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The Kshudrakas, Uttamabhadras and Arjunayans

Posted January 29th, 2017 at 02:57 AM by Bhrigu

The Kshudrakas:

The Kshudrakas have been previously mentioned in this thread as neighbours and allies of the Malavas who helped them against Alexander. They are called Oxydrakoi by the Greeks. After the Greeks, the one and only reference to them is made by Patanjali in his commentaries on Panini. Patanjali writes about a victory of the Kshudrakas. It means that the Kshudrakas existed in the times of Patanjali, but they are not heard of again. It seems that they were absorbed into the larger Malava tribe during the latter's southward expansions.

The Uttamabhadras:

The only reason we know that this clan even existed is the Nasik cave inscription of a Scythian Ksahtrap called Nahapana. As has been previously explained in the post on the Malavas, this inscription tells us about the Scythian Kshatrap relieving the Uttamabhadras from the Malavas who were besieging their capital. We have no idea of their origins or what happened to them, since no ancient text mentions them, and they have left no inscribed coins or inscriptions.

The Arujanayans:

The Arujanayans inhabited the Jaipur-Shekhawati region in the state of Rajasthan. Their coins from 1st century BCE bear the legend Arjunayanam Jayah, meaning, "victory to the Arjunayans." Their name means "descendants of Arjun," but who this Arjun is, is not clear. Their earliest mention is made by Panini in the Rajanya group of the Ganapatha. They were associated with the clan-states of the Yaudheyas, Malavas and Madras in the Allahabad inscription of Samudragupta. Varahmihir in 5th century AD describes Arjunayans as one of the most prominent clans of North India. During Alexander's retreat from India, his army was harassed by a clan named Agalassoi. I believe that this clan is same as the Arjunayans. These Agalassoi gave great troubles to Alexander, but were ultimately subdued. When Alexander was besieging one of the cities of the Agalassoi, they cast their women and children into flames and destroyed their wealth, to prevent it from being captured by Alexander. This is probably the earliest historical evidence of Jauhar which would be seen so often among Rajput clans of medieval India.
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