Historum - History Forums  

Go Back   Historum - History Forums > Themes in History > War and Military History
Register Forums Blogs Social Groups Mark Forums Read

War and Military History War and Military History Forum - Warfare, Tactics, and Military Technology over the centuries


Reply
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
Old June 5th, 2017, 06:29 AM   #1

Triceratops's Avatar
Historian
 
Joined: Dec 2011
From: Late Cretaceous
Posts: 2,764
Blog Entries: 2
Operation Focus 5th June 1967


Tensions in the Middle East during May 1967 saw the eviction of UN Peacekeepers from Sinai and the closure of the Straits of Tiran to Israeli bound shipping.
With various Arab leaders publicly declaring that Israel be eliminated, the Israeli Government decided to launch a pre-emptive air strike against its' opponents.
The attacks began hitting Arab air bases from 7.45am ( Israeli time ) on 5th June 1967, catching the Arab Air Forces on the ground.


Click the image to open in full size.

The Israelis were equipped with French built Mirages, Mysteres, Super-Mysteres and Vautours against the largely Soviet supplied Arab Air Forces ( though Hawker Hunters did feature ).

wiki:
Egyptian defensive infrastructure was extremely poor, and no airfields were yet equipped with hardened aircraft shelters capable of protecting Egypt's warplanes in the event of an attack. The Israeli warplanes headed out over the Mediterranean before turning toward Egypt. Meanwhile, the Egyptians hindered their own defense by effectively shutting down their entire air defense system: they were worried that rebel Egyptian forces would shoot down the plane carrying Field Marshal Amer and Lt-Gen. Sidqi Mahmoud, who were en route from al Maza to Bir Tamada in the Sinai to meet the commanders of the troops stationed there. In this event it did not make a great deal of difference as the Israeli pilots came in below Egyptian radar cover and well below the lowest point at which Egypt's SA-2 surface-to-air missile batteries could bring down an aircraft.
The first Israeli wave attacked 11 bases, catching much of the Egyptian Air Force on the ground and destroying them before they got airborne. The Israeli jets then returned to Israel, were "quick-turned" (refueled and re-armed) in 7 minutes 30 seconds, and left in a second wave that attacked 14 Egyptian bases and returned with only minor losses. They "quick-turned" again and departed in a third wave.
The opening stages of Operation Moked were a complete success: Egypt's air force of nearly 500 combat aircraft was destroyed in the space of three hours, with only minor losses to the Israeli Air Force. When Syria, Jordan, and Iraq attacked Israeli targets in retaliation for the airstrike on Egypt, their attacks were mainly directed at civilian targets and were largely ineffectual. In response many of the IAF planes headed for a third strike on Egypt were diverted en route to Syrian and Jordanian targets, and other IAF aircraft were sent against Arab ground forces in support of Israeli ground forces. By the end of the first day of the Six-day War, Israel had complete air superiority over Israel, the Golan Heights, the West Bank, and Sinai.

Israeli Mirage taking off:

Click the image to open in full size.

Egyptian aircraft destroyed in the attack:

Click the image to open in full size.


The overwhelming success of Operation Focus left the IAF free to support Israeli ground forces for the remainder of the Six Day War.

Last edited by Triceratops; June 5th, 2017 at 06:43 AM.
Triceratops is offline  
Remove Ads
Reply

  Historum > Themes in History > War and Military History

Tags
1967, 5th, focus, june, operation



Thread Tools
Display Modes


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Operation AVALANCHE and Operation RAINCOAT JonathanVoorwinden War and Military History 1 June 29th, 2017 05:40 PM
Buildings tell us a lot of a culture's focus Ragz General History 1 September 13th, 2006 01:57 PM

Copyright © 2006-2013 Historum. All rights reserved.