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  1. Old Comment
    HistoricalGeek's Avatar

    Horrible Histories: TV Show Review

    Quote:
    Originally Posted by Kevinmeath View Comment
    My kids loved it and helped get them into history-- I use it in class sometimes
    Yay for Horrible Histories then!
    Posted October 21st, 2017 at 04:03 AM by HistoricalGeek HistoricalGeek is offline
  2. Old Comment
    Sun of Austerlitz's Avatar

    Armament Production in WW2

    Quote:
    In terms of ammunition Germany lead the pack though, simply due to the massive demands placed on it's army (which killed and wounded about 25 million allied soldiers):
    "Viel Feind, viel Munition". Frundsberg revisited.
    Posted October 17th, 2017 at 06:16 PM by Sun of Austerlitz Sun of Austerlitz is offline
  3. Old Comment
    Sun of Austerlitz's Avatar

    Military casualties in WW2

    Quote:
    Where the figures for France, Netherlands, Poland and Belgium are the size of their armed forces in home territory before German invasion, since these armed forces ceased to exist after German invasion they are counted as casualties (specifically, POWs).
    Well, there would be many historians contradicting your stacking of these losses. Soviet literature notoriously stacked the German losses in the same way, whilst also removing the permanently wounded out of the comparison to lower the gap between Axis and Soviet losses (double counting ethnic Germans from regions like Alsace or Lothringia or isolating Waffen SS separately as well). This is a question of definitions and semantics no doubt.
    By these standards you might as well add 87,500 (British) Indian military casualties or 3,500,000 chinese casualties.

    In order to fully assess combat losses, you would have to isolate all battle casualties sustained by all partaking nations, though it would not influence the ratio too much and still prove your point.

    One thing though:

    From the statistical digest of the US Army for battle and non battle losses by branch for WW2 , from 7. Dec 1941-31. Dec 1946:

    ETO:


    586,628 battle casualties of which:

    135,576 deaths among battle casualties
    116,991 KIA
    381,350 WIA
    14,528 MIA

    MTO:

    175,107 battle casualties (40,455 fallen + died)
    35,313 KIA
    111,125 WIA
    8,487 MIA

    761,735 casualties sustained against European Axis.

    Pacific:

    157,938 battle casualties (50,385 deaths among battle casualties)

    30,538 KIA
    95,021 WIA
    4,914 MIA

    169,635 battle casualties (including all Pacific areas) of which:

    57,137 total deaths amongst battle casualties (all branches)
    35,909 KIA
    98,958 WIA
    5,928 DOW

    28,526 captured and interned of which:

    2,805 KIA
    194 wounded
    8,517 non battle causes

    6,242 Missing of which:

    3,637 declared dead

    for a total of 169,635 casualties sustained against Imperial Japan.

    Total figures for the US:

    291,557 battle deaths
    113,842 other deaths
    670,846 Wounded

    1,076,245 casualties.

    Quote:
    By the way, it's hard to get comparable data on Japanese casualties because their methodology of computing casualties was different than Western countries. So that it's hard to measure aggregate Japanese losses against these countries.
    There is info from Richard B. Frank, Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire, New York: Random House, 1999, but comparing these is rather pointless because the Japanese were practitioners of "Bullshido" so they sacrificed themselves before capture, pressing the KIA rates to the extreme.

    example:

    Total land forces committed 1,030,832, KIA 996,030, CIA (captured) 34,802
    Posted October 17th, 2017 at 01:50 PM by Sun of Austerlitz Sun of Austerlitz is offline
    Updated October 17th, 2017 at 06:00 PM by Sun of Austerlitz
  4. Old Comment
    Radrook's Avatar

    Auschwitz (part 1)

    Thanks for the informative Blog. Today it seems almost unbelievable that this should occur within recent history.
    I was born in 1946 just a few years after these horrible events transpired. During my study of dental technology, I saw expressions of bitterness expressed by a Jewish teacher directed at a German student and didn't realize at the time the exact reasons why. Being young, only 18 at the time, I considered something that had occurred approx. 20 years previously as almost ancient history.

    I think that most young people felt the same way when they watched such programs as Combat. It all seems to belong to another era. Of course we were wrong just as we were wrong in assuming that our gym teacher was teaching us how to march because it was just good exercise.

    As humans who take pride in our humanity we cringe at these facts and somehow try to deny them. But the stark reality is that being human doesn't prevent such horrendous things-it makes them more likely.
    Posted October 15th, 2017 at 12:54 PM by Radrook Radrook is offline
  5. Old Comment
    Jackdaw 1888's Avatar

    Jack the Ripper : The Art of Conspiracy

    OMG!!!
    25,000 Hits come Views across the World within just 5 years of joining Historum Forums!!!

    Can I just say a big big thankyou to HF and its staff and its hardworking Moderators for allowing Jackdaw1888 to post his research and his Blog.

    THANKYOU!!!
    Posted August 28th, 2017 at 04:52 PM by Jackdaw 1888 Jackdaw 1888 is offline
  6. Old Comment
    Lord Oda Nobunaga's Avatar

    Passing Judgment on Frederick the Great 1756/57

    Quote:
    Originally Posted by nuclearguy165 View Comment
    Very good article, and I comment now because I have just finished reading Showalter's work on Frederick's campaigns; an excellent study. There are a few points where I disagree somewhat, like in Frederick's ability to intercept Daun before the latter reached Kolin as I don't think that was practical nor would it have benefited him, as it would simply have taken him farther away from his other forces and the main area of operations. I also disagree that he wasn't fast enough between Rossbach and Leuthen as he was actually exceptionally fast by the standards of 18th century warfare and the distance being covered, the time of year, and the limitations as regards 18th century logistics and other organizational issues had to be sorted out as well so as to avoid wearing out his troops.

    Other than those, I completely agree, and especially with regard to him not showing sufficient initiative and care in 1756, and in him going to battle under-strength at both Prague and Kolin.
    Thanks for the feedback.

    I think that with the former point it could have gone either way, though what Frederick needed was a sure method to stop Daun. Whether he tried to intercept him sooner or moved on him with a larger force he still needed to act. Moving on him with a larger force would have made more sense but the fact that Frederick waited that long to act when Prague wouldn't have fallen any faster if he didn't, makes no sense to me. Though whether he could move into Moravia effectively or not is hard to say. Still he handed that whole thing completely wrong from start to finish.

    I agree on the latter point. Given that Frederick had been tied down in so many areas and had campaigned non-stop, his reaction time to Leuthen was actually quite good. What is more he chose to make up for any tardiness or inability to assemble more troops with a surprise advance followed by a surprise attack.
    Posted August 27th, 2017 at 08:17 PM by Lord Oda Nobunaga Lord Oda Nobunaga is online now
  7. Old Comment
    nuclearguy165's Avatar

    Metternich, Tsar Alexander and the Polish Question

    Very good article here as well, and I mostly agree. The Tsar's position with Poland, balancing Polish autonomy and Russian rule, was indeed a bit confused and unworkable, especially considering the ancient enmity between Russians and Poles, though I can understand his intentions and don't believe they were all bad. During the French invasion of Russia in 1812 too though, Napoleon didn't court Polish wishes or utilize them as effectively as he perhaps could have as he sought only limited objectives against the Russian Empire and wasn't really interested in seriously dis-mantling it in any way, though there certainly would have been a small degree of territorial and larger financial concessions the Russians would have had to make if they had been defeated.

    The advantages that the French have over the Russians when trying to reach solutions as regards Poland are that the Poles and French don't have ancient enmities and their lack of geographic proximity would have the Poles convinced that being under French puppet status would be less threatening to their autonomy than would be the case with the Russians.
    Posted August 27th, 2017 at 06:15 PM by nuclearguy165 nuclearguy165 is offline
  8. Old Comment
    nuclearguy165's Avatar

    Passing Judgment on Frederick the Great 1756/57

    Very good article, and I comment now because I have just finished reading Showalter's work on Frederick's campaigns; an excellent study. There are a few points where I disagree somewhat, like in Frederick's ability to intercept Daun before the latter reached Kolin as I don't think that was practical nor would it have benefited him, as it would simply have taken him farther away from his other forces and the main area of operations. I also disagree that he wasn't fast enough between Rossbach and Leuthen as he was actually exceptionally fast by the standards of 18th century warfare and the distance being covered, the time of year, and the limitations as regards 18th century logistics and other organizational issues had to be sorted out as well so as to avoid wearing out his troops.

    Other than those, I completely agree, and especially with regard to him not showing sufficient initiative and care in 1756, and in him going to battle under-strength at both Prague and Kolin.
    Posted August 27th, 2017 at 06:03 PM by nuclearguy165 nuclearguy165 is offline
  9. Old Comment

    Debt slavery, neo-colonialism and neoliberalism

    I need your help for me! In what ways the English colonies develop differently from the Spanish and the French colonies?
    Posted August 26th, 2017 at 10:36 AM by jadewilliams jadewilliams is offline
  10. Old Comment
    Offspring's Avatar

    Pinochet's regime

    An excellent film about the advertising campaign of the "no" camp during the 1988 plebiscite: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No_(2012_film)
    Posted August 23rd, 2017 at 05:08 PM by Offspring Offspring is offline
  11. Old Comment
    Posted August 18th, 2017 at 09:56 AM by Todd Feinman Todd Feinman is offline
  12. Old Comment
    Jackdaw 1888's Avatar

    Jack the Ripper : The Art of Conspiracy

    Keep studying...
    One day maybe you, or indeed Patricia Cornwell? will see the GULL!!! ha ha.

    Kind Regards
    Jackdaw1888 :-)
    Posted July 30th, 2017 at 10:54 AM by Jackdaw 1888 Jackdaw 1888 is offline
  13. Old Comment
    VorpalxBlade's Avatar

    Why Didn't Hannibal March on Rome?

    I have a question about this blog. I agree that Hannibal probably had no chance at all of taking Rome. However, I find Machiavelli's thoughts on this subject from his Art of War deeply contradictory to his character and somewhat interesting. Here is the quote:

    I do not believe it is out of order to add to this discussion those things that happen after a battle, especially as they are brief, and not to be omitted, and conform greatly to this discussion. I will tell you, therefore, how engagements are lost, or are won. When one wins, he ought to follow up the victory with all speed, and imitate Caesar in this case, and not Hannibal, who, because he had stopped after he had defeated the Romans at Cannae, lost the Empire of Rome.

    Why is it that such an informed authority on military history would make the bold claim that Hannibal lost the Empire of Rome because he didn't march on Rome (at least, that's what he insinuates)? This is contradictory since Machiavelli is biased towards the Romans, and I'm sure was aware that Rome was in fact quite well prepared to face a siege, and still had plenty of standing men.

    Does he use this example simply because he's using a mainstream viewpoint in order to make a great example, regardless of whether he was right or not?
    Posted July 26th, 2017 at 01:46 AM by VorpalxBlade VorpalxBlade is offline
  14. Old Comment
    Solidaire's Avatar

    Salkantay Trail to Macchu Picchu

    Thank you Gile, people often find trips expensive, and some indeed are. But what you get in return! An investment that lasts a lifetime. I know how you feel after such an experience, an elation that lasts for months, and never really goes away, surfacing each time memory does its thing.

    Greetings from a fellow amateur (wannabe) explorer.
    Posted July 3rd, 2017 at 12:16 PM by Solidaire Solidaire is offline
  15. Old Comment
    Gile na Gile's Avatar

    Salkantay Trail to Macchu Picchu

    Yes Solidaire, her deadpan expression was priceless.

    Also a reminder to what extent so many Peruvians (particularly indigenous) are dependent on tourism; she may have been joking but the whole purpose of this type of stop off in our itinerary was to support local industry and I was amazed how "tight" some of our group were. Humming and hawing over sploshing out a mere tenner for a magnificent hand-woven alpaca blanket!!

    She simply made a pre-emptive strike on our stinginess. Personally, I couldn't buy enough of the stuff. I even got a separate alpaca carrier bag just to store it all. The economy is all about tourism in the highlands around Cusco so I figure if your going to shell out 3 or 4 grand for flights and accommodation you may as well be prepared to go some way towards redistributing the largesse to the local street hawkers - who as far as I could see made up the bulk of workers - especially the more creative ones. I bought a bunch of oil paintings, hand-carved statuettes, CDs from local musicians and the like. It's a mere truism to say the physical poverty is cruel at times to behold and we ARE self-evidently rolling in it by comparison; so be selective if you must ... but don't be niggardly.

    As far as 'cuisine' goes, as an unrepentant carnivore, I have to recommend the delicious highland guinea pig which generally arrives on the plate whole and skewered (paws, head and whiskers included -the full monty). If you can get over that (a big IF for some i'll warrant).... your in for a treat. Hard to describe the taste; a texture somewhere between chicken and steak but genuinely scrumptious. Locals in Cusco were fond of dissing the lowland guinea pigs (as found in Lima) whose meat bred in low altitudes is apparently far inferior. Sure enough, this is reflected in the price .. easily the most expensive fare on offer; twice the cost of a good sirloin for instance.

    Hope you get out there some day Solidaire; you'd be in your element and like myself I'm guessing, utterly absorbed in the sights and sounds, not to mention the clash of cultures played out daily on the tourist trail (lowland Spanish vs. highland Quechua). The struggle over "heritage" is not merely an Irish fixation as I constantly found out. As to prepping, Duolingo do a (free) Latin American Spanish course which is great to brush up on the basics while a 'good taster' to get the adventurous juices flowing would be The Conquest of the Incas' by John Hemmings - a brilliantly insightful and nuanced account which is sympathetic to natīve and conquistadore alike.

    Make the time, you'll never regret it.
    Posted June 29th, 2017 at 04:42 AM by Gile na Gile Gile na Gile is offline
    Updated June 29th, 2017 at 04:52 AM by Gile na Gile
  16. Old Comment

    Notes on the Celts

    As far as I can tell about half of Europe has celtic genetic ancestory.
    Posted June 21st, 2017 at 01:15 PM by Speedy64 Speedy64 is offline
  17. Old Comment
    St. Anselm's Avatar

    2013 Egypt coup d'Etat

    I don't quite know what to make of this blog post.
    Posted June 11th, 2017 at 11:38 PM by St. Anselm St. Anselm is offline
  18. Old Comment
    Solidaire's Avatar

    Salkantay Trail to Macchu Picchu

    "The bone of a tourist" hahaha, that was hilarious

    Thanks for sharing Gile, to be honest I was anticipating your impressions from this trip, I remember reading about your plans to go to the Andes some months ago, but then I forgot to check your blog. Thanks again, this is one of my most dreamt of destinations (this and Thibet). Sadly, lack of time, and lately of money too, keep postponing them further into the future.

    How were the locals? The culture? The cuisine? What made you think "wow, this is definitely a very different continent and culture altogether"?

    Also, Gile, why don't you make a forum thread about your trip, the people and country you visited? It would make a fresh interlude from all those recent hate threads, and we would be able to submit you to an endless barrage of questions.
    Posted June 4th, 2017 at 06:40 AM by Solidaire Solidaire is offline
  19. Old Comment
    ghostexorcist's Avatar

    Frankenstein Book Review

    Quote:
    Originally Posted by Pedro View Comment
    You are welcome. But I must say your presentation was more scholarly than mine. I was mostly being tongue in cheek. Here´s an idea... why not cut and paste it to the thread. It would be a welcome addition.
    Thanks. I certainly will.
    Posted May 29th, 2017 at 05:38 PM by ghostexorcist ghostexorcist is offline
  20. Old Comment
    Pedro's Avatar

    Frankenstein Book Review

    You are welcome. But I must say your presentation was more scholarly than mine. I was mostly being tongue in cheek. Here´s an idea... why not cut and paste it to the thread. It would be a welcome addition.
    Posted May 29th, 2017 at 04:21 PM by Pedro Pedro is offline
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