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Old January 28th, 2014, 02:09 PM   #1
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Polish Operation of the NKVD and other Soviet crimes before 1939


According to official Soviet census, in 1926 there were 782,334 Polish people in the Soviet Union. Polish authorities estimated that it was even more. Data from that 1926 census is available in the link below (in Russian):

Weekly - . .

However, large part of those Poles in the Soviet Union, died already before WW2 as the result of Stalinist repressions.

It is estimated, for example, that 21,000 Poles died during the Great Famine in Ukraine.

Further 111,091 Poles, citizens of the USSR, were executed during the so called Polish Operation of the NKVD in 1937-1938:

Polish Operation of the NKVD (1937?38) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A lecture about that crime against humanity in English:

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KcZNTtHOswg"]The Children of the Victims of the Polish Operation of the NKVD - YouTube[/ame]

Last edited by Domen; January 28th, 2014 at 02:17 PM.
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Old December 27th, 2017, 01:57 AM   #2
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This is year 80th anniversary of the great purge of 1937. I found some archive documents on the subject. The following ethnicities were targeted in ethnic operations: Poles, Germans, Latvians, Lithuanians, Estonians, Finns, Pontic Greeks, Romanians, Bulgarians, Chinese, Iranians, Afgans.

People who organised these ethnic operations on territories of Beylorussian Soviet Republic were

People's Commissar (minister) for Internal Affairs (Police) Boris Berman

Poles were targeted. Often, when authorities wanted to arrest a person they would label him as a Pole in his application to get arrest approval.

Those who were responsible for the organisation of execution of people were executed themselves in order to cover up the crime. So Boris Berman was arrested and executed and replaced by Nasedkin as minister of Internal Affairs. Nasedkin was writing to secretary of central committee of the Communist Party of Belarusian Republic (the head of the republic in those times) Ponomarenko :


"In 1937 and first half of 1938 from the taken on the Polish line - pure Poles were no more than 35-40%, and the rest were Belarusians, Russians, Jews, Ukrainians ".

Source

Quote:
«Линия на арест в первую очередь поляков привела, в конце концов, к тому, что на местах при составлении справок на арест, часто на основании лишь того, что у человека польская фамилия или имя в установочных данных за глаза писали «поляк», зная, что при этом Минск обязательно даст санкцию на арест».

Нарком внутренних дел Наседкин 13 декабря 1938 г. писал секретарю ЦК КП(б)Б Пономаренко о том, что во время арестов 1937 г. — первой половины 1938 г. «из взятых лиц по польской линии — чистых поляков было не более 35—40%, а остальные были белорусы, русские, евреи, украинцы».
https://nn.by/?c=ar&i=201497&lang=ru
That's historic document from minister of interior affairs to secretary of central committee - the head of the republic.

Last edited by lexell; December 27th, 2017 at 02:13 AM.
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Old December 27th, 2017, 02:10 AM   #3
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From August 1937 to November 1938, in all ethnic operations (not just Poles) in the USSR, more than 335,000 people were convicted, of whom almost 74% were sentenced to execution for "oropaganda and agitation against Soviet authority" "organizational activity against Soviet authority" as per historian V. I. Adamushko.


One could get death sentence for propaganda and agitation against Soviet authorites in 1937.
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Old December 29th, 2017, 10:47 AM   #4
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Werenät Poles responsible for the establishment of the Soviet Union?
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Old December 29th, 2017, 12:36 PM   #5

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Rinat Magsumov View Post
Werenät Poles responsible for the establishment of the Soviet Union?
This question has nothing to do with the OP.
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Old December 29th, 2017, 12:42 PM   #6

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Quote:
Originally Posted by lexell View Post
This is year 80th anniversary of the great purge of 1937. I found some archive documents on the subject. The following ethnicities were targeted in ethnic operations: Poles, Germans, Latvians, Lithuanians, Estonians, Finns, Pontic Greeks, Romanians, Bulgarians, Chinese, Iranians, Afgans.

People who organised these ethnic operations on territories of Beylorussian Soviet Republic were

People's Commissar (minister) for Internal Affairs (Police) Boris Berman

Poles were targeted. Often, when authorities wanted to arrest a person they would label him as a Pole in his application to get arrest approval.

Those who were responsible for the organisation of execution of people were executed themselves in order to cover up the crime. So Boris Berman was arrested and executed and replaced by Nasedkin as minister of Internal Affairs. Nasedkin was writing to secretary of central committee of the Communist Party of Belarusian Republic (the head of the republic in those times) Ponomarenko :


"In 1937 and first half of 1938 from the taken on the Polish line - pure Poles were no more than 35-40%, and the rest were Belarusians, Russians, Jews, Ukrainians ".

Source

That's historic document from minister of interior affairs to secretary of central committee - the head of the republic.
I recall a post by Antonina (in my opinion she is a subject expert) saying that Polish people were targeted by Kremlin. Men were executed and women with children were deported. Unfortunately, Polish last names ending with "ski" and "cki" were equivalent to the death sentence...

It is important to understand WHY Kremlin was exterminating Polish people. Its main approach was to (1) "perevospitat" - to re-train people and therefore to change their mentality towards the "bright Soviet future", and if this was not doable - (2) to kill them all. As Stalin stated, "there is a man - there is a problem. No man - no problem". Polish people were viewed by Kremlin as those who can not be re-trained.

It was in 1937-1940 on the Soviet territory. Soon after, in Germany, Hitler adopted his friend Stalin's tactics by hunting for Jewish last names, such as those ending with two "n". German Nazi machine used the same approach: (1) re-train people, change their mentality towards the "bright Third Reich", and if this was not doable - (2) to kill them all. In a similar fashion with their Soviet friends, Nazi saw Jewish people as those with the mentality that could not be changed.

I may add that Ukrainian peasants in 1930s were also seen by Kremlin as those who could not be re-trained. Therefore, a mass starvation Holodomor was used as an inexpensive tool to kill Ukrainian peasants.

With respect to both Ukrainians and Polish people, the goal was also to take away their property and to enhance Moscow control over the imperial territory.

Last edited by Underground; December 29th, 2017 at 01:07 PM.
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Old December 29th, 2017, 01:09 PM   #7

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Quote:
Originally Posted by lexell View Post
This is year 80th anniversary of the great purge of 1937. I found some archive documents on the subject. The following ethnicities were targeted in ethnic operations: Poles, Germans, Latvians, Lithuanians, Estonians, Finns, Pontic Greeks, Romanians, Bulgarians, Chinese, Iranians, Afgans. .
As I already described in my post, these groups also were seen by Kremlin as those who could not be retrained to see the "bright Soviet future".
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Old December 29th, 2017, 01:50 PM   #8

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Rinat Magsumov View Post
Werenät Poles responsible for the establishment of the Soviet Union?
How so? Poland was removed from the map of Europe from 1772 until 1919, divided among Prussia/Germany, Russia and the Austria-Hungarian Empire. Lenin,Trotsky and company had no association with the Polish lands prior to or during the 1917 Revolution.
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Old December 29th, 2017, 02:33 PM   #9
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How so? Poland was removed from the map of Europe from 1772 until 1919, divided among Prussia/Germany, Russia and the Austria-Hungarian Empire. Lenin,Trotsky and company had no association with the Polish lands prior to or during the 1917 Revolution.
There were Poles among the Soviets, the most infamous example being Feliks Dzierżyński. But I've never heard anyone saying that Poles were responsible for the creation of USSR.
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Old December 30th, 2017, 03:33 AM   #10
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There were Poles among the Soviets, the most infamous example being Feliks Dzierżyński. But I've never heard anyone saying that Poles were responsible for the creation of USSR.
Soviets were officially opposed to any form of nationalism. It was regarded as reactionary, a creation of the proletariat's class enemy - the bourgeoisie. According to them nationalism was used by the upper classes to deliberately divide working class and thus distract them from class warfare and the real enemy. Felix Dzerzhinsky was a Bolshevik.
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