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Posted September 6th, 2015 at 10:16 PM by AlpinLuke

This month may be we could her from Egypt news about the possible discovery of the tomb of this Great Royal Queen, famous of her beauty and so pivotal as historical figure in one of the most complicated period of the history of Ancient Egypt. So … what about Nefertiti?

Nefernefruaton Meri Uaenra

This particular name was adopted by one of the most known Great Royal Wife of the history of Ancient Egypt, when his husband changed his own name … She was Nefertiti.

During the excavations [German excavations in 1913 – 1914] they found two busts which had identified as busts of Nefertiti [basing this judgment on the crown of the busts]. There are recent criticizes regarding the real author of the busts [there is who doesn’t accept the automatic linkage with the Thutmosis, the sculptor who run the laboratory where the busts had found] and even accusations of forgery … but in any case that’s the image of Nefertiti which is present in the imaginary of all.

Having to tell the history of this woman who lived in a well interesting period of the history of KmT, I would start from the end: in the 12th year of the Kingdom of Akhenaton Nefertiti disappeared.

From what we can understand it seems she had sent away [there is who makes the hypothesis she found a refugee in the Northern Palace].

In that year two events happened which could be related to the disappearance of Nefertiti: the death of Meketaton [second Royal daughter] and the appearance of Smenkhkare. Putting together these two facts there is who says that Nefertiti fell into depression after the death of the daughter and someone else took her place at Palace [Smenkhkare]. A bizarre variant of the reading of the events sustains that Nefertiti disappeared to appear again in disguise of Smenkhkare …

The marriage with a not splendid man … Akhenaten.

Akhenaten wasn’t a nice man as for look, he had an odd head and a not well fit body. I remember, for example, that Christine El Mahdy had no troubles in saying that Nefertiti probably found him “repugnant” [Christine was a woman, so she expressed a modern female judgment about a marriage between an ugly man and a wonderful woman …]. In any case the Royal Wife won any eventual repulsion and begun early to give children to the Pharaoh [the couple had 6 daughters, all daughters, no sons].

The new approach with the divine of the husband forced her to change Royal name and to follow him in this “adventure”.

The worse aspect of the first 12 years of reign of Akhenaten was that he did nothing to face the Hittite advance in the North [it seemed he had no interest in preserving the Egyptian Empire …]. When [as said in the 12th year] Meketaton died the Palace fell into a total chaos.

But who was Nefertiti?

Who accepts a noble origin indicates in Amenhotep III and Tiy as her parents, but being this not documented, there is a more credited idea that she was the daughter of a member of the court or a high administrative personage [may be Ay]. If we want to give temporal references about her life we can say that she was born around 1370 BCE and she “died” around 1340 BCE.

The religious role? A Pharaoh?

A particular aspect of the life of Nefertiti is that she seemed to have gained a certain religious divine role, like Akhenaten asked her to substitute the deities in the rituals of resurrections [Akhenaten stopped the rituals connected with Osiris and other deities, as it’s known, but from the representations we could infer that the Queen played an active “semi-divine” role in the adoration of the Aten]. The scene of the adoration of the tomb of Ipy shows just Nefertity offering a tray with the figures of the deities to the Aten [like the husband in the same scene].

To this equality in the rituals, we can add that it happened that in some inscription the patronymic for “King” is not followed by the name of Akhenaten, but by the name of Nefertiti. Was the couple a couple of equal Pharaohs? In other words … was Nefertiti Pharaoh as well? There is who makes this hypothesis. With some episodes [the investiture of the officer Ramose, when Nefertiti had an active role, and her meetings with foreign ambassadors without the husband …] we should remind a particular representation where she acts actually as a dominating Pharaoh: at Boston Fine Arts Museum we can observe the Queen hitting an enemy keeping his [her] hairs [it’s absolutely how in Ancient Egypt they represented a victorious and dominating Pharaoh]. WIKI picture: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nefert...at-CloseUp.pngThese particular would be in agreement with the idea that she changed name becoming Smenkhkare, but of course this is still well far to be proved.

At the end, about this woman we actually ignore the real origin and the real end. As she appeared at Palace without leaving traces [documented traces] of her family, she disappeared without leaving documented traces of her destiny.

And her tomb ... may be ...

To conclude this brief portrait I add a link to the thread about the possible discovery of her tomb.

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  1. Old Comment
    ArtemisOlymp's Avatar
    Really interesting article! I enjoyed reading it
    Posted September 7th, 2015 at 03:28 AM by ArtemisOlymp ArtemisOlymp is offline
  2. Old Comment
    AlpinLuke's Avatar
    Update: the hypothesis that she didn't die or disappear.

    As I had occasion to discuss in a long thread[http://historum.com/ancient-history/...hive-001k.html], some objects found by Carter in Tut's tomb seem to suggest that the Queen didn't disappear, but that she became a Pharaoh [female and then male].

    The box object of the discussion presents an inscription showing Akhenaten, Meritaten and in the middle the names of an unknown monarch: Ankhkheperure Neferneferuaten.

    Now, the particularity is that both prenomen and nomen of this Queen [it's a female personage] are composed with "mary" [beloved of, loved by] and two names. These two names are prenomen and nomen of Akhenaten.

    This pictures makes the matter a bit more clear:
    Click the image to open in full size.

    Note: Neferkheperre Waenre is the throne name of Akhenaten.

    Explanation: to recognize the names of a Pharaoh we have to pay attention to the captions before of the cartouches.

    Click the image to open in full size.

    The interesting aspect is that the real name of Nefertiti was

    Neferneferuaten Nefertiti.

    Now, who was a female personage in the Royal Court beloved of Akhenaten?

    The most obvious answer [since an other Neferneferuaten is not known] is ... Nefertiti.

    An other clue that there was a female monarch is the presence, in Tut's burial site, of statuettes depicting kings looking like Queens ...
    Click the image to open in full size.
    Posted April 26th, 2017 at 12:48 AM by AlpinLuke AlpinLuke is offline

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