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Old June 21st, 2012, 11:36 AM   #1
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Old countries that don't exist any more

There are hundreds of countries in the world today. However, did you know that there are countries that existed for, in some cases hundreds of years, that do not exist any more? Here is a list of countries that do not exist any longer:

Prussia- According to the World Book Encyclopedia, “Prussia was a powerful Germanic nation in north-central Europe for hundreds of years. In 1871, it became the largest state in the newly formed German Empire. Prussia covered most of the northern two-thirds of the empire.”

The Byzantine Empire- From the World Book online encyclopedias, “Byzantine Empire developed from the Roman Empire starting in the A.D. 300's. It survived for more than a thousand years, until the mid-1400's. Its people called themselves Romaioi (Romans), but the Byzantine Empire gradually moved away from its initial cultural, geographical, and political identity with the ancient Roman world. Over time, the Byzantine Empire occupied a steadily decreasing territory around the eastern Mediterranean Sea and on the Balkan Peninsula. At the same time, its culture became strongly Christian.”

Persia- According to the World Book Encyclopedia set “ Persia was a land that included parts of what are now Afghanistan and Iran. It became the home of a great civilization and the center of a vast empire that included most of southwestern Asia and parts of Europe and Africa. The Persian Empire reached its height in the 500’s B.C. It lasted in various forms for more than 1,000 years, except for a time in the 300’s B.C. when it was conquered by the Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great.”

Yugoslavia- From the World Book Encyclopedia reference “Yugoslavia was a country in Europe from 1918 to 2003. Yugoslavia lay on the Balkan Peninsula. The country brought together the various ethnic groups of the region under one government. After World War II (1939-1945), Yugoslavia became a Communist country.”

The Republic of Texas- From World Book encyclopedia books “Texas, Republic of, was an independent country in what is now the eastern part of the state of Texas. The republic formed in 1836, during a revolt by American colonists against Mexican rule. It existed until 1845. That year, Texas became the 28th state of the United States. Disputes over Texas’s boundaries led to hostilities between Mexico and the United States.”
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Old June 21st, 2012, 11:44 AM   #2

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Prussia and Persia technically just underwent a change of name
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Old June 21st, 2012, 11:44 AM   #3

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The nation known to history as Yugoslavia was actually used the name "The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes" until 1929.

...to nit-pick with the encyclopedia.

I am certain of the information since I have seen photographs of my grandfather's passport/ID from the "KSeCrSl".
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Old June 21st, 2012, 11:50 AM   #4
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That's an interesting fact Kotromanic, thanks for sharing!
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Old June 21st, 2012, 11:51 AM   #5

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Kingdom/Duchy of Burgundy had a very complicated and very long history and very nearly achieved to became the lasting major continental power in the Middle Ages and early modern times instead of France.
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Old June 21st, 2012, 11:53 AM   #6
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The Confederate States of America, 1861 - 1865.

The Tibetan Empire

Newfoundland (1949?)

Kingdom of Wales

Kingdom of Scotland

Saxony and a whole bunch of German states.
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Old June 21st, 2012, 11:56 AM   #7

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Off the top of my head...

The Kingdom of Two Sicilies.
The Kingdom of Naples.
The Kingdom of Navarre.
The Kingdom of Castille.
The Kingdom of Aragon.
The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
The Kingdom of Prussia.
The Kingdom of Bavaria.
The Kingdom of Westphalia.
The Orange Free State.
The Latin Empire.
The Principality of Antioch.
The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
The County of Edessa.
The Kipchak Khanate.
The Ilkhanate.
The Crimean Khanate.
The Timurid Empire.
The Grand Duchy of Moscow.
The Kingdom of Wessex.
The Kingdom of Mercia.
The Kingdom of Northumbria.
The Ezo Republic.
Lan Xang.
The Roman Republic.
The Western Roman Empire.
The Despotate of Epirus.

I may have missed a few hundred here or there though.
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Old June 21st, 2012, 12:09 PM   #8

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But Sudan still exists, just two
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Old June 21st, 2012, 12:10 PM   #9

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Wales and Scotland still exist as countries within the United Kingdom, they haven't disappeared in the same way as Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Oldenburg.
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Old June 21st, 2012, 12:11 PM   #10

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Technically Naomasa, the Vatican State is still the "descendant" of the State of Church which have existed in central Italy for many centuries, but actually it sounds quite odd ...
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