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Old December 31st, 2017, 12:03 AM   #1

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December 31st


Despite it's a symbolic date and it's the end of the year [so we could expect that a lot of cycles end on this day], December 31st hasn't recorded a huge number of historical events.

Personally I remember something really historical: the official dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 31st, 1991CE. Anyway checking ... I've discovered that it's not accurate: the Soviet Union had "closed" on December 26th, on December 31st it ceased all official activities.

So I have to take the end of Soviet Union off of the list.

What remains?

December 31st, 1999: end of the last mandate of Eltsin and Putin becomes the Russian President.

December 31st, 1600 the "British East India Company" was born.

December 31st, 192CE: Emperor Commodus gets assassinated.

I've taken a look at the WIKI page and I haven't found much more.
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Old December 31st, 2017, 04:07 AM   #2

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Winter is a bad season for battles...
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Old December 31st, 2017, 04:54 AM   #3

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The Battle of Cannanore in India happened in December 31 of 1501 to January 2 of 1502 , it was the first big Portuguese naval engagement in the Indian Ocean, and the first or one of the first time naval line of battle was used.
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Old December 31st, 2017, 05:30 AM   #4
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Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennesee, Dec 31, 1862 - Jan 2, 1863 in the American Civil War. Noteworthy as the scene of the highest casualty rate in the CW - 30% of the combatants were either killed or wounded.
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Old December 31st, 2017, 07:10 AM   #5
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German WWII operation Nordwind started on 31 December 1944.

The battle of Englefield was on 31 December 870 between vikings and saxons.
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Old December 31st, 2017, 07:29 AM   #6

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Chlodio View Post
Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennesee, Dec 31, 1862 - Jan 2, 1863 in the American Civil War. Noteworthy as the scene of the highest casualty rate in the CW - 30% of the combatants were either killed or wounded.
Speaking of the USA, they also suffered a big defeat on December 31st 1775, at the battle of Quebec, when general Montgomery was killed and the American invasion of Canada was stopped, despite Arnold (and his successors) besieging Quebec until May.
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Old December 31st, 2017, 08:16 AM   #7

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Maki View Post
Speaking of the USA, they also suffered a big defeat on December 31st 1775, at the battle of Quebec, when general Montgomery was killed and the American invasion of Canada was stopped, despite Arnold (and his successors) besieging Quebec until May.
So the Americans wanted to invade Canada ... with which purposes? To conquer it or to create a diversion for the British power?
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Old December 31st, 2017, 08:47 AM   #8

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George Catlett Marshall, one of the most prominent American soldiers and statesmen of the 20th century is born 31 December 1880.
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Old December 31st, 2017, 09:02 AM   #9

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If we have to consider birthday, December 31st can do better [considering the duration of a pregnancy ... it's obvious ... you know spring ... finally after the winter ... and in late December babies came ...].

Callistus III [nothing less than a Pope - 1378].
Go-Yozey, Japanese Emperor [1572].
Bonnie Prince [what about this ?!? - 1720]
Giovanni Pascoli [1855] I know that out of Italy he's not so known, but trust me ... he was a giant.
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Old December 31st, 2017, 09:05 AM   #10

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Quote:
Originally Posted by AlpinLuke View Post
So the Americans wanted to invade Canada ... with which purposes? To conquer it or to create a diversion for the British power?
I'm sure there are many people on this forum far more knowledgable on this subject than me but I'll try.

Great Britain hadn't been ruling in Quebec for a long time, they had only taken that territory from France in the Seven Years War, so most of the population was Francophone so many (among the Americans) thought that the population would welcome the end to British rule. Quite amusingly, the Americans also believed that the English Canadians would join them because of the unpopular Quebec Act that gave protection to the French language and culture and Catholic faith. However, it was not only because of that the Americans attacked, Quebec posed a threat. In the past, France would send armies and raiders to attack the then British settlers, so now the Americans feared that Britain would do the same (quite reasonably as Burgoyne's invasion would prove). Canada's joining to the Continental Congress would also show North American unity in opposing the tyrannical acts of the British government. Canada was even described as: "the only link wanting, to complete the bright and strong chain of union". The thing is, the Americans weren't completely wrong, there were some anti-British actions in Canada conducted by the Canadians, but it was not on the scale that the Congress had hoped for. So there were both security and ideological reasons for invading Canada.

Last edited by Maki; December 31st, 2017 at 09:17 AM.
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