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Vikingr May 9th, 2014 05:00 PM

Lithuania: Origins and History
 
What do you know aboot it's History? Especially the Grand Duchy. I know that for a time it was the largest state in Europe and that it was Baltic. What's your opinion of lithuania?
Replies from Native Lithuanian Balts and non-Lithuanians are good.

Lithuanian state in 13-15th centuries
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi..._centuries.png


The Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1387
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...oland_1387.png

Phil25 May 9th, 2014 05:40 PM

I didnt know that Lithuania was so large once.

Vikingr May 9th, 2014 07:50 PM

Yep, and from 1240-1380 it was the only power in Eastern Europe that could successfully combat the Mongol Horde.

At Each Kilometer May 9th, 2014 08:03 PM

You were the last bastion of pagan faith in Europe. I have a question regarding your northern neighbours, Latvians. Are they distant "cousins" of your people?

Vikingr May 9th, 2014 08:13 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by At Each Kilometer (Post 1805320)
You were the last bastion of pagan faith in Europe. I have a question regarding your northern neighbours, Latvians. Are they distant "cousins" of your people?

I'm not Lithuanian but Latvians are closely related to them. Those 2 nations are the only Baltic nations left and there language is similar. The Balts used to cover a much larger area even before the Slavic expansion.

Lithuania also wasn't fully christianized till 1413. And even then paganism remained strong amongst the peasantry.

michael mills May 9th, 2014 09:14 PM

Vikingr,

If you want to know more of the history of Medieval Lithuania, I recommend to you this excellent and informative book:

"Lithuania ascending : a pagan empire within east-central Europe, 1295-1345 ", by S.C. Rowell

Phil25 May 9th, 2014 09:36 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by Vikingr (Post 1805329)
I'm not Lithuanian but Latvians are closely related to them. Those 2 nations are the only Baltic nations left and there language is similar. The Balts used to cover a much larger area even before the Slavic expansion.

Lithuania also wasn't fully christianized till 1413. And even then paganism remained strong amongst the peasantry.

Are Balts Indo Europeans? What about Estonians? Are they different from Lithuanians and Latvians?

michael mills May 9th, 2014 09:47 PM

Estonians speak a non-Indo-European language closely related to Finnish.

Lithuanian and Latvian are both Indo-European languages of a very archaic type, ie they have not changed much over time, and are much closer in structure and phonology to Proto-Indo-European than other IE languages. Lithuanian in particular is considered to be the modern language most similar to the original Indo-European.

Denitsa May 9th, 2014 09:58 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by Phil25 (Post 1805382)
Are Balts Indo Europeans? What about Estonians? Are they different from Lithuanians and Latvians?

Are you serious? English people should be more interested in Eastern Europe...
Lithuania has great history often related with Poland.

Vikingr May 9th, 2014 10:05 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by michael mills (Post 1805366)
Vikingr,

If you want to know more of the history of Medieval Lithuania, I recommend to you this excellent and informative book:

"Lithuania ascending : a pagan empire within east-central Europe, 1295-1345 ", by S.C. Rowell

Thanks:)


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