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Leonidas: Hero or Murderer?

Posted September 29th, 2017 at 11:35 AM by Aristodemus
Updated October 2nd, 2017 at 11:58 AM by Aristodemus

King Leonidas of Sparta gets a lot of attention in history and movies like ‘300’ due to his heroic last stand at Thermopylae, one that most people think helped rally the Greek city-states against the Persian invasion of 480 B.C.

But is that what really happened? Why did Leonidas die in the pass? Was he bravely serving as a rearguard so that the rest of the allied Greek forces could escape? Was his sacrifice a result of the Spartan training that demanded ‘victory or death’? Or was...
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Pharsalus and the Campaign in Greece

Posted September 19th, 2017 at 10:18 PM by Duke Valentino
Updated September 20th, 2017 at 02:29 AM by Duke Valentino


This is being written and changed constantly. I'm posting it then adding to it as I go along since I'm hoping people can help me in the writing process in correcting me and providing feedback, sources, alternative thoughts etc. Any such feedback would be greatly appreciated


The purpose of this paper is to serve as an in-depth military analysis Caesar's Greek campaign, primarily the Battle of Pharsalus.
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Christianity and the Roman Empire, Part Two

Posted August 20th, 2017 at 05:10 PM by Valens
Updated August 23rd, 2017 at 01:47 PM by Valens

The Crisis of the Third Century and Roman Religion

The third century had, in many ways, been a tumultuous time for the Roman state. The deep political crisis of Augustus' Principate had many subtle (and some not so much) consequences on the overall Roman society and the Classical civilization as a whole.

The problems that would come to trouble the Roman state and people in the third century had surfaced much earlier, arguably during the early Principate already. ...
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The Archaeological Origins of Man's Dominion Over Animals

Posted May 16th, 2017 at 03:51 PM by ghostexorcist
Updated June 3rd, 2017 at 01:57 PM by ghostexorcist

The Archaeological Origins of Man's Dominion Over Animals

By Jim R. McClanahan

Genesis 1:26 states:
And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
This passage has long been cited or paraphrased by people claiming man is superior to animals. However,...
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Han Dynasty Agriculture

Posted May 8th, 2017 at 08:36 PM by HackneyedScribe
Updated June 7th, 2017 at 06:35 PM by HackneyedScribe

Agricultural had always been stressed by the Chinese literati as the foundation of the state, and under the Han dynasty agricultural production reached its first peak. The founding emperor, Liu Bang, was once a commoner himself. Although Liu the commoner showed no interest in agricultural pursuits, as emperor he soon realized the importance of agronomy for state building. It is without question that his heirs also adopted similar viewpoints. Canals were dug, fields were irrigated, and incentives...
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