Historum - History Forums  

Go Back   Historum - History Forums > World History Forum > European History
Register Forums Blogs Social Groups Mark Forums Read

European History European History Forum - Western and Eastern Europe including the British Isles, Scandinavia, Russia

LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
Old September 7th, 2007, 08:02 AM   #1

FJ and G's Avatar
Joined: Sep 2007
From: N. Va.
Posts: 10
First Schleswig War transport

The Europeans became the first to use their railways in warfare when Prussian troops were transported by rail to Denmark’s Schleswig-Holstein provinces, during the First Schleswig War (1848-’50) between Prussia and Denmark, after Danish ships effectively blockaded north German coastal ports. Danish paddle steamers playing a decisive role, not just as warships, but also ferrying soldiers between different battle sites.

Does anyone have any other information on the railways used during this particular battle by the Prussians. I realize they used them to great effect for several later campaigns, but just trying to find more re: this one.
FJ and G is offline  
Remove Ads
Old September 7th, 2007, 07:49 PM   #2

Melisende's Avatar
Joined: Jul 2007
From: Australia
Posts: 1,608
Re: First Schleswig War transport

Could it be that at that point in time, two of the major naval powers in the Baltic were Denmark and Sweden. And thus rather than risk a naval confrontation (and possible loss of forces), it was much easier to move massive amount of troops overland in a single move - whilst still retaining their "freshness" (ie: no long marches, etc).

Sorry, not a period in history I am at all familiar with.
Melisende is offline  
Old September 7th, 2007, 10:18 PM   #3

Lucius's Avatar
the governed self
Joined: Jan 2007
From: Nebraska
Posts: 16,243
Re: First Schleswig War transport

Sorry, I don't have any information about that. I know that during that war, Prussian troops also were dispatched to Saxony, the Palatinate, Baden, and of course, to Berlin itself to quell insurrections. Major von Moltke was Adjutant-General of the Prussian Army during this period. I think this must have been when he refined his ideas about the use of railroads (and of course, the telegraph) to mobilize and deploy bodies of troops.

Dave, since you're a Marine, you might enjoy Old Gimlet Eye: The Adventures of Smedley D. Butler "as told to" Lowell Thomas. He tells of the time he was in Nicaragua and a young Lieutenant A.A. Vandegrift captured a train and brought it back to camp sitting on the cow-catcher.
Lucius is offline  
Old September 10th, 2007, 07:05 AM   #4

FJ and G's Avatar
Joined: Sep 2007
From: N. Va.
Posts: 10
Re: First Schleswig War transport

Thanks, guys. Re: Old Gimlet Eye, I like that book. He was a mavarick, a man ahead of his time, if you get my drift.
FJ and G is offline  
Old January 17th, 2008, 11:32 AM   #5

Christensen's Avatar
Joined: Jan 2008
From: Denmark
Posts: 55
Re: First Schleswig War transport

Sorry for reviving this old thread.

At the outbreak of the war in 1848 only small parts of the Danish railroad network had been finnished. A line from Altona to Kiel (opened 1844) and one from Copenhagen to Roskilde (opened 1847). I don't know if the Schleswig-Holstein forces used the Altona-Kiel line, but at least some Danish troops traveled from Copenhagen to Roskilde by train.

I remember reading a memoir from one Danish soldier who writes that some of his fellow soldiers (most of them peassants) had never been on a train before, and feared the big metal beast.

In the Second Schleswig War (1864) the railroad network had been expanded, and was used to a great extent. As I'm not an expert on the subject I can't go into details but I know that the two former Danish officers Helge Kroon and Knud Rasmussen have written a chapter about the use of railroads in their book "Paradokset: 4. Division: Generalløjtnant Cai Ditlev Hegermann-Lindencrone i Nørrejylland under Den dansk-tyske krig 1864" (The Paradox: 4th Division: Lieutenant-General Cai Ditlev Hegermann-Lindencrone in Northen Jutland during the Danish-German war 1864)
Christensen is offline  

  Historum > World History Forum > European History

schleswig, transport, war

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Copyright © 2006-2013 Historum. All rights reserved.