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Old October 1st, 2013, 10:33 AM   #1

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Why did the British leave India??


Even though they could still exploit Indian people and resources, still why did this thing happen ??
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Old October 1st, 2013, 11:19 AM   #2

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[ame=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Indian_Navy_Mutiny]Royal Indian Navy mutiny - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia[/ame]


[ame=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Air_Force_mutiny]Royal Air Force mutiny - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia[/ame]


These ^ signaled the British that they no longer can totally rely on armed forces, which was their principal apparatus in ruling India. So they left while they could leave unscythed. Smart move.

Coming of Labor government in Britain also played a vital role.
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Old October 1st, 2013, 08:19 PM   #3

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After World War II, it had simply become to expensive for Britain to retain India. The place was too discontented and the British could not dispel the discontent since International pressure was on them to grant India Freedom. Britain could hardly carry out the sort of Massacres the EIC had carried out to get the pop back in line, not with the world watching.

Plus, many British no longer believed England had a "right" to rule the world, perhaps because of the recent war with Nazi Imperialism, and so british opinion was also in favor of India being granted freedom.
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Old October 1st, 2013, 09:58 PM   #4

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I think the Indians decided they didn't want British rule any more. And colonialism was starting to go out of fashion.
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Old October 2nd, 2013, 12:05 AM   #5

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Three major factors were.

Prior to the 20th century the Empire was a huge source of income, by the 20th century it was a huge loss getting rid of it was pragmatic.

Far from the national royals of the 19th century with poor understanding of the world. India had developed a coherent & educated independence movement that understood modern politics and the media, and most importantly the politics of Britain and the importance of making allies in Britain and utilising the media to gain popular support.

In Britain the political climate had changed and people no-longer believed in imperialism. On Gandhi's visit to Britain he receive massive public support among the poorer British and labour movements, who opposed imperialism and saw solidarity with poor Indians. This as mentioned above culminated in the Airforce mutiny.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sLYIEajnqnI"]Gandhi visits the poor people of England in 1931 - Gandhi Video Footage - YouTube[/ame]

Last edited by Toltec; October 2nd, 2013 at 12:17 AM.
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Old October 2nd, 2013, 05:49 AM   #6

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Toltec View Post
Three major factors were.


In Britain the political climate had changed and people no-longer believed in imperialism. On Gandhi's visit to Britain he receive massive public support among the poorer British and labour movements, who opposed imperialism and saw solidarity with poor Indians. This as mentioned above culminated in the Airforce mutiny.

Gandhi visits the poor people of England in 1931 - Gandhi Video Footage - YouTube
Now this one was not expected by me. I mean I could never understand why Gandhi was popular in UK.
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Old October 3rd, 2013, 12:47 AM   #7

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Sounds like the British timed their departure just right. Were there also Indians opposed to complete independence?
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Old October 3rd, 2013, 01:36 AM   #8

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Modest Learner View Post
Now this one was not expected by me. I mean I could never understand why Gandhi was popular in UK.
If you look at it through a narrow nationalist perspective no, but people back then had notions of internationalism and solidarity.
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Old October 3rd, 2013, 02:02 AM   #9

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Toltec View Post
If you look at it through a narrow nationalist perspective no, but people back then had notions of internationalism and solidarity.
Plus the British had gotten too good at telling their own people that they had a right to freedom, democracy, self-determination, etc. It started to rankle with the British people when educated Indians started demonstrating the stark difference in values the British citizens got and Colonial citizens got. Indians didn't have democracy, the right to self-determination. But neither did they get the benefits of being British Citizens. The British by then no longer believed in the "White Man's Burden". And British Imperial policy started to become unpopular as British and other people (Americans in particular) started pointing out that Indians (and other colonial citizens) deserved to enjoy the same freedoms that the British Citizens enjoyed for them selves
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Old October 3rd, 2013, 02:31 AM   #10

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You have to remember context, Britain of Clive and Plassey etc is a very different place on so many levels to Britain in 1947.
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