Historum - History Forums  

Go Back   Historum - History Forums > Themes in History > War and Military History
Register Forums Blogs Social Groups Mark Forums Read

War and Military History War and Military History Forum - Warfare, Tactics, and Military Technology over the centuries


Reply
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
Old May 3rd, 2018, 10:21 AM   #1
Academician
 
Joined: Sep 2015
From: Scotland
Posts: 87
Top 700 Military Commanders of All Time


This has been a project that I've been working on for a few years. At first I simply wanted to rank the top 200 commanders in history. Then, as I read more and more, I saw that my scope was terribly narrow and that I missed out quite a few names which could rank among the greats. As I kept reading, the list kept growing until it reached the monstrous size we have here.

Some might say that it's impossible to judge the skill of 700 different commanders who hail from different time periods and cultures. I agree with this view but nevertheless have attempted to judge the ability of each commander based on their relative feats. Ultimately, this list shouldn't be taken too seriously. I've tried to include some very little known but great generals from as many different cultures that I could reasonably find.

Please discuss these commanders and help me with rankings - or even point to some names I may have missed! I present to you, the Top 700 Military Commanders of All Time.

Top 100
1. Genghis Khan (1162 AD – 1227 AD) – Great Khan and founder of the Mongol Empire – the largest contiguous empire in history.
2. Alexander the Great (356 BC – 323 BC) – King of Macedon and founder of one of the largest empires of the ancient world – spanning from Greece to India.
3. Hannibal Barca (247 BC – 181 BC) – Carthaginian military commander who fought against Rome for supremacy over the Mediterranean.
4. Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 AD – 1821 AD) – French military and political leader who founded the First French Empire and dominated Europe for a decade.
5. Khalid ibn al-Walid (592 AD – 642 AD) – Arab military commander and companion of Muhammad, conquering lands in the name of the Rashidun Caliphate.
6. Julius Caesar (100 BC – 44 BC) – Roman statesman and general whose conquest of Gaul led to the formation of the Roman Empire.
7. Subotai (1175 AD – 1248 AD) – Mongol general and premier tactician of the Mongol Empire who conquered many nations for the glory of the Khan.
8. Bai Qi (299 BC – 257 BC) – Chinese military general of the Qin state during the Warring States Period, notable for conquering over seventy cities.
9. John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650 AD – 1722 AD) – English and, later, British military commander and statesman who fought in the War of the Spanish Succession.
10. Nader Shah (1688 AD – 1747 AD) – Shah of Persia who conquered territories from the Turks and Afghans for his Central Asian Empire.
11. Timur (1336 AD – 1405 AD) – Turkic conqueror and founder of the Timurid Empire in Persia and Central Asia.
12. Scipio Africanus (236 BC – 183 BC) – Roman military commander and consul who eventually defeated the Carthaginians in the Second Punic War.
13. Belisarius (505 AD – 565 AD) – Byzantine general instrumental in reclaiming former territories of the Western Roman Empire, lost less than a century previously.
14. Han Xin (230 BC – 196 BC) – Chinese military leader whose defeat of the Western Chu state lead to the founding of the Han Dynasty.
15. Helmuth von Moltke (1800 AD – 1891 AD) – Prussian field marshal and chief of staff who created the modern method of directing armies.
16. Yi Sun-sin (1545 AD – 1598 AD) – Korean naval commander famed for his victories against the Japanese navy during the Imjin War.
17. Eugene of Savoy (1663 AD – 1736 AD) – Military commander and statesman of the Holy Roman Empire, who fought in the War of the Spanish Succession.
18. Frederick the Great (1712 AD – 1786 AD) – King of Prussia who lead his country to victory in the Seven Years’ War.
19. Yue Fei (1103 AD – 1142 AD) – Chinese military commander who led the Southern Song forces in the Jin-Song Wars against the Jurchens of the north.
20. Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Viscount of Turenne (1611 AD – 1675 AD) – Marshal of France and distinguished military commander who fought in the Thirty Years’ War.
21. Alexander Suvorov (1730 AD – 1800 AD) – Russian Generalissimo who commanded over sixty large battles and emerged undefeated.
22. Jan Zizka (1360 AD – 1424 AD) – Czech general and Hussite leader who lead his followers in the Hussite Wars against unassailable odds.
23. Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769 AD – 1852 AD) – British field marshal and statesman noted for his role in Napoleon’s downfall.
24. Heraclius (575 AD – 641 AD) – Byzantine Emperor who fought the Sassanids for supremacy in the Middle East.
25. Phillip II of Macedon (382 BC – 336 BC) – King of Macedon who united much of Greece under his rule before his assassination.
26. Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (1594 AD – 1632 AD) – King of Sweden and creditor of Sweden’s status as a great power, leading his country to victory in the Thirty Years’ War.
27. Chandragupta Maurya (340 BC – 298 BC) – Founder of the Maurya Empire in India, the first to unify Greater India into one state.
28. Baibars (1223 AD – 1277 AD) – Mamluk Sultan and former slave who led Egypt to victory against the Mongols at Ain Jalut.
29. Tran Hung Dao (1228 AD – 1300 AD) – Supreme commander of the Viet army during the Tran period, repelling an invasion from the mighty Yuan Dynasty.
30. Guo Ziyi (697 AD – 781 AD) – Chinese general during the Tang Dynasty who ended the An Lushan Rebellion and led numerous campaigns against the Uyghurs and Tibetans.
31. Ulysses S. Grant (1822 AD – 1885 AD) – Supreme commander of the Union Forces during the American Civil War.
32. Cyrus the Great (576 BC – 530 BC) – Founder of the Achaemenid Empire in Persia, embracing all previous civilizations of the Near East.
33. Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (1043 AD – 1090 AD) – Spanish nobleman and military leader who fought for both the Christians and the Moors in medieval Iberia.
34. Erich von Manstein (1887 AD – 1973 AD) – German field marshal during World War II and prominent commander of the Wehrmacht.
35. Horatio Nelson (1758 AD – 1805 AD) – British naval commander during the Napoleonic Wars who halted France’s dominance of Europe.
36. Selim I (1465 AD – 1520 AD) – Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who expanded the empires borders significantly during his reign.
37. Simeon I of Bulgaria (893 AD – 927 AD) – Ruler of Bulgaria who defeated the Magyars, Serbs and Byzantines, leading to the expansion of his realm.
38. Xiang Yu (232 BC – 202 BC) – Prominent Chinese warlord of the late Qin Dynasty who fought for the Chu state in the Chu-Han Contention.
39. Skanderbeg (1405 AD – 1468 AD) – Albanian military commander and nobleman who defeated the Ottoman Empire for the freedom of his people.
40. Togo Heihachiro (1848 AD – 1934 AD) – Admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy who defeated the Russians in the Russo-Japanese War.
41. Stephen III of Moldavia (1433 AD – 1504 AD) – Prince of Moldavia who successfully defended his country against the Ottoman Empire.
42. Cao Cao (155 AD – 220 AD) – Chinese warlord of the state of Wei and a central figure during the Three Kingdoms Period.
43. Thutmose III (1481 BC – 1425 BC) – Egyptian pharaoh who led his empire in one of the first chariot battles of history.
44. Louis, Grand Condé (1621 AD – 1686 AD) – French prince and general who commanded forces during the Thirty Years’ War.
45. Samudragupta (335 AD – 375 AD) – Third ruler of the Indian Gupta Dynasty who ushered the Golden Age of India with his conquests.
46. Heinz Guderain (1888 AD – 1954 AD) – German general during World War II noted for his command of the Panzer divisions.
47. Shivaji Bhonsle (1627 AD – 1680 AD) – Indian warrior king of the Maratha Dynasty, clashing with both the Mughals and the British.
48. Tiglath-Pileser III (761 BC – 727 BC) – A prominent king of Assyria who introduced advanced military systems in the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
49. Maurice of Nassau (1567 AD – 1625 AD) – Dutch prince who organized the Dutch rebellion against the Spanish.
50. Babur (1483 AD – 1530 AD) – A conqueror from Central Asia who, after losing his ancestral homelands, established the Mughal Dynasty in India.
51. Robert E. Lee (1807 AD – 1870 AD) – Most able commander of the Confederate forces during the American Civil War.
52. Claude Louis Hector de Villars (1653 AD – 1734 AD) – French military commander who fought in the War of the Spanish Succession.
53. Li Shimin (598 AD – 649 AD) – Second emperor of the Tang Dynasty in China who solidified his rule by conquering outlying provinces.
54. Pyrrhus of Epirus (319 BC – 272 BC) – King of Epirus who became one of the strongest opponents of early Rome.
55. Carl Emil Mannerheim (1867 AD – 1951 AD) – Finnish military leader and statesman who fought in the Finnish Civil War and against the Soviets in the Winter War.
56. Sulla (138 BC – 78 BC) – Roman general and statesman who commanded in the Social War and marched on Rome.
57. Wanyan Aguda (1068 AD – 1123 AD) – Jurchen chieftain who was the founder and first emperor of the Jin Dynasty in China.
58. Winfield Scott (1786 AD – 1866 AD) – United States army general who commanded in the Mexican-American war.
59. Narses (478 AD – 573 AD) – Byzantine general who fought to regain the lost glory of the Roman Empire.
60. Bayinnaung (1516 AD – 1581 AD) – Burmese king who founded the greatest ever empire in Southeast Asia.
61. Georgy Zhukov (1896 AD – 1974 AD) – Soviet military commander who played a pivotal role in World War II against Nazi Germany.
62. Epaminondas (418 BC – 362 BC) – Ancient Theban general and statesman who lead his city-state out of Spartan subjugation.
63. Oda Nobunaga (1534 AD – 1582 AD) – Powerful samurai daimyo warlord of Japan who initiated the unification of Japan.
64. William Slim (1891 AD – 1970 AD) – British military commander who saw action in the Far East Theatre of World War II against the Japanese.
65. Gaius Marius (157 BC – 86 BC) – Roman general and statesman who defeated the invading Germanic tribes.
66. James Graham, 1st Marquis Montrose (1612 AD – 1650 AD) – Scottish nobleman and general who fought in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
67. Louis-Nicolas Davout (1770 AD – 1823 AD) – French general who fought in the Revolutionary Wars and in the Napoleonic Wars.
68. Michiel de Ruyter (1607 AD – 1676 AD) – Dutch admiral famous for his role in the Anglo-Dutch wars of the 17th century.
69. Alp Arslan (1029 AD – 1072 AD) – Second sultan of the Seljuq Empire who defeated the Byzantine Empire in Anatolia.
70. Erwin Rommel (1891 AD – 1944 AD) – German field marshal during World War II who fought in North Africa.
71. Aurelian (214 AD – 275 AD) – Roman Emperor who defeated the Goths and restored Roman rule in the eastern provinces.
72. Li Shiji (594 AD – 669 AD) – Chinese general of the Tang Dynasty who served as commander against Goguryeo.
73. Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck (1870 AD – 1964 AD) – General of imperial Germany who fought in the German East Africa Campaign of World War I.
74. Constantine the Great (272 AD – 337 AD) – Military commander who became the first Christian emperor of Rome.
75. Charles XII of Sweden (1682 AD – 1718 AD) – King of Sweden who commanded forces in the Great Northern War.
76. Jan III Sobieski (1629 AD – 1696 AD) – King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania who terrorized the Ottoman Empire.
77. Albrecht von Wallenstein (1583 AD – 1634 AD) – Czech military commander who fought for the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years’ War.
78. Stanislaw Koniecpolski (1594 AD – 1646 AD) – Polish military commander who led many campaigns against the Cossacks and Tatars.
79. Sima Yi (179 AD – 251 AD) – General of the Wei state during the Three Kingdoms Period who defended against Shu.
80. Raimondo Montecuccoli (1609 AD – 1680 AD) – Italian general who served the Habsburg Monarchy in the Thirty Years’ War.
81. Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536 AD – 1598 AD) – Japanese samurai daimyo warlord who ended the Warring States Period.
82. Zhu Yuanzhang (1328 AD – 1398 AD) – Founder and first emperor of the Ming Dynasty in China, forcing the Mongol Yuan Dynasty to retreat to the north.
83. Hari Singh Nalwa (1791 AD – 1837 AD) – Sikh commander who conquered many territories from the Afghans in northern India.
84. Richard I the Lionheart (1157 AD – 1199 AD) – King of England and the central commander of the Crusader forces during the Third Crusade.
85. Tiberius (42 BC – 37 AD) – One of Rome’s greatest generals who conquered many regions of Eastern Europe and Germania.
86. Gerd von Rundstedt (1875 AD – 1953 AD) – German field marshal during World War II who commanded the Polish campaign.
87. Wei Qing (165 BC – 106 BC) – Military commander of the Western Han Dynasty whose campaigns against the Xiongnu earned him great acclaim.
88. Ashoka (304 BC – 232 BC) – Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who conquered the southern regions of the subcontinent before converting to Buddhism.
89. Charlemagne (742 AD – 814 AD) – Frankish king who united much of Western Europe under his rule during the Middle Ages.
90. Bahram Chobin (527 AD – 591 AD) – Spahbed of Persia, of Parthian extraction, who thrashed the Turks and usurped the Sasanian throne.
91. Jan Karol Chodkiewicz (1560 AD – 1621 AD) – Military commander of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth who fought in the Polish-Swedish War.
92. Seleucus I Nicator (358 BC – 281 BC) – Diadochi formerly serving under Alexander the Great who founded the Seleucid Empire in Persia.
93. Nguyen Hue (1753 AD – 1792 AD) – Emperor of Vietnam who defended his country against the forces of the Qing Dynasty.
94. Murad IV (1612 AD – 1640 AD) – Ottoman sultan who conquered Iraq during the Ottoman-Safavid War.
95. Ahmad Shah Duranni (1722 AD – 1772 AD) – Founder of the Duranni Empire in Persia and Afghanistan.
96. Robert the Bruce (1274 AD – 1329 AD) – King of Scots who led Scotland to victory over the English in the First Scottish War for Independence.
97. Quintus Sertorius (123 BC – 72 BC) – Roman statesman and general who fought against the Roman regime in Hispania.
98. Maurice de Saxe (1696 AD – 1750 AD) – French military commander who led forces in the War of the Austrian Succession.
99. Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543 AD – 1616 AD) – First shogun of the Tokugawa Shogunate who unified Japan under his banner.
100. Pyotr Bagration (1765 AD – 1812 AD) – Prominent Russian general during the Napoleonic Wars who fought against France.
saoralba is offline  
Remove Ads
Old May 3rd, 2018, 10:22 AM   #2
Academician
 
Joined: Sep 2015
From: Scotland
Posts: 87

101-200
101. Tariq ibn Ziyad (670 AD – 720 AD) – Muslim Moorish commander who led the conquest of the Iberian Peninsula.
102. Trajan (53 AD – 117 AD) – Roman soldier-emperor under whose reign the Roman Empire reached its greatest ever extent.
103. Louis Joseph, Duke of Vendôme (1654 AD – 1712 AD) – One of the strongest French commanders during the wars of the Grand Alliance and Spanish Succession.
104. Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba (1453 AD – 1515 AD) – Spanish general who fought in the Conquest of Granada and the Italian Wars.
105. John Hunyadi (1406 AD – 1456 AD) – Leading Hungarian military and political figure who repelled the Ottomans.
106. Modu Chanyu (234 BC – 174 BC) – Founder of the Xiongnu Empire who expanded his kingdom to control most of the steppes.
107. Nurhaci (1559 AD – 1626 AD) – Manchu general who founded the Qing Dynasty after conquering China.
108. Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly (1761 AD – 1818 AD) – General of the Russian Empire who commanded against Napoleon’s invasion in 1812.
109. Batu Khan (1207 AD – 1255 AD) – Mongol ruler and founder the Golden Horde, the most powerful sub-khanate of the Mongol Empire.
110. Shapur I (215 AD – 270 AD) – Shah of the Sassanid Empire who defeated the Romans in battle.
111. Oliver Cromwell (1599 AD – 1658 AD) – English military and political leader who commanded the Parliamentarians during the English Civil War.
112. André Masséna (1758 AD – 1817 AD) – French officer during the Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.
113. Naresuan (1555 AD – 1605 AD) – Siamese king who successfully defended his country against the invading Burmese.
114. Xiao He (126 BC – 193 BC) – Chinese General whose instrumental role in the Chu-Han Contention allowed the Han Dynasty to be founded.
115. Robert Clive (1725 AD – 1774 AD) – Commander-in-Chief of British India who oversaw the conquest of the Indian Continent through the East India Company.
116. Flavius Aetius (391 AD – 454 AD) – A Roman general active during the twilight years of the Western Roman Empire who led his people against the Huns.
117. Shaka Zulu (1787 AD – 1828 AD) – The most influential king of the Zulu Empire who revolutionized the military tactics of his nation.
118. Saladin (1137 AD – 1193 AD) – Founder of the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt and Syria, who fought the Crusaders in the Third Crusade.
119. Akbar the Great (1542 AD – 1605) – Greatest of all Mughal Emperors who conquered much of northern India during his reign.
120. Stilicho (359 AD – 408 AD) – Roman general who fought both barbarian and Roman enemies in the empire’s twilight years.
121. Takeda Shingen (1521 AD – 1573 AD) – Prominent daimyo of feudal Japan during the late stage of the Senguko Period.
122. Sher Shah Suri (1486 AD – 1545 AD) – Pashtun founder of the Sur Empire in northern India and Afghanistan.
123. Abbas I of Persia (1571 AD – 1629) – Persian ruler of the Safavid dynasty who defeated the Ottomans on the field.
124. Qi Jiguang (1528 AD – 1588 AD) – Chinese military general of the Ming Dynasty most notable for his defeat of the Wokou pirates.
125. Hernan Cortes (1485 AD – 1547 AD) – Spanish conquistador noted for conquering the Aztec Empire of Mexico.
126. Yuan Chonghuan (1584 AD – 1630 AD) – Chinese politician and general who served under the Ming Dynasty during its defence from the Manchus.
127. Julian the Apostate (331 AD – 363 AD) – Roman Emperor who fought to restore the glory of the old empire and pagan tradition.
128. Muhammad of Ghor (1149 AD – 1206 AD) – Greatest ruler of the Ghurid dynasty that ruled Central Asia and northern India.
129. Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba (1507 AD – 1582 AD) – Spanish general and nobleman who fought during the Ottoman-Habsburg Wars.
130. Bajirao I (1700 AD – 1740 AD) – Maratha general of India who is credited with expanded the empire to its north.
131. Germanicus (15 BC – 19 AD) – Roman general who defeated the Germanic armies in the empire’s northern frontier.
132. Vo Nguyen Giap (1911 AD – 2013 AD) – Vietnamese general who waged a successful guerrilla campaign against the French and American forces.
133. Edmund Allenby (1861 AD – 1936 AD) – British general during World War I notable for his leadership in the Middle East Theatre.
134. Johann Tserclas, Count of Tilly (1559 AD – 1632 AD) – Imperial commander during the Thirty Years’ War who led the forces of the Catholic League.
135. Edward I of England (1239 AD – 1307 AD) – King of England who subjugated Wales and Scotland.
136. Sargon of Akkad (2200 BC – 2279 BC) – Semitic Akkadian king and founder of the first empire in history.
137. Bernard Montgomery (1887 AD – 1976 AD) – British general during World War II who fought in the North Africa Campaign.
138. Alauddin Khilji (1250 AD – 1316 AD) – Second ruler of the Khilji Dynasty that ruled much of northern India.
139. Shapur II (309 AD – 379 AD) – Shah of the Sassanian Empire, who’s long reign saw a resurgence of Persian power.
140. Leopold Joseph von Daun (1705 AD – 1766 AD) – Austrian field marshal who served in the Seven Years’ War and the War of the Austrian Succession.
141. Uesugi Kenshin (1530 AD – 1578 AD) – Japanese daimyo who was one of the most powerful lords of the Sengoku Period.
142. Ahmad Shah Massoud (1953 AD – 2001 AD) – Afghan military commander who fought against the Soviet invasion.
143. Francesco I Sforza (1401 AD – 1466 AD) – Italian condottieri who fought throughout the Italian peninsula and became Duke of Milan.
144. Huo Qubing (140 BC – 117 BC) – Chinese military general of the Western Ha dynasty who waged campaigns against the Xiongnu.
145. Antigonus I Monophthalmus (382 BC – 301 BC) – Macedonian general who carved out and held a kingdom in Greece in the Wars of the Diadochi.
146. Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807 AD – 1882 AD) – Italian general and politician who unified the Italian states through diplomacy and conquest.
147. Gebhard Lebrecht von Blücher (1742 AD – 1819 AD) – Prussian field marshal who fought against Napoleon.
148. Isoroku Yamamoto (1884 AD – 1943 AD) – Japanese marshal admiral who planned and coordinated the attack on Pearl Harbour.
149. Leo III the Isaurian (675 AD – 741 AD) – Byzantine emperor who put an end to the anarchy and defending the empire against the Umayyad Caliphate.
150. Francisco Pizarro (1471 AD – 1541 AD) – Spanish conquistador who defeated the mighty Inca Empire of South America.
151. Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (64 BC – 12 BC) – Roman statesman and general who fought against the forces of Mark Antony.
152. Mehmed II the Conqueror (1432 AD – 1481 AD) – Ottoman sultan who brought an end to the Byzantine Empire by conquering Constantinople.
153. Lucius Licinius Lucullus (118 BC – 56 BC) – Roman military commander and statesman who conquered the eastern kingdoms.
154. Sun Ce (175 AD – 200 AD) – Chinese general during the Three Kingdoms Period who laid the foundations for the state of Wu.
155. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson (1824 AD – 1863 AD) – Confederate general during the American Civil War.
156. Maha Thiha Thura (1720 AD – 1782) – Burmese general known for repelling the Qing Dynasty.
157. Liu Xiu (5 BC – 57 AD) – Chinese emperor who restored the Han Dynasty to full prominence.
158. Ernst Gideon von Laudon (1717 AD – 1790 AD) – Austrian generalissimo who fought against Frederick the Great.
159. Konstantin Rokossovsky (1896 AD – 1968 AD) – Soviet military commander who planned and executed the highly successful Operation Bagration during World War II.
160. Uqba ibn Nafi (622 AD – 683 AD) – Arab general most notable for his conquest of the Maghreb for the Rashidun Caliphate.
161. Dorgon (1612 AD – 1650 AD) – Manchu prince and early regent of the Qing Dynasty who participated in the Manchu conquest of China.
162. Ardashir I (180 AD – 242 AD) – Persian ruler who founded the Sassanian Empire, overthrowing the Parthians.
163. Themistocles (524 BC – 459 BC) – Athenian statesman and general who fought against the first Persian invasion of Greece.
164. Basil II the Bulgar Slayer (958 AD – 1025 AD) – Byzantine emperor who subjugated the hostile Bulgars.
165. Attila the Hun (434 AD – 453 AD) – Ruler of the Hunnic Empire and great conqueror who struck fear into the heart of the Roman Empire.
166. Michael the Brave (1558 AD – 1601 AD) – Romanian military leader who united the three provinces of Romania and fought the Ottoman Empire.
167. Ambrogio Spinola, 1st Marquis of the Balbases (1569 AD – 1630 AD) – Genoese aristocrat who served as a Spanish general in the Thirty Years’ War.
168. Zhang Liao (169 AD – 222 AD) – Chinese general who served the state of Wei during the Three Kingdoms Period.
169. Hulagu Khan (1218 AD – 1265 AD) – Mongol ruler who conquered much of Western Asia and greatly expanded the empire’s south-western portions.
170. Gim Yu-sin (595 AD – 673 AD) – Korean general who led the unification of the Korean peninsula under the Silla Kingdom.
171. Chester Nimitz (1885 AD – 1966 AD) – Admiral of the United States navy who fought the Japanese in the Pacific Theatre of World War II.
172. Wang Mang (45 BC – 23 AD) – Chinese general who overthrew the Han Dynasty and founded his own, short-lived, empire.
173. George S. Patton (1885 AD – 1945 AD) – United States general during World War II who led the American army at the Normandy landings.
174. Robert Guiscard (1015 AD – 1085 AD) – Norman adventurer remembered for his conquest of southern Italy.
175. Raja Raja Chola I (947 AD – 1014 AD) – Indian emperor of the Chola Dynasty who expanded the empire as far as Sri Lanka and Orrisa.
176. Amr ibn al-As (585 AD – 664 AD) – Muslim Arab general who conquered Egypt for the Rashidun Caliphate.
177. Darius the Great (550 BC – 486 BC) – King of the Persian Achaemenid Empire who expanded the empire to its territorial apex.
178. Moshe Dayan (1915 AD – 1981 AD) – Israeli military commander who led the Israeli forces in the Six Day War.
179. Lin Biao (1907 AD – 1971 AD) – Chinese military commander who was pivotal in the Communist victory of the Chinese Civil War.
180. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1881 AD – 1938 AD) – Turkish military and political leader who fought in World War I and the Turkish War for Independence.
181. Tomoyuki Yamashita (1885 AD – 1946 AD) – Japanese general during World War II notable for his offence against Malaya and Singapore.
182. Nikephoros II Phokas (912 AD – 969 AD) – Byzantine emperor whose brilliant military exploits led to the resurgence of the empire in the 10th century.
183. Afonso de Albuquerque (1453 AD – 1515 AD) – Portuguese general and empire builder who led the conquests of Goa and Malacca.
184. Mahmud of Ghazni (971 AD – 1030 AD) – Pashtun ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire who conquered Indian and Iranian lands.
185. Su Dingfang (591 AD – 667 AD) – Chinese general of the Tang Dynasty who destroyed the Western Tujue in 657 AD.
186. Walter Model (1891 AD – 1945 AD) – German field marshal during World War II noted for his defensive battles in the Eastern Front during the latter stages of the war.
187. Septimius Severus (145 AD – 211 AD) – Roman Emperor who seized power from his rivals during the Year of the Five Emperors.
188. Sam Manekshaw (1914 AD – 2008 AD) – Indian military leader who led armies in the 1971 Indo-Pakistan War.
189. William Tecumseh Sherman (1820 AD – 1891 AD) – Union general during the American Civil War known for his scorched earth campaign.
190. Songsten Gampo (569 AD – 649 AD) – Founder of the Tibetan Empire who conquered the Zhang Zhung and fought with the Western Xia.
191. Simon Bolivar (1783 AD – 1830 AD) – Venezuelan liberator who fought for the independence of South American nations from Spanish rule.
192. Kanishka (78 AD – 151 AD) – Ruler of the Kushan Empire of India who expanded his realm in South and Central Asia.
193. Hayreddin Barbarossa (1478 AD – 1546 AD) – Ottoman admiral whose victories ensured Ottoman domination of the Mediterranean during the mid-16th century.
194. Bertrand du Guesclin (1320 AD – 1380 AD) – Breton military leader who fought for the French in the Hundred Years’ War.
195. Muhammad bin Qasim (695 AD – 715 AD) – Muslim Ummayad general who conquered Sindh in the name of the caliphate.
196. Dragut (1485 AD – 1565 AD) – Ottoman admiral of Greek descent who defeated many European powers in the Mediterranean.
197. Alaungpaya (1714 AD – 1760 AD) – Burmese king who unified Burma and drove away the British and French invaders.
198. John of Austria (1547 AD – 1578 AD) – Military commander of the Holy Roman Empire who fought against the Ottomans.
199. Stanislaw Zolkiewski (1547 AD – 1620 AD) – Polish military commander of the Commonwealth who fought in numerous campaigns.
200. Edward the Black Prince (1330 AD – 1376 AD) – Heir to the English throne who led armies against France during the Hundred Years’ War.
saoralba is offline  
Old May 3rd, 2018, 10:22 AM   #3
Academician
 
Joined: Sep 2015
From: Scotland
Posts: 87

201-300
201. Nathanael Greene (1742 AD – 1786 AD) – Major general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.
202. Stefan Dusan (1308 AD – 1355 AD) – Serbian king who resisted the Ottoman Empire in its conquest of the Balkans.
203. Lautaro (1534 AD – 1557 AD) – Mapuche toqui who led the indigenous resistance against the Spanish in Chile.
204. Zhou Yu (175 AD – 210 AD) – Chinese general who served the state of Wu during the Three Kingdoms Period.
205. Charles X Gustav of Sweden (1622 AD – 1660 AD) – Swedish king who fought against the Poles and Lithuanians.
206. Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen (1771 AD – 1847 AD) – Austrian field marshal who fought in both the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
207. Wang Jian (289 BC – 202 BC) – Military leader of the Chinese Qin state during the Warring States Period.
208. Hemu (1501 AD – 1556 AD) – Hindu emperor of northern India who defeated Sikh and Muslim armies.
209. Pompey Magnus (106 BC – 48 BC) – Roman military leader who fought in the republican civil wars, contending for leadership of the Roman state.
210. Muqali (1170 AD – 1223 AD) – Mongol general who played a prominent role in the conquest of China.
211. Han Shizhong (1089 AD – 1151 AD) – Chinese general of the Song Dynasty who distinguished himself in the Jin-Song Wars.
212. Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt (1789 AD – 1848 AD) – Egyptian general who inflicted several crushing defeats on the Ottoman Empire.
213. Douglas MacArthur (1880 AD – 1964 AD) – Field marshal of the United States who fought in World War II and the Korean War.
214. Joseph Radetzky von Radetz (1766 AD – 1858 AD) – Czech nobleman and Austrian general who fought in the Napoleonic Wars and Italian War for Independence.
215. Gotthard Heinrici (1886 AD – 1971 AD) – German general during the Second World War famed for his defensive capabilities.
216. Andrew Browne Cunningham (1883 AD – 1963 AD) – British naval commander who won many spectacular victories in the Mediterranean for the Allied forces.
217. Louis-Gabriel Suchet (1770 AD – 1826 AD) – French marshal who was one of the most successful commanders in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
218. David IV of Georgia (1037 AD – 1125 AD) – King of Georgia who defeated the invading Seljuq Turks.
219. Lachit Borphukan (1622 AD – 1671 AD) – Ahomese general who resisted the forces of the Mughal Empire.
220. Rajendra Chola I (999 AD – 1044 AD) – Emperor of the Chola dynasty of India who conquered much of southeast Asia.
221. Stefan Czarniecki (1599 AD – 1665 AD) – Polish military commander who used guerrilla tactics against the Swedes.
222. John I Tzimiskes (925 AD – 976 AD) – Byzantine emperor who strengthened and expanded his nation’s borders.
223. Yeon Gaesomun (603 AD – 666 AD) – Korean general who repelled two Tang Dynasty invasions.
224. Yusuf ibn Tashfin (1061 AD – 1106 AD) – Moroccan ruler of the Almoravid Dynasty who fought in Spain.
225. Karl Donitz (1891 AD – 1980 AD) – German admiral who played a major role in the history of naval warfare during World War II.
226. William the Conqueror (1028 AD – 1087 AD) – Duke of Normandy who became the first Norman king of England.
227. Surena (84 BC – 53 BC) – Parthian general most notable for his crushing defeat of the Romans during the Roman-Parthian Wars.
228. Tadeusz Kosciuszko (1746 AD – 1817 AD) – Polish-Lithuanian general who fought against the Russians while the Commonwealth was on its last legs.
229. Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma (1545 AD – 1592 AD) – Spanish military governor of the Netherlands who suppressed the Dutch Revolt.
230. Le Loi (1384 AD – 1483 AD) – Emperor of Vietnam who founded the Le Dynasty and brought the country under his rule.
231. Eulji Mundeok (556 AD – 629 AD) – Military leader of Korea who defended his kingdom against Sui China.
232. Blas de Lezo (1689 AD – 1741 AD) – Basque admiral who fought against the British in the War of Jenkin’s Ear.
233. Perdiccas (355 BC – 320 BC) – Macedonian general of Alexander the Great who took over the empire after his master’s death and fought in the first war of the Diadochi.
234. Jebe (1157 AD – 1225 AD) – Mongol general who conducted many important raids into Central Asia and China.
235. Aurangzeb (1618 AD – 1707 AD) – Mughal emperor who greatly expanded his control all over the Indian subcontinent.
236. Raymond A. Spruance (1886 AD – 1969 AD) – Admiral of the United States navy who served in the Second World War.
237. Cnut the Great (995 AD – 1035 AD) – Danish king who unified England, Norway, Denmark and parts of Sweden into the North Sea Empire.
238. Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus (229 BC – 160 BC) – Roman general who conquered Macedon.
239. Sonni Ali (1441 AD – 1492 AD) – First ruler of the Songhai Empire who engulfed much of West Africa under his rule.
240. Muhammad (570 AD – 632 AD) – Founder of Islam who united Arabia under his new religion.
241. Niels Juel (1629 AD – 1697 AD) – Danish-Norwegian admiral who fought the Swedish in the Scanian War.
242. George Washington (1731 AD – 1799 AD) – American military leader and national hero who led his country to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War.
243. Meng Gong (1198 AD – 1255 AD) – Chinese general of the Song Dynasty who stemmed the Mongol invasion for a while.
244. Bai Chongxi (1893 AD – 1966 AD) – Chinese commander who is considered one of the most prominent leaders of the nationalist side in Chinese Civil War.
245. Ivan Konev (1897 AD – 1973 AD) – Soviet field marshal who retook much of Eastern Europe from the Axis Powers.
246. Qutuz (1223 AD – 1260 AD) – Mamluk sultan of Egypt known for his defeat of the Mongols.
247. Ban Chao (32 AD – 102 AD) – Chinese general of the Eastern Han Dynasty who led forces for thirty years against the Xiongnu.
248. Alexios I Komnenos (1048 AD – 1118 AD) – Byzantine emperor who curbed his empire’s decline and led the fight against the Seljuq Turks.
249. Peng Dehuai (1898 AD – 1974 AD) – Chinese general who fought for the Communists in the Chinese Civil War and against Imperial Japan in the Sino-Japanese War.
250. Pazhassi Raja (1753 AD – 1805 AD) – Indian warrior prince of Malabar who revolted against the British.
251. Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick (1721 AD – 1792 AD) – Prussian field marshal who repelled the French in the Seven Years’ War.
252. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine (1643 AD – 1690 AD) – Austrian general who fought against the Turks.
253. Deva Raya II (1402 AD – 1446 AD) – Emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire of southern India who led many conquests in the subcontinent.
254. Liu Xu (5 BC – 57 AD) – Chinese emperor who restored the Han Dynasty and expanded the realm of the Middle Kingdom.
255. Muhammad Ali of Egypt (1769 AD – 1849 AD) – Albanian commander who seized power from the Mamluks and Ottomans to become ruler of Egypt.
256. Nathan Bedford Forrest (1821 AD – 1877 AD) – Confederate lieutenant general who is regarded as one of the best cavalry commanders in history.
257. Edward III of England (1312 AD – 1377 AD) – King of England who began the Hundred Years’ War for the French throne.
258. Li Jing (571 AD – 649 AD) – Chinese general of the early Tang Dynasty who subjugated the Gokturks.
259. Fabius Maximus (280 BC – 203 BC) – Roman general considered the father of guerrilla warfare for his attrition strategies in the Second Punic War.
260. Clovis I (466 AD – 511 AD) – Frankish king who united the Frankish tribes under a single banner.
261. Tughril (990 AD – 1063 AD) – Turkic founder of the Seljuq Empire who swept across the Middle East and Anatolia.
262. Albert Kesselring (1885 AD – 1960 AD) – German general of WWII who held numerous commands.
263. Charles Martel (688 AD – 741 AD) – Frankish military commander and statesman who defended France from a Moorish incursion.
264. Roger of Lauria (1245 AD – 1305 AD) – Aragonese naval commander who controlled fleets during the War of the Sicilian Vespers.
265. Ismail I (1487 AD – 1524 AD) – Founder of the Safavid Empire in Iran which re-establish native Persian rule.
266. Lu Meng (178 AD – 220 AD) – Chinese general who served the state of Wu, capturing the Jing province during the Three Kingdoms Period.
267. Taksin the Great (1734 AD – 1782 AD) – Thai military commander and later monarch who liberated his country from Burmese rule.
268. Piye (747 BC – 721 BC) – Nubian king who marched north and conquered Egypt – becoming pharaoh.
269. Hasdrubal Barca (245 BC – 207 BC) – Carthaginian military leader who commanded in the Second Punic War.
270. Jean Lannes (1769 AD – 1809 AD) – French marshal who served in both the Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
271. James Douglas (1289 AD – 1330 AD) – Scottish knight and commander wo served as one of the principal commanders during the Scottish Wars of Independence.
272. Koxinga (1624 AD – 1662 AD) – Chinese military commander of the Ming Dynasty who fought against the Dutch East India Company in Taiwan.
273. Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (1208 AD – 1265 AD) – Franco-English nobleman who led a baron’s revolt against the crown of England.
274. Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (1122 AD – 1190 AD) – Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, regarded as one of the empire’s greatest rulers.
275. François-Henri de Montmorency (1628 AD – 1695 AD) – French marshal who fought in the War of the Grand Alliance.
276. Matthias Corvinus (1443 AD – 1490 AD) – King of Hungary and Croatia who conducted many military campaigns in central Europe.
277. Henry V of England (1386 AD – 1422 AD) – King of England who came close to capturing the French throne in the Hundred Years’ War.
278. Gwanggaeto the Great (374 AD – 413 AD) – Korean king who united the peninsula and fought numerous campaigns.
279. Benedict Arnold (1741 AD – 1801 AD) – General during the War of American Independence who fought for the Continental Army before turning cloak.
280. Sun Jian (155 AD – 191 AD) – Chinese military general during the Eastern Han Dynasty who defeated the warlord Dong Zhuo.
281. Möngke Khan (1209 AD – 1259 AD) – Mongol khan who conquered Iraq and Syria for his empire.
282. Józef Poniatowski (1763 AD – 1813 AD) – Polish general who sided with the French during the Napoleonic Wars and won victories over the Austrian forces.
283. Huan Wen (312 AD – 373 AD) – Chinese general of the Jin Dynasty who annexed the lands of Cheng Han.
284. Eumenes (362 BC – 316 BC) – Greek general who supported Perdiccas in the first war of the Diadochi.
285. Abd al-Mu’min (1094 AD – 1163 AD) – Moroccan Berber leader who led the Almohad movement and toppled the Almoravids in northwestern Africa.
286. Ramesses II (1303 BC – 1213 BC) – Celebrated Egyptian pharaoh who led numerous campaigns into Syria and the Levant.
287. Tipu Sultan (1750 AD – 1799 AD) – Ruler of the kingdom of Mysore in India who fought against the British.
288. Jawhar as-Siqilli (966 AD – 992 AD) – Fatimid general who led the conquest of North Africa and Egypt for the Caliph.
289. Xue Rengui (614 AD – 683 AD) – Chinese military general during the Tang Dynasty who fought campaigns against the Western Tujue.
290. Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq (1268 AD – 1325 AD) – Turkic slave general of the Delhi Sultanate who founded the Tughlaq dynasty in India.
291. Henry IV of France (1553 AD – 1610 AD) – Protestant military commander and later king of France who commanded in the French Wars of Religion and the war against Spain.
292. Deng Ai (197 AD – 264 AD) – Three Kingdoms Period Chinese general of the Wei state who finally brought the state of Shu on its knees.
293. Bairam Khan (1501 AD – 1561 AD) – Military commander of the Mughal Empire in India who played an active role in conquests.
294. Sun Bin (385 BC – 316 BC) – Chinese general of the Qi state who fought against his former masters of Wei.
295. Al-Muwaffaq (842 AD – 891 AD) – Abbasid prince and general who ended the Anarchy at Samarra and defended Mesopotamia from invasion.
296. Juan Martín Díez (1775 AD – 1825 AD) – Spanish military leader who waged a guerrilla war against France in the Peninsular War.
297. Quizquiz (1501 AD – 1535 AD) – Incan general who helped the forces of Atahualpa emerge victorious in the Incan Civil War.
298. Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst (1717 AD – 1797 AD) – British general who architected the conquest of New France in the Seven Years’ War.
299. Shahrbaraz (583 AD – 630 AD) – Sasanian general of Parthian descent who fought against the Byzantines and usurped the throne of Iranshahr.
300. Henry of Prussia (1729 AD – 1802 AD) – Prussian prince and general who led armies the Silesian and Seven Years’ Wars.
saoralba is offline  
Old May 3rd, 2018, 10:23 AM   #4
Academician
 
Joined: Sep 2015
From: Scotland
Posts: 87

301-400
301. John Kourkouas (915 AD – 946 AD) – Byzantine commander who turned the tide against the Muslims in the Byzantine-Arab Wars.
302. Parmenion (400 BC – 330 BC) – Macedonian general of Alexander the Great known for his defensive manoeuvres in Persia.
303. Suleiman I the Magnificent (1494 AD – 1566 AD) – Ottoman sultan whose long reign saw many conquests.
304. Kangxi (1654 AD – 1722 AD) – Emperor of the Qing Dynasty in China who suppressed numerous rebellions and expanded his borders.
305. Ibrahim ibn Al-Ashtar (633 AD – 691 AD) – Arab commander who fought under the service of the party of Ali and inflicted a crushing defeat on the Umayyads.
306. Aleksandr Vasilevsky (1895 AD – 1977 AD) – Soviet field marshal during the Second World War who defeated the Japanese in Manchuria.
307. Abd al-Rahman I (731 AD – 788 AD) – Member of the Umayyad dynasty who fled to Cordoba and established his own empire, defeating the Franks and the Abbasids.
308. Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski (1616 AD – 1667 AD) – Polish magnate and military commander who fought the Swedes and Russians.
309. Lu Su (172 AD – 217 AD) – Military commander of the Wu state during the Three Kingdoms Period who commanded Sun Quan’s forces.
310. Francis Marion (1732 AD – 1795 AD) – American revolutionary commander known as the Swamp Fox for his guerrilla tactics.
311. John Hawkwood (1323 AD – 1394 AD) – English condottieri who fought in the Italian peninsula with mercenary forces.
312. Publius Ventidius Bassus (94 BC – 38 BC) – Roman general who inflicted many defeats upon the Parthians.
313. Mikhail Skobelev (1843 AD – 1882 AD) – Russian general notable for his conquest of Turkestan.
314. Zafar Khan (1264 AD – 1299 AD) – General of the Delhi Sultanate in northern India who repelled a Mongol invasion.
315. Edward IV of England (1442 AD – 1483 AD) – King of England who won many stunning victories in the Wars of the Roses.
316. Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi (1527 AD – 1543 AD) – General of the Adal Sultanate who fought against Abyssinia.
317. Brian Boru (941 AD – 1014 AD) – High King of Ireland who subjugated much of the island and repulsed Viking attacks.
318. Jahangir (1569 AD – 1627 AD) – Fourth Mughal ruler of India who led conquests through the subcontinent.
319. Peter the Great (1672 AD – 1725 AD) – Tsar of the Russian Empire who revolutionised and modernised his state.
320. Sun Li-jen (1900 AD – 1990 AD) – Chinese Kuomintang general who fought the Communists in the Chinese Civil War and against the Japanese.
321. Harald Bluetooth (910 AD – 987 AD) – Danish king who consolidated his country under the banner of Christ.
322. Ilghazi (1085 AD – 1122 AD) – Turkic ruler who won many victories in the Middle East during the Crusades.
323. Nero Claudius Drusus (38 BC – 9 BC) – Roman military commander who had success against the Germanic tribes.
324. Lennart Torstensson (1603 AD – 1651 AD) – Swedish field marshal and master of artillery warfare.
325. Jai Singh II (1688 AD – 1743 AD) – Indian Rajput ruler who served as Aurangzeb’s most competent general.
326. Wang Ping (193 AD – 248 AD) – Chinese general serving Liu Bei during the Three Kingdoms Period who was the last great general of the Shu state.
327. Shahin Vahmanzadegan (570 AD – 626 AD) – Sasanian Persian general who commanded in the Caucasus and Levant against the Byzantines.
328. Feodor Ushakov (1745 AD – 1817 AD) – Russian naval commander who fought in the Russo-Turkish Wars.
329. Li Mu (267 BC – 229 BC) – General of the Chinese Zhao state during the Warring States Period.
330. Zorawar Singh Kahluria (1786 AD – 1841 AD) – Sikh general who conquered the Himalayas for the empire.
331. Ruminahui (1490 AD – 1535 AD) – Inca general who commanded in the Inca Civil War and led the resistance against the Spanish.
332. Nur ad-Din Zengi (1118 AD – 1174 AD) – Muslim general who founded the Zengid dynasty in Syria and fought against the Crusaders.
333. Ptolemy I Soter (367 BC – 283 BC) – Macedonian general of Alexander the Great who founded the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt after the Wars of the Diadochi.
334. Phillipe Pétain (1856 AD – 1951 AD) – French commander during the First World War considered the best defensive tactician of his time.
335. Pierre André de Suffren (1729 AD – 1788 AD) – French admiral who allowed the French navy to evenly match the British.
336. Mao Zedong (1893 AD – 1976 AD) – Chinese revolutionary who led Communist forces during the Sino-Japanese and Chinese Civil Wars.
337. Humayun (1508 AD – 1556 AD) – Mughal emperor who defeated the Suris and greatly expanded his realm.
338. Kilij Arslan I (1079 AD – 1107 AD) – Sultan of the Turkish Seljuq Empire who fought the Crusaders.
339. José de San Martin (1778 AD – 1850 AD) – Liberator of Argentina and Chile who fought for independence from Spanish rule.
340. Vlad the Impaler (1428 AD – 1467 AD) – Ruler of the state of Wallachia in Romania who fought against the Ottoman Turks, renowned for his cruelty.
341. Zhao Kuangyin (927 AD – 976 AD) – Founder and first emperor of the Song Dynasty who reunited China under his banner.
342. Alexander Nevsky (1221 AD – 1263 AD) – Prince of Novgorod who rose to legendary status on account of his victories over German and Swedish invaders.
343. Chandragupta II (380 AD – 415 AD) – King of the Indian Gupta Empire who subjugated regions to the west of his kingdom.
344. Ahuitzotl (1469 AD – 1502 AD) – Aztec ruler who greatly expanded the Mexican realm in his reign.
345. Maarten Tromp (1598 AD – 1693 AD) – Dutch admiral who fought in both the Eighty Years’ War and the First Anglo-Dutch War.
346. Deva Raya (1384 AD – 1422 AD) – Emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire who fought in southern India.
347. Hong Taiji (1592 AD – 1643 AD) – Emperor of the Qing Dynasty who laid the groundwork for the conquest of the Ming Dynasty.
348. Yashwantrao Holkar (1776 AD – 1811 AD) – Maratha king who earned distinction in his attempt to unite the Maratha Confederacy and expel the British.
349. Patrice de MacMahon, Duke of Magenta (1808 AD – 1893 AD) – French general who led forces against the Austrians.
350. Jassa Singh Ahluwalia (1718 AD – 1783 AD) – Sikh supreme commander who fought against the Pashtuns.
351. Franz von Mercy (1597 AD – 1645 AD) – German general during the Thirty Years’ War, fighting the French and the Swedes.
352. Aleksei Brusilov (1853 AD – 1926 AD) – Russian general during World War I who was one of the few offensive commanders during that conflict.
353. Thomas Fairfax (1612 AD – 1671 AD) – English Parliamentarian leader during the English Civil War.
354. Alfred the Great (849 AD – 899 AD) – King of Wessex in England who repulsed Norse invaders from his kingdom.
355. Ismail ibn Sharif (1634 AD – 1727 AD) – Sultan of Morocco who fought civil wars and the Portuguese for dominance in his realm.
356. Ernst von Mansfeld (1580 AD – 1626 AD) – German commander during the early Thirty Years’ War.
357. Ferdinand II of Aragon (1452 AD – 1516 AD) – First king of a united Spain who conquered Granada.
358. Xu Da (1332 AD – 1385 AD) – Chinese military leader who helped overthrow the Yuan Dynasty, establishing the Ming Dynasty.
359. Miltiades (550 BC – 489 BC) – Athenian general who repulsed the Persian invasion at Marathon.
360. Tuoba Gui (371 AD – 409 AD) – Xianbei ruler who founded the state of Northern Wei in China, defeating the Later Yan state.
361. Wilhelm von Tegetthoff (1827 AD – 1871 AD) – Austrian naval officer who commanded in the Second Schleswig and Seven Weeks’ wars.
362. Arminius (17 BC – 21 AD) – Germanic chieftain who led a coalition of tribes against the mighty Roman Empire.
363. Pachacuti (1438 AD – 1472 AD) – Founder and first emperor of the Inca Empire which ruled the Andes.
364. Ahmose I (1559 BC – 1524 BC) – Egyptian pharaoh who finally expelled the foreign, Hyskos invaders.
365. Tezozomoc (1320 AD – 1426 AD) – Tepanec leader who led his people to dominate the Mexico valley.
366. Hamilcar Barca (275 BC – 228 AD) – Carthaginian statesman and general who fought in the First Punic War.
367. Theodoric the Great (454 AD – 526 AD) – Gothic king who captured and ruled Italy nominally on behalf of the Roman Empire.
368. Hermann Balck (1893 AD – 1982 AD) – German officer considered one of the best operational commanders of World War II.
369. Abbas Mirza (1789 AD – 1833 AD) – Persian crown prince of the Qajar dynasty who attempted to modernise the Iranian army to face the Turks and Russians.
370. Sverre Sigurdsson (1145 AD – 1202 AD) – King of Norway who emerged victorious in a brutal civil war due to his innovative tactics.
371. Guo Kan (1217 AD- 1277 AD) – Chinese general who served the Mongols in their conquest of Song China.
372. Francis Drake (1540 AD – 1596 AD) – English naval commander who terrorised the Spanish in the Atlantic.
373. Ćthelstan (894 AD – 939 AD) – Anglo-Saxon king of England who defeated the Norse invaders.
374. Kwon Yul (1537 AD – 1599 AD) – Korean military commander who led his countrymen against Japanese invasions.
375. Iltutmish (1174 AD – 1136 AD) – Ruler of the Delhi Sultanate in India who conquered Multan and Bengal.
376. Fernando d'Ávalos (1489 AD – 1525 AD) – Spanish-Italian general who fought in the Italian Wars.
377. Arsaces I of Parthia (275 BC – 211 BC) – Parthian emperor who conquered much of Iran from the Seleucids.
378. Judar Pasha (1550 AD – 1606 AD) – Moroccan military leader who conquered the Songhai Empire.
379. Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia (1701 AD – 1773 AD) – Savoyard prince who commanded in the Italy theatre of the War of the Austrian Succession.
380. Shi Le (274 AD – 333 AD) – Chinese-Jie military leader during the Sixteen Kingdoms Period who founded the state of Later Zhao.
381. Pulakeshin II (610 AD – 642 AD) – Chalukya emperor of southern India who conquered much of the Deccan.
382. Robert Blake (1598 AD – 1657 AD) – The foremost admiral of the Commonwealth of England, fighting in the First Anglo-Dutch War.
383. Stanislaw Potocki (1589 AD – 1667 AD) – Polish magnate and military leader who fought against Russia and Sweden.
384. Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard (1473 AD – 1524 AD) – French knight and commander serving in the Italian Wars.
385. Bartolomeo Colleoni (1400 AD – 1475 AD) – Italian condottieri who commanded mercenary forces in the Italian Wars.
386. John Monash (1865 AD – 1931 AD) – Australian military leader of the First World War who spearheaded the Amiens offensive.
387. Gao Xianzhi (707 AD – 756 AD) – General of the Chinese Tang Dynasty who conquered much of Central Asia.
388. Alcibiades (450 BC – 404 BC) – Infamous Athenian statesman and general notable for his command and shifting allegiances in the Peloponnesian War.
389. George Henry Thomas (1816 AD – 1870 AD) – American officer who served as a Union general during the Civil War.
390. Kujala Kadphises (4 BC – 80 AD) – Kushan prince of Central Asia who founded an empire in India.
391. Ludwig Andreas von Khevenhüller (1683 AD – 1744 AD) – Austrian field marshal who conquered much of Bavaria during the War of the Austrian Succession.
392. Cao Ren (168 AD – 223 AD) – Military general who served the state of Wei during the Three Kingdoms period.
393. Muawiyah (602 AD – 680 AD) – Umayyad admiral who harassed the Byzantines and went on to become caliph.
394. Santaji Ghorpade (1639 AD – 1696 AD) – Maratha warrior and general who fought against the Mughals.
395. Ali bin Abi Talib (601 AD – 661 AD) – Companion to the prophet Muhammad who was an accomplished commander.
396. Yaqub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar (840 AD – 879 AD) – Persian revolutionary who staged an uprising against the Abbasid Caliphate.
397. Mikhail Tukhachevsky (1893 AD – 1937 AD) – Russian Bolshevik commander who captured Siberia during the Russian Civil War.
398. Muhammad Ahmad (1844 AD – 1885 AD) – Sudanese leader who proclaimed himself the Mahdi and led a rebellion against the Egyptians.
399. Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta (1417 AD – 1468 AD) – Daring Italian condottieri who fought against the Turks.
400. Murong Chui (326 AD – 396 AD) – Chinese-Xianbei general who founded the state of Former Yan.
saoralba is offline  
Old May 3rd, 2018, 10:23 AM   #5
Academician
 
Joined: Sep 2015
From: Scotland
Posts: 87

401-500
401. Nikolai Vatutin (1901 AD – 1944 AD) – Soviet general during the Second World War who commanded the Red Army in Ukraine.
402. Shah Jahan (1592 AD – 1666 AD) – Mughal emperor of India who fought to secure the empire’s southern and western borders.
403. Bonifacius (377 AD – 432 AD) – Roman general who campaigned against the Visigoths in Gaul and fought in civil wars.
404. Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf (661 AD – 714 AD) – Arab Umayyad general who commanded the armies which reunified the Middle East.
405. Mithridates I of Parthia (195 BC – 132 BC) – Ruler of the Parthian Empire who conquered much of Iran, turning his kingdom into a major power.
406. Vladimir Vazov (1868 AD – 1945 AD) – Bulgarian general of the First World War known for his successful defence of Dojran.
407. Andrea Doria (1466 AD – 1560 AD) – Italian condottiero and admiral of Genoa who fought many engagements in the Mediterranean.
408. Cyaxares (625 BC – 585 BC) – Ruler of the Median Empire of ancient Iran who triumphed over the Assyrians and Scythians.
409. Osman I (1254 AD – 1324 AD) – Founder of the Turkish Ottoman dynasty who conquered many Anatolian beyliks.
410. Ranjit Singh (1780 AD – 1839 AD) – Founder of the Sikh Empire in Punjab who fought to expel Pashtun invaders.
411. Herbert Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer (1857 AD – 1932 AD) – British officer during the First World War.
412. Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Duke of Caxias (1803 AD – 1880 AD) – Brazilian military leader who crushed many rebellions.
413. Malik Kafur (1281 AD – 1316 AD) – Indian eunuch general and lover of Alauddin Khilji who led many of his southern campaigns.
414. George Maniakes (1002 AD – 1043 AD) – Byzantine general who captured Sicily and rebelled against his emperor.
415. George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney (1718 AD – 1792 AD) – British admiral who fought in the American War of Independence and against the French.
416. Dmitry Donskoy (1350 AD – 1389 AD) – Muscovite prince who defied the might of the Mongol hordes.
417. Muhammad Shaybani (1451 AD – 1510 AD) – Uzbek leader who carved out a kingdom in Central Asia.
418. Bayan of the Baarin (1236 AD – 1295 AD) – Mongol general who led the conquest of Song China.
419. Titus Labienus (100 BC – 45 BC) – Lieutenant of Julius Caesar in Gaul who defected to the side of Pompey during the civil war.
420. Cimon (510 BC – 450 BC) – Athenian admiral and statesman who thwarted the Persian invasion.
421. Antonio José de Sucre (1795 AD – 1830 AD) – Venezuelan liberator who fought against Spain for independence.
422. Arthur Currie (1875 AD – 1933 AD) – Canadian military commander in WWI considered one of the best generals of the Western Front.
423. Krishnadevaraya (1471 AD – 1529 AD) – Emperor of Vijayanagara who warred with the Deccan sultanates.
424. Viriatus (165 BC – 139 BC) – Lusitanian leader who defended his people against the might of Rome.
425. John Jervis, 1st Earl of St. Vincent (1735 AD – 1823 AD) – British admiral who destroyed the naval threat of revolutionary France.
426. Berke (1209 AD – 1266 AD) – Mongol khan who consolidated the power of the Blue Horde and White Horde under Islam.
427. Kanhoji Angre (1669 AD – 1729 AD) – Undefeated Marathi admiral who was the master of the Arabian Sea, terrorising British and Portuguese fleets.
428. John II Komnenos (1087 AD – 1143 AD) – Byzantine emperor who stemmed the tide of Turkish invasions.
429. Demetrius I of Bactria (240 BC – 180 BC) – Indo-Greek ruler who earned the epithet ‘the Invincible’ for never being defeated in battle.
430. Chormaqan (1178 AD – 1241 AD) – Mongol general who participated in the conquest of China.
431. August von Mackensen (1849 AD – 1945 AD) – German marshal during the First World War known for his feats on the Eastern Front.
432. Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald (1775 AD – 1860 AD) – British naval officer called the “Sea Wolf” for his command during the Napoleonic Wars.
433. Eulji Mundeok (545 AD – 620 AD) – Korean military leader who defended Goguryeo from Sui China.
434. Sviatoslav I of Kiev (942 AD – 972 AD) – Grand Prince of Kiev who conquered the Slavic tribes and expanded his realm substantially.
435. Lysander (435 BC – 395 BC) – Spartan admiral who forced the Athenians to capitulate in the Peloponnesian War.
436. Daniel Rantzau (1529 AD – 1569 AD) – Danish-German general who commanded during the Northern Seven Years’ War against Sweden.
437. Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqas (595 AD – 674 AD) – Arab general who conquered Persia for the Rashidun Caliphate.
438. Murong Ke (315 AD – 367 AD) – Chinese-Xianbei general of the Former Yan state during the Sixteen Kingdoms Period.
439. Johan Baner (1596 AD – 1641 AD) – Swedish field marshal who led forces during the Thirty Years’ War.
440. Phormio (470 BC – 428 BC) – Celebrated Athenian admiral known for his victories during the Peloponnesian War.
441. Tewodros II (1818 AD – 1868 AD) – Abyssinian emperor who conquered and centralised Ethiopia.
442. Spartacus (111 BC – 71 BC) – Rebel slave leader and former gladiator who led a slave revolt against the Roman Republic.
443. Wladyslaw II Jagiello (1352 AD – 1434 AD) – Polish-Lithuanian ruler who fought against the knights of the Teutonic Order.
444. Köke Temür (1334 AD – 1375 AD) – Mongol general of the Yuan Dynasty who led many battles in China.
445. John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury (1384 AD – 1453 AD) – English military commander during the Hundred Years War known for his aggressive tactics.
446. Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu (1199 AD – 1231 AD) – Ruler of the Khwarezmnian Empire in Central Asia who warred against the Mongols.
447. Lu Xun (183 AD – 245 AD) – Chinese general of the Wu state during the Three Kingdoms Period.
448. Maurice of Byzantium (539 AD – 602 AD) – Byzantine emperor who brought the war with the Sasanians to a victorious end.
449. Date Masamune (1567 AD – 1636 AD) – Japanese daimyo who fought other feudal lords for dominance in Sendai.
450. Lian Po (275 BC – 221 BC) – Chinese general of the Zhao state during the Warring States Period.
451. Marcus Furius Camillus (446 BC – 365 BC) – Roman general who triumphed against the Etruscan city of Veii.
452. Zachary Taylor (1784 AD – 1850 AD) – American officer and later president known for his victories in the Mexican-American War.
453. Richard O’Connor (1889 AD – 1981 AD) – British commander during the Second World War who drove the Italians from Libya.
454. Nebuchadnezzar II (634 BC – 562 BC) – King of the Neo-Babylonian Empire who subjugated Syria and Israel.
455. Babak Khorramdin (795 AD – 838 AD) – Persian revolutionary who led an ultimately unsuccessful Zoroastrian revolt against the Muslim Abbasid Caliphate.
456. Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone (1550 AD – 1616 AD) – Irish lord whose resistance during the Nine Years’ War proved a potent threat to English rule in Ireland.
457. Vercingetorix (82 BC – 46 BC) – Gallic chieftain who united the Gallic tribes in a revolt against Rome.
458. Odoacer (433 AD – 493 AD) – Gothic leader who led a revolt against the Roman Empire and captured Italy.
459. Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. (1934 AD – 2012 AD) – American general responsible for victory in the Gulf War.
460. Louis-Joseph de Montcalm (1712 AD – 1759 AD) – French commander who led the defence in North America during the Seven Years’ War.
461. Johan Rantzau (1492 AD – 1565 AD) – German-Danish general renowned for his leadership during the Count’s Feud.
462. Ly Thuong Kiet (1019 AD – 1105 AD) – Viet general who thwarted two invasion attempts from the Chinese Song Dynasty.
463. Alberico da Barbiano (1344 AD – 1409 AD) – Italian condottieri who fought in the medieval wars of the Italian city states.
464. Priscus (548 AD – 613 AD) – Byzantine general who served three emperors, fighting against Slavic and Avar foes.
465. Khaydhar ibn Kawus al-Afshin (784 AD – 841 AD) – Senior Abbasid general who sacked Amorium and put down the Khurramite rebellion.
466. Vespasian (9 AD – 79 AD) – Roman general who laid siege to Jerusalem and seized the empire after a bruising civil war.
467. Yue Yi (347 BC – 221 BC) – Prominent general of the Yan state during the Warring States period.
468. James Longstreet (1821 AD – 1904 AD) – Confederate general whose talents saw victory in the Eastern Theatre of the American Civil War.
469. Gnaeus Domitus Corbulo (7 AD – 67 AD) – Roman general who battled the Germans and Parthians.
470. Harsha (590 AD – 647 AD) – Emperor who conquered much of northern India after the fall of the Guptas.
471. James Wolfe (1727 AD – 1759 AD) – British officer notable for his victories over the French in the Seven Years’ War.
472. Vettor Pisani (1324 AD – 1380 AD) – Italian admiral of Venice who defended his country against the Genoese in the War of Chioggia.
473. Baidar (1203 AD – 1262 AD) – Mongol general who led the conquests in Eastern Europe, capturing Poland.
474. Scipio Aemilianus (185 BC – 129 BC) – Roman general who besieged and destroyed Carthage.
475. Ran Min (303 AD – 352 AD) – Chinese commander during the Sixteen Kingdoms Period who founded the state of Ran Wei.
476. Amda Seyon I (1285 AD – 1344 AD) – Abyssinian emperor who’s conquest of Muslim borderlands greatly expanded his realm.
477. Álvaro de Bazán (1526 AD – 1588 AD) – Undefeated Spanish admiral who struck fear into the hearts of English sailors.
478. Pericles (495 BC – 429 BC) – Greek statesman and admiral of Athens who fought in the Peloponnesian War.
479. Genseric (400 AD – 477 AD) – Vandal ruler who forged a powerful kingdom that challenged dominance in the Mediterranean.
480. Omar Bradley (1893 AD – 1981 AD) – American commander who oversaw the western attack on Germany during the latter stages of World War II.
481. Gajah Mada (1290 AD – 1364 AD) – Javanese leader of the Majapahit Empire who brought the empire to its peak.
482. Abd el-Krim (1882 AD – 1963 AD) – Riffian military leader whose use of guerrilla tactics held out against the French and Spanish invaders for years.
483. Cleomenes III (265 BC – 219 BC) – Spartan king who reformed the Lacedonian state and waged a war of conquest on Greece.
484. Mori Motonari (1497 AD – 1571 AD) – Japanese daimyo of the Mori clan who spread his dominance all over the region.
485. Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (912 AD – 973 AD) – German king of the Holy Roman Empire who expanded his holdings significantly.
486. Ivaylo of Bulgaria (1243 AD – 1275 AD) – Bulgarian peasant who led a successful uprising against the nobility.
487. Mahadaji Shinde (1730 AD – 1794 AD) – Marathi commander who successfully repelled the British in the first Anglo-Marathi War.
488. Suppiluliuma I (1383 BC – 1322 BC) – King of the Hittites who challenged Egypt for supremacy in the Near East.
489. Pagondas (452 BC – 392 BC) – Theban general who commanded the Boetian forces against Athens during the Peloponnesian War.
490. Francisco de Almeida (1450 AD – 1510 AD) – Portuguese conquistador and admiral who dominated the Indian Ocean.
491. Hyder Ali (1720 AD – 1782 AD) – Sultan of Mysore whose military skills allowed him to strengthen his state.
492. Qasem Soleimani (1957 AD – ) – Iranian military officer notable for his many campaigns in the Middle East.
493. Esarhaddon (715 BC – 669 BC) – King of the Neo-Assyrian Empire who spread his rule throughout the Fertile Crescent and briefly brought Egypt to heel.
494. James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick (1670 AD – 1734 AD) – Anglo-French military commander who fought for the forces of Phillip in the War of the Spanish Succession.
495. Minamoto no Yoshitsune (1159 AD – 1189 AD) – Japanese military commander of the Minamoto Clan who commanded in the Genpei War.
496. Askia Mohammad I (1443 AD – 1538 AD) – Emperor and military commander of the Songhai Empire who conquered large swathes of West Africa.
497. Ivan III of Russia (1440 AD – 1505 AD) – Grand Prince of Moscow who ended the dominance of the Golden Horde over Russia.
498. Zuo Zongtang (1812 AD – 1885 AD) – Chinese statesman and military leader of the late Qing Dynasty who suppressed numerous rebellions.
499. Ulugh Khan (1262 AD – 1302 AD) – General of the Delhi Sultanate in India who commanded many campaigns on behalf of Alauddin Khilji.
500. Amédée Courbet (1827 AD – 1885 AD) – French admiral who commanded the fleets of the Sino-French War.
saoralba is offline  
Old May 3rd, 2018, 10:23 AM   #6
Academician
 
Joined: Sep 2015
From: Scotland
Posts: 87

501-600
501. Qutayba ibn Muslim (669 AD – 716 AD) – Arab commander of the Ummayad Caliphate who conquered Transoxiana.
502. Vasily Chuikov (1900 AD – 1982 AD) – Soviet military officer lauded for his defensive command at Stalingrad.
503. David Farragut (1801 AD – 1870 AD) – American admiral of the Union fleet during the American Civil War.
504. Burebista (102 BC – 45 BC) – Thracian king who unified the tribes of Dacia and expanded his empire.
505. Memnon of Rhodes (380 BC – 333 BC) – Commander of the Greek mercenaries in service to Darius III of Achaemenid Persia against Alexander the Great.
506. Liu Yiunhao (1003 AD – 1048 AD) – Tangut ruler who established his own dynasty in northern China.
507. Prataprao Gujar (1615 AD – 1673 AD) – Marathi general who defeated the Mughals at Salher.
508. Alula Engida (1827 AD – 1897 AD) – Abyssinian general who fought for the independence of his nation.
509. Malik Shah I (1053 AD – 1092 AD) – Sultan of the Seljuq Empire who fought in Persia and the Caucasus.
510. Pratap Singh I (1540 AD – 1597 AD) – Indian Rajput ruler of Mewar who resisted the Mughal Empire.
511. Liu Bocheng (1892 AD – 1986 AD) – Chinese Communist military commander who achieved success in the Chinese Civil War.
512. Alasdair Mac Colla (1610 AD – 1647 AD) – Gaelic commander of Ireland and Scotland who fought in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
513. Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad (1139 AD – 1203 AD) – Sultan of the Ghurid dynasty who conquered areas near northwest India from the Khwarezmians.
514. Mikhail Kutuzov (1745 AD – 1813 AD) – Russian field marshal who served in the Napoleonic Wars.
515. Tadamichi Kuribayashi (1891 AD – 1945 AD) – Imperial Japanese general during the Second World War known for his defence of Iwo Jima.
516. Theodosius I (347 AD – 395 AD) – Roman Emperor who campaigned relentlessly against the Goths.
517. Maldev Rathore (1511 AD – 1562 AD) – Rajput ruler of Marwar who warred with both Hindus and Muslims.
518. Karadorde (1762 AD – 1812 AD) – Serbian rebel who led an uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
519. Ashikaga Takauji (1305 AD – 1358 AD) – Japanese samurai who became shogun of the Ashikaga Shogunate.
520. Sennacherib (740 BC – 681 BC) – Assyrian king who conquered much of Mesopotamia and the Levant.
521. Philopoemen (253 BC – 183 BC) – Greek statesman and general who turned the Achaean League into a military power.
522. Charles XI of Sweden (1655 AD – 1697 AD) – King of Sweden who led his country to victory in the Scanian War.
523. Kyansittha (1030 AD – 1112 AD) – King of the Pagan Dynasty of Burma who led his father’s military campaigns to expand their empire.
524. Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy (1334 AD – 1383 AD) – Savoyard nobleman and knight who defeated the Turks in Bulgaria.
525. Cesare Borgia (1475 AD – 1507 AD) – Italian condottieri who fought for the Papacy in the wars of the Italian city states.
526. Agesilaus II (444 BC – 360 BC) – Spartan ruler who commanded in the Corinthian War and invaded Asia Minor.
527. Yelü Dashi (1094 AD – 1143 AD) – Khitan ruler who founded a powerful state in northern China.
528. Árpád (845 AD – 907 AD) – Hungarian ruler who led the conquest and settlement of the Carpathian basin.
529. Gaius Claudius Nero (237 BC – 199 BC) – Roman general who defeated the Punics at Metauris.
530. Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah (1304 AD – 1358 AD) – Bengali sultan who conquered much of eastern India.
531. Henry of Flanders (1176 AD – 1216 AD) – Emperor of the Latin Empire who distinguished himself in the Fourth Crusade.
532. Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz (1721 AD – 1773 AD) – Prussian cavalry general serving under Frederick the Great.
533. Mithridates VI of Pontus (135 BC – 63 BC) – King of Pontus known as one of Rome’s most formidable enemies.
534. Louis I of Hungary (1326 AD – 1382 AD) – Hungarian ruler who fought in Italy and the Balkans.
535. Raizo Tanaka (1892 AD – 1969 AD) – Japanese admiral during the Second World War renowned for his stalwart opposition to the United States.
536. Antiochus III the Great (241 BC – 187 BC) – Hellenic ruler of the Seleucid Empire in Iran who expanded his empire’s borders.
537. Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah (583 AD – 639 AD) – Arab general who commanded the Rashidun forces after the dismissal of Khalid ibn al-Walid.
538. Majorian (420 AD – 461 AD) – Last emperor of the Western Roman Empire to attempt to regain lost territories in the west.
539. Phillip II of France (1165 AD – 1223 AD) – King of France who transformed his country into a continental powerhouse and destroyed the Anglo-German Alliance.
540. Gautamiputra Satakarni (86 AD – 130 AD) – King of the Indian Satavahana Empire who conquered many territories in the subcontinent.
541. Godfrey of Bouillon (1060 AD – 1100 AD) – Frankish knight during the First Crusade notable for the Siege of Jerusalem.
542. Bernardo de Galvéz (1746 AD – 1786 AD) – Spanish military leader and colonial officer who conquered Florida from the British during the American War for Independence.
543. Offa of Mercia (727 AD – 796 AD) – Anglo-Saxon ruler of Mercian who attained hegemony over England.
544. Chimaji Appa (1707 AD – 1740 AD) – Marathi general who conquered the western coast of India from the Portuguese.
545. Fu Youde (1331 AD – 1394 AD) – Chinese general of the Ming Dynasty who conquered Yunnan from the Mongol Yuan.
546. Brasidas (468 BC – 422 BC) – Spartan officer during the Peloponnesian War who fought the Athenians on the seas.
547. Gnaeus Julius Agricola (40 AD – 93 AD) – Gallo-Roman general responsible for the Roman conquest of Britain.
548. Raden Wijaya (1251 AD – 1309 AD) – Javanese king and founder of the Majapahit empire who repelled the Mongols.
549. Nogai Khan (1225 AD – 1299 AD) – Mongol general of the Golden Horde who terrorised Central Asia.
550. Marcus Claudius Marcellus (268 AD – 208 AD) – Roman military leader during both the Gallic War and the Second Punic War.
551. Máximo Gómez (1836 AD – 1905 AD) – Cuban general during the Ten Years’ War and War of Independence against Spain.
552. Bohemond I of Antioch (1054 AD – 1111 AD) – Norman knight and a leader of the First Crusade who captured Antioch.
553. Lan Yu (1339 AD – 1393 AD) – Chinese general who helped found the Ming Dynasty through his many defeats of the Yuan.
554. Erich Ludendorff (1865 AD – 1937 AD) – Imperial German officer during the First World War who achieved victory in the Eastern Front.
555. Andrew Moray (1270 AD – 1297 AD) – Scottish military leader who led the rising of northern Scotland against the forces of Edward I of England.
556. David (984 BC – 1055 BC) – King of the Israelites who conquered Canaan in the name of Yahweh.
557. Bohdan Khmelnytsky (1595 AD – 1657 AD) – Ukrainian Cossack hetman who fought against the Poles to establish his own state.
558. Józef Pilsudski (1867 AD – 1935 AD) – Polish statesman and military commander who defended his newly liberated country from the Soviet forces.
559. Alexios Philanthropenos (1270 AD – 1344 AD) – Byzantine general who scored victories over the Turks in the empire’s final days.
560. Paul von Hindenburg (1847 AD – 1936 AD) – German imperial general and statesman who commanded during the First World War.
561. Abu Muslim Khorasani (718 AD – 755 AD) – Persian general who led the Abbasid Revolution that toppled the Umayyad dynasty.
562. Li Xin (272 BC – 214 BC) – General of the Qin state during the Warring States Period who helped unify China.
563. Mark Antony (83 BC – 30 BC) – Roman politician and general who warred against Caesar’s assassins before finally falling to Octavian.
564. Ivan Paskevich (1782 AD – 1856 AD) – Russian military leader noted for his daring exploits in many imperial wars.
565. Hammurabi (1810 BC – 1750 BC) – Babylonian king who conquered city-states in Mesopotamia.
566. Andrew Jackson (1767 AD – 1845 AD) – American general and later statesman who fought the British and Native Americans in the War of 1812.
567. Rana Sanga (1482 AD – 1528 AD) – Hindu Rajput ruler of Mewar who fought the Muslims in northern India.
568. Wanyan Wuqimai (1075 AD – 1135 AD) – Jurchen ruler of the Jin who conquered the Khitans and most of northern China.
569. Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus (210 BC – 115 BC) – Roman general who commanded in the wars against Macedon.
570. Occhiali (1519 AD – 1587 AD) – Ottoman admiral from Italy who conquered Tunis and battled in the Mediterranean.
571. Petro Konashevych-Sahaidachny (1582 AD – 1622 AD) – Ukrainian hetman who was a renowned commander on both land and sea.
572. Uzun Hasan (1423 AD – 1478 AD) – Shah of the Turkic Aq Qoyunlu federation who expanded his empire across Central Africa.
573. Mao Wenlong (1579 AD – 1629 AD) – Chinese military commander who fought against the invading Qing forces in the Yellow Sea.
574. Nitta Yoshisada (1301 AD – 1338 AD) – Japanese samurai commander who led imperial forces in the Genko War.
575. Titus Quinctius Flamininus (229 BC – 174 BC) – Roman general instrumental in the conquest of Greece.
576. Pedro de Alvarado (1485 AD – 1541 AD) – Spanish conquistador who conquered Central America.
577. Tokhtamysh (1352 AD – 1406 AD) – Mongol khan who briefly unified the Mongol states into the Golden Horde.
578. Osman Nuri Pasha (1832 AD – 1900 AD) – Ottoman military commander famous for his defence of Plevna against the Russians.
579. Fedor von Bock (1880 AD – 1945 AD) – German field marshal during the Second World War known for his offensive tactics.
580. Charles James Napier (1782 AD – 1853 AD) – British officer who conquered Sindh in India.
581. Murad II (1404 AD – 1451 AD) – Ottoman sultan who expanded his empire in the Balkans.
582. Sweyn Forkbeard (960 AD – 1014 AD) – Danish king who led the Norse invasions of England.
583. Dmitry Senyavin (1763 AD – 1831 AD) – Russian admiral who ranks among the greatest seamen during the Napoleonic Wars.
584. Kusunoki Masashige (1294 AD – 1336 AD) – Japanese samurai who fought for Emperor Go-Daigo during the Genko War.
585. Svetozar Boroevic (1856 AD – 1920 AD) – Austro-Hungarian field marshal from Croatia described as one of the finest defensive commanders during the First World War.
586. Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke (1705 AD – 1781 AD) – British admiral who scored victories over the French in the Seven Years’ War.
587. Sargon II (747 BC – 705 BC) – Assyrian ruler who led the conquest of Judea and Babylonia.
588. Philippe Leclerc (1902 AD – 1947 AD) – French field marshal of the Second World War who fought in Africa.
589. Abdallah ibn Amir (622 AD – 678 AD) – Arab military commander who reconquered much of Persia and Afghanistan for the Rashidun Caliphate.
590. Demetrius I Poliorcetes (337 BC – 283 BC) – Greek ruler of Macedon who fought in the first War of the Diadochi.
591. Banda Singh Bahadur (1670 AD – 1716 AD) – Sikh military commander who successfully fought the Mughals.
592. Fuk’anggan (1753 AD – 1796 AD) – Manchu general who commanded Qing forces in the Sino-Nepalese War.
593. Samori Ture (1830 AD – 1900 AD) – Founder of the Islamic Wassoulou Empire who conquered much of West Africa and fought against French aggression.
594. Prince Rupert of the Rhine (1619 AD – 1682 AD) – German cavalry commander during the English Civil War.
595. Zivojin Misic (1855 AD – 1921 AD) – Serbian field marshal who commanded in the Balkan Wars and the First World War.
596. Marwan I (623 AD – 685 AD) – Arab Umayyad Caliph and commander who fought in the Muslim civil wars.
597. Menander I (198 BC – 130 BC) – Indo-Greek ruler who built an empire, subjugated many tribes of the Indus Valley.
598. Lord George Murray (1694 AD – 1760 AD) – Scottish Jacobite general known for his campaign under Bonnie Prince Charlie.
599. Zhang Xiu (152 AD – 207 AD) – Chinese general during the Three Kingdoms Period who at first fought against Cao Cao but then fought under him.
600. Maslama ibn Abd al-Malik (705 AD – 738 AD) – Arab Umayyad prince and general who defeated the Khazars and laid siege to Constantinople.
saoralba is offline  
Old May 3rd, 2018, 10:24 AM   #7
Academician
 
Joined: Sep 2015
From: Scotland
Posts: 87

601-700
601. Rostam Farrokzhad (587 AD – 639 AD) – Parthian general of the Persian Sassanid Empire who fought against the Arab invasions.
602. Judas Maccabeus (191 BC – 160 BC) – Judean priest who led a revolt against the Seleucid Empire.
603. Benoit de Boigne (1751 AD – 1830 AD) – French military adventure who commanded forces for the Maratha Empire in India.
604. Afonso I of Portugal (1106 AD – 1185 AD) – First king of Portugal who drove the Moors from his land.
605. Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden (1655 AD – 1707 AD) – Franco-German general who fought against the Turks.
606. Tahir ibn Husayn (775 AD – 822 AD) – Abbasid Persian general who fought in the Fourth Fitna for the armies of Al-Ma’mun and founded his own dynasty.
607. Baldwin I of Jerusalem (1064 AD – 1118 AD) – Christian ruler of Jerusalem who warred with Muslims.
608. Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough (1779 AD – 1869 AD) – British general who defeated the Sikhs.
609. Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria (1609 AD – 1641 AD) – Spanish cardinal and general during the Thirty Years’ War.
610. António Dias Cardoso (1598 AD – 1670 AD) – Portuguese colonial officer who expulsed the Dutch from Brazil.
611. Almanzor (938 AD – 1002 AD) – Andalusian leader who fought successful campaigns against the Christians of Spain.
612. Tigranes the Great (140 BC – 55 BC) – King of Armenia whose conquests made him Rome’s greatest threat in the east.
613. Kaloyan of Bulgaria (1170 AD – 1207 AD) – Bulgarian ruler who defeated the Latins and rebelled against the Byzantines.
614. Manius Curius Dentatus (313 BC – 270 BC) – Hero of the Roman Republic who fought the Sabines and Samnites, and drove Pyrrhus of Epirus from Italy.
615. Owain Gwynedd (1100 AD – 1170 AD) – Welsh prince who successfully defended his country against the English.
616. Birger Jarl (1210 AD – 1266 AD) – Swedish commander who consolidated his country under his helm and led northern crusades.
617. Ambrosius Aurelianus (477 AD – 523 AD) – Romano-British tribal leader who fought against the Saxon invaders.
618. Abdulaziz ibn Saud (1875 AD – 1953 AD) – Arab leader who conquered much of the Arabian Peninsula and founded the Saudi monarchy.
619. Rana Sanga (1482 AD – 1528 AD) – Indian Rajput ruler who consolidated the borders of his kingdom and fought against the Muslims.
620. Maha Bandula (1782 AD – 1825 AD) – Burmese general who conquered Assam and fought against the British in the First Anglo-Burmese War.
621. Ashraf Hotak (1694 AD – 1730 AD) – Afghan commander who succeeded to the Persian throne and fought against the Ottomans.
622. Pavel Nakhimov (1802 AD – 1855 AD) – Russian admiral admired for commanding the Siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.
623. Malik Ambar (1548 AD – 1626 AD) – Siddhi commander of the Mughal Empire who fought an intense campaign in the Deccan area of India.
624. Prithviraj Chauhan (1178 AD – 1192 AD) – Hindu ruler in north-west India who defended against the invading Muslims.
625. Nuno Álvares Pereira (1360 AD – 1431 AD) – Portuguese general who assured the independence of his country from Castile.
626. Krum the Fearsome (760 AD – 814 AD) – Khan of Bulgaria who doubled the size of his realm through wars of expansion.
627. Sundiata Keita (1217 AD – 1255 AD) – Founder and first ruler of the Mali Empire who conquered West Africa.
628. Matias de Albuquerque (1583 AD – 1647 AD) – Portuguese general known as the “Hero of Two Continents” for his exploits in both Brazil and Europe.
629. Liu Yu (363 AD – 422 AD) – Founder of the Liu Song Dynasty of China who overthrew the Jin.
630. Sanada Yukimura (1567 AD – 1615 AD) – Japanese samurai warrior who defended against the Tokugawa forces.
631. Abu Yusuf Yaqub Al-Mansur (1160 AD – 1199 AD) – Moroccan Almohad Caliph who successfully commanded in Iberia.
632. Sabuktigin (942 AD – 997 AD) – Turkic ruler of the Ghaznavid dynasty who conquered northwest India.
633. Ario Barzan the Brave (368 BC – 330 BC) – Persian Achaemenid prince who held Alexander the Great at bay for a month at the Persian Gate.
634. Shi Dakai (1831 AD – 1863 AD) – Military leader of the Taiping Rebellion of China, one of the bloodiest conflicts in history.
635. Esen Taishi (1402 AD – 1455 AD) – Oirat Mongol khan who effectively ruled as the Northern Yuan Dynasty after capturing the Chinese emperor and reuniting the Mongols.
636. Gang Gam-chan (948 AD – 1031 AD) – Korean general who defeated the Khitan forces of the Liao Dynasty.
637. Penda of Mercia (606 AD – 655 AD) – Anglo-Saxon king of Mercia who fought the Northumbrians for supremacy of England.
638. Konishi Yukinaga (1555 AD – 1600 AD) – Japanese daimyo who led the Toyotomi invasion of Korea.
639. Sultan Husayn Mirza Bayqara (1438 AD – 1506 AD) – Timurid ruler in Central Asia who fought the Turks.
640. Adurgundbad (488 AD – 541 AD) – Persian Sasanian general who subdued barbarian tribes outside of the frontiers of Iranshahr.
641. Koos de la Ray (1847 AD – 1914 AD) – Boer commander who used innovative guerrilla tactics against the British in the Boer Wars.
642. Yun Gwan (1040 AD – 1111 AD) – Korean general who subdued the Jurchen tribes of the north.
643. Xu Rong (143 AD – 192 AD) – Chinese general during the end of the Han Dynasty who fought against the coalition that sought to depose Dong Zhuo.
644. Kemal Reis (1451 AD – 1511 AD) – Ottoman admiral who fought the Venetians in the Mediterranean.
645. Ashurbanipal (692 BC – 627 BC) – King of the Neo-Assyrian Empire who conquered many cities in Mesopotamia.
646. Thrasybulus (440 BC – 388 BC) – Athenian general who fought in the Peloponnesian War and revolted to restore Athenian democracy.
647. Nagabhata I (693 AD – 760 AD) – Founder of the Indian Pratihara Empire who repulsed the Muslim invaders for decades.
648. Kuki Yoshitaka (1542 AD – 1600 AD) – Japanese admiral who contributed to the unification of Japan.
649. Hugh Rose, 1st Baron Strathnairn (1801 AD – 1885 AD) – British general who put down the Indian rebellion.
650. Li Chengliang (1526 AD – 1618 AD) – Ming Dynasty general who fought the Jurchens in northwest China.
651. Man Singh I (1550 AD – 1614 AD) – Mughal general who conquered Odisha and fought against the Rajputs in western India.
652. Omar Pasha Latas (1806 AD – 1871 AD) – Serbian-born Ottoman field marshal who crushed many rebellions and served in the Crimean War.
653. Hammiradeva (1283 AD – 1301 AD) – Indian Rajput ruler who repulsed the Muslim invasions of his homeland.
654. Su Yu (1907 AD – 1984 AD) – Chinese Communist commander whose skirmishing ability harried foes in the Chinese Civil War.
655. Imad Mughniyah (1962 AD – 2008 AD) – Lebanese paramilitary leader of Hezbollah who fought an insurgency war against Israel and the Lebanese government.
656. Mentuhotep II (2086 BC – 2010 BC) – Egyptian pharaoh of the Theban dynasty who reunited the kingdom by conquering the north.
657. Ashot the Iron (975 AD – 929 AD) – King of Armenia who fought of pretenders to the throne and foreign invaders.
658. Asparukh of Bulgaria (640 AD – 701 AD) – Bulgar khan who raided the Byzantine Empire and conquered the Danube delta.
659. Brennus (421 BC – 387 BC) – Gallic chieftain whose sack of Rome marked the first time the city was occupied by a foreign army.
660. Vytautus (1350 AD – 1430 AD) – Lithuanian ruler who forged, through conquest, one of the largest states in Europe.
661. Shimazu Yoshihiro (1535 AD – 1619 AD) – Japanese general of the Sengoku period who contributed to the unification of Kyoto.
662. Rabih az-Zubayr (1842 AD – 1900 AD) – Sudanese warlord who rampaged through central Africa.
663. Leonidas I (540 BC – 480 BC) – Spartan king who held at Thermopylae against the might of the Achaemenid Empire with a small force.
664. Fritigern (327 AD – 380 AD) – Gothic chieftain who decisively defeated the Romans at Adrianople.
665. Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts (1832 AD – 1914 AD) – British general who put down the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
666. Khasekhemwy (2719 BC – 2675 BC) – Egyptian pharaoh who reunited the two lands under his control after years of chaos.
667. Kapilendradeva (1404 AD – 1466 AD) – Founder of the Gajapati Dynasty of Odiya who fought in eastern India.
668. Gwak Jae-u (1552 AD – 1617 AD) – Korean military general who fought the Japanese in the Imjin War.
669. Louis Faidherbe (1818 AD – 1889 AD) – French colonial officer who consolidated much of West Africa.
670. Abul-Awar (600 AD – 669 AD) – Muslim Arab admiral who defeated the Byzantines at the Battle of the Masts.
671. Pushyamitra Shunga (185 BC – 149 BC) – Indian general of the Maurya Empire who then went on to establish the Shunga Empire.
672. Abaoji (872 AD – 926 AD) – Khitan leader who found the Liao Dynasty, conquering large parts of northern China.
673. Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley (1833 AD – 1913 AD) – British military leader who commanded many colonial exploits of the Empire.
674. Osman Digna (1840 AD – 1926 AD) – Sudanese commander serving the Muhammad Ahmad in the Mahdist War.
675. Giuseppe Govone (1825 AD – 1827 AD) – Italian politician and general who commanded in the Italian wars of independence.
676. Senusret III (1897 BC – 1839 BC) – Egyptian pharaoh who campaigned in Nubia and ushered in a reign of peace and prosperity.
677. Moctezuma I (1398 AD – 1469 AD) – Aztec emperor who consolidated the borders of his empire.
678. Idris Alauma (1580 AD – 1617 AD) – Emperor of Kanem who conquered his way through central Africa.
679. Giorgi Saakadze (1570 AD – 1629 AD) – Georgian military commander who scored victories over much larger Safavid forces.
680. Govinda III (752 AD – 814 AD) – Militarily the most successful ruler of the Rashtrakuta dynasty of India, conquering territories to the south.
681. Topa Inca Yupanqui (1444 AD – 1493 AD) – Ruler of the Inca Empire who spread his rule north of the Andes.
682. Alaric (370 AD – 410 AD) – Gothic ruler who sacked Rome and became first king of the Visigoths.
683. Little Turtle (1747 AD – 1812 AD) – Miami chief who inflicted the heaviest defeat ever suffered by an American army by a native force.
684. Toussaint Louverture (1743 AD – 1803 AD) – Leader of the Haitian Revolution against the French.
685. Wang Jun (206 AD – 286 AD) – Chinese general of the Jin dynasty who conquered the state of Wu and ended the Three Kingdoms Period.
686. Crazy Horse (1842 AD – 1877 AD) – War leader of the Lakota tribe who fought a war with the Federal Government of the United States.
687. Ćthelfrith of Northumbria (570 AD – 616 AD) – Ruler of Northumbria who fought against Gaels and Britons and conquered much of northern England.
688. Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar (1742 AD – 1797 AD) – Founder of the Qajar dynasty of Persia who conquered the northern portions of Iran and the Caucasus.
689. Josip Broz Tito (1892 AD – 1980 AD) – Yugoslav Communist leader who led the most successful partisan army during the Second World War.
690. Xie Xuan (343 AD – 388 AD) – Jin Dynasty general who repelled the Former Qin army at the Fei River, preventing their uniting China.
691. Seti I (1343 BC – 1279 BC) – Egyptian pharaoh who led campaigns in Nubia and the Near East.
692. Mukhtar al-Thaqafi (622 AD – 687 AD) – Arab Muslim revolutionary who led a rebellion against the Ummayads.
693. Bridei III (616 AD – 693 AD) – Pictish ruler who campaigned all over Scotland and northern England.
694. Theodoros Kolokotronis (1770 AD – 1843 AD) – Greek general who fought against the Turks for independence.
695. Aterui (762 AD – 802 AD) – Emishi chief who led a devastating revolt against the Yamato Japanese oppressors.
696. Yermak Timofeyevich (1532 AD – 1585 AD) – Cossack ataman who led the Russian conquest of Siberia.
697. Red Cloud (1822 AD – 1909 AD) – Lakota leader who held out against the encroaching power of the United States.
698. Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada (1506 AD – 1579 AD) – Spanish explorer and conquistador who conquered the Muisca.
699. Itzcoatl (1385 AD – 1440 AD) – Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan who threw off the domination of the Tepanecs.
700. Geronimo (1829 AD – 1909 AD) – Apache war leader who evaded the forces of the United States.
saoralba is offline  
Old May 3rd, 2018, 10:48 AM   #8

Naima's Avatar
Historian
 
Joined: Jun 2014
From: Venice
Posts: 2,299

I think you can remove 1. Genghis Khan (1162 AD – 1227 AD) – Great Khan and founder of the Mongol Empire – the largest contiguous empire in history.

or place very low in the list , first because he made most of his battle been fought by his generals, and second couse its not true that the Mongol empire was largest contiguous empire in History , actually it was a very much dotted and striped control zone, with lots of desert, unhinabited and barren places between vaste zones where mongols were barely present, neither they left any construction or sign of their empire there.

The largest continuous empire would probably be the Russian one.

Also shift Khalid ibn al-Walid to much lower position , not because he wasn't a valid general , he was, but he faced only weakened foes and not very competent generals .
Naima is offline  
Old May 3rd, 2018, 10:51 AM   #9
Historian
 
Joined: Jun 2017
From: Connecticut
Posts: 2,090

Omg. This takes commitment. Also puts into perspective how insignificant our lives really are seeing the type of notable historical figures who ended up in the 600s. Just analyzing the top 100(cause I do not have the time to analyze the whole thing) here are my biggest issues both with your placements and reasoning for them.

1)A for Ghengis, the empire's size was in large part due to conquering empty land and B it did not attain it's full size until well after Genghis's death. Think it's unfair how Ghenghis gets so much of the credit for the Mongol Empire as compared to Batu, Hulagu or even Kublai.

2)Why is Cyrus so low when Alexander is so high? Cyrus created a larger and longer lasting empire than Alexander did and he also conquered more great civilizations to do it while Alexander really just needed to take down one large federalist system.

2)This statement justifying Ceasar being placed as high as he did "whose conquest of Gaul led to the formation of the Roman Empire" isn't really true. How does the conquest of Gaul lead to the creation of the Roman Empire? By that merit any Roman conquest leads to the creation of the Roman Empire.

3)US Grant being 31 blows my mind. I don't want to get in a rant on that. Not saying there should be no Americans in the top 50 but Lee(and an assortment of others) should be MUCH higher. I mean you put him above Cyrus the Great who managed to unite about half the world's population under his grasp.

4)A general gripe is that there doesn't seem to be a criteria for comparison and while some of your explanations are good, others consist of "person A fought for faction B in war C". I mean you could say this is just a description of who these people are but you offered explanations for some and not others. I feel your list focuses more on getting 700 important historical military figures than accurately ranking them at least I get that vibe from the top 100. Have a big week can't really go through the rest.

Last edited by Emperor of Wurttemburg 43; May 3rd, 2018 at 11:49 AM.
Emperor of Wurttemburg 43 is offline  
Old May 3rd, 2018, 11:00 AM   #10

Murffy's Avatar
Lecturer
 
Joined: Feb 2017
From: Minneapolis
Posts: 385

I find the obsession with rank-ordering generals peculiar and I'm not sure how it can help me understand the events these commanders participated in. I don't see much to gain by it.
Murffy is online now  
Reply

  Historum > Themes in History > War and Military History

Tags
700, best general, commanders, generals, greatest, military



Search tags for this page
Thread Tools
Display Modes


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Top ten greatest commanders of all time? Coeur de Leon General History 144 April 17th, 2017 01:54 PM
Top 200 Military Commanders saoralba War and Military History 356 June 16th, 2016 09:14 PM
Greatest naval commanders of all time CaptainAwesome War and Military History 117 November 20th, 2014 10:40 AM
Time Commanders Shadow Dragon History in Films and on Television 1 August 26th, 2010 03:39 PM

Copyright © 2006-2013 Historum. All rights reserved.