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Old May 13th, 2014, 08:30 AM   #1361

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On a remote forest riverbank in northern Idaho, archaeologists have uncovered evidence of human occupation going back more than 13,500 years, adding to the signs of an increasingly ancient human presence in the Northwest, and fueling the debate about how the region’s earliest settlers got there.

The oldest evidence, found in test pits dug along the North Fork of the Clearwater River, includes a blade-like tool fashioned from a rock cobble and dozens of flakes left over from the tool-making process, known as debitage. The artifacts were found in a layer of soil with charcoal that was radiocarbon dated to 13,740 to 13,490 calendar years ago.
13,500-Year-Old Tool-Making Site Uncovered in Idaho Forest | Western Digs
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Old May 13th, 2014, 12:41 PM   #1362

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And here, Surovell’s/Waguespack’s map, discussing the hunting preferences of Clovis Man, which purportedly is discussing how Clovis Man might have hunted other game than mammoths and mastodons. Note that where the most PEOPLE (artifacts) are found, Surovell and Waguespack don’t show ANY sites studied. They ONLY show them in the regions where mammoth bones and mastodon bones have been found.
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It was a simple random – and VERY misleading – chance occurrence that that first Clovis point was found near Clovis, NM, instead of in, say, Kentucky. If that point had been found in the East somewhere, the bulk of the 20th century would not have been wasted on that stupid, STUPID premature conclusion.
Mapping Clovis Man vs Mammoths ? Just Asking | A Catastrophe of Comets
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Old May 15th, 2014, 06:01 PM   #1363

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'Missing Link' Skeleton May Solve Mystery of First Americans | LiveScience
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The ancient skeleton of a teenage girl found in an underwater cave in Mexico may be the missing link that solves the long-standing mystery behind the identity of the first Americans, researchers say.
These findings, the first time researchers have been able to connect an early American skeleton with modern Native American DNA, suggest the earliest Americans are indeed close relatives of modern Native Americans, scientists added.
The newfound skeleton was named "Naia," after Greek water spirits known as naiads. The bones are the nearly intact remains of a small, delicately built teenage girl who stood about 4 feet 10 inches (149 centimeters) tall and was about 15 or 16 years old at the time of her death, based on the development of her skeleton and teeth.
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Diver Susan Bird working at the bottom of Hoyo Negro, a large dome-shaped underwater cave on Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula. She carefully brushes the human skull found at the site while her team members take detailed photographs.
Credit: CREDIT: Image courtesy of Paul Nicklen/National Geographic
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Old May 15th, 2014, 06:03 PM   #1364

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http://cphpost.dk/news/rare-statue-o...loor.9554.html
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A Limoges statue of the Virgin Mary dating from the 13th century has been found during renovations of a small church in the eastern Jutland town of Søby.
Archaeologist Hans Mikkelsen from the National Museum and a local craftsman were sifting through the soil under the church floor when they made the find. The icon would have probably sat atop a crucifix that was used in a church processional. There have been Limoges figures found in Denmark before, but likenesses of the Virgin Mary are quite rare and this is the first of the figures found in Denmark that has a halo.
Limoges figurines were produced in the French town of the same name from 1200 to 1225.
Click the image to open in full size.The Virgin Mary cleaned up nicely (Photo: National Museum)
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Old May 15th, 2014, 06:07 PM   #1365

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A handful of tree ring samples stored in an old cigar box have shed unexpected light on the ancient world, thanks to research by archaeologist Sturt Manning and collaborators at Cornell, Arizona, Chicago, Oxford and Vienna, forthcoming in the June issue of the Journal of Archaeological Science.
Climate change caused empire's fall, tree rings reveal
Click the image to open in full size.A view of Ipi-ha-ishutef’s coffin when originally sampled in 1938.
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Old May 15th, 2014, 06:09 PM   #1366

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What Caused a 1300-Year Deep Freeze? | Science/AAAS | News
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Things were looking up for Earth about 12,800 years ago. The last Ice Age was coming to an end, mammoths and other large mammals romped around North America, and humans were beginning to settle down and cultivate wild plants. Then, suddenly, the planet plunged into a deep freeze, returning to near-glacial temperatures for more than a millennium before getting warm again. The mammoths disappeared at about the same time, as did a major Native American culture that thrived on hunting them. A persistent band of researchers has blamed this apparent disaster on the impact of a comet or asteroid, but a new study concludes that the real explanation for the chill, at least, may lie strictly with Earth-bound events.
The study “pulls the rug out from under the contrived impact hypothesis quite nicely,” says Christian Koeberl, a geochemist at the University of Vienna. Most evidence for the extraterrestrial impact hypothesis, he says, was conjured up “out of thin air.”
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Bill Whittaker/Iowa Office of the State Archaeologist/Creative Commons
Tools tell no tales. The disappearance of these early Native American artifacts was apparently not due to an extraterrestrial impact.
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Old May 15th, 2014, 06:12 PM   #1367

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Ancient Buddha statues found in north China
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/m/shanx...t_17500624.htm
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Over 1,000 ancient Buddha statues have been found in north China's Shanxi Province, a local cultural relics protection department said on Friday.
The Buddha statues were found in three stone caves in a cliff in Yangqu County and could date back to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), according to local archaeologists.
The stone statues carved into the cave walls are 12 to 25 centimeters long, said Yang Jifu, director of the county's cultural heritage tourism bureau.
Yang said two of the caves had been restored in the Ming Dynasty, according to the record on two steles in the caves.
Archaeologists with the institute of archaeology of Taiyuan, capital of the province, said that stone Buddha statue art reached its peak during the period from the Northern and Southern Dynasties (420-589) to the Tang Dynasty (618-907), so it is rare to find stone Buddha statues from the Ming Dynasty.
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Old May 16th, 2014, 07:01 PM   #1368

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Comet theory false; doesn?t explain cold snap at the end of the Ice Age, Clovis changes or mass animal extinction | SMU Research

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Controversy over what sparked the Younger Dryas, a brief return to near glacial conditions at the end of the Ice Age, includes a theory that it was caused by a comet hitting the Earth. As proof, proponents point to sediments containing deposits they believe could result only from a cosmic impact.

Now a new study disproves that theory, said archaeologist David Meltzer, Southern Methodist University, Dallas. Meltzer is lead author on the study and an expert in the Clovis culture, the peoples who lived in North America at the end of the Ice Age.

Meltzer’s research team found that nearly all sediment layers purported to be from the Ice Age at 29 sites in North America and on three other continents are actually either much younger or much older.
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Old May 22nd, 2014, 03:35 PM   #1369

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GIS technology verifies Caesar and Helvetii history
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According to Caesar, more than a quarter of a million Helvetii were settled in the Swiss plateau before they decided to abandon their territory and invade Gaul in 58 BCE.
In his Gallic Wars he says the Helvitii were running out of food.
UWA archaeologist Tom Whitley is developing a GIS model to test Caesar’s population estimate and is testing geophysical techniques to see if they can detect signs of the migration and war.
He is using the GIS to model a large scale economic system focussing on subsistence; looking at local wild and agricultural sources of potential energy available in the environment.
The model tests Caesar’s assertions against the amount of calories that would have been available to the people if they had completely populated the territory.
“Does that in fact reflect what he was saying, that there was a stress on the amount of energy that’s available versus how many people are there to use it?” Professor Whitley says.
“Or does it look like he’s exaggerating his numbers to make it look like he defeated more people than actually he did?”
Prof Whitley says using the historical account, ecological and archaeological data allows him to construct detailed models of a complex economic system.
“If we try to reconstruct what was going on from the archaeological data alone when we have just a very fragmentary record, we don’t know exactly how this mechanism is operating,” he says.
“So with computer simulation we can simulate different kinds of effects and what the results were.”
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Old May 22nd, 2014, 03:37 PM   #1370

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Prehistoric hunting scenes unearthed in Spanish cave - The Art Newspaper
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A series of hunting scenes dating from 7,000 years ago have been found by archaeologists on the six-metre long wall of a small cave in the region of Vilafranca in Castellón, eastern Spain—but it is being kept a secret for now.
A layer of dust and dirt covered ten figures, including bulls, two archers and a goat. The murals were exposed to harsh weather but the paintings pigments have not seriously deteriorated.

Inés Domingo Sanz, a research professor at the University of Barcelona, and Dídac Román, a research associate (archaeology) at the University of Toulouse II Le Mirail and University of Valencia, discovered the site while undertaking government-sponsored research into another excavation area in the region. Sanz says that “some of the [painting] details are unique [and unlike anything] across the entire Mediterranean Basin”. A planned publication will throw light on the rare archaeological find.
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A cave painting of a bull, with colours accentuated by archaeologists. Credit: Courtesy of Ines Domingo
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