Historum - History Forums  

Go Back   Historum - History Forums > Blogs > kei
Register Forums Blogs Social Groups Mark Forums Read

Rate this Entry


Posted August 3rd, 2018 at 04:03 PM by kei
Updated August 17th, 2018 at 01:58 AM by kei

Hiem is the Frisian word for home.
The following text is a paraphrase of texts by Publius Tacitus in his books Germania and Annals.

In the year 58 Common Era, the Frisians consisted of two groups, the Lesser and Greater Frisians. The Greater Frisians lived in the coastal region between the mouth of the river Ijsel called the Flie (meaning flow) and the mouth of the river Ems. The Lesser Frisians were living in an area bordering in the south by the river Rhine, now called Old Rhine, in the east by the river Ijsel, in the north by Lake Flevo or South Sea and in the west by the North Sea. In the north their land was bordered by the waterway of the Ij, which linked the North Sea to Lake Flevo. To the north of Frisia Minor lived the tribe of the Canninefates. Their land extended northward until the Flie between Flieland and Skylge. Each Friesland had its own king and Tacitus mentions them in the order of Verritus and Malorix. It is possible then, that Verritus was the king of Frisia Major.

A group of Frisian fighters moved from their homeland(s) on the North Sea across swamps and forests. Subsequently these fighting men shipped their young and old across lakes toward the river Rhine. They settled in fertile land, roughly called Over Ijsel, reserved by the Roman governor Pompeius Paulinus for Roman troops. This vacant land was bordered in left by the river Ijsel, in the south by the river Lippe, in the east by the river Ems and in the north by the river Vecht.
It is not known, if the entire Frisian tribe moved into this land, or if it was part of the tribe.
In the past this same land was the territory of the Chamavi tribe; from them we derive the name Hamaland. Then it was the land of the Tubantes or Tvihanti, where we get the name Twente from. After the Tubantes left, the tribe of the Usipi or Usipetes settled in this area, who were likely to have been a Celtic tribe. Their name means good riders. At the mouth of the river Ijsel lived the tribe of the Lesser Bructerii.
The Frisii being the new settlers, erected houses, sowed fields, and tilled the land. The Roman governor by the name of Lucius Avitus, threatened to return the Frisians to their homeland by force, or had new land allocated to them by emperor Nero Germanicus. The two Frisian kings appealed this eviction by going to Rome to meet the emperor. Nero rejected their appeals and ordered them to return to their original lands. Verritus and Malorix went back to their tribes and ignored the demands made by the Romans.
Roman auxiliary cavalry made up of non Roman soldiers arrived at the scene unexpectedly and forced the Frisians off the land. In the process some Frisians were killed and captured.
After the Frisians were expelled from Overijsel, the tribe of the Ampsivarii occupied this same land. Ampsivari means men of the Ems. They had been expelled from their original land by the Chauci or Chauks. The Ampsivarii were a larger tribe, than the Frisii and were led by the pro Roman king Boiocalus.
The Ampsivarii suffered the same fate as the Frisians, in that they were expelled from Over Ijsel by the Romans. In their wanderings, the Ampsivarii were eventually defeated by the tribe of the Cherusci, who killed all their fighters and enslaved their young and old.
Posted in Uncategorized
Views 99 Comments 0 Edit Tags
« Prev     Main     Next »
Total Comments 0



Remove Ads

Copyright © 2006-2013 Historum. All rights reserved.