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Judicial Administration in Ancient and Early Medieval India

Posted January 29th, 2017 at 02:58 PM by Bhrigu

We have some political treatises from early medieval period of India which throw some light on the administration of justice. For example, Sukraniti of Sukra talks extensively on law and jurisdiction and gives us a somewhat clear idea of how justice was administered in classical and early medieval India. Other examples are Somadeva, Kamandaka and rest of the works on Nitisastra. (Sukra is the principle source for this post)
The writers of the Nitisastras tell us about these kind of courts:...
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Akbar-Pratap Conflict

Posted January 29th, 2017 at 03:04 AM by Bhrigu
Updated January 29th, 2017 at 12:42 PM by Bhrigu

Battle of Haldighati:

I. Background:

In 1556, Akbar was crowned the emperor of the Mughal Empire. He was a great ruler, a wise and far-sighted statesman and adopted generous policies towards his enemies. His ambition was to conquer all the Subcontinent, and hence, he had to subjugate or integrate many smaller kingdoms and petty chieftains into his empire. The kingdom of Mewar was one of these smaller kingdoms. A few decades ago, under Rana Sanga, this Rajput kingdom...
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The Kshudrakas, Uttamabhadras and Arjunayans

Posted January 29th, 2017 at 02:57 AM by Bhrigu

The Kshudrakas:

The Kshudrakas have been previously mentioned in this thread as neighbours and allies of the Malavas who helped them against Alexander. They are called Oxydrakoi by the Greeks. After the Greeks, the one and only reference to them is made by Patanjali in his commentaries on Panini. Patanjali writes about a victory of the Kshudrakas. It means that the Kshudrakas existed in the times of Patanjali, but they are not heard of again. It seems that they were absorbed into...
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The Malavas

Posted January 29th, 2017 at 02:53 AM by Bhrigu

The Malavas were another militarised gana originating in southern Panjab, and neighboured other ganas such as the Kshudrakas, the Yaudheyas, the Sibis etc. Their core territory is not certainly known, but it is clear that they were based in area encompassing both sides of the lower Sutlej and their eastern boundary roughly corresponded to the Sarasvati river. The origins of the Malavas are unclear, but they were ruling southern Panjab during the times of Alexander, as evidenced by the Greek accounts....
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The Yaudheyas

Posted January 29th, 2017 at 02:53 AM by Bhrigu

The Yaudheyas were an ancient “clan-state” of north-western India who ruled for several centuries from their base in the fertile country of Bahudhanyaka (which comprised of modern day Rohtak and Hisar disctricts in Haryana), with capital at the city of Rohitaka (Rohtak). In the Puranas, they are called descendants of the king Usinara.

The term “clan-state” here means a political entity that was based on an agricultural economy, and made up of people of specialised professions. The...
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