Originally Posted by infestÝr
i understand that jews settled to today's lands called palestine/israel for they believed it was the promised land to them. didnt they consider an alternative?
Jews have lived continuously in the land where the State of Israel is for the last 3,000 years. They had also lived continuously in what is today Iraq; Iran; Syria; Lebanon; and Egypt, in addition to other lands in the Middle East.
There was always a Jewish "movement" to repopulate the area today known as Israel throughout history as it was, indeed, considered the Land of Israel that G-d gave to Israel.
The difficulty was that what is today Israel was largely considered uninhabitable by most of the "civilized" world, including the late Ottoman Empire. The Jews that lived there could usually barely sustain themselves. This was also true of the majority of Arabs that lived there (with the exception of the coast of the Mediterranean). Many were either Bedouin (or other migratory Arabs) or tenant farmers and villagers whose landlords lived in Damascus or further away.
With what has been called "the Emancipation" in countries like Russia or the "Enlightenment" in countries like Germany, Jews were able to emigrate out of their respective European countries for the 1st time in the 1800's.
There was an early movement of religious Jews moving to what was then the Ottoman province of Greater Syria, in the early 1800's.
However, the newly emancipated and often secular Jews of Europe had no strong desire to move to the Land of Israel.
It wasn't until 1882, that what is called the 1st Aliyah began. It was part of a much larger Jewish emigration by disillusioned Jews from Russia and Eastern Europe to Western Europe and the New World. Out of those million plus emigrants, about 30,000 went to the Land of Israel. There was also an immigration of religious Jews from Yemen at this same time.
This immigration into that part of the Ottoman Empire continued up through WWI when Greater Syria changed hands and became the British Mandate of Palestine.
The main reason that Jews continued to migrate from Europe to the Land of Israel in the Middle East was because the Emancipation had created a new, Secular culture of Jews that believed in the idealistic goals of Marxism and Communism and Socialism where Jews would be able to re-establish themselves in the ancient (and, of course, totally anachronistic according to Secular "Judaism") Land of Israel where they could forge a new Jewish culture that would not be subject to the cruelties that Europe had inflicted upon them for the last 1,000 years.
The other Jews of the Middle East had, for the most part, already escaped this European oppression and had no reason to move to the rather harsh Land of Israel where it was very difficult to survive...
i mean, why not buy a land from an african country or some other region that is not this explosive. i'm sure they knew that their settlement would cause a lot of trouble, but they did it anyways?
No... As noted above, they were leaving "a lot of trouble" and their other Jewish brethren had been getting along fine with their Arab brothers in the Middle East, who were all nominally part of the same Ottoman Empire, for the last 500 years or so. The idealistic Jews of Europe saw no reason why the Arabs of the Land of Israel should dislike them anymore the Arabs of Egypt or Babylon or Persia or any other part of Arabia.
And, in truth, there was no historical reason why the Arabs of what is today Israel should have disliked the Jews anymore than anywhere else where Jews were living in the Middle East and North Africa.
The hatreds largely began with the collapse of the Ottoman Empire; the acquisition of Ottoman provinces by European Powers; and the newly created Arab or Muslim States who were all vying to be the new Caliphate.
It became the Age of revolution; anarchy; and hatred.
In Europe this Age ended up with the extermination of European Jews.
In the Middle East, this Age ended up with the establishment of the State of Israel.
As all of the newly formed Arab or Muslim States of the Middle East and North Africa were not decimated by WWII as was Europe, these newly formed States were able to direct their energies to continuing to hate and kill each other and focus on Israel in particular.