat Rhythm on a Drum" number.

He worked with Benny Goodman in the Make Mine Music film (June 1944), and also in Billy Rose's Seven Lively Arts theatrical production (1945-46). During the 1940s, Cole did extensive studies at Juilliard, regular studio work 1946-48, and led own quintet in 1948, and septet in early 1949. He was with Louis Armstrong All Stars from spring of 1949 until October 1953, where his playing again was a major draw. He played regularly at the Metropole, N.Y., during the 1950s and also did freelance studio work; in 1954 Cole started a drum school in partnership with Gene Krupa (which remained in business until Krupa's death in 1973).

In autumn of 1957, he toured Europe with "All Stars'7 led by Jack Teagarden and Earl Hines. In 1958 Cozy gained a hit parade success with his single "Topsy" and subsequently led his own band on national tours. He led his own group at the Metropole during early 1960s, toured Africa with his own quintet (autumn 1962-early 1963), and was regularly featured on television shows. He was a member of the Jonah Jones Quintet (1969-76); then was artist-in-residence at Capital Univ. in Columbus, Ohio. He did freelance work through the 1970s, touring Europe in 1976 with Benny Carter's quartet as part of Barry Martyn's show "A Night in New Orleans/' He appeared in several films including Make Mine Music and The Glenn Miller Story, and also did the soundtrack for The Strip in 1951. – Died at Columbus, Ohio, Jan. 29, 1981.

in 1909 - Nicola Spinelli, composer, dies at 44.
in 1909 - William "Cozy" Cole (American jazz drummer) is born.
in 1910 - Julia Ward Howe, composer (Battle Hymn of Republic), dies at 91.
in 1912 - Jack Owens (US singer, songwriter; The Cruising Crooner) is born.
in 1912 - Theodore Marier KCSG (US scholar, composer, teacher) is born.
in 1914 - Albert Markos, composer is born.
in 1916 - Tadeusz Paciorkiewicz, composer is born.
in 1922 - Luiz Bonfá (Brazilian composer) is born.

in 1922 - Louis Benjamin (ISAAC LOUIS BENJAMIN) is born. Although best known as the chief of the British label Pye Records, mogul Louis Benjamin spent his lifetime in various facets of the entertainment industry. The son of a shoemaker, he began his career at age 14 as an office boy for Moss Empire, the British theatre chain. Emerging as its managing director by the Sixties, along the way Benjamin had displayed a knack for spotting talent. When Moss purchased Pye Records in 1959, Benjamin took the reins of the company in spite of his scant musical background. An unorthodox executive who destroyed the domination of the UK record industry by Decca and EMI Records, Benjamin introduced a lower-priced record line (Golden Guinea), was quick to embrace rock and R&B, and signed and nurtured a host of young, emerging recording artists, including The Searchers, The Kinks and Sandie Shaw.

The label also secured the rights to US Mercury, thereby releasing in the UK records by Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley and Muddy Waters. In the mid Sixties their principal act was Donovan, but the company was slow to pick up on the changes in the rock climate brought about by the ‘underground’ market, and relied too heavily on marketing its back catalogue as budget lines. Heading both Pye Records and the Stroll Moss theatre chain by 1970, Benjamin wielded great power in the entertainment industry. Benjamin also founded The Children’s Royal Variety Show, and was the presenter of The Royal Variety Performance from 1979 to 1985. Benjamin was forced into retirement in 1989. Suffering from longterm lung and kidney maladies, he died in a London hospital, June 20, 1994.

in 1923 - Barney Kessel (American jazz guitarist; Columbia Pictures/world sessionist) is born. A guitarist, producer, songwriter and session player, Barney Kessell was reared in the Big Band jazz tradition, joining orchestras led by Benny Goodman, Charlie Barnet, Charlie “Bird” Parker, and Artie Shaw. Drawn to bebop jazz in the Fifties, Kessell was hired as the guitarist in The Oscar Peterson Trio. As the A&R chief at Verve Records in the late Fifties, Kessell oversaw the career of teen sensation Ricky Nelson. Turning to session work during the rock era, Kessell performed on several Elvis Presley albums, numerous Lieber & Stoller productions and a number of Beach Boys hits including ‘I Get Around’ and ‘California Girls’. Relocating to London in the late Sixties, Kessell was a popular draw at Ronnie Scott’s nightclub in Soho, and in his later years he became a music educator, writing a monthly column for Guitar Player magazine. Suffering from brain cancer, he died in San Diego. He was diagnosed in 2001. He survived a stroke in 1992. - Died May 6, 2004.

in 1927 - Scott Murray/Murray Schaff (US sax player; His own Aristocrats/own trio) is born.
in 1928 - Ivan Marinov, composer is born.

in 1929 - Ram Da-Oz, (real name, Avraham Daus), German- born Israeli composer. is born at Berlin. He went to Palestine as a child in 1934. He studied oboe and piano at the Conservatory in Tel Aviv, and composition with Andre Hajdu at the Music Academy there. He lost his eyesight during the Israeli war for independence in 1948.

in 1930 - Angelo Paccignini, composer is born.
in 1932 - Gundaris Pone, composer is born.

in 1933 - Jeanine Deckers / (Belgium nun, singer, guitar, songwriter), is born. Nicknamed The Singing Nun, Sister Luc-Gabrielle scored an unlikely hit in 1963 with ‘Dominique’. Approaching the Belgium offices of Philips Records, she wanted to record an album as a gift for friends and students at the Fichermont Monastery. Impressed by the sessions, Philips initially pressed an additional 1,000 copies of the album for general sale. A strong seller across Europe, the album was subsequently released in the US as by The Singing Nun. The album was ignored until music publisher Paul Kapp released one of the tracks as a single. A surprise smash, ‘Dominique’ topped the charts for over two months and landed Sister Luc-Gabrielle on The Ed Sullivan Show. All of the profits from her recordings were spent on missionary projects. Leaving the Dominican order in 1966 and taking her given name, Jeanine Deckers, she continued her charity work with the Catholic Church. She died in a suicide pact with a female companion, Annie Pescher, in Wavre, Belgium. Despondent that their funding had dried up, the two women overdosed on barbiturates and alcohol. - Died April 1, 1985.

in 1934 - Rico Rodrigues (Jamaica's greatest ska trombonist) is born.
in 1935 - Michael Eavis (UK dairy farmer: founder of the Glastonbury Festival) is born.

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in 1935 - Philip Brett, English-born American musicologist, is born at Edwinstowe. He studied at King's College, Cambridge (B.A., 1958; Mus.B., 1961), and after a brief period at the University of Calif, at Berkeley, completed his training at Cambridge (Ph.D., 1965). He joined the faculty at the University of Calif, at Berkeley in 1966, where he was a professpr (1978-90) and chairman of the music dept. (1988-90). In 1979 he became a naturalized American citizen. He was professor of music at the University of Calif, at Riverside from 1991. With Thurston Dart, he prepared The English Madrigalists (1956; a rev. ed. of Fellowes's The English Madrigal School); he also was general editor of the new critical edition of the works of Byrd. He published the useful study Peter Grimes (Cambridge, 1983).

in 1935 - Reiner Goldberg, noted German tenor, is born at Crostau. He was a student of Arno Schellenberg at the Dresden Hochschule fur Musik. In 1966 he began his career in Radebeul, and that same year made his Dresden debut as Luigi in Il Tabarro. In 1973 he became a member of the Dresden State Opera, and in 1977 of the (East) Berlin State Opera; he toured with both companies in Europe and abroad. In 1982 he made his debut at London's Covent Garden as Walther von Stolzing, in Paris as Midas in a concert performance of Die Liebe der Danae, at the Salzburg Easter Festival as Erik, and at the Salzburg Summer Festival as Florestan.

He also sang Parsifal on the soundtrack for the Syberberg film version of Wagner's opera. In 1983 he made his N.Y.debut as Guntram in a concert performance of Strauss' opera. He sang for the first time at Milan's La Scala as Tannhauser in 1984. In 1987 he first appeared at the Bayreuth Festival as Walther von Stolzing. He made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. on Jan. 27, 1992, as Florestan. As one of the leading Heldentenors of his day, Goldberg won considerable distinction for his portrayals of Siegmund, Tannhauser, Siegfried, Erik, and Parsifal. His versatile repertoire also included Bacchus, Max, Hermann in The Queen of Spades, Faust, the Drum Major in Wozzeck, and Sergei in Lady Macbeth of the District of Mtzensk.

in 1941 - Alan Howard, rock bassist (Brian Poole and The Tremeloes) is born.
in 1941 - Earl Thomas Conley, Portsmouth Oh, country singer (Too Many Times) is born.
in 1941 - James Seals, Sidney Tx, singer (Seals and Crofts-Summer Breeze) is born.
in 1942 - Gary Puckett, vocalist (and Union Gap-Woman Woman, Young Girl) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hn0ZJHVH17I"]Young Girl - Gary Puckett And The Union Gap - YouTube[/ame]

in 1943 - Susan Davenny Wyner, New Haven Ct, soprano (Walter Naumberg Prize) is born.
in 1944 - Pavel Haas, composer, dies at 45.
in 1946 - James Ray Tucker, LA Calif, rock guitarist (Turtles-Eleanor) is born.
in 1946 - Michael Hossack (US drummer; The Doobie Brothers) is born.
in 1947 - David St Hubbins/Michael McKean (US actor, singer, guitarist; Spinal Tap) is born.
in 1949 - Bill Louis Hudson (singer, songwriter; The Hudson Brothers) is born.
in 1949 - Maurice Willis Wright, composer is born.
in 1950 - Sandra Reemer, Dutch singer (As Love Goes) is born.
in 1951 - Roger Pontare (Swedish singer) is born.

in 1953 - Frankie Laine was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Hey Joe!' Laine spent a total of 28 weeks at No.1 with three different releases during 1953.

in 1958 - Alan Jackson, Newnan Ga, country singer (Here in the Real World) is born.
in 1960 - Angela Kramers, Dutch singer (Dolly Dots) is born.

in 1960 - The Drifters started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Save The Last Dance For Me', a No.2 hit the UK.

in 1962 - Anne Rogers (bass, Popinjays) is born.

in 1962 - In between their lunchtime and night shows at the Cavern Club in Liverpool, The Beatles traveled to Granada TV Centre in Manchester to make their television debut. They appeared live on the local magazine program People and Places performing two songs ‘Some Other Guy’ and ‘Love Me Do’.

in 1964 - Bacquier, Gabriel (-Augustin-Raymond- Theodore-Louis), noted French baritone made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as the High Priest in Samson et Dalila, and continued to sing there until 1982. In 1987 he became a teacher at the Paris Conservatory. He was made a Chevalier of the Legion d’honneur in 1975. He was equally at home in both dramatic and comic roles, numbering among his most esteemed portrayals Leporello, Dr. Bartolo, Dulcamara, Boccanegra, Falstaff, Golaud, and Scarpia.

in 1964 - Manfred Mann started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Do Wah Diddy Diddy', possibly the first No.1 with a nonsense song title. Also a No.1 in the UK, the song was first released by the US group The Exciters.

in 1967 - A 10-date package tour of the UK played the last night at the De Montfort Hall, Leicester featuring Traffic, The Young Rascals, Vanilla Fudge, Art and Keith West.

in 1967 - Allen West, US metal guitarist (Obituary, Cause of Death) is born
in 1967 - Rene Dif/MEGA-Aqua (vocalist; Aqua) is born.

in 1968 - Ziggy Marley (Jamaican raggae singer; Ziggy Marley & the Melody Makers) is born.
Käyttäjän ziggymarleycom kanava - YouTube

in 1969 - Led Zeppelin kicked off their fourth North American tour at Carnegie Hall in New York City.
in 1969 - Paul Kantner of Jefferson Airplane was busted for marijuana possession in Honolulu and was fined $350.
in 1969 - Plastic Ono Band's "Cold Turkey" is released in UK.
in 1969 - Wyclef Jean (Haitian-born rap artist, guitar; Fugees/solo) is born.
in 1970 - Blues Saraceno (US guitarist; poison/solo/sessions/guest) is born.

in 1970 - The Jackson Five started a five-week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'I'll Be There'. The group's fourth No.1 of 1970, it made No.4 in the UK. Motown records claimed the group had sold over 10 million records during this year.

in 1971 - Chris Kirkpatrick (US vocals; 'N Sync] is born.

in 1971 - Derrick William Plourde (US drummer; Lagwagon/Bad Astronaut/others) is born. A Southern California drummer who joined a number of West Coast punk bands, Derrick Plourde is best known for working with The Ataris. Initially a member of pop-punk act Lagwagon, Plourde appeared on a trio of albums with the group, beginning with Duh (1992). Leaving Lagwagon after the release of Hoss, Plourde joined guitarist Joey Cape to form Bad Astronauts. Plourde co-founded the Santa Barbara-based act The Ataris in 1997, leaving after the release of their début album Anywhere But Here, and later worked with the punk-ska act The Mad Caddies, performing on their album Rock The Plank (2001). CAUSE: He shot himself in an apparent suicide. - Died March 30, 2005.

in 1972 - Billy Williams dies at age 61. US singer, born in Waco, Texas; he had a highly successful cover, recording of Fats Waller's "I'm Gonna Sit Right Down And Write Myself A Letter" in 1957. His trademark hook for his songs was to shout "Oh, Yeah" at the end of lyrics. He was the lead singer of The Charioteers between 1930-50, after which he formed his own Billy Williams Quartet with Eugene Dixon, Claude Riddick and John Ball. Many appearances on TV followed, especially on Your Show of Shows with Sid Caesar. By the early 1960s he had lost his voice due to diabetes. Billy moved to Chicago and worked as a social worker until his death.

in 1972 - Edgar V. Blanchard (EDGAR V. BLANCHARD, SR.) died. Pioneering New Orleans R&B guitarist and bandleader who worked with Little Richard, B.B. King, Roy Brown, Paul Gayten and others, Edgar Blanchard also provided the backing guitar on Sam Cooke’s breakthrough pop hit ‘You Send Me’. Leading bands such as The Gondoliers, Blanchard occasionally recorded under his own name. (Heart attack). He died in New Orleans. - Born 1924.

in 1972 - Eminem, American rapper and movie star ('The Real Slim Shady', 'Stan' and '8 Mile') is born
in 1974 - Janne Puurtinen (Finnish keyboardist; HIM) is born.
in 1975 - Vittorio Gui, Italian composer (Batture d'aspetto), dies at 90.
in 1977 - Nicole Cabell (US soprano) is born.
in 1979 - Karel Reiner, composer, dies at 69
in 1979 - Marcela Bovio (Mexican singer, violinist; Stream of Passion) is born.

in 1979 - Pierre Bernac (real name, Bertin), eminent French baritone and teacher, dies at Villeneuve-les-Avignon. He received private voice lessons in Paris. He began his career as a singer rather late in life, being first engaged in finance as a member of his father's brokerage house in Paris. His musical tastes were decidedly in the domain of modern French songs; on May 2, 1926, he made his debut recital in Paris with a program of songs by Francis Poulenc and Georges Auric; at other concerts he sang works by Debussy, Ravel, Honegger, and Milhaud. Eager to learn the art of German lieder, he went to Salzburg to study with Reinhold von Warlich. Returning to Paris, he devoted himself to concerts and to teaching. He became a lifelong friend to Poulenc, who wrote many songs for him and acted as his piano accompanist in many tours through Europe and America. He also conducted mas-ter classes in the U.S. and was on the faculty of the American Cons, at Fontainebleau. He publ. a valuable manual, The Interpretation of French Song (N.Y., 1970; 2nd ed., 1976), and a monograph, Francis Poulenc: The Man and His Songs (N.Y., 1977).— Born in Paris, Jan. 12, 1899.

in 1981 - Christopher Cross started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Arthur's Theme, (Best That You Can Do)', his second US No.1. and a No.7 hit in the UK.

in 1981 - David Guion, composer, dies at 88.

in 1984 - Alberta Hunter dies at age 89. A pioneering classic blues singer, Memphis-born Alberta Hunter was responsible for standards such as ‘My Castle’s Rocking’, ‘I Got A Mind To Ramble’ and ‘Rough And Ready Men’. Running away from home at age 11 to Chicago, she took a job as a cook before finding club work a year later. Spending her teen years belting out mostly blues songs in the city’s seedier clubs, she was primarily influenced by Sophie Tucker. After a brief stint at Black Swan Records in 1921, Hunter signed to Paramount Records in 1922 where she was accompanied by top players such as Fletcher Henderson, Eubie Blake, and Louis Armstrong. Meanwhile in 1922, Bessie Smith had scored a million-selling début hit with the Hunter-penned ‘Downhearted Blues’; conversely in 1923, Hunter replaced Smith in the all-black musical How Come.

Alternating her time between Chicago and New York for the next decade, Hunter arrived in London in 1929 where she teamed with Paul Robeson in the musical Showboat. During World War II and continuing into the Korean War, Hunter regularly performed for US troops in USO tours. Abandoning music for humanitarian activities following her mother’s death in 1954, Hunter spent the next two decades working at a hospital on Roosevelt Island. But Hunter enjoyed an unlikely revival in 1977 after an impromptu performance at a birthday party for Mabel Mercer; after a stunning performance the following year at the Newport Jazz Festival, she was subsequently asked to record the soundtrack for the 1978 film, Remember My Name. She spent subsequent years performing to packed houses at The Cookery nightclub in Greenwich Village. She died at her home in Roosevelt Island, New York. (Natural causes). - Born April 1, 1895.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BmFtwwCOmmo&feature=related"]Alberta Hunter My Handy Man - YouTube[/ame]

in 1987 - Bruce Springsteen went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Tunnel Of Love' his second album release.

in 1987 - Lisa Lisa and Cold Cut went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Lost In Emotion'; it reached No.58 in the UK.

in 1987 - The Bee Gees became the only group to have a UK No.1 single in each of the three decades, (60's, 70's & 80's), when 'You Win Again' went to No.1 on the UK singles chart. The brothers fifth and last No.1.

in 1987 - The Nescafe UK student 'All Time Top 50' album chart was published; voted in at No.3, 'The Wall' by Pink Floyd, No. 2, 'The Joshua Tree' U2 and No. 1, Dire Straits 'Brothers In Arms', who also had three other albums in the Top 20.
in 1987 - The Style Council kicked off a 8-date UK tour at the Apollo in, Manchester.
in 1991 - Sandie Shaw was arrested for failing to give a breath test outside her Harley Street flat in London and was fined £100

in 1991 - Tennessee Ernie Ford dies at age 72. American singer and TV performer; his baritone voice is best known for his grim coal-mining song "Sixteen Tons." He was born in Bristol, Tennesee, sang in the school choirs and played the trombone. In 1937 he worked as an announcer for WOAI in Bristol which he left to attended the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music. He held radio jobs in Atlanta and Knoxville between 1939 and 1941. In 1946 he went to live in San Bernardino, California and landed an announcer’s job with KXLA in Pasadena. His comical Tennessee Ernie character “bless your pea-pickin’ little heart” caught the ear of disc jockey-TV host Cliffie Stone, who made him a regular cast member of LA’s Hometown Jamboree country music television and radio shows. He sang at the Grand Ole Opry in 1950, and in 1953 he became the first country singer to appear at London’s prestigious Palladium. His album "Great Gospel Songs" won a Grammy in 1964. Ernie has been awarded three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, for radio, records and television. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1984 and was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1990. (liver disease).

in 1992 - During a UK tour The Frank And Walters appeared at The Junction, Cambridge with Radiohead as support.

in 1992 - Prince scored his fourth UK No.1 album with 'Symbol'.

in 1992 - Tasmin Archers debut single 'Sleeping Satellite' was at No.1 in the UK, the English singer, songwriters only No.1. Archer wrote the song in the late 1980s about the moon landings in 1969, but it was only when Archer got a record deal that the song saw the light of day.

in 1993 - Christopher "Criss" Michael Oliva dies at age 30. American lead guitarist and co-founder of the heavy metal band Savatage, born in Pompton Plains, NJ, but the Oliva family moved to Dunedin, Florida in 1976. It was here that Criss and his brother Jon formed a band Avatar, in 1978, but in 1983 they had to change their name, deciding on Savatage, they released their first two albums, Sirens in 1983 and The Dungeons Are Calling in 1985. Savatage continued to flourish, releasing a further 6 albums after signing with Atlantic Records in 1985. The band toured relentlessly, with Criss winning critical acclaim, his biggest dream was for Savatage's 1991 album Streets: A Rock Opera to achieve platinum status (An oncoming car operated by a drunk driver crossed the median and struck Criss' car head-on, killing him instantly). - Born April 3, 1963.

in 1994 - Billy Joel performs opening concert at Cleveland's Gund Arena.

in 1995 - During an interview with The Observer magazine Noel Gallagher from Oasis said he wished Damon Albarn and Alex Cox of Blur would die from AIDS. He later retracted his statement.

in 1995 - Sting's former accountant Keith Moore was sentenced to six years in jail after being found guilty of embezzling £6 million from the singer's 108 bank accounts.

in 1996 - Berthold Goldschmidt, composer/conductor, dies at 93.

in 1996 - Chris Acland dies at age 30. British drummer; he played in bands such as The Infection and Panic, before becoming a founder member of the London-based shoegazing and britpop band, Lush. They went on to release 3 albums, several singles and EPs (Lush had just completed a tour and music festival appearances, then two days after bandmate Emma Anderson announced a desire to quit the band, Chris committed suicide by hanging himself in his parents' house in Cumbria. His bandmates were devastated and disbanded after a long period of mourning) b. September 7th 1966.

in 1996 - Chris Acland (CHRISTOPHER JOHN DYKE ACLAND) drummer with UK indie band Lush committed suicide, aged 30. Founding drummer of the Nineties Britpop quartet, Lush, Chris Acland backed the Miki Berenyi-headed London-based group since their inception in 1988. Acland had previously been a member of several minor groups including Panik and Infection. After releasing their début album Scar in 1989, Lush scored several guitar-driven, alternative chart hits including ‘Sweetness And Light’ (1990) and ‘For Love’ (1992). He committed suicide by hanging inside a barn while visiting his parents’ home in Cumbria, England. He had been despondent over the break-up with his girlfriend and the shaky financial state of his eight-year-old band. - Born September 7, 1966.

in 1998 - English singer Billie scored her second consecutive UK No.1 single with 'Girlfriend.'
in 1998 - Phil Collins went to No.1 on the UK album chart with his 'Hits' album, his fifth UK No.1 album.
in 1998 - The Barenaked Ladies went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'One Week'.

in 1998 - UK newspaper the Daily Star ran a story claiming that R.E.M. singer Michael Stipe had admitted that he was gay during an MTV interview shown in the US. Stipe was voicing his disgust at the killing of a young gay student in the US.
in 1999 - Thomas Durden died aged 79. Wrote the lyrics to 'Heartbreak Hotel' one of Elvis Presley's early hits. Durden had read a newspaper account of a man who had committed suicide, the man had left a note saying, ''I walk a lonely street,'' Durden used the phrase as the basis for 'Heartbreak Hotel.’
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PotB76gi2_4"]Elvis Presley - Heartbreak Hotel - YouTube[/ame]

in 1999 - It was reported that Michael Jackson had played a secret gig at a martial arts exhibition in Barnstaple, England. The man who had arrived in the white stretch limo was Navi, a Londoner who claims to be the world's number one Jako impersonator.

in 2000 - A flat in Montague Sq. London, which was once owned during the 60's by Ringo Starr, went on the market for £575,000. The two bedrooms, two-story property was also home for Jimi Hendrix, John & Yoko and Paul McCartney during the 60's.

in 2000 - Jokke/Joachim Nielsen dies at age 36. Norwegian singer, guitarist; he was the frontman and guitarist of the Norwegian rock band Jokke & Valentinerne, which he formed in 1982 with his long time partner May-Irene Aasen on drums and Håkon Torgersen on bass. The band went on to become one of the most popular bands in Oslo's underground rock scene. Their first album "Alt kan repareres"(Everything can be repaired) was released in 1986. Much of the band's lyrics were about alcohol, societal underdogs, misfits and so-called anti-heroes, Jokke himself had a reputation of frequently getting drunk on stage. In 1992, he created a scandal when he received Spellemannprisen, the Norwegian equivalent of the Grammy awards, visibly drunk and/or under the influence of drugs (drug overdose).

in 2001 - Jay Livingston dies at age 86. American songwriter, piano, composer and singer best known as half of a songwriting duo with Ray Evans. Their professional collaboration began in 1937, they won the Academy Award for Best Original Song three times: in 1948 for the song Buttons and Bows, written for the movie The Palefacen; 1950 for the song Mona Lisa, written for the movie Captain Carey, U.S.A.; and in 1956 for the song "Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)," featured in the movie The Man Who Knew Too Much. They wrote popular TV themes for shows including Bonanza and Mr. Ed. They also wrote the Christmas song Silver Bells in 1951 for the film The Lemon Drop Kid as well as "Never Let Me Go" for the 1956 film The Scarlet Hour. Jay is an inductee in the Songwriters Hall Of Fame.

in 2002 - Bashful Brother Oswald/Pete Kirby/Beecher Ray Kirby dies at age 90. American singer, guitar, banjo and fiddle player born in rural Sevier County, Tennessee in the Great Smoky Mountains. By his teens, he was playing for square dances. It was at one such party that he met a Hawaiian guitarist named Rudy Waikiki. Impressed Beecher bought his first resonator guitar. He visited the Chicago World's Fair in 1933, playing in clubs and gaining a following. Breecher moved to Knoxville, Tennessee in 1934. Taking the stage name Pete Kirby, he played resonator guitar with local bands, including Roy Acuff's Crazy Tennesseans, later to become the Smoky Mountain Boys. It was with Roy that he became introduced as Bashful Brother Oswald. He joined the Grand Ole Opry with Acuff's band on New Year's Day 1939 and stayed with the band until Roy's death in 1995. He was also a sort after session player; his session work included working with the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band on Will the Circle Be Unbroken, an album that paid tribute to the old-time, traditional country musicians of Nashville, Tennessee. For nearly 60 years, he was one of the most influential and talented resonator players in country music (died at home in Madison)

in 2002 - Chuck Domanico dies at age 58. American jazz bass player; born in Chicago and settled in Los Angeles in the mid 1960s, and for nearly forty years was a central jazz figure in Hollywood as well as contributing to a huge number of films and television programs. As a West Coast sessionist he worked with Frank Sinatra, Barbra Streisand, Carmen McRae, Joni Mitchell, Taj Mahal, Diane Schuur, Natalie Cole, Shelly Manne, Manhattan Transfer, Chet Baker, Oliver Nelson, John Klemmer, Roger Kellaway, Barney Kessel, Art Pepper, and many more. (lung cancer).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IXwmNN8t0KQ"]Ted Greene SPECIAL Recording Session '77 - YouTube[/ame]
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