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Old January 1st, 2018, 12:54 AM   #1
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What was the state of the Austro Hungarian army in 1914


In comparison to the French, German, and Russian army? How well equipped was it and how ready was it fight a major conflict? What about the Landwehr and the Hondvegseg? How did those two coordinate their operations in WW1 with the Imperial army?

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Old January 1st, 2018, 01:30 AM   #2

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I have only little knowledge from a Piłsudski's book (his memory), but he said Austro Hungarian army had problems with coordinating. The lower ranks commanders didn't know what are the tasks, what they should do, because everything was a secret, and generals was undecideds - is that a offense or defense? But enemy - Russian army - even during Brusilov offensive wasn't excellent and very scary.

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Old January 1st, 2018, 03:57 AM   #3

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...for example, Russian heavy machine guns had bad barrels, so bullets had to small kinetic energy.
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Old January 1st, 2018, 04:00 AM   #4

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Among the rank and file troops, I believe there was a poor morale within a short time period, due to some poor decisions resulting in losses. If I am not mistaken, most high ranking officers were Austrian, but the army consisted of those from all parts of the empire, causing a disconnect.
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Old January 1st, 2018, 06:30 AM   #5

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The Austro-Hungarian army officers were mostly ethnic germans, many of whom didn't speak the languages of their disparate troops. This forced them to rely on soldiers that did speak german to interpret (which caused its own set of problems).
Another major problem was the Austrian forces did not have reserves, they had the main army and an equivalent of a national guard but no reserve forces. This caused a major problem when the Austrian army was destroyed in Galicia 1915. Austria's eastern border was left virtually unguarded while they scrambled to replace the losses. This forced Germany to do most of the work on the eastern front for the rest of the war. Austria-Hungary never really recovered from 1915 and relied heavily on German assistance for the rest of the war.
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Old January 1st, 2018, 09:49 AM   #6

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Visigoth Panzer View Post
The Austro-Hungarian army officers were mostly ethnic germans, many of whom didn't speak the languages of their disparate troops.
...and they didn't know realities and terrain in Galicia, while maps was old. Another problem was Czech solidiers didn't have motivation to fight against the Russian. They believed in Pan-Slavism.
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