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Natural Environment How Human History has been impacted by the environment, science, nature, geography, weather, and natural phenomena


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Old May 3rd, 2015, 09:46 AM   #101

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Finnish Archaeologists find Wreck of 15th Century Ship Laden with €50m Worth of Treasure

Read more: Finnish Archaeologists find Wreck of 15th Century Ship Laden with ?50m Worth of Treasure | Ancient Origins
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Old May 4th, 2015, 06:38 AM   #102

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Sunken Ships Revealed After Ice Melts in Lake Michigan (Photos) wreck of the James McBride, a 121-foot-long (37 meter) brig. In October 1857, the ship left the Manitou Islands full of wood to take to Chicago, but it ran aground in a storm. (Credit: Mitch Brown/U.S. Coast Guard Air Station Traverse City)
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Old May 4th, 2015, 06:40 AM   #103

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Fully Restored WWII Fighter Plane Up for Auction A British warplane that was shot down in 1940 during World War II and was later meticulously restored to flying condition is slated to hit the auction block this summer.

The fighter plane — one of only two original Mk. 1 Spitfire models still able to fly — will be sold to commemorate the 75th anniversary of two pivotal WWII skirmishes:
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Old May 4th, 2015, 08:55 AM   #104

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Unusual Mayan city found in a gridded format. You can see the ball-court in the upper left of the satellite pic

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An ancient Mayan city followed a unique grid pattern, providing evidence of a powerful ruler, archaeologists working at Nixtun-Ch’ich’ in Petén, Guatemala, have found.

The city, which contains flat-topped pyramids, was in use between roughly 600 B.C. and 300 B.C., a time when the first cities were being constructed in the area. No other city from the Maya world was planned using this grid design, researchers say. This city was “organized in a way we haven’t seen in other places,” said Timothy Pugh, a professor at Queens College in New York.
Ancient Mayan City Built on Grid : Discovery News
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Old May 4th, 2015, 02:09 PM   #105

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Luxor Times: The Egyptian army headquarters in Sinai during the New Kingdomdiscovered
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The discovery was made by the Egyptian team working at Tell Habwa in the east bank of the Suez Canal.

The discovery also include mid brick royal warehouse belong to "Ramses II and Thotmoses III" and 26th Dynasty cemetery most of the graves are mud brick and group tombs of contains human remains showing battles injuries.

The discovered part of the eastern gate of Tharw fortress are 3 fragments of limestone with inscriptions of Ramses II of 3 meters length and 1 meter width. The fort is on the famous Horus military road which was the way to secure the eastern Egyptian boarders.
[img]https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-xis5PnoxU3I/VUYWuH2rJyI/AAAAAAAADWI/wi0cehlskpk/s640/blogger-image-975237480.jpg[/url]
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Old May 4th, 2015, 02:10 PM   #106

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Lapita colonised Tonga within two generations › News in Science (ABC Science)
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It only took a generation or two for the first settlers of Polynesia to spread from their original colonisation site in Tonga, a new study has found.

The rapid spread could have been driven by resource depletion and sibling rivalry, says archaeologist Professor Marshall Weisler of the University of Queensland.

"We now have a precise chronology for the settlement of Tonga and the radiating out and occupying the islands of Tonga," says Weisler.

"Within one human generation or so the first settlers explored the rest of the archipelago and put down additional daughter communities."

In 2012, Weisler worked with Professor David Burley of Simon Fraser University to establish that the first humans to colonise the Pacific arrived at Nukuleka, on the Tongan island of Tongatapu, around 2838 years ago.

Their conclusions were based on uranium isotope dating of coral abraders used by the Lapita people to make fish hooks, ornaments and tools.

Now, in a paper published in PLOS ONE, Weisler and colleagues have got a picture of how long it took the Lapita to spread to other islands in Tonga, and how long daughter populations stayed in touch with the founder population.
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Lapita pottery was decorated with these characteristic dentate stamped patterns (Dave Burley)
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Old May 4th, 2015, 02:12 PM   #107

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800-year-old rune stick unearthed during excavation of Danish city | ScienceNordic
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The little stick found underneath the streets of Odense, Denmark’s third largest city, is only 8.5 centimetres in length -- but it isn’t just any old stick. The so-called rune stick was made in the early 13th century, said Odense City Museums in a press release.

Archaeologists have been digging for a long time at the excavation beneath I. Vilhelm Werners Square in Odense and they were actually just about to stop when they found three pieces of wood which fitted together to make up the rune stick.

It isn’t easy to decipher what the runes say and the stick itself is extremely fragile, explained rune expert and senior researcher Lisbeth Imer from the National Museum of Denmark in the press release.

”The stick itself had the consistency of cold butter before it was conserved, and some little devil of a root has gouged its way along the inscription on one side, which is a bit upsetting,” said Imer.

All the same, the researchers have been able to make out the words “good health” and “Tomme his servant”. According to the archaeologists the latter refers to the round stick’s owner as a servant of God. The words are in Latin.
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Old May 4th, 2015, 02:15 PM   #108

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Medieval 'Witch Girl' Suffered From Scurvy : Discovery News
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A Medieval teenage girl found buried face-down last year in northern Italy suffered from scurvy and was rejected by her community, according to new study of her burial.
Dubbed by Italian media as "the witch girl," the skeleton was unearthed in September 2014 at the complex of San Calocero in Albenga on the Ligurian Riviera, by a team of the Pontifical Institute of Christian Archaeology at the Vatican.

The site, a burial ground on which a martyr church dedicated to San Calocero was built around the 5th and 6th centuries A.D., was completely abandoned in 1593.
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Old May 4th, 2015, 02:18 PM   #109

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Nasca Lines Formed a Ritual Procession Route
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The Nazca Lines, a series of fantastical geoglyphs etched into the desert in Peru, may have been used by two separate groups of people to make pilgrimage to an ancient temple, new research suggests.

But the purpose of the desert etchings may have changed over time.

The earliest Nazca Lines were created so pilgrims could view the markings along a ritual processional route, the researchers said. But later people may have smashed ceramic pots on the ground where the lines intersected as part of an ancient religious rite, according to a study presented here on April 16 at the 80th annual meeting of the Society for American Archeology.
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The Nazca Lines, a group of hundreds of mysterious geoglyphs etched into the desert in Peru, have mystified archaeologists and scientists for decades. Now researchers analyzing the style and type of geoglyphs say they were made by two different groups of people taking different pilgrimage routes to an ancient temple. Here, one of the most famous of the geoglyphs, an enigmatic supernatural creature called "The Astronaut"
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Old May 5th, 2015, 06:04 AM   #110

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University researchers uncover new cache of Mark Twain writings | Fox News SAN FRANCISCO – Scholars at the University of California, Berkeley have pieced together a collection of dispatches written by Mark Twain when the author was a young newsman in San Francisco. In the letters, the man who would write The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and its sequel, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, likened the city's police chief to a dog chasing its tail and accused city government of rascality.
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