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Old June 13th, 2018, 08:17 PM   #1
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Old gods of South East Asia

So what gods did the people of South East Asia worship before the arrival of Buddhism? Like for example in Vietnam, Thailand or Burma?
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Old June 14th, 2018, 10:31 AM   #2
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The Thais worshiped Hindu deities before Buddhism arrived I think. For sure, they do worship Shiva. I think they worshiped Brahma originally but the arrival of Buddhism caused the development of Brahma into the Four Faced Buddha.

This may help. https://www.sirinyas-thailand.de/201...-thai-culture/
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Old June 14th, 2018, 01:46 PM   #3

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I believe animism was the main form of native religion before Buddhism or Hindusim. Worship of nature spirits, holy places, ancestors, totem animals, etc. In Thailand they used the word phi to refer to spirits. This kind of thing usually varies from tribe to tribe or region to region so it's impossible to discus southeast Asia in general terms. I think snakes were very popular holy animals too, even before Indians brought legends of nagas.
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Old June 14th, 2018, 08:20 PM   #4
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Would the Burmese and the Vietnamese have had a similar system pre Buddhism?
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Old June 15th, 2018, 11:44 AM   #5

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Here are some links that might help



Last edited by stevapalooza; June 15th, 2018 at 11:47 AM.
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Old June 15th, 2018, 12:08 PM   #6

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If it helps, the earliest people in today's Vietnam, Thailand & Myanmar were likely a mix of AustroAsiatic (i.e. Mon & Khmer) & Austronesian people. Of course there was the Australoid who were there even earlier but eventually became mostly numerically overwhelmed & assimilated.

The Mon are now reduced to a small minority in today's Myanmar. The Khmer still remain as the majority in today's Cambodia. The Austronesian Cham used to hv a kingdom in today's central Vietnam, even until 17th century, but were eventually displaced by the Viet/Yuen.

The T'ai only appeared in SEA around 11th century, but by 13th century they had managed to make today's 'Thailand' their own place, defeating & assimilating both the Mon & Khmer who were there earlier.

Paganism/animism was probably the practice before the arrival of Hinduism in earliest decades of the Christian era, and subsequently Buddhism some centuries later. Folks believed in spirits which they reckoned inhabited the bodies of animals, also plants & trees, even objects of nature like rivers, hills, mountains etc.

Remnant elements of this paganism/animism survived for quite long, mixed with later elements of Hinduism-Buddhism, I reckon.. My aunt was still telling me when I was a kid that it's not good to spill rice when eating it, becos the spirit of the rice wud be crying becos it was not eaten. I did not understand it so much that time, but I tried my best to not spill my rice nonetheless LOL.

My uncle also had my aunt take me to a shaman who lived by the sea about 10 miles (16 km) from our place once in a while. And he wud gv me a bath with well water that he had chanted verses to, and also gave a jar of it for us to take back for me to drink, purportedly to enhance my learning ability. It had that funny taste, becos the well was so close to the sea. He also gave me a black thread to wear, one around my wrist & the other around my waist, as a kind of talisman, I guess.

Last edited by Dreamhunter; June 15th, 2018 at 12:26 PM.
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Old June 16th, 2018, 09:05 PM   #7
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Vietnamese were under Chinese rule before arrival of Buddhism. How much was Daoist and Confucian influence there?
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