Re: The role of women during the crusades?
Not just in the First Crusades - there are sources for women in battle at the fall of Acre.
Thought to be honest, I don't think the role of women during the Crusades was any different from any role undertaken elsewhere. Religion played an important role in attracting "pilgrims" - which is what they were actually called - not Crusaders - or maybe that should read religious fervour.
But the role of women was one of: mother, wife, ruler, regent, monarch - pretty much the same worldwide. Did they take up arms - yes - as did women elsewhere.