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Old November 3rd, 2011, 11:26 PM   #1

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Did ancient india have female as rulers? female king, or femal regent?


just like the topic.

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Old November 4th, 2011, 07:07 AM   #2

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Cleophis : Led the Assakenoi Kambojas against Alexander. The Kambojas (my tribe ) were right at the boundary of the Iranian and Indian worlds and are referred to as Indo-Iranians.

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Old November 4th, 2011, 01:00 PM   #3

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`In 'Warrior Women, A History' David E.Jones writes:

Two hundred years before Alexander's attack on India, Queen Nayanika was ruler and military commander of the Satavanhana Empire of the Deccan region (south-central India).

In 300 BC, Princess Kumaradevi married Prince Chandragupta, and they ruled their two kingdoms as co-regents.

Queen Orrisa assumed regency when her son died in the late ninth century and immediately involved herself in military adventuring. Queen Kurmadevi of Mevad commanded her armies on the battlefield in the late twelfth century. Queen Didday of Kashmir ruled as full sovereign for twenty-two years, and Queen Jawahirabi fought and died at the head of her army.

South in Sri Lanka, Queen Sugula led her armies against the southern king, her nephew. When pressed by the royal forces, she guided her forces into the mountains, where she built a number of forst. Sugula held out against the king's army for ten years and is remembered in Srik Lankan history as "Sugula the rebel queen fearless".

In the thirteenth century, Sultana Raziyya ruled in Delhi. A Persin historian who met her wrote "Sultan Raziyya was a great sovereign, and sagacious, just, beneficient, the patron of learned, a dispenser of justice, the cherisher of her subjects, and of warlike talent. When her father named her as his successor just before his death, rioting broke out in the city. Raziyya saw to the quelling of the riots, personally riding as a solider to pacify her city. She tamed the potentially disruptive bureaucrats and nobles by creating and dispersing a variety of impressive-sounding royal appointments.

As she solidified her power, she dressed like a man, wearing a turban, trousers, coat, and sword and she appeared in public unveiled. The sultana believed this mascuilne image would strengthen her control of her empire. Both she and her husband died in battle in 1240 while leading her troops in a bid to suppress another rebellion.
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Old November 5th, 2011, 01:02 AM   #4
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Quite a few, actually... Some off the top of my mind are

Ahilyabai_Holkar Ahilyabai_Holkar
of Malwa, who ruled in the 18th century, and
Rani_Mangammal Rani_Mangammal
of the Madurai Nayak kingdom at the end of the 17th century. Strictly speaking this is medieval-to-modern India, but still...

There were older ones too;
Rani_Rudrama_Devi Rani_Rudrama_Devi
of the Kakatiyas, for example.

But for the most part, even the most powerful women were not ruling queens in their own right. Almost all the ones listed were regents for their sons or nephews, who took power after their husbands died...
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