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Old March 3rd, 2014, 07:12 PM   #2721

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in 1992 - Red Hot Chili Peppers appeared at The Hummingbird, Birmingham, England.

in 1992 - Mary Osborne dies at age 70. American jazz guitarist, violin, bassist and vocalist with many jazz bands touring with Buddy Rogers, Dick Stabile, Terry Shand, Joe Venuti, and Russ Morgan, and recorded with Mary Lou Williams, Beryl Booker, Coleman Hawkins, Mercer Ellington, Ethel Waters, and Wynonie Harris. She also featured on Jack Sterling's daily CBS radio program from 1952 to 1960. Born in Minot, North Dakota, she learned violin as a child and could play guitar and bass by the age of 15. She remained a formidable guitarist late in life; in an appearance with Lionel Hampton at the 1990 Playboy Jazz Festival, she virtually stole the show.

in 1993 - Art Hodes, Ukrainian-American jazz pianist, composer, writer and teacher, dies at 88.

in 1993, Whitney Houston and Bobby Brown became parents when Whitney gave birth to a baby girl, Bobbi Kristina Houston Brown.

in 1993 - Eugene "Gene" Hall dies at age 79. American music educator, saxophonist, and arranger, most known for creating and presiding over the first academic curriculum leading to a bachelors degree in jazz, then called "Dance Band" at an institution of higher learning, being at the University of North Texas College of Music in 1947. Born in Whitewright, TX, he studied the saxophone and played in church, later played saxophone local combo called the Joy Makers. He performed with dance bands in the North Texas area in the 1930s and in 1934 began a two-year European tour as saxophonist with the Clarence Nemir Orchestra, where he developed his arranging skills. Among his many projects he also worked with Stan Kenton and his successor, Leon Breeden, at the Stan Kenton Band Clinics.

in 1994 - Kurt Cobain was rushed to hospital after overdosing on alcohol and drugs in a Rome hotel during a Nirvana European tour. Cobain had taken 50-60 pills of Rohypnol mixed with champagne; rumours on the internet claimed that Kurt was dead.

in 1995 - Eden Ahbez /George McGrew/George Alexander Aberle dies at age 86. American songwriter, singer and poet from the 1940s-1960s, born in Brooklyn, brought up in Kansas and whose lifestyle in California was influential on the hippie movement. From at least the 1940s, he traveled in sandals and wore shoulder-length hair and beard, and white robes. He camped out below the first L in the Hollywood Sign above LA, studied Oriental mysticism, and claimed to live on three dollars a week, sleeping outdoors with his family, and eating vegetables, fruits, and nuts. Eden composed the song "Nature Boy", which became a No.1 hit for eight weeks in 1948 for Nat "King" Cole, and has since become a pop and jazz standard, his other songs include "Land of Love (Come My Love and Live with Me)" and "Lonely Island". In 1959, he began recording instrumental music, and in 1960, he recorded his only solo LP, Eden’s Island, mixing his beatnik poetry with exotica arrangements.(died from injuries sustained in a car accident)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fh0CTuJ3x9w"]YouTube - Eden Ahbez - The Wanderer[/ame]

in 1999 - Victoria 'Posh' Spice gave birth to a baby son, Brooklyn, father Manchester United Football player David Beckham greeted the media with the news.

in 2001 - Shaggy featuring Rikrok went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'It Wasn't Me'. It became the best-selling single of 2001, and was also a No.1 in the US.

in 2001 - Glenn Hughes dies at age 50. American singer, the original "Biker" character in the disco group Village People from 1977 to 1996. He attended Manhattan College, where he was initiated as a member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia music fraternity in 1969. He responded to an advertisement by composer Jacques Morali seeking "macho" singers and dancers. Glenn and other members of the band were given a crash course in the synchronized dance choreography that later typified the group's live performances. Glenn's powerful bass voice played an important part in the background lyrics of almost all Village People's most known hits. In 1996, he retired from dancing and launched his own successful New York cabaret act, until lung cancer was diagnosed. However, he did continued with management of the band. His iconic handlebar moustache and leather clothing have made Glenn a gay archetype yet Glenn was heterosexual. During his later years, he was known for storming the streets of New York with his Custom Harley-Davidson motorcycle. (lung cancer)

in 2002 - Doreen Waddell, singer with Soul II Soul was killed after attempting to run across the A27 in Brighton, England after being caught shoplifting.

in 2002 - Eric Flynn dies at age 62. Chinese-born British actor and singer Born in Hainan, he appeared as Alan-A-Dale in "A Challenge For Robin Hood" in 1963, as Leo Ryan in the Doctor Who story The Wheel in Space in 1968, as Ivanhoe in a 1970 TV mini series and as Major Tom Graham in series five of Freewheelers in 1971. He was also an established musical theatre actor appearing in shows such as "Evita", "Annie Get Your Gun", "The Sound Of Music", "My Fair Lady", "A Little Night Music" and "Copacabana" starring alongside the likes of Lauren Becall and Maria Freidman (cancer)

in 2003 - a noisy neighbour was banned from playing her music and had her stereo system impounded, after she had played Cliff Richard music too loudly. 23 year-old Sian Davies was fined £1,000 ($1,700) plus court costs after environmental protection officers raided her flat in Porth, Rhondda, Wales and seized 15 amplifiers and speakers, plus 135 CDs and cassette tapes. The disc found in her CD player was the Cliff Richard single, ‘Peace in Our Time’. A spokesman for the Cliff Richard Organization said he was delighted to hear of somebody in their early 20s owning one of his many recordings. He added, Cliff would not want anyone to play his music so that it caused a nuisance.

in 2004 - Brian Wilson appeared at the Clyde Auditorium, Glasgow during his 11-date UK tour. The shows saw Wilson performing the full suite of songs from his unreleased masterpiece 'Smile' Wilson's 'teenage symphony to God.'

in 2004 - John McGeoch dies at age 48. Legendary Scottish guitarist born in Greenock, Renfrewshire; he played with a number of bands of the post-punk era, including Magazine; Visage and Public Image Ltd; and Siouxsie and the Banshees, playing on albums Kaleidoscope in 1980, Juju-1981, and A Kiss in the Dreamhouse-1982. The Banshees' hit singles of this era featured some of John's greatest work, particularly 1980's "Happy House", "Christine" and "Israel". He was described as "one of the most influential guitarists of his generation" and he was also considered as "the new wave Jimmy Page". In 1996, he was listed by Mojo in their "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" for his work on the Siouxsie and the Banshees song "Spellbound" (reportedly he died in his sleep).

in 2004 - Claude Nougaro dies at age 74. French songwriter and singer; born in Toulouse, he was widely regarded as the singer who fused the traditions of the French chanson with the energy and verve of American jazz. Claude never learnt to write music or play an instrument, in the early days he sent his lyrics to Marguerite Monnot, Édith Piaf's songwriter, who put them to music. He started to sing for a livelihood in 1959 in a Parisian cabaret in Montmartre, the Lapin Agile. As well as collaborating with jazz greats including Sonny Rollins, Ornette Coleman and Nat Adderley, during the 1960s Claude studied Brazilian music, working with Baden Powell and Chico Buarque, some of his noted songs include "Je Suis Sous" ("I Am Drunk"), "Cécile, Ma Fille" ("Cecile, My Daughter"), "Jazz and Java," and "Paris Mai". Although Nougaro's commercial success declined during the 1970s, the 80s saw comeback inspired by the success of Nougaro, an album cut in New York City. At this time, he also experimented with African rhythms. In 1988 Victoires de la musique rewarded him with best album and best artist, and between 1993 and 1997 he released three new albums (cancer).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g5PLtaQCRCA"]YouTube - Claude Nougaro - tu verras[/ame]

in 2005 - Una Hale dies at age 82. Australian operatic soprano, born in Adelaide, and relocated to Britain in 1946 to study at the Royal College of Music. She appeared with the Carl Rosa Opera Company from 1949 to 1954, playing many leading roles, such as Violetta in Verdi's La Traviata Micaela Carmen and Marguerite in Gounod's Faust. In 1954 Una was engaged as a principal soprano at the Royal Opera, Covent Garden, where she sang most of the major lyric soprano roles. She was particularly noted for her portrayals of Ellen Orford in Britten's Peter Grimes, Eva in Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, The Marschallin in Richard Strauss's Der Rosenkavalier, and Liu in Puccini's Turandot. In 1956 she portrayed Naomi in the world première of Lennox Berkeley's opera, Ruth. In 1962, she sang the title role in the Australian première of Strauss's Ariadne auf Naxos. During that same season she also portrayed Donna Anna in Mozart's Don Giovanni and Alice Ford in Verdi's Falstaff. In 1963-64 she sang Ellen Orford and Tosca with the Sadler's Wells Opera Company, and Tosca and The Marshallin in Romania with the Romanian National Opera.

in 2006 - Jaheim was at No.1 on the US album chart with ‘Ghetto Classics’ the American R&B singer’s third album release. 2007, Kaiser Chiefs started a two week run at No.1 on the UK album chart with their second album 'Yours Truly Angry Mob'.

in 2007 - Take That went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Shine', their 10th UK No.1 single. The song was featured in several commercials for the relaunched Morrisons supermarkets in the UK, and went on to win the British single of the year award at the 2008 Brit Awards. 2009, Britney Spears kicked off a world tour in New Orleans, her first concert tour for five years. The 27-year-old who dressed as a ringmaster in the show, featured jugglers, acrobats and martial arts dancers.

in 2007 - Richard Joseph dies at age 53. British games soundtrack composer; he was noted in game audio for bringing "real" voice actors into a game for the first time, Mega Lo Mania, the earliest use of interactive music, Chaos Engine, working with established recording artists - Betty Boo on Magic Pockets, Captain Sensible on Sensible Soccer, Brian May on Rise of the Robots and Jon Foxx on Gods and Speedball 2, and featuring vocals in title tunes, which was revolutionary for the time. In the late 1980s and early '90s, he produced soundtracks for development teams Sensible Software and the Bitmap Brothers. He is also credited with the soundtrack to the C64 version of the hit Defender of the Crown. Prior to working in games Richard had a fleeting career in the music industry working with artists such as Trevor Horn and Hugh Padgham. Richard released one solo single on EMI and was part of the group CMU which released two albums, Richard was only involved with the second, Space Cabaret, on Transatlantic before evolving into jazz funk band Shakatak (lung cancer).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KONNgP11czY"]YouTube - Richard Joseph Tribute - Composer for Croc Legend Of The Gobbos[/ame]

in 2009 - John "Bowling Green" Cephas dies at age 78. American Piedmont blues guitarist, well known as one half of the duo Cephas & Wiggins. He learned the blues from a guitar-playing aunt while his grandfather taught him about eastern Virginia folklore and his cousin David Taleofero, is credited with teaching him the Piedmont blues style of alternating thumb-and-picking method of guitar. Before serving in the Army during the Korean War, he joined the Capitol Harmonizers and toured on the gospel circuit. He met "Harmonica Phil" Wiggins at a jam session in Washington in 1977, and both performed as regular members of Wilbert "Big Chief" Ellis's Barrelhouse Rockers. Wilbert Ellis died later that year, John and Phil carried on together and since 1978, as the duo Cephas & Wiggins, they have performed on tours of Europe, Africa, Asia, South and Central America and the Soviet Union. Their 13 releases from the 1980 include Dog Days of August, Guitar Man and Flip, Flop and Fly. All are great examples of state-of-the-art, acoustic Piedmont blues (natural causes

in 2010 - Fred Wedlock dies at age 67. British folk singer, songwriter, guitarist, he was best known for his UK hit single, "The Oldest Swinger In Town" and performed at many venues in Britain and Europe. He taught in the East End of London during the 1960s and then at South Bristol College, before taking up music full time in the 1970s. He played the folk circuit for many years, both prior to, and in the wake of, his single chart success. He also presented many programmes on West Country TV. In 1997 Fred took a leading role in Bristol Old Vic's production of Up the Feeder, Down the Mouth, a theatrical history of Bristol Docks. In 2001 the production was remounted on the waterfront. He also appeared in several productions for Bristol theatre company, The Ministry of Entertainment, most recently in December 2009. Fred was also devoted to charitable causes, he performed on numerous occasions for the Variety Club, and raised thousands of pounds over the years (heart attack, after having contracted pneumonia).

in 2010 - Johnny Alf dies at age 80. Brazilian singer, pianist and composer born in Rio de Janeiro. He introduced Brazil to a new way of singing, playing, and composing several years before the term "bossa nova" was even coined. All those who came after such as Tom Jobim, Leny Andrade, Luís Eça, Carlos Lyra, had some Alf influences. Unfortunately Alf, a musical genius, was highly underestimated, his importance in Brazilian popular music as a fundamental precursor is still to be properly regarded, while he has been frequently recorded by international musicians such as Lalo Schifrin, "Rapaz de Bem". In Brazil, his playing is registered on 46 albums, singles, compilations, and participations, but he has recorded only nine solo LPs or CDs in his career (cance).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IbqiriaT7JE&feature=related"]YouTube - Johnny Alf - Rapaz de bem[/ame]

in 2010 - Ron Banks dies at age 58. American singer born in Redford, Michigan, Ron was a singer with the soul music vocal group, The Dramatics from the 1960s until his death. The Dramatics originally known as the Dynamics, changed their name around 1967, when they had their first minor hit single, "All Because of You". They did not break through until their single, "Whatcha See Is Whatcha Get," broke into the Top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at No.9, this was their first million selling disc and was awarded gold disc status by the R.I.A.A. in December 1971. Through the 1970s, they appeared on Soul Train and continued to have hits, including the No.1 R&B hit, "In the Rain", "Toast to the Fool", "Me and Mrs. Jones", "I'm Going By The Stars In Your Eyes" and "Be My Girl". Ron with The Dramatics also were guests on the Snoop Doggy Dogg song, "Doggy Dogg World". The song appeared on Snoop's 1993 debut album, Doggystyle. "Whatcha See Is Whatcha Get" appeared in the 2005 documentary Sunday Driver, as well as the movies, Wattstax and Darktown Strutters, and the 2007 Petey Greene biopic, Talk To Me (heart attack).

in 2010 - Lolly Vegas /Lolly Vasquez dies at age 70. American singer and guitarist born in Coalinga, Calif., and grew up in Fresno. He and his brother Pat, a singer and bassist, were session musicians who performed together as Pat and Lolly Vegas in the 1960s at Sunset Strip clubs and on the TV variety show "Shindig!". They formed the Native American band Redbone in 1969. The band, with members of Latino and native American origin, released its self-titled debut album the following year. The band first gained notice with "Maggie" in 1970 and "The Witch Queen of New Orleans" in 1971. "Come and Get Your Love" peaked at No. 5 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in 1974. In concert, Redbone often dressed in traditional Native American attire, and some of the group's songs, including "We Were All Wounded at Wounded Knee," emphasized the members' Indian background. Lolly and Pat also were prolific songwriters whose "Niki Hoeky" was covered by Aretha Franklin, Bobbie Gentry and P.J. Proby. (cancer).

in 2010 - Etta Cameron /Ettamae Louvita Coakley dies at age 60. Danish singer and actor born in Nassau, Bahamas; she went to Denmark from DDR, she was stranded for five years in East Berlin, after a performance commitment she had lost her passport. She especially sang jazz and gospel, and put her marks in the Danish music culture through her entire career since she arrived to Denmark in the 1970s. She was made a Knight of Dannebrog in 1997. Etta is also well-known as one of the judges in the first two seasons of Scenen er din, the Danish version of the American TV show Star Search (died after a long illness)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zB2Chc0PyjU"]YouTube - Etta Cameron and the Danish Radio Big Band "The Good Life"[/ame]

in 2011 - Johnny Preston/John Preston Courville dies at age 71. American pop music singer, who was best known for his international No.1 hit in 1960, "Running Bear". Born in Port Arthur, Texas, he sang in high school choral contests throughout the state of Texas and formed a rock and roll band called 'The Shades', who were seen performing at a local club by J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson. Big Bopper offered him the chance to record a teenage tragedy song he had written, "Running Bear", which they did in Houston, Texas in 1958. The "Indian" sounds on the record were performed by Richardson and George Jones. The record was released after Big Bopper's death in Buddy Holly-Ritchie Valens plane crash entering the U.S. Hot 100 in October 1959, reaching No.1 in January 1960. It was a transatlantic chart-topper, reaching No.1 in the UK in March 1960.The sales of the record exceeded one million copies, earning Johnny his first gold disc. This was followed up with "Cradle of Love", "Feel So Fine", and others. His pioneering contribution to the genre was recognized by the Rockabilly Hall of Fame. He also performed at Dick Clark's American Bandstand Theatre in Branson, Missouri. In 2009, Johnny performed at the Lamar State College, in his hometown. (died of heart failure after years of heart related illnesses).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4XBXjH6QET4"]Johnny Preston - Running Bear 2009 - YouTube[/ame]

in 2012 - Rock guitarist Ronnie Montrose, who formed the band that bore his name and performed with some of rock's heavy hitters, has died .

His booking agent, Jim Douglas, says Montrose passed away at his home in Millbrae on Saturday. He was 64.

Douglas says Montrose had been in declining health for some time battling prostate cancer and what Douglas termed "personal demons."

Besides forming his own band in 1973, which featured Sammy Hagar on lead vocals, Montrose performed with a number of other musicians, including Herbie Hancock, Van Morrison, Boz Scaggs and the Edgar Winter Group. Douglas said Montrose was working on releasing a DVD and starting a U.S. tour.

Montrose is survived by his wife, Leighsa, as well as a son, a daughter and five grandchildren.

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Old March 4th, 2014, 07:17 PM   #2722

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in 1564 - Joachim Burmeister, German music theorist and composer, is born at Luneburg. He received a master's degree from the Univ. of Rostock, where he publ. the treatises Hypomnematum Musicae Poeticae (1599; Eng. tr., New Haven, 1993) and Musicae Practicae sive artis canendi ratio (1601). He composed several sacred songs, which were publ. in 1601. - Died at Rostock, May 5, 1629.

in 1807 - 1st performance of Ludwig von Beethoven's 4th Symphony in B .

in 1824 - Anne Charton-Demeur, prominent French mezzo-soprano, is born at Saujon, Charente Maritime.
She studied in Bordeaux with Bizot, making her operatic debut there as Lucia di Lammermoor in 1842. After appearances in Toulouse and Brussels, she made her first appearance in London as Madeleine in Le Postilion de Longjumeau on July 18, 1846. In 1847 she married the Belgian flutist Jules- Antoine Demeur in London and took the professional name of Charton-Demeur. In 1849-50 she was the leading female member of Mitchell's French troup in London, and in 1852 she sang at Her Majesty's Theatre; she also appeared in concert with the Philharmonic Society in 1850. After singing at the Paris Opera-Comique, she appeared with notable success in St. Petersburg, Vienna, and America; she also became a great favorite at the Paris Theatre-Italien. She was befriended by Berlioz and did much to promote his music. She created the roles of Beatrice in his Beatrice et Benedict (Baden-Baden, Aug. 9, 1862) and Dido in his Les Troy ens a Carthage (Paris, Nov. 4, 1863). From 1869 she pursued a concert career. - Died at Paris, Nov. 30, 1892.

in 1853 - Arthur (William) Foote, distinguished American composer, is born at Salem, Mass. He studied harmony with Emery at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston (1867-70) and took courses in counterpoint and fugue with Paine at Harvard College (1870-74), where he received the first M.A. degree in music granted by an American university (1875).

He also studied organ and piano with B.J. Lang, and later with Stephen Heller in France (1883). Returning to the U.S., he taught piano, organ, and composition in Boston; was organist at Boston's Church of the Disciples (1876-78) and at the 1s t Unitarian Church (1878-1910); also frequently appeared as a pianist with the Kneisel Quartet (1890-1910), performing several of his own works.

He was a founding member and president (1909-12) of the American Guild of Organists. He taught piano at the New England Conservatory of Music (1921-37). Foote was elected a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters (1898). His music, a product of the Romantic tradition, is notable for its fine lyrical elan. His Suite in E major for Strings (1907) enjoyed numerous performances and became a standard of American orchestral music.

He published Modern Harmony in Its Theory and Practice (with w.R. Spalding; 1905; rev. ed., 1959; republished as Harmony, 1969), Some Practical Things in Piano- Playing (1909), and Modulation and Related Harmonic Questions (1919). His autobiography was privately printed (Norwood, Mass., 1946) by his daughter, Katharine Foote Raffy. - Died at Boston, April 8, 1937.

in 1856 - Covent Garden Opera House destroyed in a fire.
in 1868 - Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele," premieres in Milan.

in 1882 - Pauline Donalda (real name, Lightstone), Canadian soprano, is born at Montreal. The original family name was Lichtenstein, which her father changed to Lightstone when he became a British subject. She received her first musical training at Royal Victoria College in Montreal, and then was a private pupil of Duvernoy in Paris. She made her operatic debut as Massenet's Manon in Nice, Dec. 30, 1904; the next year she appeared at the Theatre Royal de la Monnaie in Brussels and at Covent Garden in London; in 1906--07 she appeared at the Manhattan Opera House in N.Y., and in London and Paris, mainly in oratorios and concerts. From the time of her retirement in 1922 until 1937 she had a singing school in Paris; in 1937 she returned to Montreal. In 1938 she presented her valuable music library (MSS,autographs, and music) to McGill University. In 1942 she founded the Opera Guild in Montreal, serving as its president until it ceased operations in 1969. In 1967 she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. Her stage name was taken in honor of Sir Donald Smith (later Lord Strathcona), who endowed the Royal Victoria College and was her patron. - Died at Montreal, Oct. 22, 1970.

in 1883 - (Charles) Marius Barbeau, eminent Canadian anthropologist, ethnologist, and folklorist, is born at Ste.-Mariede- Beauce, Quebec. He studied music with his mother; after taking courses in the humanities at the College de Ste.-Annede- la-Procatiere and in law at Laval Univ., he won a Rhodes scholarship in 1907 and pursued training in anthropology, archeology, and ethnology at Oriel Coll., Oxford (graduated with a B.S. degree and a diploma in anthropology, 1910); also took courses at the Sorbonne and the Ecole d'anthropologie in Paris. In 1911 he became anthropologist and ethnologist at the Museum Branch of the Geological Survey of Canada; after it became the National Museum in 1927, he remained with it until 1948; also taught at the Univ. of Ottawa (1942) and at Laval Univ. (1942^5), where he subsequently served as prof, agrege. He was founder-director of the Canadian Folk Music Soc. (1956-63). Barbeau collected more than 6,000 melodies and 13,000 texts of French- Canadian folk songs, as well as many thousands of Canadian Indian melodies. He publ. 30 books and 10 song anthologies, some in collaboration with others. Among his most important writings were "Chants populaires du Canada/' Journal of American Folklore (with E. Massicotte; 1919); Folksongs of French Canada (with E. Sapir; New Brunswick, 1925); Folk- songs of Old Quebec (Ottawa, 1935); Where Ancient France Lingers (Toronto, 1936); Modalite dans nos melodies populaire (Ottawa, 1944); Jongleur Songs of Old Quebec (Toronto, 1962). - Died at Ottawa, Feb. 27, 1969.

in 1887 - Ernst (Thomas) Ferand, Hungarian musicologist, is born at Budapest. He studied composition at the Royal Academy of Music in Budapest (diploma, 1911), and then was a student of Jaques- Dalcroze in Hellerau, near Dresden (1913-14). He also took courses in music history, psychology, and philosophy at the University of Budapest, and later in musicology and psychology at the Universotu of Vienna (Ph.D., 1937, with the dissertation DieImprovisationspraxis in der Musik; published as Die Improvisation in der Musik, Zurich, 1938). After teaching at the Fodor Conservatory of Music in Budapest (1912-19), he was director of the Dalcroze School in Hellerau (1920-25) and of the HellerauLaxenburg College, near Vienna (1925-38); he then taught at the New School for Social Research in N.Y. (1939-65). In addition to valuable articles in journals, he published a harmony textbook (Budapest, 1914) and Die Improvisation in Beispielen aus neun Jahrhunderten abendliindischer Musik (Cologne, 1956; 2nd ed., rev., 1961; Eng. tr., 1961, in Das Musikwerk, XII). - Died at Basel, May 29, 1972.

in 1887 - Heitor Villa-Lobos, remarkable Brazilian composer of great originality and unique ability to recreate native melodic and rhythmic elements in large instrumental and choral forms, is born at Rio de Janeiro.

He studied music with his father, a writer and amateur cello player; after his father's death in 1899, Villa-Lobos earned a living by playing the cello in cafes and restaurants; he also studied cello with Benno Niederberger. From 1905 to 1912 Villa-Lobos traveled in Brazil in order to collect authentic folk songs.

In 1907 he entered the National Institute of Music in Rio de Janeiro, where he studied with Frederico Nascimento, Angelo Franca, and Francisco Braga. In 1912 he undertook an expedition into the interior of Brazil, where he gathered a rich collection of Indian songs. On Nov. 13, 1915, he presented a concert of his compositions in Rio de Janeiro, creating a sensation by the exuberance of his music and the radical character of his technical idiom.
He met Artur Rubinstein, who became his ardent admirer; for him VillaLobos composed a transcendentally difficult Rudepoema.

In 1923 Villa-Lobos went to Paris on a Brazilian government grant; upon returning to Brazil in 1930, he was active in Sao Paulo and then in Rio de Janeiro in music education, founding a Conservatory under the sponsorship of the Ministry of Education in 1942. He introduced bold innovations into the national program of music education, with an emphasis on the cultural resources of Brazil.

He also compiled a Guia praiico, containing choral arrangements of folk songs of Brazil and other nations and organized the "orpheonic concentrations" of schoolchildren, whom he trained to sing according to his own cheironomic method of solfeggio. In 1944 he made his first tour of the U.S., and conducted his works in Los Angeles, Boston, and N.Y.In 1945 he established the Brazilian Academy of Music in Rio de Janeiro, serving as its president from 1947 until his death.

He made frequent visits to the U.S. and France during the last 15 years of his life. Villa-Lobos was one of the most original composers of the 20th century. He lacked formal academic training, but far from hampering his development, this deficiency liberated him from pedantic restrictions, so that he evolved an idiosyncratic technique of composition, curiously eclectic, but all the better suited to his musical aesthetics.

An ardent Brazilian nationalist, he resolved from his earliest attempts in composition to use authentic Brazilian song materials as the source of his inspiration, yet he avoided using actual quotations from popular songs; rather, he wrote melodies which are authentic in their melodic and rhythmic content. In his desire to relate Brazilian folk resources to universal values, he composed a series of extraordinary works, Baehianas brasileiras, in which Brazilian melorhythms are treated in Bachian counterpoint.

He also composed a number of 3786 works under the generic title Choroe, a popular Brazilian dance form marked by incisive rhythm and a ballad-like melody. An experimenter by nature, Villa-Lobos devised a graphic method of composition, using geometrical contours of drawings and photographs as outlines for the melody; in this manner he wrote The New York Skyline, using a photograph for guidance. Villa-Lobos wrote operas, ballets, symphonies, chamber music, choruses, piano pieces, and songs, the total number of his compositions being in excess of 2,000. – Died at Rio de Janeiro, Nov. 17,1959.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=crL1H8INb8c"]Heitor Villa-Lobos | Bachianas Brasileiras n.1 - Prelùdio (Modinha) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1900 - Werner Danckert, German musicologist, is born at Erfurt. He studied natural science and mathematics at the Univ. of Jena, then musicology at the University of Leipzig with Riemann and Abert, at the University of Erlangen with Becking, and at the Leipzig Conservatory with Schering. He received his Ph.D. in 1924 at the University of Erlangen with the dissertation Geschichte der Gigue (published in Leipzig, 1924); he completed his Habilitation at the University of Jena in 1926 with his Personale Typen des Melodiestils (published in an enlarged edition as Ursymbole melodischer Gestaltung in Kassel, 1932). He was Becking's assistant at the University of Erlangen (1924-25); then taught piano at the Weimar Academy of Music (1929-32) and was a music critic in Erfurt (1932-37). He became a lecturer at the University of Berlin in 1937, professor in 1939, and head of the musicology department in 1943; then was in Graz (1943-45). He was a professor at the University of Rostock in 1950, but returned to West Germany that same year. - Died at Krefeld, March 5,1970.

in 1907 - 1st radio broadcast of a musical composition aired.

in 1914 - Philip (Francis) Farkas, American hom player and teacher, is born at Chicago. After study with Louis Defrasne in Chicago, he was 1st hom player in the Kansas City Philharmonic (1933-36), the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (1936-41; 1947-60), the Cleveland Orchestra (1941-45; 1946-47), and the Boston Symphony Orchestra (1945-46). He taught at the Ind. University School of Music in Bloomington (1960-82) and founded his own publishing company, Wind Music, Inc. He also authored The Art of French Horn Playing (1956), The Art of Brass Playing (1962), and A Photographic Study of 40 Virtuoso Horn Players' Embouchures (1970). - Died at Bloomington, Ind., Dec. 21, 1992.

in 1917 - 1st jazz recording for Victor Records released.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqpgleq3ssk"]Original Dixieland Jass Band - Dixie Jass Band One-Step - Victor 18255 (first Jazz record ever) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1918 - Zara Dolukhanova, Russian mezzo-soprano of Armenian descent, is born at Moscow. She studied with private teachers. She joined the Moscow Radio staff in 1944. A lyric singer, she excelled in the Romantic Russian repertoire. In 1959 she made her first American tour, enjoying great acclaim; she toured America again in 1970. In 1966 she was awarded the Lenin Prize.

in 1919 - Louis Hirsch & Harold Atteridge's musical premieres in NYC.
in 1929 - J. B. Lenoir (US blues guitarist, singer-songwriter) is born.
in 1931 - Barry Tuckwell (Australian horn player) is born.
in 1933 - Tommy Tucker/Robert Higginbotham (US blues singer, pianist) is born.
in 1938 - Paul Evans (US singer, songwriter).

in 1938 - Wulf (Friedrich) Arlt, German musicologist, is born at Breslau. He studied musicology at the University of Cologne; then received his Ph.D. in 1966 from the University of Basel with the dissertation Bin Festoffizium des Mittelalters aus Beauvais in seiner liturgischen Bedeutung (published in Cologne, 1970); subsequently completed his Habilitation there in 1970 with his Praxis und Lehre der "Ars subtilior": Studien zur Geschichte der Notation im Spatmittelalter. He joined the faculty of the University of Basel as a lecturer in 1965; became a professor there in 1972. In 1971 he also became director of the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis. Arlt devoted his critical capacities to elucidating the problems of music in the Middle Ages, and contributed important articles on the subject to music journals. He also published Italien als produktive Erfahrung franko-flamischer Musiker im 15. Jahrhundert (1993) and Lo Bozolari: Bin Klerikerfest des MA aus Le Puy (1995).

in 1939 - Johnny Jenkins (US blues guitarist; the Pinetoppers/solo) is born.
in 1944 - Lucio Battisti (Italian singer) is born.
in 1946 - Lova Moor/Marie-Claude Jourdain (French singer and dancer) is born.
in 1946 - Murray Head (UK actor, singer) is born.
in 1946 - Richard Bell (Canadian keyboardist, pianist; Full Tilt Boogie Band/The Band/sessionist) is born.

in 1947 - Alfredo Casella dies at age 63. Italian composer born in Turin; he had his biggest success with the ballet La Giara, set to a scenario of Pirandello's; other notable works include Italia, the Concerto Romano, Partita and Scarlattiana for Piano and Orchestra, the Violin and Cello Concerti, Paganiniana, and the Concerto for Piano, Strings, Timpani and Percussion. Amongst his chamber works, both Cello Sonatas are played with some frequency, as is the very beautiful late Harp Sonata, and the music for Flute and Piano. He also made live-recording player piano music rolls for the Aeolian Duo-Art system, all of which survive today and can be heard. In 1923, together with Gabriele D'Annunzio and Gian Francesco Malipiero from Venice, he founded an association to promote the spread of modern Italian music, the "Corporation of the New Music" is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02MMhs3mcTU"]Alfredo Casella: Sinfonia No.2, Op.12 (1908-1910) 1/5 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1947 - Clodagh Rodgers (Irish singer) is born.
in 1947 - Eddie Hodges (US actor, singer) is born.
in 1948 - Eddy Grant (Guyana-born singer, guitar, synthesizer reggae/r&b/soul singer; The Equals/solo) is born.
in 1948 - Richard Sidney Hickox CBE (English conductor; choral, orchestral, operatic) is born.

in 1950 - Eugene Fodor Jr (American violinist) is born. Fodor was the first American violinist to win the Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow.

Fodor was born in Denver, Colorado. His first ten years of study were with Harold Wippler. He then studied at the Juilliard School of Music in New York City, Indiana University and the University of Southern California, where his teachers included Ivan Galamian, Josef Gingold and Jascha Heifetz, respectively.

Fodor made his solo debut with the Denver Symphony at the age of ten, playing Max Bruch's Violin Concerto No. 1 and began touring as a soloist while still a young teenager.

Fodor won numerous national contests before the age of seventeen, including First Prize in both the Merriweather Post Competition in Washington, D.C. and the Young Musicians Foundation Competition in Los Angeles, California.

He went on to win first prize in the International Paganini Competition in Italy in 1972, at the age of 22. It was his win at the Paganini competition that gained him widespread public attention. He achieved the highest prize awarded (second prize, shared with two other violinists) in the International Tchaikovsky Competition in 1974 in Moscow, Russia. This award raised his profile further, as an American winning the top Soviet prize during the height of the Cold War. He signed a recording contract with RCA Red Seal and was a frequent guest on The Tonight Show hosted by Johnny Carson. Fodor was also awarded the European Soloist award "Prix Europeen du Soliste" in January 1999.

He appeared on the television show SCTV in November 1981 in a parody of the Joan Crawford movie Humoresque called New York Rhapsody.

His career declined in the late 1980s after an arrest for drug possession on Martha's Vineyard resulted in negative publicity.

He died from cirrhosis in Arlington County, Virginia, at the age of 60.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=96u4vnFMKWw"]Eugene Fodor. Perry Como violin solo wmv - YouTube[/ame]

in 1951 - Elaine Page (UK singer) is born.
in 1952 - Alan Clark (UK keyboardist; Dire Straits/freelance) is born.

in 1953 - Sergei Prokofiev dies at age 61. Russian composer, born in Sontsovka; at the age of nine he was composing his first opera, The Giant, as well as an overture and miscellaneous pieces. His orchestral music alone is played more frequently in the United States than that of any other composer of the last hundred years, save Richard Strauss, while his operas, ballets, chamber works, and piano music appear regularly throughout the major concert halls world-wide. He also composed music for children, Three Songs for Children and Peter and the Wolf, among others. as well as the gigantic Cantata for the Twentieth Anniversary of the October Revolution, which was banned from performance and had to wait until May 1966 for a partial premiere is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DUmq1cpcglQ"]Prokofiev - Dance of the Knights - YouTube[/ame]

in 1954 - Steve Prestwich (Australian drummer; Cold Chisel) is born.

in 1955 - Elvis Presley made his TV debut when he appeared on the weekend show 'Louisiana Hayride' on KWKH TV, broadcast from Shreveport Auditorium in Shreveport, Louisiana.

in 1956 - Teena Marie/Mary Christine Brockert (US singer) is born.
in 1957 - Mark E Smith (UK singer, lyricist; The Fall) is born.

in 1958 - Andy Gibb, the Bee Gees' baby brother who followed them to the top of the charts, is born at Manchester, England.

As notorious as a teen idol as he was a pop singer, Andy Gibb's short, tempestuous life earned him more ink in the tabloids than in Billboard. He was born into a musical family. His father, a big band leader and drummer, and his mother, a big band singer, kept the family moving around in search of gigs. They spent time in resorts such as Ibiza and the Isle of Man. Shortly after Andy was born, the family moved to Australia.

By the time he was four, his brothers were recording artists and performing on television. His brother Barry gave Andy his first guitar. By the time Andy was 13, he started performing.

At 15, the family moved to the Isle of Man and Andy started playing out on a regular basis. A year later he was back in Australia, recording for the ATA label. His single "Words and Music" hit #5 on the Australian charts, and he started playing as an opening act for touring bands. His success in Australia came to the attention of his brother's manager, and soon the younger Gibb was signed to RSO Records along with his brothers.

His debut, Flowing Rivers, spawned two gold, chart-topping hits, "I Just Want to Be Your Everything" and "(Love Is) Thicker Than Water." In addition to frequent radio play, he earned substantial coverage in the teen magazines owing to his good looks and youth (he was still shy of his 20th birthday).

The album went platinum, topping out at #19. After a club tour, Andy went into the studio and recorded Shadow Dancing. The title track spent seven weeks on the top of the charts, going platinum. This made Gibb the first solo artist to have his first three singles got to #1. "An Everlasting Love" went gold and rose to #5, while "(Our Love) Don't Throw it Away" hit #9 and also went gold.

Gibb married and had a daughter, but as his fame increased, family life seemed less appealing than jetsetting. He divorced his wife and took up with actress Victoria Principal, 14 years his senior. Hitting the road with his brothers on their Spirits Having Flown tour, he sang on their hits and did a spotlight on his own. His third album, After Darkgenerated the #4 single "Desire," and the #12 "I Can't Help It." The album, however, only went gold, topping off at #21.

Suddenly, as far as pop music was concerned, Andy was yesterday's news, to the point that, at 22, RSO released a greatest hits collection. Featuring a pair of previously unreleased duets with Olivia Newton John, "Time Is Time" (#11) and "Me (Without You)" (#40), the album sold disappointingly. role of Frederic in the L.A. company of the revival of The Pirates of Penzance. This led to a co- hosting job on the syndicated music TV show Solid Gold. However, when his relationship with Principal faltered, he turned to cocaine and missed many tapings. He moved to N.Y., taking on the role of Joseph in the Broadway revival of Joseph and theAmazing Technicolor Dreamcoat in 1983. He was dismissed from this role for too many "sick days" as well. By 1985, his addiction caused him to seek help. Gibb checked into the Betty Ford Clinic.
Cleaning up didn't improve his professional fortunes, however, and by 1987 he declared personal bankruptcy, claiming assets of $50,000 against debts of over a million. Gibb continued playing and writing, however, and by late 1987he had signed with Island records. He never got the chance to make that record, however. While writing in England, he came down with viral myocarditis (a viral infection causing the heart to swell) and died just five days after his 30th birthday. - Died at Oxford, England, March 10, 1988).

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Old March 4th, 2014, 07:21 PM   #2723

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in 1960 - David Tibet/David Michael Bunting (UK singer; Current 93) is born.
in 1960 - Rico McFarland (US blues guitarist; James Cotton/Lucky Peterson/freelance/solo) is born.
in 1962 - Craig Reid (Scottish singer songwriter; Proclaimers) is born.

in 1963 - The Beatles recorded what would be their third single 'From Me to You' just five days after John Lennon and Paul McCartney wrote the song. Originally planned as the B-side of the record, it was switched to the A-side during the recording session, with 'Thank You Girl' demoted to the B-side.

in 1963 - Cowboy Copas/Lloyd Estel Copas (49) American country music singer born in Jefferson Township in Adams County, Ohio. He began performing locally at age 14, and appeared on WLW-AM and WKRC-AM in Cincinnati during the 1930s. In 1943, he achieved national fame when he became the vocalist in the Pee Wee King band and began performing on the Grand Ole Opry. His first solo single, "Filipino Baby," in 1946, hit number four on the Billboard country chart and sparked the most successful period of his career. Other hits in the late 40s and 50s included "Tennessee Waltz," "I'm Waltzing With Tears in My Eyes," "Signed, Sealed and Delivered," "Tennessee Moon," "Breeze," "Hangman's Boogie," "Candy Kisses," "The Strange Little Girl." and "'Tis Sweet to Be Remembered," (died in the 1963 plane crash that also killed country stars Patsy Cline and Hawkshaw Hawkins).

in 1963 - Hawkshaw Hawkins/Harold Franklin Hawkins (41) American country music singer born in Huntington, West Virginia. He was popular from the 50s into the early 60s known for his rich, smooth vocals, music drawn from blues, boogie and honky tonk. His first two recordings in the late 40s "Pan American" and "Dog House Boogie", were top ten country hits. He recorded his biggest hit, "Lonesome 7-7203" in 1962. At 6 ft 5 inches tall, he had an imposing stage presence, and his tasteful Western suits set him apart from the rhinestone gaudiness of other male country singers. He was a member of the Grand Ole Opry and was married to country star Jean Shepard. (He died in the 1963 plane crash that also killed country stars Patsy Cline and Cowboy Copas).

in 1963 - Patsy Cline/Virginia Patterson Hensley (30) American country singer, who helped blaze a trail for female singers to assert themselves as an integral part of the Nashville-dominated country music industry. Posthumously, millions of her albums have been sold over the past 46 years and she has been given numerous awards, which has given her an iconic status. Only ten years after her death, she became the first female solo artist inducted to the Country Music Hall of Fame. In 2002, she was voted by artists and members of the Country Music industry as No.1 on CMT's television special of the 40 Greatest Women of Country Music of all time, and in '99 she was voted No.11 on VH1's special The 100 Greatest Women in Rock and Roll of all time by members and artists of the rock industry. According to her 1973 Country Music Hall of Fame plaque, "Her heritage of timeless recordings is testimony to her artistic capacity." Among those hits are "Walkin' After Midnight", "I Fall to Pieces", "She's Got You", "Crazy", and "Sweet Dreams" (Patsy died in a plane crash with Cowboy Copas and Hawkshaw Hawkins). They were traveling to Nashville to appear at a benefit concert for DJ 'Cactus' Jack Call, who'd died in a car crash. Cline was the first country singer to cross over as a pop artist. Two days later Country singer, Jack Anglin was killed in a car crash on his way to Cline's funeral.

in 1964 - Bertrand Cantat (French singer and murderer) is born.
1965 - The Mannish Boys released their debut single 'I Pity The Fool', featuring a young David Bowie.

in 1965 - The Rolling Stones kicked off their fifth UK tour at The Regal Theatre, Edmonton, London. A 14-date package tour with The Hollies, The Konrads and Dave Berry and the Cruisers.

in 1966 - Herb Alpert And The Tijuana Brass went to No.1 on the US album chart with 'Going Places.'
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2vp6CsgncKw"]Herb Alpert & The Tijuana Brass - A Taste of Honey (1967)_HQ - YouTube[/ame]

in 1966 - Staff Sergeant Barry Sadler started a five week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Ballad Of The Green Berets', it made No.24 in the UK.

in 1969 - MC Solaar/Claude M'Barali (French rap and hip-hop artist)
in 1970 - John Frusciante (US guitarist; Red Hot Chili Peppers).

in 1971 - Led Zeppelin started a 12-date 'Thank You' tour for British fans, appearing at the clubs from their early days and charging the same admission prices as in 1968. The first show was at The Ulster Hall, Belfast, Northern Ireland where they played songs from their upcoming fourth album, including the first public performances of 'Black Dog', 'Stairway To Heaven', 'Going To California' and 'Rock And Roll'.

in 1971 - Evil Jared Hasselhoff/Jared Victor Hennigan (US bassist,vocals,songwriter; Bloodhound Gang)
in 1972 - Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves communist party.
in 1972 - Luca Turilli (Italian guitarist, composer; Rhapsody of Fire) is born.

in 1973 - Michael Jeffery dies at age 39. British music business manager of the 1960s who is best known for his management of British band The Animals and American guitarist-composer Jimi Hendrix, whom he co-managed for a time with former Animals bassist Chas Chandler. A former associate of noted British pop impresario Don Arden, he was and remains a controversial figure... Hendrix died in September 1970. His body was found in London at the flat of Monika Dannemann, who was Hendrix's girlfriend at the moment. In May 2009 the UK media reported claims that Michael Jeffery had murdered Jimi Hendrix. James "Tappy" Wright, who was a roadie for Hendrix and The Animals in the 1960s, claimed he met Michael Jeffery in 1971, one year after Hendrix's death, and Jeffery confessed to having murdered Hendrix by plying him with pills and a bottle of wine in order to kill him and claim on the guitarist's life insurance. Jeffrey is quoted by Wright as telling him: "I was in London the night of Jimi's death and together with some old friends.. we went 'round to Monika's hotel room, got a handful of pills and stuffed them into his mouth...then poured a few bottles of red wine deep into his windpipe." The manager was allegedly worried that Hendrix was about to sack him. He had reputedly taken out an insurance policy worth $2 million on Hendrix' life, with himself as beneficiary. At the time of Hendrix's death, a coroner recorded an open verdict, stating that the cause was "barbiturate intoxication and inhalation of vomit". However Dr. John Bannister, the doctor who attempted to resuscitate Hendrix, later raised the possibility that Hendrix actually died from forced inhalation of copious amounts of red wine (Michael was killed in 1973 in a mid-air collision over Nantes, France, whilst aboard an Iberia Airlines DC-9)

in 1975 - Rod Stewart met Swedish actress, Britt Ekland at a party in Los Angeles, the couple went on to have a high profile love affair.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQ4NAZPi2js"]Rod Stewart - Cover Song - Have I Told You Lately - released June 1993 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1977 - Barbra Streisand started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with ‘Love Theme From A Star Is Born’, her second US No.1. It made No.3 in the UK. The Eagles were at No.2 with ‘New Kid In Town’ and The Steve Miller Band was at No.3 with ‘Fly Like An Eagle’.

in 1978 - Papoose/Shamele Mackie (American rapper) is born.

in 1979 - Japan gave their first live concert in the land of the rising sun when they played the first of two nights at Tokyo's Budokan Hall.

in 1981 - Yip Harburg/Isidore Hochberg dies at age 84. American popular song lyricist, born on the Lower East Side of New York City. He who worked with many well-known composers and worked on 11 fims, 8 Broadway musicals, and 17 Broadway revues. He wrote the lyrics to the standards, "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?", which swept the nation, becoming an anthem of the Great Depression, "April in Paris", and "It's Only a Paper Moon", as well as all of the songs in The Wizard of Oz, including "Over the Rainbow" for which he won the Academy Award for Best Music, Original Song. He also recieved Oscars for "Cabin in the Sky", in 1943 and "Can't Help Singing" in 1944. True to his strongly leftist views, Yip supported the 1948 presidential campaign of Henry Wallace, and wrote the lyrics of the campaign song "Everyone Likes Wallace, Friendly Henry Wallace." From about 1951 to 1962, he was a victim of the Hollywood blacklist when movie studio bosses blacklisted industry people for suspected involvement or sympathy with the US Communist Party. No longer able to work in Hollywood, he nevertheless continued to write musicals for Broadway, among which was Jamaica, which featured Lena Horne. Yip was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972. (died in a car accident on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eih67rlGNhU&feature=results_main&playnext= 1&list=PL30C25D7DF4D28938"]Brother, Can You Spare A Dime? - YouTube[/ame]

in 1982 - John Belushi dies at age 33. American comedian, actor and musician, notable for his work on Saturday Night Live, National Lampoon's Animal House and The Blues Brothers. The Blues Brothers were a Grammy Award-nominated American blues and soul revivalist band founded in 1978 by comedians John and his friend Dan Aykroyd as part of a musical sketch on Saturday Night Live. John as lead vocalist "Joliet" Jake Blues and Dan as harpist/vocalist Elwood Blues, they fronted the band, which was composed of well-known and respected musicians. The band made its debut as the musical guest on the April 22, 1978, episode of Saturday Night Live. The band then began to take on a life beyond the confines of the television screen, releasing an album, Briefcase Full of Blues, in 1978, and then having a Hollywood film, The Blues Brothers, created around its characters in 1980 (sadly John died of an overdose of cocaine & heroin) b. January 24th 1949.

in 1983 - Michael Jackson started a seven week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Billie Jean', his fourth solo US No.1, also No.1 in the UK. And on this day Jacksons album 'Thriller' went to No.1 for the first time on the UK album chart, it went on to become the biggest selling album of all time with sales over 50 million.

in 1983 - Wham! made their US television debut when they appeared on Dick Clark's American Bandstand.

in 1984 - Tito Gobbi dies at age 70. Italian international operatic baritone born in Bassano del Grappa and studied law at the University of Padua before he trained as a singer. In 1942, he debuted at La Scala in Milan, in the role of Belcore in Donizetti's L'elisir d'amore. He also appeared at the Rome Opera and other significant Italian venues. Tito's international career blossomed after the Second World War, beginning with appearances in 1948 at the San Francisco opera. He performed for the first time at London's Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, in 1950 and sang with the Lyric Opera of Chicago from 1954 until 1974. The year 1974 also saw the last of Tito's numerous appearances at Covent Garden. In retirement, he turned to writing. His autobiography, Tito Gobbi: My Life, was published in 1979. The book Tito Gobbi and His World of Italian Opera followed in 1984.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YfAyKv37Fd0"]Tito Gobbi - Pagliacci - Si puo? - YouTube[/ame]

in 1992 - R.E.M. cleaned up in The Rolling Stone Music Awards winning Album of the year, for 'Out Of Time', Artist of the year, Best single for 'Losing My Religion', Best video for 'Losing My Religion' and Best band, Best guitarist and Best songwriter awards.

in 1994 - Grace Slick was arrested for pointing a shotgun at police in her Tiburon, home in California. The singer was later sentenced to 200 hours of community service and three month's worth of Alcoholic's Anonymous meetings.

in 1995 - Viv Stanshall (51) English singer-songwriter, guitarist, trumpeter, percussionist, painter, author, and poet, best known for his work with the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band, for his surreal exploration of the British upper classes in Sir Henry at Rawlinson End, and for narrating Mike Oldfield's Tubular Bells. Viv was the original tenor in the Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band, which combined elements of music hall, trad jazz, psychedelic rock, and avant-garde art, the Bonzos came to the attention of a broader British public through a children's television programme, Do Not Adjust Your Set. Their biggest hit came in 1968 with "I'm the Urban Spaceman" with reached No.5 in the UK Singles Chart. (Viv tragically died in a house fire).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y0_YhzTxji4"]'Ginger Geezer' by Vivian Stanshall - YouTube[/ame]

in 1996 - Minnie Pearl/Sarah Ophelia Colley dies at age 83. US comedienne, singer, she was a member of the Grand Ole Opry cast from 1940 until her death and on the television show Hee Haw from 1969 to 1991. Born in Centerville, Hickman County, Tennessee, her first professional theatrical job was with the Wayne P. Sewell Production Company, a touring theater company based in Atlanta, for which she produced and directed plays and musicals for local organizations in small towns throughout the southeastern United States. Minnie was an important influence on younger female country music singers and rural humorists such as Jerry Clower, Jeff Foxworthy, Bill Engvall, Carl Hurley, David L Cook, Chonda Pierce, Ron White and Larry the Cable Guy. In 2002 she was ranked as number 14 on CMT's 40 Greatest Women in Country Music list (complications due to a stroke) .

in 1998 - Mariah Carey divorces Tommy Mottola.

in 1999 - Sir Elton John won a court case against The Daily Star, after they had published long-lens photographs of Spice Girl Victoria Adams and footballer David Beckham while they were staying at Elton's home.

in 1999 - Richard Paul Kiley dies at age 76. American stage, television, and film actor born in Chicago. He is best known for his voice work, as narrator of various documentary series, and for having played Don Quixote in the original 1965 production of the Broadway musical Man of La Mancha. Richard was the first to sing and record The Impossible Dream, the hit song from the show. In the 1953 hit musical Kismet, he played the Caliph, and introduced the song Stranger in Paradise.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vlopsA_3qfw"]The Little Prince - Richard Kiley sings "Little Prince" - HD (Portuguese Subtitles) - YouTube[/ame]

in 2000 - Former rap artist MC Hammer became a preacher at the Jubilee Christian Centre in San Jose. Hammer had been declared bankrupt in 1996 after squandering his $50 million (£29.4 million) fortune.

in 2000 - Madonna went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with her version of the Don McLean 1972 hit 'American Pie'. It was her 50th UK hit and the singers ninth UK No.1 and taken from the soundtrack to the 2000 film The Next Best Thing.

in 2000 - Oasis went to No.1 on the UK chart with their fourth album 'Standing On The Shoulders Of Giants.'

in 2002 - The first episode of 'The Osbournes' TV show was aired on MTV in the US. Focusing on the madman and his family (his wife Sharon, and two of their three children). Oblivious to the camera, they bicker, squabble, curse and hang out backstage at Ozzy shows.

in 2004 - UK guitarist John McGeoch died in his sleep at age 49, member of Magazine, (1978 UK No.41 single 'Shot By Both Sides'). Also worked with Siouxsie And The Banshees, Armoury Show and Public Image Ltd.

in 2005 - Robert Consoli dies at age 40. American actor and guitarist born in Bradford, Massachusetts; after graduating from Haverhill High School, he moved to California in the late-80’s to pursue live stage acting. His acting ability and charisma earned him roles in several plays. Rob studied with Estelle Harman and Ari Barak and has appeared in movies such as God's Army-2000, Girl Crazy-1997, and Falling Words-1997. He has also performed with Canadian singer Norman Iceberg both as an actor and musician (sadly died of leukemia) b. August 21st 1964.

in 2006 - Chico scored his only UK No.1 single with 'It's Chico Time'. Chico had reached the semi-finals of the UK 2005 series of The X Factor.

in 2006 - Corinne Bailey Rae went to No.1 on the UK album chart with her debut album 'Corinne Bailey Rae.' Rae became only the fourth female British act in history to have her first album debut at No.1 on the UK chart.
2007 - Records by the Rolling Stones and Paul Simon were chosen for preservation by the US Library of Congress. The Stones' Satisfaction and Paul Simon's Graceland album entered the National Recordings Registry, which preserves historic works for future generations. Other recordings chosen this year included Carl Perkins' Blue Suede Shoes, Be My Baby by The Ronettes, A Change Is Gonna Come by Sam Cooke and the eponymous album The Velvet Underground and Nico.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gvH9Ccqk5qc"]Corinne Bailey Rae - Like A Star - YouTube[/ame]

in 2008 - Lou Pearlman, the man behind boy bands 'N Sync and the Backstreet Boys was set to plead guilty to a $300m (£152m) fraud scheme. The music mogul admitted to a court in Florida of running scams that defrauded investors and major banks for more than 20 years. The charges carried a maximum of 25 years in prison and a $1m (£506,000) fine.

in 2009 - Michael Jackson was mobbed by screaming fans as he took his two youngest children to see Oliver! at Drury Lane. The youngest two of Jackson's three children - seven-year-old Prince Michael II (known as Blanket) and 11-year-old Paris, hid their faces as they were escorted through the crowd. Jackson was in London, England to launch his series of summer concerts at the O2.

in 2010 - Philip Langridge CBE dies at age 70. British tenor born in Hawkhurst, Kent, educated at Maidstone Grammar School and studied at the Royal Academy of Music in London. His repertoire ranged from the operas of Claudio Monteverdi and Mozart to more modern works by Ravel, Stravinsky, Janácek and Schoenberg. Late in his life, he was adding some Wagner roles, including Loge from Das Rheingold. Philip was also a fine concert singer and regularly performed the sacred music of Bach and Handel. He won great acclaim for his assumption of the title role in Elgar's oratorio, The Dream of Gerontius. Other roles in which he excelled included Zivny in Osud, Laca in Jenufa and Gregor in The Makropulos Affair (all by Janacek), Mozart's Tito and Idomeneo, Shuisky in Boris Godunov and King Alonso in Adès's The Tempest and in 2001 the title role in Pfitzner's rarely performed opera Palestrina at Covent Garden, winning plaudits for his capturing of the tortured composer's world-weariness and nihilistic despair, and his final attainment of quiet rapture. Appointed CBE in 1994, he received many other awards, including the Olivier award for Osud, the Singer of the Year award from the Royal Philharmonic Society, The Worshipful Company of Musicians' Santay award and the NFMS/Charles Groves prize of 2001 for his "outstanding contribution to British music". He marked his 70th birthday with a concert at the Wigmore Hall with Owen Norris and the Doric Quartet.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X1elUvZauBk"]MET Opera on DVD - Hansel and Gretel - Christine Schafer - YouTube[/ame]

in 2011 - 61 year-old Charles Mulchrones' teenage love for the Beatles paid dividends when he sold his old autograph book through Sheppard's auction house, Durrow, for 1,300 euros. It contained the signatures of John Lennon and Yoko Ono when the couple stayed at a hotel in Mulranny in the summer of 1968. Charles plucked up the courage to approach them and got their signatures, he said they were "sweet as pie" to him. John Lennon had bought Dorinish island in Clew Bay, Ireland and it was said that he had wanted to build a house there. But that never happened. The autograph album was bought by an Irishman living in Berlin.

in 2012 - Robert Bernard Sherman dies at age 86. American songwriter who specialized in musical films with his brother Richard Morton Sherman. Some of the Sherman Brothers' best known songs were incorporated into movies and animations like Mary Poppins, The Jungle Book, The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, The Slipper and the Rose, Snoopy Come Home, The Aristocats, Bedknobs and Broomsticks, The Magic of Lassie, The Sword in the Stone, and the theme park song of "It's a Small World (After All)". Robert and his brother Richard began writing songs together on a challenge from their father, Al Sherman, a successful popular songwriter in the "Tin Pan Alley" days. They began by writing rock’n’roll, country and hillbilly songs in the 1950s. In 1958, Robert founded the music publishing company, Music World Corporation, which later worked with Disney's BMI publishing arm, Wonderland Music. (died peacefully in London, UK) - Born December 19th 1925.

in 2013 - Stephen Citron, a pianist who went on to write biographies of musicians — including "Sondheim and Lloyd-Webber: The New Musical," "The Wordsmiths: Oscar Hammerstein 2nd and Alan Jay Lerner" and "Noel and Cole: The Sophisticates," — died of bone cancer at his home in Beverly Hills, his family announced. He was 89.


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Old March 5th, 2014, 08:32 PM   #2724

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in 1616 - Malachias Siebenhaar, composer is born.
in 1710 - Giuseppi Antonio Paganelli, composer is born.
in 1753 - Gerhardus Havingha, composer, dies at 56.
in 1763 - Jean Xavier Lefevre, composer is born.
in 1779 - Philipp Roth, composer is born.
in 1785 - Karol Kazimierz Kurpinski, composer is born.
in 1793 - Bernhard Joseph Klein, composer is born.
in 1808 - 1st college orchestra in US founded, at Harvard.
in 1831 - Vincenzo Bellini's opera "La Sonnambula," premieres in Milan.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7egCC9H6FUo"]YouTube - Callas sings La Sonnambula[/ame]

in 1835 - Ludwik Grossman, composer is born.
in 1843 - Artur Napoleao dos Santos, composer is born.

in 1844 - Nicolai Rimski-Korsakov, composer (Flight of the Bumble Bee) (NS 3/18 [haha beat you to it Avon]) -father of Andrei (Nikolaievich) Rimsky-Korsakov and grandfather of Georgi (Mikhailovich) Rimsky-Korsakov, is born at Tikhvin, near Novgorod.

He took piano lessons as a child with provincial teachers, and later with a professional musician, Theodore Canille, who introduced him to Balakirev; he also met Cui and Borodin. In 1856 he entered the St. Petersburg Naval School, graduating in 1862. In 1862 he was sent on the clipper Almaz on a voyage that lasted 21/2 years; returning to Russia in the summer of 1865, he settled in St. Petersburg, where he remained most of his life.

During his travels he maintained contact with Balakirev, and continued to report to him the progress of his musical composition. He completed his 1st Symphony, and it was performed under Balakirev's direction on Dec. 31,1865, at a concert of the Free Music School in St. Petersburg. In 1871 Rimsky- Korsakov was engaged as a professor of composition and orchestration at the St. Petersburg Conservatory, even though he was aware of the inadequacy of his own technique. He remained on the faculty until his death, with the exception of a few months in 1905, when he was relieved of his duties as professor for his public support of the rebellious students during the revolution of that year.

As a music educator, Rimsky-Korsakov was of the greatest importance to the development and maintenance of the traditions of the Russian national school; among his students were Glazunov, Liadov, Arensky, Ippolitov-Ivanov, Gretchaninov, Nikolai Tcherepnin, Maximilian Steinberg, Gnessin, and Miaskovsky. Igor Stravinsky studied privately with him from 1903. In 1873 Rimsky-Korsakov abandoned his naval career, but was appointed to the post of inspector of the military orchestra of the Russian navy, until it was abolished in 1884.

From 1883 to 1894 he was also asst. director of the Court Chapel and led the chorus and the orchestra there. Although he was not a gifted conductor, he gave many performances of his own orchestral works. He made his debut at a charity concert for the victims of the Volga famine, in St. Petersburg, March 2, 1874; the program included the first performance of his 3rd Sym.

From 1886 until 1900 he conducted the annual Russian Symphony concerts organized by the publisher Belaieff; in June 1889 he conducted 2 concerts of Russian music at the World Exposition in Paris, and in 1890 he conducted a concert of Russian music in Brussels; led a similar concert there in 1900. His last appearance abroad was in the spring of 1907, when he conducted in Paris 2 Russian historic concerts arranged by Diaghilev; in the same year, he was elected corresponding member of the French Academy, to succeed Grieg.

These activities, however, did not distract him from his central purpose as a national Russian composer. His name was grouped with those of Cui, Borodin, Balakirev, and Mussorgsky as the "Mighty 5," and he maintained a close friendship with most of them; at Mussorgsky's death he collected his MSS and prepared them for publication; he also revised Mussorgsky's opera Boris Godunov; it was in Rimsky-Korsakov's version that the opera became famous. He had decisive influence in the affairs of the Belaieff publishing firm and helped publish a great number of works by Russian composers of the St. Petersburg group; only a small part of these sumptuously printed scores represents the best in Russian music, but culturally Rimsky-Korsakov's solicitude was of great importance. Although he was far from being a revolutionary, he freely expressed his disgust at the bungling administration of Czarist Russia; he was particularly indignant about the attempts of the authorities to alter Pushkin's lines in his own last opera, The Golden Cockerel, and refused to compromise; he died, of angina pectoris, with the situation still unresolved; the opera was produced posthumously, with the censor's changes; the original text was not restored until the revolution of 1917.

Rimsky-Korsakov was one of the greatest masters of Russian music. His source of inspiration was Glinka's operatic style; he made use of both the purely Russian idiom and coloristic oriental melodic patterns; such works as his symphonic suite Scheherazade and The Golden Cockerel represent Russian orientalism at its best; in the purely Russian style, the opera Snow Maiden and the Russian Easter Overture are outstanding examples. In the art of orchestration Rimsky-Korsakov had few equals; his treatment of instruments, in solo passages and in ensemble, was invariably idiomatic. In his treatise on orchestration, he selected only passages from his own works to demonstrate the principles of practical and effective application of registers and tone colors. Although an academician in his general aesthetics, he experimented boldly with melodic progressions and ingenious harmonies that pointed toward modern usages.

He especially favored the major scale with the lowered submediant and the scale of alternating whole tones and semi-tones (which in Russian reference works came to be termed as "Rimsky-Korsakov's scale"; in the score of his opera-ballet Mlada there is an ocarina part tuned in this scale); in The Golden Cockerel and Kashchei the Immortal he applied dissonant harmonies in unusual superpositions; but he set for himself a definite limit in innovation, and severely criticized Richard Strauss, Debussy, and d'mdy for their modernistic practices. - Died at Liubensk, near St. Petersburg, June 21, 1908.

in 1851 - Alexander Aliabiev, composer, dies at 63.
in 1852 - Joseph Bayer, composer is born.
in 1853 - Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata," premieres in Venice.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NcKdnkGBSgA"]YouTube - LA TRAVIATA - Drinking Song[/ame]

in 1867 - Wiktor Kazynski, composer, dies at 54.
in 1870 - Oscar Straus, Vienna Austria, composer (Ein Walzertraum) is born.
in 1887 - Henri Gagnon, composer is born.
in 1890 - Fernand Ansseau, Belgian operator/theory (Orfeo) is born.
in 1897 - Knudige Riisager, Port Kunda Estonia, Danish composer (Quaarrtsiluni) is born.
in 1898 - Jo[hanne M Bos-]Vincent, Dutch soprano (Matth„us Passion) is born.

in 1893 - Memphis blues artist Walter “Furry” Lewis is born. He was the first guitarist to play with a bottleneck. He lost a leg in a railroad accident and once supported The Rolling Stones. Joni Mitchell wrote the song ‘Furry Sings The Blues’ after him. Lewis died on September 14th 1981, aged 88.

in 1911 - Roland Jacobi Leich, composer is born.
in 1921 - Julius Rudel, Vienna Austria, conductor (NYC Opera 1957) is born.
in 1923 - Erhard Karkoschka, composer is born.
in 1926 - Miroslav Klega, composer is born.
in 1926 - Jon Nordal, composer is born.
in 1927 - William J Bell, Chicago Ill, soap opera creator (Young and Restless) is born.
in 1928 - Ronald Stevenson, composer is born.
in 1931 - Carmen Delavallade, US dancer/singer/actress (Aida) is born.

in 1932 - John P. Sousa dies at age 77. American composer and conductor born in Washington, D.C. he was known particularly for American military and patriotic marches. Because of his mastery of march composition, he is known as "The March King". He wrote over 100 marches, including "Stars and Stripes Forever". John served in the U.S. Marine Corps, first from 1868 to 1875 as an apprentice musician, and then as the head of the Marine Band from 1880 to 1892; the year he left the US Marine Band, John organized his own band. The Sousa Band toured from 1892–1931, performing at 15,623 concerts. In 1900, his band represented the United States at the Paris Exposition before touring Europe. In Paris, the Sousa Band marched through the streets including the Champs-Élysées to the Arc de Triomphe – one of only eight parades the band marched in over its forty years. Also the sousaphone was named after him, it was created in 1898 by C. G. Conn at John's request for a tuba that could sound upward and over the band whether it was seated or marching (heart failure) .
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n9ePaETGQZ0"]YouTube - John P. Sousa - The Stars and Stripes forever (New York Philharmonic, Bernstein)[/ame]

in 1933 - Dorothy "Dolly" Ann Collins, folk musician/composer is born.
in 1936 - Rubin Goldmark, composer, dies at 63.

in 1936 - Sylvia Robinson is born (1973 US No.3 & UK No. 14 single 'Pillow Talk'), Mickey & Sylvia, (1957 US No.11 single 'Love Is Strange').

in 1936 - Josef Stransky, composer, dies at 63.
in 1937 - Paul Mefano, composer is born.
in 1938 - Lovelace Watkins, singer is born.
in 1939 - Jerry Naylor, Stephenville Tx, rock vocalist (Crickets) is born.

in 1944 - Kiri Te Kanawa, Gisborne NZ, operatic soprano (Don Giovanni) is born.
Dame Kiri is a New Zealand / Māori soprano who has had a highly successful international opera career since 1968. Acclaimed as one of the most beloved sopranos in both the United States and Britain she possesses a warm full lyric soprano voice, singing a wide array of works in multiple languages from the 17th to the 20th centuries. She is particularly associated with the works of Mozart, Strauss, Verdi, Handel and Puccini.

Te Kanawa's voice has been described as having "a vibrant but mellow quality that is ample in size without being overly heavy or forced". Music critics have consistently praised the freshness and warmth of her voice[citation needed]. The sheer beauty of Te Kanawa's voice made her one of the leading operatic sopranos internationally of the 1970s and 1980s. She found particular success in portraying princesses, noble countesses and other similar characters on stage, as her naturally dignified stage presence and physical beauty complemented these roles well.

Although she now only rarely sings in operas, Te Kanawa still frequently performs in concert and recital, while giving masterclasses and supporting young opera singers in launching their careers.

Kiri Te Kanawa was born as Claire Mary Teresa Rawstron in Gisborne on New Zealand's North Island. She has Māori and European ancestry, but little is known about her birth parents, as she was adopted as an infant by Thomas Te Kanawa, a Māori, and his wife, Nell. She was educated at Saint Mary's College Auckland and formally trained in operatic singing by Sister Mary Leo, RSM. Te Kanawa began her singing career as a mezzo-soprano, but later developed into a soprano. Her recording of the "Nuns' Chorus" from the Strauss operetta Casanova was New Zealand's first gold record.

Kiri met Desmond Park on a blind date in London in August 1967, and they married six weeks later in St Patrick's Cathedral, Auckland. They adopted two children, Antonia (1976) and Thomas (1979) who was named after Kiri's adoptive father. The couple divorced in 1997.

In her teens and early 20s, Te Kanawa was a pop star and popular entertainer at clubs in New Zealand, and regularly appeared in newspapers and magazines (see right). In 1965 she won the Mobil Song Quest with her performance of "Vissi d'arte" from Puccini's Tosca. In 1963, she was runner-up to Malvina Major in the same competition. As the winner, she received a grant to study in London. In 1966, she then won the prestigious Australian Melbourne Sun-Aria contest, which Major had also won the previous year. Both students had been taught by Sister Mary Leo.

In 1966, without an audition, she enrolled at the London Opera Centre to study under Vera Rózsa and James Robertson, who reputedly said Te Kanawa lacked a singing technique when she arrived at the school but did have a gift for captivating audiences. She first appeared on stage as the Second Lady in Mozart's The Magic Flute, as well as in performances of Purcell's Dido and Aeneas in December 1968 at the Sadler's Wells Theatre. She also sang the title role in Donizetti's Anna Bolena. In 1969, she sang Elena in Rossini's La donna del lago at the Camden Festival; and also was offered the role of the Countess in The Marriage of Figaro after an audition of which the conductor, Colin Davis, said, "I couldn't believe my ears. I've taken thousands of auditions, but it was such a fantastically beautiful voice." Praise for her Idamante in Mozart's Idomeneo led to an offer of a three-year contract as junior principal at the Royal Opera House Covent Garden where she made her debut as Xenia in Boris Godunov and a Flower Maiden in Parsifal in 1970. Under director John Copley, Te Kanawa was carefully groomed for the role of the Countess for a December 1971 opening.

Meanwhile, word of her success had reached John Crosby at the Santa Fe Opera, a summer opera festival in New Mexico, then about to begin its fifteenth season. He cast her in the role of the Countess in The Marriage of Figaro, which opened on 30 July 1971. The performance also featured Frederica von Stade in her debut as Cherubino. "It was two of the newcomers who left the audience dazzled: Frederica von Stade as Cherubino and Kiri te Kanawa as the Countess. Everyone knew at once that these were brilliant finds. History has confirmed that first impression." The two sopranos have maintained their friendship.

On 1 December 1971 at Covent Garden, Kiri Te Kanawa repeated her Santa Fe performance and created an international sensation as the Countess: "with "Porgi amor" Kiri knocked the place flat." It was followed by performances as the Countess at the Opéra National de Lyon and San Francisco Opera in autumn 1972, while her Metropolitan Opera debut in 1974 as Desdemona in Otello took place at short notice, replacing an ill Teresa Stratas at the last minute. She sang at the Glyndebourne Festival in 1973, with further débuts in Paris (1975), Milan and Sydney (1978), Salzburg (1979) and Vienna (1980). In 1982 she gave her only stage performances as Tosca in Paris. In 1980 she added Elisabeth de Valois in Don Carlos to her repertory at Chicago, and in 1990 the Countess in Capriccio, sung first at San Francisco and with equal success at Covent Garden, Glyndebourne and the Metropolitan in 1998.

In subsequent years, she performed at the Lyric Opera of Chicago, Paris Opera, Sydney Opera House, the Vienna State Opera, La Scala, San Francisco Opera, Munich and Cologne, adding the Mozart roles of Donna Elvira, Pamina, and Fiordiligi, in addition to Italian roles such as Mimi in Puccini's La bohème. She played Donna Elvira in Joseph Losey's 1979 film adaptation of Don Giovanni.

She was seen and heard around the world in 1981 by an estimated 600 million people[citation needed]. when she sang Handel's "Let the Bright Seraphim" at the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer.

In 1984, Leonard Bernstein decided to re-record the musical West Side Story, conducting his own music for the first time. Generally known as the "operatic version", it starred Te Kanawa as Maria, José Carreras as Tony, Tatiana Troyanos as Anita, Kurt Ollman as Riff, and Marilyn Horne as the offstage voice who sings "Somewhere". It won a Grammy Award for Best Cast Show Album in 1985 and the recording process was filmed as a documentary.

Te Kanawa has a particular affinity for the heroines of Richard Strauss. Her first appearance in the title role in Arabella was at the Houston Grand Opera in 1977, followed by the roles of the Marschallin in Der Rosenkavalier and the Countess in Capriccio. Many performances were given under the baton of Georg Solti and it was with him that she made her first recording of The Marriage of Figaro.

In recent years Te Kanawa's appearances on the opera stage have become more infrequent, although she remains busy as a concert singer. She appeared in performances in Samuel Barber's Vanessa with the Washington National Opera and the Los Angeles Opera in November/December 2004. In February 2010 she played the part of The Duchess of Krakenthorp in Donizetti's La fille du régiment at the Metropolitan Opera, and sang a tango. In April 2010 she sang the Marschallin in Der Rosenkavalier by Richard Strauss in two performances at the Cologne Opera in Germany. It is said, this would be the end of her operatic career, but obviously this is not certain.

Kiri Te Kanawa was created a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1982, invested as an Honorary Companion of the Order of Australia in 1990 and awarded the Order of New Zealand in the 1995 Queen's Birthday Honours List. She has also received honorary degrees from the following universities in the UK: Bath, Cambridge, Dundee, Durham, Nottingham, Oxford, Sunderland, Warwick as well as these universities worldwide: Chicago, Auckland and Waikato as well as being honorary fellow of Somerville College, Oxford and Wolfson College, Cambridge. She is also patron of Ringmer Community College, a school in the South-East of England situated not far from Glyndebourne.

On 12 June 2008 she received the Edison Classical Music Award during the Edison Classical Music Gala (formerly: 'Grand Gala du Disque') in the Ridderzaal in The Hague.

Kiri founded the Kiri Te Kanawa Foundation with the vision "that talented young New Zealand singers and musicians with complete dedication to their art may receive judicious and thoughtful mentoring and support to assist them in realising their dreams."

The foundation manages a trust fund to provide financial and career scholarships to young New Zealand singers and musicians.

In January 2010, Dame Kiri and BBC Radio 2 launched an initiative to find a gifted opera singer of the future. The initiative was the BBC Radio 2 Kiri Prize competition.

Following regional auditions of over 600 aspiring opera singers, 40 were invited to attend masterclasses in London with Dame Kiri, mezzo-soprano Anne Howells and conductor Robin Stapleton. From these masterclasses fifteen singers were selected for the semi-finals which were broadcast on 5 consecutive weeks on BBC Radio 2’s Friday Night Is Music Night. The semi-finalists were accompanied by the BBC Concert Orchestra, conducted by Martin Yates, Richard Balcombe and Roderick Dunk and their performances were judged by Dame Kiri, Anne Howells, Robin Stapleton and director John Cox.

Five singers went through to the final which was broadcast on Radio 2 on Friday 3 September 2010. The winner - soprano Shuna Scott Sendall - performed with Dame Kiri and José Carreras at BBC Proms In The Park in Hyde Park, London on Saturday 11 September 2010 and was given the opportunity to attend a three-week residential course at the Solti Te Kanawa Accademia in Italy.

In a 2003 interview with the Melbourne-based Herald Sun she criticised the high rate of welfare dependence among the Māori people, angering some of her compatriots. In 2007, Te Kanawa was sued for breach of contract by event management company Leading Edge, after cancelling a concert with Australian singer John Farnham. She cancelled after learning that his fans sometimes threw their underwear on stage, which he would then proudly display. She won the suit, but her Mittane company which employs and manages her was ordered to pay A$102,000 in court costs.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZRuYQ9KRJms"]Kiri te Kanawa - O mio babbino caro - Puccini - YouTube[/ame]

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b1cN7WJrl88&feature=related"]Kiri Te Kanawa: "Wouldn't it be loverly ?" (My fair lady) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1944 - David Gilmour is born, guitarist, singer, songwriter, joined Pink Floyd in 1968, 1973 US No.1 & UK No.2 album 'Dark Side Of The Moon', spent a record breaking 741 weeks on the US chart. Pink Floyd have sold over 200 million albums worldwide. 1979 UK and US No.1 single ‘Another Brick In The Wall, (part 2)’. Gilmour was appointed a CBE in 2003 for his charity work. Solo 2006 UK No.1 and US No.6 album On A Island.’

in 1944 - Mary Wilson is born, vocals, The Supremes, (1964 UK & US No.1 single 'Baby Love' plus 11 other US No.1 singles).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5HrLoz9dlU0"]YouTube - Supremes - Mary Wilson solo and Love Child very rare[/ame]

in 1945 - Hugh Grundy, Winchester England, drummer (Zombies-She's Not There) is born.

in 1945 - Rudolph Karel, composer, dies at 64.
in 1946 - David Jon Gilmour, rock guitarist (Pink Floyd-Brick in the Wall) is born.
in 1946 - Tony Klatka, rocker (Blood, Sweat and Tears) is born.
in 1946 - Murray Head is born,, UK singer, (1984 UK No.1 & 1985 US No.3 single, 'One Night In Bangkok').
in 1947 - Ludwig Weber, composer, dies at 55.

in 1947 - Kiki Dee is born,, singer and actress, (1976 UK & US No.1 single with Elton John, 'Don't Go Breaking My Heart').
in 1949 - Donald York, rocker (Sha Na Na) is born

in 1951 - Ivor Novello/David Ivor Davies dies at age 58. Welsh composer, singer and actor who became one of the most popular British entertainers of the early 20th century. Born in Cardiff, Wales, Ivor first became known as a result of the song "Keep the Home Fires Burning". His 1917 show, Theodore & Co was a wartime hit, composed while he was in the Navy. Ivor wrote his musicals in the style of operetta and was one of the last major composers in this form. While he generally wrote his own librettos, Christopher Hassall wrote the lyrics for most of his shows. He also appeared in West End musicals of his own devising. His musicals in the 1930s were expensive, spectacular productions, with several scene changes and a large cast including many extras and dancers. The best known of these were Glamorous Night in 1935 and The Dancing Years in 1939 . Ivor later went to Hollywood and appeared in numerous successful films, but the stage always remained his first love. The Ivor Novello Awards for songwriting are awarded each year by the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors (BASCA) and in 2005, the Strand Theatre in London, above which Novello lived for many years, was renamed the Novello Theatre. On 27 June 2009, a statue of Novello was unveiled outside the Wales Millennium Centre in Cardiff Bay. (coronary thrombosis)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d0zrEwh0trk&feature=related"]YouTube - RICHARD TAUBER SINGS - IVOR NOVELLO SONG[/ame]

in 1954 - Louis Zimmermann, violinist, dies at 80.

in 1955 - Former radio DJ from Tennessee, Ernie Ford was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Give Me Your Word.'

in 1961 - George Formby OBE/George Hoy Booth dies at age 57. English singer, comedian, ukulele, banjo; a musical comedian among Britain's most popular stars during the first half of the 20th century, with a legacy encompassing over 200 records and more than 20 hit films. His best-known song, "Leaning on a Lamp Post" was written by Noel Gay. He recorded two more Noel Gay songs "The Left-Hand Side of Egypt" and "Who Are You A-Shoving Of?". Many of which were recorded, were written by Fred Cliff and Harry Gifford, either in collaboration or separately, and Formby was included in the credits of a number of them, including "When I'm Cleaning Windows". Some of his songs were considered too rude for broadcasting. His 1937 song, "With my little stick of Blackpool Rock" was banned by the BBC because of the lyrics. George appeared in the 1937 Royal Variety Performance, and entertained troops with Entertainments National Service Association in Europe and North Africa during World War II. He received an OBE in 1946. His most popular film is the espionage comedy Let George Do It (heart attack)

in 1962 - Rezso Kokai, composer, dies at 56.
in 1963 - Suzanne Crough, rocker (Partridge Family) is born.
in 1964 - Reniet Vrieze, rock singer/guitarist (Pilgrims-White Men) is born.

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in 1964 - Stephen Bier is born,, (Wayne Gacy), keyboards, Marilyn Manson, (1998 US No.1 album, 'Mechanical Animals', UK No. 12 single, 'The Dope Show').

in 1965 - Ruvim Pergament, composer, dies at 58.
in 1965 - 'The Rolling Stones Number 2' album went back to No.1 on the UK charts for six weeks.

in 1965 - The Temptations went to No.1 on the US singles chart with the Smokey Robinson penned song 'My Girl', making the group the first male act to have a No.1 for Motown, The single only reached No.43 in the UK but made No.2 when re-issued.

in 1966 - Richard Hageman, composer, dies at 83.
Dino Borgioli sings "Do not go, my love" by Richard Hageman - Ivor Newton, piano - recorded 20.6. 1935.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EQhnJL8B4Z0"]YouTube - DINO BORGIOLI SINGS " DO NOT GO, MY LOVE "[/ame]

in 1966 - Michelle Edwards, WNBA guard (Cleveland Rockers) is born.

in 1966 - The Rolling Stones started recording sessions for their tenth UK single ‘Paint It Black’ at RCA studios in Hollywood.

in 1967 - 2nd Academy of Country Music Awards.

in 1967 - Zoltan Kodaly, Hungarian composer (H ry Janos), dies at 84.

in 1967 - The Beatles recorded sound effects onto the song ‘Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band’ at Abbey Road studios in London. The beginning audience murmurs and sounds of a band preparing for a performance are added, along with screams from a tape of the Beatles in concert at the Hollywood Bowl.

in 1967 - Nelson Eddy dies at age 65. American singer and actor who appeared in 19 musical films during the 1930s and 1940s, as well as in opera and on the concert stage, radio, television, and in nightclubs. A classically trained baritone, he is best remembered for the eight films in which he costarred with soprano Jeanette MacDonald. He was one of the first "crossover" stars, a superstar appealing both to shrieking bobby-soxers as well as opera purists, and in his heyday was the highest paid singer in the world. During his 40-year career, he earned 3 stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one each for film, recording, and radio, left his footprints in the wet cement at Grauman's Chinese Theater, earned three Gold records, and was invited to sing at the third inauguration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He also introduced millions of young Americans to classical music and inspired many of them to pursue a musical career (Eddy was singing "Dardanella" at the Sans Souci Hotel in Palm Beach, Florida, when he was stricken on stage with a cerebral hemorrhage, he died a few hours later)
Video note: Jeanette MacDonald & Nelson Eddy singing, "Indian Love Call," from the 1936 film, "Rose Marie."
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1n_bUSywN94"]YouTube - Jeanette MacDonald & Nelson Eddy: Indian Love Call[/ame]

in 1967 - Zoltán Kodály dies at age 84. Hungarian composer, one of the first people to undertake the serious study of folk tales, he became one of the most significant early figures in the field of ethnomusicology. In 1905 he visited remote villages to collect songs recording them on phonograph cylinders. During his early years of study he had composed throughout this time, producing two String quartets (Op. 2, 1909 and Op. 10, 1917 respectively), Sonata for cello and piano (Op. 4, 1910) and Sonata for cello solo (Op. 8, 1915), and his Duo for violin and cello (Op. 7, 1914). Dances of Marosszék (1930, in versions for solo piano and for full orchestra), the Dances of Galanta (1933, for orchestra), the Peacock Variations (1939, commissioned by the Concertgebouw Orchestra to celebrate its fiftieth anniversary) and the Missa Brevis (1944, for soloists, chorus, orchestra and organ) are a few of his better known works. He also was very interested in the problems of music education, and he wrote a large amount of material on music education methods as well as composing a large amount of music for children. Retiring from teaching in 1942, in 1945 he became the president of the Hungarian Arts Council, and in 1962 received the Order of the Hungarian People's Republic. His other posts included a presidency of the International Folk Music Council, and honorary presidency of the International Society for Music Education. He died in Budapest in 1967, one of the most respected and well known figures in the Hungarian arts.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0pe5G6BodNQ"]YouTube - Zoltán Kodály-Dances of Galánta (Rajkó orchestra)" target="_blank">YouTube - Zoltán Kodály-Dances of Galánta (Rajkó orchestra)[/ame]

in 1968 - UK singer Sandie Shaw married fashion designer Jeff Banks.
in 1968 - Isa Krejci, composer, dies at 63.
in 1970 - Beatles release "Let it Be" in UK.

in 1970 - Awareness records released the Charles Manson album 'Lie' in the US. Manson was unable to promote the LP due to the fact he was serving a life sentence for the Sharon Tate murders.

in 1970 - Betty Boo, (Alison Moira Clarkson) is born,, singer, (1990 UK No.3 single 'Where Are You Baby'). Now a songwriter who wrote 'Pure and Simple' for Hear'Say as well as hits for Girls Aloud.

in 1971 - Mungo Jerry were at No.1 on the UK singles chat with 'Baby Jump', the group's second and final No.1.

in 1971 - Thurston Dart dies at age 49. English harpsichordist, keyboardist, musicologist, conductor and professor; born in Kingston, he was educated at Hampton Grammar School and was a chorister at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court. He studied keyboard instruments at the Royal College of Music in London from 1938 to 1939. In 1947 he was appointed assistant lecturer in music at the University of Cambridge, lecturer in 1952, and professor in 1962, with a reputation as a dynamic teacher and professor. In 1964 he was appointed King Edward Professor of Music in the University of London. He made numerous appearances on the harpsichord, and made many harpsichord, clavichord and organ recordings, especially for the L'Oiseau-Lyre label; he was also a conductor and he served as editor of the Galpin Society Journal from 1947 to 1954 and was secretary of Musica Britannica from 1950 to 1965. His book The Interpretation of Music in 1954 was highly influential, aas were his numerous seminal articles on aspects of musical sources, performance and interpretation. In the 1950s he participated in annual concerts featuring four harpsichordists, the three others being George Malcolm, Denis Vaughan and Eileen Joyce. In 1957 this group also recorded two of Vivaldi's Concertos for Four Harpsichords, one in a Bach arrangement, with the Pro Arte Orchestra under Boris Ord. They also recorded Malcolm's Variations on a Theme of Mozart.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2UA9fB-avY"]YouTube - BACH - CONCERTO BRANDEBOURGEOIS N° 2 - THURSTON DART ( 1958 ) VINYL" target="_blank">YouTube - BACH - CONCERTO BRANDEBOURGEOIS N° 2 - THURSTON DART ( 1958 ) VINYL[/ame]

in 1972 - Pink Floyd played the first night on a 7-date tour of Japan at the Tokyo-To Taiikukan, in Tokyo, Japan.

in 1973 - an attempt to bring Elvis Presley to the UK for shows at London's Earl's Court failed. Promoters had hoped that Elvis would be available during the summer but were told that Elvis now had US tour and filming commitments.

in 1973 - Slade scored their fourth UK No.1 single with 'Cum On Feel The Noize', the first single to enter the charts at No.1 since The Beatles 'Get Back' in 1969. Elton John had the No.1 album with 'Don't Shoot Me I'm Only The Piano Player'.

in 1973 - Greg Ostertag, NBA center (Utah Jazz) is born
in 1973 - Paul Klecki/Kletzki, Polish violinist/composer/conductor, dies at 72.

in 1974 - Dwight Grant is born,, (Beanie Sigel), American rapper. Beanie founded the group and label State Property, as well as the clothing company of the same name.

in 1974 - Guy Garvey is born, singer/guitarist with Manchester based group Elbow. Elbow won the Mercury Music Prize for their 2008 album ‘The Seldom Seen Kid’.

in 1976 - Tina Charles was at No.1 in the UK with the single 'I Love to Love' (But My Baby Loves to Dance). The Miracles were at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Love Machine (part 1)' and Bob Dylan was at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Desire'.

in 1976 - Thin Lizzy and Graham Parker and the Rumour appeared at Essex University, England, tickets £1.

in 1982 - Tight Fit were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with their version of The Tokens hit 'The Lion Sleeps Tonight.' It was first recorded by its writer, Solomon Linda, and his group, The Evening Birds, in 1939. In 2004, the song became the subject of a lawsuit between the family of its writer Solomon Linda and Disney. The suit claimed that Disney owed $1.6 million in royalties for the use of 'The Lion Sleeps Tonight' in the film and stage production of The Lion King. A settlement was reached for an undisclosed amount in in 2006.

in 1982 - The Go-Go's started a six-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Beauty And The Beast.'
in 1984 - Pierre Cochereau, composer, dies at 59

in 1986 - After just completing a two set show with The Band in Winter Park, Florida, 41 year old Richard Manuel of The Band hung himself from a shower curtain rod in a hotel room in Florida. His band mate, Robbie Robertson honored his friend with the song, ‘Fallen Angel’ in 1987.

in 1988 - Konstantin Iliev, composer, dies at 63
Video notes: Ivan Penchev (violin) and prof. Dimo Dimov (piano) - Konstantin Iliev "Little Suite" (1943)
Konstantin Iliev is one of the most significant contemporary Bulgarian composers, which work has been connected with the Bulgarian music vanguard. He wrote in a variety of genres and composed two operas and a ballet; cantatas and oratorios; six symphonies and other works for symphony orchestra; seven Tempi Concertati for various instrumental ensembles; four string quartets; a wind quintet and other chamber and solo music; five songs for voice and piano; choral music for various ensembles; film and theatre music.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1pYhLVudAHs"]YouTube - Ivan Penchev (violin) and Dimo Dimov (piano) - Konstantin Iliev "Little Suite" Part 3" target="_blank">YouTube - Ivan Penchev (violin) and Dimo Dimov (piano) - Konstantin Iliev "Little Suite" Part 3[/ame]

in 1988 - Bob Garber dies at age 84. American pianist and band leader; very big around Washington DC, and a regular on the radio, apparently his band didn't use vocalists .

in 1991 - George Michael played the first of four sold-out nights at the Tokyo Dome, Tokyo, Japan on his Cover to Cover world tour.

in 1993 - Peabo Bryson and Regina Belle went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'A Whole New World' (Aladdin's Theme)'. The single ended Whitney Houston's 14-week run at the top of the charts.

in 1994 - Leighton Noble, singer/Bandleader, dies at 81.
in 1994 - Moses Rascoe, blues singer, dies at 77.

in 1994 - Chaka Demus and Pliers went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Tease Me.'

in 1995 - during a 12-date tour of Australian and New Zealand, Pearl Jam played at Perth Entertainment Center, Perth, Australia.

in 1995 - Delroy George Wilson, singer, dies at 46.
in 1996 - Herbert "Herb" Hall, clarinetist/saxophonist, dies at 88.

in 1998 - Oasis singer Liam Gallagher appeared handcuffed in a Brisbane court on charges of head butting a fan during a gig in Australia. Gallagher was released on bail.

in 1999 - Monica had the US No.1 single with 'Angel Of Mine', Britney Spears held the UK No.1 position with '...Baby One More Time'.

in 2001 - a man who hid for 24 hours in the rafters of a Cathedral and secretly filmed the Christening of Madonna's baby appeared in court. Security staff discovered the man after the ceremony when he made a noise as he climbed down from the rafters.

in 2004 - Diane Richie, the estranged wife of singer Lionel Richie, went to court seeking $300,000 (£176,500) a month in maintenance support. Diane’s monthly costs included: $20,000 (£11,800) a year on plastic surgery; $15,000 (£8,824) a month for clothing, shoes and accessories; $5,000 (£2,940) on jewellery; $3,000 (£1,765) on dermatology; $1,000 (£588) for laser hair removal and $600 (£353) on massages.

in 2004 - David Crosby was arrested and charged with criminal possession of a weapon and marijuana after leaving his bag in a New York hotel. The luggage was found by a hotel employee looking for identification, finding instead a handgun and marijuana. The employee called authorities, and Crosby, discovering the missing luggage himself, telephoned to say he would return for it. He was met by New York police, who arrested him.

in 2005 - G4 went to No.1 on the UK album chart with their self-titled debut, the four piece boy band had been featured on UK TV talent show X-Factor. US R&B singer Omarion was at No.1 on the US album chart with'O'.
in 2005 - Stereophonics were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Dakota', the Welsh band's first No.1, eight years after their first hit.

in 2005 - Tommy Vance /Richard Anthony Crispian Francis Prew Hope-Weston dies at age 63. British pop radio deejay and broadcaster, born in Eynsham, Oxfordshire. Along with Neal Kay he was one of the few broadcasters in the United Kingdom to champion hard rock and heavy metal in the early 1980s, providing the only national radio forum for both bands and fans. The Friday Rock Show that he hosted gave new bands airtime for their music and fans an opportunity to hear it. His radio show was a factor in the rise of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal. He used a personal tag-line of TV on the radio (stroke)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=utdkrlDcrIw"]YouTube - BBC Radio 1 Tommy Vance UK Top 30 Rock Chart (5th June 1992)" target="_blank">YouTube - BBC Radio 1 Tommy Vance UK Top 30 Rock Chart (5th June 1992)[/ame]

in 2006 - Tom Robb dies at age 57. American bassist, born in Passaic NJ, where he endured many childhood hardships of homelessness, and a long list of foster homes and children homes. While at High School he was sent to live at Bonnie Brae Farm for Boys. It was here where he began playing the drums and later the bass guitar. After leaving the boys home he moved to Greenwich Village, playing bass with different local bands and doing sessions in the studios of New York. He wet on to be a highly respected and much sort after session bassist playing on hundreds of albums with a wide range of artists, including Alicia Bridges' worldwide hit "I Love The Night Life". (liver cancer)

in 2006 - King Floyd dies at age 61. American New Orleans soul singer-songwriter, he started his singing career at the Sho-Bar on Bourbon Street. Following a stint in the army, he went to California, where he joined up with record producer Harold Battiste. His debut album, A Man In Love, failed to make an impact on the charts. He retuned to New Orleans in '69, where he recorded "Groove Me" B-side the to his, "What Our Love Needs." A New Orleans radio DJ's started playing "Groove Me" and it became a local hit. Atlantic Records picked up national distribution of "Groove Me," which topped the US R&B chart and reached No.6 on the Billboard Hot 100. It sold over one million copies, and received a gold disc awarded by the R.I.A.A. (complications of a stroke and diabetes)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z8Ego58yOZs"]YouTube - King Floyd - Think About It" target="_blank">YouTube - King Floyd - Think About It[/ame]

in 2008 - a UK charity warned that nine out of ten young people had experienced the first signs of hearing damage after listening to loud music. The RNID said more should wear ear plugs to protect their hearing, without spoiling their appreciation of music. Experts said prolonged exposure to noise over 85 decibels would harm hearing over time. Music played in concerts, bars and clubs was often above this level.

in 2010, R&B singer D'Angelo was arrested at the wheel of his Range Rover after trying to pay $40 (£27.50) for sex with an undercover police officer posing as a prostitute. The incident happened in New York City.

in 2010 - Mark Linkous dies at age 47. American singer, songwriter, guitarist, pianist and multi-musician born in Arlington, Virginia; he graduated from high school in the early 1980s and moved to New York City, where he co-founded the band Dancing Hoods. They released a self-titled EP in 1984, followed by their debut album "12 Jealous Roses" in 1985. In 1988 "Baby's Got Rockets", a single from their "Hallelujah Anyway" album, became a college radio hit. Mark and the band relocated to Los Angeles, but broke up shortly after their move. He moved back to Virginia, and formed the alternative rock band Sparklehorse, releasing their first album, (Mark took his own life while in Knoxville, Tennessee.)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rpae8Nn3_iw"]YouTube - Mark Linkous Moto Guzzi V7 Sparklehorse" target="_blank">YouTube - Mark Linkous Moto Guzzi V7 Sparklehorse[/ame]

in 2011 - Herman Ernest III dies at age 59. American drummer well known on the New Orleans R&B and funk scene; he anchored Dr. John's band for more than two decades and appeared on the singer-pianist's albums “The City That Care Forgot," “Mercenary," “Duke Elegant," “Creole Moon," “Anutha Zone" and “N'Awlinz: Dis, Dat or D'Udda". He also recorded behind such local notables as Lee Dorsey on the Allen Toussaint -produced “Night People", the Neville Brothers on their breakthrough “Fiyo on the Bayou", Irma Thomas , Aaron Neville, Snooks Eaglin , Johnny Adams , Anders Osborne and Al “Carnival" Johnson. In 2006, Herman sat in with the band Cowboy Mouth on their post-Katrina set “Voodoo Shoppe". He also backed Solomon Burke during his stay at New Orleans' Black Top Records and appeared on LaBelle's 1974 album “Nightbirds," which spawned the Toussaint-produced hit “Lady Marmalade". Herman last performed at Tipitina's on Dec. 30th 2010 with Dr. John (cancer).

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in 1574 - John Wilbye, composer is born.
in 1621 - Georg Neumark, composer is born.
in 1659 - Henry Purcell, English organist/composer (Dido and Aeneas) is born.
in 1663 - Tomaso Antonio Vitali, composer is born.
in 1731 - Jean-Louis Laruette, composer is born.
in 1761 - Antonio Palella, composer, dies at 68.
in 1769 - Josef Alois Ladurner, composer is born.
in 1773 - Tommaso Marchesi, composer is born.
in 1786 - Frantisek Benda, composer, dies at 76.
in 1797 - Karl Schwencke, composer is born.
in 1802 - Johann Georg Witthauer, composer, dies at 50.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V2kGwfTG8H4"]YouTube - Johann Georg Witthauer - Gavotte[/ame]

in 1809 - Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, Austrian composer, dies .
in 1822 - Victor Masse, composer is born.
in 1824 - Meyerbeers opera "Il Crociati in Egitto," premieres in Venice.
in 1811 - Christian Heinrich Hohmann, composer is born.
in 1820 - Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman, composer is born.
in 1842 - Christian Theodor Weinlig, composer, dies at 61.

in 1858 - Nikolai Altzibushev, Russian composer, is born at Tsarskoe- Selo. 15, 1937. He was a student of Rimsky-Korsakov and Soloviev. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he went to Paris. He wrote a Valse fantasia for Orchestra, piano pieces, and songs, and also contributed variations to the collaborative Variations on a Russian Theme for String Quartet. - Died at Paris, April 15, 1937.

in 1872 - Vasily Andreyevich Zolotaryov, composer is born.
in 1875 - Maurice Joseph Ravel, Cibourne France, composer (Boloro) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mrOJcEHXYWM"]YouTube - Ravel - Vladimir Ashkenazy - Daphnis et Chloe -Daybreak(1/3)[/ame]

in 1842 - Christian Theodor Weinlig, composer, dies at 61.

in 1883 - Carl Deis, composer is born.

in 1885 - Walerian Bierdiajew, Polish conductor, is born at Grodno. He studied composition with Reger and conducting with Nikisch at the Leipzig Conservatory. He began his conducting career in Dresden in 1906; in 1908 he became regular conductor at the Maryinsky Opera Theater in St. Petersburg; then conducted in various Russian opera houses; from 1921 to 1925 he lived in Poland; from 1925 to 1930 he was again engaged as a conductor in Russia. In 1930 he was appointed professor of conducting at the Warsaw Conservatory, and from 1947 to 1949 he was conductor of the Krakow Philharmonic. He then taught at the Poznan Conservatory. (1949-54) and at the Warsaw Conservatory. (1954-56); also was director of the Warsaw Opera (1954-56). - Died at Warsaw, Nov. 28, 1956.

in 1887 - Heino Eller, noted Estonian composer and pedagogue, is born at Yuryev. He studied law at the University of St. Petersburg (1908-12). Following service in the army during World War I, he studied violin and composition (with Kalafati) at the Petrograd Conservatory (graduated, 1920). After teaching theory and composition at the Tartu Higher Music School (1920-40), he was professor of composition at the Tallinn Conservatory (1940-70). In 1957 he was honored with the title of People's Artist of the Estonian S.S.R. In 1965 he was awarded the prize of the Estonian Republic. Eller was one of the principal founders of the modem Estonian national school of music. Many of his students became prominent figures in the musical life of Estonia. Eller's works adhered to Classical precepts but explored modem harmonic and timbral usages. - Died at Tallinn, June 16, 1970.

in 1888 - Alcide "Slow Drag” Pavageau, jazz bassist, is born at New Orleans, La. He was known in New Orleans during his early days as a guitarist and a spectacular dancer (the "slow drag" is a dance). During the late 1920s he took up string bass and worked with Buddie Petit, Herb Morand, worked regularly with George Lewis from 1943, went to N.Y. with Bunk Johnson in 1945, and worked regularly with George Lewis, with whom he made overseas tours. During the last few years of his life he regularly marched in parades as the Grand Marshal and played at Preservation Hall. His wife, Anne, recorded as a pianist and vocalist. - Died at New Orleans, Jan. 19, 1969.

in 1892 - Tchaikovsky's The Nutcracker Suite had its premiere in St. Petersburg.

in 1895 - Juan Jose Castro, eminent Argentine composer and conductor, brother of Jose Maria Castro and Washington Castro, is born at Avellaneda, near Buenos Aires. After study in Buenos Aires, he went to Paris, where he took a course in composition with d'Indy. Returning to Argentina in 1929, he organized in Buenos Aires the Orquesta de Nacimiento, which he conducted; in 1930 he conducted the ballet season at the Teatro Colon; conducted opera there from 1933; also became music director of the Asociacion del Profesorado Orquestal and Asociacion Sinfonica, with which he gave first local performances of a number of modern works.

In 1934 he received a Guggenheim Foundation grant. From 1947 to 1951 he conducted in Cuba and Uruguay; from 1952 to 1953 he was principal conductor of the Victorian Symphony Orchestra in Melbourne, Australia; from 1956 to 1960 he was conductor of the Orquesta Sinfonica Nacional in Buenos Aires; from 1959 to 1964 he was director of the Puerto Rico Conservatpruy, in San Juan. Castro was proficient in all genres of composition, but his works were rarely performed outside South America, and he himself conducted most of his symphonic compositions. His most notable success outside his homeland came when he won the prize for the best opera in a La Scala competition in Milan with his Prosperpino e lo stmniero (in Spanish as Prosperpina y el extranjero) in 1952. - Died at Buenos Aires, Sept. 3, 1968.

in 1896 - Erwin Bodky, composer is born.
The German-American music scholar, Erwin Bodky, was known as a child prodigy on the piano by the age of 12. His his later music education included degrees from the Preussiche Hochschule für Musik and the Scharwenka Conservatory in Berlin. Among his teachers in piano and theory were Richard Strauss, Ernst von Dohnányi and Juon. Later he attended classes of Richard Strauss and Ferruccio Busoni at the Meisterschule für Komposition (1920-1922). He performed under Wilhelm Furtwängler and Bruno Walter, and was twice awarded the prestigious Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy Prize.

Erwin Bodky subsequently taught at the Scharwenka Conservatory in Berlin. While still in Berlin, he grew interested in the interpretation of early music, and more particularly in the music of J.S. Bach. He and F. Busoni parted ways when the latter discovered that Bodky was performing from urtexts and not F. Busoni's arrangements. Bodky was able to borrow early keyboard instruments from the Berlin Collection and eventually obtained a harpsichord from a local builder. In the 1920's Bodky made some of the first authentic instrument recordings of early music for L'Anthologie Sonore using an original Ruckers harpsichord. In 1932, he published his first book, Der Vortrag alter Klavier Musik (Performance Practice of Early Keyboard Music.)

With the advent of the Nazi regime in 1933, Erwin Bodky went to Amsterdam, where he remained until 1938. He then emigrated to the USA, where his talents, optimism, and determination were soon appreciated. His first position was on the faculty of the Longy School of Music in Cambridge, Massachusetts (1938-1948), teaching thorough bass and music history. In 1950 (or 1949) he became the first professor of music at Brandeis University, and shortly thereafter began work on this last book Interpretation of Bach's Keyboard Music, which was published in 1960 by Harvard University Press.

Upon his arrival at the Longy School of Music, Erwin Bodky began conducting the school's orchestra in early music concerts at Harvard's Germanic Museum. In 1942 he and a group of supporters formed a committee to continue the series in the Houghton Library at Harvard. The next year, the Cambridge Collegium Musicum was formed with Wolfe Wolfinsohn, Iwan D'Archambeau, and Bodky as its nucleus, performing with guest artists for larger works. These concerts were groundbreaking, communicating the findings of scholarly research through persuasive performances. By the 1949-1950 season the audiences had grown so large that it was necessary to hold the events in Sanders Theatre, and in 1952, the Collegium was reorganized as the Cambridge Society for Early Music. Erwin Bodky died in 1958, leaving behind him the memory of a man of great purpose and a Society which has continued to this day in the pursuit of his high ideals.
Video Notes: William Byrd (1543 - 1626) - "Sellinger's Round" - Prof . Erwin Bodky , Cembalo - "Cembalo built by Andreas Ruckers, Antwerp 1618".
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VkwXn_iWF_Q"]Parlophone 2000 Years of Music Set No 15 "Harpsichord Music 1600) Recorded 1931 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1899 - Jacques Gordon, Russian-American violinist and teacher, is born at Odessa.
He made his debut in Odessa at age 7. After graduating from the Odessa Conservatpru (1913), he emigrated to the U.S., where he studied with Kneisel (violin) and Goetschius (theory) at N.Y.'s Institute of Musical Art. He played in the Russian Symphony Orchestra in N.Y.and then was concertmaster of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (1921-31); also played in the Berkshire String Quartet (1917-20). He founded the Gordon String Quartet (1930), and led it until 1947; also was conductor of the Hartford (Conn.) Symphony Orchestra (1936-39). He taught at the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago (from 1921) and at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, N.Y. (from 1942). - Died at Hartford, Conn., Sept. 15, 1948.

in 1906 - Hans Lachman, composer is born.
in 1906 - Alejandro Garcia Caturla, composer is born. in 1906 - Hans Lachman, composer is born.
in 1907 - Juan Francisco Giacobbe, composer is born.
in 1907 - Victor Alphonse Duvernoy, composer, dies at 64.
in 1908 - Tomas de Manzarraga, composer is born.
in 1909 - Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, Austrian composer, dies at 73.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJjsvzOBtWc"]YouTube - Johann Georg Albrechtsberger (1736-1809) - Concertino for flute, guitar and orch. in D minor (1/2)[/ame]

in 1911 - Louis (Albert) Cottrell, Jr., jazz clarinetist, tenor saxophonist, is born at New Orleans, La. He was the son of the famous drummer Louis Cottrell Sr. (b. New Orleans, La., Dec. 25, 1878; d. there, Oct. 17, 1927). Louis Jr. worked regularly with The Young Tuxedo Orchestra from the mid1920s, and also played for The Golden Rule Band, Sidney Desvigne, and William Ridgely, among others. He left New Orleans to join a band led by Don Albert, with whom he worked throughout the 1930s, then returned to New Orleans. He worked again with Sidney Desvigne in the 1940s, and became president of the local (black) musician's union. He participated in occasional parades with Kid Howard's Brass Band in the 1950s; also did regular work and recordings with Paul Barbarin during that period. He worked in Pete Bocage's Creole Serenaders in the early 1960s. Primarily playing on clarinet, he was featured with his own trio at the New Orleans Jazz Fest in June 1969. - Died at New Orleans, March 21,1978.

in 1911 - Stefan Kisielewski, Polish composer, journalist, and novelist, is born at Warsaw. He received training in philology at the University of Warsaw (1929-33) and pursued studies in piano and composition with Lefe and Sikorski (diplomas in both, 1937) at the Warsaw Conservatory, completing his training in Paris (1938-39). In 1935 he began writing on music and politics; during the Nazi occupation of Poland, he was an official of the cultural dept. of the Underground. After the liberation in 1945, he was a professor at the Krakow College of Music (until 1950); also served as ed.-in-chief of the music weekly Puch Muzyczny (1945-48) and was a columnist for the Catholic opposition weekly Sygodnih Powysechny (1945-83) in Krakow. In addition to his writings on music, he published novels and books on politics, some of which have appeared abroad in translations. For his musical efforts, he received awards from the City of Krakow (1956) and the Union of Polish Composers (1982). His compositions generally follow along neoClassical lines. - Died at Warsaw, Sept. 27, 1991.

Video Notes: Slav Lechowski – piano - Warsaw, 15 December 2011, Live Recording. - Performance of Stefan Kisielewski's composition was part of "New interpretation" project by the Institute of Music and Dance (IMiT). - Stefan Kisielewski (1911-1991) - Serenada for piano (1974).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGulDqgLLBk"]Stefan Kisielewski - Serenada for piano - YouTube[/ame]

in 1914 - Kirill (Petrovich) Kondrashin, noted Russian conductor, is born at Moscow. He studied piano and theory at the Musical Technicum in Moscow, then took a course in conducting with Khaikin at the Moscow Conservatory (1932-36). While still a student, he conducted light opera (1934-37), and then conducted at the Malyi Opera Theater in Leningrad (1937-41). In 1943 he received appointment to the staff of the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow, where he conducted a wide repertoire emphasizing Russian operas (until 1956). He received Stalin prizes in 1948 and 1949. In 1969 he was named People's Artist of the U.S.S.R. Kondrashin was the first Soviet conductor to appear in the U.S. (1958), and held numerous subsequent engagements in America, the last being a concert he conducted at the Hollywood Bowl in Feb. 1981. In 1960 he was appointed chief conductor of the Moscow Philharmonic, with which he performed numerous new Soviet works, including Shostakovich's controversial 13th Symphony. He also taught at the Moscow Conservatory (1950-53; 1972-75). After 1975 he increased his guest engagements outside Russia, and in 1978 decided to emigrate; in 1979 he assumed the post of permanent conductor of the Concertgebouw Orchestra in Amsterdam. His conducting style was marked by an effective blend of lyrical melodiousness and dramatic romanticism, without deviating from the prevalent Russian traditions. He published a book on the art of conducting (Leningrad, 1970). - Died at Amsterdam, March 7, 1981.

in 1917 - Robert Erickson, American composer and teacher, is born at Marquette, Mich. He studied with Wesley La Violette at the Chicago Conservatory and with Krenek at Hamline University in St. Paul (BA, 1943; MA, 1947). In 1950 he attended a seminar in composition under Sessions at the University of Calif. at Berkeley. In 1966 he held a Guggenheim fellowship. He taught at the College of St. Catherine in St. Paul, Minn. (1947-53), at San Francisco State College (1953-54), at the University of Calif. at Berkeley (1956-58), and at the San Francisco Conservatpry of Music (1957-66). From 1967 to 1987 he was a professor of composition at the University of Calif. at San Diego. In his early works, he utilized serial techniques. After exploring electronic music, he resumed non-electronic means of expression. He published The Structure of Music: A Listener's Guide to Melody and Counterpoint (1955) and Sound Structure in Music (1975). - Died at Encinitas, Calif., April 24, 1997.

in 1926 - Jindrich Z Albestu Kaan, composer, dies at 73. in 1926 - Jindrich Z Albestu Kaan, composer, dies at 73.

in 1934 - King Curtis, [Curtis Ousley], rocker is born.
in 1939 - Marion Marlowe, St Louis Mo, singer (Arthur Godfrey and Friends) is born.
in 1939 - Amadeo Roldan, composer, dies at 38.
in 1941 - Arnold Schering, German musicologist, dies at 63.
in 1942 - Tammy Faye Bakker, gospel singer/wife of Jim Baker (PTL) is born.
in 1943 - Leon Frank Sylvers, rocker is born.
in 1943 - Chris White, rock bassist (Zombies-Never Even Thought) is born.
in 1944 - Townes Van Zandt, musician is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xTGKzWDakK8"]YouTube - Townes Van Zandt in Heartworn Highway[/ame]

in 1945 - Arthur Lee, rocker (Vindicator) is born.

in 1945 - (Thomas Wilhelm) Nicholas Kraemer, Scottish conductor, is born at Edinburgh. He was educated at the Dartington College of Arts and at the University of Nottingham (B.Mus., 1967). He was active as a harpsichordist with the Monteverdi Choir and Orchestra (1970-80) and the Academy of St. Martin in the Fields (1972-80). In 1978 he founded the Raglan Baroque Players, which ensemble he conducted for over 20 years. From 1980 to 1982 he conducted at Glyndebourne, and from 1980 to 1983 he was music director of Opera 80. He was associate conductor of the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra in Glasgow from 1983 to 1985. From 1985 to 1990 he was artistic director of the Irish Chamber Orchestra in Dublin. In 1985 he became artistic director of the London Bach Orchestra. He made his first appearance at the English National Opera in London in 1992 conducting Die ZauberfIote. His guest appearances as an opera conductor took him to Marseilles, Paris, Geneva, Amsterdam, and other European cities. He was principal conductor (1992-95) and then principal guest conductor (from 1995) of the Manchester Camerata.

in 1946 - Matthew Fisher, London, rock keyboardist (Procol Harum) is born.

in 1946 - Okko (Tapani) Kamu, Finnish conductor, is born at Helsinki. He studied violin at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki under Onni Suhonen (graduated, 1967). He played in the Helsinki Youth Orchestra, and then was a member of the Helsinki Philharmonic (1965-66) and concertmaster of the orchestra of the Finnish National Opera (1966-68) before holding the position of its 3rd conductor (1968-69). After winning 1st prize in the Karajan Competition for conductors (1969), he appeared as a guest conductor with the Royal Opera in Stockholm (1969-70). He then was a conductor with the Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra (1970-71), and subsequently its chief conductor (1971-77). He was chief conductor of the Oslo Philharmonic (1975-79) and of the Helsinki Philharmonic (1981-88). In 1988 he became principal conductor of the Sjaelland Symphony Orchestra in Copenhagen. He also was chief conductor of the Helsingborg Symphony Orchestra from 1991. From 1998 to 2001 he was the principal guest conductor of the Lausanne Chamber Orchestra.

in 1946 - Peter Wolf, rock singer (J Giels Band-Centerfold, Freeze Frame) is born.
in 1952 - Ernie Isley, US vocalist/guitarist (It's Your Thing, Heat is On) is born.
in 1953 - Jules Shear, rock musician is born.

in 1953 - Guy Mitchell was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'She Wears Red Feathers'. The song details a bizarre story of an English banker's love for a hula-hula girl.

in 1954 - Matt Frenette, rock drummer (Loverboy) is born.

in 1955 - Michael Chance, noted English countertenor, is born at Perm, Buckinghamshire. He was a choral scholar at King's Coll., Cambridge (1974-77). He first made a name for himself as a concert artist via appearances with British ensembles, mainly as an exponent of early music. In 1983 he made his formal operatic debut at the Buxton Festival as Apollo in Cavalli's Giasone. His European operatic debut followed in 1985 in Lyons as Handel's Andronico. In 1987 he created the role of the military governor in Weir's A Night at the Chinese Opera in Cheltenham. He made his first appearance at the Paris Opera in 1988 as Tolomeo in Giulio Cesare. In 1989 he sang Britten's Oberon at the Glyndebourne Festival, and in 1993 at the Australian Opera. He was engaged as the Voice of Apollo in Death in Venice for his debut at London's Covent Garden in 1992, and also appeared that year as Monteverdi's Anfinomo at the English National Opera in London and as Handel's Giulio Cesare at the Scottish Opera in Glasgow. In 1994 he appeared in the premiere of Birtwistle's The Second Mrs. Kong at the Glyndebourne Festival. After singing Dick in The Fain/ Queen at the English National Opera in 1995, he returned there as Gluck's Orfeo in 1997. His engagements as a concert artist took him all over Europe and North America, and were greeted with critical accolades for his naturally cultivated vocal gifts.

in 1962 - Taylor Dayne, [Leslie Wunderman], NY, vocalist (I'll Always Love You) is born.

in 1962 - The Beatles recorded their first radio appearance, at the Playhouse Theatre, Hulme, Manchester, for the BBC radio program ‘Teenager's Turn - Here We Go’. After a rehearsal, the Beatles put on suits for the first time and, along with the other artists appearing on the program, record the show in front of a teenage audience.

in 1964 - for the first time ever the UK Top Ten Singles Chart was composed entirely of British acts. Cilla Black held the No.1 position with 'Anyone Who Had A Heart.'

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in 1964 - The Dave Clark Five made their radio debut on the BBC's 'Saturday Club.'

in 1965 - during a Rolling Stones gig at The Palace Theatre in Manchester, England a female fan fell from the circle while the group were playing. The crowd below broke her fall and the girl escaped serious injury just breaking a few teeth.

in 1966 - Mike Millward dies at age 23. UK rhythm guitarist, singer; in the late 50's he played with Bob Evans and the Five Shillings, which become "The Vegas Five", then "The Undertakers", after which he was an original member the Four Jays in 1961. In the summer of 1963, the group, now called The Fourmost - signed up with Brian Epstein. This led to their being auditioned by George Martin and signed to EMI's Parlophone record label. Their first two singles were written by John Lennon. "Hello Little Girl", one of the earliest Lennon songs dating from 1957. Their follow-up single, "I'm in Love" a Lennon/McCartney song, was released on 15 November 1963. Their biggest hit "A Little Loving", written by Russ Alquist, reached Number 6 in the UK Singles Chart in mid 1964. The band appeared in the 1965 film, Ferry Cross the Mersey and are on the soundtrack album of the same name. The group's only album, First and Fourmost, was released in September 1965 (taken ill with throat cancer in '64, he recovered from that only to be struck down by leukaemia)

in 1966 - Brian Wilson released 'Caroline No' the first solo single by a Beach Boy.
in 1966 - Tina Turner recorded her vocal on the Phil Spector produced 'River Deep Mountain High'. It went on to make No.3 in the UK but only No.88 on the US chart.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pu8KFlfzk3Y"]YouTube - What's Love Got To Do With It (Black & White Version)[/ame]

in 1967 - Working on their next album The Beatles recorded additional overdubs for ‘Lovely Rita’, including harmony vocals, effects, and the percussive sound of a piece of toilet paper being blown through a haircomb.

in 1970 - Lee Marvin was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Wand'rin Star', taken from the film 'Paint Your Wagon.'

in 1970 - Simon and Garfunkels album 'Bridge Over Troubled Water' started a ten week run at No.1 on the US chart. The duo had split-up by the time of release.
in 1971 - Jamacan saxophonist and flautist, Harold McNair died of lung cancer aged 39. Worked with Donovan, Melanie and Ginger Baker's Air Force, and had toured Europe with Quincy Jones.

in 1973 - during a showcase gig at Max's Kansas City, New York, CBS records boss John Hammond suffered a heart attack. The event was to mark the signing of his new act Bruce Springsteen.

in 1974 - Alberto Rabagliati dies at age 67. Italian singer and actor born in Milan, in 1927 he moved to Hollywood as the winner of a Rudolph Valentino look-alike contest. He remained four years in America, where he got the opportunity to get to know new musical genres such as jazz, swing, scat singing. Back in Europe he started his singing career, after a brief experience with Pippo Barzizza's orchestra, he joined the Lecuona Cuban Boys, a Cuban band. He performed with his face painted black and made a hit with the song "Maria la O". At this time he met Giovanni D'Anzi who gave him an audition with Italian state radio station EIAR; he soon became a radio star, and in 1941 had his own radio show, showing his most famous songs such as "Ma l'amore no", "Mattinata fiorentina", "Bambina innamorata", "Ba-Ba-Baciami Piccina", "Silenzioso slow". He was so popular that his name was sung in the lyrics of La famiglia canterina, Quando canta Rabagliati, Quando la radio. At a time when anything foreign was banned, he was allowed to maintain his American-influenced style. His last public appearance was in 1974 as a guest in the TV show Milleluci hosted by Mina and Raffaella Carrà (cerebral thrombosis)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-8lYuWM1KoA"]YouTube - Alberto Rabagliati: Amapola (1941)[/ame]

in 1976 - Elton John was immortalised in wax at Madame Tussauds in London. The first rock star to be so since The Beatles.

in 1976 - Erwin Kroll, composer, dies at 90.
in 1979 - Guiomar Novaes, pianist (Brazilian Order of Merit), dies at 84.
in 1979 - Klaus Egge, Norwegian composer (Fanitullen), dies at 72.

1981 - Kirill Petrovich Kondrashin dies at age 67. Russian conductor, born in Moscow; in the 1st International Tchaikovsky Competition in 1958, he was the conductor for Van Cliburn, who won the first prize. After the competition he toured the United States with Cliburn, being the first Russian conductor to visit America since the Cold War began. He was also the artistic director of the Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra from 1960-75. He left the Soviet Union in December 1978 while touring in the Netherlands and sought political asylum there, whereupon the Soviet regime immediately banned all his previous recordings. He took the post of Permanent Guest Conductor of Amsterdam's Concertgebouw Orchestra in 1978 and remained in that position until his death. He also established a brief but fruitful collaboration with the Vienna Philharmonic. (He sadly died from a heart attack on the day after he conducted Mahler's First Symphony with the North German Radio Symphony Orchestra)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fWqq_RbmJ0g"]YouTube - Kondrashin conducts Glinka's Ivan Sussanin Overture live '67[/ame]

in 1982 - Charles Borromeo Mills, composer, dies at 68.
in 1983 - Igor Markevich, composer, dies at 70.

in 1985 - Gordon Huntley dies at age 54. British pioneer pedal steel guitarist, known as the Father of Britsh Pedal Steel guitaring, as heard in his wonderful work with the country rock band Southern Comfort formed in 1970. The group debuted with Frog City, in 1971, which was followed up by self-titled release and Stir Don't Shake in 1972. Gordon played on all Southern Comforts albums and singles. The beautiful velvet tones of his steel on their No.1 hit ‘Woodstock’ was probabley an introduction and inspiration to many guitarists and future pedal steel guitarists. He started his long career out on the road with Felix Mendelssohn & his Hawaiian Serenaders, and by the late 50's before pedals were standard in the UK, Gordon was playing a triple-neck Fender non-pedal guitar. In 1963, he joined ‘The Westernaires’, a band mainly made up of U.S. Servicemen, by this time he had built himself one pedal onto his steel! Soon after he got himself his first model, a six pedal. As well as all the bands he has been a member of he became a much in-demand session player in both the studio and out on the road, which he prefered, with the likes of The Pretty Things, Pilot, Marc Ellington, Bridget Saint Paul, Cliff Richard, Elton John, Clodagh Rogers, Rod Stewart, Pete Green, Demis Roussos, John Renbourn, Al Jones, Fairport Convention and many others, before he was taken too early from us (cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hwnGxo7eoFQ"]George Browns Alabama Hayriders at the Albert Hall Part 2 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1987 - The Beastie Boys became the first rap act to have a No.1 album in the US with their debut album, 'Licensed To Ill.'

in 1987 - The first five Beatles albums, Please Please Me, With the Beatles, A Hard Day's Night, Beatles for Sale and Help! were released on Compact disc. Capitol Records decided to release the original UK mixes of the Beatles albums, which means that the first four CDs are released in mono. This marks the first time that many of these mono mixes were available in the US.

in 1988 - American female impersonator and actor Divine (Harris Glenn Milstead), died in his sleep of heart failure aged 42. Had the 1984 UK No.16 single 'You think You're a Man.'

in 1988 - British pedal steel guitar player Gordon Huntley died of cancer. Was a member of Matthews Southern Comfort, (UK No.1 single 'Woodstock) and as a session player worked with many acts including Elton John, Rod Stewart, The Pretty Things, Cliff Richard and Fairport Convention.

in 1988 – Divine /Harris Glenn Milstead dies at age 42. US female impersonator, actor, singer; he featured in many films including the 1974 movie "Female Trouble", where he played the dual roles of teenage crime queen Dawn Davenport and Earl Peterson, the man who gets her pregnant! He also sang the theme song to "Female Trouble". This flamboyant and talented actor also had a singing career, which started in 1979 when Divine as a disco diva released his first single ‘Born To Be Cheap/The Name Game’. But his best-known hits came in the early and mid-Eighties, with high-energy disco tracks like ‘Shoot Your Shot’ in 1983 and ‘Walk Like A Man’ in 1985. But it is the song ‘You Think You’re A Man’ that was hiss biggest hit, reaching number 16 in the UK charts in 1984. Divine performed this song on well-known UK music show Top Of The Pops on July 19 1984, resulting in a barrage of complaints to the BBC. He released eleven international hit dance singles, and toured the world with his solo cabaret act of disco and outrageous humor, performing over 900 times in more than 19 countries (The autopsy found he had died in his sleep of heart failure, or an enlarged heart brought on by sleep apnea. The night he died, he had leaned over his hotel balcony and sang "Arrivederci Roma" before retiring to bed).

in 1990 - Max Neuhaus, composer, dies at 50
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gzn9HcjEaC8"]YouTube - TAO - The Anonymous Orchestra - MAX NEUHAUS TIMES SQUARE -[/ame]

in 1991 - The readers of Rolling Stone voted George Michael the best male singer and sexiest male artist.

in 1991 - Al Klink dies at age 74. American swing jazz tenor saxophonist; played with Glenn Miller from 1939 to 1942, and is heard trading solos with Tex Beneke on "In the Mood". He next played with Benny Goodman and Tommy Dorsey, and did work as a session musician after World War II. From 1952 to 1953 he played with the Sauter-Finegan Orchestra. In 1955, he recorded his only session as a bandleader, doing six songs for a Bob Alexander album which won a Grammy award. After the 50s he disappeared from record until 1974, when he began playing with the World's Greatest Jazz Band. Later in the 70s he played with Glenn Zottola and George Masso, and continued playing until the mid-1980s, when he retired in Florida. He died there in 1991.
Video notes: From the 1941 film, Sun Valley Serenade.
Little can be said about Miller's most enduring classic, "In The Mood," except that it never sounded as good as it does here. Tex Beneke and Al Klink trade two bar riffs as they did on the original 1939 record. Billy May plays trumpet. The tune's history is an interesting one. The familiar blues riff, which may have floated around for years among musicians, first got recorded in 1930 by Wingy Manone. He called it "Tar Paper Stomp." In 1935 Joe Garland made a big band arrangement of it for Irving Mills and copyrighted it under the title "There's Rhythm In Harlem." Three years later he took it to Artie Shaw as "In The Mood." Shaw played it but never recorded it. In 1939 Miller inherited it, cut out various secondary themes, and made the definitive record.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ikj0EIaKhAY"]YouTube - In The Mood/Glenn Miller and his Orchestra[/ame]

in 1993 - Arnold Franchetti, Ital/US composer, dies.
in 1995 - John Arthur Neill Lambert, composer teacher organist, dies at 69).
in 1997 - 11th Soul Train Music Awards.

in 1998 - Madonna went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Frozen' the singers eighth UK No.1. Taken from her dance-influenced album 'Ray of Light'.

in 1999 - Boyzone scored their fifth UK No. 1 single with 'When The Going Gets Tough'. It was recorded for the Comic Relief charity and had been a No.1 single for Billy Ocean in 1986.

in 2000 - Oasis singer Liam Gallagher won the Best Dressed Man Award from fashion magazine GQ.

in 2001 - the man who discovered Blur, David Balfe won a high court battle to earn £250,000 in back royalties. Balfe had waged a legal battle for over two years to regain the royalties after selling his Food Records label to EMI in 1994.

in 2001 - Frankie Carle dies at age 98. American pianist and bandleader, nicknamed "The Wizard of the Keyboard" in the 1940s and 1950s. He started out with a number of mainstream dance bands. He received attention when he joined Horace Heidt's band, later becoming co-leader of the band. In 1944 Frankie left Heidt's band to form his own, with his daughter, Marjorie Hughes, as lead female singer. Carle had several major hits in the 1940s and early 1950s, including his theme song, "Sunrise Serenade" but was perhaps best known for the classic "Frankie And Johnnie". His band disbanded after 1955 and he performed mainly as a soloist thereafter (natural causes)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EXpCCJDPR1s"]YouTube - Deep Purple by Frankie Carle played on a McIntosh Stereo[/ame]

in 2002 - former Visage singer Steve Strange was attacked and robbed when on his way to a party in West London. He was robbed of a bracelet given to him by Kylie Minogue and hit over the head resulting in him needing 18 stitches.

in 2004 - The Smiths song 'I Know It's Over' topped a poll of tunes, which people turn to when they are miserable in 'The Songs That Saved Your Life' poll by BBC radio station 6 Music. REM's 'Everybody Hurts' and Radiohead's 'Fake Plastic Trees' also made the Top 10.

in 2004 - Britney Spears scored her fourth UK No.1 single with 'Toxic', won a Grammy Award for Best Dance Recording.

in 2006 - Ali Ibrahim “Farka” Touré dies at age 66. Malian singer and guitarist; born in the village of Kanau, on the banks of the Niger, near Timbuktu, he was one of the African continent’s most internationally renowned musicians and he was ranked number 76 on Rolling Stone’s list of “The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time”. His music is regarded as representing a point of intersection of traditional Malian music and its North American cousin, the blues. He sang in several African languages, mostly Songhay, Fulfulde, Tamasheq or Bambara as on his breakthrough 1988 album, Ali Farka Touré, which established his reputation in the world music community. Ali’s first North American concert was in Harrison Hot Springs, British Columbia and recorded his 1994’s album Talking Timbuktu, a collaboration with Ry Cooder. His 1999 release Niafunké, was a more traditional album focusing on African rhythms and beats. In 2002 Ali appeared with Black American blues and reggae performer Corey Harris, on an album called Mississippi to Mali. He and Harris appeared together in Martin Scorsese's 2003 documentary film Feel Like Going Home, which traced the roots of blues back to its genesis in West Africa. The film was narrated by Harris and features Ali’s performances on guitar and njarka. In 2004 Ali’s became mayor of Niafunké and spent his own money grading the roads, putting in sewer canals and fuelling a generator that provided the impoverished town with electricity. In September 2005, he released the album In the Heart of the Moon, a collaboration with Toumani Diabaté, for which he received a second Grammy award (bone cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3l5KZVte6iY"]Ali Farka Toure Diaraby - YouTube[/ame]

in 2007 - Rhett Hutchence the brother of INXS singer Michael Hutchence defended his decision to sell some of the late star's belongings online saying he needed money to set up home with his new girlfriend. Items in the auction included lyrics, T-shirts and a fax his brother had sent to his then girlfriend Kylie Minogue.

in 2007 - Murray Grand dies at age 87. American songwriter, singer and pianist; born in Philadelphia, Murray played piano as a teenager. During WW II, he served as and infantryman in U.S. Army and played piano accompaniment for USO Tour stars including Gypsy Rose Lee and Betty Grable. After the war, he studied piano and composition at the Juilliard School and worked as a cabaret performer in New York City. In 1952, he wrote “Guess Who I Saw Today” (with lyrics by Elisse Boyd) for the Broadway musical revue New Faces of 1952. The song has been recorded by Nancy Wilson, Carmen McRae, and Eydie Gorme among others. Murray's other songs include “Hurry”, “April in Fairbanks”, “ Boozers and Losers" written with Cy Coleman, "Thursday's Child", "Too Old to Die Young", "I Always Say Hello to a Flower", "Everything You Want", “Come By Sunday”, "I'd Rather Cha-Cha than Eat", "Comment Allez-Vous" and “Not a Moment Too Soon”. His songs have been recorded by Peggy Lee, Eartha Kitt, Paula West, Toni Tennille, Blossom Dearie, Eydie Gorme, and Michael Feinstein. Grand appeared in two Paul Mazursky films: The Tempest and Moscow on the Hudson. In his later years Grand lived for a time in Fort Lauderdale, Florida where he ran a pet food business and continued to perform (emphysema)

in 2009 - Rapper Coolio was charged with drug possession after being arrested at Los Angeles International Airport. The 45-year-old, whose real name is Artis Leon Ivey Jr, was later released on $10,000 (£7,000) bail.

in 2012 - Lucia Mannucci dies at age 91. Italian singer, born at Bologna and relocated to Milan at a young age. She attend the Art of Movement school directed by Carla Strauss. She successfully auditioned for EIAR, the Italian national radio broadcasting company, and worked as a singer for the various radio orchestras. In 1947 Lucia joined the Italian vocal jazz quartet, Quartetto Cetra. In 1948 Quartetto Cetra did the dubbing of the choruses for the Italian release of Disney's movie Dumbo. For their excellent job they received a congratulation note signed by Walt Disney himself. Afterwards they did the dubbing for other movies such as Make My Music, Melody Time and The Wizard of Oz. They had appeared on British TV in 1948 in Café Continental, and later went on to do a great number of other TV programs, such as their parodies of literature classics such as The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo were a huge success. Lucia also had a successful solo career, besides working with Quartetto Cetra, Lucia pursued a solo career as singer, musical actress, and TV show hostess. She and her husband, who was also a member of Quartetto Cetra, did research on folk music - Born May 18th 1920.

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in 1705 - Michael Scheuenstuhl, German composer, is born.
in 1706 - Johann Pachelbel, German organist, composer and teacher, dies at 52.

in 1766 - Gregor Joseph Werner, Austrian composer and Kapellmeister, dies. He was 56 according to his tombstone, but 71 according to the parish register.

in 1768 - Nicola Antonio Porpora, Italian composer, Kapellmeister, teacher and poet, dies at 81.
in 1794 - Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D "The Clock," premieres in London.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GbvddUbCYA0"]YouTube - Joseph Haydn - Symphony No.101 in D-major "The Clock" - Finale (4/4)[/ame]

in 1800 - Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi, German composer, dies at 64.
in 1814 - Charles Kensington Salaman, English pianist and composer, is born.
in 1822 - Franz Adam Veichtner, German violinist, composer and Konzertmeister, dies at 81.

in 1824 - Giovanni Battista Viotti, influential Italian virtuoso violinist, composer, orchestra leader, director of the Paris Opera, and teacher, dies at 70.

in 1828 - Karl Collan, Finnish composer, collector of folk songs, and linguist, is born. Some sources, including the Finnish wiki on Collan, give his birthday as 3 January, but since I missed him on that day, I'll just follow the ones that say 3 March.

in 1842 - Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony premieres in Leipzig.

in 1857 - (Louis-Charles-Bonaventure-) Alfred Bruneau, French opera composer, is born at Paris. In 1873 he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he was a pupil of Franchomme. He won the first cello prize in 1876, and later studied harmony with Savard and composition with Massenet; in 1881 he won the Prix de Rome with his cantata Sainte- Genevieve.

He was a music critic for Gil Bias (1892-95), then for Le Figaro and Le Matin. In 1903-04 he was first conductor at the Opera-Comique. In 1900 he was made a member of the "Conseil Superieur" at the Paris Conservatory, and in 1909 succeeded Reyer as inspector of music instruction. He made extensive tours of Russia, England, Spain, and the Netherlands, conducting his own works. He was made a Knight of the Legion d'honneur in 1895, received the title "Commandeur de St.-Charles" in 1907, and became a member of the Academic des Beaux Arts in 1925.

His role in the evolution of French opera is of great importance; he introduced realistic drama on the French musical stage, working along lines parallel with Zola in literature. He used Zola's subjects for his most spectacular opera, L'Ouragan, and also for the operas Messidor and L'Enfant-Roi. In accordance with this naturalistic trend, Bruneau made free use of harsh dissonance when it was justified by the dramatic action of the plot. He published Musiques d'hier et de demain (1900), La Musique frangaise (1901), Musiques de Russie et musiciens de France (1903; German tr. by M. Graf in Die Musik, Berlin, 1904), La Vie et les oeuvres de Gabriel Faure (1925), and Massenet (1934). Died at Paris, June 15,1934.

in 1865 - Alexander Gustav Adolfovich Winkler, Ukrainian pianist and composer, is born.

in 1867 - Gustav Strube, German-American composer, conductor and teacher, is born. Strube was the founding conductor of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra.

in 1869 - Sir Henry J(oseph) Wood, eminent English conductor, is born at London.
Of musical parentage, he was taught to play the piano by his mother; he participated in family musicales from the age of 6; he was equally precocious on the organ. At the age of 10 he often acted as a deputy organist, and gave organ recitals at the Fisheries Exhibition (1883) and at the Inventions Exhibition (1885).

In 1886 he entered the Royal Academy of Music in London, where his teachers were Prout, Steggall, Macfarren, and Garcia; he won 4 medals. In 1888 he brought out some of his songs, then composed light operas and cantatas. However, soon his ambition crystallized in the direction of conducting; after making his debut in 1888, he was active with various theater companies.

On Aug. 10, 1895, he began his first series of Promenade Concerts (the famous "Proms") in Queen's Hall, London, with an orchestra of about 80 members. Their success was so conspicuous that a new series of concerts was inaugurated on Jan. 30, 1897, under Wood's direction, and flourished from the beginning.

In 1899 he founded the Nottingham Orchestra: he also was conductor of the Wolverhampton Festival Choral Society (1900), the Sheffield Festival (1902-11), and the Norwich Festival (1908). In 1904 he was a guest conductor of the N.Y.Philharmonic.

He was married to Olga Urusova, a Russian noblewoman, and became greatly interested in Russian music, which he performed frequently at his concerts. He adopted a Russian pseudonym, Paul Klenovsky, for his compositions and arrangements, and supplied an imaginary biography of his alter ego for use in program notes.

His wife died in 1909, and Wood married Muriel Greatorex in 1911. In 1921 he received the Gold Medal of the Royal Philharmonic Society. He was made a Companion of Honour in 1944. In 1918 he was offered the conductorship of the Boston Symphony Orchestra as successor to Muck, but declined. In 1923 he was appointed professor of conducting and orchestra playing at the Royal Academy of Music. Wood continued to conduct the Promenade Concerts almost to the end of his life, presenting the last concert on July 28, 1944.

Among his popular arrangements were Chopin's Marche Funebre, some works by Bach, and the Trumpet Voluntary (mistakenly attributed to Purcell, but actually by Jeremiah Clarke). He published The Gentle Art of Singing (4 vols.: 1927-28) and About Conducting (London, 1945), and edited the Handbook of Miniature Orchestral andChamber Music Scores (1937). He wrote an autobiography, My Life and Music (London, 1938). A commemorative postage stamp with his portrait was issued by the Post Office of Great Britain on Sept. 1, 1980. - Died at Hitchin, Hertfordshire, Aug. 19,1944.

in 1875 - Georges Bizet's opera Carmen premieres in Paris.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=axvhEUyVfX0"]YouTube - Angela GHEORGHIU - Habanera - Carmen - Bizet[/ame]

in 1886 - James Friskin, Scottish-American pianist, composer and teacher, is born.

in 1886 - R. O. (Reginald Owen) Morris, English composer, musicologist and teacher, is born. Morris' strength was in his knowledge of, and great ability to teach, counterpoint. He wrote several texts on that subject.

in 1889 - Edward Sydney Smith, English pianist, composer and teacher, dies at 49.

in 1889 - (Gustav) Fritz Behrend, German composer and teacher, is born at Berlin. He studied composition with H. van Eycken, P. Rufer, and Humperdinck, and piano with Breithaupt (1907-11). After serving as a coach at the Braunschweig Hoftheater (1911-12), he taught at the Ochs-Eichelberg Conservatory (1918-42) and the Klindworth-Scharwenka Conservatory in Berlin (1942-49). His compositions did not meet with favor during the Third Reich, but later they achieved a modicum of recognition. - Died at Berlin, Dec. 29,1972.

in 1891 - Federico Moreno Torroba, Spanish composer and conductor, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4fWeMbP4SQU"]Federico Moreno-Torroba "Torija" - YouTube[/ame]

in 1892 - Rui Coelho, Portuguese composer, is born.

in 1896 - Minna Daniel,(nee Lederman), legendary American editor and writer on music, is born at N.Y. She studied music and dance professionally before taking a degree at Barnard College (1917) and beginning her career as a journalist. In 1923 she joined the newly formed League of Composers, and in 1924 helped launch its Review,which in 1925 became Modern Music, the first American journal to serve as a literary forum for contemporary composers.

During her tenure as its sole editor (1924-46), she encouraged a generation of American composer-critics, publishing essays and reviews by such musical activists as Thomson, Cage, Carter, Blitzstein, and Bowles; she also published articles by Berg, Schoenberg, and Bartok.

The journal attained an international reputation. In 1975 she established the Archives of Modem Music at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. In 1983 she published the informative chronicle The Life and Death of a Small Magazine. She also edited Stravinsky in the Theatre (N.Y., 1949; 3rd ed., 1975). - Died at N.Y.,Oct. 29, 1995.

in 1895 - Alexander Nicholas Voormolen, Dutch composer and critic, is born.
in 1897 - Jose Moreno Gans, Spanish composer, is born.

in 1906 - Barney (Albany Leon) Bigard, noted New Orleans-style clarinetist, is born at New Orleans. His uncle, Emile Bigard was a violinist; his brother, Alex, a drummer. Barney was one of the most highly regarded jazz clarinetists, whose unique "woodsy" sound was featured with Ellington for about 12 years and Armstrong for about nine. The Bigard brothers are cousins of Natty Dominique.

He started on E-flat clarinet at the age of seven, lessons from Lorenzo Tio Jr. He first worked as a photo-engraver, did some parade work on clarinet, but began specializing on tenor sax. In late 1922 he joined Albert Nichoias Band at Tom Anderson's Cabaret, in the following year worked with Oke Gaspard's Band at the Moulin Rouge.

He left in the summer of 1923, played briefly with Amos White at the Spanish Fort, before returning to work for Albert Nicholas and Luis Russell at Tom Anderson's Cabaret. He went to Chicago in late 1924 to join King Oliver after two months with Dave Peyton joined Oliver for residency at The Plantation, playing tenor until Darnell Howard left the band, from then on specialized on clarinet.

He left Chicago with Oliver in April 1927, played in St. Louis and N.Y., then after a brief tour left Oliver to join Charlie Elgar at the Eagle Ballroom in Milwaukee (summer 1927). He returned to N.Y. to join Luis Russell for two months, then joined Duke Ellington in December 1927. Bigard remained with Duke until June 1942 (except for brief absence in summer of 1935).

He left in Calif., formed his own small band in August 1942, disbanded to join Freddie Slack in November 1942, left in summer of 1943, did some studio work including a soundtrack for the film I Dood It, then formed his own small band for Los 338 Angeles residencies. He led a small band at Onyx in N.Y., from autumn 1944 until early 1945. He returned to Los Angeles, did film-studio work and led a small band in L.A. He played regularly with Kid Ory during 1946, and also took part in filming of New Orleans.

He joined Louis Armstrong for debut of the All Stars in August 1947, remaining with him until the summer of 1952. Returning to the West Coast, some free-lancing and led a small band, then rejoined Armstrong in spring 1953 until August 1955; led a small band, then played with Ben Pollack's Band (late 1956), also did studio work including an appearance in the film St. Louis Blues. He was on tour with Cozy Cole's Band from November 1958 until March 1959. Following a spell in New Orleans Creole Jazz Band, he led his own band at Ben Pollack's Club before playing again with Louis Armstrong's All Stars from April 1960 until September 1961.

He joined Johnny St. Cyr's Young Men of New Orleans" playing at Disneyland; worked briefly with Muggsy Spanier in San Francisco during the autumn of 1962. Since then he has left full-time music, playing mainly in and around Los Angeles, including some gigs with Rex Stewart in 1966 and 1967 and appearancesd with Art Hodes on Chicago TV (February 1968). He recovered from cataract operation (1971) and toured with Hodes, Eddie Condon, Wild Bill Davison (October 1971). He toured Europe with the Pelican Trio in summer of 1978. - Died at Culver City, Calif., June 27, 1980.

in 1908 - Riccardo Nielsen, Italian composer, is born.
in 1911 - Francesco Siciliani, Italian child prodigy, composer and opera administrator, is born.

in 1913 - Margaret (Allison) Bonds, black American pianist, teacher, and composer, is born at Chicago. She first studied with her mother, then had training in piano and composition from Florence Price; also studied with William Dawson. Following studies at Northwestern University (B.M., 1933; M.M., 1934), she went to N.Y. and pursued training with Djane Herz (piano) and Starer (composition) at the Juilliard Graduate School. She also had some training from Roy Harris. In 1933 she became the first black soloist to appear with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra when she played Florence Price's Piano Concerto at the World's Fair. She subsequently made tours of North America. In Chicago she founded the Allied Arts Academy. After working in N.Y. as a theater music director and as a teacher, she settled in Los Angeles. As a composer, Bonds became best known for her spirituals for Solo Voice and/or Chorus, and also for her popular songs. Among her other works were the theater scores Shakespeare in Harlem, Romey and Julie, and U.S.A., ballets, Montgomery Variations for arch. (1965; dedicated to Martin Luther King Jr.), Credo for Baritone, Chorus, and arch. (1972), choruses, song cycles, and piano pieces. - Died at Los Angeles, April 26, 1972.

in 1918 - Frank Wigglesworth, American composer, teacher and administrator, is born.

in 1921 - Herman "Junior" Parker, American blues singer/songwriter and harmonica player, "Mr. Blues," is born. Parker is in the Blues Hall of Fame. Some sources give his year of birth as in 1932.

in 1922 - Kazimierz Serocki, Polish pianist, composer and administrator, is born.
in 1923 - Arthel Lane "Doc" Watson, American bluegrass, folk and country singer/songwriter, guitarist, banjo and harmonica player, is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FsZ6qRYsaJ8&feature=related"]YouTube - Doc Watson - 1991 - Blue Railroad Train[/ame]

in 1925 - Enzo Stuarti, Italian tenor, is born.

in 1927 - Junior Parker, US blues singer/songwriter who wrote ‘Mystery Train’, which was covered by Elvis Presley, also worked with BB King and Howlin’ Wolf, is born.

in 1929 - Nicos Mamangakis, Greek composer, is born.

in 1931 - Doc Watson (Arthel Lane), American guitarist, singer, and banjo player, is born near Deep Gap, N.C. Watson gained renown as a flat-picking guitarist during the folk boom of the early 1960s, due to his virtuosity and extensive knowledge of traditional folk songs and old-time country music. Usually accompanied by his son Merle from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s, he toured and recorded extensively, keeping a rural musical tradition alive and influencing a generation of upcoming country and bluegrass musicians. Watson was the son of General Dixon Watson, a farmer, and Annie Greene Watson. He lost his sight during infancy. Most of the members of his family were musical, and several of them eventually recorded with him, including his mother, who taught him hymns and traditional songs. His father sang and played the banjo, and he built a banjo for Watson when the boy was 11. At 13 he bought his first guitar. He first played in public at a fiddler's convention in Boone, N.C., when he was 17, and at 18 he was part of a group that played on a local radio station.

Around 1947 he married Rosa Lee Carlton, the daughter of fiddler Gaither W. Carlton, from whom he learned many traditional songs. He and his wife had two children, the first of whom was his son Eddy Merle Watson, known as Merle, born Feb. 8, 1949. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Watson earned his living tuning pianos. Around 1953 he met pianist Jack Williams, who hired him to play electric guitar in a band that performed contemporary country and popular music around western N.C. and Tenn.; he stayed with this band for the rest of the 1950s. In the summer of 1960, folklorists Ralph Rinzler and Eugene Earle came to N.C. to record Watson's neighbor, Clarence Ashley, and in so doing discovered Watson, who played in Ashley's string band.

The session led to the Folkways Records album Old-Time Music at Clarence Ashley's, released in 1961, and to a concert appearance at Town Hall in N.Y.in March 1961. The group recorded a second volume of music for Folkways and in May 1962 traveled to Los Angeles to appear at the Ash Grove folk club. In December 1962, Watson debuted as a solo performer at Gerde's Folk City in N.Y. He made several recordings for Folkways and appeared at the Newport Folk Festival in July 1963. Watson signed to Vanguard Records in 1964 and released his debut album for the label, Doc Watson, in September.

Meanwhile, his teenage son Merle had taken up the guitar, and he became his father's backup musician and aide, enabling the blind musician to tour extensively. His next album, released in June 1965, was called Doc Watson and Son, and Merle Watson played with him on record and in concert for the next 20 years. They recorded an average of one album a year for Vanguard through 1971. In 1967, Watson accompanied Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs on their Columbia Records album Strictly Instrumental, which reached the country charts in June.

Doc and Merle Watson toured Africa under the auspices of the State Department in 1968. At the conclusion of his Vanguard contract, Watson signed to the Poppy Records division of United Artists Records and released Elementary, DoctorWatson!, which became his first country chart album in June 1972. Along with other notable traditional performers, he accompanied the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band on their album Will the Circle Be Unbroken, released in October 1972, which hit the country Top Ten, went gold, and earned the participants a Grammy nomination for Best Country Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group. Watson again reached the country charts with his next Poppy album, Then and Now, in May 1973,and with the single "Bottle of Wine" (music and lyrics by Tom Paxton) in July; the album won him a Grammy for Best Ethnic or Traditional Recording.

He and his son won the same award the following year for their 1974 album Two Days in November. In 1975,Watson switched from Poppy to the main United Artists label and released the two-LP set Memories, produced by his son. The album reached both the pop and country charts in August. Its follow-up, Docand the Boys,was in the country charts in August 1976. Watson remained with United Artists through the end of the decade, releasing three more albums: Lone- someRoad(1977); LookAway! (1978), featuring the country chart single "Don't Think Twice, It's All Right" (music and lyrics by Bob Dylan); and Live and Pickin' (1979), featuring the track "Big Sandy/Leather Britches," which won a Grammy for Best Country Instrumental Performance, a category in which he was nominated repeatedly in subsequent years.

Leaving United Artists, he recorded a duo album with Chet Atkins, Reflections, which made the country charts and earned a Grammy nomination. Watson moved to the independent folk label Flying Fish in 1981, releasing Red Rocking Chair, which earned him and his son another Grammy nomination for the track "Below Freezing." The two also were nominated for their 1983album Doc& Merle Watson's GuitarAlbum, for the track "Twin Sisters" from Down South (1984), which marked their move to the independent N.C.based label Sugar Hill, and for the track "Windy and Warm" from their final Flying Fish album, Pickin' the Blues (1985).

On Oct. 23, 1985, Merle Watson was killed in a tractor accident. After his death, Watson cut back on his touring, though he still performed regularly, adding Jack Lawrence as second guitarist. His next album, Riding the Midnight Train, won the 1986 Grammy for Best Traditional Folk Recording. He ceased recording for a time in the late 1980s, finally returning to the recording studio for two 1990 albums, the gospel collection On Praying Ground,which won the Grammy for Best Traditional Folk Recording; and Doc Watson Sings for Little Pickers, which was nominated for the Grammy for Best Recording for Children. His 1991 album, My Dear Old Southern Home, earned a Grammy nomination for Best Traditional Folk Album, but he again refrained from recording until 1995's rockabilly collection Docabilly, a Grammy nominee for Best Country Instrumental Performance for the track "Thunder Road/Sugarfoot Rag." He maintained a regular performance schedule into the late 1990s. - Died May 29, 2012.

in 1932 - Eugene Francis Charles D'albert, Scottish-German pianist, composer, Kapellmeister and director of the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin, dies at 67.

in 1933 - Marco Antonio Muñiz, Mexican pop and traditional singer. is born. Muñiz has a huge following in Latin and South America, but especially in Puerto Rico.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hQUeLqlAlI8"]YouTube - Marco Antonio Muñiz - Quiero Abrazarte Tanto[/ame]

in 1934 - Norman Houstoun O'Neill, Irish-British composer, conductor and teacher, dies at 58.

in 1938 - Willie Chambers, American soul, funk, R&B and rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Chambers Brothers), is born.

in 1938 - Douglas Leedy, American harpsichordist, horn player, singer, composer and conductor, is born.
in 1942 - Mike Pender, English rock singer/songwriter and guitarist (The Searchers), is born.
in 1944 - Janice Garfat, American country-rock singer (Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show), is born.

in 1944 - Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony Symphony Dedicated to the Air Forces, premieres in Boston. Barber suppressed this work later, and destroyed the score, but it was reconstructed from the instrumental parts.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRBOZU1XxDk"]Samuel Barber (1910-1981) : Symphony No. 2 (1947) 1/2 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1945 - Koos Speenhoff, Dutch cabaret singer/songwriter and author, is killed in a bombing raid at 75.
in 1947 - Dave Mount, English rock drummer (Mud), is born.
in 1947 - Jennifer Warnes, singer, (1982 US No.1 & UK No.7 single 'Up Where We Belong' with Joe Cocker). is born.
in 1948 - Snowy White, guitarist, Thin Lizzy, Pink Floyd, Roger Waters. 1983 UK Top 10 hit 'Bird Of Paradise' is born.

in 1949 - Roberta Alexander, admired black American soprano, is born at Lynchburg, Va. She was reared in a musical family; studied at the Universotu of Mich, in Ann Arbor (1969-71; M.Mus., 1971) and with Herman Woltman at the Royal Conservatpru of Music at The Hague. She appeared as Pamina at the Houston Grand Opera in 1980, as Daphne in Santa Fe (1981), and as Elettra in Idomeneo in Zurich (1982). Following a tour of Europe, she made a successful debut at the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y. as Zerlina on Nov. 3, 1983; later sang Bess in Porgy and Bess and the title role in Janacek's Jenufa, a role she repeated at her Glyndebourne Festival debut in 1989. In 1984 she made her first appearance at the Aix-en-Provence Festival in Mozart's Lafinta giardiniera. She made her debut in Vienna as Cleopatra in Handel's Giulio Cesare at the Theater an der Wien in 1985. In 1986 she was a soloist with the Vienna Philharmonic, at the Salzburg Festival and in 1988 she appeared with the English Chamber Orchestra at the London Promenade Concerts. In 1995 she appeared as Vitellia at the Glyndebourne Festival. Among her other operatic roles are Mozart's Fiordiligi, Donna Elvira, Ilia, and the Countess, Offenbach's Antonia, Verdi's Luisa Miller, and Massenet's Manon and Thai's.

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1949 - Derek (Blue) Weaver, keyboards, Amen Corner, (1969 UK No.1 single 'If Paradise Is Half As Nice'). Strawbs, (1973 UK No.2 single with 'Part Of The Union'). Also worked with The Bee Gees, (1975 US No.1 'Jive Talking') is born.

in 1950 - Shirley Marie MacLeod "Re Styles," American rock singer (TheTubes), is born.

in 1952 - Robyn Hitchcock, English rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and multi-instrumentalist (Soft Boys, Robyn Hitchcock and the Egyptians, The Venus 3), is born.

in 1953 - Dave Amato, American rock singer/songwriter, guitarist and sitar player (REO Speedwagon), is born.
in 1954 - Chris Hughes "Merrick" English rock drummer and producer (Adam and the Ants), is born.

in 1961 - Paul Wittgenstein dies at age 73. Austrian-born concert pianist, who became known for his ability to play with just his left hand, after he lost his right arm during the First World War. He devised novel techniques, including pedal and hand-movement combinations, that allowed him to play chords previously regarded as impossible for a five-fingered pianist. He commissioned several pieces for the left hand from prominent composers. Benjamin Britten, Paul Hindemith, Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Sergei Prokofiev, Franz Schmidt, Sergei Bortkiewicz, and Richard Strauss all produced pieces for him. Maurice Ravel wrote his Piano Concerto for the Left Hand, which became more famous than any of the other compositions. Paul became an American citizen in 1946, where he did a good deal of teaching as well as playing. He was the older brother of the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSxcXdXqLvA"]YouTube - Wittgenstein plays Ravel's Piano concerto for the Left Hand (1)[/ame]

in 1962 - Kevin Steele, American rock singer/songwriter (Roxx Gang/Mojo Gurus), is born.

in 1963 - The Beatles played the last show on a UK tour supporting Helen Shapiro at The Gaumont Cinema, Hanley, Stoke.

in 1964 - Lonnie Vencent, American rock bassist (Bulletboys), is born.
in 1965 - Carlo Gatti, Italian composer, musicologist and administrator, dies at 88.
in 1966 - Neil Young, Stephen Stills and Richie Furay formed Buffalo Springfield in Los Angeles.
in 1966 - Tone- Loc, (Antony Smith), US rapper, (1989 UK No. 13 single,'Funky Cold Medina') is born.

in 1967 - A twice-nightly tour kicked off in the UK at The ABC in Romford Essex featuring, The Small Faces, Jeff Beck, Roy Orbison and Paul and Barry Ryan.

in 1967 - Georges Lonque, Belgian violinist, composer and teacher, dies at 66.

in 1968 - this week's UK Top 5 singles: No.5, Don Partridge, 'Rosie', No.4, Manfred Mann, 'Mighty Quinn', No.3, The Move, 'Fire Brigade', No.2, 'Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich, 'Legend Of Xanadu', No.1, Esther and Abi Ofarim, 'Cinderella Rockefella.'

in 1969 - Led Zeppelin recorded their first BBC Radio 1 'Top Gear' session during the afternoon at the Playhouse Theatre in London, England.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dmKeIlJq4gM&ob=av2n"]Led Zeppelin - Stairway to Heaven (Live Earls Court 1975) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1973 - Slade's 'Com On Feel The Noize', entered the UK at No.1, making Slade the first act to achieve this since The Beatles.

in 1973 - winners at this years Grammy Awards included, Roberta Flack who won Song of the year and Record of the year with 'The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face' and Harry Nilsson won Best pop vocal performance for 'Without You.'

in 1974 - Barbara Ruick, American pop and musical theater singer and actress, dies at 43.
in 1976 - Alfred Sendrey, Hungarian-American composer and conductor, dies at 92.
in 1977 - Ronan Keating, Irish pop singer/songwriter (Boyzone), is born.

in 1977 - the first night of an UK tour with Johnny Thunders and the Heartbreakers, Cherry Vanilla and The Police kicked off at the Roxy Club, London. John Otway and Wild Willie Baratt played at The Speakeasy, London and Iggy Pop supported by The Vibrators appeared at Huddersfield Poly.

in 1979 - The Bee Gees scored their fourth UK No.1 single with 'Tragedy.' Also today The Bee Gees went to No.1 on the US album chat with 'Spirits Having Flown', the brothers second US No.1 album.

in 1983 - The Eurythmics kicked off a 10-date UK tour at The Hacienda, Manchester. 1984, Nena started a three week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with '99 Red Balloons.' Originally sung in German, '99 Luftballons' was re-recorded in English as '99 Red Balloons'. The song was a No.2 hit in the US and the only UK hit for Nena making her a One-hit wonder.

in 1985 - Michael Jackson visited Madame Tussauds Waxworks in London to unveil his waxwork look-alike.

in 1986 - Metallica released their highly influential album, Master of Puppets, considered by many in the metal community to be the best metal album of all time.

in 1987 - David Daniel Kaminsky "Danny Kaye" American singer, actor and comedian, dies at 74.
He was the first ambassador-at-large of UNICEF. He became extremely popular in films with his bravura performances of patter songs and for children's favorites such as The Inch Worm and The Ugly Duckling. Danny first gained fame on Broadway by upstaging the great Gertrude Lawrence in Lady in the Dark with an unforgettable rendition of the "Tchaikovsky," in which he rapidly fired off the names of 54 Russian composers in 38 seconds! His many films included 'Hans Christian Andersen', 'White Christmas', 'The Court Jester', Merry Andrew'. He also portrayed cornet player and bandleader Red Nichols in the film 'The Five Pennies'. He appeared on many TV shows as well as his own show in the 1960s. (died of a heart attack, following a bout with hepatitis)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hh-wOvuOHPE&feature=related"]YouTube - Danny Kaye - Tschaikowsky (And Other Russians)[/ame]

in 1990 - Janet Jackson started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Escapade', her third US No.1, a No.17 hit in the UK.

in 1990 - Lindy Layton and Beats International were at No.1 in the UK with the single 'Dub Be Good To Me.' Formed by ex-Housemartins Norman Cook, the song was based on the SOS Band's 1984 hit 'Just Be Good To Me' and The Clash's 'Guns of Brixton'.

in 1990 - during a world tour Paul McCartney played the first of 6 sold-out nights at the Tokyo Dome, Tokyo, Japan. The final night was broadcast live to venues in 10 other Japanese cities; Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Kumamoto, Matsuyama, Nagoya, Niigata, Osaka, Sapporp, Sendai and Takamatsu.

in 1993 - Carlos Montoya dies at age 89.
Montoya was a prominent Flamenco guitarist and a founder of the modern-day popular Flamenco style of music.

His unique style and successful career, despite all odds, have left a great legacy for modern day Flamenco. It is because of his pioneering work in popular Flamenco music that have allowed other great modern groups such as the Gipsy Kings to take hold in all parts of the world. A few of his video recordings can still be found on YouTube.

Carlos Montoya was born in Madrid, Spain, into a Romani family, on December 13, 1903. As the nephew of renowned flamenco guitarist Ramón Montoya he seemed to have been born to play Flamenco, but it was his uncle who would be his biggest obstacle, as he refused to teach Carlos the tricks of the trade. He began studying the guitar with his mother and a neighboring barber, Pepe el Barbero, a.k.a. Pepe the Barber. By the time he was 14 years old he was accompanying dancers and singers in the cafes of Madrid, Spain.

In the 1920s and 1930s he performed extensively in Europe, North America, and Asia with the likes of La Teresina. The outbreak of World War II brought him to the United States where he began his most successful days as a musician, and frequently toured with the dancer La Argentina. Settling in New York City during World War II (circa 1941), he began touring on his own, bringing his fiery style to concert halls, universities, and orchestras. During this period he made a few recordings for several major and independent labels including RCA Victor, Everest and Folkways.

Montoya toured year round but always returned to his homeland, Spain, to spend the Christmas holidays with his family.

His style was not particularly appreciated by serious flamenco students, who considered it less brilliant than many others, including that of Montoya's uncle Ramón. Carlos's own favorite flamenco guitarist, it was reported by Zern, was the obscure Currito de la Geroma. That he was unpopular among aficionados owes largely to the fact that Montoya learned in a non-traditional way and that he abandoned the compás which has evolved within flamenco over hundreds of years. Many of his works do not even keep perfect tempo, increasing and decreasing in speed almost whimsically. He was admired for the speed of his picados and undoubtedly found popularity on the international stage as a result of this technically impressive pace. However, Montoya's playing is often criticized by flamenco traditionalists[who?] for having more flash than musical substance. He was known to play with a capo on the 3rd fret and on really loose strings. It is suspected he tuned down and then compensated with the capo to increase his ability to apply picado.

Montoya died on this day at the age of 89 of heart failure in the tiny Long Island, New York town of Wainscott, New York.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cv2Fyjk0GGM"]YouTube - Rare Flamenco Guitar Video: Carlos Montoya - Farruca[/ame]

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ko-pTH3xwno"]Carlos Montoya St Louis Blues - YouTube[/ame]

in 1994 - Karel Kryl, Czech folk singer/songwriter, guitarist and graphic artist, dies at 49.

in 1994 - The Smashing Pumpkins were banned from appearing on BBC TV's 'Top Of The Pops', due to the content of the songs lyrics. The bands single 'Disarm' was this weeks highest new entry. 1999, Oasis agreed to pay their former drummer Tony McCarroll a one-off sum of £550,000 ($935,000) after he sued the Manchester band for millions in unpaid royalties. McCarroll had been sacked from the band in 1995.

in 1999 - The first date on a 14 date tour with *NSYNC and B*Witched kicked off in Jacksonville, Florida.

in 1999 - US music professor Peter Jeffrey went to court to sue The Smashing Pumpkins, their promoters and a company who make ear plugs after claiming his hearing was damaged at a concert in Connecticut.

in 2000 - former Bay City Roller, Derek Longmuir was released on bail on charges of downloading child pornographic images from the internet and keeping indecent videos in his home.

in 2000 - Tom Jones won the Best male artist at this year's Brit Awards. Other winners included Travis for Best band and Best album 'The Man Who.' Best single went to Robbie Williams for 'She's The One', Five won Best pop act, TLC won Best International group, Beck won Best International Male, Macy Gray won Best newcomer and Outstanding Contribution went to The Spice Girls.

in 2000 - Toni Ortelli dies at age 95. Italian alpinist, conductor and composer from, born in Schio, the Veneto region of Italy. He is well known in the southern Alps regions of Italy, Austria and Switzerland for being the composer of the famous Trentino folk song "La Montanara"/The Song of the Mountains. He wrote the melody and lyrics in 1927 while being on an excursion in the mountains. Luigi Pigarelli has added other vocal parts to harmonize it to a choral piece. It has been translated into 148 languages.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X2oRr_7Iw7g"]YouTube - La Montanara de Toni Ortelli. 7ème festival de Choeurs d'Hommes de Chatte[/ame]

in 2001 - Stereophonics were forced to change the title of their new album after car manufacturer Daimler Chrysler objected to their use of the copyrighted word 'Jeep'. The UK title became 'Just Enough Education To Perform.'
in 2002 - TV show 'Pop Idol' winner Will Young scored his first UK No.1 single with 'Anything Is Possible / Evergreen.' Young set a new sales record for a debut artist with over 1 million in the first week. Biggest selling single of 2002.

in 2002 - Jennifer Lopez started a six week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Ain't It Funny.'

in 2002 - Harlan Perry Howard dies at age 74. American songwriter, principally in country music; born in Detroit, Michigan, but grew up on a farm in Kentucky and he was 12 years old when he began writing songs, starting a career which spanned six decades. His songs include "Pick Me Up on Your Way Down", "Heartaches By The Number", "Everglades, Busted "I Fall To Pieces", his songs were so immediately successful that in 1961 alone, he had fifteen of his compositions on the country music charts, earning himself ten BMI awards. Howard was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1973 and the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1997

in 2003 - Goffredo Petrassi dies at age 98. Italian composer of modern classical music, conductor, and teacher, born in Zagarolo, and is considered one of the most influential Italian composers of the 20th century. After working in a music shop at 15 to help his family financially, in 1928, he entered the Santa Cecilia Conservatory in Rome to study organ and composition. He went on to become musical director of the opera house La Fenice, and from 1959 taught composition at the Santa Cecilia Conservatory and at the Salzburg Mozarteum.

in 2003 - Ray Jackson who found fame with Lindisfarne took out legal action against Rod Stewart over his 1970s hit song ‘Maggie May.’ Jackson claimed he came up with the worldwide hit's classic mandolin melody and claimed he may have lost at least £1m because he was not credited for the track's distinctive "hook." Jackson was paid just £15 for the recording session by Stewart in 1971.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hqPjPl2dUm8"]YouTube - Ray Jackson & Friends - Warm Feeling & Run For Home[/ame]

in 2004 - Elton John announced he was planning to marry his long-term partner David Furnish if new UK laws allowed it. A Civil Partnership bill was being passed through Parliament which would give gay couple's greater rights.

in 2005 - 50 Cent released The Massacre, the follow-up to his 6x platinum debut 'Get Rich or Die Tryin'. The album sold over 1 million copies in its first week, going 4x platinum in two months. The success of the album gave 50 Cent five top-five singles in 2005.

in 2008 - The Beatles' engineer Norman Smith died at the age of 85. Smith who worked on every studio recording the band made between 1962 and 1965 was nicknamed "Normal Norman" by John Lennon. As a producer in 1966, he signed Pink Floyd and produced their early albums including Saucerful of Secrets and as Hurricane Smith had the 1971 UK No.2 hit ‘Don't Let It Die’

in 2008 - Giuseppe Di Stefano dies at age 86. Italian operatic tenor born in Motta Sant'Anastasia, a village near Catania, Sicily. He sang professionally from the late 1940s until the early 1990s. He was known as the "Golden voice" as the true successor of Beniamino Gigli. He was also known for his long-term performance and recording association and brief romantic episode with the soprano Maria Callas. He made his New York debut in 1948 as the Duke of Mantua in Verdi's Rigoletto. He went on to perform regularly in New York for many years. In 1957, he made his British debut at the Edinburgh Festival as Nemorino in L'Elisir d'Amore and his Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, debut in 1961, as Cavaradossi in Tosca. His final operatic role was as the aged Emperor in Turandot, in July 1992 (In November 2004 Giuseppe was critically injured in his home in Diani Beach, Kenya, after a brutal beating by unknown assailants. He was still unconscious a week after the attack and was fed intravenously, and underwent several operations. In December 2007, he was flown to the San Raffaele clinic at Milan, where he slipped into a coma. Died in his home in Santa Maria Hoè near Milan 3 months later)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yvyWpLZalE8"]YouTube - Giuseppe di Stefano sings "Nessun dorma" from Turandot[/ame]

in 2008 - Norman "Hurricane" Smith dies at age 85. British singer, songwriter, record producer, also recording engineer with The Beatles, Pink Floyd and many others. Born in Edmonton, North London, he served as a RAF glider pilot during World War II. In 1959 after an unsuccessful career as a jazz musician, he joined EMI as an apprentice sound engineer. He later worked on 180 Beatle tracks, "Rubber Soul" was the last album he worked on before he got promoted to producer. Norman wrote many hits, using a pseudonym of "Hurricane Smith" and he had a UK hit with Don't Let It Die, a song he had written for John Lennon.

in 2009 - A £1m Ferrari owned by Jamiroquai singer Jay Kay was damaged outside a Suffolk hotel when the driver's side window and windscreen of the Ferrari Enzo were smashed. A 21-year-old man was arrested after the incident.
in 2009 - To celebrate the release of U2’s twelfth studio album and their appearance every night for a week on The Late Show with David Letterman, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg temporarily renamed part of 53rd street in Midtown Manhattan U2 Way.

in 2010 - A woman claiming to be the wife of Sean 'P Diddy' Combs was freed on $5,000 (£3,326) bail after being arrested near the rappers home on Long Island, New York. Cemelia Green claimed to be married to the rapper and producer who is said to be worth around $350m (£233m). There was no official comment from Combs, who is unmarried.

in 2010 - Michalis Toumbouros dies at age 51. Greek singer-songwriter and physician, he wrote the lyrics and music to musicals such as "Trojan Women" (Tragically died in a traffic accident)

in 2010 - Big Tiny Little /Dudley "Tiny" Little Jr dies at age 79. American pianist, he performed and recorded professionally for more than 60 years. Tiny began his career as a musician at an early age touring with his father's band. Although he remained principally a pianist, he also mastered the organ, tuba, bass fiddle and vocals. Tiny was well known for his honky-tonk piano role on the "Lawrence Welk Show" from 1955 to 1959. After which he performed on virtually every music and variety show on the air including the first Mike Douglas Show, Ed Sullivan, Dean Martin and Dinah Shore. A part of that Dinah Shore Show featured four pianists at one time playing different interpretations of songs. Peter Nero playing jazz, Ray Charles playing rhythm and blues, Liberace playing classical style and Tiny playing Dixieland. Besides recording 35 albums, including one gold record, he has played in clubs from coast to coast, and performed on cruises to Australia, Hawaii and South America and he was the first American performer to appear on Japanese TV and he was also invited to perform at President Reagan's Inaugural Ball in 1985. He began touring in 2004 with a Welk alumni in the “Live Lawrence Welk Show” and in 2008 Big Tiny was named Emperor of the Sacramento Jazz Jubilee where he had played piano for the last twenty-seven years. (Passed away in his hometown of Carson City)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBR9hsNS0dg"]YouTube - Big Tiny Little on The Lawrence Welk Show (1-11-1958) UPDATED AUDIO[/ame]

in 2011 - Aldo Clementi dies at 85. Italian composer, born in Catania, Italy. He studied the piano, graduating in 1946. His studies in composition began in 1941, after receiving his diploma in 1954, he attended the Darmstadt summer courses from 1955 to 1962. Important influences during this period included meeting Bruno Maderna in 1956, and working at the electronic music studio of the Italian radio broadcaster RAI in Milan. Poesia de Rilke-1946 was the first work of his to be performed in Vienna-1947. Of more significance was the premiere of Cantata-1954, which was broadcast by North German, Hamburg Radio in 1956. In 1959 he won second prize in the ISCM competition with Episodi, and in 1963 he took first prize in the same competition, with Sette scene da "Collage". Aldo also taught music theory at the University of Bologna from 1971 to 1992.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_VRYNR3Y_OA"]Aldo Clementi - Piano Concerto (1986) - YouTube[/ame]

3 March
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Old March 8th, 2014, 07:30 PM   #2730

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in 1566 - David Riccio, Italian singer/secretary of Mary Stuart, murdered.

in 1706 - Johann Pachelbel, celebrated German organist, pedagogue, and composer, father of Charles Theodore (Carl Theodor) Pachelbel and Wilhelm Hieronymus Pachelbel, dies(buried) at Nuremberg.

He studied music in Nuremberg with Heinrich Schwemmer, received instruction in composition and instrumental performance from G.C. Wecker, and pursued his academic studies at the local St. Lorenz school; also attended the lectures at the Auditorium Aegidianum. He then took courses briefly at the University of Altdorf (1669-70), and served as organist at the Lorenzkirche there. He subsequently was accepted as a scholarship student at the Gymnasium Poeticum in Regensburg, and took private music lessons with Kaspar Prentz.

In 1673 he went to Vienna as deputy organist at St. Stephen's Cathedral. In 1677 he assumed the position of court organist in Eisenach. In 1678 he became organist at the Protestant Predigerkirche in Erfurt, where he established his reputation as a master organist, composer, and teacher.

He was a friend of the Bach family, and was the teacher of Johann Christoph Bach, who in turn taught Johann Sebastian Bach. On Oct. 25, 1681, Pachelbel married Barbara Gabler; she and their infant son died during the plague of 1683. He then married Judith Drommer on Aug. 24, 1684, with whom he had 5 sons and 2 daughters. In addition to Carl and Wilhelm, their son Johann Michael became an instrument maker and their daughter Amalie became a painter. In 1690 he accepted an appointment as Wurttemberg court musician and organist in Stuttgart.

However, with the French invasion in the fall of 1692, he fled to Nuremberg; in Nov. of that year he became town organist in Gotha. In 1695 he succeeded Wecker as organist at St. Sebald in Nuremberg, a position he held until his death. Pachelbel was one of the most significant predecessors of Johann Sebastian Bach. His liturgical organ music was of the highest order, particularly his splendid organ chorales.

His non-liturgical keyboard music was likewise noteworthy, especially his fugues and variations (of the latter, his Hexachordum Apollinis of 1699 is extraordinary). He was equally gifted as a composer of vocal music. His motets, sacred concertos, and concertato settings of the Magnificat are fine examples of German church music. He was a pioneer in notational symbolism of intervals, scales, and pitch levels arranged to correspond to the meaning of the words. Thus, his setting of the motet Durch Adams Fall is accomplished by a falling figure in the bass; exaltation is expressed by a rising series of arpeggios in a major key; steadfast faith is conveyed by a repeated note; satanic evil is translated into an ominous figuration of a broken diminished-seventh-chord.

Generally speaking, joyful moods are portrayed by major keys, mournful states of soul by minor keys, a practice which became a standard mode of expression through the centuries. In addition to various separate editions of his works, major publications include M. Seiffert and A. Sandberger, eds., Johann Pachelbel: Klavierwerke, in Denkmiiler der Tonkunst in Bayem, II, Jg. II/I (1901), M. Seiffert, ed., Johann Pachelbel: Orgelkompositionen, in Denkmiiler der Tonkunst in Bayem, VI, Jg. IV/I (1903), and K. Matthaei and W. Stockmeier, eds., Johann Pachelbel: AusgewiihIte Orgelwerke (vols. 1-4 by Matthaei, Kassel, 1928-36; vols. 5-6 by Stockmeier, Kassel, 1972-74). - born (baptized ) at Nuremberg, Sept. 1, 1653.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MK6heUdRr-E"]YouTube - Pachelbel's Canon in D - piano version" target="_blank">YouTube - Pachelbel's Canon in D - piano version[/ame]

in 1735 - August Bernhard Valentin Herbing, composer) is born.
in 1737 - Josef Myslivecek, composer) is born.
in 1800 - Dominique Della-Maria, composer, dies at 30.

in 1810 - Jean-Georges Kastner, composer) is born. Alsatian music theorist and composer, father of Georges Frederic Eugene (Georg Friedrich Eugen) Kastner. He studied organ as a child, and later entered the Strasbourg Lutheran Seminary. After abandoning theology, he was granted a stipend by the Strasbourg town council to continue his music studies in Paris with Reicha and H.-M. Berton. An industrious writer on music, he acquired enormous erudition in various arts and sciences. He pursued the study of acoustics and formulated a theory of the cosmic unity of the arts. His great project, Encyclopedee de la musique, was left unfinished at his death. Among the grandiose projects that he carried out were several vols. of "Livres-Partitions," that is, sym.-cantatas illustrating musico- historical subjects, preceded by essays upon them. Of these the following were publ.: Musik der Zigeuner and Les Romnitschels, symphonie dramatique with Orch. (1849-50), Les Danses des morts; dissertations et recherches historiques, philosophiques, litteraires et musicales sur les divers monuments de ce genre qui existent tant en France qu'a l'etranger and La Danse macabre, grande ronde vocale et instrumentale (1852), Recherches historiques sur Ie chant en choeur pour voix d'hommes and Les Chants de la vie for 28 Choruses for4 to 6 and 8 Voices Unaccompanied (1854), Essai historique sur les chants militaires des franrais and Les Chants de l'armee franraise for 22 Choruses for 4 Voices Unaccompanied (1855), La Harpe d'Eole, et la musique cosmique and Stephen, ou La Harpe d'Eole, grand monologue avec choeurs (1856), Les Voix de Paris and Les Cris de Paris, symphonie dramatique with Orch. (1857), Les Sirenes and Le Reve d'Oswald ou Les Sirenes, grande symphonie dramatique vocale et instrumentale (1858), Paremiologie musicale de la langue fran~aise and La Saint-Julien de menetriers, symphonie-cantate ii grand orchestre, avec solos et choeurs (1866), and Untersuchungen tiber die Beziehungen der Musik zum Mythus and La Fille d'Odin, symphonie- cantate with Orch. (1866). He also composedthe operas Gustav Wasa (1832), Oskars Tod (c.1833), Der Sarazene (1834), Die Konigin der Sarmaten (Strasbourg, June 13, 1835), Beatrice, die Braut von Messina (1839), Juana (1840), La maschera (Opera-Comique,Paris, June 17, 1841), and Le Demier Roi de Juda (concertperf., Paris, Dec. 1, 1844), as well as a Piano Concerto(1827), 10 serenades for Wind Band (1832-35), 3 syms.(1832-35), 5 overtures (1832-35), 2 festival overtures(1858-60), chamber music, piano pieces, and choruses.

in 1812 - Jakob Eduard Schmolzer, composer) is born.
in 1819 - Janos Fusz, composer, dies at 41.
in 1826 - Jean Joseph Bott, German violinist/composer) is born.
in 1839 - Modest P Mussorgsky, Russian composer (Boris Godunov) [OS] ) is born.
in 1842 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Nabucco" premieres in Milan.
in 1844 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Hernani" premieres in Venice.
in 1848 - Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick, composer) is born.
in 1849 - Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor" premieres.
in 1850 - Alexandre Luigini, composer) is born.
in 1868 - The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris.
in 1870 - Theodore Labarre, composer, dies at 65.
in 1874 - Johann Richard Ohlsson, composer) is born.
in 1875 - Martin Fallas Shaw, composer) is born.
in 1893 - Hans Munch, composer) is born.
in 1902 - Composer Gustav Mahler marries Alma Schindler in Vienna [Alma Mahler!! Pleazeee. Am I the only one who thinks that’s funny?]
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-YnZuS1m9V4"]YouTube - Gustav Mahler - Piano Quartet in A Minor (part 1 of 2)" target="_blank">YouTube - Gustav Mahler - Piano Quartet in A Minor (part 1 of 2)[/ame]

in 1907 - Henry Leland Clarke, composer) is born.
in 1908 - Luiz Cosme, composer) is born.

in 1910 - Samuel Barber, outstanding American composer of superlative gifts, is born at West Chester, Pa., March 9,1910. He was the nephew of Louise Homer and her husband Sidney Homer, who encouraged him in his musical inclination. At the age of six, he began piano lessons, and later had some cello lessons. He was only ten when he tried his hand at composing a short opera, The Rose Tree. During his high school years, he gained practical experience as organist at Westminster Presbyterian Church. Even before graduating from high school at age 16, he entered the first class at the newly organized Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia when he was 14, where he was a pupil of Boyle and Vengerova (piano), Scalero (composition), and Reiner (conducting).

He also took voice lessons with Emilio de Gogarza and gave recitals as a baritone at the Curtis Institute, where he graduated in 1932. He then went to Vienna to pursue vocal training with John Braun, and also appeared in public as a singer there. In the meantime, his interest in composing grew apace. In 1928 his Violin Sonata won the Beams Prize of Columbia University. It was followed by such enduring scores as his Dover Beach for Voice and String Quartet (1931), the Serenade for String Quartet (1932), and the Cello Sonata (1932).

In 1933 he won the Beams Prize again for his overture to The School for Scandal, which was favorably received at its premiere by the Philadelphia Orchestra on Aug. 30 of that year. Then followed the successful premiere of his Music for a Scene from Shelley by the N.Y. Philharmonic, on March 24, 1935, under Werner Janssen's direction. Thanks to a Pultizer Traveling Scholarship and a Rome Prize, Barber pursued composition at the American Academy in Rome in 1935 and 1936. During his sojourn there, he wrote his First Symphony, which was premiered under Molinari's direction on Dec. 13, 1936. He also wrote his String Quartet in 1936. Rodzinski conducted Barber's First Symphony at the Salzburg Festival on July 25, 1937, the first score by an American composer to be played there.

Toscanini conducted the premiere of Barber's (first) Essay for Orchestra with the NBC Symphonic Orchestra in N.Y. on Nov. 5, 1938. On the same program, he also conducted the Adagio for Strings, a transcription of the second movement of the String Quartet, which was destined to become Barber's most celebrated work, an epitome of his lyrical and Romantic bent.

From 1939 to 1942 he taught composition at the Curtis Institute. His most notable work of this period was his Violin Concerto, which was first performed by Albert Spalding with Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra on Feb. 7, 1941.

With his friend Gian Carlo Menotti, he purchased a house ("Capricorn") in Mount Kisco, N.Y., which was to remain the center of his activities until 1974. In 1943 he was conscripted into the U.S. Army and was assigned to the Army Air Force. During his military service, he composed his Second Symphony, which included an electronic instrument producing sound in imitation of radio signals. Koussevitzky conducted its premiere with the Boston Symphony Orchestra on March 3,1944.

After his discharge from military service in 1945, Barber revised the score; it was first performed by the Philadelphia Orchestra on Jan. 21, 1948. Still dissatisfied with the work, he destroyed the MS except for the second movement, which he revised as Night Flight, which was first performed by Szell and the Cleveland Orchestra on Oct. 8, 1964.

Barber had better luck with his Cello Concerto (1945), which was introduced by Raya Garbousova with Koussevitzy conducting the Boston Symphony Orchestra on April 5, 1946. In 1947 it won the N.Y. Music Critics' Circle Award.

For Martha Graham, he composed the ballet Medea (N.Y., May 10,1946), which was revised as The Cave of the Heart (N.Y., Feb. 27, 1947). He made an orchestral suite from the ballet (Philadelphia, Dec. 5, 1947) and the orchestral piece, Medea's Meditation and Dance of Vengeance (N.Y., Feb. 2, 1956). One of Barber's most distinguished scores, Knoxville: Summer of 1915 for High Voice and Orch., after James Agee, was first performed by Eleanor Steber with Koussevitzky conducting the Boston Symphony Orchestra on April 9, 1948.

His remarkable Piano Sonata, premiered by Horowitz in Havana on Dec. 9,1949, amply utilized contemporary resources, including 12-tone writing. In 1953 he composed the one-act opera A Hand of Bridge, scored for four Soloists and Chamber Orchestra. The work was not performed until June 17, 1959, when it was mounted in Spoleto, Italy, without much impact.

In the meantime, Barber composed his finest opera, Vanessa (1956-57), to a libretto by Menotti. It was successfuly premiered at the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y. on Jan. 15, 1958, and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in Music. It was followed by his strikingly brilliant Piano Concerto, which was first performed by John Browning with Leinsdorf conducting the Boston Symphony Orchestra at N.Y/s Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts on Sept. 24, 1962.

Barber was awarded his second Pulitzer Prize in Music for this work. A commission from the Metropolitan Opera spurred Barber on to compose his most ambitious work for the stage, the three-act opera Antony and Cleopatra. With Zeffirelli as librettist, producer, director, and designer, it was premiered at the opening of the new Metropolitan Opera House in N.Y. on Sept. 16, 1966. Unfortunately, the work found few admirers. Barber revised the score with a revamped libretto by Menotti, and the new version was given a more favorable reception at its first performance by N.Y/s Opera Theater of the Juilliard School on Feb. 6, 1975.

During the final years of his life, Barber wrote only a handful of works. In 1945, 1947, and 1949 he held Guggenheim fellowships. He was elected to the National Inst. of Arts and Letters in 1941 and to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1958. Barber was one of the most distinguished American composers of the 20th century. He excelled primarily as a melodist, being remarkably sensitive in his handling of vocally shaped patterns. Although the harmonic structures of his music remained fundamentally tonal, he made free use of chromatic techniques, verging on atonality and polytonality, while his mastery of modern counterpoint enabled him to write canons and fugues in effective neo-Baroque sequences. His orchestration was opulent without being turgid, and his treatment of solo instruments was unfailingly congenial to their nature even though requiring a virtuoso technique. Died at N.Y., Jan. 23, 1981.

in 1911 - Ramon Campbell Batista, composer) is born.
in 1914 - Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co.
in 1924 - Konstantin Iliev, composer) is born.
in 1926 - Celso Garrido Lecca, composer) is born.

in 1927 – John Beckwith Canadian composer, teacher, writer on music, and pianist; is born in Victoria, British Columbia. He studied piano and harmony with Gwendoline Harper. After taking classes at Victoria Coll. (1944-45), he settled in Toronto and studied at the Univ. (M.B., 1947; M.M., 1961). He also pursued piano training with Alberto Guerrero (1945-50). In 1950 he made his debut in a lecture-recital in Toronto. A scholarship award allowed him to study composition with Boulanger in Paris (1950-51). In 1952 he joined the music faculty of the Univ. of Toronto, while also teaching theory at the Royal Cons, of Music of Toronto from 1952 to 1966. He served as dean of the faculty (1970-77), and in 1984 was named the Jean A. Chalmers Prof, of Canadian Music at the Univ. of Toronto, the first position of its kind in a Canadian Univ. In 1990 he retired as prof, emeritus. Active as a reviewer, program annotator,
and editor, he made a specialty of the Canadian musical repertoire past and present. He restored Joseph Quesnel's early 19th century musical comedy Lucas et Cecile (1992). He ed. Vols 5 and 18 of The Canadian Musical Heritage anthology series (1986, 1995), and publ. Music Papers: Articles and Talks by a Canadian Composer, 1961-199 (1997). In 1987 he was made a Member of the Order of Canada. Beckwith's music is marked by pragmatic modernism, I which techniques of serialism, both chromatic and non-chromatic, and structural collage often recur. Many of his works reveal a North American, or specifically Ontarian, origin by their choice of topics, motives, coloration, or sometimes by quotation.
Video note: Emma Lokan sings the first of the Four Songs based on poems by e.e. cummings by Canadian Contemporary composer John Beckwith in a rehearsal.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0pfSZLch24"]YouTube - Four Songs based on poems by e.e. cummings by John Beckwith" target="_blank">YouTube - Four Songs based on poems by e.e. cummings by John Beckwith[/ame]

in 1827 - Franz Xaver Gerl, composer, dies at 62.
in 1927 - Hans Ludwig Schilling, composer) is born.
in 1933 - Lloyd Price, Kenner La, singer (Just Because) ) is born.
in 1933 - William Francis McBeth, composer) is born.

in 1934 - Lloyd Price, US singer, songwriter, (1959 US No.1 & UK No.7 single 'Stagger Lee'). 1936, Born on this day, Mickey Gilley, US singer, (1980 US No. 22 single 'Stand By Me' from the soundtrack 'Urban Cowboy') is born.

in 1935 - Keely Smith, Norfolk Va, singer (Mrs Louie Prima) ) is born.
in 1936 - Mickey Gilley, Ferriday La, country singer (Urban Cowboy) ) is born.
in 1938 - Sydney Baynes, composer, dies at 59.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9tSsDlylnt4"]YouTube - "YOU CANT STOP ME FROM LOVING YOU"SYDNEY BAYNES BAND" target="_blank">YouTube - "YOU CANT STOP ME FROM LOVING YOU"SYDNEY BAYNES BAND[/ame]

in 1941 - Carlos Pedrell, composer, dies at 62.
in 1942 - John Cale, Welsh/US bassist/altviolist/singer (Velvet Underground) ) is born.
in 1942 - Mark Lindsay, Eugene Or, rock vocalist/sax (Paul Revers and Raiders) ) is born.
in 1944 - Trevor Burton, rocker (Move) ) is born.
in 1945 - Robin Trower, London, guitarist (Procol Harum-Whiter Shade of Pale) ) is born.
in 1945 - Ray Royer, rocker (Procol Harum-Whiter Shade of Pale) ) is born.
in 1945 - Ron Wilson, drummer, The Surfaris, (1963 US No.2 & UK No.3 single 'Wipe Out' is born.
in 1945 - Laura Lee, [Rundless], singer (Dirty Man, Women's Love Rights) ) is born.

in 1946 - Jim Cregan, guitar, Family, Cockney Rebel, (1975 UK No.1 single 'Make Me Smile', Come Up And See Me), also works with Rod Stewart is born.

in 1948 - Jeffrey Osborne, Providence RI, rock vocalist (On the Wings of Love) ) is born
in 1948 - Jimmy Fadden, Long Beach Calif, singer (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band) ) is born.

in 1948 - Chris Thompson, vocals, Manfred Mann's Earth Band, (1976 UK No.6 single 'Blinded By The Light', a US No.1 in 1977) is born.

in 1949 - Kalevi Aho, composer) is born.

in 1951 - Frank Rodriguez, The Mysterians, (1966 US No. 1 & UK No.37 single 96 Tears). The song was a UK No.17 hit for The Stranglers in 1990 is born.

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