Originally Posted by wei
Around the mid-nineteenth century, the British Empire entered a new era of colonial/imperial policy called “New” or “High Imperialism”. What are the differences to previous stages of colonial policy?
Before, the British conquered countries in order to set up trading posts and take their resources. Now they faced a race for Africa against their European neighbors, each seeking to create their own sphere of influence to gain resources and increase national pride. The European elite saw it as their Christian duty to "civilise" and convert the natives, this was known as the White Man's Burden.