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Old March 15th, 2014, 08:29 AM   #1
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Ming painting reveals how Ming infantrymen looked like


I found a Ming painting on Chinese internet sites. It is said that this scroll painting depicted the battles between the Ming army and the Wokou pirates. I think it provides us some valuable information about the armors and weapons used by the Ming infantrymen.
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Old March 15th, 2014, 08:32 AM   #2
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Ming infantrymen depicted in the painting, wearing brigandine armors, and armed with wooden pavise and hooked scorpion spears

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Old March 15th, 2014, 08:35 AM   #3
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Old March 15th, 2014, 08:40 AM   #4
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Ming infantrymen marching in the field, here again we can see hooked scorpion spears, and colorful banners

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Old March 15th, 2014, 08:42 AM   #5
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Ming cavalry

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Old March 15th, 2014, 08:49 AM   #6
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Here's an interesting detail. Many people assume that the Chinese armies dropped swords in favor of the saber during Han Dynasty. However, this Ming painting shows that some shield-bearers still carried a sword.

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Old March 15th, 2014, 08:55 AM   #7
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Another interesting detail. Here we see some Ming infantrymen carrying the Zhanmadao, the horse-chopping sabers.

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Old March 15th, 2014, 09:00 AM   #8
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Old March 15th, 2014, 10:57 AM   #9
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Quote:
Originally Posted by purakjelia View Post
Ming infantrymen depicted in the painting, wearing brigandine armors, and armed with wooden pavise and hooked scorpion spears

Click the image to open in full size.
Quote:
Originally Posted by purakjelia View Post
Here's an interesting detail. Many people assume that the Chinese armies dropped swords in favor of the saber during Han Dynasty. However, this Ming painting shows that some shield-bearers still carried a sword.

Click the image to open in full size.
I find these particularly amazing. We have heard of large Pavises since Han Dynasty, but this is the first time I actually see graphic evidence of regular soldiers using large shields.
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Old March 15th, 2014, 12:15 PM   #10
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Quote:
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I find these particularly amazing. We have heard of large Pavises since Han Dynasty, but this is the first time I actually see graphic evidence of regular soldiers using large shields.
Ancient Chinese soldiers had been using shields since the Warring States period.

The earliest type of Chinese shields from the Warring States to Han Dynasty were gourd-shaped shields like this one

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Then, during the Three Kingdoms and the Age of Fragmentation, larger shields began to appear

Clay figurines of the Tsin Dynasty (265 - 420 AD)

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Clay figurine of the Northern Qi Dynasty (550 - 577 AD)

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Pavise used by Song Dynasty (960 - 1279) infantrymen, recorded in the military manuscript Wujing Zongyao written during the 11th century

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Last edited by purakjelia; March 15th, 2014 at 12:34 PM.
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