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Old April 13th, 2014, 08:42 PM   #2811

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Joined: Mar 2008
From: On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
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14 APRIL
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in 1852 - Henrique Oswald, composer is born.
in 1857 - Edgar Stillman Kelley, Sparta Wisconsin, composer (Gulliver) is born.
in 1873 - Viktor Joseph Keldorfer, composer is born.
in 1883 - Leo Delibes' opera "Lakme" premieres in Paris.
in 1888 - William Fisk Sherwin, composer, dies at 62.
in 1895 - Wiktor Labunski, composer is born.
in 1906 - Hunter Johnson, composer is born.
in 1910 - Werner Wolf Glaser, composer is born.
in 1916 - Denis ApIvor, composer is born.
in 1916 - Emerson Buckley, composer is born.
in 1920 - Eduardo Maturana, composer is born.

in 1922 - David Alexandrovich Toradze, composer is born.

YouTube - Inola Gurgulia - Qari Kvlav Arkhevs.wmv

in 1924 - Shorty Rogers, [Milton M Rajonsky], composer is born.
in 1925 - Bill Harris, US guitarist (Clovers-Good Lovin') is born.
in 1926 - Jan Carl Christian Maegaard, composer is born.
in 1933 - Buddy Knox, Happy Tx, rock vocalist (Party Doll, Lovey Dovey) is born.
in 1933 - Morton Subotnick, LA Calif, composer (Wild Bull) is born.
in 1935 - Loretta Lynn, Butcher's Hollow Ky, singer (Coal Miner's Daughter) is born.
in 1939 - Jennifer Fowler, composer is born.
in 1943 - Geoffrey Turton Shaw, composer, dies at 63
in 1945 - Ritchie Blackmore, Engld, guitarist (Rainbow-Stone Cold, Deep Purple) is born.
in 1946 - Patrick Fairley, guitarist (Marmalade-Oh La Di Oh La Do) is born.
in 1948 - Larry Ferguson, Nassau, keyboardist (Hot Chocolate-You Sexy Thing) is born.
in 1948 - Ty Grimes, rocker (Capt Beefheart Band Drums is born.
in 1951 - Matima Kinuani Mpiosso, musician is born.
in 1952 - Kenny Aaronson, rocker is born.

in 1953 - Lita Roza was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with '(How Much) Is That Doggie In Window.' The 27 year old singer was the NME readers' Top Female artist of 1953 and with this single became the first British female singer to top the UK singles Chart, (and the first Liverpudlian to do so).

in 1960 - Brian Forster, rocker (Partridge Family Drums) is born.
in 1963 - George Harrison is impressed by unsigned group "Rolling Stones".

in 1963 - The Rolling Stones played at The Crawdaddy Club, Richmond. All four members of The Beatles were in the audience.

in 1964 - The King Bees, (featuring a young David Bowie, then David Jones), played at a wedding reception at the Jack Of Clubs in London.

in 1966 - The Spencer Davis Group were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Somebody Help Me', the group's second UK No.1.

YouTube - Spencer Davis Group - 'Gimme Some Lovin' Stereo Music Video

in 1966 - Roy Orbison, The Walker Brothers and Lulu all appeared at The Colston Hall, Bristol, England.
in 1967 - Barret Martin, rocker (Screaming Trees) is born.
in 1967 - David Bowie's novelty record 'The Laughing Gnome' was released in the UK.

in 1967 - A riot broke out at Warsaw's Palace Of Culture as The Rolling Stones made their first appearance in an Iron curtain Country; police used tear gas in a battle with 2,000 fans.

in 1967 - Polydor Records released the Bee Gees 'New York mining Disaster 1941' It was released with a promotional slogan announcing 'The most significant talent since The Beatles'. The record became a Top 20 hit in the UK and US.

in 1968 - Phil Spector married Ronettes singer Veronica Bennett. The couple divorced n 1973 with Bennett citing several instances of alleged cruelty.

in 1969 - The recording of 'The Ballad Of John and Yoko' took place, with just two Beatles, Paul McCartney and John Lennon. Paul played bass, drums and piano with John on guitars and lead vocals. The song was banned from many radio stations as being blasphemous. On some stations, the word 'Christ' was edited in backwards to avoid the ban.

in 1970 - Creedence Clearwater Revival made their live UK debut when they played the first of two nights at The Royal Albert Hall, London.

in 1971 - The Illinois Crime Commission issued a list of 'drug-oriented records' including 'White Rabbit' by Jefferson Airplane, 'A Whiter Shade Of Pale' by Procol Harum and The Beatles 'Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds.'

in 1972 - Linda Lane/Linda Jones dies at age 27.American soul singer; born in Newark, New Jersey; she started singing in her family's gospel group the Jones Singers at the age of six. Her first recording was "Lonely Teardrops", in 1963. She signed with Warner Bros in 1967 and released the biggest of several hits, "Hypnotized" (Soon after her career took off, she was diagnosed with diabetes, she tragically died after collapsing between shows at the Apollo Theatre, Harlem).

YouTube - Linda Lane Stanley my stand in boy friend 1962 .wmv

in 1973 - Led Zeppelin started a two-week run at No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Houses Of The Holy', also a No.1 in the US. The young girl featured on the cover of the album climbing naked up Giants Causeway in Northern Ireland is Samantha Gates who was 6 years old at the time of the photo shoot.

in 1973 - Rafael Godoy dies at age 65. Colombian composer born in Natagaima, Tolima; from a young age, he was linked to the trade-union movement in Barrancabermeja, Santander, from where he had to emigrate when his personal security was threatened. He fled to Venezuela, where he developed his musical career and composed what are often taken to be his best musical pieces. His most widely known, and possibly best song, is the bambuco "Soy colombiano" / I'm Colombian; he composed many other bambucos and andean music songs, such as "Arrunchaditos", "Pasito", "Mi cafetal", "Canto a Colombia", "Tierra caliente". Many versions of "Soy colombiano" have appeared since it was composed, even a vallenato version by Lisandro Meza, although the most popular version is the one from the Tolimense folk music duet Garzón y Collazos.

in 1975 - After rumour's that Jimmy Page, Steve Marriott, Jeff Beck and Chris Spedding would replace Mick Taylor as guitarist in The Rolling Stones, a press release confirmed that Ron Wood would be joining the band for their forthcoming American tour.

in 1975 - Art Garfunkel started a six week run at No.1 in the UK with the theme from the film 'Watership Down', 'Bright Eyes' which went on to become the biggest selling single of the year. Written by Wombles voice Mike Batt.

in 1976 - Eric Faulkner of The Bay City Rollers reportedly came close to death after taking a drug overdose at their manager's house while in a state of exhaustion.

in 1976 - Motown Records and Stevie Wonder announced the largest contract renewal to date, worth $13 million.

in 1976 - Busby Berkeley/William Berkeley Enos dies at age 80.American film director, musical choreographer, famous for his elaborate musical production numbers that often involved complex geometric patterns. His quintessential works used legions of showgirls and props as fantastic elements in kaleidoscopic on-screen performances. Films included A Connecticut Yankee (Broadway), Whoopee!, 42nd Street, Footlight Parade, Gold Diggers of 1933, Fashions of 1934, as well as In Caliente, Wonder Bar, Ziegfeld Girl, Babes on Broadway, Rose Marie and many others (passed away from natural causes).

Video Note: Music by Artie Shaw.
YouTube - *Busby Berkeley

in 1978 - Joy Division played at the 'Stiff Test -Chiswick Challenge', at Raffters in Manchester, England. Future managers Rob Gretton and then journalist Tony Wilson saw the band for the first time.

in 1979 - The Doobie Brothers went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'What A Fool Believes', the group's second US No.1, it made No.31 in the UK.

in 1980 - Gary Numan released 'The Touring Principle', the first long-form rock video to be made commercially available in the UK.

in 1982 - (two days before Pretenders guitarist James Honeyman-Scott was found dead of heart failure). Farndon was in the midst of forming a new band with former Clash drummer Topper Headon when he died.

in 1983 - Tears For Fears appeared at the De Montfort Hall, Leicester. Spandau Ballet appeared at The Royal Albert Hall, London.

in 1983 - The Pretenders bass player Pete Farndon died from a drug overdose. He was sacked from the group on June 14th.

in 1983 - Willem F Bon, Dutch composer, dies at 42.
in 1985 - Reginald Beane, pianist (Starlit Time, Once Upon a Tune), dies at 63.
in 1986 - 21st Academy of Country Music Awards: G Strait, Alabama, R McEntire.
in 1987 - Karl Holler, composer, dies at 79.
in 1988 - Herbert Reynolds Inch, composer, dies at 83.
in 1988 - Johan Franco, composer, dies at 79.

in 1990 - Madonna scored her seventh UK No.1 single with 'Vogue', also a US No.1 hit. Taken from her soundtrack album I'm Breathless (Music from and Inspired by the film Dick Tracy). 1990, Tommy Page went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'I'll Be Your Everything', his only hit in the UK reaching No.53.

in 1991 - Howard Ashman dies at age 40. American playwright, director and lyricist, he first studied at Boston University and Goddard College and then went on to achieve his master's degree from Indiana University in 1974. He collaborated with Alan Menken on several films, notably animated features for Disney, Howard writing the lyrics and Menken composing the music. His best known film works include 'God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater', 'Little Shop of Horrors'-1982 and 'Smile' as lyricist, librettist and director; Little Shop of Horrors-1986 as lyricist and screenwriter; Oliver & Company, lyricist for "Once Upon A Time In New York City"; The Little Mermaid as lyricist, co-producer, writer; Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue lyricist for "Wonderful Way To Say No"; Beauty and the Beast lyricist, executive producer; and Aladdin lyricist for "Arabian Nights", "Friend Like Me", and "Prince Ali". Howard was co-recipient of two Grammy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards and two Academy Awards. His second Academy Award in 1992 was awarded posthumously for Academy Award for Best Original Song and was accepted by his partner, Bill Lauch. (complications from AIDS).

YouTube - Howard Ashman Documentary Trailer" target="_blank">YouTube - Howard Ashman Documentary Trailer

in 1991 - Doc Pomus /Jerome Solon Felder dies at age 66.American blues singer and songwriter, found success as one of the finest white blues singers of the 1940s before becoming one of the greatest songwriters in the history of American popular music; He is best known as the lyricist of many rock and roll hits, by 1957, he had given up performing in order to devote himself full-time to songwriting. He collaborated with pianist Mort Shuman, their songwriting efforts had Doc write the lyrics and Shuman the melody, although quite often they worked on both. They wrote the hit songs such as: "A Teenager in Love"; "Save The Last Dance For Me"; "Hushabye"; "This Magic Moment"; "Turn Me Loose"; "Sweets For My Sweet"; "Go Jimmy Go", "Can't Get Used to Losing You"; "Little Sister"; "Suspicion"; "Surrender"; "Viva Las Vegas"; "(Marie's the Name) His Latest Flame". Also during the 1950s and early 1960s, Doc wrote several songs with Phil Spector: "Young Boy Blues"; "Ecstasy"; "Here Comes The Night"; "What Am I To Do?"; with Mike Stoller and Jerry Leiber: "Young Blood" and "She's Not You", and other Brill Building-era writers. He also wrote "Lonely Avenue", which became a 1956 hit for Ray Charles. Doc was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in the category of non-performer in 1992. He was also inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1992 and the Blues Hall of Fame (cancer)

YouTube - Doc Pomus - My Good Pott" target="_blank">YouTube - Doc Pomus - My Good Pott

in 1992 - Sammy Price, US boogie-woogie pianist, dies.
in 1993 - Paul McCartney kicked off a 24-date North American tour at the Sam Boys Silver Bowl in Las Vegas.
in 1994 - Billy Joel and Christie Brinkley announces plans to divorce.


in 1994 - Kurt Cobain was cremated at the Bleitz Funeral Home, Seattle. The death certificate listed Cobain's occupation as Poet/Musician and his type of business as Punk Rock.

in 1995 - James Daniel "Danny" Turner, saxophonist, dies at 75.

in 1995 - American actor, writer and folk singer Burl Ives died of cancer aged 85. Had hits with 'Funny Way Of Laughing', 'The Blue Tail Fly' and 'Little Bitty Tear', won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in the 1958 film The Big Country.

YouTube - Burl Ives 'Big Rock Candy Mountain'" target="_blank">YouTube - Burl Ives 'Big Rock Candy Mountain'

in 1996 - Gaylord Birch, drummer (Pointer Sisters, Herbie Hancock), dies at 50.

in 1998 - Welsh singer Dorothy Squires died of lung cancer aged 83, in Llwynypia Hospital, Rhondda, Wales. (1953 UK No.12 single 'I'm Walking Behind You'). Once married to English actor Roger Moore.

in 1999 - UK singer, songwriter and actor Anthony Newley died of cancer. Scored 12 UK Top 40 singles from 1959-1962 including the No.1 single 'Why.' Won the 1963 Grammy Award for Song of the Year for "What Kind of Fool Am I?" Married to the actress Joan Collins from 1963 to 1971.

in 2001 - Sean Puffy Combs, (P. Diddy), was arrested in Miami for riding a scooter in South Beach on a suspended driver's license. He was released 20 minutes later after signing a promise to appear in court.

in 2002 - Ashanti started a ten week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Foolish' and on the same day started a three week run at No.1 on the US album chart with her self-titled album.

in 2003 - A man was arrested accused of making up a Bjork concert then selling tickets. Alex Conate allegedly sold tickets worth $14,000 at $40 each after persuading a San Diego nightclub owner that Bjork had agreed to play there. He was accused of taking the money and moving to Hawaii, where he was arrested.

in 2008 - k.d. Lang went to No.1 on the Australian album chart with her 10th album ‘Watershed.’

YouTube - K.D. Lang sings Leonard Cohen's Hallelujah" target="_blank">YouTube - K.D. Lang sings Leonard Cohen's Hallelujah

in 2009 - A planned auction of nearly 1,400 items from the former home of Michael Jackson was cancelled. A public preview of the collection had already begun in Los Angeles and the exhibition of Jackson's possessions would stay open until the end of next week. A last-minute settlement meant Jackson's belongings would now be returned to him. In response, he had dropped a lawsuit against Juliens Auctions.

in 2009 - Former Beatle George Harrison was honoured with a posthumous star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in Los Angeles. Sir Paul McCartney attended the unveiling outside the landmark Capitol Records building, joining Harrison's widow Olivia and son Dhani. Eric Idle, Oscar-winning actor Tom Hanks and musician Tom Petty also attended the ceremony.

in 2009 - Alain Bashung dies at age 61. French singer, songwriter, comedian and actor, a multi-platinum artist, he received three awards during the ceremony at the Paris Zenith, including best male artist, best album for "Bleu Pétrole" and best live show. He spent his career singing a pop-chanson repertoire. With 11 trophies won since 1993, he was the most awarded artist in the history of the Victoires de la Musique. On 1 January 2009, Alain was made Chevalier (Knight) of the Légion d'honneur. On 28 February 2009, he received three prestigious Victoires de la Musique awards for his final album Bleu pétrole. The 2009 award ceremony was his last public appearance. He appeared frail, but still performed "Résidents de la République" (lung cancer)

YouTube - ALAIN BASHUNG - LA NUIT JE MENS" target="_blank">YouTube - ALAIN BASHUNG - LA NUIT JE MENS

in 2011 - Todd Cerney dies at age 57. American songwriter of rock, country, and blues music, born in Detroit, he played guitar, mandolin, harmonica, keyboards and sang lead and backing vocals with various artist. He began his song-writing career after moving to Nashville, Tennessee. Some of the earliest artists to record his songs include Brush Arbor- "Don't Play That Song Again", Steve Carlisle -"I'll Fall in Love Again", and Levon Helm - "Blue House of Broken Hearts". During his career he composed such top-selling hits as "Good Morning Beautiful", a 2002 five-week country No.1 hit for Steve Holy co-written with Zack Lyle; "I'll Still Be Loving You", a 1987 country No.1 hit for Restless Heart co-written with Pam Rose, Mary Ann Kennedy, and Pat Bunch; and "The Blues Is My Business" co-written with Kevin Bowe, part of Etta James' 2003 Grammy Award winning album "Let's Roll". . He and his co-writers were nominated for a Grammy Award for "I'll Still Be Loving You". (cancer)

YouTube - Till I Get Used To The Pain / Todd Cerney" target="_blank">YouTube - Till I Get Used To The Pain / Todd Cerney.

in 2010 - Peter Steele, vocalist of Type O Negative passed away

in 2010 - Peter Thomas Ratajczyk dies. He was better known by his stage name Peter Steele, was the lead singer, bassist, and composer for the gothic metal band Type O Negative. Before forming Type O Negative, he had created the metal group Fallout and the thrash band Carnivore. As the frontman for Type O Negative, Steele was known for his vampiric affect, towering stature, rich bass-baritone vocals, and a dark, often self-deprecating sense of humor. His lyrics were often intensely personal, dealing with subjects including love, loss, and addiction. Steele credited Black Sabbath and The Beatles as his key musical inspirations.

in 2011 - Big Jack Johnson dies at age 70. American guitarist and blues singer born in Lambert, Mississippi; at the age of 13, he was playing guitar with his father's band. By 18, he followed B.B. King's electrified lead. His break came when he sat in with Frank Frost and Sam Carr at the Savoy Theatre in Clarksdale, Mississippi and they played together for the next 15 years, recording for Phillips International and Jewel Records with Frank as the bandleader. In 1979, as the Jelly Roll Kings, he released Rockin' the Juke Joint Down, marking Big Jack's first recordings as a singer. His '87 album The Oil Man, included his recording of "Catfish Blues". He performed and wrote "Jack's Blues" and performed "Catfish Medley" with Samuel L. Jackson on the Black Snake Moan, film soundtrack.

YouTube - Big Jack Johnson - Catfish Blues" target="_blank">YouTube - Big Jack Johnson - Catfish Blues

in 2011 - Ronnie Hammond dies at age 60. American singer and multi-musician; he became lead singer for the southern rock band Atlanta Rhythm Section, in 1972. They had hits during the 1970s, including “Doraville,” “Jukin,” “Champagne Jam,” “Imaginary Lover,” “So Into You,” “I’m Not Gonna Let It Bother Me Tonight,” and a remake of the Classics IV hit “Spooky”. Ronnie left the band in the early '80s, but returned in 1987, and 1989 ARS released thier first album in 8 years 'Truth in a Structured Form'. He continued to record and tour wit the band until 2001 when Ronnie decided to leave ARS and join the band Voices of Classic Rock, but left the touring business altogether soon afterward to focus on family and songwriting (sadly Ronnie died due to a heart attack).
YouTube - Ronnie Hammond with Stillwater - So Into You (12-27-2008)" target="_blank">YouTube - Ronnie Hammond with Stillwater - So Into You (12-27-2008)

14 APRIL

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Old April 14th, 2014, 09:54 PM   #2812

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From: On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
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15 APRIL
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in 1637 - Valentin Molitor, composer is born.
in 1651 - Domenico Gabrielli, composer is born.
in 1688 - Johann Friedrich Fasch, composer is born.
in 1689 - Ferdinand Zellbell, composer is born.
in 1719 - Johann Friedrich Treiber, composer, dies at 76.

in 1756 - Johann Gottlieb Goldberg, composer, dies at 29.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J5VXgJ-Lu3A"]YouTube - Johann Gottlieb Goldberg-Sonata for 2 violins in A minor (1/2)[/ame]

in 1757 - George Knowil Jackson, composer is born.
in 1788 - Giuseppi Bonno, composer, dies at 77.
in 1811 - Ernest Louis Muller, composer, dies at 70
in 1827 - Julius Tausch, composer is born.
in 1843 - Carl Eilhardt, composer is born.
in 1853 - Johann Leopold Fuchs, composer, dies at 67.
in 1863 - Jan Nepomuk Kanka, composer, dies at 90.
in 1866 - William Jackson, composer, dies at 51.

in 1885 - Margarethe Amdt-Ober, German mezzo-soprano, is born at Berlin. She studied in Berlin with Benno Stolzenberg and later with Arthur Arndt, who became her husband. In 1906 she made her operatic debut as Azucena in Frankfurt an der Oder; in 1907, joined the Berlin Royal Opera. On Nov. 21, 1913, she made her Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Ortrud, remaining on its roster until 1917; then was interned until the end of World War I. In 1919 she became a member of the Berlin State Opera, where she sang until the end of World War II. - Died at Bad Sachsa, March 24, 1971.

in 1891 - Vaino Raitio, composer is born.
in 1891 - Stephen Albert Emery, composer, dies at 49.
in 1891 - Alvin Carter, Virginia, vocalist (Carter Family) is born.

in1891 - Karl Alwin, (real name, Alwin Oskar Pinkus), German conductor, is born at Konigsberg. He studied composition with Humperdinck and Hugo Kaun in Berlin. He conducted in Halle (1913), Posen (1914), Diisseldorf (1915-17), and Hamburg (1917-20). From 1920 to 1938 he conducted at the Vienna State Opera. In 1941 he settled in Mexico City. He was married to Elisabeth Schumann from 1920 to 1936. - Died at Mexico City, Oct. 15, 1945.

in 1898 - Nini de Boeel, Flemish operette singer (White Horse) is born.

in 1905 - Bernard (Bunky) Addison, jazz guitarist, banjoist, is born at Annapolis, Md. Addison played violin and mandolin as a child, and moved to Washington, D.C. in 1920. He was soon co-leading a band with Claude Hopkins, worked for a while in Oliver Blackwells Clowns, then went to N.Y with Sonny Thompson's Band and also worked in the Seminole Syncopators in 1925. From 1925 until 1929, Addison worked mainly for Ed Small, first as a sideman, then leading his own band. From 1928 he concentrated on guitar, working with, among others, Louis Armstrong at the Cocoanut Grove in N.Y, Art Tatum in Toledo, Ohio (1931-32), and Fletcher Henderson (from early 1933 until the summer of 1934). Addison toured America and Europe with The Mills Brothers from 1936 until 1938, worked with Stuff Smith in 1939, then mostly led his own groups until army service in World War II. He toured with The Ink Spots in the late 1950s and continued freelancing in the 1960s, when he worked mainly as a teacher. - Died at Rockville Centre, N.Y, Dec. 18, 1990.

in 1906 - Wilhelm Briickner-Riiggeberg, German conductor and pedagogue; b. Stuttgart, April 15, 1906; d. Hamburg, April 1, 1985. He studied with August Schmid-Lindner and Siegmund von Hausegger in Munich, where he began his career as chorus master at the Bavarian State Opera in 1928. After conducting in various German music centers, he was a guest conductor with the Hamburg State Opera in 1936-37; subsequently was on its roster from 1938 to 1971. He taught at the Hamburg Hochschule fur Musik, becoming a professor in 1955.

in 1908 - Eden Ahbez, Brooklyn, born beatnik songwriter and poet who penned Nat “King” Cole’s melancholy 1948 million-selling hit ‘Nature Boy’, is born. Eden Ahbez was a spoken-word performing artist and itinerant troubadour. Nicknamed both “The Yogi” and “The Hermit,” he dressed in white sheets and preferred to live on the streets even after earning thousands of dollars in royalties. Trained as a pianist, Ahbez also composed ‘Nature’s Symphony’, ‘Sacramento’ and ‘Hey, Jacques’. Died as a result of being hit by a car in Sky Valley, California, March 4, 1995.

in 1914 - John Gregory, dancer is born.

in 1917 - Pietro Grossi, composer is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ftWjiZKje0"]YouTube - Pietro Grossi / Sergio Maltagliati - Circus_8 (1)[/ame]

in 1921 - Norman Ewart Thurston, musician is born.
in 1924 - Eduardo Caudella, composer, dies at 82.

in 1927 - Albert Goldman rock music’s most loathed biographer, is born. He wrote scathing, mean-spirited, high-profile biographies of Elvis Presley and John Lennon, and also comedian Lenny Bruce, among others. - See fuller entry of March 29, 1994.
in 1929 - Antonio Smareglia, composer, dies at 74.
In 1931 - Florian Zabach, Chicago Ill, violinist (Hot Canary, Club Embassy) is born.
in 1933 - Roy Clark, Meherrin Va, country singer (Hee Haw) is born.
in 1935 - Gene Cherico, bassist is born.
in 1936 - Hector Quintanar, composer is born.

in 1936 – David Mook is born. A music publisher and songwriter, David Mook co-wrote the themes of the television programmes, Scooby Doo and The Dating Games, and was the musical director for The Banana Splits. (Cancer) He died in Los Angeles - June 1, 1996
in 1937 - Nikolai Artzibushev, composer, dies at 79.

in 1937 - Bob Luman, underrated Fifties country and rockabilly artist, is born at Bob Nacogdoches, Texas. His father was a talented fiddle player and harmonica player. Awestruck by The Grand Ole Opry, Luman formed a country & western group at Kilgore High School. Also a talented athlete, Luman turned down a tryout with the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1957. Then after Luman’s band won a talent competition and caught the ear of a regional record producer, Luman recorded some rockabilly tracks (the material released two decades later).
Asked by Johnny Cash in 1957 to join The Louisiana Hayride on a full-time basis, Luman would soon replace the ascending Cash. His career aided when The Everly Brothers sent him to music publishing mogul Wesley Rose, Luman signed with Imperial Records. Enjoying a minor hit with the rockabilly classic ‘A Red Cadillac And A Black Mustache’ (1957), Luman also appeared in the film Carnival Rock. Signing with Capitol, and then Warner Brothers Records, Luman scored his first big hit with ‘Let’s Think About Living’ (1960); at the label, Luman would be backed by future guitar virtuoso Roy Buchanan; but enlisted in the Army reserves, Luman was unable to tour in support of the song, and for a time, was sent to Germany during the Berlin Crisis.
Taking a country turn, Luman signed with Hickory Records in 1963. Becoming a bona fide country star, Luman finally joined The Grand Old Opry in 1965. Enjoying much success at Epic Records, Luman frequently recorded country versions of pop and R&B songs, his biggest hits coming with ‘When You Say Love’ (1972), ‘Lonely Women Make Good Lovers’ (1972), and ‘Neither One Of Us’ (1973). After a several-month hospitalisation in 1976 for heart disease, Luman recorded the Johnny Cash-produced album Alive And Well. Continuing to tour until the last year of his life, Luman remained an active member of the Opry until December 15, 1978. Also a producer, Luman worked with Ray Price, Jimmy Dean, and Tex Ritter. Suffering heart problems throughout the Seventies, he succumbed to pneumonia. He died in Nashville, December 27, 1978.
in 1939 - Marti Wilder, father of rocker Kim Wilde is born.
in 1940 - Phll Lesh, rocker is born.
in 1943 - Riem de Wolff, Indonesian/Dutch singer/guitarist (Blue Diamonds) is born.
in 1943 - Raffaele Casimiro Casimiri, composer, dies at 62
in 1944 - Dave Edmunds, Wales, singer/guitarist (Rockpile-Baby I Love You) is born.
in 1944 - Gerard Schoenaker, Dutch singer (Les Baroques) is born.
in 1947 - Wooly Wolstenholme, keyboardist/vocalist (Barclay James Harvest) is born.
in 1947 - Michael DeBello, singer (Maniac) is born.
in 1947 - Bojoura, [Raina GB van Melzen], Dutch singer/wife of Hans Cleuver is born.

in 1947 – Keith Miller, keyboardist/synthesiser player of British rock act Sniff ‘n’ The Tears, is born. Keith Miller played on the worldwide hit ‘Driver’s Seat’. Born in Manchester, Miller broke into music in 1965 as a member of the beat group St. Louis Union, who gained a recording contract with Decca after winning a Melody Maker contest. After the group’s break-up in 1967, Miller passed through a series of rock acts including The Steve Gibbons Band. Though hired as a session musician to play Moog synthesiser on ‘Driver’s Seat’, Miller became a full-time member just as the single began charting. A pioneering synthesiser player, he also worked with Ultravox, Rick Wakeman, Robert Plant, Culture Club, Paul McCartney, and Pete Townshend. Opening his own recording studio in London, Miller worked on music for film and television and co-composed Divine’s 1984 novelty hit, ‘You Think You’re A Man’. He suffered a brain haemorrhage. - Died May 17, 2005.

in 1948 - Michael Kamen, A Grammy and Oscar winning composer is born. He was prolific in both the classical and pop music fields, Michael Kamen was the son of liberal activists. Mastering a series of musical instruments as a child, he studied the oboe at Juilliard and, combining rock with classical music, formed The New York Rock And Roll Ensemble, recording a total of five albums. As a composer, he wrote film scores – including Lethal Weapon and Die Hard – and co-wrote the Bryan Adams hit ‘(Everything I Do) I Do It For You’. Kamen worked with an incredibly wide assortment of musical artists including the London Philharmonic, Pink Floyd, Sting, Rod Stewart, Aerosmith, Metallica, Eric Clapton, George Harrison, and David Sanborn. Inspired by the Richard Dreyfuss film Mr. Holland’s Opus, Kamen established the Mr. Holland’s Opus Foundation in 1997 to raise money to make musical instruments available to children. Suffering from multiple sclerosis, he suffered a heart attack and died at his home in London, November 18, 2003.

in 1949 - Marc Conners, Ottawa-born original member of the Canadian a cappella group The Nylons, is born. Marc Conners began as an actor in college in 1967, earning a Bachelor’s degree in Fine Arts. A busy stage actor who worked the stages of Edmonton’s Citadel, Montreal’s Centaur, Halifax’s Stradford and Neptune Theaters, he also played the role of Jesus in a Toronto production of Godspell. Joining fellow actors Paul Cooper, Claude Morrison, and Dennis Simpson in singing doo-wop harmonies as a diversion during rehearsals, Conners soon found himself performing informally at private parties. While singing at a party in Toronto in early 1979, the group was overheard by a nightclub owner who suggested they enter his talent show. Winning first place, they earned a paying gig. Conners’ strong tenor and good looks fitted well with the upbeat group of singers. Released by Attic Records, the group’s début album One Size Fits All (1982) spawned their first Canadian hit, an a cappella version of ‘The Lion Sleeps Tonight’. Singing mostly oldies, the group broke into the American market in 1985, scoring their first hit two years later with a cover of the 1969 Steam hit, retitled ‘Kiss Them Goodbye’, from the album Happy Together. Though initially looked upon as a novelty act, the group went on to fill venues throughout the country. Conners’ final Nylons album came in 1989 with the Windham Hill album Rockapella. He died of aids in Toronto. March 25, 1989.

in 1954 - Emmanuel, Mexico City Mexico, spanish singer is born.
in 1954 - Juan Vicente Lecuna, composer, dies at 54.
in 1956 - During a tour of Texas, Elvis Presley appeared at the Municipal Auditorium in San Antonio.

in 1957 - Pedro Infante /José Pedro Infante Cruz dies at age 39.Mexican actor and singer of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema and an idol of the Mexican people. As well as his vast career in films, as a singer he recorded about 350 songs. Waltzes, cha-cha-chas, rancheras and boleros placed him among the most popular singers of the mariachi famed for his mariachi shout and ranchera music. Some of his most popular songs include: Amorcito Corazón/My Little Love and Heart; Te Quiero Así/I Love You Like This; La Que Se Fue/She Who Left; El Durazno/The Peach; Dulce Patria/Sweet Fatherland; Maldita Sea Mi Suerte/Cursed Be My Luck; Así Es La vida/Life Is Like This; Mañana Rosalía/Tomorrow Rosalía; Mi Cariñito/My Little Darling; and ¿Qué Te Ha Dado Esa Mujer?/What Has That Woman Given You?). His world famous song Bésame Mucho ("Kiss Me a Lot" or "Give Me a Lot of Kisses"), was the only melody that he recorded in English and he interpreted it in the movie A Toda Máquina (At Full Speed), with Luis Aguilar. Pedro was very often accompanied by the great musical ensembles of the time like the Mariachi Vargas de Tecalitlán, Noé Fajardo's Orchestra, the Trío Calaveras and Antonio Bribiesca, among others. (Tragically he died in a plane crash when he was piloting a Consolidated Aircraft X B-24-D, which crashed 5 minutes after take-off from Mérida, Yucatán).

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5bqlJ2d1S9o"]YouTube - PEDRO INFANTE - COPLAS[/ame]

in 1958 - Matt Reid, rock keyboardist (Berlin-Takes Your Breathe Away) is born.

in 1964 - The Beatles filmed outside shots at the Scala Theatre in Tottenham Street London for their forthcoming movie ‘A Hard Day's Night.'

in 1965 - Cliff Richard was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with Country music song 'The Minute You're Gone.' The singers eighth UK No.1.

in 1966 - Buffalo Springfield made their live debut when they opened for The Byrds at a concert in San Bernardino, California.

in 1966 - Graeme Clark, bassist (Wet Wet Wet-Angel Eyes, Love is All Around) is born.
in 1966 - Samantha Karen Fox, East End London England, singer (Touch Me) is born.
in 1966 - Rolling Stones release "Aftermath".

in 1967 - Jimi Hendrix, The Walker Brothers, Cat Stevens and Engelbert Humperdink all appeared at the The Odeon, Blackpool, England, tickets cost 5 and 10 shillings, ($0.70 and $1.40).

in 1967 - Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra started a four week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Somethin' Stupid'. They became the only father and daughter act ever to score a No.1 single. UB40 singer Ali Cambell covered the song in 1995 with his daughter Kibbi. Robbie Williams had a 2001 UK No.1 with his version of the song featuring Nicole Kidman.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u6bOCUOPN0w"]YouTube - Something Stupid - Frank & Nancy Sinatra[/ame]

in 1968 - Borys Mykolayovych Lyatoshynsky dies at age 73. Ukrainian composer, conductor, teacher, and leading member of the new generation of twentieth century Ukrainian composers.

Lyatoshinsky was born in Zhytomyr, in the Russian Empire (now Ukraine). His father, Mykola Leontiyovych Lyatoshynsky, was a history teacher and activist in historical studies. He was also the director of various gymnasiums in Zhytomyr, Nemyriv, and Zlatopol. Lyatoshynsky's mother played the piano and sang.

Lyatoshinsky started playing piano and violin at 14, he wrote a mazurka, waltz, and quartet for piano. He also attended the Zhytomyr Gymnasium, from where he graduated in 1913. After graduating, he attended Kiev University and later the newly-established Kiev Conservatory where he studied composition with Reinhold Gliere in 1914. Lyatoshynsky graduated from Kiev University in 1918 and from the Kiev Conservatory in 1919. During this time, he composed his String Quartet No.1, op.1, and Symphony No.1, op.2.

In 1920, Lyatoshinsky began teaching music theory at the Kiev Conservatory. From 1922, he taught composition. From 1922 to 1925 he was director of the Association of Modern Music in the name of Mykola Leontovych. From 1935 to 1938 and from 1941 to 1944 he taught concurrently at the Moscow Conservatory. He wrote a variety of works, including five symphonies, symphonic poems, and several shorter orchestral and vocal works, two operas, chamber music, and a number of works for solo piano. His earliest compositions were greatly influenced by the expressionism of Scriabin and Rachmaninov (Symphony No.1). His musical style later developed toward surrealism (Schoenberg, Shostakovich) which caused significant problems with Soviet art critics of the time, and as a result Lyatoshynsky was accused (together with Prokofiev and Shostakovich) of formalism and creation of degenerative art. Many of his compositions were rarely or never performed during his lifetime. The 1993, a recording of his symphonies by the American conductor Theodore Kuchar and the Ukrainian State Symphony Orchestra (on the NAxos/Marco Polo label) brought his music to worldwide audiences.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Us2JFUmyBDo"]Boris Lyatoshynsky - Symphony No. 1 in A Major Op. 2 (1919) - YouTube[/ame]

in 1968 – Euronymous is born. The leader of the Norwegian black metal/satanic heavy-metal group Mayhem, Euronymous launched the outfit in 1984, inspired by the British metal band, Venom. Taking heavy metal to its extremes, Mayhem employed meandering power chords over angry and blatantly anti-Christian lyrics. After Mayhem’s lead singer committed suicide in 1991, Euronymous claimed to have consumed a portion of his brain. After receiving a government arts grant in 1991, the group relocated to Oslo, where Euronymous would open a combination record label (Deathlike Silence), occult book store, and record shop called Helvete (Norwegian for “hell”). Influencing a new generation of black metal fans, Mayhem reinvigorated the genre with images of Satanic worship, cold hatred and the celebration of death. Euronymous’ final sessions, the posthumously released De Mysteris Dom Sathanas, featured his murderer on bass.
He was stabbed to death by Varg Vikernes (a.k.a. Count Grishnacky), the lead singer of a competing black metal band Burzam, after arguing about which of their groups were the true kings of black metal, and over money Euronymous allegedly owed. Euronymous was stabbed 23 times in the head and back. Vikernes was sentenced to 21 years in prison, the maximum permitted under Norwegian law. Vikernes was also convicted of torching dozens of historical churches; police discovered 150 kilos of explosives in his apartment. An accomplice, musician Snorre Rush (a.k.a. Blackthore), drove the getaway car and was sentenced to nine years in prison. Vikernes’ mother was arrested in 1997 for hiring a neo-Nazi organisation to break her son out of prison. - Died August 10, 1993.

in 1969 - Pink Floyd appeared at the Royal Festival Hall, London, England.

in 1970 - George Goldner dies. Legendary music industry mogul, Manhattan-born George Goldner got his start in 1951 at a Latin music label, Tico Records. Starting Rama Records as a subsidiary of Tico in 1953, Goldner was quick to jump on the doo-wop bandwagon with the label’s roster boasting The Harptones, Heartbeats, Wrens, Valentines and Crows, who delivered a million-selling smash with ‘Gee’. Launching, buying, and selling a series of labels during the next decade, Goldner was instrumental in the rise of R&B and rock via record companies such as Gone, End and Roulette, where he kick started the careers of acts such as Frankie Lymon & The Teenagers, The Chantels, and Little Anthony & The Imperials. But with his underworld connections and serious gambling habit, Goldner was forced to sell off his companies. Returning to the record business in 1964, he teamed with songwriters/producers Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller to launch the primarily girl-group label, Red Bird Records, working with The Dixie Cups and The Shangri-Las. After Goldner acquired the label from his partners for $1, Red Bird went out of business in 1966. Goldner launched his final label, Firebird, in 1970. Along with many of his associates, Goldner has been frequently attacked for the poor financial treatment of early musical acts. (Heart attack) He died in New York City. - Born 1918.
in 1972 - Roberta Flack started a six week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with the Ewan MacColl song 'The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face'. A No.14 hit in the UK. The song was featured in the Clint Eastwood film 'Play Misty For Me.'

in 1974 - Giovanni D'Anzi dies at age 68.Italian songwriter born in Milanhe wrote music and lyrics of "O mia bela Madonina". In 1935 , a song dedicated to his hometown which soon became a sort of unofficial city anthem. Between 1930s and 1950s Giovanni and Alfredo Bracchi formed a very prolific pair of songwriters. They worked for radio, cinema and theater productions. Several of their songs were great hits. Among them "Ma le gambe", "Bambina innamorata", "Ma l'amore no", "Ti parlerò d'amor". His song "Malinconia d'amore" has been sung by both Luciano Pavarotti and José Carreras. During the 1960s Giovanni D'Anzi retired from the musical scene. He moved to Liguria and took up painting (Giovanni died at Santa Margherita Ligure. Milan's local authorities included him in the list of important Milanese people at the Monumental Cemetery).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9JKS8C2P0_A"]YouTube - Quand Sona I Campann - Giovanni D'Anzi[/ame]

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Old April 14th, 2014, 09:57 PM   #2813

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in 1975 - Kiss, Rush and the Heavy Metal Kids all appeared at Stanley Theatre in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

in 1978 - Television were forced to postpone their gig at Bristol's Colston Hall after the 40 foot truck carrying their equipment was involved in a crash killing the driver.

in 1982 - Billy Joel, spent a month in hospital after breaking his left wrist when his motorbike hit a car in Long Island, New York.

in 1984 – Machito /Francisco Grillo dies at age 74. Latin jazz musician born in Tampa, Florida. During the ’40s, he took jazz improv and fused it with Afro-Cuban rhythms to help popularize Latin jazz around the world. Machito's music greatly inspired such North American jazz giants as Dizzy Gillespie and Stan Kenton. As a band leader, he fronted the Afro Cubans, who also featured his sister, Graciela Perez-Grillo as lead vocalist for a time. Machito was awarded a Latin Grammy in 1983 for his Machito & His Sals Big Band ’82. More recently, his song "Mambo Mucho Mambo" has featured on the sound track for the game Grand Theft Auto Vice City.

In 2005, his 1957 album, Kenya, was added to the list of albums in '1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die'. (fatal stroke while performing in London, UK)
Video Notes: Betty Reilly sings TIERRA VA TEMBLA with the accompaniment of Machito & His Afro-cuban Boys.
Frank Grillo better known as Machito was born in Tampa, Florida February 16, 1912. His father was Cuban, but, he was born an American Citizen by his own right. He was raised in Cuba. His mother nicknamed him MACHO and later people call him MACHTIO. He became a very proficient vocalist and maraca player.

He came to New York in 1937, looking for a good opportunity. He was a member of many Cuban groups of the time, like Conjunto Moderno, Conjunto Caney, Noro Morales Orchestra and Xavier Cugat Orchestra. After serving his duty in the US army he came back to New York. Later on he formed his own orchestra known as Machito and his Afro-Cubans Boys. Graciela was his sister who was married to Mario Bauza. Their better know hit was Tanga. Here we present these great Cuban artists for the pleasure of our visitors.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6mmVEWJJ_ZQ"]YouTube - MACHITO & HIS AFRO-CUBAN BOYS[/ame]

in 1985 - During his Born In The USA world tour, Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band played the fourth of five sold out nights at Yoyogi Olympic Pool in Tokyo, Japan.

in 1987 - Queen were presented with an award for Outstanding Contribution to British Music at the 32nd annual Ivor Novello Awards held in London, England.

in 1988 - Pink Floyd kicked off a 27-date North American tour at the Memorial Coliseum, Los Angeles, California.

in 1988 - Youri Egorov dies at age 33. Soviet classical pianist; born in Kazan, USSR, but feeling politically and being gay, sexually constrained by the Soviet system, he defected from the Soviet Union in 1976 while on a concert tour in Rome, Italy and travelled to Amsterdam where he was to meet his long term partner. In July, 1978, Musical America Magazine selected Youri as their "Musician of the Month". He made his Carnegie Hall debut on December 16, 1978 once again under the aegis of Gershunoff. The concert was recorded live. In August 1979, two of his albums appeared on Billboard Magazine's Best-Selling Classical LP chart. He made his home in Amsterdam and throughout the 1980s he played primarily in Europe. His last American appearance was in Florida in 1986. (complications of AIDS).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZS1SqH6VUvE"]YouTube - La Campanella - Liszt - Youri Egorov[/ame]



1989 - American all girl group The Bangles started a four week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Eternal Flame.' Also a No.1 in Australia (biggest selling single of 1989) and the United States.

in 1989 - Deacon Blue were at No.1 on the UK album chart with their second album, 'When The World Knows Your Name.'

in 1989 - The Fine Young Cannibals went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'She Drives Me Crazy.' 1989, Tone Loc went to No.1 on the US album chart with 'Loc-ed After Dark'.

in 1992 - Bobby Del Din Dies. The first tenor of the early Sixties vocal group, The Earls, whose biggest hit came in 1963 with ‘Remember Then’, Bobby Del Din had first joined a precursor of the group in 1957, the Larry Figueiredo-led High Hatters. Del Din left the Earls in 1964. - Born May 18, 1942.

in 1995 - Montell Jordan started a seven week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'This Is How We Do It', a No.11 hit in the UK.

in 1995 - Cleo Brown dies at age 85. American jazz singer born in Meridian, Mississippi, and sang in church as a child. In 1919 her family moved to Chicago and she began studying piano; in the 1920s she began taking gigs in clubs and broadcast on radio. made recordings in the '30s and '40s, with titles such as "Breakin' in a Pair of Shoes", "Mama Don't Want No Peas and Rice and Coconut Oil" and "The Stuff Is Here and it's Mellow". She entered the studios again in the late '80s after being rediscovered living in the hinterlands of Colorado.

YouTube - Cleo Brown - The stuff is here

in 1996 - Milli Vanilli singer Rob Pilatus was jailed for 90 days by a Los Angeles judge for three violent attacks and parole violation.

in 1996 - The rest of Jerry Garcia's ashes were scattered near the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco. A small portion had been scattered in the Ganges River in India 11 days earlier. The Grateful Dead leader had died on 9th Aug 1995.

in 1998 - Rose Maddox dies at age 71. American country singer-songwriter and fiddle player born in Boaz, Alabama, she performed with her siblings as Maddox Brothers and Rose during the late ’30s and early ’40s. When her brothers went off to serve their country in WWII, Rose continued as a solo act and later rejoined them upon their return. Rose has been referred to as the “grandmother of rockabilly”. After the group disbanded in the late ’50s, Rose signed to Capitol Records as a solo act. She scored several Top 20 hits including a No.4 hit duet with Buck Owens. In the mid ’60s, Rose switched gears a bit and started performing bluegrass. She found a new audience among the folk revivalists of the era. She continued recording and performing occasionally well into the ’90s, and earning a Grammy nomination in 1996 (kidney failure)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4-fJVn33JKM"]YouTube - ROSE MADDOX The One Rose performs Honky Tonkin!_rare clip!" target="_blank">YouTube - ROSE MADDOX The One Rose performs Honky Tonkin!_rare clip![/ame]



in 1999 - The body of Tammy Wynette was exhumed from her grave in an attempt to settle a dispute over how the country music legend died. A new autopsy was conducted on her a week after three of her daughters filed a wrongful death lawsuit against her doctor and her husband and manager, George Richey, claiming they were responsible for her death 12 months ago. Richey said he had requested the autopsy because of the allegations made against him.

in 2001 - Janet Jackson started a six week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'All For You.'
in 2001 - Stereophonics started a two-week run at No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Jeep.'

in 2001 –Joey Ramone dies in New York City. The lanky and towering frontman of The Ramones, singer Joey Ramone became a role model for the meek outsider attracted to rock’n’roll, providing a role model for the likes of Kurt Cobain. Wearing dark glasses overshadowed by a long mane of hair, Joey emerged as an unofficial godfather of punk. From a New York Jewish background, raised in the urban environment of Queens, Joey was reared on Sixties pop and rock. Encouraged by his artistic mother to learn an instrument, at age 13 he began playing the drums, in emulation of his idols Ringo Starr and Keith Moon. Briefly studying jazz drumming, the former Jeffrey Hyman took the name Jeff Starship and joined a number of local bands.

In 1974, he joined his drinking buddies in forming what was intended to be a surf-rock band. Although originally the group’s drummer, Joey was moved forward as the lead singer while Tommy Ramone took on the drums role when no one suitable could be found. Rejected by Rick Derringer’s Blue Sky label, The Ramones were instead signed by Seymour Stein at Sire Records (a label that embraced early punk and new wave music). Dressed like a Bowery street gang in sneakers, torn jeans and leather jackets, The Ramones prized songwriting and melody over extravagant stage shows, extended soloing and rock star pretension. Honing their sound at CBGB’s, The Ramones were forefathers of a new movement alongside Television, The Patti Smith Group, Blondie, and Talking Heads.

During their first tour through the UK in July 1976, The Ramones’ London performance provided an inspiration to both The Clash and The Sex Pistols while also in the audience were Chrissie Hynde, members of The Damned and other aspirant punks who went on to form bands. Released in 1976, the group’s début album The Ramones was an anomaly during the AOR stadium rock of the period; the album featured crafty, short, Sixties-styled rock ditties such as ‘Blitzkrieg Bop’ and ‘I Wanna Be Your Boyfriend’. Equally creative were the follow-ups, Leave Here, Rocket To Russia and Road To Ruin.

Though severely introverted and suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder for much of his life, Joey sardonically sang about mental illness on songs like ‘Teenage Lobotomy’ and ‘I Wanna Be Sedated’, while his Jewish lineage didn’t prevent him from singing tongue-in-cheek about Nazis (‘Today Your Love, Tomorrow The World’). Although the group would never place a single on the US pop charts and mainstream American radio ignored them, The Ramones scored several UK hits including ‘Sheena Is A Punk Rocker’ (1977) and the Phil Spector-produced ‘Baby, I Love You’ (from the 1980 album End Of The Century). After Johnny stole Joey’s girlfriend in the early Eighties, tensions within the band increased. Although both men remained in the group during its entire run, they hardly ever spoke to each other again.
A year after releasing their final studio album, the appropriately titled ’Adios Amigos!, The Ramones disbanded in 1996. At the time of his death, Joey Ramone was working on his first solo album – the posthumously issued Don’t Worry About Me. Over the years, The Ramones’ influence spawned a host of musical progeny including Green Day and Blink-182. CAUSE: Lymphoma. He had been ill for some time but continued to tour. He died at the Presbyterian Hospital in New York City while listening to U2’s ‘In A Little While’. - Born May 19, 1951.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8IoO5nkxT_4"]YouTube - Joey Ramone - What A Wonderful World" target="_blank">YouTube - Joey Ramone - What A Wonderful World[/ame]



in 2003 - Beyonce was sued by the Wilhemina Artist Agency who claimed she hadn't paid them the commission for her L'Oral ads. The agency claimed the singer refused to pass on the 10 percent of the $1m (£640,000), deal that was brokered by the agency.

in 2004 - Ray Condo /Ray Tremblay dies at age 53.Canadian rockabilly singer, saxophonist, guitarist, born in Hull, Quebec. He taught himself to play the guitar at 11 and by the time he was 16 had co-written and released his first recording, 'If You Only Knew' with a band in the style of the British invasion called The Peasants. He went on to form the band The Hardrock Goners, they performed a variety of styles, rockabilly, jazz, blues, country and western swing. Their first album was "It Came From Canada". They then established their own record label, "Crazy Rekkids". In 1991 they merged with a group called The Five Star Hillbillies, to create The Ricochets (heart attack)

in 2005 - John Fred /John Fred Gourrier dies at age 63. American singer; his group, John Fred and the Playboys, was formed in 1956 having their first hit single "Shirley" in 1958's. In 1967, Fred and band member Andrew Bernard co-wrote "Judy in Disguise", a parody of The Beatles song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds". The song knocked another Beatles song "Hello, Goodbye" out of the No.1 chart position on the Billboard Hot 100 for 2 weeks in January '68. It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc. Although Fred actually had a well-rehearsed and talented group honed by years on the road, he was branded as a novelty act and never had another success. Fred continued to perform in bands, and remained a fixture at concerts and shows in his hometown, and hosted a popular local radio show, The Roots of Rock 'n' Roll. In 2002, he released his final album, Somebody's Knockin (complications from a kidney transplant the year previous to his death). - Born May 8, 1941.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TaWaQBxc0aI"]YouTube - John Fred & his Playboys-Judy In Disguise" target="_blank">YouTube - John Fred & his Playboys-Judy In Disguise[/ame]



in 2006 - T.I. was at No.1 on the US album chart with ‘King’ the rappers fourth album release.

in 2007 - Aerosmith, Velvet Revolver, Placebo, Keane and Evanescence all appeared at the Quilmes Rock festival at River stadium in Argentina.

in 2007 - Timbaland -Nelly Furtado and Justin Timberlake were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Give It To Me'.
in 2008 - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa proclaimed this day as ‘Mariah Carey day’ in Los Angeles, California.

in 2008 - Clifford Davies dies at age 59. British drummer and pianist; after playing local gigs in the Aldershot area, he went on to join the second incarnation of British jazz-rock band "If" from 1972 to 1975. He played on four albums by the band and contributed many of their songs. Following If's break-up, he joined US hard rock guitarist Ted Nugent from 1975 to 1982 as drummer, producer and/or co-producer of all Nugent's recordings over those years, in collaboration with Lew Futterman, who had also produced If. In the 1980s, Cliff worked for Next City Productions, also owned by Futterman, in New York City recording with Grand Funk Railroad among others. Since the late 1990s he lived in Atlanta teaching piano and drums. He was also instrumental in founding the Rock and Roll Remembers Foundation. (self inflicted gun shot wound)

in 2008 - Brian "Blinky"Davison dies at age 65. British drummer and former member of the now legendary progressive rock band The Nice. Born in Leicester, he played drums in various Skiffle groups in and around the youth clubs and pubs in North-west London, especially around Baker Street in the late 1950s. (he had been diagnosed with an inoperable tumor earlier this year)

in 2008 - Sean Costello dies at age 28. American blues guitarist singer and songwriter, born in Philadelphia, but moved to Atlanta at the age of 9. He won the Memphis Blues Society's Talent Award aged 14. He released his first album "Call The Cops" when he was 17 and in 2000, he released his second album "Cuttin' In", earning him a Gold Record before his 21st birthday. Tinsley Ellis called him ‘the most gifted young Blues guitarist on the scene. He toured widely in the USA and Europe and his reputation as a brilliant live performer enabled him to play alongside blues luminaries such as Buddy Guy, B. B. King and Hubert Sumlin. (tragically found dead in his Atlanta hotel room, he died from an overdose of drugs including prescribed anti-anxiety medication)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_4mMYqr__K0"]YouTube - Sean Costello Band - It's My Own Fault" target="_blank">YouTube - Sean Costello Band - It's My Own Fault[/ame]



in 2009 - Robert Brookins dies at age 46. American singer; he began singing at the age of four, and after winning a Motown talent search in 1974, he joined a group called Afterbach whose debut was produced by Earth Wind & Fire’s Maurice and Verdine White. His vocals were featured on George Duke’s self titled release of 1986. He soon signed to MCA Records for whom he recorded a handful of acclaimed R&B albums. Over his career he worked with the likes of Stephanie Mills, Deniece Williams, the Whispers, Jeffrey Osbourne, and Bobby Brown. (heart attack)

in 2010 - George Melvin dies at age 63. American jazz and R&B keyboardist, born in Charlottesville, launched his career while still in his late teens, mainly focusing on the Hammond B-3 organ.During the first thirty years of his career, George performed with many well-known musicians, either as a member of their bands or as the “host musician” at the venues where he was employed. Pearl Bailey, Dean Martin, Toots Thieleman, Al Hurt, Grant Green, Miles Davis, Dexter Gordon, Aretha Franklin, Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes, Ray Charles, the Moments Nancy Wilson, Johnny Cash, Charlie Daniels, Ray Charles, Teddy Pendergrass, Nat Reeves and many others have expanded both his stylings and his repertoire. In later years, he was a constant fixture of the Charlottesville, Virginia music scene. (diabetes-related health complications).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N3pAaW0FzNM"]YouTube - Jefferson Center's Jazz Club - George Melvin Organ Trio - 1/16/2010" target="_blank">YouTube - Jefferson Center's Jazz Club - George Melvin Organ Trio - 1/16/2010[/ame]



in 2011 - Vincenzo La Scola dies at age 53. Italian tenor born in Palermo; he had a successful international opera career for more than 25 years. He was particularly admired for his portrayals in operas by Giuseppe Verdi, Giacomo Puccini, Gaetano Donizetti, and Vincenzo Bellini. He also achieved success as a crossover artist, particularly in his many collaborations with singer-songwriter Cliff Richard and for his solo crossover album Vita Mia in 1999. In 2000 he was made a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, and from 2004 until his sudden death he served as principal teacher- artistic director of the Accademia Verdi Toscanini in Parma (heart attack).

in 2012 - Charles E. Givings dies at age 66. American musician, singer, songwriter, producer, Charles E. Givings, a session drummer for Motown in the LA Studios in the 60s, was the founder of the 'Black Gems Rare' in 1969. A year later the band changed their name to 'Rare Gems Odyssey', and later became The Rare Gems. Over the years they toured, played regularly in Las Vegasand in California and opened for for Ray Charles at the Shrine. They have had many hits including the classic funk track "What is Funk", which has become a very collectable record especially in the UK. With 8 albums under their belt, they were still performing until Charles' death. In the 80's Charles formed his own label, Imagination Records, where he produced his own band and other artists. Charles has also released some beautiful solo love albums. (massive heart attack) - Born February 7th 1946.

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Old April 15th, 2014, 08:57 PM   #2814

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16 APRIL
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in 1673 -Francesco Feroci, composer is born.
in 1697 -Johann Gottlieb Gorner, composer is born.
in 1703 - Caffarelli, [Gaetano Majorano], Italian castra singer/duke is born.
in 1800 - Jozef Stefani, composer is born.
in 1838 - Karel Bendl, composer is born.
in 1846 - Domenico Dragonetti, composer, dies at 83.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lgSLa04YT4Y"]YouTube - Domenico Dragonetti - Rondo' per Contrabbasso" target="_blank">YouTube - Domenico Dragonetti - Rondo' per Contrabbasso[/ame]
in 1849 - Opera "Il Profeta," premieres in Paris.
in 1858 - Johann Baptist Cramer, Ger/Brit pianist/composer/publisher, dies at 87.
in 1868 - Joel Angel, Russian musicologist/composer is born.
in 1871 - Martin Lunssens, composer is born.
in 1876 - Augustin-Philippe Peellaert, composer, dies at 83.
in 1881 - George William Martin, composer, dies at 56
in 1882 - Seth Bingham, composer is born.
in 1885 - Leo Weiner, Hungary, composer (Fasching) is born.
in 1886 - Konstantin Mostras, composer is born.
in 1886 - Jekabs Graubins, composer is born.
in 1893 - Federico Mompou, composer is born.
in 1893 - Joseph Yasser, composer is born.
in 1897 - Arthur Charles Ernest Hoeree, composer is born.
in 1897 - Jaap Vranken, Dutch organist/composer (Stabat Mater) is born.
in 1897 - Milton J Cross, NYC, TV announcer (Met Opera Auditions of the Air) is born.
in 1898 - Marian Jordan, Peoria Ill, radio comedienne (Fibber McGee and Molly) is born.
in 1901 - Karel Albert, Flemish composer (Marieken van Nymeghen) is born.

in 1904 - Lily Pons, Draguignan France, soprano diva (Hitting a New High) is born.

A piano student at the Paris Conservatoire, Lily Pons received her first vocal instruction from Alberti de Gorostiaga. She made her operatic début in 1928 at Mulhouse as Lakmé, with Reynaldo Hahn conducting, then sang in French provincial houses as Gretel, Cherubino, Blonde, the Queen of the Night and Mimi. Giovanni Zenatello, who ran the summer seasons at the Arena at Verona and who had become a prominent agent, brought Pons to New York to audition.

Galli-Curci had withdrawn from the Met due to the advancement of a goiter, leaving the colortura throne vacant. Gatti-Casazza was desperately searching for a replacement. Toti dal Monte had been alienated, Pagliughi’s figure was considered impossible, and Mercedes Capsir was past her prime. The time was right for a fresh coloratura to step in, but Pons’s credentials were so unimpressive that it took a great deal of patience to persuade Gatti-Casazza to listen to her. Pons had a tiny voice, but she looked good and posessed charm and very secure high Es and Fs, so Gatti-Casazza decided to take a gamble.

For her 1931 début as Lucia, he gave Pons no fanfare whatsoever, not even advance photos for the newspapers. Lanfranco Rasponi describes the event in The Last Prima Donnas: “The public, totally unprepared, was dazzled by the purity and daring acrobatics of the diminutive voice, which, because of infallible schooling, always managed to reach the last row of the gallery, however big the theater. The mad scene was a triumph, and in the excitement no one could recall how many curtain calls there were.”

Lily Pons Following this sensational début at the Metropolitan, Pons became a star overnight and remained with the company for 28 seasons logging successes as Gilda, Amina, Marie ( La fille du régiment), Philine ( Mignon), Olympia and, above all, Lakmé. In 1935 she sang Rosina at Covent Garden and Gilda and Lucia at the Paris Opéra. She sang in South America, San Francisco, Monte Carlo and Chicago, and made several films. She was married to André Kostelanetz from 1938 to 1958.

She made her stage farewell at the Metropolitan in 1958 as Lucia. She continued to sing in concert and in 1972, at the age of 68, appeared at Philharmonic Hall in New York City, under the baton of her ex-husband André Kostelanitz. She sang six arias to delirious acclaim, and the concert became part of a television documentary dedicated to her. Lily Pons was diagnosed with cancer in 1976 and died a short time later.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_pPHSMixls&feature=related"]YouTube - LILY PONS SINGS -GILDA'S ARIA - RIGOLETTO 1937" target="_blank">YouTube - LILY PONS SINGS -GILDA'S ARIA - RIGOLETTO 1937[/ame]
in 1913 - Constance Shacklock, opera singer is born.
in 1920 - John Conrad Nordqvist, composer, dies at 80.

in 1924 – Rudy Pampill, the saxophonist and longtime bandleader for Bill Haley’s Comets, Rudy Pompilli was born in Chester, Pennsylvania, of Italian heritage. A self-taught musician, he joined Ralph Martieri’s orchestra in the early Fifties, and in 1953 was voted Best New Saxophonist in a Down Beat magazine poll. While leading a jazz group called The Merry Men in 1953, Pompilli first met Haley who was then managing Chester radio station WPWA. Joining The Comets in September 1955, Pompilli arrived on the heels of their massive hit, ‘Rock Around The Clock’. In spite of his conservative, scholarly appearance, Pompilli was an attention grabber, playing his instrument while lying on his back with his feet flailing in the air. Pompilli’s first hit with Haley came with the double-sided entry, ‘R-O-C-K’/‘Rock-A-Beatin’ Boogie’, and continued with ‘See You Later Alligator’ (1956), ‘Rip It Up’ (1956), and ‘Rudy’s Rock’, a sax heavy number written by Pompilli and Ralph Jones, and featured in the film Rock Around The Clock. Like many Fifties rock pioneers, Bill Haley and The Comets soon fell from popularity in the US while remaining in demand in Britain. With Haley moving to Mexico to escape his debts, The Comets were let go in 1962. Returning to Chester, Pennsylvania, Pompilli performed in local night spots. Rejoining Haley in 1964, Pompilli frequently organised new versions of The Comets. But with Haley becoming unreliable, Pompilli and the band were sometimes forced to take the stage without their lead singer. For a time, Pompilli assumed the name Rudy Pell and led his own band, The Happy Days. He fell ill in 1974 during a European tour. Although he attributed his symptoms to the flu, he was diagnosed with lung cancer upon his return to the US. - Died February 5, 1976.

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Old April 15th, 2014, 08:58 PM   #2815

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in 1924 - Henry (Enrico Nicola) Mancini, prolific American composer, conductor, and arranger, is born at Cleveland, Ohio. Mancini revolutionized film and television scoring by introducing elements of jazz and rock 'n' roll into a series of movie and TV productions during the late 1950s and 1960s, notably the Peter Gunn program, Breakfast at Tiffany's, and The Pink Panther, These efforts brought him Academy Award and Emmy nominations resulting in four Oscars, two of them for his songs "Moon River" and "Days of Wine and Roses."

Simultaneously, he launched a recording career that found him reaching the charts with 39 albums between 1959 and 1977 and topping the singles charts with his recording of "Love Theme from Romeo & Juliet." His records won him 20 Grammys.

Mancini's parents, Quinto and Anna Pece Mancini, were Italian immigrants. His father worked in the steel industry in West Aliquippa, Pa., and played piccolo and flute, which he taught to his son; they played together in the local Sons of Italy band, and Mancini joined the Pa. All-State Band in 1937. Already intent upon a career as a film composer, he began taking piano lessons. When he was 14 or 15 he was sent to Pittsburgh to study piano with Homer Ochsenhardt, then began studying arranging with Max Adkins. Adkins introduced him to Benny Goodman, who accepted one of his arrangements. At the same time, having graduated from high school, he was accepted at the Juilliard School of Music, where he began attending in 1942. He majored in piano, studied with Gordon Stanley. Having turned 18 not long after the U.S. entry into World War II, he was quickly drafted into the Air Force. Glenn Miller arranged to have him assigned to a service band with which he played until 1944, when he was reassigned to the infantry and sent to Europe. Mancini was discharged from the service on March 30,1946, and shortly after, joined the Glenn Miller Orchestra under the direction of Tex Beneke (Miller died in the war).

Mancini played piano and wrote arrangements for the band. He became romantically involved with Ginny (Virginia) O'Connor, a member of the Mello-Larks, who sang with the orchestra. When she left to become a session singer in Los Angeles, he followed, marrying her on Sept. 13, 1947; they had three children, Christopher, Monica, and Felice, each of whom worked in the music industry. Mancini spent the years 1947 to 1952 writing music and arrangements for radio shows, bands, and nightclub performers while studying at the Westlake School of Music. Also at this time, Mancini studied with Ernst Krenek, Dr. Alfred Sendry, and Mario Castelnuovo- Tedesco in preparation to become a film composer. When the Mello-Larks were hired to sing in a short film featuring Jimmy Dorsey at Universal-International Pictures, Mancini was brought in as their arranger, which led to a two-week assignment to write music for the Abbott and Costello comedy Lost in Alaska.

He was then hired as a member of the music department, and over the next six years he composed, arranged, and adapted music for 100 films, most of them low-budget B-pictures. His experience with swing music gave him a natural affinity for the studio's film biography The Glenn Miller Story, one of the biggest box office hits of 1954, which earned him his first Academy Award nomination for Best Score. His score for the 1956 film Rock, Pretty Baby was released on a soundtrack LP by Decca Records that made the charts in 1957. With the decline of the studio system, Mancini was laid off by Universal in 1958; but producer, director, and screenwriter Blake Edwards, with whom he worked previously, immediately hired him to write music for the television detective show, Peter Gunn. Mancini's theme for the show employed elements of rock 'n' roll, and his music for the individual episodes was jazzstyled.

The series was successful upon its debut in September, and Ray Anthony, who had scored a hit five years earlier with the theme from the TV series Dragnet, recorded Mancini's "Peter Gunn" as a single that reached the Top Ten in February 1959. RCA Victor Records signed Mancini to a recording contract and had him record an album's worth of the music he had written for the series. His debut album, The Music from Peter Gunn, topped the charts in February 1959 and went gold. The series music earned him an Emmy nomination for Best Musical Contribution to a Television Program, and he was nominated for four of the newly instituted Grammy Awards for the album, winning for Album of the Year and Best Arrangement.

He quickly followed up with a second LP, More Music from Peter Gunn, which reached the Top Ten in June 1959 and earned him an additional six Grammy nominations: Album of the Year; Best Jazz Performance, Group; Best Performance by an Orch.; Best Musical Composition, More Than 5 Minutes; Best Sound Track Album of Background Score for a Motion Picture or TV; and Best Arrangement. Mancini and Edwards teamed for a second television series for the 1959-60 season, Mr. Lucky, about a gambler. The inevitable Music from Mr. Lucky album hit the Top Ten in April 1960, the same month that Mancini's instrumental recording of his theme "Mr. Lucky" (lyrics by Jay Livingston and Ray Evans) reached the Top 40. The LP was nominated for three Grammys, winning for Best Performance by an Orch. and Best Arrangement but losing out for Best Soundtrack Album or Recording of Music Score from a Motion Picture or TV. A follow-up album, Mr. Lucky Goes Latin, spent six months in the charts and earned a Grammy nomination for Best Performance by an Orch. for Dancing. Mr. Lucky spent only one season on TV, but Mancini and Edwards returned to filmmaking, launching a director-composer partnership that would result in 26 movies released between 1960 and 1993. The first was a Bing Crosby vehicle, High Time, which opened in September 1960. Marking Peter Gunn's third and final season, Duane Eddy revived "Peter Gunn" for a Top 40 hit in October. Mancini's RCA contract called for three albums per year, and in addition to his versions of music he had written for television or film, he also began to record LPs containing his arrangements of music written by others.

The Blues and the Beat, an album of jazz and blues standards, reached the charts in November 1960 and earned two Grammy nominations: Best Performance by a Band for Dancing and Best Jazz Performance, Large Group, winning in the latter category. Mancini scored three films released in 1961. The Great Impostor appeared in March, accompanied by his recording of the instrumental theme, which reached the singles charts. Bachelor in Paradise opened in November, and its title song, with lyrics by Mack David, was nominated for an Academy Award. But Mancini's major effort of the year was his score for the Blake Edwardsdirected Breakfast at Tiffany's, released in October. The film was a box office hit, and Mancini's Breakfast at Tiffany's LP topped the charts and went gold. "Moon River" (lyrics by Johnny Mercer) was sung under the film's credits by Andy Williams and in the film itself by Audrey Hepburn.

Both Mancini's instrumental recording of the song and a vocal version by Jerry Butler hit the Top Ten in November. At the Academy Awards ceremony, Mancini won best score (Breakfast at Tiffany's) and best song ("Moon River") Oscars. At the Grammys his Breakfast at Tiffany's LP was nominated for Album of the Year and won for Best Performance by an Orchestra (for Other than Dancing) and Best Soundtrack Album or Recording of Score from a Motion Picture or TV; his recording of "Moon River" won for Record of the Year and Best Arrangement; "Moon River" was named Song of the Year. Andy Williams, who had not recorded "Moon River" initially, released it on an album, Moon River & Other Great Movie Themes, that reached the Top Ten and went gold. It became his signature song, and he used it as the theme of his television series, The Andy Williams Show.

Also during 1961, Mancini began to make personal appearances, eventually giving up to 50 concerts a year. He scored four films released in 1962, notably Hatari!, a box office hit released in July, and Days of Wine and Roses, released in December. Lawrence Welk scored a chart entry with "Baby Elephant Walk" from Hatari!, and Mancini charted with "Theme from Hatari!," while the Hatari! LP reached the Top Ten, earning four Grammy nominations: "Sounds of Hatari!" for Best Original Jazz Composition; "Baby Elephant Walk" for Best Instrumental Theme and Best Instrumental Arrangement; and the album as a whole for Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra (Not Jazz or Dancing).

The Blake Edwards-directed Days of Wine and Roses drew its greatest attention for the title song (lyrics by Johnny Mercer), which won the Academy Award for Best Song and the Song of the Year Grammy, while Mancini and Andy Williams, who sang it in the film, each scored Top 40 hits. Mancini's instrumental version won two Grammys: Record of the Year and Best Background Arrangement. In the absence of a Mancini LP of the score, Williams's Days of Wine and Roses album topped the charts and went gold. Mancini had only two film scores released in 1963, which may have afforded him more time for his recordings. Our Man in Hollywood, which hit the Top Ten in March, contained his versions of some of his own and others' film music; it earned a Grammy nomination for Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra (Not Jazz or Dancing). Uniquely Mancini, a collection of jazz and R&B standards, was in the Top Ten in June.


Mancini had a surprise Top 40 hit in July, as his instrumental "Tinpanola" from Mr. Lucky Goes Latin was given a lyric by Al Stillman and recorded by Perry Como as "(I Love You) Don't You Forget It." Mancini's most notable film work of the year came with the December release Charade, one of the year's biggest box office hits. The title song, with lyrics by Johnny Mercer, was an Academy Award nominee, and there were two instrumental versions of it in the Top 40, one by Mancini and the other by Sammy Kaye. Mancini's Charade LP made the Top Ten and earned a Grammy nomination for Best Performance by a Chorus. Of Mancini's five film scores in 1964, the most memorable was Blake Edwards's The Pink Panther, which earned him an Academy Award nomination. His single of "The Pink Panther Theme" reached the Top 40 and won three Grammys, for Best Instrumental Composition (Other Than Jazz), Best Instrumental Performance (Other Than Jazz), and Best Instrumental Arrangement.

His album The Pink Panther hit the Top Ten, went gold, and earned two Grammy nominations, for Album of the Year and Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or TV Show. Blake Edwards quickly followed up the film with a sequel, A Shot in the Dark, released in June, and Mancini's score included the title tune (lyrics by Robert Wells), which he took into the singles charts. In July RCA released the hits collection The Best of Mancini, which went gold. Mancini's next notable film score came with the release of Dear Heart in December.

The title song (lyrics by Jay Livingston and Ray Evans) earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Song, Grammy nomination for Song of the Year, and was recorded by Andy Williams and Jack Jones for Top 40 hits. Mancini's chart single of the song was nominated for a 1964 Grammy for Best Performance by a Chorus and his Top Ten LP Dear Heart and Other Songs About Love, released later, was nominated for the same award in 1965. Mancini's only film score of 1965 was for Blake Edwards's box office hit The Great Race. From it came the song "The Sweetheart Tree" (lyrics by Johnny Mercer); it was nominated for an Academy Award. Johnny Mathis and Mancini had chart singles with the song, and Mancini earned a Grammy nomination for Best Instrumental Performance (Non-Jazz).

In February 1966, Mancini released the double-album The Academy Award Songs, containing his renditions of Oscar-winning songs dating back to 1934; it reached the charts and earned a Grammy nomination for Best Performance by a Chorus. May brought the release of Arabesque, the second of three films with Mancini scores released in 1966. His Arabesque album charted and earned three Grammy nominations: Best Instrumental Theme and Best Instrumental Arrangement for the title tune, and Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or TV Show for the album itself. In August, Blake Edwards's film What Did You Do in the War, Daddy? was released with a Mancini score that included "In the Arms of Love" (lyrics by Jay Livingston and Ray Evans), which Andy Williams recorded for a chart entry.

In September, RCA released A Merry Mancini Christmas, a perennial seller that eventually went gold. Mancini's record sales declined starting in 1966, but he continued to place albums in the lower reaches of the charts and to write an average of three film scores a year. In June 1969 he scored a surprise #1, millionselling hit with his recording of "Love Theme from Romeo & Juliet" (music by Nino Rota) from his album A Warm Shade of Ivory, which went gold and hit the Top Ten. The single was nominated for Grammys for Record of the Year and Best Contemporary Instrumental Performance, and won for Best Instrumental Arrangement.

By 1969 his film scores were being released as soundtrack albums by various labels rather than as Henry Mancini albums by RCA, and the film Me, Natalie, which opened in July 1969 with a soundtrack on Columbia Records, earned him a Grammy nomination for Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or TV Special. Since his RCA contract still called for three albums a year, Mancini's work turned up with even greater frequency in record stores. In 1970, for example, eight albums containing his music were released: RCA's newly recorded Theme from "Z" and Other Film Music, Mancini Country, and Mancini Plays the Theme from "Love Story," plus the compilation LP This Is Henry Mancini (all of which reached the charts) and soundtracks from four films that opened during the year with his scores—The Molly Maguires (Paramount), The Hawaiians (United Artists), Darling Lili (RCA), and Sunflower (Avco Embassy).

During that year's Grammy competition, he won his 19th award for Best Contemporary Instrumental Performance for the Theme from "Z" and Other Film Music LP, his 20th for Best Instrumental Arrangement for the track "Theme from Z" (music by Mikis Theodorakis), and earned nominations for Best Instrumental Composition for the track "Theme from Sunflower" and Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or TV Special for the Darling Lili LP. (The track "Theme from Love Story" [music by Francis Lai], released too late to qualify for the 1970 Grammys, was nominated for a 1971 Grammy for Best Pop Instrumental Performance.) At the Oscars, he was nominated for Best Song for "Whistling Away the Dark" (lyrics by Johnny Mercer) from Darling Lili, Best Original Score for Sunflower, and Best Original Song Score for Darling Lili.

After doing little work on television for the previous decade, Mancini began to accepting assignments writing TV themes, such as those for the network adventure series Cade's County, the children's show Curiosity Shop, and the syndicated series Circus!, all in 1971. He did his next film work on Sometimes a Great Notion, released in November 1971, a country-styled score featuring the song "All His Children" (lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman), sung on the soundtrack by Charley Pride and nominated for an Academy Award. Pride's recording hit the country Top Ten in March 1972. That year Mancini expanded his television activities, hosting and writing music for his own syndicated show, The Mancini Generation,
for which 28 episodes were taped. His "Theme from The Mancini Generation" earned a Grammy nomination for Best Instrumental Arrangement, and he also got two nominations in connection with the album Brass on Ivory, which he did with trumpeter Doc Severinsen, Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring for the LP as a whole, and Best Instrumental Composition for the title tune. Mancini returned to film-scoring in 1973 with three movies, the most notable of which was Oklahoma Crude, including the song "Send a Little Love My Way" (lyrics by Hal David), sung on the soundtrack by Anne Murray, whose recording made the pop and country charts. He scored another four films released in 1974, including the MGM compilation That's Entertainment!, a major box office hit. Among the three films featuring his scores that were released in 1975, the box office hit Return of the Pink Panther marked a reunion with Blake Edwards, and the his RCA album of the film's music earned him a Grammy nomination for Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or TV Special. He also wrote music for the TV movie The Blue Knight in 1975, one of several television films he would score in subsequent years. He had another four film scores in 1976, among them The Pink Panther Strikes Again, featuring the song "Come to Me" (lyrics by Don Black), which was nominated for an Academy Award.

He also released two new albums on RCA, and two tracks from the first—Henry Mancini Conducts the London Symphony Orch. in a Concert of Film Music—earned Grammy nominations, for Best Instrumental Arrangement for "The Disaster Movie Suite" and Best Instrumental Composition for "The White Dawn." Mancini's most notable work of 1977 was the score for the television miniseries The Money Changers. Among the three feature films and two TV movies he scored in 1978, the most successful was Revenge of the Pink Panther, which earned him an Academy Award nomination for the song "Move 'Em Out" (lyrics by Leslie Bricusse) and two Grammy nominations, Best Pop Instrumental Performance for "The Pink Panther Theme (78)" and Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or TV for the soundtrack LP. He left RCA after 20 years with the November release of the album The Theme Scene. He scored three films in 1979, notably 10, which earned him Academy Award nominations for Best Song for "It's Easy to Say" (lyrics by Robert Wells) and Best Original Score and a Grammy nomination for Best Pop Instrumental Performance for "Ravel's Bolero."

There were two features and a TV movie in 1980 and four features in 1981. In 1982 he won his fourth Academy Award for Best Original Song Score for Victor/Victoria, a film musical starring Julie Andrews and directed by Blake Edwards; the soundtrack album earned him a Grammy nomination for Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or a TV Special. He was also up for a 1982 Grammy for Best Instrumental Composition for "The Thorn Birds Theme" from his score from the popular TV miniseries The Thorn Birds, broadcast during the 1982-83 season. Mancini scored three films in 1983 and two in 1984.

Also in 1984, he teamed with flutist James Galway for the album In the Pink, which earned him a Grammy nomination for Best Arrangement on an Instrumental for the track "Cameo for Flute...For James." There were three film scores in 1985 and another three in 1986, among them That's Life!, from which the song "Life in a Looking Glass" (lyrics by Leslie Bricusse) was nominated for an Academy Award. Also in 1986, he accompanied Johnny Mathis on the chart album The Hollywood Musicals, from the which the track "It Might as Well Be Spring" earned him a Grammy nomination for Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s). Among his two feature and two TV film scores of 1987, the one for the theatrical release The Glass Menagerie resulted in a soundtrack album that earned him two Grammy nominations, for Best Album of Original Instrumental Background Score Written for a Motion Picture or TV and for Best Instrumental Composition for the track "The Blues in Three." Mancini scored two feature films and a TV movie in 1988.

His album Premier Pops, recorded with the Royal Philharmonic Orch., earned him a Grammy nomination for Best Arrangement on an Instrumental for "Suite from The Thorn Birds"; he also was nominated for Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s) for the title track from Volare, an album he recorded with Luciano Pavarotti. In 1990, Mancini re-signed to RCA and recorded Mancini in Surround: Mostly Monsters, Murders and Mysteries, which earned a Grammy nomination for Best Arrangement on an Instrumental for the track "Monster Movie Music Suite." His next RCA album, Cinema Italiano: Music of Ennio Morricone and Nino Rota, released in April 1991, brought him a Grammy nomination for Best Arrangement on an Instrumental for the track "The Untouchables" (music by Ennio Morricone). Mancini cut back somewhat on his scoring activities in the early 1990s to work on a stage musical version of Victor/Victoria. He died of pancreatic cancer in 1994 at age 70. Victor/Victoria, starring Julie Andrews and directed by Blake Edwards, opened on Broadway in 1995 and ran 738 performances. The cast album earned Mancini his 73rd Grammy nomination for Best Musical Show Album. - Died at Los Angeles, June 14,1994.

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Old April 15th, 2014, 08:59 PM   #2816

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in 1929 - Roy Hamilton, singer (You'll Never Walk Alone) is born.

in 1929 – Ed Townsend is born. A singer and songwriter, Ed Townsend is best known for writing Marvin Gaye’s ‘Let’s Get It On’. Born in Fayetteville, Tennessee, Townsend sang gospel music in his father’s church choir. After earning a law degree from Arkansas State College, Townsend spent two years in the military, stationed in South Korea. Relocating to Los Angeles in 1954, he hosted a local television programme and also recorded several unsuccessful singles. During this period, he also composed songs for Bull Moose Jackson, Etta James and others but when he tried to peddle one of his compositions to Capitol Records, the label suggested he record the song himself. The ballad ‘For Your Love’ (1959) became Townsend’s only hit, reaching the Top 10. Despite having a powerful and emotive voice, Townsend had far greater success as a producer and songwriter for Ben E. King, Big Maybelle, Chuck Jackson, The Shirelles, The Main Ingredient, The Impressions and others. Inspired by his personal fight against drug and alcohol addiction, Townsend wrote and co-produced ‘Let’s Get It On’, a 1973 smash hit for Marvin Gaye. As a producer, Townsend worked at Vee Jay, Capitol, Mercury, and Scepter Records. Ed Townsend’s son was singer David Townsend of the R&B group Surface. He suffered a heart attack and died at a hospital in San Bernardino, California, August 13, 2003.

in 1930 - Frank Page, British broadcaster/actor (Hudson Hawk, Dark Dancer) is born.
in 1930 - Herbie Mann, Brooklyn NY, jazz flute/sax (Just Wallin') is born.

in 1931 - Johnny Littlejohn, A Delta-born Chicago-based, slide-guitar blues master, is born. Johnny Littlejohn enjoyed limited success outside of the Windy City. Recording for Arhoolie Records, his finest release came in 1968 with the classic, Chicago Blues Stars. (Renal failure) He had been ill for some time. - Died February 1, 1994.

in 1932 - Vince Hill, singer (Roses of Picardy, La Vie en Rose) is born.
in 1933 - Perry Botkin Jr, NYC, orch leader (Bert Convy Show) is born.
in 1935 - Haskell "Cool Papa" Sadler, blues singer/guitarist is born.
in 1935 - Bobby Vinton, Pitts Pa, singer (Roses are Red, Blue on Blue) is born.
in 1939 - Dusty Springfield, [Mary O'Brien], London, vocalist (Growing Pains) is born.
in 1939 - John DeLaFose, zydeco Musician is born.

in 1939 - Dusty Springfield, dubbed Britain’s soul diva, is born. The much-revered Dusty Springfield scored a string of melodramatic soul-flavoured pop hits in the Sixties. Educated in a convent, she first sang in public in 1957, occasionally joining her brother for folk club performances. In 1958, she joined an all-girl trio, The Lana Sisters, and performed middle-of-the-road fare in cabarets. Then in 1960, she formed a pop-folk trio with her brother Dion, and friend Tim Field. Seeking a folksy stage name, the former Mary O’Brien became Dusty Springfield, while Dion became Tom. Enjoying several hits including ‘Island Of Dreams’ (1962) and their only US Top 40 entry, ‘Silver Threads And Golden Needles’ (1962), the trio was voted the top vocal group for two years in a New Musical Express poll. But during the trio’s first tour of the US in 1963, Springfield was captivated by Motown soul and abandoned folk music.

Pursuing a solo career, she scored one of the first British Invasion hits with her début release, ‘I Only Want To Be With You’ (1964). Dropping her rather frumpy folk uniform, Springfield was soon sporting a beehive hairdo, thick eye-eyeliner, and glamorous outfits. Borrowing Phil Spector’s “Wall Of Sound” recording technique, Springfield owed much of her success to the strong material provided by Burt Bacharach. With her hit run stronger in her native Britain than in the US, Springfield charted with ‘Wishin’ And Hopin’’ (1964), ‘In The Middle Of Nowhere’ (1965), ‘You Don’t Have To Say You Love Me’ (1966), ‘All I See Is You’ (1966), ‘The Look Of Love’ (1967) and ‘I Close My Eyes And Count To Ten’ (1968). Venturing to Memphis and working with veteran Atlantic producers Jerry Wexler, Tom Dowd, and Arif Mardin, she recorded her musical opus, the critically acclaimed album Dusty In Memphis (1969) which spawned the hits ‘Son Of A Preacher Man’ and ‘Windmills Of Your Mind’. Notoriously insecure, the husky voiced Springfield rarely performed in concert. Her career displaced by the hippie movement, Springfield relocated to New York, and then in 1972, Los Angeles where she met with mixed fortunes. With her career floundering in the late Seventies, Springfield worked as a session singer. She subsequently acknowledged drink and drug problems.

In 1987 in a duet with longtime fans Neil Tenant and Chris Lowe – The Pet Shop Boys – Springfield returned to the Top 10 with ‘What Have I Done To Deserve This?’ Signing with the duo’s label, Parlophone Records, she was the recipient of several Pet Shop Boys compositions including ‘Nothing Has Been Proved’. Springfield enjoyed further interest when Quentin Tarantino creatively employed ‘Son Of A Preacher Man’ in the film Pulp Fiction. Springfield was diagnosed with cancer in 1994 shortly before completing her final album A Very Fine Love. In 1998, she sold the rights to her 275 songs to Prudential Insurance for $15 million. In early 1999 she was awarded an OBE in the British Honours List but was too ill to attend Buckingham Palace to receive the award from the Queen. She died 11 days before she was to be formally inducted into The Rock ’n’ Roll Hall of Fame. She died from breast cancer at her home in Henley alongside the Thames River west of London. A large crowd of fans gathered as her coffin was carried in a horse-drawn glass hearse through the streets of Henley on the day of her funeral. - Died March 2, 1999.

in 1940 - Stephen Lawrence Pruslin, composer is born.
in 1940 - Heitor Villa-Lobos' opera "Izaht," premieres in Rio de Janeiro.

in 1942 – Colin Manley is born. A talented guitarist and classmate of Paul McCartney’s at Liverpool Institute, Colin Manley and Don Andrew formed The Remo Four in the early Sixties. Adding vocalist Keith Stokes and drummer Harry Prytherch, the Merseyside group honed their skills by playing at European military bases with Bill Buck replacing Prytherch, who in turn was replaced by Roy Dyke. Returning to Liverpool, they backed singer Johnny Sandon (who had previously been backed by The Searchers) and, landing a recording contract with Pye Records in the wake of The Beatles success, they were signed to Brian Epstein’s NEMS organisation. Sandon & The Remo Four recorded two unsuccessful singles for the label before parting company in 1963. The Remo Four then became the backing band for Brian Epstein protégés Cilla Black and Tommy Quickly, as well as releasing two singles on Pye’s subsidiary, Piccadilly, in 1964. Discovering that they owed large sums of money to both the tax collector and to NEMS, the group relocated to Germany in 1965, where they began experimenting with a jazzier direction, featuring new recruit Tony Ashton on keyboards. Returning to the UK in 1967, the group played on some George Harrison-produced sessions for the film, Wonderwall. With the group splintering in the late Sixties, Manley joined Billy J. Kramer & The Dakotas, 1963. and then Georgie Fame’s Blue Flames. He later worked with Freddie Starr, and an oldies version of The Swinging Blue Jeans. (Cancer) He died at Liverpool April 9, 1999.

in 1943 – Dave Peverett, the lead singer of Seventies hard rock group Foghat, was born in Dulwich, south London, but raised in nearby Brixton. Peverett had performed on the London club circuit from 1963, and he was asked by guitarist Kim Simmonds to join the second line-up of Savoy Brown in 1967. Influenced by blues greats such as Buddy Guy and John Lee Hooker, Peverett brought his purist electric-blues guitar work to the popular progressive blues-rock outfit. As a pivotal member of Savoy Brown, Peverett recorded five albums and took over the lead vocal duties on the 1970 release, Looking In. Tiring of Simmonds’ dictatorial control, Peverett and bandmates bassist Tony Stevens and drummer Roger Earl left to form their own group, Foghat. Discovered by US impresario Albert Grossman at a London nightclub in 1971, Foghat left England for the US and signed with Bearsville Records. From their self-titled, Dave Edmunds-produced, début album, Foghat scored a breakthrough hit with a cover of Willie Dixon’s ‘I Just Want To Make Love To You’ (1972). With the band a greater success in the US than in their native England, Foghat settled in Long Island, New York. From their 1975 album Fool For The City, Foghat cemented their AOR fanbase with the title track and the masterful rock standard, ‘Slow Ride’. Although not their finest outing, Foghat’s seventh release Foghat Live (1977) became their best seller. After briefly disbanding in 1980, Foghat started touring three years later. Disbanding again in 1985, two competing line-ups hit the road in the early Nineties, before merging in 1993. Foghat enjoyed renewed interest in the Nineties with the inclusion of a track in the Dazed And Confused soundtrack. Recording their final album, Road Cases, in 1999, Foghat toured until shortly before Peverett’s death. While battling kidney cancer, he contracted double pneumonia and died at an Orlando hospital. He was diagnosed with cancer in 1998. - Died February 7, 2000.

in 1944 - Dennis Russell Davies, composer is born.
in 1945 - Stefan Grossman, NYC, country blues singer (Yazoo Basin Boogie) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=91u_0PccY4c"]YouTube - Stefan Grossman plays "Mississippi Blues" 1981" target="_blank">YouTube - Stefan Grossman plays "Mississippi Blues" 1981[/ame]
in 1947 - Gerry Rafferty, Paisley Scotland, guitarist/vocalist (Baker Street) is born.
in 1951 - John Bentley, rocker is born.

in 1955 - Elvis Presley (with Scotty Moore and Bill Black), performed at the Jamboree at the Sportatorium in Dallas, Texas. Also on the bill, Sonny James, Hank Locklin, Charline Arthur, tickets were $.60 for adults, $.30 for children.

in 1956 - Buddy Holly's first single 'Blue Days, Black Nights', was released.
in 1962 - Ian MacKaye, rocker (Cyrano de Bergerac) is born.
in 1963 - Jimmy Osmond, Ogden Utah, singer (Donnie and Marie) is born.
in 1964 - Dave Pirner, rocker (Soul Asylum) is born.
in 1964 - The Rolling Stones first album was released in the UK, it went to No.1 two weeks later and stayed on the chart for 40 weeks, with 11 weeks at No.1.

in 1964 - The Beatles filmed the "chase scenes" for A Hard Days Night with actors dressed as policemen in the Notting Hill Gate area of London. In the evening they recorded the title track for the film, ‘A Hard Day's Night’ at Abbey Road. John and Paul had the title first, and had to write a song to order, completing the track in nine takes.

in 1965 - Gerardo, rocker is born.

in 1969 - Desmond Dekker and the Aces were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'The Israelites', making Dekker the first Jamaican artist to have an UK No.1 single.

in 1969 - Elektra Records dropped Detroit's MC5 from their label after the band took out an advertisement in a local paper that included the company logo and said; "**** Hudsons." The band were protesting at the Michigan department store's refusal to stock their albums.

in 1969 - Roy Hamilton, Popular Fifties baritone balladeer dies. Born in Leesburg Georgia but moved with his family at the age of 14 to Jersey City, New Jersey. His vocal talent nurtured in his church choir, Hamilton won an Apollo Theater talent contest in 1947. A man of several talents he then joined The Searchlight Gospel Singers, was a semi-pro boxer and worked as a professional painter. But after fighting in the Golden Gloves heavyweight division, he gave up the sport, disturbed by the violence. Possessing good looks and a powerful voice, Hamilton began performing secular music in the mid Fifties.

With the aid of influential black deejay Bill Cook, Hamilton was signed to the Columbia subsidiary, Epic Records. Heavily promoted on Cook’s radio programme, Hamilton’s gospel-based début single, the Rodgers & Hammerstein composition from Carousel, ‘You’ll Never Walk Alone’ was a smash hit.

Though not overtly sexual, the charismatic Hamilton drew legions of screaming young women to his performances. Applying some of the exaggerated emotional aspects of gospel music to his pop material, he enjoyed a hit run with another song from Carousel, ‘If I Loved You’ (1954); ‘Ebb Tide’ (1954); a song later reprised by Timi Yuro, ‘Hurt’ (1954); ‘Everybody’s Got A Home’; and one of four Top 10 versions of ‘Unchained Melody’ that would chart in 1955. Forced to abandon his musical career in June 1956 due to a bout of tuberculosis-related pneumonia, Hamilton re-emerged in 1958, co-starring in the film Let’s Rock. Returning to the charts, Hamilton scored crossover hits with ‘Don’t Let Go’ (1958), a cover of Johnny Ace’s ‘Pledging My Love’ (1958), and ‘You Can Have Her’ (1961).

Switching to MGM, and then RCA Records, Hamilton would be unable to match his previous success. With soul music displacing Hamilton’s style of pop balladry, he later returned to his gospel music roots. Hospitalised for hypertension, pneumonia, and a stroke, he died a few weeks later in New Rochelle, New York. - Born April 16, 1929.

in 1967 - Cream appeared at the 'Daily Express Record Star Show' at The Empire Pool, Wembley, England.

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Old April 15th, 2014, 09:01 PM   #2817

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in 1971 – Selena, a Tejano pop music star who was dubbed “The Mexican Madonna,” is born. Selena was on the verge of mainstream US stardom at the time of her death. Her father a former bandleader, Texas-native Selena impressed her parents when she began singing at the age of three. By the time she was nine, Selena was placed at the helm of a newly assembled musical group, Selena Y Los Dinos (Selena & The Guys) performing at her family’s new restaurant. With their business headed toward bankruptcy, the family loaded their musical gear and settled in nearby Corpus Christi. Managed by her doting and earnest father, Abraham Quintanilla, Jr., Selena dropped out of school in eighth grade to further her musical ambitions.

Having released three independent albums and drawing thousands to her concerts, Selena was signed by Capital/EMI Latin in 1989. Her star in the ascent, Selena won a Grammy for Live (1993) and topped the Latin charts with her album Amor Prohibido. Also in 1994, Selena opened the first of her two boutiques, hiring her fan club president, Yolanda Saldivar, as manager. Infusing her Mexican heritage into her music, Selena sang exclusively in Spanish on the first five of her major label albums. Poised for crossover appeal at the time of her death, Selena had begun recording English-language songs for her next album; posthumously released, Dreaming Of You was a surprise million-selling mainstream smash. Selena was portrayed by Jennifer Lopez in the title role of the 1997 biopic Selena.

She was murdered by the president of her fan club, 32-year-old registered nurse, Yolanda Saldivar. Confronting Saldivar at her motel room in Corpus Christi, Texas, over $30,000 in missing funds, Selena was shot in the shoulder. After struggling to reach the motel lobby, she was rushed to a local hospital where, with a major artery shattered, she soon bled to death. After the shooting, the armed Saldivar held police at bay for ten hours. Saldivar was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. During court testimony, Saldivar claimed she had also planned to kill herself but the gun misfired. The gun was shredded in 2002 after a lengthy legal fight. - Died March 31, 1995.

in 1972 - The Electric Light Orchestra made their debut at The Fox and Greyhound in Croydon, London.
in 1973 - During his Ziggy Stardust World tour, David Bowie appeared at the Kobe, Kobe Kokusai Kaikan, Japan.

in 1973 - Nino Bravo /Luis Manuel Ferri Llopis dies at age 28. Spanish singer, born near Valencia, he began singing at a hotel, where he sang his favorite English song, "Only You". In the late 60s he went on to appeared at the Barcelona Music Festival and received favorable reviews from a festival audience in Athens, Greece, after which he sang at the Rio de Janeiro Festival.

After being exposed to these international audiences in Europe and Latin America, Nino's first solo album was soon released, and the song "Te quiero, te quiero", became an international hit, which is now considered a classic by many Hispanic music critics.

His first album, "Tu Cambiarás" /"You Will Change", sold well, particularly in Colombia, where Bravo became very popular. He then sang on the Spaniard television contest show, "Pasaporte a Dublín" / "Passport to Dublin" in which the winner would represent Spain in 1971's Eurovision. A

fter the show, he went on tour in Colombia and Brazil, where he participated, for a second time in the Rio de Janeiro Festival. (Nino was driving his car along with the Humo duo and Miguel Diurni when his car was involved in an accident about 100 km southeast of Madrid. He died on the way to the hospital from his injuries)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BrwKxjjGP1w"]YouTube - Nino Bravo - Noelia" target="_blank">YouTube - Nino Bravo - Noelia[/ame]
in 1976 - Aerosmith played at the Kiel Auditorium in St. Louis, the first date on their 76 date North American Rocks Tour.
in 1977 - David Soul one half of TV cop show "Starsky & Hutch", went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Don't Give Up On Us', his only US hit. Also No.1 in the UK.

in 1983 - Bonnie Tyler went to No.1 on the UK chart with her debut album and only chart topper 'Faster Than The Speed Of Night.'

in 1985 - During the North American leg of their Unforgettable Fire tour U2 played the first of three nights at The Centrum, in Worcester, Massachusetts.

in 1988 - Brook Benton (BENJAMIN FRANKLIN PEAY) Dies. A glossy-voiced soul singer and prolific songwriter, Brook Benton began as a gospel singer in his father’s Methodist church in Camden, South Carolina. Joining a series of notable East Coast gospel groups, Benton passed through The Golden Gate Quartet, The Camden Jubilee Singers and The Jerusalem Stars. Moving to New York in 1948, he supported himself as a dishwasher and truck driver. Leaving gospel for R&B, Benton joined a group called The Sandmen, recording at OKeh Records in 1955.

Also that year, he formed a songwriting partnership with Clyde Otis, who had joined Mercury Records as the head of their A&R department. With Otis signing Benton to Mercury, Benton first found success as a songwriter as three Benton/Otis collaborations hit the Top 10 in 1958: ‘Looking Back’ by Nat “King” Cole, ‘A Lover’s Question’ by Clyde McPhatter, and ‘The Stroll’, a huge seller for The Diamonds. But with his sweet, mellow, baritone voice, Benton soon reeled off his own string of hits, including ‘It’s Just A Matter Of Time’ (1959), ‘Endlessly’ (1959), and ‘Thank You Pretty Baby’ (1959). Otis and Benton parted in 1961 after the release of Benton’s million-selling R&B version of the folk standard, ‘The Boll Weevil Song’.

In the early Sixties Benton scored a series of duet hits with Dinah Washington, with whom he constantly clashed. After a career lull, in 1970 Benton scored his last major chart entry with an elegant cover of the Tony Joe White classic, ‘Rainy Night In Georgia’. In the Seventies Benton continued to record for a series of labels including Stax and MGM. Benton reunited with Otis in 1978 to score an R&B hit with the title track of his album, Makin’ Love Is Good For You. Finding religion, Benton preached at a Bronx church in the early Eighties. He later sued Mercury Records for $750,000 over unpaid royalties, the case settled in 1988. Although Benton’s family refused to disclose the exact cause of death, initial reports claimed pneumonia and related diabetes. Later it was revealed that he succumbed to bacterial meningitis. He died at Mary Immaculate Hospital in Queens, New York. - Born September 1, 1931.

in 1990 - Nirvana appeared at Lee’s Palace in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

in 1992 - Andy Russell /Andrés Rabago Pérez dies at age 71.US popular vocalist, he became vocalist and drummer with the bands of Johnny Richards, Gus Arnheim, Sonny Dunham, and Alvino Rey. By 1944, he had become well enough regarded a pop vocalist to be featured on radio, and in the next year had his "Old Gold Show". In 1946, the pop music radio program Your Hit Parade asked him to take the place of Frank Sinatra, this led to increased popularity.He was signed on with Capitol Records and his first charted hit was "Bésame Mucho", followed by "Amor", "What a Difference a Day Made", "I Dream of You"/"Magic Is Moonlight", "I Can't Begin to Tell You", "Laughing on the Outside", "They Say It's Wonderful" and "Pretending", "I'm Still Not Through Missing You", "It's Such a Pretty World Today" to mention a few. He relocated to Mexico, then Argentina where he had a successful television variety show that ran for seven years, before returning to the US.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bSMx6UWGykU"]YouTube - Andy Russell - Enamorado" target="_blank">YouTube - Andy Russell - Enamorado[/ame]
in 1993 - David Lee Roth was arrested in New York's Washington Square Park for allegedly buying a $10 bag of marijuana.

in 1993 - Paul McCartney headlined a concert at the Hollywood Bowl to celebrate 'Earth Day' along with Ringo Starr, Don Henley and Steve Miller. McCartney had last performed there as a member of the Beatles in 1965.

in 1993 - Eugene Church Dies. A talented singer who had successes in both the doo-wop and soul fields, Eugene Church was raised in St. Louis. Relocating to Los Angeles, Church became enthralled by vocal harmony groups such as The Clovers and The Drifters. Meeting his idol, singer and songwriter Jesse Belvin at a recording session for Church’s cousin Mel Williams, Church and Belvin immediately struck up a friendship. Forming the studio group The Cliques, Church and Belvin enjoyed a doo-wop hit with ‘Girl Of My Dreams’ (1956).

Often in collaboration with Belvin, Church wrote or appeared on dozens of hits in the late Fifties, many of them at clandestine sessions for competing labels under a variety of names. Blessed with good looks and a smooth baritone voice, Church also pursued a solo career beginning in 1957. Backed by Jessie Bevin and Turks members Alex and Gaynell Hodge, Church scored his first solo hit with ‘Open Up Your Heart’ (1957) on Specialty Records. Aided by Bobby Day in signing with Class Records, Church scored his first crossover hit with ‘Pretty Girls Everywhere’ (1958) as Eugene Church & the Fellows.

A follow-up release, the thematically similar ‘Miami’ (1959), hit the R&B charts. Signing with King Records in 1961, Church released several singles, most noteworthy was ‘Mind Your Own Business’ (1961). But unfortunately for Church, Syd Nathan’s King label was experiencing a decline during this period. Church last recorded for the World Pacific label in 1967. Leaving music in 1970, he became wealthy operating a chain of hair salons. Inspired by Lou Rawls, he returned to music in 1981 and recorded gospel music on his own Church label. Church toured on the oldies circuit until shortly before his death. (AIDS-related cancer) He died in Los Angeles. - Born January 23, 1938.
[ame=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J_Ade520-KQ]Eugene Church - Pretty Girls Everywhere (1959) - YouTube[/ame]
in 1994 - Bonnie Raitt went to No.1 on the US album chart with 'Longing In Their Hearts.'

in 1994 - Prince had his first UK No.1 with 'The Most Beautiful Girl In The World', (his 37th single release). It was his first release since changing his stage name to an unpronounceable symbol.

in 1994 - Singer Harry Connick Jr (26) weds model Jill Goodare (30).
in 1996 - Lucille Bremer, dancer/actress (Ziegfeld Follies), dies at 73.

in 1996 - Raymond Earl Hill, saxophonist, dies at 62.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FdjOIY-27Aw"]YouTube - Raymond Hill - Bourbon Street Jump.wmv" target="_blank">YouTube - Raymond Hill - Bourbon Street Jump.wmv[/ame]
in 1996 - Kiss appeared in full make-up at the 38th Grammy Awards, where they announced a reunion tour. It would mark the first time all four members had appeared together in over fifteen years.

in 1997 - Mark Morrison was convicted with threatening a police officer with an illegal 23,000-volt electric stun gun. The singer left Maryebone Magistrates' Court in tears after being warned he was likely to be sent to prison.

in 1998 - Janet Jackson played the first night on her third world tour at The Ahoy in Rotterdam, Netherlands. Support acts on her Velvet Rope Tour included Usher, N Sync and Boyz II Men.

in 1999 - Alexander "Skip" Spence dies at age 52. American -Canadian drummer, guitarist born in Windsor, Ontario; his family relocated to San Jose, CA, in the late '50s; he was best known for his work with Moby Grape and Jefferson Airplane. Skip was a guitarist in an early line-up of Quicksilver Messenger Service before Marty Balin recruited him to be the drummer for Jefferson Airplane. After one album with Jefferson Airplane, their debut Jefferson Airplane Takes Off, he left to co-found Moby Grape, once again as a guitarist. It was with Moby Grape that Spence found his greatest musical fame, writing among other songs, "Omaha", from Moby Grape's first album in 1967, a song identified in 2008 by Rolling Stone Magazine as one of the 100 greatest guitar songs of all time. Mental illness, drug addiction and alcoholism prevented him from sustaining a full time career in the music industry. He remained in and around San Jose and Santa Cruz, California. (lung cancer).

in 1999 - Skip Spence dies. A member of two pioneering psychedelic era, San Francisco groups – The Jefferson Airplane and Moby Grape, he suffered a debilitating, drug-induced fate similar to that of Pink Floyd’s Syd Barrett. A native of Windsor, Ontario, Canada, Spence was reared in a musical household, his father a professional jazz musician who relocated the family several times. After completing a navy stint in 1965, Spence settled in the San Francisco Bay Area where he was drawn to the bohemian folk music community in Sausalito.

While practising with the newly formed, pioneering acid-rock band Quicksilver Messenger Service, Spence was asked by Marty Balin to join Jefferson Airplane as the replacement for the short-lived original member Jerry Peloquin. Although primarily a guitarist, Spence was hired as the group’s drummer. Eventually fronted by a former model Grace Slick, The Jefferson Airplane released their much ignored début album in 1966, Jefferson Airplane Takes Off, which included four Spence compositions.

Quitting Jefferson Airplane over artistic differences, Spence reverted to the guitar. Spence subsequently formed Moby Grape, a leaderless, blues-psychedelic quintet which included guitarist Peter Lewis (son of actress Loretta Young). Musically more sophisticated than their San Francisco contemporaries, Moby Grape was courted by a dozen labels. Signing with Columbia Records, the group issued the heralded album Moby Grape, which was highlighted by ‘8:05’ and the Spence-composed hit single, ‘Omaha’.

Although poised for stardom, Moby Grape was torpedoed by poor management, heavy drug use, frequent arrests, and poor marketing by their record label which among other blunders simultaneously released five singles from the album on the same day. After a solid year on the road, Moby Grape began recording their second album, Wow; but with Spence’s mind destroyed by a recent LSD binge, he tried to attack a bandmate with an axe during the sessions; subsequently institutionalised, Spence was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia.

Upon his release, Spence briefly pursued a solo career. Playing all the instruments and writing all the songs, he released a dark, introspective solo album, Oar, which has since become a cult favourite. Spence subsequently aided a San Jose bar band, Pud, which later evolved into The Doobie Brothers. Institutionalised for many of his latter years, Spence subsisted on welfare and panhandling, and often lived on the streets. Recorded shortly before his death, the tribute album, More Oar, featuring Beck, Robert Plant, and others, was released. Spence was not a part of any of the latter incarnations of The Jefferson Airplane/Starship. Admitted to the Dominican Hospital in Santa Cruz, California, for a bout of pneumonia, his conditioned worsened. The official cause of death was listed as lung cancer.

in 2000 - German eurohouse group Fragma went to No. 1 on the UK singles chart with 'Toca's Miracle.'

in 2003 - 52 year-old soul singer Luther Vandross was admitted to a New York hospital after suffering a stroke.

in 2003 - Jerry Lee Lewis filed for divorce from his sixth wife, Kerrie McCarver Lewis. The 67-year-old singer married Kerrie in 1984 who was the president of Lewis Enterprises Inc. fan club.

in 2005 - OK Computer by Radiohead was voted the best album of all time in a poll by UK TV station Channel 4. U2 were in second place with The Joshua Tree and Nirvana in third with Nevermind.

in 2006 - The Streets went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'The Hardest Way To Make An Easy Living.'

in 2010 - C. P. Rele /Chandrashekhar P. Rele dies at age 82.Indian classical singer born in Mumbai, he specialized in singing, teaching, and composing khyal. He studied vocal music along with the legendary Kumar Gandharva under the well-known musicologist Prof. B.R. Deodhar. He also witnessed at close quarters, the training and the growth of Kumar Gandharva. His compositions are very popular among younger musicians today. Critics and musicians have acclaimed his collection of 135 compositions. Among his others writings, Dr. Rele is also the author of an extremely significant work on Raga Sangeet, entitled 'Svara Pravaaha' .
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f0IgsRJQwjw"]YouTube - Basant Drut - Dr. C.P. Rele" target="_blank">YouTube - Basant Drut - Dr. C.P. Rele[/ame]
in 2012 - Sári Barabás dies at age 98. Hungarian-born German opera singer, born in Budapest where she studied and made her debut at the Budapest Opera in 1939, as Gilda in Rigoletto, but then the war interrupted her career. She appeared at the Zurich Opera and the Vienna Volksoper, and then joined the Munich State Opera in 1949, where she remained until 1971, she was also a regular guest at the Vienna State Opera, where she established a reputation as a soprano of agility and glamorous personality. She made guest appearances as Gilda, at the Royal Opera House in London, and at the Glyndebourne Festival, where she sang Konstanze in Die Entführung aus dem Serail, Adele in Le comte Ory, and Zerbinetta in Ariadne auf Naxos to great acclaim. Sári made her American debut at the San Francisco Opera in 1950, as the Queen of the Night in The Magic Flute. She also sang operetta, and enjoyed considerable success in London in 1969, in a revival of the musical The Great Waltz. She retired from the stage in 1973 (stroke) - Born March 14th 1914.

in 2012 - Teddy Charles/Theodore Charles Cohen dies at age 84. American jazz musician and composer whose instruments were the vibraphone, piano, and drums. Born in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts, he studied at Juilliard School of Music as a percussionist. Later he began to record and made personal appearances as Teddy Cohen with bands as a vibraphonist, writing, arranging and producing records before changing his last name to Charles in 1951. He was one of many jazz musicians who hung out at an apartment building at 821 Sixth Avenue in New York City known as the Jazz Loft. Known as an innovator, his main work was recorded in the 1950s. He also did session work with musicians and singers as varied as Miles Davis and Dion. He recorded an album, Live at the Verona Jazz Festival, for the Italian Soul Note label in 1988. Charles was the Captain of the Skipjack Pilgrim out of Greenport, New York, on the North Fork of Long Island, and performs music locally. In his last years, Charles began performing again after spending some years at sea. - Born April 13th 1928.
Video Note: Master vibraphonist Teddy Charles, at age 80, recording his first studio album in 40 years. "Dances with Bulls" which was released by New York City jazz label Smalls Records on February 24, 2009. Erin Schultz interviews the legendary vibe player at his Riverhead, NY home, taking her down a terrific musical memory lane. The reporter for the Times/Review newspapers, an award-winning series of weeklies on the East End of Long Island, also hangs out for a weekly jam session with the man who played vibraphone with Charles Mingus, Charlie Parker and Miles Davis, to name a few.
[ame=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VtUceNxn1pY]Teddy Charles releases first studio album in 40 years - YouTube[/ame]
in 2013 - Edwin Shirley the co-founded Edwin Shirley Trucking, which became one of the largest music transport companies in Europe died of cancer. Brian May noted Shirley's importance to their touring operation: "Edwin was at the head of Queen's vehicle convoy for so many years I can't begin to remember how many... He was a great pal of Gerry Stickells, our illustrious Tour Manager and the two of them wrote the book on how to party on tour."

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Old April 16th, 2014, 08:27 PM   #2818

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in 1587 - Marco Ivan Lukacic, composer is born.

in 1605 - Antonio Bertali, influential Italian composer, died at Vienna. He was a student of Stefano Bernardi in Verona (1611-22). In 1622 he entered the service of Archduke Carl Joseph, Bishop of Breslau and Bressanone, the brother of Emperor Ferdinand II of Austria. In 1624 he went to Vienna, where he became a composer and violinist in the service of the imperial court. He composed much sacred and secular music, and was called upon to write works for various important official functions. Among the latter were the cantata Donna real for the marriage festivities of the future Emperor Ferdinand III and the Spanish Infanta Maria in 1631, the Missa Ratisbonensis for the imperial diet in Regensburg in 1636, and the Requiem pro Ferdinando III in 1637.

In 1649 he was appointed imperial court Kapellmeister by Emperor Ferdinand III, and thereafter did much to establish the Italian style of opera in Vienna. He composed at least 10 operas, but only three complete scores are extant. Bertali's extant instrumental sonatas are notable, particularly his writing for large ensembles in which he deftly combined Venetian polychoral writing with the sonata concertata. Among his sacred works were many oratorios, masses, Magnificats, Te Deums, Psalms, and motets. - Born at Verona, March 1605.

in 1683 - Johann David Heinichen, composer is born.
in 1714 - Philipp Heinrich Erlebach, composer, dies at 56.
in 1715 - Johann Wolfgang Kleinknecht, composer is born.
in 1719 - Christian Gottfried Krause, composer is born.
in 1738 - Philip Hayes, composer is born.

in 1741 - Johann Gottlieb Naumann, composer is born.
Video Notes: Opera: Amphion, opéra-ballet in 1 act, first performance 24 January 1778, Bollhuset, Stockholm.
Libretto: Gudmund Göran Adlerbeth after Antone-Léonard Thomas - Aria: Du med din sång redan funnit - Antiope: Gertrud Hoffstedt - Orchestra: The Drottningholm Baroque Ensemble - Conductor: Thomas Schuback
This exquistite concertante aria ("With your song") in which the solo violin and the flute deliver a magnificent introduction worthy of Mozart himself. In the opera, Antiope is obliged, in an exotic country, to give her hand in marriage to "the chieftain of the savages", but she has been bewitched by the voice of the Orphean Amphion, and his humane message softens the habits of the savages to such a degree that Antiope gets her Amphion. In the final scene she sings to this transformation.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VdojzAvERXg"]YouTube - Johann Gottlieb Naumann - Amphion - Aria - Du med din sång redan funnit" target="_blank">YouTube - Johann Gottlieb Naumann - Amphion - Aria - Du med din sång redan funnit[/ame]
in 1764 - Johann Mattheson, German composer/musicologist, dies at 82.
in 1774 - Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek, organist/pianist/composer is born.
in 1797 - Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian composer/conductor is born.
in 1811 - Ann Sheppard Mounsey, composer is born.

in 1814 - Jules (Eugene Abraham) Alary, Italian-born French composer, is born at Mantua. Studying at the Milan Conservatory, he settled in Paris as a voice teacher and composer. He wrote numerous operas, among the most popular being Le ire nozze (Paris, March 29, 1851). His opera La Voix humaine had the curious distinction of being staged at the Paris Opera (Dec. 30, 1861) for the sole purpose of making use of the scenery left over after the fiasco of Wagner's Tannhtiuser. Alary also wrote a mystery play, Redemption (Paris, April 14, 1850), much sacred music, and some chamber pieces. - Died at Paris, April 17, 1891.

in 1820 - Gottfried Conradi, composer is born.

in 1825 - Hans Balatka, Czech-American conductor, music educator, music journalist, and composer, is born at Hoffnungsthal, near Olmutz, Feb. 26, 1825; d. Chicago, April 17, 1899. He began his music studies in Hoffriungsthal, and then attended the University of Olmutz. In 1845 he went to Vienna to study music with Sechter and Proch, and also studied law at the University. In 1849 he went to Milwaukee and founded a men's chorus, followed by a string quartet in 1850. He was founder-music director of the Milwaukee Musical Society (1850-60), music director of the German theater (1855-60), and founder-director of his own singing-school. In 1860 he went to Chicago, where he was music director of the Philharmonic Society until 1869 and was active as conductor of various singing organizations. After again conducting the Milwaukee Musical Society (1871-72), he settled in Chicago and in 1879 he organized the Balatka Academy of Music. He also was active as a music journalist. Balatka composed some orchestra music, a Piano Quartet, piano pieces, choral works, and songs, but his importance rests upon his work as a conductor and music educator.

in 1854 - Gottlob Wiedebein, composer, dies at 74.
in 1863 - Johannes P Boskaljon, Curacao composer/conductor is born.
in 1971 - Roberto Lupi, composer, dies at 62.
in 1873 - Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky, composer, dies at 60.
in 1974 - Herbert Elwell, US composer (Happy Hypocrite), dies at 75.

in 1874 - Rudolf Berger, Czech baritone and tenor, is born at Briinn. He was a pupil of Adolf Robinson in Briinn. In 1896 he made his debut as a baritone in Briinn, and then sang at the Berlin Royal Opera (from 1898) and at the Bayreuth Festivals (1901-08). He also made guest appearances in Vienna, London (Covent Garden), Paris, and Prague. After further studies with Oscar Saenger in N.Y., he concentrated on Heldentenor roles from 1909. On Feb. 5,1914, he made his Metropolitan Opera debut in N.Y. as Siegmund, and remained on its roster until his death. In 1913 he married Marie Rappold. - Died at N.Y., Feb. 27, 1915.

in 1882 - Artur Schnabel, celebrated Austrian-born American pianist and pedagogue, father of Karl Ulrich Schnabel, is born at Lipnik. He first studied with Hans Schmitt and made his debut at 8, and then studied with Leschetizky in Vienna (1891-97). He went to Berlin in 1900; there he married the contralto Therese Behr (1905), with whom he frequently appeared in recitals; he also played in recitals with leading musicians of the day, including Flesch, Casals, Feuermann, Huberman, Primrose, and Szigeti.

He likewise gave solo recitals in Europe and the U.S., presenting acclaimed cycles of the Beethoven sonatas; taught at the Berlin Hochschule fur Musik (from 1925). After the advent of the Nazi regime in 1933, he left Germany and settled in Switzerland; taught master classes at Lake Como and recorded the first complete set of the Beethoven sonatas. With the outbreak of World War II in 1939, he went to the U.S., becoming a naturalized American citizen in 1944. After teaching at the University of Mich. (1940-45), he returned to Switzerland.

Schnabel was one of the greatest pianists and pedagogues in the history of keyboard playing; eschewing the role of the virtuoso, he concentrated upon the masterworks of the Austro-German repertoire with an intellectual penetration and interpretive discernment of the highest order; he was renowned for his performances of Beethoven and Schubert; prepared an edition of the Beethoven piano sonatas. He was also a composer. A renewed interest in his music led to the recording of several of his compositions in the 1980s. In his works, he pursued an uncompromisingly modernistic idiom, thriving on dissonance and tracing melodic patterns along atonal lines. - Died at Axenstein, Switzerland, Aug. 15, 1951.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SEn7Asy5w74"]YouTube - Artur Schnabel: Beethoven Piano Sonata no. 21 in C Major, "Waldstein" (1/3)" target="_blank">YouTube - Artur Schnabel: Beethoven Piano Sonata no. 21 in C Major, "Waldstein" (1/3)[/ame]
in 1883 - Hermann Darewsky, composer is born.
in 1885 - Cecil Burleigh, composer is born.
in 1987 - Carlton Barrett, Jamaican reggae drummer (No woman no cry), dies at 36.
in 1890 - John Barnett, composer, dies at 87.
in 1891 - Jules Eugene Abraham Alary, composer, dies at 77.
in 1897 - Harald Saeverud, Bergen Norway, composer (Saline) [NS] is born.
in 1899 - Hans Balatka, composer, dies at 74.
in 1903 - Nicolas Nabokov, Near Lubcha Minsk Russia, composer (Holy Devil) is born.
in 1903 - Gregor Piatigorsky, Ekaterinoslav Russia, cellist (or 4/20) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OqipjgPDYxk"]YouTube - Gregor Piatigorsky plays Chopin Sonata" target="_blank">YouTube - Gregor Piatigorsky plays Chopin Sonata[/ame]
in 1904 - Joseph (Johannes Clemens) Ahrens, German organist, pedagogue, and composer, is born at Sommersell. He was a student of Volbach in Munster and of Sittard and Seiffert in Berlin, where he then pursued his career. In 1928 he became a teacher and in 1936 a professor at the Akademie fur Kirchen-und Schulmusik, and also a teacher of church music at the Hochschule fur Musik in 1945. In 1934 he became organist at St. Hedwig Cathedral, and in 1945 organist and choirmaster at the Salvatorkirche.

He retired from his various positions in 1972. He published the volume Die Formprinzipien des Gregorianischen Chorals und mein Orgelstil (Heidelberg, 1978). In 1955 he won the Arts Prize of Berlin, in 1963 he became a member of the Akademie der Kiinste in Berlin, in 1965 he was made a Knight of the Gregorian Order of Rome, and in 1968 he received the Pontifical Medal of Rome. Ahrens was a notable composer of organ and choral music, his output demonstrating an imaginative handling of traditional forms with contemporary usages, including dodecaphony.

He composed a Concerto for Organ, 2 Horns, 2 Trumpets, and 4 Percussion (1958), as well as numerous solo organ works, including Verwandlungen I-III (1958-62), Trilogia contrapunctica (1972-76), Trilogia dodekaphonica (1978), Passacaglia dodekaphonica (1980), and several organ masses. Among his choral works were a St. Matthew Passion (1955), a St. John Passion (1963), and many masses, including the Missa dodekaphonica for Chorus and 8 Instruments (1966). - Died at Berlin, Dec. 21, 1997.

in 1927 - Christopher Whelen, composer is born.
in 1929 - James Last, orchestra leader/composer/arranger is born.
in 1930 - Chris Barber, jazz trombonist is born.
in 1930 - Genevieve, Paris France, singer (Jack Paar Show, Scruples) is born.
in 1932 - Graziella Sciutti, Italian opera singer is born.
in 1936 - Pete Graves, rocker (Moonglows) is born.

in 1937 - Donald (Frederick) Buchla, American electronic- instrument designer and builder, composer, and performer, is born at Southgate, Calif. After studying physics at the University of Calif. at Berkeley (B.A., 1961), he became active with the San Francisco Tape Music Center, where in 1966 he installed the first Buchla synthesizer. That same year he founded Buchla Associates in Berkeley for the manufacture of synthesizers. In addition to designing and manufacturing electronic instruments, he also installed electronic-music studios at the Musikhogskolan in Stockholm and at IRCAM in Paris, among other institutions. In 1975 he became co-founder of the Electric Weasel Ensemble, a live electronic-music group, and in 1978 he became co-director of the Artists' Research Collective in Berkeley. He held a Guggenheim fellowship in 1978.

in 1941 - Billy Fury, Liverpool, singer/guitarist (When Will You Say I Love You) is born. British pop and rock star once considered a contender for the title the “British Elvis,” Sickly as a child, he worked as a ferry boat hand in the mid Fifties. A songwriter by hobby, Fury boldly confronted singer Marty Wilde in 1958, hoping to sell him a pair of compositions. By impressing Wilde’s manager, Larry Parnes, Fury instead earned an audition as Wilde’s opening act. Signed by Decca Records and renamed Billy Fury, the former Ronald Wycherly possessed a slight, vulnerable voice and a rocker’s sneer. Touring heavily, Fury first landed on the British charts with his début single ‘Maybe Tomorrow’ (1959). In early 1960, Fury shared the bill on the 10-week tour that ended in tragedy for the headlining US rockabilly star Eddie Cochran. After Decca released an album of Fury singing original rockabilly tracks, The Sound Of Fury (1960), the label decided to take him in a ballad and pop cover direction.

In 1961, Fury began to suffer heart problems which resulted in a number of cancelled performances (he would suffer three heart attacks). Though unknown in the US, Fury enjoyed a long string of British hits including ‘Colette’ (1960), a Tony Orlando cover (and Goffin-King composition), ‘Halfway To Paradise’ (1961), ‘Jealousy’ (1961), ‘Like I’ve Never Been Gone’ (1963), ‘When Will You Say I Love You’ (1963), ‘In Summer’ (1963), a cover Conway Twitty’s ‘It’s Only Make Believe’ (1964), and ‘In Thoughts Of You’ (1965). Landing his own television show in 1964, Fury also starred in a pair of films, Play It Cool (1962) and I Gotta Horse (1965). After scoring his final hit in 1966 with a cover of Tennessee Ernie Ford’s ‘Give Me Your Word’, Fury was dropped by Decca Records. Though continuing to record a string of unsuccessful singles for Parlophone Records, Fury was forced to retire from touring due to declining health. In 1973 he landed a small role in the David Essex film That’ll Be The Day as a cameo of his younger self, an aspiring, fictional rock singer named Stormy Tempest, and sang a composition written by Pete Townshend, ‘Long Live Rock’, which was later a minor hit for The Who.

After declaring bankruptcy in the mid Seventies, Fury retired to a farm in Wales where he followed his favourite hobby, ornithology. The album The Only One was posthumously released. Heart failure. He was found at his home by his housekeeper; he died at St. Mary’s Hospital in London. - Died January 28, 1983.

in 1941 - Adolphus Hailstork, composer is born.
in 1943 - Roy Estrada, rocker (Morthers Of Invention) is born.
in 1944 - John Lill, professor/pianist is born.
in 1948 - Jan Hammer, composer (Escape from TV, Miami Vice) is born.
in 1949 - John Oates, NYC, rock guitarist/vocalist (Hall and Oates-Rich Girl) is born.

in 1954 - Frankie LaRocka , a distinctive personality in the rock world and drummer is born. Frankie LaRocka was a self-taught musician. A native of Long Island, New York, LaRocka passed through a series of popular local groups before joining The David Johansen Band in the late Seventies. A premiere drummer, LaRocka toured with John Waite, Patty Smyth & Scandal and Bryan Adams, and also performed on the Bon Jovi début smash ‘Runaway’. Wanting to spend more time with his family, LaRocka quit touring and took a position as an A&R executive at Epic Records where he discovered The Spin Doctors and produced their 1991 début Pocketful Of Kryptonite. After promotion to head of A&R at Atlantic, LaRocka quit to form his own production company, Straight Line. Continuing to perform, LaRocka appeared on a live Noel Redding album and joined a New York City blues band, Hot Monkey Love. He contracted pneumonia following surgery to treat his enlarged heart at St. Vincent’s Hospital in West Brighton, New York. Died May 12, 2005.

in 1955 - Rob Bolland, Dutch singer/guitarist (Bolland and Bolland) is born.

in 1958 - Michael Bach, German cellist, composer, and visual artist, also known as Bach Michael Bachtischa, is born at Worms. He studied cello with Pierre Fournier and Janos Starker, then embarked on a career of international concert activity as well as performances on radio, recordings, and television. He made numerous significant contributions to the art of contemporary cello performance; his publication Fingerboards & Overtones proposes new ideas concerning overtones and harmonics and is considered a pioneering work in the literature on contemporary technique.

In 1990 he developed the Curved Bow (BACH.Bogen) for the cello, violin, and viola, which, in polyphonic playing, permits the simultaneous sounding of multiple strings, with the high arch of the bow allowing for full, sustained chords. Rostropovich has been intimately involved in its development, and several contemporary composers, among them Cage, Schnebel, and Walter Zimmermann, have composed works especially for it. Bach is also a composer, often in collaboration with the visual artist Renate Hoffleit, with whom he has created strikingly original string and sound installations. His purely musical compositions are idiosyncratic and highly personal, described by him as "free from compositional conventions/ 7 His visual works include Fingerboards I, II (both 1990), and III-VII (1994-98), which capture the hand's choreography on the cello fingerboard as color impressions, Fieldwork (1994), Mit diesen beiden Handen (1994), Lagauche (1995), and Olevano (1995).

in 1959 - Stephen Singleton, Sheffield, rocker (ABC) is born.

17 APRIL
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17 APRIL
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in 1960 - Eddie Cochran, a rockabilly legend, dies. Cochran grew up in Minnesota, a fan of country and western music. Playing the trombone in high school, Cochran quit when the band director told him his musical skills were sub-par. Borrowing his brother’s Kay model guitar, he became infatuated with the instrument. Moving with his family to suburban Los Angeles at age 15, Cochran made few friends in school and spent most of his time practising the guitar. He soon formed a duo with a bass-playing schoolmate Connie “Guybo” Smith, performing the popular country and western hits of the time. Cochran then teamed with Hank Cochran (no relation) as the Cochran Brothers. Starting out as a country and western outfit, the pair was quick to jump to rockabilly and, after hearing Elvis Presley, rock’n’roll. With help from Los Angeles songwriter Jerry Capehart, Cochran signed with Liberty Records where he scored a Top 20 hit with a cover version of John D. Loudermilk’s ‘Sittin’ In The Balcony’.
Cochran previously landed a small role in the Jayne Mansfield film, The Girl Can’t Help It (1956) where he performed the song, ‘Twenty Flight Rock’. In 1958, at the age of 19, Cochran released his million-selling signature tune, and rock classic, ‘Summertime Blues’. The following year he issued ‘C’Mon Everybody’, another memorable call-to-arms teen anthem which reached the UK Top 10. Cochran had planned to stop touring, preferring the producing and recording aspects of music. But with rockabilly out of fashion in the US by 1960, Cochran co-headlined a British tour with Gene Vincent. At the time of Cochran’s death, his record company had just released the single ‘Three Steps To Heaven’ which – ironically in view of its title – topped the UK charts in June 1960. Cochran’s rhythmic guitar style has influenced a number of top players, most notably The Who’s Pete Townshend.

Cochran and fellow rockabilly artist Gene Vincent were in Britain for a concert tour. A surprise success, a second 10-week tour was quickly scheduled. Homesick and invited by his record company to finish recording an album, Cochran planned to return to the US for a two-week respite. His final performance, a last-minute addition to the tour, was at the Bristol Hippodrome. Shortly after midnight, en route from the Royal Hotel in Bristol to Heathrow Airport in London for a flight the next afternoon, tour manager Patrick Thompkins informed the driver, George Martin (not The Beatles producer), that he was going in the wrong direction. While attempting to stop and turn round just outside Chippenham, Martin lost control of the Ford Consul Saloon, blew a tyre and struck a solid lamp-post. The car had spun around, leaving a 50-yard skid mark. Cochran was thrown from the vehicle, striking his head on the ground.
The accident seriously injured Gene Vincent; another passenger, Cochran’s girlfriend, songwriter Sharon Sheeley, suffered a broken pelvis. Cochran was seated in the middle of the back seat, and had shielded Sheehan from the brunt of the force. Cochran was taken to Chippenham Cottage Hospital but transferred to St Martin’s Hospital in Bath, where he died later that day from massive head injuries. Both men in the front seat, Martin and Thompkins, were uninjured. The driver was later fined £50 and his licence was suspended for 15 years. The car had been used for a wedding earlier in the day and was littered with confetti. Future UK pop singer, then policeman, Dave Dee (real name David Harman), was the first officer called to the scene. Singer Jimmy Bowen recalled in his autobiography Rough Mix: “Eddie had a brooding, fatalistic, destructive streak. He was always muttering how he wasn’t going to live long. That seemed so weird to me, but he seemed to know. I asked him once why he drank so much and he snarled, ‘Why not? It’s all one big party. I’m not making it past 30 anyway.’” - Born October 3, 1938.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MeWC59FJqGc"]YouTube - Summertime Blues- Eddie Cochran" target="_blank">YouTube - Summertime Blues- Eddie Cochran[/ame]
in 1965 - Bob Dylan's debut album 'The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan' was at No.1 on the UK chart.

in 1965 - Paul McCartney spent the day shopping for furniture in Portobello Road, London disguised in a cloth cap, moustache, glasses and overcoat.

in 1967 - Henry "Red" Allen dies at age 61. American jazz trumpeter and singer, born in of New Orleans, Louisiana; he was playing professionally by 1924 with the Excelsior Brass Band and the jazz dance bands of Sam Morgan, George Lewis and John Casimir. After playing on riverboats on the Mississippi River, he went to Chicago in 1927 to join King Oliver's band. Around this time he made recordings on the side in the band of Clarence Williams. After returning briefly to New Orleans where he worked with the bands of Fate Marable and Fats Pichon, he was offered a recording contract with Victor Records and returned to New York City, where he also joined the Luis Russell band. In 1929 Red was a featured with Luis Russell's Orchestra until 1932 and took part in recording sessions that year some of which featured Fats Waller and/or Tommy Dorsey. In 1933 he joined Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra until 1934. After which he played with Lucky Millinder's Mills Blue Rhythm Band 1934-1937, when he returned to Luis Russell for three more years by the time Russell's orchestra was fronted by Louis Armstrong. He continued making many recordings under his own name, as well as recording with Fats Waller and Jelly Roll Morton with vocalists including Victoria Spivey and Billie Holiday. Red started leading his own band at The Famous Door in Manhattan. He then toured with his band around the USA into the late 1950s. In 1959 Allen made his first tour of Europe when he joined Kid Ory's band, Red made his final tour of England with his own band ending six weeks before his death (pancreatic cancer)
Video Notes: Henry Red Allen is probably in my top 3 favorite trumpet players of all time. This is clip is an example of his greatness. Accompanying him is his all star band: Coleman Hawkins on saxophone, Rex Stewart of cornet, Jo Jones on drums, Milt Hinton on bass, Pee Wee Russell on clarinet, Danny Barkerand on banjo, Vic Dickenson on trombone. This is taken from the Sound of Jazz, a CBS special which appeared in the 50s.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WFkXBvL9odI"]YouTube - Wild Man Blues Henry Red Allen" target="_blank">YouTube - Wild Man Blues Henry Red Allen[/ame]
in 1970 - Johnny Cash played at the White House for President Nixon, who requested that he played 'A Boy Named Sue.'

in 1970 - Paul McCartney's 1st solo album "McCartney" is released.

in 1971 - All four Beatles had solo singles in the UK charts, Paul McCartney with 'Another Day', John Lennon, 'Power To The People', George Harrison, 'My Sweet Lord' and Ringo Starr, 'It Don't Come Easy.'

in 1971 - 'Motown Chartbusters Vol 5' started a three-week run at No.1 on the UK chart.

in 1971 - Three Dog Night started a six week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Joy To The World'. The group's second US No.1; a No.24 hit in the UK.

in 1971 - Carmen Lombardo dies at age 67. Canadian singer and composer, born in London, Ontario, he was the younger brother of bandleader Guy Lombardo. His compositions included the 1928 classic "Sweethearts on Parade", which was No.1 for three weeks in 1929 on the U.S. pop charts; "Ridin' Around in the Rain", written with Gene Austin in 1934; the jazz and pop standards "Coquette", "Boo Hoo", and "Some Rainy Day", and "Powder Your Face With Sunshine (Smile, Smile, Smile)", written with Stanley Rochinski in 1948-49, As a child he took flute lessons, and later learned to play saxophone. He later formed a band with his brother Guy as conductor, which developed into The Royal Canadians in 1923, Carmen both sang and wrote music. Carman also wrote the words and music with John Jacob Loeb for Guy Lombardo's stage productions of Arabian Nights 1954/1955; Paradise Island 1961/1962, and Mardi Gras 1965/1966, at Jones Beach, New York (cancer).

in 1972 - Keith Richard’s girlfriend Anita Pallenberg gave birth to their second child, daughter Dandelion.
in 1973 - Pink Floyd's album 'The Dark Side of the Moon' went gold in the US. The LP went on to stay in the US chart for more than ten years and become the longest charting rock record of all time.

in 1973 - Tito and John Jackson from The Jackson Five were arrested for buying stolen TV and stereo equipment.

in 1974 - Vinnie Taylor guitarist with US rock 'n roll revival band Sha Na Na was found dead in a Holiday Inn hotel room in Charlottesville, Virginia from a drug overdose. Sha Na Na played at the Woodstock Festival, their 90-second appearance in the Woodstock film brought the group national attention. The group appeared in the movie Grease as Johnny Casino & The Gamblers.

in 1975 - Elvis Presley bought a Convair 880 Jet formally owned by Delta Airlines for $250,000, which he re-christened Lisa Marie. Presley spent a further $600,000 refurbishing the Jet to include personal quarters, a meeting area and a dance floor.

in 1977 - The Stranglers, Cherry Vanilla, The Police and The Jam all appeared at The Roundhouse, London, England.

in 1978 - Bilal Abdul-samad, rocker (Boys) is born.
in 1980 - Gerry Rafferty appeared at London's Royal Albert Hall, tickets £2-£6.
in 1982 - Bucks Fizz were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'My Camera Never Lies', the group's third and last No.1.

in 1982 - Vangelis was at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Chariots Of Fire', he also won an Oscar for best original score.

in 1983 - Felix Pappalardi dies at age 43.American music producer, songwriter, vocalist, and bassist; born in the Bronx, NY. a classically trained musician, he attended the University of Michigan. In 1964 he was a member of Max Morath's Original Rag Quartet. As a producer, he is perhaps best-known for his work with British psychedelic blues-rock power trio Cream, beginning with their second album, Disraeli Gears. As a musician, Felix is widely known as a bassist, vocalist, and founding member of the American hard rock band Mountain The band's signature song, "Mississippi Queen" is still heard regularly on classic rock radio stations. Felix was forced to retire because of partial deafness, ostensibly from his high-volume shows with Mountain. He continued producing throughout the 1970s and released a solo album and recorded with Japanese hard rock outfit Blues Creation. (He was shot to death by his wife Gail Collins during a jealous rage. She claimed it was an accident, and was found guilty of the lesser criminally negligent homicide and sentenced to 16 months to 4 years in prison and was released on parole in April 1985)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vgPhUbhBbbI"]YouTube - "As the Years Go Passing By" - Felix Pappalardi" target="_blank">YouTube - "As the Years Go Passing By" - Felix Pappalardi[/ame]

in 1987 - Carlie Barrett (CARLTON LLOYD BARRETT) is shot to death. The drummer for the Bob Marley-led reggae group The Wailers, Jamaican-born Carlie Barrett had formed his first group in 1967, The Hippy Boys, with his older brother, Aston “Family Man” Barrett. Graduating to session work, the brothers formed The Upsetters, working at Lee “Scratch” Perry’s small but influential, backroom studio in Kingston, Jamaica. With his muscular hands, Carlie Barrett employed a “one-drop” drumming style, emphasizing every fourth beat. Under Perry’s direction, The Upsetters backed Bob Marley on a full-time basis, beginning with his 1969 groundbreaking works, Soul Rebels and Soul Revolution.

But soon after, Marley disbanded the group to live with his mother in Delaware. With Marley returning to Jamaica, The Wailers regrouped as reggae became an international sensation. When Marley converted to Rastafarianism, the faith was injected into The Wailers’ lyrics. Other themes of The Wailers’ music included unemployment, tyrannical government and human rights. While Marley and The Wailers received scant airplay in the US during the Seventies, they garnered a loyal following and sold plenty of records. The Wailers’ popularity was furthered by Eric Clapton’s recording of the Marley-penned ‘I Shot The Sheriff’ (1974). Barrett co-wrote a number of Wailers’ classics including ‘Them Belly Full (But We Hungry)’ and ‘Talkin’ Blues’.

When Marley died in 1981, the group’s status went into limbo. Barrett later joined a reformed version of The Wailers. “Carlie Barrett was a genius at the one-drop style of drumming,” wrote Timothy White in Catch A Fire, the definitive biography of Bob Marley, “the bass drum finding the basement on two and four, and he had a rapid sticking hi-hat accent that sounded like the first savage rattle in a snake pit.”

Barrett was shot twice in the head outside his home in Kingston, Jamaica, en route to a grocery store. Charged with Barrett’s murder were his wife, Albertine and her lover, 34-year-old taxicab driver, Glenroy Carter. Barrett was the third member of The Wailers to die an untimely death after Bob Marley and Peter Tosh. At the time of his death, Barrett was entangled in a messy legal dispute with Marley’s widow, Rita, over the ownership of The Wailers’ name. - Born December 17, 1950.

in 1991 - Nirvana appeared at the OK Hotel in Seattle, Washington, where they played a new song, ‘Smell’s Like Teen Spirit’ live for the first time.

in 1992 - Hank Penny, country music singer, dies at 73 of heart failure.
in 1993 - Former Bangles leader Susanna Hoffs married screenwriter M. Jay Roach in Los Angeles.

in 1993 - David Bowie went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Black Tie White Noise' his eighth UK No.1 LP.

in 1994 - Pink Floyd started a four-week run at No.1 on the UK album chart with 'The Division Bell', their fourth No.1 album.

in 1998 - Linda McCartney née Eastman dies at age 56. American vocalist, keyboardist, photographer, and animal rights activist. Born in New York City, after a priveliged upbringing, she started work as a receptionist for the Town & Country magazine, and was the only unofficial photographer on board the SS Sea Panther yacht on the Hudson River, After which she became the house photographer at the Fillmore East concert hall, photographing artists such as Aretha Franklin, Grace Slick, Jimi Hendrix, Bob Dylan, Janis Joplin, Eric Clapton, Simon & Garfunkel, The Who, The Doors, The Animals, and Neil Young.

She photographed Clapton for Rolling Stone magazine, becoming the first woman to have a photo featured on the front cover May 11th 1968. She and Paul McCartney also appeared on the cover of Rolling Stone on January 31st 1974, making her the only person both to have taken a photo, and to have been photographed, for the front cover of the magazine. Linda made an uncredited vocal contribution to The Beatles song "Let It Be" in January 1969. Linda and Paul were the accredited artists on Paul's second post-Beatles LP, 1971's "Ram".

Paul permanently included Linda in the lineup for his subsequent group, Wings. The group won several Grammy Awards, becoming one of the most successful bands of the 1970s. In 1977, a single entitled "Seaside Woman" was released by an obscure band called Suzy and the Red Stripes, on Epic Records in the US. In reality, Suzy and The Red Stripes were Wings, with Linda McCartney, who also wrote the song, on lead vocals. She was a strong advocate for animal rights, and lent her support to many organizations like PETA; The Council for the Protection of Rural England, Friends of the Earth; and was a patron of the League Against Cruel Sports (breast cancer)

Diagnosed two years earlier, the disease had spread to her liver. Seeking privacy for his grieving family, Paul McCartney instructed his spokesman Geoff Baker to mislead the media by announcing that she had died while on vacation in Santa Barbara, California. She actually passed away at the family’s 150-acre ranch near Tucson, Arizona. Linda McCartney’s first husband, Joseph Melville See, Jr., committed suicide by gunshot on March 19, 2000.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02-CbuRsdgo"]YouTube - Paul and Linda McCartney - Listen To What The Man Said" target="_blank">YouTube - Paul and Linda McCartney - Listen To What The Man Said[/ame]
in 2002 - Music weekly The NME published a list of the 50 most influential icons. At No.10, Public Enemy, 9, U2, 8, The Jam, 7, Radiohead, 6, Oasis, 5, The Sex Pistols, 4, David Bowie, 3, The Stone Roses, 2, The Beatles and No.1 The Smiths.

in 2003 - Earl King /Earl Silas Johnson IV dies at age 69. New Orleans Blues guitar virtuoso and songwriter most active in blues music. He was the composer of well known standards such as "Come On" (covered by Jimi Hendrix), and Professor Longhair's "Big Chief". He started to play guitar at 15. Soon he started entering talent contests at local clubs. It was at one of those clubs where he met his idol Guitar Slim. Earl started imitating Slim, his presence gave a big impact on his musical directions. In 1954, when Slim was injured in an automobile accident, Earl was deputized to continue Slim's band tour, representing himself as Slim. After succeeding in this role, he became a regular at the Dew Drop Inn. Earl is considered to be one of the most important figures in New Orleans R&B music. (complications of diabetes in New Orleans) - Born March 17, 1934.

in 2004 - Kurt Cobain's Mark IV-style Mosrite Gospel guitar sold for $100,000 at the Icons of 20th Century Music auction held in Dallas, Texas. Other items sold included Elton John and Bernie Taupin's song writing piano which sold for $140,000 and a 1966 Rickenbacker guitar owned by The Byrds Roger McGuinn's sold for $99,000.

in 2007 - Bryan Ferry was forced to make an apology after praising Nazi iconography in a German magazine. Talking to Welt am Sonntag, he said the Nazis "knew how to put themselves in the limelight and present themselves...I'm talking about the films of Leni Riefenstahl and the buildings of Albert Speer and the mass marches and the flags. Just amazing - really beautiful." British MPs asked shoppers to think twice about shopping in Marks and Spencer asking for Ferry to be dropped as the face of the M&S Autograph menswear collection. Ferry said he was "deeply upset" by the publicity surrounding the interview.

in 2008 - Danny Federici dies at age 58. American musician; life long friend and over 40 years as keyboardist with Bruce Springsteen in bands Child, Steel Mill and The E Street Band. Danny started to play accordion when he was seven years old, and was soon playing at parties, clubs and on radio. He attended Hunterdon Central High School in New Jersey, when he, along with Vini Lopez started the band, Child at the end of the '60s, with Bruce Springsteen their chosen singer a friendship and working friendship that lastrd throughout his life. During the '90s, Tony recorded a solo album of jazz instrumentals called Flemington, re-worked and re-issued as Danny Federici on in 2001. This was followed up with a smooth jazz album Sweet in 2004, was also re-issued as Out of a Dream in 2005. Danny performed on other artist's records as well, including those of Graham Parker, Joan Armatrading, Gary U.S. Bonds and Garland Jeffreys. He made his last appearence on March 20, 2008, for portions of a Springsteen and E Street Band performance in Indianapolis at Conseco Fieldhouse (melanoma).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kNENLay02b8"]YouTube - Danny Federici solo - Kitty's Back" target="_blank">YouTube - Danny Federici solo - Kitty's Back[/ame]
in 2009 - Morrissey walked off stage during his set at the Coachella festival in California after declaring he could "smell burning flesh". The committed vegetarian took offence to the smell coming from nearby barbecues. Sir Paul McCartney, The Killers and The Cure also appeared at the event.

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in 1605 - Giacomo Carissimi, important Italian composer and teacher, is baptized at Marino, near Rome. He was a singer and organist at Tivoli Cathedral (1623-27). Following a sojourn in Assisi (1628-29), he settled in Rome and became maestro di cappella at the Jesuit Collegio Germanico in 1629. He also was active at the collegiate church of S. Apollinare. In 1637 he became a priest. He was made maestro di cappella del concerto di camera to the exiled Queen Christina of Sweden in 1656. Carissimi was a distinguished composer of oratorios, motets, and cantatas, and his works reveal his mastery of concertato writing. His MSS were lost after the Jesuit order was dissolved in 1773 but his output is known to have included 14 oratorios, among them Baltazar, Jephte, Jonas, and Judicium. His motets were published in three volumes (Cologne, 1665-66). L. Bianchi et al. edited his complete works (1951-73). Carissini was the author of the treatise Ars cantandi (Italian original not extant; German tr., Augsburg, 1692). - Died at Rome, Jan. 12, 1674.

in 1710 - Pierre de La Barre, composer, dies at 75.
in 1729 - Gaetano B Vestris, Italian/French ballet dancer is born.
in 1759 - Jacques-Christian-Michel Widerkehr, composer is born.
in 1764 - Bernhard Anselm Weber, pianist/conductor/composer is born.
in 1777 - Ignac Ruzitska, composer is born.

in 1777 - Ludwig Berger, German composer, pianist, and teacher, is born at Berlin. He studied flute and piano. He went to Berlin in 1799, where he received instruction in harmony and counterpoint with Gurrlich. In 1804 he went to Russia, but fled in the face of Napoleon's invasion in 1812. In 1815 he returned to Berlin and was active mainly as a teacher, numbering among his students Mendelssohn, Henselt, and Taubert. He wrote a Piano Concerto, seven piano sonatas, songs, and numerous piano works. - Died at Berlin, Feb. 16, 1839.

in 1786 - Franz Xaver Schnyder von Wartensee, composer is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQS5GoiIRgk"]YouTube - Franz Xaver Schnyder von Wartensee - Ouverture in C-minor" target="_blank">YouTube - Franz Xaver Schnyder von Wartensee - Ouverture in C-minor[/ame]
in 1800 - John Evangelist Schreiber, composer, dies at 84.
in 1806 - Ludwig Schuberth, composer is born.
in 1819 - Franz von Suppe, Spalato Dalmatia, composer (Light Cavalry Over) is born.
in 1824 - Edward Jones, composer, dies at 72.
in 1830 - Jose Mauricio Nunes Garcia, composer, dies at 62.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4XMnzSEo4ko"]YouTube - José Maurício Nunes Garcia - Te Christe solum novimus 1800" target="_blank">YouTube - José Maurício Nunes Garcia - Te Christe solum novimus 1800[/ame]
in 1839 - Frantz Jehin-Prume, composer is born.

in 1845 - Wilhelm Gericke, noted Austrian conductor, is born at Schwanberg. He studied with Dessoff at the Vienna Conservatory (1862-65). After a number of engagements as guest conductor in provincial theaters, he became conductor of the municipal theater in Linz. In 1874 he joined the staff of the Vienna Court Opera as an asst. conductor. In 1880 he took charge of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde concerts, and also led the Singverein. From 1884 to 1889 he was conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Returning to Vienna, he once again served as conductor of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde concerts (1890-95). He was called again to America in 1898 to lead the Boston Symphony Orchestra conducting its concerts until 1906; then returned to Vienna. Gericke did much to make it a fine ensemble, for he was a remarkably able conductor and a highly efficient drillmaster. - Died at Vienna, Oct. 27, 1925.

in 1854 - Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner, composer, dies at 84.
in 1855 - Josef Gruber, composer is born.
in 1861 - Heinrich August Neithardt, composer, dies at 67.
in 1863 - Felix Blumenfeld, composer is born.
in 1873 - Jean Roger-Ducasse, composer is born.

in 1878 - Maude Fay, American soprano, is born in San Francisco. She studied in Dresden, and became a member of the Munich Opera (1906-14). She also appeared at Covent Garden in London in 1910, and with the Beecham Opera Co. in 1914. After the outbreak of World War I, she returned to America. She sang with the Metropolitan Opera in 1916, and also appeared with the Chicago Opera Co. She was particularly distinguished in Wagnerian roles. - Died at San Francisco, Oct. 7, 1964.

in 1881 - Hermann KJ Zilcher, German pianist/composer (Dr Eisenbart) is born.
in 1882 - British-born, naturalised American conductor Leopold Stokowski is born in London.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8QVKU_izuRY"]YouTube - Leopold Stokowski conducts Tchaikovsky (vaimusic.com)" target="_blank">YouTube - Leopold Stokowski conducts Tchaikovsky (vaimusic.com)[/ame]
in 1883 - Agnes Tyrrell, composer, dies at 36.

in 1888 - Frida Leider, outstanding German soprano, is born at Berlin. She was a student of Otto Schwarz in Berlin before completing her training in Milan. She made her operatic debut in Halle in 1915 as Venus in Tannhauser; then sang at Rostock (1916-18), Konigsberg (1918-19), and Hamburg (191923). She was engaged by the Berlin State Opera in 1923, and remained on its roster until 1940; was also highly successful in Wagnerian roles at London's Covent Garden (1924-38) and at the Bayreuth Festivals (1928-38).

In 1928 she made her American debut at the Chicago Civic Opera as Briinnhilde in Die Walkiire, and continued to appear there until 1932; then made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y. on Jan. 16, 1933, as Isolde. In 1934 she returned to Germany; she encountered difficulties because her husband, Rudolf Deman, concertmaster of the Berlin State Opera Orchestra, was Jewish. She was confronted by the Nazis with the demand to divorce him, but refused; he succeeded in going to Switzerland.

After the collapse of the Nazi regime (1945), she maintained a vocal studio at the (East) Berlin State Opera until 1952; also taught at the (West) Berlin Hochschule fur Musik from 1948 to 1958. She published a memoir, Das war mein Teil, Erinnerungen einer Opernsiingerin (Berlin, 1959; Eng. tr., N.Y., 1966 as Playing My Part). In addition to her celebrated portrayals of Isolde and Brunnhilde, Leider also was acclaimed for her roles of Venus, Senta, Kundry, and the Marschallin. She also was greatly renowned as a concert artist. - Died at Berlin June 4, 1975.

in 1896 - Alois Melichar, Austrian music critic and composer, is born at Vienna. He studied theory at the Vienna Academy of Music with Joseph Marx (1917-20) and at the Hochschule fur Musik in Berlin with Schreker (1920-23). From 1923 to 1926 he was in the Caucasus, where he collected materials on Caucasian folk songs; then lived in Berlin and Vienna. As a composer, he followed the safe footpath of Reger, Pfitzner, and Graener; he wrote a symphonic poem, Der Dom (1934); Rhapsodie iiber ein schwedisches Volkslied (1939); Lustspiel- Ouverture (1942); lieder; film music. As a music critic, he acquired notoriety by his intemperate attacks on better composers than himself. His publications, written in his virulent, polemical manner, include Die unteilbare Musik (Vienna, 1952), Musik in der Zwangsjacke (Vienna, 1958), and (particularly vicious) Schonberg und die Folgen (Vienna, 1960). - Died at Munich, April 9, 1976.

in 1899 - Zdenek Chalabala, noted Czech conductor, is born at Uherske Hradiste. He studied composition with Novak in Prague, then took courses in violin, conducting, and composition at the Brno Conservatory, where his principal teachers were Janacek and Neumann. He was conductor of the Slovak Philharmonic in Brno (1924-25), the National Theater in Brno (1925-29), where he served as music director (1929-36), and the Prague National Theater (1936-45), and chief conductor of the Ostrava Opera (1945-49), the Brno National Theater (1949-52), and the Slovak National Theater in Bratislava (1952-53). In 1953 he returned to the Prague National Theater as chief conductor, a post he held with distinction until his death. - Died at Prague, March 4, 1962.

in 1903 - Yury Sergeyevich Milyutin, composer is born.

in 1907 - Miklos Rozsa, brilliant Hungarian-American composer, is born at Budapest. He studied violin in childhood with Lajos Berkovits. After training at the Leipzig Conservatory with Straube and Grabner, he went to Paris in 1931 and established himself as a composer. In 1935 he went to London. In 1940 he emigrated to the U.S., and settled in Hollywood; was on the staff of MGM (1948-62); also taught at the University of Southern Calif, in Los Angeles (1945-65). His autobiography was published as Double Life (London, 1982). His orchestra and chamber music is cast in the advanced modern idiom in vogue in Europe between the 2 world wars; neo-Classical in general content, it is strong in polyphony and incisive rhythm;for his film music, he employs a more Romantic and diffuse style, relying on a Wagnerian type of grandiloquence. He won Oscars for his film scores to Spellbound (1945), A Double Life (1947), and Ben-Hur (1959). - Died at Los Angeles, July 27,1995.

in 1910 - Sylvia (Gwendoline Victoria) Fisher, admired Australian soprano, is born at Melbourne. She was a student of Adolf Spivakovsky at the Melbourne Conservatory. In 1932 she made her operatic debut as Hermione in Lully's Cadmus et Hermione in Melbourne. After settling in London, she made her first appearance at Covent Garden as Beethoven's Leonore in 1949; subsequently she was a leading dramatic soprano there until 1958, excelling particularly as Sieglinde, the Marschallin, and Kostelnicka in femlfa. In 1958 she sang at the Chicago Lyric Opera. She was a member of the English Opera Group in London (1963-71), and also sang there with the Sadler's Wells (later the English National) Opera. She created the role of Miss Wingrave in Britten's Owen Wingrave (BBC-TV, London, May 16, 1971), and was notably successful as Elizabeth I in his Gloriana. - Died at Melbourne, 1996.

in 1913 - Kent Wheeler Kennan, composer is born.
in 1918 - Tony Mottola, Kearney NJ, guitarist/host (Melody Street) is born.

in 1922 – Lord Kitchener is born. Nicknamed “The Grand Master of Calypso,” Lord Kitchener popularised the native musical styles of Trinidad. Though he suffered with a lifelong speech impediment, his singing was unaffected. Trained originally as a blacksmith, he was taught to play guitar by his father and began making waves locally beginning in 1938, before his fame increased upon moving to Trinidad’s capital, Port of Spain, in 1942, where he joined a group called The Roving Brigade. Taking the stage name Lord Kitchener (after British field marshal and war secretary, Lord Horatio Kitchener), he had his first hit in 1944 with ‘Green Fig’.

With trademark suit and fedora, he gained international prominence after touring England in 1947; garnering a large British following, he often booked several nightclub gigs in London on a single night. While in England, he recorded a number of singles with Cyril Blake’s Calypso Serenaders, including the standard, ‘Nora’ (1950). After opening his own Manchester nightclub in 1958, he toured the US for the first time. Returning to Trinidad in 1963, Kitchener reinvigorated the calypso scene by infusing modern soul into the music to create the soca genre. In 1978, Kitchener landed a British hit with ‘Sugar Bum Bum’.

Diagnosed with cancer a year before his death, he retired from the industry. Suffering from bone marrow cancer, he succumbed to a general infection and kidney failure. He died at The Medical Science Center at Port of Spain, Trinidad, February 11, 2000.

in 1924 - Buxton Daeblite Orr, composer is born.
in 1924 - Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, Vinton La, blues singer (Mary is Fine) is born.
in 1925 - Robert Caldwell Crawford, composer is born.
in 1928 - Henryk Melcer-Szczawinski, composer, dies at 58.

in 1936 - Ottorino Respighi, eminent Italian composer and teacher, dies at Rome, age 56. He studied violin with F. Sarti and composition with L. Torchi and G. Martucci at Bologna's Liceo Musicale (1891-1900). In 1900 he went to Russia, and played 1st viola in the orchestra of the Imperial Opera in St. Petersburg; there he took lessons with Rimsky- Korsakov, which proved a decisive influence in Respighi's coloristic orchestration. From 1903 to 1908 he was active as a concert violinist; also played the viola in the Mugellini Quartet of Bologna. In 1913 he was engaged as a professor of composition at Rome's Liceo (later Conservatorio) di Santa Cecilia; in 1924, was appointed its director, but resigned in 1926, retaining only a class in advanced composition; subsequently devoted himself to composing and conducting. He was elected a member of the Italian Royal Academy on March 23, 1932.

In 1925-26 and again in 1932 he made tours of the U.S. as a pianist and a conductor. Respighi's style of composition is a highly successful blend of songful melodies with full and rich harmonies; he was one of the best masters of modern Italian music in orchestration. His power of evocation of the Italian scene and his ability to sustain interest without prolixity is incontestable.

Although he wrote several operas, he achieved his greatest success with 2 symphonic poems, Lefontane di Roma and I pini di Roma, each consisting of 4 tone paintings of the Roman landscape; a great innovation for the time was the insertion of a phonograph recording of a nightingale into the score of I pini di Roma. His wife, Elsa Olivieri Sangiacomo Respighi (b. Rome, March 24, 1894), was his pupil; she wrote a fairy opera, Fior di neve; the symphonic poem Serenata di maschere; and numerous songs; was also a concert singer. She published a biography of her husband. - Born at Bologna, July 9,1879.

in 1936 - Seaborn M Denson, composer, dies at 82.
in 1938 - Richard Runciman Terry, musicologist, dies.

in 1938 - Hal (actually, Harold) Galper, jazz pianist, is born at Salem, Mass. He studied with Margaret Chaloff and Ray Santisi; his primary influences were McCoy Tyner and Oscar Peterson. He became house pianist at such Boston venues as Herb Pomeroy's club, the Stables, and Connelly's, playing with Johnny Hodges, Roy Eldridge, James Moody, Art Blakey, Sam Rivers, and the Bobby Hutcherson-Harold Land Quintet.

He considered himself a free-jazz performer, and moved to Paris in 1960, hoping to find more success. After two discouraging months, he returned to Boston and gave up performing for two years. He sat in with Chet Baker at the Jazz Workshop in Boston and was hired to tour and record. During a residency in N.Y., he left Baker and returned to New England (1966) to play in the house band at Lenny's on the Turnpike; Phil Woods was a guest soloist there. In 1967, Galper went back to N.Y., playing with Woods, Donald Byrd, Stan Getz, Chuck Mangione, Joe Henderson, and Al Cohn and Zoot Sims; he recorded three albums as a leader.

In 1973, he replaced George Duke in Cannonball Adderley's group, touring almost continuously until he left in 1975. Having decided to concentrate on acoustic piano, he wheeled his Fender Rhodes to a dock on N.Y.'s Hudson River and threw it in. For the next year and a half, he played in a quintet with Randy and Michael Brecker, Wayne Dockery, and Billy Hart, culminating in an appearance at the 1978 Berlin Jazz Festival. He returned to work as a sideman, with Lee Konitz, Nat Adderley, John Scofield, and Slide Hampton. After sitting in with the Phil Woods Quartet in N.Y. (September 1979), he began a lO-year stint with Woods as pianist, composer, and arranger.

He left Woods in August 1990 to tour and record with his own trio. He spends six months out of a year on the road; his trio in the late 1990s included drummer Steve Ellington and bassist JeffJohnson. He has taught at N.Y.'s New School for Social Research and various jazz camps, and has been a guest lecturer and clinician at over 100 colleges and universities and at IAJE conferences in 1990-91, 1994, and 1996. His recordings have won several awards; he has over 100 compositions recorded, and has received numerous grants from public and private endowments.

in 1944 - Cecile Chamindale, composer, dies.
in 1944 - Rudy Shackelford, composer is born.
in 1946 - Lenny Baker, rocker (Sha Na Na) is born.
in 1946 - Harvey Kagan, rocker is born.
in 1946 - Anne Boyd, composer is born.

in 1946 - Keith (Lamont) Copeland, jazz drummer, son of Ray Copeland, is born at N.Y. A protege of Alan Dawson, Copeland has developed his own drum method and taught at Berklee himself from 1975-78. He played with Johnny Griffin, The Heath Brothers (1978-79), Sam Jones (recording 1979), Charlie Rouse, and Kenny Barron. He toured with Billy Taylor for most of the 1980s. In 1993 he accepted a full-time performing and teaching position in Cologne, Germany. He is a hard swinging player and truly inspired teacher.

in 1946 – AlexanderSkip’ Spence is born. A member of two pioneering psychedelic era, San Francisco groups – The Jefferson Airplane and Moby Grape – Skip Spence suffered a debilitating, drug-induced fate similar to that of Pink Floyd’s Syd Barrett. A native of Windsor, Ontario, Canada, Spence was reared in a musical household, his father a professional jazz musician who relocated the family several times. After completing a navy stint in 1965, Spence settled in the San Francisco Bay Area where he was drawn to the bohemian folk music community in Sausalito. While practising with the newly formed, pioneering acid-rock band Quicksilver Messenger Service, Spence was asked by Marty Balin to join Jefferson Airplane as the replacement for the short-lived original member Jerry Peloquin. Although primarily a guitarist, Spence was hired as the group’s drummer.

Eventually fronted by a former model Grace Slick, The Jefferson Airplane released their much ignored début album in 1966, Jefferson Airplane Takes Off, which included four Spence compositions. Quitting Jefferson Airplane over artistic differences, Spence reverted to the guitar. Spence subsequently formed Moby Grape, a leaderless, blues-psychedelic quintet which included guitarist Peter Lewis (son of actress Loretta Young).

Musically more sophisticated than their San Francisco contemporaries, Moby Grape was courted by a dozen labels. Signing with Columbia Records, the group issued the heralded album Moby Grape, which was highlighted by ‘8:05’ and the Spence-composed hit single, ‘Omaha’. Although poised for stardom, Moby Grape was torpedoed by poor management, heavy drug use, frequent arrests, and poor marketing by their record label which among other blunders simultaneously released five singles from the album on the same day.
After a solid year on the road, Moby Grape began recording their second album, Wow; but with Spence’s mind destroyed by a recent LSD binge, he tried to attack a bandmate with an axe during the sessions; subsequently institutionalised, Spence was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. Upon his release, Spence briefly pursued a solo career. Playing all the instruments and writing all the songs, he released a dark, introspective solo album, Oar, which has since become a cult favourite. Spence subsequently aided a San Jose bar band, Pud, which later evolved into The Doobie Brothers. Institutionalised for many of his latter years, Spence subsisted on welfare and panhandling, and often lived on the streets.

Recorded shortly before his death, the tribute album, More Oar, featuring Beck, Robert Plant, and others, was released. Spence was not a part of any of the latter incarnations of The Jefferson Airplane/Starship. Admitted to the Dominican Hospital in Santa Cruz, California, for a bout of pneumonia, his conditioned worsened. The official cause of death was listed as lung cancer. - Died April 16, 1999.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oQUzUT9r5Es"]YouTube - Catherine Malfitano - Tosca - Vissi d'arte" target="_blank">YouTube - Catherine Malfitano - Tosca - Vissi d'arte[/ame]
in 1948 - Catherine Malfitano, admired American soprano, is born at N.Y. She received early training at home from her father, a violinist in the Metropolitan Opera orchestra, and then continued her studies at the Manhattan School of Music (B.A., 1971). In 1972 she made her professional operatic debut as Verdi's Nannetta with the Denver Central City Opera, and then appeared with the Minnesota Opera (1972-73). She made her European debut as Mozart's Susanna at the Holland Festival in 1974. On Sept. 7,1974, she made her debut at the N.Y.C. Opera as Mimi, and remained on its roster until 1979.

After making her debut at the Lyric Opera in Chicago as Mozart's Susanna in 1975, she sang that role at her Covent Garden debut in London and his Servilia at her Salzburg Festival debut in 1976. She made her first appearance at the Metropolitan Opera in N.Y. as Gretel on Dec. 24,1979, returning there in subsequent years in such roles as Violetta, Juliette, Micaela, and Massenet's Manon. She made her debut at the Vienna State Opera as Violetta in 1982.

Following appearances as Berg's Lulu in Munich in 1985 and as Cio- Cio-San at the Berlin Deutsche Oper in 1987, she made her debut at Milan's La Scala as Daphne in 1988. In 1993 she won acclaim as Salome in Salzburg. In 1995 she made her first appearance at the San Francisco Opera as Cio-Cio- San and won accolades as Janacek's Emilia Marty at the Lyric Opera in Chicago. Her outstanding portrayal of Salome at the Metropolitan Opera in 1996 was one of the highlights of the season. In 1998 she was engaged to sing Weill's Jenny in Salzburg and Tosca at the Netherlands Opera in Amsterdam. She sang Kat'a Kabanova at the Metropolitan Opera in 1999.

in 1950 - Vincent Plush, remarkable Australian composer, is born at Adelaide. He studied piano, organ, and voice before embarking on regular courses at the University of Adelaide (B.M., 1971), where his principal instructors in composition were Andrew McCredie and Richard Meale. From 1973 to 1980 he taught at the New South Wales State Conservatorium of Music in Sydney. In 1976 he founded the Seymour Group, an ensemble devoted to the performance of contemporary music.

In 1981 he joined the staff of the Australian Broadcasting Commission (A.B.C.) in Sydney. From his earliest independent activities as a lecturer, radio commentator, and conductor, Plush dedicated his efforts to the promotion of Australian music. Thanks to a generous Harkness fellowship, he was able to spend a couple of years at Yale University, conducting interviews with a number of American composers for its Oral History Project; also worked at the University of Minn. (1981), and participated in an Australian Arts Festival in Minneapolis (1982).

He then spent a year at the Center for Music Experiment and the Computer Music Facility at the University of Calif, at San Diego. Returning to Australia in 1983, he became composer-in-residence for the A.B.C, where he inaugurated a series of radio broadcasts pointedly entitled "Mainstreet U.S.A.," dedicated to new American music. A firm believer in the authentic quality of Australian folk music, he organized in Sydney the whimsically named ensemble Magpipe Musicians, which gave performances of native music in schools and art galleries, on the radio, in the concert hall, at country festivals, citizenship ceremonies, railway openings, and suchlike events, public and private.

Their programs were deliberately explorative, aggressive, and exhortatory, propagandistic of new ideas, often with a decided revolutionary trend. The titles of Plush's own works often pay tribute to revolutionary or heroic events, e.g., On Shooting Stars—Homage to Victor Jar a (a Chilean folksinger murdered by the fascistic Chilean police), Bakery Hill Rising (memorializing the suppression of the rebellion of Australian gold miners in 1854), Gallipoli Sunrise (commemorating the sacrificial attempt at capturing the Gallipoli Straits in World War I, during which thousands of Australians perished), and The Ludlow Lullabies (recalling the brutal attack on striking coal miners in the region of Ludlow, Colo., in 1914). The musical setting of each of these works varies from astutely homophonic to acutely polyphonic, according to the requirements of the subject.

in 1950 - Bill Sudderth III, trumpeteer (Atlantic Star-Touch 4 Leaf Clover) is born.
in 1952 - Jim Scholten, Midland Mich, country singer (Betty's Bein' Bad) is born.

in 1953 - Frankie Laine was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'I Believe.' The single stayed at No.1 for nine weeks. Laine holds the record for most (non-consecutive) weeks at No.1 than any other single in three chart runs with a total of 18 weeks.

in 1954 - Kim Stone, bassist (Spyro Gyra-Morning Dance) is born.
in 1956 - Elvis Presley played 2 shows at the Fairgrounds Pavilion in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
in 1958 - Lee Pattinson, rock bassist (Echo and Bunnymen-Heaven Up Here) is born.
in 1960 - Ocl Sweda, rocker (Bulletboys) is born.
in 1961 - Kelly Hansen, heavy metal rocker (Hurricane-I'm on to You) is born.
in 1962 - Shirlie Hollman, rocker (Pepsi and Shirley-All Right Now) is born.
in 1964 - Albe Vidakovic, composer, dies at 49.

18 APRIL
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