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Some Scientific Facts from the Ancient Spiritual India

Posted September 6th, 2017 at 10:25 PM by Chith

Some Scientific Facts from the Ancient Spiritual India

A major part of today's India does not realise that India is a culture of science mixed with equal proportion of spirituality invented by great sages who were also great scientists. It is necessary to understand that this ancient culture owned unimaginable wisdom in order to draw attention from the Indians to what she has to say. There lived sages and scholars, such as Aryabhata who taught us that the Earth and other astral bodies are having spherical shapes, and that the Earth is rotating around the sun (Aryabhatiya) in the 5 AD, almost 1,000 years before Copernicus.
Saint Bhaskaracharya taught about the law of gravity (Surya Siddhanta) 1,200 years before Sir Isaac Newton. According to Bhaskaracharya, the time required for the Earth to.rotate around the sun is 365.258756484 days. According to latest science, it is 365.2596 days. An invention made 1,200 years before has only 0.0002 per cent error.
Saint Bharadvaja, who lived in 800BC, made lot of contribution (Yantra Sarvaswa) to the field of aviation like, or much more, than Leonardo Da Vinci.
Kanada, who is the father of atomic science in India, taught us that atoms are the basic building blocks, and they combine to form molecules. This was again reinvented by John Dalton 2, 500 years later.
Even 3,000 years before Jesus, gold jewelry was available in India. Even from 400 BC, distillation of zinc was done in India. After 2,000 years, William Campion patented this technology. Brasswares and sculptures existed in India even in 500 BC.
2,700 years before, in the northern part of India existed a university called Takshasila where students from all over the world like Babylonia, Greece, Syria, Arabia, and China studied.
In 9 AD, Arab mathematician called Al-Khwarizmi studied Sanskrit and wrote a book called Science of Numerals According to Indian System. This was translated to Latin in AD 12. British refined this science and named this as Arab numerals' by giving credit for this invention to Arabs.
Even today's decimal system was invented by Indian saints. Realising these facts now, the Arab numerals has been renamed as Indo-Arab numerals.
'We thank Indians for teaching us how to count,' said Albert Einstein.
Time as per Indian Philosophy
The Hindu timeline is considered by some to be the closest to modern scientific timelines. It suggests that the Big Bang is not the beginning of everything, but is just the start of a present cycle preceded by an infinite number of universes, and to be followed by another infinite number of universes.
Brahma's day is divided in one thousand cycles (Maha Yugal, the Great Year).
Maha Yuga, during which life and the human race appear and then disappear, has seventy-one divisions, each made of fourteen Manvantara (1,000) years. Each Maha Yuga lasts for 4,320,000 years. Manvantara is Manu's cycle, the one who gives birth and governs the human race. Before and after each Manvantara, there's a Sandhikaal as long as Krutyuga. During that time, there is all water on Earth.
Each Maha Yuga consists of a series of four shorter Yugas, or ages. The Yugas get progressively worse from a moral point of view as one proceeds from one Yuga to another. As a result, each Yuga is of shorter duration than the age that preceded it. The current Kali Yuga (Iron Age) began at midnight, 17/18 February in 3102 BC according to Arya Bhata. Arya Bhata's date is widely repeated in modern Hinduism.
Space and time are considered to be Maya (illusion). What looks like 100 years in the cosmos of Brahma could be thousands of years in other worlds, millions of years in some other worlds, and 311 trillion and 40 billion years for our solar system and Earth.
The lifespan of Lord Brahma, the creator, is 100 'brahmayears'. One day in the life of brahma is called a kalpa or 4.32 billion years. Every kalpa creates fourteen Manus one after the other who, in turn, manifest and regulate this world. Thus, there are fourteen generations of Manu in each kalpa. Each Manu's life (manvantara) consists of seventy-one Chaturyugas (quartets of yugas or eras).
Each Chaturyuga is composed of four eras or yugas: Satya, Treta, Dvapara, and Kali. If we add all manvantaras (4320000x71x14), as long as six Chaturyuga will be missing because Sandhikaal after and before each Manvantara (so 15 Sandhikaal).
The span of the Satya Yuga is 1,728,000 human years; Treta Yuga is 1,296,000 human years long; the Dvapara Yuga 864,000 human years; and the Kali Yuga 432,000 human years.
When Manu perishes at the end of his life, Brahma creates the next Manu, and the cycle continues until all fourteen Manus and the universe perish by the end of Brahma's day. When 'night' falls, Brahma goes to sleep for a period of 4.32 billion years, which is a period of time equal one day (of Brahma) and the lives of fourteen Manus. The next 'morning', Brahma creates fourteen additional Manus in sequence, just as he has done on the previous 'day'. The cycle goes on for 100 'divine years' at the end of which Brahma perishes and is regenerated.
Brahma's entire life is equals 311 trillion, 40 billion years. Thus, a second of Brahma is 98,630 years. Once Brahma dies, there is an equal period of unmanifestation for 311 trillion, 40 billion years until the next Brahma is created. During one life of Brahma, there are 504,000 Manus (Vedic Adams). There are 5,040 Manus exists during one year of Brahma, and 420 Manus manifest during one month of Brahma.
The present period is the Kali Yuga, or last era in one of the seventy-one Chaturyugis (set of four yugas/eras) in the life one of the fourteen Manus. The current Manu is said to be the seventh Manu, and his name is Vaivasvata.
The beginning of the new yuga (era) is known as 'Yugadi/Ugadi', and is celebrated every year on the first day (Paadyami) of the first month (Chaitramu) of the twelve*month annual cycle.
Some facts about India:
1. India invented the number system. Zero was invented by Aryabhata.
2. The value pi (tt) was first calculated by Baudhayana in the sixth century, and he explained the concept of what is known as Pythagorean Theorem. Indian mathematicians had knowledge of the value of pi to 32 decimal points: n+10 = .31415926535897932384 626433832792.
3. The place value system, or the decimal system, was developed in India in 100 BC.
4. Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the Earth to orbit the sun (fifth century) as 365.259756484 days. (365 days, five hours, forty-eight minutes, and forty-five seconds).
5. Rigveda is the oldest book in human library.
6. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans.
7. The world's first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. ?>
8. Chess was invented in India.
9. Albert Einstein said, 'We owe a lot to the Indians who taught us how to count. Without which, no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.'
10. Mark Twain said, 'India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great-grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only.'
11. French scholar, Romain Rolland, said, 'If there is one place on the face of the Earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India.'
12. German scholar, F. Max Muller, said, 'If I were to look over the whole world to find out the country most richly endowed with all the wealth, power, and beauty that nature can bestow—in some parts a very paradise on Earth—I should point out to India.'
13. Ralph Waldo Emerson, the popular American essayist, lecturer, and poet of the mid-nineteenth century, was introduced to Indian philosophy while reading the works of French philosopher, Victor Cousin. His words about the Bhagavad Gita are:
1 owed a magnificent day to the Bhagavad Gita. It was as if an empire spoke to us, nothing small or unworthy, but large, serene, consistent, the voice of an old intelligence, which in another age and climate, had pondered and thus disposed of the same questions which exercise us.'
14. Warren Hastings, the first governor of Bengal and the first governor-general of India, strongly supported Charles Wilkins, the English typographer and orientalist who translated the Bhagavad Gita in English. It is said that Warren Hastings handed over a copy of the Bhagavad Gita, translated by Wilkins, to the chairman of the East India company and said that:
'A performance of great originality, of a sublimity of conception, reasoning, and diction almost unequalled, and single exception among all the known religions of mankind.'
15. Annie Besant, the Irish socialist, theosophist, and women's rights activist, who supported Indian homerule during the struggle for independence, was also interested in reading about Indian philosophy. Her translated work of the Bhagavad Gita is titled The Lord's Song. The text from her book reads:
'That the spiritual man need not be a recluse, that union with the divine life may be achieved and maintained in the midst of worldly affairs, that the obstacles to that union lie not outside us but within us may be achieved and maintained in tavad Gita.'
16. Philip Glass, the American composer who's often referred to as one of the most influential musicians of the late twentieth century cited the Bhagavad Gita in one of his works. He composed an opera titled Satyagraha, which is loosely based on the life of Mahatma Gandhi and contains text from the Bhagavad Gita that is sung in Sanskrit during the performance.
17. Sunita Williams, the American astronaut with Indian roots, holds the record for longest spacewalk time for a woman. When she was heading out on her expedition as a member of the International Space Station (ISS), she carried a Ganesha idol and a copy of the Bhagavad Gita with her in the space. In her words:
'Those are spiritual things to reflect upon yourself, life, the world around you, and see things the other way. I thought it was quite appropriate.'
18. T. S. Eliot. Indian philosophy had a huge influence on this American poet who had studied Indian philosophy and Sanskrit during his days in Harvard from 1911 to 1914. In his poem titled The Dry Salvages, Eliot mentions the conversation between Krishna-Arjuna from the Bhagavad Gita to depict a connection between the past and the future, and to emphasise that one needs to follow divine will rather than seek personal gains. As the famous lines from his poem reads:
You who came to port, and you whose bodies
Will suffer the trial and judgement of the sea,
Or whatever event, this is your real destination.'
So Krishna, as when he admonished Arjuna
On the field of battle.
Not fare well,
But fare forward, voyagers.
19. J. Robert Oppenheimer, the American theoretical physicist, is known as the father of the atomic bomb, and was involved in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan during the Second World War. He had read the Bhagavad Gita in Sanskrit, and remarked that while witnessing the first atomic bombing, he was reminded of the words from the Bhagavad Gita where Krishna persuades Arjuna to do his duty. He said:
'Now I am become death, the destroyer of worlds.'
20. Henry David Thoreau, the noted American poet, author, and philosopher, was deeply influenced by Indian philosophy and spiritual thought. In his noted book titled Walden, he referenced the Bhagavad Gita in many instances. In the very first chapter of the book, he writes:
'How much more admirable the Bhagavad Gita than all the ruins of the East.'
Regarding the Dravidians who lived in India before the so-called nomadic Aryans, we need to note the following things:
'Furthermore, these natives built planned cities with straight streets, large storehouses, baths, and other structures involving various geometrical forms and exact calculations, yet left no corresponding documentation of such knowledge, while the mathematics necessary for such constructions are contained in the Shulba Sutras of Apastamba and Baudhayana, two millennia later according to the standard theory(i.e., in the sutra period after 600BC). However, A. Seidenberg, the late American mathematician, did not hesitate to assign the Shulba Sutra or a work like it to well before 1700 or even 2000, seeing it as the source of Egyptian, Babylonian, and Greek Mathematics (1962: 515,519;1978:318-9).
Seidenberg writes of this original work:
'Its mathematics was very much like what we see in the Sulvasutras (Shulba Sutras). In the first place, it was associated with ritual. Second, there was no dichotomy between number and magnitude. In geometry, it knew the Theorem of Pythagoras and how to convert a rectangle into a square. It knew the isosceles trapezoid and how to compute its area(and) some number theory centred on the existence of Pythagorean triplets(and how)to compute a square root.'
The arithmetical tendencies here encountered (i.e., in the Shulba Sutras) were expanded and in connection with observation on the rectangle led to Babylonian mathematics.
It is impossible to quote here all the scientific advancements made by Indian scientist saints in the ancient times because of its vastness.
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