1. P

    tribal laundry

    Does anyone have any thoughts on how tribal societies historically dealt with the question of clothing hygiene? Did they have a lot of clothes that needed to be washed? Did they perhaps never wash the clothes? Did wash once a day? Would they wash once the big set of clean clothes gets...
  2. P

    Different images of warrior peoples in Greco-Roman litterature

    In surveying the corpus of Greco-roman litterature dealing with politics and warfare, there is a consistency between them as far as rating the fighting qualities of different peoples, usually opponents of greeks and romans. For instance, european peoples like thracians, celts, germans...
  3. Ajathashatru

    Ancient Indian artifacts/remains of late bronze age and iron age

    What all artifacts/ archaeological remains do we have from Indian subcontinent between the decline of IVC (Middle-Late bronze age) and the establishment of Mauryan empire c.320 BCE (iron age)? The likes of sanauli chariot and dagger comes to my mind at once Also there are artifacts from...
  4. Kirialax

    Military logistics to A.D. 1500, a very incomplete bibliography

    Some of my recent work has concerned pre-modern military logistics, and I thought that I'd share some of the bibliography that I have built up. This is primarily medieval and eastern Mediterranean, and heavily focused on scholarship written in English. I'd appreciate additions from anyone who...
  5. Son of Athena

    Ancient Rome Sumptuary Laws

    Reading a webpage about the Aurelian Walls and I found this: "The bronze statues of Caius Cestius, now in the Musei Capitolini, were paid for with money from the sale of tapestries from Pergamum which could not be placed in the sepulchre because of a sumptuary law of 18 BC." What are sumptuary...
  6. bolero982

    Ancient Egypt TV Show Question

    Not sure if this is the correct place to ask, but I'm honestly getting a little desperate in trying to trace a copy. About 15 years ago there was a TV show that was basically reconstructions by actors of certain events from ancient Egypt mixed with documentary. One episode I recall was about a...
  7. A

    Estimates of ancient population size/density in Europe.

    Does anyone have info on population sizes and densities in Europe, say from the Bronze Age onwards?
  8. RidiculousName

    Ancient American Migrations

    I've heard that the Inuit are descended from a much later migration than most Native Americans who lived south of Canada. Supposedly they come from a migration about 1,500 to 1000 years ago, while Clovis culture dates to about 15,500 years ago. I am curious what enabled these newcomers to push...
  9. 7

    Ancient item?

    Hello everyone! I have a question about an item that a friend has given to me, and it is from Turkey, and it was found on the ground in the town of Kaymakli. To clarify further, it was NOT from the underground city in Kaymakli. I am not sure what it is and if it is indeed a historical item, and...
  10. Simba

    Were the Thracians the majority in Macedonia?

    This picture shows the original borders of Macedonia. When Macedonians occupied Thrace, Thracians did not just die. Quote from Strabo: ''Hecataeus of Miletus says of the Peloponnesus, that, before the time of the Greeks, it was inhabited by barbarians. Perhaps even the whole of Greece was...
  11. J

    What did Ancient Nubians actually look like?

    So I was reading up about the Kingdom of Kush, and it was really fascinating to me. I always assumed the ancient Nubians were dark or at least brown skinned, the way they were portrayed on Egyptian hieroglyphics; However I came across this study...
  12. Dios

    Need Help: How do you search ancient books archived in Venezuela?

    I'm looking for the "Saint Felix Manuscripts". They come from Venezuela Copies of an original Latin manuscript in a library at Salamanca These are copies made by "Father Jacobus" Reported given to "M. Nierenstein" I don't know where the manuscripts were filed ... some repository in Venezuela...
  13. JulioClaudian Historian

    Which is your favorite movie about ancient history?

    My favorite movie about ancient history is Gladiator.
  14. B

    Logistics and structures of ancient armies??

    I am curious to know the logistics and organixational structure of ancient armies. We know quite a bit about the logistics and organization of Roman armies, tnanks to works like Vegetius De Re Militari, things like how many pieces of artillery were assinged to a legion and how they were...
  15. Maoistic

    Was the Greco-Roman phalanx superior to ancient Chinese formations and tactics?

    This is a very common claim I've found here, in Total War and other forums, that part of the reason why the Roman Empire had a superior army to the Han dynasty is that it either had Greek phalanx formations or defeated Greek phalanx formations in its conquest of Greek states, something that the...
  16. G


    I am here to discuss ancient civilizations and to encourage finds of pre- mesopotamian civilizations. If we followed ancient river patterns on a map of the current world, overlayed with continental movements we'd locate information in the ocean. This happened through the movement of the plates...
  17. Z

    Ancient mediterranean culture

    Hello everybody, we are some friends fond in ancient history and culture of mediterranean area. Bye, Silvy.Bye
  18. JaddHaidar

    Ancient Arabian goddess al-Uzza

    From what we know of the pre-Islamic Arabian pantheon, al-Uzza was the youngest among the three chief goddesses of Mecca and later came to be identified with the Roman Venus and the Egyptian Isis. She's briefly mentioned in the Sura 53 of the Quran, and Ibn al-Kalbi who wrote the "Book of Idols"...
  19. Robert165

    Was the death penalty common in Ancient Athens/Greece (Socrates)

    Concerning the trial of Socrates and his death, I was wondering, how often was the death penalty handed out for political prisoners. I can see that for various crimes, exile, seizure of assets, disenfranchisement (not allowing people to participate in public life, shunning people), putting...
  20. A

    Ancient Greeks vs. Vikings

    How did the following civilizations compare on a military level? In terms of tactics, naval technology, organization, logistics, weapons, unit discipline, metallurgy, etc. Classical era Greece (Peloponnesian War) Hellenistic Greece (Diadochi wars) Vikings (Danelaw) Vikings (Canute the Great)...