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Old March 22nd, 2014, 10:12 PM   #2761

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in 1599 - Thomas Selle, composer is born.
in 1658 - Valentin Dretzel, composer, dies at 79.
in 1669 - Philipp Buchner, composer, dies at 54.
in 1748 - Johann Gottfried Walther, German composer/musicologist, dies at 63.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=onX9_BtoJ34"]YouTube - Johann Gottfried Walther: Concerto del Sigr. Meck, 1st movement[/ame]

in 1749 - Hugo Franz Karl Alexander von Kerpen, composer.
in 1750 - Johannes Matthias Sperger, composer is born.
in 1756 - Georg Gottfried Wagner, composer, dies at 57.
in 1783 - Gaspard Fritz, composer, dies at 67.
in 1795 - Leopold Jansa, composer is born.
in 1806 - George Frederic Pinto, composer, dies at 20.
in 1809 - Ferdinand-Philippe-Joseph Staes, composer, dies at 60.
in 1811 - Camille Marie Stamaty, composer is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=liQ7fLfukr4"]Etude in F Major - Camille Marie Stamaty - YouTube[/ame]

in 1811 - Carl Gottfried Wilhelm Taubert, composer is born.
in 1816 - Ignaz Vitzthumb, composer, dies at 95.
in 1818 - Nicolas Isouard, composer, dies at 42.
in 1821 - Bernhard Anselm Weber, pianist/conductor/composer, dies at 56.
in 1826 - Leon Minkus, composer is born.

in 1828 - Pierre (-Marie-Francois de Sales) Baillot, celebrated French violinist and composer, was soloist in the first Paris performance of Beethoven's Violin Concerto at a concert of the Societe des Concerts du Cons.

in 1832 - Vaclav Vilem Wurfel, composer, dies at 41.

in 1833 - Franz Bendel, German pianist, teacher, and composer, is born at Schonlinde, Bohemia. He studied with Proksch in Prague and Liszt in Weimar. From 1862 he taught at Kullak's Academy in Berlin. He wrote symphonies, a Piano Concerto, masses, chamber music, piano pieces, and songs. – Died at Berlin, July 3, 1874.

in 1834 - Julius Reubke, composer is born.

in 1837 - Joseph Wieniawski, composer is born.
Russian pianist and composer; born at Lublin, Poland, May 23, 1837; brother of Henri Wieniawski. He studied music under Zimmerman, Alkan, and Marmontel, and harmony under Leccoppey, at the Paris Conservatoire. After his return to Russia in 1850, he frequently accompanied his brother Henri on his concert tours. In 1856 he studied music under Liszt at Weimar, and later theory under Marx, in Berlin. In 1866 he settled in Moscow, at first officiating as professor in the Conservatory of Music, and later opening a private school for pianoforte. From Moscow he went to Warsaw, where he often appeared in concerts. Among his compositions may be mentioned: two overtures for orchestra; a string quartet; a concerto for pianoforte and orchestra; a "Grand Duo Polonais" for pianoforte and violin; a "Valse de Concert"; fantasias; idyls; and several concert pieces.

in 1844 – Eugene Gigout, esteemed French organist, pedagogue, and composer, is born at Nancy. He began his studies in the maitrise of Nancy Cathedral. At age 11, he entered the Ecole Niedermeyer in Paris and studied with Saint-Saens and Loret. He then served on its faculty (1863-85; 1900-05); in 1885 he founded his own organ school. From 1911he was a professor of organ and improvisation at the Paris Conservatory. He also was active as a church organist in Paris and made successful tours of Europe as a recitalist. In 1895 he became a Chevalier of the Legion d'honneur, Gigout composed hundreds of organ pieces, both sacred and secular, as well as piano music, sacred organ pieces, and songs. - Died at Paris, Dec. 9, 1925.

in 1864 - Hjalmar Borgstrom, composer is born.
in 1869 - Charles Lucas, composer, dies at 60.
in 1878 - Franz Schrecker, composer is born.
in 1880 - Gustav Adolf Mankell, composer, dies at 67.

in 1881 - Nikolai (Grigorievich) Rubinstein, prominent Russian pianist, conductor, teacher, and composer, brother of Anton (Grigorievich) Rubinstein, is dies at Paris. He began to study piano with his mother at the age of 4, when his brother, 6 years older than he, was already on the road to fame as a child prodigy; was taken to Berlin with his brother in 1844, studying with T. Kullak (piano) and Dehn (harmony and counterpoint).

The brothers met Mendelssohn and Meyerbeer; returning to Moscow in 1846, Nikolai began to take lessons with A. Villoing. He also studied law, and received a degree from the Univ. of Moscow (1855); subsequently was a minor functionary in the government; earned his living by giving private lessons. In 1858 he began his concert career; appeared in Russia, and also in London. In 1859 he became head of the Moscow branch of the Russian Musical Society in 1866 this society opened the Moscow Conservatory, of which he was director until his death. From 1860 he was the regular conductor of the Moscow concerts of the Imperial Russian Musical Society.

In 1878 he conducted 4 Russian concerts at the Paris Exposition; at the first and the fourth of the series he performed Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1 (which he had criticized sharply when Tchaikovsky first submitted it to him in 1874). Anton Rubinstein declared that Nikolai was a better pianist than himself, but this generous appreciation was not accepted by the public. As an educator, however, Nikolai played perhaps a greater role than his famous brother. Among his pupils were S. Taneyev, Siloti, and Emil Sauer. - Born at Moscow, June 14,1835.
Video Notes: Nikolai Rubinstein: Mazurka, Op. 11 by Rubinstein; Piano: Vladimir Ovchinnikov; Venue: Piano Festival 2008.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pFRUl0qANNI"]YouTube - Nikolai Rubinstein: Mazurka, Op. 11[/ame]

in 1881 - Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die.

in 1881 - Axel (Waldemar) Christensen, American ragtime pianist, teacher, and composer, is born at Chicago. He studied piano in his youth, and then pursued a career mainly as a ragtime pianist, becoming known as the "Czar of Ragtime" and later as the "King of Jazz Pianists/' From 1903 he taught ragtime piano, eventually setting up schools all over the U.S. and even in Europe. He was the published and editor of the periodical Christensen's Ragtime and Popular Music Review (1914-18), the composer of piano rags, and the author of pedagogical works on rags, jazz, and swing music. - Died at Los Angeles, Aug. 17, 1955.

in 1884 - Glauco Velasquez, composer is born.
in 1891 - Catherine Murphy Urner, composer is born.

in 1891 - 1st jazz concert was held at Carnegie Hall.
Other sources say Jazz in its earliest form came to Carnegie Hall on May 2, 1912, with a performance by James Reese Europe and his Clef Club Orchestra. Since the Hall was officially opened May 5, 1891 , the earlier date seems doubtful. [Perhaps ‘This Day in Music’ has been victimized by a typo?]

in 1895 - Dane Rudhyar, composer is born.
in 1896 - Umberto Giordano's opera "Andrea Chinier" premieres in Milan.
in 1900 - Jose Antonio Calcano, composer is born.
in 1901 - Edmund Rubbra, composer [or May 23] is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cs0lEayJ2m4"]Westminster Cathedral Choir - 'Kyrie' by Edmund Rubbra.wmv - YouTube[/ame]

in 1906 - George Posford, composer is born.
in 1914 - Robert Gross, composer is born.
in 1917 - Johnny Guarnieri, NYC, jazz pianist (Morey Amsterdam Show) is born.

in 1917 - Stick McGhee, Tennessee-born early R&B artist is born. McGhee gave Atlantic Records its first major hit with the pioneering rock-styled single, ‘Drinkin’ Wine, Spo-Dee-O-Dee’ (1949). Atlantic Records’ head Ahmet Ertegun had hired McGhee to record a new version of the song when a Southern wholesaler asked him to ship him 5,000 copies of the previously recorded single. Wanting to cash in on the record, the financially strapped Ertegun landed a surprise million-seller. Having written the song during a World War II-era army stint, McGhee had initially recorded the song at Harlem Records in 1947. Managing only one more hit at Atlantic with a cover of Patti Page’s ‘Tennessee Waltz Blues’, McGhee then moved to King Records, where he scored his final chart entry with ‘Women, Whiskey And Loaded Dice’. Dropped by King, McGhee landed at Ember Records shortly before his death. Becoming a rock classic, ‘Drinkin’ Wine, Spo-Dee-O-Dee’ has been recorded by countless acts including Jerry Lee Lewis. (Lung cancer). He died at a Veteran’s Administration hospital in New York City. - Died August 15, 1961.

in 1918 - Cesar Cortinas, composer, dies at 27.
in 1920 - Alexander Grigori Harut'unyan, composer is born.

in 1920 - Geoffrey Bush, English composer and teacher, is born at London. He received training in composition from Ireland and then pursued his education at BaHiol College, Oxford (B.Mus., 1940; D.Mus., 1946). After lecturing in the extra-mural dept. at the University of Oxford (1947-52), he tutored in the extra-mural dept. at the University of London (1952-80), where he subsequently served as music consultant (1984-87). He also was a visiting professor at King's College, University of London (1969-89). In 1957 he was chairman of the Composers Guild of Great Britain. He edited works for Musica Britannica and for the collected edition of Elgar's works. He published Musical Creation and the Listener (London, 1954; rev. 1967), Left, Right and Centre: Reflections on Composers and Composing (London, 1983), and An Unsentimental Education and Other Musical Recollections (London, 1990). His works were written in an engaging neo- Classical style. - Died at London, Feb. 24, 1998.

in 1926 - Martha Wright, Seattle, singer (Let's Dance, Martha Wright Show) is born.
in 1927 - Osvaldo Lacerda, composer is born.

in 1933 - Norman (Stanley) Bailey, English baritone, is born at Birmingham. He received a B.Mus. degree from Rhodes Universotu in South Africa; then studied at the Vienna Academy of Music, his principal teachers there being Julius Patzak, Adolf Vogel, and Josef Witt. He made his operatic debut with the Vienna Chamber Opera in 1959 in Cambiale di matrimonio; was then a member of the Linz Landestheater (1960-63), the Wuppertal Opera (1963-64), the Deutsche Oper am Rhein in Diisseldorf (1964-67), and the Sadler's Wells Opera in London (1967-71).

In 1969 he made his first appearance at London's Covent Garden, and that same year his debut at Bayreuth as Hans Sachs. On Oct. 23, 1976, he made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Hans Sachs. In 1985 he sang in the premiere of Goehr's Behold the Sun in Duisburg. He appeared as Stromminger in La Watty at the Bregenz Festival in 1990. In 1996 he made his Glyndebourne Festival debut as Schigolch in Lulu. In 1977 he was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire. He was particularly noted for his performances in Wagner's operas. In 1985 he married Kristine Ciesinski.

in 1933 - David Frishberg, American lyricist and pianist, is born at St. Paul, Minn. He has written dozens of humorous, sophisticated tunes that have been recorded by numerous singers. After studying journalism at the University of Minn. and spending a couple of years in the U.S. Air Force, he moved to N.Y. in 1957. A fine swing pianist, he manned the rhythm sections of notables such as Al Cohn, Zoot Sims, and Gene Krupa. In addition, he accompanied a very diverse group of singers, including Carmen McRae, Jimmy Rushing, and Anita O'Day. He began writing songs during the 1960s, and continues today. After moving to Los Angeles in 1971, he began writing for both television and motion pictures. Since starting to perform his own material regularly during the late 1970s, he has performed around the world. His classic, very "hip" tunes, include "The Underdog," "Peel Me a Grape," "Sweet Kentucky Ham," "My Attorney Bernie," "Van Lingo Mungo," ''I'm Hip," rz»: and "Quality Time," among many others. His remarkably quirky lyrics put a stamp on Frishberg as a unique musical voice in the jazz world.

in 1933 - Kroll Opera in Berlin opens.
in 1937 - Heinz Martin Lonquich, composer is born.

in 1939 - Boris Ivanovich Tischenko, composer is born and was a Russian and Soviet composer and pianist.
Tishchenko was born in Leningrad. He studied at the Leningrad Musical College from 1954 to 1957. There he learnt composition under Galina Ustvolskaya and piano under Mikhelis. Then from 1957 to 1963 he studied composition with Vadim Salmanov, Victor Voloshinov and Orest Evlakhov, and piano with L. Logovinski at the Leningrad Conservatory. He took a postgraduate course with the composer Dmitri Shostakovich from 1962 to 1965.

He taught at the Leningrad Conservatory from 1965, and became a professor there in 1986.

Tishchenko actively assisted in the secret delivery of the manuscript of Shostakovich's memoirs to the West. Later, however, he raised his voice in dispute against the authenticity of Testimony published by Solomon Volkov in 1979. In March 2006 he was announced as the first laureate of the 'Epokha Shostakovicha' prize instituted for the centennial of Shostakovich's birth. He died in Saint Petersburg.

His opus includes more than seven symphonies, two violin concertos, two cello concertos, a piano concerto, five string quartets, two cello sonatas, ten piano sonatas, a requiem, chamber and vocal works, the opera The Stolen Sun, the operetta A Cockroach, three ballets The Twelve, Fly-bee and Yaroslavna (The Eclipse), and incidental music for theatre and film.

Tishchenko's music style and composing manner shows him to be a typical representative of the Leningrad composers' school. He was very much influenced by music of his teachers Dmitri Shostakovich and Galina Ustvolskaya, turning these influences in his own way. He tried to use some experimental and modernist ideas like twelve-tone or aleatoric techniques, but was much more attached to the native traditions of his homeland. He demonstrated a kind of originality, scoring his Second Cello Concerto for 48 cellos, 12 double-basses and percussion (1969). Ten years later, however, he re-orchestrated it for a more practical combination.

He was honored by Shostakovich's orchestration of his First Cello Concerto, and repaid his master by the orchestration, editing and transcription of a few scores by Shostakovich. Tishchenko's Requiem, to the forbidden poem by Anna Akhmatova, written in the period of political stagnation in 1966, was a courageous cultural gesture.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBR-HWAPzTw"]YouTube - Boris Tishchenko - String Quartet No. 3 (1/3)[/ame]

in 1940 - Luis Gasca, rocker is born.
in 1942 - Jimmy Miller, US pop drummer (Rolling Stones, Mot”rhead) is born.
in 1943 - Joseph Moiseyevich Schillinger, composer, dies at 47.

in 1943 - Laszlo Dubrovay, Hungarian composer, is born at Budapest. He studied at the Bartok Conservatory and the Academy of Music in Budapest (graduated, 1966), his principal mentors being Istvan Szelenyi, Ferenc Szabo, and Imre Vincze; then continued his training in West Germany on a scholarship from the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst, receiving instruction in composition from Stockhausen and in electronic music from Hans-Ulrich Rumpert (1972-74). Returning to Budapest, he taught theory at the Academy of Music (from 1976); was awarded the Erkel Prize (1985). In some of his works, he utilizes electronic and computer resources.

in 1944 - Michael Nyman, composer (Mesmer, Carrington) is born.
in 1946 - Alexandru Zirra, composer, dies at 62.
in 1949 - Ric Ocasek, Balt, rock vocalist (Cars-Double Life, Bye Bye Love) is born.

in 1950 - Ivan Elias, bass player of the Eighties pop-rock group Scandal, is born. Elias was the beneficiary of MTV airplay. Scandal was founded in 1981 by New York City-based guitarist Zack Smith. Wanting to add a female vocalist, he auditioned nearly 100 women before settling on the energetic Patty Smyth, the daughter of a nightclub manager. Signed by Columbia Records, Scandal were an early MTV favourite, with the video for ‘Goodbye To You’ receiving heavy play. After scoring three more AOR hits, ‘The Warrior’, ‘Beat Of A Heart’ and ‘Hands Tied’, the group was struck by infighting, and eventually founder Zack Smith was forced out of his own group. The surviving members of Scandal re-formed for a documentary on the VH1 network in 2004. (Lung cancer). After complaining of back pain, he sought medical treatment and discovered that he had lung cancer that had spread to his backbone. He was not a smoker. - Died June 4, 1996.

in 1952 - Karen Young, A disco singer who scored a club hit in 1977 with ‘Hot Shot’, is born. Karen Young had previously worked as a commercial jingle singer. ‘Hot Shot’ returned to the British charts in 1997, remixed by Mo’ Bizz Records as ‘Hot Shot “97”’. (Bleeding ulcer). She died in Philadelphia. - Died January 26, 1991.

in 1952 – Alan Freed staged what is considered the first modern rock’n’roll concert, the Moondog Coronation Ball. The oversold 10,000 seat Cleveland Arena erupted into a riot after just one song.

in 1953 - Chaka Khan, [Stevens], Great Lakes Il, rocker (Rufus-I am Every Woman) is born.

in 1955 - Gerry Hemingway, jazz percussionist, composer, is born at New Haven, Conn. Between 1972-79 he made a living primarily as a jazz drummer and percussionist, but also worked in electronic music, chamber ensembles, theater, experimental film, and world music. In New Haven he became associated with George Lewis, Robert Dick, David Mott, and in particular Anthony Davis and Leo Smith, who inspired his development as a composer and improvisor.

In 1976 he founded the Creative Musicians Improvisors Forum with Smith and Bobby Naughton, a non-profit organization that produced numerous large ensemble performances and recordings. In the fall of 1979 he moved to N.Y. and began performing as a solo artist. During the 1980s he began working with digital sampling, computers, and MIDI triggering. During the later 1980s and 1990s, he toured the U.S. and Europe with a quintet of baritone saxophone, trombone, cello, bass, drums/steel drums.

He was a member of The Anthony Braxton Quartet (1983-95), and is an ongoing member of the Reggie Workman Ensemble, Anthony Davis's Episteme, BassDrumBone, a collective trio (with Georg Grawe and Ernst Reijseger), Tambastics (with Robert Dick, Denman Maroney, and Mark Dresser), and The Iliad Quartet. He also performs in duo with Marilyn Crispell and saxophonist/live electronics player Earl Howard. As a composer, Hemingway has received numerous commissions for works for tape and live performance. In January 1995 he presented works from 1988-94 at Merkin Hall in N.Y. His multimedia work includes Waterways, for multiple slide projectors, tape and percussion, as well as an ongoing collaboration with video artist/animator Beth Warshafsky.

in 1959 - Epic Soundtracks (KEVIN PAUL GODFREY) is born. The founding drummer of the pioneering, British proto-punk, avant-garde rock band, Swell Maps, Epic Soundtracks formed the group in the early Seventies in his native Birmingham, with vocalist brother Nikki Sudden.

Experimenting with percussion and electronics on indie hit singles such as ‘Read About Seymour’ and ‘Dresden Style’, Swell Maps found scant interest until the punk explosion of 1977. Also an artist, Soundtracks designed the covers to the group’s albums, A Trip To Marineville and Jane From Occupied Europe. With Swell Maps disbanding in 1980, Soundtracks teamed with his brother in The Jacobites, and later played drums and keyboards for other underground rock groups.

After a three-year stint with Crime & The City Solution, he formed These Immortal Souls, releasing two albums during the group’s five-year run, as well as holding down a day job at a vintage record shop. Recording the first of five solo albums in 1992, Soundtracks was joined by guests Dinosaur Jr. and Sonic Youth on Rise Above. He overdosed on drugs in his apartment. His body was discovered two weeks later on December 1, 1997.

in 1961 - Elvis Presley had his seventh UK No.1 single with 'Wooden Heart.' The song was based on a German folk song and was featured in Presley's film GI Blues.

in 1963 - Ruby and the Romantics went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Our Day Will Come', it made No.38 in the UK.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H9xbh5kohE4"]YouTube - Ruby & The Romantics - Our Day Will Come[/ame]
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Old March 22nd, 2014, 10:14 PM   #2762

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in 1964 - John Lennon's book of verse and rhyme 'In His Own Write' was published in the UK. Some of the content was first published in Lennon's 'Beachcomber' column in Mersey Beat.

in 1966 - Marti Pellow, rocker (Wet, Wet, Wet-Wishing I Was) is born.

in 1967 - At a ceremony held at the Playhouse Theatre in London, The Beatles were awarded three Ivor Novello awards for 1966: Best-selling British single ‘Yellow Submarine’, most-performed song ‘Michelle’, and next-most-performed song ‘Yesterday’. None of the Beatles attended and the winning songs were played by Joe Loss and his Orchestra. The lead vocal for ‘Michelle’ was sung by Ross MacManus, whose son would go on to become the professional musician Elvis Costello.

in 1969 - During a UK tour Stevie Wonder played two shows at the Coventry Theatre in the West Midlands. Also on the bill, The Foundations, The Flirtations and Emperor Rosko.

in 1971 - Armin Loos, composer, dies at 67.
in 1972 - The film of The Concert For Bangla Desh featuring George Harrison, Bob Dylan and Eric Clapton premiered in New York.

in 1973 - John Lennon was ordered to leave the US within 60 days by the immigration authorities; he began a long fight to win his 'Green Card' which he was given on 27th July 1976.

in 1974 - Cher went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Dark Lady', the singers third solo No.1, it made No.36 in the UK.

in 1977 - Elvis Presley appeared at the Arizona State University in Tempe, Arizona. This was the first date of 49 date US tour over three months and Presley’s last ever tour. (His last ever show was on 26th June 1977 at the Indianapolis Indiana Market Square Arena).

in 1980 - The Psychedelic Furs and The Teardrop Explodes appeared at The Lyceum Ballroom, London.

in 1980 - Jacob Miller dies at age 23. Jamaican reggae artist well known for his work with Inner Circle; he featured in the film Rockers, alongside many other musicians including Gregory Isaacs, Big Youth and Burning Spear. In the movie, he plays the singer of a hotel house band, in reality Inner Circle, who are joined on drums by the films hero, Leroy "Horsemouth" Wallace and play an awesome live version of Inner Circle hit "Tenement Yard". One of his biggest Jamaican hits "Tired Fe Lick Weed" showed his political leanings as can be seen in his performance of the song in the film "Heartland Reggae", where his open enjoyment of a 'ganja spliff' on stage was intended to be seen as a militant statement. He was due to perform along with Bob Marley and Inner Circle in Brazil and then to tour with them; this tour was canceled after Miller's untimely death in a car crash.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W8GF5T16p2U"]YouTube - Jacob Miller - Chapter a Day[/ame]

in 1981 - Adam and the Ants kicked off an UK tour at The City Hall, Newcastle Upon Tyne, England.

in 1982 - Sonny Greer dies at age 86. American jazz drummer; he started his career with Elmer Snowden's band and the Howard Theatre's orchestra in Washington, D.C. He met Duke Ellington in 1919 and became the Duke's first drummer, playing in his quintet, the Washingtonians. He moved with Ellington into the Cotton Club, and because of his then second job as a designer with the Leedy Drum Company, he built up a huge drum kit worth over $3,000, as well as chimes, a gong, timpani, and vibes. He stayed with the Duke for over 30 years. In 1950 the two musicians fell out to due to Sonny's heavy drinking and unreliability and they went their separate ways. Sonny worked as a freelance drummer playing with the likes of Johnny Hodges, Red Allen, J. C. Higginbotham, Tyree Glenn, and Brooks Kerr, as well as appearing in films, and briefly leading his own band. He was part of a tribute to The Duke in 1974, which achieved great success throughout the United States.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BqSwFNbGqBo"]YouTube - Sonny Greer and his sextet[/ame]

in 1983 - The Smiths played at The Rock Garden, London, England, the group's first ever London show.

in 1985 - Billy Joel married model Christie Brinkley on a boat moored alongside the Statue Of Liberty. They divorced in 1993.

in 1985 - Former Creedence Clearwater Revival front man John Fogerty went to No.1 on the US album chart with 'Centerfield.'

in 1990 - “Big Al” Sears, popular jazz and R&B tenor saxophonist, dies. “Big Al” was one of the most influential “honkers” of the Fifties. A veteran player who got his break in Chick Webb’s band in 1928, Sears briefly headed his own small combo in 1941.

Sears subsequently joined Andy Kirk, Lionel Hampton, and as a replacement for Ben Webster in Duke Ellington’s Orchestra from 1944 to 1949. While a member of Johnny Hodges’ group in 1949, Sears penned the Hodges’ hit, ‘Castle Rock’. Embracing R&B in the Fifties, Sears was a central figure in Alan Freed’s house band and was frequently teamed on stage with other honker greats such as Sam “The Man” Taylor and Red Prysock.

Hired in the Sixties as an executive at ABC-Paramount Records, Sears also recorded a series of jazz albums. After retiring from the label in 1980, Sears remained a popular figure on the R&B and blues circuit until shortly before his death. CAUSE: He died of lung cancer at his home in Long Island, New York. - Born February 22, 1910.

in 1990 - Fleetwood Mac kicked off their Behind The Mask world tour with 14 dates in Australian starting at the Boondall Entertainment Centre in Brisbane.

in 1991 - Comedy duo Hale And Pace And The Stonkers were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with the charity record 'The Stonk.'

in 1991 - Timmy T went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'One More Try', not a hit in the UK.

in 1991 - R.E.M. scored their first UK No.1 album with their seventh LP 'Out Of Time' featuring the singles 'Losing My Religion' and 'Shiny Happy People.'

in 1992 - Janet Jackson signed with Virgin Records for $16,000,000 (Ł9,412,000).

in 1993 - Linn V. Phillips, founding guitarist and vocalist of the oldies revival act, Flash Cadillac, dies. Phillips appeared with the group in several films including American Graffiti. A native of Pennsylvania, Phillips had formed the group in 1969 with several other students at the University of Denver. Releasing their début album in 1973, Flash Cadillac And The Cadillac Kids, the group landed two pop hits, ‘Good Times Rock & Roll’ (1975), and featuring the spoken snippets of deejay Wolfman Jack, ‘Did You Boogie (With Your Baby)’ (1976). (Heart attack). He died backstage after a sold-out concert with The Tulsa Philharmonic Orchestra. - Born August 1, 1947.

in 1994 - Oasis played at The Angel in Bedford, England. They were paid Ł100 ($170) for the gig.

in 1994 - Donald Swann dies at age 70. Welsh composer, musician and entertainer; born in Llanelli, he and Michael Flanders started their working partnership in 1948, writing songs and light opera, Don writing the music and Flanders writing the words. Their songs were performed by artists such as Ian Wallace and Joyce Grenfell. They wrote two two-man revues, At the Drop of a Hat and At the Drop of Another Hat, which they performed all over the world until their partnership ended in 1967. At the same time, Don was maintaining a prolific musical output, writing the music for several operas and operettas, including a full-length version of C.S. Lewis's Perelandra, and a setting of J.R.R. Tolkien's poems from The Lord of the Rings to music in The Road Goes Ever On collection. A life-long friendship with Sydney Carter resulted in scores of songs, the best known being "The Youth of the Heart" which reappeared in At the Drop of A Hat, and a musical Lucy & the Hunter. Throughout the '80s and early 90s he continued performing in various combinations with singers and colleagues and as a solo artist and 'discovered' Victorian poetry and he composed some of his most profound and moving music to the words of William Blake, Emily Dickinson, Christina Rossetti, Oscar Wilde and others. He wrote a number of hymn tunes which appear in modern standard hymn books. It is estimated that Don wrote or set to music nearly 2,000 songs during his career.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zyeMFSzPgGc"]YouTube - The Gas Man Cometh - Flanders and Swann[/ame]

in 1995 - Daniel George "Danny" Apolinar, composer/songwriter, dies at 61.

in 1995 - Ripley Ingram, tenor vocalist of the early doo-wop group The Five Keys, dies. Ripley Ingram was a student in Newport News, Virginia when he and his brother Raphael joined The Sentimental Four in 1949. Following an amateur night win at the Apollo Theater, the Rudy West-led group signed with Aladdin Records in 1951. Recording on several labels, and experiencing numerous line-up changes, the group scored several hits including the doo-wop standard, ‘The Glory Of Love’ and ‘Ling Ting Tong’. Ingram left the group in the early Sixties. He died at Newport News, Virginia. - Born January 21, 1930.

in 1995 - Alan Barton dies at age 41. English lead singer of hit-making duo Black Lace, alongside Colin Routh, with hits including "Agadoo", "The Music Man" and "Superman". They also represented the United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 in Jerusalem, with the song "Mary Ann", which finished seventh.

In 1986, Alan replaced Chris Norman in Smokie recording six albums with them, and touring extensively as their lead vocalist and rhythm guitarist. He was also the lead singer on Smokie's revival of their hit, "Living Next Door To Alice", recorded with British comedian Roy 'Chubby' Brown, as "Who The **** is Alice". In 1991 he released his only solo album, "Precious" and two singles: "July 69" and "Carry Your Heart" ft Kristine Pettersen.

En route to the Dusseldorf Airport following a concert, Smokie’s minibus plunged into a ravine, flipping over several times during a hail storm near Gummersbach, Germany. Barton suffered head injuries. Entering a coma, he died six days later in a Cologne hospital without ever regaining consciousness. Bandmates Alan Silson and Terry Uttley suffered minor injuries. - Born September 16, 1953.

in 1996 - Jacob “Killer” Miller, songwriter and producer, dies. J.D. Miller worked with Slim Harpo, Lazy Lester, Lightnin’ Slim, and other Louisiana-style swamp blues and Cajun players at Excello Records. While an A&R man at Decca Records, Miller wrote Kitty Wells’ chart-topping hit (the first-ever for a female country singer), ‘Honky Tonk Angels’, an answer song to Hank Thompson’s ‘Wild Side Of Life’. Miller operated several labels including Feature, Zynn, and Rebal. He died in Lafayette, Louisiana. Complications from quadruple bypass surgery. - Born May4, 1956.

in 1996 - Celine Dion went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Because You Loved Me', her second US No.1, a No.5 hit in UK. The Diane Warren song was taken from the film 'Up Close And Personal' starring Robert Redford and Michelle Pfeiffer. And on the same day her album 'Falling Into You' went to No.1 on the UK album chart.

in 1996 - Don Murray, The original drummer for the Sixties folk-rock group The Turtles, dies. Murray joined the Turtles shortly after graduating from high school. The Turtles evolved out of a surf group called The Nightriders, forming at Westchester High School in suburban Los Angeles. After evolving into The Crossfires, Murray joined as the group’s drummer. After winning a battle of the bands at The Revelaire Club, the group was hired as the house band, backing visiting acts such as The Righteous Brothers and Sonny & Cher.

After issuing an obscure single, and ready to disband, the group was instead signed by a new label, White Whale Records. Renamed The Turtles, the group garnered immediate fame with their electric version of the Bob Dylan folk song, ‘It Ain’t Me Babe’ (1965). Murray appeared on two more hits, ‘Let Me Be’ (1965) and ‘You Baby’ (1966).

He left the group in 1966 and was replaced by John Barbata. Also an artist, Murray worked at Hanna-Barbera from 1979 to 1982. He then joined a revival version of the surf rock band The Surfaris. He died after surgery, following a short, undisclosed illness. - Born November 8, 1945.

in 1997 - U2 were at No.1 on the US album chart with ‘Pop’ the bands fifth US No.1 album.
2005, (Is This The Way To) Amarillo by Tony Christie featuring Peter Kay was the No.1 UK single, Candy Shop by 50 Cent was at No.1 on the US chart and Almost Here by Delta Goodrem and Brian McFadden was at No.1 on the Australian singles chart.

in 2002 - Eileen Farrell dies at age 82. American opera and concert soprano singer, she preferred the concert hall and radio to the theatre. Born in Willimantic, Connecticut, but raised in Woonsocket, Rhode Island, in 1942 she made her concert debut on CBS radio where she soon presented her own radio program. During 1947–1948, she toured the US as a concert singer, and in 1949 she toured South America. Her song recital in New York in October 1950 was enthusiastically acclaimed and secured for her immediate recognition. That year, she also appeared in a concert performance of Berg's Wozzeck as Marie. In 1952, she was engaged by Toscanini for his first and only studio recording of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony with the NBC Symphony Orchestra. In the 1955 film Interrupted Melody, which starred Eleanor Parker as Australian soprano Marjorie Lawrence, Eileen supplied the singing voice for Ms. Parker. Throughout the 1960s she was a frequent soloist with the New York Philharmonic under the direction of Leonard Bernstein. From 1971 to 1980, Eileen was professor of music at the Indiana University School of Music in Bloomington. In the 1980's she recorded some pop albums and also made several recordings of blues music as well as the duet with Frank Sinatra on his "Trilogy" album, in which they sang a version of the country music hit "For the Good Times"
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dpl_Owvh6dI"]YouTube - Eileen Farrell "Adieu forest!" La Pucelle d'Orleans[/ame]

in 2006 - Cindy Walker dies at age 87. American singer, songwriter, dancer. The list of artists who have recorded Cindy's work reads like a "who's who" of American giants: from frequent collaborator Bob Wills to Roy Rogers, Webb Pierce, Eddy Arnold and Elvis, her co-writers and musical partners turned to her often for her signature hooks and poignant story-telling. Cindy's renowned pieces include "Take Me in Your Arms (and Hold Me)," "Cherokee Maiden," "You Don't Know Me,""In the Misty Moonlight," "Dream Baby", "Sugar Moon," "Distant Drums" and "I Don't Care." She wrote over 50 songs for Wills, the bandleader for the Texas Playboys, and garnered a new wave of media attention in recently (2006)because of Willie Nelson's newest album, Songs of Cindy Walker. Many are calling the project Nelson's best work in decade. Cindy was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1997

in 2006 - Pio Leyva / Wilfredo Pascual dies at age 88. Cuban singer, born in Morón, Cuba; he was part of the Buena Vista Social Club, and author of the well-known guaracha El Mentiroso ("The Liar"). He won a bongo contest at the age of six and made his singing debut in 1932. Pio recorded over 25 albums since he signed his first contract with RCA Victor in 1950. He sang with other Cuban artists including Benny Moré, Bebo Valdés, Noro Morales and was a member of Estrellas de Areito and "Compay Segundo y Sus Muchachos". He also took part in the 2004 film Música Cubana, which was marketed as a sequel to Buena Vista Social Club (heart attack)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a5fBo_jL4iY"]YouTube - Montuno Del Amor - Pio Leyva[/ame]

in 2008 - Neil Aspinall, who ran the Apple Corps music empire for the Beatles from 1970 – 2007 died at a hospital in New York from cancer aged 66. A school friend of Sir Paul McCartney and George Harrison, he was regarded by some of the band as the "fifth Beatle" becoming the Beatles' road manager in 1961 before becoming their personal assistant. He led the legal battle with Apple computers over the use of the Apple name and a royalties dispute between the Beatles and record label EMI. Aspinall had also played background instruments on Beatles tracks including Magical Mystery Tour, Within You Without You and Being for the Benefit of Mr Kite.

in 2008 - Jack Johnson was at No.1 on the US album chart with his fifth album ‘Sleep Through The Static’, the album spent three weeks at the top of the charts. Also a No.1 in the UK and Australia.
in 2008 - British soul singer Estelle feat Kayne West started a four week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'American Boy'. The song won a Grammy Award for 'Best Rap Collaboration.

in 2010 - Blanche Thebom dies at age 91. American mezzo-soprano born in Monessen, Pennsylvania. Blanche sang with the Metropolitan Opera in New York City for almost twenty years and is well known for her performance of the role of Brangane in Tristan und Isolde in a recording with Kirsten Flagstad and Ludwig Suthaus, conducted by Wilhelm Furtwängler . After her retirement from the Metropolitan 1960, she taught and directed opera performance in Atlanta and Little Rock until around 1980. She also appeared in summer theatre revivals of Broadway musicals such as The Sound of Music, as the Mother Abbess in Atlanta
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEYquPa03a8&feature=related"]YouTube - BLANCHE THEBOM & MARIO DEL MONACO "L`ABORRITA RIVAL" Aida 1953[/ame]

in 2010 - Marva Wright dies at age 62. American blues singer, Marva sang all her life, starting as a child at home and in church, but she didn’t start her professional career as a blues singer until 1987, when she began singing on Bourbon Street and became the powerhouse of New Orleans' blues and gospel scene. She made her first recording, "Mama, He Treats Your Daughter Mean" in 1989 and made her debut on national television in 1991. Also that year her debut album "Heartbreakin' Woman", was honored by the Louisiana Music Critics Association as Blues Album of the Year. Marva went on to gig across the world, in France, Italy, Germany, Belgium, Holland, Russia, Norway, Sweden, and Brazil. Her appearances in the U.S. include Chicago, Philadelphia, and New York, Texas, California, Vermont, Colorado, and Florida. She has worked with many artists including Joe Cocker, Glen Campbell, Allen Toussaint, Harry Connick Jr., Bobby McFerrin, Aaron Neville, Fats Domino, Lou Rawls, and Marcia Ball. Marva released 9 albums over her career, the last being "After the Levees Broke" in 2007, one of the first albums by a New Orleans artist to fully address the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina (died from complications after suffering two strokes)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5FpRaVgV6Jw"]YouTube - HEARTBREAKIN' WOMAN MARVA WRIGHT[/ame]

in 2012 - Eric Lowen dies at age 60. American singer and songwriter, one half of the song writing duo, Lowen & Navarro. Along with songwriting partner Navarro, Lowen penned "We Belong" for Benatar in 1984 for her "Tropico" album. The track peaked at No. 5 on the Billboard Hot 100 and went on to be covered by numerous artists, including Double Dare.

Lowen and Navarro also wrote songs for The Triplets, David Lee Roth, the Bangles and Dave Edmunds through the years. They started recording as a folk duo in 1990 and released a handful of albums, including "Walking on a Wire" and "Scratch at the Door."

They became active as a performing group in 1987. In 1990, they began to release a number of records of their own, including "Learning To Fall" and "Purpose" (complications of ALS, aka Lou Gehrig's Disease).
David Eric Lowen was born in Utica, N.Y., on Oct. 23, 1951. His father was a Baptist minister and his mother a former music teacher, and he spent his childhood in various places in the Northeast — Utica, Greece, N.Y., and Ridgewood, N.J. — as his father moved to different churches. He took up the guitar in the ninth grade when his parents gave him one for Christmas. He graduated from Brockport State College (now the College at Brockport, State University of New York), near Rochester.

Mr. Lowen, whose first marriage ended in divorce, is survived by his wife, Kim Ferguson; a brother, Neal; a sister, Karen George, known as Kai; two children, Samuel and Annie-Claire, who are twins; and three stepchildren, Thomas, Katelyn and Hayley Ferguson, triplets who are the same age, 18, as their step-siblings.

After Mr. Lowen received his diagnosis, in 2004, he and Mr. Navarro completed the album “All the Time in the World,” and they continued to perform and record until 2009, when Mr. Lowen’s condition made it impossible. A tribute album for the benefit of Mr. Lowen’s family and A.L.S. charities, “Keep the Light Alive: Celebrating the Music of Lowen & Navarro,” featuring Jackson Browne, the Bangles and others, was released in 2010.
“We were never really huge, but we went on for a long time,” Mr. Navarro said, adding of Mr. Lowen: “He said, ‘I want to keep going.’ We managed five years, 250 shows and three albums. After the diagnosis.”

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in 1631 - Philipp Dulichius, composer, dies at 68.
in 1654 - Samuel Scheidt, German composer (Concertus sacri), dies at 66.
in 1714 - Carlo Giovanni Testori, composer is born.
in 1732 - Gian Francesco de Majo, composer is born.

in 1740 - John Antes, American Moravian minister and composer, is born at Frederick, near Bethlehem, Pa. He was educated at the Moravian boys's school in Bethlehem. After working as a musical instrument maker in Bethlehem, he went to Herrnhut, Germany, in 1764 to pursue his training. In 1765 he went to Neuwied to learn the watchmaker's trade. He was ordained a Moravian minister in 1769 and in 1770 he went to Egypt as a missionary.

In 1779 he was captured by the underlings of Osman Bey, who beat and crippled him in an attempt to extort money from him. In 1781 he returned to Germany. He settled in the Fulneck Moravian community in England in 1785 as warder (business manager).

His extant works—3 trios for 2 Violins and Cello, c. 1790, the earliest known chamber pieces by a native American, 31 concerted anthems and solo songs, and 59 hymn tunes—reveal his gifts as a composer. He publ. a description of his efforts to improve the violin tuning mechanism, violin bows, and keyboard hammers in the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung, VIII (1806).

He also invented a music stand with which the performer could automatically turn the pages of a score. His interesting autobiography was published as "Lebenslauf des Bruders John Antes" in Nachrichten aus der Bruder-Gemeine, No. 2 (1845). - Died at Bristol, England, Dec. 17, 1811.

in 1749 - Bernard Jumentier, composer is born.
in 1755 - Theodor Christleib Reinhold, composer, dies at 72.
in 1762 - Marcos Antonio da Fonseca, Portugal, opera composer (Portogallo) is born.
in 1817 - Aime Maillart, composer is born.
in 1825 - Giovanni Domenico Perotti, composer, dies at 64.
in 1838 - Thomas Attwood, composer, dies at 72.

in 1857 - Timothee Adamowski, Polish-American violinist, conductor, teacher, and composer, brother of Joseph Adamowski, is born at Warsaw. He was a pupil of Katski and Roguski at the Warsaw Conservatpru, (graduated, 1874) before completing his studies at the Paris Conservatpru. In 1879 he made his first tour of the U.S., and then was a violinist in the Boston Symphony Orchestra (1884-86; 1889-1907) and conductor of its summer pops concerts (1890-94; 1900-1907). In 1888 he founded the Adamowski String Quartet. With his brother Joseph and his sister-in-law Antoinette Szumowska, he organized the Adamowski Trio in 1896. From 1908 to 1933 he taught violin at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston. He composed works for violin and piano, and songs. - Died at Boston, April 18, 1943.

in 1878 - Albin Masek, composer, dies at 73.
in 1884 - Gino Marinuzzi, composer is born.
in 1894 - Robert Prescott Stewart, composer, dies at 68.
in 1895 - Arthur Murray, dancer (Arthur Murray's Dance Party) is born.

in 1900 - June Clark (actually, Algeria Junius), jazz cornetist, is born at Long Branch, N.J. His family moved to Philadelphia in 1908. Clark was taught piano by his mother, then played bugle before graduating to baritone horn and cornet.

He worked as a Pullman porter before becoming a professional musician with S. H. Dudley's "Black Sensations/' Clark and James P. Johnson left the show and worked together in Toledo, Ohio, where they met Jimmy Harrison. In late 1920, Clark returned to gig in Philadelphia, then joined the band accompanying Josephine Stevens for a year. He toured theaters with Willie "the Lion" Smith and with "Holiday in Dixie" show.

When the show folded in Detroit, Clark worked in the Buick factory for a while, then rejoined Harrison and played in Fess Williams' Band. He settled in N.Y., and led his own bands at various venues between 1924-30. He also took his band to Saratoga for summer of 1925 and worked for brief spells with various other leaders. He continued to work in N.Y., occasionally leading his own bands through 1933, then spent two years in Philadelphia.

He was back in N.Y., working with other leaders through early 1937, when he quit regular playing due to failing health. He worked for a while as Louis Armstrong's road manager, then entered Otisville Sanitarium in August 1939, suffering from tuberculosis. He left Otisville in October 1941, worked as musical adviser to various bands, including that of Earl Hines (1944), then became road manager for the famous boxer Sugar Ray Robinson. He remained with Robinson until forced to quit through illness shortly before his death. - Died at N.Y., Feb. 23,1963.

in 1910 - Jacques Chailley, composer is born.

in 1912 - Nervous Norvus (JAMES DRAKE) is born. Novelty-styled Fifties pop-rock singer whose biggest hit came with ‘Transfusion’ (1956), Nervous Norvus had previously recorded under his real name. A much banned hit, ‘Transfusion’ had been recorded originally by The Four Jokers. A former truck driver, he followed up with another novelty hit ‘Ape Call’. After his brief career subsided, he returned to driving a truck and occasional radio work. - Died May 1968.

in 1916 - Enrique Granados (y Campifia), distinguished Spanish composer, pianist, and teacher, father of Eduardo Granados (y Campifia), dies (age 48) in the aftermath of the torpedoing of the S.S. Sussex by a German submarine in the English Channel.

He went to Barcelona and studied piano with Francisco Jurnet at the Escolania de la Marce and privately with Joan Baptista Pujol, and from 1883 took private composition lessons with Pedrell. In 1887 he went to Paris to pursue his training in piano with Charles de Beriot, In 1889 he returned to Barcelona, and in 1890 made his recital debut there.

He continued to make successful appearances as a pianist in subsequent years while pursuing his interest in composing. On Nov. 12, 1898, he scored a notable success as a composer with the premiere of his zarzuela Maria delCarmen in Madrid. In 1900 he organized the Sociedad de Conciertos Clasicos in Barcelona, and from 1901 taught there at his own Academia Granados. He secured his reputation as a composer with his imaginative and effective piano suite Goyescas (1911).

He subsequently utilized music from the suite and from some of his vocal tonadillas to produce the opera Goyescas, which received its premiere at the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y.on Jan. 28, 1916, with the composer in attendance. It was on his voyage home that Granados perished. Although he was picked up by a lifeboat after the attack on the S.s. Sussex, he dove into the sea to save his drowning wife and both were lost. Granados' output reflected the influence of the Spanish and Romantic traditions, and the Castilian tonadilla. His finest scores are notable for their distinctive use of melody, rhythm, harmony, and color. – Born at Lerida, July 27, 1867.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9xugBZkBpDk"]YouTube - Enrique Granados: GOYESCAS - Intermedio (Ex.)" target="_blank">YouTube - Enrique Granados: GOYESCAS - Intermedio (Ex.)[/ame]

in 1918 - Theophile Ysaye, composer, dies at 53.
in 1921 - Deodat de Severac, composer, dies at 48.

in 1927 - Janos Decsenyi, Hungarian composer, is born at Budapest. He studied in Budapest with Sugar at the Conservatory (1948---52) and with Szervanszky at the Academy of Music (1952-56). From 1951 he was active with the Hungarian Radio, becoming head of its department of serious music and director of its electronic music studio. In 1986 he was made a Merited Artist by the Hungarian government. He was awarded the Bartok Pasztory Prize in 1999.

in 1928 - Byron Janis (real name, Yanks, abbreviated from Yankelevitch), outstanding American pianist, is born at McKeesport, Pa., March 24, 1928. He began to study piano with a local teacher, and at the age of seven, he was taken to N.Y., where he became a pupil of Adele Marcus. Progressing rapidly, he made his professional debut in 1943, playing Rachmaninoff's second Piano Concerto with the NBC Symphony Orchestra. He played it again with the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra on Feb. 20, 1944, with the 13-year-old Lorin Maazel on the podium.

Vladimir Horowitz happened to be present at the concert and told Janis that he would be willing to take him as a private pupil; these private lessons continued for several years. In 1948 he toured South America, the same year that he played in Carnegie Hall, N.Y., to critical acclaim. In 1952 he made a tour of Europe. In 1960 he made his first tour of Russia, under the auspices of the visit to France in 1967, he discovered the autograph manuscript of two waltzes by Chopin, the G-flat major, op. 70, no. 1, and the E-flat major, op. 18; in 1973 he located two variants of these waltzes in the library of Yale University.

In 1975 he made the film Frederic Chopin: A Voyage with Byron Janis, which was produced by the Public Broadcasting Service. In 1953 he married June Dickinson Wright; they were divorced in 1965; in 1966 he married Maria Veronica Cooper, the daughter of the movie star Gary Cooper. At the climax of his career, Janis was stricken with crippling psoriatic arthritis in his hands and wrists.

In spite of the attendant physical and emotional distress, he persevered in his international career. On Feb. 25, 1985, he gave a special concert at the White House in Washington, D.C., at which time his illness was publicly disclosed. He was named Ambassador for the Arts of the National Arthritis Foundation, and subsequently gave concerts on its behalf.

in 1930 - Cristobal Halffter (Jimenez-Encina), prominent Spanish composer and conductor, nephew of Emesto Halffter and Rodolfo Halffter (Escriche), is born at Madrid. He studied composition with Conrado del Campo at the Madrid Conservatory (1947-51) and with Tansman in Paris (1959). From 1953 he was active as a conductor in Spain, and later conducted abroad. After serving as a teacher of composition (1961-66) and as director (1964-66) at the Madrid Conservatory, he lectured at the University of Navarra (1970-78). He was president of the Spanish section of the ISCM (1976-78). In 1979 he was artistic director of the electronic music studio of the Heinrich Strobel-Stiftung in Freiburg im Breisgau. He was made a member of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in 1983, of the Berlin Academy of Arts in 1985, and of the Swedish Royal Academy in Stockholm in 1988. As a composer, Halffter has perfected a highly personal style that makes use of the full range of contemporary means of expression, from dodecaphony to electronics.

in 1932 - Christiane Eda-Pierre, esteemed French soprano, is born at Fort-de-Prance, Martinique. She studied at the Paris Conservatory, graduating with 3 premiers prix in 1957. In 1958 she made her operatic debut in Nice as Leila in Les Ptcheure de perles; after singing Pamina at the Aix-en-Provence Festival (1959), she went to Paris and made debuts at the OperaComique (as Lakme, 1961) and the Opera (as Lucia di Lammermoor, 1962). In 1966 she made her first appearance at London's Covent Garden as Teresa in Benvenuto Cellini. She appeared as Mozart's Countess with the Paris Opera during its visit to N.Y. in 1976. On April 3, 1980, she made her Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y.as Mozart's Constanze, and returned there for the 1981-82 season. In 1983 she created the role of the Angel in Messiaen's St. Francois d'Assise in Paris. She also served as a professor of voice at the Paris Conservatory (from 1977).Among her other admired roles were Rameau's Dardanus, the Queen of the Night, Berlioz's Hero, Zerbinetta, Gilda, and Milhaud's Medee.

in 1933 - David Harries, composer is born.
in 1935 - Major Bowes' Original Amateur Hour goes national on NBC Radio Network.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4BM5O_elYnU"]YouTube - Frank Sinatra with The Hoboken Four - Major Bowes 1935" target="_blank">YouTube - Frank Sinatra with The Hoboken Four - Major Bowes 1935[/ame]

in 1936 - Fredrick Kaufmamn, composer is born.

in 1936 - George Lee, is born. The second tenor of the pop-soul group Ruby And The Romantics, George Lee teamed with several friends in Akron, Ohio, originally as an all-male outfit called The Supremes. After failing to find success in New York City, the group returned to Akron and added female vocalist Ruby Nash. Signing with Kapp Records, which insisted that Nash assume lead vocal duties, the redubbed Ruby And The Romantics enjoyed several hits including ‘Our Day Will Come’ and ‘Hey There Lonely Boy’. But after leaving Kapp for ABC Records, Lee and the other male members of the group soon quit the group. Lee later worked as a truck driver. CAUSE: Cancer; he suffered from the disease for eight years. He died in the Bronx, New York.

in 1936 - Willie Hunter ,the baritone vocalist of the Fifties R&B/doo-wop act The Diablos, is born. Willie Hunter formed the group with friends while in high school. Fronted by brothers Nolan and Jimmy Strong, the Detroit-based group scored its only hit with ‘The Way You Dog Me Around’ (1956). Another of their releases, the fine ballad ‘The Wind’, became a doo-wop standard. Hunter remained with the group until the mid Sixties. - Died April 1978 at Detriot.

in 1937 - Billy Stewart is born. An R&B singer and piano player who scored a string of hits in the mid Sixties, Washington DC-native Billy Stewart received his musical training as a member of his family’s gospel group, The Stewart Gospel Singers. Encouraged to learn the piano by his mother, Stewart soon left gospel for pop music. After passing through a local group called The Graham Crackers, Stewart joined his uncle’s group, “Houn’ Dog” Ruffin, as a vocalist. Winning a talent show as a soloist at The Howard Theater in Washington DC, Stewart sang his own R&B arrangement of the Porgy & Bess standard, ‘Summertime’.

Asked in 1956 to join Bo Diddley’s band, the young Stewart honed his keyboard skills during the next few years. Occasionally recording as a solo act at Diddley’s label, Chess/Argo Records, Stewart’s début single, ‘Billy’s Blues’, was plagiarised by Mickey & Sylvia for their 1957 hit, ‘Love Is Strange’. Stewart sued to receive writer’s credit but lost. Stewart did not again record until 1962 when under new manager Allen Meyerhoff, he scored a minor R&B hit with ‘Reap What You Sow’/‘Fat Boy’. A large man who was nicknamed “Fat Boy” and “Motor Mouth,” Stewart possessed an idiosyncratic, fast-fire, stuttering-like delivery in which words were doubled up.

Stewart enjoyed a strong hit run in the mid Sixties with ‘Strange Feeling’ (1963); ‘Count Me Out’ (1964); and a pair of self-penned releases, ‘I Do Love You’ (1965) and ‘Sitting In The Park’ (1965). But his biggest pop hit came with his frenetic cover of the standard, ‘Summertime’ (1966).

In the late Sixties, Stewart’s life was marred by vehicle mishaps. In 1968, one of the automobiles carrying Stewart’s entourage crashed and burned killing all but one occupant, trumpeter Cuba Sanchez. Then a year later, Stewart was injured in a motorcycle accident. A final road tragedy ended Stewart’s life in 1970. Stewart died instantly along with three members of his band, The Soul Kings, when their automobile struck a bridge support on Interstate-95, and tumbled down an abutment into the Neuse River, one mile south of Smithfield, North Carolina, while en route to an engagement in Columbia, South Carolina.

The wheels of Stewart’s brand new, week-old Ford Thunderbird had locked up. Stewart’s manager was following in a second car and had noticed the wobbling wheels; Stewart had planned on servicing the vehicle after reaching the next stop. Also killed were Norman P. Rich, William Cathey, and Rico Hightower. Suing the Ford Motor Company, Stewart’s family reached an out-of-court settlement. - Died January 17, 1970.

in 1938 - Holger Czukay, German new-wave composer, is born at Danzig. A musical iconoclast, Czukay fell through the cracks of both jazz and classical instruction until he studied with Stockhausen (1962). He subsequently went to Switzerland, where he encountered rock music through the guitarist Michael Karoli, with whom he formed the pioneer new-wave group Can (1968-78). Can followed the early Stockhausen aesthetic, utilizing "found" music from shortwave radio as well as the techniques of tape splicing and the collage of ethnic music. Czukay anticipated trends in alternative pop music not apparent to most people until well into the 1980s; the ethnic-based constructions in his Forgery series of the 1970s were acknowledged by David Byrne and Brian Eno as an influence in their collaboration, MyLife in the Bush of Ghosts.

in 1943 - Kevin Kelley (KEVIN DANIEL KELLEY) is born. Briefly a member of The Byrds, drummer Kevin Kelley appeared on only one album – the commercially unsuccessful but highly influential, country-oriented Sweetheart Of The Rodeo. Kelley was previously a member of The Rising Sons, a Los Angeles group which included Taj Mahal and slide guitarist Ry Cooder. After recording an unreleased (at the time) album, the group disbanded in 1966. After passing through a group called Fusion, in 1968, Kelley joined his cousin Chris Hillman in The Byrds, but by the end of that year, Kelley had been replaced by Gene Parsons. Kelley then joined Fever Tree, who had previously recorded the psychedelic classic ‘San Francisco Girls’. After recording just one album, For Sale, Kelley quit in 1970. He would later work with John Fahey, Phil Ochs (on the album Gunfight At Carnegie Hall) and then the Jesse Barish-led group, Jesse, Wolf & Whings. - Died of natural causes at North Hollywood, California April 6, 2002.

in 1943 - Keith Relf, is Born. The original lead singer and harmonica player of the influential British blues rock group The Yardbirds, Keith Relf was a serious blues record collector. Born in Richmond, in south west London, Relf almost died at age three from asthma, a condition which haunted him throughout his life. After dropping out of Kingston Art College, Relf drifted from job to job while assembling The Metropolitan Blues Quartet in 1963 with rhythm guitarist Chris Dreja, lead guitarist Anthony Topham, drummer Jim McCarty and bassist Paul Samwell-Smith.

Renamed The Yardbirds by Relf, the group found their voice in late 1963 when guitarist Eric Clapton replaced Topham. When the London-based Yardbirds backed visiting bluesman Sonny Boy Williamson during a winter British tour, the association was captured on the album With Sonny Boy Williamson (1964). Signing with British EMI’s Columbia label, The Yardbirds scored a minor chart hit with an R&B cover, ‘Good Morning Little Schoolgirl’. Although Relf emerged as the chief songwriter, the group recorded a host of Chicago blues standards.

His asthma aggravated by performing in smoke-filled venues, Relf would temporarily leave the group after suffering a collapsed lung. The Yardbirds reached number one in the UK with ‘For Your Love’, a guitar-driven, title track, a song written by future 10cc member Graham Gouldman. Unhappy that the group was veering away from its blues core, Clapton quit and was replaced by guitarist Jeff Beck.

The Yardbirds’ hit run then continued with another Gouldman composition, ‘Heart Full Of Soul’, followed by ‘Evil Hearted You’, ‘Shapes Of Things’ and Tiny Bradshaw’s rock standard, ‘Train Kept A-Rollin’’ which was a track recorded at Sun Studios in Memphis during their first US tour. Releasing two solo singles at Columbia Records in 1966, Relf scored a minor British hit with pop-textured ‘Mr. Zero’.

When Samwell-Smith departed to become a record producer in 1966, session guitarist Jimmy Page was added, initially on bass guitar, but Dreja soon switched to bass, enabling The Yardbirds to boast a particularly effective – albeit short-lived – twin lead guitar line-up. Releasing their second studio album Over, Under, Sideways, Down, The Yardbirds veered further away from their blues roots as they charted with the psychedelic title track. Beck quit the group towards the end of 1966 after the release of the single, ‘Happenings Ten Years Time Ago’.

Hiring new manager Peter Grant and joined by new producer Mickie Most, The Yardbirds continued with ‘Little Games’ (1967) and a cover of Manfred Mann’s ‘Ha! Ha! Said The Clown’ (1967). Unhappy with the excessive tinkerings of the pop-trained Mickey Most, The Yardbirds disbanded in July 1968. Needing to fulfil contractual obligations, Page took control and formed a replacement group as The New Yardbirds, which evolved into Led Zeppelin. Relf and McCarty then launched the progressive rock group, Renaissance, joined by Relf’s sister Jane and two others.

Relf left the group after they released two poor-selling albums, Renaissance and Illusion. Relf then produced the experimental British rock group Steamhammer. After that group disbanded, Relf retained guitarist Martin Pugh and bassist Louis Cennamo (who had also been in Renaissance) to form Armageddon. Signed by A&M, the group recorded an ignored, self-titled album before disbanding. After passing through Medicine Head, Relf teamed with his sister and McCarty in a group called Illusion. He was electrocuted by a faulty amplifier while playing his guitar at his home. An alternative explanation suggests that Relf was electrocuted while standing over a hidden power socket near the fireplace in his home. - Died March 14, 1976.

in 1944 -Patti Labelle, Philadelphia-based "girl group" singers the Labelle, of the 1960s. MEMBERSHIP: Patti Labelle (born Patricia Louise Holt), (Nona Hendryx (b. Trenton, N.J., Aug. 18, 1945); Sarah Dash (b. Trenton, N.J., Aug. 18, 1943); Cindy Birdsong (b. Camden, N.J., Dec. 15, 1939).

Patti Labelle and the Bluebelles were formed by Labelle and Cindy Birdsong, who had sung previously with the Ordettes, and Nona Hendryx and Sarah Dash, who had previously worked with the Del Carpis. They were credited with scoring a major hit in 1962 with "I Sold My Heart to the Junkman," although the song was actually recorded by the Starlets. The group had two other minor hits in 1964, then were reduced to a trio in 1967 when Birdsong left to join the Supremes. In 1971, as a black female vocal trio comprised of Patti Labelle, Nona Hendryx, and Sarah Dash, they were transformed into Labelle under the auspices of British television producer Vicki Wickham.

Probably the first and perhaps the only major black female glitter-rock group, Labelle wore outlandish space-age costumes and projected a blatant, kinky sense of sexuality, developing a cult following among homosexuals. The first rock group to perform at N.Y.'s Metropolitan Opera House (in 1974), Labelle finally broke through in 1975 with the top hit "Lady Marmalade," a sexually charged and controversial single banned by many radio stations. With the group's breakup in 1977, all three members launched solo careers, with Patti Labelle establishing herself as a powerful vocalist and engaging onstage personality in the 1980s. Among her pop hits of the 1980s were "New Attitude," "Oh, People," and the top hit duet with Michael McDonald "On My Own."
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KsH63qJlIMM"]YouTube - Patti LaBelle - On My Own ft. Michael McDonald" target="_blank">YouTube - Patti LaBelle - On My Own ft. Michael McDonald[/ame]

in 1945 - Billboard published the first US LP chart. Nat King Cole was at No.1 with 'A Collection Of Favourites.'
in 1946 - Gustaf Heintze, composer, dies at 66.

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in 1947 - Guide Ajmone-Marsan, Italian-born American conductor, is born at Turin. He was taken to the U.S. as a child and became a naturalized American citizen in 1962. He studied clarinet and conducting at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, N.Y. (B.A., 1968); continued his studies in Salzburg, Venice, and Siena. He took a course in conducting with Ferrara at the Accademia di Santa Cecilia in Rome (1968-71). His conducting career received its decisive impetus in 1973, when he won 1st prize in the Solti Competition in Chicago; subsequently he appeared as a guest conductor with the Chicago, Philadelphia, and Cleveland orchestras, and with various orchestras abroad. He was music director of Arnhem's Het Gelders Orchestra (1982-86), music advisor and principal conductor of the Orchestra of Ill. in Chicago (1982-87), and Generalmusikdirektor of the Essen City Theater (1986-90).

in 1947 - Mike Kellie, rock drummer (Spooky Tooth-It's All About) is born.
in 1947 - Paul McCandless, rocker (Torches on the Lake) is born.
in 1949 - Steve Lang, Montreal Canada, rock bassist (April Wine) is born.
in 1951 - Dougie Thompson, rocker (Supertramp-Bloody Well Right) is born.

in 1956 - Les Baxter started a four week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Poor People Of Paris' (a UK No.1 for Winifred Atwell). Baxter had the UK No.10 hit in 1955 with 'Unchained Melody'.

in 1958 - At 6.35am, Elvis Presley reported to the Memphis draft board. From there Elvis and twelve other recruits were taken by bus to Kennedy Veterans Memorial Hospital where the singer was assigned army serial number 53310761.

in 1962 - Mick Jagger and Keith Richards perform as Little Boy Blue and Blue Boys.

in 1962 - John Jean Goldkette dies at age 69. Greece jazz pianist and bandleader born in Patras, he spent his childhood in Greece and Russia, and emigrated to America in 1911. He led many jazz and dance bands, of which the best known was his Victor Recording Orchestra of 1924 – 1929, which included, at various times, Bix Beiderbecke, Hoagy Carmichael, Chauncey Morehouse, Jimmy Dorsey, Tommy Dorsey, Bill Rank, Eddie Lang, Frankie Trumbauer, Pee Wee Russell, Steve Brown, Joe Venuti, and arranger Robert Ginzler among others. He led many jazz and dance bands, of which the best known was his Victor Recording Orchestra of 1924 – 1929. John later helped organize McKinney's Cotton Pickers and Glen Gray's Orange Blossoms, which became famous as the Casa Loma Orchestra. In the 1930s he left jazz to work as a booking agent and classical pianist. In 1939, he organized the American Symphony Orchestra which debuted at Carnegie Hall (heart attack)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Vtgp1I7_Is"]YouTube - Jean Goldkette and his Orchestra - Sweethearts on Parade (1928)" target="_blank">YouTube - Jean Goldkette and his Orchestra - Sweethearts on Parade (1928)[/ame]

in 1962 - The Beatles appeared at The Barnston Women’s Institute, admission was seven shillings and six pence, ($1.05).

in 1963 - Dave Douglas (actually, David Dewel), jazz/world-music trumpeter, composer, is born at East Orange, N.J. He is an innovative musician often featured at the Knitting Factory in Manhattan with a variety of groups. As a youth he was exposed to many different types of music. He began playing improvised music while attending a year abroad in Barcelona, Spain, as part of a special program offered through his high school.

He went on to study composition and performance in Boston for two years at the Berklee ColI. of Music and the New England Cons. Moving to N.Y.in 1984,he completed a Bachelor of Arts degree at N.Y.U.'s Gallatin Division; also during this time he performed in the streets of N.Y.C. with other young musicians.

His education continued on the bandstand with Horace Silver's ensemble, touring internationally for three months in 1987. His experiences with Eastern European music began in the late 1980s in an experimental Dance/Music/Theater group in Switzerland, which was using Romanian folk music as the basis of a show. He began transcribing tapes of various different traditional music from that part of the world. In 1990 he began playing klezmer music with Don Byron, and soon began writing his own music in these various traditions.

He has recorded tribute albums to Booker Little, Wayne Shorter, and [oni Mitchell. He is perhaps best known as a member of John Zorn's Masada. He also appears on recordings by pianists Myra Melford, Uri Caine, Steve Beresford, Fred Hersch; bassists Michael Formanek, Mark Dresser, Greg Cohen, Mario Pavone, and John 926 Lindberg; clarinetists Don Byron, Ned Rothenberg, and Francoise Houle, and saxophonist Larry Ochs.

He has repeatedly appeared in the Down Beat Critics' Poll as TDWR (Talent Deserving Wider Recognition). He leads his String Group with Mark Feldman (violin), Erik Friedlander (cello), Drew Gress (bass), and Michael Sarin (drums); a group called Sanctuary; one called Charms of the Night Sky; and the Tiny Bell Trio. He plays in the group Satya with Myra Melford on harmonium, Samir Chatterjee (or Badal Roy) on tabla, and Sanghamitra Chatterjee (tamboura and voice); they played at the Jazz Yatra Festival in Bombay in 1998,and planned more concerts for 1999.

He also briefly worked in the Naguib Mahfousz (named after the writer) electronic music project (with Ikue Mori-sampler, Jamie Saft-keyboards, Kenny Wolleson-drums). His "In Twilight Found," a concerto for improvising trio (trumpet, cello, drums) and orchestra, was completed in August 1996. As yet, no premiere has been scheduled. His Tiny Bell Trio went on a three-week tour of Europe in April-May 1999. On June 14, 1999 he received four awards at the Jazz Awards in N.Y.

in 1965 - The Beatles continued filming ‘Help’ at Twickenham Studios, England. They shot the interior temple scenes, including the one where they "dive through a hollow sacrificial altar and into water". That scene was then cut to the swimming pool scene filmed in the Bahamas on February 23.

in 1966 - Simon and Garfunkel made their UK singles chart debut with 'Homeward Bound.'
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U6K8wfyzAJQ"]YouTube - Simon & Garfunkel - Homeward Bound (Monterey 1967)" target="_blank">YouTube - Simon & Garfunkel - Homeward Bound (Monterey 1967)[/ame]

in 1967 - Pink Floyd played the first of two nights at the Ricky Tick Club in Hounslow, England.
in 1967 - Marc Lavry, composer, dies at 63.

in 1972 - Linda Jones dies at age 26. American soul singer; she started in her family's gospel group the Jones Singers at the age of six. Her first recording was "Lonely Teardrops" under the name Linda Lane, on Cub Records in 1963, and she had unsuccessful singles on Atco Records in 1964 and Blue Cat Records the following year. She signed with Warner Bros. Records subsidiary Loma Records in 1967 at age 27 and released the biggest of several hits, "Hypnotized". Soon after her career took off, however, she was diagnosed with diabetes (slipped into a diabetic coma while at home resting between shows, she was rushed to hospital, but passed away).

in 1973 - Alice Cooper went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Billion Dollar Babies.' Also a No.1 in the US.

in 1973 - During a Lou Reed show in Buffalo, New York, a fan jumped on stage and bit Lou on the bottom. The man was thrown out of the theatre and Reed completed the show.

in 1973 - The O'Jays went to No.1 on the US singles chart with Love Train.'
in 1975 - Oscar Rasbach, composer, dies at 86.

in 1976 - Transvestite singer Wayne County appeared in court charged with assault after an incident at New York club CBGB's. County had attacked Dictators singer Handsome Dick Manitobe with a mike stand fracturing his collarbone.

in 1977 - Saburo Moroi, composer, dies at 73.
Saburo Moroi(1903-1977) is one of the neglected Japanese post-middle-war composer. He adored Beethoven, analyzed all 32 piano sonatas, and composed works which was well-constructed in the German neo-classicalism style.
After graduating from Tokyo university, he went to Berlin(just as the Nazi rule was beginning) in from 1932 to 1934. Most of his works is absolute music, which include three symphonies, three piano concertos, concertos for several instruments and piano sonatas.
This piano sonata is his 'tenth' and final sonata.
After WWII, he was an educator and writer more than a composer, and composed very few works.
Unfortunately, few works are available to listen to. Symphony No.3 and other symphonic works are released from Naxos label.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AtazrKBWE2k"]YouTube - S.Moroi: Piano Sonata No.2 Op.20(1940)" target="_blank">YouTube - S.Moroi: Piano Sonata No.2 Op.20(1940)[/ame]

in 1979 - The Bee Gees started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Tragedy', the group's eighth US No.1. Also No.1 in the UK.

in 1979 - Motorhead started a 17 date UK tour at St Albans City Hall, tickets, Ł1.50-Ł2.50.
in 1980 - Capitol Records releases some rare Beatles tracks.

in 1984 - The former lead singer of the Commodores Lionel Richie started a six week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Hello.' Also a No.1 hit in the US.

in 1984 - Nik Kershaw kicked off an 18-date UK tour at Southend Cliffs Pavilion.

in 1985 - 'Easy Lover' by Philip Bailey and Phil Collins was at No.1 on the UK singles chart. Bailey was a former vocalist with Earth Wind & Fire. Phil Collins produced, drummed and sang on the track.

in 1987 - 1st Soul Train Music Awards: Janet Jackson, Luther Vandross.

in 1990 - Canadian singer Alannah Myles started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Black Velvet', a No.2 hit in the UK.

in 1990 - Sinead O'Connor went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'I Do Not Want What I Haven't Got', featuring the single 'Nothing Compares To You. Also No.1 in 13 other countries and six weeks at No.1 in the US.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JeIHZvZTJTg"]YouTube - Sinéad O'Connor - Troy (Pinkpop Festival 1988)" target="_blank">YouTube - Sinéad O'Connor - Troy (Pinkpop Festival 1988)[/ame]

in 1991 - The Black Crowes were dropped as the support act on ZZ Top's tour after repeatedly criticising the tour sponsor Miller Beer.

in 1992 - A Chicago court settled the Milli Vanilli class action suit by approving cash rebates of up to $3 (Ł1.76) to anyone proving they bought the group’s music before November 27 1990, the date the lip synching scandal broke. Milli Vanilli won the 1989 best new artist Grammy after hits like "Blame it on the Rain" and "Girl, You Know It's True," selling 30 million singles and 14 million albums. But in late 1990, the performers were stripped of the award after it was revealed that neither actually sang on the Milli Vanilli album.

in 1993 - Albert Arlen AM dies at age 88. Australian pianist, composer, actor and playwright born in Sydney. He is best known for his musical ''The Sentimental Bloke'', to the poetry of C.J. Dennis; the "Alamein Concerto"; and his setting of Banjo Paterson’s ''Clancy of the Overflow''

in 1994 - Tommy Benford, jazz drummer, dies at 88.
in 1995 - Joey Long, blues/cajun guitarist, dies at 62.
in 1996 - Maria Lucia Beltran Alcayaga, singer, dies at 66.

in 1997 - Singer with Philly soul group Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes, Harold Melvin died aged 57. Had the 1972 US No.3 & 1974 UK No.9 single 'If You Don't Know Me By Know' and 1973 hit ‘The Love I Lost.’

in 1997 - Harold Melvin dies at age 57. American soul singer; he was one of the driving forces behind Philadelphia soul, leading his group the Blue Notes. The group formerly known as The Charlemagnes took on the name "The Blue Notes" in 1954, with a lineup consisting of Harold as lead singer, Bernard Wilson, Roosevelt Brodie, Jesse Gillis, Jr., and Franklin Peaker. The 1960 single "My Hero" was a minor hit and 1965's "Get Out (and Let Me Cry)" was an R&B hit. In 1970, Harold recruited Teddy Pendergrass as the drummer for their backing band. That same year Teddy took over as lead singer from John Atkins. The group had a string of hits "If You Don't Know Me By Now", "I Miss You", "The Love I Lost", and "Don't Leave Me This Way", and socially conscious songs such as "Wake Up Everybody" and "Bad Luck" which holds the record for longest-running number-one hit on the Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart eleven weeks (he suffered a stroke and never fully recovered)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K2axbXDjYqA"]YouTube - Harold Melvin & The Blue Notes - The Love I Lost" target="_blank">YouTube - Harold Melvin & The Blue Notes - The Love I Lost[/ame]

in 1998 - UK singer Mark Morrison was jailed for a year after trying to con his way out of doing community service. He sent his minder Gabriel Mafereka who wore sunglasses and hid his hair under a hat so he looked like the star.
in 2000 - A film company paid Ł635,000, ($1,079,500) for over nine hours of film shot during the 70s by Yoko Ono. The film contained shots of Lennon smoking hash and talking about his political beliefs.

in 2000 - Sir Elton John's Aida opened on Broadway. It took Elton 21 days to write the music and five years to make the production.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHgBgEq4rqw"]YouTube - "Not Me" from Elton John's Aida" target="_blank">YouTube - "Not Me" from Elton John's Aida[/ame]

in 2001 - A stretch of road on Highway 19 in Macon, Georgia, was named Duane Allman Boulevard, near where the Allman Brothers guitarist died aged 24 in a motorcycle crash on October 29, 1971.

in 2002 - Gareth Gates became the youngest male solo artists to score a UK No.1 with his debut release 'Unchained Melody', Gates was 17 years and 255 days old and had won second place on TV's 'Pop Idol' show.

in 2008 - During a North American tour, Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band played at the Schottenstein Center in Columbus, Ohio.

in 2008 - Neil Aspinall dies at age 66. English school friend of George Harrison and Paul McCartney; he started out running them to local gigs in his old Commer van. He soon became road manager, then personal assistant, later he became a record producer and the chief executive of their company, Apple Corps. Although not a musician, he made minor contributions to a handful of The Beatles' recordings. He played a tamboura on "Within You Without You", harmonica on "Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!", some percussion on "Magical Mystery Tour", and was among the many, singing on the chorus of "Yellow Submarine". As well as his work for Apple Corps, Neil and his wife were the sole directors of their own Standby Films Ltd. company, run from their home in Twickenham, London. In 1999, Standby Films released a film about Jimi Hendrix, called Hendrix: Band of Gypsys. (lung cancer)

in 2008 - Chalmers "Spanky" Alford dies at age 53. American jazz guitarist and three time Grammy award winner. He had a illustrious career as a gospel quartet guitar player in the 1960s, 70's, and 80's with groups such as the Mighty Clouds of Joy among others. Later in life he found a new career in the neo-soul movement of the 90's and 2000's, most notably contributing to the sounds of D'Angelo and Tony Toni Toné. Spanky played guitar as part of The Soultronics, (D'angelo's highly regarded band for his 2000 "Voodoo" tour), alongside Questlove, James Poyser, Pino Palladino and Anthony Hamilton among many others. He was an amazing teacher and is credited with teaching Raphael Saadiq among many others to play guitar. He played on several albums with artists such as Joss Stone, John Mayer, Mary J Blige, Raphael Saadiq, D'Angelo and Roy Hargrove (diabetes)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=obXUbSk5VPM"]YouTube - Spanky Alford - "The Lord's Prayer"" target="_blank">YouTube - Spanky Alford - "The Lord's Prayer"[/ame]

in 2009 - Motown drummer Uriel Jones, died aged 74 after suffering complications from a heart attack. Jones played on many Motown classics including ‘I Heard It Through the Grapevine’, by Marvin Gaye, ‘Cloud Nine’ by the Temptations, ‘I Second That Emotion’ by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles and ‘For Once In My Life’ by Stevie Wonder.

in 2009 - The prosecutor in the Phil Spector murder retrial told the jury he was a "demonic maniac" when he drinks and "a very dangerous man" around women. Deputy District Attorney Truc Do urged jurors to find the music producer guilty of murdering Hollywood actress Lana Clarkson in 2003. During her closing argument, she also accused Mr Spector of demonstrating a "conscious disregard for human life".

in 2010 - Johnny Maestro /John Mastrangelo dies at age 70. American singer born in New York; he began his career in 1957 as the original lead singer of The Crests, one of the first interracial groups of the recording industry. After a regional hit with "My Juanita"/"Sweetest One", and two years of chart success with "16 Candles", "Step by Step", "The Angels Listened In", and "Trouble in Paradise", Johnny left the Crests for a solo career, with Top 40 hits "What A Surprise" and "Model Girl" in 1961 and 1962. He next joined and toured with another New York group, the Del-Satinsas as lead singer.

In 1967 they joined forces with the 7 piece brass group The Rhythm Method, calling themselves the Brooklyn Bridge. Their first release, "The Worst That Could Happen" reached No. 3 on the Billboard pop chart. The follow up, "Welcome Me Love", and its flip side, Blessed is the Rain, both charted. A dramatic version of "You'll Never Walk Alone" and the controversial "Your Husband, My Wife" also reached the middle ranges of the charts. The group sold over 10 million records by 1972, including LP sales. Appearances on Ed Sullivan, The Della Reese Show and other programs helped to bring the group to the national stage.

Johnny with the Brooklyn Bridge continued to perform and tour until his passing, but on a scaled down size after their haydays. More recently, Johnny and the Brooklyn Bridge were featured in one of PBS's biggest fundraising events ever, "Doo Wop 50", performing both "The Worst That Could Happen" and "Sixteen Candles", the entire program was released on VHS and DVD. In 2004 they released a CD titled "Today", featuring more re-recordings of their hits and versions of other groups' songs of the 1950s and 60's and in 2005, the Brooklyn Bridge released a full concert-length DVD as part of the "Pops Legends Live" series.

Johnny recorded his last album with the Brooklyn Bridge in 2009, Today Volume 2. His final performance was January 17th 2010, when The Brooklyn Bridge was among groups appearing at the Mohegan Sun Arena in Connecticut, billed as "The Ultimate Doo-Wop Party". They were honoured in 2005 being inducted into the Vocal Group Hall Of Fame, and again in 2006 when they were inducted into the Long Island Music Hall of Fame on October 15th (cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v_FuZMfzZAo"]YouTube - JOHNNY MAESTRO (Live) - Worst That Could Happen" target="_blank">YouTube - JOHNNY MAESTRO (Live) - Worst That Could Happen[/ame]

in 2012 - Vince Lovegrove dies at age 64. Australian journalist, music manager, television producer, AIDS awareness pioneer and pop singer, born in Fremantle, Western Australia. He worked with Perth pop groups, The Dymensions and The Winstons, before forming the rock 'n' roll band The Valentines, sharing vocals with Bon Scott whom he later introduced to rock group AC/DC. As a journalist, he wrote for the teen music newspaper Go-Set from 1971, and was based in London for Immedia! from '94 for over 8 years.

As a manager, his clients included rock singer Jimmy Barnes and rock group Divinyls formed in Sydney in 1980. Both his second wife, Suzi Sidewinder, and their son, Troy Lovegrove, died of HIV/AIDS, which they contracted from a blood transfusion when Troy was a baby; each was the subject of documentaries produced by Vince, Suzi's Story in 1987 and A Kid Called Troy, a moving journal he wrote of a little boy's battle for lifei n 1993; both were shown on Australian TV and internationally.

Vince also wrote an unauthorized biography of INXS frontman Michael Hutchence in 1999 (Died when his Volkswagen Kombi crashed on the Binna Burra Rd, near Byron Bay) - Born 1948.

in 2012 - Nick Noble/Nicholas Valkan dies at age 85. American pop and country singer born in Chicago, popular in the mid-1950s, and he scored four hits on the newly-created Billboard pop charts between 1955 and 1957, "The Bible Tells Me So", "To You My Love", "The Tip of My Fingers", and "Moonlight Swim". - Born June 21st 1926.

in 2012 - Iqbal Bahu dies at age 67. Pakistani sufi singer born in Gurdaspur, Punjab, British India, but his family migrated to Pakistan after partition, and settled in Lahore. He sang mainly for Radio Pakistan and Pakistan Television but later gave performances around the globe in his later life. He also concerted at BBC Bush House, London in 1992. He was awarded Tamgha-i-Imtiaz in 2008 (cardiac arrest) - Born 1944.

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in 1495 - Leonhard Paminger, composer) is born.
in 1532 - Pietro Pontio, composer) is born.
in 1688 - Johann Gotthilf Ziegler, composer) is born.
in 1699 - Johann Adolf Hasse, composer) is born.
in 1702 - Christian Gottlieb Ziegler, composer) is born.
in 1713 - Jean-Baptiste Canavas, composer) is born.
in 1745 - Nicolas Etienne Framery, composer) is born.
in 1762 - Francesco Giuseppi Pollini, composer) is born.
in 1766 - Johannes Ritschel, composer, dies at 26.
in 1769 - Salvatore Vigano, composer) is born.
in 1770 - Carl Friedrich Ebers, composer) is born.
in 1784 - Francois-Joseph Fetis, Belgian musicology/composer) is born.
in 1799 - Constantin Reindl, composer, dies at 60.
in 1823 - Coelestin Jungbauer, composer, dies at 75.
in 1852 - Alexis Garaude, composer, dies at 73.
in 1873 - Rudolf Rocker, German/US anarchist) is born.
in 1878 - Theodore Samuel Holland, composer) is born.
in 1879 - Otakar Zich, composer) is born.
in 1880 - Joseph Rummel, composer, dies at 61.

in 1881 - Béla Viktor János Bartók, Hungary, composer/pianist (Concerto for Orchestra) ) is born.
Bartók is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century and is regarded, along with Liszt, as Hungary's greatest composer (Gillies 2001). Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of ethnomusicology.

Béla Bartók was born in the small Banatian town of Nagyszentmiklós in the Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (since 1920 Sânnicolau Mare, Romania) on March 25, 1881. Bartók's family reflected some of the ethno-cultural diversities of the country. His father, Béla Sr., considered himself thoroughly Hungarian, because on his father's side the Bartók family was a Hungarian lower noble family, though his mother was from a Roman Catholic Serbian family. His mother, Paula (born Paula Voit), had German as a mother tongue, but was ethnically of "mixed Hungarian" origin: Her maiden name Voit is German, probably of Saxon origin from Upper Hungary (Since 1920 in Czechoslovakia, since 1993 in Slovakia), though she spoke Hungarian fluently.

Béla displayed notable musical talent very early in life: according to his mother, he could distinguish between different dance rhythms that she played on the piano before he learned to speak in complete sentences (Gillies 1990, 6). By the age of four, he was able to play 40 pieces on the piano; his mother began formally teaching him the next year.

Béla was a small and sickly child and suffered from severe eczema until the age of five. In 1888, when he was seven, his father (the director of an agricultural school) died suddenly. Béla's mother then took him and his sister, Erzsébet, to live in Nagyszőlős (today Vinogradiv, Ukraine) and then to Pozsony (German: Pressburg, today Bratislava, Slovakia). In Pozsony, Béla gave his first public recital at age eleven to a warm critical reception. Among the pieces he played was his own first composition, written two years previously: a short piece called "The Course of the Danube". Shortly thereafter László Erkel accepted him as a pupil.

From 1899 to 1903, Bartók studied piano under István Thomán, a former student of Franz Liszt, and composition under János Koessler at the Royal Academy of Music in Budapest. There he met Zoltán Kodály, who influenced him greatly and became his lifelong friend and colleague. In 1903, Bartók wrote his first major orchestral work, Kossuth, a symphonic poem which honored Lajos Kossuth, hero of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.
The music of Richard Strauss, whom he met in 1902 at the Budapest premiere of Also sprach Zarathustra, strongly influenced his early work. When visiting a holiday resort in the summer of 1904, Bartók overheard a young nanny, Lidi Dósa from Kibéd in Transylvania, sing folk songs to the children in her care. This sparked his life-long dedication to folk music.

From 1907 he also began to be influenced by the French composer Claude Debussy, whose compositions Kodály had brought back from Paris. Bartók's large-scale orchestral works were still in the style of Johannes Brahms and Richard Strauss, but he wrote a number of small piano pieces which showed his growing interest in folk music. The first piece to show clear signs of this new interest is the String Quartet No. 1 in A minor (1908), which contains folk-like elements.

In 1907, Bartók began teaching as a piano professor at the Royal Academy. This position freed him from touring Europe as a pianist and enabled him to work in Hungary. Among his notable students were Fritz Reiner, Sir Georg Solti, György Sándor, Ernő Balogh, and Lili Kraus. After Bartók moved to the United States, he taught Jack Beeson and Violet Archer.

In 1908, he and Kodály traveled into the countryside to collect and research old Magyar folk melodies. Their growing interest in folk music coincided with a contemporary social interest in traditional national culture. They made some surprising discoveries. Magyar folk music had previously been categorised as Gypsy music. The classic example is Franz Liszt's famous Hungarian Rhapsodies for piano, which he based on popular art songs performed by Romani bands of the time. In contrast, Bartók and Kodály discovered that the old Magyar folk melodies were based on pentatonic scales, similar to those in Asian folk traditions, such as those of Central Asia and Siberia.

Bartók and Kodály quickly set about incorporating elements of such Magyar peasant music into their compositions. They both frequently quoted folk song melodies verbatim and wrote pieces derived entirely from authentic songs. An example is his two volumes entitled For Children for solo piano, containing 80 folk tunes to which he wrote accompaniment. Bartók's style in his art music compositions was a synthesis of folk music, classicism, and modernism. His melodic and harmonic sense was profoundly influenced by the folk music of Hungary, Romania, and other nations. He was especially fond of the asymmetrical dance rhythms and pungent harmonies found in Bulgarian
In 1909, Bartók married Márta Ziegler. Their son, Béla III, was born on August 22, 1910. After nearly 15 years together, Bartók divorced Márta in 1923.

He then married Ditta Pásztory, a piano student. She had his second son, Péter, born in 1924.
In 1911, Bartók wrote what was to be his only opera, Bluebeard's Castle, dedicated to Márta. He entered it for a prize by the Hungarian Fine Arts Commission, but they rejected his work as not fit for the stage In 1917 Bartók revised the score for the 1918 premičre, and rewrote the ending. Following the 1919 revolution, he was pressured by the new Soviet government to remove the name of the librettist Béla Balázs from the opera as he was blacklisted and had left the country for Vienna. Bluebeard's Castle received only one revival, in 1936, before Bartók emigrated. For the remainder of his life, although he was passionately devoted to Hungary, its people and its culture, he never felt much loyalty to the government or its official establishments.

After his disappointment over the Fine Arts Commission competition, Bartók wrote little for two or three years, preferring to concentrate on collecting and arranging folk music. He collected first in the Carpathian Basin (the then-Kingdom of Hungary), where he notated Hungarian, Slovakian, Romanian and Bulgarian folk music. He also collected in Moldavia, Wallachia and in 1913 in Algeria. The outbreak of World War I forced him to stop the expeditions, and he returned to composing, writing the ballet The Wooden Prince in 1914–16 and the String Quartet No. 2 in 1915–17, both influenced by Debussy.

Raised as a Roman Catholic, by his early adulthood Bartók had become an atheist. He believed that the existence of God could not be determined and was unnecessary. He later became attracted to Unitarianism and publicly converted to the Unitarian faith in 1916. As an adult, his son later became president of the Hungarian Unitarian Church.

Bartók wrote another ballet, The Miraculous Mandarin influenced by Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg, as well as Richard Strauss. He next wrote his two violin sonatas (written in 1921 and 1922 respectively), which are harmonically and structurally some of his most complex pieces. The Miraculous Mandarin, a modern story of prostitution, robbery, and murder, was started in 1918, but not performed until 1926 because of its sexual content.

In 1927–28, Bartók wrote his third and fourth string quartets, after which his compositions demonstrate his mature style. Notable examples of this period are Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta (1936) and Divertimento for String Orchestra BB 118 (1939). The String Quartet No. 5 was composed in 1934, and the sixth and last string quartet in 1939.

In 1936 he travelled to Turkey to collect and study folk music. He worked in collaboration with Turkish composer Ahmet Adnan Saygun mostly around Adana.

In 1940, as the European political situation worsened after the outbreak of World War II, Bartók was increasingly tempted to flee Hungary. He was strongly opposed to the Nazis and Hungary's siding with Germany. After the Nazis came to power in the early 1930s, Bartók refused to give concerts in Germany and broke with his publisher there. His anti-fascist political views caused him a great deal of trouble with the establishment in Hungary. Having first sent his manuscripts out of the country, Bartók reluctantly emigrated to the U.S. with Ditta Pásztory in July that year. They settled in New York City. After joining them in 1942, his younger son, Péter Bartók, enlisted in the United States Navy where he served in the Pacific during the remainder of the war and later settled in Florida where he became a recording and sound engineer. His oldest son, Béla Bartók, Jr., remained in Hungary where he survived the war and later worked as a railroad official until his retirement in the early 1980s.

Bartók never became fully at home in the US. He initially found it difficult to compose. Although well known in America as a pianist, ethnomusicologist and teacher, he was not well known as a composer. There was little American interest in his music during his final years. He and his wife Ditta gave concerts. Bartók, who had made some recordings in Hungary also recorded for Columbia Records after he came to the US; many of these recordings (some with Bartók's own spoken introductions) were later issued on LP and CD.

Supported by a research fellowship from Columbia University, for several years, Bartók and Ditta worked on a large collection of Serbian and Croatian folk songs in Columbia's libraries. They also translated some old Hungarian textbooks into English which were also from Columbia's libraries. Bartók's economic difficulties during his first years in America were mitigated by publication royalties, teaching and performance tours. While his finances were always precarious, he did not live and die in poverty as was the common myth. He had enough supporters to ensure that there was sufficient money and work available for him to live on. Bartók was a proud man and did not easily accept charity. Despite being short on cash at times, he often refused money that his friends offered him out of their own pockets. Although he was not a member of the ASCAP, the society paid for any medical care he needed during his last two years. Bartók reluctantly accepted this.

The first symptoms of his health problems began late in 1940, when his right shoulder began to show signs of stiffening. In 1942, symptoms increased and he started having bouts of fever, but no underlying disease was diagnosed, in spite of medical examinations. Finally, in April 1944, leukemia was diagnosed, but by this time, little could be done.

As his body slowly failed, Bartók found more creative energy, and he produced a final set of masterpieces, partly thanks to the violinist Joseph Szigeti and the conductor Fritz Reiner (Reiner had been Bartók's friend and champion since his days as Bartók's student at the Royal Academy). Bartók's last work might well have been the String Quartet No. 6 but for Serge Koussevitsky's commission for the Concerto for Orchestra. Koussevitsky's Boston Symphony Orchestra premičred the work in December 1944 to highly positive reviews. Concerto for Orchestra quickly became Bartók's most popular work, although he did not live to see its full impact. In 1944, he was also commissioned by Yehudi Menuhin to write a Sonata for Solo Violin. In 1945, Bartók composed his Piano Concerto No. 3, a graceful and almost neo-classical work. He began work on his Viola Concerto, but had not completed the scoring at his death.

Béla Bartók died at age 64 in a hospital in New York City from complications of leukemia (specifically, of secondary polycythemia) on September 26, 1945. His funeral was attended by only ten people. Among them were his wife Ditta, their son Péter, and his pianist friend György Sándor.

Bartok's body was initially interred in Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York. During the final year of communist Hungary in the late 1980s, the Hungarian government, along with his two sons, Béla III and Péter, requested that his remains be exhumed and transferred back to Budapest for burial, where Hungary arranged a state funeral for him on July 7, 1988. He was reinterred at Budapest's Farkasréti Cemetery .

The Third Piano Concerto was nearly finished at his death. Bartok had completed only the viola part and sketches of the orchestra part for the Viola Concerto. Both works were later completed by his pupil, Tibor Serly. György Sándor was the soloist in the first performance of the Third Piano Concerto on February 8, 1946. The Viola Concerto was revised and polished in the 1990s by Bartók's son, Peter; this version may be closer to what Bartók intended.

Video Note: Arrangement for string orchestra of the six dances, Sz. 68, along with the sheet music to the corresponding solo piano works, Sz. 56, for comparison. - Conductor: Moshe Atzmon - Orchestra: Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A02X9_w3DWA"]Bela Bartok - Romanian Folk Dances - YouTube[/ame]

in 1882 - Haydn Wood, composer) is born.
in 1894 - Erik William Gustav Leidzen, composer) is born.
in 1902 - Sten Broman, composer) is born.
in 1903 - Frankie Carle, Providence RI, orch leader (Golden Touch) ) is born.
in 1909 - Ruperto Chapi y Lorente, composer, dies at 57.
in 1910 - Mario Peragallo, Italian composer) is born.
in 1916 - Nikolay Ivanovich Peyko, composer) is born.

in 1918 - Achille-Claude Debussy dies at age 55. Claude-Achille Debussy composer; along with Maurice Ravel, he was one of the most prominent figures working within the field of impressionist music, though he himself intensely disliked the term when applied to his compositions. Achille is among the most important of all French composers, and a central figure in European music of the turn of the 20th century. He was made Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur in 1903 (cancer).
Video Note: Piano 4 Hands (Joseph TONG & Waka HASEGAWA) play "Claude A. Debussy (arr. by composer) : "La Mer" 1. De l'aube ŕ midi sur la mer" (1 piano, 4 hands) [DAME MYRA HESS CONCERTS at CHICAGO CULTURE CENTER presented by INTERNATIONAL MUSIC FOUNDATION,2006]
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sn1pzARdf7o"]YouTube - Claude A. Debussy (arr. by composer) : "La Mer" 1. De l'aube ŕ midi sur la mer[/ame]

in 1924 - Julia A Perry, US composer (Cask of Amontillado) ) is born.
in 1924 - Julia Perry, Lexington Kentucky, composer (Selfish Giant) ) is born.
in 1930 - David Russell Burge, composer) is born.
in 1934 - Johnny Burnette, Memphis, guitarist (Trains Kept A-Rollin, You're 16) ) is born.
in 1936 - Lawrence Bernard "Larry" Gales, bassist) is born.
in 1940 - Anita Bryant, Barnsdall Okla, singer (George Gobel Show) ) is born.
in 1940 - Ion Nonna Otescu, composer, dies at 51
in 1942 - Aretha Franklin, Memphis Tenn, Soul Sister #1/singer (Respect) ) is born.
in 1943 - Ronald Jeffers, composer) is born.
in 1947 - Elton John, [Reginald Kenneth Dwight], England, singer (Rocketman) ) is born.
in 1948 - Michael Stanley, Cleveland OH, rocker (Michael Stanley Band) ) is born.
in 1949 - Neil Jones, musician (Bend Me Shape Me) ) is born.
in 1949 - Nick Lowe, England, rock vocalist (Rockpile-Cruel to be Kind) ) is born.
in 1951 - Bob Pelander, rock keyboardist/vocalist (Michael Stanley Band) ) is born.
in 1951 - Maisie Williams, Montserrat, rock vocalist (Boney M) ) is born.

in 1951 - Sidney Catlett dies at age 40. American swinging jazz drummer born in Evansville, Indiana, his career began in Chicago in 1928 with Darnell Howard. In adulthood he moved to New York City and worked with Benny Carter, Fletcher Henderson, Elmer Snowden, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Ben Webster, and others. In 1941 he joined Benny Goodman's band and after that joined Teddy Wilson's Sextet. In 1944 he did an album with pianist Harry Gibson. He also had his own band and played for Louis Armstrong's All Stars from 1947 to 1949 and became his drummer of choice. He played bop, dixieland, and other styles (stroke)
Video Note: Crazy Riffin Performed by Betti Mays, accompanied by Sidney Catlett and his band 1947
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aIAE9T_wbXQ"]YouTube - Crazy Riffin - Betti Mays, accompanied by Sidney Catlett and his band 1947[/ame]

in 1956 - George Luther Foote, composer, dies at 70
in 1957 - Fud Livingston, composer, dies at 50.

in 1957 - Red Brown /Tom Brown dies at age 69. American dixieland jazz trombonist; born in New Orleans, he started out on trombone with the bands of Papa Jack Laine and Frank Christian. By 1910 Tom was leading bands under his own name, playing in a style then locally known as "hot ragtime" or "ratty music". In early 1915 his band was heard by Vaudeville dancer Joe Frisco, who arranged a job for his band in Chicago. On May 15, 1915, Tom Brown's Band from Dixieland opened up at Lamb's Cafe at Clark & Randolph Streets in Chicago, with Ray Lopez, cornet and manager; Tom Brown, trombone and leader; Gussie Mueller clarinet, Arnold Loyacano piano and string bass; and Billy Lambert on drums. In Chicago Gussie Mueller was hired by bandleader Bert Kelly, and his place was taken by young New Orleans clarinetist Larry Shields. This band seems to be the first to be popularly referred to as playing "Jazz", or, as it was spelled early on, "Jass". His band was soon to be callled "Brown's Jass Band". He spent the next decade between New York, Chicago and New Orleans. In the mid 1920s he returned home to New Orleans where he played with Johnny Bayersdorffer and Norman Brownlee's bands, making a few excellent recordings. During the Great Depression he supplemented his income from music by repairing radios and openedup a music shop and a junk shop on Magazine Street. He played string bass in local swing and dance bands. With the revival of interest in traditional jazz he played in various Dixieland bands in the 1950s, notably that of Johnny Wiggs. A local television station thought it would be a good idea to invite Tom and Nick LaRocca to talk about how jazz first spread north from New Orleans, but the show had scaresly started before the two old men got into an argument that turned into a fist-fight. Tom made his last recording just weeks before his death, his trombone playing apparently not suffering from the fact that he had neither teeth nor dentures at the time (died in New Orleans)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uuUy2ShGLyo"]YouTube - Tom Browne - Funkin' for Jamaica[/ame]

in 1958 - Emerson Whithorne, composer, dies at 73.

in 1958 - Having been sworn in as Private 53310761 the previous day Elvis Presley received the regulation short back and sides haircut from army barber James Peterson. Presley would earn $78 per month as an army private.

in 1958 - Buddy Holly appeared at The Gaumont Theatre in London, the final date on his only UK tour. Also on the bill was Gary Miller, The Tanner Sisters, Des O'Conner, The Montanas, Ronnie Keene & His Orchestra.

in 1959 - Billy Joseph Mayerl dies at age 56. English pianist and composer who built a career in music hall and musical theatre. He recorded approximately 37 piano rolls for the "Echo" label in London of various popular tunes of the early 20s. and joined the Savoy Havana Band in London. Billy went on to become an acknowledged master of light music. Best known for his syncopated novelty piano solos, he wrote over 300 piano pieces, many of which were named after flowers and trees, including his best known composition, Marigold in 1927. He also composed works for piano and orchestra, often in suites with evocative names such as the 'Aquarium Suite' (1937), comprising "Willow Moss", "Moorish Idol", "Fantail", and "Whirligig" (heart attack)

in 1960 - Elvis Presley played his last live show for eight years when he appeared at the Bloch Arena in Pearl Harbour, Hawaii.

in 1964 - The Beatles made their debut on UK TV show 'Top Of The Pops' singing 'Can't Buy Me Love' and ‘You Can’t Do That.’ The show had been recorded on March 19th.

in 1965 - Bobby Vee, Dusty Springfield, The Searchers, Heinz and The Zombies all appeared at The Odeon Cinema, Stockton, Cleveland.

in 1965 - Giorgio Federico Ghedini, composer, dies at 72.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bYX8qivWUeU"]YouTube - Giorgio Federico GHEDINI - Concerto dell'albatro - dir. Hans ROSBAUD ( 1951 )[/ame]
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in 1966 - Jeff Healey, Canada, blind pop guitarist (See the Light) is born.
in 1966 - During a four month world tour, Bob Dylan appeared at the Center Arena, Seattle, Washington.

in 1966 - At a photo session with Bob Whitaker’s studio in London, The Beatles posed in white coats using sides of meat with mutilated and butchered dolls for the cover of their next American album, ‘Yesterday and Today’. After a public outcry, the L.P. was pulled from stores and re-issued with a new cover.

in 1967 - The Turtles started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Happy Together', it made No.12 in the UK.

in 1967 - The Who and Cream made their U.S. concert debut at RKO 58th Street Theatre, New York City as part of a rock & roll extravaganza promoted by DJ Murray the K.

in 1967 - The Rolling Stones licked off a three-week European tour in Orebro, Sweden. Arriving in Copenhagen for the tour the group were delayed after customs officers search all their luggage for drugs.

in 1967 - Pink Floyd played three gigs in 24 hours. The appeared at the Ricky Tick Club in Windsor, England, then the New Yorker Discotheque in Swindon and then played at the Shoreline Club in Bognor Regis (in the early hours 26 March).

in 1968 - The 58th and final episode of The Monkees TV series was broadcast in the US. 1969, Roy Orbison married German born Barbara Wellhonen.

in 1969 - John and Yoko started their week long 'bed-in' in the presidential suite at The Amsterdam Hilton hotel. The couple invited the world's press into their hotel room every day, to talk about promoting world peace.

in 1969 - Billy Cotton dies at age 69. British band leader and entertainer, one of the few whose orchestras survived the dance band era. Today, he is mainly remembered as a 1950s and 1960s radio and television personality, although his musical talent emerged as early as the 1920s. Born in Smith Square, London, he was a choirboy and then started his musical career as a drummer, an occupation he also pursued in the army during the First World War.() b. May 6th 1899. He formed his own orchestra, the London Savannah Band, in 1924. At first a straight dance band, over the years the band moved more and more towards music hall/vaudeville entertainment, introducing all sorts of visual and verbal humour in between songs. Famous musicians that played in Billy Cotton's band during the 1920s and 1930s included Arthur Rosebery, Syd Lipton and Nat Gonella. The band was also noted for their African American trombonist and tap dancer, Ellis Jackson. Their signature tune was "Somebody Stole My Gal", and they made numerous recordsfor Decca. During WWII he and his band toured France with the Entertainments National Service Association (ENSA). After the war, he started his successful Sunday lunchtime radio show on BBC, the Billy Cotton Band Show, which ran from 1949 to 1968. In the 1950s composer Lionel Bart contributed comedy songs to the show. It regularly opened with the band's signature tune and Cotton's call of "Wakey Wakey". From 1957, it was also broadcast on BBC television (stroke)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=54bMmzyLOLg"]YouTube - St Louis Blues - Billy Cotton & His Band, 1934" target="_blank">YouTube - St Louis Blues - Billy Cotton & His Band, 1934[/ame]

in 1972 - America started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with their debut hit 'Horse With No Name', it made No.3 in the UK. The group scored eight other US top 40 hits during the 70's.

in 1972 - Lindisfarne started a four-week run at No.1 on the UK chart with their debut album 'Fog On The Tyne.'
in 1972 - Roberta Flack started a five-week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'First Take.'

in 1973 - Slade supported by Home appeared at Wembley Empire Pool, London. Both acts played two shows, 2pm and 7pm, tickets cost Ł1.50.

in 1973 - 27th Tony Awards: That Championship Season and Little Night Music win
in 1974 - Barbra Streisand records the album "Butterfly".
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fpgH3VyDXFU"]YouTube - Ray Charles & Barbra Streisand - Cryin Time" target="_blank">YouTube - Ray Charles & Barbra Streisand - Cryin Time[/ame]

in 1975 - Aerosmith played at the War Memorial Coliseum in Fort Wayne, the first date on their 63 date North American Toys In The Attic Tour.

in 1976 - US singer, songwriter Jackson Browne's wife Phyllis Major committed suicide.
in 1977 - Elvis Costello released his debut single 'Less Than Zero' it didn't make the Top 40.
in 1978 - 20 Golden Greats' by Buddy Holly and The Crickets went to No.1 on the UK album chart, giving Holly his first ever No.1 LP almost 20 years since his first release in 1959.

in 1978 - Bill Kenny dies at age 63. American lead singer with he Ink Spots; he joined the Inkspots in 1936 replacing Jerry Daniels. Their popularity grew through radio programs and tours, having their hit with "If I Didn't Care", in 1939, followed by songs such as "My Prayer" "Address Unknown" "I Can't Stand Losing You" "Don't Get Around Much Anymore" "Whispering Grass" and more. Many of their records made No.1 on early versions of the US pop charts, "The Gypsy" being their biggest chart success, staying at the No.1 in 1946. In 1954 Billy sang solo with a live backing band, consisting of Harry Prather, Everett Barksdale, and Andrew Maze, touring as "Bill Kenny and his Ink Spots". This group appeared on Ed Sullivan. He also performed with Joe Boatner's Ink Spots in the summer of 1962. The Ink Spots were the subject of a 1998 book by Marv Goldberg: "More Than Words Can Say: The Ink Spots And Their Music".

in 1979 - Anton Heiller dies at age 55. Austrian organist; he combined work as répétiteur and choirmaster at the Vienna Volksoper, with further study of piano, organ, harpsichord, music theory and composition at the Vienna Music Academy. He carried out his military service, mostly as a medical aide, graduating from the Academy in 1945, the same year he became an organ teacher at that institution. By 1957 he held the title of professor. After World War II he had an uninterrupted list of concerts, lectures, records, jury service at contests, and professional honors. In 1952 he won the International Organ Competition in Haarlem, and he toured the United States and Europe, he was awarded the Vienna Culture Prize in 1963, the Vienna Cross of Honor for Arts and Science in 1968 , and the Grand Austrian State Prize in 1969. He was probably the 20th-century's finest Bach organist. (he collapsed, probably of a cardiac arrest, after choking on food)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjoQy1_fYJQ"]YouTube - Tanz-Toccata by Anton Heiller" target="_blank">YouTube - Tanz-Toccata by Anton Heiller[/ame]

in 1980 - Jan "Walter" Susskind dies at age 66. Czech-born British conductor, born in Prague, he fled to Britian before the German invasion. In 1942 Walter joined the Carl Rosa Opera Company as a conductor, working with singers such as Heddle Nash and Joan Hammond. In 1944 he made his first recording for Walter Legge of EMI conducting Liu’s arias from Turandot with Hammond. After the war, he became a naturalised British citizen. His first appointment as a musical director was to the Scottish Orchestra from '46 to '52. From '53 to '55 he was the conductor of the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra. After free-lancing in Israel and Sth America he was appointed to head the Toronto Symphony Orchestra from '56 to '65. While with the TSO he taught conducting at The Royal Conservatory of Music where among his pupils were Milton Barnes and Rudy Toth. From 1968 to 1975 he was conductor of the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra. In 1971 he opened the New York City Opera’s season with The Makropulos Affair (Walter died in Berkeley, California ) V
ideo Note: II.Andante sostenuto. This is Dvorak's original version of the concerto. Played by Rudolf Firkušný (piano) and the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra conducted by Walter Susskind.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6peSDRyW674"]YouTube - Antonin Dvorak - Piano Concerto Op.33 PART 3 of 4 - RUDOLF FIRKU?NÝ" target="_blank">YouTube - Antonin Dvorak - Piano Concerto Op.33 PART 3 of 4 - RUDOLF FIRKU?NÝ[/ame]

in 1983 - Motown Records celebrated its 25 anniversary with a concert in Pasadena, featuring; The Supremes, Stevie Wonder, The Temptations, The Four Tops, Martha Reeves, Jr. Walker, The Commodores, Marvin Gaye, Smokey Robinson and The Jackson 5.

in 1986 - Guns N' Roses signed a world-wide deal with Geffen Records. 1989, Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Anything For You.'

in 1989 - Madonna was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Like A Prayer', the singers sixth UK No.1, also No.1 in the US. The song was accompanied by a highly controversial music video, which in 2005 was voted the "Most Groundbreaking Music Video of All Time" by viewers of MTV.

in 1989 - Mike And The Mechanics went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'The Living Years', a No. 2 hit in the UK.

in 1990 - Motley Crue's Tommy Lee was arrested for mooning at the audience during a gig in Augusta. Lee was charged with indecent exposure.

in 1991 - Eileen Joyce, pianist, dies at 78
in 1991 - Lee Donn, pianist, dies of stroke at 96

in 1991 - Royal G. "Rusty" Bryant dies at age 61. American jazz tenor and alto saxophonist; born Royal G. Bryant in Huntington, West Virginia but grew up in Columbus, OH. Inspired by the likes of Gene Ammons and Sonny Stitt, he took up the saxophone and soon became an important part of the local jazz scene. In the 40s he worked as sideman to both Lloyd "Tiny" Grimes and Stomp Gordon until 1952 when he formed his own band. A few years later he had a major R&B hit with "All Night Long" after which he settled back to his home town, playing locally for the next 10 years. Emerging again in 1968 and releasing his hit song "That Healin' Feelin'" and his 1970 release of "Soul Liberation" charted on both U.S. Black Albums chart and the Top Jazz Albums chart. Rusty recorded extensively for Prestige Records from 1969 until 1974, being a sideman with Boogaloo Joe Jones, Johnny Hammond Smith, Sonny Phillips and recording 8 of his own albums. He continued to record into the early 1980s, recording his final album, "With the Boss 4" in 1981, after which Rusty again returned to Columbus to play locally.

in 1992 - Noemie Perugia, French mezzo soprano, dies
in 1995 - Pearl Jam singer Eddie Vedder was rescued after a riptide carried him 250 feet offshore in New Zealand.

in 1995 - The Comic Relief charity record 'Love Can Build A Bridge' featuring Cher, Chrissie Hynde, Neneh Cherry and Eric Clapton went to No.1 on the UK singles chart for one week. It is Eric Clapton's only association with a No.1 hit.

in 1995 - Radiohead's second album The Bends entered the UK album chart for the first time peaking at No.4.
in 1997 - Musiq Soulchild (Talib Johnson) was at No.1 on the US album chart with ‘Luvanmusiq,' the American R&B artist's fourth album.
in 2000 - former Bay City Rollers drummer Derek Longmuir was given 300 hours community service after being caught with a hoard of child pornography including 150 videos and 73 floppy disks.
in 2000 - *NSYNC set a new world record after selling a million tickets in one day for the group’s forthcoming tour, netting them over Ł25 million ($42.5 million).
YouTube - thesilverd0e's Channel
in 2001 - Shaggy went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Angel.'

in 2001 - the first Britney Spears Pepsi TV commercial was aired on US television. Spears had signed a multi-million dollar deal with Pepsi for her forthcoming world tour.

in 2002 - Bono from U2 made an appearance at the air rage trial of R.E.M. guitarist Peter Buck, telling the court 'I came to court because Peter is actually famously know for being a peaceable person. I once had to twist his arm to get him to a boxing match'. Buck was later cleared of all charges. He had been accused of attacking two cabin staff and covering them in yoghurt, knocking over a trolley and trying to steal a knife.

in 2002- So Solid Crew singer Asher D was jailed for 18 months after being found guilty of carrying a loaded gun. The 19 year- old singer claimed he bought the gun for his own safety after being constantly threatened by thugs who were jealous of his fame.

in 2002 - The seven-year mystery of missing Manic Street Preachers guitarist Richey Edwards took a grisly twist when human feet were found near where he vanished in 1995.

in 2003 - Liv Tyler the daughter of Aerosmith singer Steven married Royston Langdon from Spacehog.

in 2005 - Ozzy and Sharon Osbourne were forced to flee their Buckinghamshire mansion after a blaze broke out as they slept. Ozzy and his wife were roused by a fire alarm and ran to safety in the garden, rescuing their pets as they escaped.

in 2006, ‘Reality Check’ by Juvenile was at No.1 on the US album chart, the rappers eighth studio album release.

in 2006 - Rocío Dúrcal dies at age 60. Spanish singer and actress; in 1959 at the age of 15 years old she to part in a television program and sang a traditional song “La Sombra Vendo”, Luis Sanz, a “talent seeker” of Madrid was impressed by her talent and personality. He placed her in the care of private tutors to complete her secondary education and begin singing, dancing and acting lessons and her singing career was launched. At the age of 17 she was offered a role in Canción de Juventud. After acting in several films she married Filipino singer Antonio Morales, a member of the Pop group Los Brincos. In 1975, after having two of her three children, she retired from the film industry and in 1977 re-launched her singing career. Rocio has sold more than 53 million records worldwide and her style has influenced many female mariachi and ranchera singers from Mexico as well as the Hispanic community of the United States (cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AfByPRNMQhI"]YouTube - ROCIO DURCAL - POR QUE FUE QUE TE AME" target="_blank">YouTube - ROCIO DURCAL - POR QUE FUE QUE TE AME[/ame]

in 2006 - Alvis Edgar "Buck" Owens Jr dies at age 76. American singer and guitarist; in 1945, Buck co-hosted a radio show called Buck and Britt. He relocated to Bakersfield, California, frequently traveling to Hollywood for session recording jobs at Capitol Records, playing backup for Tennessee Ernie Ford, Sonny James, Wanda Jackson, Del Reeves, Tommy Sands, Tommy Collins, Faron Young and Gene Vincent, and many others.

In the late 50's he recorded a rockabilly record called "Hot Dog" for the Pep label, using the pseudonym Corky Jones. He used the pseudonym because he did not want the fact he recorded a rock n' roll tune to hurt his country music career. In the early 60's he formed his legendary band, the Buckaroos, producing 21 No.1 hits on the Billboard country music charts. Buck and the Buckaroos pioneered what has come to be called the Bakersfield sound, a reference to Bakersfield.

He originally used fiddle and retained pedal steel guitar into the 1970s, he can be heard harmonising with his longtime friend and guitarist Don Rich until he died in a motor cycle accident in 1974. Devastated, Buck didn't perform again until 1988 when he teamed up with Dwight Yoakam for a duet of "Streets of Bakersfield", his first No.11 single in 16 years. This led to lots of re-issues, gigs and tours. Buck was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1996. He was ranked No.12 in CMT's 40 Greatest Men of Country Music in 2003 and named the Buckaroos as 2nd greatest country music band in history (heart attack)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IDY74K8Lqu4"]YouTube - Buck Owens - Ain't It Amazing Gracie [1971] Live" target="_blank">YouTube - Buck Owens - Ain't It Amazing Gracie [1971] Live[/ame]

in 2007 - The reformed Take That went back to No.1 for two weeks on the UK album chart with 'Beautiful World.'

in 2007 - The Notorious B.I.G. was at No.1 on the US album charts with 'Greatest Hits' It was the rapper's fourth album release after being killed by an unknown assailant in a drive-by shooting in Los Angeles, California on March 9.

in 2007 - Proclaimers feat Brian Potter & Andy Pipkin went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles)'. The Scottish duo teamed up with the two comedians Peter Kay and Matt Lucas for this unofficial Comic Relief charity hit.

in 2008 - Richie Sambora was arrested in California on suspicion of drink driving. The 48 year-old Bon Jovi guitarist was arrested after a police officer noticed his black Hummer weaving in traffic lanes in Laguna Beach. He was ordered to appear in court on one count of driving under the influence.

in 2008 - Gene Puerling dies at age 78. American jazz musician, singer, musical arranger born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. he formed and led the vocal groups The Hi-Lo's and The Singers Unlimited and was awarded a Grammy Award for Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices in 1982 for his arrangement of "A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square" as performed by The Manhattan Transfer. A Latin song he arranged for Singers Unlimited, "One More Time Chuck Corea," has been adapted and used by high school and college marching bands and jazz ensembles. In addition to the Hi-Lo's and The Singers Unlimited he contributed to Rosemary Clooney's TV Show and mentored many other singers and groups, including Take 6. His vocal arranging ability and his ability to arrange musical backing by Frank Comstock's Band and several others was masterful.
Video Note: Rosemary Clooney & Gene Puerling - "Let's Call The Whole Thing Off"
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ya8-ZKcOhiY"]YouTube - Rosemary Clooney & Gene Puerling - "Let's Call The Whole Thing Off"" target="_blank">YouTube - Rosemary Clooney & Gene Puerling - "Let's Call The Whole Thing Off"[/ame]

in 2009 - English Dan / Danny Wayland Seals dies at age 61. American vocalist, guitarist, saxophonist, bassist and the younger brother of Jim Seals from the duo Seals & Crofts. Dan joined with fellow W.W. Samuell High School classmate and longtime friend John Ford Coley to perform first as part of Dallas pop/psych group Southwest "Freight on Board"/" F.O.B", before going under the name of England Dan, and forming the soft rock duo England Dan & John Ford Coley in 1970. They were best known for their hit single "I'd Really Love to See You Tonight". He began a solo career in country music. releasing 16 studio albums and charted more than twenty singles on the country charts. Eleven of his singles reached No.1: "Meet Me in Montana" (with Marie Osmond), "Bop" (also a #42 pop hit), "Everything That Glitters (Is Not Gold)", "You Still Move Me", "I Will Be There", "Three Time Loser", "One Friend", "Addicted", "Big Wheels in the Moonlight", "Love on Arrival", and a cover of Sam Cooke's "Good Times". Five more of Dan's singles also reached Top Ten on the country charts (mantle cell lymphoma)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iocF6Rs_NvE"]YouTube - JUST TELL ME YOU LOVE ME- ENGLAND DAN/JOHN FORD COLEY" target="_blank">YouTube - JUST TELL ME YOU LOVE ME- ENGLAND DAN/JOHN FORD COLEY[/ame]

in 2009 - Manny Oquendo dies at age 78. American percussionist, his main instrument was the timbales, and was influenced by Cuban drumming. He grew up in New York, and began studying percussion in 1945. He worked in the bands of tropical and Latin music ensembles such as Carlos Valero, Luis del Campo, Juan "El Boy" Torres, Chano Pozo, Jose Budet, Juanito Sanabria, Marcelino Guerra, Jose Curbelo, and Pupi Campo. In 1950, he became the bongo player for Tito Puente. Following this he played with Tito Rodriquez in 1954 and Vincentico Valdes in 1955. He worked freelance in New York before joining Eddie Palmieri's La Perfecta orchestra in 1962. He worked with his own group, Conjunto Libre/ Libre, from 1974, and had a worldwide hit with "Little Sunflower" in 1983

in 2010 - Richard Engquist dies at age 76. American lyricist, born in Scandia, Minnesota, he earned a bachelor’s degree in education and speech from Hamline University in St. Paul in 1954. Richard joined the BMI Lehman Engel Musical Theatre Workshop in the early 1970s and he composed topical songs for the Brave New Workshop in Minneapolish. He went on to write the lyrics for “Elizabeth and Essex,” a musical version of Maxwell Anderson’s blank-verse drama, “Elizabeth the Queen.” which opened at the South Street Theatre in 1980. He later collaborated with the composer Raphael Crystal on several musicals at the Jewish Repertory Theatre including “My Heart Is in the East” in 1983, “Half a World Away” in 1987 and the highly popular “Kuni-Leml” in 1984. More recently Richard collaborated with Judd Woldin on the musical Little Ham (lung cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_8FYMuyakg"]YouTube - Make it an Old Fashioned, Please" target="_blank">YouTube - Make it an Old Fashioned, Please[/ame]

in 2012 - Tom Lodge dies at age 75. English radio DJ he took up the violin, the clarinet and taught himself the guitar and mouth organ. He played the stand up bass in a four piece skiffle band, called the "Top Flat Ramblers". At 18 he travelled to Hay River, Northwest Territories, Canada, and in the late 50s he moved to Yellowknife, where he joined the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation as an announcer on CFYK.

In 1960 he became the CBC manager for CBXH radio station in Fort Smith, until he returned to UK as a CBC correspondent. In 1964 Tom joined England's first offshore pirate radio station Radio Caroline, as disc jockey and programme director. His book The Ship that Rocked the World describes his time there. After the outlawing of the pirate radio ships in 1967 by the Marine Broadcasting Offences Act, he worked as a disc jockey for the BBC's newly created Radio 1.

In 1968 he became a disc jockey on CHLO, St Thomas, Ontario, Canada, which is now CKDK-FM. In 1970 he founded a creative program at Fanshawe College London, Ontario, Canada, called "Creative Electronics", which after two years he made into Music Industry Arts, a training program for recording engineers and record producers, and is still operating at Fanshawe College. (sadly died while fighting cancer) - Born at Forest Green, Surrey 16th 1936.

in 2013 - Lawrence McKiver dies at 97.

Lawrence McKiver, a founder and the longtime lead singer of the McIntosh County Shouters, a Georgia group representing the last community in America to perform the traditional ring shout — a centuries-old black form of ecstatic worship that marries singing, percussion and movement — died on March 25 on St. Simons Island, Ga. He was 97.

Lawrence McKiver, a founder and the longtime lead singer of the McIntosh County Shouters, a Georgia group representing the last community in America to perform the traditional ring shout — a centuries-old black form of ecstatic worship that marries singing, percussion and movement — died on March 25 on St. Simons Island, Ga. He was 97.

The ring shout, rooted in the ritual dances of West Africa and forged by the Atlantic slave trade, is believed to be the oldest surviving African-American performance tradition of any kind. Centered in the Gullah-Geechee region of the coastal South, it differs from traditional black religious music in repertory, style and execution.

“The shouters, historically, had a separate body of songs that were used expressly and exclusively for the ring shout,” Art Rosenbaum, the author of “Shout Because You’re Free” (1998), a book about the tradition, said in an interview on Friday. “They are not the spirituals or gospel songs or hymns or jubilees that you’d hear in the church.”

Mr. McKiver, the Shouters’ last original member, appeared with the group until he was in his mid-80s and was widely acknowledged as the ring shout’s chief custodian.

The ring shout, rooted in the ritual dances of West Africa and forged by the Atlantic slave trade, is believed to be the oldest surviving African-American performance tradition of any kind. Centered in the Gullah-Geechee region of the coastal South, it differs from traditional black religious music in repertory, style and execution.

“The shouters, historically, had a separate body of songs that were used expressly and exclusively for the ring shout,” Art Rosenbaum, the author of “Shout Because You’re Free” (1998), a book about the tradition, said in an interview on Friday. “They are not the spirituals or gospel songs or hymns or jubilees that you’d hear in the church.”

Mr. McKiver, the Shouters’ last original member, appeared with the group until he was in his mid-80s and was widely acknowledged as the ring shout’s chief custodian.
But in 1980 two folklorists, Fred C. Fussell and George Mitchell, were astonished to find it still being performed — a robust modern link in a chain stretching back generations — in Bolden, a coastal area in McIntosh County, Ga.

In Bolden (or Briar Patch, as the community is also known), ring shouting was, then as now, a vital adjunct to worship at the Mount Calvary Baptist Church. It was typically performed there on New Year’s Eve, also called Watch Night, to shout out the old year and shout in the new.
The folklorists encouraged the people of Bolden to take the shout public; under Mr. McKiver’s stewardship, a touring group, the McIntosh County Shouters, was assembled.

Over the years, the group (typically four men and five women, all related by birth or marriage) has performed at City Center in New York, the Kennedy Center in Washington and the Spoleto Festival U.S.A. in Charleston, S.C., as well as on many college campuses.

It can be heard on recordings, including “Slave Shout Songs From the Coast of Georgia,” released on the Folkways label in 1984, and in “Unchained Memories,” a 2003 HBO documentary built around slave narratives.

In 1993, the McIntosh County Shouters were awarded a National Heritage Fellowship by the National Endowment for the Arts.

Lawrence McKiver was born in Bolden in April 1915. (The family name is sometimes spelled McIver.) His mother, the former Charlotte Evans, was a shouter, as were his maternal grandparents, Amy and London Jenkins, slaves who were the wellspring of most of the shouts performed by the community today.

Mr. McKiver was educated in local segregated schools and served in the Army during World War II. Afterward he spent much of his working life as a shrimper, a job in which, he said, he “hauled till my hands be so sore till blood come out.”

Performing with the Shouters, Mr. McKiver took pains to explain to audiences the messages from slave to slave that were encoded in the lyrics of some songs.

Introducing “Move, Daniel,” for instance, he would say that “Daniel was not the Daniel of the Bible, but was a slave that had stolen some meat from the master’s smokehouse,” Mr. Rosenbaum recalled on Friday. “And the words of the shout — ‘Move, Daniel/Go the other way, Daniel’ — he understood to be instructions to Daniel about how to flee from the master’s whip.”
Mr. McKiver’s wife, the former Anna Mae Palmer, whom he married in 1934, died in 1962.

Survivors include a daughter, Renelda Nelson; a son, Ricky Scott; five grandchildren; five great-grandchildren; and a great-great-grandchild.

The ring shout, which is believed to have survived in Bolden because of the community’s stability — its young people tended to settle there — seems destined to endure: Mr. McKiver’s cousin Ms. Sullivan is a member of the Shouters, as are her daughter and grandson, the group’s current stick man.

This continuity is due in no small part to Mr. McKiver’s influence.
“I know I’m the one that got the songs alive today,” he told Mr. Rosenbaum. “And I don’t mind talking with a person on my heritage. I can bravely talk about my heritage, because my people come over the rough side of the mountain. Understand?”

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Old March 25th, 2014, 08:39 PM   #2767

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in 1566 - Antonio de Cabezon, composer, dies.
in 1671 - Giacomo Cesare Predieri, composer is born.
in 1684 - Johann Graf, composer is born.
in 1713 - Pal Esterhazy, composer, dies at 77
in 1717 - Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila, composer.
in 1736 - Georg Balthasar Schott, composer, dies at 49.
in 1758 - Johann Daniel Ferstenberg, composer
in 1783 - Johann Baptist Weigl, composer
in 1806 - Josef Slavik, composer
in 1809 - Gabriele Mario Piozzi, composer, dies at 68
in 1819 - Francisco Eduardo da Costa, composer is born.
in 1820 - Jean-Etienne Despreaux, composer, dies at 71
in 1827 - Emanuel Kania, composer is born.
in 1830 - John Rogers Thomas, composer is born.
in 1837 - Joseph Lincke, composer, dies at 53
in 1840 - Carli Zoeller, composer is born.
in 1854 - Braulio Dueno Colon, composer is born.
in 1859 - Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov, composer is born.
in 1862 - George William Louis Marshall-Hall, composer is born.
in 1871 - Francois-Joseph Fetis, Belgian musicologist/composer, dies at 87
in 1874 - Oskar Nedbal, composer is born.
in 1880 - Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras, composer, dies at 62
in 1884 - Wilhelm Backhaus, Leipzig Germany, pianist (Rubinstein 1905) is born.
in 1885 - Julius Harrison, composer is born.
in 1889 - Vaclav Kapral, composer is born.


in 1892 - Anton Wallerstein, composer, dies at 78
in 1896 - Richard Flury, composer is born.
in 1898 - Renzo Massarani, composer is born.
in 1899 - William Baines, composer is born.
in 1900 - Isadore Freed, composer is born.
in 1904 - Hermann Schroeder, composer is born.
in 1905 - Pablo Garrido, composer is born.
in 1907 - Leigh Harline, composer is born.
in 1907 - Louis Saguer, composer is born.
in 1908 - Hank Sylvern, Bkln NY, orch leader (Jane Froman's USA Canteen) is born.
in 1909 - Chris[tiaan R] Reumer, Dutch opera singer is born.
in 1909 - Nikolai Arkas, composer, dies at 56
in 1916 - Harry Rabinowitz, British? composer/conductor is born.
Video Note: Intro to the 1983 TV-movie "The Sign of Four" starring the late Ian Richardson as Sherlock Holmes. This was one of only two feature-lenght TV-movies that were intended to become a TV-series and compete with the superior rival project starring Jeremy Brett (the other one is "The Hound of the Baskervilles" from the same year). Good music score by Harry Rabinowitz.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JgpLr5U0Cho"]YouTube - Sherlock Holmes - Intro to "The Sign of Four" (1983)" target="_blank">YouTube - Sherlock Holmes - Intro to "The Sign of Four" (1983)[/ame]

in 1916 - Vic Schoen, Bkln NY, orch leader (Patti Page Olds Show) is born.
in 1917 - Rufus Thomas, Miss, singer (Walking the Dog) is born.
in 1918 - Cesar A Cui, Lithuanian fort builder/composer, dies at 83
in 1921 - Joe Loco, [Jose Esteves, Jr], musician is born.
in 1923 - Clifton Williams, Traskwood Arkansas, band master (Sinfonians) is born.
in 1924 - Augusto de Oliviera Machado, composer, dies at 78
in 1925 - Claudio Spies, composer is born.
in 1925 - Pierre Boulez, Montbrison France, composer/conductor (Visage Nuptial) is born.
in 1929 - Maurice Simon, jazz musician is born.
in 1930 - Cristobal Halffter, composer is born.
in 1932 - Jean Cartan, composer, dies at 25

in 1933 - Eddie Lang dies at age 30. American jazz guitarist; although he died so young, he is still regarded as the most important Chicago jazz guitarist and the Father of the Jazz Guitar, playing a Gibson L-4 and L-5 guitar, he was a huge influence for many guitarists, including Django Reinhardt. He played with the bands of Venuti, Adrian Rollini, Roger Wolfe Kahn and Jean Goldkette in addition to doing a large amount of freelance radio and recording work. 1927 saw Eddie featured in the recording of "Singin' the Blues" by Frankie Trumbauer and His Orchestra trading guitar licks while Bix Beiderbecke solos on cornet in a memorable landmark jazz recording of the 1920s. In 1929 he joined Paul Whiteman's Orchestra, and can be seen and heard in the movie The King of Jazz. In 1930, he played guitar on the original recording of the jazz and pop standard "Georgia On My Mind", with Hoagy Carmichael and His Orchestra. When Bing Crosby left Paul Whiteman, Eddie went with Bing as his accompanist and can be seen with him in the 1932 movie Big Broadcast. He also played under the pseudonym Blind Willie Dunn on a number of blues records with Lonnie Johnson. (died from a hemorrhage following a tonsillectomy)

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ggJCrl9oEgQ"]YouTube - Eddie Lang - Perfect" target="_blank">YouTube - Eddie Lang - Perfect[/ame]

in 1936 - Erich Urbanner, composer is born.
in 1936 - Fred Paris, rocker (Five Satins) is born.
in 1938 - NBC radio performance of Howard Hanson's 3rd Symphony
in 1940 - Rod Lauren, rocker (If I Had a Girl) is born.
in 1947 - Carmen Krolis, Suriname/Neth singer is born.
in 1948 - Steven Tyler, NYC, rock vocalist (Aerosmith-Janie Got a Gun) is born.
in 1948 - Richard Tandy, rock bassist (ELO) is born.
in 1948 - Kyung-Wha Chung, Seoul Korea, violinist (Chung Sisters) is born.
in 1949 - Fran Sheehan, rock bassist (Boston-More than a Feeling) is born.
in 1950 - Ronnie McDowell, Fountain Head Tn, country singer (King is Gone) is born.
in 1950 - Teddy Pendergrass, Phila, singer (Turn Off the Lights) is born.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rV9VuPkIIv4"]YouTube - Teddy Pendergrass - Love TKO" target="_blank">YouTube - Teddy Pendergrass - Love TKO[/ame]

in 1953 - Michael Bonagura, Newark NJ, country singer (Baille and Boys-Oh Heart) is born.
in 1953 - Albert Spalding, composer, dies at 64
in 1955 - Dean Dillon, Lake City TN, country singer (Chair) is born.
in 1956 - Thomas Alexandrovich de Hartmann, composer, dies at 70
in 1956 - Charly McClain, Jackson Tn, country singer (Radio Heart) is born.

1956 - Kay Starr was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Rock And Roll Waltz.' The song is told from the point-of-view of a teenager who comes home early from a date, and catches her parents attempting to dance to one of her rock and roll records.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2MJX7nliJcQ"]YouTube - Kay Starr - Rock and Roll Waltz" target="_blank">YouTube - Kay Starr - Rock and Roll Waltz[/ame]

1961 - The Beatles performed at the Casbah Coffee Club, West Derby, Liverpool, their last performance before traveling to Hamburg, West Germany, for their second visit.

in 1962 - Richard Coles, rocker (Communards-Don't Leave Me This Way) is born.

1965 - Mick Jagger, Brian Jones and Bill Wyman all received electric shocks from a faulty microphone on stage during a Rolling Stones show in Denmark. Bill Wyman was knocked unconscious for several minutes.

1965 - The Walker Brothers made their UK TV debut on 'Ready Steady Go!'

1969 - Marvin Gaye was at No.1 on the UK singles chart, with 'I Heard It Through The Grapevine'. The song was first recorded by The Miracles and had also been a million seller in 1967 for Gladys Knight and the Pips.

1970 - Peter Yarrow of Peter, Paul and Mary pleaded guilty to 'taking immoral liberties' with a 14 year old girl in Washington D.C. He pleaded guilty and was sentenced to three months in jail. Just days earlier, the trio had won a Grammy Award for Best Recording for Children for their album, 'Peter, Paul and Mommy'.

in 1971 - Harold McNair dies at age 39. Jamaican saxophone player and flautist player started out at the Alpha Boys School under the tutelage of Victor Tulloch, whilst playing with lifelong friend Joe Harriott, Wilton 'Bogey' Gaynair, and Baba Motta's band. He spent the first decade of his musical career in The Bahamas, where he used the name "Little G" for recordings and live performances. In 1960, he went to Miami to record his first album, a mixture of jazz and calypso numbers entitled Bahama Bash, and later that year he left for Europe. He toured Europe with Quincy Jones and worked on film and TV scores in Paris, before settling in London, where he was invited to a regular spot at Ronnie Scott's nightclub. He also worked with Charles Mingus, Zoot Sims, Tony Crombie, Jack Costanzo and many visiting Americans including vocalists Jon Hendricks and Blossom Dearie, Philly Joe Jones and saxophonist Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis among others (lung cancer)

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9StKktWLGkU"]YouTube - Harold McNair - You Are Too Beautiful" target="_blank">YouTube - Harold McNair - You Are Too Beautiful[/ame]

in 1973 - Safford Cape, US/Belgian conductor/composer/musicologist, dies at 67

in 1973 - Don Messer dies at age 63.Canadian fiddler born in Tweedside, New Brunswick, he was defining icon of folk music during the 1960s. During the 1920s, he moved to Boston, Massachusetts for three years where he received his only formal instruction in music. Upon his return to the Maritimes, he began his radio career on CFBO in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1929 when he joined the station staff. He went on to have his own TV show, CBC began a summer series The Don Messer Show on August 7 1959, which continued into the fall as Don Messer's Jubilee, continuing as Don Messer's Jubilee throughout the 1960s, the show won a wide audience and reportedly became the second-most watched television show in Canada television show. The show became the subject of the National Film Board feature Don Messer: His Land and His Music in 1971 and CBC produced a commemorative video of the show in 1985. Don was inducted posthumously into the Canadian Country Music Association Hall of Honour in 1985 and the Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame in 1989.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3q7pJeByBtE"]YouTube - Westlake Idol 2010 - Maple Sugar and Don Messer's Breakdown" target="_blank">YouTube - Westlake Idol 2010 - Maple Sugar and Don Messer's Breakdown[/ame]

in 1973 - Sir Noël Coward dies at age 73.English playwright, composer, director, actor and singer, Born in London, he was known for his wit and flamboyance. As a teenager he was introduced into the high society in which most of his plays would be set. He achieved enduring success as a playwright, publishing more than 50 plays from his teens onwards. Many of his works, Hay Fever, Private Lives, Design for Living, Present Laughter and Blithe Spirit, have remained in the regular theatre repertoire. He composed hundreds of songs, in addition to well over a dozen musical theatre works, including the operetta Bitter Sweet and comic revues, poetry, several volumes of short stories, the novel Pomp and Circumstance, and a three-volume autobiography. Coward's stage and film acting and directing career spanned six decades, during which he starred in many of his own works. He won an Academy Honorary Award in 1943 for his naval film drama, In Which We Serve, and was knighted in 1969. In the 1950s he achieved fresh success as a cabaret performer, performing his own songs, such as "Mad Dogs and Englishmen", "London Pride" and "I Went to a Marvellous Party". His plays and songs achieved new popularity in the 1960s and 1970s, and his work and style continue to influence popular culture. The former Albery Theatre (originally the New Theatre) in London was renamed the Noël Coward Theatre in his honour in 2006. (natural causes).

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HPnJM3zWfUo"]YouTube - Noel Coward: Mad Dogs and Englishmen" target="_blank">YouTube - Noel Coward: Mad Dogs and Englishmen[/ame]

in 1974 - Hakeem Abdul-samad, rocker (Boys) is born.
in 1976 - Wingsrelease "Wings at the Speed of Sound" album.

1976 - One-man blues band Duster Bennett was killed in a car accident. 1970 album 'Smiling Like I'm Happy.' Worked with Alexis Korner, John Mayall's Bluesbreakers, Fleetwood Mac and B.B. King.

1976 - Anita Pallenberg the girlfriend of Rolling Stone Keith Richards gave birth to a baby boy, Tara, (he died ten weeks later from pneumonia).

in 1976 - Duster Bennett/Anthony Bennett dies at age 29. Welsh blues singer and multi-musician, born in Welshpool, Powys, Mid Wales. Moving to London, he became a session musician in the early 60s. His first solo album (one of five before his death) "Smiling Like I'm Happy" saw him playing as a one-man blues band whose virtuosity and co-ordination on drums, his Les Paul Goldtop guitar and harmonica was as riveting as it was unique and he was backed by girlfriend Stella Sutton, the original Fleetwood Mac singer, on three tracks. Between 1968 and 1970 he was heard very regularly on John Peel's Top Gear. His haunting track Jumping at Shadows, was covered by Fleetwood Mac and revived in 1992 by Gary Moore, who covered it in his "After Hours" album. (After performing with Memphis Slim, he died in a fatal road accident; tired at the wheel, his van collided with a truck)

in 1977 - Hall and Oates started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Rich Girl', the duo's first US No.1, not a hit in the UK.
in 1980 - The Police became the first Western pop group to play in Bombay, India for over ten years when they played a one off gig in the city.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vLFF2P8fInI"]YouTube - The Police - Message In A Bottle" target="_blank">YouTube - The Police - Message In A Bottle[/ame]

in 1980 - John Poulos dies at age 32. American drummmer born in Chicago; in the early 60s he was a member of The Pulsations along with vocalists George LeGros and Dennis Tufano. After winning a local battle of the bands competition, The Pulsations secured a job as the house band on WGN-TV's variety show called All-Time Hits in 1966. The show's producers suggested they adopt a name reflective of the British invasion, which was popular at the time, and the band adopted the name The Buckinghams, which was suggested by a security guard at the station. Their hits included "Kind of Drag", "Don't You Care", "Mercy, Mercy, Mercy", "Hey Baby (They're Playing Our Song)" and "Susan". In the 70s he became a manager of several rock bands, including The Boyzz from Illinoizz. (John died of drug-related heart failure)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T7DjpBDPHMk"]YouTube - Dont Waste My Time by The Buckinghams.wmv" target="_blank">YouTube - Dont Waste My Time by The Buckinghams.wmv[/ame]

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Old March 25th, 2014, 08:44 PM   #2768

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in 1982 - Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder release "Ebony and Ivory" in the UK.

in 1983 - Duran Duran went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Is There Something I Should Know'. Their first No.1 and there eighth single release. The group were on a US promotional trip on this day, where they were greeted by 5,000 screaming fans at an in-store appearance in New York City.

in 1983 - Tears For Fears scored their first UK No.1 album with 'The Hurting.'

in 1985, Radio stations in South Africa banned all of Stevie Wonders records after he dedicated the Oscar he had won the night before at The Academy Awards to Nelson Mandela.

in 1987 - Eugen Jochum dies at age 84. German organist and conductor, born in Babenhausen, near Augsburg, studied the piano and organ in Augsburg until 1922. His first post was as a rehearsal pianist at Mönchen-Gladbach, and then in Kiel. He made his conducting debut with the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra in 1926 in a program which included Bruckner's Seventh Symphony. He went on to perform with many major orchestras on both sides of the ocean. Eugen conducted frequently in London, with the London Philharmonic Orchestra and the London Symphony Orchestra and is best known for his interpretations of Anton Bruckner. His performances of Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Mozart, Haydn, Schumann, Wagner and Carl Orff are also notable.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V73OcdX5Fks"]YouTube - Schneiderhan & Jochum - Beethoven Violin Concerto (II) - Larghetto" target="_blank">YouTube - Schneiderhan & Jochum - Beethoven Violin Concerto (II) - Larghetto[/ame]

in 1988 - British reggae band Aswad were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Don't Turn Around.' Ace of Base scored a US No.1 hit in 1994 with their version of the Diane Warren song.

in 1988 - Michael Jackson started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Man In The Mirror', a No.21 hit in the UK.
in 1988 - Morrissey went to No.1 on the UK album chart with his debut solo LP 'Viva Hate.'
in 1989 - New Order and Happy Mondays appeared at the Birmingham NEC, England, tickets Ł9.
in 1994 - Soundgarden entered the US album chart at No.1 with 'Superunknown'.

in 1995 - Rapper producer, and record executive Eazy-E (Eric Lynn Wright) died of AIDS in Los Angeles aged 31. Formed Ruthless Records, worked with Dr. Dre and Ice Cube.

in 1995 - Eazy-E /Eric Wright dies at age 31. US rapper, a member of N.W.A. the unapologetically violent and sexist pioneers of gangsta rap. He dropped out of high school in the tenth grade and supported himself by selling drugs, later receiving a high school equivalency diploma. He used the profits from his drug sales to establish Ruthless Records. In this period, Ruthless Records released the compilation N.W.A and the Posse (1987), N.W.A's proper debut Straight Outta Compton (1988), and one month later, Eazy-E's solo album, Eazy-Duz-It. The album sold two million copies, certifying it as a double platinum album, and spawned the hit singles "We Want Eazy" and "Eazy-Er Said Than Dunn" (a remix of "Boyz-n-the-Hood" was also included). The album was produced by Dr. Dre and DJ Yella and largely written by Ice Cube, with contributions from MC Ren and The D.O.C.. On the final N.W.A album, Niggaz4Life (1991), some of the lyrics provoked outrage. Eazy-E included pistols and shotguns in videos for both "Alwayz into Somethin'" and "Appetite for Destruction". He also hosted a hip-hop radio show on L A-based radio station KKBT (AIDS)

in 1998 - Denis Charles dies at age 64. Jazz drummer born in St. Croix, Virgin Islands, he began playing bongos at age seven with local ensembles in the Virgin Islands. In 1945 he moved to New York, and gigged frequently around town. In 1954 he began working with Cecil Taylor, and the pair collaborated through 1958. Following this he played with Steve Lacy, Gil Evans, and Jimmy Giuffre. He recorded with Sonny Rollins on a calypso-tinged set, before returning to Steve Lacy until 1964. He worked with Archie Shepp and Don Cherry in 1967. In the 1970s and 1980s Denis played regularly on the New York jazz scene with Frank Lowe, David Murray, Charles Tyler, Billy Bang, and others, and also played funk, rock, and traditional Caribbean music. He released three discs as a leader between 1989-1992, and in 1998. (died in New York City)

in 2000 - Melanie C scored her first solo UK No.1 single with 'Never Be The Same Again' with Lisa 'Left Eye' Lopes from TLC. She replaced her former Spice Girl Geri Halliwell from the top of the charts.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x7E24eKJvs0"]YouTube - Melanie C - I Turn To You (Music Video) (HD)" target="_blank">YouTube - Melanie C - I Turn To You (Music Video) (HD)[/ame]

in 2000 - Phil Collins won an Oscar at the Academy Awards for Best Original Song with 'You'll Be In My Heart' from the Disney animated feature 'Tarzan.'

in 2000 - Santana started a two-week run at No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Supernatural.'

in 2001 - the toy figure of Eminem was facing a ban from UK shops. Woolworth's and Hamleys were refusing to stock the dolls. Psychologists warned parents who buy the dolls for children will be inadvertently giving their approval to bad language.

in 2002 - Randy Castillo drummer with the Ozzy Osbourne band died of cancer aged 51. Worked with Osbourne during the 1980s and early 1990s. Also worked with Lita Ford and Motley Crue.

in 2002 - Randy Castillo dies at age 51. American drummer born in Albuquerque, New Mexico, After playing in bands such as The Tabbs, The Mudd, The Wumblies and The Offenders he relocated to LA and joined The Motels and embarked on his first major arena tour with them in support of The Cars. In 1984, Randy was hired to play drums for Lita Ford and was featured on her Dancin' On The Edge album. Soon after he was hired by Ozzy Osbourne and ended up staying with the Ozzy Osbourne band for ten years, recording five albums with Ozzy during that time, The Ultimate Sin 1986, No Rest for the Wicked 1988, an EP entitled Just Say Ozzy 1990, No More Tears 1991, and a double-disc live album, Live and Loud in 1993. in 1993, he joined Red Square Black. He drummed on several tribute albums during this time. He played with Ronnie James Dio on a cover of Alice Cooper's "Welcome To My Nightmare" on the Alice Cooper tribute album Humanary Stew and performed all drumming duties on a star-studded Def Leppard tribute album titled Leppardmania. In 1999, he took over from Tommy Lee in Mötley Crüe, Randy had already worked with Vince Neil as a touring drummer for the Vince Neil Band. Sadly his only recording with the band, 2000's New Tattoo, just before supporting tour Randy became ill while performing with his mariachi side project Azul (cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSdXd2rg19Q"]YouTube - Randy Castillo drum solo" target="_blank">YouTube - Randy Castillo drum solo[/ame]

in 2002 - Joe Schermie dies at age 57. American bassist born in Madison, Wisconsin; Joe was the original bass player for Three Dog Night and played on most of the group's 21 hits. Disillusioned with his role in the group, he left the band in '73 and formed a group 'S.S.Fools' that included former members of Three Dog Night and Toto vocalist Bobby Kimball. He later played some shows with former Three Dog Night vocalist Chuck Negron's band. He also worked with Stephen Stills, Yvonne Elliman and others. Joe appeared on the cooking show Food Rules in 2000 with original Three Dog Night drummer Floyd Sneed. (heart attack)

in 2003 - Kelly Rowland postponed her European tour because of the war in Iraq. The dates were due to start in the UK on 13 April.

in 2004 - Jan Berry dies at age 62. American singer-songwriter and along with Dean Ormsby Torrence was one half of Jan and Dean the rock and roll duo, popular from the late 1950s through the mid 1960s, who became associated with the vocal "surf music" craze that was later popularised by The Beach Boys. They had a No.10 hit with "Baby Talk" in 1959, followed by fifteen more Top 40 hits on the Billboard and Cash Box magazine charts, with a total of twenty-six chart hits over an eight-year period. Jan and Dean hosted and performed at The T.A.M.I. Show, a historic concert film directed by Steve Binder. The film also featured such acts as The Rolling Stones, Chuck Berry, Gerry & the Pacemakers, James Brown, Billy J. Kramer & The Dakotas, Marvin Gaye, The Supremes, Lesley Gore, Smokey Robinson & The Miracles, and The Beach Boys (seizure)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OyiD1OybId0"]YouTube - JIL GIBSON & JAN BERRY - IT'S AS EASY AS 1 2 3-1964.wmv" target="_blank">YouTube - JIL GIBSON & JAN BERRY - IT'S AS EASY AS 1 2 3-1964.wmv[/ame]

in 2005 - Paul Hester dies at age 46. Australian musician and television personality born in Melbourne; his mother a jazz drummer, encouraged him at an early age to learn the drums. After playing in local bands as a teenager, he formed the band Cheks and in 1982 they moved to Sydney renaming themselves Deckchairs Overboard. He did a brief spell with Split Enz, before he along with Neil Finn formed a new band with guitarist Nick Seymour. They were signed by the US label Capitol and moved to LA. At first, they called themselves the Mullanes (Finn's middle name), but after record company pressure the name Crowded House. Thier first album in 1986 which included the US top-10 hit Don't Dream It Over, catapulted them into major attraction on the international touring circuit (suicide, died by strangulation, found hanged in a park in Melbourne, Australia)

in 2006 - ikki Sudden /Adrian Nicholas Godfrey dies at age 49. English singer, guitar; he co-founded the post-punk band Swell Maps with his brother Epic Soundtracks/Kevin Paul Godfrey, while attending Solihull School. The band went on to record six albums before splitting in 1980. Around this time Nikki met up with Dave Kusworth, they formed the Six Hip Princes, but it wasn't until 1984, after Nikki had already issued two solo releases, that the duo adopted the name Jacobites. At the time of hid death, he was writing his autobiography, as well a history of The Wick, an estate in Richmond once owned by Ronnie Wood, currently owned by Pete Townshend. (died hours after a show at New York's Knitting Factory, causes unknown)

in 2006 - Pete Wells dies at age 58. Australian founder and slide guitarist in Australian hard rock band Rose Tattoo formed in 1976. He was previously bassist with the pioneering Sydney based heavy metal outfit Buffalo in the first half of the 1970's releasing 5 albums with the band. After which he formed Rose Tattoo along with vocalist Angry Anderson, guitarist Mick Cocks, bassist Ian Rilen and drummer Dallas Royal. They supported Aerosmith and ZZ Top on US tours. Pete released 5 albums with the band. After Rose Tattoo, Pete fronted The Pete Wells Band and also worked on side projects such as the Lucy DeSoto Band, Rocks Push, and Hillbilly Moon. Rose Tattoo reformed briefly in 1993 to support Guns N' Roses on an Australian tour (cancer)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=koHoP7Fbikk"]YouTube - Peter Wells - Between The Saddle..." target="_blank">YouTube - Peter Wells - Between The Saddle...[/ame]

in 2006 - Readers of Total Guitar magazine voted the guitar solo by Jimmy Page in Led Zeppelin’s 'Stairway To Heaven' as the greatest guitar solo of all time. The 1971 track was voted ahead of tracks by Van Halen, Queen, Jimi Hendrix and The Eagles by its UK readers.

in 2006 - U2's The Edge donated his favourite guitar a 1975 Gibson Les Paul to a charity he co-founded to replace instruments lost or destroyed when Hurricane Katrina hit the US.

in 2006 - Journey South went to No.1 on the UK album chart with their self-titled album. Journey South were made up of brothers Carl and Andy Pemberton who were the third place runners up on the 2005 X Factor TV show.

in 2008 - The Los Angeles Times apologised for claiming rap mogul Sean "Diddy" Combs was involved in a 1994 shooting of hip-hop star Tupac Shakur. The LA Times, which published the original story on its website, initially said its claims were based on FBI records, witness accounts and other unnamed sources. The apology followed a claim that the newspaper was conned by a prisoner who doctored the documents used.

in 2009 - Arne Joachim Bendiksen dies at age 82. Norwegian singer, composer and producer, described as "the father of pop music" in Norway. Born in Bergen, he was a major figure in Norwegian popular music in the 50s, 60s and 70s, first, as a member of the group The Monn Keys, later as soloist and composer for other artists. He also translated many foreign hits into Norwegian, making them Norwegian hits. Arne took part in the Norwegian Eurovision Song Contest selections several times, both as an artist and as a songwriter. In 1964 with Spiral as soloist, in 1973 with Ĺ, for et spill and in 1974 with Hvor er du?. He also took part 4 times as composer, most memorable as songwriter for Ĺse Kleveland's Intet er nytt under solenin 1966, finishing third. In the 70s. In the 80s, he began a popular children's cassette industry and released his major children's work Barnefest i Andeby - Children's party in Duckburg - a cassette filled with catchy songs about the various Disney characters inhabiting the fictional city of Duckburg. (heart failure)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QsxrjYEyR5A"]YouTube - Eurovision 1969 - Norway - Kirsti Sparboe - Oj, oj, oj, sĺ glad jeg skal bli [HQ SUBTITLED]" target="_blank">YouTube - Eurovision 1969 - Norway - Kirsti Sparboe - Oj, oj, oj, sĺ glad jeg skal bli [HQ SUBTITLED][/ame]
in 2009 - John Mayhew dies at age 61. English drummer and vocalist born in Ipswich and played with bands in the Ipswich area, before moving to the London scene in the late sixties. In August 1969, he replaced drummer John Silver in the progressive rock band Genesis. He appears on the Trespass album and the Genesis Archive 1967-75 box set. John was replaced in August 1970 by Phil Collins. In 1982 he moved to Australia, where he worked as a carpenter and became an Australian citizen. In 2006, he attended the Genesis Convention in London, along with Anthony Phillips and Steve Hackett, and played drums for a tribute band's performance of "The Knife" from Trespass (heart related condition) - Born March 26th 2009.

in 2011 - Aleksandr Barykin dies at age 59. Russian singer, songwriter, composer and voice actor born in Beryozovo, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Yugra. His hits include "The Island," "Bouquet," "Airport", "Schedule for tomorrow" and "savior." He has worked with Alla Pugacheva, Vladimir Kuzmin, Igor Nikolaev, and collaborated with composer David Tukhmanov. (heart attack) - Born February 18th 1952.

in 2011 - Lula Côrtes dies at age 61. Brazilian singer, songwriter, artist and writer was one of the pioneers of Northeastern rhythms to rock. In 1975, he partnered up with the legendary Zé Ramalho for the album Paębirú, considered a masterpiece of Brazilian music. He released several other albums, including Satwa in 1973 and Rosa de Sangue in 1980. He worked with Ramalho on other albums including his 1978 debut, Zé Ramalho, De Gosto de Água e de Amigos in 1985 and Cidades e Lendas in 1996 (sadly died after a brave battle with throat cancer) b. 1950.

in 2011 - Carl Bunch dies at age 71. American drummer, by aged seventeen, he was recording with Ronnie Smith and the Poor Boys, in Clovis, New Mexico. Buddy Holly was also recording in Clovis at the same time and was impressed with the young drummer. Carl was invited to join Holly on the "Winter Dance Party" tour in 1959, along with Tommy Allsup and Waylon Jennings. The tour bus heater failed, and he suffered from frostbite and was hospitalized. After his discharge from the Army, he spent some time playing for the Bob Osburn band, before moving to Nashville to play for Hank Williams, Jr. and Roy Orbison (diabetes realted) - Born November 24th 1939.

in 2012 - David Craighead dies at age 88. American organist. He studied with Alexander McCurdy at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, receiving a Bachelor of Music degree in 1946. From 1955 until his retirement in the summer of 1992 he was both Professor of Organ and Chair of the Organ Division of the Keyboard Department at the Eastman School of Music. At this same time he was appointed organist of St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Rochester, New York, where he continues to serve. In June 1968, he received an honorary Doctor of Music degree from Lebanon Valley College in Annville, Pennsylvania. He recorded works of Johann Sebastian Bach, Pierre du Mage, César Franck, Felix Mendelssohn, Olivier Messiaen, Samuel Adler, Paul Cooper, Lou Harrison, William Albright, Vincent Persichetti, Max Reger, and Louis Vierne. - Born January 24th 1924.

in 2012 - Tom Wells dies at age 70. Bermudian-born American television composer; he finished Vanderbilt in 1963, majoring in philosophy and as a guitarist he played in a band The Wild Hots. He served one year in basic and five years in the Army Reserves. In 1964 he wrote his first famous jingle "Meyer and Berkley Diamond Ring" and in 1967 he founded Doppler Studios. He moved to Los Angeles in 1974 where hewrote the theme to "WKRP in Cincinnati," a piece of pop legend. He scored shows such as "Buffalo Bill," "We Got it Made," "Open All Night," plus commercial jingles and contributions to film. He continued to play with Tommy George and the Fabulous 50's as well as performing in Nashville for reunions with The Wild Hots. - Born October 23rd 1941.

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Old March 25th, 2014, 08:47 PM   #2769

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– page one of two
We remember Beethoven’s death, 187 years ago today, with this bio prepared by Nicolas Slonimsky, Laura Kuhn, and Dennis McIntire.

in 1827 - Ludwig van Beethoven, great German composer whose unsurpassed genius, expressed with supreme mastery in his symphonies, chamber music, concertos, and piano sonatas, revealing an extraordinary power of invention, marked a historic turn in the art of composition, dies at Vienna.

The family was of Dutch extraction (the surname Beethoven meant "beet garden" in Dutch). Beethoven's grandfather, Ludwig van Beethoven (b. Mechelen, Belgium, Jan. 5,1712; d. Bonn, Dec. 24, 1773), served as choir director of the church of St. Pierre in Louvain in 1731; in 1732 he went to Liege, where he sang bass in the cathedral choir of St. Lambert; in 1733 he became a member of the choir in Bonn; there he married Maria Poll.

Prevalent infant mortality took its statistically predictable tribute; the couple's only surviving child was Johann van Beethoven; he married a young widow, Maria Magdalena Leym (nee Keverich), daughter of the chief overseer of the kitchen at the palace in Ehrenbreitstein; they were the composer's parents.

Beethoven firmly believed that the nobiliary particle "van" in the family name betokened a nobility; in his demeaning litigation with his brother's widow over the guardianship of Beethoven's nephew Karl, he argued before the Vienna magistrate that as a nobleman he should be given preference over his sister-in-law, a commoner, but the court rejected his contention on the ground that "van" lacked the elevated connotation of its German counterpart, "von." Beethoven could never provide a weightier claim of noble descent. In private, he even tolerated without forceful denial the fantastic rumor that he was a natural son of royalty, a love child of Friedrich Wilhelm II, or even of Frederick the Great.

Beethoven's father gave him rudimentary instruction in music; he learned to play both the violin and the piano; Tobias Friedrich Pfeiffer, a local musician, gave him formal piano lessons; the court organist in Bonn, Gilles van Eeden, instructed him in keyboard playing and in music theory; Franz Rovantini gave him violin lessons; another violinist who taught Beethoven was Franz Ries. Beethoven also learned to play the horn, under the guidance of the professional musician Nikolaus Simrock. Beethoven's academic training was meager; he was, however, briefly enrolled at the University of Bonn in 1789. His first important teacher of composition was Christian Gottlob Neefe, a thorough musician who seemed to understand his pupil's great potential even in his early youth. He guided Beethoven in the study of Bach and encouraged him in keyboard improvisation.

At the age of 12, in 1782, Beethoven composed Nine Variations for Piano on a March of Dressier, his first work to be publ. In 1783 he played the cembalo in the Court Orch. in Bonn; in 1784 the Elector Maximilian Franz officially appointed him to the post of deputy court organist, a position he retained until 1792; from 1788 to 1792 Beethoven also served as a violist in theater orchestras.

In 1787 the Elector sent him to Vienna, where he stayed for a short time; the report that he played for Mozart and that Mozart pronounced him a future great composer seems to be a figment of somebody's eager imagination. After a few weeks in Vienna Beethoven went to Bonn when he received news that his mother was gravely ill; she died on July 17, 1787. He was obliged to provide sustenance for his two younger brothers; his father, who took to drink in excess, could not meet his obligations. Beethoven earned some money by giving piano lessons to the children of Helene von Breuning, the widow of a court councillor.

He also met important wealthy admirers, among them Count Ferdinand von Waldstein, who was to be immortalized by Beethoven's dedication to him of a piano sonata bearing his name. Beethoven continued to compose; some of his works of the period were written in homage to royalty, as a cantata on the death of the Emperor Joseph II and another on the accession of Emperor Leopold II; other pieces were designed for performance at aristocratic gatherings.

In 1790 an event of importance took place in Beethoven's life when Haydn was honored in Bonn by the Elector on his way to London; it is likely that Beethoven was introduced to him, and that Haydn encouraged him to come to Vienna to study with him. However that might be, Beethoven went to Vienna in Nov. 1792, and began his studies with Haydn. Not very prudently, Beethoven approached the notable teacher Johann Schenk to help him write the mandatory exercises prior to delivering them to Haydn for final appraisal.

In the meantime, Haydn had to go to London again, and Beethoven's lessons with him were discontinued. Instead, Beethoven began a formal study of counterpoint with Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, a learned musician and knowledgeable pedagogue; these studies continued for about a year, until 1795.

Furthermore, Beethoven took lessons in vocal composition with the illustrious Italian composer Salieri, who served as Imperial Kapellmeister at the Austrian court. Beethoven was fortunate to find a generous benefactor in Prince Karl Lichnowsky, who awarded him, beginning about 1800, an annual stipend of 600 florins; he was amply repaid for this bounty by entering the pantheon of music history through Beethoven's dedication to him of the Sonate pathetique and other works, as well as his first opus number, a set of three piano trios.

Beethoven made his first public appearance in Vienna on March 29, 1795, as soloist in one of his piano concertos (probably the B-flat major Concerto, op.19). In 1796 he played in Prague, Dresden, Leipzig, and Berlin. He also participated in "competitions/' fashionable at the time, with other pianists, which were usually held in aristocratic salons.

In 1799 he competed with Joseph Wolffl and in 1800 with Daniel Steibelt. On April 2,1800, he presented a concert of his works in the Burgtheater in Vienna, at which his First Symphony, in C major, and the Septet in E-flat major were performed for the first time. Other compositions at the threshold of the century were the Piano Sonata in C minor, op. 13, the Pathetique; the C-major Piano Concerto, op. 15; "sonata quasi una fantasia" for Piano in C-sharp minor, op.27, celebrated under the nickname Moonlight Sonata (so described by a romantically inclined critic but not specifically accepted by Beethoven); the D-major Piano Sonata known as Pastoral', eight violin sonatas; three piano trios; five string trios; six string quartets; several sets of variations; and a number of songs. Fetis was the first to suggest the division of Beethoven's compositions into three stylistic periods.

It was left to Wilhelm von Lenz to fully elucidate this view in his Beethoven et ses trois styles (two vols., St. Petersburg, 1852). Despite this arbitrary chronological division, the work became firmly established in Beethoven literature. According to Lenz, the first period embraced Beethoven's works from his early years to the end of the 18th century, marked by a style closely related to the formal methods of Haydn. The second period, covering the years 1801-14, was signaled by a more personal, quasi-Romantic mood, beginning with the Moonlight Sonata; the last period, extending from 1814 to Beethoven's death in 1827, comprised the most individual, the most unconventional, the most innovative works, such as his last string quartets and the Ninth Sym., with its extraordinary choral finale.

Beethoven's early career in Vienna was marked by fine success; he was popular not only as a virtuoso pianist and a composer, but also as a social figure who was welcome in the aristocratic circles of Vienna; Beethoven's students included society ladies and even royal personages, such as Archduke Rudolf of Austria, to whom Beethoven dedicated the so-called Archduke Trio, op.97.

But Beethoven's progress was fatefully affected by a mysteriously growing deafness, which reached a crisis in 1802. On Oct. 8 and 10,1802, he wrote a poignant document known as the "Heiligenstadt Testament," for it was drawn in the village of Heiligenstadt, where he resided at the time. The document, not discovered until after Beethoven's death, voiced his despair at the realization that the most important sense of his being, the sense of hearing, was inexorably failing. He implored his brothers, in case of his early death, to consult his physician, Dr. Schmidt, who knew the secret of his "lasting malady" contracted six years before he wrote the Testament, i.e., in 1796.

The etiology of his illness leaves little doubt that the malady was the dreaded "lues," with symptoms including painful intestinal disturbances, enormous enlargement of the pancreas, cirrhosis of the liver, and, most ominously, the porous degeneration of the roof of the cranium, observable in the life mask of 1812 and clearly shown in the photograph of Beethoven's skull taken when his body was exhumed in 1863. However, the impairment of his hearing may have had an independent cause: an otosclerosis, resulting in the shriveling of the auditory nerves and concomitant dilation of the accompanying arteries. Externally, there were signs of tinnitus, a constant buzzing in the ears, about which Beethoven complained.

His reverential biographer A.W. Thayer states plainly in a letter dated Oct. 29,1880, that it was known to several friends of Beethoven that the cause of his combined ailments was syphilis. To the end of his life Beethoven hoped to find a remedy for his deafness among the latest "scientific" medications. His Konversationshefte bear a pathetic testimony to these hopes; in one, dated 1819, he notes down the address of a Dr. Mayer, who treated deafness by "sulphur vapor" and a vibration machine.

By tragic irony, Beethoven's deafness greatly contributed to the study of his personality, thanks to the existence of the "conversation books" in which his interlocutors wrote down their questions and Beethoven replied, a method of communication which became a rule in his life after 1818. Unfortunately, Beethoven's friend and amanuensis, Anton Schindler, altered or deleted many of these; it seems also likely that he destroyed Beethoven's correspondence with his doctors, as well as the recipes which apparently contained indications of treatment by mercury, the universal medication against venereal and other diseases at the time. It is remarkable that under these conditions Beethoven was able to continue his creative work with his usual energy; there were few periods of interruption in the chronology of his list of works, and similarly there is no apparent influence of his moods of depression on the content of his music; tragic and joyful musical passages had equal shares in his inexhaustible flow of varied works.

On April 5, 1803, Beethoven presented a concert of his compositions in Vienna at which he was soloist in his Third Piano Concerto; the program also contained performances of his Second Sym. and of the oratorio Christus am Oelberge. On May 24,1803, he played in Vienna the piano part of his Violin Sonata, op.47, known as the Kreutzer Sonata, although Kreutzer himself did not introduce it; in his place the violin part was taken over by the mulatto artist George Bridgetower.

During the years 1803 and 1804 Beethoven composed his great Sym. No. 3, in E-flat major, op.55, the Eroica. It has an interesting history. Beethoven's disciple Ferdinand Ries relates that Beethoven tore off the title page of the MS of the score originaly dedicated to Napoleon, after learning of his proclamation as Emperor of France in 1804, and supposedly exclaimed, "So he is a tyrant like all the others after all!" Ries reported this story shortly before his death, some 34 years after the composition of the Eroica, which throws great doubt on its credibility. Indeed, in a letter to the publishing firm of Breitkopf & Hartel, dated Aug. 26, 1804, long after Napoleon's proclamation of Empire, Beethoven still refers to the title of the work as "really Bonaparte." His own copy of the score shows that he crossed out the designation "mttitulata Bonaparte," but allowed the words written in pencil, in German, "Geschrieben auf Bonaparte" to stand.

In Oct. 1806, when the first edition of the orchestra parts was published in Vienna, the symphony received the title "Sinfonia eroica composta per festeggiare il sovvenire d'un grand7 uomo" ("heroic symphony, composed to celebrate the memory of a great man"). But who was the great man whose memory was being celebrated in Beethoven's masterpiece? Napoleon was very much alive and was still leading his Grande Armee to new conquests, so the title would not apply. Yet, the famous funeral march in the score expressed a sense of loss and mourning. The mystery remains. There is evidence that Beethoven continued to have admiration for Napoleon. He once remarked that had he been a military man he could have matched Napoleon's greatness on the battlefield.

Beethoven and Napoleon were close contemporaries; Napoleon was a little more than a year older than Beethoven. In 1803 Emanuel Schikaneder, manager of the Theater an der Wien, asked Beethoven to compose an opera to a libretto he had prepared under the title Vestas Feuer, but he soon lost interest in the project and instead began work on another opera, based on J.N. Bouilly's Leonore, ou L'Amour conjugal. The completed opera was named Fidelio, which was the heroine's assumed name in her successful efforts to save her imprisoned husband. The opera was given at the Theater an der Wien on Nov. 20, 1805, under difficult circumstances, a few days after the French army entered Vienna.

There were only three performances before the opera was rescheduled for March 29 and April 10,1806; after another long hiatus a greatly revised version of Fidelio was produced on May 23,1814. Beethoven wrote three versions of the Overture for Leonore', for another performance, on May 26, 1814, he revised the Overture once more, and this time it was performed under the title Fidelio Overture. An extraordinary profusion of creative masterpieces marked the years 1802-08 in Beethoven's life. During these years he brought out the three String Quartets, op.59, dedicated to Count Razumovsky; the fourth, fifth, and sixth syms.; the Violin Concerto; theFourth Piano Concerto; the Triple Concerto; the Coriolan Overture; and a number of piano sonatas, including the D minor, op.31; No. 2, the Tempest; the C major, op.53, the Waldstein; and the F minor, op.57, the Appassionata. On Dec. 22, 1808, his fifth and sixth syms. were heard for the first time at a concert in Vienna; the concert lasted some four hours. Still, financial difficulties beset Beethoven. The various annuities from patrons were uncertain, and the devaluation of the Austrian currency played havoc with his calculations.

In Oct. 1808, King Jerome Bonaparte of Westphalia offered the composer the post of Kapellmeister of Kassel at a substantial salary, but Beethoven decided to remain in Vienna. Between 1809 and 1812, Beethoven wrote his Fifth Piano Concerto; the String Quartet in E-flat major, op.74; the incidental music to Goethe's drama Egmont; the seventh and eighth syms.; and his Piano Sonata in E- flat major, op.8la, whimsically subtitled "Das Lebewohl, Abwesenheit und Wiedersehn," also known by its French subtitle, "Les Adieux, 1'absence, et le retour." He also added a specific description to the work, "Sonate caracteristique."

This explicit characterization was rare with Beethoven; he usually avoided programmatic descriptions, preferring to have his music stand by itself. Even in his Sixth Sym., the Pastoral, which bore specific subtitles for each movement and had the famous imitations of birds singing and the realistic portrayal of a storm, Beethoven decided to append a cautionary phrase:"More as an expression of one's feelings than a picture." He specifically denied that the famous introductory call in the Fifth Sym. represented the knock of Fate at his door, but the symbolic association was too powerful to be removed from the legend; yet the characteristic iambic tetrameter was anticipated in several of Beethoven's works, among them the Appassionata and the Fourth Piano Concerto.

Czerny, who was close to Beethoven in Vienna, claimed that the theme was derived by Beethoven from the cry of the songbird Emberiza, or Emmerling, a species to which the common European goldfinch belongs, which Beethoven may have heard during his walks in the Vienna woods, a cry that is piercing enough to compensate for Beethoven's loss of aural acuity. However that may be, the four-note motif became inexorably connected with the voice of doom for enemies and the exultation of the victor in battle. It was used as a victory call by the Allies in World War II; the circumstance that three short beats followed by one long beat spelled V for Victory in Morse code reinforced its effectiveness.

The Germans could not very well jail people for whistling a Beethoven tune, so they took it over themselves as the first letter of the archaic German word "Viktoria," and trumpeted it blithely over their radios. Another famous nicknamed work by Beethoven was the Emperor Concerto, a label attached to the Fifth Piano Concerto, op.73. He wrote it in 1809, when Napoleon's star was still high in the European firmament, and some publicist decided that the martial strains of the music, with its sonorous fanfares, must have been a tribute to the Emperor of the French. Patriotic reasons seemed to underlie Beethoven's designation of his Piano Sonata, op. 106, as the Hammerklavier Sonata, that is, a work written for a hammer keyboard, or fortepiano, as distinct from harpsichord. But all of Beethoven's piano sonatas were for fortepiano; moreover, he assigned the title Hammerklavier to each of the 4 sonatas, namely opp. 101, 106,109, and 110, using the old German word for fortepiano; by so doing, he desired to express his patriotic consciousness of being a German.

Beethoven – page one of two
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Old March 25th, 2014, 08:48 PM   #2770

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Beethoven – page two of two

Like many professional musicians, Beethoven was occasionally called upon to write a work glorifying an important event or a famous personage. Pieces of this kind seldom achieve validity, and usually produce bombast. Such a work was Beethoven's Wellingtons Sieg oder Die Schlacht bei Vittoria, celebrating the British victory over Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon's brother who temporarily sat on the Spanish throne.

In 1814 Beethoven wrote a cantata entitled Der glorreiche Augenblick, intended to mark the "glorious moment" of the fall of his erstwhile idol, Napoleon. Personal misfortunes, chronic ailments, and intermittent quarrels with friends and relatives preoccupied Beethoven's entire life. He ardently called for peace among men, but he never achieved peace with himself. Yet he could afford to disdain the attacks in the press; on the margin of a critical but justified review of hisWellington's Victory, he wrote, addressing the writer: "You wretched scoundrel! What I excrete [he used the vulgar German word scheisse] is better than anything you could ever think up!"

Beethoven was overly suspicious; he even accused the faithful Schindler of dishonestly mishandling the receipts from the sale of tickets at the first performance of the Ninth Symphony. He exaggerated his poverty; he possessed some shares and bonds which he kept in a secret drawer. He was untidy in personal habits: he often used preliminary drafts of his compositions to cover the soup and even the chamber pot, leaving telltale circles on the MS. He was strangely naive; he studiously examined the winning numbers of the Austrian government lottery, hoping to find a numerological clue to a fortune for himself. His handwriting was all but indecipherable. An earnest Beethoveniac spent time with a microscope trying to figure out what kind of soap Beethoven wanted his housekeeper to purchase for him; the scholar's efforts were crowned with triumphant success: the indecipherable word was gelbe—Beethoven wanted a piece of yellow soap. Q.E.D. The copying of his MSS presented difficulties; not only were the notes smudged, but sometimes Beethoven even failed to mark a crucial accidental. A copyist said that he would rather copy 20 pages of Rossini than a single page of Beethoven.

On the other hand, Beethoven's sketchbooks, containing many alternative drafts, are extremely valuable, for they introduce a scholar into the inner sanctum of Beethoven's creative process. Beethoven had many devoted friends and admirers in Vienna, but he spent most of his life in solitude. Carl Czerny reports in his diary that Beethoven once asked him to let him lodge in his house, but Czerny declined, explaining that his aged parents lived with him and he had no room for Beethoven.

Deprived of the pleasures and comforts of family life, Beethoven sought to find a surrogate in his nephew Karl, son of Caspar Carl Beethoven, who died in 1815. Beethoven regarded his sister-in-law as an unfit mother; he went to court to gain sole guardianship over the boy; in his private letters, and even in his legal depositions, he poured torrents of vilification upon the woman, implying even that she was engaged in prostitution. In his letters to Karl he often signed himself as the true father of the boy.

In 1826 Karl attempted suicide; it would be unfair to ascribe this act to Beethoven's stifling avuncular affection; Karl later went into the army and enjoyed a normal life. Gallons of ink have been unnecessarily expended on the crucial question of Beethoven's relationships with women. That Beethoven dreamed of an ideal life companion is clear from his numerous utterances and candid letters to friends, in some of which he asked them to find a suitable bride for him. But there is no inkling that he kept company with any particular woman in Vienna.

Beethoven lacked social graces; he could not dance; he was unable to carry on a light conversation about trivia; and behind it all there was the dreadful reality of his deafness. He could speak, but could not always understand when he was spoken to. With close friends he used an unwieldy ear trumpet; but such contrivances were obviously unsuitable in a social gathering. There were several objects of his secret passions, among his pupils or the society ladies to whom he dedicated his works. But somehow he never actually proposed marriage, and they usually married less hesitant suitors. There remains the famous letter Beethoven addressed to an "unsterbliche Geliebte," the "Immortal Beloved," but her identity remains a matter of much controversy among Beethoven scholars. See G. Altman, Beethoven: Man of His World: Undisclosed Evidence for His Immortal Beloved (Tallahassee, 1996).

The so-called third style of Beethoven was assigned by biographers to the last 10 or 15 years of his life. It included the composition of his monumental Ninth Symphony, completed in 1824 and first performed in Vienna on May 7, 1824; the program also included excerpts from the Missa Solemnis and Die Weihe des Hauses. It was reported that Caroline Unger, the contralto soloist in the Missa Solemnis, had to pull Beethoven by the sleeve at the end of the performance so that he would acknowledge the applause he could not hear.

With the Ninth Symphony, Beethoven completed the evolution of the symphonic form as he envisioned it. Its choral finale was his manifesto addressed to the world at large, to the text from Schiller's ode An die Freude. In it, Beethoven, through Schiller, appealed to all humanity to unite in universal love. Here a musical work, for the first time, served a political ideal. Beethoven's last string quartets, opp. 127,130,131, and 132, served as counterparts of his last sym. in their striking innovations, dramatic pauses, and novel instrumental tone colors. In Dec. 1826, on his way back to Vienna from a visit in Gneixendorf, Beethoven was stricken with a fever that developed into a mortal pleurisy; dropsy and jaundice supervened to this condition; surgery to relieve the accumulated fluid in his organism was unsuccessful, and he died on the afternoon of March 26, 1827.

It was widely reported that an electric storm struck Vienna as Beethoven lay dying; its occurrence was indeed confirmed by the contemporary records in the Vienna weather bureau, but the story that he raised his clenched fist aloft as a gesture of defiance to an overbearing Heaven must be relegated to fantasy; he was far too feeble either to clench his fist or to raise his arm. The funeral of Beethoven was held in all solemnity. Beethoven was memorialized in festive observations of the centennial and bicentennial of his birth, and of the centennial and sesquicentennial of his death.

The house where he was born in Bonn was declared a museum. Monuments were erected to him in many cities. Commemorative postage stamps bearing his image were issued not only in Germany and Austria, but in Russia and other countries. Streets were named after him in many cities of the civilized world, including even Los Angeles. Beethoven's music marks a division between the Classical period of the 18th century, exemplified by the great names of Mozart and Haydn, and the new spirit of Romantic music that characterized the entire course of the 19th century. There are certain purely external factors that distinguish these two periods of musical evolution; one of them pertains to sartorial matters.

Music before Beethoven was Zopftnusik, pigtail music. Haydn andMozart are familiar to us by portraits in which their heads are crowned by elaborate wigs; Beethoven's hair was by contrast luxuriant in its unkempt splendor. The music of the 18th century possessed the magnitude of mass production. The accepted number of Haydn's symphonies, according to his own count, is 104, but even in his own catalogue Haydn allowed a duplication of one of his symphonic works. Mozart wrote about 40 symphonies during his short lifetime. Haydn's symphonies were constructed according to an easily defined formal structure; while Mozart's last symphonies show greater depth of penetration, they do not depart from the Classical convention. Besides, both Haydn and Mozart wrote instrumental works variously entitled cassations, serenades, divertimentos, and suites, which were basically synonymous with symphonies.

Beethoven's symphonies were few in number and mutually different. The first and second symphonies may still be classified as Zopfmusik, but with the Third Symphony he entered a new world of music. No symphony written before had contained a clearly defined funeral march. Although the Fifth Symphony had no designated program, it lent itself easily to programmatic interpretation. Wagner attached a bombastic label, "Apotheosis of the Dance," to Beethoven's Seventh Symphony. The Eighth Symphony. Beethoven called his "little symphony.," and the Ninth is usually known as the Choral symphony. With the advent of Beethoven, the manufacture of symphony en masse had ceased; Schumann, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, and their contemporaries wrote but a few symphony each, and each had a distinctive physiognomy. Beethoven had forever destroyed Zopfmusik, and opened the floodgates of the Romantic era.

His music was individual; it was emotionally charged; his Kreutzer Sonata served as a symbol for Tolstoy's celebrated moralistic tale of that name, in which the last movement of the sonata leads the woman pianist into the receptive arms of the concupiscent violinist. But technically the sonata is very difficult for amateurs to master, and Tolstoy's sinners were an ordinary couple in old Russia.

Similarly novel were Beethoven's string quartets; a musical abyss separated his last string quartets from his early essays in the same form. Trios, violin sonatas, cello sonatas, and the 32 great piano sonatas also represent evolutionary concepts. Yet Beethoven's melody and harmony did not diverge from the sacrosanct laws of euphony and tonality. The famous dissonant chord introducing the last movement of the Ninth Symphony resolves naturally into the tonic, giving only a moment's pause to the ear. Beethoven's favorite device of pairing the melody in the high treble with triadic chords in close harmony in the deep bass was a peculiarity of his style but not necessarily an infringement of the Classical rules. Yet contemporary critics found some of these practices repugnant and described Beethoven as an eccentric bent on creating unconventional sonorities.

Equally strange to the untutored ear were pregnant pauses and sudden modulations in his instrumental works. Beethoven was not a contrapuntist by taste or skill. With the exception of his monumental Grosse Fuge, composed as the finale of the String Quartet, op. 133, his fugal movements were usually free canonic imitations.

There is only a single instance in Beethoven's music of the crab movement, a variation achieved by running the theme in reverse. But he was a master of instrumental variation, deriving extraordinary transformations through melodic and rhythmic alterations of a given theme. His op.120, 33 variations for piano on a waltz theme by the Viennese publisher Diabelli, represents one of the greatest achievements in the art.

When Hans von Biilow was asked which was his favorite key signature, he replied that it was E-flat major, the tonality of the Eroica, for it had three flats: one for Bach, one for Beethoven, and one for Brahms. Beethoven became forever the second B in popular music books. The literature on Beethoven is immense. The basic catalogues are those by G. Kinsky and H. Halm, Das Werk Beethovens: Thematisch-Bibliographisches Verzeichnis seiner samtlichen vollendeten Kompositionen, publ. in Munich and Duisburg in 1955, and by W Hess, Verzeichnis der Gesamtausgabe veroffentlichten Werke Ludwig van Beethovens, publ. in Wiesbaden in 1957. Beethoven attached opus numbers to most of his works, and they are essential in a catalogue of his works.

- Born at Bonn, Dec. 15 or 16 (baptized, Dec. 17), 1770. (Beethoven himself maintained, against all evidence, that he was born in 1772, and that the 1770 date referred to his older brother, deceased in infancy, whose forename was also Ludwig.)
Video Note: Wilhelm Kempff plays Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata mvt. 1 the way I think it should be played…so there!!!
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O6txOvK-mAk"]YouTube - Wilhelm Kempff plays Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata mvt. 1" target="_blank">YouTube - Wilhelm Kempff plays Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata mvt. 1[/ame]

Beethoven – page two of two
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