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Old February 15th, 2014, 06:45 PM   #2691

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in 1936 - Eliahu Inbal, prominent Israeli-English conductor, is born at Jerusalem.
He received training in violin and theory at the Jerusalem Academy of Music (diploma, 1956). In 1956 he made his debut conducting the Youth Sym. Orch. of Israel. During military service, he was active with a combined army and youth orch. A recommendation from Bernstein in 1958 resulted in his receiving a scholarship from the Israel-America Foundation to pursue conducting studies with Fourestier at the Paris Cons. (1960-62). He also studied with Ferrara and Celibidache. After winning first prize in the Cantelli Competition in 1963, he appeared as a guest conductor with leading orchs. in Europe and the U.s. He also was active as an opera conductor from 1969. From 1974 to 1990 he was chief conductor of the Frankfurt am Main Radio Symphony Orchestra, which he led on its first tour of the U.S. in 1980. He also was artistic director of the Teatro La Fenice in Venice from 1983 to 1986. In 1996 he became principal conductor of the Orchestra Nazionale d'Italia in Turin. He became chief conductor of the Berlin Symphony Orchestra in 2000. Inbal has distinguished himself as an interpreter of both standard and modem scores. He has been especially admired for his cycles of works by Schumann, Bruckner, Mahler, and Scriabin.

in 1938 - John Corigliano, Anmerican composer and teacher, is born. Corigliano won an Oscar for his score for the film The Red Violin.

in 1939 - Czeslaw Niemen/Czeslaw Wydrzycki (Polish rock singer, songwriter, multi-musician) is born.

in 1939 - Georg Schmohe, German conductor, is born at Gummersbach. He studied at the Berlin Hochschule fur Musik and the Milan Cons., and also received training from Karajan, Celibidache, Ferrara, and Blacher. He was a conductor in Bern (1964-65), Essen (1965-67), Wuppertal (1967-70), Kiel (1970-73), and Diisseldorf (1973-74). From 1974 to 1980 he was Generalmusikdirektor in Bielefeld, and from 1978 to 1982 he was chief conductor of the Caracas Sym. Orch. He was chief conductor of the Nuremberg Symphony Orchestra from 1989 to 1992. From 1992 he was Generalmusikdirektor of the Kassel State Theater. He also was a guest conductor with opera houses and orchestras in Europe.

in 1942 - Gabriel Brncic, Chilean composer and teacher, director of the Phonos Electroacoustic Music Studio, is born.
in 1944 - Edmund von Borck, composer, dies at 37.
in 1945 - Pete Christlieb (US jazz bebop, West Coast jazz, hard bop tenor saxophonist) is born.
in 1946 - Marvin Sease (US gospel, then blues singer; Five Gospel Crowns/Gospel Crowns/solo) is born.
in 1949 - Lyn Paul, English pop singer (The New Seekers), is born.
in 1950 - Kazuki Tomokawa (Japanese acid-folk singer) is born.
in 1950 - Lo Man/Roman Tam (Hong Kong singer) is born.
in 1955 - Jeff Clayton, American jazz and R&B saxophonist, flautist and composer, is born.

in 1956 - James Ingram, the king of the collaborators, is born at Akron, Ohio.
By the time James Ingram released his solo debut in 1983, people thought he'd been recording as a solo artist for years. This is not surprising, considering he had already had three major hits, including a chart topper. It just happened they were all on other people's records. Nor did he ever expect to become a hit singer.

He concentrated far more on his other musical skills, playing keyboards and writing. He began his musical career in Ohio with the band Revelation Funk. The band decided to seek their fortune in L.A., but less than a year later the band was in the van on the way back to Ohio, except for Ingram. He found work as a touring musician with Ray Charles and The Coasters, as well as working with artists like Donna Summer, Shalamar, Grover Washington Jr., and The Pointer Sisters.

He also recorded demos for himself and other songwriters, often singing as well as playing the keyboards. One of these demos, for the Barry Mann/Cynthia Weil song "Just Once," came to producer Quincy Jones. He liked the songs but he loved the singer and tracked Ingram down to sing on his 1980 album, Superdisc. Three years later, he called on Ingram to sing lead on a couple of songs for his 1981 album, The Dude. Those songs included "Just Once," which went to #17, and "One Hundred Ways," which went to #14. The latter won Ingram a Best R&B Male Vocal Grammy. Jones then called him in on another production, an album by singer Patti Austin.

Their duet, "Baby, Come to Me," became the love theme on the soap opera General Hospital, which helped catapult the single to the top of the adult contemporary charts for three weeks and the pop charts for two. The record went gold. Ingram didn't make his solo debut until 1983's It's Your Night. His duet "Yah Mo B There" with Michael McDonald went to #19, and won the two a Grammy for Best R&B Duo/Group with Vocal. Surprisingly, the album didn't make any pop chart impact, despite going gold in 1984. Ingram also joined Kim Carnes and Kenny Rogers on the #15 hit "What About Me?" He helped Mann and Weil win Song of the Year and Best Song for Motion Picture/TV Grammys in 1987 with his duet with Linda Ronstadt on their "Somewhere Out There," the theme from the animated film"An American Tale." The single went to #2 and sold gold.

In 1988, Ingram released another solo album, Never Felt 50 Good, which went virtually unnoticed. Ingram finally scored a hit on his own with the chart- topping "I Don't Have the Heart" in 1990. Ironically, this didn't help his album sales, which never achieved the level of his single success. In 1998, he collaborated with John Tesh on the popular wedding song "Give Me Forever (I Do)."

in 1957 - Josef Hofmann dies at age 81. Polish-American virtuoso pianist, composer, born in Podgórze, near Cracow, Austria-Hungary, now Poland; he was especially popular in Russia where he gave 21 consecutive concerts in St. Petersburg, not repeating a single piece. In all, he played 255 different works during that marathon. He made some of the earliest recordings in history of classical music for Thomas Edison. These have been lost, but some cylinders he made in Russia a few years later have recently been discovered. Off the subject but his invention of pneumatic shock absorbers for cars and planes earned him a fortune in the early twentieth century (pneumonia)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k-3LxOrlc94"]YouTube - Josef Hofmann - Beethoven Moonlight op 27 no 2[/ame]

in 1958 - Tracy Marrow "Ice-T" American rapper and actor, is born.
in 1959 - Shirley Bassey was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'As I Love You', the Welsh singers first of two UK No.1's.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HqxMXlqCFZw"]Shirley Bassey "This Is My Life" - YouTube[/ame]

in 1960 - Pete Willis (UK guitarist; Def Leppard) is born.
in 1961 - Andy Taylor, English rock guitarist, singer/songwriter and producer (Duran Duran, Power Station), is born.
in 1961 - LaGaylia Frazier (American-Swedish singer) is born.
in 1962 - Tony Kiley, English rock drummer (Blow Monkeys, Chris de Burgh Band), is born.
in 1962 - John Balance (UK vocals, lyrics, chants, synthetics; Coil) is born.
in 1963 - Laszlo Lajtha, composer, dies at 70.

in 1964 - The Beatles made their second live appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, exactly one week after the first. Before an audience of 3,500 at the Deauville Hotel in Miami Beach, Florida, The Beatles performed ‘She Loves You’, ‘This Boy’, ‘All My Loving’, ‘I Saw Her Standing There’, ‘From Me to You’, and ‘I Want to Hold Your Hand’.

in 1965 - Dave Lombardo, Cuban rock drummer (Slayer), is born.
in 1967 - Damon Reece, English rock drummer (Spiritualized, Echo & the Bunnymen, Lupine Howl), is born.
in 1967 - Petula Clark was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with the Charlie Chaplin penned 'This Is My Song', the singers second and last UK No.1.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N-1_d6bbM1I"]YouTube - Petula Clark - My love is warmer than the sunshine[/ame]

in 1967 - Gerald Simpson (UK record producer, keyboards, DJ; A Guy Called Gerald/808 State) is born.
in 1967 - Damon Reece (UK drums; Spiritualized/Lupine Howl) is born.

in 1967 - Smiley Burnette /Lester Alvin Burnett dies at age 55. American country music performer and a comedic actor in Western films, playing sidekick to Gene Autry and other B-movie cowboys, and on radio and TV. He was also a prolific singer-songwriter who could play as many as 100 musical instruments, some simultaneously. His career beginning in 1934 spanned four decades, including a regular role on CBS-TV's Petticoat Junction in the 1960s. Smiley wrote more than 400 songs and sang a significant number of them on screen. His Western classic, "Ridin’ Down the Canyon (To Watch the Sun Go Down)", was later recorded by Willie Nelson, Riders in the Sky and Johnnie Lee Wills. Others included "On the Strings of My Lonesome Guitar" (Jimmy Wakely's theme song in the 1940s), "Fetch Me Down My Trusty .45", "Ridin' All Day", "It's Indian Summer", as well as "The Wind Sings a Cowboy Song", "The Old Covered Wagon" and "Western Lullaby". He also composed musical scores for such films as The Painted Stallion and Waterfront Lady. His songs were recorded by a diverse range of singers, including Bing Crosby, Ferlin Husky and Leon Russell. His performance of "Steamboat Bill" appeared on Billboard's country chart in 1939. (leukemia)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gz8QLcPNU98&feature=related"]YouTube - SMiley Burnette - It's My Lazy Day[/ame]

in 1968 - Healey Willan, composer, dies at 87.
in 1970 - Serdar Ortac (Turkish pop-folk singer).
in 1971 - Dr. Ragtime/Jack Rose (US guitarist, composer; Pelt/solo) is born.

in 1972 - Rolling Stones drummer Charlie Watt's wife Shirley was arrested after an incident at Nice Airport for swearing and hitting custom's officials.

in 1972 - Led Zeppelin made their Australian live debut when they kicked off a six date tour at the Subiaco Oval, Perth.
in 1974 - Kimberly Dawn Whipany, American pop singer (PC Quest), is born.
in 1974 - Bob Dylan started a four-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Planet Waves', his first US No.1.

in 1974 - During a tour of America the members of Emerson, Lake & Palmer were arrested in Salt Lake City after swimming naked in the hotel pool. They were each fined $75 (£44).

in 1974 - Winners in the UK music weekly Disc Readers Awards Poll; Top UK group went to Slade, Top musician, Roy Wood, David Bowie won UK and World male singer, Top single with 'Jean Genie' and album with 'Aladdin Sane', Top female singer was Lynsey De Paul and Brightest hope was won by David Essex.

in 1975 - Nanase Aikawa (Japanese singer) is born.
in 1975 - Cher started her own weekly hour of a music and comedy show on CBS-TV. The singer had co-presented The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour with her former husband. Cher's new show featured a female guest each week.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mEszTzdUMcY"]Cher - If I Could Turn Back Time [Official Music Video] [HQ] - YouTube[/ame]

in 1975 - Norman Treigle /Adanelle Wilfred Treigle dies at age 47. American bass-baritone born in New Orleans, between 1949 and 1951, he attended Loyola University of the South's College of Music, while performing various roles with the local opera company. In 1953, Treigle made his New York City Opera debut, as Colline in La bohème. Three years later, the bass-baritone scored his first significant success, as the tormented Reverend Olin Blitch, in the New York premiere of Floyd's Susannah. He made his European debut in this same opera, at the Brussels World's Fair, in 1958. He became one of the top bass-baritones in North America, and was acclaimed as one of the world's foremost singing-actors, specializing in roles that evoked villainy and terror. He sang in many experimental productions and participated in several important premieres, in operas by Einem, Copland, Moore, Floyd, Orff, Dallapiccola and Ward (The Crucible). Perhaps his greatest roles were in Faust (as Méphistophélès), Carmen (as Escamillo), Susannah, Il prigioniero, Les contes d'Hoffmann (the four Villains), Boris Godunov and, especially, Mefistofele.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BzS20a_WQ9E&feature=related"]YouTube - Norman Treigle - bass - Die Zauberflote "In diesen heil'gen Hallen"" target="_blank">YouTube - Norman Treigle - bass - Die Zauberflote "In diesen heil'gen Hallen"[/ame]

in 1976 - Kyo/Tantric/Tooru Nishimura (Japanese singer; Dir en grey) is born.
in 1977 - Brad Walst (US bassist; Three Days Grace) is born.
in 1979 - Eric Mun (Korean rapper; Shinhwa) is born.
in 1978 - Slaughter and the Dogs appeared at Wythenshaw Forum, Manchester, England.
in 1980 - The Tourists appeared at the Apollo, Manchester, England.
in 1980 - Longineu W. Parsons (drummer; Yellowcard) is born.
in 1981 - Howard Hanson, composer, dies at 84.
in 1982 - Lupe Fiasco (US hip hop artist) is born.
in 1982 - The Jam were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'A Town Called Malice', & 'Precious', their third No.1 spent three weeks at the top of the chart.
1985 - Bruce Springsteen went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Born In The USA', his first UK No.1 album.

in 1985 - 'Careless Whisper', started a three-week run at No.1 in the US charts, credited to Wham! Featuring George Michael, this was the duos second US No.1.

in 1988 - Jean Carignan dies at age 71. French Canadian fiddler born in Lévis; he was a well-known fiddler from Quebec. Joseph Allard, Michael Coleman, and J. Scott Skinner are all brilliant traditional fiddlers whose music Jean studied. He was a friend of famous violinist and conductor Yehudi Menuhin. In 1974, he was made a Member of the Order of Canada as "the greatest fiddler in North America" (died in Montreal)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gT3DctGzUhI"]YouTube - Jean Carignan - Hangman's Reel" target="_blank">YouTube - Jean Carignan - Hangman's Reel[/ame]

in 1989 - Scottish group Texas made their debut at London's Marquee Club, Texas, tickets £4.
in 1987 - Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky, composer, dies at 82.
in 1991 - Queen scored their seventh UK No.1 album with 'Innuendo.'

in 1991 - The Simpsons were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Do The Bartman'. The song was written by Michael Jackson and Bryan Lorenand, The Simpsons became the first cartoon characters to make No.1 since the Archies hit 'Sugar Sugar' in 1969.

in 1996 - Walter "Brownie" McGhee dies at age 80. American blues singer and guitarist born in Knoxville, Tennessee and grew up in Kingsport, Tennessee, he is maybe best known for his collaborations with the harmonica player Sonny Terry. As a young boy he had polio, in his teens he had an operation which enabled him to walk again. After singing with local harmony group the Golden Voices Gospel Quartet and teaching himself to play guitar, at 22, Brownie became a traveling musician, working in the Rabbit Foot Minstrels and recorded with Blind Boy Fuller, whose guitar playing influenced him greatly. In 1942, when he teamed up with Sonny Terry, they was an overnight success; as well as recording, they toured together until the 1980s. As a duo, they did most of their work from 1958 until 1980, spending eleven months of each year touring, and recording dozens of albums. During the blues revival of the 1960s, Terry and McGhee were very popular on the concert and music festival circuits. In 1987, he gave a small but memorable performance as ill-fated blues singer Toots Sweet in the supernatural thriller movie, Angel Heart. Brownies' final concert appearances was at the 1995 Chicago Blues Festival. One of Brownie's final concert appearances was at the 1995 Chicago Blues Festival (stomach cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-C4lYGJm-KQ"]YouTube - Roots of Blues -- Brownie McGhee ? Not Guilty Blues"" target="_blank">YouTube - Roots of Blues -- Brownie McGhee ? Not Guilty Blues"[/ame]

in 1999 - Robbie Williams won three awards at this year's Brit's. The singer won Best British solo artist, Best Single for 'Angels' and Best Video for 'Millennium.' Manic Street Preachers won Best British Group, Natalie Imbruglia won Best International Female artist and Best Newcomer, Best International Group went to The Corrs.

in 1999 - Björn Svante Afzelius dies at age 52. Swedish singer, song writer and guitar player born in Huskvarna, Jönköping County; in 1970, he formed the progg group Hoola Bandoola Band together with Mikael Wiehe. He released his first solo album in 1974, his last one in 1999. He wrote about 150 songs and sold over two and a half million albums. Some of his most popular songs are "Tusen bitar"/Thousand pieces, "Ikaros", "Sång till friheten"/Song for Freedom, "Kungens man"/The king's man, "Tankar i Havanna"/Thoughts in Havanna and "Till min kära"/For my dear (lung cancer)

2002 - Thieves broke into George Michael’s London home and stole over £100,000 ($170,000) worth of paintings, jewellery and designer clothes and drove off in his £80,000 ($136,000) Aston Martin DB7. They also caused £200,000 ($340,000) worth of damage to his home.

in 2002 - Billy Ward, American R&B and doo wop pianist, songwriter, arranger and bandleader (Billy Ward and His Dominoes), dies at 80. The Dominoes are in the Vocal Group Hall of Fame.

in 2003 - Massive Attack went to No.1 on the UK album chart with ‘100th Window.’
in 2003 - 50 Cent was at No.1 on the US album chart with his debut album ‘Get Rich or Die Tryin’, a No.2 hit in the UK.

in 2003 - Benjamin Rush "Rusty" Magee dies at age 47. American composer and lyricist for theatre, television, and film and commercials, born in Washington, D.C. He received his bachelor's degree in music at Brown University in 1978 and was awarded an honorary Masters of Fine Arts. from the Yale School of Drama after working there for three years as Musical Consultant for the Yale Repertory Theatre and the Yale School of Drama. Among his many projects, he arranged and performed the music for the Tony Award-winning production of The House of Blue Leaves at Lincoln Center and on Broadway and PBS. He co-produced and wrote music for hundreds of one-act plays as Musical Director and co-founder with Lewis Black and Rand Foerster of Steve Olsen's West Bank Cafe Downstairs Theatre Bar in New York City. He wrote the music for Moonwork's production of What You Will, an adaptation of Twelfth Night, and for Moonwork's acclaimed version of A Midsummer Night's Dream. He wrote the theme music for the CBS-Television pilot "Family Brood". His song, "Road To Victory" (co-written with longtime collaborator Bob Golden), was featured in the documentary film New School Order. He was a huge Detroit Tigers fan, which inspired his musical '1919: A Baseball Opera'. His last musical 19th Street Shuffle was co- written with Billy Aronson (colon cancer)

in 2004 - Doris Troy / Doris Higginsen dies at age 67. US soul, R&B singer, solo, backup, songwriter, musicals; born in The Bronx, she was working as an usherette at the Apollo where she was discovered by James Brown the 'Godfather of Soul'. She worked with Solomon Burke, The Drifters, Cissy Houston, and Dionne Warwick before she co-wrote and recorded "Just One Look", which hit No.10 in 1963. Doris worked in the UK throughout the 1970s, appearing frequently at Ronnie Scott's Club. "Mama, I Want To Sing" is a stage musical based on her life, co-written with her sister, Vy. It ran for 1,500 performances at the Heckscher Theatre in Harlem, Troy played her own mother. As well as her solo career she also sang back up for many bands over the years including the Rolling Stones, Humble Pie, Kevin Ayers, Pink Floyd (on their seminal album The Dark Side of the Moon), George Harrison, Dusty Springfield, Nick Drake, Junior Campbell and Carly Simon (emphysema).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wabCIMwU0-Q"]YouTube - DORIS TROY - I'll Do Anything (He Want's Me To Do)" target="_blank">YouTube - DORIS TROY - I'll Do Anything (He Want's Me To Do)[/ame]

in 2005 - Kid Rock was arrested for allegedly punching a DJ at a strip club in Nashville, Tennessee. Police were called to the incident but Rock escaped from the club. Shortly after, he was pulled over by an officer who got an autograph but did not do a breath test despite smelling alcohol. (The officer has since been fired). The star was eventually arrested a few hours later, taken to the night court and released on $3,000 (£1,600) bail.

in 2008 - Charlie Ryan, American rockabilly singer/songwriter and guitarist, dies at 92. Among other great songs, Ryan wrote "Hot Rod Lincoln."

in 2009 - Chris Brown talked about his recent arrest for the first time. The R&B singer was being investigated by police over claims he attacked a woman. In a statement Chris Brown said "I am seeking the counselling of my pastor, my mother and other loved ones and I am committed, with God's help, to emerging a better person." There had been speculation that his girlfriend Rihanna was the woman in the attack and had been seen with bruises on her face.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nmjdaBaZe8Y"]YouTube - Chris Brown - With You" target="_blank">YouTube - Chris Brown - With You[/ame]

16 February
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Old February 16th, 2014, 08:01 PM   #2692

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in 1653 -Italian composer Arcangelo Corelli was born in Fusignano near Milan
in 1654 - Michael Lohr, German composer, dies at 62.
in 1667 - Georg Bronner, German organist and composer, is baptized.
in 1675 - Johann Melchior Conradi, German singer, composer and Kapellmeister, is born.

in 1696 - Ernst Gottlieb Baron, German lutenist, theorbist, composer and musicologist, is born. Baron's Historisch-theoretische und practische Untersuchung des Instruments der Lauten is an important source for understanding lute playing of the late Baroque period.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h3mVWY6CO8U"]YouTube - Ernst Gottlieb Baron (1696-1760) - Presto[/ame]

in 1697 - Louis-Maurice de La Pierre, composer, is born.

in 1747 - Narciso Casanovas, Spanish composer, is born.
in 1754 - Jan Jachym Kopriva. Czech composer, is born.
in 1816 - Friedrich Wilhelm Markull, German organist, pianist, composer, music director and critic, is born.
in 1820 - Henri Vieuxtemps, Belgian virtuoso violinist, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1831 - Francisco Salvador Daniel, French composer, musicologist and collector of Arab folksongs, is born.
in 1732 - French organist and composer Louis Marchand died at the age of 63 in Paris
in 1841 - Italian composer and guitarist Ferdinando Carulli died at the age of 70 in Paris
in 1850 - Ludwig Bonvin, Swiss-American composer and teacher, is born.
in 1850 - Anton Urspruch, German composer and teacher, is born.
in 1856 - John Braham, English singer and composer, dies at 81.

in 1858 - Ernest Ford, English composer, conductor, teacher, musicologist and music director of the Trafalgar Theatre, is born.
Ford was born in Warminster, Wiltshire, England, the son of the vestry clerk and organist there. From 1868-73, he sang in the chorus at Salisbury Cathedral. He studied under Arthur Sullivan at the Royal Academy of Music in London, where, in 1875, he received the first Goss Scholarship. Beginning in 1916, Ford taught composition at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama.

Ford studied in Paris under Édouard Lalo and also toured America. There, his motet, a setting of the Psalm Domine Deus, was performed at a celebration of the 250th anniversary of the founding of Harvard University. During the 1880s, Ford was the official accompanist at the Saturday Popular Concerts at St James's Hall, London. He also wrote a number of operas and operettas in the 1880s and early 1890s, including Daniel O' Rourke (1884); Nydia (a duologue by Justin H. M. Carthy, 1889); Joan (Robert Martin, 1890); and Weatherwise (1893).

Ford became the assistant musical director for the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company at the Savoy Theatre in 1888, serving in this position for five years. In 1891, Ford and François Cellier conducted Sullivan's grand opera, Ivanhoe, which opened Richard D'Oyly Carte's Royal English Opera House. Ford also arranged the piano score for Ivanhoe. While serving as music director at the Savoy, Ford wrote the music for a one-act curtain raiser, Mr. Jericho, that premiered there in March 1893. The piece has a libretto by Harry Greenbank. In May of the same year, Ford supplied the music for the full-length J. M. Barrie and Arthur Conan Doyle comic opera, Jane Annie, a flop that nevertheless toured until September of that year.[1]

Later, Ford became musical director of the Trafalgar Theatre in London. There, he revised and rewrote the music for the comic opera The Wedding Eve. He also composed much of the music for ballets produced at the Empire Theatre between 1894 and 1897, including La Frolique, Brighton Pier, Faust and La Danse. He became conductor of the Royal Amateur Orchestral Society in 1897. Ford also composed a volume of settings of poems by Percy Bysshe Shelley, many other songs and chamber music, an Elegy for violin and orchestra and a cantata, The Eve of the Festa.

As a writer, he published A Short History of Music in England (1912). In 1903 he contributed a chapter to H. Saxe Wyndham's biography of Sullivan, entitled "Sullivan as Composer."

Ford died in London at the age of 61. (Not to be confused with Tennessee Ernie Ford who was born on 13 February, 1919.)

in 1859 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera Un Ballo in maschera premieres in Rome.
in 1862 - British composer Edward German (Jones) was born in Whitchurch, Shropshire.

in 1864 - Andrew Bartn "Banjo" Paterson, Australian writer, composer and songwriter, is born. Banjo Paterson wrote "Waltzing Matilda."

in 1882 - Kurt Schindler, German-American composer and conductor, is born.
in 1883 - Napoleon Coste, French guitarist, composer and teacher, dies at 76.
in 1887 - Leevi Antti Madetoja, Finnish composer, critic and teacher, is born.
in 1897 - American contralto Marian Anderson was born in Philadelphia, PA
in 1901 - Ethelbert Woodbridge Nevin, American pianist, composer and teacher, dies at 38.
in 1903 - Welsh composer Joseph Parry died at the age of 61 in Penarth, South Wales
in 1904 - Giacomo Puccini's opera Madama Butterfly premieres in Milan.
in 1905 - Orville “Hoppy” Jones, American singer, original bass for The Ink Spots, is born.
in 1906 - Ramon Tapales, Filipino violinist and composer, is born.
in 1909 - Marjorie Lawrence, Australian soprano, is born.
in 1911 - Orrin Tucker (US bandleader, composer) is born
in 1913 - Rene Leibowitz, French composer, conductor, music theorist and teacher, is born.
in 1915 - Homer Keller, American composer and teacher, is born.
in 1920 - Paul Fetler, American composer and teacher, is born.
in 1922 - Tommy Edwards, American R&B, jazz and pop singer/songwriter, is born.
in 1924 - Margaret Truman, American pop singer, pianist and writer, daughter of President Harry Truman, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ge2OuVE5leo&playnext=1&list=PL14E8AE6CD771 2EFF"]YouTube - Margaret Truman and The Washington Post 1[/ame]
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y31gOk0YjQE&NR=1"]YouTube - Margaret Truman and The Washington Post 2[/ame]

in 1924 - Oskar Merikanto, Finnish organist, pianist, composer and conductor, dies at 55.
in 1926 - Friedrich Cerha, Austrian composer, conductor and teacher, is born.
in 1926 - Lee Hoiby, American pianist and composer, is born.
in 1928 - Marta Romero (Puerto Rican actress, singer) is born
in 1932 - Buck Trent, American country singer, banjo player and actor, is born.
in 1933 - Bobby Lewis, American R&B and rock and roll singer, is born.
in 1933 - Henricus Viotta, Swiss pianist, organist, composer, conductor and physician, dies at 84.

in 1933 - Don (LeRoy) Smithers, American music historian, trumpeter, cornet player, and wind player, is born at N.Y. He studied at Hofstra University (B.S., 1957), attended seminars in musicology at N.Y.U. (1957-58), took courses in Renaissance and Reformation history at Columbia University (1958), and completed his training in music history at the University of Oxford (Ph.D., 1967, with the dissertation The Baroque Trumpet-.Instruments and Music c. 1600-1700). In 1965 he co-founded and became the first music director of the Oxford Pro Musica. He also gave many performances as a Baroque trumpeter, cornet player, and Renaissance wind player. After teaching at Syracuse University (1966-75), he taught at the Royal Conservatory of Music in The Hague (1975-80). In addition to his numerous articles in books and journals, he published The Music and History of the Baroque Trumpet Before 1721 (1973) and Number, Symbolism, and Allegory in the Late Works of Johann Sebastian Bach (1975).

in 1935 - Johnny Bush, American country singer/songwriter, guitarist and drummer, the "Country Caruso," is born.
in 1937 - Mickey McGill, American doo wop, R&B, soul, jazz and disco singer (The Dells), is born.
in 1939 - John Leyton (UK singer, actor; solo/Solid Gold Rock 'n' Roll Show) is born

1939 - Willy Hess dies at age 79. German violinist, viola and was also known to play a Guadagnini. Born in Mannheim, from 1904 to 1910 he was the concertmaster of the Boston Symphony Orchestra and taught violin at Harvard University. He also spent time as the leader of the Hallé Orchestra, and as concertmaster in Frankfurt and Rotterdam. He then relocated to Berlin in 1910 to take the position of premier violin instructor at the Royal Academy of Music in Berlin, Germany. Composer Max Bruch, a friend of Hess, helped arrange Hess’ appointment as professor. During the time of the Weimar Republic the Hochschule was the hub of the international music scene, and he was associated with many of the musical luminaries of his day and taught students who came to Berlin from all over the world. He had no difficulty alternating between the violin and viola and performed the viola part of the first performance of Max Bruch’s Double Concerto for clarinet, viola and orchestra, op. 88. It was also in 1910 that Bruch composed the Concert Piece for violin and orchestra, op. 84, for Willy. Among works by other composers written for him was Arthur W. Foote’s Op. 69, Ballade. He also played in a piano trio with cellist Hugo Becker and pianist Daniel Quast
The following video performance was part of the Sequoia Chamber Music Workshop. The players had one day to work together and get this piece ready for performance.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MF5V1HaxQMA"]YouTube - Divertimento by Willy Hess[/ame]

in 1941 - G e n e Pitney, successful pop-rocker of the 1960s, is born at Hartford, Conn.
Gene Pitney grew up in Rockville, Conn., and studied piano, drums, and guitar as a child. He began writing songs and performing with his group The Genials in high school and made his first recordings for Decca in 1959 with Ginny Arnell as Jamie and Jane. He also recorded as Billy Bryan for Blaze Records and under his own name for Festival Records in 1960. His first major success came as a songwriter, composing the smash hits "Rubber Ball" for Bobby Vee, "Hello Mary Lou" for Ricky Nelson, and "He's a Rebel" for The Crystals.

In 1961, Pitney dropped out of college to concentrate on music, signing with Musicor Records and scoring his first moderate hit with his own "(I Wanna) Love My Life Away," followed by Carole King and Gerry Goffin's "Every Breath I Take," coproduced by Phil Spector. His Only Love Can Break a Heart album yielded major hits with "Town without Pity," "Half Heaven—Half Heartache," and "True Love Never Runs Smooth," and smash hits with two Burt Bacharach-Hal David compositions, "(The Man Who Shot) Liberty Valance" and "Only Love Can Break a Heart."

Pitney hit with "Mecca" and "Twenty Four Hours from Tulsa," another Bacharach-David composition, in 1963. He also toured Great Britain that year and met The Rolling Stones, subsequently scoring a moderate American and near-smash British hit with Mick Jagger and Keith Richards's "That Girl Belongs to Yesterday" and assisting The Rolling Stones in the recording of their 12 X 5 album.

In 1964, Gene Pitney had near-smash hits with "It Hurts to Be in Love" and "I'm Gonna Be Strong," the latter written by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil, and began recording albums in foreign languages. In 1965 and 1966, he recorded country albums with George Jones and Melba Montgomery, scoring major country hits with "I've Got Five Dollars and It's Saturday Night" and "Louisiana Mama" with Jones and "Baby, Ain't That Fine" with Montgomery.

Major pop hits for Pitney through 1968 included "Last Chance to Turn Around" and "She's a Heartbreaker," and the Mann-Weil compositions "Looking through the Eyes of Love" and "Backstage," both smash British hits. He also recorded the Randy Newman songs "Nobody Needs Your Love," "Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart," and "Just One Smile," all smash British hits.

Gene Pitney never achieved another major pop hit in the U.S., and his popularity faded in this country in the late 1960s. Nonetheless, he continued to tour Britain and Europe while avoiding the "oldies" revival circuit. In 1974, he cut his touring schedule to six months a year, as he became involved in real estate and stock market investments. Pitney later scored a British near- smash hit with a remake of "Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart" in duet with Marc Almond in 1988.

in 1943 - Armand J. Piron dies at age 54. American jazz violinist, composer and bandleader. In 1915, Armand and friend Mr Williams together started the Piron and Williams Publishing Company, and in their first year of business published Piron's composition, “I Wish That I Could Shimmy Like My Sister Kate”, which became his biggest hit. After touring briefly with W.C. Handy in 1917, he started an orchestra under his own name, which soon included such notables as Lorenzo Tio and Steve Lewis. His New Orleans Orchestra quickly became one of the best paid African American band in New Orleans, for Armand landed regular jobs at both the Spanish Fort amusement park and the exclusive white New Orleans Country Club.

in 1944 - Ellen Shade, American soprano, is born at b. N.Y. She studied with Talma at Hunter College of the City University of N.Y, and with Tito Capobianco and Cornelius Reid. Following an apprenticeship at the Santa Fe Opera (1968-69), she made her operatic debut as Liu in Frankfurt am Main in 1972. That same year, she made her U.S. operatic debut as Micaela in Pittsburgh. She then sang in Houston, Dallas, Santa Fe, New Orleans, Milwaukee, and Cincinnati. On April 21, 1976, she made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y. as Wagner's Eva. That same year, she sang for the first time at London's Covent Garden as Emma in Khovanshchina, and returned there in 1978 to create the role of Eve in Penderecki's Paradise Lost. In 1981 she made her debut at the N.YC. Opera as Donna Elvira. She first appeared at the Salzburg Festival in Einem's Der Prozess in 1988, and also sang Kat'a Kabanova in Geneva that year. In 1992 she portrayed Strauss's Empress in Amsterdam and Salzburg. She was engaged as Arabella at Covent Garden in 1996. As a soloist, she appeared with many orchestras in North America and Europe.

in 1944 - Karl Jenkins (Welsh composer) is born
in 1946 - Dodie Stevens (US singer) is born
in 1947 - Ben Cramer, Dutch pop singer and actor, is born.
in 1948 - José /José Rómulo Sosa Ortiz (Mexican singer, actor) is born
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-I8ERJNhHAQ"]YouTube - Jose Jose - Almohada[/ame]

in 1949 - Fred Frith, English rock singer/songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, classical composer and teacher (Henry Cow, Art Bears, Massacre, Skeleton Crew), is born.

in 1950 - Rick Medlocke, American rock guitarist, singer/songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (Blackfoot, Lynyrd Skynyrd), is born.

in 1951 - Nikoghayos Fadeyi Tigranyan, Armenian composer, pianist and ethnomusicologistof Armenian folk songs, dies at 94. Blind from the age of nine, he was educated at the Vienna Institute for the Blind under W. Schenner (1873-80), where he studied the piano and compositional theory. After his return to Aleksandropol, a town rich in folk culture, he embarked on a career as a composer and ethnomusicologist. He completed his studies in 1893 at the St Petersburg Conservatory under Rimsky-Korsakov and Solov´yov, and then returned to Armenia to collect Armenian, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Kurdish and Persian folksongs. In 1914 he visited St Petersburg, Vienna, Berlin and other cities, lecturing and playing his own compositions. He organized a school for the blind in Aleksandropol in 1922 and taught music there. He was made a People’s Artist of Armenia in 1933; his works were published in Yerevan and St Petersburg.

Tigranian was the first to translate into orchestral terms the peasant music of the Caucasus and near east. His major contribution as a folk music collector was in the notation and arrangement for various instruments of the mugam (a vocal-instrumental rhapsodic genre) and the exposition of its characteristic features; many composers, among them Glière, Ippolitov-Ivanov and Spendiarian, have drawn on Tigranian’s work in this field. His compositional work grew from his contact with the ashughs (folk minstrels) and sazandars (singers accompanying themselves on the saz), and in particular with the t‘ar player Melik-Aghamalov. The results bear witness to his profound understanding of folk music; particularly important are the piano arrangements, which delicately underline the individuality of the song or dance. His harmonizations were based on folk modes, and he was able to use the facilities of pedal, ornamentation or rhythm to imitate peasant instruments. At times he used principles of variation development and cyclical unification of several dances. Among his best piano arrangements are Kyandrbaz, Vard koshiks, Shavali, Duz par and Findjhan; the vocal pieces include Lusnakn gisher and Tun ari.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r6Y0d3fVxqE"]Nikoghayos Tigranian : 3 pieces from Caucasian Songs and Dances, Op. 1 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1952 - Bruce Ruffin /Bernardo Constantine Valderama(singer, Dragonaires/Techniques/solo) is born
in 1955 - Otto J Gombosi, Hungarian-American musicologist, dies at 52.
in 1957 - Loreena McKennitt (Canadian folk singer, harpist, pianist) is born
in 1960 - Elvis Presley won his first Gold record for the album 'Elvis'.
in 1960 - The Everly Brothers signed a $1 million (£1.7 million) contract with Warner Brothers Records.
in 1962 - David McComb, Australian rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Triffids), is born.
in 1962 - German/American conductor Bruno Walter died at the age of 85 in Beverly Hills, CA
in 1962 - Gene Chandler started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Duke Of Earl.'
in 1962 - David McComb (Australian singer, guitarist, songwriter; The Triffids) is born

in 1962 - Bruno Walter (full name, Bruno Walter Schlesinger), eminent German-born American conductor, died at Beverly Hills. He entered the Stern Conservatpru in Berlin at age 8, where he studied with H. Ehrlich, L. Bussler, and R. Radecke. At age 9, he performed in public as a pianist but at 13 decided to pursue his interest in conducting. In 1893 he became a coach at the Cologne Opera, where he made his conducting debut with Lortzing's Waffenschmied. In the following year he was engaged as asst. conductor at the Hamburg Stadttheater, under Gustav Mahler; this contact was decisive in his career, and in subsequent years he became an ardent champion of Mahler's music.

Walter conducted the premieres of the posthumous Symphony No. 9 and Das Lied von der Erde. During the 1896-97 season, Walter was engaged as second conductor at the Stadttheater in Breslau; then became principal conductor in Pressburg, and in 1898 at Riga, where he conducted for 2 seasons. In 1900 he received the important engagement of conductor at the Berlin Royal Opera under a 5-year contract; however, he left this post in 1901 when he received an offer from Mahler to become his assistant at the Vienna Court Opera.

He established himself as an efficient opera conductor, and also conducted in England (first appearance, March 3, 1909, with the Royal Philharmonic Society in London). He remained at the Vienna Court Opera after the death of Mahler.

On Jan. 1, 1913, he became Royal Bavarian Generalmusikdirektor in Munich; under his guidance, the Munich Opera enjoyed brilliant performances, particularly of Mozart's works. Seeking greater freedom for his artistic activities, he left Munich in 1922, and gave numerous performances as a guest conductor with European orchs, He conducted the series "Bruno Walter Concerts" with the Berlin Phil. from 1921 to 1933. Beginning in 1925, he also conducted summer concerts of the Salzburg Festival; his performances of Mozart's music there set a standard. He also appeared as pianist in Mozart's chamber works. On Feb. 15, 1923, he made his American debut with the N.Y. Sym. Soc., and appeared with it again in 1924 and 1925. From 1925 to 1929 he was conductor of the Stadtische Oper in BerlinCharlottenburg; in 1929 he succeeded Furtwangler as conductor of the Gewandhaus arch. in Leipzig, but continued to give special concerts in Berlin.

On Jan. 14, 1932, he was guest conductor of the N.Y. Phil., acting also as soloist in a Mozart piano concerto; he was reengaged during the next 3 seasons as assoc. conductor with Toscanini. He was also a guest conductor in Philadelphia, Washington, D.C., and Baltimore. With the advent of the Nazi regime in Germany in 1933, his engagement with the Gewandhaus orchestra was canceled, and he was also prevented from continuing his orchestra concerts in Berlin. He filled several engagements with the Concertgebouw orchestra in Amsterdam and also conducted in Salzburg.

In 1936 he was engaged as music director of the Vienna State Opera; this was terminated with the Nazi annexation of Austria in 1938. With his family, Walter, then went to France, where he was granted French citizenship. After the outbreak of World War II in 1939, he sailed for America, establishing his residence in Calif., and eventually became a naturalized American citizen. He was guest conductor with the NBC Symphony Orchestra in N.Y.(1939);he also conducted many performances of the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y. (debut in Fidelia on Feb. 14, 1941).

From 1947 to 1949 he was conductor and musical adviser of the N.Y. Philharmonic; he returned regularly as guest conductor until 1960. He also conducted in Europe (1949-60), giving his farewell performance in Vienna with the Vienna Philharmonic in 1960. Walter achieved the reputation of a perfect classicist among 20th-century conductors; his interpretations of the masterpieces of the Vienna School were particularly notable.

He is acknowledged to have been a foremost conductor of Mahler's symphonies. His own compositions include 2 symphoniess.; Siegesfahrt for Solo Voices, Chorus, and Orchestra: String Quartet; Piano Quintet; Piano Trio; several albums of songs. He published the books Vonden moralischen Kriiften derMusik (Vienna, 1935); Gustav Mahler (Vienna, 1936; 2n d ed., 1957; Eng. tr., 1927; 2n d ed., 1941); Theme and Variations: An Autobiography (N.Y., 1946; Ger. original, 1947); Von derMusik und vom Musizieren (Frankfurt am Main, 1957; Eng. tr., 1961);L. Walter-Lindt, ed., Briefe 1894-1962 (Frankfurt am Main, 1970). Born 1876 at Berlin.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mnAlCkedSQ4"]YouTube - BRUNO WALTER - KYRIE - MOZART REQUIEM[/ame]

in 1963 - Dan Reed, American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Dan Reed Network), is born.
in 1966 - Melissa Brooke-Belland "Missy Beehive" American rock singer (Voice of the Beehive), is born.

in 1966 - Nancy Sinatra was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'These Boots Are Made For Walking', Frank's eldest daughters first No.1.

in 1966 – Quorthon /Ace Börje Forsberg (Swedish bassist, songwriter; Bathory) is born
in 1966 - Michael Lepond (US bass guitarist; Symphony X) is born.

in 1967 - The Beatles started recording a new John Lennon song ‘Being For the Benefit of Mr. Kite’ at Abbey Road studio’s, London. John's lyrics for the song came almost entirely from an antique poster advertising a circus performance scheduled to take place in Rochdale, Lancashire, in February 1843. John had purchased the poster in Sevenoaks on January 31 while The Beatles were on location for the filming of the ‘Strawberry Fields Forever’ promotional film.

in 1967 - Chanté Moore (US rhythm & blues singer) is born
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2xUe1VdXQpo"]YouTube - Chanté Moore - Bitter[/ame]
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in 1968 - Patrick Uterwijk, Dutch rock guitarist (Pestilence), is born.
in 1968 - Diana Ross And The Supremes 'Greatest Hits' started a three-week run at No.1 on the UK album chart.

in 1969 - Bob Dylan and Johnny Cash recorded 'Girl From The North Country' together in Nashville at CBS Studios. The track appeared on Dylan's 'Nashville Skyline' album.

in 1970 - Joni Mitchell announced she was retiring from live performances during a concert at London's Royal Albert Hall. Joni was on stage again by the end of the year.

in 1970 - American composer and film conductor Alfred Newman died at the age of 69 in Los Angeles, CA
in 1970 - Timothy Mahoney (guitar; 311) is born

1970 - Alfred Newman dies at age 69. American film composer born in New Haven, Connecticut, a musical prodigy, he began studying piano at the age of five with Sigismund Stojowski, and walked a 10 mile round trip every day to practice on a neighbour's piano. By the age of twenty he was in New York, beginning a ten-year career on Broadway as the conductor of musicals by composers such as George Gershwin, Richard Rodgers, and Jerome Kern. Then, in 1930, he accompanied Irving Berlin to Hollywood. Between 1930 and 1970, Alfred wrote music for over 200 films of every imaginable type, including a score for the newsreel made from the World War II footage of the Battle of Midway. All About Eve, Panic in the Streets, The Big Lift, The Prisoner of Zenda, The Robe, The Seven Year Itch, Anastasia, Carousel (adaptation), The King and I (adaptation), April Love, - How the West Was Won, The Greatest Story Ever Told, Camelot (adaptation), Firecreek, and many others. His final score was for the 1970 film Airport, produced by Universal Pictures. Alfred was nominated for a total of 45 Academy Awards, making him the most nominated composer in Oscar history. This record stood for thirty six years, until 2006 when John Williams matched the record (complications of emphysema)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=se_t56QT1RE"]YouTube - Alfred Newman - Greatest Hits[/ame]
in 1971 - James Taylor made his TV debut on The Johnny Cash Show. Other guests included Neil Young, Linda Ronstadt and Tony Joe White.

in 1971 - Martyn Bennett (Scottish musician; bagpipes, fiddle, whistle, piano) is born
in 1972 - At the end of a 14 date UK tour, Pink Floyd started a four night run at London’s Rainbow Theatre. Tickets cost £1 ($1.70).

in 1972 - Los Angeles radio station KDAY played two new Rolling Stones tracks non-stop for a day after obtaining stolen tapes from a producer's home.

in 1972 - Billie Joe Armstrong, American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Green Day), is born.
in 1972 - Taylor Hawkins, American rock drummer and singer/songwriter (Foo Fighters), is born.
in 1972 - Gavril Nikolayevich Popov, Russian composer, dies at 67.
in 1972 - Yuki Isoya (Japanese singer; Judy and Mary) is born
in 1972 - Lars Göran 'LG' Petrov (Swedish singer; Entombed) is born.

in 1973 - War started a two-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'The World Is A Ghetto.' 1975, John Lennon's 'Rock 'n' Roll' album was released in the US.

in 1974 - Bryan White (US country singer) is born
in 1974 - Kaoru (Japanese guitarist; Dir en grey/La:Sadie's/Charm) is born
in 1975 - Wish Bone /Charles Scruggs (American rapper; Bone Thugs-N-Harmony) is born
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2M54Rh6oSGw"]YouTube - Wish Bone - Somebody's Gonna Die Tonight" target="_blank">YouTube - Wish Bone - Somebody's Gonna Die Tonight[/ame]

in 1975 – Harisu /Lee Kyung-eun (South Korean singer, model, actress) is born
in 1976 - Meyhna'ch/William Roussel (French singer, songwriter, guitar; Mütiilation) is born.

in 1979 - Blondie scored their first UK No.1 album when 'Parallel Lines' started a four-week run at the top of the charts, featuring the singles 'Heart Of Glass', 'Hanging On The Telephone' and 'Sunday Girl.'

in 1979 - The Clash opened the US leg of their 'Pearl Harbour '79', North American tour at New York's Palladium. in1980 - US country singer Kenny Rogers was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Coward Of The County', his second and last UK chart topper.

in 1980 - Jerry Fielding, American film, television and record composer, conductor and music director, dies at 57.
in 1981 - John Hassall, English rock bassist and singer/songwriter (The Libertines, Yeti), is born.

in 1982 - Thelonious (Sphere) Monk, brilliant jazz pianist and bold and witty composer, father of T.S. Monk, dies at Englewood, N.J. His first name is often misspelled "Thelonius"; the birth certificate says "Thelious Junior Monk" but this is probably an error for "Thelonious Monk Jr."

His family moved to N.Y. when he was four, living on W. 63rd St.; later he attended the selective public Stuyvesant H.S., an indication that he must have been a good student. He began playing piano at age of 11; he accompanied his mother's singing at the local Baptist church. In the late 1930s, he performed with a travelling evangelist's show and also gigged in and around N.Y., working with Keg Purnell's quartet (c. 1939) prior to becoming house pianist at Minton's Playhouse in Harlem.

He was first recorded playing at Minton's in 1941 with Charlie Christian and Kenny Clarke. Monk also played with Don Byas, Roy Eldridge, and Helen Humes at Minton's; Cootie Williams recorded his composition "Round Midnight" that same year. After working with Kenny Clarke's small band at Kelly's Stable, N.Y. (late 1942), he played briefly with Lucky Millinder and Kermit "Scotty" Scott at Minton's (early 1943) and with Cootie Williams and Coleman Hawkins (1944, including his studio recording debut).

Monk played with the Gillespie big band at the Spotlite (March-April 1946) and recorded for Blue Note under his own name beginning in 1947; he also led a quartet with Idrees Sulieman of which one broadcast survives, from 1948; the group also played at Minton's. The first recordings of many of his originals were the critical documents that began to make people aware of him. Monk also recorded with Charlie Parker (1950) and Miles Davis and Sonny Rollins (both 1954). Because of the "cabaret card" law then in force, Monk was not able to undertake club engagements in N.Y. from 1951-57, after he was busted for drug possession. However, he kept active playing at small clubs around N.Y., at the Blue Note (Phil.) in October 1952, the Bee Hive in Chicago in 1955, at the Hi-Hat in Boston on a few occasions between 1949 and 1955, and reportedly in Baltimore, and visited Paris in 1954 where he recorded a solo album.

On July 1957, he began an engagement at the Five Spot that lasted, with a few breaks, until the end of the year. On July 18 or 19, he added John Coltrane to his trio and this quartet created a sensation that boosted the careers of both men. Monk toured from then on, usually with his own quartet. He used Johnny Griffin during 1958; in October 1958 at the Five Spot, he commenced a long association with Charlie Rouse. He appeared with big bands in special concerts in 1959 at Town Hall and at Randall's Island of N.Y.; in December 1963 he appeared at Philharmonic Hall and 1964 at Carnegie Hall, with arrangements from Hall Overton because Monk did not orchestrate for big band.

Steve Lacy was added for gigs in 1960, including three weeks opposite Coltrane at the Jazz Gallery in Manhattan in June-July. By this time Monk was one of the best known and best selling artists in jazz. His name was invoked on TV in The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis to signify hipness. He toured Europe several times and visited Japan and Mexico, with television appearances in Japan (1963), Norway (1966), and France (1969).

The latter includes a short interview that illustrates why he was considered impossible in such situations—he appears distracted, perhaps passively hostile to the whole enterprise and gives the shortest of answers. Columbia recorded him beginning in 1962, and he was a Time magazine cover subject in 1964. He toured Europe with an octet (his quartet plus Griffin, Phil Woods, Ray Copeland, and Jimmy Cleveland) as part of a George Wein package tour in 1967.

In 1971 and 1972, he toured world with The Giants of Jazz with Dizzy Gillespie, Sonny Stitt, Kai Winding, Al McKibbon, and Blakey. Around this time, he also appeared with Blakey in Brooklyn. Monk suffered from poor health and lived in seclusion from 1972, emerging only for special events. He was receiving Lithium treatment for manic depression at Gracie Square Hospital, a condition that was likely worsened by years of drug use that included heroin, amphetamines, and alcohol.

In 1974, he performed with the N.Y. Jazz Repertory Company at Carnegie Hall, substituting for Barry Harris by making a surprise appearance just before the concert started. He appeared with a quartet at Newport, N.Y. in 1975 and at Carnegie Hall in 1976, his last public appearance. His activities were restricted in the late 1970s by immobility due apparently to increasing mental illness.

He died at Englewood Hospital, where he spent the last 12 days of his life after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage. His work was recorded by others before he became accepted as a leader and pianist in his own right. Seemingly influenced by Ellington, James P. Johnson, and perhaps Earl Hines, he in turn influenced Randy Weston, Elmo Hope, Mai Waldron, Herbie Nichols, McCoy Tyner, Chick Corea, and many others, as well as non-pianists and composers such as Rollins, Coltrane, and Steve Lacy.

Thelonious Monk's compositions are among the most played in jazz and have been the subject of an ever increasing number of tribute albums and concerts; his best known piece is probably the ballad "Round Midnight." He played piano with a hard attack and penchant for short, punchy phrases, with voicings that were sometimes disarmingly basic and spare and at others incorporated jangling dissonant notes.

As a pianist he is sometimes underestimated because he doesn't play quick flowing lines in the mainstream tradition. His compositions and playing shared a concern with developing and building motive ideas while swinging irresistibly. "Well You Needn't" and "I Mean You" are even named in "vocalese" fashion after the sound of their main motives. His solos on the same tunes, live in Paris in 1961, are playful, expressive, and powerfully swinging. When he comps behind the soloist (often he chooses not to) he creates distinctive and driving riffs, something none of the tributes have picked up on.

As a composer he sometimes worked with existing chord progressions ("Just You, Just Me" "Evidence," "Sweet Georgia Brown," "Bright Mississippi," many blues pieces), and his performances of standards were unforgettable, but he often came up with unique and challenging original sequences. He also created highly unusual forms in such pieces as "Boo Boo's Birthday," and explored virtuosity in such dazzling lines as "Trinkle, Tinkle," "Gallop's Gallop," and "Four in One." Some pieces are named for family and friends; "Crepuscule with Nellie" (his wife), "Jackie-ing" (for his oldest niece, the first young person in the family to hang out in the clubs), "In Walked Bud" (for Powell), "Pannonica" (for the Nica Rothschild de Koenigswarter, a steady friend and supporter since the early 1950s). As early as 1963, Steve Lacy ran a quartet whose main mission was to perform Monk's tunes.

Thelonious was a group that Buell Neidlinger ran. The group Sphere, with Rouse, played many Monk tunes as well as others, and was active from 1981 or 1982, and in 1984 an all-star lineup of jazz and rock players cut "That's The Way I Feel Now"; numerous tributes have followed. The Beethoven Society became interested in Monk and with T.S. Jr. founded the Thelonious Monk Inst. which in the early 1990s began the first international jazz competition; it has helped launch the careers of Joshua Redman, Jackie Terrason, and others. The cul-de-sac on 63rd St. has been renamed "Thelonious Sphere Monk Circle." He was the subject of the documentaries "Straight No Chaser" (with much performance footage), "It's Monk's Time" (concert tribute), and "Thelonious Monk, American Composer." - Born at Rocky Mount, N.C., Oct. 10,1917.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SmhP1RgbrrY"]YouTube - THELONIOUS MONK - Blue Monk" target="_blank">YouTube - THELONIOUS MONK - Blue Monk[/ame]

in 1983 - Kevin Rudolf (US singer-songwriter) is born.

in 1887 - Wilhelm Rode, German bass-baritone, is born at Hannover. He studied in Hannover. He made his operatic debut in 1908 as the Herald in Lohengrin in Erfurt, then sang in Bremerhaven (1912-14), Breslau (1914-21), and Stuttgart (1921-22). He was a leading member of the Bavarian State Opera in Munich (1922-30), the Vienna State Opera (1930-32), and the Deutsches Opernhaus in Berlin (1932-45), where he also served as Intendant (1935-45); also appeared at London's Covent Garden and in other European opera houses. A member of the Nazi party, he was compelled to give up his career at the close of World War II. He became best known for his roles in Wagner's operas. - Died at Icking, near Munich, Sept. 2, 1959.

in 1989 - The Stone Roses appeared at JB's in Dudley, West Midlands on the first night of an 8-date UK tour.
In 1989 - R.E.M. Hoodoo Gurus and The Go-Betweens all appeared at the Hordern Pavilion, Sydney, Australia.
in 1992 - Meaghan Jette Martin (US actress, singer) is born.
in 1995 - Uta Graf, German lyric soprano and teacher, dies at 80.

in 1996 - A Platinum American Express card once belonging to Bruce Springsteen was sold for $4,500 (£2,650) at a New York memorabilia sale. The singer had given the expired card to a waiter in a LA restaurant by mistake and let them keep it as a souvenir.

1998 - Bob Merrill dies at age 77. American songwriter, theatrical composer, lyricist, and screenwriter. Born in Atlantic City, New Jersey, raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and following a stint with the Army during WW II, he moved to Hollywood, where he worked as a dialogue director for Columbia Pictures. He began his songwriting career writing tunes for Dorothy Shay. One of his first major hits was the 1950 novelty song "If I Knew You Were Comin' I'd've Baked a Cake". He also wrote/co-wrote the 1950 Moon Mullican country song "You don't have to be baby to cry", "(How Much Is) That Doggie in the Window?"-Patti Page, "Mambo Italiano"- Rosemary Clooney, and "The Kid's Last Fight"-Frankie Laine. He made his Broadway debut in 1957 with 'New Girl in Town', and his greatest theatrical success was the Barbra Streisand vehicle 'Funny Girl'. Other Broadway credits include Take Me Along; Carnival!; Breakfast at Tiffany's; Henry, Sweet Henry;The Red Shoes; and Sugar (reworked as Some Like It Hot for a 1992 production in London's West End starring Tommy Steele and a 2002-03 United States national tour starring Tony Curtis as Osgood Fielding, Jr. He was nominated for the Tony Award eight times, but never won. His screenwriting credits include Mahogany, W.C. Fields and Me, and the television movies Portrait of a Showgirl and The Animated Adventures of Tom Sawyer (Bob became progressively ill in the mid-1990s and took his own life)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ykB6N5Nu0p8"]YouTube - Bob Merrill (Trumpet): "Cherokee" Duet with Wynton Marsalis" target="_blank">YouTube - Bob Merrill (Trumpet): "Cherokee" Duet with Wynton Marsalis[/ame]

in 2000 - John Lennon’s Steinway piano, on which he composed ‘Imagine’, went on display at the Beatles Story Museum in Liverpool, England. The piano was set to be auctioned on the Internet later in the year and was expected to fetch more than £1 million ($1.7 million).

in 2002 - Westlife went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'World Of Our Own.' The Irish boy band's 10th UK No.1 single.

in 2002 - 'Always On Time' by Ja Rule featuring Ashanti started a two-week run at No.1 on the US singles chart.

in 2003 - The man behind the Backstreet Boys and *NSYNC was being investigated over complaints that aspiring stars paid $1,500 (£882) to feature on his website. Lou Pearlman was accused by Florida authorities of getting young actors and models to pay upfront to appear on his Trans Continental company’s website by saying he would also help them to find work.

in 2004 - Prosecutors in the murder case of producer Phil Spector demanded that a fingernail overlooked by police investigating Lana Clarkson's shooting should be put forward as evidence. They claimed the fingernail, blackened with gunpowder, could indicate that the 40- year old actress killed herself at Spector's Los Angeles mansion. Spector, had denied murdering Clarkson.

in 2004 - Winners at this years Brit awards included, Daniel Bedingfield who won Best British male, Dido won Best British Female, The Darkness won Best British group, Best Rock group and Best British album with ‘Permission To Land’, Busted won British Breakthrough act and Duran Duran won Outstanding Contribution to Music.

in 2005 - A 1965 Fender Stratocaster guitar belonging to Jimi Hendrix sold for £100,000 at an auction in London. Other Hendrix items sold included a poem written two weeks after his appearance at the Monterey Festival which went for £10,000 and the first Jimi Hendrix Experience's single ‘Hey Joe’, signed by all the band sold for £2,000.

in 2005 - Scottish rockers Franz Ferdinand made music history after taking two top prizes at the NME Awards. The band, who won best album and best single, became the first act ever to win the Mercury Music Prize, Brit Awards and NME awards in the same year.

in 2006 - William "Bill" Cowsill Jr. dies at age 58. American singer best known as lead singer and guitarist of The Cowsills who had three top 10 singles, "The Rain, the Park and Other Things", "Indian Lake" and "Hair". Born in Rhode Island, Bill began singing at a young age with his brother, Bob, and they formed The Cowsills in 1965 with their brothers: Barry on bass; Bob on guitar and organ; and John on drums. Another brother, Paul, their sister Susan and mother Barbara joined the band later. The band made regular television appearances, which led to Columbia Pictures considering a television program based on their story and starring most of the members of the band. This would later become The Partridge Family, with David Cassidy playing the lead singer. Bill's involvement with The Cowsills came to an abrupt end in 1969 when his father, caught him smoking marijuana. Bill moved to Vancouver, British Columbia where he fronted The Blue Shadows, who were known for their Everly Brothers-like harmonies. In 1990 Bill produced the second album for rockabilly act, The Rattled Roosters. In 1993, The Blue Shadows landed a deal with Sony and released its debut album, “On the Floor of Heaven”. In 1998, now in Calgary, Billy formed a new band The Co-Dependents, a country-rock quartet and went on to produce and arrange the vocals for Optimal Impact's debut album "Sun Sittin'" in 2000 (emphysema)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C3StLQvI1Sc"]YouTube - Billy Cowsill Tribute" target="_blank">YouTube - Billy Cowsill Tribute[/ame]

in 2006 - Ray Barretto dies at age 76. US percussion & conga session player and member of the Fania All-Stars. Born in New York City of Puerto Rican descent in 1960, he was a house musician for the Prestige, Blue Note, and Riverside labels. He recorded his first hit, "El Watusi", the first Latin song to enter the Billboard charts in April 1963. He has played with a host of musicians including the Rolling Stones and the Bee Gees. In 1990 he was honored with a Grammy for the album "Ritmo en el Corazon" and 1999, he was inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame (heart failure and multiple health complications)

in 2007 - Dermot O'Reilly dies at age 64. Irish-born Canadian musician, producer and songwriter born in Dublin, Ireland. In March 1968, he emigrated to Toronto where he met future bandmates Fergus O'Byrne and Denis Ryan. He was one of the founding members of The Sons of Erin and helped form the band Sullivan's Gypsies in 1970. In 1971, he, O'Byrne and Ryan moved to St. John's and began performing as Ryan's Fancy. Ryan's Fancy became a popular Irish group that released 12 albums and hosted a successful television program for several seasons. Dermot wrote and produced many Irish songs as a member of Ryan's Fancy, as a solo artist and later as a member of the group Brishney. In 2004, Ryan's Fancy was honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award by the East Cost Music Association. After Ryan's Fancy disbanded, He founded Piperstock Productions, a video production and marketing company based in Torbay, Newfoundland and Labrador (heart attack)

in 2010 - Kathryn Grayson dies at age 88. American actress and operatic soprano singer born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, she trained as an opera singer from the age of 12. By the early '40s she was under contract to MGM , soon establishing a career principally through her work in musicals. After several supporting roles, she was a lead performer in such films as Anchors Aweigh with Frank Sinatra and Gene Kelly, Show Boat in 1951, Kiss Me Kate in 1953 with Howard Keel, and appeared in 2 films with Mario Lanza, That Midnight Kiss in '49 and The Toast of New Orleans in '50. When film musical production declined, she worked in theatre, appearing in Camelot from 1962-1964. Later, she performed in several operas, including La bohème, Orpheus in the Underworld, Madama Butterfly, and La Traviata (Kathryn died in her sleep at her home in L.A)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PWI9787jkVo&feature=related"]YouTube - Lanza and Grayson sing Libiamo... (Traviata)" target="_blank">YouTube - Lanza and Grayson sing Libiamo... (Traviata)[/ame]

in 2010 - Ruby Hunter dies at age 55. Australian folk-blues-roots singer, songwriter and guitarist, Ruby was of the Ngarrindjeri Aboriginal nationality. She often performed with her partner, Archie Roach, whom she met at the age of 16, while both were homeless teenagers. She recieved two ARIA Award nominations for Best Indigenous Release for 'Thoughts Within' in 1995 and Best Blues & Roots Album for 'Feeling Good' in 2000. Ruby also won Deadlys in 2000 for Female Artist of the Year, 2003 for Outstanding Contribution to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Music and in 2004 for Excellence in Film & Theatrical Score. She made her acting debut in One Night the Moon. With Archie Roach and Paul Grabowsky she wrote and performed the concert Ruby's Story which tells the story of her life through song and spoken word. (heart attack)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YBRFXqRp5lU"]YouTube - Ruby Hunter Let My Children Be" target="_blank">YouTube - Ruby Hunter Let My Children Be[/ame]

in 2011 - Sergio Embrioni dies at age 50. Argentine guitarist and singer with bands Alcohol etílico and in 1984, joined up with the successful rock trio Enanitos Verdes / Little Green Men, which formed in 1979 in the city of Mendoza. From 1984 they released 17 albums and toured extensively. They were part of the Watcha Tour 2000, which included 17 shows along with Molotov, Aterciopelados, Café Tacuba and A.N.I.M.A.L. Throughout their career they gained important positions on Latin American charts. (suicide by hanging).

in 2012 - Enrique Sierra dies at age 54. Spanish rock guitarist born in Madrid; in 1977 he co-founded the punk band Kaka de Luxe producing an album Damn Sounds released in 1983, after the band split. In 1978, after dissolving Kaka de Luxe, Enrique founded Sierra Radio Futura along with brothers James and Luis Auserón, Herminio Molero and Javier Perez. Radio Futura became one of the most popular and influential bands in Spain from the eighties and early nineties. Enrique brought the aesthetics punk characteristic of his early group, throughout its development until 1992, when they merged their sound with the Latin rock. In 1989 they were voted the best Spanish act of the 80s. After the bands demise, Enrique recorded his first solo album in 1995, Lies , recorded in London with British musicians like Danny Cummings, percussionist of Dire Straits. Along with Roman Pilar and Luis Auserón, he then founded in 1997 Klub, mixing rock and electronic music. He won two Latin Grammy Awards as a sound engineer, both for work on albums by Rosario Flores : the first in 2002, the album Many flowers, and the second in 2004 by Mil Colores (kidney disease) - Born July 29th 1957.

in 2012 - Michael Davis dies at age 68. American bassist; he became the bassist for Detroit's radical proto-punk band the MC5 in 1964. Their first album “Kick Out the Jams” was released in 1969. After leaving the MC5 in 1972, he worked with Destroy All Monsters for several years before moving to Arizona, where he played in Blood Orange. Later he co-founded the group DKT-MC5 with former MC5 members Wayne Kramer on guitar and Dennis Thompson on drums, hence their band name. In the mid 2000s he co-founded the non-profit Music Is Revolution Foundation, dedicated to supporting music education programs in public schools. Also since the mid 70s Michael spent more time with his love of painting. In 2011, one of his paintings titled “Black To Comm Sk8r Boys” appeared as the cover art for the Easy Action Records multi-media audio/DVD release from the 2009 sold- out performance by British rock superstars Primal Scream and the reunited surviving members of the MC5 at the Royal Festival Hall. (sadly Michael liver failure) - Born June 5th 1943.

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in 1605 - Orazio Tiberio Vecchi, Italian composer and maestro di capella, dies at 54. Vecchi's L′Amfiparnaso is considered a link between madrigal and opera, being a madrigal-comedy in 13 scenes, combining madrigalian dialogue with light entertainment music.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fyGKpAX2kM8"]YouTube - Orazio Vecchi, So Ben, Mi C'ha Bon Tempo[/ame]

in 1653 - Luigi Rossi, Italian organist and composer, dies at around 55. Rossi is primarily remembered for his chamber cantatas.

in 1671 - Charles-Hubert Gervais, French composer, is born.

in 1687 - Johann Adam Birkenstock, German violinist and composer, is born. Wikipedia and at least one other site say that he's the Birkenstock that invented the sandals with that name, but I have my doubts, since I found a site that credits the invention to another Johann Birkenstock, registered as a cobbler in 1774, over 40 years after the composer died. In any event, it was a descendant of Johann Birkenstock (cobbler), Konrad Birkenstock, who invented the modern version in 1897. I know this has absolutely nothing to do with music, but it's interesting (and as I said, dubious) that a violinist and composer is credited with being a cobbler as well.

in 1727 - Handel became a naturalized British subject by order of the Crown.

in 1743 - (Ridolfo) Luigi Boccherini, famous Italian cellist and composer, is born at b. Lucca. He was the son of Leopoldo Boccherini, a double bass player in the Cappella Palatina in Lucca, from whom he may have received his initial instruction in cello before studying the instrument with Domenico Francesco Vannucci at the seminary school of Lucca Cathedral.

In 1753-54 he completed his training as a cellist under Giovanni Battista Costanzi in Rome. On Aug. 4,1756, Boccherini made his debut at the age of 13 playing a cello concerto at the church of San Romano in Lucca. In 1758 he and his father were engaged as members of the orchestra of the Theatre Allemande in Vienna, where they were engaged again in 1760-61 and 1763-64.

Boccherini also made highly successful concert appearances during these years in both Vienna and Italy. In 1764 he became a cellist in the Cappella Palatina, where he remained until his father's death in 1766. He and the orchestra’s concertmaster, Filippo Manfredi, decided to seek their fortune abroad and eventually made their way to Paris, where Boccherini was already esteemed via the publication of his first trios and quartets in 1767. On March 20, 1768, Boccherini played a cello sonata at the Concerts spirituels.

Later that year he and Manfredi were called to Madrid as members of the orchestra of the Compagnia del Opera Italiana dei Sitios Reales. In 1770 Boccherini was appointed Compositore e virtuoso di camera to the Infante Don Luis Antonio Jaime de Borbon, brother of King Carlos III, in Aranjuez. In 1776 Boccherini's patron chose to marry beneath his social class, and the court degraded him to the status of a count and compelled him to move to Arenas de San Pedro. Boccherini remained in his patron's service there until the count's death in 1785.

He then returned to Madrid. On Jan. 21, 1786, he was named court composer to Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia, who became King Friedrich Wilhelm II in Aug. of that year. There is no evidence, however, that Boccherini ever visited Prussia during his service to the Prussian monarch. Indeed, that same year, he accepted the position of Direttore di concerto of the orch. of the Countess Maria Josefa of Benavente, Duchess of Osuna. Boccherini's service to the Prussian court ended with the death of King Friedrich Wilhelm III in 1797.

After the Countess left Madrid in 1798, Boccherini apparently lost her financial support as well. However, in 1800-01 he was employed by Lucien Bonaparte, the French ambassador to Madrid. His last years were plagued by poor health. Boccherini was a prolific composer whose varied output reflected his assured handling of the classical style. He was especially known for his instrumental music, including some 30 syms., 11 cello concertos, 125 string quintets, 91 string quartets, 48 string trios, 24 quintets for Strings and Flute or Oboe, 21 violin sonatas, 16 sextets, 6 cello sonatas, 2 octets, and much guitar music. He also wrote a zarzuela, La Clementina (1786), and a Stabat mater for Soprano and Strings, a Christmas cantata, and other sacred works. - Died at Madrid, May 28,1805.

in 1785 - Johann Christoph Richter, composer, dies at 84.

in 1762 - Friedrich Franz Hurka, Czech tenor and composer, is born.

in 1763 - Adalbert (Mathias) Gyrowetz, (original name, Vojtech Matyas Jirovec), noted Bohemian composer and conductor, is born at Budweis. He studied piano, violin, and composition with his father, a local choirmaster, and began to compose while a student at the Piarist Gymnasium in his native town; then studied philosophy and law in Prague. He subsequently became secretary to Count Franz von Funfkirchen, to whom he dedicated his first symphonies, a set of 6 in Haydnesque style (1783); was also a member of his private orchestra.

In 1784 he went to Vienna, where he was befriended by Mozart; the latter arranged for one of his symphonies to be performed in 1785. He then became secretary and music master to Prince Ruspoli, who took him to Italy. While in Rome (1786-87), he composed a set of 6 string quartets, the first of his works to be published. After leaving Ruspoli's service, he studied with Sala in Naples. He made a brief visit to Paris in 1789, and then proceeded to London, where he met and befriended Haydn, who was also visiting the British capital.

During his London sojourn, Gyrowetz was commissioned by the Pantheon to write an opera, Semiramis; however, before the work could be mounted, both the theater and his MS were destroyed by fire (1792). He returned to the Continent in 1793; in 1804 he became composer and conductor of the Vienna Hoftheater, where he produced such popular operas as Agnes Sorel (Dec. 4, 1806) and Der Augenarzt (Oct. 1, 1811).

He also wrote II finto Stanislao (Milan, July 5, 1818), to a libretto by Romani, which Verdi subsequently used for his Un giorno di regno. He likewise anticipated Wagner by writing the first opera on the subject of Hans Sachs's life in his Hans Sachs im vorgeriickten Alter (Dresden, 1834). He retired from the Hoftheater in 1831, and his fame soon dissipated; he spent his last years in straitened circumstances and relative neglect, having outlived the great masters of the age.

He composed a variety of stage works, including operas, Singspiels, and melodramas, as well as about 40 symphonies, 2 piano concertos (1796, 1800), and 3 concertantes (for Violin, Viola, and Cello, 1792; for 2 Violins and Viola, 1798; and for Flute, Oboe, Bassoon, Violin, and Cello, 1798). Among his sacred compositions are 11 masses, a Te Deum, a Tantum Ergo, and 2 vesper services. He also composed much chamber music, including about 45 string quartets (1788-1804) and some 46 piano trios (1790-1814). - Died at Vienna, March 19, 1850.

in 1790 - Jean-Baptiste Krumphultz, composer, dies at 47. He died by drowning himself in the Seine. (His wife had run off with the pianist Dussek.) Krumpholtz made several innovations in harp design, which led to the development of the modern instrument. His compositions for the harp are some of the most significant in the early repertoire of that instrument.
History (based on materials from the Grove Dictionary of Music): Jean-Baptiste Krumpholtz (1747-1790) was initially planning to become a horn player before ultimately choosing to study harp. Returning to Prague in 1771 after a long stay in France and Flanders, he greatly impressed the violinist Pichl and pianist Dusek who promptly sent him to Vienna with recommendations to Haydn who took him on as a composition pupil and as solo harpist in the retinue of Count Esterhazy. In 1776 Krumpholtz undertook a long concert tour of Europe, performing in Leipzig on a "harpe organisée", gradually becoming the most acclaimed harp virtuoso of the late 18th century. He is no less important for his efforts to perfect the harp: in 1785 the Parisian firm of Naderman built an instrument to Krumpholtz's specification with 24 strings, eight of which were metal, and with an eighth pedal that opened five shutters in the resonator. Other improvements by him were incorporated after his death into the Erard harp at the beginning of the 19th century, the prototype of the modern double-action harp. After his death a harp method, said to have been written by him for a German baroness, was published by J.M. Plane as "Principes pour la harpe" in 1800. Krumpholtz's concertos, sonatas and variations for harp, which appeared in Paris from about 1775 (many were later reprinted in London), became staples of the repertory and are still highly respected.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sbcB7LA1Fig"]YouTube - Hidden treasures - Jean-Baptiste Krumpholtz - Concerto for Harp & Orchestra (1778) - II. Andante[/ame]

in 1812 - Lauro Rossi, Italian composer and teacher, is born.
in 1815 - Leonhard von Call, composer, dies at 47
in 1822 - Jeronymo Francisco de Lima, composer, dies at 78
in 1841 - Felipe Pedrell, Spanish composer and musicologist, is born.

in 1843 - Spanish-Italian opera soprano Adelina Patti was born in Madrid.
The following notes are compliments of Edmund St. Austell, a true and great opera lover.

Ancient recordings provide a kind of evidence of the past that is at once fascinating and problematical. When written words alone are evidence of the past, our minds are free to construct a reality that is almost always fanciful, and one which bears at best a tenuous relationship to the real events or persons involved. In opera, the same forces are at work. The golden age, the locus amoenus, always rears its head and asks us to daydream about the bygone glory days of singing. It sometimes happens, however, that old recordings come to the rescue of sober assessment. There are not a few 19th century singers whose tenuous grip on what would today be called solid technique belie such fanciful idealizations of the past. Particularly in the case of sopranos, there is a lot of evidence of insufficiently supported top notes, inadequate cover, and perhaps most annoying of all, what I "register scoops." Some singers of that era had a clearly defined notion of different registers, but paid inadequate attention to smoothly blending them together. It can happen, therefore, that a modern listener can be carried aloft by floating high soprano tones, only to be jolted by a sudden unmediated drop into a husky, alto-like chest register, usually initiated by a crack in the voice. It can shatter what had been a lovely vocal image. It is all the more noteworthy then, and excites genuine admiration, when one looks at the soprano who may be the oldest recorded opera singer of note in the 19th century, the divine Adelina Patti, praised effusively by the great composers of her day, and celebrated everywhere as the acme of the opera singer's art.

Born 169 years ago (2012) in 1843, Adelina Patti was the daughter of tenor Salvatore Patti. She was born in Spain, while her family was on tour there, but moved to New York as a child. She began singing when she was little more than a girl, making her debut at New York's Academy of Music at 16, as Lucia. I am not one who as a rule yearns for things past, but I have to admit I would give a lot to be able to go back in time and hear that! She was beautiful as a young woman, with what all contemporaries claim was a pure, sweet, lyric voice. Imagine a beautiful Lucia so near the age of her heroine! We have by now become accustomed to seeing very mature (and often rather large) women sing that role, and much is lost, dramatically . [In the 18th century, it would have been possible for a boy soprano to take the part, but, verismo and romanticism having done their work, that would now be so unseemly as to be impossible.]

At 18 years of age, she made her Covent Garden debut in La Sonnambula, and in 1862 sang for President and Mrs. Lincoln, upon the death of their son Willi. From there on, there was no holding her back. She was already a star, and she promptly soared to super-stardom. There are good bios of her on the web, as her life has been much studied, so we can proceed to hearing a recording.

It has not been easy to choose a decent recording. Most are from 1905 and 1906, when she was either 62 or 63 years old. She did make an Edison cylinder recording in 1895, but it is, sadly, little more than a few inchoate shrieks. In my opinion her best recording, and one that with only a little imagination can show what the glory of that singing must have been 30 years earlier, is the 1906 rendition of "Ah, non credea mirarti," from Bellini's La Sonnambula:
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ozci5xK3BZc"]Ah! non credea mirarti - Adelina Patti, 1906 - YouTube[/ame]

That is just stunning! Remember that she was 63 years old when this was made. The clarity and purity of the voice are most noteworthy, as are the floating, haunting tones that are almost hypnotic. The breath control is exquisite, and she sings perfectly on the breath, which is how she is able to float those tones and portamento up and down so smoothly and seamlessly, and also trill so well and so easily. The fluidity of the presentation makes me almost weep with desire to have heard that 16 year old Lucia! This is an excellent recording, and there is only one instance, toward the end, where she breaks the legato and pops out of line with a quick high note and exclamation that probably on stage would have been heard simply as dramatic, but it's the kind of thing a horn tends to resonate and amplify, and is a bit jolting. But that is a matter of no consequence.

Another recording that is interesting is the 1906 "Batti, batti, o bel Masetto," from Mozart's Don Giovanni:
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7hRFF_lsP-E"]Adelina Patti - 'Batti, O Bel Masetto' from 'Don Giovanni' - YouTube[/ame]

She excels in the same areas indicated in the previous recording. The purity of tone, the (musically appropriate) simplicity of the phrasing, the easy fluidity of the voice, are all exceptional. The same small, distracting qualities are also there. Notice the "register scoop" into chest voice on the last note...also the turns on the top of phrases toward the end pop out of line. Not really a problem, because of the probably, again, of the recording horn being the villain. One other thing is worth mentioning—Patti was born a mere 57 years after Don Giovanni was premiered in 1787. That distance is small; it would be no more distant for Patti than would Rodgers and Hammerstein be for a girl born today. I rather suspect the singing and stylistic traditions would still be alive, easily transmittable, virtually unchanged, for any teacher in his or her 50's or 60's at the time of Patti's youth. I am ever on the lookout for hints about how the music of bygone eras was actually performed. This could be one of those hints, but I will make no more of it because it is largely speculative.

Of one thing there can be no doubt, however, and that is that Adelina Patti was indeed an astonishing vocal talent, and even the faulty recordings that survive are enough for an attentive listener to be able to see and appreciate the depth and breadth of that astonishing talent from so long ago.

in 1858 - Alois Basil Nikolaus Tomasini, composer, dies at 78.

in 1863 - Emanuel Moor, Hungarian pianist, composer, conductor and inventor, is born. Moor, amongst other things, invented the Moor-Duplex piano, a dual keyboard instrument with a coupler between the two manuals an octave apart.

in 1877 - Louis François-Marie Aubert, French composer and music journalist, is born.
in 1878 - Thomas Alva Edison patents the gramophone (phonograph).
in 1880 - Arthur Shepherd, American composer, conductor and teacher, is born.
in 1881 - Armin Knab, German composer, teacher, lawyer and judge, is born.
in 1886 - George Luther Foote, American composer, is born.
in 1894 - Ernesto Camillo Sivori, Italian virtuoso violinist, composer and arranger, dies at 78.

in 1897 - Johnny Dunn, early jazz trumpeter, leader, is born at Memphis, Tenn. He attended Fisk University in Nashville. He began working as a solo act at the Metropolitan Theatre, Memphis (1916), and then was signed by W. C. Handy and worked with Handy until 1920. During the early 1920s, he worked as an accompanist to Mamie Smith and Edith Wilson; appeared in several N.Y. based revues including Dixie to Broadway and the Put & Take show (1921); regularly recorded with Perry Bradford; and played a long stint with Will Vodery's Plantation Orchestra.

He joined Vodery in February 1922,traveling with the band in 1923 to Europe, and continuing to work with them through the mid-1920s, while also leading his own small groups. The second half of the decade was made up of similar activities; a trip to Europe with the revue Blackbirds of 1926; several extended N.Y. engagements leading his own band; a residency in Chicago in March 1928; and a return to Paris in fall 1928 to work with Noble Sissle and bassist John Ricks' Band. In the early 1930s, he formed his own New Yorkers Band for work in Europe, and also worked with Joe Baker's Orchestra at the Casino de Paris.

For the last few years of his life, he worked mainly in Holland and Denmark (1935). He returned to Paris in 1937, and died in the American Hospital there. Dunn was one of the most influential jazz trumpeters before Armstrong. His use of the mute to produce a wa-wa effect, exemplified on "Dunn's Comet Blues," influenced Bubber Miley (who replaced him in Mamie Smith's band). - Died at Paris, France, Aug. 20, 1937.

in 1902 - John William Sublett "John Bubbles" American singer and dancer, father of the 'rhythm tap' style of tap dancing, is born. John Bubbles was Fred Astaire's tap dance teacher. They met in vaudeville when Astaire was still ballroom dancing with his sister Adele and Bubbles taught him how to tap dance. Astaire always gave props to Bubbles and called him the greatest tap dancer of their generation. You can see a lot of Bubbles influence in Astaire, especially the cane work, but also his style and flourish in his movements.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c58AAcnaPTo"]YouTube - Cabin in the Sky[/ame]

in 1906 - Hendrik Spruit, Dutch conductor, is born.
in 1906 - Grace Mary Williams, Welsh composer, is born.
in 1911 - Nikola Hercigonja, Croatian composer and musicologist, is born.
in 1912 - Stan Kenton, American jazz pianist, composer, arranger and bandleader, is born.
in 1913 - Alvin Derold Etler, American oboist, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1914 - Riccardo Zandonai's opera "Francesco da Rimini," premieres in Turin
in 1921 - Claude Pascal, French singer, composer, music critic and teacher, is born.
in 1922 - Ed Wynn becomes 1st talent to sign as a radio entertainer
in 1922 - Josef Matej, composer was born
in 1923 - Donald Lybbert, American composer, is born.

in 1923 - Geronimo Gimenez y Bellido, Spanish violinist, composer and conductor, dies at 68. Gimenez y Bellido is remembered for his zarzuelas, which are a type of musical theater incorporating singing, dancing, and dialog. He also wrote sainetes, Spanish one-act comic operettas, and some instrumental works. I spell his name with a "G" as he preferred, though he's officially known as "Jeronimo."

in 1923 - Jean Sibelius' 6th Symphony premieres in Helsinki.
in 1925 - Jindrich Feld, composer was born
in 1926 - Gyorgy Kurtag, composer was born

in 1927 - Robert Fuchs dies at age 80. Austrian composer and teacher nicknamed "Serenaden-Fuchs"/"Serenading Fox". Born in Frauental an der Laßnitz in Styria. He studied at the Vienna Conservatory with Felix Otto Dessoff and Joseph Hellmesberger among others. He eventually secured a teaching position there and was appointed Professor of music theory in 1875. He retained the position until 1912. Robert taught many notable composers, including George Enescu, Gustav Mahler, Hugo Wolf, Jean Sibelius, Alexander von Zemlinsky, Erich Korngold, Franz Schmidt, Franz Schreker, Richard Heuberger, Leo Fall, Petar Krstic, Erkki Melartin, and Leo Ascher. In his lifetime, his best known works were his five serenades.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3-anN0Ytnvc"]YouTube - Robert Fuchs - Piano Concerto in B flat minor, Op. 27 (3/3)[/ame]

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in 1932 - Jean-Pierre Ponnelle, French opera director, is born.

in 1933 - Arnold Ludwig Mendelssohn, German organist, composer and teacher, son of a cousin of the famous Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, dies at 77.

in 1936 - Bob Engemann, American pop singer (The Lettermen), is born.

in 1939 - Robert Luke Harshman "Bobby Hart" American pop singer/songwriter (The Monkees), is born. Hart, in partnership with Tommy Boyce, wrote many of the songs which became hits for The Monkees, as well as working as a pop duo. They wrote approximately 300 songs together.

in 1940 - William "Smokey" Robinson, American R&B and soul singer/songwriter and producer (The Miracles) "King of Motown," is born. Robinson is in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and received a Grammy Lifetime Acheivement Award, as well as several other awards.

in 1940 - Bobby Rogers, American R&B and soul singer (The Miracles), is born. Rogers was born in the same hospital as Smokey Robinson, though they didn't meet until they were both 15.

in 1941 - Carlos Roque Alsina, Argentinian-French pianist, composer and teacher, is born. Alsina is an officer in l'Ordre National des Arts et Lettres.

in 1941 - Irish composer and arranger Sir Hamilton Harty died at the age of 61 in Brighton, UK
in 1942 - Tommy Dorsey and his orchestra recorded "I'll Take Tallulah"
in 1943 - Lugee Alfredo Giovanni Sacco "Lou Christie" American pop singer/songwriter, is born.
in 1944 - Siegfried Garibaldi Kallenberg, German composer and music writer, dies at 76.
in 1946 - Paul Dean, Canadian rock guitarist and songwriter (Loverboy), is born.
in 1946 - Pierre van der Linden, Dutch jazz and rock drummer (Brainbox, Focus, Trace, and others), is born.
in 1947 - CBS radio premiere of Villa-Lobos' "Bachianas Brasilieras No 3".

in 1948 - Mark Andes, American rock bassist, guitarist and songwriter (Spirit, Jo Jo Gunne, Firefall, Heart, and session work), is born.

in 1948 - Tony Iommi, English rock guitarist and songwriter (Black Sabbath), is born. Iommi is in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

in 1949 - Eddie Hardin, English rock singer/songwriter and pianist (Spencer Davis Group), is born.
in 1949 - Auguste Jean Maria Charles Serieyx, French composer, musicologist and teacher, dies at 83.
in 1950 - Andy Powell, English rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Wishbone Ash), is born.
in 1950 - Edyth Walker, American mezzo-soprano, soprano and teacher, dies at 82.
in 1954 - Francis Bucholz, German rock bassist and producer (Scorpions), is born.
in 1956 - Peter Holsapple, American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (dB's, R. E. M.), is born.
in 1956 - Dave Wakeling, English ska singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Beat), is born.

in 1956 - Elvis Presley performed three shows at Fort Homer Hesterly Armory in Tampa, Florida, (2 matinee and 1 evening). A full scale riot broke out after the show when Elvis announced to the 14,000 strong crowd, “Girls, I'll see you backstage." Fans chased Elvis into the dressing room tearing off his clothes and shoes.

in 1957 - Johann Hölzel "Falco" Austrian rock singer/songwriter, pianist, bassist and guitarist, is born.
in 1957 - American movie idol and singer Tab Hunter was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Young Love', the singers only UK No.1 hit.

in 1962 - Albert Israel Elkus, American pianist, composer, choral conductor and teacher, dies at 77.
in 1963 - Seal Samuel "Seal" British soul and pop singer/songwriter, guitarist and bassist, is born.

in 1963 - The Beatles, Freddie Starr & The Midnighters, The Pathfinders and Curtis & The All Stars all appeared at The Cavern Club, Liverpool, England. The Beatles had 'Please Please Me' at No.1 on the NME singles chart.

in 1964 - Doug Aldrich, American rock guitarist and songwriter (Dio, Whitesnake, and others), is born.

in 1965 - Working at Abbey Road studios in London, The Beatles recorded a new John Lennon song ‘You're Going To Lose That Girl’ in two takes. The track was released on the Help! album.

in 1966 - Lou Christie went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Lighnin' Strikes', a No.11 hit in the UK. Nancy Sinatra held the UK No.1 single position with 'These Boots Are Made For Walkin'.

in 1967 - Kate Radley, English rock keyboardist (Spritualised), is born.
in 1968 - Frank Watkins, American rock bassist (Obituary), is born.

in 1972 - Harry Nilsson started a four week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with his version of the Badfinger song 'Without You.'

in 1972 - Led Zeppelin appeared at the Memorial Drive, Adelaide in Australia.

in 1972 - Lee Morgan dies at age 33. American hard bop trumpeter born in Philadelphia; he recorded prolifically from 1956 until a day before his death. His primary stylistic influence was Clifford Brown, who gave the teenager a few lessons before he joined the Dizzy Gillespie Big Band at 18, and remained a member for a year and a half, until Dizzy to disbanded in 1958. He began recording for Blue Note Records in 1956, eventually recording 25 albums as a leader for the company, with more than 250 musicians. He also recorded on the Vee-Jay label. Joining Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers in 1958 further developed his talent as a soloist and composer. As the 60's progressed, he recorded some twenty additional albums as a leader, and continued to record as a sideman on the albums of other artistsfeatured sideman on several early Hank Mobley records, as well as on John Coltrane's Blue Train-1957-, on which he played a trumpet with an angled bell (shot to death by Helen Moore following an argument between sets at Slug's, a popular New York City jazz club).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dMsBCDVXHGc"]YouTube - Lee Morgan "You Go To My Head"[/ame]

in 1973 - Joseph Szigeti dies at age 80. Hungarian violinist born in a small town in Transylvania, but in 1939, to escape the war and Nazi persecution of the Jews, he emigrated with his wife to the United States, where they settled in California. From the 1920s until 1960, Joseph performed regularly around the world and recorded extensively. He also distinguished himself as a strong advocate of new music, and was the dedicatee of many new works by contemporary composers. Among the more notable pieces written for him are Ernest Bloch's Violin Concerto, Bartók's Rhapsody No. 1, and Eugène Ysaÿe's Solo Sonata No. 1. After retiring from the concert stage in 1960, he worked at teaching and writing until his death (died after a long illness)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3jWSCc3osKc"]YouTube - The Art of Joseph Szigeti (vaimusic.com)" target="_blank">YouTube - The Art of Joseph Szigeti (vaimusic.com)[/ame]

in 1975 - Luigi Dallapiccola dies at age 71. Italian composer known for his lyrical twelve-tone compositions, his final opera Ulisse in 1968, with his own libretto after The Odyssey, was the culmination of his life's work. It was composed over 8 years. He took his piano degree at the Florence Conservatory in the 1920s and became professor there in 1931; until his 1967 retirement he spent his career there teaching lessons in piano as a secondary instrument. He also studied composition with Vito Frazzi at the Conservatorio Luigi Cherubini. His students include Abraham Zalman Walker, Luciano Berio, Bernard Rands, Donald Martino, Halim El-Dabh, Ernesto Rubin de Cervin, Arlene Zallman, Noel Da Costa, and Raymond Wilding-White. He made frequent travels to America, including appearances at Tanglewood in the summers of 1951 and 1952 and several semesters of teaching courses in composition at Queens College, New York beginning in 1956. He was a sought-after lecturer throughout Western Europe and the Americas.

in 1976, Kilburn And The High Roads, (featuring Ian Dury), appeared at Dingwalls, Camden Town, London, England. 1976, Former lead singer with Tower Of Power, Rich Stevens was arrested in connection with the drug related murders of three men in San Jose, California. Stevens was found guilty of the charges in November 1976.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=17IsfhAY_E0"]YouTube - Flogging Molly "The Kilburn High Road"" target="_blank">YouTube - Flogging Molly "The Kilburn High Road"[/ame]

in 1977 - '20 Golden Greats' by The Shadows started a six-week run at No.1 on the UK album chart.

in 1977 - Leo Sayer had his only UK No.1 single with the Albert Hammond and Carole Bayer Sager song 'When I Need You.' Both Celine Dion and Cliff Richard have scored hits with the song.

in 1977 - Manfred Mann's Earth Band scored a No.1 single in the US with their version of the Bruce Springsteen song 'Blinded By The Light.'

in 1980 - Bon Scott dies at age 33. Scottish-born Australian rock musician, best known for being the lead singer and lyricist of Australian hard rock band AC/DC from 1974 until his death in 1980. He was born in Kirriemuir, Scotland, and moved to Melbourne, Australia with his family in 1952 at the age of six. He started his career as drummer and occasional lead singer with an Australian band, The Spektors. Two years later they merged with another local band, The Winstons, and formed The Valentines, in which Scott was co-lead singer with Vince Lovegrove. The Valentines recorded several songs written by George Young of The Easybeats including "Every Day I Have to Cry". In 1970, after a National Top 30 with their single "Juliette", they disbanded. Bon moved to Adelaide in '70 and joined the progressive rock band Fraternity releasing the LPs "Livestock" and "Flaming Galah" before touring the UK in 1971, where they changed their name to "Fang". During this time they played support slots for Status Quo and Geordie. Bon replaced Dave Evans as the lead singer of AC/DC in September 1974, he performed on AC/DC's first 7 albums from High Voltage in 1975 to Highway to Hell released in 1979 (tragically found dead in the passenger seat of a friend's parked car. Although there are many conspiracy theories surrounding his death, the coroner's report stated that he had "Drunk himself to death", suffocating on his own vomit. The official cause was listed as "acute alcohol poisoning" and "death by misadventure").

in 1980 - Ronald Belford "Bon" Scott, Scottish-Australian rock singer/songwriter, drummer and piper (AC/DC), dies at 33. (Waaay too much to drink.)

in 1982 - Ozzy Osbourne was arrested in San Antonio, Texas for urinating on the Alamo. Osbourne was wearing a dress at the time of his arrest.

in 1983 - Spandau Ballet's Tony Hadley married his girlfriend Leonie.

in 1983 - Kajagoogoo had their only UK No.1 single with 'Too Shy'. Also a hit in other European countries, 5 weeks at No.1 in Germany, a Top 5 hit in Switzerland, Sweden, Austria, and Netherlands. The group had four other Top 40 hits UK hits.

in 1983 - Patti Austin and James Ingram started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Baby Come To Me', a No.11 hit in the UK.

in 1989 - Billed as “The 1989 World Tour Starts Here”, Simply Red played the Edinburgh Playhouse. Tickets cost £10 ($17).

in 1992 - During their Use Your Illusion Tour Guns n' Roses played the first of three nights at the Tokyo Dome in Tokyo, Japan.

in 1994 - John Michael Montgomery went to No.1 on the US album chart with 'Kickin' It Up'.

in 1994 - Mariah Carey had her first UK No.1 with her version of the Peter Ham - Tom Evans song 'Without You'. Nilsson also took the song to No.1 in 1972. (Carey's version was released on January 24, 1994, just over a week after Nilsson had died following a heart attack). Both Ham and Evans committed suicide, (Ham in in 1975 and Evans in 1983) after an ongoing battle to receive royalties from the song.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AgXWXP-Ooz8"]YouTube - I swear" target="_blank">YouTube - I swear[/ame]

in 1995 - Motley Crue drummer Tommy Lee married Baywatch's Pamela Anderson on a Cancun beach - the bride wore a white bikini.

in 1995 - Roxette became the first Western group to perform in Beijing since George Michael in 1984 when they played a concert celebrating the Chinese New Year.

in 1996 - Bjork was shown on UK breakfast TV attacking a news reporter as she arrived at Thailand Airport. The footage showed the singer pulling the female reporter to the floor and banging her head on the ground. Bjork later apologised for the attack.

in 1996 - Winners at this year's Brit Awards included Paul Weller who won British Male Solo Artist, British Female Solo Artist went to Annie Lennox, Oasis won British Group, Best Album for ‘(What's The Story) Morning Glory?’ and Best British Video for ‘Wonderwall. British Breakthrough Act went to Supergrass, International Group was Bon Jovi, International Breakthrough Act went to Alanis Morissette and David Bowie was awarded Outstanding Contribution to music. Pulp singer Jarvis Cocker was arrested after a stage invasion during Michael Jackson's appearance, (who won Artist of a Generation). Cocker was accused of attacking children who were performing with Jackson; all charges against Cocker were dropped on March 11th of this year.

in 1998 - Louis Marshall "Grandpa" Jones dies at age 74. American country & gospel singer and banjo player, born in the farming community of Niagara in Henderson County, Kentucky, and spent his teenage years in Akron, Ohio, where he began singing country music tunes on a local radio show. Some of his favourite songs uncluded "T For Texas", "Night Train To Memphis" and "Mountain Dew". He also wrote the song "Eight More Miles To Louisville". Moving to Nashville, Tennessee, he became a member of the Grand Ole Opry and became a regular cast member on the popular TV show, Hee Haw. In 1978, he was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame and his autobiography, Everybody's Grandpa: Fifty Years Behind The Mike was published in 1984 (he suffered a stroke after his second show performance at the Grand Ole Opry, died a few weeks after)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uHCKIs3B2Sw"]YouTube - Grandpa Jones - My Little Lady" target="_blank">YouTube - Grandpa Jones - My Little Lady[/ame]

in 1999 - Spice Girl Melanie B gave birth to a baby daughter and named her Phoenix Chi.
in 2000 - Savage Garden went back to No.1 on the US singles chart for the second time with 'I Knew I Loved You.'

in 2003 - Johnny Paycheck /Donny Young/Donald Lytle dies at age 64. American country singer, guitarist and Grand Ole Opry member. Born in Greenfield, Ohio, he was playing in talent contests by the age of 9. He went on to be most famous for recording the David Allan Coe song "Take This Job and Shove It". He achieved his greatest success in the 1970s as a major force in country music's "Outlaw Movement" popularized by artists such as Waylon Jennings, Willie Nelson, Billy Joe Shaver and Merle Haggard. Other hits included "The Lovin' Machine", "She's All I Got", "Someone to Give My Love To", "Love Is a Good Thing", "Somebody Loves Me", "Something About You I Love", "Mr. Lovemaker", and "Song and Dance Man". In the 1980s, his music career suffered from his problems with drugs, alcohol, and legal difficulties. He served a prison sentence in the early 1990s but his declining health effectively ended his career in early 2000 (emphysema)

in 2004 - Johnny Cash's family blocked an attempt by advertisers to use his hit song ‘Ring of Fire’ to promote haemorrhoid-relief products. The idea is said to have been backed by Merle Kilgore, who co-wrote the song with Cash's wife, June Carter Cash. Cash's daughter Rosanne said the family "would never allow the song to be demeaned like that."
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gRlj5vjp3Ko"]YouTube - Johnny Cash-Ring of Fire 1963" target="_blank">YouTube - Johnny Cash-Ring of Fire 1963[/ame]

in 2007 - Janet Blair /Martha Jane Lafferty dies at age 85. American film and TV actress and singer; after appearing in several films including My Sister Eileen in 1942, and Rita Hayworth's best friend in Tonight and Every Night in 1945, she took on the lead role of Nellie Forbush in a production of the stage musical South Pacific, making more than 1,200 performances in three years. She appeared on various TV variety shows and was also a summer replacement for Dinah Shore. Janet also recorded an album entitled 'Flame Out', a collection of ballads like "Don't Explain" and "Then You've Never Been Blue". In the 1962 she made a rare dramatic appearance in the British horror film Night of the Eagle. Her last performance was on television in a 1991 episode of Murder, She Wrote, starring Angela Lansbury (sadly died of complications from pneumonia)

in 2008 - Two releases by Oasis were voted the best British albums ever recorded in a poll of 11,000 people. Their 1994 album Definitely Maybe came top, while their 1995 follow-up (What's the Story) Morning Glory was second in the vote for Q magazine and HMV. Radiohead's OK Computer finished third, followed by Revolver by The Beatles and the Stone Roses' self-titled debut. The full list of 50 British albums included five by The Beatles.

in 2009 - Miika Tenkula dies at age 34. Finnish lead guitarist and the main songwriter for the band Sentenced until it disbanded in 2005. He was recognised as one of the greatest metal guitarist to come out of Finland. He was a founder member of Sentenced in 1989, which started of as a fast, melodic death metal band. He was also the band's original vocalist from 1989 to late 1992. The band released one double cd live album "Buried Alive" and 6 studio albums, their last-ever studio CD, was entitled "The Funeral Album", which entered the Finnish national chart at position No. 1 in June 2005 (Found dead in his home, his cause of death has not yet been revealed, but he had a serious drinking problem which had escalated after Sentenced disbanded).

in 2009 - Kelly Groucutt /Michael William Groucutt dies at age 63. British bass guitar player; best known for being the bass player for the band Electric Light Orchestra /ELO.was a member of a band called "Sight and Sound" before being recruited in 1974 for ELO's Eldorado tour. He became a fan favourite and took over lead vocals on a few songs as well as gaining a great rapport with live audiences. His distinctive voice can also be best heard on later ELO songs such as "Nightrider", "Poker", "Above the Clouds", "Sweet Is the Night", and "The Diary of Horace Wimp". ELO accumulated 26 UK Top 40 hit singles and 20 US Top 40 hit singles. The group also scored 20 Top 20 UK hit singles, as well as 15 Top 20 hits in theUS Billboard charts; they collected 21 RIAA awards, 38 BPI awards and sold over 100 million albums worldwide, 50 million of those being sold between 1971 and 1982. Kelly left ELO in 1983. Since then he has taken part in some of the many ELO spin-off groups: Orkestra, ELO Part 2, and The Orchestra. He toured worldwide with The Orchestra till his death and also tokk part in tours as part of a local, little known band called Session 60 (heart attack).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N8hMhKuCjj8"]YouTube - Kelly Groucutt (1945-2009) R.I.P - Am I A Dreamer" target="_blank">YouTube - Kelly Groucutt (1945-2009) R.I.P - Am I A Dreamer[/ame]

in 2009 - Harrison Ridley Jr dies at age 70. American jazz presenter; host of a Sunday night 4 hour radio show on WRTI (90.1FM) entitled, "The Historical Approach to the Positive Music." when he would focus in on one artist through his entire program to give the listener a sense of that artist's contribution to the tradition. He did not use the term "jazz," he used phrases such as "this music referred to as jazz," or "the positive music." was also a record collector and archivist, and nicknamed "the walking encyclopedia of jazz," having collected over 8,500 LPs; 3,000 78s; 200 45s; 300 CDs, and 6,000 books on African American history and music. He received more than 80 awards throughout his long career (died some weeks after a major stroke)


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in 1626 - John Dowland, English singer, lutenist and composer, is buried after dying at about 63. His precise death date is not known. In 1580 he went to Paris in the service of Sir Henry Cobham, but by 1584 he was back in England, where he eventually married. On July 8, 1588, he was admitted to his Mus.B. from Christ Church, Oxford, and in 1592 he played before the Queen. Unsuccessful in his effort to secure a position as one of the Queen's musicians, he set out in 1594 for Germany, where he received the patronage of the Duke of Braunschweig in Wolfenbuttel and the Landgrave of Hesse in Kassel.

He then went to Italy and visited Venice, Padua, Genoa, Ferrara, and Florence; in Florence he played before Ferdinando I, the Grand Duke of Tuscany. He then made his way home, returning to England in 1595. In 1598 he was appointed lutenist to King Christian IV of Denmark, remaining in his service until 1606. He then returned to England, where he became lutenist to Lord Howard de Walden. In 1612 he became one of the lutenists to King Charles I. Dowland was a foremost representative of the English school of lutenist-composers. He was also noted for his songs, in which he made use of novel chromatic developments; he treated the accompanying parts as separate entities, thereby obtaining harmonic effects quite advanced for his time. - Born probably in London, 1563.

in 1628 - Gregor Aichinger, German organist and composer, dies at about 63.
in 1656 - Johannes Schenck, Dutch virtuoso gambist and composer, is baptised.
in 1731 - Frederich Karl Erbach, German organist, composer and teacher, dies at 50.

in 1734 - Franz Ignaz Beck, German violinist, organist, composer, conductor, multi-instrumentalist and teacher, is born.

in 1745 - Johann Peter Salomon, German violinist, composer, conductor and impresario, is baptised. Salomon was born in the same house in Bonn (Bonngasse 515) in which Beethoven would be born approximately 25 years later.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N25xO3b6PCM"]YouTube - Johann Peter Salomon - Song - Why still before these streaming eyes[/ame]

in 1752 - Charles Broche, French virtuoso organist and composer, is born. Broche is said to have been the first in France to compose for the pianoforte.

in 1770 -Ferdinando Maria Meinrado Francesco Pascale Rosario Carulli, Italian guitarist, composer, teacher and music publisher, is born on this day or maybe on the 9th. Wiki gives the ninth and other sources give the 20th. Your compiler thinks the 9th maybe correct. Since we missed him on the 9th we will make up for it here. He is far to important to the classical guitarist to overlook. If you play classical guitar and don’t know who Carulli is, then you don’t play classical guitar.

Carulli was also the author of the first complete classical guitar method, which continues to be used today. He wrote a variety of works for classical guitar, including concertos and chamber works. He was an extremely prolific writer for guitar, composing over 400 works for the instrument in the space of 12 years.

Carulli was born in Naples, then part of the Kingdom of Naples. His father, Michele, was a distinguished literator, secretary to the delegate of the Neapolitan Jurisdiction. Like many of his contemporaries, he was taught musical theory by a priest, who was also an amateur musician. Carulli's first instrument was the cello, but when he was twenty he discovered the guitar and devoted his life to the study and advancement of the guitar. As there were no professional guitar teachers in Naples at the time, Carulli developed his own style of playing.

Carulli was a gifted performer. His concerts in Naples were so popular that he soon began touring Europe. Around 1801 Carulli married a French woman, Marie-Josephine Boyer, and had a son with her. A few years later Carulli started to compose in Milan, where he contributed to local publications. After a highly successful Paris tour, Carulli moved there. At the time the city was known as the 'music-capital' of the world, and he stayed there for the rest of his life.

In Paris Carulli became a very successful musician and teacher. He fulfilled his intention of making the guitar popular and fashionable among the upper classes and Paris musicians. It was also in Paris that he published most of his works, eventually becoming a publisher himself and printing the works of other prominent guitarists including Filippo Gragnani whom he befriended and who later dedicated three guitar duets to Carulli.

In the 1830s, many European guitarists followed Carulli to Paris, apparently "attracted by his personality". With so many other guitarists in Paris, Carulli worked harder at his teaching, and soon had counted members of the Parisian nobility among his students.

Many of the pieces now regarded as Carulli's greatest were initially turned down by the publishers as being too hard for the average player, and it is likely that many masterpieces were lost this way. Undeterred, Carulli started publishing his pieces himself. However, the great majority of Carulli's surviving works are those that were considered 'safe' enough to be accepted by other publishers, mainly for the teaching of certain techniques or for beginners. Although he had many students and supporters, Carulli began to believe he didn't deserve his impressive reputation because most of the great works he had composed were never published.

Confined to mainly simple pieces, Carulli wrote his world-famous method of classical guitar, "Harmony Applied to the Guitar", a collection of pieces that are still used today in tuition. At the time of publishing, the method was very popular and had many editions published.

Later in life, Carulli began to experiment with changes in guitar construction. With Lacote, a French guitar maker, he made some significant changes for improving the sound of the guitar.

Carulli was among the most prolific composers of his time. He wrote more than four hundred works for the guitar, and countless others for various instrumental combinations, always including the guitar. His most influential work of all was his "Method, op. 27", published in 1810, and still used widely today in training students of the classical guitar. Carulli also composed some pieces for guitar and piano with his son Gustavo. He wrote works for chamber orchestra and other ensembles.

Classical guitarists have recorded many of his works. Arguably his most famous work is a duet for guitar and flute, which was recorded by Alexander Lagoya and Jean-Pierre Rampal, although his Duo in G Op.34 achieved a measure of indirect fame in Britain as the theme tune of cult 1980s science fiction/television game show The Adventure Game. The Duo in G has been recorded several times, most famously by Julian Bream and John Williams.

He was also involved with the luthier Lacote in making changes to guitar construction which improved the sound. His Harmony Applied to the Guitar is still used today in classical guitar instruction.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p4GX3PUgNP4&feature=related"]Andantino in G - Ferdinando Carulli - YouTube[/ame]

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2KI2s6gqLNE&feature=related"]Allegretto- Ferdinando Carulli - YouTube[/ame]

in 1786 - Johann Wolfgang Kleinknecht, German composer, dies at 70.

in 1802 - Charles-Auguste de Beriot, Belgian violinist, composer and teacher, is born. De Beriot is known as the creator of the Franco-Belgian school of violin playing.

in 1803 - Friedrich Theodor Frohlich, Swiss composer and teacher, is born.
in 1809 - Johann Joseph Emmert, German composer, dies at 76.
in 1810 - Johann Friedrich Kranz, German violinist and composer, dies at 57.
in 1816 - Prince Josef Michal Ksawery Jan Poniatowski, Polish singer, composer and diplomat, is born.
in 1816 - Rossini's opera The Barber of Seville premieres in Rome.
in 1851 - Josef Alois Ladurner, Tyrolian composer, dies at 81.
in 1854 - Louis van Westerhoven, Dutch actor, singer and opera director, is born.

in 1874 - Mary Garden, Scottish-American soprano and director of the Chicago Opera Association, is born. Garden was a star known more for her acting ability than her voice, not to say that she did not have a good voice.

in 1876 - Fyodor Akimenko, Ukrainian pianist, composer, musicologist and teacher, is born.

in 1887 - David McKinley Williams, Welsh-American organist, composer, choir director, conductor and teacher, is born.

in 1889 - Levko Mykolayevich Revutsky, Ukrainian composer, musicologist, teacher and head of the Composers Union of Ukraine, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lydqUu_71uI"]Levko Revutsky - Symphony No.2 - 1st mvt.wmv - YouTube[/ame]

in 1900 - Antonio Veretti, Italian composer and teacher, is born.
in 1903 - Karel Janacek, Czech composer, is born.

in 1904 - Armin Loos, German-American composer, is born. Loos only heard one of his compositions performed in his lifetime. He worked by day in his father-in-law's curtain shop, and composed in his free time. His wife donated his manuscripts to Yale, and several have since seen the light of day.

in 1904 - Gustav Adolf Heinze, Dutch composer, dies at 83.
in 1907 - Nadine Conner, American soprano, is born.
in 1911 - Robert Guyn McBride, American composer, multi-instrumentalist and teacher, is born.
in 1911 - Alexander Alexandrovich Kopilov, Russian violinist and composer, dies at 56.
in 1911 - Peter Nicolai von Wilm, Latvian composer, conductor and teacher, dies at 76.

in 1916 - Julius Juzeliunas, Lithuanian composer, musicologist and teacher, who received the Lithuanian National Prize, is born.

in 1917 - Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical Oh, Boy! premieres in NYC.
in 1920 - Armin Schibler, Dutch-Swiss composer and teacher, is born.
in 1921 - Ruth Gipps, English oboist, pianist, composer, conductor and teacher, is born. Gipps fought discrimination in a male-dominated field for most of her life.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPQB6z2uKSA"]YouTube - Leviathan for Contrabassoon - Ruth Gipps[/ame]

in 1921 - Nurv Shiner, American country singer/songwriter and guitarist, is born.
in 1929 - Mayuzumi Toshiro, Japanese composer, is born.

in 1937 - David Ackles, American rock singer/songwriter and teacher, is born. Though Ackles is not well known or remembered by the public, influential artists such as Elvis Costello, Phil Collins and Elton John are among his admirers.

in 1937 - Nancy Wilson, American jazz, blues, pop and soul singer, is born. Wilson is in the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame, and was the 1986 World Conference of Mayor's Global Entertainer of the Year, as well as winning 3 Grammys and many other awards and honors.

in 1940 - Christoph Eschenbach, German pianist and conductor, is born. Eschenbach overcame a traumatic early childhood to become a renowned musician; he's recieved many awards and honors in his life.

in 1940 - Barbara Laine Ellis, American pop singer/songwriter (The Fleetwods), is born.
in 1941 - Buffy Sainte-Marie, Canadian folk, country and rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and producer, is born.

1941 - Madame Bolduc /Mary Rose-Anna Travers dies at age 46. French Canadian singer; during the peak of her popularity in the 1930s, she was known as the Queen of Canadian Folk singers. As a child in Quebec, her father taught her how to play the instruments that were traditional in Quebec culture of the era: the fiddle, accordion, harmonica, spoons and Jew's harp. When Conrad Gauthier's troupe was missing a folk violinist for a performance, Mary filled in and soon she became a regular player with Gauthier's troupe by 1928, playing the violin or Jew's harp. She was recommended by folk singer Ovila Légaré to musical producer Roméo Beaudry of the Compo Company who signed her to a recording contract to make four 78 rpm records, paying her $25 per side. She made her first recording in April 1929, the French folk song Y'a longtemps que je couche par terre on side A, and an instrumental reel on side B. By the end of 1930, she had recorded more than 30 songs. During this time, she collaborated on not less than fifty-six recordings of other artists. Most of these recordings did not credit her. She would sing accompaniments or play instruments for recordings by Juliette Béliveau, Eugène Daignault, Ovila Légaré, Alfred Montmarquette, Adélard St. Jean and others. Mary formed her own touring troupe in 1932, named La Troupe du bon vieux temps, the performances contained elements of both vaudeville and traditional folk music. She was seriously injured in June of 1937 in Rivière-du-Loup when her tour company's car was in a head-on collision. She suffered a broken leg, a broken nose and a concussion, but sadly they discovered too, that she had cancer. Mary began limited touring again in the summer of 1938, made a radio broadcast in January 1939, and made two recordings in February 1939. On August 12, 1994, a stamp was released that honoured her with her portrait on a Canadian postage stamp. The same year, a park was created in her hometown of Newport named Mary Travers Park, and in 2002, Mary Bolduc was made a MasterWorks honouree by the Audio-Visual Preservation Trust of Canada (cancer).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QIVauwhiEyo"]YouTube - Madame La Bolduc[/ame]

in 1942 - Guido Gasperini, Italian musicologist and teacher, founder of the Italian Association of Musicologists, dies at 76.

in 1944 - Lew Soloff, American jazz and rock trumpeter, composer, bandleader and actor (Blood, Sweat & Tears, Manhattan Jazz Quintet, Members Only, and others) is born.

in 1945 - Alan Hull, English folk-rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and keyboardist (Lindisfarne), is born.
in 1946 - Jay Geils, American rock, blues and jazz singe/songwriter and guitarist (The J. Geils Band), is born.
in 1946 - Hugh Allen, English organist, conductor and teacher, dies at 76.
in 1947 - Adrianus Marinus Kyvon "André van Duin" Dutch actor, singer and writer, is born.
in 1948 - Barry Wordsworth, English conductor, is born.

in 1948 - Tyson Kindell "Billy Zoom" American rock guitarist (X), is born. Zoom has worked with many different artists, in various musical styles.

in 1950 - Walter Becker, American rock bassist, guitarist, singer/songwriter and producer (Steely Dan), is born.
in 1951 - Kathy Baillie, American country singer/songwriter and guitarist (Baillie and the Boys), is born.
in 1951 - Randy Craig Wolfe "Randy California" American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Spirit), is born.
in 1951 - Howard Brockway, American composer, musicologist and teacher, dies at 80.
in 1953 - Riccardo Chailly, Italian conductor, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E3pv2mAbQ7M"]Waldbühne 2011: Riccardo Chailly conducts Shostakovich's Waltz 2 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1954 - Jon Brant, American rock bassist (Cheap Trick), is born.

in 1958 - Billed as 'The Big Gold Record Stars' Bill Haley and his Comets, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly & The Crickets, Jerry Lee Lewis and Jimmie Rodgers all appeared on the first date of a six day tour of Florida.

in 1960 - Robert Boustead, British psychobilly bassist (King Kurt), is born.
in 1960 - Mark Reilly, English jazz-pop singer/songwriter and guitarist (Matt Bianco), is born.

in 1960 - Kjell Hilding Lövbom "Kee Marcello" Swedish rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and keyboardist (Europe, Kee Marcello's K2), is born.

in 1960 - Jimi Hendrix made his stage debut when he played a show at a High School in Seattle. 1963 - The Beatles drove through the night from Liverpool to London to appear on the live lunchtime BBC radio program "Parade of the Pops." Performing ‘Love Me Do’ and ‘Please Please Me’, the appearance lasted just over 4 minutes. They then drove another 180 mile trip back north for their performance that night at the Swimming Baths, Doncaster, Yorkshire.

in 1961 - Percy Grainger dies at age 78. Australian born composer born in Brighton, a suburb of Melbourne. His mother took him to Europe in 1895 to study at Dr. Hoch's Conservatory in Frankfurt. There he displayed talents as a musical experimenter, using irregular and unusual meters. In 1906, Grainger hiked around Britain recordings songs on Edison wax cylinders, the first such recordings in Britain. His 1916 piano composition In a Nutshell is the first by a classical music professional in the Western tradition to require direct, non-keyed sounding of the strings — in this case, with a mallet — which came to be known as a "string piano" technique. When the USA entered the war in 1917, he enlisted into a United States Army band, playing oboe and soprano saxophone, and spent the war giving dozens of concerts in aid of War Bonds and Liberty Loans, as well the American Red Cross. In 1917 he was elected an honorary member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia music fraternity. In 1918, he became a naturalized citizen of America. His piano solo Country Gardens became a hit, securing his reputation as a composer (cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HXjpiAQatvE"]YouTube - Children's March "Over the Hills and Far Away" by Percy Grainger[/ame]

in 1963 - Ian Brown, English rock singer/songwriter and keyboardist (The Stone Roses), is born.

in 1963 - Jacob Gade dies at age 83. Danish composer mostly of orchestral popular music. He is notable for his tune, the familiar Tango Tzigane Jalousie, also known as Tango Jalousie or simply Jalousie, premiered September 14th 1925. The tango, written to accompany a silent film when Gade was leader of the orchestra of the Palads Cinema, was an instant international hit. When talkies were introduced it was featured in over 100 films. The royalties allowed Gade to devote himself to composition fulltime for the rest of his life. Arthur Fiedler made the first recording of the piece with the Boston Pops, further increasing Gade's income. The royalties now fund a foundation for young musicians.

in 1963 - Ferenc Fricsay dies at age 48. Hungarian conductor, born in Budapest, he made his first appearance as a conductor at 15. He went on to become music director of the then newly formed RIAS Symphony Orchestra in Germany in 1949. He was musical director of the Houston Symphony in 1954. Ferenc spent much of his time from the 1950s onward in Germany as music director of the Bavarian State Opera, 1956–1958 and as conductor of the RIAS Symphony Orchestra, the Deutsche Oper Berlin and the Berlin Philharmonic. His 1958 recording of Beethoven's Symphony No.9 is featured in the movie A Clockwork Orange. From 1960 until his death, he was an Austrian citizen.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKVTUR52yu4"]Ferenc Fricsay conducts Liszt "Les Préludes" - YouTube[/ame]

in 1964 - Terry Ilous, American rock singer/songwriter (XYZ), is born.

in 1964 - The Bachelors were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Diane.' This was the Irish trio's only UK No.1 from 16 other UK Top 40 hits.

in 1965 - Gary Lewis and the Playboys started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'This Diamond Ring.' Lewis is the son of actor Jerry Lewis.

in 1967 - Kurt Cobain, American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Nirvana), is born.
in 1967 - Pink Floyd appeared at the Adelphi Ballroom, West Bromwich, England.

in 1969 - Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor, musicologist and founder of the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, dies at 85.

in 1970 - Albert Louis Wolff, French conductor and director of the Opéra-Comique, dies at 86.

in 1970 - The single 'Instant Karma' by The Plastic Ono Band was released in the US. John Lennon had written, recorded and mixed the track all in one day on the 22nd January 1970.

in 1971 - Yes appeared at Kingston Poly, London, England. Support act was Queen. Tickets cost 50p ($0.85c).

in 1971 - The soundtrack to 'Jesus Christ Superstar' went to No.1 on the US album chart. The album peaked at No.6 on the UK chart.

1971 - Aleksandr Tsfasman dies at age 64. Russian-Ukrainian bandleader, pianist and jazz pioneer, born in Alexandrovsk, now Zaporojye. In 1927 Aleksandr's orchestra was invited to play jazz music at the radio studio. That was the first jazz broadcast in the USSR. Some time later he made a number of records, that are among the pioneer Soviet jazz documents. The overwhelming majority of his works were first destined for solo piano performance, and then arranged for a jazz orchestra, mainly dances, songs, phantasies and popular melodies variations. Aleksandr had also created a number of large-scale works, the ballet suite "Rot-Front" for orchestra in 1931, the concert for piano and jazz orchestra in 1941, and the concert for piano and symphonical orchestra in 1956 are among them. He also composed music for theatre performances and cinema films.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3MeRusqrXmI"]YouTube - For a Distant Journey (1937)[/ame]

in 1972 - Chicory Tip were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Son Of My Father.' Written by Giorgio Moroder, it was the first UK number one single to prominently feature a synthesizer, in this case a Moog synthesizer.

in 1972 - During a tour of Australia Led Zeppelin appeared at the Kooyong Tennis Courts, Melbourne in Australia.

in 1972 - Alice Cooper and Badfinger appeared at The Convention Hall in San Diego, California. in 1976 - All four members of Kiss had their footprints implanted on the pavement outside Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood.

in 1972 - Herbert Menges, British composer and conductor, dies at 69.
in 1974 - David Monrad Johansen, Norwegian composer, dies at 85.

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in 1974 - David Monrad Johansen dies at age 85. Norwegian composer born in Vefsn, Nordland, but grew up by Mosjøen, his most famous piece is Voluspaa op.15, it was composed for soloists, choir and orchestra, and it’s based on the poem Voluspaa, from the Edda. This piece and the Nordlands Trompet op.13, are the most pure nationalistic of David’s works, and often called a Norwegian impressionism. In 1933 and 1935, he turned more into a neo-classical direction, more polyphonic, more clear tonality, classical forms.

in 1975 - Edgar "Cookie" Fairchild, American film composer and bandleader, dies at 76.

in 1976 - Screaming Lord Sutch appeared at the College Of Art, High Wycombe, England, supported by The Sex Pistols.

in 1976 - Marc Bolan played at Bournemouth Winter Gardens, England.

in 1977 - Winners at this years Grammy Awards included Stevie Wonder for Best album with 'Songs In The Key Of Life', and Best Vocal performance for 'I Wish.' Best album went to Chicago for 'Chicago X' and Best new artist went to the Starland Vocal Band.

in 1978 - Abba were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Take A Chance On Me', the group's seventh No.1 was also a top 3 hit in over 10 other countries.

in 1980 - Bon Scott, singer from AC/DC was pronounced dead on arrival at a London hospital after a heavy night's drinking. Scott was found in the passenger seat of a friend's parked car. The official coroner's report stated that he had "Drunk himself to death." after suffocating on his own vomit.

in 1982 - Pat Benatar married her guitarist and producer Neil Giraldo on the Hawaiian island of Maui. 1985, Touring the UK The Bangles played at The Marquee in London, tickets cost £3.

in 1984 - Fikret Dzhamil Amirov, Russian composer, dies at 61.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0aksXsYzLl4"]YouTube - Amirov Fikret-shoor 1/2 ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????[/ame]

in 1985 - Yulia Olegovna Volkova, Russian pop singer and pianist (t. A. T. u.), is born.
in 1986 - Francisco Paolo Mignone, Brazilian composer and teacher, dies at 88.
in 1987 - Ivan Brkanovic, Croatian composer and teacher, dies at 80.

in 1988 - The all girl group Expose went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Seasons Change', not a hit in the UK.

in 1988 - Kylie Minogue was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'I Should Be So Lucky.' Minogue had become a household name playing Charlene Ramsey in Australian soap Neighbours. After every major UK record company turned down the track, producer Pete Waterman released the single on his own PWL label. Kylie has gone on to score over 30 hit singles.

in 1991 - Bob Dylan was awarded a lifetime achievement award at the 33rd annual Grammy' Awards.
in 1992 - Andrew Schenck, American conductor and music director, dies at 51.

in 1993 - Buddy Holly and the Crickets went to No.1 on the UK album chart with the 'Words of Love' compilation album.

in 1993 - Dinosaur Jr kicked off a 7-date UK tour at Glasgow Barrowlands.
in 1994 - Tori Amos went to No.1 on the UK album chart with her second solo album 'Under The Pink.'

in 1996 - Toru Takemitsu dies at age 65. Japanese composer and writer on aesthetics and music theory. Largely self-taught, he possessed consummate skill in the subtle manipulation of instrumental and orchestral timbre. He drew from a wide range of influences, including jazz, popular music, avant-garde procedures and traditional Japanese music, in a harmonic idiom largely derived from the music of Claude Debussy and Olivier Messiaen. He was the recipient of numerous awards, commissions and honours; he composed over 100 film scores and about 130 concert works for ensembles of various sizes and combinations. He also found time to write a detective novel and appeared frequently on Japanese television as a celebrity chef (bladder cancer).

in 1997 - Zachary Breaux dies at age 36. American jazz guitarist, born in Port Arthur, Texas; he studied music composition at North Texas State University. In 1984, he moved to New York, where he spent 6 years in the band of vibist Roy Ayers. Zachary was signed to Zebra Records in 1996. He played with many notable jazz musicians during his career, including Roy Ayers, Stanley Turrentine, Jack McDuff, Lonnie Liston Smith, Dee Dee Bridgewater and Donald Byrd (died while on holiday in Miami Beach, when he tried to save the life of another swimmer, Eugenia Poleyeff, 66 of Brooklyn, N.Y., who was caught by a riptide)

in 2000 - All Saints started a two-week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Pure Shores'. The group's fourth UK No.1. Taken from the Leonardo Di Caprio movie, The Beach.

in 2001 - Two estate agents were committed to trial at Snaresbrook Crown Court accused of stealing nude photographs of Patsy Kensit, (the ex wife of Liam Gallagher of Oasis), from the couple's home.

2001 - Ronnie Hilton /Adrian Hill dies at age 75. English singer and radio presenter born in Kingston upon Hull. He became one of Britain's most popular singers of the 1950s, with nine Top 20 hits between 1954 and 1957, "I Still Believe", "Veni Vidi Vici", "Stars Shine In Your Eyes", "A Blossom Fell", "No Other Love", "Who Are We", "Two Different Worlds", and "Around The World". His last last chart entry in 1965 "Windmill in Old Amsterdam" became a fixture across decades of Children's Favourites. Ronnie suffered a stroke in 1976, which hindered his progress for a time. Following his recovery, he presented 'Sounds of the Fifties' a nostalgic radio series for BBC Radio 2. The British Academy of Song Composers and Authors honoured him with its gold medal for services to popular music in 1989 (stroke).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2fg7w49UnGA"]YouTube - windmill in old amsterdam (I saw a mouse) Ronnie Hilton[/ame]

in 2003, Winners at this years Bit Awards included Robbie Williams for British solo artist, Ms Dynamite won British female artist, Best British album went to Coldplay for 'A Rush Of Blood', Best British group went to Coldplay, Red Hot Chili Peppers won International Group, Blue won Best Pop Act and Liberty X won Best single for 'Just A Little.'

in 2003 - 100 people died after pyrotechnics ignited a club during a gig by Great White in West Warwick, Rhode Island. Great White singer Ty Longley was also killed in the accident. Two brothers who owned the club were charged, along with the former tour manager with involuntary manslaughter. Foam soundproofing material at the edge of the stage set alight and the blaze spread quickly in the one-storey wooden building as fans all tried to escape through the same exit. Great White began a tour in July 2003 to raise money for the survivors and families of victims.

in 2003 - Ty Longley dies at age 32. American guitarist and vocalist; born in Sharon, Pennsylvania, he graduated from Brookfield High School in Ohio. He was lead guitarist with 'Samantha 7' playing at Woodstock '99 and releasing a self titled album in 2000, after which he joined the band Great White. Ty also worked with drummer Nick Menza on "Menza: Life After Deth". The album was due to have a 2002 release date and tour to follow, but before hand, Ty hit the road on his fatal last tour with his other band, Jack Russell's Great White. The "Life After Deth" album was never released and a tour was never announced (Ty was tragically killed in The Station nightclub fire in Rhode Island. He was the only member of Great White to die in The Station nightclub fire, which claimed 99 other lives).

in 2003 - Ulrich Roski dies at age 58. German singer-songwriter born in Prüm; he spent his youth in Berlin-Wedding, visiting the Französisches Gymnasium Berlin together with Reinhard Mey, and learning to play the piano and the guitar. His greatest successes came in the '70s. His songs describe the little quirks hidden in everyone's everyday life, mixing laconic humour with linguistic skill. He produced more than 20 LP's/CDs since 1970, and some of his songs from this time made the German TopTen, allowing him to perform at the Berliner Philharmonie. He almost exclusively performed alone. In 2002, he published his autobiography, In vollen Zügen.

in 2004 - Brian Wilson kicked off an 11-date UK tour at London's Royal Festival Hall. The shows saw Wilson performing the full suite of songs from his unreleased masterpiece 'Smile' Wilson's 'teenage symphony to God.

in 2005 - Scissor Sisters went to No.1 on the US album chart with their debut and self-titled album, also a No.1 in the UK. 2005, Jennifer Lopez was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Get Right', her 2nd No.1.

in 2005 - John Emmett Raitt dies at age 88. American actor and singer best known for his stage roles in the musicals Carousel, Oklahoma!, The Pajama Game, Carnival in Flanders, Three Wishes for Jamie, and A Joyful Noise, in which he set the standard for virile, handsome, strong-voiced leading men during the golden age of the Broadway musical. His only leading film role was in the 1957 movie version of The Pajama Game opposite Doris Day. On television, he was seen many times on the Bell Telephone Hour. A clip of a television performance of Raitt singing the final section of the song "Soliloquy" from Carousel is included in the documentary film Broadway: The Golden Age, by the Legends Who Were There (died of pneumonia) In this video John sings with his daughter Bonnie.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pmyBA2xPN4g&feature=related"]YouTube - John and Bonnie Raitt sing "Its wonderful"[/ame]

in 2005 - Pam Bricker dies at age 50. American jazz singer, and a professor of music at George Washington University. She was a frequent collaborator and guest vocalist with the group Thievery Corporation, and the voice on their track Lebanese Blonde, which was popularised by its inclusion on Zach Braff's Garden State soundtrack. Pam was also a member of Mad Romance vocal quartet from 1983-1989. She was frequently nominated for Washington Area Music Association (WAMA) honors and won five times: as best contemporary jazz vocalist in 1999, 2000 and 2001, and best contemporary jazz album in 2001, for her release U-topia (tragically Pam hung herself after struggling with clinical depression)

in 2007 - Christina Aguilera kicked off a 42-date North American tour at the Toyota Center in Houston, Texas. The Black Eyed Peas and The Pussycat Dolls were both support acts on the tour.

in 2007 - The US hair salon where pop star Britney Spears shaved her head set up a website to auction her hair for more than $1m (£512,500). The website, buybritneyshair.com, claims to have been set up by salon owner Esther Tognozzi and includes photos of the hair, saying it is "absolutely authentic". As well as the hair, the winning bidder will also get the hair clippers Spears used, a blue lighter she left at the salon and the can of Red Bull she was drinking at the time. Meanwhile, Spears has been spotted in Hollywood sporting a short blonde wig.

in 2008 - Winners at this year's Brit Awards in London, included Take That who won the trophies for best British live act and British single, The Arctic Monkeys won best British group and album - both for the second year in a row and Foo Fighters won best international group and album. Kate Nash won best British female and Mark Ronson was named best British male. Kylie Minogue won best international female and Mika was named best British breakthrough act. Sir Paul McCartney performed a medley of hits, including Live and Let Die, Hey Jude and Lady Madonna after he was honoured with an outstanding contribution award. The show was presented by Sharon Osbourne.

in 2008 - Pink split from her husband Carey Hart following two years of marriage. The Grammy award winning-singer had met Hart, a motocross racing driver, in Las Vegas and proposed to him in 2005.

in 2008 - A 1976 Rolling Stones album bought for £2 at a car boot sale sold for £4,000 at an auction. The ‘Black and Blue’ LP was signed by John Lennon, Yoko Ono, Paul and Linda McCartney and George Harrison as well as members of the Rolling Stones. The seller obtained the album after haggling the cost down from £3.

in 2010 - An event was staged at The Barbican in London where 40 zebra finches made music by landing on guitars and cymbals. The flock of finches would land on Gibson Les Paul guitars, which were plugged into amplifiers and land on upturned cymbals being used as bird feeders to make random sounds. A video clip of the installation, on YouTube had been watched more than 520,000 times.

in 2008 - Bobby Lee Trammell dies at age 74. American rockabilly singer, in Jonesboro, Arkansas. After a brief contract at Sun Records he moved to California. He was seen by Lefty Frizzell, who invited him to try out for a performing venue called the Jubilee Ballroom in Baldwin Park, where he won the opening spot on a bill that included Frizzell, Freddie Hart, and Johnny Cash. Bobby wrote and recorded the song Shirley Lee, later covered by Ricky Nelson. On stage Bobby liked to build up the crowd reaction, tearing off his clothes, jumping on top of the piano, and generally inciting the crowds, all of this at a time when promoters and authorities were trying to quiet rock & roll down. By the 70s he had moved into country music and spent most of that decade playing and recording in that vein.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=inEUa0IO_Vo"]YouTube - Bobby Lee Trammell - I Sure Do Love You Baby[/ame]

in 2009 - "Fats" Sadi Lallemand dies at age 81. Belgian jazz multi-musician, playing piano, clarinet, marimba and percussion, he was also a composer, arranger and singer, but the vibraphone, together with the bongos was his main instrument throughout his professional life. He was the first European jazz artist to play the vibes as his main instrument. His career started with Sadi’s Hot Five, a combo playing mainly for the American troops during the occupation. After World War II, he performed with Jacques Pelzer in The Bob Shots. In 1952 he moved to Paris, were he played with Django Reinhardt, Kenny Clarke, Stéphane Grappelli, Don Byas, was co-leader of a quartet with pianist Martial Solal and a member of The Kenny Clarke-Francy Boland Big Band. On his return to Belgium in 1961, he worked for RTBF, the Belgian national TV channel having his own programmes, he world toured with artists such as Caterina Valente, and recorded solo and as a sideman with jazz legends like Sahib Shihab. Sadly in January of 1995 he became seriously ill after which he rarely appeared on stage (he passed away from the consequences of a virus)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UNBy06Ok7EQ"]YouTube - Fats Sadi's Combo - Karin / Laguna Leap[/ame]

in 2011 - Malaysia Vasudevan dies at age 66. Indian playback singer and actor in the Tamil film industry. He was known for singing songs for Indian actor Rajnikanth and many more. As well as acting in nearly 85 films he has worked with many music directors such as Vidyasagar, M. S. Viswanathan, Ilaiyaraja, Shankar-Ganesh, Deva, A. R. Rahman, and . After T. M. Soundararajan, he was called as ghost voice for Sivaji Ganesan. His first song was for the film Delhi to Madras. He has sang over 8,000 in Tamil and over 4,000 songs in various other South Indian languages and has been awarded Kalaimamani by the Tamil Nadu Government.

in 2011 - Terry Clements dies at age 63. American long time guitarist with Gordon Lightfoot; a native of Detroit City, he began playing guitar when he was only five years old. After graduating from high school, Clements spent two years in the Navy before joining a '60s outfit called Golden Sunflower, managed by Lou Adler, who also steered the careers of the Mamas & the Papas and Carole King. In the early '70s, Tony Lightfoot met Terry while working on an early Burt Reynolds movie and soon brought the guitarist up to Toronto to audition to join his band. A 40-plus-year collaboration was then born. Terry contributed to nearly all of Lightfoot's most memorable tunes, including "Carefree Highway," "Sundown" and, of course, "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald," which features a haunting solo from Terry and his guitar. (stroke)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wh5bO_3iz4c"]terry clements tribute Rainy day people - YouTube[/ame]

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in 1556 - Sethus Calvisius, German composer, music theorist, choir director, astronomer and teacher, is born.

in 1674 - Johann Augustin Kobelius, German organist and composer, is born.

in 1690 - Christoph Stoltzenberg, German multi-instrumentalist, composer and teacher, is born.

in 1776 - Vincenzo Lavigna, Italian composer, maestro di cembalo and teacher, is born.

in 1790 - Johann Friedrich Kloffler, composer, dies at 64.
in 1791 - Austrian composer Carl Czerny was born in Vienna.

in 1795 - Francisco Manuel da Silva, Brazilian conductor and composer, is born at Rio de Janiero. He began his musical training with Jose Mauricio Nunes Garcia, and later studied counterpoint and composition with Sigismund Neukomm in Rio de Janeiro. He was a singer and then a cellist in the orchestra of the royal chapel and chamber until it was disbanded when Emperor Dom Pedro I abdicated in 1831; that same year he wrote the abdication hymn Hino ao 7 de Abril, which was adopted as the Brazilian national anthem (with new text) upon the establishment of the Republic in 1889. In 1833 he founded the Sociedade Beneficencia Musical. He became conductor of the Sociedade Filarmonica in 1834, served as composer of the imperial chamber (from 1841) and as master composer of the imperial chapel (from 1842), and founded the Rio de Janeiro Conservatory (1847). He wrote an opera, O prestigio da lei, and much sacred music. - Died at Rio de Janiero, Dec. 18,1865.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9HAH8RzjKMI"]YouTube - Francisco Manuel da Silva Te deum In te domine[/ame]

in 1801 - Jan Krtitel Václav Kalivoda, Czech violinist, composer and conductor, is born.

in 1814 - Count Nicolò Gabrielli di Quercita, Italian composer and musical director of the Royal Theatre of San Carlo in Naples, is born.

in 1831 - Eduard Rappoldi, Austrian virtuoso violinist, composer, concert master and conductor, is born.
in 1836 - Emil Hartmann, Danish organist, composer and conductor, is born.

in 1836 – Léo (Clement-Philibert-) Delibes, famous French composer, is born at St.-Germain-du-Val, Sarthe. He received his early musical training with his mother and an uncle, then enrolled in the Paris Conservatory in 1847 as a student of Tariot. He won a premier prix in solfege in 1850, and also studied organ with Benoist and composition with Adam. In 1853 he became organist of St. Pierre de Chaillot and accompanist at the Theatre-Lyrique. In 1856 his first work for the stage, Deux sousde charbon, a one-act operetta, humorously designated an "asphyxie lyrique," was produced at the Folies-Nouvelles. His second work, the operette bouffe Deux vieilles gardes, won considerable acclaim at its premiere at the BouffesParisiens on Aug. 8, 1856.

Several more operettas were to follow, as well as his first substantial work for the stage, Le Jardinier et son seigneur, given at the TheatreLyrique on May 1, 1863. In 1864 he became chorus master of the Paris Opera. With Louis Minkus, he collaborated on the ballet score La Source, which was heard for the first time at the Paris Opera, on Nov. 12, 1866. It was with his next ballet, Coppelia, ou LaFille aux yeux d'email, that Delibes achieved lasting fame after its premiere at the Paris Opera on May 25, 1870. Another ballet, Sylvia, ou LaNymphe de Diane (Paris Opera, June 14,1876), was equally successful.

He then wrote a grand opera, Jean de Nivelle (Opera-Comique, March 8, 1880), which was moderately successful; it was followed by his triumphant masterpiece, the opera Lakme (Opera- 836 Comique, April 14, 1883), in which he created a most effective lyric evocation of India; the "Bell Song" from Lakme became a perennial favorite in recitals.

In 1881 he was appointed professor of composition at the Paris Conservatory; in 1884,was elected a member of the Institute. His last opera, Kassya, was completed but not orchestrated at the time of his death; Massenet orchestrated the score, and it was premiered at the Opera-Comique on March 24, 1893. Delibes was a master of melodious elegance and harmonious charm; his music possessed an autonomous flow in colorful timbres, and a finality of excellence that seemed effortless while subtly revealing a mastery of the Romantic technique of composition. - Died at Paris, Jan. 16, 1891.

in 1842 - Wojciech Zywny, composer, dies at 85.

in 1844 - Charles-Marie Widor, French organist, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1861 - Pierre Breville, French composer, music critic and teacher, is born.

in 1873 - Eugen Haile, German-American composer, is born at Uim. He studied at the Stuttgart Conservatory. He emigrated to America in 1903. He wrote about 200 songs to German texts, some of them of excellent quality (Herbst, Der Todesengel singt, Teufelslied, Soldaten kommen, etc.). His musical setting to a spoken drama ("gesprochene Oper"), The Happy Ending, produced in N.Y. on Aug. 21, 1916, is an interesting attempt to combine spoken words in the play with pitch inflections in the vocal parts, in the manner of Sprechtstimme. His other opera, Harold's Dream, was produced in Woodstock on June 30, 1933. - Died at Woodstock, N.Y., Aug. 14, 1933.

in 1878 - Fritz Cortolezis, German composer, conductor, opera director, Kapellmeister, teacher, friend of Richard Strauss, is born.

in 1876 - Henry John Gauntlett, composer, dies at 70
in 1884 - John Pike Hullah, composer, dies at 71.

in 1891 - Karl L(awrence) King, American bandmaster and composer, is born at Painterville, Ohio. After 8 grades of public schools in Cleveland and Canton, Ohio, during which he began to play brass instruments (primarily the baritone hom) under the tutelage of local musicians, he quit school to learn the printing trade, but soon began to play in and compose for local bands.

In 1910 he initiated his short career as a circus bandsman, bandmaster, and composer, ending it in 1917-18 as bandmaster of the Barnum & Bailey Circus Band (for which he had already written what was to remain his most famous march, Barnum & Bailey's Favorite).

In 1920 he conducted his first concert with the Fort Dodge Military Band, with which he was to be associated for half a century. In 1922 the band began to receive municipal tax support under the Iowa Band Law (for which one of King's marches is named), and its name was changed to the Fort Dodge Municipal Band, although it was known commonly as Karl L. King's Band. For 40 years it toured widely over its region.

He was one of the founders, in 1930, of the American Bandmasters Assn.; he served as president of that group in 1939, and in 1967 was named honorary life president. Among his 260-odd works for band are concert works, novelties, waltzes, and all manner of dance forms; but marches predominate, from the circus marches of his early days to sophisticated marches for university bands (such as Pride of the Illini for Illinois and Purple Pageant for Northwestern) and especially to easy but tuneful and well-written marches for the less accomplished school bands. The musical The Music Man (1957) was inspired in part by King's music, according to its composer and fellow Iowan, Meredith Willson. - Died at Fort Dodge, Iowa, March 31, 1971.
. .
in 1893 - Spanish guitarist and teacher Andres Segovia is born.born.

Andrés Torres Segovia, 1st Marquess of Salobreña (February 21, 1893 – June 2, 1987), known as Andrés Segovia, was a Spanish classical guitarist from Linares, Jaén, Andalucia, Spain. He is widely considered to be one of the finest classical guitarists of the 20th century - and one of the founders of what we now consider "Classical Guitar"

Segovia is credited for his modern-romantic repertoire, mainly through works dedicated to him by modern composers, but he also created his own transcriptions of classical works that were originally for other instruments. He is remembered for his expressive performances: his wide palette of tone, and his distinctive (often instantly recognizable) musical personality in tone, phrasing and style.

Segovia stated that he began to play the guitar at the age of six. Angelo Gilardino, who has worked at the Fundación Andrés Segovia in Spain, noted: "Though it is not yet completely documented, it seems clear that, since his tender childhood, [Segovia] learnt playing as a flamenco guitarist. The first guitar he owned had formerly been played by Paco de Lucena who died when Segovia was five years old. Since then, Segovia was given some instruction by Agustinillo, an amateur flamenco player who was a fan of Paco de Lucena."
Nevertheless, Segovia did not really play flamenco. Instead he preferred expressive art-music such as that by Torroba, and revived interest in the instrument as an expressive medium for the performance of classical art-music.

As a teenager, Segovia moved to the town of Granada, where he studied the guitar and spent much time at the Alhambra palace, a Moorish relic overlooking the town which he regarded as his spiritual awakening.

Segovia's first public performance was in Spain at the age of 15, and a few years later he held his first professional concert in Madrid, playing guitar transcriptions by Francisco Tárrega and some works by J.S. Bach, which he had transcribed and arranged himself. Although he was always discouraged by his family who wanted him to become a lawyer and he was looked down on by many of Tárrega's pupils, he continued to diligently pursue his studies of the guitar.

He played again in Madrid in 1912, at the Paris Conservatory in 1915, in Barcelona in 1916, and made a successful tour of South America in 1919. The status of the classical guitar at the beginning of the twentieth century had declined, and only in Barcelona and in the Rio de la Plata region of South America could it have been said to be of any significance. When Segovia arrived on the scene, this situation was just beginning to change, largely through the efforts of Llobet. It was in this changing milieu that Segovia, whose strength of personality and artistry coupled with new technological advances such as recording, radio, and air travel, succeeded in making the guitar more popular again.

At Granada in 1922 he became associated with the Concurso de Cante Jondo promoted by the Spanish composer Manuel de Falla. The aim of the "classicizing" Concurso was to preserve flamenco in its purity from being distorted by modern popular music. Already Segovia had developed as a fine tocaor of flamenco guitar, yet his direction was now classical. Invited to open the Concurso held at the Alhambra, he played Homenaje a Debussy para la guitarra by Falla.

Segovia's technique differed from that of Tárrega and his followers, such as Emilio Pujol. Both Segovia and Miguel Llobet (who taught Segovia several of his transcriptions of Granados' piano works) plucked the strings with a combination of his fingernails and fingertips, producing a sharper sound than many of his contemporaries. With this technique, it was possible to create a wider range of timbres, than when using the fingertips or nails alone. Historically, classical guitarists have debated which of these techniques is the best approach. The vast majority of classical guitarists now play with a combination of the fingernails and fingertips.

After World War II, Segovia became among the first to endorse the use of nylon strings instead of gut strings. This new advance allowed for greater stability in intonation, and was the final missing ingredient in the standardization of the instrument.

Segovia left a large body of edited works and transcriptions. His editions of works originally written for guitar include newly fingered and occasionally revised versions of works from the standard repertoire (most famously, his edition of a selection of twenty estudios by Fernando Sor, as well as compositions written for him. Many of the latter were edited by Segovia, working in communication with the composer, before they were first published. Because of Segovia's predilection for altering the musical content of his editions to reflect his interpretive preferences, many of today's guitarists prefer to examine the original manuscripts, or newer publications based on the original manuscripts in order to compare them with Segovia's published versions, so as to accept or reject Segovia's editorial decisions.

Segovia's first wife was Adelaida Portillo (marriage in 1918). Segovia's second wife (marriage in 1935) was the pianist Paquita Madriguera, who also made some piano roll recordings. From 1944, he maintained a relationship with Brazilian singer and guitarist Olga Praguer Coelho, which was to last for over a decade. Segovia married with Emilia Magdalena del Corral Sancho in 1962. They had one son, Carlos-Andrés de Segovia y del Corral. On his death the marquessate passed to his son.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vx9fPeaD_Ns"]Andres Segovia - YouTube[/ame]

in 1902 - Hijman "Bob" Scholte, Dutch pop singer/songwriter, is born. Scholte's wife, son and daughter were murdered in various Nazi death camps, but he managed to survive five camps, including Auschwitz.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=20uCo0jJxug"](1934) Bob Scholte mit Robert Renard Tanz-Orchester - t Is alweer de KLM - YouTube[/ame]

in 1903 - Eric Fogg, English composer and conductor, is born.
in 1904 - Armand Preud'homme, Belgian organist, composer and poet, is born.
in 1909 - George van Renesse, Dutch pianist and music director, is born.

in 1910 - Al(bert Omega) Sears, jazz tenor saxophonist, is born at Macomb, III. Brother of sax-playing leader Marion Sears. Al originally specialized on alto and baritone saxes. He first worked professionally in Buffalo with various bands before moving to N.Y to replace Johnny Hodges in Chick Webb's Band in 1928.

Before joining Elmer Snowden in N.Y. (1931), Sears toured in the "Keep Shulflin'" revue and then led his own band while also working as a sideman with others. In spring 1932 he was forced to leave Snowden because of a bad case of pneumonia; Sears returned to Buffalo and reformed his own band. He toured with Bud Harris and his Rhythm Rascals in early 1933, then led his own band for several years in various cities in the 1930s; he also left music temporarily in 1935 to study business management.

Sears joined Andy Kirk from February 1941 until summer 1942, then reformed his own band, which played in N.Y. and did a long U.S.O. tour in 1943; Lester Young was a sideperson. Sears joined Lionel Hampton for four months beginning in December 1943, then worked with Duke Ellington from May 1944 until September 1949 (brief absence in early 1949).

Sears then played in Johnny Hodges's small band from March 1951 until October 1952. After the success of his composition "Castle Rock/' he formed his own music publishing company which became his major occupation. Sears continued to record through the 1950s, and also played occasionally with Duke Ellington's Orchestra. - Died N.Y., March 23, 1990.

in 1912 - Nikita Magaloff, Georgian-Russian pianist, is born.

in 1917 - Tadd Dameron, (actually, Tadley Ewing Peake), bebop composer, arranger, leader, pianist, is born at Cleveland, Ohio. He was inspired to follow a career as a jazz musician by his brother Caesar, a saxophonist. His first important job was with Freddie Webster's Band in Cleveland; he then worked with Zach Whyte and Blanche Calloway. During the 1940s he was highly active as an arranger in Chicago and N.Y., writing for many bands, including Harland Leonard's, Dizzy Gillespie's, Jimmie Lunceford's, and George Auld's, among others; he also continued to play piano regularly, often with his own small band. In 1948 he led a small group at the Royal Roost that featured Fats Navarro, Allen Eager, Curly Russell, and Kenny Clarke. Among his compositions are "Hot House," "Good Bait," "Lady Bird," and "Our Delight." His ballad "If You Could See Me Now" came out of a phrase from a Dizzy Gillespie solo. In May 1949 he went to Paris to play with Miles Davis, then remained in Europe and briefly worked as staff arranger for the English bandleader Ted Heath. He returned to the U.S., and during the early 1950s worked with Benjamin "Bull Moose" Jackson and then led his own band. At a show in Atlantic City in 1953, Clifford Brown and Philly Joe Jones were part of his band; this date was recorded. He wrote arrangements for Carmen McRae and Sarah Vaughan. His career was plagued by drug addiction, as a result he served time in federal prison in Lexington, Ky. (1958-60). In the early 1960s he returned to full-time music, doing arrangements for many famous bands until his activities were curtailed by the onset of cancer, which eventually led to his death. In the early 1980s, the groups Dameronia (9 or 10 pieces led by Philly Joe Jones) and Continuum (a quintet with Jimmy Heath and Slide Hampton) performed and recorded his pieces. - Died at N.Y., March 8, 1965.

in 1919 - Giovanni Bolzoni, composer, dies at 77. Minuetto, played by one of the two Saxophone Quartet of Collège d'Alma. Played during the concert of the semester exam of Winter 2007. Maybe not the most professional of musicians but this was on best of Bolzoni I could find. A saxaphone quartet? Who would have thunk?
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vjXwAhL4jUA"]YouTube - Minuetto Quatuor de Saxophones Collège d'Alma[/ame]

in 1922 - Uros Krek, composer is born.
in 1923 - Lucille Bremer, dancer/actress (Ruthless, Ziegfeld Follies) is born.
in 1923 - Zvi Zeitlin, Dubrovnik Yugoslavia, violinist/prof (Eastman School) is born.
in 1924 - Salvatore Auteri Manzocchi, composer, dies at 78.

in 1925 - Igor Shaitio, talented Ukrainian composer, is born at Kiev. He studied medicine in Kiev, and after World War II, studied composition with Liatoshinsky at the Kiev Cons., graduating in 1951. Many of his works, numbering some 200, used native instruments such as the bayan and the bandura, and the lyrics extolled Soviet youth and the Soviet system. In 1975 he received the Shevchenko State Prize of the Ukrainian SSR and became a National Artist of the Ukraine. - Died at Kiev, Aug. 17, 1982.

in 1925 - Alfred Baldwin Sloan, composer, dies at 52.
in 1927 - Pierre Mercure, composer is born.

in 1931 - Brian (Lewis) Trowell, English musicologist, is born at Wokingham. He was educated at Christ's Hospital and Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge (B.A., 1953; Mus.B., 1956; Ph.D., 1960, with the dissertatioin Music Under the Later Plantagenets). He taught at the University of Birmingham (1957-62) and at King's College, London (1964-65). From 1967 to 1970 he was head of radio opera for the BBC in London. In 1970 he was Regents' Professor at the University of Calif. at Berkeley. He rejoined the faculty of King's College, as a reader in music in 1970, and then was King Edward VII Professpr of Music there from 1974 to 1988. In 1988 he became Heather Professor of Music at the Universotu of Oxford, retiring in 1996.He was president of the Royal Musical Assn. from 1983 to 1988. From 1983 to 1993 he was chairman of the editorial committee of Musica Britannica, and from 1987 to 1998 he was founding chairman of the Handel Institute Trust and Council. Trowell is an authority on English music of the 15th century, on Elgar, and on opera in all eras. He has contributed valuable articles to various journals, reference works, and other publications. With M. and I. Bent, he edited the 2nd edition, rev., of Dunstable's complete works in Musica Britannica, VIII (1970).

in 1933 - Eunice Waymon "Nina Simone" American jazz, blues, gospel, soul and pop singer/songwriter, pianist and arranger, "High Priestess of Soul," is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bn5tiuZU4JI"]YouTube - Nina Simone - Sinnerman full lenght[/ame]

in 1844 - Charles-Marie (-Jean Albert) Widor, distinguished French organist, pedagogue, and composer, is born at Lyons. His father, an Alsatian of Hungarian descent, was organist at the church of St-Francois in Lyons and was active as an organ builder. Widor was a skillful improviser on the organ while still a boy, and became organist at the Lyons Iycee when he was 11.

After studies with Fetis (composition) and Lemmens (organ) in Brussels, he became organist at St.-Prancois in Lyons (1860),and gained high repute via provincial concerts. In 1870-71 he held a provisional appointment as organist at St.-Sulpice in Paris, where he served as organist from 1871 until 1934.

On April 19, 1934, he played his Piece mystique there, composed at age 90. Around 1880 he began writing music criticism under the pen name "Auletes" for the daily L'Estafette. In 1890 he became professor of organ and in 1896 professor of composition at the Paris Conservatory. In 1910 he was elected a member of the Academie des Beaux-Arts, of which he became permanent secretary in 1913.

He had many distinguished pupils, including Albert Schweitzer, with whom he collaborated in editing the first 5 vols. of an 8-vol. ed. of J.S. Bach's organ works (N.Y., 1912-14). As a composer, he wrote copiously in many forms but is best known for his organ music, especially his 10 "symphonies" (suites). A master organ virtuoso, he won great renown for his performances of Bach and for his inspired improvisations. - Died at Paris, March 12, 1937.

in 1938 - Albert Huybrechts, composer, dies at 39.
in 1939 - Ron Nagle, American rock singer/songwriter, keyboardist, producer and ceramic artist (The Durocs), is born.

in 1942 - Bernard Colin Day "Bob Allison" English pop singer/songwriter (The Allisons), is born.

in 1943 - Duncan Swift, English jazz pianist, is born.
in 1945 - Paul Newton, English rock bassist (Uriah Heep), is born.

in 1945 - D'Anna Fortunato, American mezzo-soprano, is born at Pittsburgh. She studied with Frederick Jagel, Gladys Miller, and John Moriarty at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston (1965-72) and with Phyllis Curtin at the Berkshire Music Center in Tanglewood (1971, 1972). She made her European opera debut with the Boston Camerata as Dido in Purcell's Dido and Aeneas in Paris in 1980, and her U.S. opera debut at the N.Y.City Opera as Ruggiero in Handel's Alcinain 1983. From 1974 to 1982 she taught at the Longy School of Music in Cambridge, Mass. Her operatic and concert repertoire is extensive, ranging from early music to contemporary works.

in 1948 - Frederick Archibald Lamond, composer, dies at 80
in 1949 - Ernest Walker, composer, dies at 78.

in 1949 - Jerry Harrison, American rock songwriter, keyboardist, guitarist and producer (Modern Lovers, Talking Heads), is born.

in 1951 - Vince Welnick, American rock keyboardist and singer/songwriter (The Tubes, The Grateful Dead), is born. Welnick is in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

in 1951 - Herb Robertson, jazz trumpeter, fluegelhornist, cornetist, pocket trumpeter, bugler, valve trombonist, is born at Plainfield, N.J. He began playing trumpet at 10. He studied at Berklee (1969-72) with Charlie Mariano, Herb Pomeroy and Phil Wilson and became interested in free jazz, falling under the influence of Booker Little, Don Cherry and Don Ellis; he also studied for nearly ten years with a copper specialist, Donald S. Reinhardt. In 1972, he met Mark Helias in N.J. and they formed a quartet; then he toured the U.S. and Canada in various dance and rock bands, after which he worked with Dewey Redman, Paul Motian, Ray Anderson, Rashied Ali, Tim Berne (many times since 1983), Ratzo Harris, Charlie Haden's Liberation Music Orch., and played in a group accompanying the Merce Cunningham dance company. Robertson toured Europe with a quintet (1987); he worked with saxophonist Andy Laster (1988), Charlie Elgart's big band and Marc Ducret (1991). He moved to Berlin, Germany in the early 1990s.

in 1951 - Warren (Webster Jr.) Vache, jazz cornetist, flugelhornist, is born at Rahway, N.J.
His father's band included Pee Wee Erwin, who gave Vache Jr. lessons when he took up the cornet. He also studied with Jim Fitzpatrick and was influenced by Bobby Hackett and Ruby Braff.After taking a degree in music, he frequently played with his father's band and then with Benny Goodman, where his reputation flourished.

He soon became a regular at Eddie Condon's club in N.Y. with Vic Dickenson and Bob Wilber and became a fixture in the N.Y. Jazz Repertory orchestra (c. 1972-74). Around this time he met Scott Hamilton, and the two men began a collaboration that lasts until today. In the late 1970s Vache made a series of solo albums, each becoming more successful, while continuing to make recordings with Hamilton. The duo created albums that solidified their reputations as kings of the mainstream. Throughout the 1980s Vache toured the world extensively and cemented his position as a major talent. His records, from solo efforts to the duet affairs with Hamilton and, recently, his Warm Evenings album with the Beaux Arts String Quartet, continue to sell in massive quantities. In 1984 he suffered an accident which severed the tendons in his right hand; fortunately it had no lasting effect on his playing, and later that year he appeared at the Edinburgh Festival to a standing ovation.

in 1952 - Jean-Jacques Burnel, British rock bassist and songwriter (The Stranglers), is born.

in 1956 - Edwin Franko Goldman, composer, dies at 78.

in 1958 - Mary-Chapin Carpenter, American country singer/songwriter and guitarist, is born.

in 1961 - Roger Charlery "Ranking Roger" English ska and pop singer (The Beat, General Public), is born.

in 1961 - Marilyn Horne and Joan Sutherland made their New York City debuts at the Town Hall in a concert performance of Bellini's Beatrice di Tenda
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z9ZfYr6oLhA"]YouTube - Dame Joan Sutherland & Marilyn Horne - The Flower Duet[/ame]

in 1961 - The Beatles played three gigs in one day. The first was a lunchtime show at the Cavern Club, then at night they appeared at the Cassanova Club, Liverpool and at Litherland Town Hall, Liverpool.

in 1962 - Mark Arm, American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Mudhoney), is born.

in 1964 - New York band The Echoes recruited a new young unknown piano player, named Billy Joel.

in 1964 - Three classic British singles were released, The Rolling Stones 'Not Fade Away', (a UK No.3), The Hollies 'Just One Look', (a UK No.2), and Billy J Kramer's 'Little Children', (a UK No.1).

in 1967 - Michael Ward, American rock guitarist (The Wallflowers), is born.

in 1968 - Otis Redding had his first entry on the UK singles chart when '(Sittin On) The Dock Of The Bay' entered the chart, it went on to be a No.3 hit.

in 1969 - James Dean Bradfield, Welsh rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Manic Street Preachers), is born.

in 1970 - Simon and Garfunkel went to No.1 on the UK chart with 'Bridge Over Troubled Water'. The album went on to stay on the chart for over 300 weeks, returning to the top of the charts on eight separate occasions and spending a total of 41 weeks at No.1.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UVDg8fVC4EQ"]Simon & Garfunkel - Bridge Over Troubled Water - Madison Square Garden, NYC - 2009/10/29&30 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1971 - Adolph Weiss, composer, dies at 79.

in 1976 - Florence Ballard of The Supremes died of cardiac arrest, aged 32. Ballard had left The Supremes in 1967, lost an $8 million (£4.7 million) lawsuit against Motown records and was living on welfare when she died.

in 1976 - The Four Seasons were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'December '63 (Oh What A Night). The group's only UK No.1. 1977, Fleetwood Mac released 'Rumours'. The album went on to sell more than 15 million copies world-wide and spent 31 weeks at No.1 on the US chart.

in 1979 - Ray Whitley, composer, dies.

in 1980 - Jacob Miller from Jamaican group Inner Circle was killed in a car crash aged 23. Inner Circle had the re- issued 1992 UK No.3 single 'Sweat, A La La La La Long').

in 1980 - Janet Vogel dies at age 37. American singer and co-founder of the 50's vocal group the Skyliners; The Skyliners created a new style of music by combining the streetwise harmonies of rhythm and blues with the modern sophisticated harmony style. They had 4 chart hits "Cashbox", "This I Swear", "Pennies from Heaven", and their popular and frequently covered 1960 hit song "Since I Don't Have You". Guns 'N' Roses 80's rendition of this song bought them back into the media attention. In 2002 The Skyliners were inducted into The Vocal Group Hall of Fame. (suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjPxh0yXqJ0"]YouTube - Janet Vogel Rapp of the Skyliners - my tribute[/ame]

in 1980 - Fleetwood Mac kicked off a 17-date tour of Australia and New Zealand at the Entertainment Centre in Perth.

in 1981 - Dolly Parton started a two week run at No.1 on the US charts with '9 to 5', the singers first No.1, a No.47 hit in the UK. 1981, REO Speedwagon went to No.1 on the US album chart with 'Hi Infidelity'. The album spent a total of 15 weeks at No.1.

in 1981 - Phil Collins entered the UK album chart at No.1 with 'Face Value.'

in 1982 - Murray "the K" Kaufman dies at age 60. US DJ, said to be the first DJ to play a Beatles record on US radio. Professionally known as Murray the K, was a famous and influential rock and roll impresario and disc jockey of the 1950s, '60s and '70s. During the early days of Beatlemania, he frequently referred to himself as "the Fifth Beatle". Married six times, he died of cancer a week after his 60th birthday.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=suSx4MnXIUU"]YouTube - JOHN CALLED MURRAY the K a "******"?[/ame]

in 1986 - Charlotte Church, Welsh classical singer and pop singer/songwriter, actress and television personality, is born.

in 1987 - Ben E King was at No.1 in the UK singles chart with 'Stand By Me.' The track was first released in 1961 and became a hit in 1987 after being featured in the film 'Stand By Me.'

in 1992 - Eva A Jessye, American spiritual singer, choral conductor, composer, writer and teacher, dies at 97. Jessye did groundbreaking work in getting black artists recognized, collaborating with such artists as Geroge Gershwin and Gertrude Stein.

in 1992 - Jane Pickens Langley Hoving, American pop and musical theater singer, arranger and actress (The Pickens Sisters), dies at 83.

in 1996 - Morton Gould dies at age 82. American composer born in Richmond Hill, New York, Morton was a child prodigy with abilities in improvisation and composition, his first composition was published at age six. During the Depression, as a teenager, he worked in New York playing piano in movie theatres, and with vaudeville acts. By 1935, he was conducting and arranging orchestral programs for New York's WOR radio station; in the 1940s, he appeared on the Cresta Blanca Carnival program as well as The Chrysler Hour on CBS reaching an audience of millions. Morton went on to compose Broadway scores such as Billion Dollar Baby and Arms and the Girl; film music such as Delightfully Dangerous, Cinerama Holiday, and Windjammer; music for television series such as World War One; and ballet scores including Interplay, Fall River Legend, and I'm Old Fashioned. Morton's music, commissioned by symphony orchestras all over the United States, was also commissioned by the Library of Congress, The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, the American Ballet Theatre, and the New York City Ballet and Gould received three commissions for the United States Bicentennial. As a conductor, Gould led all of the major American orchestras as well as those of Canada, Mexico, Europe, Japan, and Australia. He won a Grammy Award in 1966 for his recording of Charles Ives' first symphony, with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. In 1983, he received the American Symphony Orchestra League's Gold Baton Award and in 1986, he was president of ASCAP, also in 1986 he was elected to the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters In 2005, he was honored with the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YmfnKLQnXaA"]YouTube - Morton Gould "The Peanut Vendor"[/ame]

in 1998 - Celine Dion went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'My Heart Will Go On'. The song was the theme from the movie Titanic. The world's best selling single of 1998.

in 2001 - Ronnie Hilton, English pop singer, dies at 75.

in 2001 - Robbie Williams was attacked and thrown from the stage during a concert in Stuttgart, Germany after a man got onto the stage and pushed Williams into the security pit. The attacker was arrested and taken to a secure psychiatric clinic.

in 2002 - Elton John accused the music industry of exploiting young singers and dumping talented artists for manufactured group's. He said 'There are too many average and mediocre acts; it damages real talent getting airplay. It's just fodder.'

in 2003 - Liberty X kicked off an-11 date UK tour at Manchester MEN Arena. Liberty X were the five runners up on the 'Popstars' UK TV show. The name Liberty was chosen to reflect the freedom they enjoyed from not being under the rigid enforcements of the television company and record label that was put upon the winners Hear'Say.

in 2003 - Tom Glazer dies at age 88. American folk singer-songwriter known primarily as a composer of ballads, including: "Because All Men Are Brothers", recorded by Peter, Paul and Mary, "Talking Inflation Blues", recorded by Bob Dylan. He wrote the lyrics to the songs "Melody of Love" 1954, and "Skokian" in 1954. He also wrote the musical score to the 1957 film A Face in the Crowd and wrote and sang the eco-conscious title song in the 1966 movie Namu the Killer Whale. Along with Dottie Evans, Tom recorded three children's records in 1959 and 1960 that were part of a six-album set known as the Singing Science Records. His greatest commercial success came with his original recording of the song "On Top of Spaghetti"
Gather your kids around…they will want to hear this one.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qRWw0EILEtE"]YouTube - ON TOP OF SPAGHETTI TOM GLAZER[/ame]

in 2004 - Mud singer Les Gray died of a heart attack, whilst fighting throat cancer, aged 57, (1974 UK No.1 single 'Tiger Feet' plus 14 other UK Top 40 singles').

in 2004 - Simon Cowell was set to appear in a new episode of The Simpsons. The TV Pop Idol judge would play a nursery boss who gets punched by Homer Simpson.

in 2004 - Les Gray dies at age 57. English singer and musician born in Carshalton, Surrey; he was a self-taught musician, and during his school years, he played trumpet with a jazz band, and then, with a younger brother, went on to form the skiffle unit, The Mourners. With a few line-up changes, The Mourners evolved into Mud in 1967, with Les on vocals, Dave Mount on drums, Rob Davis on guitar, and Ray Stiles on bass, and won the Search for Sound song contest the same year. After several unsuccessful singles including "Flower Power", they were signed to Mickie Most's RAK record label, and toured in support of Tom Jones in 1973. Mud had a string of hits including two which topped the UK Singles Chart in 1974, "Lonely This Christmas", and "Tiger Feet", and a chart topping cover of "Oh, Boy!" They disbanded in 1980. Les had a Top 40 solo hit in 1977 with his cover version of "A Groovy Kind of Love". He later went out with backing musicians under the name 'Les Gray's Mud' (throat cancer)

in 2005 - Ara Berberian dies at age 74. American opera bass singer born in Detroit, Michigan, he made his debut in 1958 with the Turnau Opera in Woodstock, New York, as Don Magnifico in Rossini's La Cenerentola and his Metropolitan Opera debut in 1979 as Zacharie in Giacomo Meyerbeer's Le prophète. He also sang with the New York City Opera, the San Francisco Opera, and the Michigan Opera Theatre. In all, he sang over 100 roles during his career, perhaps most notably in the roll of Osmin in Mozart's Abduction from the Seraglio and the roll of Sparafucile in Verdi's Rigoletto. In addition to his operatic repertoire, also sang and recorded music by Armenian and Armenian-American composers such as Komitas and Alan Hovhaness; he recorded three LP albums of the latter composer's songs. Ara was also an active environmentalist and had a keen interest in preserving forest land and old barns.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mhjShpTieHA"]Ara Berberian "Là turbini e farnetichi" La Gioconda - YouTube[/ame]

in 2007 - Alfred Viola dies at age 87. American jazz guitarist who worked with Frank Sinatra for 25 years and also played the mandolin on the soundtrack of the film The Godfather. Born in Brooklyn, he enlisted in the Army during World War II from 1942 to 1945 and played in an Army jazz band. In 1946, Alfred and Page Cavanaugh, joined bassist Lloyd Pratt, formed a trio. The ensemble appeared in several films, including the Doris Day's Romance On The High Seas and A Song Is Born, and played a few dates in 1946 and 1947 with Frank Sinatra. Alfred continued to work with Sinatra regularly, accompanying him on several hundred studio recordings and concert dates between 1956 and 1980. He continued playing jazz , with Bobby Troup, Ray Anthony, Harry James, Buddy Collette, Stan Kenton, Gerald Wilson and Terry Gibbs. He also worked as a session musician on over 500 albums, including releases by Jimmy Witherspoon, Helen Humes, June Christy, Natalie Cole, Neil Diamond, Ella Fitzgerald, Marvin Gaye, Steve Lawrence, Julie London, Anita O'Day, and Linda Ronstadt Joe Williams. (cancer)

in 2008 - Britney Spears failed in a court bid to regain visitation rights to her two children. Spears was banned from monitored visits in January of this year after refusing to hand the children back, resulting in a stand-off with police at her house. The singer's ex-husband Kevin Federline was awarded primary custody of two-year-old Sean Preston and Jayden James, aged one, in October.

in 2008 - A computer expert was jailed for two years for electronically stalking Linkin Park singer Chester Bennington. Devon Townsend worked at a US national security laboratory in New Mexico, where she used a computer to track Bennington, she admitted to obtaining family photos, accessing e-mail and voicemail, and threatening his wife Talinda.

in 2009 - Rihanna issued a statement thanking fans for their support after an alleged assault by her R&B singer boyfriend Chris Brown, but the singer declined to comment on a leaked photograph which appeared to show her with facial injuries. The Los Angeles Police Department had launched an internal investigation and asked for the public's help in finding the person who leaked the photograph.

in 2009 - The Fray started a two-week run at No.1 on the US album charts with their self-titled second album.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1iYOOuJLuaY"]YouTube - The Fray - Look After You[/ame]

in 2011 - Antonín Švorc dies at age 77. Czech operatic bass-baritone. He studied with J. Berlíka at the Prague Conservatory before making his professional opera debut at the Liberec Theatre in 1955 where he was committed for one year. He joined the roster of principal artists at the National Theatre in Prague in 1956 and performed there until 1962 when he joined the Prague State Opera where he performed for the next several decades. In 1985 he was named a People's Artist of Czechoslovakia and in 2003 he was honored with a Thalia Award. Retired from the stage, he taught on the voice faculty at the Prague Conservatory - Born February 12th 1934.

in 2012 - Christopher Reimer dies at age 26. Canadian rock guitarist for the Calgary band Women formed in 2007. They released two albums 2008's Women and 2010's Public Strain. Women's track "Black Rice" ranked No. 18 in the Pitchfork Media Top Tracks of 2008, and their 2010 album was one of their Top 50 Albums of 2010. The band performed at the Pitchfork Music Festival in 2009 and toured with the likes of Mogwai and Wire. The band went on hiatus in 2010, and Christopher joined the Dodos as a touring member in 2011. A few weeks before his death, on February 8th, he did a solo performance in Calgary, this set was recorded. - Born January 19th 1986.

21 February
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Old February 21st, 2014, 08:20 PM   #2699

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in 1573 - Gemignano Capilupi, Italian composer and maestro di capella, is born. Capilupi was the pupil of Orazio Vecchi at Modena, but through machinations managed to get him dismissed as maestro di capella there, and succeeded to the post.

in 1645 - Johann Ambrosius Bach, second son of Christoph, twin brother of Johann Christoph, and father of Johann Sebastian, is born at Erfurt. As a boy, he went to Arnstadt, where he was trained as a Stadtpfeifer. In 1667 he became a member of the town band in Erfurt, and from 1671 he was court trumpeter and director of the town band in Eisenach. He was married twice: on April 8, 1668, to Maria Elisabeth Lammerhirt (b. Erfurt, Feb. 24,1644; d. Eisenach, May 3,1694), the mother of Johann Sebastian, and on Nov. 27,1694, to the widow of his cousin Johann Gunther Bach. - Died at Eisenach, Feb. 20, 1695.

in 1645 - Johann Christoph Bach, twin brother of Johann Ambrosius, is born at Erfurt. He was a Stadtpfeifer in Erfurt from 1666, and, from 1671, in Arnstadt. The physical resemblance between him and his twin brother (father of Johann Sebastian) was such that, according to the testimony of C.P.E. Bach, even their wives had difficulty distinguishing between them. - Died at Arnstadt, Aug. 25,1693.

in 1674 - John Wilson, English lutenist, singer and composer, dies at 78.

in 1721 - Johann Christoph Bach, brother of Johann Sebastian and eldest son of Johann Ambrosius, dies at Ohrdruf. He was a pupil of Pachelbel. He served as organist at the Thomaskirche in Erfurt and for a short time at Arnstadt. From 1690 he was organist at the Michaeliskirche in Ohrdruf, where Johann Sebastian stayed with him for almost five years. - Born at Erfurt, June 16,1671. [don’t confuse with JCB born in 1645]

in 1727 - Francesco Gasparini, composer, dies at 58.

in 1745 - Joao de Sousa Carvalho, eminent Portuguese pedagogue and composer, is born at Estremoz. He studied at the Colegio dos Santos Reis in Vila Vicosa and with Cotumacci at the Conservatory di S. Onofrio in Naples, then settled in Lisbon, where he became a member of the Brotherhood of St. Cecilia and professor of counterpoint (1767), mestre (1769-73), and mestre de capela (1773-98) at the Seminario Patriarcal. He was the most gifted Portuguese composer of his day, excelling in both sacred and secular vocal music. In 1778 he became music teacher to the royal family. - Died at Alentejo, 1798.

in 1749 - Johann Nikolaus Forkel, German organist, composer, teacher, musicologist and music theorist, is born. Forkel is regarded as the father of Historical Musicology, and is also known for writing the first biography of J. S. Bach, particularly valuable because he was able to draw on the memories of two of Bach's sons.

in 1750 - Pietro Filippo Scarlatti, composer, dies at 71.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1LSyYWs8i0"]Pietro Scarlatti - Toccata in G Minor - YouTube[/ame]

in 1761 - Erik Eriksson Tulindberg, Finnish violinist, composer and civil servant, is born. Tulindberg is the first known classical composer in Finland.

in 1764 - Alexander Campbell, Scottish organist, composer, poet and writer, is born. Campbell was a friend of Robert Burns, and attempted to teach music to the young Walter Scott. (Apparently Scott had practically no musical ability.)

in 1770 - Jan Matyas Nepomuk August Vitasek, Czech composer and choirmaster, is born.
in 1772 - Joseph Lipavsky, Czech pianist and composer, is born.
in 1772 - Karl Jacob Wagner, German composer, is born.

in 1779 - Joachim Nicolas Eggert, Swedish violinist, composer and Kapellmeister, is born. Eggert was a pupil of Johann Forkel, with whom he shared a birthday.

in 1788 - Franz Joseph Oehlschlagel, composer, dies at 63

in 1810 - Frederic (-Francois) Chopin (actually, Fryderyk Franciszek), greatly renowned Polish composer, incomparable genius of the piano who created a unique romantic style of keyboard music; born at Zelazowa Wola, near Warsaw, in all probability on March 1,1810, the date given by Chopin himself in his letter of acceptance of membership in the Polish Literary Society in Paris in 1833 (but oin his certificate of baptism the date of birth is given as Feb. 22, 1810).

His father, Nicolas Chopin, was a native of Marainville, France, who went to Warsaw as a teacher of French; his mother, Tekla Justyna Krzyzanowska, was Polish. Chopin's talent was manifested in early childhood; at the age of eight, he played in public a piano concerto by Gyrowetz, and he had already begun to compose polonaises, mazurkas, and waltzes. He received his primary musical instruction from the Bohemian pianist Adalbert ywny (sic), who resided in Warsaw at the time.

A much more important teacher was Joseph Eisner, director of the Warsaw School of Music, who gave him a thorough instruction in music theory and form. Chopin was 15 years old when his Rondo for Piano was published in Warsaw as op.l.

In the summer of 1829 he set out for Vienna, where he gave highly successful concerts on Aug. 11 and Aug. 18, 1829. While in Vienna, he made arrangements to have his variations on Mozart's aria La ci darem la mano, for Piano and Orchestra, published by Haslinger as op.2. It was this work that attracted the attention of Schumann, who saluted Chopin in his famous article published in the Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung of Dec. 7, 1831, in which Schumann's alter ego, Eusebius, is represented as exclaiming, "Hats off, gentlemen! A genius!"

The common assumption in many biographies that Schumann "launched" Chopin on his career is deceptive; actually Schumann was some months younger than Chopin, and was referred to editorially merely as a student of Professor Wieck. Returning to Warsaw, Chopin gave the first public performance of his Piano Concerto in F minor, op.21, on March 17, 1830. On Oct. 11, 1830, he was soloist in his Piano Concerto in E minor, op.ll.

A confusion resulted in the usual listing of the E-minor Concerto as first, and the F-minor Concerto as his second; chronologically, the composition of the F-minor Concerto preceded the E-minor. He spent the winter of 1830-31 in Vienna. The Polish rebellion against Russian domination, which ended in defeat, determined Chopin's further course of action, and he proceeded to Paris, visiting Linz, Salzburg, Dresden, and Stuttgart on the way.

He arrived in Paris in Sept. 1831, and was introduced to Rossini, Cherubini, and Pae'r. He also met Bellini, Meyerbeer, Berlioz, Victor Hugo, and Heinrich Heine; he became particularly friendly with Liszt. Paris was then the center of Polish emigration, and Chopin maintained his contacts with the Polish circle there.

He presented his first Paris concert on Feb. 26,1832. He also taught the piano. The Paris critics found an apt Shakespearean epithet for him, calling him "the Ariel of the piano." In 1834 he went with Hiller to Germany, where he met Mendelssohn and Clara and Robert Schumann.

In July 1837 he went with Pleyel to London. In 1836 he met the famous novelist Aurore Dupin (Mme. Dudevant), who published her works under the affected masculine English name George Sand. They became intimate, even though quite incompatible in character and interests. Sand was involved in social affairs and held radical views; Chopin was a poet confined within his inner world; it has been said that she was the masculine and he the feminine partner in their companionship.

In the winter of 1838-39, Chopin accompanied Sand to the island of Majorca, where she attended to him with total devotion; yet she portrayed him in her novel Lucrezia Floriani as a weakling. Indeed, she was quite overt in her reference to him as a lover; in a personal letter dated 1838 she said that she had difficulty in inducing him to submit to a sensual embrace, and implied that she lived as an immaculate virgin most of the time they were together. They parted in 1847; by that time he was quite ill with tuberculosis; a daguerreotype taken of him represents a prematurely aged man with facial features showing sickness and exhaustion, with locks of black hair partly covering his forehead.

Yet he continued his concert career. He undertook a tour as pianist in England and Scotland in 1848; he gave his last concert in Paris on Feb. 16, 1848. La Revue et Gazette Musicale of Feb. 20, 1848, gives a precious account of the occasion: 'The finest flower of feminine aristocracy in the most elegant attire filled the Salle Pleyel," the paper reported, "to catch this musical sylph on the wing." Chopin played his last concert in London, a benefit for Polish emigres, on Nov. 16, 1848.

He died the following year; Mozart's Requiem was performed at Chopin's funeral at the Madeleine, with Habeneck conducting the orchestra and chorus of the Paris Conservatory and Pauline Viardot and Lablache singing the solo parts. He was buried at Pere Lachaise between the graves of Cherubini and Bellini; however, at his own request, his heart was sent to Warsaw for entombment in his homeland.

Chopin represents the full liberation of the piano from traditional orchestra and choral influences, the authoritative assumption of its role as a solo instrument. Not seeking "orchestral" sonorities, he may have paled as a virtuoso beside the titanic Liszt, but the poesy of his pianism, its fervor of expression, the pervading melancholy in his nocturnes and ballades, and the bounding exultation of his scherzos and etudes were never equaled. And, from a purely technical standpoint, Chopin's figurations and bold modulatory transitions seem to presage the elaborate transtonal developments of modern music. - Died at Paris, Oct. 17, 1849
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XajR_WgLgeM&playnext=1&list=PL6B76472D4270 BFA4"]YouTube - Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin - Smutna rzeka Op. 74 Nr 3[/ame]

in 1810 - Holger Simon Paulli, Danish violinist, composer, conductor and teacher, is born.
in 1814 - Henryk Oskar Kolberg, Polish composer, ethnographer, collector of folk songs and teacher, is born.

in 1817 - Niels Wilhelm Gade, Danish violinist, composer, conductor and teacher, is born. Gade was the most prominent musician in Denmark in his time.

in 1819 - Bernardo Calvo Puig, Spanish singer, organist and composer, is born.
in 1822 - Johann Ignaz Walter, composer, dies at 66.

in 1824 - John Davy dies. He was the "inventor of the horseshoe carillon." It's a good story so here's the synopsis: "As a very young child he showed immense musical precocity allied to kleptomania. At the age of six he stole between twenty and thirty horseshoes from a neighbouring smithy, selected the ones that would make a complete octave, hung them up in an upper room and imitated the chimes of the church bells in nearby Crediton."
--From this site.

in 1833 - Josef Foerster, Czech organist, composer, choirmaster and teacher, is born.
in 1883 - Jaroslav Kocian, composer is born
in 1834 - Albert Heinric Zabel, German virtuoso harpist, composer, teacher, and innovator in harp design, is born.
in 1836 - Eduard Wachmann, Romanian composer and conductor, is born.
in 1836 - John Clarke-Whitfeld, English organist, composer and teacher, dies at 65.

in 1836 - Mitrofan (Petrovich) Belaiev (Belaieff), renowned Russian music publisher, is born at St. Petersburg. His father, a rich lumber dealer, gave him an excellent education. After his father's death in 1885, Belaiev decided to use part of the income from the business for a music publishing enterprise devoted exclusively to the publication of works by Russian composers (the printing was done in Leipzig); he also established concerts of Russian music in St. Petersburg (ten symphony concerts and four concerts of chamber music each season) and provided funds for prizes awarded for the best compositions.

He placed Rimsky-Korsakov, Glazunov, and Liadov on the jury for these multifarious activities. The "Belaiev Editions" became a vital factor in the development of Russian national music. Although a conservative, Belaiev was generous toward representatives of the modern school, such as Scriabin; early in Scriabin's career, Belaiev provided the financial means for him to travel in Europe.

The catalogue of Belaiev's publications includes the greatest names in Russian music: Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Borodin, Balakirev, Cui, Scriabin, Gliere, Glazunov, Gretchaninov, Liadov, Liapunov, Taneyev, and Nicolas Tcherepnin, as well as many lesser and even obscure composers, such as Akimenko, Alferaky, Amani, Antipov, Artzibushev, Blumenfeld, Kalafati, Kopylov, Sokolov, Steinberg, Wihtol, Zolotarev, and others.

The complete list of Belaiev's editions is available in the Verzeichnis der in Deutschland seit 1868 erschienenen Werke russischer Komponisten (Leipzig, 1950). - Died at St. Petersburg, Jan. 10, 1904.

in 1838 - Friedrich Johann Eck, German violinist, Konzertmeister and composer, dies at 70.
in 1844 - Kazamierz Julian Kratzer, composer is born
in 1846 - Carolus Antonius Fodor, Dutch pianist, composer, conductor and teacher, dies at 77.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eDmzm3XDmEs"]YouTube - 3rd Mvt from Fodor's Fortepiano Concerto in Gm[/ame]

in 1849 - Alexander Ernst Fesca, German pianist and composer, dies at 28 of repiratory illness.
in 1878 - Franz Hunten, German pianist and composer, dies at 84.
in 1881 - American composer James Reese Europe was born in Mobile, AL.

in 1884 - (Edwin) York Bowen, English composer and teacher, born at London. He studied at the Royal Academy of Music in London, where he won the Erard and Sterndale Bennett scholarships; his teachers were T. Matthay (piano) and R Corder (composition). Upon graduation, he was appointed instructor in piano there. A prolific composer, Bowen wrote 3 symphoies; 3 piano concertos; Violin Concerto; Viola Concerto; Rhapsody for Cello and Orchestra; symphonic poems (The Lament of Tasso, Eventide, etc.); orchestral suites; many practical piano pieces in miniature forms. Bowen was the author of a manual, Pedalling the Modern Pianoforte (London, 1936). - Died at Hampstead, Nov. 23,1961.

in 1891 - Lucien Cailliet , composer who is born.
Born at Dijon, in France, Cailliet studied at the Conservatory in his native city before migrating to the United States in 1918.

Cailliet worked as staff arranger for the Philadelphia Orchestra. During this time, he founded the Cherry Hill Wind Symphony, which would later become the Wind Symphony of Southern New Jersey.

Cailliet is well known among wind musicians for his faithful arrangements of orchestral music for wind ensemble. In particular, his arrangements of Elsa's Procession to the Cathedral (from Wagner's opera Lohengrin) and Finlandia (a symphonic poem by Jean Sibelius) have become staples of the wind ensemble repertory.

Lucien Cailliet served as Associate Conductor of The Allentown Band (Pennsylvania) from 1934 until 1969. During that period he conducted many of his arrangements on Allentown Band Concerts. In 1938 he dedicated his "Variations on the Theme Pop! Goes the Weasel" to The Allentown Band, an arrangement that continues to be a favorite or both bands and orchestras to this day. The renowned composer and arranger studied at several French music conservatories before graduating from the Dijon Conservatory at age twenty-two. He also received a degree from the National Conservatory in Paris. He was a bandmaster in the French Army and, in 1915, he toured the United States with the French Army Band. In 1919, he joined the Philadelphia Orchestra as a clarinetist, saxophonist, and arranger, where he worked closely with Leopold Stokowski. In 1923, at age thirty-two, Cailliet became an American citizen and continued to play with the Philadelphia Orchestra while attending graduate school at the Philadelphia Musical Academy. After receiving his Doctor of Music Degree in 1937, he moved to California to teach at the University of Southern California. After teaching there for seven years, he decided to devote his time to guest conducting and composing film scores.

In 1933, Cailliet performed Reynaldo Hahn's Sarabande et Theme on bass clarinet with Leopold Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra. In 1937, he made a new arrangement of Modest Mussorgsky's piano suite Pictures at an Exhibition. Cailliet also orchestrated three piano pieces of Sergei Rachmaninoff: the Serenade No. 5 from Morceaux de fantaisie Opus 3, the Prelude No. 5 in G minor from the 10 preludes of Opus 23, and the Prelude No. 5 in G major from the 13 preludes of Opus 32.

Cailliet also enjoyed a prolific career creating music for films. He contributed to nearly fifty films as either composer or arranger. Among the best known of these films are She Wore a Yellow Ribbon, The Ten Commandments (for which Elmer Bernstein wrote the score), and Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.

In the 1950s he lived in Kenosha, Wisconsin where he worked for the musical instrument producer G. Leblanc Company and conducted the Kenosha Symphony Orchestra. He died at Woodland Hills.

Cailliet's name often appears as "Lucien Caillet" on printed music; this was merely a pervasive misspelling, according to the New Grove Dictionary of American Music.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AyAf7aLHMmU"]Clarinet Poem by Lucien Cailliet -Silverwood Clarinet Choir - YouTube[/ame]

in 1894 - Alexander Spitzmuller-Harmersbach, composer is born.
in 1896 - Nacio Herb Brown, US composer is born.
in 1900 - Evald Aav, Estonian composer, is born. Aav composed the first Estonian opera; Vikerlased.
in 1902 - Hanns Neupert, German piano and harpsichord builder and author, is born.
in 1903 - Austrian composer Hugo Wolf died in Vienna at the age of 43
in 1905 - Luis Sandi, Mexican composer, conductor, musicologist and teacher, is born.

in 1906 - Edmund von Borck, talented German composer is born at Breslau. He studied composition in Breslau (1920-26), and music history at the Universotu of Berlin. He held several positions as opera conductor in Berlin and Frankfurt am Main, then taught theory and composition in Berlin until drafted into the army in 1940. His progress as a composer was rapid; his early works indicated an innate and original creative ability, and his death in combat was a great loss to German music. His style of composition is neo-Classical, with strong contrapuntal structure; the rather austere and reticent mode of expression assumes in Borck's music a colorful aspect through a variety of melodic and rhythmic devices, often in a rhapsodically romantic vein. - Died in battle near Nettuno, Italy, Feb. 16, 1944.

in 1917 – Louis Auria Combe, French conductor, is born at Pau. He studied in Pau, took courses in violin, singing, and harmony at the Toulouse Cons., and received training in conducting from Markevitch in Salzburg. He was founderconductor of the Toulouse Chamber Orch. (1953-71), which he led in performances of early and 20th- century scores. - Died at Toulouse, March 12,1982.

in 1919 - Jiri Pauer, Czech composer and director of the National Theater in Prague, is born.

in 1920 - Polly Adelaide Hendricks Hazelwood "Del Wood," American pop and country pianist, "Queen of the Ragtime Pianists," is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKjoPINcqyc"]DEL WOOD - 'Twelfth Street Rag' - 1953 78rpm - YouTube[/ame]

in 1922 - Andre Asriel, Austrian composer and teacher. is born at Vienna. He was a pupil of Stohr in Vienna, Ernst Meyer in London, and Eisler in Berlin. He was a teacher of theory (1951-67) and a professor of theory and composition (1967-84) at the Harms Eisler Hochschule fur Musik in East Berlin. Among his works were music for the stage, films, and radio, chamber music, many choral pieces on socialist themes, and other vocal pieces. He published Jazz Analysen und Aspekte (Berlin, 1966; 4th ed., 1984).

in 1922 - Felix Werder, German-Australian composer, music critic and teacher, is born.
in 1925 - Guy Mitchell, American pop singer and actor, is born.

in 1927 - David Ahlstrom, American composer, is born at Lancaster, N.Y. He studied with Cowell, Bernard Rogers, and Haridas Chaudhuri, and at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, N.Y. (Ph.D. in composition, 1961). After teaching at Northwestern University (1961-62), Southern Methodist University (1962-67), and Eastern Ill. University (1967-76), he settled in San Francisco. He wrote the operas 3 Sisters Who Are Not Sisters, after Gertrude Stein (San Francisco, Sept. 17,1982), Doctor Faustus Lights the Lights, after Stein (San Francisco, Oct. 29, 1982), and America, I Love You, after e.e. cummings (San Francisco, June 25, 1983, composer conducting), a number of theater pieces employing dance and electronics, symphonies, and chamber music. - Died at San Francisco, Aug. 23, 1992.

in 1929 - Marni Nixon, American film dubbing and musical theater singer "The Ghostess with the Mostess," is born.
Nixon's voice is heard in several films, dubbed in for actresses with less than stellar singing abilities.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dIS7xnE4nNA"]YouTube - A visit with legendary Hollywood "ghost voice" Marni Nixon[/ame]

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Old February 21st, 2014, 08:23 PM   #2700

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in 1934 - Thomas Paul, American operatic bass and teacher, is born.
in 1936 - Ernest Kador Jr. "Ernie K-Doe," American R&B singer, "The Emperor of the Universe," is born.
in 1934 - Willem Kes, Dutch violinist, conductor and teacher, dies a 78.
in 1937 - Dubravko Detoni, Croatian pianist, composer, and writer, is born.
in 1938 - Bobby Hendricks, American R&B singer/songwriter (The Swallows, The Drifters), is born.

in 1939 - Silvano Carroll, Italian baritone, is born at Venice. He trained at the opera school of the Teatro La Fenice in Venice and with Marcello and Mario del Monaco. After making his operatic debut as Schanuard in Venice in 1963, he sang in various Italian music centers. In 1972 he made his U.S. debut as Tonio in Dallas. As a member of Milan's La Scala company, he toured the U.S. in 1976 and Japan in 1981. In 1977 he made his debut at London's Covent Garden as Jack Ranee, and returned there in later seasons. In 1978 he made his first appearance at the Chicago Lyric Opera. On Oct. 28,1983, he made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Don Carlo in La forza del destino. In 1984 he sang at the Paris Opera. His guest engagements also took him to Vienna, Barcelona, Brussels, Munich, and Berlin. Carroli is especially associated with roles in Italian opera, but he also sings roles to fine effect in operas by Mozart and Wagner.

in 1943 - Louise Lopez, American disco singer (Odyssey), is born.
in 1944 - Mick Green, English rock guitarist and songwriter (Johnny Kidd & The Pirates), is born.
in 1945 - William Oliver Swofford "Oliver," American pop singer (The Virginians, The Good Earth), is born.
in 1950 - Ellen Greene, American musical theater singer and actress, is born.
in 1953 - Graham Lewis, English rock bassist (Wire), is born.
in 1953 - John Sparks, English rock bassist (Dr. Feelgood), is born.
in 1960 - Hubert Cuypers, Dutch organist, composer, choral director and teacher, dies at 86.

in 1960 - Percy Faith started a 9-week run at No.1 on the US chart with 'Theme From A Summer Place' a No.2 hit in the UK.

in 1961 - Don Van Spall, Dutch rock guitarist (Sleeze Beez), is born.

in 1961 - Nick LaRocca dies at age 71. American early jazz cornetist and trumpeter and the leader of the Original Dixieland Jass Band. Born in New Orleans he called himself "The Creator of Jazz", and "The Christopher Columbus of Music". From around 1910 through 1916 he was a regular member of Papa Jack Laine's bands. In 1916 he joined Johnny Stein's band to play a job up in Chicago, Illinois. This band became the famous Original Dixieland Jass Band, making the first commercially issued jazz recordings in New York City in 1917. These recordings were hits and made the band into celebrities. His 1917 composition "Tiger Rag" is one of the most important and influential jazz standards of the twentieth century. There were 136 cover versions of Nick's copyrighted composition "Tiger Rag" by 1942 alone. He led the band on tours of England and America into the early 1920s, when he suffered a nervous breakdown. He returned to New Orleans and retired from music. Then in 1936 Nick reunited the O.D.J.B. for a successful tour and more recordings and proclaimed that he and his band were the inventors of the now nationally popular swing music
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FH8kH-EH3-I"]YouTube - Original Dixieland Jazz Band - Jazz me Blues (1921)[/ame]

in 1962 - Elvis Presley was at No.1 o the UK singles chart with 'Rock-A- Hula Baby / Cant Help Falling In Love.' The tracks were from his latest film 'Blue Hawaii' and became the singers tenth UK No.1

in 1966 - Waymond Anderson "Suave," American R&B singer, is born.

in 1966 - During an 11-date tour of Australia and New Zealand The Rolling Stones played at the Centennial Hall, Adelaide, supported by The Searchers.

in 1968 - Genesis released their first single 'The Silent Sun.' Not a chart hit.

in 1969 - Tyrannosaurus Rex appeared at The Free Trade Hall, Manchester, England. Support act was David Bowie performing a one-man mime act. 1

in 1970 - Andrew Sebastian "Andy" Williams, English rock singer/songwriter and drummer (Doves), is born.

in 1970 - Jeremy Francis "Jez" Williams, English rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Doves), is born.
Video Notes: In an exclusive Observer session at Jodrell Bank radiotelescope in Cheshire, Jimi Goodwin and Jez Williams treat us to an acoustic version of their track Kingdom of Rust.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-XPu0MxT_o"]Doves perform Kingdom of Rust live at Jodrell Bank - YouTube[/ame]

in 1970 - Appearing at The Roundhouse Spring Festival in Camden, London David Bowie and the Hype, (first live performance of the new band), along with Bachdenkel, Groundhog and Caravan.

in 1974 - the first of two nights at London's Rainbow with former David Bowie guitarist Mick Ronson.

in 1975 - Scottish group The Average White Band went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Pick Up The Pieces', the bands album AWB also went to No.1 on the US chart.

in 1975 - Steve Harley and Cockney Rebel had their only UK No.1 single with 'Make Me Smile (Come Up And See Me). Singer Steve Harley said the lyrics were vindictively directed at the former band members, whom he felt had abandoned him.

in 1971 - Lea Salonga, Filipina musical theater and film singer and actress, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e7Ns1U0OnE8&feature=related"]YouTube - Lea Salonga - Don't Cry For Me Argentina (Evita) Live[/ame]

in 1971 - Rudolf Mauersberger, German composer and choir director, dies at 82.
in 1973 - Scott Phillips, American rock drummer (Creed), is born.
in 1974 - James Blunt, English folk-rock singer/songwriter and guitarist, is born.

in 1976 - Florence Ballard dies at age 32. American singer, one of the co-founders of the Hall of Fame Motown group The Supremes. During their early years, they were originally called The Primette, enjoying a generally democratic distribution of leads on songs. However, by 1966, Florence and Mary Wilson had begun to feel ignored in the group as Motown President Berry Gordy, Jr. spotlighted Diana Ross's individual career. Discontent led her to depression and alcoholism, factors that weighed heavily in Gordy's decision to permanently dismiss her from The Supremes. Her final performance with the Supremes was their first appearance at the Flamingo Hotel in Las Vegas. Flo went solo releasing the singles "It Doesn't Matter How I Say It (It's What I Say That Matters)" and "Love Ain't Love" on ABC Records, but they failed to chart. In 1974 former Supreme Mary Wilson flew her to Los Angeles for a comback career, but she continued to drown her sorrows with pills and alcholic beverages and Flo was living on welfare when she died at such a young age (cardiac arrest)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DC-KDncN8Is"]YouTube - Florence Ballard- The Impossible Dream[/ame]

in 1977 - The Sex Pistols won 'Turkey Of The Year' in this years NME readers poll.

in 1978 - The Police appeared in a Wrigley's Chewing Gum commercial for US TV, the band dyed their hair blonde for the appearance.

in 1979 - Tom Higgenson, American pop-rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Plain White T's), is born.

in 1980 - Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow, featuring Roger Glover, Graham Bonnet and Cozy Powell appeared at The Royal Highland Exhibition Hall, Edinburgh, Scotland.

in 1981 - One hit wonder Joe Dolce was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Shaddap You Face,' famously keeping the legendary Ultravox song, Vienna, off the UK No.1 slot. 'Shaddap You Face' was Number 1 in 11 countries with over 35 different foreign language cover versions, selling over 4 million copies.

in 1983 - Christina E "Christine" Auwen, Dutch singer (Die Haghezangers), dies at 75.

in 1983 - Sir Adrian (Cedric) Boult, eminent English conductor, dies at London.
His mother, a professional writer on music, gave him piano lessons; at age 12 he received some instruction in music from a science teacher, H.E. Piggott, at the Westminster School in London. At 19 he entered Christ Church, Oxford, and sang in the Oxford Bach Choir; then he studied with Hans Sitt at the Leipzig Conservatory (1912-13), and also attended rehearsals and concerts of that city's Gewandhaus Orchestra under Nikisch and sang in the Gewandhaus Choir.

Upon his return to England, he took his D.Mus. at Oxford and joined the staff of London's Covent Garden in 1914. In 1916 he appeared as guest conductor with the Liverpool Philharmonic and in 1918 with the London Symphony Orchestra. During the autumn season of 1919, he was principal conductor of Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in London, and from 1919 to 1924 he was conductor of the British Symphony Orchestra, an ensemble made up of former soldiers in the British army.

In 1919 he also became a teacher of conducting at the Royal College of Music in London, a post he retained until 1930. From 1924 to 1930 he was music director of the City of Birmingham Orchestra; he also was music director of the Bach Choir from 1928 to 1931. In 1930 he was appointed director of music for the BBC in London, and retained that important position until 1942.

He was also charged with organizing the BBC Symphony Orchestra, which he conducted in its first concert on Oct. 22, 1930. He subsequently served as its chief conductor until 1950. Under his discerning guidance, it became one of the principal radio orchestras in the world. He led it on several tours abroad, including a notably successful one to Paris, Vienna, Zurich, and Budapest in 1936.

During these years, he also appeared as guest conductor with the Vienna Philharmonic (1933), the Boston Symphony Orchestra (1935), the NBC Symphony Orchestra in N.Y. (1938), the N.Y Philharmonic (leading it in the premieres of Bax's Seventh Symphony and Bliss's Piano Concerto at the 1939 World's Fair, June 9 and 10, respectively), the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (1939), and the Concertgebouw Orchestra of Amsterdam (1945).

From 1942 to 1950 he was assoc. conductor of the Henry Wood Promenade Concerts in London. He was music director of the London Philharmonic from 1950 to 1957 and led it on a major tour of the Soviet Union in 1956. In 1959-60 he was again music director of the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra., and from 1962 to 1966 he once more taught conducting at the Royal College of Music.

In 1937 he was knighted, and in 1969 was made a Companion of Honour. In 1944 he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Philharmonic Society. He was conductor at the coronations of King George VI in 1937 and Queen Elizabeth II in 1953.

Boult's style of conducting was devoid of glamorous self-assertion; his ideal was, rather, to serve music with a minimum of display, and for this he was greatly respected by the musicians he led. Throughout his long and distinguished career he championed the cause of British music. He was particularly esteemed for his performances of the works of Vaughan Williams, whose Pastoral Symphony (Jan. 26,1922), Fourth Symphony (April 10, 1935), and Sixth Symphony (April 21, 1948) received their premiere performances under his direction in London. He wrote The Point of the Stick: A Handbook on the Technique of Conducting (Oxford, 1920); Thoughts on Conducting (London, 1963); My Own Trumpet, an autobiography (London, 1973). – Born at Chester, April 8,1889.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YRXkISjm97U"]Sir Adrian Boult - Vaughan Williams: Symphony No.8 | ICA Classics DVD - YouTube[/ame]

in 1985 - Efrem Zimbalist dies at age 94. Russian violinist born in Rostov-na-Don; by the age of nine, he was first violin in his father’s orchestra. At 12 he entered the Saint Petersburg Conservatory, he graduated in 1907 after winning a gold medal and the Rubinstein Prize, and by age 21 was considered one of the world's greatest violinists.he debuted in Berlin, playing the Brahms concerto, and London in 1907 and in the U.S. in 1911, with the Boston Symphony Orchestra. He then settled in the U.S. In 1917, he was elected as an honorary member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the national fraternity for men in music, by the fraternity's Alpha Chapter at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston. In 1928, he began teaching at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia. He was director of the school from 1941 to 1968. His pupils included such distinguished musicians as Aaron Rosand, Harold Wippler, Oscar Shumsky, Felix Slatkin, Shmuel Ashkenasi, and Hidetaro Suzuki. He retired as a violinist in 1949, but returned in 1952 to give the first performance of the Violin Concerto by Gian Carlo Menotti, which is dedicated to him. He retired again in 1955. He served as a juror of the International Tchaikovsky Competition in 1962 and 1966. His own compositions include a violin concerto, the American Rhapsody, a tone poem called Daphnis and Chloe, a Fantasy on themes from The Golden Cockerel by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, a piece called Sarasateana, and an opera Landara, which premiered in Philadelphia in 1956.
The quality of this videois very low, but it is a rare piece of celuloid.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9vDJMChiils"]YouTube - Efrem Zimbalist[/ame]

in 1986 - MTV dedicated a full 22 hours broadcast to The Monkees, showing all 45 episodes of the original Monkees TV series.

in 1988 - Stevie Wonder was awarded the 1998 MusiCares Person Of The Year at a concert in Los Angeles.

in 1992 - UK music paper the NME printed their writers all time best debut albums; at No.1, Patti Smith, 'Horses', No.2, Joy Division, 'Unknown Pleasures', No.3, MC5, 'Kick Out The Jams, No.4, The Jesus and Mary Chain, 'Psychocandy' and No.5, Television, 'Marquee Moon'.

in 1992 - Shakespear's Sister started an eight-week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Stay'. The duo was made up of ex Bananarama member Siobhan Fahey and singer Marcella Detroit (who co-wrote 'Lay Down Sally' with Eric Clapton). One of the longest running UK No.1's in chart history and the longest by an all-female act.

in 1987 - Andy Warhol/Warhola dies at age 58. American painter, printmaker, filmmaker and manager of The Velvet Underground. Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania he was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. After a successful career as a commercial illustrator, Andy became famous worldwide for his work as a painter, avant-garde filmmaker, record producer, author, and member of highly diverse social circles that included bohemian street people, distinguished intellectuals, Hollywood celebrities and wealthy patrons. He has been the subject of numerous retrospective exhibitions, books, and feature and documentary films. He coined the widely used expression "15 minutes of fame." In his hometown of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, The Andy Warhol Museum exists in memory of his life and artwork. The highest price ever paid for a Warhol painting is $100 million for a 1963 canvas titled Eight Elvises. The private transaction was reported in a 2009 article in The Economist, which described Warhol as the "bellwether of the art market." $100 million is a benchmark price that only Jackson Pollock, Pablo Picasso, Vincent van Gogh, Pierre-August Renoir, Gustav Klimt and Willem de Kooning have achieved (complications after a routine gallbladder operation)

in 1994 - Papa John Creach dies at age 76. American violinist and fiddler born in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania; he began playing violin in Chicago bars when the family moved there in 1935, and eventually joined a local cabaret band, the Chocolate Music Bars. Moving to L.A. in 1945, he played in the Chi Chi Club, spent time working on an ocean liner, appeared in "a couple of pictures", and performed as a duo with Nina Russell. He went on to be the fiddler for Jefferson Airplane 1970–1975, Hot Tuna, Jefferson Starship, Jefferson Starship - The Next Generation, the San Francisco All-Stars 1979–1984, The Dinosaurs 1982–1989, and Steve Taylor (Papa John ssadly suffered a heart attack during the '94 Northridge earthquake on January 17th 1994. This led to him contracting pneumonia, from which he died from a month later)

in 1997 - Jennifer Lopez married Ojani Noa, they separated a year later.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_66jPJVS4JE"]YouTube - Jennifer Lopez - Waiting For Tonight[/ame]

in 1997 - Blur went to No.1 on the UK album chart with their album 'Blur.'

in 1997 - No Doubt went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Don't Speak.' The third single from the band's second album Tragic Kingdom was written by Eric Stefani and his sister Gwen Stefani.

in 1997 - The Spice Girls started a four week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Wannabe', the first UK act to score a No.1 for over 18 months.

in 1998 - Tori Amos married sound engineer Mark Hawley.
in 2000 - The engagement ring Sex Pistol Sid Vicious gave to his girlfriend Nancy Spungen went on sale for auction at £1,500 ($2,550). Sid bought the ring from Camden market in 1977. Also on sale was a pair of John Lennon’s jeans for £2,250 ($3,825).

in 2001 - Winners at the 43rd Grammy Awards included U2, record of the year and song of the year with 'Beautiful Day', Steely Dan won album of the year for 'Two Against Nature', Macy Gray won Female pop vocal for 'I Try', Sting won Male pop vocal for 'She Walks This Earth', Eminem won Best Rap album from 'The Marshall Mathers LP', Johnny Cash won Best Male country performance for 'Solitary Man', and Shelby Lynne won best new artist award.

in 2002 - Two middle-aged women spent the first of eight nights sleeping in a car outside Bournemouth International Centre to make sure they were first in the queue for when tickets to Cliff Richard's forthcoming concert went on sale.

in 2002 - Ronnie Verrell dies at age 77. English jazz drummer. He played in two of the United Kingdom's "most famous" big bands, The Ted Heath Orchestra and The Syd Lawrence Orchestra. He also worked extensively in television, including as a drummer in Jack Parnell's ATV Orchestra and Sunday Night at the London Palladium. He also provided the drumming for The Muppet Show's "Animal", and was a "Skinnerett" on The Frank Skinner Show. The Scotsman called him a "driving band drummer" and an "exciting soloist". The Daily Telegraph said Verrel had a "rare combination of craftsmanship and bravura showmanship" and called him "Britain's best-known big band drummer for half a century"
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hzhNBkMDA7Y"]YouTube - Ronnie Verrell with The Ian James Big Band[/ame]

in 2003 - Sir Paul McCartney played a private show in San Diego for the 50th birthday of Wendy Whitworth, the executive producer of CNN’s Larry King Show. Sir Paul donated his $1 million (£0.6 million) fee to the Adopt-a-Minefield charity.

in 2003 - Cerys Matthews married US record producer Seth Riddle at a church in Trevine near Fishguard, Wales. The singer arrived for her wedding on the back of a vintage 1930s tractor after guests dressed as 1930s gangsters and molls had already arrived.

in 2004 - Norah Jones started a six week run at No.1 on the US album chart with ‘Feels Like Home’, the singers second US No.1. Usher feat Lil Jon and Ludacris were at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Yeah.' 2004, UK band Busted scored their third UK No.1 single with 'Who’s David.'

in 2004 - The Sex Pistols' 'Anarchy in the UK' was named the most influential record of the 1970s in poll compiled by Q magazine. Queen's 'Bohemian Rhapsody' was voted into second place and Donna Summer's 'I Feel Love' was third, T Rex's 'Get It On' was fourth and Special AKA's 'Gangsters' came fifth.

in 2006 - Anthony Burger dies at age 44. American pianist, singer and keyboards born in Tennessee; his first recording, ''Anthony Burger At The Lowry Organ'', was released in 1975 when he was 14 years old. He joined the Kingsmen Quartet while still a teen and remained with them until 1992, when left to pursue a career as a solo pianist. He joined the Gaither Homecoming Tour the following year and was featured on more than 65 Homecoming videos. He continued to release piano solo recordings and headline concerts, but his solo schedule was balanced by about 80 Gaither Homecoming dates per year. During the course of his career, Anthony teamed up with gospel Sax-Man Dan Traxler with over 100 tracks to their credit (massive heart attack while performing aboard the MS Zuiderdam, a cruise ship chartered for a Gaither Gospel Cruise)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pGG_Of0ccYM"]YouTube - Anthony Burger - Hallelujah Chorus - Gaither in South Africa[/ame]

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