Originally Posted by joshuaaaronhodak
In there time they were truly monsters of the seas
There is an odd conception often expressed on these pages that Ironclads warships were invented in the US, presented a revolution in technology and the American vessels were all-conquering. Maybe its American schoolbooks. The Monitor-Merrimack battle was the first Ironclad-Ironclad clash, but the Merrimack/Virginia was really cobbled together in a hurry and was quite crude. The Monitor was innovative in that it was the first operational ironclad warship with a turrent and its very low freeboard. While the low freeboard premitted a concentration of armour in made the vessel quite unseaworthy and only useful for close-in coastal work.
In both cases they were ironCLADS
, that means that they had metal plates overlaying a wooden structure, they were not iron ships.
Compare these numbers:- Monitor
Length 172 ft.
Top speed 8knts
Armamant 2 x 11in guns Warrior
Length 418 ft
Top Speed 17.5 knts (15knts steam)
26 muzzle-loading 68-pounder guns
10 RBL 7 inch Armstrong guns
4 RBL 40 pounder Armstrong guns Gloire
Length 255 ft
Top speed 11 knts
36 × 163 mm rifled muzzle-loaders model (1858/60)