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Old July 10th, 2018, 03:07 PM   #1

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What do you call the inhabitants of Svalbard?


Not sure if this is the proper category for this question. What do you call the inhabitants of the Svalbard archipelago? Svalbarder? Svalbardish? Svalbardian? Svalbardegian? Svalbardic?
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Old July 10th, 2018, 03:28 PM   #2
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Norwegians...
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Old July 10th, 2018, 03:35 PM   #3
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The easiest one is Norwegian, but assuming you want to be more specific:
This source:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_o...es_and_nations

says the adjective form or Svalbard is Svalbard.

This source:
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Svalbardian

says it's Svalbardian as in of or pertaining to Svalbard.


Svalbard is an archipelago. Most people live on the island of Spitsbergen so Spitsberger might also be appropriate.
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Old July 10th, 2018, 04:39 PM   #4

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Thanks.
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Old July 10th, 2018, 11:07 PM   #5
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Visigoth Panzer View Post
Not sure if this is the proper category for this question. What do you call the inhabitants of the Svalbard archipelago?
Cold.
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Old July 11th, 2018, 06:36 AM   #6
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Svalbardians.

For how many generations do they live there? Are they all descended from recent settlers?
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Old July 11th, 2018, 06:49 AM   #7
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Icelanders are very unique due to genetic drift (caused by endogamy and small population size). They no longer resemble their ancestral populations due to this drift. But they have a very long history in Iceland, while Svalbard was probably settled recently:

Ancient genomes from Iceland reveal the making of a human population | Science

Supplementary Materials | Science

http://science.sciencemag.org/conten...sdottir-SM.pdf

"Abstract:
Opportunities to directly study the founding of a human population and its subsequent evolutionary history are rare. Using genome sequence data from 27 ancient Icelanders, we demonstrate that they are a combination of Norse, Gaelic [Celtic], and admixed individuals. We further show that these ancient Icelanders are markedly more similar to their source populations in Scandinavia and the British-Irish Isles than to contemporary Icelanders, who have been shaped by 1100 years of extensive genetic drift. Finally, we report evidence of unequal contributions from the ancient founders to the contemporary Icelandic gene pool. These results provide detailed insights into the making of a human population that has proven extraordinarily useful for the discovery of genotype-phenotype associations."

Proportions of Insular Celtic/Gaelic and Norse ancestry in each individual:

https://i.imgur.com/ElZMDT3.jpg

Click the image to open in full size.

Distribution of early settlers according to their ethnic origins:

Click the image to open in full size.

PCA graph with ancient Icelanders:

Click the image to open in full size.

Last edited by Lech Wielkopolski; July 11th, 2018 at 06:51 AM.
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Old July 11th, 2018, 07:39 AM   #8

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To my knowledge most current people on Svalbard came there within the last fifty years or less.
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Old July 11th, 2018, 07:49 AM   #9

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Spitsbergen was the traditional name of the archipelago as a whole for centuries, renaming it Svalbard was a piece of nationalistic cheek that I personally don't recognize.
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Old July 11th, 2018, 02:09 PM   #10
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Svalbard is a part of Norway according to the Svalbard treaty of 1920, the only part of the peace settlement after WWI still in effect. Svalbard means "cold coast" in old Norse and the oldest written use of the name is from 1144.The name was used for many years, but as Old Norse vanished as a language the name Spitsbergen was used for the whole archipelago, but it's really the name of just the main island.

There is no indigionous population, people live there because they work there. Most work in coal mining, tourism, scientific research and administration. If people become unemployed, seriously ill, too old or crimminals they are flown back to the mainland. Still, many people live there with their families.

I think the population is about 2500. Most are Norwegians, but there is a Russian settlement based on coal mining. People of bout 40 nationalities live there.

The term "Svalbard-boere" is used, meaning "people who live on Svalbard" or "Svalbard-dwellers".

Last edited by Number24; July 11th, 2018 at 02:11 PM.
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