As for the world out of the british empire, i believe there was a clash between Britain and France. like it was fancy to speak english, it was also fancy to speak french. French literature was more coppied than the british one (at least it seemed so here in latin America) but the "gentleman" look that people searched for was the british gentleman look. In constrast, urbanizers from other countries searched for a more parisian look for the city, that's why there's still today many "The Paris from somewhere" but i don't remeber any "London from somewhere"
As for the world inside the british empire, i think this quote says a lot:
"No Hindu who has received an English education ever remains sincerely attached to his religion. It is my firm belief that if our plans of education are followed up, there will not be a single idolater among the respected classes 30 years hence
.” – Lord Macaulay
Every coloniser, at least a sucessful one, tries to implant it's culture in the colony. One (weird?) example,take a look at this judges from the world: http://www.filibustercartoons.com/judges.htm
and search for the judges from Great Britain. Then look at the outfits from the judges of former colonies: it's almost identical.
Till today, in former british colonies english is a popular language, or even one of the main languages of the country (specially in africa). If you spoke the language of your colonizer, you were seen as more than a simple indian/african, you were "superior". Many natives were happy to adopt british costumes and british way of life. Tea had for centuries been used as a medicinal plant in India, but it only started to being drunk for pleasure till the british stabilished tea plantations there and today, the indian sub continent is one of the the greatest tea consumers of the world.The colonized adopts the way of the colonizer.
I hope this was of some use for you and it wasn't very confusing