Historum - History Forums  

Go Back   Historum - History Forums > World History Forum > European History
Register Forums Blogs Social Groups Mark Forums Read

European History European History Forum - Western and Eastern Europe including the British Isles, Scandinavia, Russia


Reply
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
Old December 12th, 2012, 04:17 PM   #1
Suspended indefinitely
 
Joined: Nov 2009
From: Queensland, Australia
Posts: 3,760
General de Gaulle and Free French


General De Gaulle as under-secretary of national defence and war, refused to accept the French Government truce with Germany and escaped to London where he announced the formation French government in exile and became leader of Free French.
His famous speech of 19 June 1940 was the very beginning of this movement. The defiance of de Gaulle was a good start to restore the French will to fight and to resist collaboration with Nazis. It was a very difficult start for Free French movement but gradually the strongly willed de Gaulle and his movement gained political momentum and acquired mare and more support from metropolitan France as well as from French colonies and ,at the end it was recognised as the provisional Government of France by all allied countries..
Below is transcript of de Gaulle famous speech;
.
"The leaders who, for many years, have been at the head of the French armies have formed a government. This government, alleging the defeat of our armies, has made contact with the enemy in order to stop the fighting. It is true, we were, we are, overwhelmed by the mechanical, ground and air forces of the enemy. Infinitely more than their number, it is the tanks, the aeroplanes, the tactics of the Germans which are causing us to retreat. It was the tanks, the aeroplanes, the tactics of the Germans that surprised our leaders to the point of bringing them to where they are today.
"But has the last word been said? Must hope disappear? Is defeat final? No!
"Believe me, I who am speaking to you with full knowledge of the facts, and who tell you that nothing is lost for France. The same means that overcame us can bring us victory one day. For France is not alone! She is not alone! She is not alone! She has a vast Empire behind her. She can align with the British Empire that holds the sea and continues the fight. She can, like England, use without limit the immense industry of the United States.
"This war is not limited to the unfortunate territory of our country. This war is not over as a result of the Battle of France. This war is a worldwide war. All the mistakes, all the delays, all the suffering, do not alter the fact that there are, in the world, all the means necessary to crush our enemies one day. Vanquished today by mechanical force, in the future we will be able to overcome by a superior mechanical force. The fate of the world depends on it.
" I, General de Gaulle, currently in London, invite the officers and the French soldiers who are located in British territory or who might end up here, with their weapons or without their weapons, I invite the engineers and the specialised workers of the armament industries who are located in British territory or who might end up here, to put themselves in contact with me.
"Whatever happens, the flame of the French resistance must not be extinguished and will not be extinguished. Tomorrow, as today, I will speak on the radio from London
Edward is offline  
Remove Ads
Old December 12th, 2012, 04:21 PM   #2

Fourteen's Avatar
Historian
 
Joined: Apr 2011
From: Melbourne
Posts: 1,286
Blog Entries: 7

Just to clarify - is there a question, here, or is this more of an 'essay'-style post? Simply so that I know what (or how, rather) one is meant to reply, if one is.
Fourteen is offline  
Old December 12th, 2012, 04:24 PM   #3

Mike Lynch's Avatar
Historian
 
Joined: Aug 2012
From: Colorado
Posts: 1,733

So De Gaulle and the Free French were straight ballers - we know this, what are we discussing?
Mike Lynch is offline  
Old December 12th, 2012, 04:46 PM   #4
Suspended indefinitely
 
Joined: Nov 2009
From: Queensland, Australia
Posts: 3,760

De Gaulle was a controversial figure during WWII. Many allied nation recognised Vichy regime for years, not the Free French movement.
For his defiance, de Gaulle was in absentia, sentenced to death penalty. I have no doubts that this penalty will be executed if de Gaulle ever falls in the hands of Vichy.
There is also issue of De Gaulle performance as an armoured division commander in 1940.
" General Charles de Gaulle, attempted to halt the German invasion of France at Abbeville. He wrote about these events in his book, The Call to Honour (1955)
By the evening (28th May, 1940) the objective was reached. Only Mont Caubert still held out. There were a great many dead from both sides on the field. Our tanks had been sorely tried. Barely a hundred were still in working order. But all the same, an atmosphere of victory hovered over the battlefield. Everyone held his head high. The wounded were smiling. The guns fired gaily. Before us, in a pitched battle, the Germans had retired.
Alas! In the course of the Battle of France, what other ground had been or would be won, except this strip of fourteen kilometres deep? If the State had played its part; if, while there was time, it had directed its military system towards enterprise, not passivity; if our leaders had in consequence had at their disposal the instruments for shock and manoeuvre which had been often suggested to the politicians and to the High Command; then our arms would have had their chance, and France would have found her soul again."

Last edited by Edward; December 12th, 2012 at 04:53 PM.
Edward is offline  
Old December 12th, 2012, 06:12 PM   #5
Suspended indefinitely
 
Joined: Nov 2009
From: Queensland, Australia
Posts: 3,760

De Gaule was a pioneer of mechanised and armoured warfare in early 1930’s.

“De Gaulle Concept of Mobile, Professional Army” by A. Doughty, USA

http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA509926
Edward is offline  
Old December 12th, 2012, 07:32 PM   #6
Suspended indefinitely
 
Joined: Dec 2012
Posts: 6

I have no doubts that this penalty will be executed if de Gaulle ever falls in the hands of Vichy.Click the image to open in full size.Click the image to open in full size.Click the image to open in full size.Click the image to open in full size.Click the image to open in full size.Click the image to open in full size.
duncaterro is offline  
Old December 12th, 2012, 09:33 PM   #7
Suspended indefinitely
 
Joined: Nov 2009
From: Queensland, Australia
Posts: 3,760

Quote:
Originally Posted by duncaterro View Post
I have no doubts that this penalty will be executed if de Gaulle ever falls in the hands of Vichy.Click the image to open in full size.Click the image to open in full size.Click the image to open in full size.Click the image to open in full size.Click the image to open in full size.Click the image to open in full size.
Duncaterro, Could you remove advertaising links from your posts?
Edward is offline  
Old December 13th, 2012, 04:54 PM   #8
Suspended indefinitely
 
Joined: Nov 2009
From: Queensland, Australia
Posts: 3,760

I read somewhere in this Forum that de Gaulle had unlimited support of the allies. In fact, allies were prepared to dump him if Vichy regime will accept Allies occupation of North Africa. As Vichy preferred to remain loyal to Hitler rather than cooperate with allies, the full support went to de Gaulle. Below is a letter from Churchill to Roosevelt dated 16 December 1941;




Winston Churchill, letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt (16th December, 1941)
The German setback in Russia, the British successes in Libya, the moral and military collapse of Italy, above all the the declarations of war exchanged between Germany and the United States, must strongly affect the mind of France and the French Empire. Now is the time to offer to Vichy and to French North Africa a blessing or a cursing. A blessing will consist in a promise by the United States and great Britain to re-establish France as a Great Power with her territories undiminished.
Our relations with General de Gaulle and the Free French movement will require to be reviewed. Hitherto the United States have entered into no undertakings similar to those comprised in my correspondence with him. Through no particular fault of his own movement has created new antagonism in French minds. Any action which the united states may now feel able to take in regard to him should have the effect, inter alia, of redefining our obligations to him and France so as to make these obligations more closely dependent upon the eventual effort by him and the French nation to rehabilitate themselves."
Edward is offline  
Reply

  Historum > World History Forum > European History

Tags
free, french, gaulle, general



Thread Tools
Display Modes


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
De Gaulle Edward European History 37 December 30th, 2012 01:00 PM
How is Charles De Gaulle viewed ? Mohammed the Persian European History 22 November 22nd, 2011 09:14 AM
Charles de Gaulle - un héro? avon European History 14 October 17th, 2010 01:43 AM
Why De Gaulle went in UK on June 17, 1940 barlier European History 5 February 1st, 2010 10:48 AM
Free French fought the US Navy WWII? Toltec General History 4 May 26th, 2009 04:48 AM

Copyright © 2006-2013 Historum. All rights reserved.