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Old May 7th, 2012, 07:42 AM   #1
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Mercenaries and specialists from different regions in ancient times?


Which regions in Europe, Asia, and Middle East / Africa were known for their specialist weapon skills during antiquity (early and late)? Please present the region and the skill in question for all you know. Many thanks!

Examples: Cretan archers, Balearean slingers, Nubian... Etc.
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Old May 7th, 2012, 09:29 AM   #2

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Well, besides your examples, i think of the gallic cavalry, and the role it played at cannae.
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Old May 7th, 2012, 09:48 AM   #3

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Sparta supplied a great deal of mercenary commanders for armies in the period after the loss of their hegemony.
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Old May 7th, 2012, 10:05 AM   #4

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Yubtseb elephants from Amazonia.
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Old May 7th, 2012, 10:17 AM   #5

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'Specialists'

Celtic Britain
Charioteers
Slingers

Pre-Roman Spain
Flexible light cavalry and infantry, very impressive hacking swords

Italy
Hoplite system of warfare replaced with the manipular legion used by the Romans and the Samnites

Gaul
Solid cavalry and infantry using spears, javelins, and swords

Germania
Some tribes are said to have marched in formation, and one fielded units of men painted black who fought only at night

Skythia/Sarmatia
Lancers with scalemail, and mounted archers

Greece
The hoplite formation

Thrace
Light infantry very proficient with javelins

Crete
Infantry archers

Hellenistic Asia minor
Heavy usage of Celtic, Thracian, and Greek mercenaries

Judea
By the time of Herod the Great, the army was trained by Roman officers and equipped in Greek style

Parthia
Mounted archers and heavy cavalry

Sassanid Persia
Similar cavalry to Parthia but with more emphasis on close-combat cavalry as well as better infantry

Ptolemaic Egypt
A mixture of Greek and Roman fighting styles existed by the 1st Century BCE, along with many Celtic and Germanic mercenaries
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Old May 7th, 2012, 10:33 AM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Salah View Post
'Specialists'

Celtic Britain
Charioteers
Slingers

Pre-Roman Spain
Flexible light cavalry and infantry, very impressive hacking swords

Italy
Hoplite system of warfare replaced with the manipular legion used by the Romans and the Samnites

Gaul
Solid cavalry and infantry using spears, javelins, and swords

Germania
Some tribes are said to have marched in formation, and one fielded units of men painted black who fought only at night

Skythia/Sarmatia
Lancers with scalemail, and mounted archers

Greece
The hoplite formation

Thrace
Light infantry very proficient with javelins

Crete
Infantry archers

Hellenistic Asia minor
Heavy usage of Celtic, Thracian, and Greek mercenaries

Judea
By the time of Herod the Great, the army was trained by Roman officers and equipped in Greek style

Parthia
Mounted archers and heavy cavalry

Sassanid Persia
Similar cavalry to Parthia but with more emphasis on close-combat cavalry as well as better infantry

Ptolemaic Egypt
A mixture of Greek and Roman fighting styles existed by the 1st Century BCE, along with many Celtic and Germanic mercenaries

Wow, Salah! Many thanks! Will be very useful.

Which of these were this applicable in late antiquity (around 400AD)?
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Old May 7th, 2012, 11:05 AM   #7

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Quote:
Originally Posted by AndreasK View Post
Which regions in Europe, Asia, and Middle East / Africa were known for their specialist weapon skills during antiquity (early and late)? Please present the region and the skill in question for all you know. Many thanks!

Examples: Cretan archers, Balearean slingers, Nubian... Etc.
Numidian light cavalry, throwing javelins while on horseback. It played a vital role in the Second Punic War, and was thereafter used often by the Romans.
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Old May 7th, 2012, 06:27 PM   #8

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Nubia - Archers
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