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Old November 6th, 2012, 09:19 AM   #1

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Natural Fortifications


What examples do we have of natural fortifications in history?

The first that springs to my mind is ancient Sparta. The Spartans refered to the Peloponnese mountains as their 'walls' as these mountains made it difficult for enemies to invade Sparta.


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Please share your knowledge here, pictures would be especially great if possible.
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Old November 6th, 2012, 09:43 AM   #2

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The Inca made masterful use of the imposing Andes mountains, adapting the natural fortifications by building their own to augment them.

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MIKE RUGGERI?S ANCIENT ANDEAN WORLD
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Old November 6th, 2012, 09:44 AM   #3

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Wow nice pic, thanks that's a good one!
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Old November 6th, 2012, 09:51 AM   #4

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An obvious one i know, but the Channel has served us well a few times.

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Old November 6th, 2012, 09:55 AM   #5

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In what is today Honduras, Chief Lempira of the Lenca tribe in the 16 century, managed to unite 200 natives tribes which generally were at odds with each other into fighting the Spanish conquerors. He managed to unite 30.000 natives against the Spanish. He made his stand against the Spanish at an impregnable rock on top of a mountain called Cerquín. The Spanish could not take it. So it is said the Spanish faked talks to end the conflict. So when Lempira appeared on top of the rock, they shot him. Shot him from afar. Without his leadership resistance fell quickly apart.


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There are places, statues of Lempira throughout Honduras. Even their money is called the "Lempira".

.90% Silver Lempira Coin from 1934.
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Paper Note of One Lempira.

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Old November 6th, 2012, 09:58 AM   #6

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In my island, Gran Canaria, the ancient people built fortifications around sacred mountains. Parts of these walls sorrounding natural fortress can be seen still. Here fierce combats took place among 1478-1483


Bentayga fortress

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Ansite fortress

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Last edited by Frank81; November 6th, 2012 at 10:20 AM.
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Old November 6th, 2012, 09:59 AM   #7

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Epix View Post
In what is today Honduras, Chief Lempira of the Lenca tribe in the 16 century, managed to unite 200 natives tribes which generally were at odds with each other into fighting the Spanish conquerors. He managed to unite 30.000 natives against the Spanish. He made his stand against the Spanish at an impregnable rock on top of a mountain called Cerquín. The Spanish could not take it. So it is said the Spanish faked talks to end the conflict. So when Lempira appeared on top of the rock, they shot him. Shot him from afar. Without his leadership resistance fell quickly apart.


Click the image to open in full size.

There are places, statues of Lempira throughout Honduras. Even their money is called the "Lempira".

.90% Silver Lempira Coin from 1934.
Click the image to open in full size.

Paper Note of One Lempira.

Click the image to open in full size.
Really interesting, thanks for the contribution.
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Old November 6th, 2012, 10:00 AM   #8

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Frank, thanks a lot, really interesting!
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Old November 6th, 2012, 10:16 AM   #9

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Let remember the Sogdian Rock


At the first appearance of spring, he advanced towards the rock in Sogdiana, to which he was informed many of the Sogdianians had fled for refuge; among whom were said to be the wife and daughters of Oxyartes the Bactrian, who had deposited them for safety in that place, as if forsooth it were impregnable. For he also had revolted from Alexander. If this rock was captured, it seemed that nothing would any longer be left to those of the Sogdianians who wished to throw off their allegiance. When Alexander approached it, he found it precipitous on all sides against assault, and that the barbarians had collected provisions for a long siege. The great quantity of snow which had fallen helped to make the approach more difficult to the Macedonians, while at the same time it kept the barbarians supplied with plenty of water. But notwithstanding all this, he resolved to assault the place; for a certain overweening and insolent boast uttered by the barbarians had thrown him into a wrathful state of ambitious pertinacity. For when they were invited to come to terms of capitulation, and it was held out to them as an inducement, that if they surrendered the place, they would be allowed to withdraw in safety to their own abodes, they burst out laughing, and in their barbaric tongue bade Alexander seek winged soldiers, to capture the mountain for him, since they had no apprehension of danger from other men. He then issued a proclamation that the first man who mounted should have a reward of twelve talents, the man who came next to him the second prize, and the third so on in proportion, so that the last reward should be three htindred darics to the last prize-taker who reached the top. This proclamation excited the valour of the Macedonians still more, thottgh they were even before very eager to commence the assault.

ALL the men who had gained practice in scaling rocks in sieges, banded themselves together to the number of three hundred, and provided themselves with the small iron pegs with which their tents had been fastened to the ground, with the intention of fixing them into the snow, wherever it might be seen to be frozen hard, or into the ground, if it should anywhere exhibit itself free from snow. Tying strong ropes made of flax to these pegs, they advanced in the night towards the most precipitous part of the rock, which was on this account most unguarded; and fixing some of these pegs into the earth, where it made itself visible, and others into the snow where it seemed least likely to crumble, they hoisted themselves up the rock, some in one place and some in another. Thirty of them perished in the ascent; and as they fell into various parts of the snow, not even could their bodies be found for burial. The rest, however, reached the top of the mountain at the approach of dawn; and taking I)ossession of it, they waved linen flags towards the camp of the Macedonians, as Alexander had directed them to do. He now sent a herald with instructions to shout to the sentries of the barbarians to make no further delay, but surrender at once since “the winged men” had been found, and the summits of the mountain were in their possession. At the same time the herald pointed at the soldiers upon the crest of the mountain. The barbarians, being alarmed by the unexpectedness of the sight, and suspecting that the men who were occupying the peaks were more numerous than they really were, and that they were completely armed, surrendered, so frightened did they become at the sight of those few Macedonians. The wives and children of many important men were there captured, including those of Oxyartes. This chief had a daughter, a maiden of marriageable age, named Roxana, who was asserted by the men who served in Alexander’s army to have been the most beautiful of all the Asiatic women whom they had seen, with the single exception of the wife of Darius.


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Old November 6th, 2012, 10:58 AM   #10

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Re: Natural Fortifications


Dutch water line - an idea conceived by maurice of nassau according to which Dutch republic utilized the natural water bodies in netherlands in such a way to convert dutch republic into an Island to protect it from France and spain.

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Dutch_Water_Line Dutch_Water_Line
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