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Old February 11th, 2014, 09:29 PM   #2681

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12 FEBRUARY
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in 1567- Thomas Campion (Campian), English physician, poet, composer, and dramatist, is born at London. He studied at Cambridge from 1581 to 1584, residing at Peterhouse; entered Gray's Inn on April 27, 1586. He received his M.D. degree from the University of Caen in France on Feb. 10, 1605. He was first called a "Doctor of Physick" in an English publication in Barnabe Barnes's Four Books of Offices in 1606. Earlier evidence of his having studied medical science is an oblique reference of Philip Rosseter in 1601, speaking of Campion's poetry and music as "the superfluous blossoms of his deeper studies/' Campion was primarily a lyric poet, and his music was to enhance the beauty of the poetry by supplying unobtrusive and simple harmonies. In this he differed from such contemporaries as John Dowland, who contrived elaborate lute accompaniments. - Died at London, March 1,1620.

in 1684 - Pietro Andrea Ziani, Italian organist, composer, maestro di cappella and teacher, dies at 67.
in 1728 - Agostino Steffani, Italian composer and diplomat, dies at 73.
in 1740 - Matej Sojka, Czech composer, is born.
in 1751 - Joseph Waast Aubert Nonot, French organist and composer, is born.
in 1753 - Lambert-François Godecharle, Belgian composer, is born.
in 1758 - Christian Ignatius Latrobe, English composer, is born.

in 1760 - Jan Ladislav Dussek, Czech virtuoso pianist, organist, glass harmonica player, composer and teacher, is born. Dussek's friendship and association with John Broadwood, English piano builder, resulted in several developments in the evolution of the modern piano. Broadwood did the work, and is justly famous for his own innovations, but he was also inspired by Dussek, who was looking to push the envelope of the piano construction of his time.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YNV9rjZfT7I"]YouTube - Jan Ladislav Dussek - Duo for harp, piano & horn ad libitum, Op.38 (1/2)[/ame]

in 1778 - Franz Joseph Volkert, Austrian organist, composer and conductor, is born.
in 1853 - Bertram Luard-Selby, English organist and composer, is born.

in 1869 - Theodor Bertram, German baritone, is born at Stuttgart. He studied with his father, the baritone Heinrich Bertram, and made his debut as the Hermit in Der Freischutz in Ulm in 1889. He then sang at the Hamburg Opera (1891) and the Berlin Kroll Opera (1892), and was a member of the Munich Court Opera (1893-99). He made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. on Jan. 6, 1900, as the Flying Dutchman, remaining on the roster for a year. He also sang at Covent Garden, London (1900,1903,1907), and at Bayreuth (1901-06). He was married to the soprano Fanny Moran-Olden; following her death, he became despondent and hanged himself at Bayreuth, Nov. 24, 1907.

in 1869 - Gabriel Edme André Pirro, French organist and musicologist, is born.

in 1878 - Joe Howard, American pop singer/songwriter and composer, member of the Songwriters Hall of Fame, is born.

in 1883 - Licinio Refice, Italian composer and priest, is born.
in 1886 - Michel Brusselmans, Belgian composer, is born.
in 1886 - Gustaf Lazarus Nordqvist, Swedish organist, songwriter, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1891 - Maurice Yvain, French songwriter and composer, is born.

in 1894 - Nicholas (actually, Nikolai) Bessaraboff, Russian-born American writer on music, is born at Voronezh. He was trained as a mechanical engineer and a draftsman, but he also played the horn and became interested in the mechanics and acoustics of musical instruments. After the completion of his studies at the polytechnical inst. in St. Petersburg, he was sent in 1915 with a group of other Russian engineers to the U.S. in order to expedite the shipping of American military equipment for the Russian armed forces during World War I. He remained in the U.S. after the Russian Revolution of 1917, becoming a naturalized American citizen in 1927. He worked as a draftsman in Rochester, N.Y., at the same time doing extensive reading on the subject of musical instruments. In 1931 he moved to Boston, where he began cataloguing the collection of instruments in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. In 1941 he published his magnum opus, Ancient European Musical Instruments, An Organological Study of the Musical Instruments in the Leslie Lindsey Mason Collection at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. In 1945 he officially changed his name to Nicholas Bessaraboff Bodley, adopting the maiden name of his American wife, Virginia Bodley – Died at N.Y., Nov. 10, 1973.

in 1896 - Charles Louis Ambroise Thomas, French composer and teacher, director of the Conservatoire de Paris, dies at 84.

in 1897 - Bretislav Bakala, Czech conductor and composer, is born at Frystak. He studied with Kurz (piano), Neumann (conducting), and Janacek (composition) at the Brno Conservatory. He was chief conductor of the Opera (1929-31), the Radio Symphony Orchestra (1937-56), and the State Philharmonic (1956-58) in Brno, where he also taught conducting at the Janacek Academy of Music (1951-58). Bakala championed the music of Janacek. His own works include a Scherzo for Orchestra (1923), a Fanlasie for String Quartet, choruses, and songs. - Died at Brno, April 1, 1958.

in 1898 - Leroy "Roy" Harris, American composer and teacher, is born. Harris founded the International String Congress, and co-founded the American Composers Alliance.

in 1899 - Albert Huybrechts, Belgian composer, is born.

in 1902 - William D Revelli, legendary American marching band director and teacher, is born. Revelli was the founder of the College Band Directors National Association. He introduced several innovations for marching bands which are standard practices now.

in 1903 - (Robert) Todd Duncan, black, American baritone, is born at Danville, Ky. He was educated at Butler University in Indianapolis (B.A., 1925) and at Columbia University Teachers College (M.A., 1930); then taught voice at Harvard Universotu in Washington, D.C. (until 1945). In 1934 he made his operatic debut with the Aeolian Opera in N.Y. as Alfio in Cavalleria rusticana. On Oct. 10,1935, he created the role of Porgy in Gershwin's Porgy and Bess in N.Y., and subsequently sang in revivals of the score. He was the first black American to become a member of a major opera company when he made his first appearance at the N.Y. Opera City on Sept. 28, 1945, as Tonio. He appeared as Stephen Kumalo in Weill's Lost in the Stars (1949-50), winning both the Donaldson and N.Y.Drama Critics' Circle awards in 1950. - Died at Washington, D.C., Feb. 28, 1998.

in 1907 - Katy de la Cruz (Leading Filipino singer) is born
in 1909 - Barry Wood, American pop singer and television producer, is born.

in 1914 - Gordon Lee "Tex" Beneke, American big band, jazz and blues singer, saxophonist and bandleader (Glenn Miller Orchestra), is born. Beneke was the singer on the first ever gold record, "Chattanooga Choo Choo."

in 1915 - Lorne Greene, star of the NBC TV show Bonanza. He had a US No.1 single ‘Ringo’, which made him the second Canadian to have a US No.1 single, a No.22 hit in the UK., is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCyuq-ofnPc"]YouTube - RINGO by LORNE GREENE[/ame]

in 1916 - Karl Hubert Rudolf Schiske, Austrian composer and teacher, is born.
in 1916 - John Reed (UK actor, singer of Gilbert & Sullivan) is born
in 1917 - Thomas K Scherman, American composer and musicologist, is born.
in 1919 - Tennessee Ernie Ford (US baritone singer, TV presenter) is born
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Joo90ZWrUkU"]YouTube - Tennessee Ernie Ford Sings 16 Tons[/ame]

in 1919 - Chickie Williams/Jessie Wanda Crupe (US singer; solo/Border Riders) is born
in 1920 - Emile Sauret, French violinist and composer, dies at 67.
in 1920 - Eileen Farrell (American opera soprano) is born
in 1920 - Boudleaux Bryant (US international pop & country songwriter) is born
in 1921 - Jeanne Demessieux (French organist, pianist, composer) is born
in 1923 - Mel Powell, American jazz pianist, classical composer and teacher, is born.
in 1923 - Gene Ames (US singer; Ames Brothers) is born
in 1923 - Yfrah Neaman (Lebanese violinist) is born.

in 1924 - George Gershwin's Rhapsody In Blue premieres at Aeolian Hall, NYC.
If you want to be educated you should know at least this much about...
Rhapsody in Blue , a musical composition by George Gershwin for solo piano and jazz band written in 1924, which combines elements of classical music with jazz-influenced effects.

Commissioned by bandleader Paul Whiteman, the composition was orchestrated by Ferde Grofé three times, in 1924, in 1926, and finally in 1942. The piece received its premiere in a concert entitled An Experiment in Modern Music, which was held on February 12, 1924, in Aeolian Hall, New York, by Whiteman and his band with Gershwin playing the piano. The editors of the Cambridge Music Handbooks opined that "The Rhapsody in Blue (1924) established Gershwin's reputation as a serious composer and has since become one of the most popular of all American concert works."

After the success of an experimental classical-jazz concert held with French-Canadian singer Eva Gauthier at Aeolian Hall on 1 November 1923, band leader Paul Whiteman decided to attempt something more ambitious. He asked Gershwin to contribute a concerto-like piece for an all-jazz concert he would give in Aeolian Hall in February 1924. Whiteman became interested in featuring such an extended composition by Gershwin in the concert after he had collaborated with Gershwin in the Scandals of 1922, impressed by the original performance of the one-act opera Blue Monday, which was nevertheless a commercial failure. There would certainly be call for revisions to the score; he felt that he would not have enough time to compose the new piece.

Late on the evening of January 3, at the Ambassador Billiard Parlor at Broadway and 52nd Street in Manhattan, while George Gershwin and Buddy De Sylva were playing billiards, his brother Ira Gershwin was reading the 4 January edition of the New York Tribune. An article entitled "What Is American Music?" about the Whiteman concert caught his attention, in which the final paragraph claimed that "George Gershwin is at work on a jazz concerto, Irving Berlin is writing a syncopated tone poem, and Victor Herbert is working on an American suite."

In a phone call to Whiteman next morning, Gershwin was told that Whiteman's rival Vincent Lopez was planning to steal the idea of his experimental concert and there was no time to lose. Gershwin was finally persuaded to compose the piece.

Since there were only five weeks left, Gershwin hastily set about composing a piece, and on the train journey to Boston, the ideas of Rhapsody in Blue came to his mind. He told his first biographer Isaac Goldberg in 1931:

“It was on the train, with its steely rhythms, its rattle-ty bang, that is so often so stimulating to a composer – I frequently hear music in the very heart of the noise... And there I suddenly heard, and even saw on paper – the complete construction of the Rhapsody, from beginning to end. No new themes came to me, but I worked on the thematic material already in my mind and tried to conceive the composition as a whole. I heard it as a sort of musical kaleidoscope of America, of our vast melting pot, of our unduplicated national pep, of our metropolitan madness. By the time I reached Boston I had a definite plot of the piece, as distinguished from its actual substance.”

Gershwin began his work on January 7 as dated on the original manuscript for two pianos. The piece was titled "American Rhapsody" during composition. The title Rhapsody in Blue was suggested by Ira Gershwin after his visit to a gallery exhibition of James McNeill Whistler paintings, which bear titles such as Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket and Arrangement in Grey and Black (better known as Whistler's Mother). After a few weeks, Gershwin finished his composition and passed the score to Whiteman's arranger Ferde Grofé, who orchestrated the piece, finishing it on February 4, only eight days before the premiere.

Rhapsody in Blue premiered in an afternoon concert on February 12, 1924, held by Paul Whiteman and his band Palais Royal Orchestra, entitled An Experiment in Modern Music, which took place in Aeolian Hall in New York City. Many important and influential composers of the time such as John Phillip Sousa and Sergei Rachmaninoff were present. The event has since become historic specifically because of its premiere of the Rhapsody.

The purpose of the experiment, as told by Whiteman in a pre-concert lecture in front of many classical music critics and highbrows, was "to be purely educational." It would "at least provide a stepping stone which will make it very simple for the masses to understand, and therefore, enjoy symphony and opera." The program was long, including 26 separate musical movements, divided into 2 parts and 11 sections, bearing titles such as "True form of jazz" and "Contrast: legitimate scoring vs. jazzing". Gershwin's latest composition was the second to last piece (before Elgar's Pomp and Circumstance March No. 1). Many of the numbers sounded similar and the ventilation system in the concert hall was broken. People in the audience were losing their patience, until the clarinet glissando that opened Rhapsody in Blue was heard.

The Rhapsody was performed by Whiteman's band, with an added section of string players, and George Gershwin on piano. Gershwin decided to keep his options open as to when Whiteman would bring in the orchestra and he did not write out one of the pages for solo piano, with only the words "Wait for nod" scrawled by Grofé on the band score. Gershwin improvised some of what he was playing. As he did not write out the piano part until after the performance, we do not know exactly how the original Rhapsody sounded.

The opening clarinet glissando came into being during rehearsal when; "...as a joke on Gershwin, [Ross] Gorman (Whiteman's virtuoso clarinettist) played the opening measure with a noticeable glissando, adding what he considered a humorous touch to the passage. Reacting favourably to Gorman’s whimsy, Gershwin asked him to perform the opening measure that way at the concert and to add as much of a 'wail' as possible."

By the end of 1927, Whiteman’s band had played the Rhapsody eighty-four times, and its recording sold a million copies. Whiteman later adopted the piece as his band's theme song, and opened his radio programs with the slogan "Everything new but the Rhapsody in Blue."

The piece received mixed reviews from mainstream critics. Olin Downes, reviewing the concert in The New York Times:

“This composition shows extraordinary talent, as it shows a young composer with aims that go far beyond those of his ilk, struggling with a form of which he is far from being master... In spite of all this, he has expressed himself in a significant and, on the whole, highly original form.... His first theme... is no mere dance-tune... it is an idea, or several ideas, correlated and combined in varying and contrasting rhythms that immediately intrigue the listener. The second theme is more after the manner of some of Mr. Gershwin's colleagues. Tuttis are too long, cadenzas are too long, the peroration at the end loses a large measure of the wildness and magnificence it could easily have had if it were more broadly prepared, and, for all that, the audience was stirred and many a hardened concertgoer excited with the sensation of a new talent finding its voice... There was tumultuous applause for Gershwin's composition.”

Another reviewer, Lawrence Gilman, a Richard Wagner specialist who later wrote a famously devastating review of Gershwin's Porgy and Bess, commenting on the Rhapsody in the New York Tribune on February 13, 1924, said:

“How trite, feeble and conventional the tunes are; how sentimental and vapid the harmonic treatment, under its disguise of fussy and futile counterpoint! ... Weep over the lifelessness of the melody and harmony, so derivative, so stale, so inexpressive!”

Some critics described the piece as formless, and claimed that Gershwin only glued his melodic segments together into one piece. Pitts Sanborn wrote that the music "runs off into empty passage-work and meaningless repetition". In an article in Atlantic Monthly in 1955, Leonard Bernstein, who nevertheless admitted that he loved the piece, wrote:

“The Rhapsody is not a composition at all. It's a string of separate paragraphs stuck together. The themes are terrific – inspired, God-given. I don't think there has been such an inspired melodist on this earth since Tchaikovsky. But if you want to speak of a composer, that's another matter. Your Rhapsody in Blue is not a real composition in the sense that whatever happens in it must seem inevitable. You can cut parts of it without affecting the whole. You can remove any of these stuck-together sections and the piece still goes on as bravely as before. It can be a five-minute piece or a twelve-minute piece. And in fact, all these things are being done to it every day. And it's still the Rhapsody in Blue.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1U40xBSz6Dc"]Gershwin plays Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue - YouTube[/ame]

in 1927 - Buck Hill (US saxophone, jazz musian; guest/SteepleChase/Muse) is born.
in 1928 - Dorothy McGuire (US singer; The McGuire Sisters) is born
in 1933 - Henri Duparc, French composer and co-founder of the Société Nationale de Musique Moderne, dies at 85.
in 1935 - Gene McDaniels, American pop singer/songwriter actor and producer, is born.

in 1939 - Ray Manzarek, keyboards, The Doors, (1967 US No.1 & UK No.9 single 'Light My Fire' & 1971 single 'Riders On The Storm') is born.

in 1942 - Rick Frank, drummer, Elephant's Memory, worked with John Lennon on his 1972 album 'Some Time In New York City' is born.

in 1942 - Lionel Grigson, British jazz pianist, cornettist, bandleader and teacher, is born.
in 1944 - Moe Bandy, American country singer/songwriter and guitarist, is born.

in 1945 [6?] - Joe Schermie, bass, Three Dog Night, (1970 UK No.3 & US No.1 single 'Mama Told Me Not To Come') is born.

in 1947 - Guus Willemse, Dutch fusion/rock bassist and singer (Solution), is born.
in 1949 - Stanley Knight, American rock guitarist, keyboardist and singer/songwriter (Black Oak Arkansas), is born.

in 1950 - Steve Hackett, English rock guitarist, singer/songwriter, keyboardist and harmonica player (Genesis), is born.

in 1951 - Vincent James, Jamaican-British soul singer (Sweet Sensation), is born.
in 1951 - Gil "The Bird" Moore, Canadian rock drummer, singer/songwriter and producer (Triumph), is born.

in 1951 - Paata Burchuladze, Russian bass, is born at Tbilisi, He studied at the Tbilisi Cons. In 1975 he made his operatic debut as Gounod's Mephistopheles in Tbilisi, and then sang throughout Russia and in Italy, where he pursued further training. In 1983 he made his British debut as a soloist in Elgar's The Dream of Gerontius at the Lichfield Festival, and in 1984 he made his first appearance at London's Covent Garden as Verdi's Ramfis. In 1987 he sang Mozart's Commendatore at the Salzburg Festival. He made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Rossini's Don Basilio on Oct. 21, 1989. In 1994 he appeared as Boris Godunov at the New Israeli Opera in Tel Aviv. He sang Verdi's Zaccaria at the Verona Arena in 1996. In 1997 he appeared as Banquo in Hamburg.

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Old February 11th, 2014, 09:32 PM   #2682

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in 1952 - Michael McDonald, American rock and pop singer/songwriter, keyboardist and guitarist (Doobie Brothers, Steely Dan), is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pk9mmto2Cdw"]YouTube - Michael McDonald - What A Fool Believes - SoundStage 2003[/ame]

in 1956 - Dean Martin was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Memories Are Made Of This'. The American actor, comedian, singer and TV hosts biggest hit. Also covered by The Everly Brothers, Johnny Cash, Frank Sinatra and The Driffters.

in 1958 - Grant McLennan, Australian rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Go-Betweens), is born.

in 1958 - Leslie Carter, (Fruitbat), Carter The Unstoppable Sex Machine, (1992 UK No.7 single 'The Only Living Boy In New Cross') is born.

in 1959 - Neil Conti, English rock drummer (Prefab Sprouts), is born. Conti is also a session drummer.

in 1959 - Omar Hakim, American jazz fusion, rock and pop drummer (Weather Report, Dire Straits), is born. Hakim is a session drummer as well, and has worked with many different artists.

in 1959 - George Antheil, American pianist, composer, teacher, author and inventor, dies at 58.
in 1959 - Neil Conti, Prefab Sprout, (1988 UK No.7 single 'The King Of Rock 'n' Roll') is born.
in 1959 - Per Gessle, guitar, vocals, Roxette, (1990 US No.1 & UK No.3 single 'It Must Of Been Love') is born.

in 1961 - The Miracles' 'Shop Around' became Motown Record's first million-selling single. It was also the label's first #1 hit on Billboard's R&B singles chart. In the following ten years, The Miracles would have six more million sellers.

in 1964 - The Beatles returned to New York City by train from Washington, D.C. for two performances at Carnegie Hall. There was such a demand for tickets that some extra seating was arranged surrounding the stage. Tickets ranged from $1.65 to $5.50.

in 1965 - Pye Records announced that they'd signed 'the British Bob Dylan', when they added Donovan to the label.
in 1966 - Gary Whelan, drums, Happy Mondays, (1990 UK No.5 single 'Step On') is born.
in 1966 - Paul Crook, American guitarist, worked with Meat Loaf, Anthrax and Sebastian Bach is born.

in 1967 - 15 police officers raided 'Redlands' the home of Rolling Stone Keith Richards and took away various substances for forensic tests.

in 1968 - Chynna Phillips, American pop singer/songwriter and actress (Wilson Phillips), is born.

in 1968 - Billed as 'Tour 60 cities in 66 Days' The Jimi Hendrix Experience appeared at the Centre Arena, Seattle, Washington.

in 1969 - (If Paradise Is) Half As Nice by Amen Corner was at No.1 on the UK singles chart, the group's only UK No.1.

in 1970 - John Lennon performed 'Instant Karma', on BBC TV's 'Top Of The Pops', becoming the first Beatle to have appeared on the show since 1966.

in 1970 - Jim Creeggan, Canadian rock bassist and singer/songwriter (Barenaked Ladies), is born.
in 1970 - Andre Souris, Belgian composer and writer, dies at 79.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lkmCoxXz4s8&feature=related"]YouTube - André Souris: Trois Inventions pour Orgue[/ame]

in 1970 - Ishman Bracey dies at age 69. American blues singer and guitarist from Mississippi, considered one of the most important early delta blues performers. With Tommy Johnson, he was the center of a small Jackson, Mississippi group of blues musicians in the 1920s. His name is incorrectly spelled "Ishmon" in some sources and on some records. He was an associate of Tommy Johnson, and the pair performed together in medicine shows in the 1930s. By the time he was "rediscovered" in the late 1950s, he had become a preacher and a performer of religious songs

in 1972 - Al Green went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Let's Stay Together', his only US chart topper. Tina Turner took the song to No.26 in 84.

in 1973 - Benjamin Frankel, British jazz violinist, pianist, arranger ande musical director, classical composer, dies at 67.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fQUqISp9a8g"]YouTube - Benjamin Frankel, Symphony No.1 (1/2)[/ame]

in 1976 - James Clifton Williams, American classical horn player, composer and teacher, dies at 52.
in 1976 - Dave Padden (Canadian vocalist, bass guitar; Annihilator/Terror Syndrome) is born.

in 1976 - Eddie and the Hot Rods appeared at the Marquee Club London, supported by The Sex Pistols who were playing their first ever London show.

in 1976 - Sal Mineo dies at age 37. American actor and singer born in the Bronx, New York; he first became a teenage idol as a film star, best known for his performance opposite James Dean in the film Rebel Without a Cause. Among his many film rolls he also played a Mexican boy in Giant in 1956. In 1957, Sal made a brief break into music recording a few songs including "Start Movin' (In My Direction)", "Lasting Love." "You Shouldn't Do That," "Little Pigeon," "Love Affair," and "Party Time." He also starred as drummer Gene Krupa in the movie The Gene Krupa Story, co-starring Susan Kohner. After which he continued with his film and TV acting career. (Tragically he was brutally stabbed to death on the streets of West Hollywood)

in 1977 - Barbra Streisand started a six-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'A Star Is Born.'
in 1977 - The Police recorded their first single, ‘Fall Out' for £150 ($255) at Pathway Studios, London.

in 1977, - Blondie, Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers and the Ramones all appeared at the Whisky a Go Go in Los Angeles, California.

in 1978 - Rush appeared at the Birmingham Odeon, England, promoting their new single 'Closer To The Heart', which was in the shops for 99p.

in 1980 - Iggy Pop and The Psychedelic Furs appeared at the Hammersmith Palais, London, England, tickets cost £3 ($5.10).

in 1981 - Lisa Hannigan, Irish singer with Damien Rice. Appeared on his 2003 album 'O' featuring the single 'Cannonball.' is born.
YouTube - lisahannigan's Channel

1983 - Eubie Blake dies at age 98. American composer, lyricist, and pianist of ragtime, jazz, and popular music.
In 1921, he and long-time collaborator Noble Sissle wrote the Broadway musical Shuffle Along, one of the first Broadway musicals to be written and directed by African Americans. His compositions included such hits as, "Love Will Find A Way", "Bandana Days", "Charleston Rag", "Memories of You", and "I'm Just Wild About Harry". He was a frequent guest of Johnny Carson Show and Merv Griffin and continued to play and record into late life, until his death. The musical Eubie! featured his works and opened on Broadway in 1978.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LgYfys7vErI"]YouTube - Eubie Blake - Charleston Rag (Live)[/ame]

in 1986 - Guy Douglas Hamilton Warrack, Scottish composer, conductor and teacher, dies at 86.
in 1989 - Aretha Franklin lost a court case against Broadway producer Ashton Springer, who sued for $1 million (£0.58 million) when Aretha failed to turn up for rehearsals for the stage show Sing Mahalia Sing – blaming her fear of flying on the non appearance.

in 1991 - Roger Patterson dies at age 22. American death metal bass player, well known for his work in the Florida death metal band Atheist. His playing style is characterized by its speed and complexity. Alex Webster, bassist with Cannibal Corpse, has acknowledged Patterson as "a big influence", describing his playing on the album Piece of Time as "phenomenal". He joined Atheist, then known as R.A.V.A.G.E., in 1985. The band recorded their first full-length album, Piece of Time, in 1988, which was released in 1989 in Europe, but not in the United States until 1990. As a result, Atheist began preparing for their next album, to which Roger contributed greatly (the band was in an auto accident, Roger was killed)

in 1992 - Andy Blakeney dies at age 94. American jazz trumpeter, born in Quitman, Mississippi and was a fixture of the Dixieland jazz scene for decades. He played briefly for King Oliver and Doc Cook in Chicago in 1925, before moving to California in 1926, where he played with Sonny Clay and Reb Spikes, including on record. He worked in Los Angeles in the 1930s with Les Hite and Lionel Hampton, then played in Monk McFay's band in Hawaii in 1935-39 and led his own band for a time thereafter. In 1941 he returned to the US, playing with Ceele Burke in 1942-46, Horace Henderson in1946 and Kid Ory in 1947. Andy led his own Dixieland outfits in California through the 1950s, but didn't record with any of them. In the 1960s he played with the Young Men of New Orleans, in the 1970s with the Legends of Jazz, and in the 1980s with the Eagle Brass Band. He was still active almost up until the time of his death.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xG3eoN5C1rI"]Legends Of Jazz Old Man Moses - YouTube[/ame]

in 1993 - Sophie Evans, Welsh musician is born
in 1994 - Alice In Chains entered the US album chart at No.1 with 'Jar Of Flies.'

in 1994 - Celine Dion started a four week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'The Power Of Love', the singers first US No.1, a No.4 hit in the UK.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHyJTpDFgc8"]YouTube - Celine Dion - Titanic (LIVE)" target="_blank">YouTube - Celine Dion - Titanic (LIVE)[/ame]

in 1995 - Van Halen, scored their first US No.1 album with ‘Balance.’
in 1995 - Terence Beckles, English pianist and teacher, dies at 82.
in 1995 - "Earring" George Mayweather, American blues harmonica player and singer/songwriter, dies at 66.

in 1995 - Philip Taylor Kramer dies at age 42. American bass guitarist for Iron Butterfly during the 70s. After which he got a night school degree in aerospace engineering, he worked on the MX missile guidance system for a contractor of the US Department of Defense and later in the computer industry on fractal compression, facial recognition systems, and advanced communications. In 1990 he co-founded Total Multimedia Inc. with Randy Jackson, brother of Michael Jackson, to develop data compression techniques for CD-ROMs. His disappearance caused a mystery lasting four years. On February 12th 1995 he drove to LA International Airport to pick up an investor. He spent forty-five minutes at the airport but failed to meet the investor. Phil did make a flurry of cell phone calls, including one to the police during which Phil said, "I’m going to kill myself. And I want everyone to know O.J. Simpson is innocent. They did it." He was never heard from again. (On May 29th 1999, Phil's Ford Aerostar minivan and skeletal remains were found by photographers looking for old car wrecks at the bottom of Decker Canyon near Malibu, California. Based on forensic evidence and his emergency call to the police his death was ruled as a probable suicide committed on the day on which he was last heard)

in 1997 - U2 held a press conference in the Lingerie Department at the Greenwich Village Kmart store in Manhattan, New York City, to announce their Pop Mart world tour. The tour was set to start in Las Vegas on April 25th of this year.
in 1997 - David Bowie received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
in 2000 - Mariah Carey started a two-week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Thank God I Found You.'

in in 2000 - John London/John Carl Kuehne dies at age 58. American bass player and sessionist; childhood friend of Michael Nesmith's from Texas, who had played with him in several working bands, he accompanied Nesmith and then-wife Phyllis Barbour to California, to try their luck in the Los Angeles-area music scene. When Nesmith was cast in The Monkees, John was his stand-in on the set, and in the studios when the originally-fictitious band began playing on their own recordings, it is John's bass lines we hear. In late 1969, he and Nesmith, left the Monkees, to form a new group with pedal steel guitar ace Red Rhodes and drummer John Ware. Calling themselves the First National Band, the group signed with RCA Records. Years after the Monkees and the First National Band, John served as key grip on several different productions, including 48 Hrs., Who Will Love My Children?, The Karate Kid, Long Time Gone, and Hudson Hawk. (He died in Rockport, Texas)

in 2000 - Screamin Jay Hawkins dies at age 70. American rock-blues singer, boxing champion at 16, married nine times, spent 2 years in jail, was temporary blinded by one of his flaming props on stage in 1976, and he fathered over 75 children. Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Jay is famed chiefly for his powerful, operatic vocal delivery and wildly theatrical performances of songs such as "I Put a Spell on You", "Feast of the Mau Mau" and "Constipation Blues". He sometimes used macabre props onstage, making him the one of the original shock rockers. He opened for Fats Domino, Tiny Grimes and the Rolling Stones. This exposure in turn influenced rock groups such as Screaming Lord Sutch, Black Sabbath, Arthur Brown, Dread Zeppelin, The Horrors, Marilyn Manson and Alice Cooper.(He died following surgery to treat an aneurysm while in Paris, France)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2SWXOBBrZlg&feature=list_related&playnext= 1&list=MLGxdCwVVULXfMsj9WUiPOyykZjCr4hkJq"]YouTube - Screamin' Jay Hawkins - Frenzy" target="_blank">YouTube - Screamin' Jay Hawkins - Frenzy[/ame]

in 2000 - Oliver/William Oliver Swofford dies at age 54. American singer; his soaring baritone was the perfect vehicle for his hit "Good Morning Starshine", from the pop-rock musical Hair and his No.2 hit "Jean", the theme from the Oscar-winning film The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (cancer)

in 2000 - Andy Lewis dies at age 33. Australian bassist with the Sydney based rock band The Whitlams. He left The Whitlams in the late 1995, and went to Melbourne, Australia to form another band, The Gadflys. (he was battling a gambling addiction when he committed suicide)

in 2003 - Former Doors drummer John Densmore took out legal action against The Doors keyboard player Ray Manzarek and guitarist Robby Krieger for breach of contract, trademark infringement and unfair competition. The band had reformed with Ex- Cult singer Ian Astbury and former Police drummer Stewart Copeland. Densmore said "It shouldn't be called The Doors if it's someone other than Jim Morrison singing."

in 2004 - Eminem's ex-wife Kimberly Mathers was jailed for a month after being found using cocaine while on probation. Mathers was also put on a 90-day drug abuse programme.

in 2005 - A train was named after Clash frontman Joe Strummer at a ceremony in Bristol. The diesel train owned by Cotswold Rail, was named after the singer, guitarist who died aged 50 in in 2002.

in 2005 - Jewel "Sammi" Smith dies at age 61. American country music singer and songwriter, born in Orange County, California. She is best known for her 1971 country/pop crossover hit, "Help Me Make It Through the Night", which was written by Kris Kristofferson. In 1972, she won a Grammy Award for the song. She also won the title Best Female Country Vocal Performance that year. Sammi became one of the few women in the outlaw country movement during the 1970s. (died at home in Oklahoma City after a long illness)

in 2006 - Meck feat Leo Sayer was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Thunder In My Heart (Again)'. DJ Meck's remix of Leo Sayer's September 1977 hit which only reached No. 22. in 2007 - During a press conference at West Hollywood's Whisky a Go Go club Sting confirmed that The Police were getting back together. The band were set to kick off a world tour on May 28 in Vancouver, Canada, supported by Sting's son Joe Sumner's band, Fiction Plane.

in 2007 - Jimmy Campbell dies at age 63. English singer and songwriter; born in Liverpool he started in a school band he named The Panthers supporting The Beatles in January 1962 and performed at The Cavern on numerous occasions, and one show, broadcast on Radio Luxembourg, saw them introduced as The Kirkbys, the presenter confused their name with their home town. The name stuck, and the group released a single, "It's A Crime", in 1966. He next formed the psychedelic band The 23rd Turnoff, before forming the band 'With Rockin' Horse' and launching a solo career, recording 3 albums between 1969 to 1971. Jimmy also wrote a number of songs recorded by other artists. Cliff Richard, Billy Fury, The Swinging Blue Jeans and Rolf Harris all covered songs of Campbell's
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0V3-0vdRQjE"]YouTube - Jimmy Campbell-Half Baked" target="_blank">YouTube - Jimmy Campbell-Half Baked[/ame]

in 2007 - Peggy Gilbert/Margaret F. Knechtges dies at age 102. American jazz saxophonist and bandleader born in Sioux City, Iowa; when she was only 7 years old, she played piano and violin with her father's music band, she later discovered jazz music, and started to play the saxophone. In 1933 she founded her own all-female jazz band (whose name changed often: from "Peggy Gilbert and Her Metro Goldwyn Orchestra" to "Peggy Gilbert and her Symphonics", etc.), in which she also performed on saxophone, vibes, piano, and vocals. In the 1930s and 1940s Peggy and her band performed in the most famous nightclubs in Hollywood, from the "Cotton Club" to the "Cocoanut Grove". During this period, she also appeared in films, toured Alaska with a USO troupe, and began to be an advocate for women musicians. After a difficult period following World War II, in the 1950s she had success on radio and television programs. In 1974, at 69 years old, she created her last great all-girl band, "The Dixie Belles," with other accomplished musicians from vaudeville and the Big Band era. The group performed with great acclaim on TV and at jazz festivals, appearing on "The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson" and in the 1980 Rose Bowl Parade, among many other engagements. In 1985 the band recorded the album "Peggy Gilbert & The Dixie Belles", which is available on CD from Cambria Master Recordings.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fr0KMCpEwUc"]YouTube - Peggy Gilbert, 1905-2007" target="_blank">YouTube - Peggy Gilbert, 1905-2007[/ame]

in 2007 - Eldee Young, American jazz bassist (Ramsey Lewis Trio, Young-Holt Unlimited), dies at 71.

in 2008 - Ronald Isley's appeal against a three-year jail term for tax fraud was rejected by a US court. The 65-year-old singer of the Isley Brothers argued against being imprisoned in an Indiana jail on the grounds of age and poor health. The court heard he cashed royalty cheques belonging to his brother O'Kelly, who died in 1996 and spent millions of dollars made from undeclared performances on a yacht and two homes. Isley was ordered to pay more than $3.1m (£1.62m) to the US tax service for "pathological" evasion.

in 2009 - Coleman Mellett dies at age 34. American jazz guitarist with Chuck Mangione's Grammy award winning jazz band, he joined the band in 1999. In 2007 he released his first solo album "Natural High" (He had been scheduled to play with Mangione and the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra on February 13th but was killed the night before in the crash of Continental Connection Flight 3407 with fellow band member, Gerry Niewood)

in 2009 - Gerry Niewood dies at age 65. American jazz saxophonist; he first joined Chuck Mangione's band in 1968. He was with Chuck through to 1976 and appeared on most of his famous records, adding a strong jazz flavor to the music. He had a post-bop quartet with Dave Samuels from 1976-77, led the Sunday Morning Jazz Band in the early '80s and played with Joe Beck a few years later. He also played with Simon and Garfunkel in their 1981 Concert in Central Park. But he mostly worked in the studios and freelanced until rejoining Chuck in the mid-1990s (He had been scheduled to play with Mangione and the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra on February, Friday 13th but was killed the night before in the crash of Continental Connection Flight 3407 together with fellow band member, Coleman Mellet)

in 2009 - Mat Mathews/Mathieu Schwartz dies at age 84. Dutch jazz accordionist; learned to play music during the Nazi occupation, he was inspired to play jazz when he heard a radio broadcast of Joe Mooney and played with The Millers in Holland from 1947 before moving to New York City in 1952 where formed a quartet which included Herbie Mann. He also played with Art Farmer, Julius Watkins, Joe Puma, Oscar Pettiford, Gigi Gryce, Dick Katz, Percy Heath, and Kenny Clarke. He also played with Carmen McRae in 1954-55. In 1956 he played in the group The 4 Most with Al Cohn, Gene Quill, Hank Jones and Mundell Lowe as well as making appearances on television variety shows such as Garry Moore's, Jack Paar's, and Arthur Godfrey's. In the very late 50s and into the 1960s he worked mainly as a studio musician, until 1964 when he moved back to the Netherlands. There he continued his work in studios as an arranger and producer, and recorded less as a player.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jIRuW1wBA2U"]YouTube - Mat Mathews _ 'Blues'" target="_blank">YouTube - Mat Mathews _ 'Blues'[/ame]

in 2012 - Adrian Foley, 8th Baron Foley dies at age 88. British peer, composer and pianist. He succeeded to his title at the age of three. He composed music for the films Piccadilly Incident-1946 and Bond Street-1947. He also appeared on an episode of the American game show, To Tell the Truth in 1957. - Born August 9th 1923.

12 FEBRUARY
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Old February 13th, 2014, 09:42 PM   #2683

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13 FEBRUARY
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in 1600 - Johann Sigismund Kusser, Hungarian composer and orchestral director, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7zbZzL4Hxno"]YouTube - Johann Sigismund Kusser (1660-1727) - Suite No. 1 in G minor, Variation sur no.7[/ame]

in 1629 - Girolamo Giacobbi, Italian composer and maestro di cappella, dies at 61.

in 1660 - Johann Joseph Fux, renowned Austrian organist, music theorist, pedagogue, and composer, is born at Hirtenfeld, near St. Marein, Styria. He was born into a peasant family. Fux enrolled in the Jesuit Universotu in Graz as a "grammatista" in 1680, then in 1681 he entered the Ferdinandeum there, a Jesuit residential school made up mostly of musically gifted students. He also studied at the Jesuit University of Ingolstadt, being listed as logica studiosus in 1683.

He served as organist at St. Moritz there until 1688.By 1696he was in Vienna, where he was organist at the Schottenkirche until 1702. Fux was made court composer by the Emperor in 1698; about 1700 the latter is believed to have sent him to Rome, where he studied composition. He became vice Kapellmeister at St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna in 1705,and was then its principal Kapellmeister from 1712 to 1715. He became vice Kapellmeister to the court in 1713. Fux was named Ziani's successor as principal Kapellmeister to the court in 1715.Among his noted students were Gottlieb Muffat, G.c. Wagenseil, and J.D. Zelenka.

Fux was the last representative of the Baroque tradition in composition and music theory in Austria. As a composer, he was an outstanding contrapuntist. He found inspiration in the a cappella polyphonic mastery of Palestrina, which led to his adoption of 2 contrasting styles in his sacred music: the stylus a cappella (without instruments) and the stylus mixtus (with instruments). In his solo motets, operas, and oratorios, he prepared the way for the Viennese Classicists. More than 200 works have been added to the original 405 cataloged by Kochel. As a music theorist, he produced the classic treatise on counterpoint, Gradus ad successors, and remains an invaluable textbook. - Died at Vienna, Feb. 13, 1741.

in 1693 - Johann Kaspar von Kerl, German organist and composer, dies at 65.
in 1713 - Domingo Miguel Bernabe Terradellas, Spanish composer, is born.

in 1721 - General John Reid, Scottish composer and soldier, is born. Reid composed (among other pieces) the slow march "The Garb of Old Gaul," and endowed a music chair at the University of Edinburgh.

in 1740 - (Madeleine) Sophie Arnould, notable French soprano, is born at Paris. She studied with Marie Pel and Hippolyte Clairon. In 1757 she joined the Paris Opera, where she was one of its principal members until her retirement on a state pension of 2,000 livres in 1788. She created the title role in Gluck's Iphigenie en Aulide there on April 19,1774, and also had fine success in operas by Rameau, Monsigny, and Fancoeur. She also became a favorite in Parisian society. Pierne chose her as the subject of his opera Sophie Arnould (1927). - Died at Paris, Oct. 22, 1802.

in 1741 - Johann Joseph Fux, Austrian composer, music theorist and teacher, dies at 80.
in 1755 - François Alexander Sallantin, French oboist, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1787 - James P Carrell, American composer, teacher, minister and songbook compiler, is born.
in 1814 - Augustin Holler, German composer and teacher, dies at 69.
in 1820 - Bela Albrecht Pal Keler, Hungarian composer, is born.
in 1837 - Valentin de Zubiaurre y Unionbarrenechea, Spanish composer, is born.
in 1840 - Georg Jacobi, German violinist, composer and conductor, is born.
in 1849 - Christian Rummel, Germand pianist and composer, dies at 61.

in 1851 - Anna Essipoff (Esslpova), famous Russian pianist and pedagogue, is born at St. Petersburg.
She was a pupil of Leschetizky, whom she married in 1880 and divorced in 1892. She made her debut in St. Petersburg, and subsequently made long concert tours throughout Europe and in America. Her distinguishing artistic quality was a singing piano tone and "pearly" passage work. From 1870 to 1885 she gave 669 concerts. In 1893 she was engaged as a professor of piano at the St. Petersburg Conservatory, where she taught until 1908. Many famous pianists and composers, Prokofiev among them, were her students. - Died at St. Petersburn, Aug. 18,1914.

in 1862 - Karel Weis, Czech organist, violinist, composer, conductor and teacher, is born.
in 1867 - Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premieres in Vienna.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_CTYymbbEL4"]Johann Strauss II - The Blue Danube Waltz - YouTube[/ame]

in 1870 - Leopold Godowsky, Polish-American virtuoso pianist, composer and teacher, is born.

in 1873 - Feodor (Ivanovich), Chaliapin, celebrated Russian bass, is born near Kazan.
He was born into a poverty- ridden peasant family, and thus was compelled to work in menial jobs from an early age and had little opportunity for formal schooling. While still a youth, he began to travel with various opera and operetta companies as a chorister and eventually appeared in stage roles.

In 1890 he made his formal operatic debut as the Stolnik in Halka with the Semyonov-Smarsky company in Ufa. During his travels, he was accompanied by the writer Maxim Gorky, who also sang in a chorus; together they made their way through the Russian provinces, often walking the railroad tracks when they could not afford the fare.

Chaliapin's wanderings took him to Tiflis, where his extraordinary vocal gifts deeply impressed the tenor and vocal pedagogue Dimitri Usatov (1847-1913), who taught him free of charge in 1892-93. After appearances in Tiflis in 1893-94, Chaliapin went to St. Petersburg and sang with Panayev's company in 1894. He then was a member of the St. Petersburg Imperial Opera from 1894 to 1896.

He subsequently went to Moscow, where he sang with Mamontov's company (1896-99), producing a great impression with his portrayals of Boris Godunov, Ivan Susanin, Varlaam, Dosifey, Ivan the Terrible, Holofernes in Serov's Judith, the Viking Guest in Sadko, and the Miller in Dargomyzhsky's Rusalka.

On Dec. 7,1898, he created the role of Salieri in Rimsky-Korsakov's Mozart and Salieri with Mamontov's company. During this time, Chaliapin also acquired fame as a concert singer. In 1899 he joined Moscow's Bolshoi Theater, where he served as its principal bass until 1914.

His first appearance outside his homeland was at Milan's La Scala in 1901 when he sang Boito's Mefistofele. He returned to La Scala in 1904, 1908, 1912, 1929-30, and 1933. From 1905 to 1937 he made frequent appearances in Monte Carlo, where he created the title role in Massenet's Don Quichotte on Feb. 19, 1910. On July 25, 1905, he made his London debut at a private concert, and returned there to sing in the Russian seasons at Drury Lane in 1913 and 1914.

He made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Mefistofele on Nov. 20, 1907. However, his dramatic characterizations failed to evoke sympathetic response from N.Y. audiences and critics, so he went to Paris to sing in Diaghilev's Russian seasons in 1908, 1910, and 1913. After the Russian Revolution, he became soloist and artistic director of the Petrograd Opera in 1918. He also was made a People's Artist by the Soviet government, but he soon became estranged by the course of events in his homeland and in 1921 settled in Paris.

On Dec. 9, 1921, he made a triumphant return to the Metropolitan Opera with his compelling portrayal of Boris Godunov, and thereafter sang there with notable acclaim until 1929. From 1922 to 1924 he also sang with the Chicago Opera. In 1926 and in 1928-29 he appeared at London's Covent Garden, and in 1931 he returned to London to sing at the Lyceum Theatre.

On March 3,1935, he gave his farewell concert performance in N.Y; his operatic farewell followed in Monte Carlo in 1937 when he once again sang Boris Godunov. Chaliapin made many recordings and appeared in film versions of Tsar Ivan the Terrible (1915) and Don Quixote (1933). He wrote Stranitsiiz moyey zhizni: Avtobiografiya (Leningrad, 1926; Eng. tr., 1927, as Pages from My Life) and Maska i dusha: Moi sorok let na teatrakh (Paris, 1932; Eng. tr., 1932, as Man and Mask). Chaliapin was one of the foremost singing actors ever to grace the operatic stage. He dominated every scene in which he appeared as much by his remarkable dramatic gifts as by his superlative vocal prowess. Even in his last years, when this prowess declined, he never failed to move audiences by the sheer intensity of his performances. - Died at Paris, April 12, 1938.

in 1877 - Jazeps Medins, Latvian composer, conductor and teacher, is born.
in 1883 - Bainbridge Crist, American composer and teacher, is born.

in 1883 - Richard Wagner, German composer, conductor and theater director, famous for his cycle of operas based on Norse mythology (the Ring cycle), dies at 69.

in 1896 - Karl Reinthaler, German composer, conductor and choir director, dies at 73.
in 1907 - Katy de la Cruz (Leading Filipino singer) is born
in 1908 - Gerald Strang, Canadian composer, teacher, computer music practitioner and acoustician, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PUYwZgkkIkE&feature=related"]YouTube - Strang - Percussion Music for 3 Players.VOB[/ame]

in 1914 - George Kleinsinger, American composer, is born.
in 1914 - American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers-ASCAP forms in NYC.
in 1916 - John Reed (UK actor, singer of Gilbert & Sullivan) is born
in 1919 - Joan Edwards, English-American jazz singer, is born.
in 1919 - Chickie Williams/Jessie Wanda Crupe (US singer; solo/Border Riders) is born.

in 1919 - Tennessee Ernie Ford, (actually, Ernest Jennings), finger-snappin', pencil-moustached TV star and country-pop singer, born at Bristol, Tenn. Ford is best- remembered for his (melo) dramatic rendition of Merle Travis's "Sixteen Tons," a mid-1950s hit.

Ford was as much a personality as a country singer, and became a well recognized icon of 1950s and 1960s TV variety shows. Ford did not have a particularly rural upbringing; he was raised in Bristol, a Southern mill town, where he sang in the high school choir and played in the school band.

When he was 18, he got his first job as an announcer at a local radio station, and then enrolled in the Cincinnati Cons. of Music for classical music training. After serving in World War II, he returned to radio work in Pasadena, Calif., and began working as a vocalist with West-Coast area cowboy- styled bands, most notably that of Cliffie Stone, a prominent West Coast musician/bandleader/promoter who quickly took Ford under his wing.

As an executive of the newly formed Capitol Records, Stone got Ford his recording contract, and went on to manage his lengthy career. Signed to Capitol in 1948, Ford had a number of hits with pseudo-Western numbers, beginning with 1949's "Mule Train," "Smokey Mountain Boogie," and"Anticipation Blues," jazz-flavored renderings of pop songs written in the style of country blues and cowboy numbers.

A year later, he scored big with his own composition, "Shotgun Boogie," which lead to his own network radio show. In 1955, Ford covered Merle Travis's "Sixteen Tons," a song about the life of a coal miner that Travis had written in the folk style. Ford's rendition became a massive hit, decked out with its crooning chorus and popish instrumental arrangement. Following the success of "Sixteen Tons" on pop and country charts, Ford hosted his own TV variety show on NBC until 1961.

Added to his regular appearances on a number of other shows, Ford was a familiar face in American households. In the early 1960s, Ford turned to more conservative material. Hymns, the first in a series of all-religious recordings, released in 1963, was country music's first million-selling album. Balancing this with remakes of patriotic material like "America the Beautiful," Ford became a leading conservative voice in the country hierarchy. His smooth-voiced, non- threatening renditions of mostly time-worn material cemented his 1960s popularity. Although he had a chart hit in 1971 with "Happy Songs of Love," Ford's career had pretty much ended by that time. He performed live into the 1980s however. In 1990, he was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame. A year later, he collapsed at a White House dinner, and died of liver disease soon after. - Died at Reston, Va., Oct. 17, 1991.

in 1920 - Boudleaux Bryant, American classical violinist, country fiddler and famous country music songwriter (in partnership with his wife, Felice), is born. They're in the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame, the Songwriters Hall of Fame, the Country Music Hall of Fame, and the Rockabilly Hall of Fame.

in 1920 - Eileen Farrell, brilliant American soprano, is born at Willimantic, Conn.
Her parents were vaudeville singers. She received her early vocal training with Merle Alcock in N.Y., and later studied with Eleanor McLellan. In 1940 she sang on the radio. In 1947-48 she made a U.S. tour as a concert singer, and then toured South America in 1949. Her song recital in N.Y. on Oct. 24, 1950, was enthusiastically acclaimed and secured for her immediate recognition.

She was soloist in Beethoven's 9th Symphony with Toscanini and the NBC Symphony Orchestra. She also appeared many times with the N.Y.Philharmonic. She made her operatic debut as Santuzza with the San Carlo Opera in Tampa, Fla., in 1956. In 1958 she joined the San Francisco Opera and in 1957 became a member of the Lyric Opera of Chicago. On Dec. 6, 1960, she made a successful debut with the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y. as Gluck's Alcestis; she remained on its roster until 1964; then returned in 1965-66.

She was a Distinguished Professor of Music at the Ind. University School of Music in Bloomington from 1971 to 1980, and then held that title at the University of Maine in Orono from 1983 to 1985. With B. Kellow, she published the autobiography Can't Help Singing: The Life of Eileen Farrell (1999).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Etw5sdLa0Qg"]Eileen Farrell sings "Mild und Leise" Tristan und Isolde - YouTube[/ame]

in 1921 - Jeanne Demessieux (French organist, pianist, composer) is born.
in 1923 - Yfrah Neaman (Lebanese violinist) is born.

in 1923 - Schuyler G(arrison) Chapin, American music administrator, is born at N.Y. He received training from Boulanger at the Longy School of Music in Cambridge, Mass. (1940-41). After working for NBC (1941-51), Tex and Jinx McCary Enterprises (1951-53), and Columbia Artists Management (1953-59), he was head of the Masterworks Division of Columbia Records (1959-63). He later was associated with N.Y.'s Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, and, from 1969 to 1971, was executive producer for Amberson Enterprises. He then was general manager of N.Y/s Metropolitan Opera (1972-75). From 1976 to 1987 he served as dean of Columbia Universities School of the Arts. He was vice-president of worldwide concert and artist activities for Steinway and Sons (1990-92). In 1994 he became chairman of cultural affairs for the city of N.Y. He published his memoirs as Musical Chairs: A Life in the Arts (1977). He also published Leonard Bernstein: Notes From a Friend (1992) and Sopranos, Mezzos, Tenors, Bassos and Other Friends (1995).

in 1925 - Gene Ames, American pop singer (Ames Brothers), is born.

in 1926 - Barney (Sanford) Childs, American composer and teacher, is born at Spokane, Wash. He studied intermittently with Ratner, Chavez, Copland, and Carter, and obtained a B.A. degree in English from the University of Nev. (1949), an M.A. from the University of Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar (1955), and a Ph.D. in literature from Stanford University (1959). He taught English at the University of Ariz. (1956-65), and then served as dean of Deep Springs College in Calif. (1965-69). From 1969 to 1971 he taught theory and composition at Wisconson College-Conservatory in Milwaukee. In 1971 he joined the faculty at Johnston College of the University of Redlands in Calif., and then was a professpr there from 1973 to 1994. Not overly concerned with public tastes and current fashions of cosmopolitan styles, Childs cultivated indeterminate structures. He edited, with Elliott Schwarz, Contemporary Composers on Contemporary Music (N.Y., 1967; rev. 1998). Died at Redlands, Calif., Jan. 11, 2000.

in 1927 - Buck Hill (US saxophone, jazz musian; guest/SteepleChase/Muse) is born
in 1934 - George Segal Jr., American dixieland jazz banjo player and actor, is born.

in 1942 - Peter Tork, American pop-rock singer/songwriter, bassist, guitarist, keyboardist and banjo player (The Monkees), is born.
The Monkees, the "Pre-Fab" four pop-group created to exploit the success of The Beatles on record and film. MEMBERSHIP: Michael Nesmith, gtr., voc. (b. Houston, Tex., Dec. 30,1942); Davy Jones, tamb., voc. (b. Manchester, England, Dec. 30, 1945); Peter Tork (Thorkelson), bs., voc. (b. Washington, D.C., Feb. 13, 1944); Michael "Mickey" Dolenz, drm., voc. (b. Tarzana, Calif., March 8,1945). The Monkees were created through auditions conducted by NBC television in September 1965. The principals were chosen from more than 400 applicants that included Stephen Stills and Jerry Yester. Mickey Dolenz had been a child actor, appearing in the TV series Circus Boy, using the name Mickey Braddock, from 1956 to 1958, and later was lead singer of The Missing Links.

Davy Jones had been a racehorse jockey and appeared in the London and N.Y. productions of 2482 the musical Oliver before unsuccessfully attempting a solo singing career. Both Peter Tork and Michael Nesmith had performed music professionally. Tork had played Greenwich Village coffeehouses, whereas Nesmith had done session work in Memphis for Stax/Volt Records and played in the duo Mike and John with John London in Los Angeles. The Monkees television series debuted in September 1966, with Don Kirshner as musical supervisor.

His songwriting staff provided the group with many of their hits, starting with Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart's top hit "Last Train to Clarksville." The series proved enormously successful as the group continued to record with sessions musicians such as James Burton, Leon Russell, Glen Campbell, and Hal Blaine, scoring smash hits with Neil Diamond's "I'm a Believer" (backed with the major hit "I'm Not Your Steppin' Stone") and "A Little Bit Me, a Little Bit You." The members, led by Nesmith, were finally allowed to play their own instruments beginning with Headquarters. Touring the U.S. in 1967, briefly with Jimi Hendrix as the opening act, The Monkees' fourth album yielded a smash hit with Carole King and Gerry Coffin's wry "Pleasant Valley Sunday," backed by the major hit "Words." The Birds, the Bees and the Monkees produced the top hit "Daydream Believer" (written by John Stewart) and the smash "Valleri" (by Boyce and Hart). The final episode of the television show was broadcast in March 1968 and the show was cancelled in June.

Following the major hit "D. W. Washburn" (by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller), the group achieved only minor hits through 1970. The Monkees' late 1968 comedy film Head, produced by their television producer Bob Rafelson and Jack Nicholson, proved a commercial failure, although the soundtrack album contained some of the members' finest offerings, including Nesmith's "Circle Sky" and Tork's "Can You Dig It." Tork quit The Monkees in early 1969 and Nesmith left following The Monkees Present, which included his minor hit, "Listen to the Band." Only Dolenz and Jones remained for 1970's Changes. Dolenz and Jones resurfaced in 1975 and 1976 with songwriters Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart for one album and tour.

Of the four Monkees, only Michael Nesmith was able to establish himself as a solo artist. The Paul Butterfield Blues Band recorded his "Mary, Mary" on their East-West album; Linda Ronstadt and The Stone Poneys scored their first and only major hit with his "Different Drum" in 1967; and The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band managed a minor hit with his "Some of Shelly's Blues" in 1971. After producing and conducting an instrumental album of his own songs for Dot while still a member of The Monkees, he signed with RCA in 1970 and formed The First National Band with old associate John London and steel guitarist Orville "Red" Rhodes. Regarded as one of the finest country-rock bands to emerge from Los Angeles, the group recorded two albums and scored a major hit in 1970 with Nesmith's haunting "Joanne." They subsequently fell into disarray during the recording of their third album, which was completed with legendary guitarist James Burton and keyboardist Glen D. Hardin, who were later members of Emmylou Harris7 Hot Band.

Nesmith later formed the short-lived Second National Band and recorded the solo album And the Hits Just Keep on Coming, often regarded as his finest work, with stalwart Red Rhodes. During 1972, Michael Nesmith founded his own label, Countryside, under the auspices of Elektra Records, but the label was later abandoned when David Geffen succeeded to the presidency of Elektra. After recording a final album for RCA with Red Rhodes, Nesmith allowed his contract to expire, purchased his old masters, and formed Pacific Arts Records in Carmel, Calif., in 1977. He recorded several albums for the label in the late 1970s and expanded the company's operation into the production of videos. His award-winning 1981 television special, Elephant Parts, was one of the first t be specifically aimed at the home VCR market, and his Pop Clips, for cable television's Nickelodeon network, provided the prototype for MTV months before the music network was launched. Nesmith further expanded into feature-length movies with 1983's Timerider, scoring his biggest film success with the cult favorite Repo Man in 1984.

Other film, television, and video projects followed, although none proved particularly successful. In 1986, Davy Jones, Peter Tork, and Mickey Dolenz reunited as The Monkees for a surprisingly successful national tour. Spurred on by MTV's airing of the group's television show and the reissue of their first six albums (including Head) on Rhino Records, the group was introduced to a new generation and enjoyed renewed popularity. Dolenz and Tork even scored a major hit with "That Was Then, This Is Now." In 1987, the three toured again and recorded all new songs for Rhino on Pool It!, which produced a minor hit with "Heart and Soul." In the 1990s, Mickey Dolenz recorded two children's albums and Nesmith returned to recording with Rio Records. Peter Tork recorded Stranger Things Have Happened for the small Beachwood label in 1994. All four original members of The Monkees reunited for 1996's Justus on Rhino Records and 1997's ABC-TV special Hey, Hey It's the Monkees. In the mid-1990s, Michael Nesmith's guitarist-son Jason was a member of Nancy Boy with Donovan's son Donovan Leitch Jr.

in 1944 - Rebop Kwaku Baah (Nigerian-Swedish percussion; Traffic/Ginger Baker/Wings/freelance) is born
in 1945 - King Floyd, American soul singer/songwriter, is born.

in 1945 - Roy Dyke (UK drummer; Ashton Gardner & Dyke/Badger) is born
in 1945 - Keith Nichols, English jazz pianist, multi-instrumentalist, bandleader, arranger and teacher, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qtnrWhtOOsg"]YouTube - Keith Nichols' Hot Six at Tunbridge Wells Jazz Club[/ame]

in 1946 - Colin Matthews (British composer) is born
in 1948 - Rod Dees (UK bass; Showaddywaddy) is born
in 1949 - Judy Dyble (UK singer-songwriter; Fairport Convention) is born
in 1950 - Peter Gabriel, English rock singer/songwriter, flautist, multi-instrumentalist and producer, is born.
in 1950 - Roger Christian (UK multi-musician, vocals; The Christians) is born
in 1951 - Rod Dees, English rock bassist (Showaddywaddy), is born.
in 1951 - David Naughton (US actor, singer) is born
in 1952 - Ed Gagliardi, American rock bassist (Foreigner), is born.
in 1952 - Alfred Einstein, German-American musicologist, possibly a distant relative of Albert, dies at 71.
in 1953 - Rico J. Puno (Filipino pop singer) is born
in 1955 - Jan de Ligt, Dutch rock saxophonist (Normaal). is born.
in 1955 - Scott Smith, Canadian rock bassist (Loverboy), is born.
in 1956 - Peter Hook, English rock bassist, singer, keyboardist and guitarist (Joy Division/New Order), is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zEFEOnXKWuc"]Peter Hook And The Light - Pictures In My MInd - 1102 / 2011 EP - YouTube[/ame]

in 1957 - Tony Butler, English rock bassist and singer (Big Country, On The Air, The Pretenders), is born.
in 1957 - Doris King, American country singer (Girls Next Door), is born.
in 1958 - Mark Fox, English pop percussionist (Haircut 100), is born.

in 1959 - William Axt, American composer, conductor, arranger and music director, dies at 70. Axt's main work was in film scores, and he was involved im several well known films, including Grand Hotel and The Thin Man.

in 1961 - Les Warner, British rock drummer and producer (The Cult), is born.
in 1961 - Henry Rollins/Henry Garfield (US singer, actor; Black Flag/Rollins Band) is born
in 1961 - Lawrence Welk started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Calcutta'.

in 1961 - Frank Sinatra launched his own record label. Reprise Records, later the home of Neil Young, Jimi Hendrix, Joni Mitchell, Randy Newman and The Beach Boys.

in 1962 - May Sweet/Swe Aye Myint (Burmese singer) is born
in 1962 - Rob Ellis (UK drummer, multi musician with PJ Harvey) is born.

in 1965 - The Rolling Stones played the last night on a 16-date tour of Australia and New Zealand at the Capital Theatre in Perth. Also appearing on the tour was Roy Orbison, The Newbeats and Ray Columbus and the Invaders.

in 1964 - Yamantaka Eye/Tetsuro Yamatsuka (Japanese singer; Boredoms is born
in 1965 - Jerry Burke, American big band keyboardist (Lawrence Welk Orchestra), dies at 53.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nE6ay6u96n4"]YouTube - The Lawrence Welk Show: An Organ Medley[/ame]

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in 1966 - Freedom Williams/Frederick Brandon Williams (US rap artist; C&C Music Factory) is born
in 1966 - Jeff Waters (Canadian guitarist; Annihilator) is born.

in 1967 - The Monkees announced that from now on they would be playing on their own recordings instead of session musicians.

in 1967 - The Beatles released the double A sided single 'Strawberry Fields Forever/Penny Lane' on Capitol Records in the US. The single spent 10 weeks on the chart peaking at No.1.

in 1968 - Ildebrando Pizzetti, Italian composer and teacher, dies at 87.
in 1968 - Niamh Kavanagh (Irish singer) is born.

in 1969 - A launch party was held for Mary Hopkin at the Post Office Tower in London, guests included Jimi Hendrix, Donovan and Paul McCartney with his new girlfriend Linda Eastman.

in 1969 - Bob Dylan recorded ‘Lay, Lady, Lay’ at Columbia Recording Studios in Nashville, Tennessee.
in 1969 - Ahlam Ali Al Shamsi (Bahraini singer) is born
in 1970 - Karoline Krüger (Norwegian singer) is born.

in 1971 - The Osmonds started a five week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'One Bad Apple'. The group had been appearing on TV in the US from 1962, on the Andy Williams Show and then the Jerry Lewis show.

in 1971 - The Jackson Five, Diana Ross and the Supremes and Mungo Jerry all appeared live at the Grand Theater, Gary, Indiana.

in 1971 - Sonia/Sonia Rutstein (UK vocalist; Disappear Fear/solo) is born
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xUmFD8_0q9U"]YouTube - Sonia - You'll Never Stop Me Loving You[/ame]

in 1972 - Robert Harrell, American rock bassist and songwriter (3 Doors Down), is born.

in 1972 - The Greasy Truckers Party, Hawkwind, Man and Brinsley Schwarz all appeared at The Roundhouse, London, England.

in 1973 - After becoming ill during a concert in Las Vegas Elvis Presley presented Doctor Sidney Bowers with a Lincoln Continental to show his appreciation for all his work.

in 1974 - Robbie Williams, English pop singer/songwriter, guitarist, multi-instrumentalist and producer (Take That), is born.

in 1974 - David Bowie turned down an offer from the Gay Liberation group to compose 'the world's first Gay National Anthem.'

in 1974 - Ustad Amir Khan dies at age 61. Indian classical singer born in Indore, he is considered one of the most influential figures in Hindustani classical music, and the founder of the Indore Gharana. His unique style, known as the Indore Gharana, blends the spiritual flavor and grandeur of dhrupad with the ornate vividness of khayal. He also helped popularize the tarana. Besides singing in concerts, Amir Khan also sang film songs in ragas, most notably for the films Baiju Bawra, Kshudhita Pashan, Shabaab, and Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje. He also sang a ghazal Rahiye Ab Aisi Jagah for a documentary on Ghalib. He was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1967 and the Padma Bhushan in 1971 (car accident in Calcutta)

in 1975 - Iván González (Puerto Rican DJ, singer; Sangresabia). is born
in 1975 - Eric Harding Thiman, English organist, composer, conductor, choir master, arranger and teacher, dies at 74.
in 1976 - Leslie Feist, Canadian pop-rock singer/songwriter, guitarist, pianist, banjo player and drummer, is born.

in 1976 - Lily Pons dies at age 77. French-born soprano born in Draguignan near Cannes, later moving to America. She was a principal soprano at the Met for 30 years, appearing 300 times in ten roles from 1931-1960. Her most frequent performances were as Rosina in Rossini's The Barber of Seville-33 performances, Lucia-93 performances, Lakmé-50 performances, Gilda in Verdi's Rigoletto-49 performances, and. In 1944 during WW II, she canceled her work in New York and instead toured with the USO, entertaining troops with her singing. Her husband Andre Kostelanetz directed a band composed of American soldiers as accompaniment to her voice. The pair performed at military bases in North Africa, Italy, the Middle East, the Persian Gulf, India and Burma in 1944. In 1945, the tour continued through China, Belgium, France and Germany—a performance near the front lines. Returning home, she toured the U.S., breaking attendance records in cities such as Milwaukee at which 30,000 attended her performance on July 20, 1945. (pancreatic cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8qSdjJPPDp8"]YouTube - The "Una voce poco fa" Contest - Lily Pons[/ame]

in 1976 - Dave Padden (Canadian vocalist, bass guitar; Annihilator/Terror Syndrome) is born.

in 1976 - Genesis released their first album since the departure of Peter Gabriel, 'A Trick Of The Tail' featuring eight new tracks with drummer Phill Collins taking on the role of lead vocalist.

in 1976 - Saint Thomas/Thomas Hansen (Norwegian alt-country singer, guitarist) is born.

in 1976 - The 101'ers featuring Joe Strummer played at The Town Hall, Hampstead, London, and on the same night DP Costello, (Elvis Costello) played at The Half Moon, Putney, London supporting Vivian Stanshall.

in 1977 - Julie Covington was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Don't Cry For Me Argentina', taken from the Tim Rice & Andrew Lloyd-Webber musical Evita. Covington had been in the 1977 UK TV series based on an all female group called Rock Follies. Madonna had a hit with her version of the song in 1996.

in 1978 - Hamish Glencross (Scottish guitarist; My Dying Bride) is born
in 1978 - Philippe Jaroussky (French sopranist countertenor, violinist) is born.
in 1980 - Thin Lizzy leader Phil Lynott married Caroline Crowther the daughter of TV personality Leslie.

in 1980 - Police raided the home of former Sex Pistol John Lydon who greeted them waving a ceremonial sword, the only illegal item they found was a canister of tear gas, claimed to be for defence against intruders.

in 1981 - Island Records launched 'One Plus One' cassettes, one side had one of their artist's albums and the other was blank so you could record on it!

in 1982 - The Jam became the first band since The Beatles to play two numbers on the same edition of 'Top Of The Pops', when they performed 'A Town Called Malice', and 'Precious', their latest double A sided No.1. 1982, The marble slab was stolen from the grave of Lynyrd Skynyrd's singer Ronnie Van Zant, police found it two weeks later in a dried up river bed.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=whSYTSXm8wo"]YouTube - The Jam - Going Underground[/ame]

in 1988 - Aston Merrygold (UK singer, actor) is born.

1989 - Michael Jackson fired his manager, Dileo, who reportedly sought a $60 million (£35.3 million) settlement to prevent him revealing Jackson’s lifestyle to the press.

in 1989 - This year’s Brit Awards was hosted by Sam Fox and Mick Fleetwood in which just about everything went wrong - lines were fluffed and bands mis-cued onto the stage. Winners included Phil Collins who won British Male Solo Artist, British Female Solo Artist was Annie Lennox, Erasure won Best British Group, Best British Album went to Fairground Attraction for ‘First Of A Million Kisses’, British Breakthrough Act was Bros, Michael Jackson won International Male, International Female went to Tracey Chapman and U2 won Best International Group. This was the last year the show was broadcast live.

in 1993 - Sophie Evans, Welsh musician is born
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hT2Vg1EHDBk"]YouTube - Sophie Evans ummm" target="_blank">YouTube - Sophie Evans ummm[/ame]

in 1993 - Founder member of Musical Youth, Patrick Waite died aged 24, of natural causes (hereditary heart condition), whilst awaiting a court appearance on drug charges. Scored the 1982 UK No.1 and Grammy-nominated single ‘Pass the Dutchie.’

in 1993 - Dutch dance group 2 Unlimited started a five-week run at the UK No.1 with the single 'No Limit.' One of the most successful Euro dance acts of the 90s, they scored 11 successive Top 20 hits.

in 1993 - The Cult went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Pure Cult.'

in 1993 - Patrick Waite dies at age 23. British bassist, singer and a founder member of Musical Youth. During the autumn of 1982, the group issued one of the fastest-selling singles of the year in "Pass the Dutchie". The record went to No. 1 in the UK Singles Chart in October 1982. It went on to sell over four million copies, and was nominated for a Grammy Award. A U.S. Top 10 placing also followed in the Billboard Hot 100 chart. The accompanying video made them the first black artists to be played on MTV. Other hits include "Youth Of Today", "Never Gonna Give You Up", "Heartbreaker" and "Tell Me Why". They received another Grammy Award nomination for Best New Artist at the Grammy Awards of 1984 (sadly Patrick died of a hereditary heart condition)

in 1995 - Wilton "Bogey" Gaynair, Jamaican jazz saxophonist, composer and bandleader, dies at 68.

in 1996 - Daniel K Womack, American blues singer/songwriter, guitarist, pianist and harmonica player, dies at 91.
in 1996 - Take That split up, the biggest band of the 90s announced their demise in front of the world's press at The Hilton in Manchester, the band had achieved 7 No.1 singles & 2 No.1 albums. They released one more single and a Greatest Hits album.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KII1ruAfvsg"]YouTube - Take That - Rule The World - Official Music Video" target="_blank">YouTube - Take That - Rule The World - Official Music Video[/ame]

in 1997 - Michael Menson of Rebel MC died from burns sustained in a racial attack aged 30. Lost on a street in North London, Menson was attacked twice. His tormentors were determined to burn him alive, throwing fuel at him, setting his back on fire. He suffered terrible burns and died 16 days later. Rebel MC had the 1989 UK No.3 single 'Street Tuff'.

in 1997 - Michael Jackson became a father when Debbie Rowe gave birth to a baby boy, Prince Michael Jackson Jr.
in 1997 - During their The Alive Worldwide tour, Kiss played the first of three sold out nights at the Rod Laver Arena in Melbourne, Australia.

in 1998 - Police at Manchester Airport arrested former Stone Roses singer, Ian Brown after an incident during a flight from Paris. Brown was found guilty in August the same year and jailed for four months; British Airways also banned him from flying with the airline.

in 1999 - Monica started a four week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Angel Of Mine.' 2000 - Oasis scored their fifth UK No.1 single with 'Go Let It Out'. The first release on the bands 'Big Brother' label and the first single from their fourth studio album Standing on the Shoulder of Giants.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pqe93Bct7UU"]YouTube - Monica - Everything To Me" target="_blank">YouTube - Monica - Everything To Me[/ame]

in 2000 - D’angelo was at No.1 on the US album chart with ‘Voodoo.’

in 2002 - Waylon Jennings dies at age 64. American country music singer, songwriter, and musician. He rose to prominence as a bassist for Buddy Holly following the break-up of The Crickets. He escaped death in the February 3, 1959, plane crash that took the lives of Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson, when he gave up his seat to Richardson who had been sick with the flu. By the 1970s, he had become associated with so-called "outlaws," an informal group of musicians who worked outside of the Nashville corporate scene. A series of duet albums with Willie Nelson in the late '70s culminated in the 1978 crossover hit, "Mammas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys." In 1979, he recorded the theme song for the hit television show The Dukes of Hazzard, and also served as the narrator, "The Balladeer", for all seven seasons of the show. He continued to be active in the recording industry, forming the group The Highwaymen with Nelson, Johnny Cash, and Kris Kristofferson. Waylon released his last solo studio album in 1998. In 2001, he was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame (diabetic complications)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ecE1UML1q8"]YouTube - Waylon Jennings - I`ve Always Been Crazy" target="_blank">YouTube - Waylon Jennings - I`ve Always Been Crazy[/ame]

in 2004 - Led Zeppelin were awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award at this year’s Grammys. Jimmy Page, John Paul Jones and Jason Bonham all attended. Robert Plant did not, since he was working on a new album and tour.
in 2005 - Readers of UK newspaper The Sun voted George Michael’s ‘Careless Whisper’ as the greatest British pop single of the past 25 years. Oasis came second with ‘Wonderwall’ and Kate Bush third with ‘Wuthering Heights’. The rest of the Top 10: No.4, Robbie Williams, ‘Angels’, No.5, The Jam, ‘Going Underground’, in equal 6th, The Sex Pistols, ‘God Save The Queen’ and Joy Division, ‘Love Will Tear Us Apart’, 7th was Queen, ‘We Are The Champions’, 9th, The Stone Roses, ‘Fool’s Gold’ and 10th The Undertones ‘Teenage Kicks’.

in 2005 - Keane went to No.1 for the fourth time on the UK album chart with their debut release ‘Hopes and Fears’.

in 2005 - U2 were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Sometimes You Can't Make It On Your Own', their 6th No.1, taken from their album 'How To Dismantle An Atomic Bomb'.

in 2007 - Babyshambles singer Pete Doherty was fined £300 and disqualified from driving for two months after admitting to two charges of driving without insurance or a licence at Thames Magistrates Court in London.

in 2007 - Robbie Williams checked into rehab on his birthday to deal with an addiction to prescription drugs. The singer, who was 33 today, was admitted into an unnamed clinic in the US.

in 2007 - Rod Stewart was paid $1million when he performed at a billionaire's birthday bash. Stewart was booked to play a one-hour gig to help Steve Schwarzman celebrate his 60th birthday held at New York's Park Avenue Armory.
in 2008 - Former Blue singer Lee Ryan was charged with an attack on a taxi driver in Surrey. The 24-year-old was accused of assaulting the man following a minor traffic accident in Oxted on New Year's Eve

in 2008 - A fan paid $3,000 (£1,500) for a jewelled bra, which Shakira wore on her Oral Fixation world tour in 2007, in an auction for the pop star's children's charity. More than $60,000 (£30,700) had been raised so far, with one fan paying $14,100 (£7,200) to meet Shakira. The charity was currently building a school for poor children in the singer's home country, Colombia. Other items in the auction included a purple wig and Gibson guitar used in the video for Las De La Intuicion, which sold for $3,301 (£1,700), a shiny lavender skirt with turquoise and coral beading that Shakira wore while singing Hips Don't Lie on tour, fetched more than $1,076 (£550).

in 2008 - Roger Voisin dies at age 89. French born trumpet player; he moved to America as a child when his father, René Voisin was brought to the Boston Symphony as 4th trumpet in 1928. Roger studied with the Boston Symphony's second trumpet Marcel LaFosse and principal trumpet Georges Mager. He also studied solfege with Boston Symphony contrabassist Gaston Dufresne. He is credited with premiere performances of many major works for trumpet including Paul Hindemith's Sonata for Trumpet and Piano, and Alan Hovhannes' Prayer of St. Gregory. He is also credited with the US premiere of Alexander Arutiunian's Trumpet Concerto, performing with the Boston Pops Orchestra in 1966. Leroy Anderson's A Trumpeter's Lullaby was written especially for Roger in 1949, and first recorded with Arthur Fiedler conducting Roger and the Boston Pops Orchestra in 1950. He has also been involved with many early recordings and performances of both solo and orchestral works including J. S. Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No.2, Béla Bartók's Concerto for Orchestra, Aaron Copland's Quiet City, Joseph Haydn's Concerto for Trumpet in Eb, Alexander Scriabin's The Poem of Ecstasy, Georg Philipp Telemann's Concerto for Trumpet in D, and Antonio Vivaldi's Concerto for Two Trumpets in C. He became chair of the New England Conservatory of Music (NEC) brass and percussion department in 1950 and was the primary trumpet teacher at NEC for nearly 30 years. In 1975 he became a full professor at Boston University, teaching trumpet and chairing the wind, percussion and harp department until his retirement in 1999
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pqeT33MHK1c"]YouTube - Roger Voisin - Concerto in E Flat Major (Vivaldi ?}" target="_blank">YouTube - Roger Voisin - Concerto in E Flat Major (Vivaldi ?}[/ame]

in 2008 - Henri Salvador dies at age 90. French singer andguitar player, born in Cayenne, French Guiana. He taught himself the guitar by imitating Django Reinhardt's recordings, and was to work alongside him in the 1940s. He recorded several songs written by Boris Vian with Quincy Jones as arranger. He played many years with Ray Ventura et Ses Collégiens where he used to sing, dance and even play comedy on stage. He also appearances in movies such as "Nous irons à Monte-Carlo", "Nous irons à Paris" and "Mademoiselle s'amuse". In 2005, Henri was awarded the Brazilian Order of Cultural Merit. was also a commander of the French Légion d'honneur and of the National Order of Merit. In 2007 he released "Reverence" on V2 Records which features Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso. He then went on to perform the track La Vie C'est La Vie from the album Reverence on the BBC program Later … With Jools Holland, which aired on May 4th 2007.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mEr9mYSZfAA"]YouTube - Juanita Banana - Henri Salvador (1966)" target="_blank">YouTube - Juanita Banana - Henri Salvador (1966)[/ame]

in 2010, - Doug Fieger singer, songwriter with The Knack died after a long battle with cancer. Had the 1979 US No.1 & UK No.6 single 'My Sharona'.

in 2010 - John Lamb Reed OBE dies at age 94. English actor, dancer and singer, known for his nimble performances in the principal comic roles of the Savoy Operas, and has been called "the last great exponent" of the Gilbert and Sullivan comedy roles. John performed as a baritone with the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company between 1951 and 1979. His featured roles with the company were: Cox in "Cox And Box" The Associate in "Trial by Jury" The Judge in "Trial by Jury" Mr Wells in "The Sorcerer" Sir Joseph in "H.M.S. Pinafore" Major-General in "The Pirates of Penzance" Major Murgatroyd in "Patience" Bunthorne in "Patience" Lord Chancellor in "Iolanthe" Gama in "Princess Ida" Ko-Ko in "The Mikado" Robin Oakapple in "Ruddigore" 2nd Citizen in "The Yeomen of the Guard" Jack Point in "The Yeomen of the Guard" Antonio and Annibale in "The Gondoliers" The Duke of Plaza Toro in "The Gondoliers" Scaphio in "Utopia, Ltd." Rudolph in "The Grand Duke". John also recorded for Decca the following of his roles: Judge; Wells; Sir Joseph (twice); Major-General; Bunthorne; Lord Chancellor (twice); Gama; Ko-Ko; Robin; Jack Point; Duke; Scaphio; Rudolph. John toured the UK, America, Australia and New Zealand with the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company, and was awarded the O.B.E. in 1977. He returned to the D'Oyly Carte in 1981/2 as a guest artiste.

in 2011 - Manuel Esperón González dies at age 99. Mexican composer and songwriter born in Mexico City. He wrote many songs for Mexican films, including "Cocula" and "Ay Jalisco No Te Rajes" for the film 'De tal palo tal astilla', and "Amor con Amor Se Paga" for 'Hay un niño en su futuro'. Other of his songs have become Latin standards such as ''Yo Soy Mexicano'', ''Noche Plateada'' and ''No Volveré'' which was used in the first episode of the 2001 soap opera El juego de la vida. Among other performers, Chavela Vargas, Pedro Infante, Los Panchos, and Jorge Negrete have made his songs well-known. Manual's fame in the USA derives from when his song The Three Caballeros was used in the Disney film The Three Caballeros in 1944. In 1989 he was awarded the Premier National Prize of Mexico for Art and Traditional Culture and in 2001, he was given a tribute at the Palace of Fine Arts in the historical center of Mexico City. He was the honorary president for life of the Society of Authors and Composers of Mexico (respiratory arrest)

in 2013 - Lady Gaga was forced to postponed her world tour after sustaining an injury which left her unable to walk. The singer had severe inflammation of the joints, known as synovitis.

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Old February 13th, 2014, 10:12 PM   #2685

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in 1513 - Domenico Maria Ferrabosco, Italian singer, composer, and maestro di cappella, is born. He was the father of Alfonso Ferrabosco.

in 1572 - Hans Christoph Haiden, German organist, composer and poet, is born.

in 1602 - Pier Francesco Cavalli (real name, Caletti), historically significant Italian opera composer, is born at Crema. His father, Giovanni Battista Caletti (known also as Bruni), was maestro di cappella at the Cathedral in Crema; he gave him his first instruction in music; as a youth he sang under his father's direction in the choir of the Cathedral. The Venetian nobleman Federico Cavalli, who was also mayor of Crema, took him to Venice for further musical training; and as it was a custom, he adopted his sponsor's surname.

In December 1616 he entered the choir of S. Marco in Venice, beginning an association there which continued for the rest of his life; he sang there under Monteverdi; also served as an organist at Ss. Giovanni e Paolo (1620-30). In 1638, he turned his attention to the new art form of opera, and helped to organize an opera company at the Teatro San Cassiano. His first opera, Le nozze di Teti e di Peleo, was performed there on Jan. 24, 1639; nine more were to follow within the next decade. In 1639 he successfully competed against three others for the post of second organist at S. Marco. In 1660 Cardinal Mazarin invited him to Paris, where he presented a restructured version of his opera Serse for the marriage festivities of Louis XIV and Maria Theresa.

He also composed the opera Ercole amante while there, which was given at the Tuileries on Feb. 7,1662. He returned to Venice in 1662; on Jan. 11,1665, he was officially appointed first organist at S. Marco; on Nov. 20, 1668, he became maestro di cappella there. After Monteverdi, Cavalli stands as one of the most important Venetian composers of opera in the mid-17th century. In recent years several of his operas have been revived; Raymond Leppard ed. L'Ormindo (London, 1969) and Calisto (London, 1975); Jane Glover ed. L'Eritrea (London, 1977). - Died at Venice, Jan. 14, 1676.

in 1681 - Francesco Nigetti, Italian organist, composer, music theorist and builder of the instrumentum omnisonum, or cembalo omnicordo, a microtonal relative of the harpsichord, dies at 77.

in 1679 - Georg Friedrich Kauffmann, German organist and composer, is born.
in 1760 - François Colin de Blamont, French composer and Maitre de la Chapelle Royale, dies at 69.

in 1778 - Fernando Sor, Spanish virtuoso guitarist, composer and teacher, is born. Sor was called "the Beethoven of the guitar" by François-Joseph Fétis. He was also called “the Mozart of Guitar” by Pedro.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L2QHaYnmsCw"]YouTube - Fernando Sor: B-minor study[/ame]

in 1790 - Capel Bond, English organist and composer, dies at 59.

in 1813 - Alexander Sergeievich Dargomyzhsky, outstanding Russian composer, is born in Tula province. From 1817 he lived in St. Petersburg, where he studied piano with Schoberlechner and Danilevsky and violin with Vorontsov. At 20 he was a brilliant pianist. From 1827 to 1843 he held a government position, but then devoted himself exclusively to music, studying assiduously for 8 years. He visited Germany, Brussels, and Paris in 1845. At Moscow (Dec. 17, 1847) he produced an opera, Esmeralda (after Victor Hugo's Notre-Dame deParis), with great success (excerpts publ. in piano score, Moscow, 1948).From 1845 to 1855 he publ. over 100 minor works (vocal romances, ballads, airs, and duos; waltzes, fantasies, etc.).

On May 16, 1856, he brought out his best opera, Rusalka, at St. Petersburg (vocal score, with indications of instruments, publ. at Moscow, 1937), and in 1867, an opera-ballet, The Triumph of Bacchus (written in 1845; perf. in Moscow, Jan. 23, 1867). A posthumous opera, Kamennyi gost (The Stone Guest, after Pushkin's poem of the same title), was scored by RimskyKorsakov and produced at St. Petersburg on Feb. 28, 1872.

Of Rogdana, a fantasy-opera, only a few scenes were sketched. At first a follower of Rossini and Auber, Dargomyzhsky gradually became convinced that dramatic realism with nationalistic connotations was the destiny of Russian music. He applied this realistic method in treating the recitative in his opera The Stone Guest and in his songs (several of these to satirical words). His orchestral works (Finnish Fantasia, Cossack Dance, Baba-Yaga, etc.) enjoyed wide popularity. In 1867 he was elected president of the Russian Music Society. - Died at St. Petersburg, Jan. 17, 1869.

in 1841 - Antun Sorkocevic, Croatian composer, writer and diplomat, dies at 65.
in 1857 - Johannes Bernardus van Bree, Dutch violinist, composer, conductor and teacher, dies at 56.
in 1858 - Charles Beach Hawley, American organist, singer, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1873 - Charles Samuel Bovy-Lysberg, Swiss pianist, composer and teacher, dies at 52.

in 1874 - Pierre Aubry, French musicologist and philologist, is born at Paris. He received training in philology (graduated, 1892) and law (graduated, 1894) in Paris, which remained the center of his activities. In 1898 he was named archiviste paleographe at the Ecole des Chartes, and subsequently held teaching positions at the Institut Catholique, the Ecole des hautes Etudes Sociales, and the Schola Cantorum. Aubry was an authority on French music of the 13th century. - Died at Dieppe, Aug. 31,1910.

in 1880 - Edgar Leslie Bainton, English composer and pedagogue, is born at London. He studied piano and composition at the Royal College of Music in London with Davies and Stanford. He taught piano and composition at the Conservatory of Newcastle upon Tyne from 1901 until 1914, and also was its director (1912-14). The outbreak of World War I found him in Berlin, and he was interned as an enemy alien. After the end of the War, he resumed his pedagogical activities as director of the Newcastle Conservatory. In 1934 he went to Australia and was director of the State Conservatory at Sydney until 1947. As a composer, he followed the tenets of the English national school, writing in broad diatonic expanses with a Romantic elan. His works include the operas Oithona (Glastonbury, Aug. 11, 1915) and The Pearl Tree (Sydney, May 20,1944), 3 symphonies (1903-56), Before Sunrise for Voice, Chorus, and Orch. (1917), Paracelsus, symphonic poem (1921), Concerto- Fantasia for Piano and Orch. (Carnegie Award, 1917; London, Jan. 26, 1922), chamber music, and songs. - Died at Sydney, Australia, Dec. 8,1956.

in 1880 - Ada Overton Walker, American musical theater and vaudeville singer and dancer, is born.
in 1892 - Nikolaj Andreevich Orloff, Russian-British pianist, is born.

in 1893 - Perry Bradford, (John Henry) (Mule), pioneering jazz leader, composer, pianist, is born at Montgomery, Ala. Family moved to Atlanta, Ga., when Perry was six. By 1906 he was working with minstrel shows; he joined Allen's New Orleans Minstrels in 1907. He left to work as a solo pianist, and played in Chicago (1909). In 1910, he visited N.Y., and toured theatre circuits for several years, as a soloist and in double acts; he also began prolific composing.

He settled in N.Y., and became musical director for Mamie Smith; Bradford was responsible for Mamie's recording debut-generally accepted as the first recording featuring an AfricanAmerican blues singer. Mamie's 1921 recording of Bradford's composition "Crazy Blues" sold over a million copies.

He toured with Mamie Smith during the early 1920s, and also led own recording bands featuring Louis Armstrong, Buster Bailey, Johnny Dunn, James P. Johnson, and others. He ran his own publishing company in N.Y., and also pioneered the use of African- American performers on commercial radio. Bradford composed many big-selling numbers, including "You Can't Keep a Good Man Down," "Evil Blues," and "That Thing Called Love." - Died at Queens, N.Y., April 20, 1970.

in 1894 - Benjamin Kubelsky "Jack Benny," American violinist and comedian, is born. "I'm thinking it over!".
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=seZ4KhYr-Hw"]YouTube - Jascha Heifetz and Jack Benny - USO Skit, WWII[/ame]

in 1897 - Jorgen Bentzon, Danish composer, cousin of Niels Viggo Bentzon, is born at Copenhagen. He studied composition with Carl Nielsen (1915-18). At the same time, he took courses in jurisprudence; subsequently he was attached to the Ministry of Justice in Denmark, and served as clerk of records of the Danish Supreme Court. He also taught piano and theory at a People's School of Music in Copenhagen. As a composer, he followed the Romantic trends current in Scandinavia; an influence of Nielsen pervades his music. - Died at Horsholm, July 9, 1951.

in 1902 - Fred Scott, American western singer and actor, is born. Scott was one of many "singing cowboys" in American film. He was known as the "Silvery-Voiced Buckaroo."

in 1908 - Georges Jean Pfeiffer, French pianist and composer, dies at 72.
in 1915 - Irving Gordon, American songwriter, is born.
in 1916 - Wawrzyniec Jerzy Zulawski, Polish composer, musicologist, music critic and mountain climber, is born.
in 1922 - Murray “the K” Kaufman (New York disc jockey) is born.
in 1924 - Arghyris Kounadis, Greek composer, is born.
in 1925 - Elliot Lawrence, American jazz pianist, bandleader and composer, is born.
in 1927 - Wyn Morris (Welsh conductor) is born.
in 1931 - Phyllis McGuire, American pop singer (McGuire Sisters), is born.
in 1932 - Bertram Jay Turetzky, American bassist, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1933 - Prince Andrey Mikhaylovich Volkonsky, Russian harpsichordist, composer and conductor, is born.
in 1934 - Florence Henderson, American singer and actress, is born.
in 1934 - Michel Corboz (Swiss conductor) is born
in 1934 - Merl Saunders (American multi-genre musician, piano and keyboards) is born
in 1935 - Rob McConnell (Canadian jazz valve trombonist, composer; The Boss Brass) is born
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=etx9tZc82GA"]YouTube - ROB MCCONNELL & THE BOSS BRASS THE WALTZ I BLEW FOR YOU[/ame]

in 1937 - Samuel "Magic Sam" Gene Maghett, American blues singer/songwriter and guitarist, is born. Magic Sam is in the Blues Hall of Fame.

in 1937 - Erkki Gustav Melartin, Finnish composer, conductor and teacher, dies at 62.
in 1939 - Norman Christopher "Chris" Pyne, English jazz trombonist, is born. Pyne played with many of the greats of British jazz and R&B, as well as with several American artists.
in 1940 - Lillie Bryant, American pop singer (Billy & Lillie), is born.

in 1943 - Eric Anderson, American folk, folk-rock and blues singer/songwriter, gutiarist, harmonica player and keyboardist, is born.

in 1943 - Maceo Parker, American funk and soul-jazz saxophonist, singer, composer, flautist and bandleader (James Brown, P-Funk), is born.

in 1943 - Dora Gerson dies at age 43. Jewish German cabaret singer and motion picture actress of the silent film era. Born in Berlin she began her career as a touring singer and actress in the Holtorf Tournee Truppe alongside actor Mathias Wieman in Germany. In 1920, Dora was cast to appear in the successful film adaptation of the Karl May penned novel Auf den Trümmern des Paradieses/On the Brink of Paradise and later followed that same year in another May adaptation entitled Die Todeskarawane/Caravan of Death. In 1933 when the Nazi Party came to power in Germany, she was stripped of rights and blacklisted from performing in "Aryan" films. Dora began recording music for a small Jewish record company and also began recording in the Yiddish language during this time, and the 1936 song "Der Rebe Hot Geheysn Freylekh Zayn" became highly regarded by the Jews of Europe in the 1930s. Her best remembered recordings from this era were the songs "Backbord und Steuerbord" and "Vorbei" /Beyond Recall, which was an emotional ballad, subtlely memorializing a Germany before the rise of the Nazi Party. In 1936, Dora relocated with relatives to the Netherlands, fleeing Nazi persecution. Germany invaded the Netherlands, Dora and her family were seized trying to flee to Switzerland, a neutral nation in World War II Europe (died with her family at Auschwitz concentration camp, Poland)

in 1945 - Vic Briggs, Vikram Singh Khalsa, "Antione," English rock guitarist and pianist (The Animals), Indian classical musician and Hawaiian chant musician, is born.

in 1946 - Doug Simril, American rock guitarist and keyboardist (Steve Miller Band, Boz Scaggs), is born.
in 1947 - Tim Buckley, American folk, rock and fusion singer/songwriter and guitarist, is born.

in 1948 - Wally Tax, Dutch rock (Nederbeat) singer/songwriter, guitarist and haromonica player (The Outsiders), is born.

in 1949 - Jimmie Randall, American rock bassist (Jo Jo Gunne, The Dead Pyrates Society), is born.
in 1950 - Roger Fisher, American rock guitarist and songwriter (Heart, Alias), is born.

in 1950 - Raymond van het Groenewoud, Belgian pop and rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and actor (Louisette, De Centimeters), is born.

in 1951 - Michael Doucet, American Cajun fiddler, singer/songwriter and accordionist (BeauSoleil), is born.
in 1951 - Kenny Hyslop, Scottish rock drummer and teacher (Silk/PVC2, Simple Minds, One O'Clock Gang), is born.
in 1953 - Wayne Siegel, American composer, is born. In the mid 70's he moved to Denmark and has been living and working there ever since.
in 1955 - Charles Cuvillier, French composer, dies at 77.

in 1955 - Ruby Murray was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Softly, Softly'. The Belfast-born recording and TV star of the mid 50s was the first act to score five simultaneous Top 20 hits.

in 1957 - Soile Isokoski (Finnish soprano) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fGTGbVgqNiE"]YouTube - Soile Isokoski Strauss: Four Last Songs September[/ame]

in 1959 - Renee Fleming, gifted American soprano, is born at Indiana, Pa. She received vocal training in N.Y. After winning a Metropolitan Opera Audition in 1988,she made her debut at London's Covent Garden as Dirce in Cherubini's Medee in 1989. In 1990 she received the Richard Tucker Award, and also took the Grand Prix in the Belgian singing competition. Following engagements as Dvorak's Rusalka at the Houston Grand Opera and the Seattle Opera, she made her Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Mozart's Countess on March 16, 1991, which role she also sang at the Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires.

On Dec. 19, 1991, she appeared as Rosina in the premiere of Corigliano's The Ghosts of Versailles at the Metropolitan Opera, returning in subsequent seasons to sing Mozart's Countess and Pamina, and Desdemona. In 1992 she returned to Covent Garden as Rossini's Mme. de Folleville, sang Mozart's Donna Elvira at Milan's La Scala and his Fiordiligi at the Geneva Opera and the Glyndebourne Festival, and appeared as Mimi at the opening of the new Bath and Wessex Opera. She made her N.Y. recital debut at Alice Tully Hall on March 29,1993.

In Aug. 1993 she was the soloist in Barber's Knoxville: Summer of 1915 at the opening of the new concert hall in Aspen, Colo. In Oct. 1993 she sang the title role in the revival of Floyd's Susannah at the Chicago Lyric Opera. She appeared as Mozart's Countess at the opening of the new opera theater at the Glyndebourne Festival on May 28, 1994. On Sept. 10, 1994, she sang Mme. de Tourvel in the premiere of Susa's The Dangerous Liaisons at the San Francisco Opera.

In 1995 she appeared as Rusalka at the San Diego Opera and at the San Francisco Opera, and sang Desdemona at the Metropolitan Opera. She returned to the Metropolitan Opera in 1997 as Gounod's Marguerite and as Manon, the latter role being one she also portrayed that year in Paris at the Opera de la Bastille. After singing Arabella in Houston and Lucrezia Borgia at La Scala in 1998, she created Previn's Blanche in A Streetcar Named Desire in San Francisco (Sept. 19, 1998). She appeared in recital at N.Y.'s Carnegie Hall in 1999. As a concert and oratorio artist, Fleming had many engagements in North America and Europe. Among her other outstanding operatic roles are Rossini's Armida, Tatiana, the Marschallin, Salome, Jenufa, and Ellen in PeterGrimes.

in 1959 - Cliff Richard was voted the best new singer in the annual NME awards.

in 1959 - Baby Dodds /Warren Dodds dies at age 60. American jazz drummer born in New Orleans, Louisiana gained his reputation as a top young drummer in New Orleans, then worked on Mississippi River steamship bands with a young Louis Armstrong. True or not, it is said that Baby Dodds revolutionized the drum kit by inventing the floor bass or "kick drum". He moved to California in 1921 to work with Joe "King" Oliver there, and followed Oliver to Chicago, which became his base of operations. He recorded with Louis Armstrong, Jelly Roll Morton, Art Hodes, and his brother Johnny Dodds. In the late 1940s he worked at Jimmy Ryan's in New York City. On some of his trips back to New Orleans, he recorded with Bunk Johnson.

in 1961 - The Beatles perform at the Cassanova Club, Liverpool, and at Litherland Town Hall, Liverpool where they play a special Valentine's Day show. Paul McCartney sang Elvis Presley's "Wooden Heart", wearing wooden heart pinned to his coat, covered with satin and embroidered with the names "John", "Paul", "George", and "Pete". The heart was raffled off, and the winner also won a kiss from Paul.

in 1961 - Latifa Bint Alayah Al Arfaoui (Tunisian singer) is born.
in 1962 - Mike Milliner (US vocals; The Pasadenas) is born.
in 1963 - D'Wayne Wiggins, American R&B/soul singer/songwriter and guitarist (Tony! Toni! Tone!), is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bPCZxtTnazk"]YouTube - d'wayne wiggins " close to you " music video[/ame]

in 1965 - Desire-Emile Inghelbrecht, French composer, conductor, writer and member of Les Apaches, dies at 84. Inghelbrecht was director of the Opera d’Alger, and music director of the Opéra-Comique, as well as forming the Orchestre National de la Radiodiffusion Française in 1934.

in 1968 - Manfred Mann were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with their version of the Bob Dylan song 'The Mighty Quinn'. A No.10 hit in the US.

in 1969 - Over 300 fans were injured during a concert by Love Affair and Amen Corner at an ice rink in Glasgow, Scotland.

in 1970 - The compilation album 'Motown Chartbusters Vol 3' went to No.1 on the UK chart, featuring Diana Ross and The Supremes, Stevie Wonder, The Temptations and The Four Tops.

in 1970 - The Who appeared at Leeds University, England. The show was recorded for the bands forthcoming 'Live At Leeds' album.

in 1971 - Noriko Sakai (Japanese singer) is born.
in 1972 - John Lennon and Yoko Ono started a week long run as co-hosts on 'Mike Douglas' US TV show.
in 1972 - Rob Thomas, American rock singer/songwriter (Matchbox 20), is born.

in 1972 - Lambertus "Bertus" van Lier, Dutch composer, conductor, musicologist, journalist, translator and teacher, dies at 65.

in 1973 - David Bowie collapsed on stage during a concert at Radio City Music Hall in New York City.

in 1974 - Daryl Dragon and Toni Tennille (of Captain And Tennille) married in Virginia City, while on a promotion tour of the States.

in 1974 - The New Seekers split up during their career the group scored over 10 UK Top 40 singles.
in 1974 - Filippa Giordano (Italian singer) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2IRCPjgKUjQ"]YouTube - filippa giordano Me he enamorado de ti[/ame]

14 FEBRUARY
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Old February 13th, 2014, 10:16 PM   #2686

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14 FEBRUARY
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in 1975 - Heintje Davids, Dutch cabaret singer and comedienne, dies at 87. Davids survived WWII by hiding in various places, though the rest of her family did not. She had a long career, including several farewell performances, so that in the Netherlands someone who says many goodbyes is a "Heintje Davids."

in 1975 - Scott Owen (Australian double bassist; The Living End) is born.

in 1976 - Scottish band Slik were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Forever And Ever.' The group featured Midge Ure later of Visage and Ultravox.

in 1976 - Liv Kristine (Norwegian singer; Leaves' Eyes) is born
in 1977 - Donna Cruz (Filipina actress, singer) is born
in 1978 – Dwele /Andwele Gardner (US R&B, soul singer, record producer) is born.

in 1980 - Lou Reed married Sylvia Morales at a ceremony in his New York apartment. 1980, The Tourists kicked off a 12-date UK tour at the Gaumont Theatre, Ipswich. Tickets £3.50.

in 1981 - Erin Torpey (US actress, singer) is born
in 1983 - Rhydian Roberts (Welsh singer; second place in UK X Factor 2007) is born.

in 1984 - Elton John married recording engineer Renate Blauer in Sydney, Australia. The couple divorced three years later.

in 1985 - Miki Yeung (Hong Kong singer, actress) is born
in 1985 - Heart Evangelista /Love Marie Payawal Ongpauco (Filipina singer, TV and movie actress) is born

in 1986 - Edmund Rubbra dies at age 85. English Composer born in Northampton, he composed both instrumental and vocal works for soloists, chamber groups and full choruses and orchestras. It is a measure of the high esteem in which he was held in the 1940s, that his Sinfonia Concertante and his song Morning Watch were played alongside such works as Elgar's The Dream of Gerontius, Kodály's Missa Brevis and Vaughan Williams's Job, at the 1948 Three Choirs Festival.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bMSq1Bd1Pss"]YouTube - Edmund Rubbra, Symphony No.4 (1/2)[/ame]



in 1986 - Frank Zappa appeared on an episode of the television series Miami Vice. Zappa portrayed a crime boss named 'Mr. Frankie.'

in 1987 - Djalma de Andrade "Bola Sete" Brazilian jazz guitarist, dies at 63.
in 1987 - Julia Savicheva (Russian singer) is born.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eb1oFIqBVzA&feature=fvst"]Bon Jovi - All About Lovin' You - YouTube[/ame]


in 1987 - Bon Jovi started a four week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Livin' On A Prayer', the group's second US No.1, a No.4 hit in the UK.

in 1988 - Frederick Loewe dies at age 86. Austrian-American composer, born in Berlin; an early age he learned to play piano by ear and and he began composing songs at age seven. He eventually attended a music conservatory in Berlin. He began to visit the Lambs Club, a hangout for theater performers, producers, managers, and directors. There, he met Alan J. Lerner in 1942. Their first collaboration of many, was a musical adaptation of Barry Connor's farce The Patsy, called Life of the Party, for a Detroit stock company. It enjoyed a nine-week run and encouraged the duo to join forces with Arthur Pierson for What's Up?, which opened on Broadway in 1943. It ran for 63 performances and was followed two years later by The Day Before Spring. Lerner and Loewe's My Fair Lady first appeared in 1956. The partnership won the Tony Award for Best Musical. MGM took notice and commissioned them to write the film musical Gigi in 1958, which won nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture. Freerick was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KS9NMEQ7tjY"]YouTube - Frederic Loewe: My Fair Lady - Maria Makraki, conductor[/ame]


in 1988 - Quentin Mosimann (Swiss singer; winner of Star Academy France 7) is born

in 1989 - Vincent Crane Vincent Rodney Cheesman dies at age 45. English keyboardist born in Reading, Berkshire, influenced by Graham Bond, in 1967 he teamed up with Arthur Brown in The Crazy World Of Arthur Brown. Their self-titled album in 1968 contained the song "Fire", a chart-topping hit single in the UK, Canada, and the US, with Vincent's organ on the leads. The Crazy World Of Arthur Brown practically dissolved on tour in the U.S.A., when Crane and drummer Carl Palmer left to form Atomic Rooster in late 1969. They enjoyed success in 1971 with two hit singles, "Tomorrow Night", and "Devil's Answer". He collaborated with other musicians on a number of albums, including Rory Gallagher in 1971, Arthur Brown's Faster Than The Speed Of Lightin in 1979, Peter Green, Richard Wahnfried and Dexys Midnight Runners in 1985. In 1983 he was part of the one-off blues outfit, Katmandu, with Ray Dorset and Green, who recorded the album A Case For The Blues (died of an overdose of painkillers after a brave fight against manic-depression)

in 1990 - The Rolling Stones played the first of ten nights at the Korakuen Dome, Tokyo, Japan. The shows were seen by over 500,000 fans, making the band $20 million (£11.76 million).

in 1992 - The film 'Waynes World', with a brief cameo appearance from Meat Loaf premiered in the US.
in 1993 - Buddy Pepper, American pianist, composer and actor, dies at 70.
in 1994 - Gary "BB" Coleman, American blues singer/songwriter, guitarist, pianist and producer, dies at 47.
in 1994 - Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia married moviemaker Deborah Koons.
in 1995 - Rapper Tupac Shakur was sentenced to one-and-a-half to four-and-a-half years in prison on a sexual abuse charge. He was later released on appeal.

in 1996 – Taiguara /Taiguara Chalar da Silva dies at age 50. Brazilian singer, guitarist and pianist, born in Montevideo, Uruguay when his father toured the country as a musician. In 1964, he joined the Sambalanço Trio and later in 1965, he recorded his first of several albums, and in the following years won many awards. Due to his political views in the 70s, he left Brazil settling in London UK, then Tanzania and other countries in Africa before returning to his home country in the 80s. Taiguara was one of the most censored Brazilian artists to date, having close to 100 songs vetoed throughout his career. Some of his biggest hits were "Universo No Teu Corpo", "Teu Sonho Não Acabou", "Viagem", "Berço de Marcela", "Que as Crianças Cantem Livres", "Hoje", "Amanda", "Carne e Osso", "Geração 70" and "Mudou" (bladder cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JkBMAPQXYGA"]YouTube - Taiguara - Universo no teu corpo[/ame]


in 1996 - T.A.F.K.A.P. married Mayte Garcia in a Minneapolis church, he also composed a special song for his wife, 'Friend, Lover, Sister, Mother, Wife', which she heard for the first time when they had their first wedding dance. Garcia had appeared on the US television program 'That's Incredible!' at the age of 8 as the world's youngest professional belly dancer. She came to the attention of Prince in 1990 when her mother submitted a video cassette of Mayte performing. The couple split in 1998.

in 1998 - Usher started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Nice & Slow'.

in 1998 - Celine Dion's 'My Heart Will Go On' set a new recorded for the most radio plays in the US with 116 million plays in one week.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WNIPqafd4As&ob=av2e"]Céline Dion - My Heart Will Go On - YouTube[/ame]


in 1999 - Lenny Kravitz scored his first UK No.1 single with 'Fly Away' a No.12 hit in the US. The track had been used on a TV ad for cars. 1999, US rapper Foxy Brown was at No.1 on the US album chart with ‘Chyna Doll.’

in 1999 - Elton John appeared as himself in a special episode of the animated series The Simpsons shown on US TV.

in 1999 - Buddy Knox dies at age 65. American singer, guitarist; the first artist of the rock & roll era to write and record his own number one hit, 1957's million-selling classic "Party Doll", a pioneer of the Lone Star State rockabilly sound that would later earn the name "Tex-Mex". "Gypsy Man" hit the Nashville charts in 1968, it proved his final chart hit. Buddy ultimately relocalated to Vancouver, opening a nightclub called the Purple Steer and toured extensively throughout the 1970s and 1980s (lung cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ASdKkNetnBU&feature=related"]YouTube - Buddy Knox.....A White Sport Coat[/ame]


in 2002 - Mick Tucker dies at age 54. English drummer, born in Harlseden, London; In 1965, Mick and vocalist Ian Gillan formed a soul band Wainwright's Gentlemen; Brian Connolly replaced Ian. Mick and Brian left Wainwright's Gentlemen in 1968 to form another band, calling themselves The Sweetshop before changing the name to Sweet, which became one of the main glam rock acts in the 1970s. During the early years of 1971 and 1972, Sweet's musical style followed a marked progression from the bubblegum style of the first hit, "Funny Funny", to a Who influenced heavy rock style supplemented by a striking use of high-pitched backing vocals. The band achieved notable success in the UK charts, with thirteen Top 20 hits during the 1970s alone, with "Block Buster" in 1973 topping the chart, followed by three consecutive number two hits in "Hell Raiser" and "The Ballroom Blitz" both in 1973 and "Teenage Rampage" in 1974. Their first self-written and produced single "Fox on the Run" in 1975 also reached number two on the UK charts. Sweet extensively toured the US and had a strong following in America (leukaemia)

in 2003 - Stolen reel-to-reel studio recordings by The Beatles were found in Australia. Police recovered the tapes of the bands 1968 'White album' and the 'Abbey Road' album after they were advertised for sale in a Sydney newspaper. Australian police had been tipped off by British detectives from Operation Acetone, an investigation into thefts of original Beatles music from Abbey Road studios in London in the 1960's .

in 2003 - David Bowie played to a sold-out 35,000 strong crowd at Westpac Stadium in Wellington, New Zealand.

in 2004 - Dave Holland, former drummer with Judas Priest was jailed for eight years for indecent assault and the attempted rape of a 17-year old boy. The youth, who had learning difficulties, had been taking drum lessons from Holland.

in 2005 - Kerrang! magazine announced the results of its readers’ poll for the best British rock albums ever. The Top 10 were: No.1, Black Sabbath’s Black Sabbath; No.2, Iron Maiden’s Number Of The Beast; No.3 Sex Pistols’ Never Mind the ********; No. 4, Led Zeppelin’s IV; No.5, Black Sabbath’s Paranoid; No.6, Muse’s Absolution; No.7, The Clash’s London Calling; No.8, Queen’s Sheer Heart Attack; No.9, Iron Maiden’s Iron Maiden and No.10, Manic Street Preachers’ The Holy Bible.

in 2006 - Shoshana Damari dies at age 87. Israeli singer and actress; in 1945, she joined Li-La-Lo, a revue theatre founded by impresario Moshe Wallin. She became known for her distinctive husky voice and Yemenite pronunciation. Her first record was released in 1948 and her best known song was Kalaniyot (Anemones). Shoshana was especially popular among Israeli soldiers, for whom she frequently performed. In the mid-1980s, she teamed up with Boaz Sharabi for a duet that brought her back into the limelight. She was awarded the Israel Prize in 1988 for Hebrew song and a Life Achievement Award by the Israeli Composers and Publishers Association in 1995. In 2005, aged 82, she recorded two tracks for the Mimaamakim album by Idan Raichel's Project and participated in some of their live performances (pneumonia)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GwVvwo_NSwk"]YouTube - Idan Raichel Project - Shoshana Damari - A Leaf in the wind[/ame]


in 2006 - Lynden David Hall dies at age 31. British singer, songwriter, arranger, and producer; in 1999, he was the first UK performer ever voted "Best Male Artist" by the readers of Britain's Blues & Soul magazine. His debut album, Medicine 4 My Pain, as well as the singles "Do I Qualify" and "Sexy Cinderella", had an instant appeal to soul fans in the UK and elsewhere, but it was not until his work got the remix treatment that he got his big breakthrough. Lynden appeared in the film Love Actually in 2003, where he sang at the wedding of the characters played by Keira Knightley and Chiwetel Ejiofor. Two years later, he released his third studio album In Between Jobs (Hodgkin's lymphoma)

in 2007 - Gareth Morris dies at age 86. British flautist born in Clevedon, Somerset, began to play the flute when he was 12, and studied privately with Robert Murchie. At 18 he won a scholarship to the Royal Academy of Music. During World War II he joined the Royal Air Force and was principal flute in the RAF Symphony Orchestra. Gareth was the principal flautist of a number of London orchestras including the Boyd Neel Orchestra before joining the Philharmonia Orchestra, where he was the principal flautist for 24 years and Professor of the Flute at the Royal Academy of Music from 1945 to 1985. He was known for using wooden flutes, at a time when most other players had switched to using metal flutes.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clppvVaPHRs"]YouTube - Gareth Morris - Domine Deus Rossini Petite Messe Solennelle[/ame]


in 2007 - Winners at the 27th annual Brit Awards at London's Earls Court included Muse who won Best British Live Act, British Breakthrough Act went to The Fratellis. Winner of the Best International Breakthrough Act was Orson. Take That won the first-ever live vote, when they took home the Best British Single for 'Patience.' Arctic Monkeys were named Best British Group, James Morrison was named Best British Male and Amy Winehouse won Best British Female. Justin Timberlake won Best International Male and Nelly Furtado won Best International female. The Killers won Best International Group and Best International Album for Sam's Town and Oasis won the Outstanding Contribution to Music Award.

in 2008 - Oasis singer Liam Gallagher married his long-term partner, the ex-All Saints singer Nicole Appleton at a civil ceremony in London. The venue, Westminster Register Office, was where Gallagher married his first wife, Patsy Kensit, in 1997. 2009, Bruce Springsteen went to No.1 on the US album chart with ‘Working on a Dream’, his 16th studio album. 2010, Everybody Hurts, recorded to help Haiti's earthquake victims went to No.1 on the UK singles chart. The REM cover featured Leona Lewis, Kylie Minogue, Robbie Williams and Take That sold over 453,000 copies in its first week.

in 2009 - Louie Bellson /Luigi Paulino Alfredo Francesco Antonio Balassoni dies at age 84. Italian-American jazz drummer; at the age of 15, he pioneered the double-bass drum set-up, at 17, he triumphed over 40,000 drummers to win the Slingerland National Gene Krupa contest. He performed and/or recorded around 200 albums as a leader, co-leader or sideman with such renowned musicians and leaders such as Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Benny Goodman, Tommy Dorsey, Harry James, Woody Herman, Norman Granz' J.A.T.P., Benny Carter, Sarah Vaughan, Ella Fitzgerald, Oscar Peterson, Art Tatum, Dizzy Gillespie, Gerry Mulligan, Stan Getz, Hank Jones, Zoot Sims, Sonny Stitt, Milt Jackson, Clark Terry, Louie Armstrong, Lionel Hampton, Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis, Shelly Manne, Billy Cobham, James Brown, Sammy Davis Jr., Tony Bennett, Pearl Bailey, Mel Tormé, Joe Williams, Wayne Newton, and film composer John Williams. Louie has performed in virtually every capital city around the world, and among his numerous accolades, he had been voted into the Halls of Fame for both Modern Drummer magazine and the Percussive Arts Society, Yale University named him a Duke Ellington Fellow in 1977, he received an honorary Doctorate from Northern Illinois University in 1985 and in January 1994, he received the prestigious American Jazz Masters Award from the National Endowment for the Arts, a U.S. federal agency (died unexpectedly while convalescing after breaking a hip)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YfNeTdETW5U"]YouTube - LOUIE BELLSON[/ame]


in 2010 - Doug Fieger dies at age 57. American singer-songwriter and guitarist Doug Fieger were born and raised in the 9 Mile/Coolidge area of Oak Park, Michigan, a northern suburb of Detroit, and attended Oak Park High School. While still at school he sang lead and played bass in the group Sky, eventually recording two albums in 1970 and 1971. Doug also played bass guitar in the German progressive rock band Triumvirat for a short period in 1974. After which he founded the New Wave rock quartet The Knack based in Los Angeles that rose to fame with their first single, "My Sharona", an international No.1 hit. In addition to performing, Fieger also produced the Rubber City Rebels debut album for Capitol Records and another album for the Los Angeles-based band, Mystery Pop (cancer)

courtesy of IVI Management © 2011
in 2011 - Jazz pianist George Shearing dies at age 91.

Shearing was born in 1919 in the Battersea area of London. Congenitally blind, he was the youngest of nine children. His father delivered coal and his mother cleaned trains at night after caring for the children during the day. His only formal musical education consisted of four years of study at the Linden Lodge School for the Blind. While his talent won him a number of university scholarships, he was forced to refuse them in favor of a more financially productive pursuit…playing piano in a neighborhood pub for the handsome salary of $5 a week! Shearing joined an all-blind band in the 1930’s. At that time he developed a friendship with the noted jazz critic and author, Leonard Feather. Through this contact, he made his first appearance on BBC radio.

In 1947, Mr. Shearing moved to America, where he spent two years establishing his fame on this side of the Atlantic. The Shearing Sound commanded national attention when, in 1949, he gathered a quintet to record “September in the Rain” for MGM. The record was an overnight success and sold 900,000 copies. His U.S. reputation was permanently established when he was booked into Birdland, the legendary jazz spot in New York. Since then, he has become one of the country’s most popular performing and recording artist. In 1982 and 1983 he won Grammy Awards with recordings he made with Mel Torme. Mr. Shearing was the subject of an hour-long television documentary entitled “The Shearing Touch” presented on the Southbank Show with Melvyn Bragg on ITV in the UK.

Three presidents have invited Mr. Shearing to play at the White House.. Ford, Carter and Reagan. He performed at the Royal Command Performance for Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. He is a member of the Friars Club and the Lotos Club in New York and the Bohemian Club in San Francisco.

His awards and honors are many. In May 1975, he received an honorary degree of Doctor of Music from Westminster College in Salt Lake City. In May of 1994, Hamilton College in upstate New York awarded him another honorary doctorate in music. DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana presented him with an honorary doctorate of music on June 1, 2002. He received the prestigious Horatio Alger Award for Distinguished Americans in 1978 and a community recreational facility in Battersea, south London, was named the George Shearing Centre in his honor. In May of 1993, he was presented with the British equivalent of the Grammy…the Ivor Novello Award for Lifetime Achievement. In June of 1996, Mr. Shearing was included in the Queen’s Birthday Honors List and on November 26, 1996 he was invested by Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire for his “service to music and Anglo-US relations.” He was presented the first American Music Award by the National Arts Club, New York City, in March of 1998.

In 1999, his 80th birthday was celebrated in England where he played to a sold-out house at the Birmingham Symphony Hall. Also appearing with him were the BBC Big Band, the strings of the London Symphony, Dame Cleo Laine and John Dankworth. BBC Radio 2 presented a 2 1/2-hour “Salute to Shearing” in honor of his birthday.
The following year another sold-out house at Carnegie Hall was treated to his birthday celebration featuring the George Shearing Quintet with Nancy Wilson, Dave Brubeck, Dr. Billy Taylor, the John Pizzarelli Trio, Tito Puente and Peter Schickele who brought a special greeting from PDQ Bach!

Mr. Shearing’s biography, “Lullaby of Birdland,” published by Continuum, was released February 2005. In conjunction with the autobiography release Concord Records released a composite of Shearing recordings in a 2-CD set entitled “Lullabies of Birdland.: A Musical Autobiography” which was immediately followed up with “Hopeless Romantics” with Michael Feinstein. Concord then released the collectors set Mel Tormé & George Shearing The Concord Years. Mr. Shearing’s popularity continues to rise.

In November 2006, a letter arrived from the Prime Minister's office in London reading, in part, "The Prime Minister has asked me to inform you, in strict confidence, that .......he has it in mind, on the occasion of the forthcoming list of New Year Honours, to submit your name to The Queen with a recommendation that Her Majesty may be graciously pleased to approve that the honour of Knighthood be conferred upon you." When the letter was read to him, George simply said, "I don't know why I'm getting this honor.....I've just been doing what I love to do." And, when asked by the press how he felt about receiving the highest honor the Queen can give, he replied, "My mind keeps flashing back on my beginnings as pianist playing in a pub for the equivalent of $5.00 a week. What a journey it has been from that pub to Buckingham Palace. Receiving such an honor as a Knighthood might also show young people what can be achieved in life if one learns his craft and follows his dreams."

On June 13, 2007 George was presented to Queen Elizabeth II in the Ballroom of Buckingham Palace. The Queen first touched him on each shoulder with the sword her father had used, then stepped down off the dais to put the medal around his neck, adjusted it, shook hands with him and talked to him for several minutes. He became Sir George Shearing "for his contribution to music", as the Lord Chamberlain put it. Now, that's a fairy tale come true!

After the ceremony, Sir George and Lady Shearing hosted a luncheon for some of their closest friends including Dame Cleo Laine and Sir John Dankworth, the BBC personality and interviewer, Michael Parkinson (who championed George's receiving a Knighthood on his radio and television shows), and the actress Julia McKenzie.
The following week, Sir George's relatives came to lunch.....including his 97-year-old sister, Dolly. She was the life of the party....leading the Sing-Song between courses of the meal! And the celebratiions didn't stop there. The Shearings hosted a tea for the member of Parliament and former Home Secretary, David Blunkett, along with the Dean of Canterbury, The Very Reverend Robert Willis. Mr. Blunkett was also born blind and lived for ten years right next door to the Linden Lodge for the Blind.

And, the honors keep coming! Back in New York, on October 21, 2007, the Town Hall Foundation presented Sir George with its Annual Friend of the Arts Award "in recognition and appreciation of his babiding interest in the development, enrichment and support of the arts". With this award also came a medal placque, bearing Sir George's name, being placed on the back of one the seats in the legendary Town Hall.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qNSxiLnJSVQ"]YouTube - George Shearing - Lullaby of Birdland[/ame]


[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kp8GEIh3yew&feature=related"]GEORGE SHEARING QUINTET Mambo At The Blackhawk - YouTube[/ame]


in 2012 - Tonmi Lillman aka Otus dies at age 38. Finnish multi-musician, born in Helsinki, best known as the drummer of the band Lordi. He started playing the drums aged nine and started performing live at age 14. Apart from drums and bass guitar, his primary instruments, he also played the keyboards and guitar. Prior to his death, he was also involved in the bands Kylähullut, Vanguard and 3rror. Tonmi has appeared on several albums, as a studio musician for bands such as Reflexion, Twilight Ophera, and provided the drum work for the Guitar Heroes -album. Recently Tonmi has distinguished himself as a studio engineer, mixing and recording such bands as Beherit, Bloodride, Chainhill, D-Creation, Exsecratus, Fierce, Fear Of Domination, Heorot, In Silentio Noctis, Laava, Lie in Ruins, MyGRAIN, Rage My Bitch, Raivopäät, Roo, Rujo, Rytmihäiriö, Saattue, Serene Decay, Trauma, Vapaat Kädet and V-For Violence (cause of death is still unknown) - Born June 3rd 1973.

in 2012 - Dory Previn/Dorothy Veronica Langan dies at age 86. American singer-songwriter and lyricist born in Rahway, New Jersey. She worked as an actress and a dancer until she began writing songs and landed a job at film studio MGM, where she was assigned to work with Andre Previn. She married Andre in 1959 and they were nominated for their first Oscar two years later, for the song Faraway Part of Town. The pair were nominated again two years later, this time for Second Chance from the Robert Mitchum film Two for the Seesaw and they worked together on the theme to 1967's Valley of the Dolls. The pair also wrote independently for the likes of Doris Day and Jack Jones, while Sammy Davis Junior and Frank Sinatra recorded some of their soundtrack work. Following her divorce, in 1970, Dory recorded such albums as “Mythical Kings and Iguanas” and “Reflections in a Mud Puddle/Taps Tremors and Time Steps” in 1971, and “Mary C. Brown and the Hollywood Sign” in 1972 and she received a third Oscar nomination for Come Saturday Morning, a song she co-wrote for Alan J Pakula's debut feature Pookie. Award success came at last in 1983, when she received an Emmy for co-writing the theme song to TV show Two Of A Kind. Dory continued to write music for films, including the theme song to “Last Tango in Paris”. Pulp frontman, Jarvis Cocker, mentioned her in his 2011 book Mother, Brother, Lover and chose her song Lady With the Braid as one of his Desert Island Discs in 2005. - Bron October 22nd 1925.

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Old February 14th, 2014, 09:52 PM   #2687

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in 1571 - composer Michael Praetorius was born in Creuzberg an der Werra, near Eisenach; he died on his fiftieth birthday.

in 1797 - Heinrich Engelhard Steinway (piano builder) was born in Wolfshagen im Harz, Germany.

in 1855 - Guido Adler, eminent Austrian musicologist, is born at Eibenschiitz, Moravia. He was a student of Bruckner and Dessoff at the Vienna Conservatory, and then studied at the University of Vienna (Dr.Jur., 1878; Ph.D., 1880, with the dissertation Die historischen Grundklassen der christlichen abendlandischen Musik bis 1600) completed his Habilitation, 1882, with his Studie zur Geschichte der Harmonie, which had been published in Vienna, 1881). With Chrysander and Spitta, he founded the Vierteljahrsschrift fur Musikwissenschaft in 1885, the same year he became professor of music history at the German University in Prague. From 1895 to 1927 he was professor of music history at the University of Vienna. He also was editor of the monumental Denkmaler der Tonkunst in Osterreich series (84 vols., 1894-1938). In 1937 he was made a corresponding member of the American Musicological Society. - Died at Vienna, Feb. 15, 1941.

in 1857 - Russian composer Mikhail Glinka died in Berlin at the age of 53.
in 1887 - Russian composer Alexander Borodin died in St. Petersburg at the age of 54.
in 1905 - American song composer Harold Arlen was born in Buffalo, NY.
in 1557 - Alfonso Fontanelli, Italian composer, writer and diplomat, is born.
in 1686 - Jean Baptiste Lully's opera Armide premieres in Paris.
in 1701 - Adam Drese, German bass violist, composer and Kapellmeister, dies at 80.
in 1740 - Ernst Eichner, German basoonist, violinist and composer, is born.
in 1744 - Frantisek Antonin Mica, Czech composer, dies at 49.

in 1760 - Jean-François Le Sueur, French composer, conductor and teacher, is born. Le Sueur lived a fairly eventful life, working both before and after the French Revolution in Paris, then becoming one of Napoleon's favorites, and composing the Triumphal March used at Napoleon's coronation. After the Restoration, he became the composer of the royal chapel, and conductor of the orchestra of the Opéra. Apparently a man who knew how to land on his feet.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tbSNEMN0EQI"]YouTube - Jean-François Le Sueur - Oratorios du couronnement - March[/ame]

in 1761 - Carlo Cecere, Italian violinist and composer, dies at 54.
in 1778 - Johann Gottlieb Gorner, German organist and composer, dies at 80.
in 1783 - Johann Nepomuk Poissl, German composer, opera intendant, and musicologist, is born.
in 1789 - Friedrich Fesca, German violinist, composer and concertmaster, is born.
in 1807 - Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski, Polish pianist, composer and conductor, is born.

in 1822 - Theodor Uhlig, illegitimate son of Frederick Augustus II of Saxony, violinst, composer, writer and friend of Richard Wagner, is born.

in 1832 - Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck, German-Danish organist, composer and teacher, dies at 85.
in 1847 - Robert Fuchs, Austrian composer and teacher, is born.
in 1855 - Gustav Hollaender, German violinist, composer, conductor and teacher, is born.

in 1857 - Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka, considered by some to be the father of Russian classical music. He composed Patrioticheskaya Pesnya, which was the Russian national anthem from 1990 to 2000. Putin re-instated the Soviet national anthem.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjUijyeFMu0"]Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka: Ruslan and Ludmila - Overture - YouTube[/ame]

in 1873 - Modest Altschuler, Russian-American conductor, is born at Mogilev. He studied cello at the Warsaw Conservatory, and then was a student of Arensky and Taneyev (composition) and Safonov (piano and conducting) at the Moscow Conservatory, (graduated, 1890). In 1903 he went to N.Y., where he was founder-conductor of the Russian Symphonic Society (1904-16). Altschuler conducted the premiere of Scriabin's Le poeme de I'extase (N.Y., Dec. 10,1908), and the U.S. premiere of his Promethee, le poeme du feu (N.Y., March 20, 1915). He also conducted the U.S. premieres of works by Rachmaninoff, Liadov, Ippolitov-Ivanov, and Vasilenko. - Died at Los Angeles, Sept. 12, 1963.

in 1874 - Emilis Melngailis, Latvian organist, composer, folklorist and teacher, is born.
in 1885 - Richard Wurz, German composer, is born.
in 1885 - Leopold Damrosch, German-American violinist, composer and conductor, dies at 52.
in 1893 - Walter Donaldson, American pop songwriter and film composer/arranger, is born.
in 1899 - Georges Auric, French composer, member of Les Six, is born.

in 1905 - Harold Arlen, (originally, Hyman Arluck), American composer, pianist, and singer, is born at Buffalo, N.Y. Among the major song composers of the 1930s and 1940s, Arlen was the most overtly influenced by blues and jazz music. Dividing his time between N.Y and Hollywood, he contributed to 15 Broadway stage shows and 33 feature films between 1930 and 1963. Among his best-remembered film scores are those for The Wizard of Oz, Cabin in the Sky, and A Star Is Born.

He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Song nine times, winning for "Over the Rainbow”. Among his other major hits drawn from films are "Blues in the Night," "That Old Black Magic” and "Ac-Cent-Tchu-Ate the Positive”.

Many of his most popular songs originated in the five nightclub revues he wrote for the Cotton Club from 1930 to 1934 with Ted Koehler, including "Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea”, "I’ve Got the World on a String”, and "Stormy Weather”.

His other major collaborators were E. Y Harburg, Ira Gershwin, and Johnny Mercer, and he also worked with Dorothy Fields, Ralph Blane, and Leo Robin, among others. The nature of his music made it popular with African-American performers such as Duke Ellington, Ethel Waters, Cab Calloway, and Lena Home, and many of his works were composed specifically with black performers in mind. But he also became a particular favorite of Judy Garland, who frequently sang his songs in her films and concerts, and Barbra Streisand, with whom he recorded an album late in his career.

Arlen was the son of Samuel S. and Celia Orlin Arluck. His father was a cantor, and Harold had his first experience in music at the age of seven, singing in a synagogue choir conducted by his father. He began private study on the piano at nine, including instruction from Arnold Cornelissen and Simon Bucharoff. These studies pointed him toward classical music, but he developed an affinity for ragtime. He formed his first band, Hyman Arluck's Snappy Trio, in 1919, and dropped out of high school in 1921. The Snappy Trio expanded into the six-piece Southbound Shufflers and played in clubs and on excursion boats cruising Lake Erie.

In 1924, Arlen wrote his first song, "My Gal, Won't You Come Back to Me?” (aka "My Gal, My Pal"; lyrics by Hyman Cheiffetz). He disbanded The Southbound Shufflers in 1925 and joined The Yankee Six, which grew to 11 pieces and became The Buffalodians. They moved to N.Y. in 1926, and when they broke up he joined the orchestra of Arnold Johnson as pianist, singer, and arranger. Arlen stayed with Johnson until July 1928, then tried to make his way as a solo performer in vaudeville. Vincent Youmans hired Arlen in 1929 to appear in his musical Great Day (N.Y, Oct. 17, 1929) and to serve as his musical secretary. At a rehearsal, Arlen improvised a tune that led Harry Warren to introduce him to Ted Koehler, who set a lyric to it, creating the song "Get Happy”. Koehler placed it and other songs written with Arlen in the 9:15 Revue (N.Y, Feb. 11,1930), and though the show was short-lived, "Get Happy” became a hit in July 1930 in a recording by Nat Shilkret and The Victor Orchestra.

By this time Arlen and Koehler had been hired to write half the score of the Earl Carroll Vanities, which ran 215 performances and featured "Hittin’ the Bottle”, successfully recorded by The Colonial Club Orchestra. Next the songwriters turned to nightclub work and replaced Jimmy McHugh and Dorothy Fields at the Cotton Club, contributing their first score, for the revue Brown Sugar, probably in December. Arlen also teamed with lyricist/librettist/producer Jack Yellen, a family friend from Buffalo, on his first book musical, You Said It, which ran for 192 performances starting in early 1931. That spring, Arlen and Koehler mounted another Cotton Club revue, Rhythmania, starring Cab Calloway. The hits that emerged from it were "Kickin' the Gong Around” recorded by Calloway; "Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea," recorded by Louis Armstrong; and "I Love a Parade," recorded by The Arden-Ohman Orchestra.

Arlen had not abandoned his ambition to be a performer, and he made occasional recordings. In July 1931 he scored a hit as vocalist with Joe Venuti's Blue Four on "Little Girl" (music and lyrics by Madeline Hyde and Francis Henry). In December "I Love a Parade" and "Temporarily Blue" were featured in the Warner Bros, film Manhattan Parade, giving Arlen and Koehler their first screen credits. Arlen and Koehler wrote some songs for the 1932 edition of the Earl Carroll Vanities (N.Y., Sept. 27, 1932), and Cab Calloway had a hit with "I Gotta Right to Sing the Blues" from the show. Calloway also scored hits with "Minnie the Moocher's Wedding Day" and "I've Got the World on a String" from the next edition of the Cotton Club Parade (Oct. 23, 1932). Arlen's last song to be used in a show in 1932 took a convoluted route to becoming a standard. Featured in the play The Great Magoo (N.Y., Dec. 2, 1932) under the title "If You Believed in Me" (lyrics by E. Y. Harburg and Billy Rose), it wasn't given much exposure during the show's 11 performances. Under its more familiar title, "It's Only a Paper Moon," it was added to the post- Broadway tour of the revue Crazy Quilt of 1933 (Albany, July 28, 1933) and published. This led to its being recorded by Paul Whiteman and His Orch. for a hit in October.

And in November it turned up in the motion picture Take a Chance. Meanwhile, Arlen was scoring another hit during 1933, which he recorded himself. "Stormy Weather" (lyrics by Koehler) was written for Cab Calloway to sing in the next edition of the Cotton Club Parade (April 6, 1933). When Calloway proved unavailable, the song was given to Ethel Waters. In the interim, The Leo Reisman Orchestra cut it with Arlen singing, and the record became a best-seller, as did Waters's recording, making "Stormy Weather" the biggest hit of 1933. Arlen and Koehler signed a one-film deal with Columbia Pictures and went to Hollywood in the fall of 1933 to write songs for Let's Fall in Love, released in January 1934.

The title song became a best-seller for Eddy Duchin and His Orchestra in February; Arlen also had a minor hit with his own recording. The songwriters returned to N.Y. to write their last edition of the Cotton Club Parade (March 23, 1934). Among its memorable songs were "111 Wind," which became a hit for Eddy Duchin with Arlen on vocals, and "As Long as I Live." Thereafter, Arlen and Koehler ceased to collaborate on a regular basis, though they worked together occasionally. Arlen accepted an offer from E. Y. Harburg and Ira Gershwin to write music to their lyrics for the revue Life Begins at 8:40, which opened in August 1934. It ran 237 performances and launched two hits, "You're a Builder Upper" by Leo Reisman with Arlen on vocals, and "Fun to Be Fooled" by Henry King and His Orchestra. Arlen signed another one-picture deal in 1935 with filmmaker Samuel Goldwyn and returned to Hollywood, where he collaborated with Lew Brown on Strike Me Pink, starring Eddie Cantor and Ethel Merman, which was released in January 1936.

By that time Arlen had signed a three-picture contract with Warner Bros. The Singing Kid, released in April, featured Al Jolson and Cab Calloway, while Stage Struck in September and Gold Diggers of 1937 in December both starred Dick Powell. All three had lyrics by E. Y. Harburg. Thereafter, Arlen worked for the studios only on a freelance basis. On Jan. 8, 1937, Arlen married former model and chorus girl Anya Taranda, to whom he remained married until her death in 1970.

He and Harburg next wrote a Broadway musical, Hooray for What! It starred Ed Wynn and ran 200 performances, a modest success for the middle of the Depression. In 1938, Arlen and Harburg returned to Hollywood, where they were hired to write the songs for the children's fantasy The Wizard of Oz. Though not a financial success upon initial theatrical release in August 1939, the film generated a #1 song in the Oscar-winning "Over the Rainbow," the most popular recordings of which were by Glenn Miller and His Orchestra and the film's star, Judy Garland. The score also featured such charming songs as "Ding Dong! The Witch Is Dead" and "If I Only Had a Brain." (The Wizard of Oz finally turned a profit and was recognized as a classic film after it began a series of television broadcasts in the late 1950s.)

Arlen and Harburg contributed songs to the Marx Brothers film At the Circus, released in November 1939, including the novelty "Lydia, the Tattooed Lady" for Groucho Marx. Two years passed before Arlen's next film credit, Blues in the Night, on which he collaborated with Johnny Mercer. Released in December 1941, the film is best remembered for its Oscar- nominated title song, which earned half a dozen chart recordings, the most popular of which was the #1 version by Woody Herman and His Orchestra.

Arlen and Mercer next teamed up for the all-star wartime film Star-Spangled Rhythm, released at the end of 1942. Glenn Miller took "That Old Black Magic" from its score to #1, and the song earned a 1943 Academy Award nomination. Arlen reunited with E. Y. Harburg to write new songs for the film adaptation of the all-black Vernon Duke-John Latouche musical Cabin in the Sky. Released in May, it brought Arlen a second 1943 Oscar nomination with "Happiness Is a Thing Called Joe." He earned his third nomination in a single year for "My Shining Hour," taken from his and Mercer's score for the Fred Astaire film The Sky's the Limit, released in September. The song became a Top Ten hit for Glen Gray and The Casa Loma Orchestra. Also in the film was the torch song "One for My Baby (and One More for the Road)."

Arlen reunited with Ted Koehler for the March 1944 film Up in Arms, starring Danny Kaye and Dinah Shore, and the songwriters enjoyed a chart record with "Tess's Torch Song (I Had a Man)," recorded by Ella Mae Morse, as well as an Academy Award nomination for "Now I Know/' Arlen then wrote his first Broadway musical in seven years with Harburg, Bloomer Girl, which became the most successful stage work of his career with a run of 654 performances. Bing Crosby scored a Top Ten hit with "Evelina" from the score. Crosby also starred in the next Arlen/Mercer film, Here Come the Waves, released at the end of 1944; the warthemed movie musical gave him a major hit with the Oscar-nominated "Ac-Cent-Tchu-Ate the Positive," which he recorded with The Andrews Sisters, though it was Mercer himself who took the song to the top of the charts. Jo Stafford also found a minor hit from the film with "Let's Take the Long Way Home." Stafford went into the Top Ten with "Out of This World," the Arlen/Mercer title song for the June 1945 comedy in which Eddie Bracken sang with Crosby's voice.

Arlen's other hit of 1945 came in September with a Top Ten revival of "It's Only a Paper Moon," by Ella Fitzgerald and The Delta Rhythm Boys. Arlen and Mercer also wrote the songs for the 1946 all-black Broadway musical St. Louis Woman, which ran only 113 performances but featured "Come Rain or Come Shine," a chart record for Margaret Whiting. Back in Hollywood, Arlen teamed with Leo Robin for the May 1948 film Casbah, which featured the Academy Award nominee "For Every Man There's a Woman." Tony Martin, who starred in the film, recorded the song for a chart entry Arlen worked steadily in film in the early 1950s, writing with Mercer (The Petty Girl, August 1950), Ralph Blane (My Blue Heaven, September 1950; Down Among the Sheltering Palms, June 1953), and Dorothy Fields (Mr. Imperium, October 1951; The Farmer Takes a Wife, June 1953).

But the only hits he enjoyed during these years were minor revivals of "Blues in the Night" by Rosemary Clooney in September 1952 and "I've Got the World on a String" by Frank Sinatra in July 1953. In the last quarter of 1954, Arlen had two film scores and a new Broadway show. For the remake of A Star Is Born, starring Judy Garland and released in October, he wrote songs with Ira Gershwin, including the Oscarnominated "The Man that Got Away." Arlen and Gershwin also wrote the songs for the backstage drama The Country Girl, starring Bing Crosby and released in December.

For Broadway, Arlen teamed up with novelist Truman Capote on House of Flowers, which ran only 137 performances despite a critically acclaimed score including "A Sleepin' Bee." Arlen's most popular songs continued to enjoy revivals in the mid-1950s. Sammy Davis Jr. took "That Old Black Magic" into the Top 40 in August 1955; Tony Bennett had a chart entry with "One for My Baby (and One More for the Road)" in May 1957, and Louis Prima and Keely Smith returned "That Old Black Magic" to the Top 40 yet again in December 1958.

Meanwhile, Arlen wrote two Broadway musicals, 1957's Jamaica (with Harburg), starring Lena Home, which was a hit, running 557 performances; and 1959's Saratoga (with Mercer), which failed. In the 1960s, Arlen's Top 40 song revivals included "Over the Rainbow" by The Demensions in September 1960; "That Old Black Magic" by Bobby Rydell in May 1961; "Let's Fall in Love" by Peaches and Herb in March 1967; and "Ding Dong! The Witch Is Dead" by The Fifth Estate, in July 1967.

The composer wrote a final film score with E. Y. Harburg for the animated film Gay Purr-ee, featuring the voices of Judy Garland and Robert Goulet and released in December 1962, and he wrote the title song for Garland's final film, I Could Go on Singing, released in May 1963. In 1966 he released an album, Harold Sings Arlen (With Friend), accompanied by Barbra Streisand, who had recorded many of his songs on her early albums. He wrote songs for two unproduced musicals, Softly (intended for Broadway), in 1966, and Clippity Clop and Clementine (for television), in 1973, and contributed some new songs to an Off-Broadway revival of House of Flowers that opened in January 1968. He suffered from Parkinson's disease and was largely inactive during the last decade of his life. He died April 23, 1986 at age 81.

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Old February 14th, 2014, 09:54 PM   #2688

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in 1907 - Jean Langlais, French organist, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1920 - Ingmar Milveden, Swedish composer and musicologist, is born.
in 1921 - Hans Haym, German composer and conductor, dies at 60.
in 1924 - Lionel Monckton, English composer and writer, dies at 62.
in 1927 - Gottfrid Grasbeck, Finnish composer, conductor, choral director and teacher, is born.

in 1935 - George Alexander Albrecht, German conductor, is born at Bremen.
He received his training from Hermann Grevesmiihl (1942-54), Paul van Kempen at the Accademia Musicale Chigiana in Siena and in Hilversum (1954-55), and Rudolf Hindemith (1956-58). In 1961 he was named to the position of 1st conductor of the Hannover State Opera, where he subsequently was its Generalmusikdirektor from 1964 to 1993. He also was a professor at the Hannover Hochschule fur Musik from 1980 to 1993.

In 1993 he became chief conductor of the Philharmonia Hungarica in Marl kreis Recklinghausen and a guest conductor at the Dresden State Opera. He then became Generalmusikdirektor of the National Theater and the State Orchestra in Weimar in 1996. In 1997 he also was made a professor at the Franz Liszt Hochschule fur Musik in Weimar.

In 1989 he was awarded the Gustav Mahler Gold Medal and in 1996 the Bundesverdienstkreuz of the Federal Republic of Germany. As a guest conductor, he appeared with opera houses in Vienna, Barcelona, Bologna, Trieste, Rome, Turin, Venice, and Madrid. He also was a guest conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic, the Munich Philharmonic, the Dresden State Orchestra, the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig, the Czech Philharmonic in Prague, the NHK Symphony Orchestra in Tokyo, and all of the German radio orchestras.

in 1937 - Zoltan Pesko, Hungarian conductor, teacher and music director, is born.
in 1939 - Alvin Cash, American pop singer and actor (The Crawlers/ Registers), is born.

in 1941 - Brian Holland, American pianist, singer, songwriter and producer (Holland-Dozier-Holland), is born. Holland is in the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sCGgmfUFyYI"]YouTube - Brian Holland playing Ragtime Dance[/ame]

in 1942 - Stanislav Binicki, Serbian composer, conductor and teacher, dies at 69.
in 1944 - Mick Avory, English rock drummer and percussionist (The Kinks), is born.
in 1944 - Denny Zager, American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Zager & Evans), is born.
in 1945 - John Helliwell, English rock saxophonist and keyboardist (Supertramp), is born.

in 1946 - Louis "Putney" Dandridge dies at age 44. American bandleader, jazz pianist, vocalist born in Richmond, Virginia. He began his career in 1918 performing as a pianist in the revue The Drake and Walker Show. From 1935 to 1936, he recorded numerous tracks under his own name, many of which highlighted some major jazz talents of the period, including Roy Eldridge, Teddy Wilson, Henry "Red" Allen, Buster Bailey, John Kirby, Chu Berry, Cozy Cole and more. He seemed to vanish from the music scene in the late thirties, it is speculated that he may have retired due to ill health.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gkr4H6wfH4Q"]Putney Dandridge Orchestra - It's The Gypsy In Me (1936) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1947 – John Coolidge Adams, prominent American composer and conductor, is born at Worcester, Mass. He studied clarinet with his father, and then with Felix Viscuglia of the Boston Symohony Orchestra. He pursued training in conducting with Mario di Bonaventura at Dartmouth College (summer, 1965) and in composition with Leon Kirchner at Harvard University (B.A., 1969; M.A., 1971).

In 1970 Adams was composer-in-residence at the Marlboro (Vt.) Festival. From 1972 to 1982 he taught at the San Francisco Conservatory of Music, where he also was director of its New Music Ensemble. In 1978 he became new music advisor of the San Francisco Symphony, and then served as its composer-in-residence from 1982 to 1985. In 1982 he was awarded a Guggenheim fellowship. From 1988 to 1990 he held the position of creative advisor of the St. Paul (Minn.) Chamber Orchestra. His Violin Concerto (1993) won the Grawemeyer Award of the University of Louisville in 1995. In 1997 he was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

Adams's interest in the music of John Cage, Morton Feldman, and other American composers of an experimental persuasion, as well as his interest in electronic music, most notably the synthesizer, effectually determined his course as a composer. His transformation of minimalist procedures by combining formalized structures with stylistic diversity led him to create works that won considerable popular appeal in both the concert hall and the opera house. Adams composed the music for the famous minimalist opera Nixon in China, and received the Pulitzer Prize for his On the Transmigration of Souls, a tribute to the victims of the September 11 2001 attacks.

in 1947 - David Brown, American rock bassist (Santana, Boz Scaggs), is born.
in 1949 - Christopher Rouse, American composer and teacher, is born.
in 1951 - Melissa Manchester, American pop singer/songwriter and actress, is born.
in 1957 - Jake E Lee, American rock guitarist (Ozzy Osbourne), is born.
in 1959 - Ali Campbell, British reggae singer/songwriter and guitarist (UB40), is born.
in 1960 - Mikey Craig, British pop bassist (Culture Club), is born.

in 1961 - Singer Jackie Wilson was left with a stomach wound after Juanita Jones a female fan went to his New York apartment demanding to see him. Jones' gun went off as he tried to disarm her.

in 1964 - The Beatles scored their first US No.1 album with 'Meet The Beatles!' The album stayed at No.1 for eleven weeks.
in 1964 - The Dave Clark Five appeared on the UK TV show 'Thank Your Lucky Stars.'

in 1965 - Nat King Cole dies at age 45. American singer born in Montgomery, Alabama; his rich, husky voice and careful enunciation, and the warmth, intimacy, and good humor of his approach to singing, allowed him to succeed with both ballads and novelties such that he scored over 100 pop chart singles and more than two dozen chart albums over a period of 20 years, enough to rank him behind only Sinatra as the most successful pop singer of his generation. His hits included "Nature Boy", "Mona Lisa", "Too Young", "Some Enchanted Evening", "Ramblin' Rose" and his signature tune "Unforgettable". He first came to prominence as a leading jazz pianist. Although an accomplished pianist, he owes most of his popular musical fame to his soft baritone voice, which he used to perform in big band and jazz genres. He was one of the first black Americans to host a television variety show, and has maintained worldwide popularity since his death; he is widely considered one of the most important musical personalities in United States history. An official United States postage stamp featuring Nat's likeness was issued in 1994 and in 2000 he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as one of the major influences for early Rock and Roll; Father of singer Natalie Cole. (lung cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ayQq5AQxF0"]YouTube - Nat King Cole Oscar Peterson Trio & Coleman Hawkins - Sw[/ame]

in 1968 - Gloria Trevi, Mexican pop-rock singer/songwriter, is born. VH1 called her "Supreme Diva of the Mexican Pop."

in 1968 - Little Walter/ Marion Walter Jacobs dies at age 37. US blues singer & harmonica player; said to be the first harmonica player to amplify his harp giving it a distorted echoing sound. His revolutionary harmonica technique has earned comparisons to Charlie Parker and Jimi Hendrix in its impact, his virtuosity and musical innovations reached heights of expression never previously imagined on blues harmonica. He was inducted into The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on March 10th 2008, making him the only artist ever to be inducted specifically for his work as a harmonica player. In 1952 his debut session "Juke", spent eight weeks at No.1 on the Billboard magazine R&B charts, it was the only harmonica instrumental ever to become a No.1 hit on the R&B charts. He had three more harmonica instrumentals which reached the Billboard R&B top 10: "Off the Wall", "Roller Coaster", and "Sad Hours" (died from injuries incurred in a street fight)

in 1968 - The Lennons and Harrisons arrived in India to study meditation with the Maharishi, Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr arrived four days later. Ringo returned before the others comparing the experience to be like a Butlins holiday camp.

in 1969 - Singer Vickie Jones was arrested on fraud charges for impersonating Aretha Franklin in concert at Fort Myers, Florida. No-one in the audience had asked for their money back.

in 1969 - Sly and the Family Stone started a four week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Everyday People', their first No.1.

in 1969, 'Diana Ross and The Supremes Join The Temptations' started a four week run at No.1 on the UK album chart.

in 1969 - Pee Wee Russell/Charles Ellsworth Russell dies at age 62. American jazz clarinet and saxophones born in Maplewood, Missouri and grew up in Muskogee, Oklahoma. As a young boy he first studied violin, then piano, and for a while settled on drums, including all the associated special effects. When he saw New Orleans jazz clarinetist Alcide "Yellow" Nunez. Russell was so amazed he took up.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZAGkN34xn9c"]YouTube - Pee Wee Russell-1958[/ame]

in 1971 - Marian Viktorovich Koval, Russian composer and choir director, dies at 63.

in 1974 - Kurt Magnus Atterberg, Swedish cellist, composer, conductor and music critic, dies at 86.

Atterberg was born in Gothenburg as the son of the engineer Anders Johan Atterberg (1845-1926) and nephew of chemist Albert Atterberg. He studied cello and would later occasionally play the cello in orchestras. He published his first work, a Rhapsody for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 1, in 1908. In 1910, he sent the Rhapsody and an incomplete version of the Symphony No. 1 in B minor, soon published as Op. 3, to the Stockholm Conservatory for admission. He studied composition and orchestration with Andreas Hallén there while simultaneously receiving instruction at the Royal Institute of Technology, earning a masters' degree in engineering in 1911.

From 1912 to 1968 Atterberg worked at the Swedish Patent and Registration Office, becoming head of a division there in 1937. In 1912, he made his conducting debut conducting his own Symphony No. 1. In 1916, he was appointed to Maestro of the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm, a position he held until 1922. His Violin Concerto in E minor, Op. 7 was premiered by the Australian violinist Alma Moodie on 6 November 1919, with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra under Max von Schillings. From 1919 to 1957, he was a music critic for the Stockholmstidningen.

In 1924, Atterberg helped found the Society of Swedish Composers and the Swedish Performing Rights Society (an organization similar to ASCAP in America). In 1926 he became a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music and was secretary of that organization from 1940 to 1953.

While composing an opera about the Vikings, Härvard Harpolekare, Atterberg also wrote a "Sinfonia Piccola" (Symphony No. 4 in G minor, Op. 14) inspired by an anthology of Swedish folk tunes published in 1875.

For the Schubert centenary in 1928, the Columbia Gramophone Company sponsored a competition for a symphony completing or inspired by Schubert's "Unfinished" Symphony, and Atterberg won the first prize of $10,000 with his Symphony No. 6. The symphony was recorded by Sir Thomas Beecham in 1928 and Arturo Toscanini on November 21, 1943, (during an NBC Symphony Orchestra broadcast concert). Atterberg himself also conducted the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra in a recording of the symphony, which was released on 78-rpm discs. He praised Toscanini's performance when he heard the recorded broadcast.

As had Beethoven and Antonín Dvořák, Atterberg composed nine symphonies. His last symphony, composed in 1956, features soloists and chorus. On February 22, 2005, Cpo Records released a boxed set of recordings of all the symphonies, with Finnish conductor Ari Rasilainen (born 1959) conducting four different German orchestras.

Atterberg died in Stockholm on 15 February 1974. He is buried in the Norra begravningsplatsen (Northern Cemetery), in Stockholm.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xPUFoJa4NXs"]Kurt Magnus Atterberg,suite per a violi i viola,Evgueni Grach-violi,Andriy Viytovich-viola - YouTube[/ame]

in 1974 - Tomi Petteri Putaansuu "Mr. Lordi" Finnish rock singer/songwriter (Lordi), is born. Lordi won the Eurovision Song Contest in 2006.

in 1974 - Stuart Richardson, British rock bassist (Lostprophets), is born.

in 1975 - Linda Ronstadt went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'You're No Good', the singers only solo chart topper out of 12 other top 40 hits. Also today Ronstadt went to No.1 on the US album chart with 'Heart Like A Wheel.'

in 1976 - Brandon Boyd, American rock singer, guitarist, didgeridoo and djembe player (Incubus), is born.
in 1976 - Ronnie Vannucci Jr., American rock drummer (The Killers), is born.

in 1977 - Glen Matlock was fired as bass player from The Sex Pistols, being replaced by Sid Vicious. Matlock rejoined in the 90's when the Pistol's reformed.

in 1978 - "Professor" Alex Bradford, American gospel singer/songwriter, arranger and choir director, dies at 51. Bradford's performance style influenced artists such as Little Richard, Ray Charles and Bob Marley. He's in the Alabama Hall of Fame.

in 1981 - Olivia Theresa Longott "Olivia" American R&B singer, is born.
in 1981 - Thomas Beversdorf, American composer and teacher, dies at 57.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BcU5z9G1ET8"]Beversdorf Sonata for Tuba Mvt. I - YouTube[/ame]

15 FEBRUARY
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Old February 14th, 2014, 09:56 PM   #2689

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15 FEBRUARY
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in 1981 - Mike Bloomfield dies at age 37. American guitarist and composer, born in Chicago, he joined the Paul Butterfield's band in 1964, Paul and Michael inspired and challenged each other as they alteratively traded exciting riffs. Their exuberant, electric Chicago blues inspired a generation of white bluesmen, with Bloomfield's work on the the band's self-titled debut, and the subsequent record East-West, bringing wide acclaim to him. Mike was also a session musician, gaining wide recognition for his work with Bob Dylan during his first explorations into electric music, and his sound was a major part of Dylan's change of style, especially on Highway 61 Revisited. He relocated to San Francisco and formed The Electric Flag band which debuted at the 1967 Monterey Pop Festival and issued an album, A Long Time Comin'. After which Mike worked with Al Kooper before going solo. He continued with solo, session and back-up work from 1969 to 1980, releasing his first solo work "It's Not Killing Me" in 1969. He was ranked at number 22 on Rolling Stone's "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" in 2003. (Mike was found dead in a car, he had died of an accidental drug overdose)

in 1981 - Karl Richter dies at age 55. German conductor, organist, and harpsichordist, born in Plauen and studied first in Dresden, and later in Leipzig, where he received his degree in 1949. In the same year, he became organist at St. Thomas Church, Leipzig. In 1951, he moved to Munich, where he taught at the conservatory and was cantor and organist at St. Mark's Church. He also conducted the Münchener Bach-Chor starting in 1954 and the Münchener Bach-Orchester. In the 1960s and 1970s, he did a great deal of recording and undertook tours to Japan, America, Canada, Latin-America, and Eastern Europe including the Soviet Union (heart attack while staying in a hotel in Munich)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cHRZ7QCBPro"]YouTube - Bach - Passacaglia BWV 582 - Karl Richter - Organ[/ame]

in 1984 - Ethel Merman / Ethel Agnes Zimmermann, American actress and singer; born in Queens, New York City, she was known primarily for her powerful voice and roles in musical theatre, she has been called "the undisputed First Lady of the musical comedy stage". Among the many standards introduced by Ethel in Broadway musicals are "I Got Rhythm", "Everything's Coming Up Roses", "I Get a Kick Out of You", "It's De-Lovely", "Friendship", "You're the Top", "Anything Goes", and "There's No Business Like Show Business", which later became her theme song. She stared as Annie Oakley in the musical Annie Get Your Gun, which opened on May 16, 1946 at the Imperial Theatre, where it ran for nearly three years and 1,147 performances. During that time, Ethel took only two vacations and missed only two performances due to illness. She and Irvin Berlin reunited for Call Me Madam in 1950, for which she won the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical, and she went on to star in the 1953 screen adaptation as well, winning the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for her performance. The following year she appeared as the matriarch of the singing and dancing Donahue family in There's No Business Like Show Business, a film with a Berlin score (On April 7th 1983, she was preparing to leave for LA to appear on the 55th Academy Awards telecast when she collapsed. She was diagnosed with glioblastoma and underwent brain surgery to have the malignant tumor removed. She died 10 months later in her sleep)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=icr71H1nb3Q"]There's No Business Like Show Business - YouTube[/ame]

in 1985 - During a UK tour The Boomtown Rats appeared at The Gaumont, Ipswich, England.
in 1986 - Sade started a two-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Promise.'

in 1986 - Whitney Houston started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'How Will I Know', it made No.5 in the UK.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yDhxKVuVYaY"]I WILL ALWAYS LOVE YOU BY WHITNEY HOUSTON - YouTube[/ame]

in 1987 - Jimmy Holiday, American R&B singer/songwriter, dies at 42.
in 1987 - Osmo Uolevi Lindeman, Finnish composer, dies at 57.

in 1988 - After singer Jo Elliot had referred to El Paso as 'the place with all those greasy Mexicans' Def Leppard were forced to cancel a concert in El Paso, after they received threats that the gig would be disrupted.

in 1988 - Al Cohn dies at age 62. American jazz tenor sax player; In the '40s he worked with Joe Marsala, Georgie Auld, Boyd Raeburn, Alvino Rey, and Buddy Rich before becoming one of the "Four Brothers" in Woody Herman's Second Herd where he gained his a reputation as a lyrical flowing soloist. Al went on to play with many other musicians but his best-known association was his partnership with tenor player Zoot Sims, beginning in 1956. They continued to play together sporadically until the death of Zoot in March of 1985. In addition to his work as a jazz saxophonist he was a noted arranger, his work included the Broadway productions of "Raisin" and "Sophisticated Ladies"
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e_qktwDYNzw"]YouTube - Al Cohn - We Three / Blue Lou[/ame]

in 1991 - Kelly Emberg the ex-girlfriend of Rod Stewart filed a $25 million (£14.7 million) palimony suit in Los Angeles.

in 1992 - William Schuman dies at age 81. American composer and administrator, born in New York, NY. He wrote songs in high school with his friend Frank Loesser. In 1930 he began studying composition with Roy Harris. He achieved success with his American Festival Overture (1939), and his Secular Cantata No. 2: A Free Song won the first Pulitzer Prize for music (1943). His other works include ballets for Martha Graham, the popular New England Triptych (1956), and 10 symphonies. As president of the Juilliard School (1945 – 62), he modernized its curriculum. As the first president of Lincoln Center (1962 – 68), he brought together several music organizations and established its Chamber Music Society and Mostly Mozart program.

in 1993 - George Wallington (Giacinto Figlia), Italian-American bop jazz pianist and composer, dies at 68.

in 1995 - Bob Stinson dies at age 36. American lead guitarist; he formed The Replacements, formerly Dog's Breath, in Minneapolis, in 1979 with his younger 12 year old half-brother Tommy and drummer Chris Mars; a year later, Bob brought in Paul Westerberg on second guitar and vocals. Bob was forced out of the band in late 1986. After which he formed the band Model Prisoner, before founding Static Taxi in 1988 recording two albums Stinson Boulevard not released until 2000 and Closer 2 Normal released in 2003, before folding in the summer of 1991. His last band was The Bleeding Hearts, which he formed with his roommate Mike Leonard. One of their most high-profile performances was opening for his brother Tommy's band Bash & Pop in 1993. His last public performance was playing with Minneapolis Countryswing band Trailer Trash at Lee's Liquor Bar in late 1994 (he did not die of a drug overdose, as is frequently reported, but rather his body simply wore out after years of alcohol and drug abuse)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ssphmAC8r08"]YouTube - Wilcox Hotel: Dashboard Jesus Tour: Bob Stinson 6 7 08[/ame]

in 1996 - it was reported that Take That were the UK's biggest single selling artists with sales over 3.9.million.

in 1996 - Lucio Agostini dies at age 82. Italian-born composer and conductor who established his career in Canada. At 16, he was playing with the Montreal Philharmonic Orchestra as a cellist and was a part-time band player in a nightclub band playing saxophone and clarinet. It is at 18 years of age that he began his professional music career working first with Canadian Broadcasting Corporation radio and later with television. Lucio began a long career with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in Toronto from 1943, beginning with radio work, and subsequently the broadcaster's US-based television programs through the 1950s. He took part in the production of Front Page Challenge, The Tommy Ambrose Show and World of Music. He won the John Drainie Award from ACTRA in 1983 in recognition of his contributions to broadcasting in Canada

in 1997 - Texas went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'White On Blonde.'

in 1997 - U2 went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Discotheque', the bands third UK No.1 single. The entire track was leaked onto the internet in December 1996, forcing U2 to move the release date.

in 1999 - Big L /Lamont Coleman dies at age 24. American rapper who made significant contributions to the New York City music scene in the 1990s as a member of the hip hop collective D.I.T.C. In 1993 Big L was signed to Columbia Records and released his first single "Devil's Son". His debut solo album, Lifestylez ov da Poor & Dangerous, was released in March 1995. The album featured guest appearances from a number of artists, notably Kid Capri, Lord Finesse, and then-unknown Cam'ron and Jay-Z. Two singles, "M.V.P" and "Put It On", were released from the album, both of which reached the top twenty-five of Billboard's Hot Rap Tracks. (possibility in retaliation for something his brother did, Big L was shot and killed just before releasing his second album The Big Picture)

in 2000 - Sting pulled-out of a concert in Vienna in protest at the inclusion of Jorg Haider's far right freedom party in Austria's new government. Lou Reed had also cancelled shows in the country.

in 2002 - Kerrang! Magazine overtook the New Musical Express for the first time to become the best selling UK weekly music publication. It claimed new bands such as Limp Bizkit and Linkin Park had given them a new teenage audience.

in 2004 - Norah Jones scored her second UK No.1 album with ‘Feels Like Home.’
in 2004 - Kenny Chesney was at No.1 on the US album chart with ‘When The Sun Comes Down.’

in 2004 - Twista was at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Slow Jamz.' He was known for being the fastest rapper in the world.

in 2004 - Sam and Mark went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with their version of The Beatles song 'With A Little Help From My Friends.' Sam and Mark were the second and third placed entrants from the 2003 "Pop Idol" TV show. The Beatles song had also been a hit for Joe Cocker and Wet Wet Wet.

in 2006 - Winners at this year’s Brit Awards included, James Blunt who won British male solo artist, British female solo artist went to KT Tunstall. Coldplay won Best British album for X&Y and Best British single for 'Speed of Sound.' Kaiser Chiefs won Best British group and Best British Live Act, British urban act went to Lemar, British breakthrough act was Arctic Monkeys, International breakthrough act was won by Jack Johnson. International male solo artist was Kanye West with Madonna winning International female solo artist. Green Day won International group and Best International album with American Idiot and Outstanding contribution to music went to Paul Weller.

in 2008 - A flat once rented by the Beatles in London went up for sale for £1.75m. The band shared the three-bedroom top floor property in Green Street, Mayfair in the autumn of 1963. A publicity photo of the Fab Four peering over a banister, used as the cover for the December 1963 edition of The Beatles Book, was taken at the top of the property's communal stairwell.

in 2009 - Lily Allen went to No.1 on the UK album chart with ‘It's Not Me, It's You’ the singers second album.

in 2005 - Pierre Bachelet dies at age 60. French singer-songwriter; he spent part of his childhood in Calais, which inspired his signature tune "Les corons" in 1982, it is also used as the supporter's anthem for the Lens football club. His other hit songs include "Elle est d'ailleurs", "Écris-moi" and "Marionnettiste" in 1985. He also composed music for movies, including Emmanuelle, Les Bronzés font du ski and the British-made Sex with the Stars. His songs from the film Emmanuelle called Emmanuelle In The Mirror and Theme From Emmanuelle, which sold over 4,000,000 copies, have been sampled in the Lily Allen single Littlest Things, released in December of 2006 (lung cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QM1NY1jeUh0"]YouTube - Pierre Bachelet Sans Amour[/ame]

in 2007 - Raymond Bernard Evans dies at age 92. American songwriter and an inductee in the Songwriters Hall Of Fame. He was a partner in a composing and songwriting duo with Jay Livingston, known for the songs they composed for films. Ray wrote the lyrics and Livingston the music for the songs. The duo, both members of ASCAP, won three Academy Awards, in 1948 for the song "Buttons and Bows", written for the movie The Paleface; in 1950 for the song "Mona Lisa", written for the movie Captain Carey, U.S.A.; and in 1956 for the song "Que Sera Sera", featured in the Alfred Hitchcock movie The Man Who Knew Too Much and sung by Doris Day. Another popular song that he and Livingston wrote for a film was the song "Tammy", written for the 1957 movie Tammy and the Bachelor. The song was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Song. They also wrote popular TV themes for shows including Bonanza and Mr. Ed. Their Christmas song Silver Bells intended for the 1951 Bob Hope film The Lemon Drop Kid, has become a Christmas standard. In 1958, the songwriting team was nominated for a Tony Award for the musical Oh, Captain!. He also collaborated separately with Henry Mancini, Max Steiner, and Victor Young. The song "Dear Heart" from the 1964 film of the same name was written by Livingston and Evans with Henry Mancini; it was nominated for an Oscar and for the Song of the Year Grammy Award, and was recorded multiple times, charting for Andy Williams, Jack Jones, and Henry Mancini

in 2008 - A flat once rented by the Beatles in London went up for sale for £1.75m. The band shared the three-bedroom top floor property in Green Street, Mayfair in the autumn of 1963. A publicity photo of the Fab Four peering over a banister, used as the cover for the December 1963 edition of The Beatles Book, was taken at the top of the property's communal stairwell.

in 2009 - Joe Cuba dies at age 78. Puerto Rican musician who was considered to be the "Father of Latin Boogaloo"; learnt to play conga as a child. He formed his own band. In 1954, he change the band's name from the Jose Calderon Sextet to the Joe Cuba Sextet, making their debut at the Stardust Ballroom. The band became popular in the New York Latin community. The lyrics to his music used a mixture of Spanish and English, becoming an important part of the Nuyorican Movement. In 1965, the Sextet got their first crossover hit with the Latin and soul fusion of "El Pito (I Never Go Back To Georgia)". April 1999, Joe Cuba was inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame, 2004, he was named Grand Marshall of the Puerto Rican Day Parade celebrated in Yonkers, New Yor and he was also the director of the Museum of La Salsa, located in Spanish Harlem, Manhattan, (died in New York, after being removed from life support. He had been hospitalized for a bacterial infection)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UwAZF2vlj0k"]Joe Cuba - To Be With You - YouTube[/ame]

in 2010 - Art Van Damme dies at age 89. American jazz singer and accordionist, in Norway, Michigan he bagan playing the accordion at age nine and started classical study when his family moved to Chicago in 1934. In 1941 he joined Ben Bernie's band as an accordionist. He adapted Benny Goodman's music to the accordion. From 1945 to 1960 he worked for NBC, performing on The Dinah Shore Show, Tonight, The Dave Garroway Show and other radio and TV shows with Garroway. He recorded 130 episodes of the 15-minute The Art Van Damme Show for NBC Radio. Art toured Europe and was also popular with jazz listeners in Japan and regularly won the domestic Downbeat reader's poll for his instrument in the same period.( pneumonia)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W5uCkOYNWnk"]YouTube - art van damme_gone with the wind (wrubel)[/ame]

in 2011 - Sidney Harth dies at age 85. American violinist and conductor, born in Cleveland, Ohio. He became the first American to receive the Laureate Prize in the Wieniawski Violin Competition held in Poland. He had made his European debut previously, touring France with pianist Theodore Lettvin in 1951-1952 in a series of concerts. He performed with major orchestras across the world, and made numerous recordings with Chicago Symphony Orchestra and the Krakow Radio and TV Orchestra. He was Concertmaster of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra and Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Principal Concertmaster and Associate Conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, and Concertmaster and Assistant Conductor of the Louisville Orchestra. He was also Principal Conductor of the Natal Symphony Orchestra in South Africa, and Musical Director of the Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra, Northwest Chamber Orchestra of Seattle and the Puerto Rico Symphony Orchestra. (respiratory complications)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AOKbfQxCfj8"]Sidney Harth - Live performance - Sibelius Violin Concerto 3rd movement - YouTube[/ame]

in 2011 - Yiannis Karabesinis dies at age 80. Greek singer-songwriter and bouzouki player.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1NDLyLj9MD8"]Mosholiou, Karampesinis - I zoi horis agapi ine adia - YouTube[/ame]

in 2011 - Ken Winters dies at age 81. Canadian music critic and broadcaster; most recently as a critic with the Globe and Mail in Toronto, he had written more than 400 reviews for the national newspaper since 1999. His final review, of a performance of the Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra ran in Tuesday's edition. He also was co-editor of the The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada, a meticulously researched source of information about music in Canada. Along with Helmut Kallmann and Gilles Potvin, Ken served as one of the editors of the original edition of the encyclopedia, which was started in the 1970s and first published in 1981. He worked with CBC Radio for more than 40 years and was a contributor and occasional host for the CBC radio show Mostly Music from 1981 to 1989. He officially stepped into the host's chair from 1989 to 1996. During the 1980s, he also hosted programs such as Personalities in Music, Ken Winters on Music and Celebration of Genius, and served as a contributor to Arts National and The Arts Tonight. Additionally, he created specials about the music of J.S. Bach and George Frideric Handel for CBC. Ken closely followed Canada's development as an innovator in classical music during the 20th century and both his radio documentaries and his criticism reflected his knowledge of the field. (heart attack)

in 2011 - Karin Stanek dies at age 67. Polish singer, born in Bytom; in the 60s she was one of the most popular singers in Poland, releasing her debut song "Jimmy Joe" in March of 1962. That same year Karen became lead singer with the rhythm and blues band, Red-Black. Karin, with the band, received honors in 1963, 1964, 1965 and 1966 at Oppeln Festival, also at The Sopot Festival 1962 and 1964. After retiring from the Red-Black she continued her solo career as well as performing in several other bands including The Samuels, Aryston, Inni and Schemat (pneumonia).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lW_XYk-Xc94"]Karin Stanek - Autostop - YouTube[/ame]

in 2012 - Charles Anthony/Calogero Antonio Caruso dies at age 82. American-Sicilian tenor, born in New Orleans, LA; he studied music at Loyola University New Orleans and sang the role of the Messenger in Il trovatore, at the New Orleans Opera Association, in 1947. At the age of twenty-two, he successfully auditioned for New York City Metropolitan Opera's Auditions of the Air and made his debut there on March 6th 1954, playing the role of the Simpleton in Boris Godunov. He went on to have the distinction of appearing in more performances at the Met than any other performer. He celebrated his fiftieth anniversary with the company in 2004, and gave his farewell in the role of the aged Emperor Altoum in Turandot, on January 28, 2010. Charles was included in many of the Met's telecasts between 1979 and 2010 and became noted for his portrayal of comprimario characters in opera (kidney failure) - Born July 15th 1929.

in 2012 - Clive Richard Shakespeare dies at age 62. English-born Australian guitarist and producer, born in Southampton, Hampshire before his family emmigrated to Australia. As lead guitarist, he joined various bands including The Road Agents in 1968 in Sydney with Terry Hyland on vocals, then he formed a covers band Down Town Roll along with Adrian Cuff on the organ, vocalists Frank Ma and Pam Slater, bass guitarist Doug Rea, and Danny Taylor on drums. Clive, Shakespeare and Taylor went on to found pop/rock band, Sherbet later that year with vocalist Dennis Laughlin and Sammy See on organ, guitar, and vocals. They had two No.1 singles, "Summer Love" in '75, co-written by Clive with Garth Porter and "Howzat" in '76. He also worked in production, including Paul Kelly's debut solo album, Post (prostate cancer) - Born June 3rd 1949.

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16 FEBRUARY
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in 1653 - Johannes Schultz, composer, dies at 70.
in 1684 - Bohuslav Matej Czernohorsky, Czech organist, composer and teacher, is born.

in 1709 - Charles Avison, English organist and composer, is baptized. Avison's Essay on Musical Expression is considered the first music criticism published in English.
Avison was an English composer during the Baroque and Classical periods. He was a church organist at St John The Baptist Church in Newcastle and at St. Nicholas's Church (later Cathedral). He is best remembered for his 12 Concerti Grossi after Scarlatti and his Essay on Musical Expression, the first music criticism published in English.

Little is known of Avison's early life. The son of Richard and Anne Avison, both musicians, he was baptised on 16 February 1709, at St. John's Church in Newcastle. (According to the New Grove dictionary, he was also born in this city.) His only education can have been at one of the two charity schools serving St John's parish. It is likely that he had early contact with Ralph Jenison, a patron of the arts, and later a member of Parliament.

As a young man, he travelled to London to study under Francesco Geminiani. However, his ties to his hometown remained strong, and on 13 October 1735, he accepted the position of church organist at St. John's Church in Newcastle. Shortly after, he also became organist at nearby St. Nicholas's. Despite numerous offers of more prestigious positions later in life, he never again left Newcastle.

On 15 January 1737, Avison married Catherine Reynolds. They had three surviving children: Jane (1744-1773), Edward (1747-1776), and Charles (1751-1795). Edward and Charles both later served as organists at St. Nicholas's, and Charles published a book of hymns.

In July 1738, Avison was appointed music director of the Newcastle Musical Society. He also collaborated with John Garth's subscription concerts in Durham, and was active in local theatres.

The foundation of Avison's contemporary fame was his Essay on Musical Expression, published in 1752. It was the first work on musical criticism published in English.

Avison was one of the subjects in Robert Browning's Parleyings with Certain People of Importance in their Day: "Hear Avison! He tenders evidence/That music in his day as much absorbed/Heart and soul then as Wagner's music now."

Avison died on 10 May 1770, after being caught out in an unusual blizzard that hit from May 2-4. He is buried at St. Andrew's in Newcastle.

Avison continued the Italian style tradition, which Geminiani had made so popular in London. In his Concerti Grossi, in particular, he carried on Geminiani's technique of modeling orchestral concertos after sonatas by older composers. His Essay on Musical Expression criticized Handel, who was much admired in England at the time.

Since 1994, the Avison Ensemble of Newcastle has been performing Avison’s music on period instruments.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gKKkLV34KZU"]Avison - Concerto Grosso in G Major Op. 4 No. 6 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1774 - Pierre Rode, French violinist and composer, is born.
in 1779 - William Boyce, English organist/composer (Cathedral Music), dies.

in 1790 - Chretien Urhan, French violist, violinist, organist, and composer of German descent, is born at Montjoie, near Aachen. He taught himself to play various instruments, then settled in Paris, where he studied composition with Le Sueur. He became a member of the Opera orchestra in 1814, where he was made 1st violinist in 1823 and soloist in 1836 and also appeared as a violist with it. In 1827 he became organist at St. Vincent and in 1828 concertmaster of the Societe des Concerts du Conservatoire; also played in chamber-music concerts. In the Conservatory Concerts he employed a 5-stringed violin (violon-alto, with the tuning c-g-d1-a1-i? ), producing charming effects. He composed a cantata, Les champs de repos, 2 string quintets, piano pieces, and songs. - Died at Paris, Nov. 2, 1845.

in 1803 - Jan Vaclav Stich, Bohemian composer, dies at 56
in 1813 - Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky, Ukrainian bass-baritone, composer and playwright, is born.
in 1922 - Welsh baritone and opera producer Sir Geraint Evans was born near Pontypridd, South Wales
in 1823 - Johann Gottfried Schict, composer, dies at 69.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IhFagpbJEt0"]YouTube - O GOD Of Life[/ame]

in 1825 - George Gerson, composer, dies at 34.

in 1826 - Franz (Friedrich) von Holstein, German composer, is born at Braunschweig. His father was an army officer and at his behest, Holstein entered the Cadet School, concurrently studying music theory with Griepenkerl. While a lieutenant, he privately produced his operetta, Zwei Niichte in Venedig (1845). He fought in the Schleswig-Holstein campaign, then wrote a grand opera, Waverley, after Walter Scott. He sent the score to Hauptmann at the Leipzig Conservatory who expressed willingness to accept Holstein as a student. Accordingly, he resigned from the army (1853) and studied with Hauptmann, H. Richter, and Moscheles at the Leipzig Conservatory. He then devoted himself to composition. He was also a poet, and wrote his own librettos. The style of his operas was close to the French type, popularized by Auber. He was a man of means, and left a valuable legacy for the benefit of indigent music students. - Died at Leipzig, May 22, 1878.

in 1829 - Francois-Joseph Gossec, Belg/Fr composer (Messe of Morts), dies at 95.
in 1931 - Dirk Schafer, Dutch pianist/composer (Klavier), dies at 57.
in 1836 - Benjamin Edward Woolf, English-American violinist, conductor, playwright and librettist, is born.


in 1847 - Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka, Polish-German composer and pedagogue, brother of (Franz) Xaver Scharwenka, is born at Samter, Posen. He studied with Wuerst and Dorn at the Kullak Academy of Music in Berlin, and in 1868 was appointed teacher of composition there. With his brother he founded in 1881 the Scharwenka Conservatory in Berlin. Together they made an American trip in 1891. In 1893 the Scharwenka Conservatory was amalgamated with the Klindworth Conservatory; the resulting Klindworth- Scharwenka Conservatory, acquired an excellent reputation for its teaching standards. He was an accomplished composer, numbering among his works 2 symphonies, overtures, Arkadische Suite for Orchestra (1887), a Violin Concerto (1895), Frilhlingswogen, symphonic poem (1891), Dramatische Fantasie for Orchestra (1900), choral works, chamber music, piano pieces, and songs. - Died at Bad Nauheim, July 16, 1917.

in 1854 - Oscar Fetras, German composer and conductor, is born.
in 1854 - Franz Liszt's symphony Orpheus premieres in Weimar.


in 1856 - Willem Kes, Dutch conductor and composer, is born at Dordrecht. He studied violin with various teachers in the Netherlands, then with Ferdinand David at the Leipzig Conservatory (1871), Wieniawski in Brussels (1873), and Joachim in Berlin (1875); also composition with Reinecke, Bargiel, and Kiel in Berlin. In 1876 he was made 1st concertmaster of Amsterdam's Park-Orkest; was its conductor in 1883 and also conductor of Dordrecht's orchestra, choir, and music school (1877-88). He became the first conductor of Amsterdam's Concertgebouw Orchestra, leading its inaugural concert on Nov. 3, 1888, and remaining with it until 1895. In 1895 he succeeded Henschel as conductor of the Scottish Orchestra in Glasgow. In 1898 he went to Russia, where he conducted the Moscow Philharmonic Society (1901-05); subsequently was conductor of the Koblenz Orchestra and director of the music school there (1905-26). Among his works are a Symohony, overtures, Violin Concerto, Cello Concerto, Der Taucher for Chorus and Orchestra, chamber music, piano pieces, and songs. - Died at Munich, Feb. 21, 1934.

in 1864 - Vaclav Jindrich Veit, composer, dies at 58.

in 1866 - Johann Strauss III, Austrian violinist, conductor and composer, is born.
Video Notes: Johann Strauss III (1866-1939), the eldest of Eduard Strauss's two sons, wrote to a friend on 23 March 1900:

Now I intend to write a waltz for Berlin and call it Unter den Linden, since curiously enough this title has not yet been used.

He undertook a five‑month tour of Germany and The Netherlands in 1900, making his debut in Berlin on 26 May. It seems to have been at his 'Waltz Evening' at the Neues Königliches Operntheater (Kroll's), on 2 June, that he and his 'Viennese Orchestra' gave the premiere of the waltz Unter den Linden (Under the Linden Trees), extolling the beauty of Berlin's tree‑lined main avenue.
Viennese audiences first heard the work, with its haunting fourth waltz section, at his 'Grand Concert' in the Goldenes Kreuz Hotel on 11 November 1900.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=86ERe7U31Ag"]Johann Strauss III - Unter den Linden - Walzer, Op. 30 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1878 - Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist, composer, conductor and teacher, is born.
in 1890 - Semyon Semyonovich Bogatiryov, Ukrainian composer, musicologist and music theorist, is born.

in 1896 - Alexander Brailowsky, Russian-American pianist, famous for his interpretations of the work of Chopin, is born.

in 1896 - Charles A L Panzéra, French baritone, is born.

in 1901 - Wayne King, American big band saxophonist, singer/songwriter and bandleader "Waltz King," is born.
Wayne King began his professional career as a saxophonist in the Del Lampe Orchestra, then resident in Chicago's famed Trianon Ballroom. In 1927, when his own large orchestra made its debut at the nearby Aragon Ballroom, he adopted a smoother, not Jazzy style and started recording also the "waltzy" tunes, for which he gained the title of „the Waltz King".
His best recordings include such hits as "The Waltz You Saved For Me" (his theme song), "I Don't Know Why", "Goofus," "Dream A Little Dream Of Me" and "Josephine (1937).
In 1950 „Dream a Little Dream..." was a top hit for Frankie Laine. In 1957 it was sung by Doris Day, who was the first singer to record it at the slow tempo in which it had been written. But it is perhaps best known for the rendition by Louis Armstrong and Ella Fitzgerald, as well as "Mama" Cass Elliot of The Mamas & the Papas, in 1968, which sold 7 million copies worldwide.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=keFkJ9HDHlQ"]YouTube - Wayne King - Dream A Little Dream Of Me, 1931[/ame]

in 1907 - Fernando Previtali, Italian conductor and teacher, is born.

in 1907 - Alec Wilder, (actually, Alexander Lafayette Chew), remarkably gifted American composer, distinguished in both popular and serious music; b, is born at Rochester, N.Y. He studied composition at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester with Herbert Inch and Edward Royce, then moved to N.Y.,where he entered the world of popular music; he also wrote excellent prose. His popular songs were performed by Frank Sinatra, Judy Garland, and other celebrated singers; his band pieces were in the repertoire of Benny Goodman and Jimmy Dorsey. He excelled in the genre of short operas scored for a limited ensemble of singers and instruments and suitable for performance in schools, while most of his serious compositions, especially his chamber music, are set in an affably melodious, hedonistic, and altogether ingratiating manner. He published a useful critical compilation, American Popular Song: The Great Innovators (N.Y., 1972), which included analyses of the songs of Jerome Kern, Vincent Youmans, George Gershwin, Cole Porter, and others. He also published the vol. Letters I Never Mailed (1975). - Died at Gainesville, Fla., Dec. 22,1980.

in 1910 - Miguel Bernal Jiminez, Mexican organist, composer, musicologist and teacher, is born. Jiminez was director of the Conservatorio de las Rosas and dean of the College of Music at Loyola University New Orleans.

in 1910 - Albert Heinrich Zabel, composer, dies at 75.

in 1912 - Francisco Raúl Grillo "Machito" Cuban-American singer and bandleader (Machito and his Afro-Cubans), is born. Machito, working with his brother-in-law Mario Bauza, created an exciting mix of latin rhythms and jazz which became very popular in mid 20th century US. Some sources call him the creator of salsa music.

in 1914 - Jimmy Wakely, American country singer / singing cowboy and actor, is born.
in 1915 - Emil Waldteufel, [Charles Levy], French composer (Estudiantina), dies
in 1916 - William Ballard "Bill" Doggett, American jazz and R&B keyboardist, songwriter, arranger and bandleader, is born.
in 1916 - Charlie Fowlkes (American baritone saxophonist; Count Basie/others) is born.

in 1918 - Patty Andrews, American pop singer (Andrews Sisters), is born. The Andrews Sisters are in the Vocal Group Hall of Fame.

in 1920 - Lee Russell, American jazz/big band singer, is born.
in 1925 - Carlos Paredos, Portuguese guitarist and composer, is born.

in 1927 - Norman Treigle, remarkable American bass baritone, is born at New Orleans. He sang in a church choir as a child, and upon graduation from high school in 1943, he served in the navy. After two years in service, he returned to New Orleans and studied voice with Elizabeth Wood. He made his operatic debut in 1947 with the New Orleans Opera as Lodovico in Verdi's Otello. He then joined the N.Y.C. Opera, making his debut there on March 28, 1953, as Colline in La Boheme; he remained with the company for 20 years, establishing himself as a favorite with the public. Among his most successful roles were Figaro in Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro, Don Giovanni, Mephistopheles, and Boris Godunov; he also sang in modem operas, including leading roles in the premieres of 3 operas by Carlisle Floyd: The Passion of Jonathan Wade (N.Y., Oct. 11, 1962), The Sojourner and Mollie Sinclair (Raleigh, N.C., Dec. 2, 1963), and Markheim (New Orleans, March 31, 1966). Treigle's other parts in 3676 contemporary operas were the title role in Dallapiccola's The Prisoner and that of the grandfather in Copland's The Tender Land. His untimely death, from an overdose of sleeping pills, deprived the American musical theater of one of its finest talents. - Died at New Orleans, Feb. 16, 1975.

in 1928 - Eddie Foy Sr /Edwin Fitzgerald dies at age 71. American vaudevillian, actor, comedian and dancer, born in Greenwich Village, New York City. Between 1910 and 1913, he formed a family vaudeville act, and "Eddie Foy and The Seven Little Foys" quickly turned into a national institution. While Eddie was a stern disciplinarian backstage he portrayed an indulgent papa onstage, and the Foys toured successfully for over a decade and appeared in one motion picture. The family’s story was filmed in 1955 as The Seven Little Foys, with Bob Hope as Eddie Sr. (died of a heart attack while headlining on the Orpheum circuit in Kansas City)

in 1929 - Porfi Jiménez (Dominican-Venezuelan trumpet player, arranger, composer, bandleader) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DclzrMVk9FQ"]YouTube - Porfi Jimenez y su Orquesta / Culucucu - 1997[/ame]

in 1930 - Peggy King, American pop singer, actress and television personality, is born.
in 1932 - Otis Blackwell, American R&B, blues and rock and roll singer/songwriter and pianist, is born.
in 1934 - Herbie and Hal Kalin, American pop singers, (The Kalin Twins), are born.
in 1934 - Theodore Austin "Ted" Taylor, American gospel, R&B, soul singer, is born.

in 1935 - Salvatore "Sonny" Bono, is born at Detroit, Mich. Died near South Lake Tahoe, Calif. in a skiing accident, Jan. 5, 1998)
Sonny and Cher, folk-rock duo of the 1960s; Sonny later became a conservative congressman; Cher continued on as an actress/singer and all-around diva. Cher (Cherilyn Sarkisian LaPierre) (b. El Centre, Calif., May 20, 1946). Sonny Bono moved to Hollywood in 1954 and began his musical career as a songwriter at Specialty Records. Bono's "H.S. Dance" was recorded as the flip-side of Larry Williams's 1957 smash hit "Short Fat Fannie" and Williams later recorded "She Said Yeah," cowritten by Bono and later covered by The Rolling Stones.
As a consequence, Bono became an apprentice producer at Specialty while recording unsuccessfully as Don Christy, Sonny Christy, and Ronny Sommers. When Specialty curtailed operations in 1960, he continued to write and record unsuccessfully, although his "Needles and Pins," cowritten with Jack Nitzche, did become a major hit for The Searchers in 1964. In 1962, through Nitzche, Bono met Phil Spector and became his assistant.

Born to Armenian and Cherokee Indian parents, Cher moved to Hollywood as a teenager to pursue an acting career, supplementing her income by singing background vocals on sessions for Phil Specter's Philles label. There she met Bono in 1963 and the couple soon married, later recording as Sonny and Cher for Vault Records and as Caesar and Cleo for Reprise Records. Cher also recorded as Bonnie Jo Mason for Annette Records and as Cherilyn for Imperial Records.

Signed to Atco Records in 1965, Sonny and Cher scored a top pop hit with "I Got You Babe," written, produced and arranged by Sonny, and a major pop hit with "Just You" from their debut album Look at Us. Sonny's "Laugh at Me" and the couple's "But You're Mine" became major hits on Atco, as Reprise reissued "Baby Don't Go," a near-smash hit for the couple. Cher, recording solo for Imperial Records, scored major hits with Bob Dylan's "All I Really Want to Do" and "Where Do You Go" in 1965, followed by the smash "Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)," written by Sonny, in the spring of 1966. Sonny and Cher became prominent members of Los Angeles's elite hippie set and continued to achieve major hits with "What Now My Love," "Little Man," and Sonny's classic "The Beat Goes On."

They appeared in the films Good Times (1967) and Chastity (1969), and Cher scored a near-smash hit with "You Better Sit Down Kids" in late 1967. Their daughter Chastity was born in Los Angeles on March 4, 1969. Cher switched to Atco Records in 1968, and Sonny and Cher moved to Kapp Records (later MCA Records) in 1971. In 1970, Cher began modeling for Vogue, becoming a fashion queen and international celebrity.

In 1970, Sonny and Cher moved to the Las Vegas club circuit, later hosting their own variety show on CBS television from 1971 to 1974. Thereby leaving the rock audience behind in favor of the easy-listening crowd, Sonny and Cher scored near-smash pop and smash easy-listening hits with "All I Ever Need Is You" and "A Cowboy's Work Is Never Done." Cher achieved a succession of pop and easy-listening hits through 1974, including the top pop and smash easy-listening hits "Gypsys, Tramps and Thieves," "Half-Breed," and "Dark Lady."

Sonny and Cher divorced in 1974, and each had their own short-lived network television show in 1974 and 1975, respectively. By 1975, Cher had switched to Warner Bros. Records for the Jimmy Webb-produced Stars, but the album and two subsequent for the label failed to produce any major hits. She married Gregg Allman in the summer of 1975, but the relationship lasted all of nine days, and the couple eventually divorced in 1977. The liaison produced one dismal album, Two the Hard Way, and one son named Elijah Blue (b. July 10, 1977).

Sonny and Cher resumed their professional relationship from 1976 to 1977 for The Sonny and Cher Show on CBS television. Cher returned to performing in Las Vegas casinos and moved to Casablanca Records in 1979, scoring a near-smash pop hit with the disco-style "Take Me Home." Late in the year, she formed the new wavestyle band Black Rose with guitarist Les Dudek, but their album failed to sell and the group soon disbanded. In 1979, Sonny moved to Palm Springs, where he opened his own Italian restaurant.

He appeared in the 1988 film Hair spray with Debbie Harry and served as mayor of Palm Springs from 1988 to 1992. Unsuccessfully campaigning for the Republican Party nomination for the U.S. Senate seat vacated by retiring Alan Cranston, Sonny won election as the representative from Calif.'s 44th District in 1994. Reelected in 1996, he died in a skiing mishap near South Lake Tahoe, Calif., on Jan. 5, 1998, at the age of 62.

In February 1982, Cher returned to her first career pursuit, acting, by appearing in the Broadway production of Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, jimmy Dean. She won praise for her straight dramatic role and later starred with Sandy Dennis and Karen Black in the film version. She garnered critical acclaim and an Academy Award nomination for her role in the 1983 film Silkwood with Meryl Streep and Kurt Russell and, in 1985, enjoyed well-deserved recognition of her demanding role in Mask, with Sam Elliott and Eric Stoltz. She starred in three 1987 films, Suspect with Dennis Quaid; The Witches of Eastwick with Jack Nicholson; and Moonstruck with Nicholas Cage, Danney Aiello, and Olympia Dukakis.

In 1988, Cher achieved the pinnacle of any acting career, an Oscar, for her performance in Moonstruck. In 1987, David Geffen convinced Cher to return to recording, and her debut for his label produced major hits with "I Found Someone," written and produced by Michael Bolton, and "We All Sleep Alone," cowritten and coproduced by Jon Bon Jovi. Her 1989 album, Heart of Stone, became the best-selling album of her career, selling more than two million copies. It yielded two smash pop and top easy-listening hits with "After All," sung in duet with Peter Cetera, and "If I Could Turn Back Time," plus the near-smash "Just Like Jesse James," and the major hit "Heart of Stone." Cher toured North America in 1990, but that year's film Mermaids, with Cher and Winona Ryder, was not well received. Cher's 1991 Love Hurts album produced only one major hit with "Love and Understanding." In 1992 and 1994, Cher joined ensemble casts for the films The Player and Ready to Wear. In 1995 Cher switched to Reprise Records, where she scored hits with "Walking in Memphis" and "One by One."

She made her directing debut in 1996 with one of the three short films of HBO's If These Walls Could Talk abortion trilogy. In 1999, she made yet another Phoenix-like comeback with her discofied single and album Believe. Her tour in support of the album featured many lavish costume changes and was recorded for live broadcast (from Las Vegas) for HBO. In the 1990s, Sonny and Cher's daughter, Chastity, formed the pop band Ceremony with longtime friend Heidi Shink, using the name Chance, for Hang Out Your Poetry on Geffen Records. In 1996, Chastity was appointed media entertainment director for the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation. In 1998, Little, Brown published Chastity's book Family Outing, which told stories of the "coming out" (as a homosexual) process that she and others experienced. By the late 1990s, Cher's son, Elijah Blue, was singer for the band Deadsy, which released its debut album in 1997.

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