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Ancient geographers and explorers.

Posted June 21st, 2011 at 05:10 AM by Thessalonian

The names of geographers of the ancient world are plenty. Most of them originated from Greece, for various reasons. Their explorations were notable. Some of these geographers / explorers / cartographers were:
[LIST][*]Scylax of Caryanda (6th c. BC)[*]Anaximander[*]Hecataeus of Miletus[/LIST] Hellenistic period [LIST][*]Pytheas (d. ca. 310 BC)[*][I]Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax[/I] (4th or 3rd c. BC)[*]Megasthenes (d. ca. 290 BC)[*]Autolycus of Pitane (d. ca. 290 BC)[*]Dicaearchus (d. ca. 285 BC)[*]Deimakos (3rd c. BC)[*]Eratosthenes (ca. 276-194 BC)[*]Scymnus (fl. 180s BC)[*]Hipparchus (ca. 190-120 BC)[*]Agatharchides (2nd c. BC)[*]Posidonius (ca. 135-51 BC)[*]Pseudo-Scymnus (ca. 90 BC)[*]Diodorus Siculus (ca. 90-30 BC)[*]Alexander Polyhistor (fl. 70s BC)[/LIST] Roman Empire period

[LIST][*][I]Periplus of the Erythraean Sea[/I][*]Strabo (64 BC - 24 AD)[*]Pomponius Mela (fl. 40s AD)[*]Isidore of Charax (1st c. AD)[*]Mucianus (1st c. AD)[*]Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD), [I]Natural History[/I][*]Marinus of Tyre (ca. 70-130 AD)[*][B]Ptolemy[/B] (90-168 AD), [I]Geography[/I][*]Pausanias (2nd c.)[*]Agathedaemon of Alexandria (2nd c.)[*]Dionysius of Byzantium (2nd c.)[*]Agathemerus (3rd c.)[*]Alypius of Antioch (4th c.)[*]Marcian of Heraclea (4th c.)[/LIST] Byzantine Empire [LIST][*]Hierocles (author of Synecdemus) (6th c.)[*]Cosmas Indicopleustes (6th c.)[*]Stephanus of Byzantium (6th c.)[/LIST]
Source: [URL="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Graeco-Roman_geographers"]List of Graeco-Roman geographers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia[/URL]

In ancient times, Sri Lanka was known by a variety of names: [I]ancient Greek geographers[/I] called it Taprobane. Great Britain was called Pretannike nese = British Isles. Iceland was named Thule. Ethiopia and Egypt were also Greek names. While Megasthenes explored India, up to Sri Lanka, Pytheas had already explored Scandinavia, the British Isles and possibly Iceland. Euthymenes sailed around Western Africa, probably visiting Ghana.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iWDtXSAqVxI"]YouTube - ‪Greek sea explorers‬‏[/ame]
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