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Natural Environment How Human History has been impacted by the environment, science, nature, geography, weather, and natural phenomena


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Old December 31st, 2013, 10:15 AM   #1

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Volcanic eruptions that made or changed history


I'm really surprised that, in an environmental thread, there was nothing about volcanoes. My name being Magmagirl, I have an above average interest in the subject...

The formation of Hawaii: all done by volcanoes. There are many words for diverse types of lava in the Polynesian language. It's all about Pele...

Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD: not a good day for the citizens of Pompeii.

Minoan eruption of Thera, mid-second millennium BCE: thus ended the Minoan culture (see topless snake lady statues), and is also thought to be the real-life catastrophe responsible for the myth of the Lost City of Atlantis.

1815 eruption of Mt. Tambora: the largest in recorded history, the closest we have come to a planetary "nuclear winter," known as the Year Without a Summer. And when people probably spent a great deal of time indoors...well, let's let Wikipedia tell you:

Quote:
In July 1816 "incessant rainfall" during that "wet, ungenial summer" forced Mary Shelley, John William Polidori, and their friends to stay indoors for much of their Swiss holiday. They decided to have a contest to see who could write the scariest story, leading Shelley to write Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus and Lord Byron to write "A Fragment", which Polidori later used as inspiration for The Vampyre[27] a precursor to Dracula. In addition, Lord Byron was inspired to write a poem, Darkness, at the same time.
That's just a handful I can think of offhand. Any others?
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Old December 31st, 2013, 11:29 AM   #2

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Don't worry Yellowstone Super Volcano is due to go off 'any minute now' geologically that is and will take out the USA and Canada send and ash cloud around the world that may kill 90% of life on earth.

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Old December 31st, 2013, 12:12 PM   #3

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The presence of Iceland in Northern Atlantic is due to volcanic activity and that isle has got a certain physical influence on how oceanic streams run in that sector of the ocean.

Regarding Yellowstone, according to some English researchers it should erupt before of next 2074.
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Old December 31st, 2013, 04:23 PM   #4
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Magmagirl View Post
I'm really surprised that, in an environmental thread, there was nothing about volcanoes. My name being Magmagirl, I have an above average interest in the subject...

The formation of Hawaii: all done by volcanoes. There are many words for diverse types of lava in the Polynesian language. It's all about Pele...

Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD: not a good day for the citizens of Pompeii.

Minoan eruption of Thera, mid-second millennium BCE: thus ended the Minoan culture (see topless snake lady statues), and is also thought to be the real-life catastrophe responsible for the myth of the Lost City of Atlantis.

1815 eruption of Mt. Tambora: the largest in recorded history, the closest we have come to a planetary "nuclear winter," known as the Year Without a Summer. And when people probably spent a great deal of time indoors...well, let's let Wikipedia tell you:



That's just a handful I can think of offhand. Any others?
Krakatoa, or santorelli
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Old December 31st, 2013, 05:23 PM   #5
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There was also a big eruption in 535 that split Sumatra and Java into two islands.

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Old December 31st, 2013, 07:53 PM   #6
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Originally Posted by Kevinmeath View Post
Don't worry Yellowstone Super Volcano is due to go off 'any minute now' geologically that is and will take out the USA and Canada send and ash cloud around the world that may kill 90% of life on earth.
Looking on the bright side, the resulting caldera will be a killer tourist attraction, possibly even rivaling Crater Lake here in Oregon.

Click the image to open in full size.
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Old January 1st, 2014, 12:08 AM   #7

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As has been mentioned both Krakatoa and Santorini were large scale eruptions that changed the world around them. The eruption of Santorini brought about the collapse of the Minoan civilisation and may possibly be linked with the Biblical story about the escape of the Jews from egypt.
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Old January 1st, 2014, 12:19 AM   #8

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Looking on the bright side, the resulting caldera will be a killer tourist attraction, possibly even rivaling Crater Lake here in Oregon.

Click the image to open in full size.
Well, geological effects of the eruption of a super volcano are not so simple.

In fact today at Yellostone there is a caldera [actually with at least other two, more "little"]. It's underground. What we can admire is the effect of the recent eruptions. For example easter Snake River Plain had made by a super eruption.

At the Wiki link there is an image of the surface above the caldera at Yellostone.
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Old January 1st, 2014, 12:25 AM   #9

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With the eruption of Thera [which generated also a wide tsunami because of the fall of a large part of the volcano in the waters] there is who puts also a particular eruption of Etna [Sicily].

Recent researches have found out that a wide section of a wall of the Italian volcano fell into the water as well, generating a giant tsunami affecting a good part of Mediterranean Sea.

It was about 8,000 years ago and it affected for sure the primitive populations of that age.
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Old January 1st, 2014, 05:02 AM   #10

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Volcanic eruptions that made or changed history


This is awesome - I love talking vulcanism! In retrospect, I'm surprised there wasn't more volcanic activity with the subduction of the Juan de Fuca plate. Unless it was connected to the eruption of Mt St Helens!
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