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Old February 26th, 2014, 08:56 PM   #2711

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in 1935 - Mirella Freni (real name, Fregni), noted Italian soprano, is born at Modena. She studied voice with her uncle, Dante Arcelli, making her first public appearance at the age of 11. Her accompanist was a child pianist named Leone Magiera, whom she married in 1955. She later studied voice with Ettore Campogalliani.

Freni made her operatic debut in Modena on Feb. 3, 1955, as Micaela, and then sang in provincial Italian opera houses. In 1957 she took 1s t prize in the Viotti Competition in Vercelli. In 1959 she sang with the Amsterdam Opera at the Holland Festival; then at the Glyndebourne Festival (1960), Covent Garden in London (1961), and La Scala in Milan (1962).

She gained acclaim as Mimi in the film version of La Boheme, produced at La Scala in 1963 under Karajan's direction. When La Scala toured Russia in 1964, Freni joined the company and sang Mimi at the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow. She also chose the role of Mimi for her U'S. debut with the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y. on Sept. 29, 1965.

She subsequently sang with the Vienna State Opera, the Bavarian State Opera in Munich, the Teatro San Carlo in Naples, and the Rome Opera. In 1976 she traveled with the Paris Opera during its first U.S. tour. In addition to Mimi, she sang the roles of Susanna, Zerlina, Violetta, Amelia in Simon Boccanegra, and Manon.

She won acclaim for her vivid portrayal of Tatiana, which she sang with many major opera companies, including the Metropolitan Opera in 1989. In 1990 she celebrated the 35th anniversary of her debut in Modena by returning there as Manon Lescaut. In 1992 she sang Alice Ford at the Metropolitan Opera, and that year also appeared as Mimi in Barcelona and Rome. She was engaged in 1994 as Fedora at La Scala, at the Lyric Opera in Chicago, and at Covent Garden, and then sang that role at the Metropolitan Opera in 1997. In 1998 she portrayed Fedora at the Washington (D.C.) Opera and at the Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires. Freni's professional singing career was quite long; her last performance was in 2005, at the age of 70. (She played Joan of Arc.)

in 1935 - Alberto Remedios, British heldentenor, is born.
Rita Hunter and Alberto Remedios sing the love duet (In English) from Wagner's Götterdämmerung.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mxzKL3qFUrc"]YouTube - Rita Hunter and Alberto Remedios sing the love duet (In English) from Götterdämmerung[/ame]

in 1936 - Chuck Glaser, American country singer and producer (The Glaser Brothers), is born.

in 1947 - Gidon Kremer, brilliant Latvian violinist, is born at Riga. His parents were violinists in the Riga Symphony Orchestra. He obtained the elements of violin study from his father and grandfather. When he was 16, he won the 1st prize of the Latvian Republic, and then continued professional studies with David Oistrakh at the Moscow Conservatory. He took part in several competitions, culminating in 1st prizes at the Paganini Competition in Genoa in 1968 and the Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow in 1970.

Subsequently he appeared in Western Europe to notable acclaim. He made an auspicious N.Y. debut at Avery Fisher Hall on Jan. 14, 1977. In subsequent years, he appeared as a soloist with many of the major orchs. of the world, gave recitals, and performed in chamber music settings. He has won special commendation for his efforts to broaden the repertoire for his instrument; his great contribution to modem music has been the consistent presentation of new violin works, particularly those of Soviet composers, among them Alfred Schnittke and Sofia Gubaidulina. He has also given notable performances of the works of the Estonian composer Arvo part.

in 1948 - Eddie Gray, American rock guitarist and singer (Tommy James & The Shondells), is born.
in 1950 - Robert Balderrama, American rock guitarist (Question Mark and the Mysterions), is born.
in 1951 - Stephen Malcolm Ronald Nice "Steve Harley" English rock singer/songwriter (Cockney Rebel), is born.
in 1952 - Henk Westbroek, Dutch pop singer/songwriter, radio personality and politician (Het Goede Doel), is born.
in 1952 - Kevin Raleigh, American rock singer/songwriter and keyboardist (Michael Stanley Band), is born.
in 1954 - Neal Schon, American rock guitarist and singer/songwriter (Journey), is born.

in 1954 - JoAnn Falletta, American conductor, is born at N.Y.
She began classical guitar and piano lessons at age 7. In 1972 she entered the Mannes College of Music in N.Y. to continue her guitar studies but the next year became a conducting student of Sung Kwak (B.M.,1976; M.A., 1978).

In 1982 she entered the Juilliard School in N.Y. on a conducting scholarship, completing her advanced training with Mester and Ehrling (M.M. 1983; D.M.A., 1989).From 1978 to 1990 she was music director of the Queens (N.Y.) Philharmonic, and was also music director of the Denver Chamber Orchestra (1983-92) and assoc. conductor of the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra (1985-88).

In 1985 she won both the Stokowski and Toscanini conducting awards. From 1986 to 1995 she was music director of the Bay Area Women's Philharmonic in San Francisco, with which she presented works by women composers of all eras. She concurrently served as music director of the Long Beach (Calif.) Symphony Orchestra (1989-2000) and the Va. Symphony Orchestra in Norfolk (from 1991). In 1998 she became music director of the Buffalo Philharmonic. As a guest conductor, she appeared with orchestras in the U.S. and abroad.

in 1955 - Garry Christian, English soul singer/songwriter (The Christians), is born.
in 1956 - Frank Dailey, American violinist and big band orchestra leader, dies at 54.
in 1956 - Günther Ramin, German organist, composer, conductor and teacher, dies at 57.
in 1957 - Adrian Smith, English rock guitarist and singer/songwriter (Iron Maiden), is born.

in 1960 - Paul Humphreys, English synthpop keyboardist and singer/songwriter (Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark), is born.

in 1961 - Cubby Checker started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Pony Time', his second No.1 of the 60's. It reached No.27 in the UK.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rJED5ve8nl4"]Twist // Cubby Checker - YouTube[/ame]

in 1964 - Derek McKenzie, Scottish rock singer (The Shamen), is born.
in 1964 - Ewen Vernal, Scottish pop and folk bassist (Deacon Blue, Capercaillie), is born.

in 1964 - 21 year-old former hairdresser and cloakroom attendant at The Cavern club Cilla Black was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Anyone Who Had A Heart.' Written by Bacharach and David it was Black's first UK No.1. Also this week's UK Top Ten was the first ever to feature only UK acts.

in 1964 - The Rolling Stones made their second appearance on BBC TV show Top Of The Pops performing ‘Not Fade Away.’

in 1965 - The first date of a 21 twice- nightly UK package tour with Del Shannon, Wayne Fontana & the Mindbenders and Herman's Hermits, at Sheffield's City Hall, England.

in 1965 - David Boulter, English rock keyboardist and percussionist (Tindersticks), is born.

in 1967 - Pink Floyd recorded their first single 'Arnold Layne', with producer Joe Boyd at Sound Techniques studio in Chelsea, England.

in 1968 - Ludvik Podest, Czech composer, dies at 46.
in 1971 - Rozonda Thomas "Chilli" American R&B-pop singer and actress (TLC), is born.

in 1971 - Five months after her death, Janis Joplin started a nine-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Pearl.'
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FVpDOIPx_sY"]YouTube - Janis Joplin - Little Girl Blue (This is Tom Jones, 1969)[/ame]

in 1972 - T Rex appeared at New York's Carnegie Hall.
in 1972 - Led Zeppelin appeared at Sydney Showgrounds, Sydney in Australia.
in 1973 - Peter Andre, British pop singer/songwriter and television personality, is born.
in 1973 - Lucijan Marija Skerjanc, Slovenian composer, multi-instrumentalist, conductor and teacher, dies at 72.

in 1974 - Cher filed for divorce from Sonny Bono. Cher married Gregg Allman from The Allman Brothers band on 27th June 1975.

in 1977 - Keith Richards was arrested by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police at Toronto’s Harbour Castle Hotel, for possession of heroin and cocaine. Bail was set at $25,000 (£14,705).

in 1978 - Vadim Nikolayevich Salmanov dies at age 65. Russian composer born in Saint Petersburg perhaps best known for his Symphony No.2. After graduating, he worked as a composer until the onset of World War II, when he enlisted in the Army. After the war, he set poems by Blok and Yesenin relating to the war. Later on in his life, he set poems by García Lorca and Pablo Neruda, as well as Soviet poets. He wrote his Symphony No. 1 in D minor, in 1952.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5LSBldHIv68"]YouTube - Evgeny Mravinsky conducts Vadim Salmanov Symphony no.2 G-dur 2mov (2/4)[/ame]

in 1980 - Winners at the Grammy Awards included: song of the year, 'What A Fool Believes', The Doobie Brothers, album of the year, Billy Joel's '52nd St', best new artist, Rickie Lee Jones, best disco record, 'I Will Survive' Gloria Gaynor.

in 1981 - Josh Groban, American pop singer/songwriter and actor, is born.

in 1981 - Ike Isaacs dies at age 57. American jazz bassist; he started out on trumpet and tuba as a child before settling on bass. He served in the Army during World War II, where he took lessons from Wendell Marshall. Following this he played with Tiny Grimes, Earl Bostic, Paul Quinichette, and Benny Green. He led a band locally in Ohio in 1956, then played for two years in the trio of Carmen McRae. He also worked with Lambert, Hendricks and Ross, after which he worked with Count Basie, Gloria Lynne, and Erroll Garner, as well as with his own small groups, but recorded only once as a leader, in 1967. On this recording he plays in a trio with Jack Wilson on piano and Jimmie Smith on drums. He was no relation to the British guitarist of the same name.

in 1988 - George Michael scored his sixth No.1 US single with 'Father Figure' a No. 11 hit in the UK.

in 1991 - James Brown was paroled after spending two years of a six-year prison sentence, imposed for resisting arrest after a car chase across two States.

in 1993 - After 14 weeks at No.1 on the US singles chart, 'I Will Always Love You', gave Whitney Houston the longest ever US chart topper, taking over from Boyz II Men's hit 'End Of The Road' - and became the second biggest selling single in the US.

in 1993 - East 17 went to No.1 on the UK album chart with their debut LP 'Walthamstow.'
in 1994 - Enigma went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'The Cross Of Changes.'

in 1997 - Daniil Shafran dies at age 74. Russian cellist born in Petrograd/Leningrad, now Saint Petersburg; one of Russia's finest celloists, his first public performance was at the age of 10, at one of the Conservatory Special Music School for Children concerts, where he played two technically demanding works by David Popper: 'Spinning Song' and 'Elfentanz'. His orchestral debut was a year later, when 11, when he played Tchaikovsky's Rococo Variations with the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra under the visiting British conductor, Albert Coates. He pursued a career as soloist and recorded very widely. His repertoire included the major concertos, music for cello and piano, and the solo cello repertoire. His astonishing technique in the higher register enabled him to perform a wide range of violin works at original pitch. He also sought to enrich the cello repertoire, and made and performed transcriptions of works for other instruments. Daniil's American debut was in 1960 in Carnegie Hall, his British premiere was not till 1964, with concerts in Wigmore Hall and the Royal Festival Hall. He visited Japan several times, and toured Australia. (died in Moscow).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yd-9XeJwh8Q"]YouTube - Daniil Shafran - Schedrin Imitating Albéniz[/ame]

in 1999 - Britney Spears started a two-week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with '...Baby One More Time'. It became the biggest UK selling single of the year and also a No.1 in the US. It was originally written for TLC but the song was submitted after completion of their third record, FanMail.

in 2003 - John Lanchbery dies at age 79. British composer and conductor, famous for his ballet arrangements. After WW11 he got the post of conductor with the Metropolitan Ballet, making his debut with them at Edinburgh in 1948. After 2 years he joined the Sadler's Wells company. In 1970 he arranged the score for the ballet film The Tales of Beatrix Potter. His sources were many and varied, including the operas of Michael Balfe and Arthur Sullivan. He also arranged the music and conducted the orchestra for Nijinsky in 1980. His score for Evil Under the Sun in 1982 is based on songs by Cole Porter and includes a memorable rendition of "You're The Top" by Diana Rigg. He received honours from Russia and Sweden and was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1991. He became an Australian citizen in 2002, making his home in Melbourne.

in 2004 - A worker in a supermarket in Aspen, Colorado alerted the police-after seeing a man shopping with his face covered by a mask. Police arrived on the scene and identified the man as Michael Jackson who was in town on holiday with his children.

in 2005 - Manchester band Doves scored their second UK No.1 album when ‘Some Cities’ went to the top of the charts.

in 2005 - Ray Charles was at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Genius Loves Company.'
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q8Tiz6INF7I"]YouTube - Hit the road Jack![/ame]

in 2006 - Milton Katims dies at age 96. American violist and conductor; he joined the NBC Symphony Orchestra in 1943, replacing the well-known William Primrose on the first-desk of the section. During his decade with the orchestra, he developed a close relationship with conductor Arturo Toscanini and became his assistant. He also used a baton that had belonged to Toscanini. He also conducted orchestras such as the New York Philharmonic, Philadelphia Orchestra, Boston Symphony, London Philharmonic, Cleveland Orchestra and Montreal Symphony. In 1966, Milton was named Seattle Man of the Year, with his portrait on the cover of the telephone book. One of Milton's major accomplishments in Seattle was the conversion of the Civic Auditorium into the Opera House. From 1976 to 1985 Katims served as Artistic Director of the University of Houston School of Music. His influence enabled the school to attract and hire several notable musicians, such as Carlisle Floyd, Elena Nikolaidi, and Abbey Simon, to the faculty.
Video Notes: Katims conducts the Seattle Symphony Orchestra.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SVa8eIx6XWg"]Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphoses - Milton Katims, Seattle Symphony Orchestra, 1964 - Complete - YouTube[/ame]

in 2007 - Bobby Rosengarden dies at age 82. American jazz drummer born in Elgin, Illinois; he began playing drums when he was 12, later studing at the Uni of Michigan. After playing drums in Army bands in WW II, he moved to New York City, working in several groups between 1945-1948 before becoming a busy studio musician. He played at NBC-TV from 1949–1968 and ABC from 1969-1974 on The Steve Allen Show, The Ernie Kovacs Show, Sing Along With Mitch, Johnny Carson's Tonight Show Band, and led the band for The Dick Cavett Show. Through the years, Bobby became a busy studio musician, recording with Duke Ellington, Billie Holliday, Skitch Henderson, Quincy Jones, Peter Nero, Gil Evans/Miles Davis, Gerry Mulligan, Benny Goodman, Dick Hyman, Arlo Guthrie, Carmen McRae, Ben E. King, Harry Belafonte, Barbra Streisand, Jimi Hendrix and Tony Bennett, between other significant artists. In later years, he was most often heard as the drummer with a variety of all-star, swing-oriented mainstream groups, including Soprano Summit (died from cruel Alzheimer's disease)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6YDT475piCs"]YouTube - Rosengarden's police-whistle version of GLITTER AND BE GAY[/ame]

in 2007 - Bobby Brown was sentenced to 30 days in jail over $19,000 (£9,670) in unpaid child support. An arrest warrant was issued in October 2006 after he failed to show up at a hearing on overdue child support for Kim Ward, the mother of two of his children.

in 2007 - Pictures appeared in UK papers of Babyshambles singer Pete Doherty making a trip to a zoo in Burford Oxfordshire with his model girlfriend Kate Moss. He was blasted by vets after pictures showed Pete throwing a left over cannabis joint into a group of penguins.

in 2008 - Ivan Rebroff /Hans-Rolf Rippert dies at age 76. German singer born in Berlin, famous for singing Russian folk songs, but also performed opera, light classics and folk songs from many other countries; he had an extraordinary vocal range of four and a half octaves, ranging from the soprano to impressive bass registers. He performed over 6,000 concerts in his career, including a two-year run, beginning in 1968, singing Tevye in Fiddler on the Roof at Paris' Théâtre Marigny. Being well into his seventies in a recent Australian tour, he still performed 12 shows in 14 days. (died after a long illness)

in 2010 - U2 raked in more money than any other music act in the US in 2009 making $109m (£71m) from touring, record sales and other royalties, almost twice as much as the second best, Bruce Springsteen who took home $58m (£38m), followed by Madonna with $47m (£31m) and AC/DC with $44m (£29m). Coldplay were the most successful British group, at number eight, with takings of $27m (£18m).

in 2010 - Walter Alfaiate dies at age 79. Brazilian samba composer and vocalist born in Rio de Janeiro; from an early age he wrote sambas for the local small groups such as Foliões de Botafogo and São Clemente. In the '60s, he participated in samba get-togethers at the Opinião theatre and in the groups Reais do Samba and Os Autênticos. He went on to become a major figure in the samba milieu, and wrote more than 200 sambas in his 50-year career, but didn't actually record his own debut solo album, Olha Aí until 1998, when he was 68. In 2000, he promoted the tribute show Roda de Bamba at the Image and Sound Museum of Rio de Janeiro to Paulinho da Viola, Manacéia, and Duarte. In the same year, he commemorated his 70th birthday at the Niterói municipal theatre with Aldir Blanc and other important samba artists.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M7mDePmRFaA"]YouTube - Multiplicidade 2007: Walter Alfaiate + SuperUber[/ame]

in 2010 - Larry Cassidy dies at age 56. British bass guitarist, lead singer and founder member of the band Section 25. They released their debut single, "Girls Don't Count" in 1980. The band went on to release four LPs through the 80s, changing their musical direction from post-punk to proto-techno for their third album, 1984's 'From The Hip', produced by New Order's Bernard Sumner, which produced the underground hit "Looking From a Hilltop". Before his death, Larry was working on an album of Section 25 remixes called 'Retrofit', which was due to be released in summer 2010. (passed away at his home in Blackpool, a cause of death is not yet confirmed).

in 2011 - Eddie Kirkland dies at age 88. American blues guitarist, harmonicist, singer, and songwriter, known as the "Gypsy of the Blues" for his rigorous touring schedules, played and toured with John Lee Hooker from 1949 to 1962. After his period of working in tandem with Hooker he pursued a successful solo career, recording for RPM Records, Fortune Records, Volt Records, and King Records, sometimes under the stage name Eddie Kirk. He continued to tour, write and record albums until his death. Well into his eighties Eddie continued to drive himself to gigs along the coast and in Europe, frequently playing with the Wentus Blues Band from Finland (died in an automobile accident in Crystal River, Florida, after a greyhound bus hit Eddie's 1998 Ford Taurus wagon, while he was attempting a U-turn)

in 2011 - A. Frank Willis dies at age 60. Canadian folk singer, a virtual legend on the east coast music scene. Originally from Dover, Newfoundland, A.Frank got a very early start to his musical career in a band with his four brothers, known as "Franky and The Twisters", and later The Willis Brothers. In 1975, after years of playing bass and singing lead vocals, became a one-man band. His debut album, Any Kind Of Music was launched in 1976 and nested him a definite spot in the hearts of east coast music lovers. By 1978, he had secured a spot as an accomplished musician. Frank has been called "one of Newfoundland's greatest exports to the mainland", and to this day (2011) still has the longest running No.1 song on Newfoundland radio with "Take Me As I Am". In 1981, he won the Peoples Choice Award for Best Country Solo Artist. In 1999, his album entitled "Soiree" included a song "Savage cop in savage cove" which was based on a true story.& went on to become a big hit. Included also on that CD was his own very special version of "House of the Rising Sun". This early 60's classic received considerable airplay and rave reviews from Radios Chretiennes En France, just west of Paris, as well as Belgium, Holland & Germany. (cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uRxX4LFMp6I"]A. Frank Willis - Take Me As I Am - YouTube[/ame]

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Old February 27th, 2014, 08:18 PM   #2712

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in 1609 - Paul Sartorius, German organist and composer, dies at 39.
in 1616 - Kaspar Forster, German singer, composer and Kapellmeister, is baptized.

in 1673 - Hercule Brehy, Belgian organist and composer, is burried at Brussels. He was active as an organist in Brussels, and from 1705 until his death singing master at Ste. Gudule. His works include masses, motets, and Lamentations. - (baptized), Sept. 13, 1673.

in 1728 - Georg F Händel's opera Siroe, re di Persia premieres in London.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7Kde7Xfu9w"]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7Kde7Xfu9w" target="_blank">[/ame]

in 1737 - Petrus Hercules Brehy, Belgian composer and zangmeester, dies at 63.
in 1747 - Justin Morgan, American composer and horse breeder, is born.
in 1796 - Friedrich Wilhelm Rust, German violinist, composer, Kapellmeister and teacher, is born.
in 1808 - Elias Parish Alvars, English virtuoso harpist, composer and teacher, is born.

in 1825 - (Joseph) Jean-Baptiste (Laurent) Arban, French cornetist, conductor, and pedagogue, is born at Lyons. He settled in Paris, where he studied trumpet with Dauverne at the Conservatpru (1841-15). He was active as a conductor in salon orchestras and at the Opera. In 1857 he became professor of saxhorn at the Ecole Militaire. In 1869 he established the cornet class at the Conservatory, which he taught until 1874 and again from 1880 until his death. From 1873 he made annual visits to St. Petersburg as a conductor. Arban founded the modern school of cornet and trumpet playing in France, and was the author of the standard treatise Grande methode complete pour cornet a pistons et de saxhorn (Paris, 1864). He also made a brilliant arrangement of the Carnival of Venice for cornet. Among his other works are a Fantasie brillante and variations on themes from Bellini's Norma and Verdi's La traviata. - Died at Paris, April 9,1889.

in 1856 - Marie Brema, (real name, Minny Fehrmann), English mezzo-soprano, is born at Liverpool (of a German father and an American mother). She was a pupil of Henschel (1890). Under the name Bremer (in honor of her father's native city of Bremen), she made her concert debut in London singing Schubert's Ganymed on Feb. 21, 1891. Her operatic debut followed on Oct. 19, 1891, when she sang Lola in the first English performance of Cavalleria rusticana at London's Shaftesbury Theatre. She was the first English-born singer to appear at the Bayreuth Festival when she sang Ortrud in 1894, and returned there to sing Fricka in the Ring cycle in 1896 and Kundry in 1897. During the 1894-95 season, she toured in the U.S. with the Damrosch Opera Co. On Nov. 27, 1895, she made her Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Brangane, remaining on its roster until 1896 and appearing there again from 1898 to 1900. In 1900 she was soloist in the premiere of Elgar's The Dream of Gerontius. She created the role of Beatrice in Stanford's Much Ado About Nothing at London's Covent Garden in 1901, and in 1902 she sang Briinnhilde in the first French mounting of Gotterdammerung in Paris. She oversaw opera productions in English at London's Savoy Theatre in 1910, where she also sang Orfeo. From 1913 until her death she was professor of voice and director of the opera class at the Royal Manchester College of Music. – Died at Manchester, March 22, 1925.

in 1857 - Gustave Adolph Kerker, German-American cellist, composer and conductor, is born.

in 1860 - Mario Ancona, notable Italian baritone, is born at Livorno. He studied with Giuseppe Cima in Milan. After making his operatic debut as Scindia in Le Roi de Lahore in Trieste in 1889, he made his first appearances at Milan's La Scala as the King in Le Cid in 1890. On May 22, 1892, he created the role of Silvio in Pagliacci at Milan's Teatro dal Verme. He made his London debut in 1892 as Alphonse in La Favorite at the New Olympic Theater, returning to London in 1893 to sing Tonio in the first mounting there of Pagliacci at Covent Garden. On Dec. 11,1893, he made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Tonio, remaining on its roster until 1897. He sang with the Manhattan Opera (1906-08), in Boston (1913-14), and in Chicago (1915-16) before retiring to Florence as a voice teacher. Ancona was one of the leading baritones of his day. Among his many outstanding roles were Mozart's Figaro and Don Giovanni, Germont, Hans Sachs, Escamillo, Telramund, Amonasro, and Iago. - Died at Florence, Feb. 22, 1931.

in 1862 - Charles Gounod's opera La Reine de Saba premieres in Paris.

in 1875 - Viliam Figus, Slovakian composer, teacher and collector and arranger of folk songs, is born. Figus composed Detvan, the first Slovak national opera.

in 1876 - John Alden Carpenter, important American composer, is born at Park Ridge, Ill. He studied in Chicago with Amy Fay and W.C.E. Seeboeck, and then with J.K. Paine at Harvard University (B.A., 1897). During a trip to Rome (1906), he had some lessons with Elgar, and then completed his training in Chicago with B. Ziehn (1908-12). He was employed in his father's shipping supply business, later serving as its vice-president (1909-36).

In subsequent years, he devoted himself entirely to composition. In 1918 he was elected a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters, and received its Gold Medal in 1947. In 1942 he was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Leters. Carpenter gained success as a composer with his first orchestral score, the humorous suite Adventures in a Perambulator (1914). Adopting mildly modernistic technques, he was notably successful in his works on American subjects with a tinge of ragtime and jazz elements.

His "jazz pantomime'' Krazy Kat (1921), after the wellknown comic strip by George Herriman, proved an immediate success. It was followed by his Skyscrapers (1923-24), "a ballet of American life/' which retains its historial interest as a period piece. Among his orchestral works, the most notable is his symphonic poem Sea Drift (1933), after Whitman. Carpenter also distinguished himself as a composer of songs. - Died at Chicago, April 26, 1951.

in 1876 - Charles Edward Horsley, English pianist, organist, composer and conductor, dies at 53.

in 1877 - Sergei (Eduardovich) Bortkiewicz, Russian pianist and composer, is born at Kharkov. He was a pupil of Liadov at the St. Petersburg Conservatory (1896-99), and later studied with Jadassohn in Leipzig (1900-02). He made his debut as a pianist in Munich in 1902, and subsequently made concert tours of Germany, Australia, Hungary, France, and Russia. From 1904 to 1914 he lived in Berlin, and taught at the Klindworth-Scharwenka Conservatory; then returned to Russia; was in Vienna from 1920 to 1929, in Berlin from 1929 to 1934, and again in Vienna from 1934. His compositions include an opera, Acrobats, 2 symphonies, Austrian Suite and Yugoslav Suite for Orchestra, 4 piano concertos, Violin Concerto, Cello Concerto, piano pieces, and songs. He was the author of the book Die seltsame Liebe Peter Tschaikowskys und der Nadezhda von Meek (1938). - Died at Vienna, Oct. 25,1952.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qfd3LG3Gkyc"]YouTube - Sergei Bortkiewicz - Piano Concerto No.1 Op.16 PART 1 of 5 - STEPHEN COOMBS" target="_blank">YouTube - Sergei Bortkiewicz - Piano Concerto No.1 Op.16 PART 1 of 5 - STEPHEN COOMBS[/ame]

in 1882 - Geraldine Farrar, American soprano and actress, is born. Farrar had many young female admirers in her time, known as "Gerry-flappers." Farrar noted for her beauty, acting ability, and "the intimate timbre of her voice."

Farrar was born in Melrose, Massachusetts, the daughter of baseball player Sidney Farrar and his wife Henrietta Barnes. At 5 she began studying music in Boston and by 14 was giving recitals. Later she studied voice with the American soprano Emma Thursby in New York, in Paris, and finally with the Italian baritone Francesco Graziani in Berlin.[1] Farrar created a sensation at the Berlin Hofoper with her debut as Marguerite in Charles Gounod's Faust in 1901 and remained with the company for three years, during which time she continued her studies with famed German soprano Lilli Lehmann. (She had been recommended to Lehmann by another famous soprano of the previous generation, Lillian Nordica.). She appeared in the title rôles of Ambroise Thomas' Mignon and Jules Massenet's Manon, as well as Juliette in Gounod's Roméo et Juliette. Her admirers in Berlin included Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany, with whom she is believed to have had a relationship beginning in 1903.

After three years with the Monte Carlo Opera, she made her debut at the New York Metropolitan Opera in Romeo et Juliette on November 26, 1906. She appeared in the first Met performance of Giacomo Puccini's Madama Butterfly in 1907 and remained a member of the company until her retirement in 1922, singing 29 roles there in nearly 500 performances. She developed a great popular following, especially among New York's young female opera-goers, who were known as "Gerry-flappers".[3] Farrar created the title roles in Pietro Mascagni's Amica (Monte Carlo, 1905), Puccini's Suor Angelica (New York, 1918), and Umberto Giordano's Madame Sans-Gêne (New York, 1915) as well as the Goosegirl in Engelbert Humperdinck's Die Königskinder (New York, 1910)

She recorded extensively for the Victor Talking Machine Company and was often featured prominently in that firm's advertisements. She also appeared in silent movies, which were filmed between opera seasons. Farrar starred in more than a dozen films from 1915 to 1920, including Cecil B. De Mille's 1915 adaptation of Georges Bizet's opera Carmen. One of her most notable screen roles was as Joan of Arc in the 1917 film Joan the Woman.

According to her biographer, Elizabeth Nash:

“Unlike most of the famous bel canto singers of the past who sacrificed dramatic action to tonal perfection, she was more interested in the emotional than in the purely lyrical aspects of her roles. According to Miss Farrar, until prime donne can combine the arts of Sarah Bernhardt and Nellie Melba, dramatic ability is more essential than perfect singing in opera.”

In 1960 Farrar was awarded two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, in the music and film categories. However, the Los Angeles Times, which has documented and photographed every star as part of its ongoing Hollywood Star Walk project, was unable to locate the star honoring her film career.[7] (Her music star is present and accounted for at 1711 Vine Street.)

Farrar had a seven-year love affair with the Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini. Her ultimatum, that he leave his wife and children and marry her, resulted in Toscanini's abrupt resignation as principal conductor of the Metropolitan Opera in 1915. He returned to Italy. Farrar was close friends with the star tenor Enrico Caruso and there has been speculation that they too had a love affair, but no substantial evidence of this has surfaced. It is said that Caruso coined her motto: Farrar fara ("Farrar will do it").

Her marriage to cinema actor Lou Tellegen on February 8, 1916 was the source of considerable scandal, terminating, as a result of her husband's numerous affairs, in a very public divorce in 1923. The circumstances of the divorce were brought again to public recollection by Tellegen's bizarre 1934 suicide in Hollywood.

Farrar retired from opera in 1922 at the age of 40. Her final performance was as Leoncavallo's Zazà. By this stage, her voice was in premature decline due to overwork. According to the American music critic Henry Pleasants, the author of The Great Singers from the Dawn of Opera to Our Own Time (first published 1967), she gave between 25 and 35 performances each season at the Met alone. They included 95 appearances as Madama Butterfly and 58 as Carmen in 16 seasons. The title role in Puccini's Tosca, which she had added to her repertoire in 1909, was another one of her favourite Met parts.

Farrar continued to give recitals until 1931 and was briefly the intermission commentator for the radio broadcasts from the Met during the 1934-35 season. Her autobiography, Such Sweet Compulsion, published in 1938, was written in alternating chapters purporting to be her own words and those of her mother, with Mrs Farrar rather floridly recounting her daughter's many accomplishments.

Farrar died in Ridgefield, Connecticut of a heart attack in 1967, aged 85, and was buried in Kensico Cemetery in Valhalla, New York. She had no children.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ho68lhWwKUE"]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ho68lhWwKUE" [/ame]
in 1882 - Richard Heinrich Stein, German composer and musicologist, is born.

in 1888 - Eugene Bigot, French conductor, is born at Rennes. He studied violin and piano at the Rennes Conservatory and later at the Paris Conservatory. In 1913 he was named chorus master at the Theatre des Champs Elysees in Paris; subsequently toured Europe with the Ballets Suedois; also conducted the Paris Conservatory Orchestra (1923-25); then served as music director at the Theatres des Champs-Elysees (1925-27). In 1935 he became president and director of the Concerts Lamoureux in Paris, a post he held until 1950; he also was principal conductor of the Paris Opera-Comique (1936-47). From 1947 until his death he was chief conductor of the Paris Radio Orchestra. - Died at Paris, July 17, 1965.

in 1895 - Guiomar Novaes, Brazilian virtuoso pianist, is born.

in 1903 - (Robert) Todd Duncan, black American baritone, is born at Danville, Ky. He was educated at Butler University in Indianapolis (B.A., 1925) and at Columbia Universoty Teachers College (M.A., 1930); then taught voice at Howard University in Washington, D.C. (until 1945). In 1934 he made his operatic debut with the Aeolian Opera in N.Y. as Alfio in Cavalleria rusticana. On Oct. 10,1935, he created the role of Porgy in Gershwin's Porgy and Bess in N.Y., and subsequently sang in revivals of the score. He was the first black American to become a member of a major opera company when he made his first appearance at the N.Y. Opera City on Sept. 28, 1945, as Tonio. He appeared as Stephen Kumalo in Weill's Lost in the Stars (1949-50), winning both the Donaldson and N.Y.Drama Critics' Circle awards in 1950. - Died at Washington, D.C., Feb. 28, 1998.

in 1905 - Louis (Jr.) Metcalf, jazz trumpeter, singer, is born at Webster Groves, Mo. Metcalf played drums, then switched to cornet. He played in the local Knights of Phythias Brass Band, and then spent several years on and off with Charlie Creath. In the summer of 1923 he traveled to N.Y., playing in Jimmie Cooper's revue. During the following year spent several months with Willie "The Lion" Smith at the Rhythm Club.

He worked with various N.Y.-based bands until joining Duke Ellington during late 1926-27. During 1928, he worked with Jelly Roll Morton in N.Y., and later that year joined the Luis Russell Orch. After working with other bands and in the Connie's Inn Revue Orch., he spent three years in Canada during the early 1930s, mainly leading his own band. He returned to N.Y. and joined Fletcher Henderson in March 1935. After brief stints in St. Louis and Chicago, he was back in N.Y. From 1936 onwards, he led his own band (except for a brief spell with Noble Sissle in Cleveland).

He also ran his own Heatwave Club in N.Y. during the late 1930s and early 1940s. He left N.Y. in 1947, moved to Canada, and organized and directed his own international band there until 1950. After a brief spell away from the music scene, he returned to N.Y. in 1951 and began leading his own small groups through the 1960s. He recovered from serious illness during 1969 and once again formed own small band, leading it until his death in 1981. - Died at N.Y., Oct. 27, 1981.

in 1907 - Josef Alexander, American composer, is born at Boston. He studied piano at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston (graduated, 1925; postgraduate diploma, 1926), with Piston (composition) and E.B. Hill (orchestration) at Harvard University (B.A., 1938; M.A., 1941), with Boulanger in Paris (1939), and with Copland (composition) and Koussevitzky (conducting) at the Berkshire Music Center in Tanglewood (1940). He taught at Brooklyn College of the City University of N.Y. (1943-77). In his works, Alexander adopted a facile laissez-faire idiom marked by a pleasurable admixture of euphonious dissonances. - Died at N.Y., Feb. 28,1992.

in 1910 - Roman Maciejewski, Polish composer, is born.

in 1915 - Lee Castle (originally, Castaldo, Aniello), jazz trumpeter, leader, is born at N.Y. His brother Charles is a trombonist. He played in junior bands on drums, began on trumpet at 15, and became professional at 18. He worked in the mid-1930s with Joe Haymes, Dick Stabile, and Artie Shaw, before joining Red Norvo in July 1937.

He joined Tommy Dorsey in September 1937, leaving the band when Tommy sent him to study with the Dorseys' father in Lansford, Pa., and returned in late 1938.

He played briefly with Glenn Miller, then with Jack Teagarden from April-December 1939. He led his own band in 1940, was briefly with Will Bradley, then joined Artie Shaw in early 1941.

He led his own band from March 1942—adopting the name Castle at this point—signed the band over to Richard Himber in late 1942, then joined Benny Goodman until late 1943 (appearing in the films Stage Door Canteen and The Girls They Left Behind). He again led big bands in the 1940s, forming the Dixieland outfit in 1949.

He was with Artie Shaw (1950), then the Dorsey Brothers (from 1953); fronted Jimmy Dorsey's Band during that leader's last illness. Shortly after Jimmy Dorsey's death in 1957, the band was divided into two memorial orchestras, one under each brother's name. Castle assumed leadership of the Jimmy Dorsey Orch., which he continued to lead into the 1980s. - Died at Hollywood, Fla., Nov. 16, 1990.

in 1915 - William (John) Lichtenwanger, learned American librarian, is born at Asheville. He studied at the University of Mich, at Ann Arbor (B.Mus., 1937; M.Mus., 1940), and played double bass, oboe, and other instruments in the band and orchestra. He wrote pieces with whimsical titles, e.g., Phrygidair (in Phrygian mode, naturally). He served as asst. reference librarian of the Music Division at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. (1940-53, except for service in the U.S. Army, 1941-45), then asst. head (1953-60) and head (1960-74) of the music reference section there.

He was assoc. editor of Notes of the Music Library Assn. (1946-60), then its editor (1960-63); in 1975 he was made a member emeritus. In addition, he was music editor of Collier's Encyclopedia (1947-50), consultant for the biographical dictionary Notable American Women (1971), and a contributor to supplements II and III of the Dictionary of American Biography. He was chairman and compiler of A Survey of Musical Instrument Collections in the U.S. and Canada (1974).

A polyglot and a polymath, Lichtenwanger is fluent in German, French, and Turkish, nearly fluent in Japanese, and fairly fluent in personalized Russian. With his wife, Carolyn, he edited an analytic index to Modern Music (N.Y., 1976). Among his scholarly achievements, perhaps the highest is his incandescent essay 'The Music of The Star-Spangled Banner—From Ludgate Hill to Capitol Hill' in the Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress (July 1977), in which he furnishes documentary proof that the tune of the American national anthem was indeed composed by John Stafford Smith, all demurrings by various estimable historians to the contrary notwithstanding. To the 6th ed. of Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians he contributed incalculably precious verifications, clarifications, rectifications, and refutations of previous inadvertent and/or ignorant fabrications and unintentional prevarications; he also edited Oscar Sonneck and American Music (Urbana, 111., 1984) and compiled The Music of Henry Cowell: A Descriptive Catalog (Brooklyn, 1986).

in 1921 - Vladimir Sommer, Czech composer and teacher, is born.
in 1922 - Vicente Lleo, Spanish composer and conductor, dies at 51.
in 1926 - Stanley Glasser, South African-British composer, ethnomusicologist and teacher, is born.
in 1926 - Seymour Shifrin, American composer and teacher, is born.
in 1929 - John Ebenezer West, English organist and composer, dies at 65.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RksznPPWr90"]YouTube - John E. West - Passacaglia (organ)" target="_blank">YouTube - John E. West - Passacaglia (organ)[/ame]

in 1932 - Donald (Rafael) Garrett, avant-garde jazz bassist, clarinetist, and flutist, is born at EI Dorado, Ark. While studying at Du Sable H.5., Chicago, he met Sun Ra, Richard Abrams, Johnny Griffin, Roland Kirk, Eddie Harris, and John Gilmore.

He was performing professionally in 1955 when he met John Coltrane while the latter was touring with Miles Davis. The two performed together; Garrett played recordings of Indian music for Coltrane that influenced the latter. He played with Ira Sullivan during the early 1960s, and recorded with Sullivan, Kirk, and Harris (1960-62). With Abrams he co-founded the Experimental Band (1961),forerunner of AACM. Moving to San Francisco (1964), he organized concerts, made instruments, and taught; one protege was bassist and flutist Bill Douglass, who noted Garrett's emphasis on long, sustained tones.

He recorded with Archie Shepp, and performed at San Francisco's Both!And club in a group with Andrew Hill, Sam Rivers, and Oliver Johnson, as well as Leon Thomas. He played concerts and recorded with Coltrane on the West Coast (1965). In Paris in 1971, he worked with Frank Wright and [ean-Luc Ponty, among others.

In the late 1970s, he began an association with singer-multi-instrumentalist Zuzann Fasteau, whom he subsequently married. Working together as the Sea Ensemble, they toured widely, including the Democratic Republic of Congo, Senegal, Morocco, Yugoslavia, Haiti, and India. – Died at Champaign, m, Aug. 14, 1989.

in 1934 - William Correa "Willie Bobo," American jazz percussionist and bandleader, is born.

in 1935 - Chiquinha Gonzaga dies at age 87. Brazilian composer born in Rio de Janeiro and is most known for her works for the Carnival in Brazil, such as Ó Abre Alas, and theatrical works, as for example, the operetta Forrobodó. She was also an active citizen, involved in all kinds of social movements that took place during her age in Brazil, such as the Abolition of Slavery and even the Republican movement. It is also said Chiquinha became the first woman in Brazil to obtain a legal divorce.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dYHzZ4V_eyk"]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dYHzZ4V_eyk" target="_blank">[/ame]

in 1939 - John Fahey, American folk and avante-garde guitarist, composer and writer, is born.

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in 1940 - Joseph Alfred Souter "Joe South" American folk, country and rock guitarist and singer/songwriter, is born. South is in the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame, and the Georgia Music Hall of Fame.

in 1941 - Marty Sanders, American pop singer and guitarist (Jay and the Americans), is born.
in 1942 - Brian Jones, British rock singer, multi-instrumentalist and bandleader (The Rolling Stones), is born.
in 1943 - Barbara Acklin, American R&B singer/songwriter, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YDqvG9cK3es"]YouTube - Barbara Acklin - Love makes a Woman" target="_blank">YouTube - Barbara Acklin - Love makes a Woman[/ame]

in 1943 - Donny Iris, American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Jaggerz, Wild Cherry, and others, solo), is born.

in 1945 - Ronnie Rosman, American rock keyboardist (Tommy James and the Shondells), is born.

in 1948 - Bernadette Peters (Lazzara), , star of stage, screen, and even one hit record, is born at Queens, N.Y. By the time Bernadette Lazzara was five years old, she was on TV, appearing on the Horn and Hardart Children's Hour, imitating Sophie Tucker. By nine, she was a member of Actors Equity, performing in The Most Happy Fella. She toured in Gypsy as a teenager, and appeared Off-Broadway regularly from the age of 17 on. In 1967, she made her Broadway debut in The Girl in the Freudian Slip, then played Josie Cohan in the musical George M, starring Joel Grey.

In 1968, she was proclaimed a star by reviewers of the Off-Broadway production of Dames at Sea. Despite this success, her next two leading roles on Broadway in 1969 and 1970 closed on their first night. She earned a Tony nomination for her work in the 1971 revival of On the Town and another one for her performance in Mack and Mabel in 1974. Leaving Broadway for a while in the mid-1970s, she moved to Hollywood and started making films, including The Jerk and Pennies from Heaven, with Steve Martin, and Mel Brooks's Silent Movie. Peters also explored a mainstream singing career.

In 1980, she cut Bernadette Peters, going to #31 with her version of Carla Thomas's "Gee Whiz," her only pop hit. By 1984, she was back on Broadway in Stephen Sondheim's Sunday in the Park with George. She won a Tony Award for her demanding role in Andrew Lloyd Webber's 1985 play Song and Dance, which featured Peters alone onstage for the entire first act. She was given star billing in a supporting role in Sondheim's 1987 musical Into the Woods. Back in Hollywood for the early part of the 1990s, she took on mostly dramatic roles, though she also provided the voice for Rita the Cat in the cartoon series Animaniacs. She returned to Broadway for the ill-fated musical version of Neil Simon's The Goodbye Girl in 1993, and started making concert appearances. In 1997, she gave voice to Sophie in the animated feature Anastasia. From 1999 through 2000, she appeared as Annie Oakley in the successful Broadway revival of Annie Get Your Gun. The performance won her another Tony Award.

in 1949 - Stanley Robert Marchant, English organist, composer, painter and principle of the Royal Academy of Music, dies at 65.

in 1950 - Stephen Chatman, Canadian composer and teacher, is born.

in 1952 - Eddie "Kingfish" Manion, American rock and blues saxophonist (Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, Robert Cray, and many others), is born.

in 1955 - Randy Jackson, American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Zebra), is born. This is not the musician/television personality of the same name.

in 1957 - Phil Gould, British pop singer/songwriter and drummer (Level 42), is born.
in 1957 - Ian Stanley, English pop-rock keyboardist and songwriter (Tears for Fears), is born.
in 1957 - Cindy Wilson, American rock singer/songwriter and actress (The B-52s), is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cS1ti6doGJI"]YouTube - Cindy Wilson B-52's Roam acoustic solo" target="_blank">YouTube - Cindy Wilson B-52's Roam acoustic solo[/ame]

in 1964 - The Yardbirds played at the Rhythm and Blues Festival at The Town Hall, Birmingham, England.
in 1966 - Police were called after over a 100 music fans barricaded themselves inside Liverpool's Cavern Club to protest at the clubs closer. The club had run up debts of over £10,000.

in 1967 - Marcus Lillington, English pop-rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and keyboardist (Breathe, Stroke the Toad), is born.

in 1968 - Israeli husband and wife team Esther and Abi Ofarim were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Cinderella Rockefella,' their only UK No.1

in 1968 - Franklin "Frankie" Lymon dies at age 25. America singer and frontman of Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers. While at Junior High School he helped to form a singing group called The Premiers. A talent scout for Gee records, heard them singing on the stairs of a tenement on 165th Street in Manhattan and brought them to George Goldner at Gee. They were renamed The Teenagers and in 1955 they recorded "Why Do Fools Fall In Love?" it was released as a record by The Teenagers featuring Frankie Lymon. It made the top ten in the USA and it reached No.1 in the UK. The group appeared in the movies "Rock, Rock, Rock" and "Mister Rock and Roll", and had 2 more hits with "I'm Not a Juvenile Delinquent" and "The ABCs of Love". But by 1957, the group was being billed as "Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers". This caused in-fighting, and by September, Goldner had pulled Frankie out of the group to record solo. He released some songs of his own including the top twenty song Goody, Goody and eventually he signed with Roulette Records. By the 60's he had a serious drug problem. In 1961 he was forced into a drug rehabilitation program at Manhattan General Hospital. He attempted a comeback, but sadly could not kick his addiction and was convicted on a narcotics charge in 1964. The group was inducted into the Rock-and-Roll Hall of Fame in 1993 and a film based on the life of Frankie Lymon titled Why Do Fools Fall In Love? was released in 1998. (found dead from a drug overdose on the bathroom floor of his grandmother's apartment).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=prNOdbDzwzg"]YouTube - Frankie Lymon & The Teenagers - I'm Not A Juvenile Delinquent" target="_blank">YouTube - Frankie Lymon & The Teenagers - I'm Not A Juvenile Delinquent[/ame]

in 1969 - Elisa Fiorillo, American pop singer, is born.

in 1970 - In an interview with the New Musical Express, Fleetwood Mac's Peter Green talked about his plans to give all his money away. The following year Green confronted his accountant with a gun after he sent him an unwanted royalty check. The guitarist went to jail briefly before being transferred to an asylum and was committed to a mental hospital in 1973. He re- launched his career in the 90's.

in 1970 - Led Zeppelin played a gig in Copenhagen as The Nobs after Eva Von Zeppelin a relative of the airship designer threatened to sue if the family name was used in Denmark.

in 1970 - Simon and Garfunkel started a six week run at the top of the US singles chart with 'Bridge Over Troubled Water', also No.1 in the UK in March the same year.

in 1970 - Billed as 'David Bowie's New Electric Band' (so new they haven't got a name yet), David Bowie played at the Basildon Arts Lab experimental music club at the Basildon Arts Centre in Essex, England. Also on the bill were High Tide, Overson and Iron Butterfly.

in 1972 - George and Patti Harrison were injured in a car crash; Patti was unconscious for several days.

in 1972 - Danny McCormack, British rock singer/songwriter and bassist (The Wildhearts) is born.
in 1974 - Singer songwriter Bobby Bloom shot himself dead in the head at his Hollywood apartment aged 28. Bloom had the 1970 US No.8 & UK No.3 single 'Montego Bay'.

in 1974 - Bobby Bloom dies at age 28. American singer songwriter; he is known best for being a one-hit wonder with the 1970 song "Montego Bay," which was co-written and produced by Jeff Barry, who was surprised to find out after Bobby's death that he was the sole beneficiary of his life insurance policy. In the early '60s, he had been a member of the doo wop group the Imaginations, and sang lead on "Wait A Little Longer, Son." and in 1969 when he was awarded a contract to write and record a jingle for Pepsi, paving the way for his success with "Montego Bay", which reached the US Top 10 and UK Top 3 (he was accidentally shot in a scuffle with a man who was never identified).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gXjVd0TeOX0"]YouTube - Bobby Bloom - Montego Bay" target="_blank">YouTube - Bobby Bloom - Montego Bay[/ame]

in 1975 - Istvan Kardos, Hungarian composer, dies at 83.
in 1976 - Rhythm Heritage went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Theme From SWAT', not a hit in the UK.
in 1977 - Ray Charles was attacked by a member of his audience who tried to strangle him with a rope.

in 1981 - Eddie Rabbitt (Edward Thomas), started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'I Love A Rainy Night', his only No.1, it made No.53 in the UK.

in 1982 - Thin Lizzy guitarist Scott Gorham collapsed during the bands European tour suffering from heroin withdrawal.

in 1984 - Michael Jackson won a record seven Grammy awards including: Album of the year for 'Thriller'; Record of the year and Best rock vocal performance for ‘Beat It’; Best pop vocal performance, Best R&B performance and Best R&B song for ‘Billie Jean’, and Best Recording For Children for E.T The Extra Terrestrial.

in 1985 - David Byron, singer with Uriah Heep died from an epileptic fit and liver disease aged 38. Had a hit with ‘Easy Livin' from the 1972 album Demons and Wizards. 1986, The Colour Field with special guests Primal Scream appeared at The Town And Country club, London, tickets £4.50.

in 1985 - David Byron, English rock singer (Uriah Heep) dies at 38. (Alcohol abuse).

in 1985 - Ray Ellington /Harry Pitts Brown dies at age 68. English singer, drummer and bandleader born in London. He is best known for his appearances on The Goon Show from 1951 to 1960. The Ray Ellington Quartet had a regular musical segment on the show, and he also had a small speaking role in many episodes, often as a parodic African, Native American or Arab chieftain. His band was one of the first groups in Britain to prominently feature the electric guitar. They were also reputedly the very first jazz band in the UK to use an amplified guitar, which was produced and introduced by their guitar player, Lauderic Rex Caton.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ncxjt5CADzM"]YouTube - The Ray Ellington Quartet Plays Mr. Sandman" target="_blank">YouTube - The Ray Ellington Quartet Plays Mr. Sandman[/ame]

in 1985 - David Byron /David Garrick dies at age 38. English singer gifted with a phenomenal vocal range, paired with an unparalleled sense of dynamics & charismatic stage presence. He was the original lead vocalist for Spice from 1967 through 1969, but is more famous for singing in the legendary English rock band Uriah Heep between 1969 to1976, recording 10 albums with the band. He was asked to leave the band because of his increasingly erratic behaviour due to alcohol abuse. He unsuccessfully attempted to revive his career with Rough Diamond, a band featuring former members of Humble Pie and Wings, releasing a self titled album; a solo album "Baby Faced Killer" and in the early 80's with The Byron Band recording 3 albums, 2 of which were not released till the 2000s, " Lost And Found" released 2003 and "One Minute More" released 2008. In 1980 Uriah Heep invited him back in the band, but he refused. (alcohol-related complications).

in 1986 - George Michael announced that Wham! would officially split during the summer.
in 1988 - k.d. Lang performed at the closing ceremony of the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary.

in 1990 - Russell Jacquet dies at age 72. American big band trumpeter, in Saint Martinville, Louisiana. He was the elder brother of well-known tenor saxophonist Illinois Jacquet, who he worked with through the years. He had stints with Floyd Ray and Milt Larkin before he began studying music at Wiley College and Texas Southern University. He moved west and played with his brother's band for a time, later forming his own group which became the house band at the Cotton Club from 1945 to 1949. He then rejoined his brother's group. He later played with several small groups in Oakland, California, and in Houston with Arnett Cobb, and on a few dates in New York with his brother.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fzr_Qiu-nhY"]YouTube - 78rpm pressing: Embryo - Illinois Jacquet and his Orchestra, 1947 - RCA Victor 20-3278[/ame]

in 1994 - Eric Clapton played his 100th performance at London's Royal Albert Hall, in aid of the 'Children In Crisis', charity.

in 1994 - Elbert "Skippy" Williams, American jazz saxophonist and arranger, dies at 77.
in 1995 - Herman "Ace" Wallace, American blues singer/songwriter and guitarist, dies at 69.

in 1995 - Max Rudolf, German-American conductor and teacher, dies at 92. Rudolf's The Grammar of Conducting is still the most widely used textbook of conducting.

in 1996 - Grammy award winners included Alanis Morissette who won album of the year for 'Jagged Little Pill' best female rock vocal & best song for 'You Oughta Know', Nirvana's 'Unplugged won best alternative album and Coolio best rap performance with 'Gangsta's Paradise.'

in 1997 - Death Row Records boss Marion 'Suge' Knight was sentenced to nine years in prison for violating his probation for a 1995 assault conviction. Under US law, Knight would not be allowed to run Death Row Records while in prison.

in 1998 - Celine Dion started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'My Heart Will Go On.' 1998, Cornershop went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Brimful Of Asha'. This song is based upon the history of film culture in India.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T6wbugWrfLU&ob=av2e"]Céline Dion - That's The Way It Is - YouTube[/ame]

in 2002 - On this week's UK singles chart; No.3 'Hero' by Enrique Iglesias, No.2 'Whenever Whatever' by Shakira and Will Young was at No.1 with 'Anything Is Possible / Evergreen'.

in 2002 - Helmut Zacharias dies at age 82. German violinist. He started having lessons at the age of 4. At 6 he played at the cabaret Faun in Berlin and had his first radio broadcast five years later. In the 1950s he was considered to be one of the best jazz violinists of Europe. He played together with many other famous artists, including Yehudi Menuhin and had his own TV show from 1968 to 1973. (He died in Tessin, Switzerland).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uWKRFpANysQ"]YouTube - "Schönes Wetter heute"[/ame]

in 2005 - Chris Curtis dies at age 63. British drummer and singer with the 1960s pop band, The Searchers. He also originated the concept behind Deep Purple forming the band in its original incarnation of 'Roundabout'. For six years from 1960, he an essential part of the Searchers’ sound, he contributed to the band's characteristic vocal harmonies with his distinctive high voice and as well as playing drums he introduced all manner of percussion including tom-toms, castanets, cowbells, bongos and Spanish bells. After leaving the Searchers he recorded his only solo single, the top 20 hit, "Aggravation" in 1966, he was backed by Jimmy Page, Joe Moretti, John Paul Jones and Vic Flick. In 1968 Chris was planning to assemble his new band. At a party speaking to his new friend Ian Lord of his plans, his concept was a band with a core of three members: Curtis, Lord and Robbie Hewlett. The other musicians would be engaged whenever the core felt like it. Ian Lord was eager for this .. "They would jump on and off the roundabout. But I left that party in a new band, Roundabout." said Lord. Chris arranged for Ritchie Blackmore to come over from Germany to play lead guitar for Roundabout. The band went ahead, unfortunately without Chris, due to his LSD drug addiction, Roundabout changed it's name to Deep Purple and their first single was Joe South’s "Hush", which Chris had been playing in Ian Lord’s flat for months.In 1998 he gave his first interview in thirty years; to Spencer Leigh for BBC Radio Merseyside. In the early 2000's he started appearing weekly with live musicians for the Merseycats charity at the Marconi club in Huyton, but he never revisited the old Searchers’ songs (died at his home).

in 2006, Two stewards were shot during a concert by rapper Kanye West at the NEC in Birmingham, England. Police said the shootings took place after people who tried to gain entrance without tickets were escorted from the arena. A man, who had no ticket, entered the foyer and was ejected, he then returned and shot at the stewards, one was in a serious condition after being shot in the face.

2006 - Madonna was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Sorry', her 12th No.1 taken from her album 'Confessions on a Dance Floor'.

in 2008 - Boy George pleaded not guilty to falsely imprisoning a male escort by chaining him to a wall. The singer and DJ was also accused of assaulting Audun Carlsen during the alleged incident on 28 April 2007. He was released on bail until a trial at Snaresbrook Crown Court in November.

in 2007 - Billy Thorpe dies at age 60. English-born Australian lead singer, guitarist of Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs; As a teenager he performed under the name of 'Little Rock Allen'. After he was heard singing and playing guitar by a television producer, he made regular musical appearances on Queensland TV, by the time he was 17 was an experienced singer and musician. He moved to Sydney in 1963 where he joined The Aztecs, it was their second single Leiber and Stoller's "Poison Ivy" which gave them their brake. In November 1973 the Aztecs became the first rock band to play the Sydney Opera House. They had huge hits such as "Love Letters", "I Told The Brook", "Twilight Time" and were a massive influence on AC/DC and many other rock bands. After many line up changes the band split in 1976, and Billy moved to LA in America where in 1979, he released a solo album titled 'Children of the Sun'. He released 3 more albums, all of which had some chart success. By 1986, he owned a recording and production studio in Los Angeles, where he worked on musical scoring for television series, including: War of the Worlds, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Columbo, Eight Is Enough and Hard Time on Planet Earth. He also collaborated with Mick Fleetwood and Bekka Bramlett in Fleetwood's side project, a band called The Zoo. Returning to Australia in 1996 he wrote two autobiographies: "Sex and Thugs and Rock 'n' Roll" and "Most People I Know (Think That I'm Crazy)". He was posthumously appointed a Member of the Order of Australia in June 2007 for his contribution to music as a musician, songwriter and producer (heart attack).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7sSDrDQ0VEU"]YouTube - Billy Thorpe & The Aztecs - Mama live on GTK[/ame]

in 2008 - Mike Smith, English rock singer/songwriter (Dave Clark Five), dies at 64.

in 2008 - Arctic Monkeys won three prizes, including best British band at this year's NME Awards held at the O2 in London. The band's single ‘Fluorescent Adolescent’ won them best track and they won best video for ‘Teddy Picker.’ Best album went to Klaxons for Myths of the Near Future while Kate Nash won best solo artist. Muse were presented with the best live band award and US group The Killers took best international act. The Manic Street Preachers, who performed at the ceremony, were awarded the NME's Godlike Genius honour and Babyshambles frontman Pete Doherty was voted hero of the year. Britney Spears's Blackout was voted worst album and The Hoosiers were named worst band.

in 2008 - Drummer Buddy Miles, who played with Jimi Hendrix in his last regular group, Band of Gypsys, died aged 60 at his home in Austin, Texas after struggling with a long-term illness. Born George Allen Miles in Omaha, Nebraska, Buddy's nickname was a tribute to his idol, jazz drummer Buddy Rich. Rich also played with The Delfonics, The Ink Spots, Wilson Pickett, Electric Flag, Stevie Wonder, David Bowie, Muddy Waters and Barry White. In the 1980s, he achieved a certain amount of notoriety in the US as the vocalist on the celebrated claymation California Raisins commercials.

in 2008 - Mike Smith dies at age 64. British singer and keyboardist with The Dave Clark Five; he and Dave were both members on the same football team for the St. George Boys Club. At age 17, Dave asked him to join his band, his debut recording with the band was "I Knew It All the Time"/"That's What I Said" in 1963. The band had 19 UK Top 40 hits, including 'Bits and Pieces' and the No.1 single 'Glad All Over'. They had US hits with 'Because', 'I Like it Like That' and 'Glad All Over', and set a record among British acts after appearing on the Ed Sullivan show 13 times. He co-wrote the majority of their material with Dave, sold more than 100 million records, played to sold out 5 consecutive world tours and 6 in the U.S. including 12 consecutive shows at Carnegie Hall, and were immortalised in the 1965 feature film "Catch Us If You Can". They disbanded in 1970, Mike continued a while with Dave. In 1976 he recorded with former Manfred Mann's Michael d'Abo, after which he was record producer for such artists as Shirley Bassey and Michael Ball, for whom he recorded 4 gold albums. He also worked as a writer and singer of advertising jingles; his clients ranged from British Airways to McDonald's to Volvo and sang on the original recording of Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical Evita. In the late 90's he moved to Spain and did many charity gigs until an accident in September 2003, leaving him permanently paralysed from the waist down and in his right arm, with very little movement in his left arm. The man with the magnificent ”growl”, tragically died , just 11 days before he was to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of The Dave Clark Five (died from complications of the accident in 2003).

in 2011- Emmy/Elsina Hidersha dies at age 21. Albanian singer, born in Skrapar; her most notable hits were "Pse të dua ty", "A ma jep", "Rastësisht u pamë", and "Let It Play" (vehicular homicide; Emmy was hit by a car, allegedly driven by her ex-boyfriend, 47-year-old Kosovar businessman Haziz Kelmendi. Tragically, she died 2 days later in hospital of her injuries) b. 2011: Emmy/Elsina Hidersha (21) Albanian singer, born in Skrapar; her most notable hits were "Pse të dua ty", "A ma jep", "Rastësisht u pamë", and "Let It Play" (vehicular homicide; Emmy was hit by a car, allegedly driven by her ex-boyfriend, 47-year-old Kosovar businessman Haziz Kelmendi. She died 2 days later in hospital of her injuries)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4HfiIYnh8KQ"]Emmy - Elsina Hidersha - YouTube[/ame]

in 2012 - Shoko Aoba dies at age 93. Japanese singer (pneumonia) - Born March 21st 1918.

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in 1607 - Giovanni Francesco Milanta, Italian composer, is born.
in 1619 - Thomas Campion, English composer, poet and physician, dies at 53.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZsT4lWg5Go"]YouTube - What if a day - Thomas Campion (1567-1620) - Mario Iván Martínez[/ame]

in 1643 - Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian organist and composer, dies at 59.

in 1690 - Johann Conrad Beissel, German-American composer of religious music; founder of the sect of Solitary Brethren of the Community of Sabbatarians, is born at Eberbach-on the Neckar, Palatinate. He migrated to America in 1720 for religious reasons. His first attempt to build up a "solitary" residence failed, but in 1732 he started the community at Ephrata, which became a flourishing religious and artistic center.

Beissel, who styled himself Bruder Friedsam (Brother Peaceful), was a prolific writer of hymns in fanciful German, published in various collections, some printed by Benjamin Franklin, some by the community at Ephrata. He composed tunes for his hymns and harmonized them according to his own rules.

His compositions were collected in beautifully illuminated MSS, many of which are preserved at the Library of Congress and the Library of the Historical Society of Pa. Beissel was not a trained musician, but had original ideas; his religious fanaticism inspired him to write some startling music; in several of his hymns he made use of an antiphonal type of vocal composition with excellent effect.

He left a tract explaining his harmonic theory and his method of singing. Beissel's hymns are collected chiefly in Zionistischer Weyrauchs Htigel (1739), Das Gesang der einsamen und verlassenen Turtel Taube, das ist der christlichen Kirche (1747), and Paradisisches Wunder Spiel (two independent publs., 1754 and 1766). Only texts were printed in these volumes, but the 1754 issue was arranged so that the music could be inserted by hand. Beissel's life was first described in the Chronicon Ephratense, compiled by the brethren Lamech and Agrippa, published at Ephrata in a German edition in 1786, and in an Eng. translation by J.M. Hark at Lancaster in 1889. - Died at Ephrata, Pa., July 6, 1768.

in 1693 - Benedict Schultheiss, German organist and composer, dies at 39.
in 1703 - Dieudonne Raick, Belgian organist and composer, is baptized.
in 1709 - Josef Antonin Gurecky, Czech composer and music director, is born.
in 1711 - Peregrinus Pogl, German composer, is born.
in 1771 - Armand-Emmanuel Trial, French composer and accompanist, is born.
in 1771 - Isfrid Kayser, German composer and music director, dies at 58.
in 1777 - Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian organist, harpsichordist, composer and teacher, dies at 62.
in 1779 - Jacob Gottfried Weber, German music theorist/musicologist and composer, is born.
in 1788 - Orazio Mei, Italian organist, composer and maestro di cappella, dies at 56.
in 1797 - Juan Manuel Olivares, Venezuelan organist, composer and teacher, dies at 36.

in 1799 - Alexey Nikolayevich Verstovsky, Russian composer and 'inspector of music' for Moskow, is born. Verstovsky had many friends and correspondents among the literati of his time, but for some reason was not popular among his fellow composers. Mussorgsky went so far as to nickname him Gemoroy (Hemorrhoid).
Video Notes: Two Torop's songs with chorus from "Askold's Grave"—an opera of a Russian composer Alexey Verstovsky (1799-1862)—performed by The Moscow Engineering Physics Institute Male Choir and its soloist Vitaly Filippov (tenor) at the Grand Hall of the State Historical Museum (Moscow, Red Square).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u72ASy2ZDso"]Verstovsky. "Askold's Tomb"*[/ame]

in 1804 - Wolfgang Nicolaus Haueisen, German organist, composer, conductor and publisher, dies at 63.

in 1810 - Polish composer Frederick Chopin was born in Zelazowa Wola near Warsaw, Poland.

in 1817 - Luigi Gatti, Italian composer and Hofkapellmeister, dies at 77.
in 1820 - Richard Redhead, English organist and composer, is born.
in 1826 - Welsh composer and harpist John Thomas, who served Queen Victoria, was born in Bridgend, South Wales.
in 1832 - Friedrich Grutzmacher, German cellist, teacher and arranger, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aC9LI_8KIdc"]YouTube - Consecration Hymn Opus 65 Friedrich Grutzmacher[/ame]

in 1841 - Romualdo Marenco, Italian violinist, composer and conductor, is born.
in 1859 - Josef Theodor Krov, Czech composer, dies at 61.
in 1878 - Gabriel Edouard Xavier Dupont, French composer, is born.
in 1896 - Dimitri Mitropoulos, Greek pianist, composer and conductor, is born.
in 1900 - Donald Keith Falkner, English bass-baritone and teacher, is born.

in 1903 - Leon Bismarck "Bix" Beiderbecke, highly influential American jazz cornettist, pianist and composer, is born. Beiderbecke is in the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame, the Grammy Hall of Fame, the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame, the International Jazz Hall of Fame, and the International Academy of Jazz Hall of Fame.
in 1904 Glenn Miller, American jazz/swing trombonist, arranger, composer and bandleader, is born. One of my favorite artists.

Cornetist Bix Beiderbecke was one of the most sought after cornetists in the 1920s, although he only became famous many years after his death in 1931. Today he is considered one of the early jazz musicians skilled enough to be compared to the great Louis Armstrong, and his innovative approach helped direct later jazz styles. His life on the other hand, was one riddled by self-destructive behavior, marked by fatal alcoholism.

Raised in Davenport, Iowa by a comfortable middle class family, Beiderbecke developed skill at the piano at an early age. His knack for learning pieces by ear allowed him to forego intensive training, which would have required him to learn to read music. He began to play the cornet at 16, inspired by Nick LaRocca of the Original Dixieland Jass Band.

His poor grades in school resulted from lack of interest in everything but music, but in an effort to remedy this, his parents sent him to Lake Forest Academy, a boarding school in Illinois. There he continued to ignore his studies in favor of sneaking off to Chicago to hear jazz in speakeasies. He began to perform more and more in Chicago, and when he was expelled from the academy in 1922, he decided to pursue a career in music. He soaked up the early jazz sounds of Louis Armstrong, King Oliver, and Freddie Keppard, as well as the music of Maurice Ravel and Claude Debussy.

Beiderbecke joined a band known as the Wolverines in 1923, expanding his exposure to audiences outside of Chicago, and most importantly, in New York. Around this time began his association with C-melody saxophone player Frankie Trumbauer. Beiderbecke and Trumbauer were similar in terms of their virtuosity and there refined, dulcet approach, contrasting from the boisterous sounds of hot jazz. Their playing is thought to have contributed to the development of “cool” jazz, a style made popular by Miles Davis and others in later decades.

Beiderbecke played and recorded with a number of groups in the mid 1920s, and also developed a taste for Prohibition era alcohol, which was often filled with poisonous contaminants. But while his addiction thrived, so did his career. Apparently he was able to improve his poor reading ability, because in 1927, he and Trumbauer joined the Jean Goldkette Orchestra, and then the Paul Whiteman Orchestra. Both were high-paid professional ensembles with large popular followings.

During the late 1920s, Beiderbecke made several recordings on cornet with small groups that often included Trumbauer. The two famously recorded the tune “Singin’ the Blues,” on which their mellifluous tones and melodic sophistication signaled a departure from traditional styles. Beiderbecke also composed works for solo piano, including “In A Mist,” an elaborate piece that injects early jazz with elements of French impressionism.

Despite his successes, his heavy drinking stood in the way of his career, and in 1929, after a nervous breakdown, Beiderbecke was asked to take a leave of absence from the Whiteman Orchestra to recuperate. He never got clean, and two years later, on August 6th, 1931, after a binge on toxic liquor, Beiderbecke died at the age of 28.

Although not fully recognized during his short life, Beiderbecke’s talent is hailed today. His restrained and reflective style has served as a model for countless followers, as has his melding of jazz and classical music influences. He died young, but his musical legacy endures.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oW7YYt0F-K4"]Bix Beiderbecke - I'm Coming Virginia - 1927 - YouTube[/ame]

Video Notes: Royal Garden Blues -- Bix Beiderbecke 1927
On October 5 1927 Bix Beiderbecke recorded one of the most important jazz recordings in its history. Royal Garden Blues with his New Orleans Lucky Seven sometimes known as his Gang. Bix had some superb musicians in his band: Bill Rank on trombone, Don Murray on clarinet, Adrian Rollini on bass sax, Frank Signorelli on piano and Chauncey Moorehouse on drums.
Through the decades this recording has been a sample of how jazz can be played and has influenced many of the great white jazz musicians like Bobby Hackett, Jimmy McPartland soon after and today more the likes of Tom Pletcher, Bent Persson and certainly Hans Carling and his New Coling Orchestra.
The most amazing rendition of this tune is being played in 1984 by Hans Carling together with his band and his young musical family.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jyvH6wf4ghw"]Royal Garden Blues -- Bix Beiderbecke 1927 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1909 - Richard de Guide, Belgian composer, is born.

in 1810 - Frederic (-Francois) Chopin, (actually, Fryderyk Franciszek), greatly renowned Polish composer, incomparable genius of the piano who created a unique romantic style of keyboard music; is born at Zelazowa Wola, near Warsaw, in all probability on March 1,1810, the date given by Chopin himself in his letter of acceptance of membership in the Polish Literary Society in Paris in 1833 (but in his certificate of baptism the date of birth is given as Feb. 22, 1810).

His father, Nicolas Chopin, was a native of Marainville, France, who went to Warsaw as a teacher of French; his mother, Tekla Justyna Krzyzanowska, was Polish. Chopin's talent was manifested in early childhood; at the age of eight, he played in public a piano concerto by Gyrowetz, and he had already begun to compose polonaises, mazurkas, and waltzes. He received his primary musical instruction from the Bohemian pianist Adalbert ywny, who resided in Warsaw at the time. A much more important teacher was Joseph Eisner, director of the Warsaw School of Music, who gave him a thorough instruction in music theory and form.

Chopin was 15 years old when his Rondo for Piano was publ. in Warsaw as op.l. In the summer of 1829 he set out for Vienna, where he gave highly successful concerts on Aug. 11 and Aug. 18, 1829. While in Vienna, he made arrangements to have his variations on Mozart's aria La ci darem la mano, for Piano and Orchestra, published by Haslinger as op.2.

It was this work that attracted the attention of Schumann, who saluted Chopin in his famous article published in the Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung of Dec. 7, 1831, in which Schumann's alter ego, Eusebius, is represented as exclaiming, "Hats off, gentlemen! A genius!" The common assumption in many biographies that Schumann "launched" Chopin on his career is deceptive; actually Schumann was some months younger than Chopin, and was referred to editorially merely as a student of Professor Wieck. Returning to Warsaw, Chopin gave the first public performance of his Piano Concerto in F minor, op.21, on March 17, 1830.

On Oct. 11, 1830, he was soloist in his Piano Concerto in E minor, op.ll. A confusion resulted in the usual listing of the E-minor Concerto as first, and the F-minor Concerto as his second; chronologically, the composition of the F-minor Concerto preceded the E-minor. He spent the winter of 1830-31 in Vienna. The Polish rebellion against Russian domination, which ended in defeat, determined Chopin's further course of action, and he proceeded to Paris, visiting Linz, Salzburg, Dresden, and Stuttgart on the way. He arrived in Paris in Sept. 1831, and was introduced to Rossini, Cherubini, and Pae'r. He also met Bellini, Meyerbeer, Berlioz, Victor Hugo, and Heinrich Heine; he became particularly friendly with Liszt. Paris was then the center of Polish emigration, and Chopin maintained his contacts with the Polish circle there. He presented his first Paris concert on Feb. 26,1832.

He also taught the piano. The Paris critics found an apt Shakespearean epithet for him, calling him "the Ariel of the piano." In 1834 he went with Hiller to Germany, where he met Mendelssohn and Clara and Robert Schumann. In July 1837 he went with Pleyel to London. In 1836 he met the famous novelist Aurore Dupin (Mme. Dudevant), who publ. her works under the affected masculine English name George Sand. They became intimate, even though quite incompatible in character and interests. Sand was involved in social affairs and held radical views; Chopin was a poet confined within his inner world; it has been said that she was the masculine and he the feminine partner in their companionship. In the winter of 1838-39, Chopin accompanied Sand to the island of Majorca, where she attended to him with total devotion; yet she portrayed him in her novel Lucrezia Floriani as a weakling.

Indeed, she was quite overt in her reference to him as a lover; in a personal letter dated 1838 she said that she had difficulty in inducing him to submit to a sensual embrace, and implied that she lived as an immaculate virgin most of the time they were together. They parted in 1847; by that time he was quite ill with tuberculosis; a daguerreotype taken of him represents a prematurely aged man with facial features showing sickness and exhaustion, with locks of black hair partly covering his forehead. Yet he continued his concert career.

He undertook a tour as pianist in England and Scotland in 1848; he gave his last concert in Paris on Feb. 16, 1848. La Revue et Gazette Musicale of Feb. 20, 1848, gives a precious account of the occasion: 'The finest flower of feminine aristocracy in the most elegant attire filled the Salle Pleyel," the paper reported, "to catch this musical sylph on the wing." Chopin played his last concert in London, a benefit for Polish emigres, on Nov. 16, 1848. He died the following year; Mozart's Requiem was performed at Chopin's funeral at the Madeleine, with Habeneck conducting the orch. and chorus of the Paris Cons, and Pauline Viardot and Lablache singing the solo parts.

He was buried at Pere Lachaise between the graves of Cherubini and Bellini; however, at his own request, his heart was sent to Warsaw for entombment in his homeland. Chopin represents the full liberation of the piano from traditional orchestra and choral influences, the authoritative assumption of its role as a solo instrument. Not seeking "orchestral" sonorities, he may have paled as a virtuoso beside the titanic Liszt, but the poesy of his pianism, its fervor of expression, the pervading melancholy in his nocturnes and ballades, and the bounding exultation of his scherzos and etudes were never equaled. And, from a purely technical standpoint, Chopin's figurations and bold modulatory transitions seem to presage the elaborate transtonal developments of modern music. - Died at Paris, Oct. 17, 1849.

in 1914 - Tor Bernhard Vilhelm Aulin, Swedish violinist, composer and conductor, dies at 47.

in 1916 - Mahler's Symph. No. 8 (the “Symphony of a Thousand”) received its first American performance by the Philadelphia Orchestra, with Leopold Stokowski conducting.

in 1917 - Dinah Shore, American singer, actress and television personality, is born.
in 1918 - Johan Gustaf Emil Sjogren, Swedish organist and composer, diea at 64.
in 1920 - Alfred Grant Goodman, German composer, is born.

in 1925 - Lucine Amara (real name, Armaganian), American soprano, is born at Hartford, Conn. She studied with Stella Eisner-Eyn in San Francisco, and attended the Music Academy of the West in Santa Barbara (1947) and the University of Southern Calif, in Los Angeles (1949-50). She also studied with Bobbi Tillander. In 1945 she became a member of the San Francisco Opera chorus. She made her concert debut in San Francisco in 1946, and then sang the title role in Ariadne auf Naxos and appeared as Lady Billows in Albert Herring in 1949. On Nov. 6, 1950, she made her Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as the Celestial Voice in Don Carlos. She continued to sing there until 1991, appearing in 56 lyric or dramatic roles in 882 stage performances. Her other operatic engagements took her to the Edinburgh (1954) and Glyndebourne (1954-55; 1957-58) festivals, the Vienna State Opera (1960), Russia (1965), and China (1983). She also appeared as a soloist with many U.S. orchestras. In later years, she served as artistic director of the N.J. Assn. of Verismo Opera and gave master classes in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Among her finest roles were Gluck's Eurydice, Donna Elvira, Elsa, Verdi's Leonora and Aida, Nedda, Musetta, Mimi, and Ariadne.

in 1927 - Lucine Amara, American opera singer, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efnhLAj6YwM"]Lucine Amara "Morro, ma prima in grazia" Ballo - YouTube[/ame]

in 1927 - Harry Belafonte, American calypso, folk, blues and pop singer and actor, the "King of Calypso," is born.
in 1928 - Albert Herbert Brewer, English organist and composer, dies at 62.
in 1928 - Jacob Adolf Hagg, Swedish pianist and composer, dies at 77.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mOtP19u-Z20"]YouTube - Jakob Adolf Hägg - Nordic symphony in E flat-major, Op.2 (1/2)[/ame]

in 1930 - Pierre Max Dubois, French composer, is born.
in 1932 - Jacques Leduc, Belgian composer and teacher, president of SABAM (the Belgian performing rights society) and member of the Académie Royale de Belgique, is born.

in 1932 - Frank Teschemacher dies at age 25. American jazz clarinetist and alto-saxophonist, along with Jimmy McPartland, Bud Freeman and others, he was associated with the "Austin High" gang. He was mainly self-taught on his instruments and doubled on violin and banjo early in his career. Strongly influenced by cornetist Bix Beiderbecke, he started playing the clarinet professionally in 1925. He began recording under his own name in 1928. His intense solo work laid the groundwork for a rich sound and creative approach, that is credited with influencing a young Benny Goodman and a style of which Pee Wee Russell is perhaps the best-known representative. (killed in a car accident as a passenger in a car driven by his performing associate cornetist "Wild" Bill Davison, just days before of what would have been his 26th birthday)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=17u4NNQ6fhE"]YouTube - Frank Teschemacher's Chicagoans - Jazz Me Blues - Brunswick (previously unissued test)[/ame]

in 1933 - Istvan Lang, Hungarian composer and teacher, is born.

in 1937 - Clarence Holiday dies at age 38. US jazz guitarist; he worked locally until he became a member of the Fletcher "Smack" Henderson Orchestra in 1928 for 5 years, after which he worked and recorded with Benny Carter in 1934, Bob Howard and also with Charlie Turner in 1935, then Louis Metcalf from 1935, before joining the Don Redman Big Band in 1936 till his early death. Clarence was also the father to the great Billie Holiday.

in 1939 - Warren Davis, American doo wop singer (The Monotones), is born.

in 1939 - Leo Brouwer, noted Cuban guitarist, conductor, and composer, is born at Havana. He began music training in Havana, where he made his debut as a guitarist in 1955. In 1959 he went to the U.S. to study composition at the Juilliard School of Music in N.Y. and guitar at the Hartt School of Music in Hartford, Conn. Returning to Havana, he became a leading figure in avant-garde music circles.

He also pursued a distinguished career as a guitar virtuoso, traveling all over the world. He likewise appeared as a conductor in his homeland and abroad. In 1972 he was in Berlin under the auspices of the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst. In 1984 a guitar competition was founded in his honor in Japan. He served as music director of the Orquesta de Cordoba in Spain from 1992.

In 1998 he received the Manuel de Falla Prize. He was awarded the National Music Prize of Cuba in 1999. Brouwer started composing in 1955 in a style that adapted sounds of popular Cuban culture. A second compositional period evolved around 1962.

He became the first Cuban composer to embrace aleatory and open forms, and his Sonograma I was the first example of indeterminate music by a Cuban composer. Then, after 1973, he entered his third period, a self-described "New Simplicity" that fused his avant-garde techniques with previous styles of popular and classical music.

Unique in his output are his 8 guitar concertos, which fall mostly in his third period: No. 1 (1972), No. 2, Concierto de Liege (1980-81), No. 3, Concierto Elegiaco (1985), No. 4, Concierto de Toronto (1987), No. 5, Concierto de Helsinki (1992), No. 6, Concierto de Bolos (1996), No. 7, La Habana (1997-98), and No. 9, Cantata de Perugia (1999).

Among his other works are: 3 danzas concertants for Guitar and String Orchestra (1958); Sonata for Solo cello (1960); Vanantes for Percussionist (1962); Sonograma I for Prepared Piano (1963), II for Orchestra (1964), and III for 2 Pianos (1968); Homage to Mingus for Jazz Band and Orch. (1965); Dos conceptos del tiempo for 10 Players (1965); Conmutaciones for Prepared Piano and Percussion (1966); La tradicion se rompe...pero cuesta trabajo for Orch. (1967-69); El reino de esto mondo for Wind Quintet (1968); Cantigas del tiemp nuevo, cantata for Narrator, Children's Chorus, and Small Ensemble or Orch. (1969); Exaedros I for Ensemble or Orch. (1969) and II for Percussionist and 2 Orchestra Groups (1970); Sonata "pian e forte" for Piano (1970); Per sonore a tres for Guitar, Flute, and Viola (1970); Per sonore a due for Guitar and Tape (1971); Concerto for Flute and String Orch. (1972); Violin Concerto (1975-76); Camion de gesta for Chamber Orchestra (1979); Baladas del Decameron Negro for Guitar (1981); Manuscrito antiguo encontrado en una botella for Piano Trio (1982); Cuban Landscape with Rumba for Guitar Quartet (1985); Guitar Sonata (1990); Double Concerto for Guitar, Violin, and Orch. (1995); Hika: In Memoriam Takemitsu for Guitar (1996); Triple Concerto for Violin, Cello, and Orch. (1997).

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in 1940 - Ralph Towner, American jazz, classical and folk guitarist, pianist, percussionist, trumpeter composer, arranger and bandleader (Weather Report, Oregon), is born.

in 1942 - Jerry Fischer, American rock singer (Blood, Sweat and Tears), is born.
in 1942 - John Cage Jr's Imaginary Landscape No 3 premieres in Chicago.
in 1943 - Piet Veerman, Dutch rock singer and guitarist (The Cats), is born.
in 1944 - Mike D'Abo, English rock singer/songwriter (Manfred Mann), is born.

in 1944 - Roger Daltrey, English rock singer/songwriter and actor, (The Who), is born. Daltrey, as a member of The Who, is in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the UK Music Hall of Fame, the Grammy Hall of Fame, and has received numerous other awards and honors.

in 1945 - Winston Rodney "Burning Spear," Jamaican reggae singer/songwriter and producer, is born.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MIX8lgcZdt0"]YouTube - Burning Spear (Winston Rodney) - Slavery Days (Do you remember the days of slavery)[/ame]

in 1946 - Tony Ashton, English rock singer/songwriter, keyboardist, producer and television personality (Ashton, Gardner and Dyke, an several others), is born.

in 1948 - Norman Connors, American jazz and R&B singer/songwriter, drummer and bandleader, is born.
in 1949 - Sido Martens, Dutch folk-rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and mandolinist (Fungus), is born.
in 1954 - Janis Gill, American country singer, is born.
in 1957 - Jon Carroll, American pop singer and keyboardist (Starland Vocal Band), is born.
in 1958 - Nik Kershaw, English pop singer/songwriter, guitarist and producer, is born.

in 1958 - Buddy Holly played the first of 25 dates on his only UK tour at the Trocadero, Elephant & Castle, London. Also on the bill was Gary Miller, The Tanner Sisters, Des O'Conner, The Montanas, Ronnie Keene & His Orchestra.

in 1961 - Davis Daniel, American country singer/songwriter, is born.
in 1961 - Elvis Presley signed a five-year movie deal with producer Hal Wallis.
in 1962 - Bill Leen, American rock bassist and singer (Gin Blossoms), is born.
in 1963 - Robert James Affuso, American rock drummer (Skid Row), is born.
in 1963 - Frank Ifield was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'The Wayward Wind'. The singers third UK No.1

in 1963 - Christina Bergmark, Swedish rock singer and keyboardist (The Wannadies), is born.
The Wannadies are one of Sweden's sweetest secrets, a band that was lucky enough to look beyond the pop sensations of ABBA, and Roxette to establish a career inside modern rock. Hailing from Skelleftea, the Wannadies formed in the late '80s and brought Sweden's alternative rock scene to the forefront nearly a decade later. Pär Wiksten (vocals/guitar), Stefan Schönfeldt (guitar), Fredrik Schönfeldt (bass), Gunnar Karlsson (drums), and Christina Bergmark (organ) issued two independent albums in the early '90s, but it wasn't until 1995 that the Wannadies truly got what they were looking for. Their sound was more glossy and the U.K. quickly took notice. A deal with Indolent led to the release of a third album, entitled Be a Girl. Singles "You & Me Song" and "Might Be Stars" crashed the U.K.'s Top 20 and became NME favorites. Festival gigs across England also plugged the Wannadies campy rock appeal, allowing the fourth album, Bagsy Me, to also skyrocket in 1996. Drummer Gunnar Karlsson left the band shortly thereafter and Erik Dahlgren stepped in just in time for a joint tour with the Lighting Seeds. The Wannadies seemed unstoppable. Producer Nellee Hooper handpicked "You & Me Song" for the multi-successful Romeo & Juliet soundtrack in 1997, and the band gained college radio play in North America. Success was short-lived, however. The Wannadies constantly battled record labels and contractual responsibilities during the latter '90s. They took a two-year break from the industry and worked with Ric Ocasek for 1999's Yeah. The U.S. finally saw the release of Yeah a year later.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r3ZRVIId6hI"]YouTube - The Wannadies - The Beast Cures The Lover[/ame]

in 1964 - Sergius Kagen, German-American pianist, composer, musicologist and teacher, dies at 54.
in 1965 - Boleslav Vomacka, Czech composer and music critic, dies at 77.
in 1966 - Clinton Gregory, American country singer/songwriter and fiddler, is born.
in 1966 - Gene Clark of The Byrds announced he was leaving the group due to his fear of flying.

in 1966 - during an 11-date tour of Australia and New Zealand The Rolling Stones played at the Civic Theatre, Auckland, New Zealand.

in 1967 - Working at Abbey Road studios, London, The Beatles started recording a new song John Lennon song ‘Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds.’

in 1968 - Elton John's first single 'I've Been Loving You To Long' was released on the Phillips label, it didn't chart.
in 1969 - Dafydd Leuan, Welsh rock drummer (Super Furry Animals), is born.

in 1969 - Jim Morrison of The Doors was charged with lewd and lascivious behaviour after showing his penis to the audience during a show in Miami. He was found guilty and sentenced to eight months hard labour. Morrison died in Paris while the sentence was on appeal.

in 1970 - Mott The Hoople supported by Genesis appeared at The Northcote Arms, Middlesex, England.

in 1970 - Lucille Hegamin dies at age 76. American singer and a pioneer of African American blues. At the age of 15 she was touring the US South with Minstrel shows and became a prominent singer, billed as "The Georgia Peach". Settling in Chicago in 1914 she worked with Tony Jackson and Jelly Roll Morton before marrying pianist Bill Hegamin. He led Lucille' band the Blue Flame Syncopators, first in L.A. and then in New York. In November 1920 she became the second ever African American blues singer to record, after Mamie Smith. In 1926 she performed in Clarence Williams' Review at the Lincoln Theater in New York, then in various reviews in New York and Atlantic City, New Jersey through to 1934, when she retired from the music business to become a nurse. In 1961 and 1962 she came out of retirement to make more records (died in Harlem Hospital in New York City)

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rbj9w5hcx-M"]YouTube - Lucille Hegamin Mississippi Blues[/ame]

in 1971 - Thomas (Joseph Edmund) Ades, remarkable English composer and pianist, is born at London. He studied piano with Paul Berkowitz and composition with Robert Saxton at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama in London, and then pursued his training with Hugh Wood, Alexander Goehr, and Robin Holloway at King's Coll., Cambridge (M.A., 1992) before taking his M.Phil, at St. John's Coll., Cambridge.

He also took courses in Dartington (1991) and Aldeburgh (1992). In 1993 he attracted notice as a pianist and composer when he gave a London recital featuring the premiere of his Still Sorrowing. His Living Toys for Chamber Ensemble (1993) secured his reputation as a composer of promise. In 1993-94 he was a lecturer at the University of Manchester, and also served as composer-inassociation with the Halle Orchestra in Manchester from 1993 to 1995.

His chamber opera, Powder Her Face (Cheltenham Festival, July 1,1995), established him as a dramatic composer of marked talent. From 1995 to 1997 he was fellow commoner in creative arts at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was the Benjamin Britten Professor of Music at the Royal Academy of Music in London (from 1997), musical director of the Birmingham Contemporary Music Group (from 1998), and artistic director of the Aldeburgh Festival (from 1999). In 1998 he was awarded the Elise L. Stroeger Prize of the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center in N.Y. He is currently composing a commissioned 2nd opera for Covent Garden, to a libretto by James Fenton, to premiere in 2001.

in 1972 - Victor Babin, Russian pianist and composer, dies at 63. Babin was the male member of the famous piano duo of Vronsky and Babin, Steinway Immortals.

in 1973 - Ryan Peake, Canadian rock singer/songwriter, guitariat and keyboardist (Nickelback), is born.

in 1974 - Chris Difford placed an advert in a shop window 'lyricist seeks musician for co-writing' Glen Tillbrook answered the ad. The pair went on to form Squeeze.

in 1974 - Queen began their first headlining UK tour at The Winter Garden's Blackpool.

in 1974 - Robert "Bobby" Timmons dies at age 38. American jazz pianist and composer; born in Philadelphia, and is best known for his role as sideman in Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers from 1958-1961 and the composition of "Moanin'", "Dat Dere", and "This Here", each of which are typical of his distinctive gospel soul-jazz style. He also played with Cannonball Adderley, Chet Baker, Hank Mobley, Lee Morgan, Donald Byrd, Kenny Burrell, Sonny Stitt, Maynard Ferguson and Kenny Dorham with whom he made his recording debut in a live set from May 1956 (sadly died from cirrhosis of the liver)

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FB2P1oaP-gk"]BOBBY TIMMONS, This Here (1960) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1975 - Status Quo started a two-week run at No.1 on the UK album chart with 'On The Level.' 1975, The Eagles went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Best Of My Love', the first of five US No.1's for the band. The highest chart position in the UK for the group was No.8 with the 1977 single 'Hotel California.'

in 1975 - winners at this years Grammy Awards included; Paul McCartney for Best pop vocal on 'Band On The Run', Olivia Newton-John won Record Of The Year for 'I Honestly Love You' and Stevie Wonder won Album of the year for 'Fulfilling- ness First Finale.'

in 1976 - French conductor and composer Jean Martinon died at the age of 66 in Paris.

in 1976 - Jean Martinon dies at age 66. French conductor and composer born in Lyon, France where he began his education, at the Conservatoire de Paris. During WW II, he was taken prisoner in 1940, composing works such as Chant des captifs while incarcerated. Among his other compositions are four symphonies, four concertos, additional choral works and chamber music. After the war, he was appointed conductor of the Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire of Paris, and, in 1946, of the Bordeaux Philharmonic Orchestra. Other orchestras with which he was officially associated include the Chicago Symphony Orchestra; the Düsseldorfer Symphoniker; the French National Orchestra; the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, the London Philharmonic Orchestra, the Radio Éireann Symphony Orchestra, the Concerts Lamoureux, and Het Residentie Orkest in The Hague (Jean sadly died after a brave fight with bone cancer)
Robert Schumann cello concerto, 1850; Pierre Fournier, violoncello; Jean Martinon, conductor; Orchestre National de l'ORTF - 1966

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a8OPzwnLFCc"]YouTube - Schumann cello concerto part1 - P. Fournier[/ame]

in 1977 - Iggy Pop and David Bowie plus The Vibrators appeared at Friars, Aylesbury, England.
in 1979 - Joy Division appeared at The Hope & Anchor, Islington, London, England. Admission was 75p ($1.28).

in 1980 - John Jacob Niles, American opera and folk singer, composer/songwriter and collector of traditional ballads, the "Dean of American Balladeers," dies at 87.

in 1980 - Blondie were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Atomic' the group's third UK No.1 single from their album 'Eat To The Beat'.

in 1980 - Patti Smith married MC5 guitarist Fred “Sonic” Smith. Smith died on November 4th 1994. 1980, The Shadows scored their fourth No.1 UK album when 'String Of Hits' started a three-week run at the top of the charts.

in 1983 - Grandmaster Melle Mel and the Furious Five kicked off a 9-date UK tour at Leeds Polytechnic.
in 1985 - Eugene List, American classical pianist and teacher, dies at 66.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amPtWKgoZF8"]YouTube - Eugene List: Piano Concerto in A major, K 488 - Movement 1 (Mozart)[/ame]

in 1986 - during a UK tour The Bangles appeared at Glasgow's Queen Margaret Union.
in 1986 - Gary Glitter was admitted to hospital, suffering from an accidental overdose of sleeping pills.

in 1986 - Mr Mister started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Kyrie', the group's second US No.1, a No.11 hit in the UK. Also the group's album 'Welcome To The Real World' went to No.1 on the US album chart.

in 1989 - R.E.M. kicked off the US leg of the 'Green World Tour', in Louisville, Kentucky.
in 1989 - Madonna started a $5 million, (£2.9m) sponsorship deal with Pepsi Cola.

in 1990 - Janet Jackson played the first night on her 120-date Rhythm Nation 1814 World tour at the Miami Arena in Florida. As part of the show Jackson's had a live panther on-stage, but after concerns were raised over safety of the crowds and several incidents of the panther urinating on the stage Jackson axed the cat from the show in the summer leg of the tour.

in 1991 - Frank Smith from Air Supply died of pneumonia in Melbourne, Australia. (1980 UK No.11 single 'All Out Of Love', 1981 US No.1 single 'The One That You Love').

in 1991 - Ocean Colour Scene appeared at The Venue, London, on the first night of a 19-date UK tour.
in 1991 - Scott Huston, American composer and teacher, dies at 74.

in 1991 - Frank Esler-Smith dies at age 42. British arranger and keyboard player for the soft-rock band Air Supply in the 1970s and during their 1980s heyday, with hits such as "Lost in Love", "All Out of Love", "The One That You Love", "Every Woman in the World", "Here I Am", "Even the Nights Are Better", and "Making Love Out of Nothing at All" among many others. Born in London, but he attended Melbourne Uni, Australia to study architecture. However, his early passion had been classical music, and he would later gain extensive experience as an orchestral conductor in settings as variegated as musical theatre and rock recordings. He first met principal Air Supply members Russell Hitchcock and Graham Russell while he was working with the orchestra in a production of Jesus Christ Superstar that included Hitchcock and Russell as castmembers. He collaborated with many other musicians and songwriters throughout his career (died from pneumonia, AIDS related)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ERD36EbozkQ"]YouTube - Don't Be Afraid Karaoke Air Supply[/ame]

in 1994 - Walter Kent, American musical theater composer, dies at 82.

in 1994 - Timothy Andrew James Souster, English composer and teacher, dies at 51. Souster is known both for his electronic music compositions, and for his film and television scores.

in 1994 - Nirvana played their final ever concert when they appeared at The Terminal Einz in Munich, Germany. The 3,000 capacity venue was a small Airport Hanger. The power went off during the show so they played an impromptu acoustic set including a version of The Cars 'My Best Friend's Girl.'

in 1995 - Bruce Springsteen’s Streets of Philadelphia won three Grammys for Song of the Year, Best Male Vocal Performance and Best Rock Song.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4z2DtNW79sQ&ob=av2e"]Bruce Springsteen - Streets Of Philadelphia - YouTube[/ame]

in 1997 - a Motley Crue fan who claimed his hearing had been irreparably damaged after a show in New Jersey had his lawsuit thrown out of court. The judge told Clifford Goldberg who had sat near the front of the stage, he knew the risk he was taking.

in 1997 - 'Bowie Bonds' were issued on the US Stock Exchange. Linked to David Bowie's back catalogue albums with money earned on the bonds via interest from royalties, investors could expect to make an 8% profit in about 10 years.

in 1997 - Travis kicked off a 19-date UK tour at The Lemon Tree, Aberdeen, Scotland.

in 2001 - Sean 'Puffy' Combs became the star witness of his own defence in a New York court claiming he didn't have a gun during a shooting in a New York club. The singer claimed he thought he was being shot at.

in 2002 - Doreen Waddell dies at age 36. British singer with the R&B-dance group Soul II Soul best known for their 1989 UK chart-topper and U.S. Top 5 hit, "Back to Life (However Do You Want Me)" and also as a member of the British acid house group KLF (when being chased from a store for shoplifting, she ran onto the A27 Worthing, where horricically she was hit by 3 vehicles, dying instantly)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KA1fiFPKWUg"]YouTube - Soul II Soul "A Dream's A Dream"[/ame]

in 2004 - Michael Jackson unveiled a new website, www.mjjsource.com. The site featured a celebration of his music career plus news on his current criminal trial, including short biographies of his attorneys and a calendar listing upcoming court dates.

in 2005 - Chris Curtis, drummer with The Searchers died aged 63 after a long illness. (1964 UK No.1 single 'Needles And Pins')

in 2006 - Johnny Jackson dies at age 54. American musician; noted for being the drummer for The Jackson 5 from their early Gary, Indiana days until the end of their famed career at Motown. The label presented Johnny as the cousin of Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, Marlon, Michael, but Johnny is not directly related to the Jacksons (stabbed to death by his girlfriend)

in 1964 - US No.3 single 'Love Potion Number Nine').
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7rXhXLsNJL8"]YouTube - Love potion number 9, The Searchers[/ame]

in 2005, Nelly featuring Tim McGraw were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Over And Over', the 3rd No.1 for Nelly, and the first for Grammy Award-winning Country music singer Tim McGraw.

in 2009 - Kelly Clarkson went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'My Life Would Suck Without You'. US singer Clarkson won American Idol in 2000 and became the only American Idol contestant to have topped the UK charts.

in 2009 - The Prodigy went to No.1 on the UK album charts with their fifth studio album ‘Invaders Must Die’.

in 2009 - Tony Osborne dies at age 86. British musician born in Cambridge, who found success arranging for some of the biggest stars of the 1950s and ’60s. A versatile musician, he was a junior accordion champion, could play the bass, piano and trumpet. After serving in the RAF during the WWII he sought work as a session musician in London. He played with top band leaders and also the BBC Orchestra on scores for their radio comedy shows and progressed to writing arrangements. He landed work for EMI while his band, the Brass Hats, became the house band on kids' show Six-Five Special and composed the theme for another, Juke Box Jury. This led to work with Eartha Kitt and Dorothy Squires and helped create some of the biggest hits of the era, including Gracie Fields ’ Around The World, Connie Francis’ Mama and the Beverley Sisters’ Sisters. Most notably Shirley Bassey for whom he wrote several songs, arranged many more and conducted concert performances. I (Who Have Nothing) was his biggest success with Bassey, No.1 in 1963. In the late 60s, he started playing on cruise ships, and settled in Sydney, Australia, where he led a tour with six surviving members of the Glenn Miller Orchestra. He spent the remaining years of his life listening to music and enjoying a residency as the pianist at the Sydney Yacht Club.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MNJOfOMR3u4"]YouTube - When You Wish Upon A Star - Tony Osborne[/ame]

in 2012 - Lucio Dalla dies at age 68. Italian singer-songwriter clarinetist and keyboard player, born in Bologna, Italy. He began to play the clarinet at an early age, in a jazz band in Bologna, and became member of a local jazz band called Rheno Dixieland Band, together with the future film director Pupi Avati. He went on to have a solo career releasing his debut album, "1999", in 1966 followed by 39 albums over his long career, his last "Angoli nel cielo" released in 2010. Lucio was the composer of Caruso in 1986, a dedication to the great Enrico Caruso, which has been covered by numerous international artists. A version of Caruso sung by Luciano Pavarotti sold over 9 million copies, and another version was a track on Andrea Bocelli's first international album Romanza, which later sold over 20 million copies worldwide. This piece is also on Josh Groban's album "Closer", which sold over 5 million copies in the United States alone. (heart attack) - Born March 4th 1943 .


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Old March 1st, 2014, 09:10 PM   #2716

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in 1555 - Ludovico Spontoni, Italian composer, is born.
in 1725 - Georg F Händel's opera Giulio Cesare in Egitto premieres in London.
in 1755 - Antoine-Frederic Gresnick, Belgian composer, is born.

in 1759 - Johann Christian Friedrich Haeffner, German-Swedish organist, composer, conductor and teacher, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7EvobbxgE24"]YouTube - Johann Christian Friedrich Haeffner - Electra - Ouverture[/ame]

in 1800 - Christian Friedrich Schale, German organist and composer, dies at 86.
in 1813 - George Alexander Macfarren, English composer, music theorist and teacher, is born.
in 1815 - Antonio Buzzolla, Italian composer and conductor, is born.
in 1822 - Christian Friedrich Hermann Uber, German violinist, composer and Kapellmeister, dies at 40.

in 1824 - Bedrich Friedrich Smetana, Czech composer and teacher, is born. Smetana is still highly regarded in his homeland, but not much heard of in the rest of the world.

in 1838 - David Duffle Wood, American composer, is born.
in 1868 - Carl Eberwein, German flautist, composer, music director and conductor, dies at 81.
in 1882 - Louis Kufferath, German pianist, composer and conductor, dies at 70.
in 1884 - Leon Jongen, Belgian composer, is born.
in 1887 - Wilhelm Troszel, German bass, composer and teacher, dies at 63.
in 1893 - Maxime Dumoulin, French composer, is born.
in 1894 - Renaat Veremans, Belgian organist, composer and conductor, is born.

in 1900 - Kurt J Weill, German-American pianist, composer, répétiteur, Kapellmeister, music critic and teacher, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p1cmz-luZS0"]YouTube - "Tango Ballad" Kurt Weill - Ute Lemper with Neil Hannon[/ame]

in 1905 - Marc Blitzstein, American pianist and composer, is born.
in 1909 - Hanoch Jacoby, Russian-Israeli composer, is born.
in 1916 - Bernard George Stevens. English composer and teacher, is born.
in 1917 - Desi Arnaz, Cuban-American latin music singer, guitarist, bandleader, actor and producer, is born.
in 1917 - John Gardner, English composer, conductor and teacher, is born.

in 1920 - Enrique Franco, Spanish pianist, composer, critic, researcher and writer, is born. Franco was known as the dean of Spanish music critics.

in 1921 - Robert Wilfred Levick Simpson, English composer, musicologist and author, is born.
in 1922 - Eric Feldbush, Belgian cellist, composer and conductor, is born.
in 1922 - Mario Zafred, Italian composer, opera director and music critic, is born.
in 1927 - Siegfried Kohler, German composer, is born.
in 1927 - Witold Szalonec, Polish composer and teacher, is born.
in 1934 - Bernard Rands, English-American composer and teacher, is born.
in 1938 - Lawrence Payton, American R&B singer/songwriter and producer (The Four Tops), is born.

in 1938 - Benjamin Robertson "Ben" Harney dies at age 65. America songwriter, entertainer, and pioneer of ragtime music. His father's military records show Ben was born in Memphis, Tennessee. He toured widely on the Vaudeville circuits in the USA, as well as tours of theatres in Europe, Asia, Australasia and the South Pacific. His 1895 composition "You've Been a Good Old Wagon but You Done Broke Down" is regarded as one of the first published ragtime songs. Other compositions included "Mister Johnson, Turn Me Loose", "Cake Walk In The Sky", "There's A Knocker Layin' Around", "You May Go, but This Will Bring You Back", "Cannon Ball Catcher", "T.T.T. (Treat, Trade or Travel)", "I Love My Little Honey", "The Wagon" and "There's Only One Way to Keep a Gal". In 1924, the New York Times wrote that Ben "probably did more to popularize ragtime than any other person". Time Magazine termed him "Ragtime's Father" in 1938. (Heart attack)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qMiOUdVG270"]YouTube - Ben Harney - The Wagon[/ame]

in 1939 - Gerard van Tongeren, Dutch pop singer (The Buffoons), is born.

in 1937 - Gustav Wohlgemuth, German composer, choral conductor, teacher and magazine editor, dies at 73.

in 1942 - Tony Meehan, British rock drummer (The Shadows), is born.

in 1942 - Lou Reed, American rock singer/songwriter, guitarist, multi-instrumentalist, producer and photographer (the Velvet Underground), is born.

in 1942 -Charlie Christiandies at age 25. American jazz guitarist and blues singer; the first important electric guitarist, he was an important early performer on the electric guitar, and is cited as a key figure in the development of bebop and cool jazz. He gained national exposure as a member of the Benny Goodman Sextet and Orchestra from August 1939 to June 1941. His single-string technique combined with amplification helped bring the guitar out of the rhythm section and into the forefront as a solo instrument. In 1990 Charlie was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (tuberculosis)

Christian was an important early performer on the electric guitar, and is cited as a key figure in the development of bebop and cool jazz. He gained national exposure as a member of the Benny Goodman Sextet and Orchestra from August 1939 to June 1941. His single-string technique combined with amplification helped bring the guitar out of the rhythm section and into the forefront as a solo instrument. John Hammond and George T. Simon called Christian the best improvisational talent of the swing era. In the liner notes to the 1972 Columbia album Solo Flight: The Genius of Charlie Christian, Gene Lees writes that "many critics and musicians consider that Christian was one of the founding fathers of bebop, or if not that, at least a precursor to it".

Christian's influence reached beyond jazz and swing — in 1990 he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Christian was raised in Oklahoma City and was one of many musicians who jammed along the city's "Deep Deuce" section on N.E. Second Street. In 2006 Oklahoma City renamed a street in its Bricktown entertainment district Charlie Christian Avenue.

Christian was born in Bonham, Texas, but his family moved to Oklahoma City, Oklahoma when he was a small child. His parents were musicians and he had two brothers, Edward, born in 1906, and Clarence, born in 1911. All three sons were taught music by their father, Clarence Henry Christian. Clarence Henry was struck blind by fever, and in order to support the family he and the boys would work as buskers, on what the Christians called "busts." He would have them lead him into the better neighborhoods where they would perform for cash or goods. When Charles was old enough to go along, he first entertained by dancing. Later he learned guitar, inheriting his father's instruments upon his death when Charles was 12.

He attended Douglass School in Oklahoma City, and was further encouraged in music by instructor Zelia Breaux. Charles wanted to play tenor saxophone in the school band, but she insisted he try trumpet instead. Because he believed playing the trumpet would disfigure his lip, he quit to pursue his interest in baseball, at which he excelled.

In a 1978 interview with Charlie Christian biographer Craig McKinney, Clarence Christian said that in the 1920s and '30s Edward Christian led a band in Oklahoma City as a pianist and had a shaky relationship with trumpeter James Simpson. Around 1931, he took guitarist "Bigfoot" Ralph Hamilton and began secretly schooling the younger Charles on jazz. They taught him to solo on three songs, "Rose Room", "Tea for Two", and "Sweet Georgia Brown". When the time was right they took him out to one of the many after-hours jam sessions along "Deep Deuce", Northeast Second Street in Oklahoma City.

"Let Charles play one," they told Edward. "Ah, nobody wants to hear them old blues," Edward replied. After some encouragement, he allowed Charles to play. "What do you want to play?" he asked. All three songs were big in the early 1930s and Edward was surprised that Charles knew them. After two encores, Charles had played all three and "Deep Deuce" was in an uproar. He coolly dismissed himself from the jam session, and his mother had heard about it before he got home.

Charles fathered a daughter, Billie Jean Christian, born December 23, 1932, with Margretta Lorraine Downey of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. They never married. Billie Jean (Christian) Johnson died 19 July 2004.

Charles soon was performing locally and on the road throughout the Midwest, as far away as North Dakota and Minnesota. By 1936 he was playing electric guitar and had become a regional attraction. He jammed with many of the big name performers traveling through Oklahoma City including Teddy Wilson and Art Tatum. It was Mary Lou Williams, pianist for "Andy Kirk and His Clouds of Joy", who told record producer John Hammond about Charlie Christian.

In 1939 Christian auditioned for John Hammond, who recommended him to bandleader Benny Goodman. Goodman was the fourth white bandleader to feature black musicians in his live band: the first was Jimmy Durante, for whom Achille Baquet, a light-skinned black clarinetist who could pass as white, played and recorded in Durante's Original New Orleans Jazz Band (1918–1920); the second was violinist Arthur Hand, who led the California Ramblers, which from 1922-1925 included light-skinned black trumpeter Bill Moore, who was billed as The Hot Hawaiian. The third was Ben Bernie, whose band from 1925-1928 also featured Bill Moore. Goodman became the fourth by bringing Teddy Wilson in on piano in 1935, and Lionel Hampton on vibraphone in 1936. Goodman hired Christian to play with the newly formed Goodman Sextet in 1939. It has been often stated that Goodman was initially uninterested in hiring Christian because the electric guitar was a relatively new instrument. Goodman had been exposed to the instrument with Floyd Smith and Leonard Ware among others, none of whom had the ability of Charlie Christian. There is a report of Goodman unsuccessfully trying to buy out Floyd Smith's contract from Andy Kirk. However, Goodman was so impressed by Christian's playing that he hired him instead.

There are several versions of the first meeting of Christian and Goodman on August 16, 1939. The encounter that afternoon at the recording studio had not gone well. Charles recalled in a 1940 Metronome magazine article, "I guess neither one of us liked what I played", but Hammond decided to try again — without consulting Goodman (Christian says Goodman invited him to the show that evening); he installed Christian on the bandstand for that night's set at the Victor Hugo restaurant in Los Angeles. Displeased at the surprise, Goodman called "Rose Room", a tune he assumed that Christian would be unfamiliar with. Unknown to Goodman, Charles had been reared on the tune, and he came in with his solo — which was to be the first of about twenty, all of them different, all unlike anything Goodman had heard before. That version of "Rose Room" lasted forty minutes; by its end, Christian was in the band. In the course of a few days, Christian went from making $2.50 a night to making $150 a week.

Christian was placed in Goodman's new sextet, which included Lionel Hampton, Fletcher Henderson, Artie Bernstein and Nick Fatool. By February 1940 Christian dominated the jazz and swing guitar polls and was elected to the Metronome All Stars. In the spring of 1940 Goodman let most of his entourage go in a reorganization move. He retained Charlie Christian, and in the fall of that year Goodman led a sextet with Charlie Christian, Count Basie, longtime Duke Ellington trumpeter Cootie Williams, former Artie Shaw tenor saxophonist Georgie Auld and later drummer Dave Tough. This all-star band dominated the jazz polls in 1941, including another election to the Metronome All Stars for Christian. Johnny Guarnieri, who replaced Fletcher Henderson in the first sextet, filled the piano chair in Basie's absence.

In 1966, 24 years after his death, Christian was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame.

Christian's solos are frequently referred to as "horn-like", and in that sense he was more influenced by horn players such as Lester Young and Herschel Evans[13] than by early acoustic guitarists like Eddie Lang and jazz/bluesman Lonnie Johnson, although they both had contributed to the expansion of the guitar's role from "rhythm section" instrument to a solo instrument. Christian admitted he wanted his guitar to sound like a tenor saxophone. Belgian gypsy jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt had little influence on Christian, but he was obviously familiar with some of his recordings. Guitarist Mary Osborne recalled hearing him play Django's solo on "St. Louis Blues" note for note, but then following it with his own ideas. By 1939 there had already been electric guitar soloists—Leonard Ware, George Barnes, trombonist/composer ("Topsy") Eddie Durham had recorded with Count Basie's Kansas City Six, Floyd Smith recorded "Floyd's Guitar Blues" with Andy Kirk in March 1939, using an amplified lap steel guitar, and Texas Swing pioneer Eldon Shamblin was using amplified electric guitar with Bob Wills. However, Charles Christian was the first great soloist on the amplified guitar.

Guitarists who followed Christian and who were influenced by him include Oscar Moore (Nat King Cole trio), Les Paul, Tiny Grimes, Barney Kessel, Herb Ellis, Jimmy Raney, Tal Farlow, Kenny Burrell, Grant Green, Wes Montgomery, and Jim Hall. Tiny Grimes, who made several records with Art Tatum, can often be heard quoting Christian note-for-note.

Christian paved the way for the modern electric guitar sound that was followed by other pioneers, including T-Bone Walker, Eddie Cochran, Cliff Gallup, Scotty Moore, Franny Beecher, B.B. King, Chuck Berry, Carlos Santana and Jimi Hendrix. For this reason Christian was inducted in 1990 into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as an "Early Influence".

Christian's exposure was so great in the brief period he played with Goodman that he influenced not only guitarists, but other musicians as well. The influence he had on "Dizzy" Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Thelonious Monk and Don Byas can be heard on their early "bop" recordings "Blue'n Boogie" and "Salt Peanuts". Other musicians, such as trumpeter Miles Davis, cite Christian as an early influence. Indeed, Christian's "new" sound influenced jazz as a whole. He reigned supreme in the jazz guitar polls up to two years after his death.[18]
[edit] Bebop and Minton's Playhouse

Charlie Christian was an important contributor to the music that became known as "bop" or "Bebop". Private recordings made in September 1939 in Minneapolis, Minnesota by Goodman aficionado Jerry Newhouse capture the newly hired Christian while on the road with Goodman and feature Goodman tenor sax man Jerry Jerome and then local bass man Oscar Pettiford. Taking multiple solos, Christian shows much the same improvisational skills later captured on the Minton's and Monroe's recordings in 1941, suggesting that he had already matured as a musician. The Minneapolis recordings include "Stardust", "Tea for Two" and "I've Got Rhythm", the latter a favorite piece of bop composers and jammers.

More of the unrestrained Christian is apparent in recordings of the partial Goodman Sextet made in March 1941. With Goodman and bassist Artie Bernstein absent, Christian and the rest of the Sextet recorded for nearly 20 minutes as the engineers tested equipment. Two recordings were released from that session years later: "Blues in B" and "Waiting for Benny", which showed hints of bop jam sessions. The free flow of these sessions contrasts with the more formal swing music recorded after Goodman had arrived at the studio. Other Goodman Sextet records that foretell bop are "Seven Come Eleven" (1939) and "Air Mail Special" (1940 and 1941).

An even more striking example is a series of recordings made at Minton's Playhouse, an after-hours club located in the Hotel Cecil at 210 West 118th Street in Harlem by Columbia student Jerry Newman on a portable disk recorder in 1941. Newman captured Christian, accompanied by Joe Guy on trumpet, Kenny Kersey on piano and Kenny Clarke on drums,[20] stretching out far beyond what the confines of the 78 RPM record would allow. His work on "Swing to Bop", a later Esoteric Records company re-title of Eddie Durham's "Topsy," is an example of what Christian was capable of creating "off the cuff."

His use of tension and release, a technique employed by Lester Young, Count Basie and later bop musicians, is also present on "Stompin' at the Savoy", included among the Newman recordings. The collection also includes recordings made at Clark Monroe's Uptown House, another late-night jazz haunt in the Harlem of 1941 that include Oran "Hot Lips" Page. Other recordings include tenor sax man Don Byas. The Minton's recordings were long rumored to feature "Dizzy" Gillespie and Thelonious Monk, but that has since been proven untrue, although both were regulars at the jam sessions, with Monk a regular in the Minton's house band.

Kenny Clarke claimed that "Epistrophy" and "Rhythm-a-ning" were Charlie Christian compositions that Christian played with Clarke and Thelonious Monk at Minton's jam sessions. The "Rhythm-a-ning" line can be heard on "Down on Teddy's Hill" and behind the introduction on "Guy's Got To Go" from the Newman recordings, but it is also a line from Mary Lou Williams' "Walkin' and Swingin'".

Clarke said Christian first showed him the chords to "Epistrophy" on a ukulele. These recordings have been packaged under a number of different titles, including "After Hours" and "The Immortal Charlie Christian." While the recording quality of many of these sessions is poor, they show Christian stretching out much longer than he could on the Benny Goodman sides. On the Minton's and Monroe's recordings, Christian can be heard taking multiple choruses on a single tune, playing long stretches of melodic ideas with ease.

Christian was just as adept with understatement as well. His work on the Goodman sextet sides "Soft Winds", "Till Tom Special", and "A Smo-o-o-oth One", show his use of very few, well placed melodic notes. His work on the Sextet's recordings of ballads "Stardust", "Memories of You", "Poor Butterfly", "I Surrender Dear" and "On the Alamo" as well as his work on "Profoundly Blue" with the Edmond Hall Celeste Quartet (1941) show hints of what was later to be called "cool jazz". Although credited for very few, Christian composed many of the original tunes recorded by the Benny Goodman Sextet.

Proposed gravesite of Charlie Christian in Gates Hill Cemetery, Bonham, Texas, based on eyewitness accounts from the funeral taken by Christian biographer Craig McKinney.

In the late 1930s Christian had contracted tuberculosis[26] and in early 1940 was hospitalized for a short period in which the Goodman group was on hiatus due to Benny's back trouble. Goodman was hospitalized in the summer of 1940 after the band's brief stay at Santa Catalina Island, California, where the group stayed when on the west coast. Christian returned home to Oklahoma City, in late July 1940 before returning to New York City in September 1940. In early 1941, Christian resumed his hectic lifestyle, heading to Harlem for late-night jam sessions after finishing gigs with the Goodman Sextet and Orchestra in New York City. In June 1941 he was admitted to Seaview, a sanitarium on Staten Island in New York City. He was reported to be making progress, and Down Beat magazine reported in February 1942 that he and Cootie Williams were starting a band.

After a visit that same month to the hospital by tap dancer and drummer Marion Joseph "Taps" Miller, Christian declined in health and died March 2, 1942. He was 25 years old. He was buried in an unmarked grave in Bonham, Texas, and a Texas State Historical Commission Marker and headstone were placed in Gates Hill Cemetery in 1994. The location of the historical marker and headstone has been disputed.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ce9Jtl9D6FQ"]SWING TO BOP (1941) by Charlie Christian - YouTube[/ame]

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NtC2XDbE8Zo&feature=related"]Blues in B / Charlie Christian(1916-1942) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1943 - Stephen Dickman, American composer, is born.

in 1944 - Leif Segerstam, Finnish composer, conductor and teacher, is born. There is a collection of his quotes here. I'll give a few samples: "I want the music more traumatised." "You don't need to count here. You won't get lost because at the end, I will turn and look at you stoppingly!" "More grease in the pianissimo." "Don't make it sound as brutal as my left hand, please." "The kaleidoscopic flexator on the podium --- the conductor."

in 1947 - Nelson Ned, Brazilian pop singer/songwriter, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0bDxxiRIGJQ"]YouTube - nelson ned -- si las flores pudieran hablar[/ame]
English translation of the Nelson Ned video:
Today I sent these flowers
Stealing from a garden
Hoping that you remember well
Gradually Me
And if flowers could talk
And to say that I love
And if the roses would like to ask
I get to love
And if flowers could tell
I am of you love
It that case I would respond
Taking the heart
Whoever takes a miracle happens
And knowing that robe
Almost a rose for you
It might perhaps suddenly
fall for me

in 1948 - Larry Carlton, American fusion jazz, pop and rock guitarist and singer/songwriter (The Crusaders), is born.

in 1948 - Rory Gallagher, Irish blues-rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and multi-instrumentalist, is born. One of my favorite rockers; I was lucky enough to see him live a few times.

in 1949 - Eddie Money (Mahoney), American rock singer/songwriter, keyboardist, saxophonist and harmonica player, is born.

in 1950 - Karen Carpenter, American pop singer and drummer, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=__VQX2Xn7tI"]YouTube - carpenters -We've Only Just Begun[/ame]

in 1953 - William Simmons, American R&B-funk saxophonist and keyboardist (Midnight Star), is born.
in 1955 - Dale Bozzio, American pop/new wave singer (Missing Persons), is born.
in 1955 - Jay Osmond, American pop singer (The Osmonds), is born.

in 1955 - Elvis Presley appeared at Porky's Rooftop Club in Newport, Arkansas. Constantly on the road, performing night after night this was the group's 46th show this year, (Elvis along with Scotty Moore and Bill Black).

in 1955 - Bo Diddley has his first recording session at Universal Recording Studio in Chicago, where he layed down ‘Bo Diddley’, which went on th top the US R&B chart by the following June.

in 1956 - John Cowsill, American pop singer, drummer and keyboardist (The Cowsills, The Beach Boys), is born.

in 1956 - Mark Evans, Australian rock bassist (AC/DC), is born.
in 1959 - Larry Stewart, American country singer/songwriter and guitarist (Restless Heart), is born.
in 1959 - Yrlö Henrik Kilpinen, Finnish composer, dies at 67.

in 1960 - after completing his national service and flying back to America, Elvis Presley stepped on British soil for the first and only time in his life when the plane carrying him stopped for refuelling at Prestwick Airport, Scotland.

in 1961 - The Everly Brothers had their third UK No.1 single with 'Walk Right Back' a song written by Sonny Curtis of The Crickets.

in 1962 - Jon Bon Jovi, American rock singer/songwriter and multi-instrumentalist, is born.

in 1963 - The Four Seasons became the first group to have 3 consecutive No.1's in the US when 'Walk Like A man', started a three week run at the top, a No.12 in hit the UK.

in 1964 - The Beatles began filming what would become their first feature film 'A Hard Days Night' at Marylebone train station in London.

in 1966 - Stevie Rachelle, American rock singer/songwriter (Tuff), is born.

1967 - Engelbert Humperdinck was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Release Me.' The singrs first of two number 1's, the song spent six weeks at the top of the chart and a record fifty six weeks on the chart.

in 1968 - Simon and Garfunkel appeared at The Usher Hall, Edinburgh, Scotland. 1974, at this year’s Grammys Stevie Wonder won four awards: Album of the year for 'Innervisions', Best R&B song and Best vocal for ‘Superstition’ and Pop vocal performance for ‘You Are The Sunshine Of My Life’.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C-PNun-Pfb4"]YouTube - Simon & Garfunkel, Bridge Over Troubled Water, Central Park[/ame]

in 1972 - James "Spanky" DeBrest dies at age 34. American jazz bassist; he played with Lee Morgan in his early years in Philadelphia. In 1957 he was a member of Ray Draper's Quintet, with Jackie McLean, pianist Mal Waldron, and drummer Ben Dixon. He also played with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers until 1958, including sessions with Thelonious Monk. Other credits include work with greats such as John Coltrane, Clifford Jordan, Ray Draper, Lee Morgan, and J. J. Johnson. His last recordings were made in 1971.

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in 1974 - Terry Jacks started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Seasons In The Sun', also No.1 in the UK. The song (written in French by Belgian, Jacques Brel), had English lyrics by poet Rod McKuen.

in 1975 - Jean Kurt Forest, German violinist, composer and conductor, dies at 65.

in 1975 - a policeman who stopped a Lincoln Continental for running a red light in Los Angeles was surprised to find Paul McCartney at the wheel with his wife Linda. The cop detected a smell of marijuana and on searching the car found eight ounces of the drug. Linda was arrested for the offence.

in 1977 - Chris Martin, English rock singer/songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (Cold Play), is born.

in 1977 - gigs tonight around the UK; at The Apollo Glasgow, Scotland, Black Sabbath, AC/DC appeared at The Top Rank in Swansea and David Bowie and Iggy Pop played at Newcastle City Hall.

in 1977 - The Jam played the first of a five-week Wednesday night run at The Red Cow, Hammersmith, London. The group had just signed a four-year recording contract with Polydor records.

in 1983 - a new digital audio system, a five-inch compact disc containing up to 1 hour of music was launched by Sony, Philips and Polygram. (It had been introduced in Japan in either October or November of the previous year. The sources don't agree on the precise month.)

in 1984 - The wife of Mick Jagger, Jerry Hall gave birth to Elizabeth Scarlett Jagger. 1985, Phil Collins started a five-week run at No.1 on the UK chart with his third solo LP 'No Jacket Required'.

in 1985 - The Smiths were at No.1 on the UK indie charts with 'How Soon Is Now.' Soho had a No.8 UK hit with 'Hippy Chick.' a song based on a guitar sample from the song.

in 1985 - Wham! started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Make It Big', which eventually went on the sell over 5 million copies in the US.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pIgZ7gMze7A"]YouTube - Wham! - Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go" target="_blank">YouTube - Wham! - Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go[/ame]

in 1985 - Luke Pritchard, English rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Kooks), is born.

in 1991 - Serge Gainsbourg, great French pop and rock singer/songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, actor and director, dies at 62.

in 1991 - Serge Gainsbourg /Lucien Ginsburg dies at age 62. French legendary singer, pianist, guitarist; born in Paris, France, known as the saucey old man of popular music and provocateur notorious for his appetite for alcohol, cigarettes, and women, his scandalous, taboo-shattering output made him a legend in Europe but only a cult figure in America. In late-1967, he had a short but ardent love affair with Brigitte Bardot to whom he dedicated the song and album Initials BB. His early songs influenced by Boris Vian, were largely in the vein of old-fashioned chanson. However, Serge began to move beyond this and experiment with a succession of different musical styles: jazz early on to pop in the 1960s, rock and reggae in the 1970s, and electronica in the 1980s. His many hits include "Bonnie and Clyde", "Lemon Incest", "Je t'aime... moi non plus", "Poupée de cire, poupée de son", "Comment te dire adieu", "Mon légionnaire", "White and Black Blues", and "Les Sucettes". During his career, he wrote the soundtracks for more than 40 films. In 1996, he received a posthumous César Award for Best Music Written for a Film for Élisa, along with Zbigniew Preisner and Michel Colombier. (Serge died of a heart attack, his death lead to national mourning in France)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lK6FVMWOpkg"]YouTube - Jane Birkin & Serge Gainsbourg - Je T'aime, moi non plus (totp2).mpg" target="_blank">YouTube - Jane Birkin & Serge Gainsbourg - Je T'aime, moi non plus (totp2).mpg[/ame]

in 1991 - 21 years after it's first release 'All Right Now', by Free made No.2 in the UK singles chart after being re-issued to coincide with its use in a Wrigleys Chewing gum TV ad. 1991, French singer Serge Gainsbourg died of a heart attack. Famous for his 1969 UK No.1 duet with Jane Birkin on 'Je t'aime... Moi non plus.' During his career, he wrote the soundtracks for more than 40 films.

in 1991 - Madonna's 'Rescue Me', entered the US hot 100 at No.15, making her the highest- debuting female artist in rock history. The record had been held by Joy Llayne whose 1957 single 'Your Wild Heart', entered the chart at No. 30.

in 1991 - Mariah Carey started an 11-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with her debut 'Mariah Carey.'
in 1991 - Oleta Adams went to No.1 on the UK album chart with her debut LP 'Circle Of One.'
in 1992 - Wet Wet Wet kicked off their 'High On The Happy Side' UK tour, at the Manchester Apollo.
in 1995 - Hugo Cole, English cellist, composer, music critic and author, dies at 77.

in 1996 - Oasis scored their second UK No.1 single when 'Don't Look Back In Anger' went to No.1. From the bands 'What's The Story Morning Glory' album it was the first Oasis single to feature Noel on lead vocals instead of his brother, Liam Gallagher.

in 1996 - The members of Brazil's biggest band, Mamonas Assassinas, are all killed when their plane crashes outside Sao Paolo. Some 100,000 distraught fans make the pilgrimage to their hometown, Guarulhos, over the next two days. Their name means "killer breasts."

in 1997 - LeAnn Rimes went to No.1 on the US album chart with 'Unchained Melody, The Early Years.'
in 1997 - Mansun went to No.1 on the UK album chart with their debut album 'Attack Of The Grey Lantern.'

in 1999 - The Las Vegas House of Blues opens with a performance by Bob Dylan. U2's Bono joins him to sing "Knockin' on Heaven's Door."

in 1999 - David Thomas Ackles dies at age 62. American singer-songwriter of the 1960s and 1970s, born in Rock Island, Illinois. Although he never gained wide commercial success, he influenced many other artists. When Elvis Costello was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2003, he cited David Ackles in his speech as one of his major influences. Elton John and Phil Collins, are self-declared fans of David too. When Phil Collins was on the British BBC radio show Desert Island Discs, he selected David Ackles' song "Down River" as one of his eight all-time favorite songs. David had also been a child actor, appearing in six of the eight films in Columbia Pictures' Rusty children's film series made 1945-1949.

in 1999 - Dusty Springfield /Mary O'Brien dies at age 59. British husky-voiced soul singer; UK's greatest pop diva, also the finest white soul singer of her era, a performer of remarkable emotional resonance whose work spans the decades. She began her solo career in '63 with the upbeat pop hit, "I Only Want To Be With You". Other hits included "I Just Don't Know What to Do with Myself", "Wishin' and Hopin'" and "You Don't Have to Say You Love Me". Her rendition of "The Look of Love", was included on the soundtrack of the James Bond movie Casino Royale and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Song. Dusty in Memphis earned her a nomination for the Grammy Award and it received the Grammy Hall of Fame award. International polls list the album among the greatest of all time. Its standout track "Son of a Preacher Man" was an international Top 10 hit in 1969. Because of her enthusiasm for Motown music, she campaigned to get some little-known American soul music singers a better audience in the U.K. She devised and hosted The Sound Of Motown, a special edition of Ready Steady Go! TV programme on 28 April 1965. The show was broadcast by Rediffusion TV from their studios in Kingsway, London. Dusty opened the two parts of the show, performing "Wishin' and Hopin'" and "Can't Hear You No More", accompanied by Martha Reeves and the Vandellas and Motown's in-house band The Funk Brothers. Other guests included The Temptations, The Supremes, The Miracles, Stevie Wonder. In 1987, she sang with the Pet Shop Boys on their single "What Have I Done to Deserve This?" it reached No.2 on both sides of the Atlantic. While in Nashville, Dusty fell ill during the recording her final album A Very Fine Love (breast cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QR4vE9xL3yk"]YouTube - Dusty Springfield You Don't Have To Say You Love" target="_blank">YouTube - Dusty Springfield You Don't Have To Say You Love[/ame]

in 2001 - Garth Brooks performs an hour-long acoustic set for Nashville's Country Radio Seminar. Musing on his Chris Gaines disaster, he says, "I got the living sh*t kicked out of me for doing that."

in 2002 - the NME published the winners from this years Carling Awards: Band of the year went to The Strokes, Album of the year, The Strokes for 'Is This It', Best live act was U2, Single of the year went to Ash for 'Burn Baby Burn' and Best solo artist was won by Ian Brown.

in 2002 - Jerry Lee Lewis refuses to attend his induction to the Delta Music Hall of Fame because he doesn’t like the plane sent to pick him up.

in 2002 - Tarnished gridiron hero O.J. Simpson hosts a hip-hop concert featuring Juvenile ("Back That Azz Up") in Cincinnati, and tells the city it should work on improving its image.
in 2003 - 50 Cent started a nine week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'In Da Club.'

in 2003 - Christina Aguilera started a two week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with Linda Perry written and produced song 'Beautiful'. The singers fourth UK No.1 which earned her a Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance.

in 2003 - Norah Jones started a four week run at No.1 on the UK album chart with her debut album ‘Come Away With Me.’ The album spent over a year on the chart and was also a US No.1. 2003, R. Kelly was at No.1 on the US album chart with ‘Chocolate Factory.’

in 2003 - Hank Ballard /John Henry Kendricks dies at age 75. American singer and songwriter born in Bessemer, Alabama, but grew up in Detroit, Michigan with relatives, where he began singing in church. In 1951, he formed a doo-wop group and was discovered by the legendary band leader Johnny Otis, and was signed to sing with a group called The Royals. The group changed its name to The Midnighters to avoid confusion with The "5" Royales. Their debut single in 1953 "Get It" was shunned by many radio stations because it contained sexually oriented lyrics. In 1954, Hank wrote the song "Work With Me Annie", drawn from "Get It", it became The Midnighters' first major R&B hit, going to No.1 on the R&B charts. After a small string of hits, the group dissolved in 1965. Hank tried to launch a solo career, working with James Brown, but he re-formed The Midnighters, and The Midnighters Band, they toured from the mid 1980's til 2002. (throat cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mWIH91sH1mI"]YouTube - Hank Ballard and The Midnighters - Finger Poppin Time" target="_blank">YouTube - Hank Ballard and The Midnighters - Finger Poppin Time[/ame]

in 2003 - Malcolm Benjamin Graham Christopher Williamson AO, CBE dies at age 71. Australian composer born in Sydney; he wrote seven symphonies; four numbered piano concertos (plus the Concerto for Two Pianos & Strings, the Concerto for Two Pianos & Wind Quintet, after Rawsthorne, and the Sinfonia Concertante), a violin concerto, an organ concerto, a harp concerto and a saxophone concerto; many orchestral works; operas including English eccentrics, to a libretto by Edith Sitwell; Our Man in Havana, after Graham Greene's novel; The Violins of Saint Jacques from Patrick Leigh-Fermor's novel, and which features a volcanic eruption killing all the principal characters except one; Lucky Peter's Journey and The Growing Castle, both of which set plays by August Strindberg). He also wrote several ballets including Sun Into Darkness and The Display, many effective choral works, chamber music, music for solo piano, music for film and television including "Prologue" and "Main Title" of Watership Down. Malcolm also wrote music for children, including the operas The Happy Prince (based on the story by Oscar Wilde) and Julius Caesar Jones; as well as cassations, short operas incorporating audience participation. One of these, The Valley and the Hill, written for the silver jubilee of Elizabeth II, was performed by 18,000 children. After the death of Sir Arthur Bliss, Malclom held the title of Master of the Queen's Music from 1975 to 2003 (He died in hospital in Cambridge after a series of illnesses)

in 2004 - Clearly nobody told Britney Spears about Janet Jackson ... The "Toxic" singer kicks off her Onyx Hotel tour in San Diego, simulating threesomes and bondage scenarios while wearing a black PVC catsuit, a French maid outfit, a flesh-colored body stocking and slinky underwear.

in 2004 - Members of Beyonce's band foil a carjacking in Palm Beach., Fla. Her guitarist, bassist and drummer pulled into a Walgreen's parking lot where a knife-wielding assailant was trying to steal the car from a 91-year-old, and gave chase. The trio held down the villain until police arrived.

in 2004 - Metallica kicked off the first North American leg of their 137 date ‘Madly in Anger with the World Tour’ at the America West Arena in Phoenix, Arizona. 2007, Jimi Hendrix was crowned the 'wildest guitar hero' of all-time in a poll of music fans for Classic Rock magazine. Hendrix beat Keith Richards into second place, with Stevie Ray Vaughan in third. Led Zeppelin's Jimmy Page made it to number four, followed by Dimebag Darrell, who played for several heavy metal bands including Pantera and Damageplan.

in 2005 - Martin Denny dies at age 93. American pianist and composer known as the "father of exotica"; a child prodigy, at age ten he studied piano under Lester Spitz and Isadore Gorn. In a long career that saw him performing into his 90s, he toured the world popularizing his brand of lounge music which included exotic percussion, imaginative rearrangements of popular songs, and original songs that celebrated Tiki culture. In 1958, Dick Clark hosted Denny on American Bandstand. "Quiet Village" reached No.2 on Billboard's charts in 1959 with the Exotica album" reaching No.1. He rode the charts of Cashbox and Variety also. Denny had as many as three or four albums on the charts simultaneously during his career. He also had national hits with "A Taste of Honey", "The Enchanted Sea", and "Ebb Tide". (His last concert was held in Hawaii on February 13th 2005 at a benefit to aid tsunami victims, just three weeks later he passed away)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FBo3ul6zXaA"]YouTube - Martin Denny "Quiet Village Bossa Nova" (1963)" target="_blank">YouTube - Martin Denny "Quiet Village Bossa Nova" (1963)[/ame]

In 2006 - U.K. "grime" rapper Dizzee Rascal is arrested in East London for allegedly carrying pepper spray.

In 2006 - Rapper Cassidy is freed from a Philadelphia correctional facility after serving eight months for involuntary manslaughter.

In 2006 - Bay area rapper Mac Minister is apprehended by the FBI. The sometime Snoop Dogg associate was wanted in connection with the murders of Kansas City, Missouri, rap artists Anthony "Fat Tone" Watkins and Jermaine "Cowboy" Akins.

in 2007 - American R&B singer Kelis was arrested in Miami Beach, Florida, after the singer started screaming racial obscenities at two female police officers who were working on an undercover operation on South Beach as prostitutes. Kelis was detained and charged with two misdemeanor charges of disorderly conduct and for resisting arrest.

in 2008 - Jeff Healey dies at age 41. Canadian jazz-blues-rock guitarist and vocalist born in Toronto, Ontario. Jeff lost his sight to retinoblastoma, a rare cancer of the eyes. His eyes had to be surgically removed, and he was given artificial replacements. He began playing guitar when he was three, developing his unique style of playing the instrument flat on his lap. At 17, he formed a local band Blue Direction. He was soon hosting a blues show on radio staion CIUT-FM where he became known for playing from his massive collection of vintage 78 RPM gramophone records, after which he formed a trio, "The Jeff Healey Band". In 1988, the band released the album See the Light, featuring the hit single "Angel Eyes" and the song "Hideaway", which was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance. While recording See the Light, they were also filming and recording for the soundtrack of the Patrick Swayze film Road House. Jeff had numerous acting scenes in the movie with Swayze, as his band was the house cover band for the bar featured in the movie. In 1990, the band won the Juno Award for Canadian Entertainer of the Year. The albums ''Hell to Pay'' and ''Feel This'' gave Jeff 10 charting singles in Canada between 1990 and 1994, including a cover of The Beatles' While My Guitar Gently Weeps which featured George Harrison and Jeff Lynne on backing vocals and acoustic guitar. Over the years, he toured and sat-in with many legends, including, Dire Straits, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Buddy Guy, BB King, ZZ Top, Steve Lukather, Eric Clapton and many more. In 2006, Jeff appeared on Deep Purple vocalist Ian Gillan's CD/DVD ''Gillan's Inn''. He passed away a month before the release of his album, Mess of Blues, which was his first rock/blues album in eight years (cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kag0TsZzxpw"]YouTube - The Jeff Healey Band - Angel Eyes (Music Video)" target="_blank">YouTube - The Jeff Healey Band - Angel Eyes (Music Video)[/ame]

in 2009 - DJ and Ivor Novello award winner Norman Cook checked himself into rehab to battle an alcohol addiction. His manager Garry Blackburn said. "Norman is voluntarily seeking help for his alcohol problem but he's in good shape." 2009, Liverpool University launched a Masters degree on The Beatles, popular music and society. Liverpool Hope University claimed the course which looked at the studio sound and compositions of The Beatles was the first of its kind in the UK and "probably the world".

in 2009 - Ernie Ashworth dies at age 80. American country singer, songwriter and longtime star of the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville. He began his career singing on Huntsville radio station WBHP. In 1949, he moved to Nashville, Tennessee, where he worked for several radio stations and was signed by Wesley Rose as a songwriter for Acuff-Rose Music. Among the artists who recorded his songs were Jimmy Dickens, Carl Smith, Johnny Horton and Paul Anka. As a singer his first single, "Each Moment (Spent With You)," became a Top 5 Hit, which was followed by another top 10 hit "You Can’t Pick A Rose In December". Then the release that would become his signature song “Talk Back Trembling Lips” went to No.1 and he was voted "Most Promising Male Artist" by Cashbox, Billboard and Record World in 1963 and 1964 and he was also invited to join the cast of the Grand Ole Opry in 1964. In 1989, he purchased radio station WSLV in Ardmore, Tennessee. In 1992, Ernie was inducted into the Alabama Music Hall of Fame and remained active as a recording artist until his death.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UtCB6fftSwA"]YouTube - Talk Back Trembling Lips by Ernest Ashworth" target="_blank">YouTube - Talk Back Trembling Lips by Ernest Ashworth[/ame]

in 2011 - Erling Kroner dies at age 67. Danish trombonist and bandleader, born in Copenhagen; during 1969–70 and 1973–74, he attended Berklee College of Music in Boston, but played professionally beginning as early as 1961, amongst others in Germany in the Dixieland Stompers and played avant garde music, amongst others with John Tchicai, and rock in Melvis & His Gentlemen. In 1967 he formed his own band, which he kept together ever since, and which primarily was a quintet or tentet. During the 1970s Erling played in NDR's Big Band in Hamburg. 1973–1986 he also was a member of the DR Big Band and played in Leif Johanssons orchestra and Lasse Beijboms band – White Orange. From mid-1990s he was bandleader of a big orchestra together with Lasse Beijbom – The Beijbom-Kroner Big Band. In 2004 he and the American baritone saxophonist Ed Epstein formed the band Bari-Bone Connection, who recorded the album Bari My Heart (cancer).

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Old March 2nd, 2014, 08:56 PM   #2718

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in 1705 - Michael Scheuenstuhl, German composer, is born.
in 1706 - Johann Pachelbel, German organist, composer and teacher, dies at 52.

in 1766 - Gregor Joseph Werner, Austrian composer and Kapellmeister, dies. He was 56 according to his tombstone, but 71 according to the parish register.

in 1768 - Nicola Antonio Porpora, Italian composer, Kapellmeister, teacher and poet, dies at 81.
in 1794 - Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D "The Clock," premieres in London.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GbvddUbCYA0"]YouTube - Joseph Haydn - Symphony No.101 in D-major "The Clock" - Finale (4/4)[/ame]

in 1800 - Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi, German composer, dies at 64.
in 1814 - Charles Kensington Salaman, English pianist and composer, is born.
in 1822 - Franz Adam Veichtner, German violinist, composer and Konzertmeister, dies at 81.

in 1824 - Giovanni Battista Viotti, influential Italian virtuoso violinist, composer, orchestra leader, director of the Paris Opera, and teacher, dies at 70.

in 1828 - Karl Collan, Finnish composer, collector of folk songs, and linguist, is born. Some sources, including the Finnish wiki on Collan, give his birthday as 3 January, but since I missed him on that day, I'll just follow the ones that say 3 March.

in 1842 - Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony premieres in Leipzig.

in 1857 - (Louis-Charles-Bonaventure-) Alfred Bruneau, French opera composer, is born at Paris. In 1873 he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he was a pupil of Franchomme. He won the first cello prize in 1876, and later studied harmony with Savard and composition with Massenet; in 1881 he won the Prix de Rome with his cantata Sainte- Genevieve.

He was a music critic for Gil Bias (1892-95), then for Le Figaro and Le Matin. In 1903-04 he was first conductor at the Opera-Comique. In 1900 he was made a member of the "Conseil Superieur" at the Paris Conservatory, and in 1909 succeeded Reyer as inspector of music instruction. He made extensive tours of Russia, England, Spain, and the Netherlands, conducting his own works. He was made a Knight of the Legion d'honneur in 1895, received the title "Commandeur de St.-Charles" in 1907, and became a member of the Academic des Beaux Arts in 1925.

His role in the evolution of French opera is of great importance; he introduced realistic drama on the French musical stage, working along lines parallel with Zola in literature. He used Zola's subjects for his most spectacular opera, L'Ouragan, and also for the operas Messidor and L'Enfant-Roi. In accordance with this naturalistic trend, Bruneau made free use of harsh dissonance when it was justified by the dramatic action of the plot. He published Musiques d'hier et de demain (1900), La Musique frangaise (1901), Musiques de Russie et musiciens de France (1903; German tr. by M. Graf in Die Musik, Berlin, 1904), La Vie et les oeuvres de Gabriel Faure (1925), and Massenet (1934). Died at Paris, June 15,1934.

in 1865 - Alexander Gustav Adolfovich Winkler, Ukrainian pianist and composer, is born.

in 1867 - Gustav Strube, German-American composer, conductor and teacher, is born. Strube was the founding conductor of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra.

in 1869 - Sir Henry J(oseph) Wood, eminent English conductor, is born at London.
Of musical parentage, he was taught to play the piano by his mother; he participated in family musicales from the age of 6; he was equally precocious on the organ. At the age of 10 he often acted as a deputy organist, and gave organ recitals at the Fisheries Exhibition (1883) and at the Inventions Exhibition (1885).

In 1886 he entered the Royal Academy of Music in London, where his teachers were Prout, Steggall, Macfarren, and Garcia; he won 4 medals. In 1888 he brought out some of his songs, then composed light operas and cantatas. However, soon his ambition crystallized in the direction of conducting; after making his debut in 1888, he was active with various theater companies.

On Aug. 10, 1895, he began his first series of Promenade Concerts (the famous "Proms") in Queen's Hall, London, with an orchestra of about 80 members. Their success was so conspicuous that a new series of concerts was inaugurated on Jan. 30, 1897, under Wood's direction, and flourished from the beginning.

In 1899 he founded the Nottingham Orchestra: he also was conductor of the Wolverhampton Festival Choral Society (1900), the Sheffield Festival (1902-11), and the Norwich Festival (1908). In 1904 he was a guest conductor of the N.Y.Philharmonic.

He was married to Olga Urusova, a Russian noblewoman, and became greatly interested in Russian music, which he performed frequently at his concerts. He adopted a Russian pseudonym, Paul Klenovsky, for his compositions and arrangements, and supplied an imaginary biography of his alter ego for use in program notes.

His wife died in 1909, and Wood married Muriel Greatorex in 1911. In 1921 he received the Gold Medal of the Royal Philharmonic Society. He was made a Companion of Honour in 1944. In 1918 he was offered the conductorship of the Boston Symphony Orchestra as successor to Muck, but declined. In 1923 he was appointed professor of conducting and orchestra playing at the Royal Academy of Music. Wood continued to conduct the Promenade Concerts almost to the end of his life, presenting the last concert on July 28, 1944.

Among his popular arrangements were Chopin's Marche Funebre, some works by Bach, and the Trumpet Voluntary (mistakenly attributed to Purcell, but actually by Jeremiah Clarke). He published The Gentle Art of Singing (4 vols.: 1927-28) and About Conducting (London, 1945), and edited the Handbook of Miniature Orchestral andChamber Music Scores (1937). He wrote an autobiography, My Life and Music (London, 1938). A commemorative postage stamp with his portrait was issued by the Post Office of Great Britain on Sept. 1, 1980. - Died at Hitchin, Hertfordshire, Aug. 19,1944.

in 1875 - Georges Bizet's opera Carmen premieres in Paris.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=axvhEUyVfX0"]YouTube - Angela GHEORGHIU - Habanera - Carmen - Bizet[/ame]

in 1886 - James Friskin, Scottish-American pianist, composer and teacher, is born.

in 1886 - R. O. (Reginald Owen) Morris, English composer, musicologist and teacher, is born. Morris' strength was in his knowledge of, and great ability to teach, counterpoint. He wrote several texts on that subject.

in 1889 - Edward Sydney Smith, English pianist, composer and teacher, dies at 49.

in 1889 - (Gustav) Fritz Behrend, German composer and teacher, is born at Berlin. He studied composition with H. van Eycken, P. Rufer, and Humperdinck, and piano with Breithaupt (1907-11). After serving as a coach at the Braunschweig Hoftheater (1911-12), he taught at the Ochs-Eichelberg Conservatory (1918-42) and the Klindworth-Scharwenka Conservatory in Berlin (1942-49). His compositions did not meet with favor during the Third Reich, but later they achieved a modicum of recognition. - Died at Berlin, Dec. 29,1972.

in 1891 - Federico Moreno Torroba, Spanish composer and conductor, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4fWeMbP4SQU"]Federico Moreno-Torroba "Torija" - YouTube[/ame]

in 1892 - Rui Coelho, Portuguese composer, is born.

in 1896 - Minna Daniel,(nee Lederman), legendary American editor and writer on music, is born at N.Y. She studied music and dance professionally before taking a degree at Barnard College (1917) and beginning her career as a journalist. In 1923 she joined the newly formed League of Composers, and in 1924 helped launch its Review,which in 1925 became Modern Music, the first American journal to serve as a literary forum for contemporary composers.

During her tenure as its sole editor (1924-46), she encouraged a generation of American composer-critics, publishing essays and reviews by such musical activists as Thomson, Cage, Carter, Blitzstein, and Bowles; she also published articles by Berg, Schoenberg, and Bartok.

The journal attained an international reputation. In 1975 she established the Archives of Modem Music at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. In 1983 she published the informative chronicle The Life and Death of a Small Magazine. She also edited Stravinsky in the Theatre (N.Y., 1949; 3rd ed., 1975). - Died at N.Y.,Oct. 29, 1995.

in 1895 - Alexander Nicholas Voormolen, Dutch composer and critic, is born.
in 1897 - Jose Moreno Gans, Spanish composer, is born.

in 1906 - Barney (Albany Leon) Bigard, noted New Orleans-style clarinetist, is born at New Orleans. His uncle, Emile Bigard was a violinist; his brother, Alex, a drummer. Barney was one of the most highly regarded jazz clarinetists, whose unique "woodsy" sound was featured with Ellington for about 12 years and Armstrong for about nine. The Bigard brothers are cousins of Natty Dominique.

He started on E-flat clarinet at the age of seven, lessons from Lorenzo Tio Jr. He first worked as a photo-engraver, did some parade work on clarinet, but began specializing on tenor sax. In late 1922 he joined Albert Nichoias Band at Tom Anderson's Cabaret, in the following year worked with Oke Gaspard's Band at the Moulin Rouge.

He left in the summer of 1923, played briefly with Amos White at the Spanish Fort, before returning to work for Albert Nicholas and Luis Russell at Tom Anderson's Cabaret. He went to Chicago in late 1924 to join King Oliver after two months with Dave Peyton joined Oliver for residency at The Plantation, playing tenor until Darnell Howard left the band, from then on specialized on clarinet.

He left Chicago with Oliver in April 1927, played in St. Louis and N.Y., then after a brief tour left Oliver to join Charlie Elgar at the Eagle Ballroom in Milwaukee (summer 1927). He returned to N.Y. to join Luis Russell for two months, then joined Duke Ellington in December 1927. Bigard remained with Duke until June 1942 (except for brief absence in summer of 1935).

He left in Calif., formed his own small band in August 1942, disbanded to join Freddie Slack in November 1942, left in summer of 1943, did some studio work including a soundtrack for the film I Dood It, then formed his own small band for Los 338 Angeles residencies. He led a small band at Onyx in N.Y., from autumn 1944 until early 1945. He returned to Los Angeles, did film-studio work and led a small band in L.A. He played regularly with Kid Ory during 1946, and also took part in filming of New Orleans.

He joined Louis Armstrong for debut of the All Stars in August 1947, remaining with him until the summer of 1952. Returning to the West Coast, some free-lancing and led a small band, then rejoined Armstrong in spring 1953 until August 1955; led a small band, then played with Ben Pollack's Band (late 1956), also did studio work including an appearance in the film St. Louis Blues. He was on tour with Cozy Cole's Band from November 1958 until March 1959. Following a spell in New Orleans Creole Jazz Band, he led his own band at Ben Pollack's Club before playing again with Louis Armstrong's All Stars from April 1960 until September 1961.

He joined Johnny St. Cyr's Young Men of New Orleans" playing at Disneyland; worked briefly with Muggsy Spanier in San Francisco during the autumn of 1962. Since then he has left full-time music, playing mainly in and around Los Angeles, including some gigs with Rex Stewart in 1966 and 1967 and appearancesd with Art Hodes on Chicago TV (February 1968). He recovered from cataract operation (1971) and toured with Hodes, Eddie Condon, Wild Bill Davison (October 1971). He toured Europe with the Pelican Trio in summer of 1978. - Died at Culver City, Calif., June 27, 1980.

in 1908 - Riccardo Nielsen, Italian composer, is born.
in 1911 - Francesco Siciliani, Italian child prodigy, composer and opera administrator, is born.

in 1913 - Margaret (Allison) Bonds, black American pianist, teacher, and composer, is born at Chicago. She first studied with her mother, then had training in piano and composition from Florence Price; also studied with William Dawson. Following studies at Northwestern University (B.M., 1933; M.M., 1934), she went to N.Y. and pursued training with Djane Herz (piano) and Starer (composition) at the Juilliard Graduate School. She also had some training from Roy Harris. In 1933 she became the first black soloist to appear with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra when she played Florence Price's Piano Concerto at the World's Fair. She subsequently made tours of North America. In Chicago she founded the Allied Arts Academy. After working in N.Y. as a theater music director and as a teacher, she settled in Los Angeles. As a composer, Bonds became best known for her spirituals for Solo Voice and/or Chorus, and also for her popular songs. Among her other works were the theater scores Shakespeare in Harlem, Romey and Julie, and U.S.A., ballets, Montgomery Variations for arch. (1965; dedicated to Martin Luther King Jr.), Credo for Baritone, Chorus, and arch. (1972), choruses, song cycles, and piano pieces. - Died at Los Angeles, April 26, 1972.

in 1918 - Frank Wigglesworth, American composer, teacher and administrator, is born.

in 1921 - Herman "Junior" Parker, American blues singer/songwriter and harmonica player, "Mr. Blues," is born. Parker is in the Blues Hall of Fame. Some sources give his year of birth as in 1932.

in 1922 - Kazimierz Serocki, Polish pianist, composer and administrator, is born.
in 1923 - Arthel Lane "Doc" Watson, American bluegrass, folk and country singer/songwriter, guitarist, banjo and harmonica player, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FsZ6qRYsaJ8&feature=related"]YouTube - Doc Watson - 1991 - Blue Railroad Train[/ame]

in 1925 - Enzo Stuarti, Italian tenor, is born.

in 1927 - Junior Parker, US blues singer/songwriter who wrote ‘Mystery Train’, which was covered by Elvis Presley, also worked with BB King and Howlin’ Wolf, is born.

in 1929 - Nicos Mamangakis, Greek composer, is born.

in 1931 - Doc Watson (Arthel Lane), American guitarist, singer, and banjo player, is born near Deep Gap, N.C. Watson gained renown as a flat-picking guitarist during the folk boom of the early 1960s, due to his virtuosity and extensive knowledge of traditional folk songs and old-time country music. Usually accompanied by his son Merle from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s, he toured and recorded extensively, keeping a rural musical tradition alive and influencing a generation of upcoming country and bluegrass musicians. Watson was the son of General Dixon Watson, a farmer, and Annie Greene Watson. He lost his sight during infancy. Most of the members of his family were musical, and several of them eventually recorded with him, including his mother, who taught him hymns and traditional songs. His father sang and played the banjo, and he built a banjo for Watson when the boy was 11. At 13 he bought his first guitar. He first played in public at a fiddler's convention in Boone, N.C., when he was 17, and at 18 he was part of a group that played on a local radio station.

Around 1947 he married Rosa Lee Carlton, the daughter of fiddler Gaither W. Carlton, from whom he learned many traditional songs. He and his wife had two children, the first of whom was his son Eddy Merle Watson, known as Merle, born Feb. 8, 1949. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Watson earned his living tuning pianos. Around 1953 he met pianist Jack Williams, who hired him to play electric guitar in a band that performed contemporary country and popular music around western N.C. and Tenn.; he stayed with this band for the rest of the 1950s. In the summer of 1960, folklorists Ralph Rinzler and Eugene Earle came to N.C. to record Watson's neighbor, Clarence Ashley, and in so doing discovered Watson, who played in Ashley's string band.

The session led to the Folkways Records album Old-Time Music at Clarence Ashley's, released in 1961, and to a concert appearance at Town Hall in N.Y.in March 1961. The group recorded a second volume of music for Folkways and in May 1962 traveled to Los Angeles to appear at the Ash Grove folk club. In December 1962, Watson debuted as a solo performer at Gerde's Folk City in N.Y. He made several recordings for Folkways and appeared at the Newport Folk Festival in July 1963. Watson signed to Vanguard Records in 1964 and released his debut album for the label, Doc Watson, in September.

Meanwhile, his teenage son Merle had taken up the guitar, and he became his father's backup musician and aide, enabling the blind musician to tour extensively. His next album, released in June 1965, was called Doc Watson and Son, and Merle Watson played with him on record and in concert for the next 20 years. They recorded an average of one album a year for Vanguard through 1971. In 1967, Watson accompanied Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs on their Columbia Records album Strictly Instrumental, which reached the country charts in June.

Doc and Merle Watson toured Africa under the auspices of the State Department in 1968. At the conclusion of his Vanguard contract, Watson signed to the Poppy Records division of United Artists Records and released Elementary, DoctorWatson!, which became his first country chart album in June 1972. Along with other notable traditional performers, he accompanied the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band on their album Will the Circle Be Unbroken, released in October 1972, which hit the country Top Ten, went gold, and earned the participants a Grammy nomination for Best Country Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group. Watson again reached the country charts with his next Poppy album, Then and Now, in May 1973,and with the single "Bottle of Wine" (music and lyrics by Tom Paxton) in July; the album won him a Grammy for Best Ethnic or Traditional Recording.

He and his son won the same award the following year for their 1974 album Two Days in November. In 1975,Watson switched from Poppy to the main United Artists label and released the two-LP set Memories, produced by his son. The album reached both the pop and country charts in August. Its follow-up, Docand the Boys,was in the country charts in August 1976. Watson remained with United Artists through the end of the decade, releasing three more albums: Lone- someRoad(1977); LookAway! (1978), featuring the country chart single "Don't Think Twice, It's All Right" (music and lyrics by Bob Dylan); and Live and Pickin' (1979), featuring the track "Big Sandy/Leather Britches," which won a Grammy for Best Country Instrumental Performance, a category in which he was nominated repeatedly in subsequent years.

Leaving United Artists, he recorded a duo album with Chet Atkins, Reflections, which made the country charts and earned a Grammy nomination. Watson moved to the independent folk label Flying Fish in 1981, releasing Red Rocking Chair, which earned him and his son another Grammy nomination for the track "Below Freezing." The two also were nominated for their 1983album Doc& Merle Watson's GuitarAlbum, for the track "Twin Sisters" from Down South (1984), which marked their move to the independent N.C.based label Sugar Hill, and for the track "Windy and Warm" from their final Flying Fish album, Pickin' the Blues (1985).

On Oct. 23, 1985, Merle Watson was killed in a tractor accident. After his death, Watson cut back on his touring, though he still performed regularly, adding Jack Lawrence as second guitarist. His next album, Riding the Midnight Train, won the 1986 Grammy for Best Traditional Folk Recording. He ceased recording for a time in the late 1980s, finally returning to the recording studio for two 1990 albums, the gospel collection On Praying Ground,which won the Grammy for Best Traditional Folk Recording; and Doc Watson Sings for Little Pickers, which was nominated for the Grammy for Best Recording for Children. His 1991 album, My Dear Old Southern Home, earned a Grammy nomination for Best Traditional Folk Album, but he again refrained from recording until 1995's rockabilly collection Docabilly, a Grammy nominee for Best Country Instrumental Performance for the track "Thunder Road/Sugarfoot Rag." He maintained a regular performance schedule into the late 1990s. - Died May 29, 2012.

in 1932 - Eugene Francis Charles D'albert, Scottish-German pianist, composer, Kapellmeister and director of the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin, dies at 67.

in 1933 - Marco Antonio Muñiz, Mexican pop and traditional singer. is born. Muñiz has a huge following in Latin and South America, but especially in Puerto Rico.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hQUeLqlAlI8"]YouTube - Marco Antonio Muñiz - Quiero Abrazarte Tanto[/ame]

in 1934 - Norman Houstoun O'Neill, Irish-British composer, conductor and teacher, dies at 58.

in 1938 - Willie Chambers, American soul, funk, R&B and rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Chambers Brothers), is born.

in 1938 - Douglas Leedy, American harpsichordist, horn player, singer, composer and conductor, is born.
in 1942 - Mike Pender, English rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Searchers), is born.
in 1944 - Janice Garfat, American country-rock singer (Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show), is born.

in 1944 - Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony Symphony Dedicated to the Air Forces, premieres in Boston. Barber suppressed this work later, and destroyed the score, but it was reconstructed from the instrumental parts.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRBOZU1XxDk"]Samuel Barber (1910-1981) : Symphony No. 2 (1947) 1/2 - YouTube[/ame]
in 1945 - Koos Speenhoff, Dutch cabaret singer/songwriter and author, is killed in a bombing raid at 75.
in 1947 - Dave Mount, English rock drummer (Mud), is born.
in 1947 - Jennifer Warnes, singer, (1982 US No.1 & UK No.7 single 'Up Where We Belong' with Joe Cocker). is born.
in 1948 - Snowy White, guitarist, Thin Lizzy, Pink Floyd, Roger Waters. 1983 UK Top 10 hit 'Bird Of Paradise' is born.

in 1949 - Roberta Alexander, admired black American soprano, is born at Lynchburg, Va. She was reared in a musical family; studied at the Universotu of Mich, in Ann Arbor (1969-71; M.Mus., 1971) and with Herman Woltman at the Royal Conservatpru of Music at The Hague. She appeared as Pamina at the Houston Grand Opera in 1980, as Daphne in Santa Fe (1981), and as Elettra in Idomeneo in Zurich (1982). Following a tour of Europe, she made a successful debut at the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y. as Zerlina on Nov. 3, 1983; later sang Bess in Porgy and Bess and the title role in Janacek's Jenufa, a role she repeated at her Glyndebourne Festival debut in 1989. In 1984 she made her first appearance at the Aix-en-Provence Festival in Mozart's Lafinta giardiniera. She made her debut in Vienna as Cleopatra in Handel's Giulio Cesare at the Theater an der Wien in 1985. In 1986 she was a soloist with the Vienna Philharmonic, at the Salzburg Festival and in 1988 she appeared with the English Chamber Orchestra at the London Promenade Concerts. In 1995 she appeared as Vitellia at the Glyndebourne Festival. Among her other operatic roles are Mozart's Fiordiligi, Donna Elvira, Ilia, and the Countess, Offenbach's Antonia, Verdi's Luisa Miller, and Massenet's Manon and Thai's.

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Old March 2nd, 2014, 08:59 PM   #2719

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1949 - Derek (Blue) Weaver, keyboards, Amen Corner, (1969 UK No.1 single 'If Paradise Is Half As Nice'). Strawbs, (1973 UK No.2 single with 'Part Of The Union'). Also worked with The Bee Gees, (1975 US No.1 'Jive Talking') is born.

in 1950 - Shirley Marie MacLeod "Re Styles," American rock singer (TheTubes), is born.

in 1952 - Robyn Hitchcock, English rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and multi-instrumentalist (Soft Boys, Robyn Hitchcock and the Egyptians, The Venus 3), is born.

in 1953 - Dave Amato, American rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and sitar player (REO Speedwagon), is born.
in 1954 - Chris Hughes "Merrick" English rock drummer and producer (Adam and the Ants), is born.

in 1961 - Paul Wittgenstein dies at age 73. Austrian-born concert pianist, who became known for his ability to play with just his left hand, after he lost his right arm during the First World War. He devised novel techniques, including pedal and hand-movement combinations, that allowed him to play chords previously regarded as impossible for a five-fingered pianist. He commissioned several pieces for the left hand from prominent composers. Benjamin Britten, Paul Hindemith, Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Sergei Prokofiev, Franz Schmidt, Sergei Bortkiewicz, and Richard Strauss all produced pieces for him. Maurice Ravel wrote his Piano Concerto for the Left Hand, which became more famous than any of the other compositions. Paul became an American citizen in 1946, where he did a good deal of teaching as well as playing. He was the older brother of the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSxcXdXqLvA"]YouTube - Wittgenstein plays Ravel's Piano concerto for the Left Hand (1)[/ame]

in 1962 - Kevin Steele, American rock singer/songwriter (Roxx Gang/Mojo Gurus), is born.

in 1963 - The Beatles played the last show on a UK tour supporting Helen Shapiro at The Gaumont Cinema, Hanley, Stoke.

in 1964 - Lonnie Vencent, American rock bassist (Bulletboys), is born.
in 1965 - Carlo Gatti, Italian composer, musicologist and administrator, dies at 88.
in 1966 - Neil Young, Stephen Stills and Richie Furay formed Buffalo Springfield in Los Angeles.
in 1966 - Tone- Loc, (Antony Smith), US rapper, (1989 UK No. 13 single,'Funky Cold Medina') is born.

in 1967 - A twice-nightly tour kicked off in the UK at The ABC in Romford Essex featuring, The Small Faces, Jeff Beck, Roy Orbison and Paul and Barry Ryan.

in 1967 - Georges Lonque, Belgian violinist, composer and teacher, dies at 66.

in 1968 - this week's UK Top 5 singles: No.5, Don Partridge, 'Rosie', No.4, Manfred Mann, 'Mighty Quinn', No.3, The Move, 'Fire Brigade', No.2, 'Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich, 'Legend Of Xanadu', No.1, Esther and Abi Ofarim, 'Cinderella Rockefella.'

in 1969 - Led Zeppelin recorded their first BBC Radio 1 'Top Gear' session during the afternoon at the Playhouse Theatre in London, England.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dmKeIlJq4gM&ob=av2n"]Led Zeppelin - Stairway to Heaven (Live Earls Court 1975) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1973 - Slade's 'Com On Feel The Noize', entered the UK at No.1, making Slade the first act to achieve this since The Beatles.

in 1973 - winners at this years Grammy Awards included, Roberta Flack who won Song of the year and Record of the year with 'The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face' and Harry Nilsson won Best pop vocal performance for 'Without You.'

in 1974 - Barbara Ruick, American pop and musical theater singer and actress, dies at 43.
in 1976 - Alfred Sendrey, Hungarian-American composer and conductor, dies at 92.
in 1977 - Ronan Keating, Irish pop singer/songwriter (Boyzone), is born.

in 1977 - the first night of an UK tour with Johnny Thunders and the Heartbreakers, Cherry Vanilla and The Police kicked off at the Roxy Club, London. John Otway and Wild Willie Baratt played at The Speakeasy, London and Iggy Pop supported by The Vibrators appeared at Huddersfield Poly.

in 1979 - The Bee Gees scored their fourth UK No.1 single with 'Tragedy.' Also today The Bee Gees went to No.1 on the US album chat with 'Spirits Having Flown', the brothers second US No.1 album.

in 1983 - The Eurythmics kicked off a 10-date UK tour at The Hacienda, Manchester. 1984, Nena started a three week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with '99 Red Balloons.' Originally sung in German, '99 Luftballons' was re-recorded in English as '99 Red Balloons'. The song was a No.2 hit in the US and the only UK hit for Nena making her a One-hit wonder.

in 1985 - Michael Jackson visited Madame Tussauds Waxworks in London to unveil his waxwork look-alike.

in 1986 - Metallica released their highly influential album, Master of Puppets, considered by many in the metal community to be the best metal album of all time.

in 1987 - David Daniel Kaminsky "Danny Kaye" American singer, actor and comedian, dies at 74.
He was the first ambassador-at-large of UNICEF. He became extremely popular in films with his bravura performances of patter songs and for children's favorites such as The Inch Worm and The Ugly Duckling. Danny first gained fame on Broadway by upstaging the great Gertrude Lawrence in Lady in the Dark with an unforgettable rendition of the "Tchaikovsky," in which he rapidly fired off the names of 54 Russian composers in 38 seconds! His many films included 'Hans Christian Andersen', 'White Christmas', 'The Court Jester', Merry Andrew'. He also portrayed cornet player and bandleader Red Nichols in the film 'The Five Pennies'. He appeared on many TV shows as well as his own show in the 1960s. (died of a heart attack, following a bout with hepatitis)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hh-wOvuOHPE&feature=related"]YouTube - Danny Kaye - Tschaikowsky (And Other Russians)[/ame]

in 1990 - Janet Jackson started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Escapade', her third US No.1, a No.17 hit in the UK.

in 1990 - Lindy Layton and Beats International were at No.1 in the UK with the single 'Dub Be Good To Me.' Formed by ex-Housemartins Norman Cook, the song was based on the SOS Band's 1984 hit 'Just Be Good To Me' and The Clash's 'Guns of Brixton'.

in 1990 - during a world tour Paul McCartney played the first of 6 sold-out nights at the Tokyo Dome, Tokyo, Japan. The final night was broadcast live to venues in 10 other Japanese cities; Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Kumamoto, Matsuyama, Nagoya, Niigata, Osaka, Sapporp, Sendai and Takamatsu.
in 1993 - Carlos Montoya dies at age 89.
Montoya was a prominent Flamenco guitarist and a founder of the modern-day popular Flamenco style of music.

His unique style and successful career, despite all odds, have left a great legacy for modern day Flamenco. It is because of his pioneering work in popular Flamenco music that have allowed other great modern groups such as the Gipsy Kings to take hold in all parts of the world. A few of his video recordings can still be found on YouTube.

Carlos Montoya was born in Madrid, Spain, into a Romani family, on December 13, 1903. As the nephew of renowned flamenco guitarist Ramón Montoya he seemed to have been born to play Flamenco, but it was his uncle who would be his biggest obstacle, as he refused to teach Carlos the tricks of the trade. He began studying the guitar with his mother and a neighboring barber, Pepe el Barbero, a.k.a. Pepe the Barber. By the time he was 14 years old he was accompanying dancers and singers in the cafes of Madrid, Spain.

In the 1920s and 1930s he performed extensively in Europe, North America, and Asia with the likes of La Teresina. The outbreak of World War II brought him to the United States where he began his most successful days as a musician, and frequently toured with the dancer La Argentina. Settling in New York City during World War II (circa 1941), he began touring on his own, bringing his fiery style to concert halls, universities, and orchestras. During this period he made a few recordings for several major and independent labels including RCA Victor, Everest and Folkways.

Montoya toured year round but always returned to his homeland, Spain, to spend the Christmas holidays with his family.

His style was not particularly appreciated by serious flamenco students, who considered it less brilliant than many others, including that of Montoya's uncle Ramón. Carlos's own favorite flamenco guitarist, it was reported by Zern, was the obscure Currito de la Geroma. That he was unpopular among aficionados owes largely to the fact that Montoya learned in a non-traditional way and that he abandoned the compás which has evolved within flamenco over hundreds of years. Many of his works do not even keep perfect tempo, increasing and decreasing in speed almost whimsically. He was admired for the speed of his picados and undoubtedly found popularity on the international stage as a result of this technically impressive pace. However, Montoya's playing is often criticized by flamenco traditionalists[who?] for having more flash than musical substance. He was known to play with a capo on the 3rd fret and on really loose strings. It is suspected he tuned down and then compensated with the capo to increase his ability to apply picado.

Montoya died on this day at the age of 89 of heart failure in the tiny Long Island, New York town of Wainscott, New York.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cv2Fyjk0GGM"]YouTube - Rare Flamenco Guitar Video: Carlos Montoya - Farruca[/ame]

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ko-pTH3xwno"]Carlos Montoya St Louis Blues - YouTube[/ame]

in 1994 - Karel Kryl, Czech folk singer/songwriter, guitarist and graphic artist, dies at 49.

in 1994 - The Smashing Pumpkins were banned from appearing on BBC TV's 'Top Of The Pops', due to the content of the songs lyrics. The bands single 'Disarm' was this weeks highest new entry. 1999, Oasis agreed to pay their former drummer Tony McCarroll a one-off sum of £550,000 ($935,000) after he sued the Manchester band for millions in unpaid royalties. McCarroll had been sacked from the band in 1995.

in 1999 - The first date on a 14 date tour with *NSYNC and B*Witched kicked off in Jacksonville, Florida.

in 1999 - US music professor Peter Jeffrey went to court to sue The Smashing Pumpkins, their promoters and a company who make ear plugs after claiming his hearing was damaged at a concert in Connecticut.

in 2000 - former Bay City Roller, Derek Longmuir was released on bail on charges of downloading child pornographic images from the internet and keeping indecent videos in his home.

in 2000 - Tom Jones won the Best male artist at this year's Brit Awards. Other winners included Travis for Best band and Best album 'The Man Who.' Best single went to Robbie Williams for 'She's The One', Five won Best pop act, TLC won Best International group, Beck won Best International Male, Macy Gray won Best newcomer and Outstanding Contribution went to The Spice Girls.

in 2000 - Toni Ortelli dies at age 95. Italian alpinist, conductor and composer from, born in Schio, the Veneto region of Italy. He is well known in the southern Alps regions of Italy, Austria and Switzerland for being the composer of the famous Trentino folk song "La Montanara"/The Song of the Mountains. He wrote the melody and lyrics in 1927 while being on an excursion in the mountains. Luigi Pigarelli has added other vocal parts to harmonize it to a choral piece. It has been translated into 148 languages.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X2oRr_7Iw7g"]YouTube - La Montanara de Toni Ortelli. 7ème festival de Choeurs d'Hommes de Chatte[/ame]

in 2001 - Stereophonics were forced to change the title of their new album after car manufacturer Daimler Chrysler objected to their use of the copyrighted word 'Jeep'. The UK title became 'Just Enough Education To Perform.'
in 2002 - TV show 'Pop Idol' winner Will Young scored his first UK No.1 single with 'Anything Is Possible / Evergreen.' Young set a new sales record for a debut artist with over 1 million in the first week. Biggest selling single of 2002.

in 2002 - Jennifer Lopez started a six week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Ain't It Funny.'

in 2002 - Harlan Perry Howard dies at age 74. American songwriter, principally in country music; born in Detroit, Michigan, but grew up on a farm in Kentucky and he was 12 years old when he began writing songs, starting a career which spanned six decades. His songs include "Pick Me Up on Your Way Down", "Heartaches By The Number", "Everglades, Busted "I Fall To Pieces", his songs were so immediately successful that in 1961 alone, he had fifteen of his compositions on the country music charts, earning himself ten BMI awards. Howard was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1973 and the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1997

in 2003 - Goffredo Petrassi dies at age 98. Italian composer of modern classical music, conductor, and teacher, born in Zagarolo, and is considered one of the most influential Italian composers of the 20th century. After working in a music shop at 15 to help his family financially, in 1928, he entered the Santa Cecilia Conservatory in Rome to study organ and composition. He went on to become musical director of the opera house La Fenice, and from 1959 taught composition at the Santa Cecilia Conservatory and at the Salzburg Mozarteum.

in 2003 - Ray Jackson who found fame with Lindisfarne took out legal action against Rod Stewart over his 1970s hit song ‘Maggie May.’ Jackson claimed he came up with the worldwide hit's classic mandolin melody and claimed he may have lost at least £1m because he was not credited for the track's distinctive "hook." Jackson was paid just £15 for the recording session by Stewart in 1971.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hqPjPl2dUm8"]YouTube - Ray Jackson & Friends - Warm Feeling & Run For Home[/ame]

in 2004 - Elton John announced he was planning to marry his long-term partner David Furnish if new UK laws allowed it. A Civil Partnership bill was being passed through Parliament which would give gay couple's greater rights.

in 2005 - 50 Cent released The Massacre, the follow-up to his 6x platinum debut 'Get Rich or Die Tryin'. The album sold over 1 million copies in its first week, going 4x platinum in two months. The success of the album gave 50 Cent five top-five singles in 2005.

in 2008 - The Beatles' engineer Norman Smith died at the age of 85. Smith who worked on every studio recording the band made between 1962 and 1965 was nicknamed "Normal Norman" by John Lennon. As a producer in 1966, he signed Pink Floyd and produced their early albums including Saucerful of Secrets and as Hurricane Smith had the 1971 UK No.2 hit ‘Don't Let It Die’

in 2008 - Giuseppe Di Stefano dies at age 86. Italian operatic tenor born in Motta Sant'Anastasia, a village near Catania, Sicily. He sang professionally from the late 1940s until the early 1990s. He was known as the "Golden voice" as the true successor of Beniamino Gigli. He was also known for his long-term performance and recording association and brief romantic episode with the soprano Maria Callas. He made his New York debut in 1948 as the Duke of Mantua in Verdi's Rigoletto. He went on to perform regularly in New York for many years. In 1957, he made his British debut at the Edinburgh Festival as Nemorino in L'Elisir d'Amore and his Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, debut in 1961, as Cavaradossi in Tosca. His final operatic role was as the aged Emperor in Turandot, in July 1992 (In November 2004 Giuseppe was critically injured in his home in Diani Beach, Kenya, after a brutal beating by unknown assailants. He was still unconscious a week after the attack and was fed intravenously, and underwent several operations. In December 2007, he was flown to the San Raffaele clinic at Milan, where he slipped into a coma. Died in his home in Santa Maria Hoè near Milan 3 months later)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yvyWpLZalE8"]YouTube - Giuseppe di Stefano sings "Nessun dorma" from Turandot[/ame]

in 2008 - Norman "Hurricane" Smith dies at age 85. British singer, songwriter, record producer, also recording engineer with The Beatles, Pink Floyd and many others. Born in Edmonton, North London, he served as a RAF glider pilot during World War II. In 1959 after an unsuccessful career as a jazz musician, he joined EMI as an apprentice sound engineer. He later worked on 180 Beatle tracks, "Rubber Soul" was the last album he worked on before he got promoted to producer. Norman wrote many hits, using a pseudonym of "Hurricane Smith" and he had a UK hit with Don't Let It Die, a song he had written for John Lennon.

in 2009 - A £1m Ferrari owned by Jamiroquai singer Jay Kay was damaged outside a Suffolk hotel when the driver's side window and windscreen of the Ferrari Enzo were smashed. A 21-year-old man was arrested after the incident.
in 2009 - To celebrate the release of U2’s twelfth studio album and their appearance every night for a week on The Late Show with David Letterman, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg temporarily renamed part of 53rd street in Midtown Manhattan U2 Way.

in 2010 - A woman claiming to be the wife of Sean 'P Diddy' Combs was freed on $5,000 (£3,326) bail after being arrested near the rappers home on Long Island, New York. Cemelia Green claimed to be married to the rapper and producer who is said to be worth around $350m (£233m). There was no official comment from Combs, who is unmarried.

in 2010 - Michalis Toumbouros dies at age 51. Greek singer-songwriter and physician, he wrote the lyrics and music to musicals such as "Trojan Women" (Tragically died in a traffic accident)

in 2010 - Big Tiny Little /Dudley "Tiny" Little Jr dies at age 79. American pianist, he performed and recorded professionally for more than 60 years. Tiny began his career as a musician at an early age touring with his father's band. Although he remained principally a pianist, he also mastered the organ, tuba, bass fiddle and vocals. Tiny was well known for his honky-tonk piano role on the "Lawrence Welk Show" from 1955 to 1959. After which he performed on virtually every music and variety show on the air including the first Mike Douglas Show, Ed Sullivan, Dean Martin and Dinah Shore. A part of that Dinah Shore Show featured four pianists at one time playing different interpretations of songs. Peter Nero playing jazz, Ray Charles playing rhythm and blues, Liberace playing classical style and Tiny playing Dixieland. Besides recording 35 albums, including one gold record, he has played in clubs from coast to coast, and performed on cruises to Australia, Hawaii and South America and he was the first American performer to appear on Japanese TV and he was also invited to perform at President Reagan's Inaugural Ball in 1985. He began touring in 2004 with a Welk alumni in the “Live Lawrence Welk Show” and in 2008 Big Tiny was named Emperor of the Sacramento Jazz Jubilee where he had played piano for the last twenty-seven years. (Passed away in his hometown of Carson City)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBR9hsNS0dg"]YouTube - Big Tiny Little on The Lawrence Welk Show (1-11-1958) UPDATED AUDIO[/ame]

in 2011 - Aldo Clementi dies at 85. Italian composer, born in Catania, Italy. He studied the piano, graduating in 1946. His studies in composition began in 1941, after receiving his diploma in 1954, he attended the Darmstadt summer courses from 1955 to 1962. Important influences during this period included meeting Bruno Maderna in 1956, and working at the electronic music studio of the Italian radio broadcaster RAI in Milan. Poesia de Rilke-1946 was the first work of his to be performed in Vienna-1947. Of more significance was the premiere of Cantata-1954, which was broadcast by North German, Hamburg Radio in 1956. In 1959 he won second prize in the ISCM competition with Episodi, and in 1963 he took first prize in the same competition, with Sette scene da "Collage". Aldo also taught music theory at the University of Bologna from 1971 to 1992.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_VRYNR3Y_OA"]Aldo Clementi - Piano Concerto (1986) - YouTube[/ame]

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in 1492 - Francesco de Layolle, Italian organist and composer, is born.
in 1617 - Arcangelo Crivelli, Italian singer, composer and maestro di cappella, dies at 70.

in 1678 - Antonio (Lucio) Vivaldi, greatly renowned Italian composer, is born at Venice.
Vivaldi's Four Seasons is one of the most popular pieces of baroque music in the repertoire.

He was the son of Giovanni Battista Vivaldi (b. Brescia, c. 1655; d. Venice, May 14, 1736), a violinist who entered the orchestra at San Marco in Venice in 1685 under the surname of Rossi, remaining there until 1729,and was also director of instrumental music at the Mendicanti (1689-93).

The younger Vivaldi was trained for the priesthood at S. Geminiano and at S. Giovanni in Oleo, taking the tonsure on Sept. 18, 1693, and Holy Orders on March 23, 1703. Because of his red hair he was called "il prete rosso" ("the red priest"). In 1703 he became maestro di violino at the Pio Ospedale della Pieta, where he remained until 1709.During this period, his first published works appeared.

In 1711 he resumed his duties at the Pieta, and was named its maestro de' concerti in 1716. In 1711his set of 12 concerti known as L'estro armonico, op.3, appeared in print in Amsterdam; it proved to be the most important music publication of the first half of the 18th century.

His first known opera, Otione in Villa, was given in Vicenza in May 1713, and soon thereafter he became active as a composer and impresario in Venice. From 1718to 1720he was active in Mantua, where the Habsburg governor Prince Philipp of Hessen-Darmstadt made him maestro di cappella da (or di) camera, a title he retained even after leaving Mantua.

In subsequent years he traveled widely in Italy, bringing out his operas in various music centers. However, he retained his association with the Pieta. About 1725 he became associated with the contralto Anna Giraud (or Giro), one of his voice students; her sister, Paolina, also became a constant companion of the composer, leading to speculation by his contemporaries that the two sisters were his mistresses, a contention he denied.

His La cetra, op.9 (2 books, Amsterdam, 1727), was dedicated to the Austrian Emperor Charles VI. From 1735 to 1738 he once more served as maestro di cappella at the Pieta. He also was named maestro di cappella to Francis Stephen, Duke of Lorraine (later the Emperor Francis I), in 1735. In 1738 he visited Amsterdam, where he took charge of the musical performances for the centennial celebration of the Schouwburg theater.

Returning to Venice, he found little favor with the theatergoing public; as a result, he set out for Austria in 1740,arriving in Vienna in June 1741,but dying a month later. Although he had received large sums of money in his day, he died in poverty and was given a pauper's burial at the Spettaler Gottesacher (Hospital Burial Ground). Vivaldi's greatness lies mainly in his superb instrumental works, most notably some 500 concertos, in which he displayed an extraordinary mastery of ritornello form and of orchestration. More than 230 of his concertos are for solo violin and strings, and another 120 or so are for other solo instrument and strings.

In some 60 concerti ripieni (string concertos sans solo instrument), he honed a style akin to operatic sinfonias. He also wrote about 90 sonatas. Only 21 of his operas are extant, some missing one or more acts. He also composed various sacred vocal works. - Died at Vienna, July 28, 1741.

in 1742 - Johann Heinrich Egli, Swiss composer, is born.
in 1754 - Dieudonne-Pascal Pieltain, Belgian violinist and composer, is born.
in 1757 - Ignaz Malzat, Austrian virtuoso oboist, horn player, and composer, is born.

in 1765 - Charles Dibdin, English singer, composer and author, is baptised. Dibden wrote approximately 100 stage works and 1,400 songs, and was one of the most popular British composers of the 18th century.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IG_xyJkAYls"]YouTube - Charles Dibdin - The Ephesian Matron, or The Widow's Tears - Ouverture[/ame]

in 1773 - Pierre-Louis Hus-Desforges, French cellist, composer and conductor, is born.

in 1804 - Karl Leopold Rollig, German glass harmonica player, composer and instrument inventor and builder, dies at about 50.

in 1819 - Charles Oberthur, German harpist, composer and teacher, is born.
in 1831 - Georg Michael Telemann, German composer and theologian, dies at 82.
in 1834 - Peter Nicolai von Wilm, Latvian composer, conductor and teacher, is born.
in 1838 - Paul Lacome, French composer, is born.
in 1839 - Ignace Antoine Ladurner, French pianist and composer, dies at 72.
in 1851 - Michael Henkel, German organist, composer, writer and teacher, dies at 70.
in 1876 - Alfred Holmes, English violinist and composer, dies at 38.

in 1877 - Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike, Russian pianist, composer and teacher, is born.
Alexander Fyodorovich [Fjodorowitsch] Goedicke [also: (auch: Gedike, Gödike, Goedike or Gödicke; Russian: АлександрФёдоровичГедике] was a Russian composer, pianist, organist and pedagogue of German descent. He studied with Safonov and G. Pabst (piano) and Arensky (composition) at the Moscow Conservatory, graduating in 1898.

Alexander Goedicke pursued an unspectacular career on four fronts as composer, pianist, organist and teacher. His compositional efforts were rewarded when he won the Rubenstein Prize for Composition at the young age of 23.He was a professor at Moscow Conservatory from 1909.

Alexander Goedicke numbers among a sizeable group of fine Russian musicians who virtually disappeared from view in the Soviet age, displaying neither the rebellious nature to attract the attention of refuseniks or Westerners nor the mindless adherence to political diktats which might have attracted state patronage (and later, probably, infamy). His large output of symphonies, operas and chamber music (in addition to works for his own instruments) remains to be explored but, oddly, he is remembered (if at all) for his Concert Etude for trumpet, which enlivens the sparse concert repertoire of that instrument, and for some unusually skilful and attractive children's piano pieces.

It seems a bizarre paradox that a fine organist as Alexander Goedicke should lavish so much care and imagination on concert transcriptions for the piano. Contrary to Western myth, the church was not totally suppressed under the communist regime but it was, of course, stripped of its hitherto fonnidable political power. Consequently it lacked the wherewithal, the expertise and possibly the will to maintain its organs in a usable state of repair. It is conceivable that Goedicke turned to the piano in sheer frustration but more likely that these transcriptions were simply a labour of love. His ingenuity and pianistic resourcefulness suggest that he had closely studied the transcriptions of Ferruccio Busoni (the undisputed master in this field), and many of the devices of the Italian genius can be heard in Goedicke's scores - octave displacements, interlinked thumbs for middle voices, and a general concern to discover truly pianistic equivalents to the organ's many voices, together with an awareness of church acoustics.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CZoSPXix6hE"]Goedicke - Concert Etude Op. 49 - Trumpet and Piano - YouTube[/ame]

in 1895 - Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony premieres in Berlin.
in 1905 - Lili Kràus, Hungarian-British pianist, is born.
in 1913 - Gabriel Fauré's opera Pénélope premieres in Monte Carlo.
in 1915 - Eunice Catunda, Brazilian pianist, composer and musicologist, is born.
in 1915 - Carlos Surinach, Spanish-American composer, conductor and teacher, is born.
in 1918 - Eugene D'Harcourt, French organist and composer, dies at 58.
in 1921 - Halim El-Dabh, Egyptian pianist, composer, ethnomusicologist and teacher, is born.
in 1925 - Paul Mauriat, French composer, arranger, songwriter and bandleader, is born.
in 1925 - Moritz Moszkowski, German pianist, composer and teacher, dies at 70.
in 1927 - Robert Di Domenica, American classical and jazz flautist, composer and teacher, is born.

in 1928 - Samuel Adler, German-American composer, conductor, author and teacher, is born. Adler founded and conducted the Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra, and has received numerous awards and honors for his work.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MgUoRVzPgeE"]YouTube - SAMUEL ADLER: Viola Concerto (1999): Movement I[/ame]

in 1929 - Bernard Haitink, Dutch violinist and conductor, is born.

in 1929 - Josep Mestres-Quadreny, Spanish composer and teacher, who founded the Phonos Laboratory of Electroacoustic Music, is born.

in 1932 - Guido Baggiani, Italian composer and teacher, who founded the Gruppo Team Roma for perfomances of electronis music, is born.

in 1932 - Miriam Makeba "Mama Afrika" South African jazz and traditional singer, is born.
in 1933 - Johanna Rafalowicz "Ann Burton" Dutch jazz singer, is born.
in 1933 - Willie Walker, American blues guitarist and singer/songwriter, dies at 36.

in 1934 - Mario Davidovsky, Argentinian-American composer and teacher, is born. Davidovsky worked largely in electroacoustic music for much of his career before turning to more traditional forms. He has received many honors and awards, including being elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uRLzaIfriZg"]Mario Davidovsky - Synchronisms No. 1 (1962) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1934 - John Duffey, American bluegrass singer/songwriter and mandolinist (The Country Gentlemen, The Seldom Scene), is born. As the founder and member of The Country Gentlemen, Duffey is in the International Bluegrass Music Hall of Honor.

in 1934 - Barbara McNair, American jazz and pop singer, is born.

in 1936 Eric Allandale, West Indian-British jazz trombonist, singer/songwriter and bandleader (The New Orleans Jazz Knights, Foundations), is born.

in 1936 - Aribert Reimann, German pianist, composer and accompanist, is born.
in 1936 - Ruben Mattias Liljefors, Swedish composer and conductor, dies at 64.
in 1937 - Bernard Wilen, French jazz saxophonist (Miles Davis and many others), is born.

in 1937 - Ron Carter, American jazz bassist, classical cellist and teacher (Miles Davis Quintet, New York Jazz Quartet and others), is born.

in 1941 - Edoardo Mascheroni, Italian composer and conductor, dies at 81.

in 1942 - Yuliya Lazarevna Veysberg, Russian composer, wife of Andrey Nikolayevich Rimsky-Korsakov, dies at 62.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YhZO6W-JgZQ"]YouTube - Yuliya Savicheva - Esli v serdtse zhivyot lyubov' - Ice Show "Ryzhaya Bestiya"[/ame]

in 1943 - Zoltan Jeney, Hungarian composer and teacher, is born.
in 1944 - Michael "Mick" Wilson, English rock drummer (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich), is born.

in 1944 - Bobby Womack, American R&B, soul and funk singer/songwriter, guitarist, drummer and keyboardist (The Valentinos, Sam Cooke, and others), is born. Womack is in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

in 1946 - Ralph Kirshbaum, American cellist and teacher, is born.

in 1948 - Billy Gibbons, American blues-rock singer/songwriter, guitarist, keyboardist, harmonica player and actor, (ZZ Top), is born. ZZ Top are in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

in 1948 - Chris Squire, English rock singer/songwriter and bassist (Yes), is born. Squire is the only member of Yes to appear on every album (not counting the Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe album).

in 1948 - Michael Barrett "Shakin' Stevens" Welsh rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (Shakin' Stevens and the Sunsets), is born.

in 1950 - Emilio Estefan, Cuban-American latin pop/salsa accordionist and producer (Miami Sound Machine), is born.
in 1951 - Chris Rea, British blues-rock and pop singer/songwriter, guitarist and pianist, is born.
in 1954 - Georg Gohler, German composer and conductor, dies at 79.
in 1954 - St. Clair L. Palmer, British soul singer (Sweet Sensation), is born.

in 1954 - Noel Gay/Reginald Moxon Armitage dies at age 55. English composer, born in Wakefield; his most famous show, Me and My Girl was originally performed at the Victoria Palace London, in 1937, and ran for a 1,646 performances. It was revived again in 1952, and 1984, when it ran for eight years initially at the Haymarket theatre in Leicester and then at the Adelphi theatre in London, later going on tour throughout Britain, and transferring to Broadway. The show's "showstopper", "The Lambeth Walk" has the distinction of being the only popular song to be the subject of a leader in The Times, in October 1938 it was reported "While dictators rage and statesmen talk, all Europe dances — to 'The Lambeth Walk'". He went on to write songs for revues by The Crazy Gang, and for star artists like Gracie Fields, Flanagan and Allen and George Formby, penning popular World War II songs such as "Run Rabbit Run". After the war, his songwriting diminished, and he concentrated on production.

in 1955 - Charlie Parker, bebop jazz great, perfoms at Birdland, in what would be his final live performance.

One of the greatest jazz innovators of all time, Charlie Parker (1920-1955) is one of the few musicians who can be said to have permanently changed jazz.
Born in Kansas City, Kansas, Parker grew up in nearby Kansas City, Missouri. He was so attracted to the Kansas City nightlife that he dropped out of school at the age of 14 despite being only a beginner on alto sax. At that point, his ideas were far ahead of his technique and, after a few humiliating episodes at jam sessions, he spent a summer playing his horn largely nonstop. No one would ever defeat him in a cutting contest again.
Parker worked with the Jay McShann Orchestra off and on during 1937-1942, making his recording debut with the band. His style was influenced by Lester Young and his love for the blues, but his ideas were far more advanced than any of his contemporaries. Parker (who picked up the lifelong nickname of Bird) also had the ability to play perfectly coherent solos at ridiculously fast tempos. By the time he met his musical soulmate, trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie, Bird was on his way to the top of jazz. Diz and Bird worked together in the big bands of Earl Hines and Billy Eckstine during 1943-1944 and created a sensation in 1945, both in their live performances in 52nd Street clubs and in their recordings. Due to their stunning playing, bebop replaced swing as the jazz mainstream.
Bird’s longtime heroin addiction and his recklessness resulted in an erratic lifestyle full of triumphs and disasters. Along the way he made brilliant recordings for the Savoy, Dial, and Verve labels. Although poorly recorded, Bird at St. Nick’s and Bird on 52nd Street, originally made for the short-lived Jazz Workshop label, show just how remarkable a soloist he could be when jamming in clubs.
One of Charlie Parker’s last great performances was his famed Massey Hall Concert in 1953, featuring Bird with Dizzy, pianist Bud Powell, bassist Charles Mingus, and drummer Max Roach and available as Jazz at Massey Hall.
Charlie Parker lived to be only 34, but his musical legacy remains enormous.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ukL3TDV6XRg"]YouTube - Charlie Parker - "Groovin' High"[/ame]

in 1959 - The winners of the first Grammy Awards were announced. Domenico Modugno's 'Volare' was Record of the Year; Henry Mancini's 'Peter Gunn' was Album of the Year and The Champs 'Tequila' won best R&B performance.

in 1960 - Leonard Warren dies at age 48. American baritone born in New York; made his concert debut at the Metropolitan Opera in excerpts from La traviata and Pagliacci during a concert in New York in November 1938. His formal operatic debut took place there in January 1939, when he sang Paolo in Simon Boccanegra. A recording contract with RCA Victor soon followed. He went on to sing in San Francisco, Chicago, Mexico City, and Buenos Aires, he appeared at La Scala in Milan in 1953, and in 1958, he made a highly successful tour of the Soviet Union, but for most of his career he remained in New York and sang at the Met (he sadly died on stage of a massive cerebral hemorrhage in mid performance of La forza del destino with Renata Tebaldi, at The Met)

in 1963 - Jason Newsted, American rock bassist, singer/songwriter, drummer, violinist and producer (Metallica), is born.

in 1963 - Michiel de Vos "MDV" Dutch blues-rock/funk bassist (Burma Shave), is born.
in 1965 - Richard March, English rock-techno-dance bassist (Pop Will Eat Itself), is born.
in 1966 - Patrick Hannan, British pop drummer (the Sundays), is born.

in 1966 - John Lennon's statement that The Beatles were 'more popular than Jesus Christ' was published in The London Evening Standard. “Christianity will go. It will vanish and shrink. We’re more popular then Jesus now; I don’t know which will go first, rock ‘n’ roll or Christianity. Jesus was alright, but his disciples were thick and ordinary.” Christian group's in the US were outraged resulting in some states burning Beatles records. Lennon later apologised.
in 1966 - Janis Medins, Latvian composer, dies at 75.

in 1967 - The Rolling Stones went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Ruby Tuesday', the group's fourth US No.1 single. 'Lets Spend The Night Together' was the original A side but after radio stations banned the song 'Tuesday' became the A side.

in 1968 - Evan Dando, American rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Lemonheads), is born.
in 1968 - Patsy Kensit, English pop singer and actress (Eighth Wonder), is born.

in 1968 - Alexandre Cellier, French organist and composer, who wrote a book about organ registration and translated the text of Bach Chorals, dies at 84.

In this Marimba duo composed by Alexandre Cellier the 9 year old is his son Antoine.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8IPfXSpbJOo"]YouTube - Marimba duo, Antoine & Alexandre Cellier "Premier à bord"[/ame]

in 1971 - The Rolling Stones kicked off a 9-date UK tour at Newcastle City Hall, supported by The Groundhogs. Also on this day The Stones announced that they were to become the UK's first rock and roll tax exiles, residing in France.

in 1973 - Pink Floyd played the first night on a 19 date North American tour at the Dane County Memorial Coliseum in Madison.

in 1977 - CBS released The Clash's self- titled first album in the UK. CBS in the U.S. refused to release it until 1979. Americans bought over 100,000 imported copies of the record making it one of the biggest- selling import records of all time.

in 1977 - The Rolling Stones played the first of two nights at the El Mocambo a small club in Toronto, Canada.
in 1978 - The US internal Revenue Service carried out a dawn raid at the home of Jerry Lee Lewis and removed cars worth over £100,000 ($170,000) to pay off his tax debts.

in 1979 - Randy Jackson of The Jackson Five was seriously injured in a car crash breaking both legs and almost died in the emergency room when a nurse inadvertently injects him with methadone.

in 1979 - Mike Patto /Michael McCarthy dies at age 36. English singer and keyboardist, born in Cirencester, Gloucestershire. He first became vocalist and front man for The Bow Street Runners, who won a prestigious TV band competition Ready Steady Win during 1964 . He was a member of Timebox, his own band Patto and Dick and the Firemen. In 1974 he joined Spooky Tooth as vocalist and 2nd keyboardist, Spooky Tooth was one of the very few bands to adopt the twin keyboard approach. He is also known as a founding member of the rock band Boxer along with the legendary guitarist Ollie Halsall and global keyboardist Chris Stainton. They toured both the US and Europe (throat cancer)

in 1982 - Frank Zappa's son Dweezil and his daughter Moon Unit formed a band called Fred Zeppelin. Their first single was ‘My Mother is a Space Cadet.’

in 1984 - Shalva Mikhaylovich Mshvelidze, Georgian composer and teacher, dies at 79.
in 1985 - The Pogues kicked off an 18-date UK tour at Leeds University.

in 1986 - American songwriter Howard Greenfield died of a brain tumour aged 50. Working out of the famous Brill Building with Neil Sedaka he co-wrote many hits including 'Calendar Girl', 'Breaking Up Is Hard To Do', and 'Crying In The Rain' with Carole King. Also wrote TV theme songs including the theme to 'Bewitched' nad ‘ Stupid Cupid’.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u2XqgFXQx8s"]YouTube - connie francis sings stupid cupid.wmv written by neil sedaka and howard greenfield.[/ame]

in 1986 - Howard Greenfield dies at age 49. American lyricist and songwriter, born in Brooklyn, NY, he worked out of the famous Brill Building with Neil Sedaka. The duo scored their first major pop hit single with Connie Francis' "Stupid Cupid". When, Neil signed to RCA Records as a solo artist, they composed a string of hits including "Oh! Carol", "Stairway to Heaven", "Calendar Girl", "Little Devil", "Happy Birthday Sweet Sixteen", "Next Door to an Angel" and "Breaking Up Is Hard to Do" - which sold a combined 25 million records.They wrote hits for other artists, including Patty Drew's, and the The 5th Dimension's "Workin' on a Groovy Thing" and Tom Jones' "Puppet Man". Howard also collaborated with Carole King ("Crying in the Rain"), Helen Miller ("Foolish Little Girl", The Shirelles' final Top Ten hit), and Jack Keller with "Breakin' in a Brand New Broken Heart", "Everybody's Somebody's Fool" and "My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own" all hits for Connie Francis and "When Somebody Loves You". They wrote the theme music for TV programs such as Bewitched and The Flying Nun. (brain tumour)

in 1986 - Richard Manuel dies at age 42. Canadian singer, piano, keyboards, drums, and lap slide guitarist, born in Stratford, Ontario. He started out playing in the Rockin' Revols before joining up with Ronnie Hawkins band The Hawks. John P. Hammond recommended The Hawks to Bob Dylan, who tapped them to serve as his backing band while he switched to an electric sound. In 1966, they toured Europe and the U.S. with Dylan and were known for enduring the ire of Dylan's folk fans, and were subjected to unpleasant hissing and booing. They gradually became called The Band. Richard's is the first voice you hear on The Band's legendary debut album, Music From Big Pink, a rich baritone so soulful and charged with pathos it's hard to believe it could come from the frail Canadian. (committed suicide by hanging when his wife briefly stepped out of their room. A bottle of Grand Marnier and cocaine were found alongside his body)

in 1987 - Simply Red appeared at The Galway Leisureland, Ireland.

in 1989 - Debbie Gibson started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Lost In Your Eyes', her second US No.1, a No.34 hit in the UK.

in 1989 - Lloyd "Tiny" Grimes dies at age 72. American jazz and R&B guitarist; born in Newport News, Virginia he began his career playing drums and one-fingered piano. In 1938 he took up the electric 4-string tenor guitar. In 1940 he joined the Cats And A Fiddle as guitarist and singer, then in 1943 he joined the Art Tatum Trio as guitarist making a number of recordings. He left Art to form his own bands in New York recording with the likes of Billy Holiday, Charlie Parker, Coleman Hawkins, Illinois Jacquet, Roy Eldridge, Pepper Adams, and other noted players, with numbers like "I’ll Always Love You", "Red Cross", "Tiny’s Tempo", "Romance Without Finance", and his jazzed up version of "Loch Lomond". He continued to lead his own groups into the late '70s. It has been suggested that the guitar break, based on the Scottish tune "The Campbells are Coming", on The Crows one hit wonder "Gee" in 1952 may have been played by Tiny. The song which has been credited as the first Rock n’ Roll hit by a rock and roll group and it was the first 1950s doo-wop record to sell over one million records.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g5odsHC4Pmk"]YouTube - Watermelon Man By Tiny Grimes[/ame]

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