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Old March 13th, 2018, 04:19 AM   #1

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About the "Chup sha, Hari Singh Raghlay"


About the "Chup sha, Hari Singh Raghlay"
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Old March 13th, 2018, 05:24 AM   #2

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"Peshawar was a quagmire for Runjeet Singh, but to give it up would be to admit defeat, in return for which the Sikhs had lost many able men and expended a great deal of money. It was the classic dilemma faced by those that occupy Afghan territory. Runjeet Singh himself called Peshawar a necklace of knives hung around my throat by Hari Singh. " ["Afghanistan in the Age of Empires: the great game for South and Central Asia" by Farrukh Husain]

Hari Singh Nalwa underestimated Pashtuns and died prematurely because of that ;

"There was to be no escape for this jingoistic old fire breather, harried by the Afghans he would now meet his doom. Hari Singh fell in a ball of smoke as he was blasted by Mohammed Afzal Khan, from an Afghan swivel cannon mounted atop a camel . Hari Singh died as violently as he had lived, in the land of his Afghan opponents, near a watch tower.

In 1834 before occupying Peshawar, Hari Singh had openly voiced “his contempt for Afghans and did not conceal his design to carry Sikh arms beyond Peshawar” and now he paid the price for his misjudgement and ironically fulfilled his wishes and carried his arms just beyond what was at that time Peshawar City, before being blasted to death.

“Hari Singh was possessed of great personal intrepidity, but, whether from want of judgement or from undervaluing his foes, had frequently been placed in critical situations, and at length fell a victim to his temerity. He held the Afghans in bitter contempt, ever affirming that they were dogs and cowards, and that he knew them well."
["Afghanistan in the Age of Empires: the great game for South and Central Asia" by Farrukh Husain]

The battle of Jamrud was Hari Singh's first encounter with a regular army equipped with artillery. Before that he had beaten ill-equipped, untrained and indisciplined Pashtun villagers of plain areas possessing no artillery, with his well-disciplined European-trained army with Napoleonic officers.... not-so-impressive Kabul army managed to rout Hari Singh who is claimed as "top ten conquerors" by Sikhs....

Even the war against ill-equipped, untrained and indisciplined Pashtun villagers was no easy task for him. In 1824 a small band of Mashwani and Said Khani Pashtuns defeated him and he barely survived. From Hazara Gazetteer, 1907 ;

"In 1824 A.D Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa, the famous general of Ranjeet Singh, decided to chastise Muhammad Khan Tarin and a number of other recalcitrant chiefs who had taken refuge at Gandgar hills. In 1822 the Sikhs, after winning a hard-fought battle at Sari at the base of range, had been defeated in an endeavor to reduce Srikot, the village of Mashwani Afghans. They now in 1824, again made the attempt , and again failed. At Nara which stands at the mouth of a path leading up to Srikot, the Mashwanis and Saidkhani Utmanzais made a gallant stand, repulsed the Sikh force , which was 8,000 strong and sent it back to Haripur with a loss of 500 men. Hari Singh himself was struck down by a stone hurled from the walls of the village , and rolled into the ravine below , where he lay for a long time senseless and undiscovered. It was reported , indeed , that he was dead, but in short time , having recovered from his wounds, he confuted the rumour by surprising the village of Bagra, where number of rebels had collected , and putting to the sword every armed man that he found there."

Last edited by Azad67; March 13th, 2018 at 05:28 AM.
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Old March 13th, 2018, 11:48 AM   #3
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Was it Hari Singh or Ranjit Singh who committed mass atrocities on Afghan men and women? One of those guys sold Afghan women for a coin a piece, taking the best ones for his own harem. I forget which one it was.
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