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Old November 28th, 2010, 01:42 AM   #1

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Heroin as a cough-mixture, 1898-1910


Heroin was the trade-name for diacetylmorphine, which was first synthesized an English chemist in the 1870s, but was 'reinvented' by chemists working for the German pharmaceutical company Bayer in the 1890s, and then marketed as a sedative for coughs from 1898 onward. The chemist primarily responsible was Heinrich Dreser, who also developed aspirin. He was looking for a non-addictive substitute for morphine. It was called heroin because the people on whom it was tested said that it made them feel heroisch (heroic), and was a runaway success, soon accounting for 5% of Bayer's profits. Until worrying reports began to circulate that this product was neither as harmless nor as non-addictive as had been thought! Further information on Heinrich Dreser and his wonder-drug here:
http://www.opioids.com/heroin/heroinhistory.html


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Old November 28th, 2010, 02:05 AM   #2

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Re: Heroin as a cough-mixture, 1898-1910


If one is ever lucky enough to browse newpapers from the late nineteenth century, one is bound to find parmacists appearing regularly in the death notices. It seems the hazards of the occupation were mostly self-inflicted.
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Old November 28th, 2010, 02:12 AM   #3
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Re: Heroin as a cough-mixture, 1898-1910


I once failed a drug test for opiates, in my cough medicine. I had to retake it and list both types of cough mixture i'd taken not just 1 (i niavly only listed 1 type of cough medicine on my form not 2)
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Old November 28th, 2010, 02:19 AM   #4

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Re: Heroin as a cough-mixture, 1898-1910


People have been known to fail a urinalysis after eating poppy seed bread.
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Old November 28th, 2010, 02:38 AM   #5

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Re: Heroin as a cough-mixture, 1898-1910


I think we rely far too much on drugs. If a child is hyperactive, he's given drugs. If he's depressed, he's given drugs, if he has a cough, he's given drugs... Our bodies are self healing. Through exercise, proper diet, sleep and life style we could eliminate the use of many of the drugs being consumed.
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Old November 28th, 2010, 02:39 AM   #6

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Re: Heroin as a cough-mixture, 1898-1910


There was cocaine in Coca-Cola when it first came out, when it was developed as a patent medicine.

http://www.snopes.com/cokelore/cocaine.asp


Pemberton marketed this wine-based drink with great success in Atlanta, selling it as a cordial in chemists" shops. With the rise of the temperance movement, however, it became clear that it might soon no longer be possible to sell a drink based on alcohol. Convinced of the virtues of the coca leaf, and cola nut, Pemberton directed his efforts towards concocting a "temperance" drink based on these ingredients and essential oils.
Pemberton began researching obsessively for a formula for a new "temperance" drink based on the coca leaf and kola nut, but replacing the wine by an assortment of essential oils. This tasted too bitter, however, and he tried adding sugar - but this resulted in a sickly sweet taste. The addition of citric acid counteracted this effect, and resulted in a palatable drink.
Pemberton conducted extensive research in his house, converting a large part of it into a chemical laboratory. His nephew later characterised him as an obsessed, secretive inventor with "a laboratory in a back room to which but few were given admittance". Pemberton would forget mealtimes and work late into the night. His nephew described the extensive alterations that "Doc" Pemberton had made to his house:
The remodelling and equipment of this Marietta Street house absorbed all the money Uncle John had or could get The wonderful part of the equipment, to me at least, was the enormous filter made of matched flooring, wide at the top and narrowing to the base. It was built through the floor of a second story room and the ceiling of the room below. This big hamper-like receptacle was filled with Chattahoochee River washed sand, Uncle John explained. The prepared ingredients of coca cola were poured into the top of this filter and treacled through the several wagon loads of washed sand into a metal trough. My best recollection is that this process was for the purpose of "ripening" the mixture by letting it filter through without access of air. There were two large kettles such as sorghum and sugar cane juices were boiled in Paddles of ash similar to those used in propelling canoes stirred the liquid while it was boiled before being taken through the filtering and fermentation process.
Pemberton laboured over the formula for the drink, sending samples down to the soda fountain at the local pharmacy to see how they would be received, and instructing his nephews to report people's comments on the new drink. When the drink was nearly ready to launch properly, Pemberton was visited by two businessmen who wanted to interest him in a colour printing device. Instead, they became partners with him in the "Pemberton Chemical Company". In a historic naming contest, Frank Robinson put the names of the two most important ingredients in the drink together to make a catchy alliterative name: Coca-Cola,

http://www.cocaine.org/coca-cola/index.html
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Old November 28th, 2010, 03:47 AM   #7
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Re: Heroin as a cough-mixture, 1898-1910


Here is more from Bayer

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Bayer heroin bottle. From 1898 to 1910 heroin was marketed as a non-addictive morphine substitute and cough medicine for children
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Old November 28th, 2010, 11:16 AM   #8

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Re: Heroin as a cough-mixture, 1898-1910


you could also buy heroin with your own glass syringe from the sears catalog around the turn of the century..
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Old November 28th, 2010, 11:23 AM   #9

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Re: Heroin as a cough-mixture, 1898-1910


Here's something else the Germans came up with, possibly even more frightening. Nazi radioactive toothpaste.

http://historyplanet.wordpress.com/2...ve-toothpaste/
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Old November 28th, 2010, 11:46 AM   #10

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Re: Heroin as a cough-mixture, 1898-1910


That's tremendous; I've found more here, including a face-cream and chocolate (not to mention the 'scrotal radiodocrinator'!). I imagine the quantity of radioactive material in these products was vanishingly small.
http://www.environmentalgraffiti.com...ally-used/1388
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