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Sources on the Ottoman and Safavid Wars

Posted January 20th, 2017 at 03:17 PM by Lord Oda Nobunaga
Updated January 20th, 2017 at 04:02 PM by Lord Oda Nobunaga

-Michael Axworthy. A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind. Basic Books, 2008.

-Michael Axworthy. The Sword of Persia: Nader Shah. IB Tauris, 2006.
A study of the collapse of the Safavid state in the 18th century. The text goes into detail about the invasion of Shia Iran by the Sunni Ottomans and Afghans as well as their defeats by Nader. This was the last true confrontation between these two powers for regional hegemony as well as the last attempt to reconcile Sunnism with Shiism.

-David Blow. Shah Abbas: The Ruthless King Who Became an Iranian Legend. IB Tauris, 2009.
Shah Abbas was the first Safavid ruler to reform his state and military and pose a direct threat to the interests of the Ottoman Empire. His war against the Ottomans show a renewed power in Persia which was actually able to compete with the Ottomans as a regional power. The books is relevant because it bridges the gap between the first wars of Selim and Suleiman and the last confrontations with Nader Shah.

-Avraham of Erevan. History of the Wars 1721-1738. Mazda Publishers, 1999.

-Kaveh Farrokh. Iran at War 1500-1988. Osprey Publishing, 2011.

-Suraiya Faroqhi. The Cambridge History of Turkey, Volume 3. Cambridge University Press, 2006.
This book provides a look at the history of the Ottoman Empire from 1603 to 1839. The many sections about the Empire's eastern troubles are important because they include the middle period of the conflicts to the end of the Safavid dynasty (even the small border conflicts following the fall of the Safavids). The book puts the Safavid conflicts into a broader context in the Ottoman domination of the Middle East and how relevent these conflicts were to the control of their subjects.

-Colin Imber. The Ottoman Empire 1300-1650. Palgrave, 2002.
The purpose of this book is to examine the political structure of the Ottoman empire during the first half of its rule. Aside from the actual administration of the empire on various levels the book also examines the relations of the state with its Shia minorities. It also examines the peoples that inhabited the empire which expressed their loyalty to the Safavids and what roles they played when the Ottomans went to war with the Safavids.

-Peter Jackson. Cambridge History of Iran: Volume 6, The Timurid and Safavid Periods. Cambridge University Press, 1986.

-Peter Avery, Gavin Hambly and Charles Melville. Cambridge History of Iran: volume 7, Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic. Cambridge University Press, 1991.

-Metin Kunt. Suleyman the Magnificent and His Age. Longman, 1995.
The reign of Suleyman the Magnificent is said to have taken place during the time of the Ottoman "Golden Age". Among his many political issues and campaigns with the Europeans there was also war against the Safavid Empire which played a role in this overall scheme of things. These wars were a continuation of the wars of his father Selim and the first attempts to reconcile a Shia state with a Sunni one.

-Ira M. Lapidus. A History of Islamic Societies. Cambridge University Press, 2002.

-William McNeill. The Islamic World. University of Chicago, 1983. Primary Source
This book contains chapters with primary sources about the origins of the Sunni and Shia schism. It also contains chapters about the founding of the Safavid state as well as chapters about their conflicts with the Ottoman Empire.

-Charles Melville. Safavid Persia: The History and Politics of an Islamic Society (Pembroke Persian Papers Volume 4). London: L.B. Tauris, 1996.
A collection of papers regarding the history of the Safavid Dynasty in Iran.

-Rhoads Murphy. Ottoman Warfare 1500-1700. UCL Press, 1999.
Rhoads Murphy's work encompasses a time period of Ottoman warfare from 1500 to 1700. Aside from covering many of the other Ottoman wars it also covers the five wars between the Ottomans and Safavids. The book mostly concerns the military and some political aspects of these conflicts.

-Andrew Newman. Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire. I.B. Tauris, 2006.

-Ghulam Sarwar. History of Shah Ismail Safavi. Aligarh Muslim University, 1939.
This biography of Shah Ismail (the founder of the Safavid state) contains information regarding the creation of the Safavids. It also has information regarding the conversion of Iran to Shiism and the wars waged by Ismail against the Sunni Uzbeks and Ottomans. Aside from this the book also contains chapters dedicated to the relations between th Ottomans and Safavids before and after the outbreak of the first war.

-Klaus Schwarz. The Origins and Development of the Ottoman-Safavid Conflict. University of Chicago, 1983.
This book explains the beginning of the wars between the Ottoman and Safavid states in the start of the 16th century. It goes into detail about the first war between the Ottomans and Safavids. It also goes into the political and religious consequences of the Shia rebellions in Anatolia and the creation of the Safavid state.

-Stanford Shaw. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Volume 1. Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Covering the periods of the rise and the decline of the Ottoman Empire this book gives a detailed account of the Ottoman state itself. It gives accounts of internal politics, the empire's subjects, institutions and the inner workings of the state. It places the empire's foreign policy into this context which includes the topic of the Persians to their east.

-Douglas Streusand. Islamic Gunpowder Empires: Ottomans, Safavids and Mughals. Westview Press, 2011.

-Ernest Tucker. Nadir Shah's Quest for Legitimacy in Post-Safavid Iran. University Press of Florida, 2006.

-Steven R. Ward. Immortal: A Military History of Iran and Its Armed Forces. Georgetown University Press, 2009.

-Sam White. The Climate of Rebellion in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire. Cambridge University Press, 2011.
This book is a study about the factors that led to revolt in the early period of Ottoman rule. There are also chapters which deal with the issues of Shia revolts and the relations with certain minorities such as Iraqi Shias, Kurds and Druze and the instability that this provided together with the threat of Safavid invasion.
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