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avon April 15th, 2011 02:02 PM

Orwell, Animal Farm
 
http://www.annexed.net/freedom/Anima...mmandments.jpg
Image source.




George Orwell, Animal Farm, 1945.

Text available here.



Thread opens Sunday, 24 April, 2011.

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avon April 20th, 2011 02:44 PM


avon April 20th, 2011 02:45 PM

Step 2:-

Read Orwell's intended preface:

George Orwell: The Freedom of the Press

avon April 20th, 2011 02:46 PM


okamido April 24th, 2011 01:26 PM

Published in 1945, Animal Farm is an allegorical representation of the rise of socialism in the Soviet Union, and Stalinism in general. As a socialist, why was Orwell so against the policies of Stalin and the Soviet Union in the lead-up to WWII?

Patito de Hule April 24th, 2011 01:35 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by okamido (Post 565664)
Published in 1945, Animal Farm is an allegorical representation of the rise of socialism in the Soviet Union, and Stalinism in general. As a socialist, why was Orwell so against the policies of Stalin and the Soviet Union in the lead-up to WWII?

Orwell was inalterably opposed to totalitarianism. He was happy to be called a Communist.

Osberve that the pig who unmistakably represented Stalin was called Bonaparte. Bonapartism was a Marxist epithet for Bourgeois counter-revolutionary militarism. For Trotsky, Bonapartism became a cliche for Stalinism.

blacksmit049 April 24th, 2011 01:42 PM

The very fascinating world of Animal Farm vividly demonstrates the contempt of the upper class and the suffering of the lower class. It shows the metaphor of humans in accordance to the animals, on how the fragile mind can be easily contemplated and be suck away by an aggressive idea.

Russel Baker, a prizewinning journalist tells us "It is a political tract, a satire on human folly, a loud heehaw at all who yearn for Utopia, an allegorical lesson and a pretty good fable in the Aesop tradition" The farm promises redemption on all the animals, by treating all the animals equal, but the hypocrisy of the idea of the intelligent class gives the instrument that not all are define as equal but some are much more equal and has the advantage over others. The idea of a perfect revolution, equality and politics is a myth, freedom alongside with fear is consequently the destructive allegory of the Animal Farm.

The pigs in physical terms are fat that makes them a good example of leaders that are greedy for power and luxury. They are also the most intelligent animals in the Animal Farm. Somehow their intelligence and initiative that pulls them to the totalitarian power, so to control the satisfaction of oneself and the working power of others.

The pig's ego is very complex, all they want is authority because of their status in society as being the brain of the rebellion, and it is always the tautological aspect for the humans. It is our ego that drives us mentally to pursue a certain power which everyone desired. Education is the excellent way to become a puppeteer of the masses for they only and only believe what an educated man, whether it is right or wrong just because they give a reason (Squealer is an example). Also those milks and apples and beers are just the metaphor for aristocratic luxury of the greed, they just represent temporary comfort and satisfaction.

The sheeps are just the mere trivial metaphor of the ordinary people who learns and follows orders. They are the fragile uneducated stereotypes, one of the majority animals in the farm and the ones the can be easily accommodated by a new idea with always the expression that when given a reason, they would accept it like they are offered a beer.

Squealer, the spokesperson of the animal farm is the orator and the very deceiver of the animals. His job was to convince the animals to the order by his speech, he uses intelligence to somehow give a reason to every action done by the leader. False statements are his theme, a liar for all the animals but to the cause of totalitarian, a very suitable man to control the crowd. He always uses the statements that the pigs are the mind of all operation, the pigs are the only ones that can run the farm smoothly without them it would fall to Jones again.

The hatred for Jones is the very reason for the rebellion, he symbolizes the overthrown of monarchy and aristocracy.

Boxer, the hardworking cart horse is the very model of the farm but always depends on the decision of the pigs which is awkward since he does not think for himself, but only and only for the very sake of the leader and the farm, the very opposite of the pigs. When he was dying, he was sent to the meat knacker because for the upper class he has rendered himself useless. It would be troublesome to cure him, it would cost them an investment. Miserable and haughty death is only for the hardworking lower class. Their hard work is a model, but they don't receive for themselves a good output but rather their unselfishness brings them to death and trouble. A good symbol for the lower class.

Snowball represents the good side of the rebellion, he aims to provide animals the best of all the worlds. His plans are admirable, his will is one of the very foundation of the commandments and his determination let him

Napoleon, the treacherous leader of the Animal Farm after Snowball has taken out has been the totalitarian leader. His leadership has been bloody and cruel since he has violated what the rebellion aims for. In Orwell's days he is the Stalin of Communist Russia. It was the political innocence of the animals that paved way for a totalitarian rule, without opposition and arms, the leader could execute aggressive laws without the consent of the others. Absolute rule is the reason why the rebellion has happened.

The vicious dogs are the loyal and supportive creatures that are under Napoleon. They keep peace and stability throughout the farm but the law they follow is only according to the leader, no written, no amendments and no discretion. Those dogs have no free will and they're train for disdain.

Old Major, a boar that is the root of the idea of the revolution has only give theoretically the idea of the world where animals rule but he has no knowledge of the very foundation of the consequences. For in every major leap of the mind, there is always a temptation of absolute power, the very destructive nature of human ego.

The anthem Beasts of England represents the very revolution and the act of rebellion against aristocracy. It is the cry of all to those who yearn for the Utopian world without rulers, all are of equal treatment. Sympathy and revolution themes of the song are abolished later on in the story, for a simple reason that the society they all wanted for was establish but the case is not. The lyrics regards all the beasts in England and Ireland, not just the animal farm. Building the Animal farm was just a start, but the song contains the hypocrisy of the theory, instead the human revolution is continuous, it never ends. Innovation and criticism are expandable, our knowledge thrives for more results, and our egos are relentless. The society will never establish equality for we are not created equal but by our adaptability, skills and willpower to survive the prey-predator environment.

This only what I can gather from my mind when I read that book, I still don't have time to finish all the representations. That's it for now :)

okamido April 24th, 2011 01:43 PM

Since there was a seeming sympathy for Snowball, should we infer that Orwell had sympathy for Trotsky and his plan of permanent revolution?

Toltec April 24th, 2011 01:54 PM

Orwell was a member of the Troskyite Poum who were betrayed by the Stalinist NKVD in the Spanish Civil War, in one way with the two pigs he's telling this story.

blacksmit049 April 24th, 2011 01:56 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by Patito de Hule (Post 565678)
Orwell was inalterably opposed to totalitarianism. He was happy to be called a Communist.

Osberve that the pig who unmistakably represented Stalin was called Bonaparte. Bonapartism was a Marxist epithet for Bourgeois counter-revolutionary militarism. For Trotsky, Bonapartism became a cliche for Stalinism.

Just to add... what Orwell experienced in Spain during Spanish Civil War certainly change his life. From the preface of the book, Orwell was quoted "taught me how easily totalitarian propaganda can control the opinion of enlightened people in democratic countries."


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