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Old February 22nd, 2014, 09:12 PM   #2701

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in 1649 - John Blow, English organist, choirmaster and composer, is baptized. Blow wrote Venus and Adonis, which the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians calls the earliest surviving English opera.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mxpWdLXGiZk"]YouTube - John Blow Venus & Adonis Prologue[/ame]

in 1662 - Johann Crüger, German organist, composer and music theorist, dies at 63.

in 1685 - German-born British composer George Frideric Handel was born in Halle, Saxony.

in 1704 - Georg Muffat, Scottish-French organist, composer and Kapellmeister, dies at 50.

in 1730 - Christian Joseph Lidarti, Italian-Austrian composer, is born.
in 1797 - Antoine d'Auvergne, French violinist, composer and conductor, dies at 83.
in 1806 - John Alcock, English organist, composer and writer, dies at 90.
in 1807 - François Guichard, French composer, dies at 61.
in 1811 - George Washington Hewitt, American composer and teacher, is born.

in 1848 - Thomas Paine Westendorf, American songwriter, is born. Westendorf wrote "I'll Take You Home, Again, Kathleen," for his Irish wife, whose name was actually Jennie.

in 1867 - George Thomas Smart, English violinist, organist, composer, conductor and teacher, dies at 90.

Smart was born in London, his father being a music-seller. He was a choir-boy at the Chapel Royal, and was educated in music, becoming an expert violinist, organist, teacher of singing and conductor. He taught for many years at the Royal Academy of Music where his notable pupils included Elizabeth Greenfield, John Orlando Parry, Mary Shaw, and Willoughby Weiss. In 1811 he was knighted by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, having conducted a number of successful concerts in Dublin. On 1 April 1822 he was appointed organist at the Chapel Royal.

Sir George Smart was, from that time onwards, one of the chief musical leaders and organizers in England, conducting at the Royal Philharmonic Society, Covent Garden, the provincial festivals, etc., and in 1838 being appointed composer to the Chapel Royal. He was a master of the Handelian traditions, was personally acquainted with Beethoven and a close friend of Weber, who died in his house. Some of his church music and glees became well-known. He died in London.

His brother Henry (1778 – 1823), father of the composer Henry Smart, was a well-known violinist.

in 1873 - Dmitri Arakishvili, Georgian composer, teacher, ethnomuisicologist and collector of folk songs, is born.

in 1876 - Wadi' Sabra, Lebanese organist, composer, music theorist and teacher, is born. Sabra composed the Lebanese national anthem, "Kulluna lil-watan, lil'ula lil-'alam" (All of us! For our Country, for our Flag and Glory!)

in 1880 - Edgar Istel, German composer, musicologist and teacher, is born.
in 1882 - Ladislav Vycpalek, Czech violinist and composer, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pjj2bfyuNsM"]YouTube - Ladislav Vycpalek -- The Last Things of Man[/ame]

in 1886 - Albert Edward Sammons, English violinist, orchestra leader and teacher, is born.
in 1887 - Oskar Frederik Lindberg, Swedish composer and teacher, is born.

in 1897 - Woldemar Bargiel dies at age 69. German composer and pianist born in Berlin; at 16 he went to study at the famous Leipzig Conservatory with some of the leading men of music: Ignaz Moscheles for piano, Niels Gade for composition, and also Julius Rietz. Besides teaching at the prestigious Hochschule fur Musik in Berlin for much of his life and his composing acheivements, Woldemar also served with Brahms as co-editor of the complete editions of Schumann’s and Chopin’s works.

in 1900 - Elinor Remick Warren, American pianist, and prominent neo-Romantic composer, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82eU-6O_tZw"]LUCREZIA BORI SINGS SPANISH SONG BY VALVERDE -1936 RADIO - YouTube[/ame]

in 1903 - Friedrich Grutzmacher, German cellist, arranger and teacher, dies at 70.

in 1905 - Leonidas Zoras, Greek composer, conductor and director of the Athens National Conservatory, is born.

in 1916 - Martindale Sidwell, English organist, choirmaster and conductor, is born.
in 1916 - George Clement Martin, English organist and composer, cies at 71.
in 1920 - Hall Overton, American composer, jazz pianist and teacher, is born.

in 1920 - Alexander Alexandrovich Ilyinsky, Russian composer, teacher and writer of musical textbooks, dies at 61.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Lt9NGpJ5nU"]YouTube - Alexander Alexandrov And Red Army Ensemble -- Ukrainian Suite[/ame]

in 1924 - Lejaren Hiller, American composer and teacher, is born. Hiller founded the Experimental Music Studio at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and collaborated with Leonard Issacson on what's known as the first significant computer music composition; Illiac Suite in 1957.

in 1926 - Regine Crespin. French soprano, is born.
in 1927 - Ivan Hrusovsky, Slovak composer, musicologist and teacher, is born.

in 1927 - Sveinbjorn Sveinbjornsson, Icelandic composer, dies at 79. Sveinbjornsson composed "Lofsöngur," (Hymn), also known as "Ó Guð vors lands" (O, God of Our Land), the national anthem of Iceland.

in 1929 - Richard Moryl, American composer, is born. Moryl founded and directs the Charles Ives Center for American Music.

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Old February 22nd, 2014, 09:14 PM   #2702

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courtesy of The Australian Dictionary of Biography
in 1931 - Australian sopranoDame Nellie Melba died in Sidney at the age of 69.

Dame Melba, prima donna, was born Helen Porter Mitchell on 19 May 1861 at Richmond, Melbourne, eldest surviving of ten children of David Mitchell, building contractor, and his wife Isabella Ann, née Dow. Her father's business acumen and strict code of behaviour strongly influenced Melba, who later declared that of all the men she had known he had meant most to her. Her mother shared her husband's taste for music and proficiently played a number of instruments including the family harmonium; she was the girl's first music teacher. Nellie was not, however, an infant prodigy. Although she first sang in public when 6, forming a lifelong attachment to 'Comin' thro' the Rye', it was her humming that visitors noticed. Unwittingly she had hit upon what she would later describe as an effective vocal exercise. She also whistled, and generally behaved like a tomboy.

Educated first by her aunts, Melba was sent to a boarding school at Richmond before entering as a day-girl at the new Presbyterian Ladies' College. There, in the context of the most advanced education then available to women in Victoria, she pursued her interests in singing and the piano: her teacher Mme Ellen Christian had been a student of the famous Manuel Garcia. Melba showed herself to be adept in elocution, accomplished at painting and in acquiring the social graces; in mathematics and English she was undistinguished.

Melba's leaving school in 1880 was overshadowed by her mother's death, followed by that of a sister. Deciding on a change of scene, David Mitchell contracted to buy a sugar mill near Mackay in Queensland. There the 21-year-old Nellie encountered Charles Nisbett Frederick Armstrong, tall, blue-eyed and three years her senior, a man who agreeably combined exceptional skills as a rough-rider with the recommendation of gentle birth: his father was a baronet. They were married in Brisbane on 22 December 1882. Sequestered in a tin-roofed house, Melba became bored with the incessant rain and frustrated by a foundering marriage. The birth of a son, George, did little to allay her growing ambition to sing professionally, and on 19 January 1884 she left Mackay for Melbourne.
Although Melba later repudiated her indebtedness to Pietro Cecchi, her then singing teacher, it was he who responded to her inquiring letter with an emboldening telegram, since he believed hers to be a voice which would enthral the world. Melba now applied herself totally, and on 17 May 1884 made her début at a Liedertafel concert at the Melbourne Town Hall. 'She sings like one out of ten thousand', wrote the Australasian's critic. It was here she met John Lemmone, a flautist later to act as her accompanist, manager and opera company impresario, and who would be present at her deathbed.

After some success as a professional singer (she earned £750 in the first year) Melba accompanied her father, appointed Victoria's commissioner to the Indian and Colonial Exhibition, to London in March 1886. At first she was captivated; but encouragement was not forthcoming. Sir Arthur Sullivan told her to keep on with her studies and in a year's time he might offer her a small part in The Mikado; her one concert was smothered in fog and polite applause. However Melba had already arranged to have an audition in Paris with Mathilde Marchesi; a letter from Mme (Wiedermann-) Pinschof, wife of the Austro-Hungarian consul in Melbourne and herself a former pupil of Marchesi, introduced her. Marchesi immediately recognized her potential. Nevertheless it was necessary to refine Mrs Armstrong's technique; the pupil's voice may have been indebted to the teacher for its extraordinary durability, though not for a great deal else.

In the seven years he had taught her, Cecchi had placed the voice, coached her in the leading Italian operatic roles, and won her confidence to the point where she asked him to form a touring company. Mme Marchesi's contribution was to send Melba forth to selected salons as much for her social education as for singing experience, and to introduce her to the various composers who visited the Ecole Marchesi. These included Delibes, Thomas, Massenet and in particular Gounod, who coached her in his operatic roles. The sense of indebtedness of 'Melba'—Marchesi had pressed on her the necessity of taking a suitable name, so she chose a contraction of that of her native city—was enormous. Habitually she addressed her in correspondence as 'Mother', and repeatedly stated that Marchesi had been her only teacher. Certainly Marchesi had transformed the girl.

Melba made her début as an opera singer at the Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie in Brussels, on 13 October 1887. She was an immediate hit as Gilda in Rigoletto, a daughterly role for a 26-year-old; she went against custom and appeared in plaits. Subsequently she appeared in La Traviata and in Lucia di Lammermoor; then, on 24 May 1888, sang Lucia at Covent Garden. It was not a conspicuous success; although she later sang her favourite role of Gilda, she seemed to make little headway, and on being offered a secondary part by the management in another opera, packed her bags and returned to Brussels. However she had found an ally at Covent Garden in the influential Lady de Grey, who wrote begging her to return. Melba consented, but meanwhile made her Paris début as Ophélie in Hamlet on 8 May 1889. Acclaimed by press and public alike, she moved on to Covent Garden, where she appeared with Jean and Edouard de Reszke in Roméo et Juliette. 'I date my success in London', she later recalled, 'quite distinctly from the great night of 15 June 1889'.

Melba was fortunate in that the greater part of her career coincided with Covent Garden's golden age, even though its architect, the impresario (Sir) Augustus Harris, had initially engaged her reluctantly. Harris mounted spectacular productions involving hundreds, broadened the repertoire and widened the audience while still drawing the aristocracy; the Royal Opera's extraordinary social status Melba found exhilarating. Even though some of her greatest triumphs occurred elsewhere, most notably at La Scala in 1893 and repeatedly in New York, it was to Covent Garden that Melba returned season after season, maintaining a permanent dressing room to which she alone held the key. There she reigned supreme: her eclipse by the ageing Patti in 1895 was temporary. A powerful figure behind the scenes, Melba effectively blocked a number of rivals. In 1913 Covent Garden commemorated the twenty-fifth anniversary of her first appearance there with a gala performance: Melba appeared as Mimi in La Bohème, a role she had studied with the composer and made famous.

Assisted materially by her friend Lady de Grey, Melba moved freely in high society. It was remarked that she carried herself as if to the manner born. On first-name terms with the great, she would sing at their houses only when it pleased her: a not unreasonable attitude when, in addition to her tours to Continental opera houses, she had been invited to sing in St Petersburg before Tsar Alexander III, had sung in Stockholm before King Oscar II, in Vienna before Emperor Franz Joseph, and in Berlin before Kaiser Wilhelm II; she had also been commanded by Queen Victoria to Windsor. 'Years of almost monotonous brilliance' was the summation on her Covent Garden farewell programme. When she appeared in distant places, she was mobbed (much as pop-singers are today). Meanwhile friendly advice from Alfred de Rothschild strengthened her financial position. Shortly after the turn of the century she bought a house in Great Cumberland Place, London, to be her home for more than twenty years, employing French workmen to remodel it in the style of Versailles.

Although Charles Armstrong had sailed with Melba to Europe, he joined the army to keep himself occupied and occasionally visited his wife and baby in Paris. He was reluctant to shed the marriage; a spectacular row on the occasion of Melba's début in Brussels effectively ended it. In 1890 Melba met Philippe, Duke of Orleans, the dashing heir of the Bourbon pretender to the French throne, then living in England. The pair were glimpsed together in London, Paris, Brussels, St Petersburg, and Vienna where they indiscreetly shared a box at the Opera. The papers got hold of the story, and almost immediately Charles Armstrong filed a petition for divorce on the grounds of adultery. The case was eventually quietly dropped; diplomatic pressure may have been brought to bear. The scandal was enough to send the duke off on a two-year safari in Africa, and to impress upon a bereft Melba both the importance of discretion and an increased sense of solitariness. Armstrong, having spirited their son away to America, divorced her in Texas in 1900.

Melba's circle increasingly included Australians and she kept effective contact with her family. In 1902 her long-awaited return home took place, for a concert tour to all States and New Zealand: from the concerts in Sydney and Melbourne alone she netted £21,000, the takings of one Sydney concert setting a new world record. Melba's train journey was a royal progress southwards to Melbourne, where thousands turned out to greet her. A contingent from P.L.C. shrilled a 'coo-ee' as she alighted, while the Stock Exchange brokers waved their hats in the air as her carriage passed. For newly federated Australia, Melba represented glamour, success, and international acceptance: Melbourne in particular felt that she had made the place famous. Unfortunately, a week after she sailed for Europe in March 1903, John Ezra Norton penned an open letter in Truth which accused her of wilfulness, miserliness, parasitism and drunkenness. Norton made it plain that he would welcome a legal challenge and kept up the attack, but Melba, safely ensconced once more in London society, chose to ignore him. Unfounded stories of her fondness for the bottle continued to circulate for years afterwards.

Although she was entering her forties, Melba was at the peak of her career. She was commanded to sing for the president of France at Buckingham Palace; in 1904 she created the title role in Saint-Saëns' opera, Helene, at Monte Carlo; and in 1906-07, since she was displeased with the Metropolitan, she deserted it for the recently founded, rival Manhattan Opera House, which she revived financially with a triumphant season. It was probably her finest hour. Shortly after that American tour she contracted pneumonia and, although she fulfilled her engagement at Covent Garden, found it necessary to go to Australia for a holiday. While she was away Luisa Tetrazzini, ten years younger, gave a season at Covent Garden and quickly became a sensation; however, once Melba returned she held her ground, even though on occasion she irksomely had to alternate roles. Tetrazzini's success was even greater in America, where she settled; although no longer challenged, Melba had been made aware of the precarious nature of her primacy, and henceforth became increasingly concerned to develop her links with her homeland.

In 1909 she embarked on a 'sentimental tour' of Australia: she covered 10,000 miles (16,093 km), appearing in many remote towns. The further she toured, the deeper seemed the adulation: there were banquets, speeches, even small crowds at wayside stations as Melba progressed with an entourage consisting of her manager, a maid and a valet, together with two baby grand pianos. She would arrive a full twenty-four hours before a performance, and to sustain the excitement give her concert without an interval. On this visit she also began to promote what she regarded as the correct way of singing, essentially the Marchesi method as modified by herself. She bought a property at Coldstream near Lilydale, Victoria, and called in the architect and engineer John Grainger, father of Percy, to build Coombe Cottage. Increasingly it became the centre of her operations; nearly half of her remaining years would be spent in Australia. She returned in 1911 to head the celebrated Melba-Williamson Opera Company; Williamson's arranged the venues, Lemmone and she engaged the artists. In England once more, she continued to command an extraordinary following: no fewer than seven kings and queens attended one gala performance at Covent Garden in 1914.

When World War I broke out, Melba had recently arrived at Coombe Cottage. To go back to Europe was difficult, but she did make three wartime concert tours of North America where she excited pro-allied sentiment, and also applied herself to raising funds for war charities at home, most notably by her spirited auctioneering of flags at the conclusion of her concerts. She probably raised as much as £100,000 for the war effort, and on one memorable occasion stated that she would be prepared, if necessary, to work on the wharves. When in 1915 two Austrian teachers (one of them Mme (Wiedermann-)Pinschof) resigned from the Albert Street Conservatorium to follow George Marshall-Hall back to the University of Melbourne, Melba's response to what she saw as enemy action was to offer Fritz Hart her full support. Her connexion with the university, where she had laid the foundation stone of Melba Hall in 1913, was snapped; that with Albert Street thereafter grew to the point where today it is known as the Melba Memorial Conservatorium. Her interpretation classes there became famous, and drew students from all over the country; a martinet, she would pace up and down in her high leather boots, ably drawing out general points from students' mistakes as they sang before her. To be taken up by Melba held terrors of its own. Stella Power, winner of a scholarship to Albert Street, was badgered beyond her temperamental capabilities since the diva was intent on establishing her as the 'Little Melba'. Eager to create a school of bel canto in Australia, Melba provided her services gratis to Albert Street and made the conservatorium responsible for publishing her singing tutor, the Melba Method (1926).

The war over, Melba went to London to reopen Covent Garden; the city's weariness and shabbiness depressed her deeply. But the brown tweed coats she noted disapprovingly in the stalls, in place of the formal attire and tiaras of pre-war 'Melba nights', were but an indication of changed social conditions and the declining status of Covent Garden. She did not appear there again until 1923; in Australia she sang, offering cheap tickets, at the immensely successful Concerts for the People in Melbourne and Sydney in 1922, which drew some 70,000 people. A further Melba-Williamson opera tour took place in 1924; here she did her best to upstage the young Toti dal Monte. Beverley Nichols, who travelled with her while ghost-writing her Melodies and Memories (1925), later writing the novel Evensong (1932) about her, observed the 'unutterable weariness of the perpetual struggle to keep her supremacy when her voice and her body were growing old'. Melba returned to England and on 8 June 1926 gave her farewell performance at Covent Garden. Three Australians sang with her in three of her best-known roles: one of them (at her insistence) was John Brownlee, making his Covent Garden début.

Melba now began a series of farewell appearances that, in 'doing a Melba', was to enrich the language as well as bolster her self-esteem. As early as October 1924 she had announced her Australian farewell to grand opera, but her last operatic performances, again in a portmanteau programme, occurred at the end of the third Williamson-Melba season (as the order had now become) in Sydney on 7 August and in Melbourne on 27 September 1928. Two months later in Geelong she gave her last Australian concert. Feeling that she had been away too long, Melba left for Europe for two years, and sang in Brighton before moving on to Paris and Egypt, where she developed a fever. She never quite shook it off; however she managed to sing one last time at a charity entertainment at the Hyde Park Hotel, London. Dreading another northern winter, Melba decided to return to Melbourne, but her health grew worse on board ship. Partly in the hope of getting better medical care, she later went to Sydney where, in St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, she died on 23 February 1931 of septicaemia, which had developed from facial surgery in Europe some weeks before.

Though tempered with some astonishment that so great a personage should have been a singer, the obituaries read as though for the passing of a monarch. 'Is it too much to say', asked the Argus, 'that she was the greatest Australian?'; in Canberra parliamentarians stood with heads bowed to honour her memory. As a visiting English musician had earlier written, it was difficult for anyone outside the country to realize the extraordinarily powerful position Melba occupied in Australia. She may indeed have told Dame Clara Butt to 'Sing 'em muck!'; certainly Melba felt obliged to pronounce on everything from the state of the Empire to the condition of the road to Portsea. In England she would trade on her Australianness to be brash and forthright, but in Australia, Beverley Nichols recalled, travelling with Melba 'was like travelling through France with Marie-Antoinette'. She would bestow graded, lavish tiepins as if they were decorations, certificates of approval to shopkeepers, and for her students at Albert Street designed a uniform complete with a blue letter 'M'. There were many acts of public charity and private generosity. Convinced of her own importance, she believed that the accidents which occurred during an American tour during World War I were German-inspired attempts to eliminate her, so effective had she been in the war effort. Her autobiography shows that Melba's social successes were quite as important to her as her singing ones. Yet, as she once remarked to an inquiring aristocrat, 'there are lots of duchesses but only one Melba'.

A splendid constitution and tenacity of purpose, allied with exceptional powers of concentration and attention to detail, were elements of a charismatic personality which enabled Melba to remain for so long in the forefront of the musical world. Her sense of theatre comprehended the audience as well as the piece in hand; on one occasion her direct intervention from the stage prevented a panic when fire broke out, and in a production of The Barber of Seville in San Francisco in 1898, the year of the Spanish-American war, she won the hearts of a restless audience by singing 'The Star-Spangled Banner' in the music-lesson scene. Ruthless to rivals, she was quite capable of singing the same part from the wings in order to undermine a singer she did not like. A practical woman, she knew how to drive a hard bargain, while her feeling for show-biz gave her sureness of touch in dealing with the press.

Melba believed that her voice and personality were of a kind that came together only once a century. Certainly she drew the admiration of other singers, and even had the capacity to make them sing better. But not everyone rated her so highly. Whatever the case in London and New York, and to a lesser degree the Francophone countries, her standing was not quite so high beyond: Sir Thomas Beecham believed this to be because she was 'wanting in genuine spiritual refinement', while others spoke of her coldness. George Bernard Shaw, then a music critic, initially found Melba 'hard, shallow, self-sufficient and altogether unsympathetic', but by 1892—after the break with the duke of Orleans—he acknowledged her as not merely a brilliant singer but a dramatic soprano. Shortly afterwards Melba's limitations were made painfully apparent: her Brunnhilde in Siegfried at the Metropolitan in 1896 was a disaster, and her singing of the title role in Aida a few years later was scarcely more successful. Similarly, although Melba claimed that Puccini wrote the part of Madame Butterfly for her, and she studied it with him, something in the role eluded her and she never sang it.

She was at her best either in those parts which required a light voice, such as Gilda, Lucia, or Marguerite, or which did not require too great an exploration of psychological complexities, such as the lusty Nedda or the pathetic Mimi. In these parts she was so popular that her repertoire shrank to a dozen roles: she learned no new parts after 1904. She only twice created roles, both in undistinguished works; only after World War I did she put her aptitude for languages to use by singing chansons. The fact remains, however, that she sang with seeming effortlessness, producing a voice which Sarah Bernhardt described as being 'pure crystal', and which the soprano Mary Garden admired for the way it left the stage and seemed to hover in the auditorium like a beam of light. For Percy Grainger, 'Her voice always made me mindsee Australia's landscapes'.

It was as 'the Voice' that Melba sometimes chose to describe herself. 'Good singing', she stated, 'is easy singing'; nature had given her an almost perfect larynx and vocal cords. Her range was fully three octaves, while her registers were so well blended that even an eminent throat specialist thought they were one. A scientific measurement of her trill produced twenty feet of undulations between perfectly parallel lines. Instrumentalists admired her, not least for the way that, despite her imperious temperament, she scrupulously sought to realize the composer's intentions. From 1904 Melba began recording; she issued over one hundred records and helped to establish the gramophone. In 1920 she also became the first artist of international standing to participate in direct radio broadcasts.

Melba was appointed D.B.E. in 1918, and G.B.E. in 1927. She was survived by her son, and left an estate valued at £67,511: in 1914 she had been worth much more. Among her bequests was £8000 to the Albert Street Conservatorium for a singing scholarship, 'in the hope that another Melba may arise'. Of the portraits painted, those by Rupert Bunny and John Longstaff are the best known; both are in the National Gallery of Victoria. Neither depicts the young Melba, with the electricity of her auburn hair and lively eyes, her majestic profile and frank mouth; nor do they show the Melba of later years, the one familiar to millions of Australians reading their newspapers, a cultural icon swaddled in furs and splendid isolation.
Video Notes: This is early Melba, recorded in 1904. The great soprano shows the middle range of her voice, always strong, to considerable advantage in this simple but attractive song, as she is only 43 years old at the time of its recording. Melba was a world-wide phonemon in her day, and her hauteur and severe bearing, while it made her few friends among other musicians, served her well enough with the general public during the Victorian era, with its marked aristocratic vogue.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5xrzLd1T52Y"]Dame Nellie Melba sings Tosti's "Mattinata." 1904 - YouTube[/ame]

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Old February 22nd, 2014, 09:17 PM   #2703

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in 1934 - English composer Sir Edward Elgar died at the age of 76 in Worcester
in 1944 - Mike Maxfield, English pop songwriter and guitarist (The Dakotas), is born.

in 1944 - Johnny Winter, American blues-rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and mandolinist, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Tyg5SJDpiQ"]YouTube - Johnny Winter - Be Careful With A Fool[/ame]

in 1946 - Rusty Young, American rock steel pedal guitarist, and singer/songwriter (The Buffalo Springfield, Poco), is born.

in 1949 - Terry "Tex" Comer, English rock bassist (Ace), is born.
in 1949 - Larry "Squirrel" Demps, American R&B singer (The Dramatics), is born.
in 1950 - Steve Priest, English rock bassist (Sweet), is born.
in 1952 - Brad Whitford, American rock guitarist and songwriter (Aerosmith), is born.
in 1955 - Howard Jones, English pop singer/songwriter and keyboardist, is born.
in 1955 - Zeke Manyika, Zimbabwean pop singer/songwriter and drummer (Orange Juice), is born.

in 1957 - Marika Ninou/Evangelia Atamian dies at age 34. Armenian-Greek rebetiko singer, born on the ship Evangelistria; in a performance of the Ninos, the artist Petros Kyriakos heard her singing and recommended her to Manolis Chiotis, who recorded two songs with her in 1948. In October, 1948, Stelakis Perpiniadis brought her under his wing as a singer at the Florida club. By 1949, Marika had begun working with Vassilis Tsitsanis at Fat Jimmy's, a place that would come to play a decisive role in both their lives, with the Tsitsanis-Ninou pairing coming to possess a very special place in the history of the music of Greece. She recorded a total of 174 songs, of which 119 as first voice (cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i0r3aQKD8dw"]YouTube - marika ninou-agapi pou gines dikopo maxairi[/ame]

in 1958 - David Sylvian, English pop-rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and keyboardist (Japan), is born.

in 1958 - Ria Brieffies, Dutch pop and jazz singer (Dolly Dots, Ria Brieffies Kwintet), is born.

in 1961 - Petula Clark had her first UK No.1 single with 'Sailor'. During her career the former child actress achieved a total of 20 UK Top 40 hits and 2 US No.1 singles.

in 1962 - Michael Wilton, American rock guitarist (Queensryche), is born.
in 1963 - Rob Collins, English pop keyboardist (The Charlatans), is born.

in 1964 - John Norum, Norwegian rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Europe, Dokken), is born.

in 1965 - Filming began on The Beatles follow up to 'A Hard Days Night' on location in the Bahamas with the working title of 'Eight Arms To Hold You.'
in 1966 - During an 11-date tour of Australia and New Zealand The Rolling Stones played the first of four nights at the Palais Theatre, St Kida, Melbourne.

in 1966 - Billy Kyle dies at age 51. American pianist born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He began playing the piano in school and by the early 1930s worked with Lucky Millinder, and later the Mills Blue Rhythm Band. In 1938, he joined John Kirby's band, but was drafted in 1942. After the war, he worked with Kirby's band briefly and also worked with Sy Oliver. He then spent thirteen years as a member of Louis Armstrong's All-Stars, and performed in the 1956 musical High Society.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=loOaWo1G0WQ"]YouTube - BILLY KYLE - GIRL OF MY DREAMS[/ame]

in 1969 - 'If Paradise Is Half As Nice' by Amen Corner was at No.1 on the UK singles chart, The Move were at No.2 with 'Blackberry Way' and Peter Sarstedt was as No.3 with 'Where Do You Go To'.

in 1969 - Joseph Messner, Austrian church musician and composer, dies at 75.
in 1971 - George Harrison was fined and banned from driving for a year.

in 1972 - After nearly five years of marriage, Priscilla Presley moved out of Elvis' California home and into a two bedroom apartment near the Pacific Ocean. Their divorce would be finalized on October 9, 1973, with Priscilla being awarded an outright cash payment of $725,000 as well as spousal support, child support, 5% of Elvis' new publishing companies and half the income from the sale of their Beverly Hills home.

in 1972 - Wings played the last date on their 11-date un-announced UK tour at Oxford University.

in 1972 - Michael Taube, Polish-Israeli conductor, dies at 81.

in 1973 - Olaf Lasse Johansson, Swedish pop keyboardist and guitarist (The Cardigans), is born.

in 1974 - Suzi Quatro was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Devil Gate Drive', the singers second UK No.1 and fourth No.1 for the songs writers Chinn & Chapman. 1974, Rebel Rebel by David Bowie entered the UK chart, the single reached No.5 the following month.

in 1978 - Winners at this years Grammy Awards included Fleetwood Mac, Album of the year for 'Rumours', The Eagles, Record of the year for 'Hotel California' and Best pop vocal performance, The Bee Gees for 'How Deep Is Your Love.'

in 1978 - David Coverdale's Whitesnake made their debut at the Sky Bird Club, Nottingham, England.

in 1978 - Sid Vicious of The Sex Pistols and Nancy Spungen were arrested in New York for possession of drugs.

in 1979 - Dire Straits played their first American show when they appeared in Boston.

in 1980 - U2 appeared at The Moonlight Club, at The Railway Hotel in London, tickets cost £2.

in 1983 - Adrian Boult, famous and distinguished English conductor, dies at 93.
A truly historic film clip from WW II.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FND1COgyV6w"]YouTube - ADRIAN BOULT WITH LPO 1944[/ame]

in 1985 - Stevie Wonder was arrested during an antiapartheid demonstration outside the South African Embassy in Washington; he was released after being questioned by police.

in 1985 - The Smiths scored their first UK No.1 album with 'Meat Is Murder.'

in 1988 - Michael Jackson played the first of two nights at Kemper Arena in Kansas City, Missouri. The first shows on the second leg of his Bad World Tour.

in 1989 - Isaac Hayes was jailed by an Atlanta judge for owing $346,300 (£203,705) in child support and alimony.

in 1991 - Whitney Houston achieved her 9th US No.1 single in just over five years with her version of the Sister Sledge song 'All The Man I Need.'
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m46nvic8VIA"]Whitney Houston - One Moment In Time (Grammy Awards Live) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1995 - Melvin Franklin /David Melvin Englishdies at age 53. American bass singer with the Temptations from 1961 till he fell ill in 1994. Born in Montgomery, Alabama, the son of a preacher, moved to Detroit, Michigan at the age of nine. A young Otis Williams befriended 16 year old Melvin, and invited him to become the bass singer in his group called The Distants. Melvin remained with Otis and Elbridge Bryant when they, Paul Williams and Eddie Kendricks formed The Elgins in late 1960. In March 1961, the Elgins signed with Motown records under a new name,The Temptations. He had a fondness for the color blue, and so he was nicknamed "Blue" by his friends and fellow singers. Best friends for over thirty years, Melvin and Otis were the only two Temptations to never leave the group. He was one of the most famous bass singers in black music, over his long career, his deep vocals became one of the group's signature trademarks. Melvin sang some featured leads with the group as well, including the songs "I Truly, Truly Believe", "The Prophet" and Paul Robeson's "Ol' Man River" . In 1978 Franklin was shot in the hand and the leg when trying to stop a man from stealing his car. (Melvin lapsed into a diabeteic coma and died 6 days later from a brain seizure)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ta5jjR4LoMs"]YouTube - The Temptations - Ol' Man River[/ame]

in 1996 - Alan Dawson dies at age 67. American jazz drummer and widely influential percussion teacher based at Berklee College of Music in Boston. He was born in Marietta, Pennsylvania and raised in Roxbury, MA. Serving in the Army for Korean War duty, he played with the Army Dance Band while stationed at Fort Dix from 1951-1953. During his tenure, Alan explored the post-bop era by performing with pianist Sabby Lewis. After being released from the Army, Alan toured Europe with Lionel Hampton. Throughout the 1960s he recorded almost exclusively with saxophonist Booker Ervin on Prestige Records. In 1968 Dawson replaced Joe Morello in the Dave Brubeck Quartet and continued until 1975. His performance credits also included stints with Bill Evans, Jaki Byard, Booker Ervin, Sonny Stitt, Dexter Gordon, Lee Konitz, Quincy Jones, Charles Mingus, Tal Farlow and many other top jazz artists (leukemia)

in 1997 - Tony Williams dies at age 51. American jazz drummer, born in Chicago and growing up in Boston, regarded as one of the most important and influential jazz drummers to come to prominence in the 1960s, he first gained fame in the band of trumpeter Miles Davis, and was a pioneer of jazz fusion. Tony began studies with drummer Alan Dawson and began playing professionally at the age of 13 with saxophonist Sam Rivers and Jackie McLean hired him at 16. At 17, he found considerable fame with Miles Davis, joining a group that was later dubbed Davis's "Second Great Quintet". In 1969, he formed a trio, a pioneering band of the fusion movement, "The Tony Williams Lifetime," with John McLaughlin on guitar, and Larry Young on organ. Jack Bruce on bass was added later. Over the years he played on many projects and sessions including playing the drums for the band Public Image Limited fronted by former Sex Pistols singer John Lydon on their 1986 (a heart attack after routine gall bladder surgery)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzkZ8Ikr9L4"]YouTube - Awesome Tony Williams footage[/ame]

in 1998 - All members of Oasis were banned for life from flying Cathay Pacific Airlines after "abusive and disgusting behaviour" during a flight from Hong Kong to Perth, Australia.

in 1999 - Oasis guitarist Paul Arthurs was arrested and jailed overnight for being drunk and disorderly. Police found the guitarist outside a Tommy Hilfiger store in London.

in 2000 - Ofra Haza dies at age 42. Israeli singer, actress and international recording artist, born in Hatikvah, a poor area of Tel Aviv, she became was one of the most popular female singers in Israel. At the age of 13 she joined a local theatre troupe, where manager Bezalel Aloni spotted her exceptional singing talent and by the age of 19, she was Israel's first pop princess. When she had completed her military service in 1979, and released her first solo album Al Ahavot Shelanu/Our Love in 1980. This produced a string of hits including "Hageshem"/The Rain, "Shir Ahava La'chayal"/Love Song For The Soldier, "Kmo Tzipor" /Like A Bird and what ultimately became her signature song in her homeland, "Shir Ha'frecha"/The Bimbo Song. This was followed by 23 albums prior to her death. Ofra performed worldwide, represented her country in the Eurovision song Contest and shared duets and concert performances with Glykeria, Yehudit Ravitz, Paul Anka, Paula Abdul, Michael Jackson, Iggy Pop, Hoite, Prachim Yerushalaim, Buddha Bar, Ishtar, Gidi Gov, Stefan Waggershausen, Whitney Houston, Tzvika Pick, Khaled, The Sisters of Mercy, Thomas Dolby, Eric B and Rakim, Gila Miniha, Hans Zimmer, Hagashash Hachiver, Yaffa Yarkoni, Shoshana Damari (died of AIDS-related multiple organ failure)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UlIJOAZ1pak&feature=fvst"]YouTube - Ofra Haza Yerushalaim Shel Zahav (Jerusalem of Gold) subbed[/ame]

in 2002 - The Bee Gees made their last ever concert appearance when they appeared at the Love and Hope Ball, Miami Beach, Florida.

in 2003 - The News Of The World reported that Michael Jackson had undergone scores of painful operations to strip his body of black skin until he appeared white. And that surgeons at a Santa Monica clinic eventually refused him any more treatment. An insider told the paper that Jackson had been anaesthetised on a weekly basis to have his skin peeled and bleached.

in 2003 - Norah Jones cleaned up at the 45th Grammy Awards, held at Madison Square Garden, New York. The singer, songwriter won, Album of the year and Record of the year, with 'Don't Know Why.' Song of the year, Best new artist and Best female pop vocal for 'Don't Know Why'. Other winners included Best male pop vocal, John Mayer, 'Our Body Is A Wonderland'. Best male rock vocal, Bruce Springsteen, 'The Rising', Best female rock vocal, Sheryl Crow, 'Steve McQueen', Best rock performance by group, Coldplay, 'In My Place', Best rap album, Eminem, 'The Eminem Show'.

in 2003 - Howie Epstein dies at age 47. American highly noted rock bass player, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, well known for his work with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, he played in a number of both rock and roll and country Milwaukee bands that were regionally popular, like MHG Experience, Egz, Winks, Forearm Smash, and The Craze, after which he moved to the west coast. He played in bands with John Hiatt and backed Del Shannon, before joining Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers. Howie also played bass on recordings by Eric Andersen, Bob Dylan, Carlene Carter, Johnny Cash, John Hiatt, Stevie Nicks, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins, John Prine, Linda Ronstadt, Del Shannon, The Textones, The Village People, and Warren Zevon. He earned acclaim as a songwriter and a producer. He produced two albums for John Prine, including 1991’s The Missing Years, which won a Grammy for Best Contemporary Folk Recording, and Eric Andersen’s Memory Of The Future in 1998(overdosed on heroin)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPsgCSSPZxw"]YouTube - Howie Epstein: 'Thunderbird' (Epstein/Lamek)[/ame]

in 2004 - Carl Anderson dies at age 58. American singer, film and theatre actor born in Lynchburg, Virginia. He moved to Washington D.C. in 1969, where he and friends formed the group "The Second Eagle", with himself as lead singer. They covered jazz/rock tunes, some from the album Jesus Christ Superstar. This led him getting the role of understudy for Ben Vereen as Judas in the pre-Broadway touring company's production of Jesus Christ Superstar. When Ben fell ill, Carl took over the role, this catupulted his career, while performing the show in LA, Carl was flown to London for a screen test for the film version of Jesus Christ Superstar. Two weeks later, he was filming in Israel. The film, released in 1973 gave Carl 2 Golden Globe nominations as "Most Promising Newcomer" and "Best Musical Actor". As a recording artist, he signed with Motown Records in 1972, he worked with Stevie Wonder on his 1976 double album Songs in the Key of Life; he released four albums on the Epic label beginning in 1983. In total, Carl released nine jazz and soul albums as a solo artist, including hits "How Deep Does It Go," "Pieces Of A Heart," "Hot Coffee," and the mega-hit from his self-titled 1986 album, "Friends and Lovers" (a duet with Gloria Loring) which reached No.2 in the charts. Among many other hi-lights in his career, in 1997, Carl performed on Broadway playing The Duke in an adaptation of William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night called Play On! featuring the music of Duke Ellington, and in 2002, he again took the part of Judas in a national tour of Superstar with ex-Skid Row singer Sebastian Bach playing Jesus. The Leonard Cohen / Anjani song "Nightingale" from 2004 was made in his memory (leukemia)

in 2004 - Neil Ardley dies at age 66. English jazz pianist and composer, and was also the author of more than 100 popular books on science and technology, and on music. Having moved to London, he studied arranging and composition with Ray Premru from '60 to '61. He joined the John Williams Big Band as pianist, writing both arrangements and compositions, and from '64 to '70 was the director of the newly-formed New Jazz Orchestra, which employed some of the best young musicians in London, including Ian Carr, Jon Hiseman, Barbara Thompson, Dave Gelly, Mike Gibbs, Don Rendell, and Trevor Tomkins. He continued to play and compose, especially with Zyklus, the electronic jazz group he formed with composer John L. Walters, Derbyshire musician Warren Greveson and Ian Carr. Singing in local choirs in the later 1990s led him to start composing choral music, and this occupied most of his musical attention until his death. At the time of his death, Neil had begun to gig and record again with a slimmed down Zyklus consisting of himself, Warren Greaveson, and Nick Robinson.

in 2004 - Don Cornell /Luigi Varlaro dies at age 84. American singer of the 1940s and 1950s; born in The Bronx, New York, he started out with trumpeter Red Nichols and bandleader Sammy Kaye before going solo. His hits included "It Isn't Fair," "I'm Yours," "I'll Walk Alone," and "Hold My Hand." His version of "Hold My Hand" sold over one million copies, and topped the UK Singles Chart in 1954. he appeared many times on the highy-popular Ruth Lyons noon television program and became a favorite with viewers. In 1993, he was inducted into the Big Band Hall of Fame. He was also a member of Tau Kappa Epsilon International Fraternity (emphysema and diabetes)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AvHqb9X_4DY"]YouTube - Don Cornell sings "Hold My Hand"[/ame]

in 2007 - Donnie Brooks /John Dee Abohosh dies at age 71. American singer, born in Dallas, Texas, he moved to Ventura, California in his teens. He recorded a few minor hits under the stage names Johnny Jordan, Dick Bush, and Johnny Faire, the latter gaining some sales with "Bertha Lou" in early 1959. In late 1959, he made his first recording using the name Donnie Brooks, "Li'l Sweetheart," followed by his March 1960 hit single, "Mission Bell" which peaked at No.7 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. His follow-up, "Doll House"/"Round Robin" peaked at No.31 in December 1960. He continued to record through the 1970s. In 1971, Donnie played the role of Christ in the rock opera "Truth of Truths" for Oak Records. Later he toured with other performers from the early rock and roll era in oldies revival shows (heart attack following a long illness)

in 2010 - Johnny Marr was said to be "ecstatic" after getting back one of his guitars which had been stolen in 2000 after a gig at the Scala nightclub in Kings Cross, London. Smiths fan Stephen White told a London court he was "disgusted" with himself for taking the £30,000 cherry red 1964 Gibson SG when he went backstage after the gig at The Scala.
in 2010 - London's Abbey Road studios was made a listed building, protecting it from plans to radically alter it. Culture Minister Margaret Hodge listed the studios on the advice of English Heritage saying it had "produced some of the very best music in the world". The Beatles used Abbey Road for 90% of their recordings, naming an album after the studios in 1969.

in 2010 - Wyn Morris dies at age 81. Welsh conductor born in Trellech, Monmouthshire; he was especially known for his interpretations of Gustav Mahler's works, which he recorded almost complete during the '60s and '70s. He was the first to record Deryck Cooke's 2nd performing version of Mahler's Symphony No.10 in 1972, only the third time a recording of the work had been made. He also conducted the first recording of Barry Cooper's realisation of Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 10 in 1988. Wyn was music director of the Royal National Eisteddfod from '60-'62, and the Huddersfield Choral Society from '69-'74.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-W34B9qoA9s"]YouTube - Chausson - Poème de L'amour et de La Mer, op. 19 (5/5)[/ame]

in 2010 - Chilly B /Robert Crafton dies at age 47. American electro rapper from in Brooklyn, New York; Chilly sang, rapped, played keyboards and bass, and was a founder member of the influential 80's electro and old school hip hop group Newcleus, best-known for the massive 1984 vocoder opus "Jam on It", as well as similarly spacey joints "Jam on Revenge (The Wikki-Wikki Song)" and "Computer Age" (Chilly suffered a massive stroke that has left him brain dead and in a coma. The decision was made to remove him from life support and he passed on not long after)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dTMr7GOHNS4"]YouTube - A Look Back to Last Decade - MC Chilly B and the Chinaman Cru[/ame]

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Old February 23rd, 2014, 08:32 PM   #2704

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in 1607 - Claudio Monteverdi's opera Orfeo premieres in Mantua.

in 1666 - Nicholas Lanier, English lutenist, gambist, composer, singer and painter, dies at 77. Lanier was the first to hold the title, Master of the King's Musick. An ancestor of American poet Sidney Lanier and Thomas Lanier Williams [a/k/a/ Tennessee]
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vKcM_3ptRyw"]YouTube - Sinfonia by Nicholas Lanier, performed by Duo Marchand[/ame]

in 1692 - Antimo Liberati, Italian organist, choirmaster and composer, dies at 74.
in 1679 - Domenico Natale Sarro, Italian composer and maestro di cappella, is born.
in 1704 - Hubert Renotte, Belgian organist and composer, is baptized.
in 1704 - Marc-Antoine Charpentier, French composer, dies at around 61.
in 1711 - Händel's opera Rinaldo premieres in London.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YLt7jae2kcs"]Handel Aria F major from the opera "Rinaldo". Cello Georg Mertens - piano Gavin Tipping - YouTube[/ame]

in 1717 - Bernhard Hupfeld, German violinist, composer and teacher, is born.

in 1735 - Georg Friedrich Kauffman, German organist, composer, Kapellmeister and teacher, dies at 56.

in 1753 - Carl Turrschmidt, German cor basse player and composer, is born at Wallerstein, He was a pupil of his father, Johann Turrschmidt (b. Leschgau, June 24, 1725; d. Wallerstein, 1800), a horn player in the Prince of Oettingen-Wallerstein's orchestra. In 1770 he went to Paris, where he appeared in duos with Johann Paisa. They also played in the Prince of Monaco's private orchestra before entering the Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel's orchestra in 1783. In 1786 they performed in London, the same year they were called to the Berlin court. Paisa died in 1792 but Turrschmidt continued to perform in Berlin, and also made tours as a virtuoso. With Paisa, he composed a set of 50 horn duos (published. in Berlin, 1795). His son, Carl Nicholaus Turrschmidt (b. Paris, Oct. 20, 1776;d. Berlin, Sept. 18, 1862),was a horn player and teacher in Berlin. - Died at Berlin, Nov. 1, 1797.

in 1766 - Samuel Wesley, English organist, composer, conductor and teacher, is born.

in 1771 - Johann Baptist Cramer, German-English virtuoso pianist, composer and music publisher, is born. Beethoven considered Cramer the finest pianist of his day.

in 1784 - Anton Laube, Czech composer, dies at 65.
in 1797 - Samuel Lover, Irish songwriter, novelist and painter, is born.
in 1842 - Arrigio Enrico Boito, Italian composer, librettist and journalist, is born.

in 1846 - Luigi Denza, Italian composer and teacher, is born. His song, "Funiculi, Funicula" is known throughout the world. Richard Strauss heard it in Italy, and mistakenly thinking it was a folk song, included it in his Aus Italien symphony. Denza sued him, and ended up receiving royalties every time the symphony was performed.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XaO1GrltxwM"]Luciano Pavarotti - Funiculi, Funicula - YouTube[/ame]

in 1858 - (Eugene) Arnold Dolmetsch, eminent French-born English music scholar and instrumentalist, father of Carl Frederick Dolmetsch, is born at Le Mans, Sarthe. His father and maternal grandfather maintained an organ and piano workshop in Le Mans in which he was apprenticed in the construction and repair of instruments. He received piano lessons at age four, then took violin lessons from an itinerant violinist, and later from his uncle.

After his father's death in 1874, he carried on the family business. In 1878, however, he eloped to Nancy with Marie Morel, a widow ten years his senior; following the birth of their daughter, they proceeded to London, where they were married (May 28, 1878). In 1879 he went to Brussels to study violin with Vieuxtemps; he then came under the influence of Gevaert at the Brussels Conservatory, where he also studied harmony and counterpoint with Kufferath and piano with de Greef (1881-83); also learned to play the viola damore. Upon his return to London, he took courses in violin with Henry Holmes, in harmony and counterpoint with Frederick Bridge, and in composition with Parry at the Royal College of Music (1883-85).

From 1885 to 1889 he was an asst. violin teacher at Dulwich College; he also spent much time researching and copying early MSSin the Royal College of Music library, and later in the British Library. He began collecting old books on early music, and proceeded to collect and restore viols; he also taught his wife, daughter, and selected pupils to play the instruments, and presented concerts of Elizabethan music.

Expanding his activities still more widely, he set about restoring a variety of keyboard instruments, and later learned to build the instruments himself. At the invitation of Bridge, he performed the music of Byrd, Bull, Purcell, Locke, Lawes, Jenkins, and Simpson at Bridge's lecture at Gresham ColI. on Nov. 21, 1890; this was the first time the music of these early composers had been played on original instruments in modem times. On April 27, 1891, he gave a notable "Concert of Ancient Music of the XVI and XVII Centuries" in London, playing works on the viols, lute, and harpsichord, assisted by two vocal soloists.

He worked industriously to establish himself as an authority on early music and instruments, a distinguished performer, and a skilled craftsman; his cause was championed by George Bernard Shaw. Dolmetsch and his wife separated in 1893 and were divorced in 1899. From 1895 he lived with his divorced sister-in-law, Elodie, a fine keyboard player; in 1899 they were married. Dolmetsch, his wife, and Mabel Johnston, a player on the viola da gamba and the violone, made their U.S. debut in N.Y.on Jan. 6, 1903.

Dolmetsch and his 2n d wife were divorced later that year, at which time he married Johnston; with Kathleen Salmon, his pupil and a harpsichordist, they made an extensive U.S. tour in 1904-05. He was hired by Chickering & Sons of Boston in 1905 to oversee the manufacture of early keyboard instruments, viols, and lutes. From 1906 to 1911 he lived in Cambridge, Mass.; he also continued to give concerts. In 1911 he began working at the Gaveau factory in Fontenay-sous-Bois, near Paris. In 1914 he returned to England and settled in Haslemere in 1917, where he maintained a workshop and built the first modem recorder (1918).

In 1925 he organized the Haslemere Festivals, where he and his family presented annual concerts. In 1927 the Dolmetsch Foundation was organized by his pupils and friends with the goal of furthering his work. Its journal, The Consort, began publication in 1929. Dolmetsch was awarded the cross of the Legion d'honneur of France (1938) and an honorary doctorate in music from the University of Durham (1939).

He prepared editions of early music, including Select English Songsand Dialogues of the 16th and 17th Centuries (2 vols., London, 1898, 1912), English Tunes of the 16th and 17th Centuries for Treble Recorder in F and Pieces for 2, 3 and 4 Recorders (Haslemere, 1930), Select French Songsfrom the 12th to the 18thth Century (London, 1938), and The Dolmetsch Collection of English Consorts (ed. by P.Grainger; N.Y., 1944). He also contributed articles to journals and published the book The Interpretation of the Music of the XVII and XVIII Centuries (London, 1915; 2n d ed., 1946). U. Supper ed. A Catalogueof the Dolmetsch Library (Haslemere, 1967).

in 1864 - Thomas Tapper, American music educator, is born at Canton, Mass. He studied in the U.S. and Europe. He edited the Music Record and Review (1901-07) and the Musician (1905-07), then taught at N.Y.U. (1908-12). He was lecturer at the Institute of Musical Art (1905-24), and also filled other editorial and educational positions. He published The Music Life (1891), The Education of the Music Teacher (1914), Essentials in Music History (1914; with Percy Goetschius), The Melodic Music Course (28 vols.; with EH. Ripley), Harmonic Music Course (7 vols.), The Modern Graded Piano Course (19 vols.), Music Theory and Composition (6 vols.), and From Palestrina to Grieg (Boston, 1929; 2nd ed., 1946). His wife, Bertha Feiring Tapper (b. Christiania, Norway, Jan. 25, 1859; d. N.Y., Sept. 2, 1915), was a good pianist. She studied with Agathe Backer-Grondahl in Norway and with Leschetizky in Vienna, then went to America in 1881 where she later taught piano at the New England Conservatory in Boston (1889-97) and at the Institute of Musical Art in N.Y. (1905-10). She edited 2 vols. of Grieg's piano works, and also published piano pieces and songs. She married Tapper on Sept. 22, 1895. - Died at White Plains, N.Y., Feb. 24, 1958.

in 1877 - Rudolph Ganz, distinguished Swiss-American pianist, conductor, and pedagogue, is born at Zurich. He studied music assiduously, first as a cellist (with Friedrich Hegar), then as a pianist (with Robert Freund) in Zurich; also took composition lessons with Charles Blanchet at the Lausanne Cons. In 1897-98 he studied piano with F.Blumer in Strasbourg, and in 1899 took a course in advanced piano playing with Busoni in Berlin.

He made his first public appearance at the age of 12 as a cellist, and at 16 as a pianist. In 1899 he was the soloist in Beethoven's Emperor Concerto and Chopin'S E-minor Concerto with the Berlin Philharmonic, and in May 1900 the Berlin Philharmonic performed his 1st Symphony. In 1901 he went to the U.S. and was engaged as a professor of piano at the Chicago Musical College: between 1905 and 1908 he made several tours of the u.s. and Canada, and from 1908 to 1911 toured Europe. After 1912 he toured in both Europe and America. From 1921 to 1927he was music director of the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra; from 1938 to 1949 he conducted a highly successful series of Young People's Concerts with the N.Y. Philharmonic; concurrently (1929-54) he served as director of the Chicago Musical College.

He played first performances of many important works, including those of Busoni, Ravel, and Bartok. He was a highly successful pedagogue, and continued to teach almost to the time of his death, at the age of 95. Besides the early symphony, he wrote a lively suite of 20 pieces for Orchestra, Animal Pictures (Detroit, Jan. 19, 1933, composer conducting), a Piano Concerto (Chicago, Feb. 20, 1941, composer soloist), Laughter-Yet Love, Overture to an Unwritten Comedy (1950), solo piano pieces, and about 200 songs to German, French, English, Swiss, and Alsatian texts. He published Rudolph Ganz Evaluates Modern Piano Music (N.Y., 1968). BIBL.: J. Collester, R. G.: A MusicalPioneer (Metuchen, N.J., 1995). - Died at Chicago, Aug. 2, 1972.

in 1890 - Antonio Massana, Spanish organist, composer, choirmaster, musicologist and teacher, is born.

in 1905 - Guillaume Landre, Dutch composer, chairman of the Dutch Society of Composers, and lawyer, is born.
in 1907 - Otto Goldschmidt, German pianist, composer and conductor, dies at 77.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ikFsFYT0u_E"]YouTube - Otto Goldschmidt 'A tender shoot hath started', sung by St Peter's Singers of Leeds[/ame]

in 1908 - Anatol' Vakhnyanyn, Ukrainian composer, collector of folk songs, teacher, writer and diplomat, dies at 66.

in 1911 - Konrad Lechner, German cellist, composer, choral conductor and teacher, is born.

in 1919 - Josephine McGill, American composer and collector of folk songs, dies at 41.
in 1921 - Ingvar Lidholm, Swedish violist, composer, conductor and teacher, is born.

in 1924 - Margrit Weber, Swiss pianist, is born at Ebnat-Kappel. She studied organ with Heinrich Funk in Zurich; then received training in piano from Max Egger and Walter Lang at the Conservatory there. She was employed as an organist at the age of 15, then devoted herself chiefly to the piano. She toured Europe, presenting many new works; also played in the US. and Canada. She was the soloist in the first performances of piano concertos by Martinu and Alexander Tcherepnin, and of Stravinsky's Movements for Piano and Orchestra, which she performed under Stravinsky's direction in N.Y. on Jan. 10, 1960.

in 1929 - Andre Charles Prosper Messager, French organist, composer and conductor, dies at 75.

in 1932 -Michel Legrand, French jazz pianist, film score composer, conductor and arranger, is born in Bécon-les-Bruyères in the Paris suburbs) he is a French musical composer, arranger, conductor, and pianist. His father Raymond Legrand was a conductor and composer renowned for hits such as Irma la douce and his mother, Marcelle Der Mikaëlian (sister of conductor Jacques Hélian), who married Legrand Senior in 1929, was descended from the Armenian bourgeoisie.

Legrand is a prolific composer, having written over 200 film and television scores in addition to many memorable songs. He is best known for his often haunting film music and scores, such as The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1964) and The Thomas Crown Affair (1968) featuring the song "The Windmills of Your Mind" for which he won his first Academy Award.

Legrand has composed more than two hundred film and television scores and several musicals and has made well over a hundred albums. He has won three Oscars (out of 13 nominations) and five Grammys and has been nominated for an Emmy. He was twenty-two when his first album, I Love Paris, became one of the best-selling instrumental albums ever released. He is a virtuoso jazz and classical pianist and an accomplished arranger and conductor who performs with orchestras all over the world.

He studied music at the Paris Conservatoire from 1943-50 (ages 11–18), working with, among others, Nadia Boulanger, who also taught many other composers, including Aaron Copland and Philip Glass, and Ástor Piazzolla. Legrand graduated with top honors as both a composer and a pianist.

Legrand has also contributed significant work in jazz. While on a visit to the U.S. in 1958, Legrand collaborated with such musicians as Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Bill Evans, Phil Woods, Ben Webster, Hank Jones, and Art Farmer in an album of inventive orchestrations of jazz standards titled Legrand Jazz. The following year, back in Paris with bassist Guy Pedersen and percussionist Gus Wallez, he recorded an album of Paris-themed songs arranged for jazz piano trio, titled Paris Jazz Piano. Nearly a decade later he recorded At Shelly's Manne-Hole (1968), an exciting live trio session with bassist Ray Brown and drummer Shelly Manne, in which four of the compositions were improvised on the spot. Legrand also provided an odd scat vocal on "My Funny Valentine." Legrand returned to his role as jazz arranger for the Stan Getz album Communications '72 and resumed his collaboration with Phil Woods on Jazz Le Grand (1979) and After the Rain (1982); then, he collaborated with violinist Stephane Grappelli on an album in 1992. Not as well received as his earlier work in the field of jazz was a 1994 album for LaserLight titled Michel Plays Legrand. More recently, in 2002, he recorded a masterful solo jazz piano album reworking fourteen of his classic songs, Michel Legrand by Michel Legrand. His jazz piano style is virtuosic and eclectic, drawing upon such influences as Art Tatum, Erroll Garner, Oscar Peterson, and Bill Evans.

A number of his songs, including "What Are You Doing the Rest of Your Life?," "Watch What Happens," "The Summer Knows," and "You Must Believe in Spring," have become jazz standards covered frequently by other artists.

During various periods of creative work, Legrand became a conductor for orchestras in St. Petersburg, Vancouver, Montreal, Atlanta, Pittsburgh, and Denver. He recorded more than one hundred albums with international musical stars (spanning the genres of jazz, variety, and classical) and worked with such diverse musicians as Phil Woods, Ray Charles, Claude Nougaro, Perry Como, Neil Diamond, Ella Fitzgerald, Aretha Franklin, Lena Horne, James Ingram, Jack Jones, Kiri te Kanawa, Tamara Gverdciteli, Frankie Laine, Tereza Kesovija, Johnny Mathis, Jessye Norman, Diana Ross, Frank Sinatra, Barbra Streisand, Sarah Vaughan, Shirley Bassey, Regine Velasquez, and Natalie Dessay.

Legrand has also recorded classical piano pieces by Erik Satie and American composers such as Amy Beach, George Gershwin, Aaron Copland, John Cage, and Conlon Nancarrow. He is a prolific recorder of jazz, popular and classical music albums, have released over one hundred.

His sister, Christiane Legrand, was a member of the Swingle Singers, and his niece Victoria Legrand is a member of the indie rock duo Beach House.

Legrand is known principally as a composer of innovative music for films, composing film scores (about two hundred to date) for directors Jean-Luc Godard, Richard Brooks, Claude Lelouch, Clint Eastwood, Robert Altman, Joseph Losey, and many others. Legrand himself appears and performs in Agnès Varda's French New Wave classic, Cleo from 5 to 7 (1961). After his songs appeared in Jacques Demy's films The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1964) and The Young Girls of Rochefort (1966), Legrand became famous worldwide. The Umbrellas of Cherbourg was a sung-through musical in which all the dialogue was set to music, a revolutionary concept at the time.

Hollywood soon became interested in Legrand after The Umbrellas of Cherbourg, bombarding him with requests to compose music for films. Having begun to collaborate with Hollywood, Legrand continued to work there for many years. Among his best-known scores are those for The Thomas Crown Affair (1968), which features the hit song "The Windmills of Your Mind", and Summer of '42 (1971), which features another hit song, "The Summer Knows." Legrand also wrote the score for Orson Welles's last-completed film, F for Fake (1974).

Legrand's instrumental version of the theme from Brian's Song charted for eight weeks in 1972, peaking at #56.

Currently, Legrand divides his time between America and France.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7Unnx5eLbk"]Love theme from "Les parapluies de Cherbourg" (1964) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1934 - Renata Scotto, Italian soprano, opera director, producer and teacher, is born.
in 1934 - Mizuno Shuko, Japanese composer, is born.
in 1941 - Joanie Sommers, American pop singer and actress, is born.

in 1942 - Paul Jones, English pop/R&B singer, harmonica player (Manfred Mann), actor and television personality, is born.

in 1944 - Nicky Hopkins, English rock session keyboardist (many diiferent acts, including The Rolling Stones, The Beatles, Quicksilver Messenger Service and Jefferson Airplane), is born.

in 1947 - Rupert Holmes, American-British composer, singer/songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and writer, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QVdhZwK7cS8"]The Pina Colada Song - YouTube[/ame]

in 1947 - Lonnie Turner, American rock bassist (Steve Miller Band), is born.
in 1955 - Bob Abrams, American rock guitarist and singer (The Buckinghams), is born.

in 1957 - Buddy Holly recorded a new version of 'That'll Be The Day', the title being taken from a phrase used by John Wayne in the film 'The Searchers.'

in 1958 - Sammy Kershaw, American country singer and guitarist, is born.
in 1960 - Jean Binet, Swiss composer and teacher, dies at 66.
in 1961- Persijn "Dakota" Joling, Dutch rock guitarist and singer (Pilgrims), is born.
in 1962 - Karen Michelle Johnston "Michelle Shocked," American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist, is born.

in 1963 - The Rolling Stones started a Sunday night residency at The Station Hotel, Richmond, Surrey. The Stones were paid £24 for the gig ($41) and played on the first night to 66 people.

in 1965 - The first full day of filming took place for The Beatles movie ‘Help!’ with the group riding bicycles on location near London Airport, England.

in 1967 - Franz Waxman /Franz Wachsmann dies at age 60. German composer known for his bravura Carmen Fantasie for violin and orchestra, based on musical themes from the Bizet opera Carmen, and for his musical scores for films. He orchestrated Frederick Hollander's score for the 1930 film Blue Angel before leaving Nazi Germany for France then America in 1935. He went on to received 12 Academy Award nominations, winning in consecutive years for Sunset Boulevard and A Place in the Sun. The many films he worked on included four Alfred Hitchcock films, Rebecca-1940, Suspicion-1941, The Paradine Case-1947, and Rear Window-1954. Franz had two Oscar Nominations for his scores with Alfred Hitchcock for Rebecca and Suspicion (cancer)
You will recognize this one.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dHjJTtPR1Is"]YouTube - THE BRIDE OF FRANKENSTEIN (1935) Soundtrack Score Suite (Franz Waxman)[/ame]

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Old February 23rd, 2014, 08:35 PM   #2705

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in 1969 - The Jimi Hendrix Experience played their last ever-British performance when they appeared at the Royal Albert Hall.

in 1973 - Roberta Flack had her second US No.1 when 'Killing Me Softly With His Song', started a five-week run at the top. The song was written about US singer songwriter Don McLean.

in 1973 - The Byrds made their final live appearance when they played at The Capitol Theatre in Passaic, New Jersey. (The then-current incarnation of the Byrds, which included Roger McGuinn, Clarence White, John York and Gene Parsons).

in 1976 - Charles Wilfred Orr, English composer and songwriter, dies at 82.

in 1976, The Eagles 'Greatest Hits' became the first album to be certified platinum by the R.I.A.A. New certification's represented sales of 1 million copies for albums and two million for singles.

in 1977 - Tom Shaw dies at age 68. American blues singer and guitarist, born in Brenham, Texas, as a young man he worked with Blind Lemon Jefferson, J. T. Smith and Ramblin' Thomas. In the 1960s and 1970s he recorded for the Advent, Blue Goose and Blues Beacon labels and is noted for hits songs "Hey Mr. Nixon" and "Martin Luther King". (heart surgery)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SjEvCUJhoJM"]YouTube - Tom Shaw - Samson & Delilah[/ame]

in 1979 - A new UK TV show started on BBC2 called 'Seven To One', the title referring to the format of seven teenagers questioning a star guest, the first weeks guest was the singer from The Boomtown Rats, Bob Geldof.

in 1982 - The Police won best British group at the first annual Brit Awards held in London, Adam And The Ants won best album for 'Kings Of The Wild Frontier’, Cliff Richard won British Male Solo Artist, Randy Crawford won British Female Solo Artist, British Breakthrough Act went to The Human League, British Producer was Martin Rushent and Outstanding Contribution went to John Lennon.

in 1982 - Winners at the Grammy Awards included John & Yoko Album of the year with 'Double Fantasy, Kim Carnes for Song of the year with 'Bette Davis Eyes', Quincy Jones won producer of the year and Sheena Easton best new act.

in 1982 - Virginia Bruce /Helen Virginia Briggs dies at age 71. American actress and singer born in Minneapolis, but moved with her family to Los Angeles where she became a member of the Ziegfeld Follies. In 1930 she appeared on Broadway in the musical Smiles, followed by America's Sweetheart in 1931. She also introduced the Cole Porter standard "I've Got You Under My Skin" in the film Born to Dance and co-starred in the MGM musical The Great Ziegfeld. One of her later film appearances was in the 1960s Strangers When We Meet. Her final film appearance was in Madame Wang's in 1981 (cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tjw6oL-2nAs"]YouTube - Movie Legends - Virginia Bruce[/ame]

in 1990 - Johnnie Ray dies at age 63. American singer born in Hopewell, Origan; considered by many people to be the forerunner of what would become rock 'n' roll and has been cited as the historical link between Frank Sinatra and Elvis Presley in the development of popular music. He became deaf in his right ear at age 13 after an accident during a Boy Scout event. After moving to Detroit he was spotted Bernie Lang, a song plugger, who was taken to the Flame Showbar nightclub. His first record, the self-penned R&B number "Whiskey and Gin", was a minor hit in 1951. The follow up was the double-sided hit single of "Cry" and "The Little White Cloud That Cried", selling over two million copies of the 45 single, and he quickly became a teen idol. More hits followed, including "Please Mr. Sun", "Such a Night", "Walkin' My Baby Back Home", "A Sinner Am I", and "Yes Tonight Josephine", "Just Walkin' in the Rain" and "You Don't Owe Me a Thing". He was popular in the UK, and performed at the London Palladium. In the early 1970s, he appearanced on The Andy Williams Show and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson three times during 1972 and 1973. In later years, he retained a loyal fan base overseas, in the UK, and particularly in Australia (liver failure)

in 1991 - Webb Michael Pierce dies at age 69. American honky tonk vocalist of the 1950s, born in West Monroe, Louisiana. He began to play guitar before he was a teenager and at 15 was given his own weekly 15-minute show, Songs by Webb Pierce, on KMLB-AM in Monroe. He founded a band of local Shreveport musicians, including pianist Floyd Cramer, guitarist-vocalist Faron Young, bassist Tillman Franks and vocalists Teddy and Doyle Wilburn and also founded a record label, Pacemaker; and Ark-La-Tex Music, a publishing company, with Horace Logan. On Pacemaker, he made several records between 1950 and 1951, after which he was signed by Decca. His break through came with his second decca single, "Wondering", climbing to No. 1 early in 1952, and his biggest hit was "There Stands the Glass" in 1953. Other of his vast amount of hits include "That Heart Belongs to Me", "Back Street Affair", "Slowly", "More and More", and "In the Jailhouse Now". His singles spent 113 weeks at No.1 during the 1950s, when he charted 48 singles. 29 reached the top ten, 26 reached the top four and 13 hit No. 1. charting 10 No.1 hits. He charted more number one hits than any other country artist during the decade and continued charting until 1982 with a total of 96 hits. For many, Webb, with his flamboyant Nudie suits and twin silver dollar-lined convertibles, became the most recognizable face of country music of the era and its excesses. Webb was a one-time member of the Grand Ole Opry and was posthumously inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in October of 2001 and into the Louisiana Music Hall of Fame in 2008 (pancreatic cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CvnXgtukVvg"]YouTube - WEBB PIERCE-YOUR GOOD FOR NOTHING HEART.wmv" target="_blank">YouTube - WEBB PIERCE-YOUR GOOD FOR NOTHING HEART.wmv[/ame]

in 1992 - Kurt Cobain married Courtney Love in Waikiki, Hawaii. The press reported that the couple were expecting a baby on Sept 10th of this year.

in 1994 - Donald Phillips, English pianist and composer, dies at 80.
in 1994 - Jean Sablon, French pop singer and actor, dies at 87.

in 1994 - Jean Sablon dies at age 87. French singer and actor, born in Nogent-sur-Marne, he studied piano at the Lyceé Charlemagne in Paris, left to concentrate on a vocal career. He started in the cabarets of Paris at the age of 17and later, he partnered the popular Mistinguett at the Casino de Paris which boosted his career considerably. He was the first cabaret singer to use a microphone in his stage act. In the 1920s he spent time in Brazil where his recordings remain extremely popular today. In 1937 he won the Grand Prix du Disque for the song "Vous qui passez sans me voir". That same year, he went to America, where he sang on live radio broadcasts for CBS and made several records in the English language. On Broadway, he worked with luminaries such as Cole Porter and George Gershwin. He returned to Paris but with the German occupation of France in World War II, he went back to America for the duration. During his career, Jean's records sold in the millions around the world amd he recorded with some of the world's top musicians, including Django Reinhardt and Stéphane Grappelli. Jean is credited with arranging Reinhardt's debut in a fashionable cabaret in 1933. He also appeared in a number of motion pictures and TV films performing as a vocalist or pianist, his last was in 1984 when he sang "April in Paris" in Mistral's Daughter, the popular American TV miniseries filmed in France. (Jean passed away in Cannes-La-Bocca, and was interred in the Cimetière du Montparnasse in Paris)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ApMGZVyEtAY"]YouTube - "J'Attendrai" (Jean Sablon)" target="_blank">YouTube - "J'Attendrai" (Jean Sablon)[/ame]

in 1994 - Dinah Shore /Frances Rose Shore dies at age 77. American singer, actress, and television personality. She was most popular during the Big Band era of the 1940s and 1950s. After failing singing auditions for the bands of Benny Goodman and both Jimmy Dorsey and his brother Tommy Dorsey, she struck out on her own to become the first singer of her era to achieve huge solo success. She had a string of 80 charted popular hits, lasting from 1940 into the late '50s, including "Yes, My Darling Daughter", "Blues In The Night", "Jim", "You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To", "Buttons and Bows", "Sweet Violets", "My Heart Cries For You" and "Fascination". She also appeared in a handful of films such as 'Thank Your Lucky Stars', 'Up in Arms', 'Follow the Boys', before going on to a four-decade career in American television, starring in her own music and variety shows in the '50s and '60s and hosting two talk shows in the '70s. TV Guide magazine ranked her at No.16 on their list of the top fifty television stars of all time (cancer)

in 1996 - Laurence Richard Deniz, Welsh jazz guitarist, dies at 71.
in 1997 - Isabelle Harriet Lucas, Canadian-British singer and actress, dies at 69.
From the musical South Pacific of Rodgers and Hammerstein II the song Bali Ha'i, performed by Isabelle Harriet Lucas (Bloody Mary) in the first UK edition. Taken from an EmiTape mono 3 3/4 ips of the early sixties.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dn9P_oNX39A"]YouTube - South Pacific - Bali Ha'i" target="_blank">YouTube - South Pacific - Bali Ha'i[/ame]

in 1997 - The Spice Girls won best single with 'Wannabe' at this years Brit Awards held in London. Other winners included, Best Group for Manic Street Preachers, Best Dance Act went to The Prodigy, George Michael won Best Male, Best Female went to Gabrielle, Best Newcomer was won by Kula Shaker, International Male was Beck, International Female Sheryl Crow and Best International Group was The Fugees.

in 2000 - Carlos Santana won eight awards at this year Grammy Awards. Before the 'Supernatural' album, the guitarist had not had a Top 10 album since 1981. Sting won two awards, one for best pop album and another for best male pop vocalist. Sir Elton John won the legend award and Phil Collins the best soundtrack award for 'Tarzan'.

in 2000 - Sixties pop star Georgie Fame was banned from driving for a year and fined £350 after being breathalysed the morning after a concert. Police stopped the 56 year old as he returned to his home in Somerset from a concert in Narberth, Wales.
in 2001 - Theodore Marier KCSG dies at age 88. American renowned scholar, composer, teacher of Gregorian Chant, and founder of the Boston Archdiocesan Choir School.
in 2002 - Sting started a two-week run at No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Sting, The Very Best Of.'

in 2002 - Arthur Lyman dies at age 70. American jazz vibraphone and marimba player born on the island of Kauai in the U.S. territory of Hawaii; his group popularized a style of faux-Polynesian music during the 1950s and 1960s which later became known as exotica. His albums became favorite stereo-effect demonstration discs during the early days of the stereophonic LP album for their elaborate and colorful percussion, deep bass and 3-dimensional recording soundstage. Lyman was known as "the King of Lounge music". His combo continued to play to tourists nearly every Friday and Saturday night at the New Otani Kaimana Beach Hotel in Honolulu throughout the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s. He also performed for years at Don the Beachcomber's Polynesian Village, The Shell Bar, the Waialae Country Club and the Canoe House at the Ilikai Hotel at Waikiki, the Bali Hai in Southern California and at the Edgewater Beach Hotel in Chicago. During the peak of his popularity Lyman recorded more than 30 albums and almost 400 singles, earning three gold albums. Taboo peaked at No.6 on Billboard's album chart and stayed on the chart for over a year, eventually selling more than two million copies (thoracic cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WHWQo4wExsk"]YouTube - ARTHUR LYMAN / YELLOW BIRD" target="_blank">YouTube - ARTHUR LYMAN / YELLOW BIRD[/ame]

in 2002 - Leo Ornstein dies at age 108. Russian-born American experimental composer and pianist of the early 20th century, he was the first important composer to make extensive use of the tone cluster. His performances of works by avant-garde composers and his own innovative and even shocking pieces made him a cause célèbre on both sides of the Atlantic. In the early 1930s, Leo gave his last public performance. A few years later, he and his wife, Pauline Mallet-Prèvost, also a pianist, founded the Ornstein School of Music in Philadelphia. Among the students, John Coltrane and Jimmy Smith went on to major careers in jazz.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_sTXE95laQQ"]YouTube - Leo Ornstein - Piano Sonata No. 4, 4th Mvt." target="_blank">YouTube - Leo Ornstein - Piano Sonata No. 4, 4th Mvt.[/ame]

in 2003 - Walter Scharf dies at age 92. American film composer, born in New York; while in his 20s, he was one of the orchestrators for George Gershwin's Broadway musical Girl Crazy, became singer Helen Morgan's accompanist, and later worked as pianist and arranger for singer Rudy Vallee. He began working in Hollywood in '33, arranging for Al Jolson at Warner Bros, Alice Faye at 20th Century-Fox and Bing Crosby at Paramount. He orchestrated the original version of Irving Berlin's White Christmas for the film Holiday Inn in 1942, and from 1942 to 1946 he served as head of music for Republic Pictures. From 1948 to 1954, Walter was arranger-conductor for the Phil Harris-Alice Faye radio show. A ten-time Oscar nominee, Walter worked on more than 100 films, receiving nominations for his musical direction on such pictures as Danny Kaye's Hans Christian Andersen, Barbra Streisand's Funny Girl, Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory, also Jerry Lewis' Jekyll and Hyde-working on more than a dozen Lewis comedies overall. He worked on 3 Elvis Presley pictures including Loving You, and King Creole, and with lyricist Don Black, he wrote the hit Michael Jackson single from the film Ben, which won him a Golden Globe. In 1973 he and Don Black wrote the music and lyrics for the London musical Maybe That's Your Problem. Walter composed music for dozens of 1960s television dramas including Ben Casey, The Man From U.N.C.L.E. and Mission: Impossible, the National Geographic and The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau documentaries, which he scored between 1965 and 1975. He received two Emmys for the Cousteau series, in 1970 and 1974, and composed an original symphonic work, The Legend of the Living Sea, for a Cousteau museum exhibit aboard the RMS Queen Mary in 1971.

in 2004 - Estelle Axton dies at age 85. Creator of the legendary US soul music label Stax with her brother Jim Stewart. In 1958, her brother Jim asked for help to develop Satellite Records, which he had set up to issue recordings of local country and rockabilly artists. She convinced her husband that they should remortgage their house and, in 1959, joined Satellite as an equal partner. The following year, Axton and Stewart turned the Capitol Theatre, in a black Memphis neighbourhood, into a recording studio and record shop, and began making hit records with predominantly black artists. It changed its name to Stax, taking its name from Estelle and Jim's surnames Axton and Stewart. Estelle was actively involved with selecting and developing the artists on the label, who included Rufus Thomas, Otis Redding, Booker T & the MGs, Isaac Hayes, the Staple Singers and Johnnie Taylor. Estelle was also the founder of the Memphis Songwriters Association in 1973 and went on with friend and founder of Moon Records, Cordell Jackson to work with the Music Industries of Memphis, later named the Memphis Music Association to assist in the development of local Memphis music as a global force once again. In December, 2006, The Recording Academy announced that Estelle will be honored with a Trustee's Award as part of the upcoming Grammys

in 2005 - Former Orange Juice singer, guitarist and producer Edwyn Collins was rushed to hospital after suffering a brain haemorrhage.

in 2007 - Leroy Jenkins dies at age 74. American composer and free jazz violinist-violist. He was involved in the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) while a school teacher in Chicago. He co-founded the Creative Construction Company with Anthony Braxton and others. He also led the Revolutionary Ensemble and formed a trio with Anthony Davis and Andrew Cyrille. During 1987 he toured Europe as part of Cecil Taylor's group. He gained recognition for music-theatre works such as The Mother of Three Sons, Fresh Faust and The Negros Burial Ground, and "The Three Willies" in collaboration with Homer Jackson.

in 2008 - Larry David Norman dies at age 60. American musician, singer, songwriter and producer, his recordings are noted for their Christian and social subject matter, and he is often described as the "father of Christian rock music", the "Godfather of gospel rock", "Christianity's first rock star", the "bad boy of Christian music", and "the poet laureate of the Jesus revolution". By 1970, Larry had the most recognized name and face in the Jesus Movement and the Christian music scene", with Time magazine soon describing him as "probably the top solo artist in the field". (heart disease).

in 2008 - The Feeling went to No.1 on the UK album chart with their second album ‘Join With Us.’

in 2009 - The United States Mint launched a new coin featuring American composer, pianist and bandleader Duke Ellington, making him the second African-American to appear on a US coin. [The first solo appearance of an African-American on a U.S. coin was Booker T. Washington on the 1946 (?) half dollar.]
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bHRbEhLj540"]YouTube - Duke Ellington: Take The "A" Train" target="_blank">YouTube - Duke Ellington: Take The "A" Train[/ame]

in 2010 - 50 Cent was being sued over claims he unlawfully distributed a homemade sex video. Lastonia Leviston filed legal action in Manhattan, saying she made the private video with a lover in 2008 and alleged that 50 Cent posted the video on his website last year after blurring out the lover's face - and editing himself into it as narrator.

in 2010 - The personal assistant to former Ramones manager Linda Stein was convicted in a New York court of bludgeoning her boss to death at her Manhattan apartment on 30 October 2007. Prosecutors said Natavia Lowery, 28, stole more than $30,000 (£19,500) from Stein, then clubbed her with a piece of exercise equipment. Jurors spent less than a day reaching a second-degree murder verdict.

in 2010 - Promotions company MCD launched a $2.3 million lawsuit against Prince for pulling out of a concert in Dublin, Ireland in June, 2008, just ten days before it was to take place. The singer blamed the William Morris Agency for booking the event without permission, but the agency said the star cancelled the gig and gave "no reason of substance" for deciding to pull out.

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Old February 24th, 2014, 08:38 PM   #2706

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in 1643 - Marco da Gagliano, Italian composer, maestro di cappella and teacher, dies at 60

in 1680 - Prince Philipp Hyacinth Lobkowitz, Czech lutenist and composer, is born.

in 1682 - Alessandro Stradella dies at age 42. Italian composer of the middle Baroque; he was an extremely influential composer, and a ladies man. He wrote at least six operas including a full-length comic opera Il Trespolo tutore. He also wrote numerous cantatas and oratorios. and composed 27 separate instrumental pieces, most for strings and basso continuo, and typically in the sonata da chiesa format. His colorful life and bloody death clearly made a good story for an opera, and three separate composers based operas on his life. The best-known of these is Alessandro Stradella, by Friedrich von Flotow (He was involved in an affair and a hired killer caught up with him at the Piazza Bianchi, Genoa, and stabbed him to death)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jvq6a1pBj88"]YouTube - Alessandro Stradella (1644-1682) Sonata di viole (Mvts. 1 - 4)[/ame]

in 1719 - Giovanni Maria Casini, Italian organist, composer and maestro di cappella, dies at 66.

in 1725 - Armand-Louis Couperin, French organist and composer, nephew of Francois Couperin, is born.

in 1732 - Robert Hudson, English singer, composer and choirmaster, is born.
in 1735 - Ernst Wilhelm Wolf, German composer and Kapellmeister, is born.
in 1788 - Mateo Ferrer, Spanish organist, composer and choirmaster, is born.
in 1811 - Carl Schuberth, German cellist, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1840 - Alexis Hollander, German composer, conductor, editor and teacher, is born.
in 1851 - Ferdinand Simon Gassner, German composer and musicologist, dies at 53.
in 1873 - Enrico Caruso, world famous Italian tenor, is born.
His first recording 1902. And his last recording 1920.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7UR8ppYHIb8&feature=related"]YouTube - Enrico Caruso - 1st Ever Recording April 1902[/ame]

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nIPDUGi5XbA&feature=related"]YouTube - Enrico Caruso - Last Recording 1920[/ame]

in 1874 - Anselmo Clave, Spanish composer, music director, poet and politician, dies at 49.

in 1879 - Otakar Ostrcil, Czech composer, conductor and director of the National Theatre in Prague, is born.

in 1890 - Myra Hess, English pianist, is born.
in 1895 - Henri Martelli, French composer, is born.

in 1895 - Ignaz Lachner, German organist, composer, conductor and Kapellmeister, is born.

in 1901 - Herbert "Zeppo" Marx, American singer, actor/comedian and inventor, is born.

in 1901 - Federico Ghisi, Italian composer, musicologist and teacher, is born.
in 1901 - Jose Rogel, Spanish composer and conductor, dies at 71.

in 1902 - Carl Ignaz Franz Umlauf, Austrian zither virtuoso and composer, dies at 77. Umlauf, together with A. Kiendl, developed the Viennese zither.

in 1906 - Boris Papandopulo, Croatian composer and conductor, director of opera of the Croatian National Theatre, is born.

in 1906 - Anton Stepanovich Arensky, Russian pianist, composer, conductor and teacher, dies of tuberculosis at 44.

Anton Stepanovich Arensky (Russian: Анто́нСтепа́новичАре́нский; (12 July [O.S. 30 June] 1861 – 25 February [O.S. 12 February] 1906), was a Russian composer of Romantic classical music, a pianist and a professor of music.

Arensky was born in Novgorod, Russia. He was musically precocious and had composed a number of songs and piano pieces by the age of nine. With his mother and father, he moved to Saint Petersburg in 1879, where he studied composition at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.

After graduating from the Saint Petersburg Conservatory in 1882, Arensky became a professor at the Moscow Conservatory. Among his students there were Alexander Scriabin, Sergei Rachmaninoff and Alexander Gretchaninov.

In 1895 Arensky returned to Saint Petersburg as the director of the Imperial Choir, a post for which he had been recommended by Mily Balakirev. Arensky retired from this position in 1901, spending his remaining time as a pianist, conductor, and composer.

Arensky died of tuberculosis in a sanatorium in Perkjärvi, Finland. It is alleged that drinking and gambling undermined his health. The Antarctic Arensky Glacier was named after him.

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was the greatest influence on Arensky's musical compositions. Indeed, Rimsky-Korsakov said, "In his youth Arensky did not escape some influence from me; later the influence came from Tchaikovsky. He will quickly be forgotten." The perception that he lacked a distinctive personal style contributed to long-term neglect of his music, though in recent years a large number of his compositions have been recorded. Especially popular are the Variations on a Theme of Tchaikovsky for string orchestra, Op. 35a, based on one of Tchaikovsky's Songs for Children, Op. 54.

Arensky was perhaps at his best in chamber music, in which he wrote two string quartets, two piano trios, and a piano quintet.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0PQ3fKhJZCg"]Anton Arensky - Silhouettes op. 23 no. 5 {arr. for orchestra} - YouTube[/ame]

in 1908 - Johnny (John) Burke, light-hearted American lyricist, is born at Antioch, Calif. Burke wrote songs for at least 43 motion pictures between 1930 and 1956. Most of the films were released by Paramount, starred Bing Crosby, and had music by James Van Heusen. Burke's other most frequent collaborators included Arthur Johnston and James V. Monaco. He sometimes composed his own music, but with Van Heusen he wrote such songs as the Academy Award- winning "Swinging on a Star," "Moonlight Becomes You," and "Sunday, Monday or Always," all of which were million-sellers. With others he wrote such hits as "Pennies from Heaven," "I've Got a Pocketful of Dreams," "Scatterbrain," and "Only Forever."

His whimsical, optimistic words helped set the tone for the popular music of the late 1930s and 1940s. The son of William Burke, Johnny Burke grew up in Chicago and attended Crane College in the city as well as the University of Wisc. at Madison, studying piano and drama.

He became a pianist in dance bands and in 1926 took a job as a piano salesman with the musicpublishing company Irving Berlin Inc. in Chicago, later moving to the N.Y. office. In N.Y. he also worked as an entertainer in vaudeville, film, and the legitimate theater, and he turned to songwriting, initially as a composer.

He was hired by the Fox movie studio and went to Hollywood where he wrote "Boop-Boop-a-DoopaDoo Fox Trot" (lyrics by George A. Little), which was sung in the February 1930 release Let's Go Places by actress Dixie Lee, who seven months later married Bing Crosby. Burke earned his first screen credit as a primary songwriter for the June 1930 release Rough Romance, but with the decline in interest in musicals in Hollywood in the early 1930s, he returned to N.Y. to write for Tin Pan Alley; he also switched to lyric writing.

More than three years passed before he scored his first hit, "Shadows on the Swanee" (music by Harold Spina, lyrics also by Joe Young), recorded by Isham Jones and His Orchestra, in September 1933. The same trio of writers was also responsible for"Annie Doesn't Live Here Anymore," which became a hit for Guy Lombardo and His Royal Canadians in November. Burke formed his first songwriting partnership with Harold Spina, and the two wrote a spate of hits over the next two years: "The Beat 0' My Heart," recorded by Ben Pollack and His orchestra (March 1934); 'Tve Got a Warm Spot in My Heart for You," by Pollack Ouly 1934); "Irresistible," by Hal Kemp and His orchestra (October 1934); "It's Dark on Observatory Hill," by the Dorsey Brothers arch. January 1935); and "You're So Dam Charming," by Kemp (August 1935).

In 1936, Burke signed to Paramount Pictures, where he would work for the next 20 years, and moved to Hollywood. He was teamed with composer Arthur Johnston, and their first project was a Mae West vehicle, Go West, Young Man, which was released in November. No hits emerged from that film, but Burke and Johnston's next assignment was more successful. They were lent, along with Bing Crosby, to Columbia Pictures and had five songs in Pennies from Heaven, including the title song, which topped the hit parade for Crosby and earned an Academy Award nomination. Burke and Johnston were among the several songwriters who contributed to the August 1937 Crosby picture Double or Nothing.

One of their songs was "The Moon Got in My Eyes," which Crosby took into the hit parade in September. By the end of 1937, Burke had acquired a new collaborator, James V. Monaco. Burke became, and would remain for the next 16 years, Crosby's primary lyricist. The first project for the new team was the May 1938 release Doctor Rhythm; among Burke and Monaco's four songs was "On the Sentimental Side," which Crosby took into the hit parade even before the film opened. Sing, You Sinners, which followed only three months later, featured "I've Got a Pocketful of Dreams," with which Crosby topped the hit parade in October, in close competition with a version by Russ Morgan and His arch. East Side of Heaven, the next Crosby film with songs by Burke and Monaco, opened in April 1939; none of its songs became hits.

On June 10, 1939, Burke married Bessie Patterson, who had come to Hollywood as the winner of a beauty contest that entitled her to a bit part in the 1936 Crosby film Rhythm on the Range and then attended the University of Southern Calif. The couple later divorced. In total, Burke married four times, divorced three times, and had four children.

Burke had began to collaborate with other writers by the summer of 1939. He worked with James Van Heusen for the first time, writing "Oh, You Crazy Moon," which Tommy Dorsey and His arch. took into the hit parade in September. Burke returned to Monaco for the next Crosby film, The Star Maker, which opened in August and gave Crosby three hit parade entries, "Go Fly a Kite," "A Man and His Dream," and"An Apple for the Teacher" (the last in a duet with Connee Boswell), all in September. Crosby was back in the hit parade in October with "What's New?" The song had begun life as an instrumental that Robert Haggart, of Bob Crosby's orchestra, had developed from a solo by the band's trumpeter, Billy Butterfield, in 1938 and was initially titled 'Tm Free." Burke then added lyrics to create a song that went on to become a standard.

Burke had yet another hit parade entry and one of the biggest hits of the year in November 1939 with "Scatterbrain" (music and lyrics by Burke, Carl Bean, Kahn Keene, and Frankie Masters). It was recorded by Frankie Masters and His Orch. and was at the top of the charts in December-January 1940. Burke returned to working with Monaco at Paramount for Road to Singapore, the first of the Bing Crosby-Bob Hope "road" pictures, released in March. Crosby had an entry in the hit parade from that film in April with "Too Romantic." That same month Crosby's next film, If I Had My Way, opened, but no hits emerged from the Burke-Monaco score.

Burke returned to moonlighting with Van Heusen and scored a #1 hit in June with "Imagination," recorded by Glenn Miller and His orchestra. Miller also made the hit parade in June with "Devil May Care," which Burke wrote with Harry Warren. Monaco had already completed his contract with Paramount and left the studio by the time his final film with Burke and Crosby, Rhythm on the River, was released in August. It was one of their more successful scores, providing Crosby with his biggest hit of the year, the chart-topping, Oscar-nominated "Only Forever," as well as the chart entry "That's for Me." With the departure of Monaco, Burke arranged for Van Heusen to be signed to Paramount as his new full-time partner. Their first effort, Love Thy Neighbor, a vehicle for radio comedians Jack Benny and Fred Allen released in December 1940, did not produce any hits, perhaps because of the dispute oetweenASCAP and the radio networks that caused ASCAP songs to be banned from airplay in early 1941.

The ban was still on in April, when Burke and Van Heusen's score to the second Crosby-Hope road picture Road to Zanzibar went unnoticed; but in July 1943, during the musicians' union recording ban, Tommy Dorsey's 1941 recording of one of its songs, "It's Always You," with a vocal by Frank Sinatra, belatedly reached the Top Ten. Crosby next made two pictures for which he did not need his contract writers, Birth of the Blues, which featured a score full of old jazz songs, and Holiday Inn, which featured songs by Irving Berlin.

Burke and Van Heusen were lent out to RKO for two Kay Kyser vehicles, Playmates, released in December 1941, and My Favorite Spy, released in May 1942. Back at Paramount they drew the third Crosby-Hope road picture, Road to Morocco, released in November 1942. Crosby scored the highest charting recording of "Moonlight Becomes You" from the score; Glenn Miller's recording also made the Top Ten; and the version by Harry James and His Orchestra sold a million copies. Crosby also had a chart entry with "Constantly" from the film. The combination of the U.S. entry into World War II in December 1941 and the beginning of the recording ban in August 1942 slowed work for the songwriters, who had only one film, the Crosby vehicle Dixie, in 1943.

Released in June, it contained "Sunday, Monday or Always," which Crosby recorded a cappella backed by a vocal group; the disc topped the charts and sold a million copies. "If You Please" from the film also made the charts for Crosby. Burke and Van Heusen's first assignment for 1944 was to add music to the movie version of the Kurt Weill-Ira Gershwin musical Lady in the Dark. Released in February, it contained "Suddenly It's Spring," which Glen Gray and the Casa Loma Orchestra recorded for a hit. The team's next Crosby film was Going My Way, released in May; it became the top box office hit of the year and featured "Swinging on a Star," which became the biggest hit of the year in Crosby's recording, selling a million copies, and won the Academy Award.

Crosby also scored minor hits with the title song and "The Day after Forever." Burke and Van Heusen wrote songs for two more films during the year: And the Angels Sing, featuring Betty Hutton, contained "His Rocking Horse Ran Away," which Hutton recorded for a Top Ten hit, and "It Could Happen to You," a Top Ten hit for Jo Stafford; and Bell of the Yukon, featuring Dinah Shore, contained "Sleigh Ride in July," which Shore recorded for a Top Ten hit and which earned an Academy Award nomination, and "Like Someone in Love," a chart entry for Crosby.

Burke and Van Heusen's movie schedule was light in 1945 as they concentrated on writing their first Broadway musical, Nellie Bly. But they did score a few hits: "Yah-Ta-Ta Yah-Ta-Ta (Talk, Talk, Talk)," a novelty song crafted for Crosby and Judy Garland, reached the Top Ten in June; "A Friend of Yours," from the Crosbyproduced film The Great John L., was a Top Ten hit for Tommy Dorsey in July; and "Aren't You Glad You're You?" their sole contribution to The Bells of St. Mary's (the December sequel to Going My Way), was a Top Ten hit for Crosby and an Academy Award nominee. (Van Heusen also wrote the music to lyrics by actor Phil Silvers, reportedly assisted by Burke and Sammy Cahn, for "Nancy [With the Laughing Face]," a tribute to Frank Sinatra's four-year-old daughter, which Sinatra recorded for a Top Ten hit in December.) Nellie Bly opened on Broadway in January 1946; it was a flop, running only 16 performances, and none of its songs became hits at the time, although "Harmony" was interpolated into the October 1947 film Variety Girl, where it was sung by Bing Crosby and Bob Hope; it was then recorded for a minor hit by Johnny Mercer and the King Cole Trio.

Road to Utopia, the fourth Crosby-Hope road picture, opened in February 1946, as usual with a Burke-Van Heusen score. The risque "Personality" emerged as a major hit, with three Top Ten renditions, the most successful being the #1 version by Johnny Mercer. Welcome Stranger, released in August 1947, was not exactly another sequel to Going My Way, but it reteamed Crosby with Barry Fitzgerald in a similar scenario.

It was similarly successful, too, becoming the top-grossing film of the year, though none of its Burke-Van Heusen songs became hits. Road to Rio, the fifth Crosby-Hope road picture, released in February 1948, also became the top grossing film of its year, and its Burke-Van Heusen score included "But Beautiful," which became a minor hit for Frank Sinatra. For The Emperor Waltz, the Crosby film released in June 1948 that was one of the ten most successful films of the year, Burke wrote lyrics for song adaptations of music by Richard Heuberger and Johann Strauss. Also successful was Crosby's filming of A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, released in April 1949, with a Burke-Van Heusen score that included two chart entries, "Once and for Always" (for Jo Stafford) and "If You Stub Your Toe on the Moon" (for Tony Martin).

Burke and Van Heusen continued to write songs for Crosby films into the early 1950s. Burke scored hits in 1953 with two adaptations of classical music: "Wild Horses," a Top Ten hit for Perry Como in March, was based on Robert Schumann's "Wilder Reiter," while "Now That I'm in Love," a chart single for Patti Page in May, was adapted from Gioachino Rossini's "The William Tell Overture." Burke and Van Heusen wrote the songs for and coproduced their second Broadway musical, Carnival in Flanders, in September 1953, but it was a failure.

After providing lyrics to Van Heusen's music for his 24th Bing Crosby film, Little Boy Lost, released later that month, Burke became inactive, reportedly due to illness; Van Heusen formed a partnership with Sammy Cahn. Burke returned to work with the film The Vagabond King, released in September 1956, writing lyrics to music by Rudolf Friml. In 1959 he wrote lyrics for the Erroll Garner instrumental "Misty," resulting in a Top 40 hit for Johnny Mathis; the song enjoyed Top 40 revivals in 1963, for Lloyd Price, in 1966, for Richard "Groove" Holmes, and in 1975, for Ray Stevens.

In 1961, Burke wrote music as well as lyrics for his third Broadway musical, Donnybrook!, based on the 1952 film The Quiet Man; it ran 68 performances and the cast album spent two months on the charts. Big Dee Irwin with Little Eva revived "Swinging on a Star" for a Top 40 hit in 1963.

Burke died at N.Y. in 1964 at age 55. In 1983, Linda Ronstadt, accompanied by the Nelson Riddle Orchestra, revived "What's New?" as a Top 40 single and as the title track of an album that sold three million copies. Swinging on a Star, subtitled "The Johnny Burke Musical," which was conceived, written, and directed by Michael Leeds, opened on Broadway in 1995 and played for 97 performances, earning a Tony Award nomination for Best Musical.

in 1917 - Anthony Burgess, (birth name, John Anthony Burgess Wilson), celebrated English novelist, critic, and composer, is born at ManchesterHe studied language and literature at the Univ. of Manchester (B.A., 1940); he also played piano in jazz combos and taught himself to compose by a close study of the Classical masters. He was active as a teacher in England and the Far East; later was writer-in- residence at the University of N.C. at Chapel Hill (1969-70), visiting professor at Princeton University and Columbia University (1970), and distinguished professor at City College of the City University of N.Y. (1972-73). As a novelist, Burgess made a notable impression with his disturbing A Clockwork Orange (1962), which was followed by such novels as the Napoleon Symphony (1974) and his major literary achievement, Earthly Powers (1980). Among his other writings were This Man and Music (1982) and the autobiography, Little Wilson and Big God (1987). As a composer, he produced a respectable body of works notable for being refreshingly rhythmical and tonal, but not without quirky quartal harmonies and atonal diversions. - Died at London, Nov. 22, 1993.

in 1918 - Pedro Miguel Marques y Garcia, Spanish composer, dies at 81.
in 1922 - Matti Rautio, Finnish pianist and composer, is born.

in 1927 - Jacques Monod, French pianist, composer and conductor, is born. Monod founded and was president of the Guild of Composers in New York.

in 1927 - "Dr." Ralph Stanley, American bluegrass singer/songwriter and banjo player (Clinch Mountain Boys, Stanley Brothers), is born. Stanley is in the International Bluegrass Music Hall of Honor, and was the first person inducted into the Grand Ole Opry in the 21st century.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3XV7mxfIIr0&feature=related"]YouTube - Ralph Stanley and Patty Loveless - Pretty Polly[/ame]

in 1929 - Tommy Newsom, American jazz saxophonist and arranger, is born. Newsome was a long-time member, and occasional director of the NBC Orchestra.

in 1932 - Martin William Karlins, American composer and teacher, is born.

in 1932 - Faron Young, American country singer/songwriter, guitarist and actor, "The Hillbilly Heartthrob," "The Singing Sheriff," is born. Young is in the Country Music Hall of Fame.

in 1934 - Daniel Protheroe, Welsh-American composer and conductor, dies at 67. Protheroe returned frequently to Wales, and was a judge at several National Eisteddfodau.

in 1936 - Norman Orville Scribner, American organist, composer, conductor and teacher, is born. Scribner founded, and is director of, The Choral Arts Society of Washington.

in 1936 - Sam Morgan dies at age 40. American New Orleans jazz trumpet player and bandleader. The recordings by Sam Morgan's Jazz Band for Columbia Records in 1927 are some of the best regarded New Orleans classic jazz recordings of the decade, and continue to be influential. The "Young Morgan Band" as it was commonly called by fans of the day, was one of the most popular territory bands touring the gulf coast circuit, Galveston, Texas to Pensacola, and Florida
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fIIQutjtjtc"]YouTube - Sam Morgan's Jazz Band - Mobile Stomp (1927)[/ame]

in 1940 - Jesús Lopez-Cobos, Spanish conductor and music director of the Teatro Real in Madrid, as well as other organizations, is born.

in 1941 - Ramon Pagayon Santos, Filipino composer, conductor and teacher, is born.
in 1942 - Leo Ascher, Austrian composer, dies at 61.

in 1943 - George Harrison, English rock singer/songwriter, guitarist, multi-instrumentalist (The Beatles, The Traveling Wilburys, solo), producer of both recordings and films, is born. Harrison is in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, both as a Beatle and as a solo artist.

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in 1943 - Maryanne Amacher, ingenious American composer and sound installation artist, is born at Kates, Pa. After piano studies at the Philadelphia Conservatory of Music, she studied music in Salzburg and England as an Institute for International Education Fellow; she also studied with Stockhausen. She trained in both music and computer science at the University of Pa. (B.F.A., 1964), where she received the Hugh Clark Fine Arts Prize and the Laisse Fine Arts Award, and at the University of Ill. at Champaign—Urbana, where she studied acoustics and began composing her first electroacoustic works.

She then was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Visual Studies at the Mass. Institute of Technology (1972-76), where she created projects for solo and group shows in collaboration with the visual artists Scott Fisher and Luis Frangella and with the architect Juan Navarro Baldweg.

From 1973 to 1984 she was active in the creation of works with John Cage and his lifetime choreographer partner, Merce Cunningham. In 1975 she composed the storm environment for Cage's multimedia work, Lecture on the Weather, and in 1978 the sonic environment Close Up that accompanied his 10-hour solo voice composition, Empty Words. She and Cage presented both works together in performances in Canada, Germany, and the U.S. (1976-84).

In 1976 she received a commission from the Cunningham Dance Foundation to compose the repertoire sound work for the choreographer's Torse. This was followed by several other evening-length sound works for the Cunningham Dance Company's "events" in N.Y. (1974-80). Amacher rs work is best represented in three series of multimedia installations: the sonic telepresence series CITY-LINKS #1-22 (from 1967), the architecturally staged MUSIC FOR SOUND-JOINED ROOMS (from 1980), and the MINI-SOUND SERIES (from 1985), a new multimedia form unique in its use of architecture and serialized narrative.

In these major works she has adopted the television mini-series format in order to develop a more involving narrative context, a serialized narrative to be continued in consecutive episodes. Evolving scenarios build upon each other over a period of several days or weeks: the 6-part Sound House, for example, her first in the series, was produced during a 3-month residency at the Capp Street Project in San Francisco (1985), while The Music Rooms was produced by Berlin's DAAD Gallery over a 4-work period (1987). Other works in the series are Stolen Souls (1988), commissioned by INKA Digital Arts in Amsterdam, 2021 The Life People (1989), commissioned by the Ars Electronic Festival and first presented in Beurs van Berlage in Amsterdam, and the Biaurals (1990), commissioned by The Electrical Matter and first presented at the Samuel Fleisher Art Memorial in Philadelphia.

Installations of MUSIC FOR SOUND-JOINED ROOMS include works created for the Galerie Nachst St. Stephan, Vienna, the Kunsthalle, Basel, the Oggi Music Festival, Lugano, the Cultural Commune di Roma, and the Walker Arts Center in Minneapolis, among many others, while installations of CITY LINKS #1-22 include works created for both solo and group shows at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago (1974), the Walker Arts Center (1974), the Hayden Gallery at the Mass. Inst. of Technology (1975), the Inst. of Contemporary Art in Boston (1975), and at Mills Coll. (1980,1994).

Among her recent endeavors are inclusion in "The American Century, Art and Culture 1950-2000" Sound Art Group Show at N.Y.'s Whitney Museum of American Art (2000) and a 90-minute profile on the composer produced by Frankfurt am Main's Hessischer Rundfunk (2000). She has also been commissioned by the Kronos String Quartet, through funding by the Lila Wallace- Reader's Digest Fund, for a String Quartet with Electroacoustic Installation. Amacher's work is formidably original, ever pressing on the available edge of available technology.

In addition to grants and fellowships from such sources as the NEA, NYSCA, the Pew Memorial Trust, and the N.Y. Artist Fellowship Program (1976-98), she was a Bunting Inst. Fellow at Radcliffe Coll. (1978-79), resident artist at the Capp Street project in San Francisco (1985), recipient of Berlin's Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) grant (1986-87), a visiting artist at the Banff Center for the Arts (1991-92), and the first Rosenkrans Artist-in-Residence in Music at Mills Coll. (1993). In 1997 she received both the Prix Ars Electronic Golden Nica Distinction in Computer Music award from the Ars Electronica International Competition for Cyber Arts in Linz, Austria, and a Guggenheim fellowship. In 1999 she received a grant from N.Y.'s Foundation for Contemporary Performance Arts.

in 1945 - Elkie Brooks, English rock, jazz, blues and pop singer/songwriter (Vinegar Joe), is born.

in 1950 - Emitt Rhodes, American pop-rock singer/songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (The Merry-Go-Round), is born.

in 1953 - Jesus Garcia Leoz, Spanish pianist and composer, dies at 49.
in 1955 - Marij Kogoj, Slovenian composer, dies at 59.

in 1956 - Elvis Presley had his first national hit when ‘I Forgot To Remember To Forget’ went to No.1 on the Billboard Country & Western chart.

in 1957 - Dennis Diken, American rock drummer and producer (The Smithereens), is born.

in 1957 - Stuart "Woody" Wood, Scottish pop guitarist, bassist, songwriter and producer (The Bay City Rollers), is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FnGDekd3hP8"]YouTube - Stuart "Woody" Wood - Monday Wednesday[/ame]

in 1957 - Kurt von Wolfurt, Latvian composer and conductor, dies at 76.
in 1959 - Mike Peters, Welsh rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Alarm), is born.

in 1962 - Foster Emerson Sylvers, American R&B, soul and disco singer and bassist (The Sylvers), is born.

in 1964 - The Beatles finished recoding their next single ‘Can't Buy Me Love’, at Abbey Road studios, London, (they had first recorded the song on 29 January 1964 at Pathé Marconi Studios in Paris). They also recorded the B-side, ‘You Can't Do That’ and another new song ‘I Should Have Known Better’.

in 1965 - The Seekers were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'I'll Never Find Another You', the Australian folk-pop group's first UK No.1.

in 1969 - Pink Floyd appeared at the Marlowe Theater, Canterbury, England. 1971, A Led Zeppelin concert from the Paris Theatre in France was broadcast live on UK television.

in 1971 - Daniel Powter, Canadian pop singer/songwrtier and pianist, is born.

in 1972 - Led Zeppelin appeared at the Western Springs Stadium, Auckland, New Zealand.

in 1976 - Chris Pitman, American rock keyboardist, singer/songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (Tool, Lusk, Guns N Roses and others), is born.

in 1977 - The Jam signed to Polydor Records UK for £6,000 ($10,200).

in 1981 - Winners at this years Grammy Awards included Bob Seger who won Best Rock performance for 'Against The Wind', Pat Benatar won Best female performance for 'Crimes Of Passion' and Christopher Cross won Best new artist and Best song for 'Sailing.'

in 1984 - The Thompson Twins scored their first UK No.1 album with their third release 'Into The Gap.'

in 1984 - 'Jump', by Van Halen started a five-week run at No.1 on the US singles chart, a No.7 hit in the UK.

in 1985 - U2 began their first full north American arena tour, starting at the Dallas Reunion Arena in Texas.

in 1989 - Simple Minds were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Belfast Child.' At 6 minutes 39 seconds it became the second-longest running No.1 after The Beatles 'Hey Jude.'

in 1993 - Eddie Constantine /Edward Constantinowsky dies at age 75. American-born French actor and singer who spent his career working in Europe. He went to Vienna for voice training, but when he returned to America his singing career did not take off and he started taking work as a film extra. He returned to Europe in the 1950s and started singing and performing in Parisian cabaret. There he was noticed by Edith Piaf, who cast him in the musical La p'tite Lili. Eddie also helped Piaf with translations for her 1956 album, La Vie En Rose / Édith Piaf Sings In English, so that he has song-writing credits on the English versions of some of her most famous songs like "Hymne à l'amour"/"Hymn to Love". He eventually became a French citizen and enjoyed great popularity in several European countries. Eddie also became cult figure in 1950s France due to his role as the hard-boiled detective/secret agent Lemmy Caution, from Peter Cheyney's novels, in a series of French B-pictures, including La môme vert-de-gris, Cet homme est dangereux, Lemmy pour les dames, and À toi de faire ... mignonne. He continued reprising the role of Lemmy Caution well into his 70s; his final appearance as the character was in Jean-Luc Godard's Allemagne année 90 neuf zéro on 1991 (heart attack)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cmUiRKQXOYY"]YouTube - EDDIE CONSTANTINE - Cigarettes, whisky et p'tites pépées ( VINYL )[/ame]

in 1993 - Toy Caldwell dies at age 45. American guitar player born in Spartanburg, SC and was the brother of former Marshall Tucker bass guitarist Tommy Caldwell. He was veteran of the United States Marine Corps who served in Vietnam and injured in 1967, Toy was a founding member and lead guitarist of the 1970s Southern Rock group The Marshall Tucker Band from Spartanburg, South Carolina. He was a member of the band from 1973 to 1983 and wrote almost all of their songs. He later formed the Toy Caldwell Band and released an eponymous CD in 1992; the record was later renamed "Son of the South" by Southern rock luminary, Toy's personal friend, Charlie Daniels. (heart disease)

in 1995 - At the Frank Sinatra Desert Classic golf tournament, Frank Sinatra sings before a live audience for the last time.

in 1995 - Terence Weil, British cellist and teacher, founding member of the Melos Ensemble, dies at 73.

in 1995 - Madonna started a seven week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Take A Bow', the track which was co-written with Babyface became a No.16 hit in the UK. 1995, At a private party for 1,200 select guests on the closing night of the Frank Sinatra Desert Classic golf tournament, Frank Sinatra sang before a live audience for the very last time. His closing song was ‘The Best is Yet to Come.’

in 1996 - The Bluetones went to No.1 on the UK album charts with their album 'Expecting To Fly.'

in 1998 - During Shawn Colvin's acceptance speech at the Grammy Awards, Ol Dirty Bastard grabbed the microphone and made various observations such as "Puffy is good, but Wu-Tang is the best" and "Wu-Tang is for the children". He was then escorted offstage.

in 2000 - The five original Spice Girls were facing a bill of up to £1 million ($1.7 million) after losing a legal battle against the sponsors of their 1988 world tour. The Aprilia Scoter Company had claimed the girls knew of Geri’s impending departure.

in 2001 - Rapper Lil' Kim said a shooting which happened after she left a New York radio station was unconnected to her. One man was wounded in the incident outside the radio station Hot 97 in New York when five men fired 22 bullets. The New York Daily News reported the incident was the result of a feud between Lil' Kim and rival rappers, Capone-N-Noreaga.

in 2004 - The Rolling Stones topped a US Rich List of music’s biggest money makers. The list was based on earnings during 2003 when the band played their “Forty Licks” tour, which made them $212 million, (£124.7m) in ticket, CD, DVD and merchandise sales. The three million fans who went to the shows spent an average of $11 (£6.47) each on merchandise. Bruce Springsteen was listed in second place and The Eagles in third.

in 2005 - Whitney Houston was rushed to a hospital in Paris with suspected food poisoning after becoming ill during a flight from Los Angeles to Spain.

in 2005 - Edward Patten dies at age 65. US R&B/soul vocalist; born in Atlanta, Georgia, he was best known as a member of Gladys Knight & the Pips. He was lead singer Gladys Knight's cousin. The Pips scored their first hit in 1961 with "Every Beat of My Heart" followed by a second hit "Letter Full of Tears" in 1962. They signed to Motown in 1964 where they had success with hits such as "Everybody Needs Love", "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" and "Neither One of Us (Wants to Be the First to Say Goodbye)", which won the 1973 Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Performance By A Duo, Group Or Chorus. But it was recording for Buddah in the 1970s, the group hit its highest peak with No.1 R&B hits such as "I've Got to Use My Imagination", and "Best Thing That Ever Happened To Me" and most notable hit of their career was the No.1 hit, "Midnight Train to Georgia", which won the Grammy for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals of 1973 (stroke)

in 2006, The 4th Annual TRL Awards were held in New York City. Madonna won the Lifetime Achievement Award and Bono won the Most Inspired Artist/Humanitarian Award. Other winners included Fall Out Boy, Chris Brown, Mariah Carey, Ashlee Simpson, Kelly Clarkson, Amanda Bynes, and My Chemical Romance.
in 2006 - ‘Sing-A-Longs and Lullabies for the Film Curious George’ by Jack Johnson & Friends was at No.1 on the US album chart.

in 2006 - Thomas Koppel dies at age 61. Danish classical music and avant-garde popular composer and pianist. He wrote string quartets, a piano concerto, operas, cantatas, a ballet, symphonies and other orchestral works. At age 18 he completed his first opera The Story of a Mother, based on a tale by Hans Christian Andersen. he composed the score in '71 for the ballet Dødens Triumf which was danced naked at the Royal Danish Theatre. He founded the experimental rock group Savage Rose with his brother Anders and sister Lone. In 1968 they added four more members including the singer Annisette. Aside from rock, the group fused elements from classical music, jazz and rhythm and blues (died unexpectedly on vacation in Puerto Rico)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iYt8xRN17f8"]YouTube - Thomas Koppel[/ame]

in 2007 - Mark Warren Spoelstra dies at age 66. American singer-songwriter and folk and blues guitarist, born and raised in Kansas City. He began his musical career in LA in his teens and migrated around to wind up in New York City in time to take part in the folk music revival of the early 1960s. He is best remembered for his activity in the Greenwich Village area. He performed with Bob Dylan soon after Dylan's arrival in New York City, was a contributor to Broadside Magazine and recorded a number of albums for Folkways Records and other labels (pancreatic cancer)

in 2008 - Static Major /Stephen Ellis Garrett dies at age 33. US R&B singer, rapper, songwriter, record producer and was also a member of the R&B trio Playa. He gained posthumous fame for appearing in Lil Wayne's 2008 hit "Lollipop" (cause of death was originally stated as being due to complications from a medical procedure performed at Baptist East Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky).

in 2006 - George Michael was found slumped over in a car in Hyde Park, London. A concerned person spotted the singer and called police who after being checked by paramedics was arrested on suspicion of possessing drugs and then released on bail. Michael made a public statement about the incident and said "I was in possession of class C drugs which is an offense and I have no complaints about the police who were professional throughout." He also said that the event was "my own stupid fault, as usual."

in 2007 - Fall Out Boy were at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Infinity on High' the American group's 4th album and first No.1. in

in 2007, Kaiser Chiefs went to No.1 on the UK singles with 'Ruby', taken from their second album, Yours Truly, Angry Mob.

in 2009 - President Obama honoured Stevie Wonder, his musical hero, with America's highest award for pop music, the Library of Congress' Gershwin prize at a ceremony at the White House. The president said the Motown legend had been the soundtrack to his youth and he doubted that his wife would have married him if he hadn't been a fan. Wonder’s song ‘Signed, Sealed, Delivered’ had been the theme song during Obama's presidential campaign.

in 2009 - Winners at the 2009 NME Awards, held at London's O2 Academy included Oasis who won best British band, Elbow won the outstanding contribution to British music award. The Killers won best international band and Kings of Leon won best album for "Only by the Night" and The Cure won the godlike genius award.
in 2010 - Marie Osmond's teenaged son, Michael Blosil, was found dead on the ground below an apartment balcony in Los Angeles, California.

in 2009 - Randall "Randy" Bewley dies at age 53. American innovative guitarist and founder member of the rock band Pylon from Athens, Georgia, USA. Their most important work done between 1979 and 1983 was highly influential among new wave bands. The band R.E.M. is an especially notable example of a group influenced by Pylon, and covered the song "Crazy" as the b-side of their single, "Wendell Gee". Pylon recorded three albums, three singles and one EP and opened for U2, R.E.M., the B-52's, the Talking Heads and Gang of Four. They broke up twice, but reunited and has been playing occasional shows. Randy also taught art and played with two other Athens projects: Sound Houses, formerly The New Sound of Numbers and Supercluster (In the evening of Feb 23 '09, he suffered a heart attack while driving his van on Barber Street in Athens, his van drifted off the road, tipping over. He was admitted to Athens Regional Medical Center and lapsed into a coma; he died two days later when he was removed from life support).

in 2009 - Ian Carr dies at age 75. Scottish musician, composer and writer; a self taught trumpet player, he joined his elder brother in the Newcastle band, the EmCee Five in 1960 before moving to London in 1962, where he became co-leader of the Rendell–Carr quintet. Over 6 years, the group made 5 albums for EMI and performed internationally. After leaving the quintet, in '69, he went on to form the pioneering and ground-breaking jazz-rock band Nucleus. This led to the release of twelve albums, some under the band's name, some under Ian's, and a successful international career. In their first year they won first prize at the Montreux Jazz Festival, released their first album "Elastic Rock", and performed at both the Newport Jazz Festival and the Village Gate jazz club. He also played with the United Jazz and Rock Ensemble since 1975, as well as working a session musician in non-jazz contexts, with Nico, No-Man, Faultline, and others. He also doubled up on flugelhorn. As a writer, he had a regular column for the BBC Music Magazine, he wrote biographies of the jazz musicians Keith Jarrett and Miles Davis, and was also the co-author of the reference work "The Rough Guide to Jazz". Ian was also a broadcaster and amongst other projects he narrated a six-part series for BBC Radio 3's 'Jazz File' on the life of Miles Davis, broadcast to celebrate the 80th anniversary of Miles' birth in 2006 (Alzheimer’s Disease).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=crmCSnPxWAo"]YouTube - Ian Carr's Nucleus(Roots)[/ame]

in 2010 - David Soyer dies at age 87. American cellist born in Philadelphia, he began playing the piano at 9, and at 11, he started the cello. He debuted with the Philadelphia Orchestra under Eugene Ormandy in 1942, playing Ernest Bloch's Schelomo. David along with violinists Arnold Steinhardt and John Dalley and the violist Michael Tree formed a quartet at the Marlboro Music Festival in Vermont in 1964. For the next 37 years they played together as the Guarneri Quartet, a remarkable record of longevity for a string quartet, the Guarneri became one of the world’s best-known quartets, setting a standard in quartetistry with seamless, warm and impassioned playing and a unanimity that did not efface individual personalities. They collaborated with many of the world's most famous classical musicians, including Leonard Rose, the Budapest String Quartet, Pinchas Zukerman, and Arthur Rubinstein.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6FW_aUDNE3k"]YouTube - Guarneri Quartet Plays Beethoven (vaimusic.com)[/ame]

in 2011 - Clare Amory dies at age 35. American musician and drummer with 'Excepter', an experimental noise-improv musical group from Brooklyn, founded in 2002. Clare contributed to the band's free-form musical explorations and noisy, improvisational live shows, as well as their prolific release of live recordings. She was also a participant in the Boredoms' 77 BOADRUM event in 2007 (Clare sadly died of cancer) b. 1975

in 2011 - Valery Bezruchenko dies at age 70. Russian clarinetist and music teacher.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Flq7zK0L3s"]Concertino de Carl M.Weber 2da.parte - YouTube[/ame]

in 2011 - Eneas Perdomo dies at age 80. Venezuelan folk singer, born in El Yagual, a town in the state of Apure, he was one of the most recognized singer/songwriters of the Venezuelan Joropo genre. He got his start in radio in the state of Guárico. His first recording, made in the late 1950s, was a poem by Cesar Sánchez Olivo entitled Soga, Despecho y Alero. He went on to record more than 40 LPs and wrote many songs which have become Joropo standards. His best known song is Fiesta en Elorza a celebration of the festivities of the town of Elorza in the state of Apure. Eneas received more than 200 honors, among them the Orden al Libertador, Orden Ricardo Montilla, Orden Emilio Sojo, Orden Sol Del Perú. He had a plaza dedicated to him, and a street named after him by the town of Elorza, who named him Illustrious Son (died after fighting a long illness)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-F6Je6Ocqlc"]ENEAS PERDOMO. ADIOS BARRANCAS DE ARAUCA - YouTube[/ame]

in 2012 - James "Red" Holloway dies at age 84. American jazz saxophonist born in Helena, Arkansas; in the 50s he played in the Chicago area with Billie Holiday, Muddy Waters, Chuck Berry, Ben Webster, Jimmy Rushing, Wardell Gray, Arthur Prysock, Dakota Staton, Eddie Vinson, Sonny Rollins, Red Rodney, Lester Young, Joe Williams, Redd Foxx, B.B. King, Bobby Bland and Aretha Franklin. During this period, he also toured with Sonny Stitt, Memphis Slim and Lionel Hampton. He became a member of the house band for Chance Records, led by Al Smith, in 1952. From 1963 to 1966, he was in "Brother" Jack McDuff's band, which also featured a young guitarist, George Benson. In 1974, Red recorded The Latest Edition with John Mayall and toured Europe, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. From 1977 to 1982, he worked with Sonny Stitt, recording two albums together, and following Stitt's death, he played and recorded with Clark Terry (stroke and kidney failure) - Born May 31st 1927.

in 2012 - Louisiana Red/Iverson Minter dies at age 79. American blues guitarist and harmonica player, born in Bessemer, AL; his mother died of pneumonia shortly after his birth, his father was lynched by the Ku Klux Klan when he was only 5 and a series of relatives brought him up in various towns and cities. He recorded for Chess in '49, before joining the Army, after which he spent 2 years playing with John Lee Hooker. He recorded for Checker Records in '52, billed as Rocky Fuller. His first album, Lowdown Back Porch Blues, recorded in New York with Tommy Tucker, was released in '63, with 2nd album Seventh Son released the same year. Louisiana Red released the single "I'm Too Poor To Die" in 1964 and maintained a busy recording and performing schedule through the 1960s and 1970s. In 1983 he won a W.C. Handy Award for Best Traditional Blues Male Artist. In 1994, Louisiana Red fused the blues with the urban Greek music of the bouzouki player, Stelios Vamvakaris, on the album, Blues Meets Rembetika. He has also made film appearances in Rockpalast-1976, Comeback-1982, Ballhaus Barmbek-1988, Red and Blues-2005 and Family Meeting-2008. He had made his home in Hanover, Germany since 1981 until his death with regular returns to America (stroke) - Born March 23rd 1932.

in 2012 - Raúl Abzueta dies at age 49. Venezuelan singer, guitarist and a founder columnist for The World Economy and Business, writing about album releases, music events and promoting popular culture. In the early 1990's, Raúl entered the music world as soloist and in 1996 he recorded his debut album "Unfriendly". That same year he joined the group Caracas Synchronous recording three albums: The Bittersweet -1998, Zafarafa -2002 and Tabara-2010. In 2003 he joined with Jazz pianist Victor Morales and formed Mixture where they merged the Venezuelan music with jazz. He also recordied with the group Animal Naniobo. With his guitar he toured Germany, Austria, Belgium, Spain, United States, Finland, France, England, Czech Republic, Switzerland and Turkey (stroke) - Born September 30th 1963.

in 2012 - Maurice André dies at age 78. French classical trumpeter; he won the Geneva International Music Competition in 1955 and the ARD International Music Competition in Munich in 1963. He was made an honorary member of the Delta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia at Ithaca College in New York in 1970. Maurice rose to international prominence in the 1960s and 1970s with a large series of recordings of Baroque works on piccolo trumpet for Erato and other labels. Not content to limit himself to the Baroque trumpet repertoire, he also performed many transcriptions of works for oboe, flute, and even voice and string instruments. These recordings were a strong component of the rebirth of interest in Baroque music in the 1960s. He had over 300 recordings to his name, from the mid 1950s to his death. - Born May 21st 1933.

in 2012 - Dee Cernile dies at age 46. Canadian guitarist and founder member of the hard rock/glam metal band Sven Gali, formed in 1987 in Hamilton, Ontario. They earned a reputation for their live shows. On the strength of their original songs and live shows, they were signed to BMG Canada. They released thier debut self titled album in 1992 which went gold, and the 1993 Juno Awards recognized Sven Gali nominating them for two awards, “Most Promising Group”, and “Hard Rock Album Of The Year”. The band toured behind their second album, Inwire until 1996, when the group disbanded. Dee relocated to Los Angeles in 2005, but on August 11th 2007, Sven Gali reunited and played live for the first time in over 11 years at The Moose N Goose in Thorold, Ontario. (lung cancer) - Born 1966.

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in 1560 - William Brade, English-bom German violinist and composer is born. He settled in Germany about 1590, and thereafter was a court musician in various localities, including Brandenburg, Copenhagen, Biickeburg, Hamburg, Gustrow, and Berlin. He composed a number of popular collections of dances. - Died at Hamburg, Feb. 26, 1630.

in 1630 - William Brade, English violinist, gambist and composer, dies at about 70.
in 1675 - Johann Philipp Treiber, German composer and music theorist, is born.
in 1677 - Nicola Fago, Italian composer and teacher, is born.
in 1717 - John Randall, English organist, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1766 - August Bernhard Valentin Herbing, German organist and composer, dies at 30.
in 1770 - Antoine Reicha, Czech-French composer, music theorist, teacher, and friend of Beethoven, is born.
in 1770 - Italian composer/violinst Giuseppe Tartini died, at the age of 78, in Padua
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YonqEbar8cM"]YouTube - Tartini - Sonata in G Minor - Devil's Trill - Part One[/ame]

in 1770 - Francois Hanot, composer, dies at 72
in 1772 - Caspar Furstenau, German flautist and composer, is born.
in 1810 - Johann Ernst Rembt, composer, dies at 60

in 1825 - Hans Balatka, Czech-American conductor, music educator, music journalist, and composer, is born at Hoffnungsthal, near Olmutz. He began his music studies in Hoffriungsthal, and then attended the University of Olmutz. In 1845 he went to Vienna to study music with Sechter and Proch, and also studied law at the University. In 1849 he went to Milwaukee and founded a men's chorus, followed by a string quartet in 1850. He was founder-music director of the Milwaukee Musical Soc. (1850-60), music director of the German theater (1855-60), and founder-director of his own singing-school. In 1860 he went to Chicago, where he was music director of the Philharmonic Society until 1869 and was active as conductor of various singing organizations. After again conducting the Milwaukee Musical Society (1871-72), he settled in Chicago and in 1879 he organized the Balatka Academy of Music. He also was active as a music journalist. Balatka composed some orchestra music, a Piano Quartet, piano pieces, choral works, and songs, but his importance rests upon his work as a conductor and music educator. - Died at Chicago, April 17, 1899.

in 1827 - David Moritz Michael, composer, dies at 75
in 1831 - Filippo Marchetti, Italian composer, is born.

in 1832 - Chopin made his debut in Paris, playing his F-minor Piano Concerto.
Video Notes: Arthur Rubinstein, piano - London Symphony Orchestra - André Previn, conductor -1975
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ge-V8PwR9hI"]FRÉDÉRIC CHOPIN - PIANO CONCERTO NO. 2 IN F MINOR OP. 21 - ARTHUR RUBINSTEIN [HD] - YouTube[/ame]

in 1834 - Aleksander Zarzycki, Polish pianist, composer and conductor, is born.

in 1838 - Wendelin Weissheimer, German composer, conductor, teacher, essayist, and friend of Richard Wagner, is born.

in 1845 - Aleksander Rozycki, Polish pianist, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1857 - Ole Andreas Lindeman, composer, dies at 88
in 1859 - Ferdinand Lukas Schubert, German organist, choirmaster, composer, and brother of Franz, dies at 64.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TQWsw5-bftY"]YouTube - Schlesische Weihnacht: Regina coeli[/ame]

in 1864 - Alfred Bachelet, French composer, is born at Paris. He studied at the Paris Conservatory, receiving the Grand Prix de Rome for his cantata, Cleopdtre (1890). From his earliest works, Bachelet devoted himself mainly to opera. In his youth, he was influenced by Wagnerian ideas, but later adopted a more national French style. During World War I, he conducted at the Paris Opera, in 1919 he became director of the Nancy Conservatory, and in 1939 he was elected a member of the Academic des Beaux Arts. - Died at Nancy, Feb. 10,1944.

in 1868 - Leonard Borwick, English pianist, is born at Walthamstow. He studied with Clara Schumann in Frankfurt am Main, making his debut there (1889). He then performed in London (May 8, 1889), and made a concert tour in America and Australia (1911); also played in Europe. His programs included classics and moderns; in the last years of his career he played much music of Debussy and Ravel. He made a transcription for piano of Debussy's L'Apres-midi d'un faune. - Died at Le Mans, France, Sept. 15, 1925.

in 1874 - Carl Vogler, Swiss composer and teacher, is born.
in 1875 - Richard Wetz, German composer and teacher, is born.
in 1877 - Russell Alexander, American euphonium virtuoso, composer and vaudeville entertainer, is born.

in 1877 - Celestina Boninsegna, Italian soprano, is born at Reggio Emilia. Without the benefit of vocal training, she made her debut at the age of 15 at Reggio Emilia as Norina; then enrolled at the Pesaro Conservatory; her official debut took place in Fano in 1896, when she appeared as Gilda; then sang in Milan, Rome, Genoa, and South America; also at London's Covent Garden (1904, 1905). On Dec. 21, 1906, she made her Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Aida, but remained on the roster for only that 1 season. In 1909-10 she sang with the Boston Opera. Following her retirement, she taught voice; spent her last years in the Casa di Riposo in Milan. - Died at Milan, Feb. 14, 1947.

in 1879 - Frank Bridge, distinguished English composer, is born at Brighton. He studied composition with Stanford at the Royal Coll. of Music in London (1899-1903). He was active as a violinist and violist in several string quartets, among them the Joachim, Crimson, and English string quartets. In 1910-11 he was conductor of the New Symphony Orchestra in London, and in 1913 he conducted at Covent Garden there. In 1923 he toured the U.S. conducting his own works.

As a composer, Bridge received recognition only in the last years of his life. After his death, greater appreciation arose, particularly in his homeland. In his early works, he followed the paths of Delius, Ireland, and Bax. After World War I, he pursued a more adventuresome route, influenced by the Second Viennese School, although never embracing serialism. Among his most remarkable advanced works are the third and fourth string quartets. Britten, his ardent student and admirer, composed his Variations on a Theme of Frank Bridge after the latter's Idyll No. 2 for String Quartet. - Died at Eastbourne, Jan. 10,1941.

in 1884 - Christina Koudijs-van Appeldoorn, Dutch composer, is born at Rotterdam. She was the composer of several works in the Romantic style, including 2 symphonic poems, Noordzee and Volkfeest. She also wrote chamber music and songs. - Died at The Hague, Dec. 4,1938.

in 1896 - Eduard Flipse, Dutch composer and conductor, is born.
in 1902 - Rudolf Moralt, German conductor, is born.
in 1903 - Albert Cahen, French composer, dies at 56.

in 1906 - Avery (Robert) Fisher, American pioneer in audio equipment and munificent music patron, is born at N.Y. He was educated at N.Y.University (B.S, 1929); then worked for the publishing house of Dodd, Mead as a graphics designer (1933-43). In 1937 he founded the Philharmonic Radio firm, later known as Fisher Radio. It became one of the foremost manufacturers of audio equipment in the world, producing high-fidelity and stereophonic components. Having amassed a substantial fortune, he sold the firm in 1969. In 1973 he gave the N.Y. Philharmonic $10 million to renovate the interior of Philharmonic Hall; in 1976 it was inaugurated at a gala concert in which it was officially renamed Avery Fisher Hall in his honor. He also created the Avery Fisher Prize, which is awarded to outstanding musicians of the day. - Died at New Milford, Conn., Feb. 26, 1994.

in 1906 - Manuel Fernandez Caballero, Spanish violinist, composer and conductor, dies at 70. Caballero composed several zarzuelas, for which he is best remembered.
Video Notes: Estrella Cuello (Soprano) - Fernando Cosculluela (Tenor) - Orquesta del Teatro Lírico de Zaragoza - Jose Luis Tallada (Director)
Zarzuela was developed during the reign of Philip IV (1605–1665, reigned from 1621), who during the 1640's began to commission musico-theatrical entertainments on mythological themes mixed with popular peasant song and dance, from the writer Calderón de la Barca working with composers such as Juan de Hidalgo. These were performed at the Royal hunting lodge, the Palacio de la Zarzuela. During the next two hundred years, zarzuela, as these mixed entertainments swiftly became known, became the native-language alternative to the Italian operatic form nurtured by successive monarchs.

In the 19th century, the country's tense political circumstances affected zarzuela. Isabella II fell from power during the the liberal revolution of 1868, and the country found itself submerged in a crisis at all levels: economic, political, and ideological (with various strands of socialism coming to prominence). Instability increased with the 1870 assassination of Juan Prim, President of the regency council and Marshal of Spain. For economic and other reasons, there was a sharp drop in theatre box-office sales, as most people could not afford the average fourteen reales for non-necessities. Such high prices, plus the national uncertainty, brought most Madrid theatres into crisis, and many - including the Teatro de la Zarzuela itself - came close to ruin.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r3MzmqPbyz4"]Dúo de la Africana, Manuel Fernández Caballero - YouTube[/ame]

in 1909 - Chauncey Haughton, jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, pianist, is born at Chestertown, Md. He was the brother of trombonist John E. "Shorty" Haughton (b. 1904) and trumpeter Clifton Haughton. Their father was also a musician. He began on piano at eight, and took up clarinet while at high school in Baltimore.

He later played clarinet and sax in the Morgan College Band. His first professional work in 1927 was with Ike Dixon's Band. He then worked with Elmer Calloway (brother of Cab) and the White Brothers' Band. He came to N.Y. (1932) with Gene Kennedy's Band, worked with Blanche Calloway until 1935, then with Claude Hopkins, Noble SissIe, and Fletcher Henderson before joining Chick Webb.

He left Webb in November 1937 to join Cab Calloway, but left him in January 1940 to join a band led by Ella Fitzgerald. He remained with her until 1942 (apart from a brief period with Benny Carter's big band in 1940). He was with Duke Ellington from the summer of 1942 until being drafted in April 1943. After leaving the Army, he did a long U.S.O. tour (winter 1945 to summer 1946) with vocalist Frances Brock, then went to Europe in Don Redman's Band (September 1946). After that unit disbanded in Europe, he played briefly in Scandinavia during 1947, then returned to the U.S. Besides brief work with Cab Calloway in the late 1940s (and a recording session in 1958), he left full-time music making after that. - Died July 1, 1989.

in 1913 - Felix Draeseke dies at age 77. German composer of the "New German School". He wrote compositions in most forms including eight operas and stage works, four symphonies, and much vocal and chamber music. (stroke).

in 1914 - Witold Rowicki, composer is born.
in 1916 - Mordecai Seter, composer is born.
in 1919 - Luc-Andre Marcel, composer is born.

in 1924 - Mark Bucci, American composer, is born at N.Y. He attended St. John's University in N.Y. (1941-42); after private training in composition from Serly (1942-45), he continued his studies with Jacobi and Giannini at the Juilliard School of Music in N.Y. (B.S., 1951) and with Copland at the Berkshire Music Center in Tanglewood. In 1953-54 and 1957-58 he held Guggenheim fellowships. His modern, lyrical style is particularly effective in his stage works. - Died August 22, 2002, Camp Verde, Arizona.

in 1925 - James Moody, US, jazz saxophonist/orchestra leader is born.in 1926 - Arsene Souffriau, Belgian composer, conductor and teacher, is born.
in 1926 - Peter Erasmus Lange-Muller, Danish pianist and composer, dies at 75.

in 1928 - Antoine Dominique "Fats" Domino Jr. is born at New Orleans. The second (to Elvis) most successful of the 1950s rock 'n' rollers, selling more than 65 million records, Fats Domino made the transition from R&Bto rock 'n' roll with his pleasant, upbeat songs and gentle, engaging piano style.

An established R&B artist when he broke through into the pop field with "Ain't That a Shame" in 1955, Fats Domino would become the most famous musician from New Orleans since Louis Armstrong. Far less frantic and threatening than many of his contemporaries, Domino co-wrote virtually all of his hits with bandleader Dave Bartholomew, who, along with tenor saxophonists Herb Hardesty and Alvin "Red" Tyler and drummer Earl Palmer, helped produce his characteristic sound.

Fats Domino helped focus attention on the music of New Orleans and inspired other Southern black singers such as Little Richard and Lloyd Price. "Fats" Domino learned piano as a child, debuting professionally around the age of ten. By 14 he had dropped out of school to perform in local nightclubs, including The Hideaway Club, where he was discovered by bandleader David Bartholomew in 1949.Joining Bartholomew's band, Domino signed with Lew Chudd's Imperial label.

He began a string of ten years of smash hits recorded with cowriter-arranger-producer Bartholomew and tenor saxophonist Herb Hardesty in 1950 with "The Fat Man." Domino formed his own touring band in the early 1950s and produced smash R&B hits with "Every Night about This Time," "Coin' Home," "Coin' to the River," "Please Don't Leave Me," "Something's Wrong," and "Don't You Know." Fats Domino broke through into the pop market in the spring of 1955 with "Ain't That a Shame." He appeared in the early rock 'n' roll movies Shake, Rattle and Roll and The Girl Can't Help It from 1956 and Jamboree and The Big Beatfrom 1957.

In addition to the standard "Blue Monday" and Bobby Charles's "Walking to New Orleans," Domino scored smash pop and R&Bhits with "I'm in Love Again," "I'm Walkin'," "It's You I Love," "Whole Lotta Loving," "I Want to Walk You Home," and "Be My Guest" through 1960. Major pop hits of the era included the standard "My Blue Heaven," "Valley of Tears," "I'm Ready," "I'm Gonna Be a Wheel Someday," and "My Girl Josephine," an early example of reggae rhythm. Beginning in 1961 Fats Domino began performing frequently in Las Vegas, managing major hits on Imperial with "What a Price," "It Keeps Rainin'," "Let the Four Winds Blow," and "What a Party," and the Hank Williams classics "Jambalaya" and "You Win Again," through 1962.

In 1963 he signed with ABC-Paramount Records, recording in Nashville, and subsequently switched to Mercury in 1965. He toured Great Britain in 1967 and moved to Reprise Records for his final pop hit with The Beatles' "Lady Madonna" in 1968. Domino appeared in the rock 'n' roll revival film Let the Good Times Roll in 1973 and toured six months out of every year until the mid 1970s, after which he performed primarily in Las Vegas.

He achieved a modest country hit with "Whiskey Heaven" from the movie Any Which Way You Can in 1980 and was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in its inaugural year, 1986. In 1993, Fats Domino recorded his first new album in over 20 years, Christmas Is a Special Day, and, in 1996, EMI issued the tribute album That's Fats, which featured covers of Domino's songs by Ricky Nelson, The Band, Dr. John, Cheap Trick, and others.

in 1928 - Aldonis Kalnins, Latvian composer and arranger, is born.

in 1930 - Lazar (Naumovich) Herman, brilliant Russian pianist, is born at Leningrad. He began music training in infancy with his mother, and at the age of 3 began piano lessons with Savshinsky. At age 7, he made his debut at the All-Union Festival for young performers in Moscow, where, at age 9, he became a pupil of Alexander Goldenweiser at the Central Music School, and later at the Conservatory, (graduated, 1953; master classes, 1953-57); he also studied at the Conservatory, with Theodore Gutmann. In 1951 he won the World Youth and Student Festival prize in East Berlin, and in 1956 took fifth prize at the Queen Elisabeth of Belgium competition in Brussels and third prize at the Liszt competition in Budapest. From 1957 he pursued his career in earnest.

In 1958 he made his London debut, but it was not until a highly successful tour of Italy in 1970 that he made his mark in the West. In 1971 he made his U.S. debut as soloist with the N.J. Sym. Orch., and returned in 1976 to tour the U.S. to great critical acclaim. In subsequent years, he toured throughout the world. His titanic technique, astounding in bravura passages, does not preclude the beauty of his poetic evocation of lyric moods. His performances of Schumann, Liszt, Tchaikovsky, Scriabin, and Prokofiev are particularly compelling.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OoNhKrR-2-Q"]YouTube - Rachmaninov Moment Musical e-moll Lazar Berman[/ame]

in 1931 - Francisco Kroepfl, Hungarian-Argentinian composer, is born.

in 1932 - Johnny Cash, deep-voiced country singer, is born at Kingsland, Ark.
Johnny Cash grew up in Dyess, Ark., where he had moved at the age of three. Following his discharge from the Air Force in July 1954, he traveled to Memphis and eventually auditioned for Sam Phillips of Sun Records in March 1955. Signed to Sun, Cash managed pop hits with his own "I Walk the Line," "Ballad of a Teenage Queen," "Guess Things Happen That Way," and "The Ways of a Woman in Love."

In 1957 W. S. Holland joined his backup band, becoming one of the first drummers in country music. In August 1958 Johnny Cash switched to Columbia Records and soon hit with "Don't Take Your Guns to Town." Moving to Calif., Cash started working with June Carter, of the legendary Carter Family, in 1961. He began feeling the strain of constant touring and the collapse of his first marriage and grieved the death of friend Johnny Horton.

As a consequence, Cash started taking amphetamines and tranquilizers to cope with his hectic life. In 1963 Johnny Cash scored his first major pop hit on Columbia with "Ring of Fire." He soon began hanging out on the periphery of the Greenwich Village folk music scene, and his next hit, "Understand Your Man," had a distinctive folk feel to it. In 1964 he appeared with Bob Dylan at the Newport Folk Festival. During this time, Cash recorded a number of folk songs, including Peter LaFarge's "Ballad of Ira Hayes" and Dylan's "Don't Think Twice, It's Alright," and, with June Carter, "It Ain't Me, Babe," another country and pop hit.

Despite increasing popular success, Johnny Cash's life seemed to deteriorate. In October 1965 he was arrested at El Paso International Airport in possession of hundreds of stimulants and tranquilizers. After being found near death in a small Georgia town in 1967, Cash decided to reform. With June Carter providing moral support, he cleaned up his act. The couple scored a smash country hit with "Jackson" in 1968, the year they married.

In 1970, they hit the pop charts with Tim Hardin's "If I Were a Carpenter." Johnny Cash began a series of successful TV appearances in 1967, and his 1968 Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison remained on the album charts for more than two years and revitalized his career. The album yielded a top country hit and moderate pop hit with "Folsom Prison Blues." In early 1969 Cash scored another top country and moderate pop hit with Carl Perkins's "Daddy Sang Bass." Cash's penchant for novelty songs culminated in his biggest pop hit, "A Boy Named Sue," from Johnny Cash at San Quentin, another best-seller.

The 1969 debut show for his ABC network TV series featured a film of Cash and Bob Dylan recording "Girl from the North Country." The song later appeared on Dylan's first country album, Nashville Skyline. Later shows featured artists such as Gordon Lightfoot, Kris Kristofferson, Waylon Jennings, and Joni Mitchell. During the 1969 Newport Folk Festival, Johnny Cash introduced Kris Kristofferson, later recording his "Sunday Morning Coming Down" and bolstering his early career. Johnny Cash again demonstrated his social consciousness in the early 1970s with the hits "What is Truth" and "Man in Black."

He also narrated and co-produced the soundtrack to the Christian epic Gospel Road and assisted in the production of The Trail of Tears, a dramatization of the tragedy of the Cherokee Indians, broadcast on public television (PBS). Cash scored another pop novelty hit with "One Piece at a Time" in 1976 and hit the country charts in 1978 with "There Ain't No Good Chain Gangs," recorded with Waylon Jennings. His last major country hit came in 1981 with "The Baron." Future country star Marty Stuart was a member of Cash's band from 1979 to 1985. In 1985 Johnny Cash joined Waylon Jennings, Willie Nelson, and Kris Kristofferson to tour and record as the Highwaymen. They hit the top of the country charts with Jimmy Webb's "The Highwayman."

The following year, Cash reunited with old Sun Records alumni Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Roy Orbison for Class of '55, contributing "I Will Rock & Roll with You." Cash was dropped from the Columbia Records roster in 1986 and he subsequently signed with Mercury Records, switching to American Records in 1993. In 1990 he joined Jennings, Nelson, and Kristofferson as the Highwaymen for another album and round of touring. Cash sang "The Wanderer" with U2, included on their Zooropa album. In 1994 he recorded the moody, acoustic American Recordings album for American Records under producer Rick Rubin, best known for his work with Run-D.M.C, Public Enemy, and the Red Hot Chili Peppers.

The following year, Cash once again joined the Highwaymen, to tour and record for Liberty Records The Road Goes on Forever. However, he retired from active performing in 1997, after announcing he was suffering from a degenerative nerve disease. Helping to broaden the scope of country-and-western music and popularize country music with rock and pop fans, Johnny Cash became the first international country star and may have done more to popularize country music than anyone since Hank Williams. Indeed, his TV series (1969-71) was instrumental in widening the audience for country music. Additionally, he was instrumental in introducing Bob Dylan and Kris Kristofferson to broader public acceptance. Johnny Cash was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992. He died September 12, 2003.

in 1933 - Antonio Nicolau, Spanish composer and conductor, dies at 74.

in 1835 - Felix (August Bernhard) Draeseke, distinguished German composer and pedagogue, is born at Coburg. At age 17, he became a student at the Leipzig Conservatory, where he studied with Rietz. His advanced proclivities met with opposition, so in 1855 he left the Conservatory to continue private training with Rietz.

His first opera, Konig Sigurd (1856-58), won the highest praise from Liszt, who planned to stage it in Weimar. However, Liszt's resignation in 1858 led to the cancellation of the production. In 1861 Draeseke met Wagner, who also praised his creative talents. The failure of several of his works, however, led him to Vevey in 1862 to teach piano.

From 1864 to 1868 he taught at the Lausanne Cons. After serving as director of the Munich Conservatory (1868-69), he again taught at the Lausanne Conservatory (1869-74). In the meantime, Draeseke was afflicted with a deterioration in his hearing (from 1865) and a lack of appreciation of his compositions.

In 1876 he returned to Germany, and in 1884 he became a teacher of composition at the Dresden Conservatory. On Nov. 5, 1885, his opera Gudrun was premiered in Hannover, the first of his operas to be staged. His opera Herrat was first performed in Dresden on March 10,1892.

That same year Draeseke was officially named professor of composition at the Dresden Conservatory. In 1898 he was elevated to the title of Hofrat. His most ambitious work was his Christus (1897-99), which he called a mysterium consisting of a prelude and oratorio trilogy. In effect, it was his homage to Wagner's Ring cycle. Draeseke's early progressive inclinations were soon moderated by his adherence to classical precepts. His works reveal a notable command of contrapuntal writing.

In his last years, he became an ardent upholder of conservative musical values. His article, "Die Konfusion in der Musik," Neue Stuttgarter Musikzeitung, XXVIII (1906), attacked the modem trends evident in the early years of the 20th century. Although Draeseke's music remains generally unknown outside Germany, an International Draeseke Society was founded in Coburg in 1986 to further its propagation. The Society commenced publishing a critical edition of his works in 1987. - Died at Dresden, Feb. 26, 1913.

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in 1937 - Claudine Carlson, French-American mezzosoprano, is born at Mulhouse. She studied in California and at the Manhattan School of Music in N.Y. with Jennie Tourel and Esther Andreas; then embarked on a successful career as a concert singer. On April 18, 1968, she made her first appearance at the N.Y.C. Opera as Cornelia in Giulio Cesare. She made her Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Genevieve in Pelleas et Melisande on Oct. 11, 1977, and sang there again in 1981. Gifted with a voice of fine quality, she gained particular renown in the French repertoire.

in 1942 - Yosuke Yamashita, jazz pianist, composer, is born at Tokyo. In 1962, he entered the conservatory at Kunitachi, where for five years he specialized in composition. During this time he became part of a group with Terumasa Hino and Masabumi Kikuchi that played at the club Gin-Paris.

In 1969 he formed his own free-jazz trio with Seiichi Nakamura (tenor saxophone; replaced in 1972 by Akira Sakata on alto; then Kazunori Takeda on tenor in 1980) and Takeo Moriyama (drums; replaced in 1976 by Shota Koyama). He made his first tour of Europe in 1974; in 1976 played at Montreux, where he met bassist Adelhard Reidinger, with whom he toured Japan as a duo in 1977; in 1979 he appeared at the Newport (in N.Y.) Festival and recorded with members of the Art Ensemble of Chicago.

His trio toured Japan along with the Globe Unity Orchestra, and then worked as a quartet with the addition of bassist Katsuo Kuninaka. In 1981 Yamashita's group worked with altoist Eiichi Hayashi. Yamashita was voted Jazzman of the Year in 1982 by readers of Swing Journal. In 1983 he disbanded his small group and formed a big band, the Panja Swing Orchestra, also composed for classical orchestra, and played with Korean and Japanese percussionists. In 1984 he performed as a soloist and gave duo concerts with Japanese players of traditional music such as Eitetsu Hayahi (wadaiko), Suiho Tousya (nohkan), and Hozan Yamamoto (shakuhachi), with whom he played in Europe in 1985. At the Centre GeorgesPompidou in Paris in 1987 he played in duet with Takeo Moriyama.
He has also played with Elvin Jones, Mal Waldron (a favorite of his), Bennie Wallace, Pheeroan akLaff (1990), Cecil Mcbee, and Bill Laswell's group Last Exit. In the 1990s he reinterpreted Ravel's Baiera and Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue.

in 1943 - Bob "The Bear" Hite, American blues-rock singer/songwriter and harmonica player (Canned Heat), is born.

in 1943 - Paul Cotton, American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Poco), is born.
in 1945 - Mitch Ryder, American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Detroit Wheels), is born.

in 1946 - Dimitri Kavrakos, Greek bass-baritone, is born at Athens. He studied at the Athens Conservatory. In 1970 he made his operatic debut as Zaccaria in Nabucco at the Athens Opera, of which he was a member until 1978. He then made his first appearance in the U.S. at N.Y.'s Carnegie Hall in Refice's Cecilia. On March 7, 1979, he made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as the Grand Inquisitor in Don Carlos. He made his British debut at the Glyndebourne Festival in 1982 as Mozart's Commendatore, and then his first appearance at London's Covent Garden as Pimen in Boris Godunov in 1984. In 1987 he was engaged at the Paris Opera as the Grand Inquisitor. He sang Silva in Ernani at the Rome Opera in 1989. During the 1992-93 season, he appeared as Timur in Turandot at the Lyric Opera in Chicago, as Banquo at the Cologne Opera, and as the Commendatore at the Aix-en-Provence Festival. He sang Banquo in Florence in 1995.

in 1947 - Sandra Ann Goodrich "Sandi Shaw" English pop singer, described by David Roberts as "the barefoot pop princess of the 1960s," is born.

in 1949 - Emma Kirkby, English classical and early music soprano, is born.
in 1950 - Jonathan Cain, American rock keyboardist and singer/songwriter (Journey), is born.
in 1950 - Harry Lauder, Scottish music hall singer/songwriter "Laird of the Halls," dies at 75.
in 1953 - Elisabeth "Ilse" Kuyper, Dutch composer, dies at 76.
in 1954 - Michael Bolton, American soft rock singer/songwriter, is born.

in 1955 - Billboard reported that for the first time since their introduction in 1949, 45rpm singles were outselling the old standard 78's.

in 1958 - Steve Grant, British pop singer (Tight Fit), is born.

in 1958 - Perry Como was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Magic Moments' the 2nd No.1 in a row for writers Burt Bacharach and Hal David. It stayed at No.1 for eight weeks. 1964, The Beatles worked on the final mixes for ‘Can't Buy Me Love’ and ‘You Can't Do That’ tracks. The single, which was released the following month, topped the charts all over the world.

in 1960 - Jeremy "Jaz" Coleman, English rock keyboardist and singer/songwriter, (Killing Joke) and classical composer and conductor, is born.

in 1960 - Sachi Hayasaka, avant-garde jazz alto and soprano saxophonist, is born at Tokyo, Japan. Leader of the eclectic group Stir Up!, Hayasaka is a protege of leading avant-gardists such as Yosuke Yamashita and Leo Wadada Smith. After graduating from Tamagawa Univ., she performed in her own groups and toured Western Europe with the Hans Reichel Trio in 1987. She plays in Germany and N.Y. nearly every year, either as a member of other groups or with Stir Up! (which includes her husband Nagata Toshiki on bass). Stir Up! performs one of Japan's most popular annual jazz events, the "2.26" concert, which is the mutual birthday of Hayasaka, drummer Tsunoda Ken, and guest pianist Yamashita.

in 1962 - Carl Emil Theodor Ehrenberg, German composer and Kapellmeister, dies at 83.

in 1965 - Guitarist Jimmy Page released a solo single called 'She Just Satisfies' in the UK. Page played all the instruments on it except for the drums, and produced the track, as well as singing lead vocals.

in 1966 - Nancy Sinatra went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'These Boots Are Made For Walking', also a UK No.1.

in 1966 - The Beatles 'Rubber Soul' was at No.1 on the US album chart, the group's seventh US album chart topper.
in 1966 - David Bowie & The Buzz appeared at The Corn Exchange, Chelmsford, England.
in 1968 - Tim Commerford, American rock bassist and singer (Rage Against the Machine), is born.
in 1969 - Timothy Brown, English rock bassist (Boo Radleys), is born.

in 1969 - Peter Sarstedt started a four week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Where Do You Go To My Lovely?'

in 1970 - Ethel Leginska, English pianist, composer and conductor, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c5Wk2tgPjQ8"]YouTube - ETHEL LEGINSKA plays Chaminade Automne Op.35 No.3[/ame]

in 1971 - Erica Abi Wright "Erykah Badu," American R&B-soul singer/songwriter, keyboardist and guitarist, is born.

in 1973 - During a 9-date tour of Australia and New Zealand The Rolling Stones played the first of two nights at the Royal Randwick Racecourse in Sydney.

in 1977 - Maxime Jacob, French organist and composer, dies at 71.
in 1977 - Booker White, American blues singer/songwriter, guitarist, pianist and fiddler, dies at 70.

in 1977 - Sherman Garnes dies at age 36. US bassman with Frankie Lymon And The Teenagers; an American integrated doo wop group, most noted for being one of rock music's earliest successes, presented to international audiences by DJ Alan Freed. The group, is also noted for being rock's first all-teenaged act.They had their origins in The Earth Angels, a group founded at Edward W. Stitt Junior High School in the Washington Heights section by second tenor Jimmy Merchant and bassman Ian Sherman. Eventually, they added lead singer Herman Santiago and baritone Joe Negroni and evolved into The Coupe De Villes. In 1955, twelve-year-old Frankie Lymon joined the Coupe De Villes, who changed their name to first the Ermines and later The Premiers, before finally becoming The Teenagers. "Why Do Fools Fall in Love" was The Teenagers first and biggest hit. followed by hits "I'm Not a Juvenile Delinquent" and "The ABCs of Love" (died during open-heart surgery)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hb_tQf5m8vc"]Sherman Garnes - Long Lasting Romance (He's no lover) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1979 - During a court case between The Sex Pistols and their manager Malcolm McLaren it was revealed that only £30,000 ($51,000) was left of the £800,000 ($1,360,000) the band had earned.

in 1979 - Magazine played the first night of 12-date UK tour at Sussex University. 1980, After seeing U2 play at Dublin's National Boxing Stadium in front of 2,400 people; Rob Partridge and Bill Stewart from Island Records in the UK offered the band a recording contract.

in 1979 - Corinne Bailey Rae, English R&B, soul, jazz and blues singer/songwriter and guitarist, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wkEeNpWMvgk"]YouTube - Corinne Bailey Rae - Put Your Records On[/ame]

in 1981 - Howard Harold Hanson dies at age 84. American composer, conductor, educator, music theorist, and was one of the first composers to reach international recognition with education solely in America. Director for 40 years of the Eastman School of Music, he built a top quality school and provided unparalleled opportunities for commissioning and performing American music. He won a Pulitzer Prize in 1944, for Symphony No.4, subtitled Requiem; in 1945, he became the first recipient of the Ditson Conductor's Award for his commitment to American music; in 1946, Hanson was awarded the George Foster Peabody Award "for outstanding entertainment programming" for a series he presented on the Rochester, New York radio station WHAM in 1945 and in 1953, Howard helped to establish the Edward B. Benjamin Prize "for calming and uplifting music" written by Eastman students. Excerpts from his Symphony No.2 were used to accompany several exterior sequences and the end credits in the original 1979 release of the movie Alien.

in 1982 - Gábor Szabó dies at age 44. Hungarian jazz guitarist, born in Budapest famous for mixing jazz, pop-rock and his native Hungarian music. He began playing guitar at the age of 14, inspired by jazz music on the Voice of America broadcasts. He escaped Hungary and moved to the United States in 1956 and attended the Berklee School of Music in Boston and in 1958, he was invited to perform at the Newport Jazz Festival. Gabor then performed with the Chico Hamilton quintet from 1961-1965. He recorded with Lena Horne in October and November of 1969 and was part of Lena's backup band when she performed at The Nugget in Nevada in November 1966 and when she performed with Harry Belafonte at Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas in September 1969. His playing incorporated elements of folk music from his native Hungary and rock music's use of feedback. His composition "Gypsy Queen" became a hit for Santana in 1970 (Black Magic Woman). During his solo career, he performed with artists such as Ron Carter, Paul Desmond, Lena Horne and Bobby Womack. (liver and kidney disease)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gkg7Uqdc7Go"]YouTube - Gabor Szabo guitar solo[/ame]

in 1983 - Michael Jackson's 'Thriller' went to No.1 on the US album chart. It went on to become the most successful album of all time with sales over 50 million copies. 1983, U2 played the first of 29 UK dates on their War tour at the Caird Hall in Dundee, Scotland. Support was The Nightcaps.

in 1984 - Frankie Goes To Hollywood were enjoying their fourth week at the top of the UK singles chart with 'Relax.'

in 1989 - Reunald Jones dies at age 78. American swing-style trumpeter who in the '30s and '40s worked with musicians such as Charlie Johnson, the Savoy Bearcats, Fess Williams, Chick Webb, Sam Wooding, Claude Hopkins, Willie Bryant, Teddy Hill, Sy Oliver, Don Redman, Erskine Hawkins, Duke Ellington, Jimmie Lunceford, Lucky Millinder. From 1952 till 1957 he played lead trumpet with the Count Basie Orchestra, and featured as a member of the Quincy Jones group, "The Jones Boys" 1956 till 1958. From the '40s he did extensive work as a studio musician. He toured with Woody Herman, George Shearing's big band and with an orchestra accompanying Nat King Cole.

in 1989 - Roy David Eldridge dies at age 78. American jazz trumpet player nicknamed "Little Jazz", Roy was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and originally played drums, trumpet and tuba. He led bands from his early years, moving to St. Louis, and then to New York. He became one of the most exciting musicians of the swing era and a precursor of bebop. In 1941 he joined Gene Krupa's Orchestra, and was featured with rookie singer Anita O'Day on a series of recordings including the novelty hit "Let Me Off Uptown". He became part of the group which toured under the Jazz at the Philharmonic banner and became one of the stalwarts of the group. Roy moved to Paris for a time, before returning to New York, where he worked with Coleman Hawkins, Ella Fitzgerald and Earl Hines among others. In 1971, he was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame. After a stroke in 1980, he continued performing on other instruments for the remainder of his life.
Video Notes: His sophisticated use of harmony, including the use of tritone substitutions, his virtuosic solos and his strong influence on Dizzy Gillespie mark him as one of the most exciting musicians of the swing era and a precursor of bebop.
Mildred Bailey (February 27, 1907 -- December 12, 1951) was a popular and influential American jazz singer during the 1930s, known as "Mrs. Swing".
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JibKqTxYRIE"]Roy Eldridge & Mildred Bailey - I'm Nobody's Baby 1940 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1990 - Sinead O'Connor was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Nothing Compares 2 U.' Her version of the Prince penned song was also a No.1 hit in 18 other countries.

in 1990 - Cornell Gunther, American R&B singer (The Platters), is shot and dies at 53. Gunther is in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of The Platters.

in 1990 - Scott Jarvis, American musical theater singer and actor, dies at 46.

in 1990 - Cornell Gunter dies at age 53. American singer born in Coffeyville, Kansas, he was an original member of the Platters in 1953. He also was a member of The Flairs and The Coasters. The title song from the 1957 Susan Oliver movie, The Green Eyed Blonde, was sung by Cornell. After he left the Coasters, he toured with Dinah Washington. In 1963, he formed his own Coasters group; they were usually billed as "The Fabulous Coasters". He also made over a dozen solo singles in the late 1950s and early 1960s, including a cover version of Sam Cooke's "You Send Me", "True Love", and "If We Should Meet Again". Cornell was inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame along with the rest of The Coasters in 1987. (died in Las Vegas, Nevada, after being brutally shot to death in his car)

in 1994 - Avery Fisher, American inventor and manufacturer of fine audio equipment, dies at 87. His products were the pride and joy of many audiophiles around the world.

in 1994 - Toni Braxton went to No.1 on the US album chart with 'Toni Braxton.'

in 1997 - American songwriter Ben Raleigh died in a fire in his kitchen after setting fire to his bath robe while cooking. He co-wrote 'Scooby Doo Where Are You' and 'Tell Laura I Love Her.'

in 1995 - Willie Johnson dies at age 71. American influential pioneering blues guitarist born in Senatobia, Mississippi. He is best known as the principal guitarist in Howlin' Wolf's band from 1948-53. His raucous, distorted guitar playing features on Howlin' Wolf's Memphis recordings of 1951-3, including the 1951 hit "How Many More Years". He played on a number of sessions for Sun Records, including a 1955 collaboration with vocalist released under the name Sammy Lewis with Willie Johnson. Willie performed and recorded with other blues artists in the Memphis area, including pianist Willie Love, Willie Nix, Junior Parker, Roscoe Gordon, Bobby "Blue" Bland, and others. When he relocated to Chicago he occasionally performed and recorded with Howlin' Wolf again and also played briefly in the band of Muddy Waters, as well as a number of other local Chicago blues musicians, including J. T. Brown, in the late 1950s and early 1960s. He made his living mainly outside of music for the rest of his life, only occasionally sitting in with the bands of his old friends around Chicago. His final recordings were made for Earwig Records in Chicago in the early 1990s.

Blind Willie Johnson, according to his death certificate, was born in 1897 near Brenham, Texas, United States (before the discovery of his death certificate, Temple, Texas had been suggested as his birthplace).[1] When he was five, he told his father he wanted to be a preacher and then made himself a cigar box guitar. His mother died when he was young and his father remarried soon after her death.

Johnson was not born blind, and, although it is not known how he lost his sight, Angeline Johnson told Samuel Charters that when Willie was seven his father beat his stepmother after catching her going out with another man. The stepmother then picked up a handful of lye and threw it, not at Willie's father, but into the face of young Willie.[2]

It is believed that Johnson married at least twice. He was married to Willie B. Harris. Her recollection of their initial meeting was recounted in the liner notes for Yazoo Records's "Praise God I'm Satisfied" album. He was later alleged to have been married to a woman named Angeline. Johnson was also said to be married to a sister of blues artist, L.C. Robinson.[citation needed] No marriage certificates have yet been discovered.[citation needed] As Angeline Johnson often sang and performed with him,[citation needed] the first person to attempt to research his biography, Samuel Charters, made the mistake of assuming it was Angeline who had sung on several of Johnson's records.[1] However, later research showed that it was Willie B. Harris.

Johnson remained poor until the end of his life, preaching and singing in the streets of several Texas cities including Beaumont, Texas. A city directory shows that in 1945, a Rev. W.J. Johnson, undoubtedly Blind Willie, operated the House of Prayer at 1440 Forrest Street, Beaumont, Texas. This is the same address listed on Johnson's death certificate. In 1945, his home burned to the ground. With nowhere else to go, Johnson lived in the burned ruins of his home, sleeping on a wet bed in the August/September Texas heat. He lived like this until he contracted malarial fever and died on September 18, 1945. (The death certificate reports the cause of death as malarial fever, with syphilis and blindness as contributing factors.) In a later interview, his wife, Angeline said she tried to take him to a hospital but they refused to admit him because he was blind, while other sources report that his refusal was due to being black. And although there is some question as to where his exact grave location is, Blanchette Cemetery (which is the cemetery listed on the death certificate but location previously unknown) was officially located by two researchers in 2009. In 2010, those same researchers erected a monument to Johnson in the cemetery, but his exact gravesite remains unknown.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Obs73TqWbog"]YouTube - Blind Willie Johnson - Dark Was The Night, Cold Was ...[/ame]

in 1997 - Peter Andre kicked off a 26-date UK tour at Preston Guild Hall.

in 1997 - Ben Raleigh dies at age 86. US lyricist; he helped create many popular songs, notably the Ray Peterson hit "Tell Laura I Love Her" and the Johnny Mathis hit "Wonderful, Wonderful." Ben's "Love Is a Hurtin' Thing" won a Grammy for Lou Rawls. He also co-wrote 'Scooby Doo Where Are You.' (died at his LA home in a kitchen fire after setting light to his bath robe while cooking)

in 2008 - Buddy Miles /George Miles dies at age 60. American rock and funk drummer, most known as a member of Jimi Hendrix's Band of Gypsys from 1969 until Hendrix's death in 1970. As a teenager blues-rock drummer George aka Buddy Miles played in his father's band The Bebops, Ruby & the Romantics, the Ink Spots, the Delfonics and others. At this time he met and struck up a friendship with Jimi Hendrix when they were both sidemen. In 1967 Buddy formed Electric Flag with Mike Bloomfield. (heart failure)

in 2010 – Nujabes /Jun Seba Buddy Miles 36. Japanese Hip Hop producer and DJ, born in Tokyo. In addition to Japanese artists like Uyama Hiroto, Shing02 and Minmi, Nujabes collaborated with underground American hip-hop acts Five Deez, CYNE, Cise Starr, Apani B, Substantial, CL Smooth, Terry Callier, as well as British rapper Funky DL. He was also a member of the production duo Urbanforest, an experimental collaboration with Nao T (traffic accident exiting the Shuto Expressway)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2O0kuoiAm2A"]YouTube - Nujabes - Counting Stars; REST IN PEACE[/ame]

in 2011 - It was announced that Queen's We Will Rock You was still the most-played song at US sporting events, according to a new survey from BMI, the royalty-distribution service. According to its data, based off of MLB, NFL and NHL games in 2009-2010, We Will Rock You was the No.1 song overall, as well as for the NFL specifically.

in 2011 - Mark Tulin dies at age 62. American bass player and founding member of the San Fernando Valley rock band, The Electric Prunes in 1965. They had hit singles with "I Had Too Much To Dream Last Night" and "Get Me To The World on Time". In particular, "I Had Too Much To Dream Last Night" is regarded by many critics as a defining song of the psychedelic and garage rock music, appearing on the famous Nuggets: Original Artyfacts from the First Psychedelic Era, 1965–1968 compilation in 1972. It was also featured prominently in the 1969 film Easy Rider. In the late 1990s, renewed interest in The Electric Prunes led to a reunion of the original lineup. In June 2009, Mark took part in Billy Corgan's tribute band 'Spirits in the Sky' which played a show on July 24, 2009. Following the success of the show, Billy Corgan had the band play a small tour of extremely small venues in California in August 2009. In March 2010, following the departure of Smashing Pumpkins touring bassist Ginger, Mark was temporary live bassist until a permanent replacement could be found. During this time, he played his only full length show with The Smashing Pumpkins on April 17, 2010 in celebration of Record Store Day. A few days later, he played "Widow Wake My Mind" with the band on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno (Mark collapsed while helping out at the Avalon Underwater Clean-Up in California. Baywatch Avalon and Avalon Fire Department medics responded immediately, but tragically could not revive him).

in 2011 - Eugene Fodor Jr dies at age 60. American violinist, born in Denver, Colorado he was the first American violinist to win the Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow. He made his solo debut with the Denver Symphony at the age of ten, playing Max Bruch's Violin Concerto No. 1 and began touring as a soloist while still a young teenager. He won numerous national contests before the age of seventeen, including First Prize in both the Merriweather Post Competition in Washington, D.C. and the Young Musicians Foundation Competition in Los Angeles, California. He went on to win first prize in the International Paganini Competition in Italy in 1972, at the age of 22. It was his win at the Paganini competition that gained him widespread public attention. He achieved the highest prize awarded (second prize, shared with two other violinists) in the International Tchaikovsky Competition in 1974 in Moscow, Russia. This award raised his profile further, as an American winning the top Soviet prize during the height of the Cold War. Eugene was also awarded the European Soloist award "Prix Europeen du Soliste" in January 1999. He appeared on the television show SCTV in November 1981 in a parody of the Joan Crawford movie Humoresque called New York Rhapsody (cirrhosis of the liver).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Chq3QxlknsA"]Eugene Fodor - Paganini Violin Concerto no 1 - (part 1 of 4) - YouTube[/ame]

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Old February 26th, 2014, 08:53 PM   #2710

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in 1813 - Carl Hermann Bitter, German writer on music, is born at Schwedt-an-der-Oder. He studied at the University of Berlin and at Bonn University. He pursued a career in government, serving in the finance dept.; in 1879 he was appointed Prussian Minister of Finance by Bismarck. He retired in 1882. He published a book on Bach in 2 vols. (Berlin, 1865; 2nd ed., 1880; abr. Eng. ed., 1873). Other books were Mozarts Don Juan und Clucks Iphigenia in Taurus (Berlin, 1866), C.Ph.E. Bach und W.Fr. Bach und deren Brilder (2 vols., Berlin, 1868), Beitrage zur Geschichte des Oratoriums (Berlin, 1872), and Die Reform der Oper durch Gluck und R. Wagner's Kunstwerke der Zukunft (Braunschweig, 1884). - Died Berlin, Sept. 12, 1885.

in 1838 - (Joseph-Amedee-) Victor Capoul, French tenor, is born at Toulouse. He was a student of Revial and Mocker at the Paris Conservatory. On Aug. 26, 1861, he made his operatic debut as Daniel in Adam's Le Chalet at the Paris Opera- Comique. After a decade there, he sang at the Academy of Music in N.Y. (1871-74) and at London's Drury Lane (1871-75). On April 5, 1877, he made his first appearance at London's Covent Garden as Fra Diavolo, where he sang until 1879. He made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Faust on Oct. 27,1883, remaining on its roster until 1884 and again in 1891-92 and 1895-96. From 1897 to 1905 he was stage manager at the Paris Opera. His other prominent roles included Count Almaviva, Wilhelm Meister, Edgardo, and Romeo. - Died at Pujaudran-du-Gers, Feb. 18,1924.

in 1865 - Mattia Battistini, celebrated Italian baritone, is born at Rome. He studied with V. Persichini and E. Terziani. On Dec. 11,1878, he made his operatic debut as Alfonso XI in La Favorite at the Teatro Argentine in Rome. In 1883 he made his first appearance at London's Covent Garden as Riccardo in I Puritani, and he returned to London regularly until 1906. In 1888 he made his debut at Milan's La Scala as Nelusko. He first sang in St. Petersburg in 1893 as Hamlet, and returned there every season until 1914. He also sang in various other European music centers and in South America to great acclaim. Although he never sang in the U.S., he was acknowledged as the foremost Italian baritone of his time. In 1924 he retired from the operatic stage and then appeared in concerts until his farewell in Graz on Oct. 17, 1927. Battistini was a master of bel canto, with a remarkably expressive high register. His operatic repertoire included over 80 roles, among the most celebrated being those in operas by Bellini and Donizetti. He also was renowned for his portrayals of Rossini's Figaro, Rigoletto, Don Giovanni, Amonasro, Ruslan, lago, Onegin, Rubinstein's Demon, Scarpia, and the tenor role of Werther. - Died at Colle Baccaro, near Rieti, Nov. 7, 1928.

in 1870 - Louis (Adolphe) Coeme, American conductor, teacher, and composer, is born at Newark N.J. He studied violin with Kneisel in Boston and composition with Paine at Harvard University (1888-90). After training in organ and composition with Rheinberger in Munich (1890-93), he became the first to obtain a Ph.D. in music at an American university with his dissertation The Evolution of Modern Orchestration at Harvard University in 1905 (published in N.Y., 1908). He served as music director in Troy, N.Y. (1907-09), director of the Olivet (Mich.) College Conservatory (1909-10), director of the University of Wise. School of Music (1910-15), and professor at Conn. College for Women in New London (1915-22). His works include the opera Zenobia (1902; Bremen, Dec. 1,1905), the melodrama Sakuntala, incidental music, overtures, and symphonic poems, including Hiawatha (1893), a Romantic Concerto for Violin and Orch., a String Quartet, Swedish Sonata for Violin and Piano, piano pieces, songs, and partsongs. - Died at Boston, Sept. 11,1922.

in 1887 - Russian composer, vocalist, composer of opera, chamber and symphonic, Alexander Borodin died of heart failure at a ballroom concert in St. Petersburg; he was 54 years old. He was born the illegitimate son of a Georgian prince (Luka Gedevanishvili), and a Russian mother (Evdokia Konstantinovna Antonova). He was given to a family of Gedevanishvili's serfs, from whence comes his last name. He was also a member of the group of composers called The Five aka "The Mighty Handful", who were dedicated to producing a specifically Russian kind of art music. He is best known for his symphonies, his two string quartets, and his opera Prince Igor. Music from Prince Igor and his string quartets was later adapted for the musical Kismet. (He died while attending a ball in St. Petersburg). Borodin wrote some memorable music, notably the "Polovtsian Dances," an evergreen of the classical repertoire from his opera Prince Igor, but was primarily a scientist (chemist) and physician. As he wrote, "Music... is a relaxation from more serious occupations."
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSdMKJqnnW4"]YouTube - Borodin, String Quartet No.2, 3rd Mvmt.[/ame]

in 1888 - Lotte Lehmann, celebrated German-born American soprano, is born at Perleberg. She studied in Berlin with Ema Tiedka, Eva Reinhold, and Mathilde Mallinger. She made her operatic debut on Sept. 2,1910, as the second Boy in Die ZauberflOte at the Hamburg Opera; her first major role came before that year was out, and she soon was given important parts in Wagner's operas, establishing herself as one of the finest Wagnerian singers.

In 1914 she made her first appearance in London as Sophie at Drury Lane. In 1916 she was engaged at the Vienna Opera. Richard Strauss selected her to sing the Composer in the revised version of his Ariadne auf Naxos when it was first performed in Vienna (Oct. 4, 1916); then she appeared as Octavian in Der Rosenkavalier, and later as the Marschallin, which became one of her most famous roles.

She also created the roles of Faberin (the Dyer's wife) in his Die Frau ohne Schatten (Vienna, Oct. 10, 1919) and Christine in his Intermezzo (Dresden, Nov. 4, 1924). In 1922 she toured in South America. In 1924 she made her first appearance at London's Covent Garden as the Marschallin, and continued to sing there regularly with great success until 1935; appeared there again in 1938.

On Oct. 28, 1930, she made her U.S. debut as Sieglinde with the Chicago Opera, and on Jan. 11, 1934, sang Sieglinde at her Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. She continued to appear at the Metropolitan, with mounting success, in the roles of Elisabeth in Tannhiiuser, Tosca, and the Marschallin, until her farewell performance as the Marschallin on Feb. 23, 1945. In 1946 she appeared as the Marschallin for the last time in San Francisco.

In 1945 she became a naturalized American citizen. She gave her last recital in Santa Barbara, Calif., on Aug. 7, 1951, and thereafter devoted herself to teaching. Lehmann was universally recognized as one of the greatest singers of the century. The beauty of her voice, combined with her rare musicianship, made her a compelling artist of the highest order.

In addition to her unforgettable Strauss roles, she excelled as Mozart's Countess and Donna Elvira, Beethoven's Leonore, and Wagner's Elisabeth, Elsa, and Eva, among others. She published a novel, Orplid mein Land (1937; Eng. tr., 1938, as Eternal Flight); an autobiography, Anfang und Aufstieg (Vienna, 1937; in London as Wings of Song, 1938; in N.Y. as Midway in My Song, 1938); More Than Singing (N.Y., 1945); My Many Lives (N.Y., 1948); Five Operas and Richard Strauss (N.Y., 1964; in London as Singing with Richard Strauss, 1964); Eighteen Song Cycles (London and N.Y., 1971) - Died at Santa Barbara, Calif., Aug. 26, 1976.

in 1897 - Marian Anderson, celebrated black American contralto, is born at Philadelphia. She was the aunt of the greatly talented black American conductor James (Anderson) DePreist (b. Philadelphia, Nov. 21, 1936). She gained experience as a member of the Union Baptist Church choir in Philadelphia. After studies with Giuseppe Boghetti, she pursued vocal training with Frank La Forge in N.Y.

In 1925 she won 1st prize in the N.Y. Phil, competition, which led to her appearance as soloist with it at the Lewisohn Stadium on Aug. 27 of that same year. In 1929 she sang at N.Y.'s Carnegie Hall, and then made her European debut at London's Wigmore Hall in 1930. She subsequently toured Europe, with increasing success. Her first appearance at N.Y.'s Town Hall on Nov. 30, 1935, proved a notable turning point in her U.S. career, and she thereafter toured throughout the country.

In spite of her success, she became the center of national attention in 1939 when the Daughters of the American Revolution denied her the right to give a concert at Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C., citing the organization's long-standing rules of racial segregation. The ensuing controversy led to widespread support for Anderson, who subsequently appeared in concert at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. (April 9, 1939). \

Her success was enormous and secured her reputation as one of America's outstanding musicians. In later years, she toured not only in the U.S. and Europe, but worldwide. On Jan. 7,1955, she became the first black singer to appear at the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y. when she made her debut as Ulrica. She then continued her concert career until retiring in 1965. Her autobiography appeared as My Lord, What a Morning (N.Y, 1956). Anderson received numerous honors from governments and institutions of higher learning, among them the U.S. Medal of Freedom (1963), a gold medal from the U.S. Congress (1977), and the National Medal of Arts (1986). - Died at Portland, Oregon., April 8, 1993.

in 1891 - Issay (Alexandrovich) Dobrowen, (real name, Ishok Israelevich Barabeichik), distinguished Russian conductor, is born at Nizhny. His orphaned mother was adopted by Israil Dobrovel; Issay Dobrowen changed his legal name, Dobrovel, to Dobrowein, and later to Dobrowen. He studied at the Nizhny-Novgorod Conservatory as a small child (1896-1900), then entered the Moscow Conservatory and studied with Igumnov (piano) and Taneyev (composition). Dubrowen went to Vienna for additional training with Godowsky (piano).

Returning to Moscow, he made his conducting debut at the Kommisarzhevsky Theater in 1919; he then conducted at the Bolshoi Theater (1921-22). In 1922 he led the Dresden State Opera in the German premiere of Mussorgsky's opera Boris Godunov; he subsequently conducted at the Berlin Volksoper (1924-25) and the Sofia Opera (1927-28). In 1931 he made his American debut conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra. And was guest conductor with the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra ,the Philadelphia Orchestra, and the N.Y. Philharmonic.

He was a regular conductor of the Budapest Opera from 1936 to 1939; at 896 the outbreak of World War II he went to Sweden, where he won his greatest successes as conductor and producer at the Stockholm Royal Theater (1941-45). From 1948 he conducted at La Scala in Milan. In 1952 he conducted at London's Covent Garden. He was a prolific composer, writing several piano concertos and pieces for piano solo in a Romantic vein as well as an orchestra fairy tale, 1,001 Nights (Moscow, May 27, 1922). - Died at Oslo, Dec. 9, 1953

in 1947 - Latvian conductor and violinist Gidon Kremer was born in Riga.
in 1649 - Johann Philipp Krieger, German organist, composer, and Kapellmeister, is born.
in 1702 - Johann Valentin Gorner, German composer, is born.
in 1731 - Angelo Predieri, Italian singer, composer, maestro di cappella and teacher, dies at 76.
in 1733 - Johann Adam Birkenstock, German violinist, composer, Konzertmeister and Kapellmeister, dies at 46.
in 1745 - Silverius Müller, Austrian composer, choirmaster and teacher, is born.
in 1746 - Gian Francesco Fortunati, Italian composer, is born.

in 1759 - Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab, German composer, music critic, instrument maker, and music publisher, is born.

in 1784 - Job Plimpton, early American composer and organ builder, is born.
in 1805 - Stefan Paluselli, Austrian composer, choirmaster and multi-instrumentalist, dies at 56.

in 1814 - Beethoven's Symphony No. 8 in F Major, Op. 93 premieres in Vienna.
Symphony No. 8 in F Major, Op. 93 is a symphony in four movements composed by Ludwig van Beethoven in 1812. Beethoven fondly referred to it as "my little Symphony in F," distinguishing it from his Sixth Symphony, a longer work also in F.

The Eighth Symphony is generally light-hearted, though not lightweight, and in many places cheerfully loud, with many accented notes. Various passages in the symphony are heard by some listeners to be musical jokes. As with various other Beethoven works such as the Opus 27 piano sonatas, the symphony deviates from Classical tradition in making the last movement the weightiest of the four.

The work was begun in the summer of 1812, immediately after the completion of the Seventh Symphony. At the time Beethoven was 41 years old. As Antony Hopkins has noted, the cheerful mood of the work betrays nothing of the grossly unpleasant events that were taking place in Beethoven's life at the time, which involved his interference in his brother Johann's love life. The work took Beethoven only four months to complete, and was dedicated to the banker Count Moritz Fries, who, according to Karl Holz, paid Beethoven a regular subsidy for some years until his bankruptcy in 1825.

The premiere took place on 27 February 1814, at a concert at which the Seventh Symphony (which had been premiered two months earlier) was also played. Beethoven was growing increasingly deaf at the time, but nevertheless led the premiere. Reportedly, "the orchestra largely ignored his ungainly gestures and followed the principal violinist instead."

When asked by his pupil Carl Czerny why the Eighth was less popular than the Seventh, Beethoven is said to have replied, "because the Eighth is so much better." A critic wrote that "the applause it [the Eighth Symphony] received was not accompanied by that enthusiasm which distinguishes a work which gives universal delight; in short—as the Italians say—it did not create a furor." Beethoven was angered at this reception.[5] George Bernard Shaw, in his capacity as a music critic, agreed with Beethoven's assessment of the work, writing that indeed, "In all subtler respects the Eighth is better [than the Seventh]." But other critics have been divided in their judgement.

The symphony is scored for 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in B flat, 2 bassoons, 2 horns in F and B flat(bass), 2 trumpets in F, timpani and strings.

The Eighth Symphony consists of four movements:

Allegro vivace e con brio
Allegretto scherzando
Tempo di Menuetto
Allegro vivace

It is approximately 26 minutes in duration.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mca8qiWYmpo&feature=related"]Symphony No. 8 (Ludwig van Beethoven) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1846 - Joaquin Valverde, Spanish flautist, composer and conductor, is born.

in 1848 - Charles Hubert H Parry, English composer, musicologist and teacher, is born. Parry composed the music to the famous song, "Jerusalem," the lyrics are a poem by William Blake, "And did those feet in ancient time."

in 1852 - Joseph Drechsler, Czech organist, composer, copnductor and teacher, dies at 69.

in 1953 - Konrad Junghanel, distinguished German lutenist, conductor, and teacher, is born at Gutersloh. He studied at the Cologne Hochschule fur Musik, where he became a member of its faculty in 1978. He soon established himself as a lute virtuoso via appearances as a recitalist, chamber player, and soloist with various leading early music ensembles. His engagements took him all over Europe, North and South America, Japan, and Africa. In 1987 he founded and became music director of the vocal ensemble Cantus ColIn, which has acquired notable distinction for its performances of music of the Italian and German Renaissance and Baroque eras. Junghanel was awarded the Deutscher Schallplattenpreis in 1985 for his recording of solo lute music of Sylvius Leopold Weiss. He has also won accolades for his performances of solo lute music of J. S. Bach. As a conductor, he has sought out works rarely performed and recorded.

in 1854 - Composer Robert Schumann is saved by boatmen from a suicide attempt in the Rhine. He requested to be sent to a sanitarium, and lived another two years, but composed no music there.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yk2639cGTbg"]YouTube - Robert SCHUMANN childhood - romantic speedpainting by M. Missfeldt[/ame]

in 1867 - Wilhelm Peterson-Berger, Swedish composer and music critic, is born.
in 1870 - Louis Coerne, American composer, is born.
in 1879 - Jose Sancho Marraco, Spanish composer and choirmaster, is born.
in 1891 - Georges E Migot, French composer, painter, poet and sculptor, is born.
in 1893 - Joseph Messner, Austrian organist, composer and conductor, is born.
in 1894 - Robert-Lucien Siohan, French composer, is born.
in 1898 - Bronislaw Rutkowski, Polish organist, composer, teacher and writer, is born.
in 1899 - Sulo Nikolai Salonen, Finnish composer, is born.
in 1909 - Elisabeth Welch, American musical theater singer, is born.
in 1912 - Hugues Panassié, French jazz saxophonist, music critic and musicologist, is born.

in 1919 – Roman Haubenstock-Ramati, Polish composer, is born at Krakow. He studied with J. Koffler at the Lwow Academy of Music (1939-41) and also took courses in philosophy at the universities of Krakow and Lwow. From 1947 to 1950 he was music director of Radio Krakow, and then director of the State Music Library in Tel Aviv (1950-56). In 1957 he settled in Vienna, where he worked for Universal Edition until 1968. He then was a professor of composition at the Vienna Academy of Music (from 1973). In 1981 he was awarded the Austrian State Prize. In 1959 he organized in Donaueschingen the first exhibition of musical scores in graphic notation. He evolved an imaginative type of modem particella in which the right-hand page gives the outline of musical action for the conductor while the left-hand page is devoted to instrumental and vocal details. This type of notation combined the most advanced type of visual guidance with an aide-memoire of traditional theater arrangements. Several of his works bear the subtitle "Mobile" to indicate the flexibility of their architectonics. - Died at Vienna, March 3, 1994.

in 1920 - Jose Melis, Cuban-American pop pianist, songwriter/composer and bandleader, is born.

in 1921 - Andras Szollosy, Romanian-Hungarian composer, musicologist and teacher, is born. Szollosy created the Szollosy Index of the works of Bela Bartok.

in 1923 - Dexter Gordon, American jazz saxophonist, composer and bandleader, is born. Gordon is in the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame.

in 1923 - Viktor Kalabis, Czech composer, is born.
in 1923 - Charles Francis Abdy Williams, British musicologist (possibly also a composer), dies at 67.

in 1924 - Heimo Erbse, German-born Austrian composer, is born Rudolstadt. He received training in piano and composition at the Weimar Hochschule fur Musik (1941-42; 1945-47) and studied composition with Blacher at the Berlin Hochschule fur Musik (1950-52). He was an opera producer in [ena and Sondershausen (1947-50), and then devoted himself fully to composition. In 1957 he settled in Austria and in 1964 became a naturalized Austrian citizen. Erbse received the Wurdigungspreis fur Musik in 1973, and in 1985 the Austrian president bestowed on him the title of Prof. His music is constructed upon classical principles with an infusion of chromatic harmonies.

in 1927 - Guy Mitchell, American pop singer and actor, is born.

in 1928 - Rene, Clemencic, Austrian recorder player, harpsichordist, conductor, and composer, is born at Vienna. He took courses in philosophy and musicology at the Sorbonne in Paris, the College de France, and the University of Vienna (Ph.D., 1956), and studied recorder, harpsichord, and theory with H. Staeps, harpsichord with E. Harich-Schneider, early music with J. Mertin, analysis with E. Ratz, and theory with }. Polnauer in Vienna. He also received recorder training from J. Collette in Nijmegen and from L. Hoffer v. Wintersfeld and W. Nitschke in Berlin. In 1958 he founded the Musica Antiqua in Vienna, which became the Ensemble Musica Antiqua in 1959; with this group, he gave performances of music from the Middle Ages to the Baroque, utilizing authentic instruments. In 1969 he founded the Clemencic Consort, and led it in a vast repertoire, extending from the medieval period to the avant-garde. He also taught at the Vienna Academy of Music and authored two books, Old Musical Instruments (London, 1968; also in German) and Carmina Burana, Kommentar zur Gesamtausgabe der Melodien (Munich, 1979).

in 1929 - Manuel Manrique de Lara y Berry, Spanish composer, music writer and collector of folk songs, dies at 65.

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