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Book summary. Robert I. Frost. Study of Poland-Lithuania Part 1.

Posted June 11th, 2017 at 11:22 AM by samshit

Robert I. Frost is a British historian.
His interests are the history of Poland-Lithuania of 15-18 centuries.

The main purpose of his study " After deluge" is to examine why the Commonwealth should have failed so spectacularly to overcome the political and military crisis it faced as a result of Cossack rising and Muscovite and Swedish invasion.

Frost thinks that it was unique political structure of Poland-Lithuania in early modern period which diverged...
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Birkenau (part 3)

Posted June 5th, 2017 at 09:16 AM by Solidaire

The barracks in this vast camp were mostly wooden prefabricated horse barns, laid upon the swampy, constantly wet ground without any foundations. Few remain, leaving behind a forest of brick chimneys, sole survivors in this otherworldly place.

Below is the interior of one such barrack, in the Quarantine section of the camp. Left and right, spaces where the bunkers once were. The brick stove can be seen at the far end, a construct attached to it running through the centre of the barrack....
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Birkenau (part 2)

Posted June 5th, 2017 at 09:15 AM by Solidaire

An explanatory layout of Krema II.

N: the railway coming right up to the extermination installations
L: gates to the gas chamber and crematorium of Krema II (seen in previous entry)

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Entrance (A) to the underground room (C) where victims had to undress before entering the gas chamber.

Katabasis, the descent into Hades....
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Birkenau (part 1)

Posted June 5th, 2017 at 09:14 AM by Solidaire

The Gate of Death, entrance to Birkenau (or Auschwitz II) extermination camp.
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The gatehouse was built in 1943, long after the Birkenau camp was first opened. The first inmates, who were Soviet Prisoners of War, arrived at Birkenau on October 7, 1941. At first, the gate shown in the photo above was for trucks and pedestrians....
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Konrad von Hochstaden. Man who founded Cologne Cathedral

Posted May 27th, 2017 at 10:21 PM by angeladondanville

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Hi, everyone. It's my first post on Historum, so it' important to choose the right topic. It's gonna be about Mr. Konrad von Gochstaden. Do you known him? Of course not. So...

Von Gochstaden was an offspring of a cleric in the city of Cologne. Almost nothing left about his youth and we can only guess about year when this guy was born: 1198 or 1205. But, in 1216 the guy was appointed canon,...
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