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Natural Environment How Human History has been impacted by the environment, science, nature, geography, weather, and natural phenomena


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Old November 21st, 2012, 03:36 PM   #301

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Jesus was born years earlier than thought, claims Pope - Telegraph
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The 'mistake' was made by a sixth century monk known as Dionysius Exiguus or in English Dennis the Small, the 85-year-old pontiff claims in the book 'Jesus of Nazareth: The Infancy Narratives', published on Wednesday.

"The calculation of the beginning of our calendar – based on the birth of Jesus – was made by Dionysius Exiguus, who made a mistake in his calculations by several years," the Pope writes in the book, which went on sale around the world with an initial print run of a million copies.

"The actual date of Jesus's birth was several years before."

The assertion that the Christian calendar is based on a false premise is not new – many historians believe that Christ was born sometime between 7BC and 2BC.
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Old November 21st, 2012, 08:37 PM   #302

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They Cracked This 250-Year-Old Code, and Found a Secret Society Inside
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Dismissed today as fodder for conspiracy theorists and History Channel specials, they once served an important purpose: Their lodges were safe houses where freethinkers could explore everything from the laws of physics to the rights of man to the nature of God, all hidden from the oppressive, authoritarian eyes of church and state. But largely because they were so secretive, little is known about most of these organizations. Membership in all but the biggest died out over a century ago, and many of their encrypted texts have remained uncracked, dismissed by historians as impenetrable novelties.
They Cracked This 250-Year-Old Code, and Found a Secret Society Inside | Danger Room | Wired.com
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Old November 22nd, 2012, 10:29 AM   #303

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http://news.discovery.com/history/me...-20121122.html
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Italian researchers have exhumed the tomb of Giovanni de' Medici, one of the most celebrated condottieri (mercenary soldiers) of the Renaissance, in a bid to understand the life and death of the charismatic 16th century army commander.
Also known as "Giovanni dalle Bande Nere" for the black bands of mourning he wore after the death of Pope Leo X, this member of one of the lesser branches of the wealthy Florentine Medici family is buried in the Medici Chapels in Flo rence with his wife, Maria Salviati.
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Old November 22nd, 2012, 12:12 PM   #304

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9.2-million-year-old rhino skull preserved by instant 'cooking to death' in volcanic ash
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Less than 2% of Earth's fossils are preserved in volcanic rock, but researchers have identified a new one: the skull of a rhino that perished in a volcanic eruption 9.2 million years ago.
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Old November 22nd, 2012, 12:14 PM   #305

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Handaxes of 1.7 million years ago: 'Trust rather than lust' behind fine details
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Trust rather than lust is at the heart of the attention to detail and finely made form of handaxes from around 1.7 million years ago, according to a University of York researcher. Dr Penny Spikins, from the Department of Archaeology, suggests a desire to prove their trustworthiness, rather than a need to demonstrate their physical fitness as a mate, was the driving force behind the fine crafting of handaxes by Homo erectus/ergaster in the Lower Palaeolithic period.
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Handaxe nicknamed 'Excalibur' from Atapuerca, northern Spain, which appears to be the earliest deliberate grave offering, 0.5 million years old. (Credit: Image courtesy of University of York)
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Old November 23rd, 2012, 10:42 AM   #306

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Pigeon Code Baffles British Cryptographers - NYTimes.com
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Britainís code-breakers acknowledged on Friday that an encrypted handwritten message from World War II, found on the leg of a long-dead carrier pigeon in a household chimney in southern England, has thwarted all their efforts to decode it since it was sent to them last month.
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Old November 24th, 2012, 02:20 PM   #307

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Monthu Temple reveals new pharaonic secrets - Ancient Egypt - Heritage - Ahram Online
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A French archaeological mission from the French Institute for Archaeological Studies have unearthed a yet unidentified royal statue of a New Kingdom king during routine excavations at Monthu Temple, northeast of Karnak Temple in Luxor.
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Old November 24th, 2012, 02:24 PM   #308

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Archaeologists Excavate Massive Ancient Gateway in Jordan
Popular Archaeology
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A team of archaeologists and excavators are uncovering a site that could be among the largest ancient Bronze Age cities of the Near East. Current efforts are focusing on a massive, newly discovered Middle Bronze II Period (1800 - 1540 BCE) city gate complex and associated structures, part of a nearly impenetrable defensive system that ringed and protected a city that the excavators suggest may have commanded and controlled a group of other nearby ancient settlements.
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Old November 24th, 2012, 02:27 PM   #309

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The Hindu : Cities / Bangalore : Workers unearth Tipu-British era cannon in Bangalore
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Workers involved in excavating earth at the City Market underground metro site were in for a surprise on Thursday morning when they discovered a cannon and a solitary cannonball, believed to be from the 18th Century Tipu-British era. The construction site falls between Tipu Sultan’s summer palace and the Bangalore Fort.
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Old November 24th, 2012, 02:55 PM   #310

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Revealed: the secrets of a 5,500-year-old mummy murder mystery - Telegraph
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A 5,500-year-old mystery murder could be one step closer to being solved after forensic experts found Ginger, the Egyptian mummy housed at the British Museum, was a young man stabbed in the back during peacetime.
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